Newspaper Page Text
I I 'Kl AY I KM . -iS
A !i"i ,.! Pi-M-hWfUf.
I (WHltft lllll.t.MM ilMM
$6 yi to J? '"''nrdlnit to lh.h rVethratirm
FHBRUARV i. 1M4
The tabic given in another minimi
ronMilute, we tliluk, a fair allowing of
tlte relative ntrengtli of the Administra
tion parly and tlintnftlic Independents.
The result of the election, from Hon
olulu have rtlrendy been ".tifTiriently
nnnlyed to Miow that anti-odministrn
tion, or fliiti-Oirwon principle, are
growing. The general remit of the
clcrllflri a 'ixvcn di-mon'itratc beyond
the pc". , doubt the fact of
r tir(., f 0f pcroni who
' dtiiinhtrntifin, ni
t is bc ir ha been fought
throughout lietween two distinct (turtles
the Adminttmtion fjni'rnllcd "Oov
crmtient" and " Nattnnul" pnrtv) and
Hi optwnentH. No administration in
the hutory of the country hns made
inch active and avowed effort to con
trol elections as the administration
under Mr. Oilwon; nnil knowing the
v.nt and powerful machinery that gov
e nment can, if it chomes, bring to
Ik.h in wch a strife, the results to a
thoughtful mind nre suggestive. It was
r isorwble to expect that the greatest
voting strength of the administration
would be nearest the seal jif govern
ment, anil so it proved, .irge bodies
of police and soldiers, discharged lepers
and hosts of petty retainers and tenants
of government and crown lands, where
they c.inbe nvf illv watched and guard
ed, as in an 1 nar the metropolis, form a
powerful voting Llvmetit; but the result
even here is lv no means discouraging.
When rompiring the votes of this is
land in 1880 with those in 1882, .1 sur
prising gain is shown for the'opponcnts
of Gibsonism. Tsken" farther away,
the results show hettgrjiitilfhow averse
the people have bcarmo the methods
recently employed to run the machine.
When we add to the more ordinary ef
fects of administration influence and
machinery, the fact that the Adminis
t ration party have used tne powerful
influences attaching to an advocacy of
free rum, religious favoritism, race pre
ju lice, and the non-scuicgation of
lepers, the results are simply surprising
to even the most sanguine Indepen
dents. The total votes of all the islands
(nst as pci table below are, Indepen
dent, 7913; Administration, 7233,
showing a total majority of 680 for the
Independents. (In estimating those
elected as Independent or Administra
tion men we arc simply guided by the
professions under which their elections
were secured, not that we expect abso
lute independence from all.) It will be
seen by the tables, that Oahu went
Administration by a majority of 1266
votes; that-Molokai and Ijinai (voting
as one district) went Administration by
n majority of 275; but that all the
other islands went Independent by an
overwhelming m.ijonty, the total for
these being 2342. As with the total
votes, so with the total of-tlioutacicd.
-Mini indwcndcntsMmnlirr'f V7 to ri
itrrmr.ns run this i.kiusi.atcki:.
A first duty of the Hawaiian Legis
lature on it1 convention will be the
f" 1 I'hr most imp ?
1 next to that ol
i he secretary's.
u-..i in be not 6nly a
ability and known character,
but he ought to be without any affili
ations with the government. No man
who holds at present a government
position can accept the secretaryship
of the legislature without being in a
measure no matter how good his re
putation or how independent his char
acter a creature of the administration.
The secretary of a legislature most of
whose elective members are pledged
in reform, ought to be entirely free
bom any connection with "any" de
partment of tlte government for the
very good reason that " any " depart
ment may be the object of legislation.
The secretary has opportunity improp
erly to hinder or advance legislation by
retaiding or bringing forward bills, and
in numerous other ways. There is also
an equally important objection to the
acceptance if .1 secretaryship by any
one who holds a go vet nment office
unless he (ills his place at his
own expense or serves without salary,
If his time, is worth any thing
it belongs to the government.
By ritjht o' a fairly won majority of
legislators, who express the clearly de
fined of n majority of Hawaiian
electors, the Independents in the next
legislature have a right to demand that
the secretary shall be a man who has
no affiliations which may possibly pre
vent his cordial co-oper.itton with re
form measures or vvithhc most search
ing investigation. So far as the intei
, "preter and .scrgcAnt-"atirms are con
cerned, very little neerl exists for any
active interest on;the part'of Indepen
dent member. The gentlemen who'
,lield those positions continuously
during many former sessions have
given satisfaction. The present intei
pieter of the courts is ull that the posi
tion could well demand. Hut in tin.
matter of the secretaryship theie h no
doubt about the matter, and we trust
that thcjpiestum will be earnestly con
idcrcd'utfd acted upon promptly.
. The Central Pacific Hallway has just
(lone mi act which tllustiaU-s the force
of public opinion to wring justice from
unwilling or (lOjptif it as mildly as the
companies themselves)'1'1 ') "thought
less" corporations. The C. P. li. R.
and its allied road;, have announced
their determination to pay about
$2,000,000, the amount of contested
taxes due by them to the state of Cali
fotnia during the year 1880, t88t amt
1881. TeciuiUal derisions had been
in their favor, but the honest feeling of
the siatfarviuieijiJ 1 the San l-'ram im
Wasp, jMspJ"" 's i' Kxamincr ami
other plfPv Jttu ' uuitK)lled tin
iiigtme "' -Jay mi-
-,A pseudonym i-oij&poiidciit of the
Advertiser -vviduuly an intimate asso
Vcktf of the "Sui(itcttr" has charged
the Planter's Liiwr mid Supply Com
iviny.wKfy tbing monqy to influence the
late elections. In a card signed by
by MrSfs. P. C Jones, Jr.. (),
Smith. J. II. AtUeiton, V. 11. llailcy
and II. 1 Glade the falsity of the
chutge i clearly shown.
irm ir nil not 1 urrs
1 ( 1 ,'ortcrs of Mr Gibson and
1 1 (oiicy arc ricrhap. unaware of a
fact which they must soon find out for
themselves ; andwhiih, therefore, the
Independent cause risks nothing in
making public. The moral sense of
the native people has been aroused by
the very arguments employed by Mr.
(iilnon to lull thnt sense to sleep. "The
poluy of Hawaii for the Hawaiians" -as
exemplified by both the preaching
and the practice of the young Hawaii
wrty, so far as it fairly may be con
sidered a party -has been cither in
the bad direction of cvtravagim e or
the worse direction of loose living. As
a logical consequence the thrifty and
the religious among the native popula
tion joined hands and entered a form
idable protest against the twin evils of
an evil policy that ought to be, and yet
may become, a good policy. Hut in
their desire for retrenchment in gov
ernment CMicnses many of the best
natives go too far. It is a fact easily
demonstrated that the regular revenue
of the government has, for several
years past, been inadequate to meet
the expenditures. It is generally be
lieved, (and the Press fully endorses
the belief) that unreasonable, unjust,
outrageous expenditures have been
made during the control of Mr. Gib
son, for which he has been at least in
directly responsible. fitit in spite of
that fact it is urged by some of our
best mcji that the national income has
been inadequate for the lull develop
mctit of many national enterprises of
great public utility. In the work of
immigniiiun, mr initiiiirc, mere nns at
no time been at the disposal of the
government a sum that might lawfully
be set aside from the revenue (without
embarrassing other funds) sufficient to
bring here the wives and children of
the large number of immigrants de
manded by the straitened condition of
our labor markets.
In the period ending March 31,
1882, the estimated revenue was
$2,070,259.94; the appropriation bill
for the same period was $3,563,1 ifi.86.
A great deal of useless expense might
doubtless have been cut out of the
appropriation bill; but the revenue
still would have been inadequate to
meet the requirements of the country.
A loan is never an unmixed good ; but
it is often a necessary evil. A reason
able loan, wisely expended, is so often
a benefit to a solvent country, that pro
gressive nations seldom hesitate to con
tract debts for pressing improvements
without which nations arc outstripped
in the race for national advancement.
Considered in this light a compara
tively small loan has been needed by
Hawaii for many years. The trouble
with the proposed ten million loan,
and in a less degree with the loan bill
past two years ago, was its extravagance,
and behind that was the fact that the
administration had not the public con
fidence. Yet a loan of half a million
(and some conservative citizens say a
million) might have been obtained and
expended to lasting national advantage.
Prominent among the many pubhcJtnccrncd. Since then I have heard nothing
enterprise which private capital ".er
can not or win not unCertaKc are
assistance to' iinin'lfiTon for popula
tion (the brintiffur of women and chif-
.!... -n' "...": . .,,. t t
"M-ir, jucjinprovemeiu 01 narpors.anaLuK.. ,..,; , i . ,, .
tl7eprum6tio..ofoc'can-chbles. Mom&l" other letilr leit h
spent in any of the Jhree directions
named would be money well expended.
The immigration problem has been so
carefully studied and so exhaustively
presented that we need not enlarge
upon it here. Its right solution would
do much to solve the problem of the
industrial and social future pf these
islands. The improvement of harbors
has not received the attention its im
portance merits. It is a big subject
and demands the consideration of our
best minds in the legislature and out
of it. There is no good reason why an
admiral's flag ship should lie outside the
Honolulan barbecauseshcdrawsover 22
feet, when a few hundred pounds of the
right explosive, rightly handled, might
blow the obstructing shoal to "smithcr
eens." With the correction of the
Panama canal these islands will lie in
direct line of steam navigation between
the Occident and the Orient, between
New York and Canton, between the
chalk cliffs of Albion and the river
marshes of Far Cathay. In that
event the value of these islands as a
coaling and provisioning station may
scarcely be overestimated. In that
event, also, the construction of an
ocean cable would become one of the
necessities of the situation. And the
legislature will fail in an important duty
if it fail to weigh carefully the proposi
tipn of the Australian colonies to build
a cable from Sydney to San Francisco,
by way of Fiji and the Hawaiian Is
lands; and to aid which it will ask this
government to contribute something
There are two other important public
works among many to which we shall
from time to time revert that ought
to receive earnest attention. Each of
these works can be aided by private
capital and private enterprise ; but we
think each ran better serve the public
in governmental hands if the govern
ment (the responsible administration)
shall come to enjoy public confidence.
These arc the extension of public roads
and the creation of a comprehensive
and adequate system of water-works for
Honolulu. The island of Hawaii is
specially in mind in our consideration
ol road extension. I here are extensive
tracts in the Hamakua and llilo dis
tricts, well watered, easily cultivated
and fertile ; which are radically waste
lands because theie is no possiblc
present communication with shipping
points. A protitaule govern nent rail
way may or may not be possible
through that district. But if the llilo
representatives can demonstrate the
practibility of such a road (or the greater
desirability of good wagon roads) we
think they can attain the ear of the
legislature, and think" the p'oject will
re-cive any reasonable appropriation
that muv lie asked lor. The water
works sy stent ot Honolulu is inadequate
to the requirements ot the city. It
must continue inadequate until radical
changes in the present system ttre
made; and its facilities greatly en
larged During Mr. WildeiJs adminis
tration that gentleman pre (tared a com
P'ehensive and well digested scheme
for enlarging the existing works, and
forming a series of reservoirs in Nuuauu
valley, connected, yet so independent
of each other that an accident to a
single reservoir might not interfere with
a continuous supply of water to the
town. Mr.,Henry Carter's plans were
- lbsttuulh those of Mr Wilder Mr
rimtioiifc, who tunporanlv siunolid
Mr C artcr had different idias He
believed in artesian wells and proposed
to pump water to a reservoir which was
to lie constructed on the side of 1'umJi
Howl A well for that purpose was to
lie bored near the site now ore 11 pic d
by the governor's lottery. Mr. Ilnsh
who (ame after Mr. Armstrong was also
a Itelicvcr in artesian wells, but pre
ferred to Itore his well on the private
propert) of King Kal.ikatta, acting
under nil arrangement whereby the
public received the flow minus an
amount granted the king, which amount
represented nearly the maximum out
flow. If Mr Gulick has had any ideas
on the subjee t he has studiously con
ccalcd them from the unkind scrutiny
of ah ungenerous public until now At
this writing an engineer of experience
is in town, studying our water system
and gathering data for a report. If
Mr. Onlitk is reswnsibtc for this, he is
entitled to the full credit ofa wise act.
It is to be hoped that the government's
aftcr-at tion something, tmfcfitunnlcly,
not to be counted on with any degree
of certainty will tend towards the
solution of this water problem. If
Major Ilcndcr and the interior depart
ment will supply satisfactory data, the
legislature will have an opportunity to
do this city good service to its resi
dents directly, to its profit indirectly in
giving Honolulu that "good name"
among ttnvelcrs which will help insure
the full appreciation its attractions
T.i'.vuoiv tx anrunx ii.w soiumi.t.
In last Thursday's Bulletin appeared
aletterfromMr. C.W. Ashford.thegistof
which was that Uoctor trousseau had
been asked to examine the pupils of
Fort-Street School for signs of leprosy,
that he had agreed to do so ' provided
he should have the assurance that such
pupils as he found and reported to be
afflicted with leprosy should be at once
removed from the school, but that Mr.
Gibson refused compliance with this
very reasonable condition, in conse
quence of which no further official
action has been taken." In reply, we
arc informed by the Advertiser
of yesterday, that "the statement which
Mr. Ashford repeats, so far as it relates
to Mr. Gibson, is entirely untrue." The
real facts of the case arc given in a
letter from Doctor Trousseau, pub
lished in yesterday's liulletin. He says :
Suitor IIulletin : -As I see my name
mentioned in Mr. Ashford's letter lliii morn
ing, picnic iillow mc tu slate facts as they are.
A few weeks ago Mr. Gibson mentioned to
me liis desire to have the school children all
examined, ami asked mc jf. I would, with
Doctors llrodlc and Parker, undertake th
tasV. I akcd hirt tpjel itjLkiirV how it wa
to be done, nfhat'coilTir judgwjut wouh
be niv own rctOoMjilitv imth'iMiitdler.'
A few 1IM5 Inter IJocwAWiW called anil
.i ...1 -.:. 1 ... i....ir: i . .t.
willi Uocfor llrodiq, eW&K' ' "S"1
him what wVfoJlrt' iuHiciiaJT? of the nresi-
dent of the lioarilSPlieaHIiV He answered he
had none but to examine the children and
lftcrwards report. I said to Doctor Parker
that unless everything was presented to me in
ft tangible form, and unless the chihlri-t -?,.
cinreu ly us to be lepers, si u1u at once be
removed to Kakaai -, I y,,uld decline to take
any part ip ',t,e matter. I added that any
more about it. ours, very truly,
Honolulu, February 14, ifl&i
Doctor Trousseau's letter puts Mr.
lliiusorrs conduct in nuite as
Gibson's conduct in huite as bad a
This will more clearly be seen by the
followin; additional information. On
the 25th of January fjr thereabouts)
Mr. Gibon called on Doctor Trousseau
and conversed about the suspicions
concerning leprosy in the schools. Mr.
viiosun s.uu iiiai iiu wmiiu iiKe 10 nave
Doctors Trousseau, Ilrodie and Parker
form a board of examiners, recognized
by the board of health, and suggested
the following plan : That all the schools
should be dismissed and that thereafter
pupils should be admitted only on
certificates from one or more of the
examining board or from a family
physician. Doctor Trousseau agreed
with Mr. Gibson, and consented to act
on the board under those conditions. On
January 29th, Doctor Parker called on
Doctor lrousseau and said that Mr.
Gibson had decided to have the schools
examined. Doctor Trousseau replied
that he was willing to act provided
pupils who were found to be lepers
should be sent to Kakaako. Doctor
Parker was not prepared to answer
authoritatively upon that point. Since
that interview Doctor lrousseau as
he says in his lettei heard nothing
more about it. Does it seem reason
able to suppose that the board ot
health which is Mr. Gibson was sin
cere in the desire to deal vigorously
with leprosy? If so, why did he wait
Irom January 29th until bebruary 15th
when there was reason to suspect one
of the two leading government schools
of Honolulu of harboring lepers? It
teachers were needlessly frightened, it
was d ic them to allay their fears. II
they had reason to dread the spread
of eo itagion among their pupils, the
"suspects" should have been promptly
sent to Kakaako. If it is not danger
ous to have well children associate
with leprous playmates, to sit beside
them, perhaps use the same slate, to
frolic with them and cross perspiring
palms, perhaps to kiss them or receive
their kisses--if that be attended with
no danger, why do not Messrs. Gibson
and Bitch say so. If it is dangerous,
if it is virtual playing with the tools ot
death to allow it to go on, then Mr.
Gibson is is what language fails fitly
We understand that those physicians
in Honolulu who have had the experi
ence of leprosy neee siry to a rational
di Vgtiosis of the disease have thoroughly
considered the expediency of refusing
absolutely to have anything more to do
with the leprous under the slack admin
istration ot the present board of health.
For instance, even if private persons
apply to them for an opinion upon a
susccted case or for treatment, they
would simply refuse to give an opinion
and throw Iwck the responsibility on
the board of health- -where it belongs.
Article after aiticlewritten by well
inlorined and ubjwnedical men have
appeared in thwUress, refuting the
theorie . of MrTtctfand establishing
beyond duubtitliejcontagiousness of the
disease. Weallknow that although
these articles haw made a strong im
prcssiou iqwii the public, they have
failed u convince the board of health
of the ne. (.ssity of gamine segregation.
We advise the medical profession to
take those very steps, as the only means
to romjei me now nailing aim inem
cieut board of health by a strong pres
sure of public opinion to adopt com
plete and impartial measures of segre
.i' o 'r- the evils of
pauperism can mver lie -n extreme or
threatening as in lands of denser popu
lation and of more limited seasons of
production, The man who would
starve elsewhere because of his larincss
or lark of employment, can make both
ends meet very comfortably in this land
of constantly gro.wtig taro and bananas,
This generosity of nature which seems
to fight against the laws vvliiih else
where regulate the relations of labor
and food-supply is perhaps the greatest
obstade to the social advancement of
the native race. So that instead of
being a reason why things should re
main as they are, the very ease with
which men can provide themselves with
food becomes n most imperative reason
why they should be stimulated to ar -
compiisti mote Dv their lahor than
simply satisfy their animal necessities
The defects noticeable in Hawaiian
eharaiter -lack nf enterprise, instability,
fitfullies of temper, lack of foresight,
contentment with an inferior good
arc defects that could very largely be
remedied by wise governmental pro
visions. Mr. I. R. I larrison, inspector
of the money order system at Wash
ington, writes of a visit of inspection
of the English postal savings banks !
" In cveiy town 1 was struck with the
enthusiasm which pervaded all classes,
after nearly twenty years' trial in regard
to this institution which is in every
sense the workingman'.s friend'" Who
can estimate the blessings 'that would
to-day hover about every Hawaiian
homestead, had the present generation
been taught through the opportunities
afforded by savings banks- to be in
dustrious, economical and appreciative
of the highcrsoci.il blessings that money
can confer. A bank-book is a conser
vator of character. It educates in the
direction of stability, and independence
and industry. It stimulates to the
acquisition of property, and the im
provement of real estate. It creates
the demand for better schools, and
wiser laws. It enhances values in every
direction, and lessens taxes, and in
vites immigration. It affects the health
ofa nation in that it provides greater
comfort and protection for the indi
vidual, and secures for him in care and
professional skill what poverty cannot
claim and rarely receives. It builds
up character that is of more moment to
the national life than all material gains.
" There are now 6,302 post office sav
ings banks in the United Kingdom of
Great Britain and Ireland. In the
year 1880 there were deposited $51,
496,360, being an increase of $2,060,805
over the previous year. The aggregate
interest earned by depositors since the
opening of these banks is $37,293,270."
The maximum limit to deposits receiv
able from an individual in a year is
$150. It will thus be seen that the
yearly average of about two million
dollars interest is paid to a class of men
and women who would probably never
save a cent; much!css be the gainers
by it, weTe it not for this wise govern
mental provision, uan any one measure
the benefits accruing to the national
life of a land that so wisely fosters and
aids the accumulation of national
It has been one of the evils of the
Hawaiian's condition in life that he
possessed no jafc, easy, cdanierjt
means, of laying by a surplus? of liis
earnings. Englishmen would rarely be
induced to make deposits in a bank as
far away as a bank at Honolulu is from
many parts of this Kingdom. We can
never hope for any very general habit
of money-saving among poor people
unless the means of making deposits is
right at hand. The post-office savings
bank system has been successful vvhere
ever tried very largely because it has
stopped at every man' door and said
"Here is a chance for you to save your
money and make it earn something for
you." It is the old saying over again
about breaking open a man's head
with a sledge-hammer to get a joke in.
Thousands of people would never save
a cent in the most favored land were it
not that the process of saving was
made so easy and convenient. "At the
end of the first yeai after the post-office
savings banks were started in England,
the amount of deposits reached $7,703,-
1 75, with an average of about fifty dol
lars fof each depositor. It was estima
ted that one-fourth was drawn from the
old savings banks, and that three
fourths was from new depositors.'' It
is to be hoped that our post-master
general is at work on some plan whereby
the people of this kingdom can reap
some of the advantages that the people
of other nations have been reaping
these many years ; and that he will
recommend in his report the adoption
of something like the English system.
Such a system can be added to our
present post-office service and not call
for any additional expendittue except
possibly at the Honolulu office. In fact,
it is not improbable that the system can
be put on a paying basis from the start.
The yearly saving in interest to the
government would be an item, for
though it would need to pay interest to
ucixjsuors', 11 migiii iix. mat raie so low
that it would ultimately derive benefit
from the saving in the matter of outside
loans. This of course ' would not be
large but. it might eventually prove
quite an aid in defraying the expense of
the post-office department. However
government is never in its best working
a moneys-making institution. It is not
one of its functions to amass, wealth ;
but rather to serve the highest welfare
of its subjects by providing such
machinery as will best develop indiv id
ual prosperity. The example of other
nations shows at once the feasibility and
the desirability of providing ost-olTice
savings banks for the jieople of this
kingdom. Government should afford
the largest facilities lor the growth o(
good habits among its subjects. Once
teucn a man the habit of saving, and
you have taught him to become a
larger producer, The minor industries
on which the people of tjicstTdslands
must in the luture Ueend for their
livelihood will be multiplied and fostered
only by some wise provision whereby
a larger number may become small
capitalists. Under the present lack of
aids in the saving of money, much of
what might otherwise be converted
into productive capital, is frittered
away and lost to the nation. It is an
actual lots ; for when a native acquires
a few hundred dollars, not having any
safe pl.K e for deposit, he proceeds to
live on the sum while it lasts without
laboring to acquire more, and this he
does as the et method at Ids com
mand of deriving personal benefit from
his money and o? preventing its passing
into the hands of otheis through loss
rnsr or n 1
In suih a land
or theft Much wasteful and foolish
legislation will probably be proposed
in the coming legislature and public
sentiment will need to emphasize a few
leading questions in order to make due
impression on our would-le Solons.
Mo wiser measure aside from restric
tions on the sale of limior is now
before the Hawaiian public than this
matter of post-office savings banks.
Let the King himself recommend it,
and newspapers keep the matter well
agitated, and men of character and
ability encourage the project, and in
another twelve-month we shall have
added another feature to our postal
service that shall commend us over to
H isi: .1x11 (Tiir.iirtsi:.
" Why is the present administration
the suhiei.t of lennvsons most
oft quoted poem ?'' asked Ignotus. " I
give it up,'' replied Fulano. "That is
what we all would like to do," said
Ignotus. "Hut what is the real an
swer?" queried Fulano. " Hecattsc,
my child," answered Ignatus, "it 'goes
on forever.' "
Now there are a great many people
in this community who think a reform
legislature has no higher aim and can
have no better result than the turning
out of the existing administration so
far as Messrs. Gibson, Gulick and Ka
pena represent it
We ask those sincere gentlemen to'
whom Gibsonism is the tummiim
malum of Hawaiian affairs to go a step
further. We believe that a full and
fair investigation of the three cabinet
officers above mentioned will demons
trate their unfitness for the offices they
now hold. " Demonstrate their unfit
ness" is a fine generic phrase, capable
of covering what "charity" covers in
the proverb. Hut such demonstration
and its inevitable result must not be
considered pau. In the nature of
things that must be merely a happy in
cident of reform.
"Iconoclasm" is a big word that
small thinkers love to roll on their
bovine tongues and to send forth trip
pingly or mouth roaringly. It means,
literally, idol-breaking ; but it has come
to be a synonym for the destructive
element in modern sociology. It is
coming to mean applied pessamism.
Fortunately for the world the average
stomach of civilized peoples is in too
healthy a state to relish a diet of ap
plied pessamism although its very
health makes it able to digest and be
very little the worse therefor.
Now that the elections are over, and
a majority of Independents Jiflve been
returned to seats in the legislature ; the
naturally prominent topic is legislation.
" Retrpspect is instructive, but it is the
'long look ahead' that the country
needs," said a citizen the other day.
" Experience is too often exactly what
Emers.on phrases it 'a light that
illumines the wake of a ship.' " And
yet it is impossible wisely to consider
the legislation needed without frequent
scrutiny of the legislation, the latk of
legislation and the consequent or, at
least, partially consequent) adminis
tration of the past.
" legislation- by a Hawaiian legis
lature can be listing for good only on
two conditions. It must recognize the
prior right of Hawaiian born to the first
benefits of legislation ; and it must act
in the spirit of such recognition without
disturbing the vested rights of cither
foreign born citizens or of aliens al
ways provided those vested rmhts are
secured either by Hawaiian law or by
the recognized law or policy of civilized
Is the foregoing paragraph perfectly
clear ? Let us put it in another shape.
If laws are to be made for the special
benefit of any class those laws ought
first to be made for Hawaiians; and
such benefit would of course accrue to
aboriginal Hawaiians chiefly. This
fact is recognized throughout the king
dom by fair-minded men generally.
" Hawaii for the Hawaiians," is a per
fectly just demand up to the point at
which the wheel of progress begins to
turn backward. When that point is
reached it is time to cry " Halt I"
Common justice demands that the
allowable favoritism toward the Ha
waiian born should not operate to the
disturbance of any vested right. And
above all other considerations the good
of the Hawaiian race itself demands that
the best and wisest of the whites here
resident no matter whether of foreign
birth or of merely foreign paientage r
should be called to fill a portion of the
public offices and to act as advisers to
At present a number of the public
offices of the kingdom are filled by
honest and able men. We trust it may
be demonstrated by an inquiring legis
lature that most of the olficcs are so
filled. Many of these public servants
are whites. Hut they hold their posi
tions, as a rule, because of recognized
htness. Jn the earlier history of the
kingdom such fitness was recognized
by kings, by chief and by the people
generally; and only fanatic folly or
studied political deviltry could bring
itself to disturb the relations between
native and foreigner on these islands
by such a cry as "Hawaii for the Haw
aiians "except as we have qualified it.
je our new legislators consider this
idea, if it has not previously received
their caretul consideration ; and let
their legislation be shaped towards con
ciliation. Race harmony is an insep
arable element of homogenous progress.
We of an older civilization owe a duly
to the Hawaiian rare; and the present
legislature has in its jiower a part per
formance of that duty which shall grave
its imprint UKin the nation's future
for good or ill.
-;! ' '
A committee from the chamber of
commerce, consisting of Messrs. C, K.
Ilishop, T. H. Davie, A. J. CartwTighr,
W 1. Green and F. A. Schaefer, called
upon the minister of finance last mouth.
Two letters addressed by those gentle
men, one to Minister Kapcua and the
other to the chamber, have just been
nude public. The most imprtant
fact made known is contained in the
following sentences; "After
some remarks upon the points sub
mitted, and ujwn the currency gen
erally, by the memliers of the com
mittee and Mr. Gibson, the latter said
they were not able at present to an
nounce any.policy regarding the cur-
rencv, b'tt would issuie th n-inuitu
that the matter won id be hid Ufore
his majesty, and receive the earnest
consideration of the cabinet . tint they
were pleased to know the opinions of
the chamber of commerce, and re
garded this action as a sincere wish to
give the government sound advice, for
which they thanked the chamber." If
on January nth, the cabinet had no
policy, it would be interesting to know
if they have any now.
There is a hitch in the affairs of
Sweden. According to the London
Telegraph: "Should Oscar II., King
of Sweden and Norway, continue ob
stinate, the Norwegians arc likely to
relieve themselves of the cost of the
maintenance of a monarchy, fly the
constitution the king has a .suspensive
veto, which tan be overruled if a bill
be passed by three successive arlia
ments. 'Ihc royal veto on the bills
passed in rcg.ud to ministerial respon
sibility has thus been overruled, but
the king declines to yield. The Nor
wegians arc sturdy, well-educated, and
intelligent men, and understand, of
course, the requirements of their (oun
try far better than the great-grandson
of a Hebrew lawyer in the south of
Frame, whose son was made king of
Norway in iMt., when Norway was
violently separated from Denmark.
They are quite able to manage their
own affairs, and their best plan would
be civilly to disestablish and disendow
Oscar, "who would still remain king of
Sweden. This fate he will have brought
upon himself." Now we might send
Mr. Gibson to King Oscar to mediate.
Of course, we should be desolated to
spare him ; but we might do so at a
pinch, and for sake of peace abroad.
COWIlRV -Iii llinrilj, iu(Mcriljr. with. 14 liiMant,
at lli Hawaiian IlMfcl, Z. 1 Cuwitry of San Iran
HAI.SKV. Al Wailiiku, -Maui, f'.l.rlliry 3, 1884,
Samel II. llaN.y,
AIAUV JOANA. tn this city at li.. Si.tnhoo.1 or the
Sacred llcarti, it thr jlh Infant, or ronvmttion,
biiter Mary Joana, a native o( r-iuur, Bg.d 3)am.
All account of thr SA1UIUMV PKnSS-xci.t.
Ing fiuartcrh aiUfrtUen wtll le rrrnlcrcd and col
let 1 e J ntonilii)'
Advertisements aim! Suitcriptiniit are paallc In
ndvnnce, ami this rule wtll te fiddly obrred In the
1II0S C. TIIUUM,
Manager and Proprietor. Satwhuy ihbw.
Tlieunderxrjned li.Avr.fprnvd a co-pannmiup under
ll.i rirtn name of SPKKCKKLS AGO, for the purpose
ofcaroingonaCcner.il HANKlNOaiid KXCIIANGK
HUSlNl'.SSat Honolulu and Mich other place in the
Hawaiian Kiujdorrt at may he deemed advrulile.
(Signed Claus SprrckfU,
Wm. 0, IkvWS.
r. F. Low.
Honolulu, January 14, 3833.
Keferrinc to thalove, wclwc to Infotnt the IniMnei
public that r are prepared to male loan, discount
approved notes, and purchaie occhingc At the hest cur
rent rates. Our arrangement), for belling exchange on
the principal citiet of the United States Kurope,
China, Japan, and Au&tralu, arc tein made, and
when perfected due notice will he given.
We ".hall alo he prrpared lo receive depoitson open
account, make collection and cooduci a general bank
ing and exchange huMnet.
GLYCERMEL OF ROSES
thi: COMPLEXION. '
fchoulit 1 rounil on every I)rrMii Case.
Pr.gureil only by
HKXSUX, SMirit, .t ,( ,
TJENSON, SMITH, & CO.,
113 ahii 113, TORT STRCKT,
DKICKE A. SCHRrCH's CFlEtt1kb HOUK)r A HUC
TIIK COMMON StJNSU NURSING llorri.E.
OT I C E.
Die lartiierhli. hetettiriifa exlii-In lu-twHrn U'KP.
MAN ASllI.KV, tloim; Luifurta n HcukMulu, at
Central HuUrtM Agent U ildi day Ditui ku Ij
mutual ciHKvnt Mr AMe) rrtirts ("'J Mr, Wiinan
lomlnue the lmtinei and Awime All dtUt and IkiUU"
lie owed by the lite Ann.
I. I.. WISEMAN.
W. G. AblilXV.
The Houoliilu Almanao and Directory
'Oil work, contains l-eid.j the Atnunac orul Pirc
lory a tmmUr of ahtaUc ami inmntu.xvrli;.Jktt ajS
lUlus Am a IrantvUiIun of Mr. Grip Krporl uu th
To U h,Li ih Ilook.Sioreit.rMr, T.O, IHUUM
and Mw. J. M. DA V, J., C.
DONE MEAL I UONE MKALI
HONE jIEAI. uvarrauioj pur, faun. ih mauufac
lory of IIuck U UuNpr, San Franciwo.
Order, fur thi ctltUaicJ ferlilixr lll ) t r
crv I by th. undersigucU.
nauuarrrciutitl 10 send their orders tu tarty.
toili.llUi xdlic iiaOeUc Intuuiig iLloi, filled In
tiaw fur (h. planting season. '
AFixst rill'. lo CAN I',
Orders rtccttrd (m 4urtlUW suit,
H'J(, (7. IMHlXJtiO,,
M J.) l.n.KI.II ha 1 Mi da hcom nftrr
In tne Hrm nf
J. fVIMI-.t.UTII Co
Ifonvlnfa. Teton! y , (f iMf
S. K. UKAtlAM
S. M. OAIlTKIl A CO..
M-talL OKA I MB
rinmVofti), coau mm trifin.
r't llrfWrry to all inrttcf iKt Uiy.
Ilrmnnt.rr HV. HI. Ml StltllHr,
AM rritiwm. Xf ,tf.
TEOTSCItn GBMunsu saemeiuukn
II. IIACrUT.I.I) k Co.
1 L I. I N G II A M & C (),.
ItateirrtivrJa full lin ofllie ttrmUr
JDIllInj'.lmm IlroiikliiK Plowi,
DllHii:)mm KIco FIi.wn,
DtlltnRlintn Furrow I'luvmdonrrtve)
Hiew Mnwl are .11 mal from our ov.n pattern
Ly the original John Deere Mollne. l'low Wotti,
the pioneer VVenern plow manufactory ami the largest
Mtel plow orl the V.01IJ. For the rlooi of thii
manufacture we ate aseijtl
Approverl tylM if
CUl.TlV'AlOitS, HARROW'S, awl ilORSU HOES
OLIi PAITKR.V MOI.I.Vi: MOW'S
Pi.ANTAIION TOOLS Or ALL KINTS
Dlflerential I'ulley ItlncV.
Fodder.Cutlen, Garden and Cjnat !!arrw
Paints, Paint OU and Varnishes
tint moor sara and boxps, nkit rxTiNGmnEK
lldl'SE KlTRNitiiivii Gontnt
' !.amp, Chandelier, and Lantern
etc., etc., etc.
XST '(ew Good couManlly arrivin;r.r,,,H
We aim to keep ever) thine required 111 our line,
to ell at lowest price.
1-0. DILLINGHAM St CO.
'LECTION OF OFFICERS, C. BREWER
j oi i.u.iU'A. v (,l.lmiteu.;
t At the Anunal meeting of thi corporal ion the fullow.
tnf nimcU trsuti Here elected for the current ,ear.
r. u. lunw, ir rmi.lent.
V. O. lONKS.Jr Manajer.
JOShl'll O. CAKTl'.K Ireiurer.
lOM-.l'll O. CAR! ER...i Sccielary.
lir.NHV MAY Vuditor.
HON. CHARLES K. IIISHOP, ) ... rt .
HENRV VVAIKKIIOUSK..... f "'rrrto"
J. O CVRTF.R,
Secretary of C llreuer & Co.
Honolulu, Fcliruarygth, iB3( tBo.tm
"HAS. J. FISHEL.
WHOLESALE AND RETAIL.''
Corner FORT anu 110 H'.I.S rxkin ..... t Hdiki
Corner MF.Rl,-HANTAS'n NUIANU Sr. ) lulu.
CisrR lllflll ANii.IAIN'Srml.Vailulu, M.ul
E W GOODS
Uer kSCRIVEIl F
"Martha Dvl," " Milli(iit," in.1 p.cleJ m
" Martpo." aiut other tcU
!oiou Cant Match...
Horx Shoes lio-l, Vails
DOW'NERSajkl NOONIAY Oil.
l.iiUk-atinj OiSoC.ll Uiuli, ,
Cut Nad, all sire.
Ch'Ki Nails, all sire..
Cotlun W'a.lj U Uslt.,
(.lean Kim Clorli,
Hrotiu Soap, ut rises,
, War. Ilai(inj Itaskettfor Ferns, Ic,
lane. tHaitiaiioii Hon,
H li.ii (fooM'twck Sxkct lit,
tc Oram Frve'etl,
La.n ato.ers, ha kio.1,
iUut' Gtnblirf Aiaotkcat; Itvoims,
Cass's Gsuutn. Auioskea f Mariners, Strij,
llesU. a houuui aitUUs hi ilw; Hard. at. hue at. ays,
Sooq .specled, ik by tlte "Fpartasig a 1004 emu
4(. atuftui( of
II nil' i Str4 t'laiti ul Mrr.l.r.,
Wuh .sua Hand., l!aou and oIxs.
AD I hew UI Le fo.iod ( tU cuw UUk More of
If. E. 0. HALL ft SON. Umiiul.
CHANtC STEAMSHIP COMPANV.
Pre VLfn!flrm. New, ami Flesnttn !Meanhlp
M.lliiron.l mui AI,.IMIUA
Will Itav frm,ittii aairl Hswi Franetstn
Int ami lTitli at" Kuril Month.
fssmnitjii U tM Him mr Wfehr nMlfleit that lliey
lift .Ip irfeMM ijafM, nt hsjsj.ur ft hy the ()er
MM ItaMlmy, Nn tnTtlHrM Rm.
KfUXIMl TICHBT.ro. start tiTirrrt,
ElM so irtswn tiy any of ih. ('.(', Steamer lih
fli ntieMy slny.
f my ravw tlrftr name. Iw-.ked In advance
I M IM ante, or th nx-.n-
Urn fftlrtlirnt far risnmtM l.y this Due, vill
ns nf MoMl ! rV tnllllT' ware
host., ami reosjtw iisWest rot wh. Inmraflcr ...
NMrthanfiw, nhiM hi th vtnhsMt., i!ll rr.t owner.
WILLIAM 0 IKVVIrtftOa,
STEAM NAVIOATION COMPANY'S
LINK OF rKAMKU..
Thr I'la 11 In'
Will rim rrcuhrly for KONA an.1 KAU,
Leaves Honolulu at 4 P. M,r .
. , laitnarr (f l l'rlla!...ii.V.Imury it
..rehruary 1 I M4.. :.-'.. .?, It
11 1 Tuesday JT.r' S
Airites .( Honolulu t $ m,
r rblav ., . .1 ebruary s.
Tue,JiT ..Marrh II
Cameron tesj nnnder, leavri Honohihr every Tue.
itsyat.pm. for Nav.tli.ill, Koloa, I leele, sihI VVai
riea, Kauii. Retuntlnf te.ve Nswltiwlli every
Thr Jaitws MiiUre,
rreehiaii rornman-ler, Irarea Haiialntii every Th.rt'
day. m j p 1. for l!aii and KiUuea. Return
inj lesv Kanatefev-s FueMtay at 4 p fit., and to.cli
tn Nt VValana. tth wavs.
J'hr C. U, lihliop.
'siiss.ssx-iiiiiiAq.iiTT, irsviytn ii(jih4uiu rpr; .vMiar
at 4 y.U. Ux Kulfianhftle. i fonok.. .-J 'ifiufiiu Ke
luriiutsc arrive at Honolulu Mt ifiunJay uirtriitf
' rtU SAN FKAtf CISCO
larl,o.t.li. .1, ..t C. -... C . I III I 1
.-. urHii-v iirvi.itv.il oiiirair r ret;, siixi iiictsii iiui
iKtrancn trad? on thiii-neni hj tM m?
)ACIF1C MAIL STEAMSHIP COMPANY.
rOU SAN TUANCISCO.
llie Splendid Stramihiii
A IT S T II A hi A ,
CIIIST .."... ....Commanster
.ill leave Honolulu for San Francisco
Oil or noout. Montlny. Feliriiary lHtli.
pOR SYDNEY Via AUCKLAND.
The Splendid Steamhip
virv or srnxnr
On or nliout February S6tk
'Hie- uzents h(.re are now preulred to issue tLkets t.
San Francisco and return for $135, the round trip.
(touds for shipment per steamer can now 1 stor..,
free or clurile, lit the lire-proof vtarehoue nr the
For freight or pasue, apply 10
7 H HACKFKLD A Co., ARenti.
O T I C E
MESSRS. R. MORE- ft' CO.
Kite STrsr , , Honolulu,
Would Uej lo notify the 1'uUic that they
have tuvt received a shipment oT th. famous
"IldOsKHOLD- SEW (NO MACHINE;
1ST A oy )rson ithinc tniHitihatea sewing ma.hia
nould do uell loesamine them
a iminher of suixiiwr ,
Douhle-barrel Breach-loadinf Shot Cuus,
Wlucliester HI(k-l, Kenn.dy HIH..
Parlor Rinct. . " '
S nil Hi & Wlsson Rerorteiu.
A full avsortment of CARTJtltHJES, brass an.
pajier sJic.ll ; and poitmien' Otoeral Supptie..
ar Call and eiainlnt our Stock 1
Hating in our employ a tirst-ctas Lock and Gust
Smith, .tt,are .ejKued to rhi all kinds of reuaiitnx tn a
fust. last in umiraiiU on slMHrnotice,
ftrirlnu JfuWWii.a rvjxifrrif ami atljimnl
- And alt Unds oflroa Work mad. and rfaartf.
v?Wr a y ffif"
We litit juft rsM.Uu nuf atMtwant
vk'. .. v
Irlsli'Duuiila Damassik .Takla liflf.
tFlFAST, IREtUVNI) ,'
cnn.:itluoTTAl:,K CL01 IIS vT all wl I wit all
vises of dinluS'taUi., ' .,'
ll.vs U.m as. k. (ii.sl .. mporlt4 lo (hti
ISOUkft, SA.1 r iavilS OS! flvHtd. U).1V. (!.
. w. MAvrtuuttm CM.
HmsssMsl aM the ivim,t In tlw IxRoMWt
II1U1, Ha. ail. -
M. O CQUKliA