Newspaper Page Text
' . ;
Voi.UMK IV, NuMIUiU 2 1.
ro iti.irirt'ir. .'.itu r.
.lire M'f(itrr irjirr,
Wlieii nsVnl Id ptrpite n jnprr In In? frail
lirfnn? (lilt inrtllni,;, I ilrairtst In line Mime
topic nMfnnl me. In ifintite lwnnlnl
to illtrrstiitr1 upon any loc miiafrslrsl In rue liy
my mtH-tlctire In ImcIiIiii; I'ii llie mind of rt
teacliet nf rttwtfcm-r, innny nAr irsenl
llirinTltr sslllell nil;til In? Mrt.thpil llin,
iwtiy ulili Iwnrfiohl rrailt. In nllrtnpllni!
.1 tliolre nf sulijrfl I iIyIiIm1 In irmitk iihhi
nrte fMlurr nf llie wink In vtlilrli I urn nt
picsfnl cnRiu! one wliltli it n pfniire (if nnirli
annoysiifr In me, runt, If In mr, ll mini 1m
tnntr nr Ina n Irhl In rvriy mil- ui;i;ol In
In llir small sclinol lint I li,itr Rilliitnl
hIkiiiI inc, I kirtiCti1irly ilcslrc In Ir-acli vsliit
miEiil lictrninil an "nfculnnlc murtc" 'I lie
following Mil (if my plin irc-iiime In llnr
vslinm I rrtrlvc n piipllt n ccrt.iln amount nf
knowledge nripiltnl, nnl so ntslmllilcil thai
fnrcvrr It tli.ill lir n p.nl of thr impll'i lntcrn.1l
In very few case h ivr I fonml piipilt so
ptcntcil 1111 wh.-il (liey liavc ttinlicsl. They
have all Ik-cii through miny luniks, IhiI llicy
luve lint u.ii1c the CuiitenlH a inviscssIihi,
lonMnnlly as c arc ImlMIni; up llicslrnelmc
of rilucfltlrin, sve have lo turn our attention In
whip flaw m total ileficicncy In llic fminilalioti.
Time cannot lie Inken In o hark ami lay llie
fimiililimi over again. It would Ik: Hie lct
lliini; In the end In ilo so, Imt life Is tulcf,
time, tint priceless treasure, hat lieen tint and
cannot lie trcmrrcil. We Insert at niiicli a
xsllilc nf (lie missing lirick or slnnc, and
llicn o nil with the siiu.-rstiiictiiic. Hut
whenever I have to tin such nlcli-ivnrk a
this, I feci Mich a ilissalisfiriinn alioill thejoh
as only fcllnvv-tcachcrs, Irmililcil in like man
ner, can appreciate. The edifice which should
he fair anil complete, latrjc nml roimnodloin,
ii Imilt mon an Iiiint-th-ct fiiiiiulalloii.
With much diffidence ( sntiinit under three
lirail what appear to me In he some of the
came of impeifect eaily work. 'hit l-'aiill
of patents; Stton.i l-'anlis of tchnol-lxMiil in
selecting teacher for primary workj Thiil
I'aulu of the teachers themscUcs.
The fmlu of the parents are, chiefly t
periniltiiif; children In lie irregular In nttcn
dance at school j .liiii'iii( pupils from one
scIkkiI In another : allow in); cscn )(iin;
chlldicn to lake part in social reunions 4n fre
rpiently as In Interrupt school studies ; taking,
little or no interest in the studies that occupy
the Imsy little hrains.
The faults of school Imards are
accepting the application of any one who wants
In try leachlnc; clvlni; In such Ijrns the most
ImMrtant department of education ; pa)iii;
lllilerally ihc work that should he the best
The faults of teachers may Ik: lack of pati
ence nrul perseverance; iearyiii; of a phase of
teaching necessarily monotonous ; not coming
down from the mountain-top of the imjure
mind, to Ihc little valley iixn which the sun
of knowledge is casfing its dawning Ix-ains
Some of the essential rpialitics a goml
primary teaclwr must have are a Jivine fUi
met, a htmly intcmt in each individual child,
an untiring faithftilntitf grtal (httruliitis ami
tome leihlttntst. All teachers should have most
of these qualities, hut the ideal primary teacher
requires every one of them. Little pupils arc
to lie taught cverjthlng. The nnmlH-r and
ariely of distinct Impressions which a child's
mind receives from its first "taking notice" till
it be eight or nine years old far exceed all that
will be required of its capacity afterward. The
learning of the alphabet is harder than the
learning of the multiplication table, and that
is far harder than the tons asinoiiim.
The little child on entering school should
begin tu learn punctuality, thoroughness, dill
gence and a proier regard for others as well
as the printed type of his lxjoks. The placing
of a child's mind in Ihc proper attittite for
study is the first and most inqmrlant thing.
The alue of time mtiil lie taught by a recip
rocal punctuality between pupil and teacher.
Lessons should be short, but frequent; so that
the child's interest may not flag. I'requcnt
recesses should be given young children, dur
ing which active play should lie required by
the teacher. When play time is over the
teacher should insist iimii a prompt rel'irn to
study, leaching that whatever one finds to do
should be done with all one's might; with full
consent of body, mind, and heart. If there arc
many in the class, the teacher must be very
like a shepherd, leading, guiding, carrying,
going back for loiterers so as to keep the flock
together. An advance should not be made
till each little mind firmly grasp the idea
presented. The expression of the child's face
is a sure indication in this resH.-ct. If the
class push on and leave one liehind, it is an
injustice to that one. Sometimes the iliviiK
palitntt of the teacher is much abused by
larincss, and by mcnts peiiniulug Irregularity,
How all but vain it seems to preach punctu
ality and rcgularily to children who see their
parents daily practice a method directly the
reverse! Who is right the iarenl or the
ti-achcr ? the child asks. Children must not lie
taught to question the opinions of their
parents, nilhcr should they be taught to ques
tion those of their teacher. If parents would
but comprehend, that the influence of paient
and teacher double each other, when liutli work
in the tame way to tmpicss the little jieoplc'
both ate educating, more satisfactory progress
would be made.
The teacher of little minds must constantly
remind herself (I say hirstlf K-causu I don't
liellcvc any man living combines tke requisite
qualities for primary teaching) (hat tittle minds
like little feel, iict.il an ever leady liatnl tn
guide, and uphold them In the course Ihey
traverse. One must sloop from grown-up
heights In ttie plane of their Ignorance. It is
all a climb to Ihcin, The teacher must no,
lie diuagcil nt slow progress. After a time,
if ihc beginning lie thorough, the work will
move on more rapidly. Fitlbi !t is a gil
motto for piimary wink,
One of the best Imuks to-put Into Ihc hind
of primary teachers Is "Talks on Teaching," i
iciHJit of some lectures by Colonel I'aikrr, the
uiigtiialur of what is known as the " Quincy
system." His ideas arc mainly applicable to
primary work, , individually, do not ice
unjlhlng tu be gained by some of his methods;
especially those applicable to leading and
spelling, but his chapter oil the teaching of
arithmetic and that aUu( geography seem tu
Now, If among the lyros whom the boaids of
education petuiit tu liy their hand at leaching,
such a wj avit apois, as a teacher endowed
with all the virtues I have enumerated, the
teppy tuaril that discovers her, should put her
in choree of a primary dciailnienl, on-1 nay
kx.talikeU,yiioviiks, that she il
sssssti IsJk --- Siu ! ' I.a.I.bI B.a .
scniunl of a liigrr nahljf lying, a imw, offereil
for work not sn valmblr. Thr iiiragre ay
glvfn piinnry Iwfher Is one grcil mute nf
llie Inefficiency of piimiry work. No one
rcimlns In sn 11 1 - (vntil ,1 n longer than I
neccruy In srriira promotion, 'llir-dcpait
inrnt sulfern Itoin the rlnngn In lis hrrnl.
Thr tulmsry drmtlmrnt Is the mmt Immrltnt
nfnll. All llnl crimen rtfier enn never lenmlv
df fectlvr work In this, while thorough work In
this renders raster nil Ihtt follows, 'then let
such woik Ik nld in pioportion to fit
llrr. f. M, Illill- nit luihltlllill I'llllrrtllmu
Is tuffictenl prominence given In Industrial
education In the present administration of the
llawnllin public school system ?
When Ihc day schools, first established by
the Ameiiotri missionaries for llie public
inslrurllon of Hawaiian children, were i.mei
over by them In the Hawaiian (Snvrrnment tn
be assumed ns n public elnigo, Willi tin Kith
null was appointed minhltr of public In
Unction, September lo, lH0. 1'roiii hlvfirsl
rcK,it we team that there were 18141 pipits,
Imt noltilng Is said of ilieiiiimlier of scliools,
Ihc methods nnplnjril, nrtlu- results rearlicil.
Hut, from lh! very first the training of the
young tu Industrial pursuits had l-en a promi
nent objecl in the organisation of the mission
schools. One of Ihc first band of missionaries
sent In Ihc Islands was n firmer, with n family
ol six children of his own. Hut he found
little cnll for hit l.ilx.ts and toon relumed
home. A printer and a liook-bindcr were
more essential factors In the wnrk of the mis
slon nnd nilivc help was from the very first
railed in In learn and practice the mysteries of
Ihosi1 fiindauientnl adjuncts In public education
ami national literature, Ihc printer's and the
Imok-birulcr's handicraft, (treat Interest was,
from the very first, shown in ihc wonders of
"the talking pipers," and schools were soon
organireil : and those llawalians, who were
first Initialed Into the knowledge of the "pl-a-pa"
were set to work In coiiifliiinlcntc at
once tn others what they had learned. As
new mission stations were opened and some
degicc of civilization attained, this question
was foiced iimiii llie missionaries. " In what
productive industry can lhc.se Ilanaiians be
profitably employed for their own fuller devel
opment ?" There never grew up mound nny
mission station in these islinds such estab
lishments ns the Human Catliohc padres in
California turned to such good primary ac
count for the benefit of the various "missions"
they built. Hut time afler time, llie mission
aries tried to introduce the cultivation or
manufacture of such articles as might find
ready sale .at home, or a satisfactory market
nbroad. Arrow-root, wheat, potatoes, ginger,
rice, coffee, cotton, silk, sugar each had its
lime of trial and of failure. Now, after disap
pointments ami lioics that would have daunted
any persons less energetic and iersecring, it
has been found that sugar can l cultivated
at a profit, if other lilior than Hawaiian can
tic employed, and some other country, like
the great and good sovereign people of the
United States, will give the Hawaiian suirar.
planter the profits possible under a reciprocity
treaty. .At one time when the cotton manu
facture was in its infancy in the United States,
the attempt was made lo teach Hawaiian
women lo spin and weave ; but a few dingy
sliis nf coirsu blue cloth nre all that are now
left to tell the story of that attempt and failure.
When the common schools w ere organized,
as one department of the new constitutional
government, nothing is said of industrial edu
cation in that section of the legislative act,
which defines " the object of the common
schools, stipiHirteil by the government." The
scope is limited, namely, "to instruct the
children of the nation in good morals, and in
the rudiments of reading, w riling, geography,
arithmetic, and of other kindred elementary
brandies." Hut that this was not the maxi
mum of the work the government proposed to
undertake is evident from the establishment of
other sihooli, and grants in aid to other
schools. The Hoy's Kami SchoVl at Haleakala,
was established in iSCS, discontinued Augnst
1S78 : March 1S65, the Industrial and Re
formatory schools, at Kapalama was opened
with 15 lioys.' Section 3 of the Act, first
passed Oecemlier 30th, 1864, but teviscd July
21, 1S70 provides that, "ll shall be lawful for
the board of education lo Institute and estab
lish industrial and reformatory schools in any
part of the kingdom, when the same shall be
deemed necessary, and when funds shall be
available by legislative, appropriation for that
object." Hut litis school at l'alama is what it
called in other countries, a "house of cor
rection," "house nf detention," or "juvenile
asylum" mainly a place for youthful crinii
nals. It is expressly slated, section .ith, "The
only object of the said industrial-and refor
matory schools shall lie the detention, man
agement, education, cmplojment, reformation
and maintenance of such children as shall be
committed thereto, as orphans, vagrants,
lumps, living an Idle or dessolulc life, who
shall be duly convicted of any crime or misde
meanor, who shall lie suitcndcred to the lioard
of education as guardians thereof for the term
of Iheir minority, or who shall be received at
such xiliooU as hereinafter provided." Section
8, "It shall be lawful for the board of edu
cation in its discretion tu receive into such
industrial and reformatory schools, the chil
dren umler fifteen vcais of age, "of parents,
guardians, or adoptive parents, wlui shall de
sire the same."
Mr. Kichards, the first nvnistcr of public
instruction, died November 7th, 1847. In the
first iqtt of Doctor Annsliong, who ac
ccpted the office May Sill, 88, he slatci the
whole number of pupils In m 15,620, recent
legislation having excluded those over 16, who
had continued on in school not for any pin
mse of education, but tu avoid the lalmr tax,
that remnant of predial servitude which had
continual to be enforced uimii an unwilling
people, In classifying llie children In the
540 common tchools iipoilrd, 7,874 arc
reckoned as readers of the national language,
4,976 as writers, 6,976 at having acquired
some knowledge of arithmetic, 4.4J5 of geog
lall,y 77s f moral philosophy, and 177S0J
vocal music. It is much In be desired that we
had some report of what the 3,518 Hawaiian
scluilars of llie present day In the 134 common
schools are busy aUiut j how far they have
gone in the rudiments ol the meagre education
Hut It still dolol out to them.
We are not to Infer, however, lliat in those
eaily das of the Hawaiian common schoul
system, the matter of Industrial education was
not given any place or any prominence. Doc
tor Armstrong xavi in his first tcioit, 1851,
I', aj. " The subject of manual lalmr, especl.
ally agriculture, In connection with the
schools, has not been neglected 1 on the con
trary, it has been considered a matter of prime
mpoitonce, and las crwajsed the uurt mrrwos
tieatiotv. Under the iitvuwottoa that indo-
truer It nnc nf the great muter evils, which
hinders the prngrrs nnd Ihrmlrns Ihc ruin n
the Hawaiian rare, nml knowlntt no mrant vt
eflectual for removing ll nt Inculcfiliiig hibllt
of Industry iqnm llie lining, Ihc subject Ins
lieen kept constantly liefoie the minds of thr
tniplr. Circulars, sanctioned by the king and
council, lnvi1 Ik-mi Issued from time In Urn",
enjoining iqion rtrcnli, superintendents and
teachers the Importance of Industry and author
trim; each Icacher of a government school tu
devote a irtlon of every fair day tn Itbnr with
hit scholux, the avails of which lalmr shall l,.
long In Ihemselret. At several school eximlii.v
Hunt when I wat present, It wat delightful In
witness the exhibition of the fruits of industry,
such nt money, mats, and lint Ings, needle work
and other iillclc exhibited in turn by the sev
rial scholars as results of their work In intervals
of school hours." He adds, " ll must he con
fessed that our succett In this p-irlictihr hat
been small. The Inculcation of industrious
habits iiKin Ihc nalise children Is a slow nnd
difficult work, Indolence Is natural tu man 1
Industrious habits are tu lie acquired, and
when pirciils-arc Indolent and do not appre
ciate Industry, the work ir training their
children to the love ol lalxir Is doubly difficult
and must necessarily be stow, I do not feel
discouraged however 1 In no put of Ihc work
of educalltoti do I feel more interest linn In
this, and with the help of Cod I shall picscrve
It It well known that these Ideas and mcth
mis nf Doctor Armstrong In nnnaging the I la
wailin schools have been the Inspiration and
guide nf his distinguished ton, (!cn. I), C.
Aimstrorig in that, hrge and model institution
he hat built up at Hampton, Virginia, for thr
education of Negroes and Indians.
Doctor Armstrong died September 20, 1S60,
In the report of the lioanl of education In the
legislation of 1S62, in alluding to Ihc discon
tinuance of the I lac- Hawaii, at the close
ol 1861, we arc Informed that In the six
years of lit publication "a great amount of
Information Ins lieen given lo llie people no
a variety of subjects. particular attention
has been given lo agricultural topic's, and
every ilcpirlincnt of industry applicable In the
native population," The establishment of a
weekly ncwsiaper as the organ of the lniard of
education, and sustained by special grants,
wat another of Doctor Armstrong's- shrewd,
practical wavs of accomplislunig a great gmid
at a minimum of expense. There are possibil
itlct of achieving great good in connection
with some of the now-numerous weekly Ha
waiian newspipers, which 1 can only wish I
had the time and strength tn develop into a
sort of university for the people, taking up the
methods that arc now an wpular in the United
States, in the Chataqua school and corres.
There arc allusions lo manual lalmr done
in different schools in almost every published
bennial report. In the report for 1876, p. 1 (,
we read, "The Ijoard also still place great
reliance, at a means of practical instruction and
improvcincntf upon the introdjction of manual
labor - into llie common schools." Vet after
the facts which have been mentioned and the
language of Doctor Armstrong, 25 )cart pre-vi'kisIv-
.in hit. reiiort for i tt j r '.K..l to
such manual lalnir, it seems unaccountable
that tlie'next sentence t should read, "This
system hat woikcd well : and If it is faithfully
and heartily carried out by the teachers, it
must exercise n beneficial influence upon the
children. A habit of industry, a respect for
labor, n desiic for wages, and a willingness lo
work, arc certainly mailers ol instruction,
which ought to be instilled into the minds of
the rising generation."
Probably the special reference is in the act,
approved July 13, 1874, which provides that,
section I, " It shall be lawful for the lioard of
education to include agricultural and industrial
pursuits among the brandies of instruction
taught by in the public schools o( the king
dom." In subsequent sections, 3 and 4, it is
provided that government land may be rented
fqr this purpose.
In the last biennial report for 18S2, there
is this paragraph aliout industrial education.
" The pupils of almut 45 of the common
schools, devote two nf the five hours daily,
schooling to agricultural lalmr. These schools
are situated in localities where suitable and
remunerative work can lie obtained for the
pupils ; and it generally relieves Ihc parents
from the tax on them for'school Imoks, and
gives the pupils habits of practical industry.
Kducation is too often prejudicial to the tailor
ing interest of a country. In fact, the general
tendency of most any school system is to lead
the young to seek employments that engage
the head nnd tn neglect llime that call for the
use of the hands. Hut it is evident thai a
large portion nf our population must dcvend
uHin agricultural and industrial pursuits for
means of subsistence. Hence Industrial edu
cation is alisnlutely necessary- for jit as a
people. To learn to work with the hands Is
and should 1 a part of our common school
education i or should at least lie commended
and encouraged by the teachers."
This last sentence nf the alxire paragraph
it altogether too tame and nonchalant a dis
Kition of such a vitally Inqioitant matter,
" Industrial education must la- made a.pait of
the common school education," should lie the
motto and olicy of the l-oard. Hut In this
city of Honolulu where there arc such facili
ties for this undertaking. What have the
scholars done for the last six years and more
in the way of manual lalmr, an)th!ng more
than once or twice a year rhaps pulling a
few weeds from some neighboring house plot ?
It there not pressing need of new plant and
method of carrying out the original and wisely
considered policy of the Hawaiian system of
public instruction ? Hot it been aUiiidoucil
silently and suddenly as foredoomed to fail
ure? Or has industrial education cn left
out fiom sheer neglect of what ought rather lo
have been fostered and develoiKil by new
regulations and new methods adapted to the
cliangcd conditions of the problem ?
tor there have been in these last few vears
changes alike in Ihc views of thoughtful men in
legal d to thl whole subject of public Instruc
tion, as well as sail changes in the condition of
affairs in regard to the Hawaiian nation ami
the Hawaiian government.
The tendency to a purely liieiary standard
of progress ami culture hat occasioned a feel
ing of alarm at the dangeis of a one-sided
development. When wyj from the best
families of a populous city gather In its public
library, after muddling their brains with dime
novels at the public cicnse, to conceit
schemes of arson and robbery, (here is a ques
tion Ihrust upon t-ven the most careless parents
for them to consider) It Intellectual or scien
tific, or artistic culture the whole of a good
education? It U human perversity quite as
much as childish ignorance that aduiiic the
rascality and violence of thieve anjssin u
If their rile laUdccds showed worulciiul wiari-
nessnnd boldness. When gtadintet of our
high wlmols nre unwilling In Inke tip the mm
moil implotmcnlt which rienl skilled Itlmr,
and wr wrk In vain men qualified n- mechanic
and nrrrseers; when these railutlrt prefer
genteel Hiverty at counter juniors or even a
coward's death nt suicide, is II a good nlurn
tion which shows such results not as exceptional
Instance, tint at Its legitimate irmlrtiey? In
one of ih- early ttalltllril rrKiii of the
Hawaiian schools, under the head of I'mplny
rnenl of (Iradiivlet, we are I old that those frnrn
the Lali,iliialiin-i Seminary hue becnlne
"school lenchert, luesichetl, gnvernment offb
rers, firmer nml vngalmudt."
Hint on hat taken a long step in advance In
Ihit mailer of industrial education. It has lit
sch'Mil of technology tu which It It proKised In
add n wnrkshop of mechanic art ; it hat it
school of design In Irain eye and hand In facile
achievement of new and beautiful rlfecls in
home decoration! nnd textile manufacture.
Hut beside these sjieclal schools for training
for industrial pursuits, it Is seeking In engnlL
upon Ihc common school the educated skill tn'l
handicraft which give mwcr more'really than
any amount of look knowledge. Instruction
In sewing hat for some time lieen given lo the
pupils in the girls' school. In New Vnrk
city It is given in the first, second and third
grade of primiry schools ami department. In
the Dwlghl public sclmol in lloilon, under the
auspice of a new society, the " IndtHrlal
School Association," a room w.it filled up for
tegular instruction In joinery. In the Massa
chusetts Slate rcpoit lor 1882 is given in full
llie course of eighteen lessons glscn In two
classes of eighteen Imys each, each taking two
hours' lime every week. There is also given
a very interesting ncmiint of llie rapid progress
of a tvsli-ui of woik school in Sweden, with
the course of study nnd the various objects
manufactured by each class. This system was
first started In 1872, but an exhibition was
held in 1SS0 in which 147 such schools com
pcled for prize. The Jews ol Vienna have an
industrial school in which children of their
race arc taught the mechanical and artisan
trades. It has already turned out 1500 skilled
mechanic. Ivst year the school had over
250 pupils of whom 40 were learning to be
carpenter's or cabinet makers, 65 blacksmiths,
60 shoemakers, 25 turner of wood and metal,
and 40 whitesmiths. Other were licing
trained at wheelwrights or designers.
"What the children of Ihc common schools,
and especially the children of the poor, need,
is some training that shall fit them for their
work in life. At a matter of fad, out of the
20,000 chlldicn who enter the New Vork city
schools in any one jcar, only 50 per cent, of
these get as much as a three years' education,
and but 25 per cent, of these persevere during
the four remaining- scars of the grammar school
course. The course of study comprehends a
scheme of education admirably fitted, it is true,
to make instable scholars of the 2500 who
pursue it to the end of the grammar course,
(to say nothing of the special attainments of
those very few proportionally who enter the
normal school, or the city college), but is it
well adapted to the practical needs of the
seven-eighths of the scholars who have so few
years of school liie at'I-'-i !n- I'lic Indus
trial school established some years sWc ,..
Mr. Charles G. Lcland, of Philadelphia.
affords a single illustration of whit might be
done on a larger scale in connection with the
common schools. Mr. Inland gives to classes
of children, selected from the public schools.
two or three hours' instruction every week,
in designing, painting, modelling, wood-
carving and embroidery. The time given lo
these scholars is inconsiderably short, yet so
great is their application, and so quick their
intelligence, that after twenty lessons, it is
easy for them to find places in a great variety
of manufacturing establishments.
"Another experiment in the same line, even
more interesting than Mr. Leland's, liecause
undertaken in direct connection with the
public school system, is that of Mr. Camp,
Principal of the Dwight School, New' Haven.
This has been in operation only a few
months : it it supiorted at Mr. Camp's jicr
sonal expense, and without adequate accom
modations in the school building. A selection
is made from the bo)S of the higher grades,
according tn merit in this case, determined
by the monthly average of their marks for
lessons, attendance, an(. deportment.
"For lack of room only twenty-four lioys
have the privilege of admission to the indus
trial department, in two classes of twelve jich,
working on alternate days. Usually the
111,1 iks so shift that nearly all the lioys In
the higher grades in Mr. Camp's school have
an opportunity during the )ear to enter the
work-shop and learn the Use of the jack-plane
and the saw. This is not an Ideal system ;
since, on the one hand, It scarcely allows the
boy the opportunity to liecnme proficient in
the use of tools ; while, on the other hand, it
seems to discriminate against those who might
make good mechanics, though they have, not
mental facility enough to get lo llie head of
the class. The prospect of admission to the
work-shop, however, acts at an incentive to
boys who are Intellectually dull ; and the
rule is not so inelastic but lint U may 1
stortchcil in case any one dUplajs 'sjiecial
aptitude as a mechanic. Mr. Uiand, it is
understood promises an enlargement of his
plans. If report be true, he has now In hand
a work In which he will set forth the possibil
ity of practically prewiring Imys for agricul
tural callings, gills for housekeeping, cooking
and the like, and in short of lajing the ground
woik for all Industry, even in childhood."
The present lioard of education luvc made a
laudable beginning in the line of the industrial
education advocated in this, iaper by estab
lishing work-shops at Uhainaluna and at the
reform school under Mr. Waller Hill. Ills
not necessary for us to organlic another asso
ciation to promote this idea of engrafting
industrial education uioiithe common school
system of this cuntiy. The everinicnt can
be tried lo advantage here in Honolulu, and
the Nurd of education n.i, ample funds at Its
disosal for lh prosecution of this cnteipiise.
There ic nosv nnny lines of Industry in this
city In which boys ami gills can be (rained in
classes under government ufc!rvision, without
Interference with purely liieiary advancement.
Carpentry and jointly ami cabinet making,
blvcksmilhlng, tailoring, (ttintlng, printing,
book-binding, shoenuklng, wood turning,
baking, gaidening, laundry work, tewing,
dressmaking, machine tewing, plain sewing,
nursing all these might easily l taught, If
only suitable provision 1 made for claue. A
house, for Instance, could be procured ami a
coiiipsjcnt matron secured 10 teach lite giili
nuking beds, arranging and caring for fur
nlture and untensils, cooking a supivr, etc.,
etc. In like manner a room could be fittest up
for carpentry, or for other trad, and a class
regularly taught. It la shameful and ruwosn
(CONTlNUHf ON HtTU YMit.)
ISLANDS, JANUARY i9f 1884.
SMITH ft TIIUKBTOfJ, I U' O, Jjuitn,
I I. A. III! won
.lllnrnrjli 1,1 Istir,
Hn t Mwimiit ttmiiT llintnnn
txn.MAM o, .'mmi n Co,
1 1 A,'lHrpmt I
1 W O, tnirii
Voi-fc oiol ffi" V.iUilr llrnkert,
No H Mfwriitnr Rtt ...llonouirv
ilUI.il.Hil.tJ In ftft)
Hnr IliliUlfcm, lUilraad, I'tlcplrtn nnd .lyf Cot
pniitltM Sims, limb ami similar HKtirilje,
Itoonur ahii Htm 0 CnuMinm
Mmwy IsmaiI wi rsWk fsWtulilm
CJ H. IjOLB.
Viwiftlnr nf Ijiif nml Saturn I'ulillr,
CnHr I'ot ahii MatciMNr Smart, IIoii.im
QLAIlEHCtt W, ASIIFOHD,
Jttoriiri), .Inltrlliir, Kir.',
No 15 ICaamumsnij SrrT ;,, i,,mnrer.u
XT It. CASTLE,
Mliivm-tl 11I I, , 1, r 111,, I Sntm-fi I'lil.llr.
Atrt. all tli-i Court r.f lb" KiiiKJom.
Athirnrii itml I'minni-lnr til Lmr,
li Foiit Sri-rrr
A LPKBD S. HARTWELL,
Orricr ...Ov IIsnk or llisiior A Co
Honolulu, 1 1.1
T-tS. CUMMIHGS & MARTIN
Silrili-iiim mill llnmirfmlhlr I'liynlrlmiM.
OrMCKUiaNr-B r'rJUTANn llPHPTANIASr..
Oflice Hours Unliln a. M., ami (mm l-a&nfl&jo-S r.H.
VT B. EMERSON, M. D.
I'hlfnlrlmi mill Sttrurtiit.
MoNOLUII- . . It I
'IrLneiiniR Numrrr ,49.
Office bollrs frnm fil! lo totC a. m.; lU In itC .. n.
Oifice ami Residence, No. a Kukui srreer, corner 1'orl
TM. WHITNEY, M. D., D. D. S.
Itrtilul Itiiimin 1111 Vurl Strert,
HoKOieiu . H. I.
Omce. in Itresver Itlork. corner Itme and P..,
Slreelt, entriiM-eon I del hlreet. I
I7ILL1AM B. MCALLISTER,
l-FRMANFNTLV UKArKD IW IIOKOeirLU.
Office, corner of Kort an-l Hotel street, over 'IreRlxin'
Particular attention Haiti In rest.iratinn i.ot.1 fillmc
kel)inCon go-xl work at reav,nat.te charge lo ain
Ine cuiiriifeiKe oTlhe public. 5Son
A G. ELLIS,
tin. 7 riiiEFM Stkh-t . UoNoeeiL
.MeniJyrofthellonoliitiiStocltand llond Kxchanxe.
Isiireuareil to bus-ami. mII Srotkinil Itnml. in ,!.
oucil la&rket. at llie usual rale u( eiiiiimi.sini
lias money lo tun on Stocks. Small marging re-
-Vrl M 1 lout nr.nirrt.
, ,1, rf.ivts 4, iu iiivcMmiii. viien rtiueita.
P O. HALL & SON (Mmiteui
IMPORTERS AND CiKAeFRS IN
Utlrilinirr anil ftritrral Mrrrliitwllnr,
CORNI-K OF KlNO AND FoKT STRrtTS, IfONOtULU
William W. Hall I'reJJcnl unj Manazer
IM C. Abies , Secrctars- and Treasurer
I' C Jones, Jr. . Auditor
Uirectorl r.. u. Hall, LeorccK. Howe. 151
O M. CARTER,
litrtil In Inhr Arktnnrtrlymrtit tn ;,-
irilrlm Iu iMhur.
HoNoee-LU, Hawaiian Islands.
Office at Pacific Mail Slcamsh.p Ilock, Klanaje. tj
T3 W. LAINE.
CoiiiiiilnntiiHrr nf Itml
For the State of California, for In- Hawaiian Island,,
and General Agent for llie Pacihc Mutual Ijfe. In
surance Cofaiiany of California. 1,7
TNO. A. HASSINGER,
lyrnt In tithr ArknuirlnltfmrHla Con
trnrtm fur Iihur,
Interior Orrici HaioevLU
JOHN H. PATY,
Sntury J'llhtlr nml C'ftMli,Wiifuii nf ttrrtln,
For the Slales of California and New Yurk. Ome
at the Hank cf llisho, ft Co.
HoNoiueii, Osiiu, If. 1, 1
P T. LENEHAN & Co.
imynrtrri rinif VnMHilnttnn 3frrrltHHt.
Nuimnu Strut, HoNoeuee.
YCAN & CO,
intpurlefM mul ilriilrra tit till Afiofs nf
Mlr Mnmls, Ftlitry lltiwl;
Nns. 10 AND 107 KottT StRKKT IIONOLe'LL
Funtirure. Chairs. SewTne Machines. Mirrors and
Mirrur I'Utes. ISslure Frames aiwl Cornice made in
order. v 17 V r
C BREWER, At COMPANY,
tlfnrrat MrrrtittlUrmnl Cnmmtaitnn Ayrnta
Qlucn Stsfict, Honolulu.
Officers I1. C. tone. lr.. tirrtiilcnl an.l nuniwr.
,mkm( s saiirr, ireasuicr ana scireiary. mrettorll
llwis. Cliillrt k. llishopand II. A. '. lililer; Henry
May, auuiur, jag
yirufrr III Cttalrml Hrrf, I'ral, MmIIvh, Kir,
No. 6 Qui.N Srstitr, Fish Marukt.
Family anvl Shipf-in; order carefully atteisdeU 10.
Uve Sloik. futniswj to Vessels at ihorl nol kv,
VejeraWc of all kinds suf-tjlicd tu order.
Tslfhon No. a.,.
Jt S, GRINBAUM Co,
Imfmrlrrt ami tllii'lrm.ili, llriilm In Urn
MtkRit lluicic Qc.in Srmst, lloKolieci
TUT S. GRINBAUM ft Co.
furirurtlUu miJ CoiiimCftlui, Mrrrhaul;
114 Caiifornia Sr., San Francisco,
ScUt faciluic for and lurlkuLr alleirfwii iaid Iu
llMMf llBteiMB V ,.tl,4 IS1VH.
CAnuiiMiiHe ClJrr Mwiufarlaru,
No. ) l.uoiA SrsT , .llouoeutu
This health insi.uraliti tevcraja It for sal at all I he
L-adusjC satuoru in its cuy. Order from the cxUr
isuirjv iixair aucuocq. io iss
J'loMrrr Mlrm I'hm.Iu Mmiufurlory 11 h J
HokoLe'eu t. 1,
IVaslical Coafeaeiiar, Pastry Cwk and luler,
Nuuiucf 71 llstl mm, lleea t-uKaaJ Nuiunu
0LL1STER Ik Co..
rsiasl aavol MtluU ltrm00Ut statet T
tvetrewaiets. No. iuNuCU StRRRT .,, ....ttOkuLVLtf
ItittrhinitKtr, tfrtrrtpr, V,uirtvtr, ttmt
So. mi F'.tur TifrT ltniMi
All M.ufItJJ AjiitL W
lllYll flml XlinrintthrU
tin, 114 FoRiUjr . rrisiT i'itiio,!nH'
p 11. oRDiiidSsSOcM r 10
Jrirree rrri,7rrfiiorr, "
Fretlil. I'arkastrt, n llu ,Mirernl liarl fr,m
ll tRiils of llnnotiihf !! rvihitf lttlitl at
lerrfton al.l tn nvnni I urnrtur. with
WAGONS KXI'KKHfl.V fOlt llir I'Ultl-OSK
rele.lmne , Hnilewi- n ISin. I.t.rwl meet.
fWice, (ft Kin Sltfet. ,,,(,
JVA PHILLIPS ft Co.
Iniliiittrf nml nimtrtiilr llritlrrt hi II11II1.
nil. 1101,1., filiiir; llttlt, Jlrii't fur'
iilthliif tin,,. I., I'mtril llnmlw, l.lr.
No. 11 KtsMi maiu SrRFirr
tllAKLBS T, OULICK, '
Snlilry I'tihllr, Allrill In ItlUr ,lAiuirV,f(.
tnruln In tjihnr I'nlitrttrl; 11111
llrttrrill fruer- Aurtil,
Omce in Makre't lit-a-li, at corner I Ineen an-l Kaahu-
mwu Miertt, llonr-tnl f ly
C J. LEVEY ft CO.,
n'hnlrmlr' mul lUltill llinrm,
FORT StREKT . .lloii.I.I.Xtl
fresh etoreries an.1 proIi!o of all llmkon han.1 an.1
rtreived rrirtilirly from f uro ami America wlikli
will be sold allheloweM market rales.
Gontls delitere,! many tart cf llie city flee of charge.
Islind orders lirilril ami nn ilenti.xi will U
Klren lo the tame, ru.ry
AJ7-0H0 LEONG ft CO.,
Alrult fur Jlnmiiil Sittiir, I'lllilmit Itlrr
And Kallua Rire Plinlallon ami Mill.
NtltANU STRFET CORNRII MARIXr
-yilEO. II, DAVIES ft Co.,
(I.ATE lANIOH, GFFN (t Cft)
I in, 1.1 Irrn 1111,1 l.'nmmhutn 11 Mrrrhiiult.
I Jnyil'a ami llie UtrnA ijmlerwrilers,
,'ilish and Foreign Marine Insuiance Comany, and
Northern Assurance Company. r
A W. RICHARDSON ft Co
Imfostfrs ano Dealfr IN
Hunt; Slinrm, I'll rnhlil n,J llnmln. Hut,,
'"; Trniilm, VttlLrt,
1'nfumeryan.t Soa, WLlllum Walihei,
Fine Jewelry, etc.,
CoRNFRFoer AND MFKCHAHTSrRtFTS, HoNOLt-Ltl
r" E. WILLIAMS,
lUHIKTSR AND lllAIFR IN
rurilltilrr nf r.rrru llmrrllillnu. Attn
llilinlMlrrrr mul Mmiltftlrlnrrr.
Furniture Wareronm Hn inn 1'n.t strM U-..L
shop at old slaml on Hotel .SoVet. All orders prom4ly
OIIN T. WATERHOUSE,
Imimrlrr mul Itrttlrr III llrnrrill Mrr
rlimultur. One Street UnNOLCLV
TJ HACKFELDft Co.
Ilrttrrttt Uninintnntnn Atiriiln.
Qeerji Street IIonolllu
D. HOFFSCHLAEGER ft Co.
liiifinrlrrm mul f:.iiii,ll JlrrrlimilM.
nwuiA .. ,4. .
T HOPP & Co., 74 King street.
t$tilurtrm ami Jfttunftirtitrerm Kerry
ttrrrljtttn i.f t'tirullnrr.
To the La Dies Trimmingta, TawU, Giir. S.IV
si-; j tiMiic f 4rtn gcii icMuiiru,
cuTcfcd, Mlistt(j ami tntle ntul lo
new, MaUrM&etj re-inaJe aiwj
cltrairctl j,t ftbort
We art noltnl tar firtln. wratlc ami mviarl
T-ILLINCHAM & Co.
fi.i;iorrr rn.! Hrntrr in llurtlirurr, Ciil-
lUints aioe O1I1, ami Central MercKamlise.
K0.37 FoktStukkt .. j H.MOLUur
A W. PEIRCE & Co.
.Siij I'liHtttUrr ami Cviiimivoii Mrr
HoSOLULl-'. lUwAlUK UlANI.
Ajcnt for Hran.l' Cliiu an. IJoinU Lanceanl Per.
ry lUvW Pain Killer.
UTM. G. IRWIN A Lo.
Suyttr itelnr ami CummtmmlaH Ayrutg,
CVA hrKlvCKKLt. WU. G Ik WIN.
P P. ADAMS,
AttetlttHert; ttml Vammlmtttn Mrrrhunt,
Qu-.es Stkfkt - IIomolpuj
P A. SCHAEFER at Co.
Inlortrr nml CWon.ifj Merchant,
MkHOiAKT Stwkut Honolulu
ILDER ft Co.
I.ilitibrr, ViiIiiIm, Oil; .Voile, uu, lliill.llnu
JUttlrrlttlm nf rrrrj k'tiut.
Con. Fort and Qufkm Srs llovoecut
T WILLIAMS ft Co.
lot ANO 104 FliRT STRRRT
IVluresof all stres and kinds made 10 order, ami
frame of all de.-rtiont coiislaiitly on hand. Alto
Curate, bhctUan.1 Curiostlicsof llMl'acine;
A LLEN ft ROBINSON,
llriilrr. (14 l.iimnrrnuil nil limit nf llitll.l-
Inu Mulrrlllt, I'iiIhIm, llllt. Sail: etc.,
Honoll'lu, 11. I.,
ACRNT Or tCHOOHRR
Haleakala, Kulamanu, Kekauluohl. Mary Ellen,
UiUmi, Pauahl oad Leah!.
At Robinson's Wharf. . t
fwiMirera of llmmil Jtirthttlulltr rem
iiHCr, Kiiulmul, llrrmtiH! nml
Ihr Unllnl Sltllrm.
No. j XIRCiiaNrSrkT HoKonie
IT YUAN BROTHERS
,i Axl.nl Cstlrokhis Srsr .. San fRasciscus
Partkultf attrruk r-aid lo fdlin ao.1 shipuiRg !t
taiul orders. 1
CD C, ROWE,
limit nml MIuh I'lttulrr,
Pafhk Hanofr, cic..
No. toy Kino SlMir Honolvlv
LYONS A LEVEY,
.1 nrllanrrrt nml CnmmltttmH Mmkuult,
IIsavir Hum, I.Hurn brir, lloi-oeen-.
SaW of furolliire.S4.uk, Heal Kuat. aad Geueral
HcwMiH Hvoipiiy auenoea ru. e assists lor
naumn ana r.uioivaa iBeKiuraiii. I I. I.raais,
-VF 1 L J. IJVRY.
RS. A. M. UELLIS,
rntMUnnUr llrrtt aw J 'i,il. Muktr,
No. 104 FoarSrmtT Honoevi.
W W. UcCHESNBY ft SON,
' USAISR IN
LrolArr, HU.l, Tn'Uw ) Cmmllm
Aftait Lx tk. Koyal Soap Coeoay.
No. 4 Jim StoiUit ...,. ......Hokouiu
1, r.tftl HFirr .Wifntnu
. Ii"rftef r Amefimn JtwtUy t4 nrry Jevrfl
,- ' f'l -" -" ' ,im iw i, s.nejrn.&j .
I It'WHIlS ft COOKE,
(Kansssttts Imm A III ,)
Impnrlm mul ll.uUrt In l.nmhrr mul nil
hliult nf llnlhlliiii Miilrrhilt,
ForSrrT ... MonnUtt
r C. COI.flMAN,
lllurltiiillli, Mntlilnltl, furrl.iur ll'nri,
llnrtr rthtirtiifi, "
HrrNOIVLO . II, I
1'liMillwi Maclnnxjr, err. Mep m King sMl
11 a CaseU ft CiksA. y-VF
lilt, f'niier it nil fihrtl Irnn Wnrlirr,
Jifnrrf mul Itimifrt.
"fall limit I1uml' uork il nseralt, m furnrih.
int koikJs, elun.lslits, UiniM, re.
Nit 1-aAHBMaaiii Stfrt . HiKroinii;
f M, OAT A Co.
Xitllnuthrr, liny nf till llrwrrtiiltnnt
tiulilr mul rrjiitliril,
llmrnu'tv ... II. I
lyjfr In A. F. Cm1.' new firejeonf lAittlma, foor. ol
Nunanu Street r' H
T EMMtiLUTII ft Co.,
TlnttnUlit mul Vlitnthrrt, Until rt lit
Slnret, Itnntflt, Fin,
No. 5 Nluanii Strict .... Ilo-iotei.t)
T W. GIRVIH,
Vmnilltttlntl Mrrrlimit mul llrnrrtlt Itrttlrr
III llrl llnnilt,
Waiiiici', Maci .11.1
Groceries, Hardware, Stationery. Patent Medicines,
Vrfumery and GUttware.
OHOLULU IROH WORKS Co.t
SI ram lUtthirm, HolUr, Sayttr Mill,
lUmlrrm, Iron, lira ami lrat ('atHtia,
Honoicu; . . ... . II. I
Machinery A rvrry detrri(4iVTi maJe to crilr.
I'artKutar altmicn tukl In SIiId's KUiLwfilf.irii?.
JoIj wurlc execuictl on tm Uiftrtt notice. 10
TIIOS. G. THRUM.
iuromno ami lANUrACTumi.i.
Stalltittrr, .S'rtr Ayrnl, J'rtntrr, linnh-
Ami tuUiher J ilte SaT'uav PM.aml Jfa.iS.
nn Almanac and Annual, J.ltrrctuf.1 Ufeef. Ial-
er in ruv; Mil.'Xterjr, lls.l., Munc, Toy and raocy
ISoutlc, Fwt urrett tar Huet. Honololu
A S. CLEGHORH & Co.
importrrt ami Stratrrm la flrarrat Jlrr
rhamll. Corner Quren ami rlaahumana Strteit, UonrAaa.
OLLES & Co.
Ship Vhamltrrm ami Cmatatnlin. Jlrrrhaaln
QUFfcN STlf-trr. IIONflLUtU, IU I..
Importers and Iealerf in General McirLaMrteC i
1'arprntrr nml itiiltdrr.
,MlkindI yxAj.i 4mt4!y aileivlekltsgL. .
Simp, S'o. Si Kik, hrnter IIomolslu
T AINE & Lo.
Inirterf and dealer in flay. Oram rtj jt.
I 'rod ocxr,
Honolulu JI. 1
E. McINTYRE & BROTHER,
llrurrry amt t'retl ,Stnrr,
Coic King and Font Sts Hokolcix
L. SMITH, .
Itaportrr Jiralrr la fit.rir-,
Mrrltlrn Mifr- I'latnl tVarr,
Na 44 Kovt STnr ... Hoxoctu
Kinc's Com.cttko Siaectactes aj1 Kvectuc4.
Luaral WireU'ue. Kancv SsjitJ. I'lOure rraines. VW-
tcJi, Wostentivlra'ft Pocket Cutlery, Powder, blotji ami
Ammunutun, ClarL.' S(jtJ Cutou, MoKhine Oil, all
Lijibf (acllneNccdtsIomeUlc" Paper Fakhuni.
Stole agent A lite universally ack.nolnleU UfM
Kuuninf lofnciii: Sewing Machine.
"HE GERMANIA MARKET.
HoNOLtru.', H. I.
Hrrf, Vral, JHattaa, m.i'. Vauttry
ConsUntly on hanl, and of c hottest quihiy. Puik
Sauvaces IrWitai.etc.alsvays oti lund. (Wsneati
are all cut and put up u 1-i4ctti style. All uderi
bit Liu liy aliended to, and delivered In any pari dT I be
city. Shop on Hotel Street, tctttrcu Unwci and I'tMf
hireeik (40l G. R.UI'I', I'ropndor.
H'atrhataker ami Arrrlrrt
WALTH AM a.I all other Anierican WATCH ESr
Ooiks, an-1 Jcwrltry.
AVntck rplrlkiic made m SpftcUlitr
All wer (rotn iKe othet indt promtiilraitendtrd to.
No. 55, Utnii. SlklfcT.. HuKOLtLU, 11,1.
Jrirrlr ami Iimimoiii Srltrr,
No 6ttv.,,, .... .,.aoNVIMNl? JSTKIiiT
lUflkuUr attrntt-m paid taiaairin.
TOHN A. PALMER
a II. W000W0RTII
Uitt litis UyfsgrtMat-fannrrisl.ip under the name
Thr Citr.HTAi Si$!A irOfKV f'O.
Hcnululu, NcnTmUr ij, iM
John A. Palukm, K- 11. U'ojuitm
THE CRYSTAL RODA WORKS.
The woiversal ifauUi-'ity bu h our gaud enjoy aad
iKe iuvreatiiia; desuand fur ikem U a gurwtt tjfiUa
tuttcri tiur. Our Guater AW is uuaTia tk uutviJ.
and is Uttnl rJT tW UU tnpUiTic4 liKl lksrs Wiodr4
iw a ETuriui, rcrisrfcuicuruil, U is a Willi um
atfcic, huUy WiwIkUt la rfaiuWnc and uvltcrstiuaH,
VW KuVe iiti.Ky t-T Uauiy riU nddi;tr
uAi irc of snare la aq pins i4 the cur
Ofdcrt scA itti alesri. IU .. ScuK, JL. Csk wlU U
OwTUplKsn ftntuWt U pJL
Ot-vicis frusu tw mLW Idands ill itssisc canfw
atum ton d W skipnl uboMU delay.
AsUrvst H Milstu l
THR CSttVTAL bOU W0KK5,
UOaMOtULr. .,.,, ....H.I
tT VAX Bo w.
WkaltiittU K.tavU Orietn
N 67 llutav. Srsr.
(CaaeUU ru.-t lUiiUici)
.a tytuf4 rmllnmtl4, h I. Wary.
ItianJ ttaticr always urn Vtmi.,
Wholis Numhkr. 177
ISIIOI' ft C.
MreCrMttT rrrmtrr llinMi. If I
llfair KMra;9 on
Tt,K ".?. Qr CAt "flMl.t, frlVn
,4 iMr IfcoMhr Sn
IIOWKOrfO, kVlrH RV tM MCl.HflUKMF'.
7Hnul a Orntimt IkuHitf llnHnm.
Q W. MACPAItLANE ft Co.
Illlpntlrrt nml fclnmttttnil ilrt rlmnl . '
(flrttwr I Imt.)
0t. ntvranJOtftRMStRiKfss .rt,....lliwlttl
ir'.,.!,T t" rl lvt IHtlU
Ihr VVaikaf,! flaoratriei.
'I Jm 9-nrj "mMm, llitn.
lfVjUu IttMalmi, lliln. -Mlre-ee,
Tall at WattM, Jtu,(l Xjonnwt.
H.e I'Mttaa Slieep Manrri Qmpinf.
-ASTLB ft COOKH,
.Si;-;.,if mul Cnntltilttlnii Mrrthnnlt,
No tn KuroftrFtrr Horouili
lurcRTiR Ann r,Atr tor
Tte HrtllrtKR ft Oxr.tane'. HjMilM.
ne Auaanrier IS. lukl.in llaMAtinn.
K. Htldea,), ut VVatalua IliMaltnn.
A. II. Smtlli ft Cnrnt,anjr, tX.n, Kaaal.
J M .M.sn.W, I lulu. Maul.
The llail.u Xavit Company.
11,. VuAaAxSnttt Cmnjr.
'thr UnMin lnttrnre Lrn,anr U San r.shL-w.
TJ New fslan. I jfe Imurance Cornranir U i.lan
e. .. . ''srnjAanTOI rM6n.
D. M VVelm Talent CeMrifa(al Maebtfle.
Tr new Vntlc ar.1 llnnlnlti I'ul r 1m
'I Ik MeithaM. line, HnnJetn an-l Stan rraneio
I It. Janw if Son's CeleUaled Medkine.
VV itcwe m GiUt H niter laMfwtiiriri( CMspa.r.
Wheeler ft Vi'ihm. .Sewing Mathires. I7-irr
TNO. O. FOWLER ft Co ,
,lrr irrimrr.l In fitriiLIt Vtnnt nml Ktll
ritnlrt fnr titrrt
HTth or wiihout Cars and janimA.m, Specially
AUAITKH FOR SUGAR M-VTATIONS.
IVrmanni Railwaysi, arl irrmK-Ur and cars, Trac-
""" r.nx.nr htmi noad sMTtrv.vx, Mem
Houxbinje aM C'tthiraiuic Mh.rv-r, !,.
aUoa V.nK,m fr SV'I j-ti-j-ju-H, V,tmlinC
. Kngiries lor Inclines.
LAfALstfllavstl tstrslK lll-.lnllis. t.11.1. .-J too.
craphs ot ilW aVrte I1amr And Machinery aay lf tfrn
at lire JVn-t J lis-. n.t-:.H..l 11 I L . V .
C. W , MACFAKLANi: ft CO.. Aji U Jr riV
HE MONTAGUE RANGE
FOR SrTlTING IN I1KICK.
1: . jf ; . V t 11 ,t 1; 0 , ,
No. s Nuvasii SraritT Hokuu-ui
S-J ajent foe these islands The teu cuAuz an.
paraius lortne-llamaiann, lintel or yttajy.
RANGES FIXTURES wth at
fr, II nlr r llntlrrt,
H'ttlrr ',.. RB
' SsaisL "' . ..'
MZSr-uTuiLr.',i' -"& t'At.,
as fnr selling up acrotapiny errry
EstlJasril A'rm-tle-r.. tear suiting nn M.nM..nw -.-....
, -" -..--- .-. i,..... amy -KS,WfaU f
Circulars an J rriitt on application. fJJfr
THE GREAT TEN-CENT STORE
W. COLI1F.V, IVoceielor,
J. JOHNSON, Manager
Offers to ll puil an unusaally lartre vartefr of fpla
fur the season, consoaus. in smi of
WAX and CHINA DOLLS,
frow roc to $1 eacJi
Cream ruchers. letter tlMlkcs. Cake Ihthes,
Ilares, Cvpn and Sancen, Souto TiireetH, Haters,
Vesttalie Ihshet, etc
iaall MS variety
from loc Xaytt each.
SOAPS Wathtuc aod Toilet.
lluTTsrs. of alt liodi
Shksf lUriLR. all cuLrs
MaiMet, To, and Ralls, Im Hoys.
5.eet Mntlr lor thr 1,000,000,
looocot-Se Sheel Mosie Jas receifivt at loc. jjt
CANARIFSGemaan CaoarKt: teaotisil kaBuev
- t t
LtCHIMIM CrSAalk CuMroi.RU
)Wr (toe lex to )
For Wl .lem. Gloves. 4f
Are conaaolly tUf added and a F.MM irvokk is
loss ai rsuu,iT aiaairsivA,
Nos 109. FORT STRF.ET
IL M.CItOWLKV (foiaorrtral U....1 ka.bf 1
sew ssr m wMI te loosvsi as
CROWLEY sk CO.,
H-i. ...... .Kta-o Sr.ur,
oi-sxhi. Whiiau WitU'i.
F.rry orMlt,m.4 ItMm at Lrt4 rale aavi
H iL. I'AIUOR SETS
!a Vkf lloAaiiw, aad ttr cosei iast.
,1rt' FSSSM4 4u HFWASt.
ZU(J rass-rrtaeas aa Sfiiaws.c.
eMTSotiU -HOAJTOS- aasJ " CHALLKNCE
it, kijtm mrmmt.
T.tiaft N oa, i.j if
,: ' i
1 J .!
, . - T.