Newspaper Page Text
Volume iv, Numbku 20.
Jr. 111.10. iacim.
" sa" 1 .Im .'. ly no fwr.r I'arkrr.
3 he ixjiition of Maibg.iicu on the
maw of the woikl is iccii1iar, for no-
whefc else do c sec so large an island
litM a large continent, yet mi little con
jilted with it or with any other land.
In sue also it is exceptional, hcing the
large! of all the iiarul. connected
with the continent of Africa, its length
iRinn alKMit 960 miles and its greatest
width nearly oo tnites. Its ent coast,
for nearly its entire length, is almost a
straight line ; hut the west coast has
lccn variously Indented hy the action
tf the strong current which runs down
the Moninbimic Channel between
Madagascar and Africa. The X)mk
tion of Madagascar has been estimated
as lctween 4,000,000 and 4,500,000 ,
uui iiuumiij; uiiuc iiuuui inis can ne
nltirmed, because no census of any
tribe has yet been taken, and because
the opttlaliuu Is dcccuutcd from time
to time by various epidemic diseases ;
while witch-craft, infanticide, inter -tritt.il
wars for the purpose of stealing cattle
and people, are continually altering the
amount of the Herniation.
The following are the principal struc
tural features of the island : Around the
coast is a tract of nearly level or gently
undulating country, in many places
snowing traces ot coniparatively recent
upheaval from below the sea-level ; the
general altitude of this tract being less
man 100 reel auovc the sea. Here we
find both climate and vegetation un
mtstakably tropical, and here too mal
arial diseases and fever ever reside, the
only drinking water obtainable in many
places being that from half stagnant
ools on the surface. The width of
this tract of low-lands ranges from ten
to thirty miles, its inner limit being
formed by a range of mountains which
gradually rise to a height of 1,000 feet
lietween these mountains and the still
higher central plateau of the Island
runs a valley, in one place wide enough
to allow of the formation of a large lake
and extensive marshes : while this val
ley is limited on its inner side by the
high walls of the central table-lands.
These average 4,000 feet in height
above the sea, and on them again arise
a great number of mountains, chiefly
of volcanic origin, one of which rises
to the altitude of nearly 9,000 feet
above the sea.
The native inhabitants of Madagas
car are divisible into two distinct
classes. The first class includes only
the tribe of the Hovas, who are of
Malay orign, with yellow skins, long
straight hair, and flat faces (when seen
in profile). 'ITie second class com
prises all the rest of the Malagasy co
plc, whose skin is dark and often nearly
black, hair woolly, and profile with the
lower part of the face prominent but
faces not flat like those of the Hovas.
The forms of government of the differ
ent tribes are such as are generally
found among savage nations, allegiance
being given to some petty chief or
f king," whose sway often extends no
rnort tlian a mile or two from his chief
town (often his only town), who rules
with despotic power over his little ter
ritory, but is liable to be turned out at
any time by some more powerful neigh
bor. If strong enough, he will hand
down his jwwer to a son ; but usually
the lands which one man has acquired
by a life of force and fraud arc, at his
death divided among the sons of his
several wives, for the Malagasy are
It is often supjxwed that Madagascar
forms one firmly-consolidated kingdom
under one government, the seat of
which is somewhere in the centre of
the island; and that the people are
far advanced in Christianity and civili
zation. This mistake has arisen partly
from the greater prominence which the
How tribe has gamed from force of
circumstances, so that it has become
the representative tribe of the Island.
and partly from the honorary title of
vuwiii ui .ujujjMir naving ueen
accorded to the sovereign of this tribe
by the English and French. In reality
the Hova kingdom of Madagascar
forms only a jwrt of the island a large
part it is true, but yet far from the
whole ; although they lay claims to the
"entire island trom greed. Again, even
over the greater part of the dominions
which they can call their own, they
dare not enfore their bws, but arc
obliged to satisfy themselves with
having partially disarmed and made
tributary some of the other tribes, and
placing petty garrisons amongst others
The following is an outline of Ma
layasy History from the earliest ages
down to the present time, special at
tention being drawn to the rise and
progress of the Hova power. The. is
land has been known to Europeans
only since the beginning of the 17th
century, although Arab ships traded
with Madagascar long k-fore that date.
The first KurojK-ans to visit the island
were Portugese ; but they used it only
as a place where they might restock
their ships with fresh food and water
and also repair them if necessary.
Next came the Dutch, who settled in
the neighboring island of Mauritius
and not on Madagascar. 'Hien fob
lowed the French and English. The
former nation formed two settlements
in Madagascar itself, on the north-east
and south-east parts of the coast be
sides occupying the mo smaller islands
of Nosibc (big island) off the noth
west coast and St Marie off the north
east. These two islands are still
French possessions, but their at
tended colonies on Madagascar it
self were retaken by tho. natives one by
one. The Engluh colony was placed
a. Sl Augustine's Hay, on the south
west coast ; but from nmnuncment
it was finally abandoned after existing
for some years. U'hen Mauritius
became an English XMcion (about
ku. 1816) the attention of the first
English governor, Mr. Fantuhar, was
soon drawn to the extensive traffic in
slaves for which Madagascar was then
notorious. It is said that this inhuman
traffic was originated by the pirates
who haunted the seas around Madagas
car until their deputations brought
down the fleets of European jwwers
upon them j when thev betook them-
stives to the slave-trade as a safer way
of getting a living, licfors they started
Uftk trac, prisoners of war and all
who offended their chiefs used to be
either killed at once or kept as domes
tic slaves i but the pirates liv various
inducement! got this comparatively
mild lot exchanged for the far worse
one of exile and bondage under white
mnMcr. N'ot only were the islands
around Madagascar supplied from it,
Imt numbers it is said were even car
ried away as far as Jamaica and other
West Indian islands where their des
cendants may still be traced. I believe
that this slave trade if it did not ori
ginatc at least gave a great impulse to
the frequent and deadly raids between
neighlioring tribes, whirh go on even
at the present time, and which are
decimating the Malagasy nation as
surely as any succession of epidemics.
To return to the I lovas. After con
sidering which of the various chiefs of
Madagascar would be the best tool for
inflicting a death blow on the export
trade in slaves, Governor Karquhar
tixcil uixmi Kndama the chief of the
Hova trilx. Kadama, though a young
man, hail already reigned about seven
years, and had the reputation of being
a warlike and unscrupulous chief, who
was rapidly mastering his neighbors by
terror or me stwar. ins ancestry is
shrouded in the mists of tradition,
little being known about any of his
predecessors except his adoptive father,
from whose reign, as the first well
known king of the present Hova
dynasty, Hova history really begins.
The proud and oft-repeated boast of
Rad.im.Vs father, " Tit sea alont is ins
froiitier," in other words, that all
Madagascar belonged to him by right,
God (the former king and owner of it)
having abdicated in favor of Kadama
himself, and that he intended to make
it all his is the true origin of the
claim to all Madagascar which the
Hovas make and which the French
contest. Hy the treaty with Governor
Farquhar Kadama pledged himself to
stop the cxortation of Malagasy peo
ple from the island, in return for arms
and 'other advantages to be derived
from intercourse with the English.
At the same time, Mr. Hastie, the first
English representative, was placed at
Kadama's newly captured capital of
Antananarivo; and from that time to
the present the friendship between the
Hovas and the English has never been
interrupted, except for a short time
during the reign ot the Christian
persecuting queen, Ranavalona I.
Kadama I. was succeeded by one of
his wives, who is best known to
Europeans as Ranavalona I., but who
changed her mme, on her accession to
the throne, for one containing nineteen
syllables. This woman was as am
bitious as her husband and equally re
gardless of the value of life, and there
fore secured herself by destroying all
possible rivals. Her reign of 33 years
was marked by a war with Encland
and France, as well as' by a bitter per
secution ot the native Christians, bhc
was followed by her son, Radama II.,
a weak minded and pliable young
man, much under French influence
and given to intoxication. His reign
lasted only about half a year, being as
sassinated by some of his nobles chiefly
because he was bent on carrying out
the so-called " I .ambert treaty." After
his death, the conspirators put on the
throne one of his wives under the
name of Rasoherina, at the same time
giving to the individual filling the
office of Hova Prime Minister the
practically regal power which he now
possesses, this office being the chief
means by which the I lova nobles pre
vent their sovereign from becoming an
absolute monarch, as in the time of
Kadama I. The reign of Rasoherina
was marked by the increase of Eu
roean influence and civilization, and
the slow but sure growth of the
Christian church. After a reign of
about ten years she was succeeded by
a cousin, the late Queen Ranavalona
II., whose prosperous reign of nearly
fifteen years has just !cen cut short by
worry arising from the present Franco
The late queen's reign was marked
by the following events : (1) the adop
tion of Christianity as the state religion
of the Hovas, with the consequent
destruction by fire of their idols ; (2)
the rapid progress of education, both
religious and secular, with the conse
quent erection of numerous places of
worship and schools ; (3) the formation
of a literature in their own tongue for
the natives, including a revision of the
llible ; (4) the recognition by the Hova
state of the duty of earing for the sick
and poor; (5) the reorganization of the
Hova army on a Euroan model, with
an annual conscription; (6) the re
organization of the method of govern
ment by the formation of cabinets to
assist the prime minister; (7) and
lastly, by the adoption of the Eurojiean
dress for both sexes and of a better
class of dwelling houses. The present
I Ioya queen, who has just succeeded
her aunt under the name of Ranava
lona III., is a fairly educated young
woman, of whose reign nothing can yet
be predicted, as very much depends on
the course which the French will pur
sue in Madagascar.
'Hie present method of government
among the Hovas is unique. From
the dale of the assassination of Kadama
1 1., thr power of the throne has been
weakened, the family of the present
prime minister gradually absorbing
unto itself all the most iniortant offices
in the army and the state ; so that its
head can Imst now of practically
kingly power, like that enjoyed by the
mayors of the palace of the Mero
vingian kings in France. In theory,
the Hova sovereign is as autocratic as
the Czar of Russia ; but. in fact, the
country is ruled by an oligarchy, which
the French call "the military jarty."
The head of this oligarchy, who is
it) led prime minister, besides being
tx officio husband to the present queen
(the third queen in succession to whom
he lias held this relationship) and
living with her day and night wherever
she may be residing, alo fills the
offices of commandcr-in chief of the
army, head "61 all state business, in
Madagascar, chief councillor to the
queen, chief judge, in one word
fiuMuM lo the queen, and reswn$ible
only to her for whatever he may da
Until quite lately every kind of busi
ness, whether civil, legal, military or
political, inqiortant or not, was obliged
to lc rcorted to him. This concen
tration of power istve tolerable satis-
faction, while the Hova owcr was less
great and their relations with other
tribes, and csccia!ly with foreign
nations, less complicated limn they are
now. Hut lately the prime minister
made the discovery that whatever gram
of truth there may have -been in the
fable of an atlas-supwrted world, his
shoulders could not hear the burden
of the Hova state alone -in other
words, he felt that a division of labor,
so long as it did not affect his power,
might lie useful to himself. Hence the
appointment of no less than seven dis
tinct ministries or cabinets, each con
sisting of four or five officials, whose
duties and powers were strictly defined
by a royal proclamation.
T.r Lryrmt of II, r Jinn. -
A woodcutter formerly lived at la-
hoiwai, in Upticr Mnnoa Valley. He
used to go np the mountain slopes and
cut kai trees from which to carve poi
boards, which were lone flatly concave
boards, on which the cooked roots of
kalo were beaten and pounded with a
stone pestle to make the glutinous
sticky paste called poi the Hawaiian
staff of life. One morning this wood
cutter started bright and early to.cut
a tree to form logs for poi boards, and
after examining several in the different
gulches, sulcctcd one in a small ravine in
Aihualama on the western corner of
Manoa Valley. He proceeded to fell
the tree the usual way practised by
natives in the days of stone adzes, that
is, by digging around the trunk of the
tree and cutting the roots close to
He had dug all around, cutting all
the lateral roots but one, a large one,
which he had reserved for the very
last, but when he came to cut this one
it bled wherever his adze struck. I le
did not pay much attention to this at
first, but his hand getting smeared with
the drops that oozed from the cuts he
lcrccived they were drops of blood.
He was quite astonished, and observed
the root more closely, when he saw
that it looked entirely different from
an ordinary koa root. While he was
looking and wondering about the blood
that was now trickling in a steady
stream, the root began to move and
contract, and he crceivcd that what
he had taken for a koa root was a large
moo or serpent that had dug into the
ground to hibernate. during the cold
rainy season. It was dull and torpid,
and so did not feel the first adzestrokes,
but as the blood began to flow freely, it
was roused from its torpidity and could
feel the pain of its wounds.
As soon as the man realized what
it was, he snatched up a bundle of
aaho, straight poles for rafters, that he
had previously cut, and started on a
full run down hill. When he had pro
ceeded a little way, he looked back and
saw the moo after him and but a few
feet away. He then threw his bundle
of rafters down the side of a ravine, and
continued running down the ridge.
This little diversion had given the poor
fellow something of a start, and he had
made the most of it, but he had not
quite arrived at the junction of the
Aihualama and Waihi streams, when
he heard a hissing, scraping sound close
behind him, and on looking back, he
saw the moo coming down at a rapid
rale and only a few yards away. He
was so overcome with fright, that he
fell forward on his face, and was soon
caught by the moo, which coiled its
told over him, but Uidn t do hnn any
injury. The man became senseless
with fright and remained in that con
dition during the whole time the moo
was coiled around him.
Towards evening some people who
lived there and had been down to the
sea fishing, returned and found him
senseless where he had fallen. They
said that as they came in sight of the
man they heard a swishing sound in
the ferns and on looking towards the
direction of it, saw what looked like a
log being pulled rapidly away. Their
attention was immediately taken up by
the man's condition, and when he had
recovered and told his story, they
looked for what they had taken for a
log, but it had disappeared. As it was
quite late, none of them felt like brav
ing an unknown monster in the dark,
but the next day they all went in a
body to the scene of the oor wood
cutter's labors, and sure enough there
were large clots and kjo1s of what
looked like human or animal blood.
Some of the more courageous spirits
followed the track of the moo to the
top of the mountain ridge between
Manoa and Kailua where it finally dis
appeared over a precipice facing the
Kailua or Koolau side. The jcop!c
then desisted from pursuit as they came
to the conclusion it must have been the
famous and dreaded moo of Kona
huanui. S. M. 11.
mm i' 1 mm
It is rejwrted that the French
Government telegraphed to Admiral
Courlet urging him to follow up his
victory ot Sontay with the utmost
promptness and energy, comutibIe
with prudence. It is also reortcd
that Admiral Courbet will make an at
tack upon Hong Hoa lefore marching
agrinst llacninh. It is asserted in
Paris that the Chinese troops took no
run in the Sontay fight, and that the
French losses in the battle there were
much greater than was officially stated
1 ue pieuranous lor me uerensc 01 trie
Red river delta by the ChintSc con
tinue on a large scale. The Tempo of
Paris protests against the rumors of
mediation between France and China
adds: "France always lays ureal at
tention to England's counsels, but
mint sec her claims in Tonquin rccou-
nixed. It is not for England to offer
mediation if China docs not ask it."
Hiephcma has aMieatcd the throne
of Anain, and the new king, aged 15,
was crow ncu iieceiuuer znu, unuer
the name of Kicnphua.
A German-Israelite boarding school
in Constantinople was recently burned
and over thirty inmates were killed
SMITH A THUHSTON, IW O. SmrH,
I A. 1 HI IMT0
Jttnrttett "' Isiir.
No. MUKHMIT Snilt... lldN.iLPtf
. V .
XI7-ILI.IAM O. SMITH A Co.,
I U A. riiuntoK, I
1 V. O. Smith. f
.Vnrfc iiiuf llnll r.riitlr llrnkrrt,
.Vl N MUKCHAIIT SlMtltT lllNll.lll.tl
(AMiMbM ,. isyv)
Snr llniHAllon, Kattranit, Tl)ihon ) othn Cot
(nntian Stoclti, IkmtU ami simitar SmititlM
llocniir Ann !Vni on Comiios.
Montr IxwmiI m Slk Sraitltlt.
O U. DOLH.
('ifvi- ,11 .nip mill Xnhiru I'nlillr,
CosKir Four Ami Mkhcimnt STmrtTi, llc.11.1 i'ii-
pLAHEHCU W. ASHFOHD,
,1rWlir, .SnltrHm; I'.lr.,
N'o. ij KAMieiMir Siitur UnNfiil'H'
XT R. CASTLE,
.lllnrnru ill Line nti,t Snlnrti I'uhltr.
Altnklt all the Count of llie KlittJom. I
.lllnriirji un.; Ciiinsirliir ill l.,tn:
fA Fort SrnrKT.
LPRBD S. HARTWELL,
Otn Hank of Jlimor.t Co
-RS. CUMM1NGS, St MARTIN
.Sni-friiii itnif lloniiviHilliln 7i;Wrn!i.
OrFKKCURNKR VonX AND llltHKTANIA STS..
OlTkr Hour Until o a. m., atvl fruiti i-.vi,I6:)o-8 r-.m.
U. EMERSON, M.I).
Vlilntrlitn miif Stn-ttrim.
Honolulu ij. i
Tklhmionr Numukk tg.
Office hour from 854 to to'- a. m.J J to li p. m.
Office ami KetiJcnce, No. Kukul urrel, corner Furl
T M. WHITNEY, M. D., D. D. S.
llrntill ltoM9 im ', Slrrct,
Office in llrewer' Hlotk, corner Hole an J Port
Streets, entrance on Hotel Street. i
ttt-illiam b. McAllister,
rERMANENTLY LOCATRO IN HONOLULU.
Office, corner of Fort ami Hotel street, over Tregloani
'articular attention uij to restoration koIJ filling.
Kelj hie on good wort ifi reasonable charges to gain
the confidence of the public 155 6ji
No. 71 (.liRiN Stkeft
EO. HALL A SON. . . .vilnuili
I Mli. va s '
IMrORTRRS ANdWsiVrS IM r "
llnnlienrr ml teiirrilKJIrreltitnllr, "
Coknck or Ki.no and Fort Strfcts, Ilonolulu
William W. Hall
President and Manager
- C-. Al.les
I.C. Jones Jr Audhor
wiimun ,. u. nan, ueorge fc..
O M. CARTER.
.l(- In Inkr .ttkllnieiriltmrilt lo Coil-
Irnrta In r.,tltnr.
Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
Office at Pacific .Mail Steamship Rock, Esplanade, ij
T" W. LAINE,
CniiiiiilMiliiiirr f JlcnU
t or lh- State of California, for ll.. Hawaiian Islands,
and (.eneral Agent lor the Pacific Mutual Life In-
'"" swwmqii) sj ist.UQTn.J. jj
TNO. A. HASSINGER,
.twnl lo liikr .IrknoirlnlttmriilM la Con
tract J'or fathor.
Interior 0ffick Honolulu
JOHN H. PATY,
.Vi.lnr; ful.ltc mill CoiiiiiiiWiiii of limit,
t or Ihe Mates of California and New Vorkv- Offici
al the Hank of llisliop A Co.
Honoi ulu( Oaiiu. If. I. ,s
P T. LENEHAN A Co.
Imimrlrrt 11 ml i.'oihi,iiWi, MrrrlimitM.
Nuuanu Strbkt, Honoiulu.
T YCAN A CO.,
Mmiwrlrm ml )i-ler In nil klmli of
Mmlr IIoihIi, Fniiry lluuiU,
Nov IOJ ANIl 107 FOKT SlRBFT HONOLULU
Furniture, Chairs, Sewing- Machines, Mirrors ami
Slirror rlaies, Picluie Frsmes atid Cornices made to
C BREWER A COMPANY,
llriirrnt MrmiHllltiinil CommUtton ,lUr,,l
Qureh Strrrt, Honoluiu.
Officers-P. C Jones, Jr prrsUenl and nuiucsr;
Joseph 0. Caiter, Irsvisurer and secretary, Direciuts :
lions. Cluiles K. Ilivhop and II. A. P. Carter: Henry
Slav bii.Ii.p .
rOr l Vhalertl lltrf, I'm J, Mutton, Kir.
Na 6 (Juikn Siaur, Fish IIarwkt,
Family ami Shlpiiuj orders (artfully attended to.
Li Stock furnished 10 Vessels al shut nolUe.
Ve itlatl.s of all kinds supplied lo order.
Ta-nriioag No ,,
KM S. GRtNDAUM A Co.
Iut)ntrlrf nml l,lr,.,lr Drnlrrt In Urn
l'i OtflCK y'juM StrT, Honoiuiu
IUT S. GK1N0AUM A Co.
roroarilhiu ,,.! VommUtlou ilrrtlimitt,
i Calisoskia St., Saw Fsahciko.
Special fsciUiie for and Jsulkutar allcnlioq paid lo
cousiirruiMnls U bland woJui-e. ' t
li, tin li UHr Clilrr itunufarlory,
Na ij Ijuha Snssr Iloiwuu;
Ttit oealil..lnviorl!n Uttnf U ( saU M all lU
kaduu uloons lu tU ply. OlOsll l,m lU utUr
lsUe.li TWplls, Mlsnded la. 111
I'lonttr .Strum CuMifs MuHufuriorif ssml
Practical CWeclLmr, I'aslry CoU and lUker,
fturaiisr ;i Hotel ursrt, Isiacm I'mtaud Niuiaiui
Meeis. . .
Wkolrtult sMi Urlmlt BrugfUtt ss4 T
No. 59 Nuvaku Sisiar , ..
. - . II ONOU'lU
JlemWrof the Honolulu Siocl.,aiKlIloidFaJuio2(5r?ift1K StKFKT Honolulu
In prepared to buy and sell blocks ami MTCjQUr 22
open market, al the usual rate uf comuiefttoovCyS3 jS , 7
llasmoney- toloan on Stocks. SmflwSfli r- '.t?V HOFFSCHLAEGER A Co. -quired
on Time Contracts. 1 . lilili I)
Will adviw as to Investments hqQkiucMedjL ' Juipfrlm mill Cmnmhttn,, .MirrirlMf.
ISLANDS, JANUARY 12, 1884.
lldOiiii.i.er, .Irnrltr, t.'niriirrr, 11ml
No. ill Font STkiitT HnmM.ui.ri
. All orders faiihlu.ljr xcutftl. 3
flnnf roiif .Sorierinr.-f p.
IVwtonil SIiom nude lo Onlrf.
No. ti Font St., orrmiTit I'ANrnrON HtAitLr.
P II. OBDINO,
Urj.i-r., ,( (rrlMlllilll.
Flttalit, 1VcUm, and tlizaase delivered to ami from
ill pnni of Honolulu ami vicinity. Cartful at-
1 mi ion pAM to moving Furniture, ith
WAflONS KXI'UKSSI.V K)R THF. I'UUI'OSI
Telephone M l(ei lence jj IWhtaiil street.
Ulltte, W King Street. .r
PlllLLtl'S A Co.
f lllimrrVre irinf II l,l,lrMllr llrnlrrt In llnll,.
Illll, lUinlf, ,S,iir, 11,11m, Jlrn't 'lll-
llhliliin llnmlM, I'miril Oiim'v, .7r.
No. it Kaviiitmani' Sthkrt Honoiulu
-I!ARLUS T, GULICK,
.YmW; I'ttUlle, Aiinil In tnlir .IrAni.JVi',-
niriifs In Is,!,,,,- Ci,tr,irt, nml
llriirrnt Itiulnrm Atiriil,
Office in Malee's Hl.xV, at corner Queen and Kaahu.
nunu streetii, Honolulu. j-iy
C J- LEVEY & CO.,
Hlinlratllr mi ,1 llrlnll tllorrr,
Four Srmtkr Honolulu
Fresh groceries and provisions of ill Winds on hand mid
received rriiulailv from F.uroiie and America which
will lie sold at the loucst market rates,
floods delivered lo any part cf the city free of charge.
d.ind orders solicited and pionipt attention will lie
given 10 the same. lla.iy
ONG LEONG A CO..
.Itiriit fin- .11 11,1 11 11 1 Sunni; Villiimii Itlrr
And Kailua Rico 'l.intation and Mill.
NuUanu Stufkt . ..k Cornpr Makink
-pllEO. II. DAVIES A Co.,
(I.air anion, Ghkrn A Co.)
tllllinl-tevK unit CniitlHlnihm Jlrvrhitntn.
Lloyd's and the Liverpool Underwriters,
Itritish and Foreign .Marine Insurance Company, and
Northern Assurance Company, ,
A W. RICHARDSON A Co
IsiroRrnns anii Dkairrs in
llnnli. Vines, l'nrillnl,)iiu lllmiln, Ifns,
t'ir;i, TV 11 11 As, I'llllurn,
Perfumery and Soatis, Wr.tlhain Watches,
Fine Jewelry, elc.
Corner Fort anu MuKciiAsr Stkkkts, Honolulu
- E. WILLIAMS,
IsirORTKR ANI1 DraI.KK IN
rmilllilrr ,. r.rrrn (r.-i-'i;,ni. .
ITfilmlHlrvvr unit Jtminfttvtiirri:
Furniture Wareroouu No. loj Fori Street. Work
shop at olj stand on Hotel Street. All orders promptly
attended to. Jj '
JOHN T. WATERHOUSE,
.miioi-Or iin.r llnilrr In (Iniriiit Jlcr-
QunrtN Stkrct Honolulu
U IIACKFBLD sTcoT
llrnrrtll Com, nl., Ion .Ifi-nfx,
,T'HOPP A Co., j4 KlnB street,
'IliijHii-lri-s ,,; Jtmmfiicliirera nf Ereru
rf-l-lrii ! Iilriillmr.
To Tim Ladies: Trimmings, Tassels, C.iir.in, Silk
Cord in every slutde Parlor Sets restulled,
covered, jiolishcd and nude equal 10
new, .Mattresses re-made and
cleaned at short
We are noted for first-clas! wolk and moderate
ILLINGHAM A Co.
Iiiijtorlrr mnl Ilnitri liijlnnlirmr, Cut
Paints and Oils, and Oeneral .Merchandise.
No. 37 t ort Strkkt Honolulu
W. PEIRCE A Co.
A7ifi Clinnillrr mnl CohuiiUhIoh Mrr-
Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
Aeents for llrand's Guns and lioinb Lances and Per.
ry Davis' Pain Kilter,
UTM. G. IRWIN A Co.
Suyttr Vnrlorm ami I'omialmtton Aurnt.
; CLAUS SrRKCKKLS. WM, G, IRWIN.
Honolulu i. 1
P P. ADAMS,
Aurllnurrr ami CoiiiiiiImmIoi, Mrrrhant,
QUFKK STRKRT HONOLULU
P A. SCHAEFER A Co.
Imiiartrr ami VommUtlou Jlrrrhaut,
MtllCIIANT StRRKT HONOLULU
ILDER A Co.
I.ainhrr, l'iifiii, oil, XiiIIm, mnl Hull. Una
Material, nf rrrry klml,
Qir. Fort ami Quk.kn Sr Honolulu
I WILLIAMS A Co.
J I'liotountiihtc Aril!,
io ahii 104 Four Sruti Hokoiulii
Pictures nf all sues ami kinds made lo order, and
frame, of all decri4ions cunstanlly on lund. Also
Corals, Shells and Curiosities of Ihe Pacific. a
ALLEN A RODINSON,
llralrr Iii l.ainhrraml all klml of llallil.
lay Jliilrrlal, Vnlnl, Oil; Null, rtc
Honolulu, II, I.,
AORNTS OF ISTIIISJNSKS
Ilalcakala. KuUmauu, Kekauluohi, Mary Ellen,
Uilaina, Pauahl and Leahl.
Al Roblnwiu'. Wlurf. -
lunmrtrr of tlrnrrnl Jlrrclmmlltr from
r'rmicr, llnyluml, llrriiiimy ami
Ihr. I'nltcl Htulr,
Na jjllnciujJTfirsssr Honolulu
ii6ahu jiSCsurosNiASlsssT .'aSan Fsancisco,
Pantcultf aitention ruld lo filluin and shliiiiinc is.
Li.l orderv 1
PD C, KUWE,
lluute nml Hlyn Valnlrr,
ParuK llANoRa, sic,
tin. 107 Ktaq KTRRRT HoNOLUlU
f VONS A LEVEV,
.liirtlonrrr nml VmiumlttloH Mrrrhunl,
llKAvaa lluim, ijumw SrsdT, Hisnoluli'.
SJatof Furniture, Slock, Kstal Estate nd General
MsiclaisdiM tsHo(Aly sllnd.i to. SJ asnls fur
issuesicaa aiw r.iuvssran inershaMlis., II, l.voNi,
I U J. I.RVRV.
WHS. A. M. MELLIS,
Viiililunnlilr llrct ami Cloak Maktr,
No. 10, FortSi.mt Honolvl
IUV W. McCHESNEY A SON,
Ijalkrr, IllJri, Tallin nml CmmUUn
Aseuls Ux lU Kss) Snap Coauuy,
No. ,1 Quian Siatar . . ......Houolulu
I4 Kins Sirrit HnNniitu
Impnrtsr of Ainenean Jewtlry of evsfry lesrtp.
luw. (Formerly ol San Fratttlsru, California,) 50
I EWEItS A COOKtt,
(SutcBatois to l.nwr.Rs ft III ;kson,,
liiiimrlrm mnl llmlrrt In l.mnhrr mnl ntl
html nf lliillillny MnlrrlnU.
Fort Sirurt Hondii'Lp
- C. COLEMAN,
lUiirliiiiillli, Jliirhltilit, Cirrlniir Work,
Honolulu II. I
Plantation Marhinery, elc. Simp on King Street
nest It, Castle A Cisikes, I'S'I)'
rlu, Vniiirr mnl shrrl linn Workri;
Xlnm mnl Itmiyrn.
of all kinds, Plumbers' stock nnd metals, liouse furnish.
lug goods, chandeliers, lamtis, etc.
No. t Kaaiixsianu StRFiiT Honoiulu
T M. OAT A Co.
.snllmnlirr, Vina nf all DrsrWir'friiia
iniiilr mi, I rr;iiirrif.
Honolulu , ,
Iifl In A. F. Cooke's new fireproof building, foot ot
Nuuanu Street. s
T EMMULUTH A Co.,
Thlmillllin mnl Vlninlirrs, llralrrm In
Stnrrt, Itmiym, Tin,
No. 5 Nuuanu Strkrt Honoiulu
T W. GIRVIN,
VniilliihHtnn Jlrrrlnilit ami tlrnrrnl llralrr
la llry Ihtmln,
W'All.l'Kt', M AUI II, I
Groceries, Hardware, Stationery, Patent Medicines,
I'eifumery anil (ikissw.ire. . 1
ONOLULU IRON WORKS Co.,
Strum Knthir,, Ili.ttvr, Sityiti Mitt,
Cootri'M, ti'ttn, llntHt Hint Krml t'itt-tltt(fn.
IfONOU'LU (I. I
Matliinery of eery decttitt nude lo orJr.
Tariicubr attention jiaU to Ship IlUcliiiutliing,
J 6b work ckecuittl 011 the nhorte'st notice. to
TTHOS. G. THRUM,
IMI-OCTINO ANU MANUPACTURINn
Stnttnt.fr, Xncn A,tt, Vrttttrr, ltook
And puUislier ol the Saturday I,Hr.-sS,.itul Haw.ui
an Atmamie atui Annual Merchant rtrtet. Deal
er In Fine Stationery, Hooks, Mu.c, To) and Fancy
Good. Fort Mrcct, near Hotel, Honolulu.
A S. CLRQIIORN & Co.
Imjiortvi'M nml ttrulrvn In flrneral Jtrr
chtimttMr. Corner Queen and Kaahu ma nu Streets Honolulu.
OLLES & Co.
Stitji CHimtlrrs ami Commtnulutt Mrrchnnt
Qurhn Strkkt, Honolulu, H. I
Importers and Dealers In General MerchandUe. i
Jsl F. BURGESS,
(Uirit-ruter Hint Jhtthtrr
AH kinds nf jobbing promptly attended to.
Telephone No. 130, Williamson's RapreM Office.
jriitri ij, 04 riini, oik,
T AINE & Co.
Importers and dealers In Hay, Grain and Genera
Honolulu... , ...H. I
U E. MclNTYRE & BROTHER,
Ororrrjf ami Fretl Storr,
Cop, Kino and Fort Srs, .,.,...,. HnN0Lut.t
A L. SMITH,
Iniporlrr mnl llralrr III Glairarr,
Jlrrltlrn Sllrrr-I'lalnl Warr,
No. 14 Fokt Strkkt Honolulu
Kinz's .Combination Spectacles and EjejiLlsses.
Lustnil Wire Ware, Fancy Soaos, Picture Frames, Pis
tols, Wostenholm's Pocket Cutlery', Powder, Shot and
Ammunition, Clark's Spool Cotton, .Machine Oil, all
kinds of Machine Needles, "Domestic" Paer Fashions.
Sole ascnt of the universally acknowledged Light.
Running Domestic Sewing Machine.
T-HE GERMANIA MARKET.
Honolulu, II, I,
Jlrrf, I'm, Mutton, Lamb, VoiiHry
ami 1 Uli
Constantly on hand, and of choicest quality. Pork
Sausages. Itoloznas. etc. always on lund. lint me.il.
Jre all oil anil put up in Kattern style. All orders
faithfully attended to, and delivered In any part of the
cilv. Shun ri llr.1.1 tZi.t I a.... ITnT.... .n.i L'...
Streets. ,o-tmj 0, RAUPP, Proiritlor.
HVifrimiiArr anil Jrirrlrr,
WALTHA.M and all other American WATCHES,
Clocks, and Jewelry.
Watch repairing mads a Spaotalitjr
All orders from the othei islands ptouiplty attended to.
No. 35. HoTix.SiKktT..., Honolulu, 11,1.
Jrirrlrr anil llinininiil Srttrr,
N"'0 ,.. Nuuanu Strskt
(Opiiusiic Hollister Si Co.),
Paiticular attention paid lo reitairuio
OHN A. PALMER
B. II. WOODWORTII
llavt this day formed A to uiti-rhip uiulcr lh. nam.
Tim CltVSTAI. Stlll.l WOHKM CO.
Honolulu, Novctnlier 15, ill).
John A. Palmir, E, II. Wonnuoimi
THE CRYSTAI. SODA WORKS,
And GINGER AI.E.
Ttie uuiseisal ijiuLuiiy which our oikls enjoy and
ihe increasing deiuaiat for lliein is a auarante. of Iheir
susnurity. Our (Jiuier Alt UssjuaTlo Ihe iintxirled,
and Is used for Ihe laUe lnnLic. of lihr ssIiks. lu.Lt..
Uin( a Erallful, Isfiesliinidiink, ll is a nilkl uo.ii-aclik-,
highly lnectal In lutulenc. ami Indlseillon.
W. nuke a speclalitv of family irad. aoj J.liv,
E.iods fie. of thane lo all parts of 111. cily.
Orders Ufl willi Messrs. lieu son Smiili, k Co. will U
Our Telephon. nuruter Is vfi.
Orders from lh. caller Islands will tiv ....
ailtrdlon and U shlpiHtvl without dsiay.
Addivsa all orders lo
THF. CRYSTAL SOIIA WORKS.
HoNoiULV ! 1. ..,.11. 1
W P.O. Iloa w;.
Wk.ld.U'tai Kotail Sraoara
No. esJ'IOtKL SlRSST,
(CaoiLi.il Fir1oof IsuiUtrui.)
ilPsM fl'tMMl, CttatfawaMy tk Wmy.
Island Bum always on kansL
I Tauirm-.a No. ass. ' i;tf
DISIIOP A Co.
MltRCIIANT Srrir llfimiLUU'. II, I
thaw listhanjtt on
I'HB HANK OF (;AUF0RNI,5an Fianclw,
NEW VOKK, IIO&ION,
'V.,M.ft.'5s. iVl. J.0.' ,ISC" "'" SNS, lmdnn.
I ORIENTAL HANK Cbrp.tion of lawlon.
And Ihrlr Dranchrt in
HONGKONG, SVDNF.V and MF.I.IlOURNi:,
Thini.ttl ii Ctninil ll.uih'nf Jlmiiuii,
Q, W. MACI'ARLANIt A Co.
Iininirtrr mnl Oimiii.ii,i Mrrchmit,
Cor, Fort and Gi'Mn Strskts .1: HnNniuiu
I he Glasgow and Honolulu Line of Packets.
John Hay k Co 's Llvriponl Line of Packets,
Ihe Waikapu Plantation.
'IheSprnrer PUntailon, Hilo.
Hskalau Plaiitatlnn, llil
.Millers, Tail k Watson, Sncjar Comistny,
lh. Piiuloa Sheep KiikIi Cnmi.iy.
-ASTLB A COOKE,
" f '''" r "ml Cominllon Jlrrclimit,
No. 80 Kino Struct IIonoiuiu
Itll-ORTRRS ANU IIFALCRS IN
'Hie llltchcnck A Comtiany's Plantation.
'Ihe Alexander A llahlwin Plantation.
R. Ilalslead, or Walalua Plantation.
A. H. Smith h Company, K0I0.1. Kauat.
J..M. Alesaiider, Haiku, Maul.
'Ihe Haiku Suear Cotns-iny.
The Kohala Suf(ar Conipany.
'Hie Union Insurance Comivany ol San Franlcsco.
jjfie New England Life Insurance Compsny of lloslm,
I he Illake Manufacturing Company of Huston,
D. M. Weston's Patent Centrifugal Machines.
'Ihe New Vork nnd Honolulu IVcket Line.
'I he Merchant's Line, Honolulu and San Francisco
Dr. Ja nes U Son's Celehrated Meilicines.
ilcos A Gihh's Singer Mnnufactiiring Compiny.
heeler A Wilson's Sewing .Machines. l!j-ivr
TNO. O. FOWLER A Co.,
.Ir-r- iirrjuirnl In fnrnttl, I'lan ami I. ml.
tttulr for Strrl
With or without Cars and .ocomotlves, Socially
ADAPTED FOR SUGAR PLANTATIONS.
I ermaner.t Railways, and locomotives and cars, Trac
tion Knines and Road Iaxomotives, Steam
riouehint; and Cullivatinr; Machinery, Port,
ahle Engines for all purposes, Winding
F.ngincs 'or Inclines.
Catalogues with Illustrations, Models and Photo
graphs of the almve Plants and Machinery may I seen
atlheolhccsofthe undersigned. W. L. GREEN and
G. W.MACFARLANE& CO.. Agent, for Inc. Fow
ler 4 Co.
HE MONTAGUE RANGE
FOR SETTING IN HKipK.
K M M K I. U T II A- .CO.,
No. 5 NUiiANUSranKT Honolulu
Sole agents for these Islands. The lt cooking ap
paratus for the Plantation, Hotel or Family,
RANGES k FIXTURES such as
1of H'.lfrr llollrr,
tlralr Itar, Hlr
Alwa)-s in stock.
Esplicit diiectious for setting up accompany every
Ranre. ' '
Circulars and 'rices oil afflicalioii. tij-qr
PCONOMV IS WEALTH."
THE GREAT TEN-OENT STORE
W. COLI1EY, Proprietor,
J. JOHNSON, Manager
Offers 10 ihe puhlic an unusually largo variety of goods
for the season, consisting in part of
WAX and CHINA DOLLS,
from loc. 10 $1 eath
Cream Pitchers, llutler Dishes, Cake Dishes,
Plates, Cups and Saucers, Soup Tureens, Platters
vegetable wishes, etc
,for kitchen use
In all its varitty '
from 10 c. lo 50 c. each.
SOAPS, Washing and Toilet,
FnA.its.i.f all kinds
IIUTTONK, tf all kinds
SiiaLF Pairs, all colors
MaiMcs, Tops, and Halls, for Hoys.
Shrrl Jlulr lor thf 1,0011,000.
10,000 copies Sheet Music Just teceived at lor. r
CANARIES (icruun Canaries : beautiful songsters.
LlUIIININr) CLKANINCJ CoHFOUNIl
(in. Iiesi In use)
For Silks, Sateens, Gloves, elc.
Are constantly telng added and A Mkf.ll invoick it
Jua al hand, per MarifosA
r M. CROWLEY II. HAST1B
II. M. CROWLEY (foruieilyal lliuns') liavii.geu.
le.t.l I Into arliKi.hipwllh MR. HUlill HAST IK, Ihe
new ami will la, known as
oppuvil. Wliiiuian k Wright't,
Esnydesxiit.lonol'I'urtiliur. al L-sl tsl.s and if
resulf s) on Tiw. iayusrlit.
u PARLOR SKIS
la Silk, llorstruir, ami ui.er Cuseiingt,
p, isiim Ui urwssuv
El, I sol coverings aadtriwinings.
tWSe. lh. "BOSTON" anj CIIALLENOE'
7, HIMtl MTMMMT.
Wiiolis NuMimit 176
Imprtrtrraral Dealer In
llmMeltir., Umj-, l'f,lnts, Hratkel Umivs;
O 'liilailar, Side lulmUr, llolling home,
and Police Ijnurnst Nnrs, Poekrt, sn.1
lalJe Unuit j (llolies.Chimneys, KtHetlors,
lmp Holders for seoln... machines,
STOVES' AND HANOI'S-Untie Sam, HikU
Patenl, Rlchmon.1, Ka Mol," I'.rt, Osceola.s
Hawaii Aloha Almeda Mora.
HAN(II-Cijling capacity for n.i
FRENCH RANOES-For restaurants, l4,l,, and
ptlvate rrsldrnres, with or withonl hoi water
WESIENIIOLMS I XI, CUTLERY.
A line atvsimenl nf ladle, Desert, and Tea
Knives and Folks Carvers and Steels with
(lain and ornamental Ivory handles j also
Poeket Knives. Rarors, Shears. Hullon hole
and Indies' Selvsviis, Hread Knives, genuiti.
I tenth Cimk Knives, Hiilthrr nn.l Kitchen
ladies' Wotk.sland llasket ; OlTice, l.nmh,
l.aundrv aial Matket llatkels.
DOORMATS -Atsottfd sires andpalittns.
SI EVER. PLATED WAKhi
Koeeit llnilliersaliil .Meriden Plating Works
Water and Cream Pitchers 1 'lahle, Desert,
and Tea Knives! Forks and Stsvons, Spoon
Do. trs. Nankin Ring,, Children's Mugs,
Pltkle and Cruel Stands, llutler Howls,
Card Receivers, Fruli Standi, Preserve
Nlcklemotintnl Tea Sett, In pari or whole,
Jtry neal and deslialilej (tain Cooking
Utensils In large variety,
MilTans. Pudding ami plain lUsins, Milk
Hollers! Rice. Jelly, and Icecream Moulds;
new patterns In Stew Pans.
SAUCEPANS Enameled and tinned Iron, front j pint
lo v, gallon.
"Toilet Self, Toilel Slaudt, Water Cooterl
Cake, Cash, and Knife Hoses j Spittoons,
Cuspidors, Children's 'Trait.
Fairbanks' Platform, Counter, and Kitchen
McJine Plows, Shovels, Spades, Hoes, Rakes,
Rico and Manure F.nkt, Oos, Ho. Ilamlles,
Plow Handles and Reams.
ICE CHESTS and REFRIGERATORS.
HAI.DWIN FODDER CUTTERS-Three sire,, 1,,
1, ii, ami j inch cut, an A 1 article.
Warranted liesl grades New York standard,
and ratlvliieil, ii, ),', 1, i), ,(, , Inch
Hose, nortes and sprinklers, tic,
PI.UMIIER AND TINSMITHS MATERIAL
Sheet Lead, 9 to 14 His. souare foot j Soil liie,
lead and call iron i Water Closets, Cases
Sheet 'IlnJ Sheet Coiiper, clean and tinned,
r, to 60 or,; Hose llihhs, Rosin; sinks,
black and enameled : ditto Washstands J
Sheet Zinc; Soft Solder, our own make,
GALVANIZED IRON PIPE -W lo. Inch; elhow.,
'T reducers, plugs, bushing.
PI IT. VICES, take to J inch .lie ; slock, and diet,
cuts )i lo 3 inch pipe.
HIRD CAOE.S Largest variety Jr. market, ainled,
hrtghl, anl brass wire.
IIAI1Y CARRIAGES. Hoys' Wheelliarrows and Go
llalTajuslly-celeUated Fire ami Hurglar proof
Safes. W. keep in stock the largest assort,
ment of Safes to lie found west of California.
Cuts mailed upon application.
GELETTS ICE MACHINES:
Just Ihe thing for use oil plantations wheie
steam Is available. Small sire makes iz It...
ice in four hours! second sire. 70 lbs. in seven
hours. Cuts, with full direction for woiking,
mailed to your address on application, we
are aulhoiled lo deliver Ihese machines
alongside at makers' prices, adding only cost
ol imcking.casct and freights.
CUSTOM WORK of all kinds In tin, cornier, and
sheet-iron working attended to. Work.shop
over store. Work esecutcd by comtetciil
workmen al reasonable prices.
ih:aver ulock, fort street.
" Nimble slspenee belter than a slow shilling'' and
W DON'T FORGET IT. .at 150 if
COR THIRTY DAYS 1 1
Cominrnrliiy un Mnmliiy, Ocl. 11, ISHll,
CIIAS. J. FISIIEL WILL OI'l-KK
AatouudInK Barsjatus In Millinery
Priorlct the departure of MISS'EMRICK for lie
States, on the Mariposa, leaving here about October
151I1, 1893, w. vsillmak.
A (I in ml jUlraranrr Sntr of MUllHtry,
To mak. riwm for our cstcnslv. stock, which will
U purtliawl l,y MISS EMRICK In p.r.
sun, and Is lo arrive here about
the middle of November.
Our REDUCTIONS are GENUINE, and need
only lo U seen by careful buicrt lo U
appreciated. Reuinants U all
Special ail tin km ii called lo lh. above announterneai,
'( F'ttrlrfs anil Low Vrlcr sr rursH.f ,
Kjrrrff.il In tkl City I
ll l.'lo ihe INIKkr.ST U EVHKYHOIir la call
and k. lUs. IIAKUIANS, whether wishing loUy
All Goodt will U tuaiksd III 4aU (gins, arul
ur Mui.li nut cams o.v.i.-m
cmas. 4. ruuux,
THKjLEADtNO MIIJ.1NKHY MOUSE,
$& CH.r,,,tjJ 11.11 SlruU.
Ce mtrMtr, .W mmj Nmm Stni.
'.' tl , r