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A Ur wipaper Pdbllihed Weekly.
mm nmmmi $5.00 Kit- k aduke.
S sy to $7.y. aeewiwiit te thh ttmm.
SATURDAY MAY is, t4
rnni'iin.tsi'.i: l.r.nim. trios:
Titr. pROiimiTivn vir.w.
I I not the time come for the totnl
prohibition of the liquor traffic ? Wc
have tried jmrtial or rlnss )rohibition
and found it iiruntisfrtctory, in that it
indirectly engendered race jealomic.
Wc have had a high lircnic law for
two years, and its operation has con
vinrcil every unprejudiced observer of
its disastrous effects on the native race.
Has not the time come for total pro
hibition ? There are strong arguments
in favor of prohibitory legislation,
drawn from our own recent history.
Two years ago the planters, in their
annual meeting, put themselves on
record as in favor of prohibition. They
were a unit in the convictions that the
liquor traffic ought to be forbidden by
law. No motive of sentiment led to
this action of the planters, but it was
the dictate of hard business sense. It
was a matter of dollars and cents, The
liquor traffic subtracts from property
values and adds to the taxes. It di
minishes the labor value of plantation
hands, and compels the planter to pay
a dollar for seventy-five cents worth of
labor. If liquor is to be Had, Monthly
morning finds the plantation laborer
exhausted by his Sunday spree, and of
ten tmlv and ready for a quarrel. I he
planter has a right to claim rest and
recreation for his laborers that they
may begin the weeks work refreshed.
In iiruiiiK prohibitory legislation, they
were but asserting their right to the
protection of their property interests at
the hands of the government. I weniy
five cents worth of labor is as much as
twenty-five cents worth of anything.
It is all very well to cry "sumptuary
legislation," but there is a property in
terest that lias a valid claim on govern
mental protection, and it is as fair and
iust that that claim should be respected
when the liquor traffic robs a planter of
contracted labor, as when some sneak
thief steals a bag of sugar. The tem
perance agitation of the last few years,
and the remarkable nature of the peti
tions to both king and legislature, arc
an index of the popular mind on this
great subject. High license is un
doubtedly the most feasible restriction
of the liquor traffic where the popular
sentiment is not very decidedly on the
side of prohibition. Hut where the
popular sentiment is emphatically on
the side of total prohibition, then the
government is not of " the people, or for
the people, or by the people" unless it
totally suppresses the liquor trade.
Community rights arc paramount. In
dividual rights must everywhere go to
the wall if they conflict with the rights
of the community. The cry of
"sumptuary legislation," ol "individual
prerogatives" could not be heard in
Iowa when her voters struck the watch
word: "A schoolhousc on every hill,
and no saloon in the valley." Here in
Hawaii it has been abundantly proved
that the people heartily endorse pro
hibition. Could they poll their vote
on this important question, and have
their vote respected and heeded as
their petitions have not been, the liquor
traffic would soon receive its quietus.
It is fair to say that in this matter the
people's will has been ignored. Is it
not time that it should be respected
and obeyed ?
Our island civilization is singularly
constituted. We have a large class of
unintelligent and impressionable peo
ple, who are largely dominated in social
habits and convictions by a compara
tively small class of white foreigners.
The responsibilities of the white for
eigners to the bulk of our population is
in direct ratio to their supremacy in
matters of education and self-control.
It is the relation of the stronger to the
weaker, and the extinction of the liquor
traffic is a question of the present duty
of the strong among us toward the
weak. The story of the decadence of
the native race is one that stirs the
sympathy of the whole world. Hut it
is only wc on the ground jivho can
accomplish any real protection for the
race against the scourge of intemper
ance, bomctunes men will do lor the
sake of more helpless ones than them
selves what they would not, feel the
necessity of doing for their own per
sonal necessities. It is a very graye
question for moderate di inkers a mom;
us to consider whether they will not
voluntarily forego their wines, for the
sake of lessening the misery among
those who already have misery enough
in their history and life without the
adtffli;Jwitt,.-uLi"'-1Per''ince- II is
more latent leprosy, and niorc ratHcaliy
tiu.ucvi me luuivc cunsiuuilOll, man
anything else in the history of the
native race for the last quarter century,
Has not the time come for the more
conservative men in our midst to join
hands with the employers of labot,
the believers in more strict tern
perance legislation, and the better class
of natives, and urge on the legislature
the passage of a strictly prohibitory
law? The example furnished by one of
our former wholesale liquor dealers, in
voluntarily withdrawing from the busi
ness, was one that ought to have be
come contagious. I here is a large
money interest in the business, and the
trattic can never be stopped except at a
money sacrifice. As a measure for the
welfare of the whole island community
it may prove wise and efficacious
foi the government to supplement
possible prohibitory legislation by pur
chasing all liquors in bond and by emp
tying them outside the reef. The ma
joiity of cjtbens would not murmur at
the incieased taxation thus necessitated
proi,ded the lurties who were reim
bursed he put under heavy bonds never
to sell liquor in any form until the law
again countenanced the liquor traffic.
It would lie wiser more humane and
wine economical for Hawaii to accoin
phslt prohibition by buying out the
liquor busine, than it wafor F.nglaiul
tu supplement her emaicijation decree
)' reimbursing the West Indian slave
holder for their consequent lovi. js
every thoughtful man give due weight
to the considecitiens that calUfor total
prohibition. We Jiave "jwoled' our
ejnvietion$ on the temperance ouestion
hitherto, and tlie radicals lave met the
conservatives half way with our present
law as the result. Has not the time
come to stop this pooling business, and
lor every man among us wnonas regard
for property and life to join in demand
ing the total restriction of the liquor
THE RESTRICTIVE VIEW.
In the article above pnntcU, we pre
sent for the consideration of our
readers the views of an earnest contrib
utor on the question of Hawaiian
temperance legislation. As wc said
two weeks ago, life Press is unswerv
ingly on the side of prohibition for all
classes for kanaka, for haole and for
pake. Hut wc recogni7c the fact that
the community is not a unit on the
subject. Wc cannot shut our eyes to
the fact that many well-to-do foreigners
F.nglish and Germans particularly -liavc
all their lives been used to drink
wine at their meals and beer in the
evenings. All these people at know
ledge the justice of regulating the
liquor traffic; but all of them are
equally clear in their own minds that
prohibition is not the way to regulate
it. All, or nearly all, of these people
arc "moderate drinkers," in the liUnil
meaning of the phrase j and they cither
cannot or will not sec the danger which
lurks in even the most moderate play
ing with alcoholic fire. Unless a heavy
majority of public opinion be with you,
there is no uee trying to force these
men to agree to prohibition, although,
sometime, von may be able to persuade
them to agree to it. On the other
hand they arc quite ready to meet the
prohibitionists half way in agreement
upon any plan which will so regulate
the liquor Iraffic as to limit its power for
harm. All intelligent men know that
the power of alcoholic drinks to do
harm is largely increased when liquors
arc adulterated. In nearly every
civilised country on the globe adultera
tion has kept pace with civilization.
Indeed, as a witty Frenchman once ex
pressed it, "the race so far has been
neck and neck." Hut in England the
laws against adulteration go far towards
mitigating the worst evils ol the tralhc
It is bad that any one should become
drunk. Hut it is worse for the man
and worse for the community when he
gets drunk on adulterated liquor, with
fusil oil or crude alcohol in it. Cannot
the temperance men of this town agree
upon some law to stop adulteration ?
If we cannot nave prohibition let us
have strict regulation. If wc cannot
prevent the native race from drinking
let it be settled that they shall not
drink bad ("cheap") liquor at the
public bars. We fear the times arc
not ripe for prohibition. Hut wc are
sure they arc ripe for regulation and
restriction. Let us then unite upon
some measure that may have reason
able assurance of passing the legis
lature. If it pass, let there be organ
ized a law-and-order league to see
that it is enforced.
rm: risAxci: ovrici: kkvokt.
As wc implied last week, the report
of the minister of finance is faulty and
foolish in its discussion of the topics on
which it ventures an opinion. The
more one reads it the more one is com
pelled to deplore the king's choice of
a finance minister. The office is by
no ipeans the most important in the
cabinet ; but it ought at least to have
at its head a good accountant. 1 he
office loses much of its dignity and
nearly all its value as a constitutional
safeguard by being in the hands of a
man who is cither incompetent or weak.
The present minister of finance is both.
Whether he is or is not worse, investi
gation ought to show.
The report contains the budget,
which falls below the appropriation bill
of last year and appears on the surf ce
to pressage an economical tendency
in cabinet councils. A brief analysis
of the report shows the estimated
income for the biennial period ending
March 31, 188G to be $3,336,870.43.
The budget calls for only $2,27 1,843.34
during the same period. If the income
should prove to equal the ministers' ex
pectations, and the expenditures be
kept within the estimates, the country
will have $65,027.08 in the treasury
two years from the 31st of last March.
But the experience of the past two
years docs not encourage the expecta
tion that such very literal economy
would be possible under the continued
power of the present administration.
The budget, although commendably
economical in its total, is unprogressively
go in many of its details, and extrava-
sant in many of its demands. It sins
of omission just as clearly indicate
faulty judgment or a desire to mislead
as its over-estimates suggests a stid
denly-suppressed tendency to injudi
eious or improper extienuiturc. It is
a well defined belief among Indcpen
dents that there is no sincerity in the
economy outlined by the reduced
budget ; and that if this year's appro
priation bill is to be made less than last
years it must be so by altogether
different procedure. lly a careful con
iu i;iii)- uu necessary puuuc works,
many of which are not even mentioned
in me iniugct.
In the death of Dr. C. T. Mills im.
sident of the seminary which approjiri-
mciy ui..ira ms name, near uakianil, on
the 13th ultimo, the educational inter.
est, not only of the Pacific slope but of
uiese isianos, nave lost a staunch
friend. President and Mrs. Mills was
well-known to verv inanv at thran
islands, having succeeded Rev. E. fi.
Ueckwith in the charce of Oahu
College from i860 to 1865. During
these years their imuress was well
faunded upon what, oerhaDs. waa
Punahou's palmiest davs. The maioritv
of its then pupils are in the battle of
me 10-aay, many of them prosperous
uiiu vcii-io-uo planters, merchants, or
following some profession, but all ex
emplifying the benefits of a well
founded Christian education. The
Pacific of April 16th eivrs an exceWcnt
account of the unostentatious labors of
i Jr. .Mills, and showing that he has
done more and given mote for the
cause of education than any of Call,
Had Mark Twain leen present ai
the meeting of the legislatuic oi Fri
day to note the bliberalions of that
body ujmn the proposition for an
$8,000,000 loan for rai'r'oad and tele
graph lines, an4 proKsitions for other
munificent outlays, he would doubtless
conclude-; that ' Kalakaua's -nSiJir,.
kingdom ', waOf some Imnortaiice af.
iii.sk ash oritnniri.sn.
And thus rum the tltc of llie town
"Thrr Rol(l"in V!ti liJ,
A Dole (fol) Unit in hit pride ;
I or Ihe Mm It-Smith of fate
I'oumtt hard on 11 pate,
And threatens to do him Brown.
The "talk of the town" shifts oftcner
than the wind. Yesterday it was talk
ing about' exchange ; to-day it is talking
of currency; td morrow ( let us hope )
it will be about religion. I he jump
will be lonncr .than the 'dividing line
Iwlwccn two dayshowevcr.
The town 'has talked a "good deal
about the new paper during the ten
days past. It has been well received.
The public can afford to wait until the
new paicr proves its right to be.' Not
one of us but is in the language of
the lamented widow Hedott's deacon
"a poor, lost critter;" not even the "omni
potent I'rcss," as Crowqtiil was pleased
to call it. From the nil admiral i stand
point there is, of course, much to criti
cise in the new paper. There is also
much to admire. Wc do not think it
will be possible for the new paper to
remain neutral. The issues are too
clear, the lines too tightly drawn. Wc
hope the proprietor and editor of the
Hawaiian may come to agree fully with
those who arc working for Hawaii's
best good not only as to principles,
but as to methods.
A great many are trying to settle in
their own minds the important question
( to owners ) of whether three daily
papers will pay. The "survival of the
fittest " will settle that question.
The town has also been talking about
the elder but still diminutive daily. Its
liveliness has been the occasion of
some comment. That liveliness resem
bles the bustle of the bumblebee. It
makes very little honey, but it carries
a sling and does "a heap of bur-"
As we said last week the little daily
has "a new hand ( or hands ) at the
bellows," who "know-show to write."
The " new hand " with evident pre
ference for the "rapier" of wit which
the editorial writers of the Press so gen
erally employ was pleased recently to
deplore our "bludgeon" of invective.
It took upon itself, in consequence,
gently to jab the docile Press with the
cheese knife of buffoonery.
The owners of the casino scalpel
love best to dissect personal peculiarity
face form, apparel, accidental
deformity. Ill-educated folk call this
playful vivisection ' brutal vulgarity."
That is wrong. It is merely " fun,"
having but one unpleasant feature its
There is, unfortunately, no forsceing
the culmination of this sort of thing.
It might end in some one speaking of
the reputed editorial writer of the
Bulletin as " a hatchet faced orang ou-
tang." That would be unjust. For one
cannot judge with certainty from ap
A Honoluluite recently remarked
that the Press Was "too toney" for a cer
tain class of news items, admitting that
the purity ol material it published ren
dered it admissible to every home.
We ask in return that every home in
the land subscribe thereto, and show
still more unanimous appreciation of
an honest effort to give the readers of
Hawaii a home paper.
Apropos of the temperance articles
in another column, a gentleman ol
standing in the community and an
ardent prohibitionist advocates as the
best immediate means to the desired
end that the government take charge
of the liquor trallic to the extent of un
porting all the liquor brought into
country. I his litjiior must be tested
by competent officials ; and sold, when
possible, only from original packages :
the penalty for adulteration being fixed
at so heavy a figure that its enforcement
would not only punish but ellectually
restrain. After a definite time had
elapsed, all liquor not imported by the
government must be either snipped out
of the country or destroyed. Of course
such a law could not be enforced except
by vigilant executive, backed by a strong
public sentiment. Hie gentleman
whose idea this is believes public
opinion would unite in enforcing such a
Many legislative topics demand at
tention this week. We unqualifiedly
oppose the opium bill. The article in
another column is an eloquent descrip
tion of the evils wrought by the drug
in China, written by an eye-witness
now in Honolulu. The Sunday law
as it now stands regulated in its oper-
tion by the common sense of the com
munity is good enough and ought not
to be repealed. If amended at all, it
ought to be done in a way that will give
no indulgence to Sunday carousals.
Liquor legislation, opium legislation,
i. '-- -'"" will iipar close scru
The absence from the annrnnrintinn
bill of the amount yet outstanding of
v.uuiii.iuou accounts suggests to careful
members, and others, that iierhaps the
.-int. ui un.- prujcci nas taiuereu an
I' -n 4 u 01 inuin
Xhr full Itoml.
Koitor Saturday Press Sir. The mem
bcr from Kixjlaupoko. Mr. KaulU. lias lire
enletl a petition praying that $80,000 be
appropriated for the I'all road. We wonder
what public ipinled and diiinUruttJ Imtlvl.
duals moved that worthy lnriilitnr In th
mauer. in me month of March, 188a, Mr,
W. N. Armstrong, then minister of the In.
terior, ordered a survey, to determine on the
best means of improving the Pall road or, If
posjioie, lind a belter route than the eiUtlng
one. The engineer employed surveyed and
located a line which, with a cut at the lowest
point of the summit ol 18 feet, gave a uniform
grade of fourtrvti feet in one hundred, aderoer
cut was not. deemed advisable as the slifilu
Improvement ol the grade obtained thereby
would not wairant It, A plan and profit.,', to
gether with cro. suctions at fcverv 50 feet. a
prciarcd and handed to Ihe minister of llie
unvrr, lugtjacr will) tetailcd estimate of
the amount pf rock and earth cicavallon.
'nilvciu laving, bridge, hand-railing, etc
llie estimated net cit of com! ruction m
$39,070, to which war. ail Jed I i.mo Cvmn.
llngcncics. Heponiihle men were to be
found o undertake the work for that amount
and gle guarantee for the uroncr irruil.m
i.f Ihctaaic. When-fore, Ihe est ra $J5,ocw?
Oh. KaulU J OtitKisr.
Honolulu, May 9, I Sis,
The UosahiUt letter i crowded out.
110so1.ct.tt w.tTr.n xt'i'i'i.r.
.1 Letter frnm nn lnytnrrr.
Hditor Saturday Press Sir At this
juncture, n little Information in regard to the
water supply of Honolulu might prove Accept
able loyour readers. I havethereforeventurcd
tri .offer a'few" opinion am statements bearing
on the subject, baed on dala collected for
several years past.
The public of Honolulu have lone been
aware that the city water supply has lcn inade
quate to the growing demand. At each suc
cessive meeting of the legMattire of the country
their hopes have been raised by promives only
to be rudely ilmipatcd, and at each recurring
tlry period notices greet them limiting the use
of the water for which they pny pretty roundly.
Not only is our water supply limited In rptin
tity, but bad in quality, nnd il any curious in
dividual wishes lo ascertain why this is so, let
him walk from Nutiantt reservoir along the line
of supply, and he will return satisfied on that
I will proceed to make a brief statement of
the situation, embracing our present sourer of
supply and how utilized, together with a notice
of our available sources and the means of
utilizing them in various vav.
A'niianii Valley Stiffly. At a point about
2,500 feet beyond the Half-Way House, in ihe
licit nf the river, Iherc headsnn tipcncnmluil or
auwal, known as I'.iU Aimai. Prom this
point, at an elevation above llieseaof.SSl fcelv
there flows a volume of water, the minimum
quantity, as measured in dry times, being 4
cubic feet per second j or, supposing a (Hisvible
diminution, say 3 cubic feet per second, (liv
ing I,93S,S6 Ui S gallons in 24 hours. This
water flows along the auwai, subject in its
course to sources of contamination, overgrown
with a dank vegetation, nnd full of limu, for a
distance ofaboul 2 miles, when it empties into
a small so-called filtering reservoir, at an elv
ration of 378 feet. 'Ihe available distance
between the two Kinls for a pipe line being
9,496 feel, the least grade on which would be
4.73 per cent. Your mathematical ftiends can
now calculate the size of a pipe to convey the
almvc quantity of water, remembering that the
pressure In said pipe, with Ihe above head of
SSl feel Icss378feet,equals503fecl, which would
not be the hydiostatic pressure due to the height
of that column of water, but what is known
as the hydraulic pressure, or that due to the
vertical distance ol the lowest part of pipe line
liclow the h)draulic grade the pipe 1 cing
an open one, for the reason that no distribution
under pressure is required alxnc the reservoir.
In connection with this, lwillstatcthata 15-inch
pipe is distributed fur li)ing along a great por
tion of the line, which, under the conditions
as ntwve, would convey a supply of alotit
9,633,600 gallons in 24 hours. I will not now
discuss the reasons why this enormous supply
was provided for between these iioints.
The so-called filtering reservoir has a total
sttpcrficcs of 143 square yards, but is not used
From here the water Is conveyed in a pipe
to a reservoir lower down, which I will call a
high level service rcscrv6ir. Practically the
distribution commences here, nt an elevation
of 350 feet. The distance between grade
points is 1,020 feet approximately. Here wc
have a grade of 2.40 per cent, for that !!
tance, for which a 15-inch pipe is also pro
vidctl. From this reservoir, containing
69,414 U. S. gallons, the water is convejed to
the Nuuanti Reservoir at an elevation of
101 66-100 feet. For this service, a 15-inch
pipe is also prov ided. This may lie called n
low lescl service reservoir.
An auxiliary supply from the adjacent valley
is received here, which might be largely in
creased without alTecting the local demand
for irrigation to any serious extent.
The Makiki Valley is a source ol supply,
and some feeble attempts have been made Jo
utilize it by the construction ol a reservoir of
small capacity ; and a redwood flume svas
added some two )ears since which, I liclieve,
is now somewhat dilapidated. I will not now
discuss the reasons why a redwood flume was
made, instead of a small pipe line, which, at a
moderate advance on the cost of said flume,
would have made a valuable and permanent
source of supply.
The Manoa Valley, with its large available
supply, has not been utilized in any way
That an abundant and available supply
of pure drinking water existed under our very
feet was not suspected until about four years
since, when the first artesian well was sunk.
Waikiki and parts of Punahou, instead of to-
maining an almost desert waste, have bloomed
into beautiful suburbs, anil the increase in
value of real estate was rapid and considerable,
which was mainly due to artesian wells. The
government well at Waikiki, when completed,
was a fine sight. Its flow was measured by
Messrs. Young and llerzog, and found to be
about a million and a quarter of gallons per
day, notwithstanding the diameter of the inlet
ol the leading pipe was only 5 inches. Two
such wells delivering at the same elevation
would give 2) millions of gallons per day.
Assuming the absence of all the previously
enumerated sources of supply, amounting In
Ibe oggregate lo 6 or 7 millions of gallons per
day, there is still another source available
Impounding and storage of the rainfall, with
the further assumption that it would lie ncces
sary to provide for a storage of 180 days'
supply at the rale of consumption equal to the
quantity fnriiNhed by Ihe permanent Paki
Auwai (or 1,918,816 gallons per day, or
4S 40-100 gallons per head for a opulalion of
40,000). In that case it would require a
storage capacity of 310,201,560 gallons ; and,
owing to the slope of the profile and limited
high dam would be fequTrcir," Ml') i'J
earth or masonry. This dam, thrown across
the valley at a suitable point, would ituiiound
or dam up the required volume of water, the
surplus escaping by overflow wlcr or waste
The history of earthen dams particularly U
replete with disaster and loss of human
Ule, consequent upon their failure j, and ucli
failures have occurred, even though they were
constructed under the direction and supervision
ol the best engineering talent. A long list of
mote lanure is at hand. A dam. say 80 feet
high, thrown across the Nuuanu valley at any
(luim, uu tailing tnrougn any cause, a fresh
et, unequal subsidence 01 earthquake, would
In'.olve a catastrophe, the extent of which it
doe not need much intellieence to rxreciv.
uwing 10 me unmanned charwler of the
rock underlying the thin coaling of soil, it
would be difficult lo make Ihe base of a dam
or bottom of reservoir tight under the eiliteut
pressure. Add t? this the abence of suitable
material In the vicinity for constructing a ufe
uiii 01 eann or nuvjuty, and we have the ele.
merits of a scry t-xnlve structure indeed, in
volving the use of concrete or some niuallv
costly expedient which, in a country liable 10
cAtlhquake shocks, in no case could 1 nude
absolutely sale In any of the valley before
The alosc system proenls the following ol.
v.(-.. , c.rnc row: uanger to llie com
inciiityj long dcUy In fwiitrucliim, 'R would
aUo Involve the nccrMtiy of constriicline suiia
ble tillering rrwrvulras adjunct lo he stooge
irriioir towing to inc eoimius accumulation
of Hum and turbid cltaractcr tf tviptdy,) ami
uiu taouiu iiiioite great aililitiuual espeivK.
1 . a quare vain of alter Miibcc to
properly purify 709 pilau rf
watft- is 24
hours, such Is the amount .usually employed.
For Ihe lieforc mentioned supply therefore,
2,767 square prds would be needed, or a
square of about 52 .yards on a side. Two of
these would le requires), one to be cleaned
while the otlrcr would lie In use. It cannot
truthfully be saitl that filtering is unnecessary.
The bad quality of Honolulu water is nolor
iour, and surgeons of war vessels sometimes ob
ject to or allogcthcr prohibit ils use on account
of Its objectionable quality as did the sur
geons of the Hartford.
I will set forth in n future Issue of vnur
paper the means of utilizing the various
sources of supply (outside of lnimunding and
storage of rainfall), in a cheap, cITcclive nrd
durable manner) and in quantity fully com-
mcnsiiralc with the probable future needs of
Honolulu. Your obedient sirvant.
V. H. Lawrence.
1 hr 1'itlr.
Honolulu lias seldom had a fair in which
more general, more far-reaching, or more
effective interest has liccn taken. All Weil
ncsday afternoon ami evening busy table-managers
and their assistants were at work. l"irly
'I hursday morning they took up the dropped
stitches of late the night before, and the wdatf
ami woof of decoration was gaily and gl-ully
(but with sseary limbs and headache, as result
ants) until, the ttn at 2 r. in. looked through
the windqws of V. M. C. A. Hall upon one of
the prettiest scenes it ever saw, sweet woman
hood's waiting tribute to a better than "sweet
charily," the higher cause of "the higher edu
cation." Tits' Spirit of the Fair has told the Ilonolu-
lans all about the various committees and has
re-told the history of Ihe library. The other
island readers of the Press have been favored
with several selections from the Spirit of the
Fair. The list of names of those who helped
to make the fair so successful (we write this on
Frids.y afternoon, and, of course, predicate a
result assumed liy last niidit'n receipts) is too
long a one to print within tbe space at com
mand, and no list it would be practicable to
compile could be sure of containing every name
ol those who base given thought and time nnd
money to help on one of the worthiest of our
The scene last Thursday afternoon was at
once nnimited and exciting. Many children
were present ; strange visitors were in atten
dance ; the color of the decorations, the
articles for sale and the ladies' dresses made
striking contrasts and harmonious combina
tions as the crowd passed from table to table
around the room.
liclow there were scores surely more than
one score of girls and young ladies, attractive
of feature and most becomingly attired.
They had good things to sell and sold them
bewitching!)' under the generalship of less
jaunty but not less atlractisc or less becom
ingly dressed matrons. In the evening Ihe
crowd was denser, up stairs and down. The
handsome and not unduly expensive things to
sell went off briskly ; nnd the ladies were
kept constantly on the alert to supply custom
ers with what Ihe latter fancied.
Of the up-stairs tables Queen Knpiolani's,
presided over by Mrs. Paul Neumann netted
the largest amount over $200. Miss May
llurbank's floral temple netted the considerable
sum of $66. And, below, the refreshment room
netted over $200.
In cash, Thursday's quota to the lair re
ceipts was $1743 ; and checks and I. O. Us.
brought up the sum to over $2,000.
Perhaps the most picturesque feature of the
evening'!, fun was Mrs. J. D. Strongs gypsy
fortune telling. Nothing wniKI Iihtc wrn
more effective than that cleser lady's dressing
of her pari ; or more piquant than her palm
Last night's and this evening's entertain
ments svill be noticed next week.
It is worth mention that Queen Kapiolani
for Ihe first time in four years (Mr. Jim
Williams is responsible for the statement) had
her picture taken for benefit of the fair, to
which she added her autograph.
An Tulerrleiv trtti Ittkliop Hermann.
A rcrtcr of the Saturday Press was sent to
interview Itt. Hev. Hishop Hermann, concern
ing the possibility of the pope leaving Home.
The interview was as follows
Kifoi ter there any foundation for the
report that the pope is about to leave Kome?
llishof There may be, as the present stale
of affairs in Italy is inayeiy unsettled condi
lion, and the xpe nuy be compelled to go ;
but he will remain as long as it is possible for
him to do so consistently with his essential
R. What causes led to such a stale of
!. The united efforts of the radical revolu
tionary party in Italy, who oppose the pope's
temporal authority and the atheistic secret
societies, a member of which, in a large
assembly, recently responded lo the toast,
" The devil against Cod, and in a most
blasphemous poem set forth that there had
been a contest between the devil and God,
and that the devil conquered, sending his rival
to Ihe lowest hell. These parties are attack
ing the pope's liberty and dignity. -
A', Have you had an intimation of any one
of the cardinals favoring the pOx:'s leaving
.None whatever. Of about seventy
cardinals npiwinteil by Pius IN. and Leo
XIII., but one, Cardinal llocnbeauqh, has
publicly expressed an opinion Ukh this sub
ject. There never was such a cordial unity in
the chutcli as there U now, and Ihe church as
a unit stands with the iwne. If he leaves
Home l will not be to alulicatc, but tempo,
tarjtv and.iuiiler protest.
pope's leaving Kome?
H. It would not be serious, though it
might lead to new difficulties, incur great
expense and give iconoclasts an opportunity to
itiine me 1 aucan aim oesiroy many time
honored relic and pictures 1 yet it would not
Interfere with his owcr. Other popes have
been compelled to leave Ihe Vatican. Pius IX.
lieu irom Kome by night and went to Goatea,
wncre miner protection 01 tne king ol IS .1 pies,
he remained two sears or more. In iKn
Pius VII. was taken a prisoner by Napoleon
I., because he would not close his port
against the English. In 1800 Pius VI. wis
taken prisoner by French revolution!! and
treated a a nulefactor, and other pope have
either fled or been taken prisoner j but the
iiiicii uiu nor uner except temporarily.
X. Where would the pope go if he should
AShould he be compelled to leave Rome
he might go lo Austria, as Fund Joph I
iuusi corutai jupporier, but moil likely he
would go to Malta, a the English would most
gladly receive him and consider it a great
A', Is there any likelihood of his coming to
Jl. None whatever, as it U ir.. fir r,nm ih
seat nl government, the mass or inaioriiy of
..-iwiik. .,v II. .UlliC.
There mav ltossiMv In- mnn. Mnn -,
mere coincident connection between
the introduction nf Mr k,.,,,i,,i,1...
eirlt'inillion-loan bill and the following
brief dispatch from New York, dated
njnii 32iiu: "signor CcUo Caspar
Moreno arrived vtraienlnv nn th u.nn.
ship Washington from Italy for the
mroe of obtamlnu from the govern
litant'an exteiuion of his chatinr for
the irantnacilic cable frnm r,iiirvr.;
to ihe" Sandwkli Wands, Japan and
Utt New Mi, ' - "
tAST SATURDAY'S SMSIOV-SEvrNTH HAY
Petitions were presented as follow t
Hy Mr. Kamakele, from Makawao, that Ihe
reciprocity treaty with the United States be
Hy Mr. Anura, $500 for buoys and anchors
at Puulkl, district of Walatua.
lly Mr. Hitchcock, $1,500 fur Improving
landing at Iupthoehor, Ililo.
lly Mr. Nakalcka, that the custom of re
quiring the kokttas (nurses) at Kalawao to
work under orders of the superintendent be
almtishcd. 61 signatures.
Resolutions were presented as follows t
lly Mr. Knulukou, a joint resolution that
$ lo.ooo be appropriated to defray expenses
for the legislative session of 1SS4.
I!y Mr. Lillkalanl, that 300 two-cent pos
tage stamps be furnished each member. Mr.
Smith moved an amendment that too be fur
nished. Amendment carried.
lly Mr. Godfrey llrown, thai the assembly
meet at one o'clock each day fur Iwo weeks.
lly Mr. Nawahl, thai the minister of finance
explain a deficiency of $41,558.58 in the
treasury accounts. His report of May 51I1
showed a balance of $8j,7Sy.20, while n later
rcH)it shows the balance lo be only $18,230.-
71. Referred lo finance committee.
Hills were read for the first time as follows 1
Hy Mr. Cecil Drown, a bill relating to
lurkejs and other wild fowls. Passed to
lly Mr. Smith, n bill relating to the record
ing of marriages. Passed to Its second reading.
Hy Mr. Cecil llrown, a bill relating lo the
Identification and registration of male Chinese.
Passed In lis second reading.
The order ol the day was the second read
ing of Mr. Smith's bill to amend section 1442
of Ihe civil code, relating lo.tlie Incorporation
of stock companies.
Mr. Smith skc in favor of the bill. He
said the proposed change was n slight one.
He wanted to substitute the word "shall" for
the word "may." His reasons for wishing
the change were that at present the law vested
n power in one man the minister or the in
terior which put him practically nliovc the
king and privy council. The law ought
clearly to be that the minister of the interior
houlil present to the king in privy conned nil
bills which conformed lo the rules for intro
ducing them, and that, after lavorablc action
by the king nnd the privy council, that he
should grant Ihe charter without delay.
The attorney general said the intent of the
bill was a good one. He would cordially sup
port it if properly drawn. He wanted, how
ever, some provision incorporated which would
enable the n inistcr of the interior to reject or,
rather, send back for correction, all bills im
properly prepared for presentation.
Mr Cecil llrown wanted the bill passed as
introduced. He said that the judiciary
committee of the prisy council was composed
of the chief justice and the attorney general
and that all petitions for charters were supposed
lo go before them. They were able and it
was their duly to ste if bills were properly
Mr Widemann did not want all discretion
taken aay from the minister of the interior,
who ought to have the right lo riject petitions
improperly drawn. He wanted the bill
rclurned'to the member for Wailukti for such
alterations as would give the minister the
proper discretion and prevent the time of the
council being taken up with petitions not
Mr. Smilh declined lo alter the bill. He
said the minister liad already full power to
send back to its author any petition for a
charter which was not accompanied by certain
statutory requirements. What was sought to
be prevented was the spite or favoritism of
any one man who might happen for the time
being to be minister of the interior. He
wanted to put it out of Ihe power of
any minister of the Interior so to exercise
his spite or favoritism as to prevent
the ends of justice. He thought the minister
of the interior was not the man to decide
whether bills were properly drawn or not.
The chief justice and the attorney general
were ex officio members of the council and it
was their duty to decide that.
Mr. Kaulukou (as reported by the Advertiser)
said that formerly there were very few appllca
liens for charters, but within the past year a
great many charters had been applied for.
The difficulty was, whether the stock repre
sented was worth so much or not. According
to the proposed amendment, there might not
be a dollar in the whole concern. In the
case of the Gazette, one individual said he had
so many shares, but nn examining the tax
liooks It was found that he had paid taxes on
$1,000 only. Certain parties make a great
noise about the non-observance of the law,
and they themselves are yearly trying to evade
the law. The application for a charier was a
mere shadow. He therefore moved that the
bill be referred to the judiciary committee.
Mr, Smith said that he did not think it
politic to bring up personal questions of
charter granting, no doubt, many charter had
been granted which should have been more
carefully scrutinized. Ever) body ought to
deprecate bogus conqianics. Hut the object
of the bill was to prevent vexatious delays in
the passage and Issuance of meritorious
charters which the country need, and the king
and the privy council were in favor of.
The attorney general said Ihe question at
issue was not whose clutter had been granted,
but whether cliarlers should be presented In
MONDAY'S SKSSION VIGIITIt DAY.
Petitions were presented as follows t
' ' .-.,...., .w ..,., rut l...uiu
being impiisoned when absent from work
Hy Mr. Kanealii, that parent having four
or more ciulilrcn be exempt from school tax.
Uy Mr. l'illpo, from Molokal, that the
election of Representative Nakalcka and
Nupihea be void.
Hy Mr. Kauwila, parents tending their
cniiuren la J-.nglUh schools wy no school fee.
By Mr. Pilipo, Ihit patient in the leper
kft.ntl.1 .. ll l-t. ... '
..,..,.. .1 iushui uc noi sent 10 isalawao.
Uy Mr, Nakalcka, that the regular police
force on Molokal U Increased from four to
By Mr. Kauwila, that leprou person U
auowea 10 remain and be treated at their own
By Mr. Nahinu, that a hospital be built In
lly Mr. Kupihea, thai foreign doctor be
appointed lor MoloWi j that two artesian well
be dug on Molokai, for which appropriation
wmade by session of 18821 that wharve
and bridge I built on .Molokal.
Resolutions were Introduced a follow j
By Mr. Kauhanc. St. 000 for Imnrotemeai
of road In Kau, Hawaii.
Hy Mr. Kaunamano, tu amend section I
cliajHcr 90 jtsrnal code.
Hy Mr. Pilipo, S4.600 for lininovini.' roads
and lauding in North Koua, Hawaii,
Uy .Mr, Nahinu, $2,000 for Improving land
infrsal iluokrna, Najioypoo, am) I loupulua.
liy Mr. haunaiuanu, Hut I tic house lake a
IW! f J wctk. Um.
Tbe honorable member cspUiiwd in support
that the comiullltM Metis.) lime lo Pfeuare
lUir report, fHisuiuiy the feaaea oua-
Mr. GodfreyrH'Qwn, of ihe finance com
mittee, said If the committee wanted lime they
wojilil ask lor it. The reason the resolution
was offered was liecause it would allow certain
legal memlers of the house to attend the cir
cuit court at Ililo.
The resolution was defeated.
Hy Mr. Kaulukou, that $7.50 be tettwncil
to one Kalakahuna, overcharge In laxrs.
lly Mr. Kaunamano, to amend section 15
chapter 44 Session Laws relating to intoxicating
Hills read first time as follows t
Hy Mr. Godfrey llrown, lo amend section
7S0 Civil Cole. Passed to second reading.
Hy Mr. Dole, relating to the descent of pro
perly. Passed tu second reading.
lly Mr. I'alohiu, relating to government
hotiita)S, Passed lo second fading.
Hy Mr. Kautia, to amend section 43 chapter
44 Session Iiws ol 1SS2. Passed lo second
Hy Mr. Kanealii, telling to Ihe length of a
Mr. Hitchcock give notice of an act trt
amend the session laws rcliting to police
Mr. Godfrey llrown called the attention of
the house to the slovenly report Issued by the
minister of finance, it was a disgrace to that
officer's department. He would ask whether
It was correct or did It need further revision.
Mr. Dole, on suspension of Ihe rules, read
Ihe judiciary committer' report. On motion
of Mr. Hishop it was ordered to be read wilh
the bill for suppression of disease among
Mr. Martin asked for and received leave of
The bill to amend section 1442 of the Cisll
Code was brought up as unfinished business,
and finally referred to judiciary committer.
Hills for third reading came up as follows!
An actio appropriate $1,000 for criminal
Joint resolution for $40,000 lo defray ex
penses of legislature session nf 18S4. Passed.
Mr. Cecil llrown s bill relating to ownership
of turkeys nnd other wild fowl came up for
Mr. Kaulukou slid the bill might be n good
one, but if pissed many troubles would ensue.
The introducer is agent of n large estate1, and
he was quite right to look after his employer's
Tui-sday's Session. Nini 11 Day.
One petition was presented :
Hy Mr. Kamakele, frnm Makawao, with 128
signatures, $8,000 for bridges at Kailua.
Hills and resolutions were offered as follows:
Hy Mr Knlua, that Ihe House do notice the
death of Rev. M. Kuaea, by attending the
funeral In a liody, and wearing mourning for a
period of 15 days. Adopted.
Hy Mr. Kanealii, to amend Section 12,
Chapter 86 of the Penal Code. Also, that nn
fees be charged by board of education for
children attending Knglish schools.
y Mr. Kaulukou, that certain questions be
asked the judges of the supreme court w ilh re
gard to the lepers confined at 'Kakaako and
Kalawao, the disease not leing n crime, nor
contrary lo law.
Mr. Smith vsas sorry the member had brought
up the subject in that form, and asked him to
withdraw the resolution.
Governor Dominis reported that the King
had approved and signed an act for $1,000 to
pay certain criminal prosecutions, and a joint
rocsolution appropriating $40,000 for paying
expenses of the Session of 18S4.
Mr, Dole asked for power of jurisdiction lo
subpoena witnesses from Molokai lo assist the
jintls.tarj- amtnillco (.J1, rvf;rJ in o petition
that the election of representatives from Lanal
Mr. Pilipo reported an act relating to descent
of property had been received from the printer's
Hy Mr. Cecil llrown, that the auditor gen
eral had not yet presented his report. Mr.
Smith said section 26 called for a report ; it
would be useful, particularly to the committee
Auditor-General Walker promised it on the
Wednesday's Session Tenth Day.
Only one petition was presented by Mr.
Kamakele, from Makawao, lo repeal chapter
57 of Penal Code.
Mr, Kalua having presented a reply lo His
Majesty' speech that morning and It pleased
the king to accept it.
Minister Gibson asked for more time to pre
pare his reports, the printers not being able to
fill his orders. He also read a document re
lating to immigration, which wa received.
The remainder of the session was taken up
in discussing a resolution offered by Mr. Dote
as follows: That, whereas $575,000 Hawaiian
silver coin haiT liccn imported into the king
dom, and an additional $150,000, and it is
proposed to bring a further sum amounting to
$275,000, be -it resolved the Minister of Fl
nance be Instructed to charge and collect duties
according to law on any further importations
of silver coin into the country.
In calling ihe attention of the members to
the resolution, Mr. Dole said that by the law
of 1876 a duty of 10 per cent should be col
lertcd on all silver coins imported Into the
kingdom. He had read the report of the
privy council on this matter, and that the
treaty allow for bullion and not for coin, By
the law the minister ought to have collected
10 per cent, duty, a he had not done so the
country lose a large amount. He did not like
lo have lo teach a minister) ll appeared awk
ward to him, but the matter was of ihegieatett
importance. The resolution was in conformity
with the views expressed by hi majesty, ,
Atio".y f Jmeral Neumann aid that the
resolution was not untimely, he thought there
wa something behind II that every person,
even reporters, could tee. It wa merely a
point in olliics, not for any national good.
Mr. Aholo wished he wa a minister, he
wouldn't take the tlightetl notice of the reso
lution. An amendment wa moved by Mr. Cecil
Hrownthat the word "Instructed" be changed
to "requested," which wa accepted by Mr.
MlnUter Gibaon id, a he waas't
bter of finance, he could not
" officially " on the nutter, whether daOta Kad
been collected. He Ml my aorry Iba asiaia-
let waa not present,
Mr, Smith id thai be felt wry too. He
found that Ihe attorney-gtMfaJ wa very Ig
norant In (he matter, and thought Mr. GiUeu
might eipUin, He tupexxed more coin wa
coming on Ihe MaripMa.
Mr. Bishop wa sure the resolution wa pre
sented in good faith, but though! Ihe question
should be given more (line. The treaty only
x-ak of bullion. He would uiqvc ilia! the
reoJulion be laid un the table.
Mr. Cecil Htuwu favored the reeolutian a
an tsprcs.1'011 of the rwue toward the utlnUlw
Minister Gibson arose at once lo call alien,
lion o some coin lie ltad In hi ckct. lit
(Milted Mil three r'uU wilh Mien pritd oa
hem, viz., WjlV "III IV d "T,
II. II.,' and Wddlng tUsn uf) said the
ithoio were aul wxta a teal, feu a
silicr wU cuti) f,Ml he uVajpd
out of hi enonwau poskatoJ waa at Swtd
United State awn, laa' hati ka,
clseo would offer 95 cents, yea. he lielieved
they would stretch il, perhaps, to 97)5 cents
for A Hawaiian dollar.
Mr. Mawahl said the ministers amused him
they talked like little children going to a pri
mary school, they had lit be there sometime
before they learned anything.
Mr. Kaulakau was corrected by Mr. Bishop
when he refetred to tint gentleman as having
made money nn Mcslcan dollars.
Mr. Kalus said he had handed one of the
coins to a ftteml, and he couldn't make out
whose head was on It He thought It bur
lesqued the king and ilisgracexlthe country.
Mr, Dole summed up In a forcible manner
on Ihe wliole debate, and asked the house lo
pass the resolution.
The motion to lay on table via carried J$
Thursday's session. m evi.ntii day.
The following petitions were presented '
Hy Mr. Kamakele, thai parents having 14
or more children ilo not pay taxes. 1 16 sig
nature. Also that lepers be kept at Kakaako, and
not be sent lo Kalawao.
lly Mr. Nahinu, that the reciprocity treaty
with the United Stales be continued ; also
with regard lo maulage when teprr areseper
atetl, Iiid nn table.
lly Mr, Nakalcka, thai the salary of the dep'
uty sheriff at Molokal leincrrased to $50 per
Hills and resolutions were offetedas follow st
Hy Mr. Dole, that $600 lj appropriated for
on office fur Ihe Governor of Kauai, and $300
for nn Iron safe. I-iM on table.
lly Mr. K, llrown, an actio amend section
38, chapter 45, Session I-aw of 1882.
lly Mr. Aholo, an net In amend section 58,
chapter 41, Session I -IMS of 18S2.
lly Mr. Kauwila, an act lo amend section
168, Civil Code.
Hy Mr. Amala, nn act to amend section 498,
lly Mr. Kamakele, to grant portions of gov
ernment land to poor persons,
Hy Mr. Gnrdner, $Soo to build wharf at
Nun, Maul j also $2,000 for hospital at Hana.
lly Mr. Amara, that committees be or
dered to call any persons before them, from
whom they would require information to fur
ther their work. Carried.
Hy Mr. Nahinu, $Soo for a hospital at South
lly Mr. Pilipo, that no leper be sent to
Molokal until afler the bill relating to leprosy
aic acttd ujioii by(tlic house. UhI,
Hills tcad first time 1
lly Mr. Dole, to amend section 8, chapter
79, Penal Code.
Hy Mr, Kaulukou, an act lo reestablish
circuit court, Oahu.
Hy Mr. Kanealii, an act lo amend section
12, chapter 86, Penal Code.
Hy Mr. Palohau, an act relating to tax re
These bills nil passed to second reading.
Auditor General Walker asked for extension
of time to prepare his reKjrt. One week was
A resolution referring to the confinement of
lepers at Kalawao and Kakaako was adopted.
Hills for second reading :
An act for the restriction and for the election
of buildings other than fire-proof. Passed lo
engrossment, and will be read a third time on
An act to amend section 43, chapter 44,
Session Laws of 18S2. Special order for Fri
day. An act for registration and identification of
Chinese in the islands. Sent lo printing com
.uiiipe, Km day's Session. Tvvelitii Day.
Petitions were presented as follow ;
Hy Mr, Kamakele, that pieces ol land be
longing to Hawaiian be re-suiveyed.
Uy Mr. Amaru, that the siem of road su
pervisors lie done away with.
Hy Mr, Kaulukou, that the election of repre
sentative Kauwila be null and void, us twenty
persons in thedistrict of Puna say they voted for
Kamoku, and the returns were sent in favor of
Kauwila, Referred to judiciary committee.
Uy Mr. Kupihea, that the use of liquors be
Hy Mr. Nahinu, that an artesian well be dug
in district of South Kona.
Mr. Dole, chairman of the judiciary com
mittee rcKrtcd that the resolution relating lo
imprisonment of contract Ialxircr should be
laid on table until bill is presented ; also that
the bill relating to wild turkeys be passed after
being amended a follow : Ihe word "quails"
lo read "quail", and the word "peacocks" to
be changed to "peafowl." Passed to engross
ment a amended.
Resolution and bill were presented as fol
Uy Mr. Keau, $3,000 for a bridge at Moan
By .Mr. Nahinu, $1,000 fur a public cittern
at llookena, Hawaii.
By Mr. Hank Brown, $250 to purchase a
new safe for the Assembly.
By Mr. Dole, to prohibit sale"of liquor. "
By Mr. Baker, that Minister Gibson ttate Ihe
mission of lvnvoy Iaukea. The minister taid
that Colonel Iaukea had been very successful
wherever ho went and would toon arrive home
in company with Consul Irwin, of Yokohama,
lo complete arrangement with Ihe govern
ment fur Japanese immigration. The Immigra
tion of Chinese would be resisted.
By Mr. Baker, that the minister of finance
furnish copies of the agreement between Ihe
Hawaiian Government and it agenl relating
to the introduction ot silver coins. Carried,
with an amendment that all memorandums be
Mr. Palohau, an act to repeat Chapter 10,
Session Laws, 1882.
The house now took up Ihe special order of
the day and went into committee of ilia whole)
n ad to amend Section 43, Chapter 44, Law
of 1882, relating lo liquor. Mr. Smith asked
if the minister had taken any ttep with irgard
lo thl bill. It had been mentioned .by hi
majesty in hi speech. Minister Glbon said
the minister had nut done anything a yet,
Ihey would give the mattat thc!rL rarnM con-
Iteration. Mr. Sea said It tea totuewhet
of a diuppolnlraeat f fad notbinc had bee
jam a icag wnanlna tuaa place om title
bill. O-Btotloaoi'M.Aaalo, taahoua.!
tad repotted o refer toaiakct cuavawttee,
coaaiatiaa; of Mum. Aholo, Nawahl, UUfca
law. Dele and Nattw,
Seeead reading of aa act to attend Seciiaa
7o CivH Code relating to r
Paued to engrossment.
The judiciary committee repotted Ihl UU,
to rot with tliglit alteration) an a nklU)f fa
iiKavc among annual, luttoslucesj y Mr
Smith. Kefcired to 1 let cowauUee, a
follow 1 Meurs, W. O. Swish, CfcaWm J.
KichaidMHi, C 11 Judd, IV ItenUtg aad tit
Second reading of an act lo re-rtUhital
.-Hcuit 'wlut la Oahu, lutwduced be Mr.
hewtutou, Kfltml lo Judkbry 'a
The Aw. IAD W Us liwfau atrieed let
Tuesday eeeuiag, I J day hum liut Vmuitta.
WaaI(hideyUif newt, and awaetal
eatawU eteteaaadW, which sWhdiathaiWte-
at lay h-.alaaadt, (yiu the Cmm Hmm, '
faUaa k waa, feat. mm to Ha Hur I
iiiiitw.iii.iieiiiw(,iiljBnl iiuejaatwayiyw.tjg ..i , n ijiii
11 ... : ; iDtifnM ,Sjl