Newspaper Page Text
Vol ('Mi-; iv, Numhiir 31.
HONOLULU, HAWAIIAN ISLANDS
Whole Nu'MiftJR V87.
; i .
11 11 irii is inoii iv
Tiro 1lillihrrtottthrlotlr'1lri-til Urtlltl,,
I li.nc before.' me a iiewsiniher ili on
whirh a writer expreics the opinion
that no one should he allowed to post i and cronomy?
sess more than one million dollars' A great deal is said about the itnearn
worth of propeity. Along side of it is1 ed increment from 'and, especially with
another slip on which .mother writer I a view to the large gains of landlords
expresses the opinion that (lie limit
should be five millions. I do not
know what the comparative wealth of
the two writers is, but it is interest
ing to notice that there is a wide mar
gin between their ideas of how rich
they would allow their fellow citizens to
become, and oftheKint atVhic.h they
("tin: state," ofioursewouldstep in to
rob a man of his earnings. I hese two
writers only represent a great ileal of
1 rude thinking and declaiming which is
in fashion. I never have known a man
of ordinary common-sense who did not
urge upon his son, from earliest child
hood, doctrine;! of e ononiy and the
practii e of accumulation. A good fa
ther believes that he does wisely to en
courage enterprise, proiluuive skill,
prudent seir-clcni.i!, and judicious ex
penditure on the part of his son. The
object is to teach the boy to ai cumulate
capital. If, however, the boy should
read many of the diatribes against "the
rlM.'i .. i.:t. ... n.... : ?-i!...-
.,11.1.11 ...u iuiu.it 111 inir iiicniuirc,
if he should read or hear some of the
current discussion about "capital", and
if.with the ingenuousness of vouth. he
should take these productions at their
literal sense, instead of discounting
them as his father does the would be
forced to believe that he was on the path
of infamy when he was earning and
saving capital. It is worth while to con
sider which we mean or what we mean.
Isit wicked to be rich? Is it mean to'
be a capitalist? If the question is one
of degree only, and it is right to lie
rich up to a certain point anil wrong U
be richer, how shall we find the point?
Certainly, for practical purposes, we
ought to define the point nearer than
between one and five millions of dollars.
Thcrcisan old ecclesiastical prejudice
in favor of the poor and against the rich.
In days when men acted by ec
clesiastical rules these prejudices pro
duced waste of capital, and helped
mightily to replunge Europe: into bar
barism The prejudices are not yet dead,
but they survive in our society as ludi
crous contradictions and inconsisten
cies. One thing must be granted to the
rich: they are good-natured. Pcrhap?
they do not recognie themselves, for a
rich man is even harder to define than
a poor one. It is not uncommon to
hear a clergyman utter from the pulpit
all the old prejudice in favor of the
poor and against the rich, while asking
the rich to do .something for the poor,
and the rich comply without appaient
ly having theii feelings hurt at all by the
invidious comparison. We all agree that
he is a good member of society, w ho
works his way up from poverty to wealth,
but as soon as he has w.orked his vvav
up we begin to regard him with suspi
cion as a dangerous member of society.
A newspaper starts the silly fallacy that
"the rich are rich because the poor are
industrious," and it is copied from one
end of the country to the other as if it
were a brilliant apothegm. "Capital" is
denounced by writers and speakers who
have never taken any trouble to find
out what capital is, and whousetheword
in two or three different senses in as
many pages. Labor organizations arc
formed, not to employ combined effort
for a common object, but to indulge in
declamation and denunciation, and es
pecially to furnish an easy living to some
officers who do not want to work. Peo
ple who have rejected dogmatic religion,
and retained only a residuum of reli
gious sentimenulisni, find a special field
m the discussion of the rightsof the poor
and the duties of the rich. We have de
nunciations of banks, corporations, and
monopolies, which denunciations en
courage only helpless rage and ani
mosity, because they are not controlled
by any definitions or limitations, or by
any distinctions between what is indis
pensably necessary and what is abuse,
between what is established in the
order of nature and what is legislative
error. Think, for instance, of a journal
which makes it its special business to
denounce monopolies, yet favor a pro
tective tariff, and has not a word to say
against trades-unions or patents! Think
of puh'ic teachers who saj that the
farmer is ruined by the cost of trans
portation, when they mean that he tan
not make any profits because his farm
is too far from the market, and who de
nounce the railrod because it does not
correct for the farmer at the expense of
itssiocKnoiiiers, the disadvantage which
lies in the physical situation of the
farm. Ihtnk of that construction of
this situation which attributes all the
trouble to the greed of "moneyed cor
porations." Think of the piles of rub
Irish llutt one has read iiboui iorncr
and watering stocks, and selling futures.
Undoubtedly there are, in connection
with each of these things, case of ft and,
swindling, other financial crimes; tint
is to say, the greed and selfishness ol
men are prepetual. They put on new
phases, the); adjust themselves to new
forms of business, and constantly devise
new methods of fraud and lobbery, just
as burglars dev ise new artifices to cir
cumvent every new precaution of the
lockmakcis. the cniniiul law needs
to lie improved to meet new forms of
crime, Inn to denounce finanriil devices
which are useful and legitimate, because
use is made of them for fraud, is ridi
culous and umvorthv of the aee in
winch we live, l-ifty years ago good old
Knglish Tories used to denounce all
juiiii-'.itH.N ruinpaiiies m uie same way,
aim tor similar reasons.
All the denunciations and declaim
tions which have liecn referred to are
made in (be interest of "the Kor man "
His name never ceases to echo in the
hull of legislation, and lieisihcexcuso
and reason lor all the avis which are
ihsse d. I Ie is never forgotten in poetry
sermon or essay, His interest is invoked
. .4f.l . " n ...
lie, . i cna,"ln msUe
..!.. .. iicn, laiiu-r, was ins name aim
interest ever invoked, when, upon ex-1
in illi.m r r. flf.l..r..l .. ...... 1 1 '
' V """".""'. i-iuiv :anw, j nun, anu mat tiie new developments
f,CTClVhl?S,w,,,on- Ycn'iere, V1!1 be mailc rihl I,e" America,
u-f v, .' Nnoeycjrvwhiin,' lpmt-stock companies ire yet iniheir
When did he ever net the benefit of im-mr- n,i ..'. La ?....". 7.
r rT-....". ......1
I .iminniion, u uiu noi lii.-iiniy niicnr 111.11
i somebody else was to win -.somebody
who was far too smart cer to he poor,
far too la?y ever to lie ri li b industry
in old countries. The unearned incre
incut from land has indeed made the
position of an Knglish land-owner, for
the last two hundred years, the most
fortunate that any class of mortals ever
has enjoyed, but the present moment,
when the rent or agricultural land in
Kngland is declining under the compe
tition of American land, is not well cho
sen for attacking the old advantage.
Furthermore, the unearned incre
ments from land appears in the United
Stales as a gam to tiie first comers, who
here laid the foundations ofanew state.
Sim e the land isa monopoly, the un
earned increment lies in the laws of na
ture. Then the only question is, Who
shall have it? the man who has the
ownership by prescription, or some or
all others? Moroevcr, there is an un
earned increment on capital and on la
bor, due to the presence around the ca
pitalist and the laborer of a great,indus
trious and prosperous society. A tax
on land and a succession or probate du
ty on capital might he perfectly justified
by these facts. Unquestionably capital
accumulates with a rapidity which fol
lows in some high series the security,
good government, peaceful order of the
state in which it is employed, and if
the state steps in, on the death of the
holder, to claim a share of the inheri
tance, such a claim may be fully justi
fied. I he laborer likewise gams by
carrying on his labor in a strong, highly
civilicd, and well governed state far
more than he could gain with equal
industry on the frontier or in the midst
ofanarchy I Ie gainsgreater remunera
tion for his services, and he also shares
in the enjoyment of all that accumula
ted capital of a wealthy community
which is public or semi-public in its na
ture. The great gains of a great capitalist in
a modern state must be put under
the head of wages for superintendence.
Any one who believes that any great
enterpriseof an industrial character can
be started without labor must havelittlc
experience of life. Let any one try to
get a inilroad built, or to start a factory
and win reputation for its products, or
to start a school and win a reputation for
it, or to found a newspaper and make
it a success, or to start any other en
terprise, and he will find how many ob
stacles must be overcome, what risks
must be taken, what perseverance and
courage are required, what foresieht
and sagacity are necessary. Especial
ly in .1 new country, where many tasks
arc waning, wnere resourcesarcstrameu
tothc utmost all the time, the judgment
courage, and perseverance required to
orgniwc new enterprises and carry them
to success are sometimes heroic. Per
sons who possess the necessary qualifi
cations obtain great rewards; theyouglit
to uo so. it is looiisli to rail at them.
Then, again, the ability to organize
and conduct industrial, commercial, or
financial enterprises is rarV; the great
captains of industry areas rare as great
generals. The great w eakness of all co
operative enterprises is in the matter of
supervision. Men of routine or men
who can do what they arc told are not
hard to find, but men who can think
and plan and tell the routine men what
to do are v cry rare. They are paid in
proportion to the supply anddemandof
If Mr. A. T. Steward made a great
fortune by collecting and bringing dry
goods to the people of the UnitedStates,
he did so because he understood how to
do that thing better than any other man
of his generation. He proved it, be
cause he carried the business through
commercial crises and war, and kept
increasing its dimensions. If, when he
died, heleftnocompeteni successor, the
business must break up,:md pass into
new organization in the hands of oilier
men. Some have said that Mr. Stew
ard made his fortune out of those who
worked for him or with him. But
would those ersoiis have been able to
come together, organize themselves, and
earn what they did earn without him ?
Not at all. They would have been
comparitively helpless. He and they
together formed a great system of fac
tories, stores, transportation, under his
guidance and judgment. It was for the
benefit of all; but he contributed to it
what no one else wasabletocontribute -the
one guiding mind which made the
whole thing possible. In no sense
whatever does a man who accumulates
a fortune by legitimate industry exploit
his emiMov.cs, or make his capital "out
of" anybody else. The wealth which
he wins would not be but for him.
The aggregation of large fortunes is
not at all a thing to be regretted. On
the contrary, it is a necessary condition
of many forms of social advance. If
vyc should set a limit to the accumula
tion of wealth, we should say to our
most valuable producers, "We do not
want you to do us the serx ices which
j 011 understand how to perform, beyond
a certain point. " It would be like kill
ing off our generals in war, A great
deal is said, in the i ant of a certain
school, about "ethii.il views of wealth,"
and we are told that some day men will
be found of such public spirit that, after
they have accumulated a few millions,
they will be willing to go on and labor
simply for the pleasure of uying the
taxes of their fellow-citizens. Possibly
this is true. It is a prophecy.
imHsstble to deny it as it w
It is as
it as it u silly to
amrm it. for il a tune ever come-i
wuen there are men of this kind, the
men of that age will arrange their affairs
accordingly. There are no such men
now, and thoseof us wholiveeannotar
range our affairs by what men will lie a
hundred generations hence.
There is every indication that we are
to see new developments of tlje power
of aggregated capital to sere civiliza-
II IMl.-mrv". Iinil ihi'ixriwirAl.. ....! I
"It . .Mv.r..Ul.l CUIIJl.ll, Ml
ead f being a thing which can lie
overturned, is a thing whi
iug which is be
coming more and more indispenable.
....... ........ rr.7
I'.conotnicaiiy, aggrcgaieu rnpiini win
i,c more and more essential to tlitr per
formancc of our social tasks. Kurthcr
more, it seems to me certain that all
aggregated capital will fall more and
more under jiersonal control. IJach
great compart) will be known as con
trolled by one master mind. The
reason for this lies in the great super
iority ot personal management over
management by boards and committees.
I his tendency is in the public inteiest,
for it is in the direction of more satis
factory responsibility. The great bin
deranre to the development of this
continent has lain in the lack of cap
ital. The capital which we have had
has been wasted by division and dis
sipation, and by injudicious apn'ica
tions. We are to see the development
pushed forward at an unprecedented
rate by an aggregation of capital, and
a systematic application of it under the
direction of competent men. This dev
elopment will be for the benefit of all,
and it will enable each one of us, in his
measure and way, to increase his wealth.
We may each of us go ahead to do so,
and we have every reason to rejoice in
each other's prosperity. There ought
to be no laws to guarantee property
against the folly of its possessors. In
the absence of such laws, capital inher
ited by a spendthrift will be squandered
and re-accumulated in the hands of men
who are fit and competent to hold it.
So it should be, and under such a
state ol things there is no reason to de
sire to limit the property which any
man may acquire. Prof, W. G. Sum
ntr in faren Weekly.
All over the world the masses of men
are becoming more, and more dissatis
fied with conditions under which their
fathers would have been contented. It
is in vain that they are told that their
situation has been much improved ; it
is in vain that it is pointed out to them
that coniform, amusements, opportuni
ties arc within their reach that their
fathers would not have dreamed of.
The having got so much, only leads
them to ask why they should not have
more. Desire grows by what it feeds
on. Man is not like the ox. He has
no fixed standard of satisfaction. To
arouse his ambition, to educate him to
new wants, is as certain to make him
discontented with his lot as to make
that lot harder. We resign ourselves
to what we think cannot be bettered ;
but when we realize that improvement
is possible, then we become restive.
This is the explanation of the paradox
that I)e Tocqueville thought astonish
ing : that the masses find their position
the more intolerable the more it is im
proved. They were right who opposed
popular education on the ground that
it would bring revolution. The slave
codes were wise that prescribed pains
and penalties for teaching bondsmen to
But there is in the conditions of the
civilized world to-day something more
portentous than a growing restiveness
under evils long endured. Ever) thing
tends to awake the sense of natural
equality, to arouse the aspirations and
ambitions ol the masses, to excite a
keener and keener perception of the
gross injustice of existing inequalities
of privilige and wealth. Yet, at the
same time, everything tends, to the
rapid and monstrous increase of these
inequalities. Never since great estates
were eating out the heart of Rome has
the world seen such enormous fortunes
as arc now arising. And never more
utter proletarians. In the paer which
contained a many-column account of
the Vanderbilt ball, with its gorgeous
dresses and its wealth of diamonds,
with its profusion of roses, costing two
dollars each, and its precious wines
flowing like water, I also read a brief
item telling how, at a station-house
near by, thirty-nine persons eighteen
of them women had sought shelter,
and how they were all marched into
court next morning and sent for six
months to prison. " The women,"
said the item, " shrieked and sobbed
bitterly as they were carried to prison."
Christ was born of a woman. And to
Mary Magdalen he turned in tender
blessing. Hut such vermin have some
of these human creatures, made in
Ood's image, become, that we must
shovel them off to prison without being
The railroad is a new thing. It has
scarcely begun its work. Yet it has
already differentiated the man who
counts his income by millions every
month, and the thousands of men ghd
to work for him at from ninety cents
to a dollar and a half a day. Who
shall set bounds, under present tenden
cies, to the great lortunes of the next
generation ? Or to the correlatives of
these great fortunes, the tramps ?
The tendency of nil the inventions
and improvements so wonderfully aug
menting productive power, is to con
centrate enormous wealth in the hands
of a few, to make the condition of die
many more hojieless ; to force into the
jHisition of machines for the production
of wealth they are not to enjoy, men
whose aspirations are licing aroused.
Without a single exception that I can
think of, the effet t of all modern in
dustrial improvements is to production
UM)ii a large scale, to the minute divis
ion of labor, to the giving to the posses
sion of large capital an overpowering
advantage. Hven such inventions as
the telephone pud the tyie-writer tend
to the concentration of wealth, by
adding to the ease with which large
businesses can lie managed, and lessen.
intj limitations that after a certain
lomt made further extention more dif
ficult, The tendency of the machine is In
everything not merely to place it out of
the power of the workman to become
his own employer, but lo reduce him
to the position of a mere attendant or
feeder ; to dispense with judgment,
skill and brains, save in a few over
seers ; to reduce all others to the
monotonous work of automatons, to
which there is no future save the same
Under the old system of handicraft,
the workmen may have toiled hard and
long, but in his work he had cnnian
ionhip,s variety, the pleasure that
omef of the exercise of creative skill,
the sense of seeing things growing un
der his hand to finished form. He
worked in his own home or side by
side with his employer. Libor was
tightened b) emulation, by gossip, by
laughter, by discussion. 'As apprentice,
he looked forward to becoming a jour
neyman ; as a journeyman, he looked
forward to becoming a master and
taking an apprentice of his own. With
a few tools and a little raw material he
was independent. He dealt directly
with those who used the finished arti
cles he produced If he could not
find a market for money he could find
a market in exchange. That terrible
dread- the dread of having the oppor
tunities of livlihood shut off, of find
ing himself utterly helpless to provide
for his family, never cast its shadow
Consider the blacksmith' of the in
dustrial era now evciywhcre passinu
or rather the "black and white smith,"
for the finished workman worked m
steel as well. The smithy Mood by
roadside or street. Through its open
doors were caught glimpses of nature :
all that was passiim could he seen.
Wayfarers stopped to inquire, neigh
bors to tell or hear the news, children
to see the hot iron glow and watch the
red .sparks fly. Now the smith shocd a
horse ; now he puts on a wagon-tire ;
now' he forged and tempered a tool ;
again he welded a broken andiron, or
beat out with graceful art a crane for
the deep chimney-place, or, when there
was nothing else to do, he wrought
iron into nails.
do now into one of those enormous
catablishincnts Covering acres and
acres, in which workmen by the thou
sand arc massed together, and by the
aid of steam and machinery iron is
converted to its uses at a fraction of
the cost of the old system. You can
not enter without permission from the
office, for over each door you will find
the sign, " Positively no admittance."
If you are peiniitted to go in, you
must not talk to the workmen ; but
that makes little difference, as amid the
din and the clatter, and whirr of belts
and wheels, you could not if you would.
Here you find men doing over and over
the self-same thing -passing, all day
long, bars of iron through great rollers ;
presenting plates to steel jaws, turning,
amid clangor in which you can scarcely
"hear yourself think." bits of iron over
and back again, sixty times a minute,
for hour after hour, for day after day,
for year after year. In the whole great
establishment there will be not a man,
save here and there one who got his
training under the simpler system now
passing away, who can do more
than some minute part of what
goes to the making of a salable
article. The lad learns in a little while
how to attend his particular machine.
I hen his progress stops. He may be
come gray-headed without learniiiK
more. As his children ktow, the only
way he has of augmenting his income
is by setting them to work. As for as
piring to become master of such an
establishment, with its millions of capi
tal in machinery and stock, he midit
as well aspire to be king of England or
pope ol Koine, lie has no more con
trol over the conditions which nive him
employment than has the passenger in
a railroad car over the motion of the
train. Causes which he can neither
prevent nor foresee may at any time
stop his machine and throw him upon
the world, an utterly unskilled laborer.
unaccustomed even to swing a pick or
handle a spade. When times are tiood.
and his employer is coining money, he
can only get an advance by a strike en
a threatened strike. At the least
symptoms of harder times his wages are
scaled down, and he can only resist by
a strike, which means, for a longer or
snorter tune, no wages.
I have spoken of but one trade; but
the tendency is the same in all others.
This is the form that industrial organi
zation is everywhere assuming, even in
agriculture. Great corporations are
now stocking immense ranges with
cattle, and " bonanza farms " are culti
vated by gangs- of nomads destitute of
anything that can lie called home. In
all occupations the workman is steadily
uecoinmg iiivorccu irom tue ioois and
opportunities of labor; everywhere the
inequalities of fortune arc becoming
more glaring. And this at a time when
thought is being quickened ; when the
old forces of conservatism are giving
way ; vvnen tne idea ot human equality
is growing and spreading.
When between those who work and
want and those who live in idle luxury
there is so great a gulf fixed that in
popular imagination they seem to be
long to distinct orders of beings ; when,
jn the name of religion, it is persistently
instilled into the masses that all things
in this world are ordered by Uivine
Providence, which appoints to each his
place ; when children are taught from
the earliest infancy that it is, to use the
words of the Episcopal catechism, their
tint) towards t.od and man to "honor
and obey the civil authority," to "order
themselves lowly and reverently toward
their belters, cind to do their duty in
that state of life in which it has pleased
Clod lo call them ; " w hen these coun
sels of humility, of contentment and of
self-abasement are enforced by the
terrible threat qf an eternity of tortuie,
while on the other hand the poor are
taught to believe that if they tiently
bear their lot here Clod will, after
death, translate them to a happy world
where there is no private projierty and
uo iMjvcrty, the most glaring inequal
ities in condition may excite neither
envy nor indignation.
Hut the ideas that are stirring jn the
worm are uuiereiu irom these
Near nineteen hundred years ano,
when another civilization was develop
ing moiiJtrous inequalities, when the
j masses everywhere were being ground
iiiuu uupeicss slavery, jnere arose in a
jewisti village an unlearned carienter,
who, scorning the orthodoxies and
ritualisms ot the dav. preached to
laborers and fishermen the go! of
me lauiernooci oi tiou, the equality
and brotherhood of men. who taueht
his disciples to pray for the coming of
the kingdom of heaven on eaith. The
rollcie nrnft-SKorH nttn-il ?,t l.t.n tl.
Jotthodox preacliers denounced him.
( I. A. 1 nt mini
AtllH Hfl1 tit
So. it Mpdciiant SrnpitT
ILL1AM O. SMITH & Co,
j I- A. 1 HlrRSTUVt
1 W.O. Smith. f
Stork ttntt Itrnt i!tntr Ihtit.riM,
No. H Mrrchant Strhit .llosnittiu
r.ifaMhhfJ in i$?Q )
Susr I'tantntion, Kaiirrxtil, IVtepliOne ant oilier Cor
poratiuti Sieclci, ltewU ami simitar SenmitM
IloLf.MT AMIJ SoUl ON CotlMIMfON.
Money loancl on Stock pemitic
VouHxehtr ttt hittr ttmt .' t'tthttt,
Co it Ntr Ionr and Mrrchant Stkikt, IIunolilv
15 Kaaiiumanu STHKttr.
JLT R. CASTLE,
AttovHty ttt Jmw ttntt ,VMr Ptttittr.
Altrml all tiie Court of tiie kingdom.
Attot iirif ttntt Cfjiffitrfnr ttt Law.
M PdllT StRFKT.
ALBERT C. SMITH,
.lfrif to ttthr A rh titnrtrtl yrment to
OrriCK With mitli k Thurston. Attorney atI aw
No j8, Mkkcmant.Strkkt.
-pvRS. CUMMINGS & MARTIN
Surg9ona ttntt Itomtrpttthtr Vhyntclttnn,
OrMCKCOKNKR FoRT ASD IlKRKTANIA St ,
Office Hour Until 9 a. m., and from 1-3 and 6:30-8 i.m.
B. EMERSON, M. D.
I'htatefttn ttntt Sttttfrntt.
Hokoiuih ,, , H. 1
IflBrilONK NtfMBFR I49.
Office hour from 8J- to 10 a. m ; i4 to 3S p
Office and Residence, No.
KukuiMrtet, corner Fort
T M. WHITNEY, M. D.f D. D. S.
ttentitl ItnomM on I'ort ttrrttt
Hosolwu.. ... .. . . ,1
Oflicc in Hrexxer Uloclt, corner Hote and
Streets entrance on Hotel Street.
XTtLLIAM B. MCALLISTER,
VFRMANBVm l-OCATFI) IN HONOLULU.
Office, corner of Fort and Hotel Mreet, oxer 'Ircgloan's
Particular attention paid to restoration gold filling.
Rcl)ing on RoocUvork at reasonable chargi to Run
ihe confidence of the public 155 6 n
t W Morfc Jlrohrr.
WHI fcJtKriv STRMIT.. . .,,,. . . HiiNrillLI
MeA Ir of ihr Honolulu Stock and lion J Uxcliange.
It prepared to buy Ami mII Stocks ami ItonJi lit the
Ofkm jiirtiet, At the iwial taie of commission.
Has money lo loan on Stocki. Small inarming re
quired on '1 une Contracts.
Will aiUisc a to I n est menu when requested.
P O. HALL & SON (Limited)
IMfOXTKKS AND IIUAtkR IN
llttnt tvttve nntt fienrfttl Jtetchtttitttev,
Coknek ur Kim, and Fokt Street, Honolulu
William V, Hall President ami Manager
L. G Ablei . , .Secreiarj and Treasurer
P. C Jones, Jr . . ... Auditor
Directors K. O. Hall, George V Howe. 15a
O M, CARTER,
.tttrnt to take Arhnoivlrtlfmrnt t
tittetn to ftthtn
Honolvli, Hawaiian Inlands
CotnmtgMttHtrt of tiertta
Fur the State of California, for U Hawaiian I standi,
and General Agent lor the Pacific Mutual Life In
ftiiranic Company of California. 141
NO. A. HASSINGER.
ttt take ArkHttivlrtlyiHeHtM ttt f'M-
tmrlm J'ttr fi6uj.
iNrKHlOK OrtlCK , HoNOILIt'
JOHN H. PATY,
Auinry fithllr iiutl 'imml$ilnn of Jlmlt,
For Ihe Slalc uf California anil New Villi. Oilire
at ilie Hank ur lluhop Si Co.
Honoiulu. Oamv. H. 1. 1
P T. LENBHAN & Co.
Itiiimrlff anil Cummlmlon Mrrrhunl:
NtiiiANii Stkhkt, llcNnuy.r.
r YCAN & CO,
nifilfi- 11111 llrnlrrm hi till klmlt of
.Until Howl, f'n iicj lltttttla,
Nov 105 anii 107 KoT SmrKT. . . Ilnr.ni l M'
Furniture, Chain, Sewing Machinei, Mirror anil
Mirror l'lale, I'ulute rranie an, Cornice, made lo
C BREWER & COMPANY,
tlrnrrnl Mrrcanlllrtiml CoiiiiiiUiIoh .lanilt
Ql'KK Stmkt, HnsnULV.
Olficerj 1', C. Jonci. jr,, proident m marujtr;
Joseph I), Catler, treaturcr .nil iecrelarj, Diteclort:
llon. Charlea R. llihou ami II. A. I'. Cirlcr; Henry
llralrr hi (holer lltrf, rrnl, Mutton, Kir,
No. 0 CUIKM .STUIET. fin, MAM"T.
Family anj &JiIiii; orders carifully attended lo.
I lie block furiii'.rieit to X'cuclt at hort notice.
ecetablei or all kind uipplied lo order.
IricrimNK. . . . No. jn,
S. GKINBAUM It Co.
fMi'ii tew itti.i iriiotrtttlt llrnlrrm In tltii.
MAkrh'H lluKk . .Quick Sremir, Honolulu
JUT S. GRINUAUM & Co.
IW.ciislnf ,im. CiiinuilluM Mrrrkaut;
114 CautniMA St., Sn Canciki.
SjvcUl ficilklfi for and tuiltcuUr altenlion paid lo
Conor ninenu of Idand produce. a
Cttiuly MiHttiltirlitry ami
Itiikrru. . .
. . ..o.u.f. . .11.1.
NuuiUr fl Hotel ttrtrf
Pattr) Oxit and llaker.
Iteeit Fori and Nuiunu
TTOLUISTER ft Co..
ami Itrlall llrvuulHt anil fv
Nihil, Niivani1 Surer
Wnltktnnkar, Jntrrl.r, f.Hirarn; ami
No. mi uT Staaar .llo.iou'Ll-
All order fauhtuJy aaectueii. p
Hoot ttt ttt Xhttrtmtkrr,
I kxn and Shoe rn-ule lo Onler.
No if4 Fort St., orfnMtr Panthron Stami
P II. CEDING,
.irrjM ttntt th-tifftttttn
freight, lkfl(je, ami lUKgag delivered luaml from
.ill part of Honolulu arU Canity. I'Arrful nt
tent inn paid to moving furniture, uh
WAGONS l.XIMU.SSLV rOR I UK I'lKPOSK
lelepti-Kte 86$ ReMence tjs Punch now I Mreet.
OlTire, 16 KtiiR Street. Htti
PHILLIPS St Co.
Itttttttttfth tint! II hntemtle Itmlrvn tn t'toth
tntft Itotrtn, Shttri, IltttMf Men t'ttr
h (.( foriirj, l-'ttnrff tlt.uitn, t;tr.
No. ti Kaahumsnu St brut Hiihqm'Iu
-MIARLES T. GULICK,
Xttttttft I'nhltc, Aymi to ttth Arknotttlt'
mrntft to Ltthnr CttnttttetM, ttntt
itrurtttt Itnntnrmi Ajrut.
Office in Makre's Itltxlt. at corner (Jiten ami Kaalm.
itnnu Mreets, Honolulu. aty
O J. LEVEY & CO.,
Httntratttr and ttrttttt (hoem,
Fort Strrft . tltuNouiu
Frenh groceries and provisions of all kinds on hand and
receded rrctilarl) from humpe and Amerlra which
will Ix sold at the lowest matlxft rales.
Goods delivered to ant tiart cf the clt fiee of chart.
Inland orders solicited and prompt attention will 1
Kiten to Ih1 name. ua.ty
ONO LEONG & CO.,
Afriitt fur Mottnul Muyttt', I'tttttntm Klrr
And Katlua Rice Plantation and Mill.
NUUANU StkERT ... . ..CoHNHR MaRINF
pHEO. H. DAVIES A Co ,
(I.ATK (ANION, GkKTN & Co )
tntpttrtrra nntt fontnttintton Jlerctnnt,
I.lo)dsand the Liverpool Underwriter.
Iliittsh, and Foreign Marine Insurance Company, and
Northern Assurance Company. 1
A WwVcIIARDSON & Co
IMI-ORTKRI AND OfM FR4 IN
flout b, Xiopm, f-Utrntntijny floods. If ft.
VttpMf Trunk a. Valine,
Perfumery and Soaps, Wililiam Watches,
Fine Jewelry, etc,
COKNPR FilKT AND MjRCIIANT StRFI-Ts, HONOLULU
f E. WILLIAMS.
IMPORTFR AND I)KAI fcR IN
I'nrnttnrr of Kveiy !ifmrrtpttont Ato
tfpholntrrrr antt Jtntmjttrtui or.
Furniture Wareroonu No. 109 Fort Street Work
hhopat old stind on Hotel Street. All orders; promptly
attended to. 13
JOHN T. WATERHOUSE,
Itnpottrr ttntt Itrtttrf In (triiertti Jfi
rlmntttnr, Qukkn Streft . . ... .Honolulu
ilnnrtttt Vomtntton Afnnl,
QUPFN StRFKT . HONOLLLU
pD. HOFFSCHLAEGER & Co.
tntltoi trri ttntt Votnnt I tin tttn Merchant.
Honoiulu Oaiiu, H. I.,
T HOPP & Co., 74 Kins street,
Importer and Manufacturer of Every
Description of rurttititre.
To tiik Ladies: 'I rimming., TaeU. Gimpfc, Silk
Cord in every shade Parlor Sit retiilTed.
coered, jwhshed and made equal ti.
new, Mittresses re made and
cleaned at short
We nre noted for (ml-clasH work and moderate
charges.. 113 q
TpvILLINGHAM fit Co.
Importer (in Jratri tn tint titrate, Cat'
Paints and Oils, and General Merc handle.
No. 37 Fort Strkkt .. , ,, .Hotntuiu
A W. PEIRCE & Co.
.Ship Chandler anil Vommlumion Mrr
Honolulu, Hawaiian Island.
Agenti for lira tid's Guns and Itomb Lance and Per
ry U.iwV Pain Killer,
M. G. IRWIN & Co.
Sttyar factor and Vanmttaton Ayrnta.
CLAl'S Xr-RFCKHI t. H M. li IK WIN.
IIOM.LUIll . ,,,, ,II,
Aiirlloiirt't' ami I'aiiimlaHtttit Mrvtltttul,
CjUKKN STKK1-T HnNOLI'LU
P A. SCHAEFBR & to.
imuui'lviH 11ml CiimiiiUmlim Mffrhmif.,
.MrKCIIANT STKbKT HnNOI ULU
ILDER & Co.
I.umhri; Villain, (Hit, Natl, ami llitllilliiu
Matrrlal of rrrrtf A hitl,
Cok. Foar and QuatN Sr. Ilciwnu'i.u
T WILLIAMS & Co.
io Atn 104 Fort Sruaicr Honolimii
Future of all tire and kind made to order, and
frame of all description conttaiilly on hand Also
Coralt, Miell and Curioilie of llie Vaclfic.
A LLEN & RODINSON,
llralrr. fit r.iimbri-aml nil I. hull of Ihtllil-
HI Material., I'ahilt, Oil., Xallt, rtr.,
lloiou'U', II. I.,
AC.KNTH Of aCllllONKR
llaleakala. Kulanianu, Kekauluoht, Mary Ellen,
, U llama. Pauahl and Lf.nl.
At KoUiwmi' Wnaif.
imfiorlrr. of llrnertll Jirrtiaiiiffar Wm
Virr, Kiiilmiil, tirtmnnu antt
Ihr I'll Sir, I Stair.,
No. IQ MlKCIIANT frf HllNOlUI.U
i6ANiii8Ci.irMNiAbrr .San Fkajiki.
IWtlculir attention paid to Ailing and hippln !
land orderK i
litiit.n anil titan I'alntrr,
Pa llAMiaa, etc.,
No. 107 Kiko Srmicr . . . .Ilo.soinu
I YONS & LEVEY,
Aurtltnirrr. ami Vimal..lun Mrrrhaal.,
IlKAVaa IIuki., rjifaax hraaaT, llnNnu.tr,
Sale of Furiutiue, Stock, rll Kuan awl fSenctal
McvfAAJHli. pioiiiptly attended to. SiU ascnti f.w
Aiaerltn and l.urrncan luenhandi.. II. I.uii,
ul-r 1 1-J I avar.
1UIRS. A.M. MULLIS,
1'n.liluiiatil. Ilrr.. ami Cloak Mak.r,
No. 104 FoarSraaxr ...Honiiui.
KM W McCHESNEY ot SON,
Isalhtr, lll'lr., T lout nntt t'ommUtlua
Aenl for ih KoalnoapCompan).
No. 41 (JLaaM ST.tar .. , lloaotui
J4l.ll.(.Sri.ar .. ,0NOllll
lutpilci U Aweiu-Ait Jewelry U ei, 4avIo.
ima. irofinwij 01 aao r raJHiavo, .auaoiva ,0
J UWKHS ft COOKH,
(SrixMwKsio t.awKttaft Di.KanN.)
Iiiilurtrr. mttl tlrttlrri In t.iimbrr mitt alt
ktml. of llilllilhia Vnlrrlnl:
Four SiKier IIoidiulo
p C. COLBMAN,
lUnrk.tiilth, Maclthtttt, rnrrltinr Uorll)
lint . Sliorhin,
MnNoiluu , . .11, 1
Plantation Machinery, etc. Shop oil Ktft-K treet!
neit to Cattle & Cooke 175.1) r
I OIIN NOTT,
rln, Vopprr ami hrrt lion Uoth.r,
Storr. ami Uaitije.
of all kinil, riumlrs' ilocknd mct-tt, Iiowm furnlth
ins Rood, chandelier, lamp, tl&
No. ( KtAMVMANU Srar.T IIowii.uld
M. OAT & Co.
,Stilttnat.er, Flay of all 1tecrlptlnn
made and tepntrrd,
tlONOIt'UI I If 1
I.uft In A. F. Coolie's new fireproof building, fot t
Nuumi Street 4
T BMMMLUTH At Co.,
Ttnmtth and Vltttnher Ihatern in
Sloven, Itnnymt Hn,
No. 5 Nuianu SrniiPT . .. . Ilwuiu
T W GIRVIN.
fotnntlnmlttn Merchant and tlttne tat heater
Waili'ku. Maui H, I
Groceries Hardware, Stationer). Patent Medicines,
Perfumery and Glassware. i
ONOLULU IRON WORKS Co.,
Steam Knyhtet, Itollet, Suyar Mill,
Vontvr, iron, tit a and Lad Cdsltnyi.
HrtNott'iu . . . ....IL I
Machinery of every description nude to orJer.
Particular attention ltatd to Shin's HhcUmithing,
jolt work executed on the shortest notice. 10
"pHOS. G. THRUM,
iMI-nPTINO AND MANUFACTUMNG
Stationer, AVi Ayrnt, Vrlnter, Hook
And mil it 1 -ihe p of I he SiTVMUAV Pres. and It.ttWld
an Almanac and Amhk.iI, Merchant street. Deil
er in 1 me Stationery, Boks, Music, lay and Fancy
wood, rort street, netr Hotel, lionoiuiu.
A S. CLEGHORN & C.
Importer ami Jteatem In ticnnal Mer-
Corner f J ue-n and Kaaiiumanu Streets, Honolulu.
TJOLLES & Co.
Ship Chan diet and Comutlastan Merchant
Q.UEUN St H BUT. HoOIVLl'. II. 1.,
Importers anJ Dealers in General Merchandise, i
Carpenter ami Jlullttcr,
Alt Und. cf ioblnn. promntlv attended to.
1 l.nhAti. ATs. a WitliimaAit'u ltt.k-Adat OilJ
ll'IIVIIK 41 V. . J-, IIIIMIIiavil a UAI -4 aaifcv.
Jmor, .No. 84 Kino Stkubt Hokoulv
T AIME ft Co.
linporlert and dealers In Hay, Grain and General
.. II. 1
U. McINTYRE t BROTHER,
tlrocery and ii, btore.
Cok. King and FohtSts ..Honolulu
A L. SMITH,
importer and Dealer In Citaattcate,
Mertden .Stiver-Vlated H'are,
No. 44 Fort Street v. .... .Honolulu
King' Combiantioti bjiectaclet and EjejUsse,
Lustra! Wire Ware, Fancy hoaps Picture Frames, Pit
toU, Woktenholm's Pocket Cutlery, Povtdcr, bh&t and
Ammunition, ClarL'a Spool Cotton, Mjirune Oil, all
kindi of Machine Ncedks, "Oometttc" Paper Faihion.
Sole agent of the universally acLnoledccd Llsht
Kunniim Domcrtic Sewing Machine.
-pHB GBRMANIA MARKET.
Honolulu, H. I.
Iter, Vral, Mutton, Lamb, PanlUy
Constantly on hand, atd of choicest qtuliiy, Turk
Sauuges llolocnas, etc., aUa on hand. Our meats
are all cut and put up In haMcrti H)Ic. All ordm
fatihfullv attended to. a.id delivered, in anv tnrt of tHn
nt). Shop tn Hotel Street, lluecu Lingnat.d Fort
streets. 140-cm li. KAUi'i', j'ropnetor.
Watchmaker and Aetveler,
WA LI 1 1 A M and all other American WW CI I P.S,
Clock", and Jen dry,
Watoh rcpalrinsx tnudo a SpnolnUty
All order from the uthei ivlandt prompt I attended lo,
Nw. 5j, Hotki Stkkft. . .Hunoiuiu, II. I,
Jetreler and htamond Setter,
Nu6, .. , Nut'ANU StkfKT, Honolulu, H. L
(Opjoiite llollUfr iV Co ),
Particular attention paid to repairing.
t .King Simfr
VpMolatetrra, Itntpet and Jicatir tn all
kind of furniture
Ttlephon) No. 143.
(ronuiKLr wiiii MiLla fi Co.)
Hliole.tite 11ml JUInll llioerr,
111, KiNgSraiiT. Unuh IIahmonv (IaVU
Family. Flantallon. mOiI Sliio alorea kjmll at alioit
nolicr. New eood bv every tievner, Urdcn from
tKe ether Ivland Ciulifully eaccutrd
M'ooif ami Itoru lurti.r,
r.Ll U-i, U..Inra I I'otH. Il.llurd IUIIi, Cnci,
tUlun.11, Ncli, Kou CtlaLu),!, i
ana al otlitr kind of mruilj,'
ecfcu,o whii oc.iiie mum uiaaltn.
BO L. BABCOCK,
(LATK Of tlAKl ANII) .'
Teacher of lit. Piano Fcila. AJ Irew, l.VCAN k ,'0,
kmiuknck Jit. UudoU-. irViy
' V" ' "
jyf AILB COLOGNti
OLYCEKMUL OP ROS
ihouli t. faun j oa everr Ore.aUs Cau.
Vi.LArid o&ljr by J
JCJ.KO.V, MJJ1TII, S fO ,
ISHOP ft CO.' irnltrr1 J,"
HrHir lUchitite n
nil BANK OF CALIFORNIA,
, Ami llijjitefrfjh
SIW VORK. ' Z2 ' . l
Mewr. N Jt. R0TIISCI1ILI)4S0NS.
ThrCOMMRKCIAL BANKING CO,
OF SYDNIIY, I.ON0ON.
IlieCOMMr.UCIAI. IIANKINt. CO,
C? SVDNHY, SYDNEY
t1i. BANKS OF NF.W ZR.INI):
11IL BANKS OF IIRF IsfftOLllMUlA.
VICTORIA, B.C AND POIULANn. OS.
Tnuitati i Gentm! fiJuttiijf Bmlmst.
p W. MACFAtlLAHU ft Co.
Imtwiteit and Crmmtinton Merchant.,
Or. FukT and Qu bch SracnTt . . . C IIokoli lu
ITie GlagownnJ Honolulu l.tne of Ticket
John Hav fc Co ' Licrpaol Lin. of P&cteu
Ihe W'atVapn PUnttlion.
lli bireneer Plintaiion. llilo
IlakiUu Plantation, llilo.
Mirlees 1 nt tc Watmn, Sigar Company.
'Hie Puulai bhevp Ilanch Company.
pASTLK A COOKE.
AM;i;idi mill C'"imiiiI(oii .Verrlianti,
No. 80 Kins SritcuT ...IIomoli'il
uironTtm and dkaluri in
l"hr llitchcoclc t Compan) Plantation,
the Alexander U lUUwiii Pltnuimn.
H. lUUtead, or Waialoa PHnttuon.
A If. Snutli fit Conpiny, Kotoii, Kaiui
J M. Aleaaniler, llaiku, Maul,
'lite Haiku Suar Comun).
'Hi. Ko!inla hugar Company.
Ihe Union Insurance Company ol San Franicco
'Che New Unzlan-1 Lin. Iiinrance I oaipany of ltotoi,
I he lllake Mm ifacturine; Companv ot IIihioh.
D. M Weston' Patent Letunfugal Machine.
Ihe ifcw York anil llonululn Prcket Line.
Die .Merchant's Line, lloiolulu nnl Sati FrnnciHro
Ur. J.i)tie ti Son' Celelirnleil MeUirlne.
W'lleoe k Gihb' Sin-jer MantirarluriiiiE Coniuiy.
WlieclcrS. Wilton' bewinf .Machine. i75ir
J NO O. FOWLER Co.,
Are iirriarnl In I11r11l.l1 I'lnii. ami l:nl.
titatr. for ,strrl
With or uiihuul Car nnd lcomolive, S)ctaily
ADUTED TOU SUCIAR I'lNI'AIIONS
lVrmanenl RaiUay. and l.ocoinatite anl caw, Trac
lion 1'nijiiie and Hood lcoinotive, Gieain
l'irKii;lihlj( nnd LullivulinK .MachirKtr, I'jri-
able l.nsinel fjr all iurpucs Winding
'.iij;iieit cr iiuliii-.
Cilahcuc with Illustration, .Model mid I'lt
graphs or the obove 1'lanl nnd Madunel)' inaj n cen
at the office of the undenlEnrd W. L. liKKUN ml
O. W. .MACTAULANi: & CO., Akiiii Tor (no. Kuw.
HE MONTAGUE RANGE
TOR SCTfl.NO IN 11RICIL
; .1 .1 is t, v r 11 a ao.,
No J NlJIMNU bTKCKT HONOLULU
Sole 1 K-nt for lhee Uland. 'Hie U cookiog p
paratnt for the Planuiion, Hold or Family.
KANCIKS i FIXTIillia tilth a
Hot rttr llollt;r.,
tliato Hart, Etc,
.. AIi)iio ttock.
Kaplicil directions fUr cttl'nj up accompany every
Cimthrt ai;J Pricti on eliAi,'bu. uj-qr
r M. CROWLEY
1) It. CROWLRV (formetlyal Dnin') havmr en
tered teo turtner.Mp wild MR. HUGH If AbTlt, lU
pew ftiu will be know.i a
CROWLKY tt CO.,
78 Kins Stskt,
oapotii Wliiimaat: Wilht',
yytiydtMrlrtlMof r,l(!lurti al Igweit
14UI1 ed ou Ttir ucot.
i'ARLOR Jr.lS ( ,
nt S.I-, llontliair, and clhtr coveting,!
rKJM Jj UfWAllBI,
Eltjawcovoiiii; and itlmrnlnc.
iiTSeeih. "UOSTQN nJ " (XHAI.I.LNOi:
TAf, KiMI HIIIRIU:
iRLLrontK NuuBaa, J3.
J II, ). .VOL'IF, I'KOI'KlfIOH,
n2toaiii)SAinaai)Uafrleliandili. (iUk li jru
" eral tktu'lbt alin naloon print '
Front ) A. H., I ill i r, H
C'lNITANtll' on lltNO.
j BlUlartl VaUo '
Ituutontedwllli ifK eMUivhnieoC, hn lotui tf
'eW th. cue ju rlkip.ta.
TUB CASINO. 'T
v at KanaLthi l'ak,
UtAwuJiCy, ulwre JUfnihnxr.u wajrUhaJat
ail ilitvr 4,3 Ujll 1101 t.e.
It. j, NOLTE, TtiUuu''
I turn ( '1
4' l '9