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APHlL. i, 1884
" II II IT II. IV T I I.I. AIMITf "
1S84 1 80 1 I Twenty-three years
nave passed away, and a
away, and a generation
then in their c radles have come to
manhood and womanhood since (he
till of Sumter. I'o this new genera
tiou, and mnti) of those who are older,
perhaps a brief statement of the ques
tions at issue, anil which were settled
b) four j cars of war, so far as war can
ctlle surh (iistions, inaj be of in
terest. There were certain lending
ideas upon which the South and the
North differed radically : 1. State
Sovereignty vs. National Sovereignty.
The old question so nhly debated by
Calhoun and llayne upon the one
sidr, and Webster upon the oilier, was
not settled by that memorable contest
in the I'niled State. Congress in 1830.
Tor tlurt) years the South asserted and
re asserted their pet doctrine, and at
last submitted to the test of the sword
their belief that eah state was sover
eign, and had not only n right to nullify
the laws of the United States when
they displeased her, but also to with
draw from the Union when she saw fit
to do so. The North accepted the
issue, holding that all laws of the
United States in accord with the con
stitution were supreme in every state
and must be obeyed ; and that a state
once in the Union and a star once
added to the llag could no more be
torn from thence than a star could be
torn from the firmament. 2. It was a
contest between Slavery and Freedom.
At the very first, before the I'ir.st gun
was fired, the South clearly defined her
IKisition. The government of the so
called " Confederate States of America"
was perfected, March 1 i, 1861. The
constitution provided thai "the insti
tution of negro slavery, as it now exists
in the Confederate States, shall be
recognized and protected by (their)
congress." As it to dispel all doubt as
to thcii purpose to establish a powerful
slavcocracy, Alexander H. Stephens,
the new vice-president, in a speech at
Savannah, Georgia, on the 21st of
March, after confessing that Jefferson
and most of the leading statesmen who
formed the constitution of the United
States were opposed to slavery, as
"wrong in principle' and "a violation
of the laws of nature," said- "Those
ideas, however, were fundamentally
wrong. Our new government is
founded upon CMicily the opposite
idea ; its foundations arc laid, its corner
stone rests, upon the great truth that
the negro is not the equal of the white
man ; that slavery, subordination to the
superior race, is his natural and normal
condition. This, our new government,
is the first in the history of the world
based upon this great physical, philo
sophical and moral truth." The North,
at first, was not ready to accept this
issue. " Restore the Union with slavery
intact 1" was the war-cry and the purpose
of the North. Hut "Cod's thoughts
were not as man's thoughts." It took
two years of almost continuous defeat
and disaster to bring the lojal North
to the point where they were willing to
change their war-cry to "Slavery must
perish! The Union and Liberty I"
January 1, 1863, Lincoln's Emancipa
tion Proclamation took effect. Then,
at last, the vital issues wire clearly
defined. It was no longer merely a
war for national unity, but also for
einani ipntion and liberty.
The result is history. When once
the issues were fairly made, it was the
beginning of the end. The tide Of
battle which had for so long set steadily
in favor of the confederal') turned.
1863 Saw Vicksbtirg, Port Hudson, and
Gettysburg, written on the Union ban
ners. There were eddies when the
tide-c urrenl set southwatd, after January
1st, 1863; but they were only eddies.
The resistless current was against her,
and the cause of the South was
doomed. The South fought bravely,
heroically, and, in most eases, honestly.
Hut sincerity does not change facts.
The South was wrong, The North was
riit. The war was the bloody, terri
ble result of Southern heresies. These
went down, we trust forever, under the
iron heel of war. The New South has
come already to see this, and to heaitily
accept the results of the war. In many
things there is change for the better.
" The South was aristrocratic : it is be
coming democratic. It had a false
system of senile labor : it has changed
it to free labor. Its whole organization
of society was affected by its peculiar
institution.' That is being regenerated.
The fountains out of which its life was
flowing were jioisonaus. The prophet
has thrown silt therein, and they now
How with life and health." We give up
much of our space this week to artic les
upon the war. It is needless to vt
that these articles look:U the tontest
from the Northern standpoint. We
honor her liv ing and dead patriot sol
diers, II is meet that every w here
Americans should do " homage to the
hero.c men who saved the constitution,
the unity of the slates, the honor ami
power ot the nation t who have revo
lutionized the industry and political
economy of America, saved the age
from the corruptions of slavery, se-cured
for labor a noble career, and givun to
the rights of men - of common men, of
laboring men, the world over an im
jnilse and guarantee unknown before."
KKviruorm 11 iru c.i.v.in.i,
The question has often been asked
whether It would Impossible for Hawaii
to make a reciprocity treaty with
Canada, if the Canadian Gomnment
desired to do so, and if the Hawaiian
rectptocity treaty with America were
terminated or amended, o as to leave
us at liberty to make om with I niucla.
The following extract, from the New
York Herald of March nth, would sem
to settle this question in Ihe negative?
lajiuioii, Match S, 1SS4 Wi-t Iiulun
suiMr nuclei lue- K-s.ll WUini! Ij(t Dill,,.
I lie cuIuhIjI wectuat), la include die KiitWi
Vrl Indian coluiiie in tlic "bvuinl tulluit "
cUuwof the liealyof I Sis with America m in
allow (lie colonic to enter iuui ieciruc4l com
mcicial relation, will) Amend, under a tis.it)
between (ileal lliilaln Jii'l Aiucri&t kiutiUr 10
III liealy ItctHcen Siuiti auJ Aiueiicx. J A" J
Derlijr lia leplKxl that thite t 110 i,iowryt ot
neuoiutlun for wch inclusion leading to am
le.ull, ami that the guv eminent i not.ric
luicU in allow die colonic-. 10 etitti Into
reciprocal aieeuienu uilti A9cuca.
The recent exchange svmnosiums in
I the Press have been widely read and
extensively talked about. I hey have
undoubtedly helped to arouse intelli
gent thought on the vexing question
Exchange is still rising. 'I litre is no
logical reason why it should not go to
eighteen tier cent, or whatever may
1 be the difference between one hundred
cents in Honolulu and the bullion
value of Kalakaua silver in California,
less the cost of shipping and insuring
it. Let every one who goes to buy ev
chahgc remember that he is paying the
present ruinous rale chiefly because of
Mr f iibeon s criminally ignorant folly.
Let exchange jmjers put the blame
where it belongs uxm the yawning
threshold of Mr. Gibson's boundless
inrnmuty. And let no one forget that
the gold standard is the only thing that
can lielp us oui of our pilikia
Some people hold that if exchange
goes to its maximum twenty-five per
cent, can lie charged. They figure this
wny : that the Kalakaua dollar is worth
82 cents in San Francisco ; that freight,
insurance, and probably a broker's
commission (2 cents) will make it
worth only 80 cents when it gets there;
that when a man takes his 8o-ccnt
dollars to the bank and wants to buy
$100 worth of exchange, he will have
to pay 25 per cent, on the intrinsic
value of the coin he buys with. Hut
exchange is figured on the face value
ol the e.i hange asked for. If a man
wants to buy $100 worth of exchange
and the premium is 20 per c cut., lie
must pay $120. Hut we have shown
that it can be only t8 per cent,
at most, estimating Kalakauas at 83
cents intrinsic value in 'Frisco, and
xi cents cost of freight, insurance
and brokerage to sell them in 'Frisco.
.sit.riui int 11111.I), 11 iiidii :
In February last the Assistant Trea
surer of the United States addressed
an inquiry to the New York Clearing
House Association as to the probable
effect, if the government should be
compelled to settle its clearing-house
balances in silver dollais. It will be
remembered that soon after the passage
of the Silver Coinage Act in 1878, the
New York Clearing House adopted the
rule that the balances to be paid or rc-
teivcu between the banks at the clear
inghouse should be so paid or received
either 111 gold or in United States legal
tender notes. This has excluded silver
dollars and silver certificates from being
used in settlement ol any such balances,
and has 111 fac t, as the settlements for
the United States are made in New
York to a large extent, prevented the
general use of the silver dollar. I hough
by the law of 1878 they are legal tcAder
they have been but little used by the
people. The letter of the assistant
treasurer, however, is portentious. It
undoubtedly means that silver has so
accumulated in the treasury that the
time is rear at hand when the govern
ment will be compelled to give them
out in its ordinary disbursements and
actually force them upon the people.
The New York Independent of Feb
ruary 281b says on this subject : "Any
one with half an eye am easily sec that
such a dispensation of things is per
fectly certain to bring the treasury at
last to the point at which it must pay
out silver dollars at their legal-tender
value, no matter what may be their
market or commercial value, and no
matter whether the people want to 1 e
ccivc them or not, and equally no mat
ter whether the vaults of the treasury
are large enough to hold them or not.
Thesj dollars cannot be constantl)
going into the treasury, and there in
creasing in quantity, without at length
finding an outlet. And when they find
this outlet, and through it flow out
anion), the people in the various pay
ments of the government, then comes
the question of an eighty-five cent dol
lar in comparison with the hundred-
cent dollar. We have then the conflict
of two momentary standards nominally
the same in value, but really different
in value : and nothing is more certain,
as shown by the experience ot the
world, than that this cunllict, if con
tinued, will result in the displacement
of the supeiior standard by the inferior
standard. Jn die end silver will and
must become the standard of value in
this country ; and every day that the
coinage of silver dollars is continued is
just one day's advance toward that re
sult. I here is no escape I roin the re
sult if congress keeps up the coinaec.
It seems, then, that, in the judgment
of the secictary of the treasury, we aie
even now geumg so near tuts result
that the roar of the breakeis ahead can
be heard. Silver ii steadily increasing
in the treasury, and gold is decreasing;
and, realizing this condition of things,
without any power to arrest the action
of the cause, the secretary, through the
Assistant Treasurer of the United States
in this city, addresses a very sucues-
tivc question to the New York Cleariug
House. 'rhat question ought to ring
in the ears of congress and wake it up
to the necessity of stopping the c oinage
of eightv-livc cent silver dollars, and
thereby averting an impending evil.
The remedy cannot be applied a mo
ment loo soon. Every hour's delay
only iiu.rc.ises the difficulty of the situa
tion. If congress shall refuse to act,
the day is not far in the future when
the thunder of public sentiment,
arising from the financial agonies of the
people, will rebuke the inactiun."
Already gold has commenced to
flow out from New York. "Says a re
cent Eastern paper: "Six million
dollars in gold have gone out of the
countr) within a fortnight, and the ex
porting movement seems to increase
rather than fall off. While the more
conservative men believe that the
market can stand the drain, other
think a erisis is at hand that will prove
the lolly of our present silver policy.
We have an unusually large stock of
gold on handj and for that reason are
bettei able than lisual to meet an out
tlovv of lint metal It, therefore, under
ouch favorable conditions the market
k-comes iviuicky, it is evidence of
doublu weight that the policy which
renders such trouble possible is un
sound." No country wishes to get left
with only silver 011 jts hands. Even
the Hutch have taken Ilia alarm.
VUtlUtt "The Hague, March 4.
The lower house of the states gent-ral
has authorized the demonetization of
5,000,000 silver ; florins, if necessary."
Hut South America has many vurniiij
wi-ts on the same ; subject. A gentle -
mail of wide financial experience, writes
i:i ii i mil iv;i tiii:
it i Mt.iiin
from Washington "1 note your diffi
cutties in currency matters I had a
talk with the Haytian Minister and find
that as soon as they had a currency of
their own, silver crowded out gold, and
exchange payable in coin has run from
to to 15 per cent ever since." Surely
the time has come for Hawaii to
reinstate itself on the solid foundation
of gold payments, and " to make jts
first rSA If Itti. 1r.ee '
ni'.inr.ii. i:A.ntx atws nr ti
As is well known, there existed some
time since in one of our miblic schools
a child (or children) with some form of
skin aiTcction, then m noticeable
state of development. Some of the
teachers, fearing the possibility of its
being 01 a leprous character, for their
own protection and that of their other
pupils very naturally applied to the
president of the board of education,
who is also president of the board of
health, to have the child (or children)
examined. This simple request not
laving been acceded to, alarm amoim
the leathers and pupils grew apace,
and, from a simple matter of school
room talk, it soon got to be one of
general scandal, and soon the news
papers began to ventilate opinions.
The president of the boards became
aroused , but instead now of actini: in
to a very simple and reasonable
request, he inaugurates and carries into
execution a system of wholesale ex
amination of both the suspected and
unsuspected, not only -s to the exis
tence of leprous taint, but also of any
"contagious or infectious disease."
Printed certificates were supplied and
pupils throughout the town were re
quired to present such properly filled
in and signed by some licensed practi
tioner in order to entitle them to
pupilage in the common schools. The
occasion and its attendant circum
stances which eventually led to this
certificate business has so connected
them with the question of leprosy that
to be denied one, even for a time, is
sufficient to raise a suspicion in the
minds of some as to the soundness of
the scholar in respect to the dread
scourge; whereas, even a simple ring
worm, or the harmless, but common
skin affection, known as "kane"
(pityriasis versicolor), may prevent the
required signature. AVc have nothing
to say against the practice, generally,
of requiring health certificates from
pupils , but the terrible way in which"
Mr. uiusou lias trilled With leprosy
and the general health, and the manner
in which he has acted in the present
instance go far towards establishing the
belief that his motives were more those
of pique than philanthropy. Where
distasteful demands are made, some
people have a disposition to attempt
their cure by surfeit, and this certainly
seems to be a reasonable explanation
of the very inconsistent conduct of Mr
Gibson in the examination of pupils
and the granting of certificates. It
seems as though he had said to him
self: "I have been asked to have ex
amined a leper suspect contrary to my
policy and liking, and I will punish
such ofiiciousness by giving these peo
ple 11 surfeit. I will examine a, and
ibr every other contagious disease as
well ns for leprosy, however insignifi
cant it may be."
As an outcome of these school ex
aminations, there have been discovered
several children who show signs of a
disease known among physicians as
morphaa, the suffixes alba or nigra in
dicating its varying color. Now, while
this disease is often the prcmonitor of
leprosy, and is especially suspicious in
leprous countries, many cases are either
cured by treatment, are spontaneously
relieved, or remain indefinitely as such
without further development. From
these considerations, and from the fact
that neither the bacillus of leprosy nor
its spores have ever yet been found as
an ace ompauimeut of the disease,
physicians generally have seen fit to
separate it therefrom. From this it
I will appear that, while very properly
I children so afflicted should be removed
trom school and properly cared for and
competently treated, it is a seeming in-
justice that they should be immedi
ately sentenced as lepers and sent to
live among them, to be surely poisoned
if they are not already so. Lately,
however, this has been in some cases
the practice. And it is especialiy un
just that discrimination should be
allowed to prevm, as has been the
case, in favor of the well-to do, if this is
really dangerously contagious affection
which has never been proved. Still
more unjust does it seem that, while
several such cases have lately been
isobted at Kakaako, certain persons
markedly affected with genuine tuber
cular or atrophic leprosy should be
allowed their freedom. It is under
stood, however, that a project is in
view- by the government of building a
separate asylum for the reception and
proper treatment of these incipient
cases Now, as the legislature is near
its session, we trust that such a project
will meet with favor; that is, if there
bo any guarantee that it will be pro
perly and eluciently conducted that a
physician and not a quack shall have
charge, and that its appurtenances shall
be in proper keeping. There Is good
authority for saying that in many, if
not in most or all, these cases, .1 cure
can be effected by pioper treatment,
and it would seem an outrage, if such
be the inse, that so many poor little
innocents should be allowed to
develop into lepers, or that, if not now
actually such, they should lie longer
compelled to remain where they ma)
be sure of inoculation.
II KA l.TII ;.K.S..IT7(.V.
We cannot better begin considera
tion of the subject expressed by the
heading ot this article than by stating
fairly and squarely the opinion that too
much legislation is a fault of nearly
all legislative bodies- the world over.
We do not think this kingdom needs
any great volume of legislation at the
coming iiarhamentaty session. M.rliy
laws of just sessions need reiiealing ;
others need to modified, amended
by striking out or adding to; others
need additional law passed to make
ihem operative ; a few laws need to be
ittssed on new or hitherto uncon
sidered questions. If the legislature
will give us the sort of Icctslation uei
t....... .. ..t: 1 :. ..in .1 . -i - ei
11.111; uuiiiiicu, 11 win ueseise- wcu 01
posterity. Health legislation and the
march of internal improvement must,
in many uisunces. go natut in
hand, The buildmy of water work
the establishment of a sewerage system,
, the widening and stnii,jhteiiiin; of
'streets conserve at oucv the spirit of
progress and the genius 01 pnl.h.
h)giene. Hut there arc a few qucs
tions of health -side issues, so to speak
which ought to receive either direct
legislative enactment or such enlarge
ment of the powers of the health
authorities as may make the govern
ment at once powcrlul to control and
.il.U C. iU .l..t.. : r :. '
i.-imiinui- mi mi- ij(,m e-wii im: 01 int mac no nouesi men live in ine
powers. - Gihsoman Sodom ; and that the govem-
Wc believe that it is fortunate for intent's present activity, in a public
Honolulu that its milk vending is for improvement of the most vital impor
the most part in the hands of reputable 't.intc to Honolulu, is mere molasses to
men who are as conscientious as thevi catch leuislative votes or to clou the
Hut when one considers
the dreadful possibilities of disease
from unwholesome milk, the importance
of such effectual control of the milk
traffic as would make it well nigh im
possible for vendors to sell unwhole
some iiiiik uccomc cicar as inc sun at
noon da) So far as we have been portance to Honolulu (and to the king
able to learn the milk vendor's license clom) that it ought to have the cordial
bill of last session docs not cover I support of all classes and all parties.
the necessities effectually. The board
of health ought to have power to test
milk at any time, and to visit the prem
ises of milkmen in order to determine
whether the cows arc in a healthy con
dition or whether their food is .sufficient
in quantity an 1 wholesome in quality.
It is not enough to answer this by say
ing that our milkmen alread) comply
with all these conditions. The time
may come when the larger portion of
the business may not be in the hands
of either honest or sensible men It is
not every dairyman who has learned
that itm to feed well ; it is not every
dairyman who knows (in advance) that
it would be suicidal to sell diseased
milk. A five-gallon can of milk, part
of which came from a cow that had
splenetic fever, might cause a score of
deaths. Proper control of the milk
business comprehending chemical
tests, a vigilant inspection ol dairy
premises and the careful licensing of
responsible persons only- -would be a
boon to I lonolulu ; and the moral
force of the law, if faithfully adminis
tered here, would doubtless extend to
the other islands.
The fresh-meat supply of Honolulu
has been often discussed of late and
always to its disadvantage. The actual
condition of the yards and slaughter
pens of the Honolulu! butchering
establishments, at least during wet
weather, was the occasion for newspaper
articles last fall, which did something
to awaken public interest in the matter
and, doubtless did some good in
making butchers more careful. Hut,
under existing conditions, much that
ought to be done is practically im
possible of performance. The law of
1868 forbids the maintenance of
slaughter houses at any points not ap
proved by the board of health ; and a
resolution passed by a former board of
health, and, we believe, still in force,
co'mpcls Honolulan slaughter houses
to congregate on land contiguous to
the point in the rear of Oahu Jail.
Unfortunately this land is private pro
perty, hither it or other conveniently
located land ought to belong to the
government, and commodious modern
slaughter houses ought to be erected,
Irom which the government should
receive a rental. The fund for the
maintenance of public buildings could
bc drawn upon in order to keep these
uuiiuuia 111 umti ; unu sueu repairs us
improvements and necessary sanitary
regulation would be fully paid for out
of a moderate rental. Of course the
government ought not to go into any
such scheme as this for mere money
making, but it ought to control the
meat business under the law more effi
ciently than it yet has controlled it.
Honolulu is eating poor meat, and the
conditions under which meat is
slaughtered have something to do with
it. I he government lias power to ex
change land; and by the exercise of
that power might obtain possession of
the Howsctt property in the rear of the
prison ; or, if more room be needed,
(as wc think it is), some of the l'alama
lands of the late Princess Ruth might
be secured. At any rate, the matter
ought to be looked into by legislators,
and either legislation or legislative ex
pression of opinion (as may be neces
sary) ought to be brought to bear upon
this topic, that the law may be made
more comprehensive and that public
opinion may be aroused to demand its
In a foregoing paragraph under this
heading of Health Legislation, we
stated that progress in public health
protection must, in many features, keep
pace with the inarch of improvement,
and be virtually controlled by it.
There is reason to believe that the
Wilder ministry would have accom
plished much in such public improve
ments as would have insured public
health protection in many directions,
if that cabinet- -or its head had re
mained in office until now. The official
changes since Mr. Wilder held office
have resulted in a terrible waste of
both time and opportunity. Perhaps
the most serious "resiilt of all has been
the diversion of public attention from
questions of great public importance
to the distracting and, in a sense,
ignoble study of party politics. This
diversion has been inevitable, but its
results ought not to be overlooked
The Wilder ministry had worked out
an miciiige-ni waier-suppty system lor
Honolulu. It was at work on a pro
posed sewerage system also. It had in
contemplation the widening anil
straightening of existing thoroughfares
and the opening of new streets. In
me unci period during vvmcii thc-
Carter ministry held power, little good
and considerable evil was accomplished
a result brought about by conditions
many of which the cabinet was unable
to control, and which, perhaps, no
cabinet could have controlled. The
Gibson cabinet Came in and has re
mained in under the most favorable
conditions for the accomplishment of
lasting puouc improvement, it had a
large maionty in the last legislature.
It bad the full favor of the king. It
was upheld by many honest men who
believed it might be controlled for
good. Until within this year the Gib
son cabinet has accomplished no in
ternal improvement of sufficient 1111
portance to deserve the thanks of the
nuuon. v cry recently, However, there
nave been evidences that the anter
system of Honolulu i to receive the
attention of the eove-mment. An en
. 1 . . . .
gineer has liven engaged w base
reputation endorsjMinas to theoreil -
cal atuinints 'iS practical experi-
ence. llu gentleman has been sengvrs. Afterwards al the passengers
studying our water problem, and will! were landed. We hone the present
continue its study for some lime. Hisimi)ortation is the last that IH soon be
uiiuiiue- at suiiiy lorsnme nine, uis'liiqionation is ine last tlut 1
work has Jxreii facilitated by an ad made. We need no more
uu'uble wiies ofnuja, piejuiedby the We luvc tlKjiiMiul idle 041
survc) department A constructing
engineer of experience is already on
the ground. An appropriation is all
that is needed to begin the work. On
the principle that the smirch of Mr respect of England and America. We
Gibson's evil reputation is a continuous, know that the Hongkong authorities
reproach to his colleagues, many honest have instructions from the home gov
indcDendents take the extreme view , eminent, nni in ml m m. m,.m 1:.
I '.. , . Iz. ... ..
wheels of investigation by an appeal to
the sympathy and confidence of a
"simple and ignorant" constituency.
Hut we think there is no need to view
the present semblance of public spirit
with uncompromising suspicion. If
carried out it win lie 01 so much tin
No one need fear that it will block the
wheels of invcsticalion. Mr. Gibson
cannot possibly claim any credit for it.
Mr. Gulick must make a satisfactory
showing of his stewardship in other
directions. Mr. Neumann must an
swer for the administration of his
department since he assumed control.
Mr. Kapcna must be investigated
through his registrar. There is cer
tainly enough material for investigators
to work upon. Hut, in any legislation
that may be brought to bear upon the
water question, let there be no pre
I'he opinion of physician'! who have
made "careful statistical study f the
sanitary condition of c ities, and havealso
practically investigated tins most vital
of hygenie topics, is overwhelmingly
in ravor 01 cniorceci governmental
leanlincss. Attention to civic clean
liness has made New Orleans and
Memphis far less at Ihe mercy of
"Yellow Jack" than they once were;
and those cities are preparing to spend
large sums yearly in perpetual self
protective warfaic against the most
dreadful scourge of tropiral and semi
tropical life. In this city a scweraee
system has become a public necessity.
It will require a large first outlay to
create it, and its maintenance will be
expensive. Hut, if the money be wisely
and honestly expended, it will be worth
all it costs'. We must not close any
more streets. Many new cross streets
are needed, not only for the conveni
ence of the public but for the better
circulation of air. I he Chinese quarter
is a quarter of filth. If one half as
dirty as it seems, it ought to breed
disease in itself. At the best it is bad,
and moie streets through it would help
to make it possible to enforce adequate
sanitary laws. In the past epidemic
diseases arising from filth have not (so
far as the writer has learned) been dan
gerous in Honolulu. Hut wc must
look facts in the face ; wc must look
ahead. A gentleman a naval officer
who visited Honolulu last year wrote
by the last mail as follows : " If Hono
lulu be not a model of cleanliness
and I fear it is not have you ever
considered what may happen after the
l'anama Canal is completed and your
beautiful island becomes the stopping
place of steamers from the isthmus?
Yellow fever might easily be transported
over the stretch of intervening sea, and
the prevalent trade winds your pan
acea for all sanitary ills might not be
sufficient to protect you. Am I an
alarmist ? I think not. I believe, more
over, that it is only a question of time
when that horrible pestilence will be
taken to China and the East. Condi
tions are ripe there for the monster.
And when the visit is made, such
havoc will be played, that the plague at
Marseilles will be but an adumbration. '
" In time of peace prepare for war."
Let us "lock the stable" before, not
after "the horse is gone."
rm: sTKA.usirr siutrivi:.
It is authoritatively announced that
hereafter the Pacific Mail steamers will
no longer bring to or carry from this
port either freight or passengers for
San 1' .incisco. The decision on part
of the mail company is the result of an
arrangement entered into with the
Oceanic Company, to hold good for
one ytar, w hereby the Oceanic Com
panyvvill control the California!! trade
of this port, and the Mail Company
will have a monopoly of the Chinese
passenger traffic between Hongkong
and licit-. It is a plain proposition
that the Oceanic steamers cannot pay
unless they do have a monopoly of the
trade with this port. It is an equally
plain proposition that a monopoly such
as the one outlined by the present ar
rangement outweighs many of the ad
vantages of the semi-monthly steamer
service between here and San bran
ctsco. We cannot exist and enjoy any
feeling of independence under such
rigorous conditions. The conduct of
the Mail Company in this matter is
simply despikable. Hut it is merely
carrying out an oft-repeated iolicy of
seeking the company's selfish interests
and ignoring the rights' of natrons when
ever it could be done with impunity.
If the Mail Company's steamers
touch here at all they ought to do so
as common carriers. If they have room
for freight and passengers, they ougbt
to take them. I u the public conveni
ence, three or four days gain in as
senger or freight accommodation may
mean a great deal It may be said that
a little while ago we bad 110 steamers
at all. I lint is true. Hut progress i.s
not a crab to walk backwards. If the
Oceanic Company cannot nuke both
its steamers pay on this line except by
a combination with the Mail Company,
n ny does not it take off one of its
steamers and place it wheie it can be
made to iuy ? hor such maenihctnt
vessels as the Alameda and the Mari-
pota there must be u place somewhere.
Why should two be forced into this
trade when it can support only one
The last resolutions regarding Chi
nese immigration published by order of
the King in cabinet council were sent
to San Francisco by the steamer which
Ielt here on the 15th ultimo; and were
telegraphed to Houckong.
not, of course, reach that port before
the Arabic le
last Thursday afternoon, bringing six
ninuiri-d enmese 111a es ami a it!w
wome-u and children fur this nort. The!
captain was at first informed that he!
j would not be allowed to land more
than twenty-live of his Honolulu ivas-
041 our (untU
now c need sound legislation on
this Chinese labor question -measures
(that shall be radical cnoutzli to be
effective and fair enouuh to win the
! "" -... ......j ..... v....
ncse and : wc trust the twentv five-tier-
vessel measure may be hereafter en
forced. 1 v on' rv.Ait fun i.iiiiHviiTs.
The whisky bill lately before the
United States' Congress was so far as
any surh bill could be -a just and
proper one, merely extending the time
in which whisky culd remain in bond,
the owners paying storage, interest on
duty, etc., the duty being computed on
the whole gauge not deducting for
leakage, so that the government could
loose nothing just as the plan works
in our custom house. The government
officials favored the bill and it would
have passed, but, in an evil hour for
the whisky men, they employed a
lobby. The following extract from the
Washington Star tells the rest :
Tlic fricmU of the bondcil cxteiuion bill in
anil out of congrc-M are limy ilitcuwng llir
Ciiusis lliat operated to the recent defeat of
tlieir measure. One of lhec, who is n mem
ber of Ihe house, aiil that, after careful in
quiry, lie wnv convinced that Ihe one cauv;
which, more than anything else, had contrib
uted lo awaken opposition hid been the ill
advised methods cmplo)cd in having ex
inemlicrs of congress and cx-gov eminent
oflicltls who were nlo cx-meinbcrs of congress
nn the floor of the house, actively lobbying for
Ilic bill, Tlic presence of these was scmely
commented on at ihe lime, and several mem
bers had taken occasion to slate- openly, jusl
before the elfott was made In take up Ihe bill,
lliat while they were in fivor of (jiving Ihe
measure a hearing they would vote against its
consideration at thai time lifeline the) did
not care to countenance the means that had
been employed for its advancement.
of our treaty
Ki lends of our treaty must avoid
Ihe trouble which King Oscar of
Sweden has been having with his sub
jects to which brief allusion was re
cently made in the Press -culminated
lale last I'ebruary in the dismissal from
office of Prime Minister Sclmer, by
order of the supreme court. The story
is a long one and we shall tell it next
week. Its moral has a meaning for
King Kalakaua, for his ministers and
for all of us.
irtsi: axii oriwiitrttir.
"The. first class in arithmetic will
please stand up. Now, Master Adver
tiser, what has been the loss, during
the last three months, on sugars shipped
"One hundred thousand dollars, or a
quarter of a cent a pound."
"Wrong, next boy. Master Gazette,
what is your answer?"
"Hetwcen four hundred and fifty and
five hundred thousand dollars, or from
a cent and a half to a cent and three
quarters a pound, which is equal to
trom twenty five to twenty-seven and a
half dollars a ton."
" You are partly right and partly
wrong. The loss of a cent and a half
a pound would be thirty dollars a ton
and not 'twenty-five'; and the loss of a
cent and three quarters would be thirty
five dollars and not 'twenty-seven and
a half.' Your answer shows that you
have studied more than Master Adver
tiser has ; but when you undertake to
set a classmate tight you ought to be
very sure. You may grow up to be a
teacher )oursclf, some day, and you
cannot be too careful."
And this suggests another little dia
Teacher: "What are we to learn
from the lesson of to-day ?''
Pupil: "To shun evil."
Teacher: "What are we told about
Pupil: "That the love of it is the
root of all evil."
Teacher: "And what does that
Pupil: " To shun the evil and
grasp the root."
The little diaolguc just quoted lias
been going the rounds of the American
papers. Perhaps the application to the
crisis here may seem far-fetched. Hut
the application well may be made by
thinking a few moments. The love of
money -in some one of its myriad
manifestations -enters into the business
success of every wealthy man in this
country in all countries. Hut there is
such a thing as grasping the root too
hard for one's own good. We think
we see a tendency to that end in a
direction from which we have a light to
expect better things. We think some
conservative people arc becoming so
alarmed about their money bags as to
be ready to make clingerous compr
ises We have- heard of men saying
very lately: "Well, what has all your
quarrel with Gibson amounted to ? He
has over) thing still in his hands. If you
had only gone in with, him two years
ago you might have used him, had good
government mid have lietn spared all
this agitation," "Heaven defend us from
these weak-kneed brethren!" say all
brave and honest men.
There may be- no .safe cowp.oniise
with Gibsonisiii. The man h.s played
the leech too often and too long to pose
now as any thing else. He is worse
than a mere incubus. He hangs on
and draws blood at the same time.
That any wealthy man who has honest
instincts and an honorable reputation
should strike hands with a man like
Gibson jiasseth understanding. If the
unholy alliance be formed, there is just
one onivr consolation 1 .Messrs, money
bags will be bled to the full limit of the
opportunity. In the name of all that
is decent, gentlemen, let there be no
compromise with Gibsonismvvhile a
single shot remains fn the locker and
the Hag of common honesty still llutters
irom the stall.
We know very well why this cowardly
defec (ion has been canvassed. Hecauso
(iconic are blue blue as indigo. Some
of us t' ink the bottom is going to drop
out of the sugar market and .that we
shall all go by the board This is what
inc last reduction really is s
March 14II1, 6 9-16 for g!i' sugar.
" jut, 65-16
The reduction is just one quarter of
a tent. "Hadl" aye, very lwl ; but
it might lie worse and it may soon lie
There is a crumb of comfort in the
recent action of Louisaiu utanieit.
I heir opposition (11 any reduction cm
the duties now paid by 'foreign sugars
imnortecl into the- I initial Stnina rnnnni1
but have an inlluenic on those frcei
traders whose policy most conflicts
with the stmar lirodticini! industrv nf.
the Southern States Of course, if
I.ouisana planters prevent a reduction
on sugar duties the treaty, if extended,
must continue to benefit Hawaii. In
the tcre language of a Washington cor
respondent : " The high tariff men
are going to control legislation for the
next four years" and that means hope
Wtl hl'lloer limclwirla fr m nvlnn.
tion of the treaty are good. The proper
authorization has I'rmr nn in 'ibin,r.
, v .... ... ,,..,,,,,.
ton and Minister Carter has full power
to conciuiic an arrangement mutually
advuhtnecous to the United St.iirsi ml
to this country.
Let Us then foriret our lilnns. Kuril,.
down to business and try to accomplish
some worthy work during the coining
session of the legislature. A sound
rnrrpne-v sv.stpin :iml iinrinnnen! tmltlif
improvement arc two objects worth
working lor wiin an our energies.
A filnhv mr.iirr.inhrr nnil n fimiilnr
httrr writer in tin- lltlllntin 'nit nttmilinn
In ihp l'rpni-b imnhirvl in tli, Prptc lit
of officers of the French war vessel, last
Saturday. Evidently, the funny cor
respondent suggests, the Press has a
tete ile veaua. "calPs head "in its
employ. I here is much of that mam-
m.itn nrtii b in Inun Sninn rf ii ia
employed in editing certain of our
contemporaries, and what is leu 01 it
is in writing pseudonymous letters in
quibbling, envious and imbecile de
traction of the Press. Put that in sour
pipes, Messrs. "Head Cheese."
It is true that the knowledge of the
French language possessed by the Press
staff is lamentably small. It is scarcely
more than the knowledge of Knglish
enjoyed by its critics.
By the way, it is rather unfortunate
that the recent critical scribbler in the
Bulletin signs itself " I lead Cheese."
That adipose provend is usually com
pounded of swine's jowl an article far
less respectable than tele de vtau.
The omission of the apostrophe in
the abbreviation cAvaisseau a common
and perfectly allowable one caused
the blunder. It was a typographical
ertor ; nothing less, nothing more. The
copy was written by an 'officer of the
vessel. It was handed in by the
marine reporter at the eleventh hour.
There was no time to have it translated.
It was printed according to copy.
Mr. Burzard-goosc-crow-quill writes
to the Advertiser about some Press criti-
cisim of him, and speaks of himself
as " a scribbler." 1 here is always hope
tor a writer who writes of himself with
so much humility. And no one will be
likely to quarrel with the pseudonymous
scribbler of Thimrs in General when he
writes himself down at his true value.
rm: i.kak ix hit it ixcoui:.
The following table is largely a scries of ap
proximations. It lias been prepared in order
to malce-a showing lhai would have tangble
shape. Seseral weeks ago the inquiry inlo
the leakage in export values wes outlined in a
Press paragraph. The real total may be
$100,000 more or less than the total given be
low. The only value of Ihe showing is its
comprehensive and tabular form in which the
detailed leakage is convincingly shown. This
table will be kepi in type, so dial authoritative
corrections may lie made from lime to time:
Imnort for lh tear.
Lducationuf Hau.uian3 abroad. .
Dividend, to lion-ie.ldent larcliolders..
Interest on money borrowed abroad. . .
Rents lo bM-ntee ...
IVull-t on consignments, etc
inveslint-nls in other Unds. .
Residence abroad and travel of lUftalians
I'uiLhases forper.on.il lite, fcc, not entered
at custom house
Aid ami gifts to lehtbr-s and friends'. . .
Kedu.tiQU of debts on tugir machinery.
Reduction of niher debts.
Insurance (life, lire and lu.tr He ) remitted
Coit of Immigration . . ......
Steamer owned here and vmrcliascd abruad.
Ollter vessels purchased al road ....
si-cndilurc by furrlitii visitors.. .
Coin sent awa by Chinese
Ill fivor of exuorts
"JPOREIGN OFFICE NOTICE.
Vot the adnus.iun of Chinese iiniuijirant lal-orers Inlo
the Hawaiian Kingdom, made and imblUhci under the
autborityofa Resolution of Ills Majesty in L'uUixi
Council, passed on die thirteenth da) of July, 1883.
No. 1 From this date itcnnUsiuil will be granted to
master of vessels arriving nl Ihe wrt of Iltviolulu to
laud Cliincyc immigrant laborers, not osrcedi!igtenly
five in all from any one vessel, lliat nuiulvr to be in
ndJtlion la, and exclusive of any Clilnese jussengert
villoma) hold l-assports as (rovlded for in ReifuLltioii
No. 9 1'astfvrtf enabling their lioldeni 10 enter the
ports of the Kingdom may 1 lucd from the Foreign
Ollicet Honolulu, or by llis Majr.ty Cvnsut-Oenerul
at llonj Kont-t
i.--loany Lh.ni resident in tins Kingdom wlio
may Ueslro 10 visit ail) foreign tsiuutry, and return
3. To the wives or other female relatives, ami la Ihe
lluldrra of Di-jicse now residing in lit Kingdom, or
who may be aVput to emigrate tu this country under
the ntoviM'ii s ut HeguUtloii No. 1.
No 3. A it s of Dim DoJUr shall Isi charged for each
urxrl iMiiet) In pursuance of the furetfoing regulation.
No. 4 AH orders and iiistruclioiis regulating (,'Mnesc
immigration 10 ibis country, heretofore issued fioin this
Office, are hereby Cancelled
VVALItR M OIIISON,
Minister of iPocelgu Affairs.
foreign OITac, Honolulu, Match a), 1884. 18701
MANAOKK'S NO IICK
All accounts of Ihe SAIUKIIW l'ltr.SS eic-pi.
ing iiuarttrlv advertisers' -"will be renderrtt and col
AilwttserfiuMs sntl bobscjiption r" payable In
adiance, and this rule will be riIdl) pbservesl i the
Manager and Pro,rictjr, Sari'knsv 1'au.s.
I iiwul 1 li, t'lljuaiy jsili, iSJ...
Mtwi. II. Ilacgruo Co., Agents rVausallaiillc
Hre Insurance Comi-tttiy, Honolulu
VrarSti I hereby Ug lo lender my sbreie I hauls
forth immedul Lherul tellleiocnl of ,. Jos Mt
UUieilliirMkihejItsiracilnMBy fire if my place U
WsirwtaiA kiJiaU snniog lie night of the iyt!i Intuut.
I consider it myiluly o rccouimeiK llie Insurance
Company for vshvcb yon aim the Agents u til lvsniet
drsiruus of 1 rolecllnjr llwlr properly by Insurance.
I am. Dear ftift. Kcsiextfu ly Your a,
"s'jm I.EO. bANliLllMAN.
OT1CE TO STOCKHOLDERS.
rt8 will be a Iftetllaf ce ihe oaehboltlcra cj the
, IIOVMJS'IJ JsUCUK PO, . Ox oftce n U
lfsew, IIOBoiulu, on Jltolay.VSprU Slh al la
o'cWi, A. si..
tllVFN KV TUB
HONOLULU SYMPHONY CLUB
ssi tfit by several farnrire vocalist, as a comptunen
tare benefit for M I VV V AKN'ltl.KV, at the V M
t A HAM,
iHrttlttj Krnlti, 4irll 1.1.
I Overture, "Fgrnont Itrelhoven
Honolulu Symnliony Club.
,. Vocal Soto ."Alia Stru.1 Confidante. ,. .RMaudi
(With Vlolm and lotenceilo obligftto )
Vtr diaries llasselman
3 Violin Solo, "First Crairerto".. billerlot
Mr J. W. Varmllej.
4 V oca! Solo, Innnrtlla" Cam,aiuv
Mrs. I. A Crurin.
5 'juartettr, (by request) llreyscluxk-.
"Iloiix r'ntrftiei . . ..
Honolulu Symphony Cluh.
o. Selection, "Din 1'as.piale" . . , .
7 Quartette, fA ) "(reeling"
Honolulu :)mp!iony dun.
eung . rnuups
V Air-iln ..Vt,iil!..li,i
Mesdames tlanford. Cruran. Ilrown. and .VltssCnstl.
(li ) "May
8. V mtm .Solo, " Heie, ' IV iw
VI r j V. Vnrmlley.
9 Vocal Solti, ' Angels Serenade," with
Violin obliga o .... ,,,. Ilmga
VI rs. J. V. Ilrown
In. Cornet Solo, "Mar of I ngland" latntritie
Mr Charles M Icliiels and .Symphony CIuls
Ilclels,$iif,rae aler 9 oVfn.lt. Thursday, April
oth, al J. M Oal, Jr. Co 's and j. R. Wiseman's.
Merchant Slreet, and at I (i. rViim'a Anil I h
Williams, Port Mreel
A mall orlment of catiti ror.iv tulW.I tu ll.i-
kveaon. Now on Mle At
OOKS PKUTAINING TO HAWAII
JanM IIU orj'of th.- HrtwflH.m Ulan....
WMtnej' Oiii.lt Huolu
MIm Hi it,'. Sx Montli. In the .SjihIwUIi UU-mN
Mk Gordon Cummin' -,re l-num.!...
Mr tiiiM Honolulu.
ItattAtiJin Almjiuc ntnl Annual.
Togtlif with Urn Mocl of valiiahtf anj emtiu.it
Inj; lxl., IiM of winch U (.til.lklieJ in thf inpltm...,
of UtU atcr
nuts , riuttws
'jt St. Sr.
CEANIC STEAMSHIP COMPANY.
ITie Mair,nifirent,Nen,nnd I !-ic,iiil Steamships
MAltlfOS.i mitt AL.IMliUA
Will leave Honolulu .trie San I rmistUro
lnt and 15th of Each Mouth.
r.iwncer .j thk line arc hereby notffiM that they
ml) he allowed ao It, of luc(fc; free hy thfe Ovrr
land Kailna). when travelling Kat.
FALUhSION TICKRTR TOR ROUND Tt-tP. l$.
f;ood to return hyany of the Cortina n)' ;Stca.niri(h
n ninety da).
Passenger may h.v their mmei hoiAeU m ml. run e
by api'Uinp a. the oftlte of the aKentft.
MerrhamliM intended fur kHprnent b this Iiiif, will
I received free of storage in the company's n ware
hotifce, and receipti i.mic1 Jar Mime Iniurnnce . ii
merchandi-, whikt in the warehouse, will lent numr'
WU.MAM (i. IKWIN&Cti..
STEAM NAVIGATION COMPANY',
KINK OK SIKAMI.Hb.
The I'll! ut cr '
Hats -, ,., .'..Commant.
Will run regularly for KONA and KAU,
Leaves Honolulu at;4 P, M.J
. " 16
I ucvJay, . , . . r.aMa if
fisU.. ....... June 6
lutvliy, . M t7
triday " 17
Returning Touching at Maalea
Vuebday June 3
J'ridaj . . . M 13
Tucida) . . . " 94
I rl-Uy Jul 4
Cameron. comtn-iniJrr. leatet Honolulu ever) luei
day nt, s, p in. for Navuliwiti, Koloa. I.letle, and Wai
.lea, kjuaL Returning Iravr Nawilimli evrr
Thn Jumvh Mftkre,
Freeman, commandfTj leaver I lo'ioluht eter) 'Ifiun
day, nt 1p.n1. for Knpaa and Ktlauea. Return
iriazlfivct Kauai rerv lucsdav ... a i. hi . in id touch
im; i Waianac both vias.
rim V. It. Hint,,,,,,
Divis CtiiiunauiJrr, teie Honolulu eery 'luesday
.. .. r... i..t ...i.t it 1 ...in '1. ..
a, a ni. ivm rtusvuiiiair. ..viuiku.i. ami I aaunau. ISf
turning arrive at HimvjIiiIii eir Sunda morning'.
i-trOt-FICl. of the Company, foot of Kilauea
Street, near the 1 M, S. S. Wnirf 171
pACJFIC MAIL STEAMSHIP COMPANY,
K)R SAN FRANCISCO
'11k Splendid Ste..rit!iit
vity or ariKvnr,
IiKAKIIOKN (in ander
sill tense Honolulu fur San rrantisco
Qn or about.
,.Apill III th.
TJOR SYDNEY. Via AUCKLAND.
'I he SiilendU Slra'nshiis
1 y. U A hA OJ A ,
Ou or about
'I'he agent, here aie now nieparcd t Issue tl.VeU lo
San tranrlstu aitd return for (us,, ihe ruum! trip.
(Souls fur sliiinitnt jier steamer Can no- It sCixrJ,
free of charge, in Ihe fire-nruof iirtttOue near (ha
For frcllit or uAisase, A ply o
171 II (lACKr I'.l II & Co.. Axrms.
OK MS FKANCIMO -V,
II UK II-Kit ,f ('(liri'.I.VI', Aw"f.
Mertrundise refeisetl btbragt ,-,,,, ,M) Hbrr M,j
.drams, made pil shipments by this lust.
EW YORK and HONOLULU
I'AVK K T 1, 1 .V ;.
Mru... VV.II, t,HOSM.N IIKO. .illdi.p.u,li
a hisi-cla.s esl K. this ir ll, lailer li f May.
Turtle. ,luiist , iLIp,, lhUin J) senJ Cm. aid
llieirujrUr.Aily, so iUt 1 litre uur be u ileliv l
lime of saillne,
REWER A: CO'S
fchlt per. will Je-i lake isosics thai he fine bail,
fska B. Brtiwor
Will be plated on the berth at Humuh to lure ik.re
June isl M.l tu lbs. rl. UriWi Imt g,ltliutils be
sent a. early as lb eaaA ut Apfd lull to bssure a..
inrnl. tor further fnfvfnuliti awJs to
C, IIHr.WfTn. CO.,
in sjuetu Slis.t,
Tbe iwdet-lued n.enfuliy ruclfet Ms psttfe
IhalMAWuMs vn be peea4 AfcJ. oJtrueJ nui(tUMr
ApsywU.IW the last 'vaiur are tlsaied l state, aaaW
aUgwIoM, Mr Hi) tb sjispkesMrtriM awl e.re of
WI-ieT' TH4. CS, TWMJet,