Newspaper Page Text
An X -' Wi""
REPORT OF THE SECRETARY
I'LANTKIIS: LABOR AND SUPPLY CO.
To the Stockholder of the J'lantrri' .ufior nnd Supply Company:
Oikctmimkn: Your secretary begs ('present Ills report of the tt-.m-
(U'tfmii of tin ('oiiipimy for the year past.
At tin mooting of the stockholders held In October, 1SS2, the following
gentlemen wore elected trustees : S. T. Alexander, .1. C. filmic, 1'. ('.
JnriM, Jr., (1. N. Wilcox, '.. S. Spalding, T. II. Davit', A. S. Ilarlwell,
.1. II. I'uty, .1. H. Athorton, W. O. Irwin, I'. A. Sclmofcr, K. P. Adams;
mil from theo the following olllcers were elected : Z. H. Spalding,
President; !'. II. I).ivle, Vice-President ', E. I. Adams, Secretary .1. II.
Paly, Treasurer; I'. A. Schnefer, Auditor.
Mr. T. II. Davies, owing lo his olllclnl capacity as BrltMi Vico-Cnn-ul,
Mil- obliged to decllno the x)iltlon of ollleo as vice-president ns well las
til it of trustee of the. Company. The trustees accordingly filled the kHUoii
of vice-president by electing Mr. A. S. Ilartwell.
Mr. .1. ('. (Undo was alo abllged fo decline the. position of trustee on
ii'count of his contemplated departure from the country. The trustees
therefore gave notice of a meeting of the stockholder's, to be held .limitary
H, 1883, to elect trustees In place of .1. C. (Undo and T. II. Davie, and
.tl-o to iniiko such change In Art. VI of the lly-laws as may authorize
Mich election at other than the annual meeting. At this meeting 20,205
shares were represented, and Art. VI of the By-laws was amended, to
read as follows :
" Aiiticm: VI. The business of the Company shall be conducted by a
Board of Trustees, thirteen In number, who ."hall bo .stockholders In the
Company, and wlio shall bo elected by a majority of all the votes cast at
the annual meeting of the stockholders, as provided by Art. VI, and who
Miall hold their positions for the torm of twelve months, or until their
Micces-ors shall bt duly elected. The Board of Trustees shall elect from
their number a president, vice-president, treasurer, secretary, and auditor.
Five members of the Board of Trustees shall eoutlttito.n quorum for the
tran-action of business, and all questions s.hull be decided by a majority of
the votes cast by the members present, each member of the Hoard of
Trustees being entitled to cast one vote : Provided, however, that vacan
cies among the trustees may be titled by a majority of tho votes of the
stockholder"; cast at any .special meeting called for that purpose after
thlrtv dnvs' notice: and that tho trustees so elected at .such special
meeting shall hold ollleo until the next annual meeting, or until their
Mirces-orH are elected.
Messrs. Henry P. (Hade and Sun ford B. Dole were unanimously elected
as trustees to till the vacancies referred to.
Thirty-six (30) meetings of tho trustees have been held during the
On .January 8, an application was received from Dr. II. .1. Smith,
(llas.'ow. otlerini: his services as chemist. This was referred to a com
mittee with Instructions to confer with the Government and with the
authorities of Ptmahou College. Xotblng, however, was done, as the
Government had no iiiinroiirintiou. and the aid offered by J'tinahou was
not suMlcient to autbori.e tho trustees In assuming the responsibility of
engaging the services of this gentleman for a term of years.
Alxiut this time, certain Chinese rice planters interested in the tucce-s
of the tieaty ollered to place the sum of $5,000 in the hands of the
trustees as a contribution towards the general fund of the Company, to bo
used at their discretion. The matter having been refened to u com
mittee, It was afterwaids decided by the trusteed that this uu .should
not bo accepted, and the Chlnesa rice planters were Informed that the
Company bad used and would continue to uso every effort to uphold the
treaty In Its completeness. ; hilt in event of propo-ed modification of the
treaty, they were not prepared to uphold the rice lutcict if, by mi doing,
the sugar Interest would be endangered.
Two assessments ot lifty cents each per share were made during the
past year, the llrst on January U and the second on May 17. The report
of the treasurer will give the lesult of these assessments.
Tho schooner Julia arrived on .lauuary 11, from the Xew Hebrides,
with 05 immigrants. Applications had already been made to the Com
pany for 372 of these Islanders, and therefore only twenty-five per cent,
of the demand could bo allotted. Captalit Tierney had promised tho im
migrants that they should not be separated by tho allotment of men from
the same island to different estates. These conditions wore strictly ad
hered to, and distribution was mado as follows, viz.:
Toltackfeld A. Co., for Ookala
" for Sopor, Wright v Co.
W. CJ. Irwin it Co., for MakeeSug. Co...
(.!. W. Macfarlano A Co., Walkapu
T. II. Davis A Co., for Hinds
P. L. Schnefer A- Co., for Klcolo
Castle A- Cook, for A. it B
The cost of the expedition of tho Julia was larger than had been ex
pected, becau-e .she had been out longer than had been calculated, and
Instead of tho DID immigrants which she was authorized to carry, sho had
brought only 1)5. Tho whole cost was $10,501.(18, mi that each immigrant
cost bis employer $111,72.
It may be mentioned hero that Captain Tierney, on his return In tho
Julia, In addition to his report to tho Company (published In lluntertf
Monthly .lauuary 1 1), brought up a most iutcrestliigiiccouut of his voyage,
which appeared in the Gazelle, and it may also be stated that Captain
Dray, of the Missionary brig Jforntny Star, having been questioned by
Dr. Seeloy of Cleveland, Ohio, as to tho lalior business as carried on In tho
South Seas under tho direction of this Company and tho Hawaiian Board
of Immigration, answered that everything had been done fairly and up
rightly, that tho Islanders know fully the terms of their agreements, and
that tho business as hitherto conducted is perfectly justifiable and honor
able. As tho Immigrants from tho Xow Hebrides appeared to give perfect
satisfaction, the question of .sending another expedition was discussed,
anil applications having been made by the planters and agents for (Kill
Inborors of this class, It was decided, on the 15th of March, to charter tho
brig Jfuzard for this purpose which was accordingly done at tho rate of
$2,500 per month, and $10 for each adult Immigrant lauded In Honolulu.
The Mini of 8,(580.11(5 was expended for trade goods, which, with 5,000
paid as an advance on charter, mado $1 1,080. :hi up to time of balling.
hlsts of provisions, medicines, etc., were forwarded to tho Hoard of Im
migration for their approval, which was duly obtained, and tho .brig
started on her expedition on April 17.
Bufore sidling the following letter was received by tho Secretary from
tho Board of Immigration:
OAI'TAIN TIKHXKY rOMMlS-SIOXIU) AMKXT 1IOAHI) 111' JMMIfiltATION.
"Stu: 1 am directed by ills Hxcellouey tho President of tho Board of
Immigration to acknowledge the receipt of yours of tho 23d Inst. (March),
nTliat permission Is hereby granted to the Planters' Labor and
Supply Company, through Captatu C. II. Tierney, master of tho Hawaiian
brig Jfazard, and commissioned n Special Agent of the Hawaiian Board
of immigration, to recruit and contract for, siy tlireo hundred 'adult la
Inners lu the South Sea Islands by tho Hawaiian brig Jfazard, and by no
other ve.vset, tinner tliu following conditions
1, Contracts to bo mado hi duplicate between, tho Iuiiulgant and the
agent of tho Board, and duly entered on the muster roll, and on arrival of
the emigrants, tho duplicate contract, muster roll and report of the agent
to be handed to tho .secrotary of tho Board. Contracts will then bo iiiado
between you and the Boa id assigning tho immigrants.
2. Tlio Board of Immigration, by Us President, airrees to your prone-
slttnu, ami sanctions the enmo with the distinct understanding that tho
Board Is not at any expense m tho same, and that on tho .arrival of the
people j on will receive them at ouco at your own expense, without charge
of any kind to .the Board, and If the Board .should be at any outlay in
keeping Niid Immigrants on their arrival, you will repay tho sanio to tho
';). It is stipulated in tho contracts that on tho expiration of the term of
service tho immigrant snail, ir he or she so desire, lie ruttirued homo ;
ami it Is hereby conditioned that, should they so desire, it shall bo at
your expense, and not of tho Board yet, at the same time, the return
noitio to no uuiier mo .supervision or too bccroitiry ot too Hoard.
. "(Signed) Jxo. S. SMiTiuty, Secretary," etc.
ItirriMt.NlNU UVllOKHILS lUVKUX.Mi:.NT A 111 UKKUSKII.
On receipt of this letter, Messrs. P. C. Jones and F. A. Sohaofer were
appointed a committee to confer with Mr. Bush, Pro.sldont of the Board of
Immigration, as to modifying the condition of the third clause, in Mr.
Bush's letter referring to the return of Immigrants at tho end of their
Acvordiiigly the committee reported, April the (itli, that they had
called on Mr. Hush ; that ho appeared to be itraouully favorable towards
granting their request, but that ho must confer with his colleague.
Filially, by letter, April 11, tho Hoard declined to grant any relaxation
of tho Milil thinl cfuii.', on tho ground that iuiy planter, or other em
ployer of labor, who seeks recruits for promotion of. his individual enter
prise, unit not to further the great oltfect of the Government In reelect to
population, should bear all the expense, to bo Incurred In the Importation
and return ot laborers."
I,IT OK APPLICANTS KOtl I.AllOllKIlS PKU " HA7.AItl."
W. O. Irwin it Co
G. W. Macfarlano A- Co.
C. Blower it Co
12. Itotr-chlaeger A- Co. .
T. II. Davles A Co
27 from Mallieolo
(J- U II
8 ' Aurora
15 Sandwich and Mos
21 ' Ambryin
ByCnstlcf Alexander A Baldwin... 05
it Cooke ( Kohala Sugar Co.... 10
Hackfeld A Co 125
P. A. Schaefor A Co 85
'.. S. Spalding 50
saimno outwits, i,i;tti:u, hook p. 12S, irr hi:j.
The following aro the sailing orders furnished by tho Company to
Captnlu Tierney, tinder which he "alls fit the present voyage In the
To Captain C. II. Tierney, Ilnwalian brlgnntino JTazard, April I.'lth.
DiJAit Sin : The Planters' Ialjor and Supply Company having chartered
the Jfatard, I beg now to glvo you your Instructions.
I. Having embarked the time-expired Inborors now awaiting passage,
you will proceed to lloluniah or other Island whence they came, and
there land them, taking a receipt if possible from f ho nearest missionary
or respectabh, white trader, or causing each man to put his mark to a
document which you will explain lo liiin releases you from further re
sponsibility. This document to bo in duplicate, one copy to be sent to (he
Company's secretary by Fiji and Sydney, or ns opportunity may offer, tho
other to he kept till your return to this port, when it will go wlt the
other papers of the ship,
'i on will then go on at once to the Xow Hebrides gioup and en
deavor to enlist three hundred adult immigrant", of whom say 20 per
cent, siiouui oo women, a few liealtliy children may ho hrouimt, with
but not without their parents.
.'I. In shipping InlRirers, you can offer the current wage offeied by other
laiKir-seeking countries or colonies, .ayl a month for tlrst year, 5" for
second year, $(! for third year, with provisions and housing. This, how
over, must bo regulated in great measure by your own tact and experi
ence. AIhivo all things, it is necessary, that every Individual,' before lie
signs, should clearly understand what it is that ho is doing, if pnssiblo
whither lie is going, for what purpose and for what length of time, that
be Is truly and without reserve or deception a free agent in accepting the
conditions you have to offer. Here again your experience In the Julia
will stand you in good part.
I. Tho engagements aro to bo made for not less than three years,
though tlvo years would bo preferable, at the expiration of their engage
ments, tho immigrants to be sent home.
5. You will carefully exchido any volunteers .suffering from any kind
of syphilitic or cutaneous disease, or from any disease, contagious or in
fectious. (!. Your supply of provisions nnd capacity for carrying fresli water Is
believed to bo ample, you will nevertheless bo very careful In the ex-pendlturo-of
either, and will miss, no opportunity of recruiting lioth.
7. You will not fall to procure by every opportunity, suclj quantities
of yams, cocoa nuts, etc., as may bo available, Iwth as food for your passen
gers, and for planting hi these islands, together with any other fruits and
vegetables suitable for food, useful as anti-scorbutics, or In your opinion
lit and valuable for transportation to these islands.
8. The Company relies on your skill and experience in tho treatment
of these natives, that you will keep them well fed, and especially in tho
northern latitudes of the return passage warmly clothed.
0. The Hoard of Immigration sanctions your carrying three hundred
10. In the event of your being lioarded or questioned by any foreign
naval or other authority, you will remember that you aro commissioned as
an agent of tho Hawaiian Hoard of Immigration, a department of the
Government, us well as master of the Jfuzard, on behalf of the Company.
li. Having completed the number of enilcrants, eras nearly as iossi-
ble, and tilled up with water, you will use every effort to hasten your
return and bring the cruise, if possible, within six months.
l. iTotn past experience, the Company aro of opinion that the brown
or Polynesian races from islands near the equator aro unsuitable as out
door laborers in there iland-. You are therefore to confine your recruit
ing immigrants to tho New Hebrides, or if nece ary the Solomon Islands,
and on no account to bring up natives of the various groups lying between
tne-e islands and the Now Hebraic.
l.'l. Trusting that your efforts -may be successful, and wishing you a
pleasant voyage and speedy return,
1 remain, etc., etc.,
(Signed) E. V. Adams, Secretary.
MKsSIW. UAlIiKY AND 11A1.DWIN.
It having become known to sonio of the trustees that a member of their
Board, .Mr. W. II. ltailey, as well as Mr. II. P. Baldwin, a stockholder in
the Company, nnd both largely interested in tho objects sought by tho
Company, proiiosed to visit the United States, it was resolved at a meeting
of trustees, held November 18, that thuso gentlemen bo invited to go on
to Washington, or elsewhere m the States, on behalf and at the expense
of the Company, in order that they might, by visiting prominent planters
in the South mil men of inlluciice there or elsewhere, set forth in conver
sation, In writing, by reference to trustworthy statistics, the true'inerlts
of the lteciprocity argument.
'lhose gentlemen having accepted the mission, were advised to arrange
by telegraph for a meeting with Mr. P. C. Jones, then in the States, and
instructed to confer with His Excellency the Hawaiian Minister, Hon. E.
II. Allen,witli Dr.. .1. Mott Smith, with tiio Hon It. 1 Spalding, or other
gentlemen interested for the treaty.
This mission gavo rise to a voluminous correspondence, of which the
following letter, written by the Hon. E. II. Allen, Hawaiian Minister at
Washington, is worthy of particular attention.
Tho letter Is specially interesting not only for its emphatic approval ot
the action of tho Hoard of Trustees In forwurding the undertaking of
Messrs. Bailey and Baldwin, but also as, jwsnlbly, the last letter lie ever
wrote, it is dated Deeembor JJOth, 1882, and wo all know that Mr. Allen's
useful and honorable career closed two day later at the President's New
Year's, reception at the White House. Tints most literally dying In
harness : .
MHTKll FIlOM HON. K. II. AI.I.KN TO SVX'UKTAUV.
AVasuinqton, December 30, 1882.
"Snt, I have been very happy to have had frequent Interviews with
Messrs. Bailey and Baldwin, the representatives of your association,
during their visit to Washington, and have found them thoroughly con
versant with the subject of the island trade. Their intercourse with
gentlemen hi the sugar business lias done much to remove the prejudices
that exist against Hie manner and mode of business of tho plnntcnTin
their connection with the retineries of San Pmnoisco ; and has also aided
in doing away with tho idea that the Hawaiian sugar trade contributes to
a monopoly on tho Pacific Coast. They have had an interview with the
chairman of tills Committee of Foreign Affairs, and their practical views
were very useful. They consulted freely with Dr. Mott Smith and myself
about employing special counsel at this time. Wo were of opinion that
nil had been done that could be done in the present state of the case. In
the future additional aid may bo necessary, and they gavo us discre
tionary powers lo employ it. 1 am glad they have been hero for another
reason, viz. : They can reall.u moro clearly the dihiculties I have had to
encounter in protecting Hawaiian Interests he're.
"I early took the ground that the Island sugars might cease to bo Im
ported, and it would make no difference to the sugar retlucrs of San
Franc i-s-o, as tho cost of sugars from Manila, China, or South America
would bo no greater. The demand must bo supplied, and tho same com
petition would arise between tho tlto rotluors whether sugars woro brought
from tho Islands or from any other country. Messrs. Baldwin and Bailey
make this matter very plain, although the personal feeling of tho sugar
men may not penult them to acknowledge It, but It will ultimately have
Hoping the business of tho association m:iv 'w always In nsgood hands
as thoio of Messrs. Baldwin and Bailey, I am, Sir, very respectfully and
"(Signed) Ki.tsitA II. Am.es,
"To E. A. Adams, EqM Secrotary of the Plantors' ljilxir and Supply
On the return of Messrs. Bailey and Baldwin, at a iiieetlni; held on
February 10th, it was moved, and carried by acclamation, that a vote of
thanks to those gentlemen he passed for tliolr valuable services on behalf
of the treaty, in explaining mid showing lu a correct light the effects of
reciprocity as concerning the sugar planters of the South, and the retluers
ot tlio i-jisteni htates.
lilt. T. CUAN UIX'OMMKXDINn ITALIAN I.MMK1UATION.
un tlio i 1st -March a letter from l)r, Titus co.ui, of New York was
read, recommending tlio importation of lalmrers from Italy. This was
referred by vote to Mr. Stiiaeferas Consul for Italy, and tho (Ith of April
Jir. sounder reiorteu adversely, Tor the following reasons :
Mil. M'llAKFKlt IN HKPLV.
1. That immigrants from tho Continent of Europe have not hitherto
2. It seems Injudicious at pre-ent to add another to the several nation
alities already represented hero ainongst the contract laborers,
Jl. That Italians coming hero by way of New York and San Francisco
would he too expensive, and liable to many casualties tending to failure,
while it is doubtful if the trustees bo prepared jUat'iiow to favor emigra
tion direct from Italy by steamer; ami that, notw.thntaiultng tho favorilJo
characteristics, In many respects, of the laborers of North Italy, btill
under existing conditions as to labor in this Kingdom, if his (Mr.
Sehaefer's) opinion weprfaskisl as Consul for Italy, lie could not, just yet,
conscientiously recommend that Italians cowe out hero tut, contract
Tills report was adopted, and ordered to be forwarded to Dr. Conn, and
w ji Uuiiti. r.i ....lai.... i.i.. i .I.. i..i....t i....j&f..
,, . w, u.uttit ti iuuui.uitvii mi i im'iiin vxiniy.
Mil. OIll-ON ON flUNUSl: IMMIHHATIOXt
On (he 10th April, .Messrs. Irwin and Adams reported that (hey had
called uiKiti Mr. Gibson on (he subject of Chinese" Immigration, and (lint
Mr. Gibson said "that the Government was prepared, If necessary, to
put in forco the Act of 1878, regulating the permission (o land, to lm
accorded to foreigners (Asiatic) ; and Mr. "Gibson aUo stated that tho
Government had received advices from the C hiuie Government that the
latter were piepared to send forward say ilOOO, or other number of
liilorer, a may lie required per annum, one-third being women, the
Chinese Government bringing them here and carrying them home again
at the end of thiee years. Tills matter was brought before the trustees
on April 10th, and at that (line a letter front Mr. Gibson was read Inviting
conference with the trustees on the subject of the number of lalnirers
required for the current year, and dealings with tlio Chinese generally.
A coninilltee, eonipocd of Messrs. Irwin, Hohuefor, Jones, Glade, aptt
Atherton, was appointed, and waited upon .Mr. GUmiii. The next day,
April 11, at 2 p.m., Mr. Gibson proved to be vorboso and Indellnlte, and
the Interview wis entirely unsatisfactory.
Mr. A. H. Ilartwell, vice-president miti trustee, tendered his resignation
on .lauuary 20, on account of his intention to leave the Kingdom. Tills
resignation being accepted, Mr. P. C. .lones, .Ir. was by ballot unanl
inoiisly elected vice-president In his place.
A letter was received from the Porelgn Ollleo on the 1 Ith of April, in
vitinir the co-operation of this Company tit the forthcoming International
Exhibition at Bmton, and It was resolved that tho planters undertake to
supply data with regatil to tho amount or sugar laud now under culti
vation with the possibilities of Increase of area, etc., provided tho Govern
ment will prepare maps, plans, etc., sotting forth those particulars ; fur
ther that the planters will provide samples of their pioditco for tho
purposes of this exhibition. Accordingly, a list of questions was formu
lated and sent to the vaiious plantations and mills throughout the Islands,
'to obtain Information upon these points. With regard to the proimsed
mans and plans the Government mlvsed the trustees Hint the otllcers ot
their Survey Department were too fiiffy occupied with regulnr work to
undertake any extra details at present. Mr. Irwin kindly. undertook to
receive nnd superintend the coopering and packing of samples or sugar,
etc., sent in for the exhibition, and promised also to forward tlto same.
The trustees had several meetings in Juno and July with Hon. Elwood
E. Thorne of Now York, a gentleman of considerable Influence, who while
upon a general visiting tour of the Islands had undertaken to Investigate
some of the fuNo charges brought against us, especially those In reference
to tho fraudulent Importations of sugars, and complaints against our lalior
.system. Being questioned upon these points, ho stated to the trustees
that ho had been thoroughly convinced that the alleged system of fraud
was impossible, that the story of the smuggling "has not a shadow to
hang Itself upon," that the benetlts or tho treaty were shared mainly by
the planters, and that the antagonism of interests was greatly exaggerated.
That he himself was not the agent of a government or a party, but en
tirely independent ; that he had read our labor laws and contracts, and
had seen by personal observation how Ihcy worked, and that the roiort
that anything like slavery existed was utterly without foundation. " In
truth," Mr. Thorno continued, "nil these questions in regard to tho
Beclproclty Treaty are very imperfectly understood in tlio States. If the
facts were known, opxsttion would bo disarmed." Ho had had no idea
how little was known of'tlie merits of tho case.
Mr. Thome read a series of questions, which he had drawn up, relating
to tho conditions of sugar cultuio and iiianufactiiro before and after tho
treaty, which lie asked the trustees to answer. These questions with
their answers will bo found In the appendix. .Mr. Thorno said, finally,
that bis conclusion was that it would bo to the interests of both Govern
ments that the treaty should bo continued.
Tho trustees feel contldent that our representatives at Washington,
Messrs. II. A. P. Carter and J. Mott Smith, aro faithful and devoted lit
their efforts to maintain the lteciprocity Treaty. Our President, Col. Z.
S. Spalding, is aNo in Washington, and will remain there, as our agent,
during tiio winter. From ills thorough and intimate acquaintance with
every point relating to tlio1 lteciprocity Treaty, as well as his great execu
tive ability, we feel confident that ho will be very useful in enlightening
tho ignorance anil softening tho prejudices of tlioso opposed to us.
Col. Spreckels was present by Invitation at a meeting or trustees lielu
on the 1st of August, and agreed witli the general sense of tlio meeting
that the Planters' Labor and Supply Co. should encourage the further
immigration of Portuguese nnct Chinese. These two nationalities present
ing, in tlio opinion of the planters, less objectionable features than other
classes of laborers. It had been earnestly honed by tho trustees, from tlio
report of their committee who waited upon Mr. Gibson, April 10, that tho
convention with China, by which JJOOU lalmrers one-third women woro
to be brought here every year and returned at the expiration of their threo
years' contract, in their own vessels, would have been carried out, as it
would have obviated one of the greatest dilllculties tho planters have had
to overcome In employing Chinese laborers. But this has not been done.
It is now reported that the Government has made somo contract with
largo steamship companies for the landing of several thousand Chinese
male laborers at tho rate of 500 per month.
It is a matter of regret, too, that wo learn from the public press that
the Government has stopped tho further importation of Portuguese. It is
to be hoped that it will bo resumed without delay.
Annexed herewith is a list of tlio arrivals and departuro of immigrants
for one year from October 1, 1882 :
AllHIVAI.S AND DI'.PAIITUIIKS OK 1M.MIGKANTS FOR OXK mil J-'ltOM
otrroiwn 1, 1882.
CIIINtSi: AUItlTALM 16K).
(leuelg, March 20. .,...,.,, VM
Ocv.imc, April 4 , f-l
Huiz, April 10 UHH
City of Sydney, April 10 iSM
Coptic, April 18 BUG
lulio. Mv7 K
Madras, Jane 7 G01
Kvory effort was made (o Induce tho Chinamen to contract for service,
and they universally declined, and, starling out In gangs of twenty or thirty,
tnpy spread theineives through all the Island", ouoritig thcineives for
labor at from $20 (o $2(1 dollars per month.
'l he chairman of (he various committee., viz.:
On Ialor ,...,..4. ...H. T. Alexander,
On Cultivation ,11. M. Whitney,
On Machinery II. P. Baldwin,
On Legislation A. S. Ilartwell,
On lteciprocity A. J. Cartwrlght,
On TmnsM)rtntlou ...Geo. C. Williams,
On Manufacture of Sugar It. A. Maello, Jr.,
On Live Stock W. II. Bailey,
On Forestry (', II. Bishop,
On Fertilizers and Seed Cane. Geo. O. Williams,
have nil been notified of this present meeting, and wo have no doubt we
shall hear from them interesting report.
By vote of the general meeting, October Kith, the trustee, on Hie 20th
of Oelcfbcr; engaged Mr. W. O. Smith to net as editor of the I'luiiler1
Jfonlfity for one year, at a salary of JfiO per mouth, nnd it Is qulto certain
that wo shall till agree that the results how the wfalom of the choice.
In accordance with the recommendation of the stockholders of (he last
general meeting, blank forms for statistics were prepared and forwarded
to every plantation on tho Island, with the reuuct that tbev should bo
Tilled and forwarded monthly and quarterly. Answers have been received
once from ten plantations giving quarterly results, 'lltoso being Insiifil
tient to furnish positive (lata, 1 have not thought it best to publish them.
It is with regret that I am obliged to announce the retirement from the
Company of Messrs. W. G. Irwin Co., J. D. Spreckels and G. W. Mac-
rarinnu & Co.
Tho lteciprocity Treaty and how best to maintain It, have engaged tho
constant attention of the trustees during tho past year, anil they have
neglected no ioltit which could assist toward tho desired end. The gen
eral results of tho year therefore, taking Into account tho favorable rcorl
of the commission sent out by the Government of tho United States of
America, to examine Into tho various matters and interests connected
with tho treaty at tho Islands, wo believe to be satisfactory, so that It
may bo fairly expected that wo shall have the bcnetlt of a continuance of
In the appendix wilt be found a complete list of all tho stockholders of
the Company at tho present time.
E. I. Adams, Secretary. ,
Honolulu, October 15, 188.i.
QUESTIONS PHOPOSEI) BY 'HON. E. E. TIIOUNE,
ANSWEKS BY THE TRUSTEES OP PLANT 13 KS LABOR
City of New York. September 30 'J.1
M array, October ! 78
AberccMlc,Mny4 401 484
Hnnkovr b70 MS
Khrenfels, April 28 : , KI8 SO!
SOUTH HKA I8LANDKBH.
HOUTI1 BtA rrOFLE.
Women nnd Cblldrcu , 210
Men .'.: ;..... 45
Chineee , , ,,..UrVU
1'ortunuei.e '. , 1037
German ".... .,..'. ,,, Kid
Booth hx-ii... ,..,,.,., , :,.....; 114
Departures ,.,.,,,.. ,., t-...,17Wi
ltemalmug , , 37ft!
Total iu tbe Kingdom, ininua ileiMba etc., birtlm to bo added fiOSO
Uxptcted Hell Hock. ., , 1400
TJio Ihumt arrived Just Iiefore this table opens. Tho JMl Jlock Is ex
pected In a few days with say 1 100 immigrants in all.
It will bo seen by this lls,t that insldo of forty days from March 20 to
May 7 last 2,787 Chlue.se laborer arrived at this place. By advice of tho
trustees, a meeting of Hie planters and agents waa called to consider the
question of wages and advances to be offeroti'to them, asweil as to confer
with the President of tho Board of Health as to tho terms of quarantine
or ImiikIs required of tho Chinamen ox steamer Glenelg. After long ami
earnest discussion, It was llnally agreed that tho Planter' Lulwr and
Supply Company should undertake tho contracting und distribution of
theso Chinamen on thu following basis, vise. ; For u two-years' engage
ment, $10 er mouth, with $50 advance or $8 iKr mouth, with $50
bonus j the choice to be loft with tho Chinaman. Tho employer to pay
$r for each lalxirer assigned him, and $1 to an agent, to ho apixiinted by
the Company, who should attend to the distribution.
Applications were received tit ouco from tho several agents, amounting
iu ull to 1)82. It was unanimously agreed that all hipmouts of laborers
should be made through tho agent of the planters, and iu no case should
higher wuges bo offered than thoo agreed upoir. The leaders of the
principal Chinese couiNiuies In Honolulu agreed also to abide by the-so
terms, and It was hoped that the wuuta of Hie planters would lie fully
supplied, Tho following is tho Hat presented of probable requirements of
tho various agencies for ono year from April 1, 188:) ;
T. H. Davies , , . 100
W, G. Irwin A Co. ,.., 1,'JfiO
C. Brewer A Co. .., ,..,, ,... ,..,....., fiOO
F. A. Sciutcfcr k Co, ,, ..,...,,... ,., 260
G. W. Mocfartane A Co. ...'..,,..,.., ....,,,, , 250
II. A. AS'ldemanti ...,,........,,., 30
K. HoftVhUeger & Co ,..,.,.., 30
lluckfeia A Co. 690
f 'u.tlii A rVw.l.. ' - I. r.tu
Caatlu & Cooke
Question 1. Are Hawaiian sugars subjected to any artlllcial coloring?
Q. 2. AVlth their process of manufacture, what is tlio usual and natural
turn out as to color.
A. 0 to 10 Dutch standard.
Q. ii. What were tlio grades of Hawaiian sugar its por D. S. provious
to 1870 V
A. (I to 20 ; No. 20 washed sugar.
Q . What were tho grades commonly known iu tlto San Francisco
market as " Hawaiian sugar" at the beginning of tlio treaty ?
A. From 20 1). S. down to i.
Q. 5. "What are the grades now sent to San Francisco P
' A. 1(1 to (1.
(. 0. Wrlat was tho saccharine strength of theso sugars previous to
1870, as shown by the records of tho Honolulu agents' and Salt Francisco
A. Sugars were sold in open market for grocery grades, Mind so woro
Cj. 7. Has Mueovado sugar meaning thereby brown or other un
refined sugar, mado in open pans and drained by gravity over been
made iu these Islands ; and If so, to what extent, nnd when abandoned V
A. None for twenty-tlvo years.
Q. 8. In what year was drying by centrifugals introduced ?
Q. a. in what year were vacuum p.ms introduced '.'
a. uoioro inuii. f
Q. 10. In what year were double and triplo effects introduced?
A. 1870. i
Qt 11. What aro tho grades D.S. turned out by the open pans and
centrifugal drying on tho Hawaiian plantations since or before 1870?
A. Before 187(1 A. sugar II to 20, since 12 to 10.
Q. 12. Previous to 1870 were tlio sugars above No. 10 D-.S., or were
they very low grades?
A. Above 10 as much as passible for grocers' trade.
Q. 13. Has not large-crystal centrifugal sugar of saccharlno strength
from 8 1 to 0(i mado in open pans or vacuum pans been commonly known
for years before the treaty, and ranging lu color from 10 to 20 D.S. V
Q. 1-J. What effect :is to color and strength has the introduction of
vacuum pans, or double effects, had upon the previous .protiuctlou of
"Island sugars," has the effect been such as to change sugar materially,
or to Introduce in the United States an article unlike former island pro
ducts? A. No.
(J. 16. Has or has not these Improvements lu machinery tended to
cheapen coat of production, and not changes ot grades to higher numbers
Q. 10. Aro there any refining or seinl-reflnlng processes used in the
Q. 17. Is lime used in making Muscovado sugar?
A. Don't know.
Q. 18. Is Unto used iu making centrifugal sugars
Q. 10. Is liino the usual dofecant, and can its uso be called a refining
or discoloring process ?
A. Liino is used everywhere and it discolors sugar.
l'KODUCTIVKNKSS. ' .
Q. -20. What is tho average yield ior aero of plant cane ?
A. Estimated at 3t tons. t
Q. 21. What is the average yield per aero of first rutoons t
A, Estimated at 2 tons.
Q. 22. What is tlio average yield ier aero of second rutoons ?
A. M tons; very little cultivated.
Q, 23. What Is itn extraordinary yield ?
A. 0 tons to tho ucro. r-
(J. 24. What Is tho cost of production por pound ?
A. Impossible to say. ' ?ft-
Q, 25. What Is tho rate of Interest? ' ' . "
A. 7 to 10 per cent. " ' t
Q. 20. Wages of labor ? V ,
A. $17 to $30 per month.
Q. 27. Status of liilwr market ? - J
A. Lalior always scarce.
Q. 28, What aro present Inducements for tho pxtcnslon or (mMove-
ineiit of plantations V ''''"-
A. Not encouraging j very poor.
Q. 29. What is tho acreugo for cano-growlng ? a
A. Awaiting tlo result of u Government survey. "'
Q. 30. What pmportTon of the urea of tho Islands is available for mw
growing ? '-"
A. Cannot say ; awaiting tlio result of uovernmeiit survey. "
(J. 31, How many acres must bo in cane to ensure one acre ready for"
cropping each year ? . , v
A. Threo to one, or one-third yield each year differing accord lag to
(.32, What U the probable limit of sugar production f ami how tm,
with coiitlnuanco of treaty, before such limit be mtehed?
A. 80,000 tons extreme limit.
(.33. What was the export of tho Islands previous to the treaty t
A. About 13,000 tons.
q. 31. What is the cause of Increase since tho treaty began, or
A. Stimulus of treaty, und influx of capital, principally fraw
uttrul Klulitw. '
Q. 36. On what basis aro sugars sold in Han Frauclsco
A. Cuban centrifugal in Now York, Mil MattHa. in Hi Fnmrisaa,
tj. hi. now is we price uwue upr
A. Oh Manila bask, cost of extm-MitKttta Maul!
Francisco 91 umt IU D.B. 0 New York wt of
Q. 37. Do the price iaulude the duty?
Q.' 38, Is It true that the purchase! iu tea
aid (Sown tai
-- " S;if II ,