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A Newspaper Published Wee-ly.
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One rould not help noticing- especi
ally kamnainas- the very lax nWrv
mice f Hawaiian Indcpcnd.iiuc Day,
as n national holiday, as comparcil
with its observance in earlier years.
"I'is true it had been fretted that aM
government offices would be tloscil, as
nn other I'overnincnl holidays, but iu
organized cfTort had been made by
the uon eminent or iinv.ite persons for its
due observance other than n round of
target practice, n public reception at
the I'alacc at it, and a salute at noon
Consequently, business houses made
no attempt nt closing till afternoon, and
many toniiniictl open all day. 'The
reason of all this is plain to the ohser
vcr who li.u noticed the tendency to
make royal holidays the days for the
lco"i)lc instead of the nation's lays.
In this we fear a mistake is being
made, for in what better way can a
spirit of loyal devotion to sovereign be
engendered than in encouraging en
thusiasm in the freedom and intleiicn
dence of the country. The 28th of
November is memorable in Hawaiian
annals as the day, in 1813, that the
treaty, guaranteeing the indepeu
dance of these islands, was sign
ed jointly by I'rance and Kngland.
Hawaii had great cause for rejoicing
over the event, and has still. No one
more than the present king, and pre
inter, enjoys referring to this guarantee,
It would be in keeping with their pro
fessions, therefore, ifjinstcatl of allowing
It to sink into obscurity, a better
recognition be made of that which ccry
Hawaiian is taught to hold dear, his
county's independence. As farasbcing
a popular day with the Hawaiian people,
it lias been remarked that Restoration
Day, July 31s') held their affections
more tenaciously, for they were wit
nesses of the facts, the lowering of the
Hawaiian flag, and occupancy of the
islands "by Lord George I'aulct, and
the rc-cstablisliuicnt of government and
restoration of their Hag by Admiral
Thomas, when Kaniehaincha III.
closed his address to the people, with
the memorable words, now the nation's
motto, "The life of the land is estab
lished in righteousness." It was to suit
the delicate feelings of a few Englishmen
who did not like the memory of these
events revived that Restoration Day was
dropped from our calendar; it is to be
hoped that a due regard for the nation
will keep them Independence Day.
Commemoration and birth days of in
dividuals pass away, but the nation's
days should abide for all time.
Hawaiian independence was guar
anteed in 1S43 by the .sufferance of the
great powers, and the same forbearing
spirit permits Hawaii to exist today as
an independent kingdom. It is this
fact that makes the tawdry military dis
play and ambition of the present reign
and thti aping of European court
grandeur offensive to common sense,
and renders absurd the idea, let alone
the fact, of "primacy schemes and an
ncxation protests. The picture most
prominent on the great days of the
nation, now, is the sad one of drunk
enness, and the encouragement this
condition of affairs receives from high
authority requires no large amount of
reasoning to foresee that the 28th re
cently celebrated, even so poorly, will
not long be theirs to commemorate.
"To whom much is given, much will
be required." Hawaii has been given
much, and hqw has she. improved her
opportunities? The courtesies of
nations around the globe hae been
showered upon our king. Has it im
bued him with an increased love and
regard for his kingdom and people ? Is
their welfare and the lasting prosperity
of Hawaii his solicitous care? It is to
be honed so, but where are the
evidences ? True enjoyment of inde
pendence is not in reveling in drufiken
ness, nor is true loyalty to sovereign to
be engendered by throwing oen the
floodgates of Intemperance, and the
growing tendency of this condition is
too palpable to shut our ees to. It is
no wonder then if the idea gains ground
that Hawaii s days are numbered. And
who is to blame?
P I U11UIL
The " bold outrage " we noticed last
week as having been committed at
Hanalci, Kauai, seems upon further
inquiry to have assumed quite another
"j phase. It appears that the alleged
assault was somewhat mixed up with
the domes of a certain secret organiza
lion of Chinamen there to rob and
otherwise resist the law. We have not
learned the exact particulars. Five of
the conspirators, however, have been
committed for trial at the coming term
of the circuit court. Hie three
natives charged with an assault uikii
the Chinamen, seem to hae cleared
their skirts of the charge.
The other papers generally speak
of his in-Excellency Attorney-General
Gibson as "His Ex." In the glucose
mahopc the Press hopes also to employ
the cabalistic "Ex." in writing of an
ex-attorncy-ecuUar, an ex-misminister
of foreign affairs, and an ex-malniember
of the board of " edicashun," l'raisc
God Uareboncsl. he's already an ex
The would-be sarcastical HulUtiiicttc
speaks of the I'ress as " literary," No
reader will be likely to quarrel with the
truth of the definition. So it would bo
unkind to speak of the lUilletin as
"illiterary" though no reader will I e
likely to quarrel with that definition
I jck of space prevents the promised
consideration of the Queen's Hospital
management. Apparently the at
present unnecessary; woman's waril
will not be built this ear, forwhicji
sensible determination the trustees are
to be commended
Prof. Paul Passy, of Paris, thinks that
America is the dustiest country he ever
visited. He thinks that thehighschools
of that nation are not practical : " Too
much I-alin," he says, " is the tunc of
modem educational Institutions."
The president of the board of " edi
casliuu" sat through Mr. Memtt's ser
mon last Thursday. It is to be hoped
U atcrluiu some good.
" nut riiofiiiir"
hour articles In 10 tint's Press in
lte the earnest attention of the
thoughtful. The first of these articles
may be found on the first agc. It is
entitled, "Hyircne and Health." It
was written for other readers by n
physician now in Honolulu. Its truths
arc unbcrsally applicable. The health
of the community is of vastly greater
importance than any other purely tem
poral question in which it is concerned.
Vet there is no topic about which the
community apparently thinks less.
The lives of whites and natives in Hon
olulu are largely dependent upon the
observance or neglect of sanitary laws
by themselves and by their neigh
hots. The man who neglects sanitary
laws bc auso he does not know them is
pleading an excuse which ought not to
be allow lM. It is every man's duty to
understand hygenic and sanitary laws;
and good physicians are the best pos
sible te.11 hers.
On another page is printed the
Thanksgiving sermon delivered by Rev
George Wallare nt St. Andrew's Pro
Cathedral last Thursday. The key
note of that sermon is thanksgiving for
the opportunities Christianity has given
all who really desire to exercise the
privileges of true citizenship. Christi
anity if lived up to- is the very best
qualification for suet ess in all stations
of life. Christianity, supplemented by
brains, makes kings, ministers and pri
vate citiens work in harmony. The
absence of both in any rank of life
puts that rank out of harmony with its
fellows as Mr. Wallace has eloquently
indicated. We hope the king and his
cabinet, the planters and laborers, the
merchants and their employees, will
read this admirably-put .sermon and
profit by it.
The report of last Saturday night's
meeting at the German Club ought to
be a conclusive refutation of the charge
that several women deserted in a most
shameful manner by their lawful pro-J
lectors had been allowed to starve on
the Koloa Plantation. In the account
of that meeting published in another
column is shown how false and
malicious those charges were. It is
also shown that the misguided women,
who had been working at extra wages
on the plantations, had refused to go
on after their husbands left thus, prac
tically, refusing, nay spurning, the
assistance of their employer. This is
important because it nails in advance
another lie, that would undoubtedly
have been used by our enemies save
for the prompt exposure of indignant
German residents, who keenly feel the
disgrace put upon their name by their
The ramie industry is discussed at
some length in this issue. Nobles and
would-be representatives will do well to
give the subject attention. The king
is said to be interested in it and has
undoubtedly read its literature pretty
thoroughly. He can help his people a
great deal by studying this subject as it
deserves to be studied, antl by giving
his people the benefit of that study.
Sugar and rice and bananas arc well;
but we need something more. Timber
culture is too slow to suit most of us.
If it can be demonstrated that ramie
can be grown and prepared for market
at a living profit, these islands will be
richer by the demonstration. And, if
he will, the king may help us all to a
better understanding of the project.
vosr.it. .s.i rixim k.i.vk.v
Ediiok Saturday Pkkss Sir: In
your issue of the 17th instant you sug
gest governmental control of the tele
phone and telegraph system of the
kingdom. Why not a national postal
savings bank? England has had such
a system for over twenty years. Italy,
France, Japan, Canada, and Victoria
have such a system, and Austria, Nor
way, Sweden, Portugal, and even slow
moving, conservative Russia are
seriously agitating the establishment of
such banks. In Hawaii there is cogent
reason for adopting the English system
in the absence of money saving facilities
for the earneas of small wages. The
English workingmen are enthusiastic
over the operation of the shstcm in
their land, and Hawaiians and Portu
guese would be in this land after a year's
successful operation. Of course there is
the objection that it would increase the
opportunities for wastefulness on the
part of an unprincipeled administration,
a thing not to be lightly considerd in
the present condition of affairs. The
receipts held against government on
account of deposits would prove a re
straint, however, when the holders chose
to refuse the payment of taxes except
by endorsement on the receipts. But
as a popular educator and on high
moral and political grounds, a ostal
savings bank for Hawaii would achieve
more for the most helpless class in our
midst than all the benevolent enterprises
that could be set at work in the way of
relormation. Money saved is character
gained in the long run. Hai.ai.
Hilo November aj 1883.
In an " editorial note," over a half
column long, the Advertiser exploits its
ignorance by writing of Rev. Moncurc
1). Conway -the noted London
Rationalist as a "journalist of some
repute in the United States." Mr.
Conway is not .so famous a man that it
is criminal to be ignorant of him.
Hut it is both absurd and knavish to
try and cover up one's ignorance by
One of the dailies says that its course
in parading the silly talk, of the silly
speakers who occasionally disgrace the
honest majority of the workingmen
"without editorial comments" has
met with "general approval." If it
could hear what is said about it by men
who think, it might change its tune.
The present dailies are tolerated by
decent people merely because there are
The Advertiser has done the public
the service of printing a table entitled
Spirits Taken out of llond for Con
sumption First Quarter, 1881, as com
pared with nrst Uuarter, ina.t. It
discusses this table in a long editorial,
manifestly in the interest ol lis whiskey-
drinking constituency. More on this
subject next week.
The lUilletin has af last given an
editorial opinion on the Koloa-laboters'
question, in which it says that the
charge of allowing the Koloa women
to starve "remains uncontradicted."
It is unmanly of Mr. Hill to let his
spite against a business firm of this
city permit him to employ so mis
chievous a falsehood.
ir .ir .i.v (: ii'.s.
llrr tlrnrte Hitllnrr' DNrniir nil " !
Kcv, CicorRC Wall-ice preaclicil from the
follow lnf trxl nt St. Andrew' I'ro-Cntlictlr.il last
Cittrenshlp at it ItnimUi the 0pl cf Chrt.t.
rkihfttttii, 1 ij.
As rational lirlne., cnKilile imtli of rcccltlng
nml sterling n10r.1l ami religion Influences,
vsc Are placed lijr Almighty (io.1 in lint onlcr
of mutual relation which is callol mSclcly.
Society consists of three main divisions, the
family, the nation, the Clititcli. Without
these nrgsinlratlnns man Ins never exlslctl snve
in n slate of imnl nltjcct karkarlim. 'I hey arc
to remain n they hate remained, wi long as
men shall live on earth. In each of these
stnlm of society the ruleol law ishani!ciltton
from ncncratlon In generation. The liw of
love it ilivlncly nnlaincil to l the law of llie
family, the law of justice, the law of the
nation, the law of holiness ami the law oflhc
church. We are Inl by the character of our
religious observance Ihis morning, in keeping
with the words chosen for the teat, to speak to
)ou of I lie law of the nation. Ily Ihlt law,
which tu he binding on Ihr conscience must lie
according li justice, all cl.auet and conditions
arc ImhiiiiI for common interest and protection.
'I he well-doers will rccoguic it at the I Kind
holding society together, framing .and forming
men in various relations and conditions tsilhn
mcr gentle and silent )ct teal and present.
To evil-doers the law of the slate Is simply a
stern, severe force, thundering out its penal
ties, enforcing Its claims and inflicting its
punishments with a strong nrm. And the law
of the nation is enforced liy the strongest
powers and resources that men can command.
Whether men will oliey or not they bear wit
ness that law Is a principle and a fad by
which they arc to be governed and controlled,
ami to govern and control themselves. In all
ages men have thus thought of law. The best
and vsiscst of men have concluded that what
we call law Is nothing else but the operation of
the will, the jiovscr and the justice of the great
God, who lives and governs all things.
Richard Hooker, the wisest divine of our
mother, the Church of Kngland, in words of
great beauty, wrote; "Of law there can be no
less acknowledged than that her scat is the
bosom of God, her voice the harmony of the
world; .ill things in heaven 1I0 her homage,
the very least as feeling her care and the great
est as not exempted from her power. Iloth
men and angels ami creatures of what con
dition soever, though each in dilTcrcnt sort and
manner, )ct all with uniform consent, admire
her as the mother of their peace and joy."
" The powers that lie arc ordained of God,"
and this law, which is of Cod, finds utterance
in the enactments of civil government. Op
pression, cruelty and injustice arc restrained
under its direction, and punishments are
awarded under its discipline. All power is
from God who bestows all the delegated iower
and authority which men hold. llcdocth
according to His will in the armies of heaven
and among the inhabitants of the earth.
In heaven His government is administered
in the perfection of justice. On earth His
government is entrusted to weak and sinful
men. His law, therefore, so lar as in its exe
cution it is given to men, is not manifested in
perfection of justice. Yet the civil govern
ment is ordained of God. It is a divine
institution, and it is proof sufficient of its
divine origin that under government most
unworthily administered men arc happier and
better than under anarchy and lawlessness.
As the government of civil society came
from God, so also in God's good time there
came from Him that which was to render it
highly adaptive Jo the control and regulation
of the affairs of men, and make it Infinitely
more productive of happiness and peace.
When the fullness of time was come God sent
forth His Son to redeem a fallen world, to
teach those truths most worthy to control the
hearts ol men, to change the course of human
society and usher in a new era for ciil life and
en dilation. Since the Christian religion
broke up the heathen civilization of the Roman
dominion, governments have been more humine
and the cause of the mighty change is none
other than the incarnation of the Son of God,
the Prince ol Peace of whom the prophet fore
told, "The government shall be upon His
The sense of human brotherhood is more
actively alive and more keenly sympathetic
since men have learned that they are one in
Christ Jesus, the Sacred Head of the whole
family in heaven and in earth. "One is their
master, even Christ, and all are brethren."
The rights of property are more sacred than
in heathen times since Christ proclaimed the
laws of honesty. There is a dignity in poverty
since "He who was rich, for our sakes became
poor." The hospital and the asylum all
institutions for the relief of the poor, the sick,
the suffering and incapable, are simply out
growths of the divine law of love jet forth by
the Lord ol Love who went alwut doing good,
healing all manner of sickness and all manner
of disease. Woman was degraded and en
slaved in the pagan world, but Christianity
gave her a place of special privilege and honor
because the Saviour of mankind in whom is
neither male nor female was of woman born.
The Christian religion has drawn a clear
distinction between sensualism and love. From
the wild licence of sensualism the laws of
Christian nations protect their subjects, and love
according to Christianity is the putest of moral
Impulses, thetendcrcsl and noblest of the move
mentsof the sou). Since the adventof the Prince
of Peace the old unh crsal feeling of bitter hos
tility between rival races has been denounced
and diminished. Nations have felt the bond
of brotherhood and in our own day have come
to a realizing sense of the claims of that inter
national law which, it is proven, can settle
disputes and regulate disturbances between
nations, without recourse to war and bloodshed.
And here let me add the wotds of a great
Let me tear two paces, for vour perusal, out
of the reccr.t history of Kngland. l.ct me men
Uon two conspicuous instances, wlilcli, II we
do our duty, ought, to our eternal blessedness,
to be the types ami precedents of many more.
One is in the recollection of most of us here,
and I can mention it with the more propriety
because, if it was inaugurated bv Liberals, one
of the chief commissioners who heliicd 10 carry
it out was an eminent conservative, so that
Unh parties may claim a share in this pure
elorv. You all remember the cotton famine
of 1862 the sore distress it caused; the heroic
endurance of the oiierativcs ; the noble gener
oityof the wealthy; the yet nobler charity
which made the ill-juiil laliorcri of the South
denv themselves, to aid thc.sutfcritu! factory.
hands of the North; the brotherhood of race
which made the American people, although
inilalcd. as they were, by the countenance
given to the Southern States, send large reiki
to our starving population. At that lime a
hiPtiamcd the Alabama, built by a private
Kugluh owner, escaped from the Mersey ami
did terrible damage to the shipping and
commerce of the United States. 1 he Ameri
can Covctmcrst held us guilty of culpable
remissness. Our own Government thought we
had done our best and that no inteniational
law had been broken. At that time the
United States were not in a condition to lake
any steps; but the anger smoldered, and when,
in lliftj, the struggle was over and cotton
could aain be freely iuipoiicd, the bitterness
of their feelings still remained like a dark
cloud on the horizon. A vote to break olfall
national intercourse was actually ptoixfeal In
the American Senate. Imagine how extreme
would have been the honors, how Incalculable
the disasters, if the smoldering fuel of anger
between two such nations as England and
Aatcrica tud bunt into Ik blue ol wart
Happily for ik, happily for all mankind, nobler,
wiser, more I hrisiian views prevailed. In
in 1, ... riui.i.ii 111 uie 1 rcaiy in
Washington to scttfc the niienlion lietween the
two governments by arbitration, and o to.
establish n precedent applicable to all future
dltputes lielwren clvilircd nations. That
treaty was laclisatol liy an unreserved exprcx.
xlon of regret nn our pirt for the ravages of
these privateers. The terms were arranged (
the arbitrators met; the derision was against
s fj,fM,wMveieaanlcil In satisfaction of
all claims) wc bowed to the decision, and at
once, without n murmur, paid that vast sum
down. In the same year the disputed Island
of San Juan was also awarded In the United
Stales, by the arbitration of the Kmtwror of
German)) and thus tvsn claims, which a few
vears liack would have lid to bloody and
fratricidal wars, and would have deluged whole
pages of our hlstoty in blood, were ilccideil by
ImpartiaJ tribunals, whose award Involsed no
humiliation or disgrace. Never, my brethren,
had Ihr Mm of Kngland shone with a purer
glory. Never since man was had nations taken
a nobler step to remove the unutterable horror
and guilt of internecine war. Ncvir was it
mote conspicuously shown that, not only
without dishonor, but consistently with the
must chivalrous courage .and the loftiest
glory 1 not only without disaster, but with the
most permanent benefit, C'hrlstiin nations,
like C hristlan men, might regulate their Inter
course in accordance with his Sermon tin the
Mount, whom all Christians profess to worship
as their Saviour and lliclr Ijird. If war nt the
very best bo fruitful nlwajs of ruin and of
horror) il the most successful war lie only, as
the greatest of living generals has said, "a
splendid misery"! Ifclmity and righteousness
be betler, nt all limes, than blood and lire,
then ran the clergy hive a nobler function In
Christhn Kilitics than the promotions of Ills
teachings who said, " lllcsstd are the merci
ful for they shall obtain mercy)" " Illcsscil arc
rue iieaccm.iKcrs, lor tncy Mian lie called the
children of God"?
The sceptic and the scoffer will tell us that
the world-wide peace within the limits of the
Kingdom of Christ Ins not jet come to pass as
prophecy foretold that Christian kings go
out to battle and Christian hands are reddened
In Christian blood. It Is enough to reply that
the reign of peace will not lie until the hearts
nf men bow down, and the thoughts offnen arc
brought into confession of the Christ) that the
plea of justice and right obtains In each gener
ation a wider and more respectful hearing, and
that high-handed and savage acts of cruelty do
not mark the decrees of princes or attend the
wars of our time, while justice, mercy and
generosity are dispensed to poor and unfortu
nate, to slave and captive, to prisoner and
felon, to dead and living, because men have
learned from Christ that the life of men on
earth for which He died (as welt as for their
life in heaven) is precious in His sight and,
therefore, should be sacred in the eyes nf men,
of whom it shall be required.
If rcIigiorvJ'c real it must have a direct bear
ing upon the thoughts and lives of men. The
leaven of the Christian faith working in the
mass of men alone can give a wholesome
nourishment to their siciil needs. The re
ligion of the New Testament is set forth to
pervade the thoughts, principles, politics,
hopes, fears and purposes of mankind and by
the religion of the New Testament we ilo not
mean on the one hand the sacerdotalism which
would place the priest of the altar over the
free conscience of men nor do we mean on
the other the tyrannous bitterness of sects and
parties which divide the great bolly of truth
and recognize no liond of unity save in a feeble
sentiment. The primitive faith and apostolic
order suIkIuciI the Roman Kmpirc, and how
ever men tiny obscure them by self-willed
shibboleths and party watch words, they lie
firm and ilecp in the foundaiton of national
security. They must enter into the calcula
tions of those who administer the common
wealth. If the spiritual cars of ruler and
people be deaf to the voice of God speaking in
the soul of man; if there be no disposition to
recognize the divine will in the eternal prin
ciples of morality; il the inipuUei; of uusion,
the rule of expediency and the interests of
gain be their guides then shall the queenly
motner of noble thoughts and generous actions
remove her royal gifts and transfer toothers
more worthy of her inspirations, her goodness
and her loving care.
The gosjiel of Christ will make manifest its
power to train the multitude for worthy citizen
ship when angry controversies aliout non-essentials
shall be laid aside. A breahth of charity,
for all who name the Holy name ami a cath
olicity of interest for the redemption of the
great vsorld, if by any means it may be saved
these must be the moving temper and the
controlling spirit of the religion which speaks
from the pulpit of the great principles which
" make a nation great and keep it so."
It is not for the minister of God to go into
the dusty arena of party struggles but it is
his bounden duty to understand as far as his
ability will permit the great principles of social
order ami interpret, as opportunity may offer,
the standards of righteousness. "
It is the duty of the Church to bind on the
conscience of men the obligations of citizen
shiprendering unto Ca.-s.ir the things that are
Cresar's, no less than untoGod the things which
The prophets of old dispensation were high
minded patriots. The Son of Man paid tri
bute and gave not a shadow of excuse to re
bellion against the iioliticat fortune which God
had been pleased to send His countrymen.
St. Paul was proud of being a Roman citizen.
"Our citizenship is in Heaven." "See that
ye play the citizen worthily of the gospel of
Christ," he wrote to the Christian people of
the Roman colony of Philippi. Ik-fore the
Sanhedrim he could say without hesitation,
"In all gotxl conscience I have played, ihe
citizen before God unto Ihis day." Anil as the
first liook of the llible tells of the first living
pair whence sprung our race, and tells how
man fell from his holy estate, so the last liook
unrolls the vision of the favored apostle of love
and sets bcforc'us the state of nun redeemed.
It is a holy city, the heavenly Jerusalem, the
commonwealth of all the good and great of all
lime ami places, the city of God, the perfected
idcaofhojy statesmanship which the gifted
mind of St. Augustine grasptd and pictured in
words of strength and K-auty, contrasting it
with the lorn states of a corrupted world be
cause it is an unity in itself.
In agreement with all conceptions of good
government must lie the performance of the
personal eludes of citizenship; for nothing short
of a moral inflexibility to wrong in the hearts of
men constitutes the prosperity and very con
tinuance of national existence. Dull of under
standing must he be who does not read in the
lessons of history of what "Ruins kingdoms
and lays cities flat." It is the retribution of
their own guilt in full measure pressed down
and running over. Thus fell Greece, thus fell
the holy nation, thus Rome tottered from her
seven hills, and In modern times Spain and
rrance have fallen, ror this in that goodly
American commonwealth, from the Atlantic tu
ttu; Mississippi, there are miles on miles of graves
which tell of blood and suffering, of widows'
(cats and orphaned homes, of cruel war
between brethren of a common stock ami
country. That bloody chapter In the book of
lime would have liecn followed by other more
bloody had not God In His mercy given us
men who could in times of peril be citizens
wotthyofthe gospel of Christ, who In high
place, and low place, in. congress, in cabiuet,
In executive, and the judicial office la camp
and tattle, with pen and speech, and In the
common unnoticed sphere of daily life, held
lirm to the great moral laws of God. "They
anchored their politics to the isack of righteous
ness," and the ship of state lode out the gale.
My friends, we have each our part to ply
as (. nnstian ciment, .o patn nt nie is too
obscure tu lie the scene of acts that tell for
eternal righteousness. Not kings ami presi
dents, statesmen and orators, generals and
admiral", armies and navies only, but great
rllium in the walks of common life, have won
for fatherland or adopted rountry glory and
proud imsiilnn, because they were good men
and rightciis( the salt of the caith and lights
If we can have such in these Islands of the
xra we nccal not fear. We shall have of them,
those who arc kings of men Indeed, Ihcy
wilt be worthy to lie ministers and judges, law.
makers ami guardians of peace and freedom.
What we have to fear more than plague or
famine, earthquake, fire nr flood, foreign dom
ination, or obstacles to commcrcr, is the wor
ship of material prosperity, dishonesty and
li)mcrlsy, intemicr.ancc, impurity and unbe
lief, lies and deceit, the feverish thirst for gold,
"the hist oflhc flesh, the hist of Ihe eyes ami
the pride of life." And may God forbid llmt
the day should ever dawn when the Hawaiian
Kingdom, blessed In being called out of dark
ness into Ihe light of the gospel of law, order
and civilizations hall no longer lie ranked with
the nations whose God Is the I-md I May her
greatness ever lie in this, mat the multitudes
wild pursue their peaceful avocations on her
shining shores arc citiens of .1 noble common
wealth, worthy of the gospel of Chris I
run u.iMii: isitvsruv.
It Mrttty i'riJMfMfftr tt rrn ,IH rMUtry
on flffif 11 I'rotlnrt,
The " KncycIop.cilla llritannica," the
" American Cyclopedia," and several volumes
of the valuable transactions of the I jtst Indian
Society contain articles on the plant known
here and in Malaysia as "ramie," in India ns
" rhcea " or "kunkhoora," in Sumatra as " ca
loee," in Japan, as " Isjo karao," In China
as "chu"or " Icliou ma." Ilotanicatly it is
known as bothmtria nivtti, ns nrint m'vtti anil
ns iu7rVii Uihuiitimn. Commercially it isknown
as " China grass "and from it arc made Ihe
beautiful grass fabrics of China which rival
linen in fineness of texture and almost rival
silk in lustre.
Ramie on these islands is known chiefly by
the experiments of Mr. C. C. Coleman In cul
tivation and in the preparation of the raw
fabric. The following description of the
plant, the raw material, and the various fab
rics and textile products mule from it is
taken chiefly from the " Report on the Pre
paration and Use of the Rhcct Fibre " made
to the Itritlsh Secretary of Korcign Affairs for
India in 1875, by Dr. J. Forbes Watson,
government reporter on the prcxlucts of India
who had studied the subject in both Kng-
land and India ; and whose language so
concisely yet cogently states the points it is
desired to present that no special examination
by an Hawaiian writer would be likely to
make those tKiints more clearly. To those
extracts have been added .1 description of Mr.
Coleman's machine for cleaning the green
stalks of ramie, extracting the ulutcn which
renders the fibre unmanageable in manufac
ture, and ultimately producing raw fibre in a
condition to be treated by the manufacturer.
And the results of several conversations with
the same gentleman are given to prepare the
public for the views which will soon be before
them in prospectus form as an effort to form
a joint slock company for the culture of the
ramie plant and the tmxluction of merchant
able ramie fibre.
" In habit the rhcea or ramie is a shrub,
varying in.height from fiv c to eight feet. The
branches arc covered with short spreading
hairs; the leaves, on long hairy leaf stems,
broadly caudate with serrate margins, ter
minating suddenly in a fine point; the under
leaf is covered with a dense white down ;
peduncles hairy, usually two together, carry
ing nearly sessile flowers."
Those who attended the last agricultural
fair must have noticed the !xx of ramie plants
there. The residents of Waialua, Oahii,
Kona, Hilo, and Hamakna, on Hawaii, and
Wailuku, on Maui, know something of ramie
from observation, for it has been successfully
grow n ut all those places.
Most residents of Honolulu, doubtless, have
noticed a high picket fence, surrounding an
oblong lot just east of the premises ol the Rev.
C. M. Hyde. Inside this fence the curious may
notice a shrub answering to the description
given alxivc, growing 'neatli the sheltering
shade of bananas and palms and other trepic
trees. This plant is ramie. If you care to
examine it call on Mr. Coleman, and when
he can spare the time he will show it you
there or in a little plot at the rear of his
shop and talk to you about it most interest
ingly, telling you more about, it in one hour's
conversation than you could glean from liooks
in two for he will give you the golden grain
of the subject without the chaff.
Irua nut-shell, ramie is a plant whose fibre
may be used in the manufacture of cordage
it makes a rope stronger and yet lighter
than hemp ; nets the Javanese and Malays
have used it for this purpose for years ; carpets
-in combination with wool or jute ; sail
making as firm as linen, and yet lighter ;
elress goods alone or in combination with
linen, cotton, silk, alpaca, mohair, or jute.
It has a wider range of combination than any
other textile fibre and is the strongest vege
table fibre known of which practical use has
The East Indian estimate of ramie growth
give 250 pounds as the average yielil per acre,
from one crop of ramie. Hut the plant gtows
to a much greater size in these islands nine
feet in nine weeks having been shown at Kona,
Hawaii. If ramie covers the ground well as
it does almost invariably on these Islands
four stalks to a square inch Is a small estimate.
At that ratel6 square feet would yield a pound
of fibre or one ton per acre.
So far as these islands are concerned the
great question is to find other crops that will
grow with little or no irrigation and supple
ment the sugar industry. The value of the
r.smic fibre Is unquestlonnl. The modern
interest In ramie dates from aliout 1803. From
that date until now there have been experi
ments made in culture, manipulation of fibre,
and manufacture of cloth. So far as the East
Indian experiments have gone the present
efforts for the utilization of ihcea or ramie
date from 1869. " In April of that year the
Government of India addressee) a circular to
the agricultural and horticultural societies in
India with the object of eliciting from them
nil the Information in their possession with
regard to the growth and prestation of rhcea
fibre in India. The communications received
from the societies, as well as from some gen
tlemen who hail been for years engaged in ex
periments with Ihe plant, led to Ihe publica
tion of the resolution of September 22, 1869,
in which the Government of India expresses its
conviction that the value of the rhcea fibre is
undoubted, that the conditions necessary for
its cultivation on a large scale are present in
India, and that the only obstacle la Ihe de
velopment of an extensive trade In this pro
duct was the want of suitable machinery for
the separation of the fibre from Ihe stems and
bark of the plant in its green or 'freshly cut
state," To do precisely this thing is what Mr,
Coleman claims for hit macltine,
" To encouaage the invention and pioduc-
lion of such machinery it was determined to
issue prizes, one of $,000 and one of
taao, foe the best two nuctiiucs, Ihe menu
to be ittUnOiMd at tiUU to be held in ladu,
and the lest of success Itinq Ihe prodm-llon of
fibre worth 50 a ton In the Knglish market,
at a cost of preparation not exceeding $ .1
Ion. The public test writ held at Sah.arun
pore In 187J, but one only one machine com
peted -that of Mr. J. Grcfg, of IMInburg."
This midline did not quite do the work re
quired of II ( but was thought In lie r meri
torious that n sjiec'al award of yn was given
tllE HONOLULU RAMir. t,CIIsir
In nrdc to Illustrate just what It demanded
of a successful machine, for separating the ex
terior bark and the gluten from the useful
fibre, the following description of Mr. Cole
man's machine, written by himself, Is Intro
duced htrr instead of nt the close of thcu
ticlci 1 he midline consists of .1 scries of malt
rolls mounted lnialrson n suitable frame work.
The first and third nlrs of tollers nre corru
gated) the rest arc smooth. After ihe small
rollers crime the slipping rolls, and after them
nunc the drying rolls. 'I he green stalks of
ramie arc fed from a table into the drst pair of
corrugated rollers, which break up the woody
stems and have .1 tendency to slip the bark on
the fibre. An endless chain apron or belt tic
livers the partially broken stems to the second
rollers, which in turn passlliem onto the next,
and so on through the machine Itctvvccn Ihe
different nirs of rollers nre perforated pipes
for jetting wet steam mid hot water on to the
ramie fibre as it Is passing along through the
machine. Over the rolls nre pipes jetting hot
water onto the rolls. 'I he object of the steam
and hot water is to soften and dissolve the
gummy milter in the fibre, while the rolls
squeeze It out as fast as disiolveil. After the
small siiucezing rolls come the large slipping
rolls, which revolve In .1 tank of liolling water,
and the fibre is carried down into the tank
under the roll between two belts. 'I hese belts
arc run oer mid between a large pair of
calendering rolls filled with hot dry steam or
hot air, so lhat as the fibre tomes miout of the
bath and is run out between the drying rolls,
It will be dry enough to bale. Chemicals can
lie used In the tank of water if It is wished to
bleach the fibre. Ily making the machine
long and thus exposing the hlire to the con
tinuous and prolongeil action of the steam,
every particle syf the gluten or gummy matter
can lie dissolved and squeezed out of the filire.
The woody part and the bulk of the gluten Is
freed from the fibre by the few first pairs of
rolls and dropsilowu under the machine. Thc
niaclilnc being thus continuous in its course
there need be no rchandling of the filire to en
liancc the cost of cleaning il."
In a letter written to the Advcitlscr in 1S76
Mr Coleman saidt
There have been a few efforts made already
in this country to raise ramie, but owing to a
tack of means for reducing the raw material to
a marketable state, and of reliable information
concerning it, they have been heretofore
unsuccessful, excepting ns they have proved
how well adapted is the soil of these islands
for the production of the plant; and as it is al
ready growing here now, nny who wish to en
gage in its cultivation again, can obtain cut
tings or roots without the difficulty and delay
of importing them from another country.
The obstacles which have hitherto prevented
the success of this important enterprise arc
now, I hope, removed, and let me also hope
that the facts which I here present to your
notice, will speak for themselves in a manner
so forcible as to lie productive of results that
will more than repay the ceiv eminent for any
outlay it may see fit to make, and individuals
for being thereby induced to engsge in an
enterprise as promising in its outlook as this
which is before you.
Doctor Orzanam, a distinguished writer and
scientist, has examined the subject of the ramie
and has shown the great merits of this plant.
It appertains more particularly to the species
known as the white nettle of China, or China
grass, of which it appears to be the most
remarkable and useful variety.
The following, says Doctor Orzanam, is the
result of an examination of this plant with the
micrometer and the microdynamomcter, in the
course of which the simple primitive fibre of
the ramie was compared with lhat of hemp,
flax, cotton and .silk.
This Study relates to the microscopic struc
ture; the length of the primitisc hbre; the
width of the fibre; the thickness of the fibre;
its resistance to traction; its elasticity of
strength before breaking; its resistance to tor
The following is a statement of the results
obtained, the magnifying power being So dia
meters: First The filire of ramie is, so to
speak, of any length, as it has been traced
throughout a Icngtlitif 25 centimeters, on the
field of the microscope, without anv break
being found in it, whether it be constituted of
a continuous ccllula, or whether the elillurent
ccllulas which succeed each other have lost
their points of separation by reason of a more
intimate fusion one with thcothcr. Hence the
filire of ramie possesses great strength. Second
The fibre of flax and hemp, which appears
so long, is, in fact, very short; these arc ccllula
fusiform fibres, of about 3 centimeters long, in
juxtaosition at their extremities, and imbricat
ed one upon the othcr. The breaks always
occur at the weak iioints of their junction.
Third The fibre of ordinary cotton is not
more than from 2 to 3 centimeters in length..
Cotton, which has a long staple, averages from
6 to 7 centimeters; hence the weakness which
exists in cotton thread, notwithstanding the
strength imparted to its united particles by Ihe
The results of the analysis are as follows :
Ramie.. 50 cent, long, 6-iomitl. bread, 7-ico mill, thick
Flax.... scrnt. lone, 3o miU- brazil, 3-100 mill, thick
Hemp.. 5 cent. lonKt5'tonulL bread. j-iootmlL thick
Cotton, scent, lone, 410 mi"- broad, 5-103 null, thick
Silk.... 1 meter lone, 3io mill, broad, 1100 mill, thick
Measurements obtained by Ihe use of mic
rodynamomcter and Professor Alcan's instru
ments of arts and trades ujori fibres of 5 cent
imeters in length :
Kithtanct t trtutiQH. Strttch. etitlJMce to tortien
Kamie, 34 grains. ...... 3 mitts.. ... , iSa turns
Flax, serains i mills. ioturns
Hemp, 6graint lK millt. 76turns
Cotton, 3 grain. , 4 inillt. 696 turns
Silk, 1 grain 11 nulls ,., ,,,1036 turns
Hut these scycral fibres being of different
thicknesses their relative value could only with
difficulty be cstimateel if they were not all
brought down to a given quantity. Taking
the ramie as the unit, we readily and clearly
arrive at the following relative results:
Tkickutti. Traction. Klattujt. Tuitt.
Kamle .. 1 .... 1 .... 1 ,... 1
flax K .... ... H .... t
Hemp... .. M .... K .... 19
Cotton K .... H . 1
Silk ),' .... 1-6 .... 4 .... 6
Thus the fibre of the ramie is longer and
more uniform than all the others, after that of
silk. It is stronger, offers greater resistance to
traction and to tension, and is more elastic than
heznii and flax, and even cotton, which is more
flexible In twisting. Kamie In these respects
only yields Ihe palm to silk. If to these qual
ities we add those of the sparkling whiteness
and brilliant luster of its fiber, the easy cultiva
tion of the plant, its rapid reproduction and
excessive multiplication (it yields three crops
yearly, and as much as 1000 ounds of fibre to
Ihe acre), there are surely many chance of
success in store for the ramie plant.
Unfortunately for Ihe success of ramie in
these islands, Mr. Coleman had not the money
to luck up his belief in his Invention. Ik
could not put up the cxM.nsive machinery re
quired, nor cultivate ramie on the scale de
manded, without a great deal more money than
he could then command. Government assis
tance was talked of but nothing came of It;
and nearly all the private capital lhat did -not
go into sugar went into commercial ventures
or Ihe cultivation of rice and bananas.
In Ihe meanwhile Mr. Coleman has gone on
perfecting the working model uf his machine
until he i satisfied that it can produce far
better results than have liecn leached by any
other machine. And he now purposes to form
a joint stock company with a sufficient cash
capital to enable him to creel a machine and
suitable buildings, and to plant, cultivate and
harvest one or two crops.
If the coming legislature lie wise it will ap
point a committee of careful, practical and
educated men to investigate the merits of Mr.
Coleman's machine. If it sjiall prove itself in
the model what it is promised, ami in the
judgment of such a committee shall merit a
thorough trial, the ''encouragement of agri
culture " could not I better nunlfcitol titan
In sotting forth a sufficient sum, say )J 1 00,000,
for the purposes of the experiment, provided
double that sum might be Invested by Capita
lists towards starting ihe Mostly,
Captain WiUfeog, now of llatnakua, is a
tauBs) fttaul of larnir.
AH pi tttrtti( ttutn& tfit wtkMff Iotttt
giitc Oti.rft IjfTt iinlr 1I1) nil(i of lh
liVrtnt of Imailjtf Allmt, nre Invite.! to Inform lte I'ml
tUnt of lh Il-sanl, M itrit.nt. At M tty n thy m rort
tftiVrtti tA th ruimW n) cLt rUlmrtr ihtftt'
CIIAS. I. fJUUCK.
Hn.if of lit fnttrtor,
An I'retMttnt lliin!of Immigration,
Interior Officr, Notemter tt, illj.
Office of Superintendent ol Water WorWt,
l(.fl0..tLtt. July j, 1 83.
All perwifH hating Water IVIltt re noiifV.t that
their WAtrn Katm ars nhlr Mml-nnu.illyf In ad
vanrr, at tli office of lh Sti(r interment if Water
WmV. fW ot tVmiAtiini ttfrcf, upon Ihe ml tUy of
January anJ Jul? cf each year. C. U. WIMON,
tu tf Setfntrnifent Water WmV.
A Successful I(mei A Suectmlul MotjusI A at'tV
Injf In'tance of nucte4 in a Ketatt Dry (loo! way It
alTorileilby lh lrmlinfc Miltnery lltrtiw of CharleiJ
nhe, corner Foil ami Hot) street. TIJ Proprietor
Mr, riilwl lalocttiirrl tUwtfif M)tni5ttitom, Any
Dry G'kxI HotiM! enn, hy freely ailveriiting, draw tin
tomer. once or twice; htit to hold them, al enjoy their
confidence, call for the eierclt of tact ami hheraJSty.
(ood mttt li marked down and aotd for what they
are: never mlrriteehl an article. 'I hat I the policy
of Chattel J, nh.t, and that policy ha made the firm
on of the greatest (n in line, on the leading thorough
fare of Honolulu. Th (.tadinc Millinery Store of
CharlenJ r ithei, Il Id Honolulu what Mac y Ulo
New Yotfc. Chat-let J, F iliel male a upeclalty of Mil
Hnery. JtsT lite tore U one of tlie Uht of lh city.
Itdiei ami Gentlemen visiting San Krancttco will
find very detff aMe, Fttrnikhed Rooma Pn Suit and Sin
ije at No. 13; .Montgomery St., Corner Huh. Mrt.
T. Honev, ((trmnW of Honolulu.
-Jlcto JAbcrtf semen to.
Would inform the Puhllc that he has, jutt returned
from San Franc'itcu per AUmciU with a Choice lot of
(.elected enpretsly for tlilt market) whlchwill h opened
TlliS Iht V, Sat unfit if, Jtrrmtbrr I,
No. 1 to, KinqStrrrt .....Way'. I! lock'
t-fT Ooodt delivered free of charge.
OK DKU FROM THKOTIIKR ULANIH rAITMPVLLY
I hop by Mi let attention to the wanttof the com
rn unity, and fair dealing to merit a ahare of the puhhc
New Guilds will beadded to mytock from lime to time,
as ine wanti 01 my cuuotnern may require.
t" 'Iblkmionk No.
NOTICE OF DISCONTINUANCE
POMCK NKWS, POMCK GAZUTfE, AND
N.V. IIXUSTKA'IUIJ TIMES,
Learninz that various publications of nuefttionabte
character are falling into the hands of younrf people of
SIIS.SC ISblllUl I11UIC )ailll.UUMIY JI IIUMUIUIU illlU
which are calculated to work irrettarable Iniurv. the
undesigned hereby gives notice that no subscriptions
w.ll be received hereafter for the Voucr Gazette,
Police Nrs, N.V Illcstratsu Timm, or other
pajscra of( alike class, and with the close of IhU )ear
all ftutncriptionsta auch papers through my nea agency
THOS G. THRUM,
Honolulu, Nov. i83j. Newt Agent.
O. 1., VOL. II.
The Anglican Church Chronicle
WILL RE HVJKD
ON SATURDAY, DKCKMI1ER i.
Tiik A Nc. li can Church Chronicle, edited and
published by the kcv. A. Mackintosh and the Rev. Geo.
Wallace. Is a distinctively reilzious mazarine devoted
to tlie interests of the Chmtian church throughout the
"" siiiiii.sc niau lIIUUjlll Ull IILCI4I), aW.tssllll
Ac, and educational subjects gene rally.
Price, $a. 50 per annum, pa) able n advance. All
communications relat'intr to renewals, subscriptions, and
advertisements should be addressed to the Rev. A.
Mackintosh, l,w. box 43, Honolulu.
Subscribers 10 Periodicals through the New
Acencv of IHOS.-G '1 HRUM. contemolatinir anv
cliapgc in their lists for the Coming 5 ear are respect
luiiv requcsicu 10 report me same i mir earnest con
venience, to avoid unnecessary expense U. expiring
subscriptions, or delay with new ones.
(just arrived fiom Kurop.)
, such as
Dry and Fautcy Goods,
4dT Yor particulars, aupl)' to
. IIAVKI'KLU CO.
1 8 Vm. par yard, with feitaalag.
Just rcccUcd pr MautUu.
iV Ami for sal. Ly
Jf. HAVKfKLn X CO.
During the temporary absence of our Mr. W. C
Irttinii. ban Francisco, Mr, YY. M. (Sirraiu will af
tend to the general bunncis of th linn,
WM. a IRWIN & CO,
e w c 0.0 d;s
I ut rncmvKU it
"Mania Davit," " Mallsgale," aii.1 cicctl. -c
" llatliA" ail.1 other vcn.lt j
lluaton Caul Muitwt, .
Horse Shoe. mhI Nails,
DOWNKkS anJ NOONDAY Oil,
LuUlcatliyi,OiU of all Unji,
Cut NaiU all tun,
Clinch Nails, all tliei,
Cvtluii Waste In Ulei,
Cheap Kim Clock.,
llroon Soap, In tauct,
Wlf. Dancing lllcit for Kims-c,
Lane's rUntation !lct,
, Inch Gou -Deck Socket lluee,
Ice Cream sreuen,
U.o Moxtts, tea llnJ,
CWs Genuine Aoka Denlau,
CajV, GeuuliM Anuekcaj Mariners t-lrill.
ItciUca a ihouiiiU anklet In the HarU.are line al.ap
Soon eicld, not by the "Spartan," a nou coe
lict. aihortmeul of
UmU' M.rl I'lutr. ! Nrra.r,
Wit. cslra llaikllet, Kcaau aiij foSnis.
All IhtM will he founj at ike cceuer trick nun
U ' E. O. HALL SON. Ikikd.
f-vCnAHIC STEAMSHIP COMPANY.
Tlrt N ami Flnt SlmMpe
MAIUVOS.t mid AI.AMMKi
Will lv llmmtnlit il Kn l'rnrlco t folhiwe I
Ban t-'ranttao, Ocrntf tit
llnnolnhl, Oclllf I51V-Noon
. Fart I ranrlseo, Otolr Itth
llonnluhi, Nos-emlief IM NwHt
I'Atetnit'M may have tH.tr rumt !r,he! In leAiw
hy ar-tils-ln,; at ib.oTK-nf lriitnls. , t
Mrnhanrllx lntiylfl lot ihlrineht by this hni", villi
! rrc'frtil tin nfUorate In In cwnp.nT' tf wait.
house, an.1 rerelwe l.ui! lor tame. Influence on
mrchamll., nhiltt In th. warrhousc, wlllheat owners'
"lM WILLIAM (1 lltWINACa, Annts.
I'tirljlr Mull S. S. Vo.
Por San f'rancltcot
City of tVkinj
Cilyof Sydney. ...
On or about November to
. . On or about Novemlr 9
Onor .tint November t;
... Onoratiut December sj
t.,.Ort or about January
Por Auckland anil Sydney i
Zelandla ..... On or ohnul Octofr !
City of Sydney On or ahout Drremlier t
Australia .. ....,,.,. On or alnrtif December 19
ZrlandU ..... -Onor about January jK
TsJEW YORK and
Hnnolnlu Pncltfit 1.1 no.
MKHSKR W. II. CKOSSMAN k 1IRO.,
y; ami 79 aaoAiisrefrr, re vo-.
Wilt dintcli a rirtt class vessel
From New York Direct to Honol-ltt,
IN ALt, ncninen
I'artiee desiring to ship by this lln. will do well to
forwanl orders by !hi mail, ami per Maiflosa.
156-lf CASTI.K COOKK, Aentt.
STEAM NAVIGATION COMPAHT.
" - LINK Ol' SIEAMI'.kS.
Will run rextilarly for KONA and KAt,. " -Leaves
Honolulu at 4 P. M.t
. November 9
Tuesday..,. November o
Tuesday, . . December 1 1
Ariives at Honolulu at j p.m.
Mdy . .
Tuesday .... Novembe r 97
'I ueMtay . . .
The C. Jt. JlMiop,
Cameron comnumler, leaves Honolulu every Mon
day at 5 p.m. for Nawili wili, Koloa, hleele, and Wal
mea, Uiiai. Returning leave Nawihwili every
The Jama Makee,
McDonald commander, leave Honolulu every
Thursday, at j p.m-fbr Kapaa antl Kilauea. Return
ing leavers Kauai every Monday at 4 p.m., nJ touch
Ins; at Waianae both was. i6t-m.
FOR SAN FRANCISCO.
C. JUtr.WEH A' COM? AST, AffenlB.
Merchandise received Storage Fn-y and liberal cash
advances made on shipments by this line,.
MME TABLB FOR THE STEAMER
ThU eamer.II leave Honolulu each TUESDAY
at 4 f. m., touching at IJab, MaalaealUv, Malcen
Mahukona, Kawaihae, i.aupahoehoc and H110.
Returning 11 touch at all tfce above ports, arriving
at Honolulu each SUNDAY uioroinir.
COR SAN FRANCISCO.
ITte Clipper i.ricaniln
ir. a. minx,
TURNER '. Mavter
Quick DUpatoh for tha abova Part.
For Freight or I'aMage, apply to
169 W.G. IRWIN Co, aA(enti.
PACIFIC MAIL STEAMSHIP COMPANY
Th. Splendid Steamship
AUST Jt ALIA,
FOR SAN FRANCISCO.
Ob or Assoat , .Dacojaaar gat.
The Splendid Steamship
vity of srmrMX"
For SYDNEY, i- AUCKLAND.
Om or afcout .-PoW 8a.
We are now prepared to Issue tLket. to Saa Fran
ctsui and return for $115, the round trip,
IhxhI for hi lament per steamer can now m stored,
free of charge, iu the fire proof rehouse near tb
For freight or pasj g, apply ta
169 If. 1IACKFKLD.& Cu., Agent.
jtn-cifc SUv-ste ar ik Attn Part
For freight or passage, apply to
109 F. A. SCHAKFKK Co., Aj.oli.
CBANIC STEAMSHIP COMPANY.
ii 8 ALAMKUA
MORSE , ....Master
-Mleav. forabon rort TO-DAY, S-iurOty, Dec-mUur
1.1, at 11 ocU.lt, NOON.
For fitiihi orpatie, apply to 1l
70-11 W. O. IRWIN Cu., Aya-v.
JOHN A. PALMER "JT t
e. h. woodwotm
Has. this day fornml a co-partnership under the nam.
TA. CHrMTAh HUH A WOJfJCa CO,
Honolulu, NuveinWf j, ,t9
John A. Paiu.it, E, l wV"f tfrW.
rax cbystai. so w
Aud OIN0K", ALE.
Th. univerul l..ubillv -t.tch our -uudac Mel
U Inctea.-itf deauuul fur then It ,inr.me at M
tupet tunty. Our Hi wer Ah U -mm" sa if1-.
!Uulfllt UpUc.o(BrtM. IttUai
being 11 tudcful, ntrnUM IK"
kchK, bihly UnclWUI in fcli-... aajjnlnilllra.
We kulV. aueclaStr of (a-ulvlnd. sa4 J-Hyir
ouJa ! (4 ce to all pans af Hm cat.
Oideet Uk stith Mt-st. He-ton Hatta. A Cu, aj to
promptly t-ted. ,
Qui T eUphon. -luaut U ei.
rtnt bom Ik. UU ' I- . wiM
uuatkm a4 M u-ppw aaaotst am. . ,
Add-., all order In
THE CKV-TAL, SODA WpWU,
Moaolftv, . ...,.,.,,,.,.,.' ,...,-
'sf ' Th.f.oHi.lLrk
f"r: . XCtLAKAUA,
mr p.o. Ew N, .
jf -"'; '
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