Newspaper Page Text
A rWifMper PuWUhrd Weekly.
iuii stimirTitm $s -nun wive
r ' en xuhwrflptlom
$4 5 to $j yi arcordlnt lo rnefrf deetlnatVm
JANUARY j. 1M4
INDEPENDENT TICKET OF REPRESENTATIVES
a I SLA TIVE SESSION OF 1881,
j. o. carti:r,
J. U. k'AWAtNUI.
A. I'. KAt.AUKOA,
A. K. KU.VUtAK'KA.
ll't frint tlhtvt Iht nauut ef iht fmr
nllrmiH ntmimtttt hy Iht in Itftiultnl Vttn
it 'imliiii In rtntat al Iht r&iiiiiif fltttititftr
1 in Iht Itglihlun of 1SS4. ll't Mint
Hi it if Ihly tirt tltttrtl Ihty mil wrl ftr iht
.u I of nil Iht to fit.
nut Mit'hH or inr. imi'ii.
I niling the election of a majority of
intelligent Mid independent rnnuiuilcs
to servo at the coming session of the
IciMsMliirc, the outlook for the pcrticin
it of this as an independent state is
had indeed. The ery foundation of
il free existence lias been rudely
ch.ikcn hy the more re cut follies of
tin present reign, so that from hcing
tin well (governed little kmedom, whose
fame had encircled the glofie, Hawaii
has arrived at an era in her lustor)
when 1 nromriers antoad, who deem
he worth) of notice at all, are ahlc to
speak of her in terms only or ridicule
or pit) 'I he unfortunate pcitinacit)
with which the king has adhered to the
(ounsels of those who arc not only in
t ompctcnt, hut careless of all else than
their own personal advancement, has
had the effect of lightening the esteem
in which we have In en held abroad
and shaking the general confidence at
home to an extent whir h makes it ap
pear a necessity lh.it .mnnv legislative
changes he established before a proper
equilibrium can again be restored.
And these must be such as tend away
from absolutism and to an enlargement
of the people's power, including such
measures as will once and forever
secure to the people a rcpicsentation
tint they and they alone will he able to
control. Of what avail is it to the
people of I lawaii that they elect repre
sentatives under slippery promises
which immedntcly give way under the
pressttrt of official influence and the
bestowal of gifts at the disposal of an
administration. Such has been mani
festly the effect of distributing among
ilicmhcrs such offices as those of
Mfiis'scssorships, collectorships and the
"JhlTc- a species of bribery, wc regret to
snyj not originating with, or peculiar
to, the existing administration; but
nevertheless more freely used than ever
lo defeat the people's will. As a natioit,
wc have arrived at that pass where the
common order of things has been so
disrupted and common policy so per
sistently abandoned that we have no
thing else to look to than the might
which may be left us in legislative re
presentation And, as we have said
before, unless this be strong, our out
Took for perpetuity as an independent
kingdom will be dark indeed. A
house packed with tools to do the
beck, and sanction further the im
hicilit) and extravagance of an ad
ministration like the present one, may
damn the last hope of Hawaii. Our
only hope lies in the election of a
majorit) of men in whom are united
intelligence, rectitude and indepen
dence, and their work must be not
only that of analysis hut also of s)n
thesis. '1'he props of absolutism, or
even its semblance, need cutting away,
while the w ill ofthegoverned needs belter
seculity than it has ever )ct had. It
needs to know that the ballot box is
not altogether a farce, and that the
men who ask the franchises of the peo
ple 111 return for promises made may
not afterwards be able with impunity
to thumb their noses at their constitu
ents. The people need men to repie
sent them who will return to their con
stituencies with clean hands ; not men
flaunting in the voters' faces Uton re
turning to their districts a petty govern
nieiU commission as certificates of
their perfidy. Further, a guarantee is
meded that there shall be some ilefi
ni'.e limit to the prerogative of the
crown. The constitution needs lo be
better defined, for the evil div has
dawned on Hawaii when not only the
spirit of this may be disiegarded, hut
even the very letter of the law itself.
The Gibson administration has
taught us the danger of going at loose
ends, and the folly of trusting' to tra
dition lor precedents of governmental
action What has once been done
may continue to be repeated, and the
mete accession of better men to office
1 an hereafter afford no guarantee be
)ond that of the hour. 'I he duties of
cabinet officers to the country, and
their liabilities for malversation of
office, need to be more exactly defined
by law, and the people to bo protected
from the acts of vicious cabinets by
mote rapid and more certain remedies
than those now provided by impeach
incut alone, Reduction of expenses
and clearance of debt is what is needed
to-da), but this cannot be effected
while usurious borrowing is allowed to
go on; while civil lists, junketing, play
einliassies, and order-hunting agencies
usurp so large a mt of the revenue,
to the negleit of substantial public
improvements. An onerous dutv will
devolve uium the independent legislator
who may lc elected to the Legislature
of iSS.v,, but give such men a majorit)
in the house, and Hawaii may once
moie Ik; made glad Let them Ik; who
ma) white or brown, foreign or native,
stout hearts ana thinking brains ;ue
what we need
l-st Tuesdav's inauguration of new
)car Was humiliating to all lovers of
good government. Ihe spectacle ol
drunken men and women staggering
along the streets, leering fiom dxus
and windows, lolling in tipsy stutior or
screaming in inebriate excitement, was
a spectacle for decent women to shud
der at, and for strong men to gaze
uon with indignant scorn. "Hawaii for
the Hawaiians I Increase the people t
There is no king but alcohol and Gib
son is his prophet I"
Till I I, I II fr SHX.
Previous to the pawige bv Congress
of the act known as the " Illand bill"
the following laws were in force in the
I'rumthe Kevfeil Statntcsof the Unrtetl State,
The; value of forHgn etiin as cxprrmst In the
money of account of the Unlteil States shall lie
llwt of the pure mtal of such coin of tanUril
Value ( ami the values of the Mindanl coins
in drcHratfon of the varlmn natron: of the
or M shall Ik: estimiteil annually liy the
illreetor of the mint and lie proclaimed on the
let ilay of Jantnr) liy the ecretnr) of the
All ilutin iim import hill he collected
hi reoily mom), ami ulnll be iM in coin or
coin certificate or in United States notes
payable on ilemand, authorised to he tamed
prior lo the 25th day of I'ehruaty, tS6,andly
hw recclfalite in pigment of public dues.
The gold coins of the United States thall lie
a ler-il tender in all i)mcnts at their nominal
value when not below the nl.ind.inl weight and
limit of tolerance provide) by hw for the sin
file piece, and, when reduced in weight below
such standard and Inlmncc shall be a legal
lender at valuation in prntxirtion lo their ac
luil weight. The silver criins of ihe United
Slides shall be n legal tender at their nominal
value lor any amount not exceeding five dot
l.ars in nnv one pi) incut. The minor coins of
the United State shall be ft legal tender, at
their nnniinil value for anv amount not ex'
ctciling twent) five cents In any one pt)mcnt.
The "Hland Hill" approved Feb
ruary 28, 1878 reads (essentially) as
follows "'I here shall be coined, at the
several mints of the United States, sil
ver dollars of the weight of four hun
dred and twelve and a-half grains troy
of standard silver, as provided in the
act of January eighteenth, 1837, on
which shall be the devices and super-"
scriptions provided by said act ; ft)
I which coins together with all silver dol
lars heretofore coined l) the United
States, of like weight and fineness,
shall be a legal tender, at their nomi
nal value, for all debts and dues public
and private except where otherwise
expressly stipulated in the contract."
The silver certificates of the U.S ,
that is those issued for dollars, read as
"fl Ills certifies that there hmelicen deposited
with the treasurer of the U. S. at Washington,
pt)ablc at his office lo the bearer on demand,
silver dollars. (On the back) 1
United Males Silver Certificate dollars."
This certificate is receivable for customs,
taxes and all public dues, and when so re
ceived mi) be re Issued. (The certificates arc
signed li) the treasurer and by-thc register of
the treasurv of the United States, and arc
numbered but not dated.)
The above is printed for the partial
information of some worthy gentlemen
who seem to be groping in the dark in
their efforts to solve the currency ques
tion. Hut those who believe in the
"double standard," and admire the
system of the United States unqucstion
ingly, must remember that already there
arc more silver dollars in the United
States than can be circulated conve
niently, and, as a consequence, gold is
leaving the country about as fast as it
pours in, notwithstanding the balance
of trade- m favor of the United States
as against all other countries. Hut the
fact is merely history repeating itself.
Gold and silver cannot circulate side b)
side at par. The poor currency in
variably "drives out" the good. In
other words, the poor currency pur
chases the good and exports it. Or, to
put it still another way, importers who
buy in a gold currency market must
ship gold lo pay for their goods. Let
us look at it in another light. If gold
commands a premium at American
banks, whether nominally selling for
par or no the importer who must
pay gold puts the cost of exchange on
to the selling price of his goods and
the consumer pajs it. If gold he the
standard of value ever) body who is
selling to solvent debtors can have gold
when he needs it So long as the
balance of trade is in favor of a coun
try it can have all the gold it needs.
When the balance of trade is against a
country the sooner it ceases over-impor-ing
the better it will be off. Hut even
then it is manifestly better that a cotin
tty should pay a premium for gold
something tangible that it can compute
than that it should suffer the evils of
a depreciated currency which it cannot
use abroad when it has a balance in its
favor and money to spend. The
trouble with this community is that it
does not understand the AHC of fi
nance. We wish we could afford to
publish, chapter by chapter, Graham
McAdatn's " Alphabet of Finance"
because it condenses and simplifies the
most complex of modern subjects. Hut
we cannot do better than make one brief
' tint curious blunder which tllsplajs
itelf in such rcmiiks, as, "The uuncof all
the world cannot supply gold enough to meas
ure the world's escltango." The error
is a most extraordinary example of philosophi
cal wool gathering. Obviousl), the ijtiantitv
of gold 111 the world is a matter ol no come
ipicnce whatever in this connection. Specific
values can be expressed by specific quantities
of the metal. 1 hat is the end of the matter.
Supe the metal were scarcer supine it
were as rare as indium, lids would mean
limply that it cost more labor to produce n
given quantity, If gold were twice
as rare as now, a bushel of wheat nuw held,
si), as an equivalent for 25 S grains of cold,
would then be Urld as an equivalent for only
12.9 grains. The cntiie quantity of gold
would contain as much value then as the entire
quantit) contains now, and hence would as
juil measure the value lo be measured ' ,
In order to give his readers the
benefit of a fuller and more diversified
discussion of the topic now- uppermost
in the mind of the community, a repre
sentative of the Press called on a gen
lleman who has the reputation of being
well informed on financial matters, and
asked him to write an article giving his
views on the currcne) questions of the
day. The gentleman replied that he
did not consider ins mows ol sullicicnt
importance to press them on the pub
lic, but on being askcti it lie had any
objection to answering some questions
on this subject, which, at the present
time, seemed to be oecupjing the pub
lic mind vety largely, he said: "Let
111c hear )our questions." The inter-
view then proceeded as loiiows;
"Which do you favor, a gold, silver or
inUnl cuneucv, or luting it continue' in its
" 1 am In favor of can) ing out the taw of
"That mean a gold basis, docs it not ?"
"Could tlte 1876 act be put (a toiec with
t causim; great inconvenience ami expense
to the public especially In the face of tie
Isrge amount of silver coin now In the countrj
and the Urge importation under the coinage
' I think so."
" If the gold Ittsis I to lie enforced, where
Is the coin to come from, and who arc (o lear
Ihe expense of hringing it here; will the hank
do it r
" 1 sec no difficulty in this respect. I.ct
the government and chamlier of commerce
agree on a lime to put the law in effect and
the cold coin will lie here to meet all require
ments. The bank will bring it if paid for
doing o, not otherwise. If the Innk owes on
ilcmit, it ts In silver j after people deiosit
gold the) will dmv gold. Our produce is
sold for the coin lint our li makes a legal
tender, hence it will come (rotn the United
States In return for our produce, and at the
cxensc of the producer or shipper of same.'
" Would not this have a tendency to inlcr
fere with our exchange?''
" It Is to be hoped it would. Wc arc far
from n healthy community, financially speak
Ing, if the bilancc of tndc Is vi much against
us as the rite of exchmge would indicate. A
gold Insis would do whit it docs In other
countries bring our exchange to a gold Insis
also. Our exchange in San I'rancisco would
not be likely lo exceed one er cent, premium,
neither would it likely to fall lwlow one and
one half per cent, discount; bc)nnd thcc
Miints, gold would tike the place of ex
" Would not those who arc now desiring
say two anil a half per cent, premium on their
drafts be iioikisciI lo such a course ?"
" So doubt. Jso one who has a good
thing cares lo lose it, but wc must !car In
minil tint the larger portion of our communit)
Ins been paying for this good thing for )ears,
and are now urgent for rcciprocit) or a little
on their side. Wc must not forget the fact
that wc have debts to pay abroad, and only a
small portion of our produce rlturns would
come bick in coin after wc hive ihe needful
amount for circulation wc require only to
replace tint carried away, and what would be
a loss to Ihe few in the vvav of premium in ex
change would be a gain to the mm). Ilcsidcs
the high rate of premium paid for exchange
for some lime back show that our affairs arc
cither in a ver) bad stale or our business is
conducted in a ver) questionable nnnner."
" Do )ou think much coin would be carried
aw a) if we hail U. S. gold in circulation ?
"Xot in a business w a). Kopersonswillctrr)
specie when they can get exchange at a reason
able rate. People from San I'rancisco pa) from
onctotrtopcrccnt, premium forcxclnngcin pre
ference to carr)ing coin, and would gincrall)
do the same from here. More or less would
go away no doubt b) the traveling public, but
mostly by the Chinese laborers. Kxclnngc al
par would in a measure provide against this to
a very large extent. With the high rate ol ex
change in San I'rancisco, exchange in I long
kong cannot be offered at rates to induce sucli
people to seek it. The plantation Chinaman
knows how to figure just as well as his business
" Arc you in favor of the Hawaiian silver
coin or ' Kalikaua Dollar ' as it is called ?"
M Yes, I sec no well grounded objection to
it ; in fact I fivor it."
"Vct)ou admit being in favor of the gold
coin to supercede it?"
" Gold coin is b) law our legal tender, above
a certain sum. Mv impressions arc we hid no
mote silver thin our wants required before the
new coinage came to hand."
You then think wc shall have more than
our w nils requiie in silver, csiwcnfl) if we
are to carrv out the gold act ?"
"If a million which we hear rcorted is
likely to come it would be more thin our
country needs and would no doubt operate
against the smill traders and others who would
receive silier and have to pay gold. 1 he lcgil
tender act of 1S76 must be enforced or re
pealed ; it cannot remain a dead letter with so
much silver coming into the countr)."
"Do you consider the government had a
right, under the coinage act of 1SS0, to order a
million or half a million of that same coined in
silver and pay for the coins in bonds ?"
" There is a shade of politics in that ques
lion. As I do not talk Kbtics I will answir
bj siying the act authorizes the purchase of
gold and silver bullion, for the purpose of
coinage the silver bullion in this countr)
would lie our present silver coin in circulation,
chief!) Mexican dollars and five franc pieces.
These coins might have lieen taken up by llic
government, and recomed into Hawaiian at a
profit to the country, with no increase in silver
" You arc therefore strongly of the opinion
the country should be put on a gold basis at
Yes, in three months at the least. It can and
may be forced any day and no one seems to be
prepared lo meet it. We arc simpl) at suffer
ancc under the law.
The minister of finance has replied
to the communication of the chamber
of commerce, and it is now understood
that cheques on Hishop & Co., or their
certilicates ol deposit, pa) able in United
States gold coin, will be received at the
custom house fordutics, ctlte sameas
before the recent order by the minister.
The cheques on Bishop & Co. are to
be stamped by them. Section & of the
currency act requires pavment of duties
in "gold coin of the United States or
its equivalent, but just what is the
equivalent for such gold is a question
which might puzzle the collector as
well as those having duties to pay. It
is not likely that the chamber of com
merce would contend that the silver
coins now current or the Hawaiian
silver coins, would, nt their nominal
alue, be the equivalent for United
States gold at par. So long as the gov
ernment continues to pay their liabilities
in current silver coins, and to import
silver coins for use in this country, it
would be inconsistent and wrong to
demand iaymcnts in a different and
more expensive currency,
It is rumored that the Khedive of
hg)pt has notified Ungbnd that he
cannot confront the present situation
unless his xsition is secured by the
presence ol other than Egyptian
troops. It is lu'lieved, therefore, that
a strong English force will be dis-
lutched to Kg)pt- Several battalions
of militia have been "enrolled to re
place troops withdrawn frqm Ireland.
General Sir Kvehn Wood estimates
that in order to make reasonably sure
of crushing HI Mahdi an expedition
containing 15,000 Anglo Indian troops
win he necessary.
Sa)s the Oakland Times: " Talk of
anti monopoly I The abrogation of the
Hawaiian treaty means the greatest
contribution in our power to offer to
England's monopoly of the traffic, the
industry, the profits of the whole
glolc" "Correct, and in a nutshell,"
adds the Sacramento Record Union.
Italcr Pasha (Sir Samuel Haker, the
African explorer) will have supreme
command ot the troop m boudaiu
tiii. 1 11 1 tnrn or t o m iikiici:
List weeks I'ress contained a short1
editorial winch sokc in respectful
language of a majorit) of the chamber
of commerce, but alluded to a minor
ity m terms which an amiable and gen
erally just ronteinxrary considered
"flippant and impertinent. He ad
mit the flippancy but deny the imper
tinence. We adore nice old ladies.
Next to reading the wise and willy,
humorous and humane, enterprising
and cxhilcrating pages of the Hawaiian
Gazette, wc like to listen to the ton
versation of old ladies. And because
wc had in mind a few public men of
this community whose mental charac
teristics arc essential!) feminine and
thoroughly senile, wc wrote of them in
a manner that ma) have been flippant
but was certainly not unkind. 'Ihe
writer )ields precedence to no one in
the respect and confidence witlt which
lie regards a majorit) of those mem
hers of the chamber of commerce with
whom he lias the honor of personal
acquaintance. To most of the gentle
men by name mentioned in the
Gazette's paragraph he is indebted for
many courtesies and much wholesome
advice. We arc sorry if any member
of the chamber of commerce who is at
once honest and courageous has been
anno)cd by our last week's paragraph.
When all the foregoing is said there
remains the really essential questions.
"Is the rhamher of (ommcrcc a pub
lie body?" "And is it the wisest
policy to keep its deliberations secret ?"'
Wc arc willing to concede that if the
chamber of commerce considers itself
a purely private corporation the public
has no right to demand to know any
thing concerning its deliberations. Hut
if it is not a public bod) in the sense
of fairly lcpresenting the community
has it any right o assume to speak for
the public? Arc wc to understand that
its letters -and resolutions do not speak
for the public? If so, where is their
binding force ? If the community is to
stand behind and support the chamber,
it has a right to know by what argu
ments conclusions have been arrived
at. The public reasons as well as the
chamber and ought not to be expected
to take any thing for granted. As to
the question of policy the Press differs
with hesitancy from many of the gen
tlemen who believe in secrecy. Hut
wc think that free public discussion
organized and kept within the bounds
of courteous language hy the represen
tative gentlemen who form the rham
her is just what this community and
this rrisis need. And, at least, one of
the gentlemen mentioned by the
Gazette thinks so, too.
The news received by last mail rc-
lativ c to the treaty now before congress
gives further indications of the deter
mined effort of its opponents to ac
complish its overthrow. '1 he steps
taken in the lower house to rush
through a resolution to give notice of
termination is thought to be an effort
on the part of the South to check the
treaty projects with Mexico and cer
tain of the Spanish West Indies, as has
been mooted, under the fear of their
products interfering with the industries
of the South. The hopeful outlook we
have is the contrary spirit that per
vades the upper house, where the reso
lution will lie discussed and referred
for committee consideration, and the
influence of the cabinet. The report
of Secretary Folgcr upon the treaty,
and the report of the sugar commission
ers recently here for investigation
exonerates us entirely from the slander
ous allegations of fraud that the enemies
of the treaty have tried hard to fix
upon us. I hesc arc the indications
we have of the present state of aflairs
for Minister Resident Carter, assisted
by Dr. J. Mott Smith and Col. Z. S.
Spauldmg to work against. It is to be
regtcttcd that, in addition to the sec
tional differences concerning the treaty,
there is likely to be thrown against us
the powerful influence of the Pacific
Mail, known as the ' Wall-sttect lobby,"
for which wc have our bungling prem
ier to thank. 1 he coming mails will
be looked for with additional interest
.v.i.srr airitUK.vr riT:itATintt:.
The Cleveland Plaindealer observes
that "if responsible newsdealers would
resolve not to sell the less flagrantly
indecent papers of course such news
dealers do not sell absolutely vile pub
lications the case would be simplified.
Wc do not sec how a respectable dealer
can bring himself to expose such wares
for sale. He can plead the demand;
but that is a poor plea, because a de
mand exists for ever) thing nasty on the
face of the earth." "That is well
enough," sas the Sacramento Recoid:
Union, "but the Plaindealer is in error,"
Many newsdealers who claim to be
respectable do sell the absolutely vile
publications." And the same paper of
another issue sa)s: "Another state
has filed into line in the matter of sup
pressing vicious periodicals. First,
corgta, next Illinois, then New York,
and now Indiana. In all these states
judges have been found, attorney-generals
discovered, and juries impaneled
mar tioiu me putiiication anu circula
tion of such sheets to be criminal acts
under existing laws. Wc believe Cali
fornia is prepared without further legis
lation to wheel into line and pronounce
against the whole flash sheet infamy."
And now comes the Kingdoni,of Ha
waii and says; "You shall not sell
these vile publications here, either."
The French have captured the prin'
cipal outjxisis of Sontay, embracing five
strongly-fortified villages. The enemy
made a stubborn resistance. Ihe
French loss is 200 men, and 15 officers
killed and wounded. Admiral Cour
lct, commanding, had 7,000 men, 4,000
being engaged in action and the re
mainder in reserve. The Chinese still
hold the fortress at Sontay. The prin
cipal fighting occurred on the river
bank, several villages were captured
at the point of the l)onet. The
frencn advanced within a mile ot the
citadel, but there will probably be very
ncavy ugiuing oetorc iney rcacn tnai
place. The Chinese lost heavily- from
the shells of the fleet.
A very important decision has just
lieen rendered by the Supreme Court
of the United States. It is to the ef
fect that the powers, duties, privileues
and obligations of corporations of
foreign creation are governed by the
laws 01 tne country 01 their creation,
and that by these laws the contract
rights of American citizens are con
Annexation of Egypt o England U
ttikcu 01 in lauo.
" Tin: tor mi i:v rv 01 11 ir;isr.
Ihf On nf Tlirm
Wc print the following in the hope
that it may do good. We know the
writer lo be one of the class of )onng
men the community most needs to
rc-uh, and we think it is not altogether
his own fault that he has not been
reached. Wc also think Mr. Cruzan
will be one of the first to rcroguisc this
Huron Mturiivv I'rbm .Sir AsThurs
day night's beautiful moon sank into the
placid liosom of our encircling ocean, I walked
home, musing -as I had mused for several
nights upon Mr. Crtiin's words of last
.Sunday evening 1 " What is Ihe life of the
young mm In our midst ? One )oung man
rises In the morning : cats j works ; cats
works 1 cats j ships. Another )oung 111111 a
worse case- rises in the morning 1 eats t does
not wotk J eals j does (jot work i cats ; sleep "
Then Mr. Crurin having other thoughts to
communicate thin those connected with the
wh)s and wherefores' of the ")oung nun's"
peculiar life went on to further matters
leaving the two )oung men snniltug from hi
knocks. Perhaps it would have been better,
sir, hut some one of crpnl nblhtj to Mr. C ru
jan undertaken lo follow up In )our columns
this week nn "avenge" )onng mm of Ilono
lint I would like to say here, I do not wish
to comlnt n single statement or argument of
Mr. Cruiin s. I onl) tcferied lo his remarks
In order tint I might be assisted to Introduce
the ")oungnnn" of Honolulu to notice
igiiii and whilst doing so to put the question,
as from one villi!) interested, "Does Mono
lulu do its dul), its whole duty, lo the young
man in its midst ?"
Nn one will I think ask why Ihe question
should be mooted. The young mm is Ihe hope
of his country. And nny one who dois not
think so, andr so, had better not follow ni)
subject any further. It it ol the greatest im.
portance that the )oung man just in thai vety
critical period of life should Ik; looked aflcr.
If he cannot be b) his inlinntc friends and
wclbwishers, docs the responsibility rest on no
one ? I cvv will, I llnnk answer butlo affirm
tint it rests on tint diss of the communit)
who themselves arc in what might be termed,
in this relation, positions of safctv. And tint
Though I have used In the last sentence one
of the most solemn of words, I could scarcely
avoid it. As I write in earnest, there is no
use dcn)lng the fact tint to no other class can
one look confidcntl) for true solicitude for the
spiritual and temporal welfare of one's fellow
men. Experience teaches that despite llic
shifts of infidehtj. Hut the question, never
theless, forces itself home Is the labor at
present performid by the Christian portion of
this communit), towards Ihe helping of young
men, well advised ?
Let me take an "average" )oung man
judged from m) standpoint. lie comes to
Honolulu from some distant land (ibout
tlirce fifths of Ihe )oung men in our town arc
strangers, I think), lie is of average ability ;
avenge morahl); average modest); average
pndcj average human frailty, lie comes from
good associations those perhaps of his child
hood, dear and true. He lands here to trv
his fortune; and readily obtains work. He
finds a room to sleep in and a restaurant
wherein to cat. Hut where does he find the
congenial influences for good that his better
self craves for. If he goes to church Ihe
average )oftig mm docs sometimes that, cer
tainly, is something like home. Hut Mon-
ill), Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday,
Saturday? Uven if there were church on all
of these da) g its onlv ihe "voungnian" of
theory whose case it would meet, and I am
speaking of an average )oung man of real
every day life. I may be answered there arc-
lodges, "socials," church meetings and lots of
other resources, (including the Y, M. C. A.)
Hut, if 1 am not presumptuous, I would still
press a conviction that there is a class, worth
being looked to, that these means for good do
not reach. And I would like to press a con
viction, too, that it is for several reasons just
the )oung man who is not reached liy Ihese
influences who is worth snatching from the
edge of the pits of sin with which our pretty
little low n abounds, 1 am sorry losay. rre
suming he has brought no letters of introduc
tion, his average modesty and his avenge
pride combined tend to keep him for long
from making an entrance into good societ)
just alwut long enough to give liim over lo the
saloons or to a life of buy viciousness.
If he has onl) average ability he i sat upon
by the younger representatives of that class
I have heard in other places the gutter children
call " aristocratics : " And to this class
especially so far as the, sterner sex is con
ccrned a great deal ot the hampering of
good work is due. And, whilst their influence
for the worst is thoroughly felt, can any one
contentedly say the counterbalancing power
that should lie put forth by the " true and the
tried " is correspondingly felt.
Our young man is of average morality : he
makes a fight against the saloons ami the
peculiar temptations of the place for a while.
Then is the time is it not, when he should
be assisted ? Not by an outside view of
spiritual self-complacency or on insipid show
of socialnlit) on Ihe part of those from whom
he expects some real s) mpalhy ; but by real
downright self denying efforts to make him
feel that he is among warm-blooded people
whose care for his welfare is not merely an
abstract matter. IfheiVol average pride and
average sensibility he feels hurt at any mani
fcstalion of the quiet suspicion that has been
engendered in the minds of citizens and citi
icnesses through dealings with those who have
traded on our hospitality and travelled to other
shores, as a writer in Thrum's annual said the
other day " to boast of their exploits."
Now, though I have barely touched uon
my subject, I find I have already wandered
into verbosity. So I must condense' vigor
ously, I da not wish to reflect on the
Christianity of Honolulu. I must admit (hat
never before in the course of my experience
not very long, certainly did I meet with such
slurdlness in the Christian life as 1 observe
here In certain quarters. Hut it is not inten
tions I am dealing with, but existing facts,. I
seriously place the question licforc )Our
readers, Mr. Ulilor, at I close this communi
cation Do we require more vigor in the old
groove? oris there something lacking in t he
system of our hospitality that wc should look
It is not so much the feting and entertaining
of the cll to do and the well sheltered llvat
evidences our true clarity; but the recognition
of the friendless dcstivcr, (he frail fuller Ik;
l ten two opinions, the lice to lie watered
and pruned for Ihe sake of probable Iruit
" the )oung man in our midst,"
. Ik I).
Honolulu, January 4, 1 88 J.
The authorities of Washington City
have just officially notified General
Kufus Ingalls, who for )cars occupied
the position of quartermaster-general,
that all his public accounts have been
carefully examined and found correct
to a cent His official transactions
involved over $500,000,000.
Congress adjourned over the holi
days and will re-con) ene on the 7th
;. tri: tonria. m:h s
Hecf lea is the latest ixiiiul.ir Imhit
age at American bars.
Intensive nctroleum dcixvut li.avn
been discovered in Russia.
Kiaht thousand French officers have
offered themselves for service in Ton
quin. A " c onmiittce on labor " to be a
pointed by the house of representa
tives. Major General Hancock has been
enthusiastically received in San I'ran
Tjic Finperors of Russia, Austria and
(icrm.iny are soon to meet "it is
Anti Chinese legislation has been
vigwotisl) cut out b) the California
Sarah Ilcmhardt has horsewhipped
an actress who wrote a satirical book
The trustees of the James I.ick fund
in San Francisco are about to distribute
Americans ate charged with planning
the explosions in Ihe underground rail
way at London.
'j he sanitary inspection of the dairy
is likely to he made a health regulation
hereafter in New York.
During the week ending December
22nd, five church fairs were in pro
gress in San I'rancisco.
The 23rd ultimo, the anniversary of
the woman s crusade, was observed
throughout many of the United States.
The world's fair project, lo be held
In San l-'rancisco in 1887, has received
the endorsement of the Pacific Coast
delegation in congress.
A disastrous storm visited England
on the evening of the nth ultimo.
Iluildings were injured, shipping
wrecked and many people killed.
Mrs. I.angt'ry is to close her season
in the United States next June and
will then go to Australia via Honolulu,
where she expects to give .1 matinee.
A new food fish railed black cod has
been discovered. It is caught off Queen
Charlotte's Island in deep water and
the supply is said to be inexhaustible.
A movement is under way in Boston
to enforce the laws existing to the effect
that no person under 14, nor women,
be enito)cd in stores more than 60
hours a week.
Marnuis Tscntr recentlv said he
could distinctly atiirm that China would
break oil otncial relations with 1' ranee
if the Ficnch should take either
Hacninh or Sontay.
A basis of agreement has been ar
rived at between Manitoba, Ontario
and the Dominion Government in re
gcl to the boundary dispute between
Manitoba and Ontario.
Senator Anthony of Rhode Island
has been proposed though not vet
chosen president of the senate, and
Gen. Anson G. McCook has been
The I'ekin authorities deny that they
were implicated in the murder of the
King of Anam, recently poisoned. It
is stated that one ol the king's wives
committed the murder, at the instiga
tion of the mandarins.
" Nihilism ..seems to have invaded
China, and the sallow Terrorists aie re
ported to be tearing down and blowing
up the houses of missionaries in Can
ton. This is not surprising. The
indications arc that it will not be pos
sible for foreigners to live in any
quarter in Canton after the next
French success in Tonquin," sa)s a
(roniiKKLV with nocLKS & en)
MAorfif mill Uettitl lrrrrt
in. Kino Stkkkt Umitu Hakmonv Hall
Kanul) , Plantation, and Ship stores supplied al fchort
notice. New coodi bv every iteuner Orilcts from
the other IvUnJ faithfully executed.
Telephone No. 119.
ike Annual Meeting of the liAST MAUI 1'I.AN'
1 A 1 ION CO. will he held al the ofliceof C. IIKI.W hk
CO. on VVKIIN LSI) VV, January 16, IBS,.
V. U JONIS, Jk.Scc
Ihe Annual Meeting of the HAWAIIAN AOKl'
CUMUKAL, CO will be held at the ofl.ee of C.
IlKKVVUt&CO.on I IIUK.SUAV, January 17, iSSl
J. O. CAH1I ".bee. '
OTICE TO STOCKHOLDERS.
the rezular CtUAimi
IIRhW'Kk U COVH'ANV will beheld at I ho office of
the cointony on rK,'jAY, January 11,
J. O. C'AUlhK, Sccretar).
U S I C HALL.
a uiiti.i: NKiius oni.vi :i.
HAKHMANN-IIKAUIiKi COM PAN V.
THIS (SATURDAY) NIGHT
'Hie First and 1 bird Acts
rut: coiisiv.i.y 11 nor 11 r. id
tut: nvKL i.v tiikm.soh;
'I'd U fUlowesI by
.SMrCTIONSi rKOM "PAilFNCC"
TltY. 4JH".l. tVI'.
ON THU1UAT. JANUARY 10,
cssat TuAkCf nsv
THK MOMKS or TH fteuthK,
Wllnaased by of posyusi perxoni, and P.V KQNIZED
by ail TIIC imi'KUANCfc SOCltTltS la
All xut!r devnxis of utrtirinit lh letvkts of lrn
ltwee Contract lAbortrft under the aii'ptrei of Ihe
Hoard of Immigration, are Invited la Inform Ihe Itm
dent of Ihe hoard, In xritinj, al a early 11 day at con
venlenl, of Ihe nnmlr an.l elm of laborers ther re
CIIAS r OOMCK,
MlnUterof the Interior,
Ami lre!dent llonrd of Immigration,
Interior Office, November m, 18JJ.
Office or Superintendent ol Water Works,
llnwiutl', July , lltl.
All tierwnt having Water I'rlviteites are notified lhal
their Watsk Katrs nr ivv-ll wmi-nnmulli, In ad
vance, al Ihe oOV of the Snirintenilenl of Water
Work, font of Ntiuamm street, ui the lt dty of
JanuaryamI July or each er U II WILSON,
iMtf Suwrintemlent Water WoiVe.
Till. I I.ICTIOV of KtPKI SI'.N-IATIVI S10
1 lhenel I UllSl.vriV r. ASSI.MI1I Ywilllale
place throughout Ihe varlom I In I Ion Di.lnrlt of Ihe
Mrcuom on iiMMl-silAV IlitKli Ha) or r HI
lU.1l , , 100,
Ihe I'olU at the several plvres of election tll be
oitened at 8 ofloclc, a m,, on Ihe day above uameit, ami
cfovd at 5 o clock, Ml
Hie following places are dettginled for holding Ihe
Dlitrlct'of 1 1 Ho.
Hrtt Polling I'hce Comt llouv, Illlo
Second " ,.,. Coun I lome, I .aupalmehoe
Imprctorsof 1 lection.
'iVV'A Hapai I'.ihce Jul!ce
I Kekoa . . . , lav Aewr
K A I.) man .. 'In Collector
District of llamakna,
rirt Polling Place,. .. ..Court lloue, ltnnoV.iv
Second . " . Court Home, W'atplo
Injieclom of I lection
JPMiail ., . DUlrlcl Justice
Ceorge Hell latAuesxir
J k Kaunamanu lax Colleiloi
District of Kohala.
I inl Polling Place Court lloue, Waimra, S Kohall
lnicctors of 1 lection
MIMvhuIci Dulrlct Juvtlce
JSlupl Ichecn .... las Aueuor
I. 1'aaV.lkl , . .... lavCollector
Second Polling Plvce .Court Huute, Kapaau, N Kohntv
lniectors of I- leu Ion.
J O Kaohi Police IuIce
J P Kainvuoha. n !AxAeor
J Kaai,..,. , . . .... lav Collector
District of North Kona.
Polling Place 4, ...School Houe, KnlluA
tniector of I lectton.
jniloapili .... Dixnctjiutlce
A K Hoapili... lavCotlector
District of South Kona.
Polling Place School Houe, Hookena
Inspectors of I-Jectlon.
CWPKaeo Di.lrlcl JiHllce
I) II Nnhinu . , . .... lax Aie,or
I) Kamakalml I jx Collector
Polling Place . . ...Spencer's Storehouse, I lonuipo
I mpectors of I lection
J IIS Martin Diilncl Justice
J N Kapaliu ,,,.t... InxAcsessor
J Kauliane 1 ax Collector
District of Puna.
Polling Place Court House, PohoiM
Inspector of r led Ion.
DIlVVMnne . .
,s .District Justice
District composed of Lahalna, Olowatu, Ukutne
liame, and Kahoolawe.
Polling Place .
I) Kvhuleho .
J A Ktukau
. .... Court House, Ijihaina
lnsicctor of 1 lection,
. .. .. Police Justice
.... lax Collector
District composed of Kahakuloa and Kaanapali.
Polling Place .. . ..School House, llonolua
Inspector of 1 lection
II II Kaiahilu
District beginning with and Including Walhee and
extending to and Including HonuauU.
I irst Polling Place i. ..... .Court House, Walluku
Second ,. Couit House, Uuiiatipui
Inspcctorsuf r lection.
I. Aholo . . . .Police Justice
C 1. Kkharilson ., lax Assessor
W It Iseanu Tax Collector
District beginnlag with and Including Hamakualoa
and extending to and Including Kula.
Polling Place..... Court House, Makawao
Inspectors of r leclion.
W P Mossman .... . . District Justico
J Nnkookoo ... lax Assexsor
A 1 ornnuder. .... lax Collector
District beginning with and including Kshtkinul
and extending to and Including- Roolau,
Polling Place .,. Court House, Hana
Inspectors of 1- lection
SWKaai District Justice
1 Hanuna . .... .lux Assessor
PKamai.. , lax Collector
District of Molokalaud Lanal.
Ttrst Polling Place. .... Court House, Pukoo, Molokai
Inspectors of I.lcction.
S K Kupiliev ..,... , ..District Justice
j a nauk-iu .... ...... , 1 ax corcuoi
Second Potting PI ice , ..School House, Kaohi, (.ana
Inspectors of I- lectmn.
SNihoohalaliali , District lusliie
District of Kona.
Polling Pl.ce.. . " .... Aliulsnl Hvle
Inspectors of r lection.
Uritickerton Police Justice
r II Hav seldcu ......... lax Assexsor
(leo II l.uce .... . .. lax Collector
District of Ewa and Waianae
I irst Polling Place . . .... School House, VV'alawa
Inspectors of I-lection.
II N Kahuhl District Justice
1. 11 rriei . . ..
A Kauhi . ...
. . 1 ax Collector
Court House, Waianae
Second Polling Place
District of Walalua.
Polling Place.. Court House, Walalua
Inspectors of r lection.
S K. Mahoe. . . .District lustice
JAinaira. ... I ax Collector,
District of Kootauloa.
Polling Place, . .. . ..Schoul House, Hauula
lnsicctort of Ktectlon
I Kaluht Ilistrict Jtutice
J W kaapu 'I ax Assessor
J Paukcalani. . f . . .... lax Collector
District of Koolaupoko,
Polling Place .,... Court House, Kaneohe
Insjiectotsof I lection
J I. Kaulukou. . District Justice
niitrlct of Waluiea.
First polhng Place School House, Walmea
nseciors of I lection,
K Karate District Justice
Llwal Kauai .. lax Atseor
S t, Kaula .. 'lax Collector
Second Polling Place . .School House, Ni.hsu
Inspectors of I lection.
V Sinclair . ..District Justice
A Kaukau .... laxAsxetM
I VV I'unI, hr I ax Collector
District of Puua.
Mm Polling Place Court lluvisc, Lihue
Inspectors of i lecttou.
K h llauuku..,. . .... Ulslricl justice
iKala.,,. .... ,las Assessor
Maauao..,.. .. ,. ..fas Collector
Second Polling PUca. Court House, Kcdoa
Inspectors of Llculon.
A VV Makdio District lusttci
I VV Kekahtuioku ... flax Asscxsor
lacoli Kala . .. .,la Collector
lint Pulling Plat ..Court House, llanalel
Inspectors of Klstllon.
u H....LI Dfslrkt justice
las VV Hush laxAsaeasoe
(l II PaUiau I" Ca,Uuoi
Sccuud Pvllmg Place..... ......Cosill House, Kapaa
lusLacloo of tleilivn.
JHKKaiwI . . . lislfct Julke
SKaiu... J.. ...... las Assessor
LiC Kauauulu. ,.. lax Udleoor
CIIAS. T. UUI.ICK,
Minister of luitrka-,
Inleilue 0ce, December ji, 1H1.
A buccessfsd House! A 1uccsaIu1 House) AsliiV
lug (rvslame of susxeu la Kelall Dry (ks1 tray Is
asTsirded by Ike UacUr.g Mihuery I louse of Cbwlesj
'isUI. comer Cott and Hotel streets, lie Proprietor
Mr. fUsel has awulrad h art of holding custom. Any
Dry Goods tlou.se exso. by freely adsensslng. straw cue
turners, once or twice; but let Isold litem, awl enjoy Itxar
ovondsnee, uUs for the exrsise of tacl and hlsrrahly
ISom.Li xoutl La smart ad cklwa ansl auld for what SkeV
ae: iHser nusrrpstseui an ankle. Thai Is late inslky
of Chaiks I. lUhel. and tlsu ckJsct h eaad. Ms tm
case of the eta la Its Ism, in toe laasbsg Introsixjh-
fare of Hoeolsdu. lie I.easkW UsWsvtrv Ston of
CxvlrMSJ.ru!, Uto Mm., lull) xSsMXcy esw
New York. CUsks J. Hakei wUa afssxiakr of Hts-
kssvaiy, mm IMUosessosse sa sxxawrsw w saasv
p HMOVAL NOTICE.
TIIOS O rilHUM will reestablish hl MFR
CHAN STM-FT .STAnONHlY ANK HOOK
ItlNIiKKV In Iht new aVMPIll.l.t. Ill OCK-al
ihe el I itainl, nevr the Hank aloul the MIIIDI.Kof
NIAI VVI K.
News Patrons an I Snlflr will please lake notice.
, Th IIVLANCi: of the MUSK of the HUH I)
Nil, No is, Kiahnmvnvi sireet, lately rctnpiril by the
Sxtt eiivr Pan, IMnilng Office, having 4 or 5 months
1 or particular apt ly la
. MVX rCKARr,
er rllOS. CI IIIRUVI
lleSVlUKlJAV Pltl.SS PHINTINO OFHCP.
l',-lnlnllNw (jiiattrrs In Ihe CAMPIIHL
IllOCh.on MflNHVV NI'r, ant wltl I prepared
lo atlend 10 nil orders lo even heller satisfaction thvn
heretofore, through lie Improved fullilles Mid steam
IIIOS. f! 1IIKUM, Proprietor.
Ihe HUM NAVIk ni aasiii fv iipitnAuri
American Eipreme Comimiiy
II. P. IHIIIIAItl),
, .. W.t.1 ASH LI V
Janusr) r, itti,
T-'HB HAWAIIAN UAHK
PI fl il I'nt ln itf Srie UimiU,
II. IIACKH'.I.n CO.
Hon lulu, Jnnuvrt i, 83.
QCEANIC STEAMSHIP COMPANY.
'I he New and l'leganl 5tevmshl
MAllll'OSA mill AKAMKDA
Will leave I lonoluht and San 1 rancisco as follows :
MtalnrtA . ..San Frvuct'co, OcloWr isl
Madiixha Honolulu, October tjlh Noon
A LA MP n A. .San Irinclsco. October ijlh
Alvsiriia .Honolulu, November 1st Noon
Passengers iua have Iheir names liooked In advance
') npptsingAI Iheolhceoriheagentw
Merchandise intended for slii ment by this line, is ill
be received free of stonge In the cotnpanv'a new wale
house, and receli ts issued for same Insurance on
merchandise, whilst in the wnrrhouse, wilt lie At owners'
r- WILLIAM C! IRWIN & Co., Agents.
i'ucljlc .Villi S. S. Co.
For San Francisco :
City of Pering On or about November 10
Cil) of New Vork On or about November to
Alt., mill. .... ... fin... ald.il KTa. -.I..... a.
ejLtndia Onor about December!
Cil) ofjdne On or about Januvryvu
For Auckland and Sydney ;
Zelandla On or oboul October 98
Cltj ol Ssdnej ""Onor about Deccmlier 1
AllStrfltll . .......... fill ... .I....I llvunla. J.
clmdii On or about January r6
STEAM NAVIGATION COMPANY'S
LINK OF SrillAMFRS
Tin- 'In iita-
Patks .j., ,iiCiM.ii,iMi,Jrr
Will run regulul for KONA and KAU,
Leaves Honolulu at 4 P. M.t
w "1 3
. Noselulier 9
luexday November so
liiesla. December 11
t ri lay , ai
Ainvesat Honolulu at 5lem.
'1 uesday November 47
Friday. December 7
I uesday ,g
rrida) .. a
The 1 unlit h(,
Cameron com nut niter, leave Hoitolutu every 1
liy at 5 i tin fur N twihwili, Kolon, Hlrrl. mul Wat
mea, tvsUi.iL Kcturninj leivc Nawlliwili every
Titr thtmi'H Mahve,
Freeman commander., leive Ifuntit1u every Ilnirt
thy, mi 3 jim. fur kapaa iuuI KiUue Return.
i Ieac4 Kauai every luc-ulay at 4 p in . and touch
inn m VVhbnae butli wa.
Tim V. Jt. IUhUiii),
Iiavi commander, leaves Honolulu every Tuesday
atar.ftl. lor KUkuiliale. UolioLaa,aiKl I'aaunau ICe
turning arrises at Honolulu every Sunday inotriliir.
10R SAN HCANC1SCO.
f. iiitr.nr.H x vovr.t.w; .iU''f-
Merchiudise received Storage Free, and liberal cask
advances made on shipments by this line. ' i.
MMB TABLE FOR TUB STEAMER
'lids steamer will leave Honolulu each TUFSDAV
at 4 r. M , touching a! ljvhalna, Maalaea Hay, Makena
Mahukona, Kawaihae, I .aunalsuetioe And Hilo,
Keturulnif will timch al afl ihe above pons, arriving
at Honolulu each SUNDAY morning.
pACIFIC MAIL STEAMSHIP COMPANY.
I Oil !AN FRANCISCO,
The Splendid Steamship
VITV OF HVDXEr
SKAIIUKV ,,,..'.., ..CosnsaeaJe.
will leave Honolulu for San Francisco
On or Ahrat IsUstUy, eTstsMMry IMHb
'OH SYDNEY VU AUCKLAND,
The Splendid Steamship
Tlie ajeiill here are now prepalcd lo Issue llskels to
Sun r ranciscM and iMursi for u, the rossod trip.
(kid for shipment per siraeier fan now le storesl.
free of charee, ill the Cre uoof warehouse Mar ihe
For ftelihi or passage, aiiply lo
7 l. IIACKrKl D It Co., Ael..
POR SAN FkANc'lsfO,
The A I IhllWollne
I'r.kKYMANN... .,,,,,,,., .,,,.,,. ,,,,,,Maslar
for fi.tibt or aaae, apply t .
;, id H, HACKFKLU CO., AkSsv
pO SAN FRANCIKO.
Ties easupar llnikeollnsl
HOUDl,KTT,,t.ss..si. .f ...ffs.."
Fur rMttjkl or 1
m wm- o. mmm e t