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, OCTOIMK IJ. il
if. i l,i ; in Sixth A nay,
1 1 In iiiilcetl n ilcplomltlc Male of nf
".mi when the kinj? of n fountry, In
ihtcri nnlfljtoniitn to (lie wi.lie of tlie
majority of voter, both imtive nnil
foreign, pOrsiM" tit lili rr-ioltition to rem
tinuc in ofTHp unit it timn (illwni
r, m jotirimllMft, Imvc never lil-mml
lilt' iniiuictu c of (lie king either im t.u
appointment of thin tunn, or for hit re
tention in office nflor lie lud proved
liniir-elf not only iiirnii.trtcnl but
iinttulvottliy. n to word mid honor.
e linve nlwnp held tlmt (iihson w.ii
npiwlntotl Iwrntisc the kinn knew hi
in.ui. I'.very move lituc the niipoint
incut of (iIImoii Iim indicntrd the cor
rectness of our first opinion, until it Im
hcrnmc a common remark that the
kine, has heroine determined to sink or
swim with (Iihson. Uespn iful resolu
tions adopted nt puhlir meetings, deprc
r.uing tlie (lil)Minian mode of govern
ment and deferentially requesting the
intervention of the kuii; 1 1 adopt a
style of rule more In consc i.incc with
the wishes of Iris people, have upon
several occasions been either ignored
or referred to the objectionable ollici.il
for answer. 'The mcclitiK at the Knti
makaplli Church, the planter's meeting
protest, and also that of the citizens of
Wailuku, in the' way they were received
and answered, are but samples nf that
of which we speak. An things have ap
peared, it would srem that tlie king has
long been aiming at absolute rule ; and
Gibson being a man who is willing to
pander to every royal wish, however
absurd it might appear, is best suited as
a coadjutor and adviser toward that
cnil. Since Ciibson's accession to office
ibings have had a uniform tendency
that way, and the most unscrupulous
measures have been adopted towards
its fulfilment. Pint vvc had the dis
graceful purchase of legislative votes by
means of the distiibution ol offices
among subservient members, festive
caucuses and so forth. Then came a
measure which deprived the Supreme
Court of a function which it had
properly exerted ever since the existence
of a constitutional government, that of
appointing policeanudistrict magistrates
throughout the kingdom, vesting the
same in the governors of islands who
.'tie the immediate appointees of the
king and subservient to his will. The
majority of a servile legislature were in
duced to authorize the squandering of
the public funds in coronation absurdi
ties; to swell the expenditure of the
civil li-,1 out of all proportion, to add
luxuries to the royal state never before
dreamed of. Under a pretence of its
expenditure upon public works, and for
the general benefit, an authorization to
negotiate an enormous loan was ob
tained, which happily for the country,
was not obtainable to any great amount.
After the session of the legislature came
the real work of the (iihson administra
tion, and the spirit by which it was to
be guided was no longer hid. That
spirit was tyranny and usiupation, so
far as it dare be carried. The several
departments were hunted and hounded
for the discovery of such as were antago
nistic to Gibson and bold enough to
speak tlieiriuimls. Mr. Godfrey Itrowu
of the treasury department was ousted,
but soon after vainly sought again with
a proffer of office. Next came the
threatened dismissal of Messrs. Atkin
son and Hill for their connection with
papers indisposed to hide government
corruption from public view. An
aiwlogy saved one, but the other went
though not before a whole board of
respectable men, who had long served
the country with zeal and ability and
without pay, had been unceremoniously
dismissed from office. At present,
places ai c everywhere being made for
men unfit to hold office, and appoint
ments to office are entirely independent
of any such considerations as ability or
honesty except when a show of
deceticy is made to cover some new
outrage. Strong efforts are already
beinjj made by the Gibson party, and
candidates in the field arc not hesitant
to declare themselves on the " Govern
ment Ticket." The volunteer com
panies have lately been largely in
ci cased, undoubtedly for election pur
poses. It may be that they are in
tended to exercise a double function,
that of intimidation and of voting at
the same time. Soldiers were marched
in file to the polls at the last election j
K)liccmeu also. At the coming one
the array is intended to be doubly im
pressive Mr. Gibson's son inlaw, Mr.
Hayselden, is a candidate. As an
assessor he has visited almost every
native house in the district, and as a
consequence has had rare opportunities
to electioneer the government ticket of
the district ; nor, rf the prevailing feel
ing be just, has he neglected his oppor
.CS. tiuiitics. Of the condition of tlie
treasury enough has already been said.
No tuch stale of affairs us at piesenl
f.xisls has ever beore been known in the
history of the country.
It is liojwd there will lie a full at
tendance of the I'lanlers I.abor and
Simply Coniuny next Monday. There
will le rqxjrts from the secretary, the
treasurer, the trtisU-cs and from nine
tp hpcrul committees. It will be to the
inteiest of the rouiany for them to
announce their want of confidence in
the administration of the government
- although the feeling N general tliat
the present .state of affairs should be
endured till the coming legislature.
Should they neglect to record their
views -even though the record should
not take the form of a protest presented
to the king by a social committee -the
common enemy would be only loo
glad to interpret the silence of this im
jxirtaut body to an approval of its
i iiiiw w
The taffy-editor of the Advertiser
wrote last Thursday of Honolulu. If,
bufoie writing his amusing screed, he
had taken a walk around the julacc
wall he would have discovered some
extremely dirty sidewalks ami alleys
o dirty as to lie disgraceful The
Mrects are dusty and full ofholes. The
filth is not removed. The gutters are
in no condition to carry olT tlie winter's
rains. And vet the taffy-editor of the
administration hurdy-gurdy would have
us believe everything is lovely,
mm i tt i, i, tun;
I htit an- Tew institutions of learn
ingwhiih hold such r lose relations to
the history, the hearts and the hopes of
an entire people as doc O.ihu Col
lege. 'I bete arc many reasons for this
condition nf things. Chief among
them Is the fad that for veam I'unahoii
represented two pregnant ideas one to
the Hawaiian people, the other to the
outside world. To Hawaiian, O.ilitt
College has meant the highest develop
ment of Christian cdiiratlon on these
Island!. To the outside world at
leant to those rhielly Interested in her
best welfare, the friends of the early
missions O.ilitt College has meant the
rallylng-npot of Christian influence in
this so rci ently heathen land. There
can be 'no satisfactory denial of the
(ruth that the unostentatious influence
exerted by the friends of missions did
quite as much as anything else to
make the reciprocity treaty a fact.
The raiiic influence has been excited
to keep the treaty in e.xintenre.
I. l us consider tlie question first
from the standpoint of the islanders,
Since its organization O.thu College has
educated a large number of the young
men and voting women of the Ha
waiian Islands. In law, medlrlne,
agriculture, and trade a large 'propor
tion of the most mirccssful of the men
bom under the Hawaiian flag have
acquired the major portion of their
education within the limits of
Punahou. One meets these success
ful men at every turn. It does not fol
low that all, or nearly all the graduates
of O.ihu College have accumulated
fortunes or won for themselves distin
guished names Hut a very large num
ber have earned comfortable compe
tencies, have risen to be managers,
partners, or promoters of prominent
enterprises, have become respected
members of society and the heads of
families that are creditable to the
The "nub" of this long prelude is
a suggestion. O.ihu College needs
money an endowment. It needs
l5o,ooo at once. It ought to have
five times that sum. The ones who
ought first to give arc the well to do
sons and daughter!) of the institution.
Some a very few, as the secretary's
records will show have already given
liberally and to good purpose. Hut
the college has no cake yet uneaten.
Its bequests have been turned into
permanent improvements. The hand
some, commodious, comfortable struc
ture just completed is a monument of
money well and appropriately expended.
The teachers who 'arrived last
come well recommended. So far as
their numbers go they piomisc to fill
their stations worthily. Hut other
teachers arc needed. Achair of applied
science is an essential to any institution
that hopes to keep pace with this age of
galloping progress and electrical trans
formations. A chemical labratory is
another essential a good one, for a
poor one is worse than useless. Soil
analysis is a vital requirement of pro
gressive agriculture. Horticulture,
arboriculture, floriculture, need the fos
tering hand of endowment, Nowhere
else cam these things so appropriately or
so satisfactorily center as at Oaliu Col
lege tlie beginning of an Hawaiian
University, it is to be hocd. And
although every planter, every manufac
turer, every merchant and every parent
in this kingdom ought to be interested
in the faculty and the prospects at
Punahou, yet any movement looking to
the endowment of one or more new
and needed professorships, and the
establishment of needed additions to
the educational machinery of the insti
tution must depend for their initiative
upon the men who have attended Oaliu
College and their children.
run .v.t itti'it!.i-aii r.XKsn ot'ttrjt.
Last Tuesday morning Mr. J. U.
Morrill, surveyor of the port, was in
formed that .some of the Chinese on
boaid tlie Mariposa had opium in their
possession. Without consulting the
captain he began his search. In tlie
course of his inquiry some opium was
discovered. Hcfore ho left the ship he
was attacked by a number of Chinese
and knocked down, but not seriously
injured. 1 1 is assistant was struck about
the iicad with a piece of wood. In the
police court, last Wednesday, it was
developed that Ah Vonk was ringleader
of the assaulting party, and that person
was fined $10 and costs. Mr. V. M.
I latch appeared for the steamship com
pany, Mr. John Russell for the
prisoner, Mr. Dayton conducted the in
quiry on pari of the government. The
As this unfortunate case has already
caused considerable feeling, and as it
)ossibly may become a question for
international adjudication, it is appro
priate to put forth the common-sense
view of looking at it which is mani
festly as follows: No foreign ship
owners, agents or officers have any right
to act, or permit their crews to act, in
violation of the national, state or muni
cipal regulations of any port of entry.
It is a law of the Hawaiian Kingdom
that no one be allowed to use opium or
have it in his possession -except under
the orders of a qualified doctor of medi
cine. Clearly, then, no one has a right
to smoke opium in Honolulu harbor.
Now the other side; It was singularly
unfoitunate that Mr. Morrill did not
inform Captain Howard of his inten
tion to search the ship. He lias shown
no reason for suspecting the captain of
collusion with his crew, p violate or
evade the law, It does not appear that
the captain was informed that' the
Chinese were violating the law, Mr.
Morrill is not a police officer, yet he has
cettain police functions, projierly exer
cised in preventing the removal of
contraliand goods from any ship of
which he may have charge It seems
a common sense proration that a cus
tom house officer has 110 right to enjer
any premises without due process of
law, and Judge Hickerton so held.
Again on the other hand: The Chinese
ought to have apea!ed to their officers
for explanation or protection. Their
attack on an unarmed man dc;rved
punishment. If they are well advised
they will my the fine and court-costs of
their ringleader and make the liojt of
it. And the customs house authorities,
through their employes, will be wise to
exercise a inorc discreet ami less ob
noxious surveillance oyer the vessels in
The Palace Party is already in the
the field; so is the parly of reform.
Let there be no skulking in the tents.
rui: tin: in:
linn Jt. .X. Iifllf ,111 (.r Ilrimil nf Hi Mil.
There is no man in the Hawaiian
Islands letter filled to grapple with the
problem of its Industries mid Its com
mcrre lh.in is Hon. 8. N. Castle. In
reprinting, by request, the following
Idler, which first appeared in the (!a
zcttc of last Wednesday, we not only
give additional current y to nu able and
well-nigh exhaustive argument, but do
our leaders the good service of furnish
ing certain statistics not otherwise ob
tainable. llo.soiiMti, Oct. j, 1 88 j.
I'.lillOR flAzr.i ir. 1 The .itrillrr nf the
Ml liKlnnl iMIIh- llic ifnl of I lie Unllrtl
Slnlo Sui;nr t iiiiiiillniit-ia-Mf. ( 'niter In
hl letter lo Mr. (iIIhoii mvdi " I'lio tcM
l ImiIIi fair iiikI unfair." It It fair tnl Jmt In
ll mliuiuiimt lli.it m ft,iml li.nl Ikiii tiv
Ir.Uol lhl liml licen prnvnl .licfiire liy Onllnl
M.1I0 innmltra mul ciiiimiIi, iiiiimKiulialilc
witnem-s. It vii ttinfiitiiril liy tlie lollinntiy
if the cnmiiiMmi. It I illlTiciilt In ncr Imw
nnyotlirr reitl ohiM lnvc lrn riwilr iihii
the twtlmnny !icliire them. What wems un
fair l the foflowliii't
"The Mutenieiil which h.n liecil frequently
made thai the creiilvr prniiortlrm nf the 'if
planter flre Auierlrnn cllfnn we found tit lie
without fiiiiuil.itiim. Cutiful Inquiry nn thl
point iqj.Hillim each nf the culntrn m the Itl
iimh limv thai nMc from the Hawaiian
( 01n111ercl.1l and Kupar ('mnKiny (a crnnKiny
organized In Han I rancltco) lem tlnn nnc
fiMirlli nf the imncrmif u;ar estate nud per
sons i-uc,iic.ed In the Miar lnnlnpw, are citi
zens of the United Slate. Willi n few e
reptions, Ihu liuslnns l In the hand of (ttr
mm and l-0;liti citizen or Hawaiian,
Arming the latter arc Home who were Imrn in
the United Slates ami line rcnnutirid nllci;l
anec In our irnvernuieul, or who, Imrn In the
Mandu of American pitciilngc, ehiin lla
'I hi may lie literally true, arid )ct the Ini
prcsiiou carried'wlth it i not correct. ' It has
rieicr liecn claimed thai 1111 cilurii of the
United .Stale owning properly Ik re had taken
the oath of allegiance or lli.it their children
were not Hawaiian liy Mttli. These have
liecn called American. A llrilhh nud (!cr
man under the same condition are called liy
their original mtlnnal nationality, although liy
naturalization and liy hlrth they owe n Ha
waiian allegiance. Vet their affiliation are
stiong for their wi country, they do not never
(lie tie of hlood and kindred I llfey would not
do it, American here, pcrliap, feci no les
interct In the nclfarc of their own country
than dime whom lliey have li.fl behind. When
the life of llic nation ua threatened, what
city or hamlet in the broad laud jichlcd up
more freely or cheerfully It minsmnl daughters
anil lreaurc for the battle field, and caring
fur the nick and wounded, and nonlliing the
pain and Borrows of the d)iug, t linn the
American Hawaiian? Where clue did any
one holding the office and pmillon, or an) thing
corrciHind!ng In it, hi dignity and emolument,
a (he popular Collcctor-Ccncral of the Ha
waiian Inlc, (W. (loodalc) lay down hi office
mul shoulder hi inukct to help sate the
ciiiinlrv? Nor wn till case n Military one,
from the bench, (J"dgc (!riuold) from college
halls, Armstrong nml Kuicrson) from almost
every honorable vocation did our American
Hawaiian rush lu the rescue. Some fell In
tlie Mrife nt llig llcthel - In the rifle pit on the
Imardcr of Al.iluiua -and another carries the
scar received on the bloody field of Chan
ccllnrvillc nnd (lelljuburg. Where wa the
mourning more sincere, when Lincoln and
(Jaillcld fell, than right here. And where was
the joy more genuine and heartfelt when vie
lory united again the severed stale of the
Circat Kcpubtie, and where Is it more marked
in jls unrivalled prosperity. It seem that the
living Interests, the ready sacrifice of Irensurc
and iilood In the past should entitle Hawaiian
American to the name Amtriitin so generally
accorded them. Thcyarchcrccngagcdlnntlthc
peaceful pursuits of civil life; agricultural, me
chanical, mercantile and professional and many
have found it expedient to become naturalized,
which is also true of other nationalities, but
llicir love of country remain undiminished.
There i here organized the I)e Ijing Post
i)l the Grand Army of the Republic, and
many American are scattered thiough the
island who fought In the war and were hono
rably discharged. 01 Americans such as I
have named, and of British nnd Germans. I
am able to make the following statements
from the lax-list of rSSr : I
Americans.. 1310. . .my ftS Jiropctly Iax . ..$)?,5oj.4t
Itritisli B17. . ,, ,. ... 4tj.649.8a
Ocrm-im ... 397... n 13,841,38
A the plantation form the largest item of
properly, it is presumable that is distributed
in about the alHive ratio of ownership I cor
rect, in tlie only sense in which it was ever in
tended. Tlie statement " lli.it the greater part nf (he
sugar machinery purchased for the islands since
the treaty, has not come from the United
States, but from Kngland or Scotland, or wa
manufactured in Honolulu," necdsinodilicntiuii
There is but one iron foundry in rhe islands.
It does naturally .1 good deal of work, and of
atl the material ustJ since the treaty in its
manufactures seventy-six icr cent, has come
from the United States rind twenty-four per
cent from Ilritish ports, so that ol the large,
amount made here, more than three-fourths
of the material was imported from the United
States. This was not machinery, but the
material nf which it wa made, and should
be counted In this report as machinery im
imrtcd from the United States. The whole of
the machinery of Mr. Hopper's large rice
cleaning establishment wa imported from the
United States. These facts must materially
mollify this statement in tlie report. Hut fur
ther ixftMialiani will show why machinery
orders went to Great llritain which would not
otherwise have gone there or perhaps any
where. Soon after the treaty, a mcmlier of an en
terprising Glasgow house which had sold Its
manufactures in nil part of the world, visilci)
the islands, visiting most of the plantations,
and prospecting the unoccupied lands. To
suitable panics wishing to engage in the
planting business, lie offered to furnish
machinery, on favorable terms nnd time of
pymcut, ami In some cases, even took stock
in the enterprise. In this way machinery
wa brought in and enterprises started, which
otherwise most likely would not, luivt liecn
slatted nt nil. As no manufacturer or capita
li.t from the United States was on the ground
to Tiffer any such terms, these liberal term's,
oflcrcd no doubt for Ihe express putosc nf
selling Ihe machinery, with no competing oilers
from the states, w elicit largely the amonnt
of llrit'bli machinery imported. Without these
explanations, the lure statenlent of the report
does not do jiutlec to Ihe planters or Hawai
ian, party to the treaty.
The reKirt speaks of the " imrtaseJ cost to
Ihe consumer on the Pacific Coast, of refined
sugars, as compared with the mice uld by
consumers in the Kaslern Slates."
1 think it wilt be found on cxamteation that
sugars, like other merchandise, have sold lower
nn the Kastcarn Coast than on the Pacific,
from lu first acquisition to the United States,
and It it due to natural commercial causes.
It is further from the source of supply, and
ojlicr reasons which I will not mention. This
difference in prices existed liefore the treaty
ami exists now, but the price lo the consumers
of wear on till coast hat not bttn iuctVMit.
I think unin refined sugeri, which can easily
tic determined by reference lo San Francisco
prices current, liefiire and since ihe treaty, I
iind by t-xamlratioii that this is true of grocery
"The remission nf duties docs not tro to Ihe
consumer or refiner, but lo the planter, "a the
uiiuiiiisMoii sa) s, nnu nc i 1 ne inrtxi nenc
ficiary. This is the benefit derived by Ihe Hawaiian
Government, in the stimulus It elves lo its in
dustries and general iHivincssincrcisIng its
ii(Miueuoii irniu zu,uuu,uuu 11 is. in 107$, to
107,000,000 In livSz, and increasing all classes,
of business in like proxrtIiu. Without the
treaty there would probably lave been no In
crease. On the part of the United States, it hat also
stimulated its iitduslrics. Il lias increased its
cm to these islands from $$00,000 paying
duly in 1875 lo over $1,500,000 iluty free, in
itSi. It has built and sold to the islands for
its (MJtiiixlru.lt J J sailing vessels 3,506 tons,
and 1 1 s.tcauu-rt from 100 to 600 tons, 3,314
tons. In IfeSj il has built in it ports for jvui.
'Vf. to fine steamers, 1,500 tons, and to run
for freight nnd passengers, between San Fran
cUco ami Honolulu two of the most magnifi
cent steamers alloal, 3,879 tons, During 1Mb
35H steamers and mcrctunt vessels, of a gross
tonnage of 173,619 tout arrived at the islands,
and 1 79 of lliee, with a tonnage ol loj.591
tons 1 bctidc many of tlmi- beailnv the Haw
aiian lUg are owned and it lie tied by Ameri
cans. It lias created a line of rictvvu of ibiw
large uthtiM early between New York and
Uoolulu, via )Cape Horn. The outward and
Inward frughi- -if rtiirly oil Hawaii. mid
Amernan prmliieis (ire earned by Am, Mean
lili. I'mili-uing nnd selling rommlMlnns,
msilne Insurances, Interest nn several million
nf rnpllal trained, dlvidcn on srvernl million
more Inmttit, nnd numerous nlhcr Incidental
lienefin, wi hrrgi" that, with n Inge nomlnil
Infam-d In favnr of Hawaii In 1881. Ihe
United Slates z-nl only $103, rm In coin lo
pay fur II.
Now all of these beiitfil have come to the
United Slates and In Hawaii, rt the result, of
the Irrnlv. Il I truly icclprornl. In propor
lion lo the bulk of Ihe commerce, what trim
ure lint dnnc nnythlnij like n iniieli for I'lilted
Hlati-s commerce. Allow it In lie. nnd not
llnvvnll nlmie would feel It. 'Ihe Pacific
Const of the United Stale would deeply feel
the loss. It I not lobe csprrtcd that little
Hawnll would nut feci II more thin the United
Slate, Willi It lioundles weallh ol people,
properly Ami dominion, might lie rulnoti
In the former, but the latter would feel It too,
Without the treaty, which ha kllmul.iled nil
this enloii and fife, Hawaii might have
continued to raise it zo,ii,() U, nf sugar
and have mid It In the Unlteil Slate. Itrltlsli
( olumlila, Autiraln, nnd New Zealand, n
before, ihe United Stale might have eon
tinned lo sell u $8110,(11117 worth of merchan
dise, M)lng duties t hereon n we had money
In buy, lint the power that lias opened nur
irt 10 3i million, duty free, nf American
goods, lint has built up such n limine and
given II freight nml n Incrrnsed nur prmluc
lion, would have liecn wnntlng. All would
Imvc been dormant without roinmcicinl life or
prosperity. In spenllng of the rcmrl
I have liecn led lo spenk nf rtdj-ivrally
guild results growing out of It In loth
fiirtifi, lu It cnrtiuicrelal niecls. The
rejKji t deals fairly with Ihe matter of baud
charged on Hawaiian, nnd the charge made
on Its labor system. Hut It statement In
reference to American ownership nnd purchase-
madi) nbriMil nml Increase of the price
of sugar to the consumer on tin Pacific
Coast, ate liable to convey wrong impressions
and unfavorable to the treaty, nnd require
explanation and modification, Il imy lie
worth while to stale tint nur sucars me In
voiced nlmut onc-lhlril higher than similar
sugar from other part nf tlie world o that
onr cxMit of $7,fio,Zi; of 18SJ would be
reduced to $5,007,510, If imported Irom
Cuba. Thl valuation by the planter, f be
cause he add the remitted duty to the (ost nf
production, basing hi valuation of hls.cx
jiecled rc-lurm. The same proecs would
largely Increase the export from the United
Stale to the islands. I will not speak of the
treaty in what 1 regarded by many n It most
InqKirlnut aspect lo both countries, but will
simply say that for the good of both countries
I hope It may not be permitted lo lapc. Your
truly S. N. Casii.i:.
P.S.- I have read with Interest your re
marks in the Gaetle of last week. I think'
there I no piovlsiou in the law of the United
Slate corrcsKinding with llic one )ou spenk
of for Ilritish children imrn abroad. Prac
tically the children of United State citizens
born nluoad Imvc itcn allowed lo vote and
exercise other act of citizenship upon their
becoming resident In the country, llic same
a those born there, nnd ihe parents of such
have been allowed to do the ame on llicir
return to reside, without any form ofnalurnti
r.ition. The word " forsworn " in Ihe rewirl
may be misunderstood. The Hawaiian oath
is very simple, containing no form of for.
swearing or renunciation, It simply pro
mise obedience to the laws, nnd to bear true
allcglencc to the king.
I am greatly indebted to the painstaking
lalior of the flnn. , h. Walker for n most
thorough investigation of the question of
ownership, by n personal examination of the
case of every plantation, and there I a large
majority of American owners ns before defined.
In number they fully cnrreqiond with the
properly represented a given below i
S. N. C.
" What is regarded by many as "
the " most important aspect " of the
treaty "lo'hoth countries" is, of course,
the political relations of this nation
with the United States. "Hawaii is
tlie key to the naval supremacy of the
North Pacific," said Sir George Simp
son. "To doiiiinatc'lhesc' waters vvc
must own these islands," said Lord
George l'aulet. The thoughtful
aniony those American statesmen who
have turned their eyes to other. lands
have not failed to recognise the impor
tance of intimate relations between
these islands and the " mother coun
try" of its best civilization. Monroe
appreciated the situation. American
naval officers have written and talked
annexation for the past fifty years.
Major-General Schofieltl, of the United
States Army has urged the vital neces
sity of these islands to the United
States in case of a foreign war. The
logical right of the United States to
exercise a protectorate in Hawaii is
now tacitly recognised by England and
France. Yet, except a few " out and
out " annexationists- here, the prevail
ing sentiment of all classes is that tlie
present situation is the best for
Hawaii, its American residents, and
foreigners generally. With a commer
cial treaty between this country and its
nearest neighbor, which should be truly
reciprocal, the best interest of this
nation and the United States would be
fully assured. It will be only after a
corrupt administration has plunged
the nation into debt, disorder and
disgrace tiiat the foreign population as
one man will welcome annexation.
Yet everyone understands that the
United States can have this country
when it wants it, and that no other
country will be allowed to take it. For
that best of all reasons the treaty will
probably be continued. Most of the
other objections to the renort of the
commissioners were fully discussed in
the Press last week.
In another column we print in detail
the table from which the estimate of
the ownership of sugar plantations
given in Mr. Castle's letter is taken.
It is as accurate as the statistics obtain
able made it possible for any table to
be. With one or two exceptions,
which do not effect 'its accuracy by
more than $e,o,ooo. the table is a
truthful statement of the ownership of
"b"' I'Muiitiiuii uiiucni in incsc is
lands It speaks for itself, and is most
cordially commended to the attention
of tlie San Francisco Chronicle and
Mr. Terry lJelmont. W'c wilt gladly
print any authoritative correction of
tabic as it now stands, which may be
submitted in the near future.
In writing of this subject recently
the San Francisco Wasp said :
"In one particular the commissioners
are singularly in error, They reimrt
that American capital is not so larcclv
invested in sticjar planting as that of
other foreignersHawaiian capital, of
course, cuts no itgtire at all. t-rom
the Hawaiian Directory of 18S1 we
learn that of the sixt)five princial
plantations Americans own 47, English
1 1, Germans 5, Scotch 1 and Chinese
1, Since the publication of lte
statistics the proportion of American to
other foreign capital has become much
greater. The mistake of the commis
sioners obviously arose from confoun
ding agents with owners."
'Ihe Hawaiian Directory is, unfortu
nately, a sorry authority on which to
lasc statistics. Fortunately, careful
icrsonal inquiry has developed the fact
that the jirojKirtion of individual
owncrdhips u ureatur than 'that of tlie
ownership represented in dollars and
cents. As Mr. Walker very truly says :
"I here are n very large number of
AnierUan owner residing In the United
Stales, esptrlfllly in San Francisco,
where the Hawaiian Cornmcrrlal Com
pany stock is held, among those who are
American rltbciis cither by birth or
11 lit i: a, m tniinitn i.sii,
A lady Icadicr in one of the public
schools said rcieritly to the writer: "I
have in my class a native boy with the
latent, the enthusiasm and (he patience
to become n painter. If he has cue our
ngcinctit now, and if the clroumsianics
of his condition, his life anil his associ
ates do not ruin him. in health, hi Intel
lect, in morals or in nil three If nil
this does (nml does not) come lo pass,
my native boy may heroine a great
painter somn rlay, nnd give Hawaii a
name among the nations fur something
belter than sugar."
At from $uooto $aooonyear music
and drawing might he taught in the
schools of Honolulu - nnd well taught.
Would it pay? If that sum of money
were to be expended merely to make
the rising generation sing " wait till Ihe
clouds roll by, Jennie," a trifle less
badly than the rising generation sings
il, or if it succeed In making the
ncar-nt-hand young ladies of Honolulu
go in for ii.iui!ic-clniihiiig and llowcr
deforming, that sum of money were
worse than thrown nvvnv. Hut if a
judicious course of music lessons, con
tinued through n series of classes,
should help the popular taste lo climb
to a plane on which they would cease
to terpicst Jennie to Vait till the
Clouds roll by, the money were not ill
spent. And if those lessons discovered
in twenty years one of those peerless
gifts of the blind goddess, a voice, the
money were well spent thotich it were
yearly ten times the sum specified.
Tlie question whether the stale
should or should not educate its chil
dren beyond the rudiments, is nniicstion
on both sidesof which much hasbecnand
always will be sairL Hut one analogous
iliii'Miuu secini iu nuvc 11111 one siucr
If the state educates any ol its .children
in the higher walks of learning, ought
it to educate any except those who
have shown unmistakable aptitude for
the higher education ?
" Train up a child in the way he
should go and when he is old he will
not depart from it." I here is not only
the wisdom of Christian philosophy in
this, but also the wisdom of practical
experience bitter practical experience,
as the world knows to its sorrow. Let
Hawaii take a leaf from the world's ex
perience .iiul train its children for the
strength and beauty of a life to which
mere bread winning is neither the sum
nor the substance.
The relations between employer and
employee, between manager, overseer
and luna on the one hand and opera
tives or laborers on the other, arc always
delicate relations easy to break and
hard to mend. There are duties on
both sides which demand patient con
sideration, tact, toleration and positive
interest in the welfare of one's fellows.
It is to the credit of these islands that
just complaint on either side is so sel
When j;rcnt Kinj; Arthur ruled the weale
lie was 3 goodly binj;
lie stole three pint of barley meal
To make a plum pudding.
A bag pudding the kine; was at,
He stuffed it well Willi plums;
And in it put great lumps of fat
As big a my two thumb.
Now poor King David rules the land
A naughty sight is keen
The fat is in t'rincc Walter's hand
I'rince Murray has the lean.
And, to complete the king's dismay,
His princes three conspire
l'rinco Ciilnon takes the fat away
And fling it in the fire.
Although the situation is concisely
indicated in the lines preceding, yet
King Kalakaua's dismay of Mr. Gib
son's duplicity is purely a figure of
sjiccch. As the leading article of this
week expresses it, Mr. Gibson is pre
mier merely because the king wants to
use him. Mr. Gibson docs not openly
seize the throne merely because he
w.-mts to use the king.
Docs any one in England ever think
of holding Queen Victoria responsible
cither for legislation, the execution of
laws or the administration of depart
mental routine? No. Why not? He
cause the sovereign, in England, is not
responsible. She or he has become a
royal figurehead, a gilded compliment
to tradition, an extensive but jicrhaps
a wise concession to a conservatism
that is willing to pay for its luxuries.
The conservatives of the Hawaiian Is
lands whites as well as, natives arc
perfectly willing to pay for the luxury
of being ruled over by a king always
provided he be a wise king. Let King
Kalakatta ponder this suggestion. It
is offered in all kindness. It is worth
"War, however, is a very cruel, sol
emn and terrible thing to contemplate,"
says Mr. Editor llcepof the Advertiser,
All the same, he is constrained to le
leivc 'twould lc a good thing for the
rice growers of Hawaii if China and
France should have a row. Deep I leepl
Referring to the trouble that latclv
occurred on board of the Mariosa and'
tne resulting trial, the liulletin makes
the. sage suggestion that, "another
question should lie decided," that, "if
this, being an American ship, is subject
to the laws of Hawaii." Verily an in
nocent is among us I
"Among the young ladies, stated by
our daily contein;jorary, to Miave made
the hours iass pleasantly' on the Marl
iosa was one who is nurse ."-
liulletin. An ordinary servant would
be usually posktncd of belter taste
than to indulge in such uncalleel for
slursand yet the writer would per
haps wish himself esteemed a gentle
man. "Faithful are the wounds of a
friend, says the humble editor of the
Adverliner-after he' has kicked him
self in print nearly two column's worth.
The present editor of all work on the
llulktw will, it w toped, take kindly
thentlvin of one who wishes; burr well
mid confine himself to the prnincwotthy
work he has rut out for himself.
Yesterday the wottltl-hc sarrasticMl
cdltorclte of the Foreign (Mite Mouth
Organ made out! or in sneaking, left
handed attacks on llic I'ress yesterday
III the mailer of the publication of
the testimony taken with a view to pro,
(.-ceilings in regard in proiicrty nffer led
by the deed taken by the king from the
reglslry office. When a proK:r time
routes that testimony will be ventilated
nncw, l,ct the king's man Friday pro
voke it if he dare.
"Hut there is no suit x:ml!ng in the
stitiicmu r.outl of the kingdom about
this mailer, neither is it probable that
there will be." - Athtrhur. In this, the
Advertiser is about ns near the truth as
it usually gets. There is now n suit
pending In the present term of the su
preme court brought by the king nnd
his sisters against Mr. Samuel Parker
for Ihe possession of land conveyed to
him by the late I'riniess Ktith, which
is one of the lands named in the deed
W li.ir Irttlicil a futllirr tomlgnnu'M nt
,lr.i. Mtrilrm, Milium .t ,' Miirlttnrry
And Im now on lianit, ready rir ilflittrjr I
On" 'I rlpfftct, wihandwma Irun rlagintf, cnutalhini
J,t)iinit frlof li'allnK mf4(, will, l'un,lni
f.'ngtne anil t!iehart!ng Morit jin, coir,(.Ule.
Oiw Iloubl. KrTrtt, litviriat , .uar frtt or healing
tuifaev, wild Cngln anil Mnnljilt.
On ul of I'oul WV!cm' Patent Centrifugal, !lh
Onenelc.f Two Veton't Palenr Cenliifugali,
Having Inrreafi! fjelllile fur tin maiiufaclme of
lliene inuliinet, (llic Wuron I'altnl, fur which. In
Oteal llrilaln hi eapiteil), we are t fill enaMeJ lo t,nr
ihcm at materially rciliiccd price.
We have a full aieurtmtnt of Centlihigal pare
lining, Lratw, ruMicr trtmU ami bm)i, ere.
Two diagonal Knglnea, each 6 In. iy it in.
Clarlficri, Hal Cnolcrl, t liy 6 by ami 6 III $ by l,y.
One Kne Tui Kfcller for it l,y 54 in. Mill.
One Spare Side Holler for (to. do.
One Spare Intermediate Spur W'eeel for Rearing of do,
163 if (5. W. MAtiKAKLANi: i Co.
MAN MlLL'lVAXVUOSi: COMI'ANV,
. nniwcTtox or turns.
I'rom And ofter SeitemlT 30, j83,j. tl Telephones
of thit Company within the Ottilia of Honolulu wIUU
renleJ at ihe following reiluced ratei, U :
Fur place of hiuineiM. ..... . ..$5.00 jier month.
1'or private reMiJcncei $ co per month
Paall ijimterly in mlvance.
J. U HKOWX, Secretary.
Honolulu. Sept, 97, 1883. 160.3m
OALMER & rilATCHUR,
c u k 1: &
A N 11
1 j. A LI
' or -'
T A I M E & CO.
HAVE A LAKGK STUCK Of THE
VrRY BEST MAY, GRAIN, ETC.,
which I olTercd at the
LOWEST MARKET RATES,
and delivered free to any fan of the city.
Agent for the
I'urlflr Jlulual . Jilaurdlire Co.
Agenti fur ih.llOOVKKTKi.Ki'JION'E.
CommNiloner of Deed for Iho State ut California.
TKl.KIMIONK NO, 147.
TIIK HAIL BT.THK ITAMtllr
Monday, OetoW Ifttb,
AT IO iflUKt A.U.
A I.T I.KTrtK II M) will Ui aept open at lh Ixt
OHk alter the above hour, till ii.au arp, to receive
late letter, on which an additional fee U Hve Ceula
() Cf nn) for each letter muu L paid, in umu cc vtauipi.
The puLlic are rtUfcted la put vUm(n on their tc.
Icreand deposit them eallyatlho oftce, at lh null
tuutt h cloved prouiialy, at the dev'irutcd hourw
II. M. WIIITSKV, roMauvterCeiKial
Poll Office, IIouoIuIj, Oct. IJ, itiy i6j.il
4 tiatm m'iiXMis ciLtxcu.
A A. SION I'A.NO An for tale hi
With the GoudaiU of ihejiiudani, auj four yean
lean U the lStuiUet, cwuulia i Instrument!, I'uird
nilure, r'lttinjs and everything letju'uite lor carrying
on I be buvioets together with a Lu ttuvV of Na.
lives I'Ktwet, aUli, I'lauui, aW., Sc,
Th. Iluvlueu U well evtaUitheJ a I 1 it good
paving Wtb, ajul would prone good prolitaUe luvevt
eatM lo the riht party. ''
The preaaot Proprietor' reavou fur wUtJof lo Jivpo.
of hi! vol uaUe LuUne U Ut unae-pieAc. of having Uu
potubt KoAhh uvtareaat waath rcutie. hi perwuaj
Cay Terow 'or partavuLir aply to
A. A. UONTANO,
D O M It M It A h.
vvv. hi 11 os I'll yrv. powukkkt,
.v ov.i st 1 n a it r ti n tr 1 r,
1 1 l lr -
riiro. 11, HAvfiiSiktrt,,
I UMNO II AM A t!()
PLOWS I PLOWS I PLOWS I
To anlve l,y the "Ifenry Itmt" Uhm Now Vl
dirret anil hy rail via Han I'nnrleru,
ntl.LIHOIIAM llHKAKIriO PLOW,
'Ihl plow l made ict!lf for Jiurar Hanlallon
n.l li mfif.l,y Paienl In lh Hawaiian KlngdAm.
OILLINOIIAM DOUIILtl I'UHHOV PLOW,
Atw iciatly adapleil in mgar pUnuiUil, Ctirrtfd
hy pnlenl In the tnlleil h'tllte.
DILLIMOIIAM ItlCE PLOWS,
Ciiring from 1 Whet upward. An entirely new
aerie made from our own iiiernt Id remedy defect!
In Light Meet I'lowa for rite culture, utond ploughing,
ami cone cuttirathm.
1he llowt are all ma.Ie hy tlr original John
Deere Molina How U'mtii, ihe" iloneer l'eiern
phiw manufactory and the LirgeM uleel Jow worlt In
the world, for the Plow of thh manufacture we are
A large Mock, of plow of different manufacturer and
pattern, al loweti ralrt.
IIAKK0WS OP DIIIT.IUINr I'A'ITKKNS
Ciittfvatoraand llorve lloet
Oe VoVei, llowi, 0 Chain.
'1 race Chain, Topsail Chatn
DifTerenllal Pulley PUli
IIAKDW'AKi: FOIl PI.AKI'ATIO.V USt;
f'odder.Ciiller, Cornind Momtny Mitli
Harden atHl Canal Harrow!
Mudchalcr Wagon atnl Carriage
LUIIKICA1INR OILS A SPIXIALI V
Albany Cylinder Oil ami Compound
Ki:i(OSi:Ni: OIL, lniuantitietoiuit
Kerosene Oil Slovet
Ameilcan and Lnxlivh Paintt and Oilt
Tl.rjntne, Paint and Whltewavh Itrutliev
Valenllne'e and cither Varnuhe
Paper and Pajier Hag.
MAONrSO CAI.CI I K SAFINS
HarVliee lire Latinguivhert .
SIIKI.F HAKDWAKK, SCAlfks
llouve KurnUhin flood ,
Ianipv. Chandeliers and lantern
iT New Oijod! comtanlly airivins.
We aim to keep everything required In our line,
to tell At towevt pottlhle i ice.
161.31.. DILLINGHAM tc CO.
CARRIAGES AND WAGONS
No. 70 Quarw Sraearr, ltoaou.'LLV
f' ' titALKM IN t.
Blackmlth Coal. Iron,
Oak, Ath, Spokes
FeUo-i, Shafts, Etc
A COMeLKTK AI1 rt-rt! ACIHTMRNT Or
Constantly kept on hand.
Carrlavcea and -Wagon matin to order,
tlITAIlLK rtlHAKY Riajl'Ukvr.NTV. "
ALL WOKK GUARANTr.ED.
JUST ftkCeiVKO 8X
"Mania I-.h,M"MI..iir,M ami cipeilrU es
Maxipja J other viU,
lloton Card Mauhe,
HorM Shoe and Nail.
POWNKKS o4 NOON HAY OJ,"
, l.utrlc-i!ti OiU of all IU.U,
Cut Nails all !'!.
Clinch NaiU. all h,
Cutun WaU i talct,
0eap Kiru CLki,
Umn Soap, In catci,
Wirt Hanging lU.ltu for Kemi, fcc-,
l-utar lliuuiioit Hoc,
) itxh Govic-Mik SocVt Hoes
lc Cream Krers
-kwa .Mower, Uu VuhI,
Ca GcnuiA AnwU.r (Wulm.
C' CiuiiiM AmoxLrAj Mattucri Stripe,
t)cMif a iImmwUoJ juikU m ihe HarJafIioalni)r
Sum ncttif AujI V)' tk MSaru, moa t-4ct-
HaWm Hietl J7r4 h4 Mrtihr$
WaU cjiir lU'vll, (Oaum art,) I'uUt.
AH iImm i4l t towJ al ihm (iMtxr UkL uf 4
U . (X HAM. & SON, UmlttJ,
A BOUT mo BARRSLS
t IH (All, AT LOW lATItt, M
;. H. KACKl-LD Co.
Con !)AM fnAflCISCO
77; ,v..v. "MjitrrosA"
Mill leave for th. atm. pwl tr MONflAV the rtifi
miM,al t.ivlVivV HOOU.
Vf frrtjhl r ptu.., ryiAf I
16I W, It, IRWIN A p, Ai'Mt,
- 1--"" 1 -1 111 1 11 iiw j 1. , ' m
COR SAII I'HAflClflCO,
tr. 11, ihmosii,
Qiilnlc I)lpnloi for tlin Above) Porte
Pfct f(lM ftr laMc ijily It ,
16) VV, (J, Htwm A tt, Ar.nl.
COM CAM I'KAHCinCO
III, I, A,
IIOWK . ' Ma.
mil. m l
Quint I)linti)i fur tlm 'Atmvn Port
IW frele-ta m f ., npflt '
tl G, HMIiWP.V Co., AM.
COH HAli PHAIICIBCO.
'ih rj,i'f.ii.i 11. 1 k
1). tj. M Villi AY,
tnrrawrmrl,. , , Alavler
wrtr IIA j
Q tt I ntc Dlajintrth rr tit Ahnvo Port.
Por fretrht or itaae, apy lit
i6a r. A. SCIIAKPP.R A Oi Arenit.
COIl IIOIICKONO DIHRCTv
The fine Cli(r llark
, Will lnr ilevili I, for the ahove nt m nt lii the
Tor frer ht or Mirt aj-,lf ta
,0. HKP.Wr.lt kCu.
Octoher till, iHj. I'.t.jr
QCKAHIC r.TKAMSIIII' COMPANY,
'I Tie Mew and l.Njant SleamJifi
MAItll'OSA tiuil AhAMIlhA
Will leave Koootutd an.1 San KraiKlveuaafolknvt
MAHteotA , .
.San Prahrfvo, Octoler lit
, Itorvilulu, OcloTr 15th Moori
. Ijan Iranejtoo, OctoUr 15th
Honolulu, Novemtr tvt Noon
Paen(er may have their name hooked In advance
hy applying ol Ihe nlfK cf the irenlf.
Mercfian-litntevded for ahllintnl hy Ihlt Hne. will
he received free of ttorage In the Atniinya new ware
hiiive, aivl receiMt tvaued for Mine fnvuraoce on
raen.harilive, whifvt In Ihe warehiii!, wilt he at ownfa'
ijj WII.LIAll O. IKWINftCo., Acenit,
DACIPIC MAIL STEAMSHIP COMPANY.
'II Splendid Steamship
v7'i' or svnxEr,
DKAKIiOKN .j, Matter
For Sun Fmitcltco Abont Oct. 21st
PatveriKert will pleaier call al the office U
J3 ' IL HACKFF.LD 4c CO.. Agent.
COR SYDNEY Via AUCKLAND.
Uie Splendid bleamOnp
WILL LKAVr. MONOLVLV
On or Abont October atgtk
We are now metuireit 10 iuie tLkett t San Fnui
civco Aiml retum for Sirs, theroun.1 trip.
VHaMit lor tnipinenc r tleaniee can now 1 Moved,
free of chance, hi Ihe firt-pru-f warehouse near the
For freia-ht or patcafte, aply to
154 H. IIACKFKLD & Ca, Aa-enu.
JvTEW YORK and
Monoluln Packet Line.
MLSSRS. WAILi CKOSSMAN k IIRO.,
7; akii 7sr tmoAVVsTasiT, wrw voc.
Will diipatch a fvtt-clata veviel
From New York Direct to Honolnln,
Partiet dctirinf tot)iip( hylhit line wilt do well lo
forward ordert by thit mail, and per Maripoaa.
156-tr CAMLK - COOKIE Azeut.
STEAM NAVIGATION COMPANY'S
LINK OF SlEAJIKkS.
Wilt ran regularly for KONA and K.VU,
Leavet Honolulu at 4 P. M.I
Tueulay,, October 4
Tunday ,, ji
Tueailay. . . November a
w float.. .... i.u.oni-ti'i
Arriret at Honolulu at 5 p.m.
Tuetday. October 18
Tuevlay .... Norerober 7
Frklar, Ueceiuber j
'luetday. .. ,, it
today., . 6
lue-ulay.. . . NavcmUr 6
The V. M. JlUltop,
Catorron commander, leave! HoeaulrJu eveev alon.
dayalp.u. for NawUiwlll, Koloa, Kleele, anj Wei-
uiea. ruiuaL KCluiuo leave, nawlbwiii every
Tlie Jttme Makve,
Mcllonatd comntander. leavet llunoldia cverr
Thuriday, at ) r-.au for Kapaa and KUaue.1. ReMrn.
in leavet hauai .very Munoay u 4 p.-, anu vouch
ini-, at Waianae both wayt, - -f tfttun.
pilARLES BREWER Co.
ty Knav Srtiar, Uu-vtoh,
AUKXTM Or HAW.lliAX fACKXTH,
'Jem-rail CvHWlaelou vluewfa.
St-eclal alltnllon rive, to the ourhaaL-f of eocla f-ar
the HawauanlFAclvs FrvUht at lo-we-a rat, 1
acaaiT roa tu lULUiautG con trail,
WAIMIU. VaIUALU, o
KI.VC :-Ke.lwul. Wk. tuj OaV. .t
.'WW and Nuuaau !mi.
, IOK S.N IV!A.VClCa
f. HHKWNK Jt Itiili-.txr, AfU.
vI.efriTTfT veicaMej vwftlijr Freet. uvj bbeetl t.,
aduivrev auj 1 vteiii! t-afc lue, n
-plUB TABLE KM THE STEA1
KINO,,.. .,. ..,...,,. . ,...,, ,,.,.,,i.tl
Tbh uaaawe veiM Uw UaruJut. edi TVKalMV