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HONOLULU, HAWAIIAN ISLANDS. DLCI MB K-R .. ,. "
Voi.UMI. IV, NuAIIHJIt JO.
HONOLULU, HAWAIIAN ISLANDS, DLCIuMBL-R ., .883.
Wnoui Numihsr 170
I ' i3
iiv(ii:.i: ...vi iii:.ii,rn
The lle'pnn'iblllynf I'ilflelunm mill nil Ihe
The following ntltlrim w tlctivctci!
ID St. Paul, Miiinavitn, timing the win
ter of i88i, by Dr. M. Ilngnn, nt that
nine president of the mcdlrnl
1 Icty of tlmt city mul comity. It ion
lam "food for llioiiglit, which nil
or in would do well r.ircfully to ion
filler. It win printed nt the liint in
union St. Paul papers, and ii rcpro
dmed here at a nutter of unite ns
much practical interest to tills t.oin
innnity nt it wns to that.
"Tlic rreimnillillliy of iliynlclan In the
mailer ( public nml jnlsAte li)cnc."
The sul)jt;t.t of domestic" and public
li)gicnc, in its broadest sense, includes
the study ol the conditions which affect
the Kc,lcr',,'0ll development nnd
growth, as well ns the decay of individ
uals, nations and races. And whatever
ngent or cause thai can produce dis
comfort, pain, sickness or death di
rectly concerns the medical hvgienist j
nnd to destroy, avert, diiniimh or obli
terate such evils should be his constant
nnd chief nim. To treat this subject in
its broadest scope would require us not
only to consider all the causes of
disease, but the divers way and means
of mitigating or destroying those causes.
In this connection, however, we will
consider only some of the preventable
causes -in truth sanitary science does
not possess reliable, mul satisfactory
means of determining the precise cause
of nil forms of preventable disease.
Hut vvc have sufficient evidence to sat
isfy us that the hygicnist can prevent
more disease than the therapeutist can
cure. In fact, the most important
thing in connection with every form of
disease is its cause, and to remove a
cause is far better than to depend on
curing a disease when it occurs. The
former can frequently be done by the
timely advise of the physician, while
the latter is mainly the work of the re
cuperative powers of nature.
I lygiene and sanitary science has for
its object the prevention nnd removal
of all causes of disease ; to the end
that every human being born healthy
shall have surroundings thafwill allow
of old age nnd normal death. Hut
when we pursue the study of the causes
of disease we arc obliged to lay aside
the old superstition and world-wide be
lief that disease comes from the afflict
ing band of Providence, and that epi
demics are uue to tne vengence of an
offended Deity. 'I o what extent the
prevention of disease may be carried.
and the physical and mental powers of
man improved, is nut conjectural. Hut
that the average length ol human life
has been greatly increased in modern
limes is a fact sustained by the most ir-
rclragame historical proof. And we
have the most convincing and con
clusive evidene that the present gen
eration is enjoying a longer period of
existence than any generation in the
history of man. True, there is a. nar
rative that claims that man was formed
a complete model physically at the be
ginning, but mentally as simple as a
child. This mental imbecility, how
ever, was cured ty a slight disobe
dience, which suddenly brought about
a perfect development of the faculties
of the brain.
From this period, for a term often gen
erations, the human family seemed to dis
play extraordinary tenacity of life, some
retaining perfect manhood for a period
of almost a thousand years. The al
chemists of the middle ages must have
been familiar with this narrative, and
thereby encouraged in their pursuit of
an tlixir rite through which they
hoped to secure physical immortality.
As to the lengthening out of die span
of life in modern times, it 'can be attrib
uted to different causes. The one
above all others is the gradually in
creasing general information among
the people The next is the growing
knowledge and observance of the laws
of hygiene and sanitation, and last
though not least, the generally improved
condition of the poor better homes,
better clothing, better food and more
The people of the present generation
have a higher degree of culture and rc
tinement than ever before. Women
never have been so highly appreciated
nor considered so nearly the equal of
men as they are trxlay, and children
hae never been so tenderly and kindly
treated. And yet do you know that the
peoiic who are comfortably off and
wealthy have vouchsafed, to them an
average of ten more years of life than
the poor? Poets by courtesy have
long enjoyed a privilege of special ex
aggeration; hut when Horace wrote
that death knocks impartially at the
Palaces of the wealthy and the hovels of
beggars, he stated a falsehood that ex
ceeded all jKctical license. Who
among experienced physicians having
a mixed practice does not know that
two or more cases of sickness occur
among the jwor to one among the
wealthy. At present the annual death
rate in the United States is estimated
at about twenty to ever)- 1,000 of the
population. With our present twpula
tion, 50,000,000, we would have a total
annual mortality of 1,000,000, and it is
modest to claim that one-half of this
mortality is due to preventable diseases,
showing a needless sacrifice of 500,000
lives that might have been saved by the
adoption of projicr modes of life on the
prt ofnboth individuals and commun
ities. When these figures are seen on paper
they seem to be enormous, and should
attract the attention not only of medical
men, but of the legislators of our
country. And the problem of how to
avert (his unnecessary loss of life should
occupy the earnest attention of every
intelligent man. Fortunately, although
this' salutary science has lieen over
looked and. ncgWcted in a . great
measure by the general medical pro
fe.oii, it Has managed to more than
keep pace with the science of theia
peutics, and has disarmed many of the
ot fearful dUcasots of all their
Before the discovery of vaccination
by Doctor Jcmmt, small-pox alone
MftUftNy ' tfawund! a tribute oi
So,e human wfarimt, and (Uttiguwd
ns many more. This military Invest!
gallon had tic nmictl the medical mind
for centuries. The next gmnd triumph
w"ns the nut restful management of
leprosy, plague, cholera, vellow fever,
and kindred infectious nnd contagious
diseases. Their rnvnges have been
modified and thejr nrogross stayed by
hygiene nnd quarantine. In the recent
epidemic of jellow fever along the
ower Mississippi, we nil saw the ion
trolling effei t of thorough local sanitary
cleansing. The epidemic there was
justly chargeable to years nnd years of
accumulated filth- nnimal nnd vege
table. And as lo whether the heat and
moisture actini; on these elements of
filth were sulhcient lo liberate the
concentrated 111nlnri.1l poison that pro
tlurcil the disease, or whether it was
due to the importation of a specific
poison which found n breeding place
in locnl putrefactive substances, matters
but little the fact is beyond dispute
that the disease enn find no abiding
place except in localities where the
chief elements of the poison are ar cumu
lated in a concentrated form. And
lurther, the disease travels only through
regions of heal, moisture and filth; nnd
just ns soon ns the filthy, decomposing
substances were removed from the city
of Memphis, the disease lost its dwell
ing place True, there is a belief, nnd
not confined wholly to the ignorant,
that an over-ruling Providence produces
these severe epidemics for sonic secret
purpose of his own. Hut this class of
rcasoncr fails to observe that the epi
demic of yellow fever is confined to
certain geographical limits, and that the
slightest frost strikes its death knell. If
any .superhuman agent was concerned
in its pioduction, no one would doubt
but that the epidemic could be produced
in winter as readily as in summer, and
in St. Paul as well as in Memphis.
Reference is made to this preposterous,
ridiculous, untenable superstition,
simply because it has interfered with
and delayed the progress of the science
of hygiene nnd sanitation since the
days of Hypocratcs and so far beyond
that the memory of man knowcth not
to the contrary. It would seem that
the liberal education of the present
day would entirely obliterate such de
lusion. But not so ; only a few months
ago, the president of Princeton College,
a well-known theologian, in a public
address to the alumni and graduating
class, spoke of their recent epidemic in
the college, and the only expression of
consolation that he gave the mourners
was that the epidemic came as a dis
pensation from God. Hut mark you, a
thorough examination of the premises
showed the outbreak of typhoid fever
that caused the death of a dozen or
two promising students and prostrated
as many more, was due to a terriblv
neglected condition of the ccss-pools
connected with the building, and to
nan plumbing generally.
We may as well raise the question
here as elsewhere as to what should
be the natural term of man's life.
No one can doubt but that life can
be prolonged by careful obedience to
the laws of health, but the time comes
when the vital energies are powerless to
resist the stealthy progress of decay,
and the human body returns to mother
earth. Jlut as to the period that should
intervene between birth and natural
death, or death from old age, we can
only make an approximate estimate.
The best authorities on that subject
are those who have studied closely the
physical life of man and the laws that
govern health. With the aid of statis-1
tics they give us the opinion that the
average mail should reach a hundred
years. Old age may be said to com
mence at about sixty; even though
there be a continued freedom from
disease, the bodily powers gradually,
but almost imperceptibly, begin to
wane, digestion becomes weak, the
circulation enfeebled, the step less
elastic, the breathing lessfull, until at
length, in a varying period, from eighty
to one hundred years, natural life ter
minates almost painlessly and quietly
in natural death. Hut to show how
far the human family falls below its
natural birth-right, we have only to
follow a generation through.the march
of life and count the pilgrims as they
fall. Were we to embark with a thou
sand infants, we would find, according
to the present rate of infant mortality
in the United States, that two hundred
and fifty of the little travelers would
drop out before the expiration of the
fifth year. Some would die from
diseased heritage, some from neglect,
but the great majority from childhood
or preventable diseases diarrhoea,
cholera infantum, measles, whooping
coujjli, small-pox, scarlet fever, diph
theria and cerebrospinal meningitis.
The survivors, seven hundred and
fifty in number, having already suffered
with diseases which seldom recur in the
same individual, have a greater free
dom from disease, and the deaths in
the next five years are comparatively
few, amounting to about fifty five, and
the great majority die from .scarlet
fever nnd diphtheria. Between the
ages often and fifteen deaths are fewer
than at any other period in life, and
only twenty.five of the number fall out.
After the age of fifteen has been twsscd
the moitahty begins to increase, and
consumption helps to make up the
death roll, Hetween the ages of twenty
and twenty-five almost one-half that
drop out perish with consumption; the
other deaths are .from the ordinary
preventable diseases. When the roll is
called at the age of twenty-five years
only six hundred respond Mortality
continues gradually to increase, and
consumption still makes up an irnimr
taut factor in the cause of death; the
anxieties of life now contribute its
victims; suicide and fatal brain disease
are common, and the fatalities from
childbirth among women exceed the
deaths from accident among men. On
arriving at the age of forty one-half of
our travelers on life's journey are gone,
which marks the noon-time of life.
After this period the number thins with
increasing rapidity, and only one hun
dred spent-weary pilgrims reach t,e
age of seventy, Jlut twenty arrive at
the age of eighty, and but a solitary one
reaches the age of ninety years.
In large cities the luuaaitary condi
tion greatly increases the mortuary list.
In New Votk, out of cvoty thousand
children born, only one half reach the
ngc of twenty-five years. Hut it is by
comparing the mentality in different
localities that we nre enabled lo oili
mate the great need of sanitary reform.
Unfortunately, however, our hygienic
and sanitary knowledge as n science is
yet in many resperis very defective nnd
unreliable. Hut If the people were
made acquainted with what the average
physician knows in regard to the causes
of disease and mailers pmtahiing to
domestic hygiene there would be n
great improvement in the mortunrylisls
in the future. Of course our warnings'
to this people nre often disregarded;
while a family may feel grateful to a
physician for his labor, care, nnd
nnxiety required to trcnt n ense of In
fectious or contagious disease, they
might have thought him intrusive and
meddlesome had he volunteered the
information that would have kept the
disease out of the house.
Our chief aim .should be to create in
the people a desire to seek hygienic
advice ns eagerly ns they do medical
advice. They want to be taught thai
it is akin to sin to be sick, if not ab
solutely sinful 5 they want to know that
in three cases out of live, of all their
attacks of sickness, it is the result of
violating some of the laws of nature, or,
if you please, (Joel's laws. They want
lo unlearn the old fatalistic view, that
disease and death are inevitable and in
no wise avoidable. They want to
Know mat 11 is vastly more easy to pre
vent disease than to cure it. Tin.
diseases that are more notably in-
miciH-eii ny sanitary supervision are the
infectious and contagious forms such as
typhus nnd typhoid fevers, yellow fever,
cholera, nil the eruptive fevers, dipthc
ria, ccrebro spinal meningitis, and diar
rheal diseases. And those which con
tributeso largely to the general mor
tality in every community are pre-eminently
diseases of childhood .measles,
whooping cough, small-pox-, scarlet
fever, dipthcria, and infantile ' diar
rluea. All of those clisn.iss nrn in n
great measure preventable, and many
01 mem couia ue stamped out or exis
tence. And vet thev nro lwrmillcd
to run riot and destroy in densely popu-
iieu communities almost one-half of
the children between the nws nf mm
and five years. Relief from this disas
trous state 01 attains must mainly come
from thorouuh educational inflnc-iires
and a more practical and general
Knowledge 01 miantile hygiene. To
accomplish this end llit-n. is n ilirf.-t
appeal to the medical !ir(iff!.inn. nnt
only to encourage and institute protec
tive measures lor children, but to en
gage in a sanitary reform that will
protect nil classes of people from un
necessary disease and death. Not that
mcuicai men should be any more pro
minent than any other class of edu
cated men in matters pertaining to in
dividual health, except that the medi
cal man is known to realize morckeenly
than any other the intrinsic value of
prevention. However, his action in
promoting health and reducing disease
must be of a most disinterested charac
ter and wholly against his individual
monetary interest. If we arc ever to
have a hygienic millcnium, which .now
seems like the shadow of a dream in the
far future, .we must have an active and
universal co-operation of the profession.
They must work harmoniously and with
an eve sinL'lc to nrotertivr mralirino
and this cannot be done until a radical
change takes place between the public
and medical profession. Thev must inin
forces to accomplish the same ends,
anu inc mctnoa that seems naturally to
SUeUCSt itself. thoUL'h whnllv imnrnrtir.
able, is the following :
first iiy custom or law every family
should have a physician.
Second The physician of each
family should be employed by the
Third The salaries should be graded
to correspond with the circumstances'
of the different classes of familira. nm
should be paid monthly, quarterly,
ai-iiii-vi-uny or veanv.
Fourth No additional fen should he
paid for treating sickness in any family
The chief business of every physician
then should be to act as hygienic ad
viser. He should be required to visit
each of his families once at least every
Quarter of a vear. and m.iti. n nrnw
of the entire hygienic and sanitary sur-
luuuuings. i ne cellar of each dwell
int! should be visited, nnd nv,.n. mm
in the house, with an eye to ventilation
and cleanliness, and the personal habits
of the family should be LiWnn int -ir.
count, especially in the matter of food
mm ciuming; niso, tne drainage and
water sunnlv should !. rhoU. in.
ijpiccuvc ventilation, defective drain
age, impure drinking water and filthy
surroundings, originate, in all proba
bility, nearly all of our infectious
diseases, such as typhoid fever, diph-
mena, scanei lever, cercuro-spmal
meningitis, erysipelas and epidemic
bowel complaints. Physicians should
instruct the iwmih. tint tUn ..,,, ,.r
disease, except hereditary causes, are
tt triolr mi rt ni-viliini!n. . 1L.1 1
j.. ...v.. w,.( (iiuumuuii, wai sjcKncss
IS not Sent, but Originates frnm tlio
causes that surrounds .them, and that
inose causes are removable, that to
suffer witli sickness or nliv lieitili ;
of their own choosing. For there is
fin Inlmrtnt ilam... A t- .. . . .
" Mfciuiu ucsiic uii me jwn o every
human being to avoid pain and disease
in every jiossiblc way, and when you
add to this an intelligent knowledge of
domestic and public hygiene, you have
done more to control, obliterate or
Stampout disease than can lie done in all
other ways. I think it is not too much
to ho-ic that contagious diseases will
sometime be hlnttpil nut r,c .v.t...
and that epidemics of all kinds will
finally become fully understood and
put entirely under the control of the
The sooner nhvsicians lu-rnm th.
oughly educated in hygienic and sani-
tujr mh, mm reduce mem to a science
On a level with the sciences nf rheiuii.
try, philosophy and kindred sciences,
tllit kAAISlir tltiti audi k..AA.... i?l 1 .
..... mvr.i iiivt IM tWVUIIIC I'lllllieU IO
rank as the first h..iuG.rr f .I,-
human rfce. ,
OMITII ft TIIIIIISTOH. I W. C). Smith.
O 1 I. A. Imi nun
.lltnrncn til I.1111;
Nd. fi MrutiMNT Smeitf Knxniuu
1AILUAM O, SMITH A Co,
I I- A. TllVMTIM, I
.SfllrAf rlllrl Unit lladllr !. ;,
Ni. U MrmliANt Utrtrr Ilnmiiinii
ttw 1 fro)
Sjtr rUntittnn, lUltrva.l, Tl';twtl9 nt jhr Cbf
rirntlftn Hlfw.!., inruU And immUr S-tmllli4
llOI'Olir ANII Sill II OH CrWMIMIWf.
Mmuy lm, wl JWk SrtlirlllM.
O II, DOM!,
f'niirr n hiiir nml Siiliiril 'ii''l,
CiinvrK I'nitr anii MiiiiciiAHrJKTi'rr llrmnlin
-M.AHRNCU W. ASIIt'OKt),
Allnrnri, HnllrUiir, I 'Jr.,
Nil. 13 Kaaiiumanii SmritT.. IIhiipiI'Ih
f R. CASTLH,
.Htiirnrii ill l.nw nml .Vniic; 1'iihllr.
AllfmU All lh Cuuru of llm Kingdom.
Altnrnry mnl iUimimrlurtl lnr.
M I'lmr SmrsTi.
C C. TUCKER, M. D
(Keeentljr of Oallnn.l, Cnlifo'nli,)
MAI ntHuru an nrncR
At No. 17, Emma Street, Honolulu, II. I
C)ti(e Kinni.1 Sil.-irf.
Office Hoiirv Krnm i lo V Ami from 6 lo 8 l-. M
Tekptione for Office and Ketldence, No. 311
T-RS. CUMMINGS & MARTIN .
.Silriiriilin mill llnmtriwthtr rhitlrlmm.
OrricK (ounpic Port anii IIkkktania .Sts
Office llouri-Unlil 9 a. m,, And from l-j an. 1 6:jc-S r.M.
T B. EMERSON, M. D.
I'tlnlrlmi mul Suriroit.
Tplfpiionk Niuiiikk 1,9.
Office hour from JJ4 lo ioJ in.; 1 to jl4 p. nt.
Office And Residence, No. 7 Kultu) treel, corner Fori
Mrccl. j 1
M. WHITNEY, M. D D. D. S.
ilfnlal Itnnnm nn I'nrl Slrrtl.
Honoiuiu ,,1 H.I.
Office in llrccr' Mock, corner Hole and Fort
Street, emrnnce on Hotel Street. 1
ITTTILLIAM D. MCALLISTER,
rKAMANHNTLV LOCATItll IN IIONOIULU.
Office, corner ol Fort and Hotel atreel, over Treeloon'a
'articular attention paid to restoration gold filling.
KrlUinor ran frih.i.1 u.ial. nl a--r.Al.1 1 '.
KrlvinC rail tmiil u.nt nl raiIJ ,.!....... a !..
I.. rr.l.,?r. -"?..." "" " k-. '". "
11 10 ga
133 6 n
.... bvii'mviivv vi lilt; 'UUIK.i
A G. ELLIS,
No. 7a CJKBUN Streft Honohlv
Memlier of the Honolulu Stock and llond Kclunge.
Ift nrennrp'.t ,11 lm nn.l .ll .nL. ....I I, I- i .l
.- r- -W" -" ""J . " ...wvns mi, ,KIH1. in IIIC
open market, nt the usual rate of commission.
Has money to loan on Stocks. Small mireing re.
(Jtiiretl on 1 ime ContracLS.
Will advise as to Investments when requested.
g O. HALL ft SON (Limited)
IMmkTHRS ANII DFAIER5 IN
tliirilinirf mul lUnrrnl jfriu.,,,,,.;...
Corni-k ok Kino and Fort Stiskts, Homilviu
)ViJ'b?MV' Ha" President and Manager
irk. V Secretary and Treasurer
I . U Jones, Jr , Auditor
Directors t. O. Hall, Oeorgc V II. mc. 13a
O M. CARTER,
liirnl fa filAe. .trlmntrtrtlymrnlm la f'oil-
Irnrlit In Ijilmr,
IIoNOLULir. Hawaiian IxrAMiM
Office at Pacific .Mail Steamsliip Duck, Ksplanade. 13
TD W. LAINE.
CommlMttoHfr of lredm
17. .1 C... 1 r-, e ii' . .. .
. v. .u j.ic ui v-.iuorni, lor ir.w Hawaiian lslinds,
and General Agent for the Pacini Mutual Life In'
surance Company of California. ,,,
NO. A. HASSINGER,
Awill In lake ArknowlrilumrnU lo Cun-
Interior OrricK Hovoluiu
JOHN H. PATY,
Snlnru Vnblle ami Commlmtlon nf )mlm,
,.orV."sVlHe? ?r California and New Vork. Office
at the Hank of llisliop A Co.
IIONOIULU, Oaiiv, II. I. 1
P T. LBNEHAN ft Co.
Importer mul Commliulon Mrrchiinl:
Nuuanu Street, Honolulu.
T YCAN ft CO,
Imimrlrrm nml Itralerm In all khulm of
Miimlr IIihhIm, I'anry iiaotlm,
Nos. ioj and to? Fort Street Honolulu
Furniture, Chairs, Setting Machines, Mirrors and
Mirror I'l.ito. INit.ip L-mm. .n.i , ; .
C BREWER ft COMPANY,
Oeiirral Merenntlle mul Cammlmmlou Awnlm
Queei Street, Honolulu.
Oniferl f In.... I. ...M .
- . . jw..., j.,, fotucn, anu manager,
Joseph a, Caiter, treasurer and secretary, Direciorst
lions. Charles R. Il.shop and II. A. P, Carter; Henry
Mlit Vnrp'iilrr, Hpar Maker ami Caulker
no. 9VHRN strektIUIow Honolulu Iron Works)
e.ier f.i Choltemt Href, ,, Mutton, Kte,
no. o wuren STREEr, Fish Mari.kt.
Family and Shlpidni orders carefully attended to,
.tt Stock furnuhetl to Vessels at short notice,
VCKctaUcs of all kinds suprdied to order.
JUJ S. GRINBAUM ft Co.
Imporlrrm ami Whole, ale Healer In lien
Maker' I'luck., (jueek Street. Honolulu
M S. GRINBAUM ft Co.
rortrnnllHV MH, Comml,,loa Mtrthanlm,
114 Caliiornia St., San KaAkcisco,
J, ,ff '"''fie. for and usnkular atttutioa paU to
ceutiirumcnts uf island brodtice. ,
CAajmjMlUHa Cliler 1Iumui-.i...
N 11 UiiMA Street Honolulu
, -.7- " ....... u, uererae IS lar saw alail In
Wand proapllr attended to. ,,,
JflU na.4lllh trtbt - .a?t... 9 m m a
I'lvnrer Menu, iauly Muuufurlory ami
""W M ,H..
if 1 111.
Pracitral Coufeoh,, fuy Cook fek
NtWr i Mgstl street, het.sat, VvHrnmA Nawau
II iilrhmtiltrr, lrtiler, I'.inirnrrr, mul
All Order f4Hl.ll.tr eimilr.1.
f AWlUINCK ft" lKlJKTII,
j r innrnrinrn,
I'lAiT.nJ lUitmniM tuinMw.1 fW U'mW of dm
tfnwtM, nr l'nlMriv mbI fturmtnt opnr,
"717. ltte"l' nd KltliiM irri, nrt door
10 VVM'mann'e lukk aili,niw.
j',r0. Jl Ml. 4y '
llunl mul Xlinrmnlirr,
lkMn. 8li mvl lo Order.
N11, nt Krmr fir.. nrliHiTK I'amiiikih KrAHLire
fl CLUSTER ft Co.,
Hhnhtilti- mul llrlilll Itriluillulm mill In.
No, to NmiANii Starrr HnNiil.uni
P II, OBDINO,
FrcUfit, fotkaM. ttml Ma tin a ice .Itlimni lontr. from
hflLitdl' llj.ew.l.tt.. ..l!.?-'d.. a .F .
Irntmn imid in nKivlntr 'tinttnitm. with
W'AOONS CXI'KKSSI.V IOR TIIK MIHI'OSr:
leleplione Mj Ketldence 3 l'unchlmlMrrct.
Offiie, M King Street. mfru
JUJ. I'lllLUPS & Co.
miioi Irn mul II inlrmiU Drulfrt In Chilli-
IIIUl llnnln. Mine, H,llm, Mrli'm I'llr-
liltlilliU llnmli, I'niirn lliimlt, 1.7c
No. ii KAAHUMAmt Stbt Hunoiliu
pMAULES T, GUL1CK,
Xnlaril I'nhllr, .lfeitt In lill.r Arlnihlnlf.
111 rut In l.iibnr V.imlrnrlm, mul
Urutrnl llalllea Alfrnl,
Office In Malee'a IllocV, a! cwner Oueen and Knaliu.
inaiui sirecia, Honolulu. a.iy
C J. LEVEY ft CO.,
II ImlrmitK mul Itrlnll flrnrrm,
I'okt Stamr . . . .Honoluiu
f're.li Krncenee And provLlotn of All tlml, on lund nml
af lsm,t aB,H,L.l.i -... I B.... ...1 . .. ae a
i.v.niiijiiiMnj iiuni i,uri)c aim itrnrrica nicii
"'w; ttttnc.s.1 iuiit iari 01 uic cuy irtc oi ciinrse,
ft 1.1 nil nrilara . I. -.. I nn.l au...n.a ..l .. .ft .
, .-. riv,.i,u aii i.i I'tiMiJJi, iltiriHMfll Wl( in
0ltrn Ia ll.A aarna ...
H"vl tl"i lJie;a I I 7a 1 V
0NG LEONG ft CO.,"
Ilriiln fr Mnnnnl Siizm; I'nlmmi Hire
And Kailua Hlce Plantation and Mill. -
Nuuanu Smut Corni-r Marine
nPHEO. H. DAVIES ft Co.,
(I.ATr Faniov, Orekh ft Co.)
ImimiUin nml t'uiiimltnlitn Mrrrhmit.
I.lo)d'and the I.iveriool Underwriters,
llntiih am) I'oreign Marine Insurance Company, and
Northern Assurance Company. ,
A W. RICHARDSON A Co
ItimHTFRfANI) DkALI'R IN
llniilu, Sluirn, I'umlmlii u iluniln, Unit,
I'l'l'i, Trunin,, I'nllm-t,
Perfumery and Soaps, VViJlliam Watches,
Fine Jewelry, etc.
Corner Fort aku.Mi'rciiantStri'kts, Honolulu
r E. WILLIAMS,
Importer and Deai pr in
r'urnllurn nf Kerry Jlrnrrliillnn, Aluo
f 1'iiluililrrrr nml Jtttmifartnrrr.
FurVliture Warcroomt No. 109 Foct Street. Work.
shop at old stand on Hotel Street. All orders promptly
attended to. ' !, '
JOHN T. WATERHOUSE,
Imjiorlrr mul Itmlrr In (Irnernl Tltrr-
.MRS. LEON DrJHAN Proprietress
Number 64 Hotel Street.
.Iferrf Srrriil nl All llnnrn nf llir liny,
NtkfM inl lat-srmst fnw vartnlse lu -.1. 111 . t
t, ' : . , '-fc"' .sT. ine oniy suna-
ble pritate room in town for Indies.
JT HACKPELD A Co.
ilrnernl c7otiif,i,. .fM.f
Queen Street Honolulu
gD. HOFFSCHLAEGER A Co.
Imimrlrrm nml Vnmmlimlan Jlrrrhantn.
Honolulu Oaiiu. II. I.,
J HOPP A Co., 74 Klog afreet,
Imimrlrm' mul Mnnufnetnrrr of Krrry
tieteriimon nf l-nrnllnrr.
To tub Indies :-TrimtniDRs, Tassels, Gimt, Silk
W.M-IHHI.I. .iuiuci anur stl reMUtlcU,
co ere J, politlicti and nuJc eual to
new, .Mattresses re-ma J e and
cleaned at khori
W l.ss nntm1 ".k Hb..!- 1. a a
..- Hvitu i iiim-viav wotk anu moderate
TVLLINGHAM & Co.
Impurlrr nml lrutrm In llnnlirnrr, Cut'
Paints andOds, and General Merchandise.
No. 37 Fort Street Honoiulu
W. PEIRCE ft Co,
Skip Chamlterm nml Coinnil.,1,,,, Mer
ruints. Honolulu, Hawaiian Ulanps.
?'"-'.fe"?.n;!'Gun,lu,J Homh Lances and Per
ry Paris' laln Killer.
M. G. IRWIN ft Co.
Suynr fnelorm ami Coiumlmmloa Agenlm.
CLAUHSPRECkELS. WM. C. IRWIN.
Honolulu ,.,,..,.,,,, 11,1
Anellnneer ami Coinmtniltiii Meekmil,
Queen Street ...... Honolulu
P A. SCHAEFER ft Co.
Imimrlrrm ami CommlmmloH Mrrehaul;
Merchant Street. ..Honolulu
AXTILDER ft Co.
lumber, ValHlm, Ollm, Xnllm, ami HuII.Uhu
Material of ereru k I ml.
Coe. Fort anii Queen Sr Honolulu
J WILLIAMS ft Co.
ids anh 104 Fort Street Honolulu
lU-1Ur all .. ..I .!,. , . .
f,aei. f .11 .1: r.l '""'..'ff' ' '?."?"
iv i r; -.-- -.-.,... vv.Mnur on naoo. Also
Corals, Shells' and CurioMtlesof lira Pacific a
A LLEN ft ROBINSON,
Itealermlu Lumber mul nil klmlm of Hultil-
IIUNOU'IU, II. I.,
ArtRNTSi or srii.,MHb
HaieakiU. KuUsmou, Kekauluohl, Mary EUeo,
s. o . wlr?..' """U ua Leahl.
At RoUoMa'a s )mf. ,
Importer! of Ureteral MerekamUlmo from
r ranee, r. nuut ml, lleemauy umI
Ike Vulleit SMulem.
No.ajMi(citsHT,StRai, ., .Honolulu
i6AKOUCAUfoiu.uSrT. .Sam rAtvcwco.
PanLiltr ftii4jt.it.-.! .ri . atur ... it t i
UaT de; ' " ""f"
Hoh ttassl MifM J'siftsf.r,
No. sua Kikc ViEHir,
r voiifl a t,ttvnv,
Anrllnnrrr mul t'nmmlitlnii Mrrrhmili,
IIram ItuxK, ijatrnn Amur, Homii i
..S'f ' t'lirnliure, fii'xV, KmI Cettif awl fWral
MeHhamllw prjni4l attended la. )W ar-nll fur
Amrrltanand l.uran inttluodi.e. J J. f,vitt
rt-vr 11. J.I. rr pf.
lfk.n.u... ...: ..t., ...-I..1.. ... w.i. . '
XT ILLIAM TUItHKH,
It Kmo Sfaaar.. HnNiiLKiB
lnirier of Am'iian Jtwty nt rrery drlp
tlon (iMmnlyid Ran t'randvn, Califrnla.) 31
I EWERS ft COOKE,
(SiftiKAAiiM 10 t.wi A I)i:kkih,)
Itniiitlm mul DrnUn In l.nmhrr mul nil
hliulu ., Ilnllillnii MnlrrlnU,
l'r Hir .Hiikolijiu
JVfl W. McCIIDSNKV A SON,
rfiiCAer, llliln, Tiillnw mul Vnmmlflnn
AgenM for tl.e Royal K.jopComan)r.
Nn. it Quk .Stanir . Honor me
r C. COLEMAN,
lllnrltmmllli, Mnrhlnlnl, fiirrlntr II' nr It,
Honolulu H. I
I'lanlalEon .MatMrrr, etc, Slwii fn Kinir Slrret,
f OIIN N0TT,
Tin, Vniiirr mul Hhrrl I run tl'nrhrr,
Nlnfrm ilnil ilti,,tim. w
of all llnd., l'lunilrt' Klt ano,melali, hon futnf.ti.
'" K '", toaiiueiirri, umn, eic
No. 8 Kaaiiumaku Hrarrr Honolulu
T M. OAT & Co.
HnUnmUrr, I'lntn of alt hntrrtpttnn
imiittf ttmt rrjuttrntt
Uttsouvta II, I
IaA In A. V, Coolie new ftrtiti( building, fwA r4
Nuuanu Strett t$
T EMMELUTH & Co.,
Ttitinltti ft ml Vtttmhrrt Dnttrr In
titrrt Hatty, Tin,
No. 5 XsVMANU SfHKKT HoffOUTLU
T W. G!RVIKt
VommUxtoit Jfr refill nt a tut Urnrrut Drutrr
tit i)ry itimtt,
Wailvku. MAirf II, I
(Iroceriet, Hardware,. Stationery, Patent Mrdicuief,
1'erfumer)' and Glassware. i
TTONOLULU IRON WORKS Co.,
Strum i:nitnr, Hotter, Stiff ttr J,
Cnotrr, Iron, lira unit Mmt Vtnttiif,
JiOHOI ULU H,I
Machinery of every dencrifition made to order,
P irtlZ-ltlir Bllaistarn nsM Ct.t.. If t..(.!a kl
-.- . I Jfcsna u a7III,r IfMtsVKSIIIltlllilf.
Job work executed on the aiiorteftt notice. to
-pHOS. G. THRUM,
htCORTINO AKU MANUrACTURINC
.Stilt to n rt A if rut, Printer, HooK
And puUMierof the Saturday l'E,andunW.
an A f ttM imc ami Ann nal. Merchant urcet, Ieal
cr In Fine Stationery, Hooks, Muvic, Toy and Fancy
Gwd., Fort ktreet, nt-ar Hotel, Honolulu.
A S. CLEGHORN St Cj.
Iinj.ortrr unit Jtratrrm In Ucnrrnl Mer
Corner Queen and Kaahumanu Streets, Honolulu.
OLLES & Co.
,Shl) Vmmller mul Cm ,, Jlrrrlmntt
QurEN Street. Honolulu, II. I.,
Importers and Dealers in General Merchandise. I
MT F, BURGESS,
Curprnlrr nml Jlnllilrr.
All Ltn.l. Ar lnK,.! .1.. ... . I .-
.... ki..u. w. j.uiii iiiuu.ii.iy A.-CI1UCU IO.
'lcleplia.se No. tjo, ill lainsoiKKa press Ortice.
Snor, Noa King Street .-.... Honolulu
J A1NE & Lo.
Importers and dealers in Hay, Grain and General
Honolulu h. i
TJ E. McINTYRE ft BROTHER,
Oroeertf ami Veeil Store.
Cor. Kiss and FortSts... Honolulu
1UJRS. A. M. MELLIS,
Fnmhlonnlilr Itremm ami Clonk Milker.
No. 104 Fort Street , ..Honolulu
A U SMITH,
Importer ami Denier In alamiirarr,,
Merlitrn Hltrer-l'lalril Ware,
No. 44 Fort Street Honolulu
Kinjrs Comlnnation Spectacles and F.)egtasei,
I.ustral ire Ware, Fancy Niaps, Picture I'rjmci, 'is
lols, W oslenlKdm'a Pocket Cutlery, Powder, bhoc anl
Amiuunitbn, tOirk's Sjl CU1011, M actnne Oil, all
kinds of Machine Needles, "Doniestn;'' Paper Fashsonv
Sule asent of the universally acknowledged IJcht.
Kunninj; Domestic Sewing Machine.
'HE GERMANIA MARKET.
Honolulu, II, I.
H"tt Veal, Mutton, ImIuIi, Poultry
w MI 'fa
Contlanlly on hand, and oT choicest quality,
isausaacs, llolotfnas, etc., ajwats on hand. Our
ar. all n.t an. I ...., .... tn L ... ..,. . t.
falilifully attended to, and delivered iu any part of
my. Shop on Hotel Street, Utweeu Union and T
G. KAUPP, l'roietor.
H'llrAm,lrr ! Jeierler,
WAI.THAM and all other American WATCH KS,
Clocks, and Jewelry.
Waste npMjjelmt. ativiU BmoUUIt.
All orders from the ultei tdands prom4ly attended to.
No. J5. HorEUSTEEET ..HONOLULU, H.I,.
! tr .
HKUVCTIUX or KATES.
Frusn and after September v, iHi, the Tsleblwnei
of this Company within the District nt llotlulu will be
rented at the following; reduced rates, vlr ;-
For plant u bodiless.,,,,,, $sxurmonia.
For prime rsUei..s. .,., t4.ua per month.
. PaytUs quarterly in adraoce.
J, I. IIROWN, Swretary.
HooJulu, Sept. aa, 1H1, ittkvn
n un.kriiid would most respeclfully polifa lb
publu: that he tut pouiht out Mr. Fsfe'a iueresl Bttvi
aUise uaiksl and thai he it epaied la fiunu Ih. Us
trWIs, VtMl mm
Toe Duikit tfutda, at I he lowest tats:
JE SURE that sou xet thai tWIIraeaJa, al tWset
aser r, ... er.s.sSfl so, f urt,
ARTISTIC JOB PRINTING prva-aajy ,
4 kWt avETVHiAST tSstwst
MraiiiAUT frT HiMfrMrMr, H. I
Draw r'thng,e ei
IIIK HANK OF CALIrOllNIAJkri rr.Mfeei,
Msn. M, M. Kn-rilRCIIIMI A 0N. Irl,.
IheOKIKNIAI. HANI; Cm.ir J laaa.
And i)m4t llramltM In
IIONMKONCI, hVDNCV and MKI.IJOURNlL
Tmnmil duinil Ikiikingjjmtntn,
fOSEI'H E. WISEMAti
Hull K'tiile llrnhrr nml limJnymrnl
llrrn.litl, II. I
,. "!n." """". 'J"ii. HoiM,arel hIIs al l'
Heal I Mai. In all inrts of il Kln,lm. Knpbymeftt
. . ." "' wot" m an ,ne rarwfftsiranertes
of ou.lws. eunnnted whh lr.i l.ljxli. Uja) ,Um,.
...'.... u,Hwn, inns sAiisieo, lK'hs an.1 ACtrmmsliepI
a;p) xeneral office wk transade,!. Patronaie V7?ii(.d.
iwnmissitms mflpratw. 4
Q. W. MACFAHLANH & Co,
In.imrlrrt mnl f.'miimlttlnii Mrrtlmnlt,
(Inter Hit,. )
Cor, Fot and QurrN Sirppts .1',. . I I'Wn Lfci.c
'(Tie Glaijow an.1 HofKiiulii Line of Parlets.
John Hajr at li,.', Urp.r,l I.lna of Patltti,
,jn Waikapo I'lanutl-rfi.
Ilie.Sperirer 1'tinlall.m, Hits.
HakalaH llanlalloo, llilo.
Mlriees, 'I all It Walwm, hueaf Company.
Hie I'uuloa Mieep Hh (impanyi
aASTLE ft COOKE,
Shipping nml fnmmlmmlnn Merehnnlm,
No. KlNO.StREET . HONOIBII-
IMPORTER ANII IIEALf. IN
The Hill haxk A Cot.uny' PlanUiion.
11m Al.h.l.. fl. Il.l.ll tri ...
K. Halslead or Watalua llaolatlon.
A. II. 4m,ih ft Company, Kolo. Kauai.
J.M. Alrsandrr, llaikii. Maul
The Haiku Sugar Company.
'ITe Kotula StiEar Company.
" H"un..'n,."rnr,;Lompanyol han Franicsca.
IL Ih. l-nf.n.l I lr I..... ... ,' . r
-is rii ";" "" ni,ui.iwiumipBnrw Itosiof,
H".l ..' lnufaclunnff Company of Jloslon.
n. Al iVh.ni'. t..... r...:r , ,.
'tt i 7 'V ' ' ... J.""uEa .siacnuies.
,jne New York and Honolulu IVclet Line,
s n .siercnant a une, Honolulu and han Francitcu
llr, Jarnes t Ws CeleUaled Medicines.
JM . ..!?. ""V Manufacturing Company.
Wheeler A W-dson-.lewinii Machines.
J-ENNEDY ft Co.
WholoEalr, and Retail Orooer
No. tj Hotel Street.
(Campbell lire proof IluiMinr,)
I'remh flnmlm Continually on the ll'uy.
Island Mutter always on hand.
Trlkpio.sk. Vu. E4Q. ,j, ,f
J NO. O. FOWLER Co.,
.Irn prrjHirrit lo fur, ,1,1, Vlmim nml I'.mli
mnlem for Steel
I'O RTA IIL?.. TI'wVM WAYS,
With or without Cars and Icomuives, Specially
ADAPTED FOR SUGAR PLANTATIONS.
Permanent Railways and lcomolites an, ears. Trac
tion Kncinee and Itoad Loeomolives, Steam
PIouahiriEaml Cullirating Machinery. s.
able KnDnes for all purpos, Windlnr
. t ngines or inclines.
uiaiozues with I IIusi rations, ilodcls and Phceo.
jraphs ol the aU;e llants and .Machinery may be seen
?.'. ,ct,of '"' underMgned. W. L. GKKKN and
FOR ACTING IN I1RICK.
KMMKLVTH & CO.,
No. J NUUARU STEEIT HONOLLLU
Sole agents fur these islands. The test couVinE ap.
taralus far th Plant. .Ia 11... L .. r
, . .. wr., ,,,c(w, rajnujr.
RANGES it FIXTURES such as
Hot Hater Jlollrrm,
Urate Harm, V.le,,
Always in stock.
Esplicit directions fur tenia: up accompany 'every
Cirtutarj and frcet on afficathn. ijj.,r
CONOMV IS WEALTH.'
THE GREAT TEN-CENT STORE
W. COLIIEY, Proprietor,
J. JOHNSON, Mana.tr
Offers lo the public an unusually lanje raxietr of eoudl
fur tint season, conustin In part of
WAX and CHINA DOLLS,,
from toe. tut each
Cream Piuliers, Uutler Duhes, Cake Dishes,
I'Ules Cu and Saucers, Soup T iirectt-, l-lalters,
Vescuble Dishes, etc
,for kitchen use
from me, tojoc each.
SOAPS, Washing aod Touet,
FaAUEs, of all Urals
Huttoes of all kilHlt
Shele IVsper, all cvlort
HarUes. Tope, and llalU, U ltoyt.
Hkeet Mumle or Ike I.OOO.OOO,
10.CSU copies Sheet Music Just rtc.i.rd-at la C. per
ANAKIES Cereun CaneiU-( Uautlful uxuilera,
IJOHtnikci CiKANihti CVurovku
(Itte Leu In Hw)
Ft hdks, Jswteens, tilosea. etc.
Are cuusuntitr Uuu added end a reesu isiuki la
uh ai aanu, per aiARIrusus,
No- r" ...rOKT SrRULT
U -'. JMTJtUr TaV.lJIM-.U-,
it lb Aiu je
Wttk patent utel sleepers.
tT Will U mU lasr Lu sUt a conJ.omesH.
. Ww tk St.
C M CARTER U CO,
. H, CAf ,
K 9, UMIMtf,
Nn, H2 Klnc HtrrU Honoltiln,
frTr. rtrAi,M tit
riRRWOOn, COAL AND TEED
W wwW r-Hlfp in. tmUk. mm rsrwl.
IssrW, Usm we luwfi ut, iiaad east fu mmit.
MtKMl,men Iowmi ewUM, fwl
! IW pat
IIAHI) ArW SOFT WOOH,
N, H. W, NRWc Afrn.l! COAU
fKTTlXril COAL ad lU
cr.M'.nrtuitn wklmnoton minf
Dr.PAKII MF. Il iOAI,
llfrff & Hoi Wfft(laSMf la TsluJ.j.. ul 1.-
an.1 fmoMsfeH-e dee r E...d ' -""-""-"''
niVB 08 A CALL. .. TteW,. ,,'e, .
aljwj Kttr in st. k
IIAV, 0 Vltl-0prrApU an.1 New eajan.!
IIKAN, MIDDLING, aod ether f.e.1.
Or.Jer the aW ll.rmijh Telplne No. ys,
AB WE W4XANT
Qtilok DrilvBi-y nml rnll WelRht
OKDF.US I'KOM OTHCK IBMNr80I.ICITKn
Vnm I).li,rr to All parts of lU City.
nninmt)r, No. 82 Klntt Street.
TnjiMNE Mo. r.
TT HACKI'ELD ft Co,
OFFER FOR 8A1.F.
INVOICES or NEW GOODS,
E Hark C. R. HUIiop and Slearasldp I3renfel.
Consistinx in part at aa follows :
A Eiirce Ataortmont of Dry Good,
Deninu, Drown and,White Cotloot, DrtUt, Tlelc
nKs, luraty Ked, Merinos-bUck and
colored, 4 qaalitlM, Repp., Alpacaj,
Coboos;a, Italian Cloth and
Black. Grot-eraln, Pancy, Colored and Striped
Barege, Crepe, Ac,
Men' J' II III hi In; (JfffttlH,
S,'e!i'' u.?ltn' M.ixA6' Ctlh- "'s-Vory, Denim
etc.. Merinn anyl . tij...Lt.i.' ...
Handkerchiefs, Poulards, a larre lo-
oic i of CLOTHING coniistuic
of Fine BUrk Cloth Coatl and
Panta, Buckskin Sacks,
Panta and Suits, Felt,
Sacks ft Pants.
Bor Shirta. and
CTJllM ta,at.Aa. t
R. Coatt ft Lrerlns-s.'Mon.
Slipper SUk and J. C. Umbrellaj
andfarasols. Fancy and Trarellinp;
s,rth.aw,"'J citoa ""d Turkish Tow?U.
White and Fancy Quilt., Felt Rurt and Brus-
aeU Carpettoif , Sill and Velret R.bSon.. Thread.
" J tin 11.-rt s.
White and Fancy Blankets,
Fancy Striped Woolen, two Lru. .
r.U.'.0r!l?!:el.Wh', WraoUn End apoJnU,
Bnttona for Shuts, Coat Pants, Drcsse.
I' EKFU JI E 11 V,
Genuine Fju tie Cologne, Lultn's T.x.
J?,t'-'lT?Ic,.&H'' wr, Hair
r,W'- J'"AacsE. Blank Uk
Gc4d Leaf, Jewelry, GiM Watches,
Tape, Elastic. Scarfs, Albums.
Estenskn. Arm, Dininzoom and Irloe Chain.
Settees, Mirrors, etc.,
Snil.lte; Culfmk turn, tllrlhm, .stirrup Lratkrr,
Hemp ft I. R." packiBi, Coal IUA.IS
CRATES OF ASSORTED CROCKERY,
i"f. '?""" VHP! Teapots. Pwls, Chambers,
Usee Ihshe. and Iksken. l-rranohn. 1 and 5
r 1 ',w 'V "r" ""'.'"a?. S'Oruues, twir,
IlurUps,ttcJuickaM Twilled hacktaiv Linen Hose
SUGAK and 1UCX HAGS
of ail sues and ualiiies.
Sardinei In hal and quarter boiee, 1
Salt in Jars, Castor Oil la tins. Matches
Cocoauut Oil. Wash Blue, II. White Lead.
S"?."nlPV.,1,M' 1- " P. Biscuit.
Hublmclt'. Unseed Paint 00, White Zinc Paint,
Vrrnitm nml lldvinut Cliarn,
Itate j wTuSpnuns. Forks Cruets Tea
sets Cup. Napkin Kir, Sal.sis etc.
l-Oclet and llulche. Krurea, Scissors. She.,. -shears.
Needles, Suajos Ides, Spars, GalrMirrJ rUsuss.
'aY, Iron, Kee Ri.rts, HamltteTs. Vetlaw
Metal and UspiMkw Nads. Clanters
IUU.lt Metal. Sstfar Cosdets Irvas Ja,
Tanks, ' w
Fir Clay, Blacksmith Coil. Fit Brick. Til
Eoipty Barrels, Oai Boats, Ac
Orders from the other Islands carefidly aiieoded l
II. Hnekffl4 Co.
IRON BE D S TyHWt gjf
.1 nut ul prtrem fr
it' tuw on eshiUiIon at lie ti,tm ii
U. 'IIACKIBLII ss Ca
y,,S"KYLkJ' " Csnuuas lsWespU aod
rLkasa tswu m-0-, tVs... w -..- . i. .1 "- a.
al.l,)Sllli't. Crifltl'Ul-btll' T a-
i . Im r:: .r;:; wj?" i . t.w.i
iTuK aW ZrXLJZr- r"mi
-" -srs -waj S.SW-E, awtswirn.,
6 ' 0 C
f, . . . fVi w bll. ul. 1S. isvlt L. JsWl. aT A ... ..
(ji 1 niwmii mt.i uymjjtfm4wujm