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SATURDAY PRESS SUPPLEMENT
Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands: Saturday, May 10, 18S4.
rot: its or rt.Acnn,
In Th ChttreffYftrtl nl Tttrrytoirn.
Met . the H 'title hum-jri!, who died
In th bright Irvlua wmmttofhU fune
A tint pi cfie( with but a date and i.a.m-
tVi hi fiuiM f ettin; pUct ..1
1 titer tht he IotJ im. (tlorifid
J Ore in th aotumn ol Mtdiyil. em,
Hut the dr Iae of (M were ill (tm
it h lint that bnihtenW rvl r rmiltlple.
aw Iwtct a life hh, ho irt a deth
Uvin to wtntf wiih mirth the e tty hur,
Or with romantic t.l I he hart to chefr;
E'yinf lo leare a memory lite the breath
' Of lumift'rt foil of unhine and of ih&wrr.
A frief Mtd ladnea in the atnvphrre,
I Die ocean? roar .!. mountain retl f
ilha f rtd uandt .H with bated Ueath,
Vnbuftt tA flamei woe and eal
t,le drowned In darVne and ia death.
WW beaita irt hrl, Mrauge. foat.ehii bird-
(iod't ratnUjw bint iOne In a brealht
1 O Oodf it earth then Incumplrle?
'I he ilx days Ubur Mill undone
That h rmitt melt beneath 'Iliy feet
An) her f.r fire tatil the utt?
Mutt UU to down and clttei drown
Krui 'x and evil b one?
Ih freat warm heat of Mother llatth
I broVen o'er her favaa Iilea,
Lot aihei ttrew ht ruined hearth
l A Inn if a l)iSMiunl airrv milcc
I har her grottfi. I hear her moan
AH day abort her drowning Mm,
Tall thip are ailing ailently
AUivt hrr buried UIm toVaVi
Jn marble hatlt beneath the wi
'Hie aeaKod'l children ihuvt and ptayj
They mock and about tn merry rout
Where mortaU dwelt but yriterday.
Tlie re It a lari, of every lanl ihe prliie,
Hclared byJrieaveu u'er all tlie worM besiile;
WherebrjBliter sunt dispense screner lifftit.
nnit iniMer mount emiaraltse llic nlglit;
A land oriwaulr, virtue, valor, truth,
Tune tutored age antl love-eialted south.
"Hie wandering mariner, whom eye explores
rlie wealthiest isle, Ihe nmvt enchanting hure,
View not a realm so bountiful and fair.
Nor breallicthepirit of a pursr air;
In cf ery dime the magnet of lilt soul.
Touched hy remembrance, trembles to that pole;
For in thlt laud of heaven's peculiar grace,
The heritage of nature't noblest race.
There It a tpot of earth tupremely blest,
A clearer, tweeter Siot than alt the rent,
Where man, creation' I) rant, cattt aside
Hit tt-ord and sceptre; pagenlry and pride.
While In hit toftened lock benignly blend
The tire, the ton, the hutband, brother, friend.
Here woman rtlgn: tha mother, daUithler, lfr,
Strew with freth (lowert Ihe narrow way of lift!
in tDATiear neaven of her delightful e)e,
gel guard of love and sracet lie ;
.tA unit her Vneet uomettlc dutiet meet,
v t firetide pleaturet eamhot at her feet.
iere thatl that land, that tpot of earth lie foundt
th nj a minima tutrint? looV aroun J,
f , fhu thalt find, howe'er thy foolMett room
T at land tkjr country, and that pt tky homel
In alt, mrthinlt 1 tee the counterpart
Of Italy, without her dower of art.
We hare the lordly Alps, the fir fringed hillt,
The green and golden valleyt, veined with lillt,
A dead Vetuviut with itt tntouldering fire,
A lawny Titter twcrpiitg to the tea ;
Our teatout have Ihe tame tuperb attire.
The tame redundant wealth of flower and tree ;
Upon our peakt ihe tame imperial dyet,
And day by day, terenely over all,
The taaoc tuccettlve moutht of uniting taiet.
tjuireire acrott, a tower, a convent wall,
A brtLen column, and a fatten fane,
A chain of crumbling archet down the plain,
A grjupof browti'faced children in lhr jun,
A tcarlrl tkirtrd UKiidetittandinic nrar,
. A tnonk, a begger, and a mutrteer
a A4l lo t Tny dream of lla j it done.
keae aie the Alpt, and there the Apenoinaa;
Keteweii, the fertile plaint of l.ombHrdy;
Beyond, Val d'Arno, with Itt ItocLt and vinet.
Thcte granite crags arc grey moiiatlic thrinet
Wrthrd on the clilts tile old ditmalitted fortt
And tooling teaward, 1 can almott tee
i be ntatble tpleudor of Venetian count
Yl Can ulmokt beer the mournful ih)lhmic beat
Of while hppej wavct along tlie tea 4Ved ttieel.
O chlldlett mother of dead empiret t we,
'1 he titett bom of all the wettern landt,
la fancied Lliubip r4rtch pur infant handi
Acrott Ihe intervening teat lo thee.
Ihine the immortal twlighl, ouia the dawn;
el we may bate our uamet lo canouiie,
Our patl to haunt tit with It aulcmii eytt,
Our ruint, when thit rettteti age it gune.
-i. , hull.
ImhiHhv u'(A I'ffyrfnta.
(I)ccctnlicr 22, 1620.
" i elii,f Amtlkir r.t kat fillij
Fkitf uhul imttt nu'Jf tk uvW t($Jt
Ah tni tAW w, a.litt!tt rtalmi ait UtltJ;
lit UHtlitfmUqf:rtiUjrttn MtJl
The UeaVlng wavel uathed high
On a Mem and ruck.buund cuavt,
And the woodt againtt a aturmy tky
Tlielr glaat branchct lotted;
And the heavy night hung dark
'Hie hillt and watert o'er,
When a band vt etilet moored Ibelr bark
On the wild New England thoie.
Not at the conqueror comet,
lliey, the Irue heartnl, came;
Not with the roll of Mining drumt.
And the trumpet that tingt of fame;
Not at the flying come,
111 aileoce and In fear;
The) thook ihe deplht of the foiaai gloom
With their hy tuna of lofty ibecr.
Awldtl ihe ttorai they tang,
And the tlart beard and Ihe tea;
Ami Ihe toundltt alvlct of Ihe duu woodt rauf
To Ihe anlhera of the flee 1
The ocean eagle toared
Krora Ml tiett by ihe white wave't foam;
And the rocking pinei 0 the forett roared
aaajttbeir wekome lioinc t
There were tueu with hoary hair
Aiuultl lhal HLgtiui band;
V by haj tktjr come lo wither there,
Aaa) froui their cbtldhogcl''a Uudl
Theie wat woman fearlett eye,
t.il by her deep lote'i ttuth;
There wat manlvwd'i brow, terenely high.
And the ncry heart of youth.
What aought they thut afarl
Bright Jewell of Ihe mine I
The wraith art teat, the tpoiUofwar?
They taught a faith '1 pure thane I
Ay, call It holy irouud.
The toil where urtt thejr trod ;
They have left uutlained what there lke foum)
freedom lo worthip Cud.
.! KoeA-fnn.h 0 Krwdar.
A drear and dctolale aliore I
Wheie no net unfoklt itt teatet,
Aud never th tprtng wind weatet
irleen grata for the hunter' tiead;
A laud fortakea and dead.
Waei lUe ghotlly kebergt go
And tome with Ihe ebb aud Jiow
Oflhe waltrtof Urajj.l
A waaderer fiuta a laud
i auuuuer bieent faaued,
tooled around huu, awed, tutdyed.
I't4 "y ' dreadful tohludc.
tliaring aloue the ny
Of tea Uidttlaugtag by,
T he cravh aud grind uf the floe.
Wail of w bid tad w aah 0 1 tie.
" 0 wretched land I he cried,
" lind of all Uudl the wvrvl.
Cod for taken and curat I
1 ) gaiet of tovl thould vhjw
T1 wotdi of the I uavaa aeer.
Uad ia la Kialt. of Wot
Heft tnttrttk ntl ktrt '
taj' at hie feet there Mood
A block of tmoofh larch.wood,
ItMMe a rockloned cave
Hy nature fhloned for 1 grave,
Safe from the ravening bear
And fierce fowl of the eir,
Wherein lo f e wat laid
A Iwenty.eummert' maid,
Whote btood hed erjual thare
Of the fandt of vine and tnow,
Half French, half Ktlimo.
In letter nnertaced,
Upon the block were traced
The grief and hope of man.
And thut the legend ran :
" ll't ItrrrJ Mrr'
W'trJitM ntt ttll hw.vtil.
tt'i Iffvttt ktrt
An4 tallt.t ktr kt-it tfifiut . rut.
The Mranger teutted and retd.
O winter land t" he taid,
' thy right lot I own;
Clod leave thee not alone.
And if the fierce wlndt blow
Over thy watte of rock and tnow,
Ami at ihy Iron gate
Ihe ghotly icetierg wait,
Thy home and heart are deer ;
Ihy sorrow o'er thy tiered dutt
It tanctined by hope and Irutt;
('nd'a love ami mtn are here.
Still whereto'er It goes
liOvetn-ilet it atmosphere.
It flower of I'aradite
tale nH tn the eternal Ice,
And bloom thro' Polar tnow 1"
Tht luehrape Hork
No etir In the air, no !r In ihe ea -The
thip wat atill a the might be ;
llartait from heaven received no motion;
Her keel wa tteady in Ihe ocean.
Without either ign or sound of their thock
T1ie wave flowed over ttie Incbcsp Keck ;
Sohttlethey rove, so little they fell
They did not move the lnchraie Hell
'Ihe holy abbot of Abrrbrothok
Had floated the Ml on the Inchcape Kock ;
On ihe wave of the torm It floted and swung.
And louder and louicr It warning rung,
When the rock wa hid hy the temper's rwetl.
The manners heard the warning bell t
And then they knew the perilotic rocl.
And blctted Ihe priest of Aberbrothok,
The un in heaven shone so gay-
All thing were joyful on that day ;
The tea bird streamed a ther sported round.
And there wa pleasure in their sounX
The float of the Inchcape Hell waeen,
A darker speck on th ocean green ;
Sir Kalph the Kover walked till deck.
And fi ted hi eye on ihe darker speck.
He felt the cheering jiower of "pring
It made him whittle, it made him sing ;
III heait wa mirthful to eeces;
Hut the Kover' mirth was wickednee.
Hit eje wa on thabetl and float;
(Juoth he, "My men, pull out the boat,
And row me to the Inchcape Knck,
And I'll plague the priest of Aberbrothok."
The boat i lowered, the boatmen row.
And to the Inchcape Uock they go ;
Sir Kalph bent over from the boat.
And cut the warning bell from the float.
Down snk the bell with a gurgling sound ;
The bubbles rote and bunt around.
Quoth Sir Kalph, "The nest who come to the rock
Will not bleta the prleit of Aberbrothok. "
Sir Kalph the Kover sailed away
He scoured the teas for many a day ;
And now, grown rich with plundered tore,
He steer his course for Scotland's shore
So thick a hare o'crrpreads the sky.
They can not see the sun on high ;
The wind ha blown a gale all day ;
At evening it luth died away.
On the deck the Korer takct hi stand;
So dark It it they tee no land.
Qooth Sir Kalph, " It will lie lighter toon,
Fur there It thedaan of the tiling moon."
"Cam! hear," aatd one, "the breakers roar ?
For yonder, luethinls, thould lie the sliore.
Now where we are 1 cannot lell.
Hut 1 with we could hear the Inchcape Hell. "
They hear no sound ; the swell is strong
Though the wind hath fallen they drift along ;
Till the vessel ttiiltes with a shivering shock
0 CluiitT it it the Inchcape Kock!
I'ttMtlr Itlmtil Llyht.
Hetwcen the outer Keys,
Where the drear Hahamat be,
Ihiough a crooked past the veiclt tail
To reach the Carib Sea.
11 the Windward 1'attage, long and dread,
r rom bleak San Salvador J
Three thousand mile the wave must roll
Kre it wash the Aric shore.
Here are the coral reefs,
That hold their booty fast ;
The kea-fan bloom In groi a beneath.
And hark go lolling patt.
Hither and sou the sand-bars lie,
Where the prickly bush ha grown.
And where the rude stungensher dwells.
In his wattled Jiut, alone.
Southward, amid the strait.
Is the Catle Island Light;
Of all that hound the ocean round
It ha tht lontiett aite.
Twist earth and heaven the wave arc driven
Sorely upon lis flank ;
Th light lram out for sea league seven,
To the great Hahanva Uauk.
A gilded lower, a furlong scant
Of whitened sand and rock,
And one sole being the waters seeing.
Where the gull and gannct flock .
He I the warder of tht pass
That mariners mutt find ;
Hi heard drifts down hkt the ashen most
Which hang in lb southern wind.
The old man hoar stand on the shore
And bodes tht withering gde,
Or wonder whence from th distant world
Will come the Deal dim sail
From the Northern main, from England,
Front Ft ancc the craft ko by ;
Yet sometime one will stay1 her course
Thai mutt her want suppti.
In a Chrutmat storm tht CUribet struck
At night on the Pelican Shoal,
Hut tht keeper's wife heard nat the gun
And tht bell's Imploring lull
She died ere the gale weut down.
Wept by her daughter three
Sun-flecked, itt fair, wiihtheir r aglish hair,
Nttupht of the wind and sea.
With sail and oar some Uland short
At will theli llirTiuightgain,
Hut they never had known the Visa of man,
Nor looked on the peopled maia,
Nor heard of the old man Alias,
Who holds toe unknown sea.
And the I oldeu fruit that it guarded well
Hy tht toting Hetptride
Who UAi sa Caul Island Ughi
May hear lae staiacn lell
How one, th utc,alit was saved
from Ihe wieca oflbc Clanbcl
And bow foe uvaoth he tarried
With lb keeper oil the isle,
And for each uf the blut-tyed daughter
Had ever a word uc a taiilc.
Iletweca lb two that loved h'utl
He lightly made his chose,
And Laiiwt a chance ship 10 k tbcw oT
From the father sight and tolcc.
Tht second her trouble rould not bear,
Sw wild her thoughts bad grown
That she fled with a lurking tawfxUc trie
Hot wrtittisr was never known.
Then the keeper, ad like Lear,
Hut iwat ill to set a auaid so young
Wha never sang car stalled.
'It sad lo bid wuh an old, old saaa,
And belt ten lb t laud sky
Td watch all day the sea fowl play,
W hile lone ship han by
there came, anon, the white full moon
That rule Ihe middle year,
Ilefor whose sheen the leer star
flrow pale and drtsapear.
It glistened down on a tight-house tower,
A beach on either hand.
Ami the feature wan of a grey old man
thgging a grave In the sand.
?Jm ( Catrnet StrJrtJ m
llneer on fi llirraml
A gold fringe rm the purpling hem
Of hill, the river run,
A down it long green valleit falls
Hie last of SHlminer's suns.
Along It tawny gravel td
Hroad (lowing, twlft and ttlll,
A if it meajow level felt
Th hurry of the Mil,
Nulselesalietaeen ill bank of gteen
front curve to curie it slips!
'Hie drowiy maple shadows reel
lake nngrrton its lips
A waif from Carroll's wildest hill,
Unsloriert and unknown I
The ursine legend of It name
Prowl on itt bank alone.
Vet flower a fair it slopes adorn
As ever 1 arrow knew,
Or, under rainy Irish tkies,
y Spenser' Mulla grew ;
And through lh gaps of leaning tree
It mountain cradle show ;
'Hie gold againtt the amethyst,
The green against the rose.
Touched by the light that hath no name,
A glory never ung,
Aloft on sky and mountain wall
Are (lod'a great picture hung.
How changed the tummitt vast and old I
No longer granite-browed,
1 hey melt in rose mitt ; the ruck
It softer than the cloud ',
1 he valley bold it breath ; no leaf '
Of all it elm i twirled ;
The silence of eternity
Serin falling on the world.
Ihe pause before the breaking seat
Of mystery I this :
Von miracle-ptay of night and day
Make dumb its witnenes.
What unseen altar irnwnt the lulls
That reach up stair on stair?
What eyes loA through, what white wing Cm
These purple veil of air?
What Presence from the heatenly height
Tn those of earth stoop down t
Not vainly Hellas dreamed of god
On Ida' snowy crown I
Slow fades the vision of the sly,
1 he golden water palet,
And oser all the vallei-taud
A cray.wtnged vapor sail.
1 go the common way of all ;
The sunset fires wilt burn,
The flowers will bloom, the riser flow.
When I no more return.
No whisper from the mountain pine
Nor lapsing stream shall tll
The stranger, treading where I tread,
Of him who loved them well.
Hut beauty seen is never lost ;
Ood's colors are all fast ;
The glory of this sunset heaven
Into my soul has pasted
A sense of gladness unconfined
To mortal date or clime ;
A the soul livetb, it shall live
Hc)ondthe j cars of lime.
Heside the mystic asphodels
Shall bloom the home-born flowers
And new horirens flush and glow
With sunset hues of our
Tarewell 1 these smiling hill must wear
Too soon their wintry frown,.
And snow -cold winds from oil them shake
The maple's red leatea down.
Hut I shall sec a summer sun
Still setting broad and low ;
The mountain slopes shall blutli and bloom,
T he golden w aler fhiw.
A lover's claim is mine on all
1 tee to have and hold
The rose light of peqietual hills
And suntet never soldi lek O. H'killier.
lit i'ntl alurullt VrrtfHt J'oetrt TA.
.sjforj uf If Snck rnul Jtirfn liy Ihe
Since the .uojection of the Van inu Canal
scheme by M. De Lrsaepv, much inteiest has
been felt in everything ctmcernint; tue isthmus,
the histoty ol which is as replete with romantic
inciJent as it is tad through the reconls of o
nression, rapacity and ruin. Hut this cana
project of M. De Lcsseps is no new jilea : it
dates back lo the reign ol l'hillip II. of Spain;
who was only preYentcd, from earn ing it into
effect by the empliness of an exciecnier ini
impoverished through ihe extravagant outlay
for the fortifications of Panama nnd Porto
Hello, of whose walls, when required to pay
the immense sum of $70,00,000 for their con
struction, he inquired bitterly if they had been
built of gold and silver. Not alone the de
pict! treasury prevented but the jealously of
the Councils of the Indies, combined with the
machinations of the Jesuits, intervened, joined,
too, with Ihe malarial climate, and the liartl
ships of the task. The ery engineer under
whose superintendence the works at l'oito Belli"
were reared Juan liaplisa Anlonelli suneyed
the route for Philip's pet scheme. Now,
after mote than 300 years, l-raucc takes up
the abandoned project of Spain, During n
late visit to the isthmus, 1 visited the various
ruins, once the pride of Castie and Leon, 1
stood beneath the pearl-shelled spires of
historic Panama, over which old Ancon looks
haughtily dowu on the vast ocean that bathes
his feel 1 1 sketched Ihe ruined tower of St. Jer
ome at ancient Pan 11111, and at Ada recalled
the shameful fate of him who sullercd an un
just death on the sciyspnt from which he had
given to an ungrateful crown an unknown
ocean and unbounded lands. Passing up the
Chagrcs, from the dilapidated tampans of
Kort San Lorenzo, I pictured to myself the
gallant resistance of itt defenders, and wrote a
" Uerjuiescal " to their spirits with the powder
still damp in the magazines, though stored
there more then 200 years, liut of all these
ruins, none so excited my Inteiest as did the
ancient town of Porto Hello, the beautiful har
bor of Columbus.
Porto Hello, the seaport of the United
States of Colombia, was, after Nombte de
Dios, ihe earliest capital of Daiien. It i 40
miles north of Panama, and about 25 miles east
of Aspinwall, while Cartagena lies distant 34S
miles. The inteiest which clings about this
place is due chiefly to its past, belonging as It
docs lu what should be styled the Konian
period of isthmus history, to the golden da) s
of the Castilian comiuercis, and the latter stir
ring times uf the buccaneers. One of the lint
spots where Spanish power planted its foot,
discovered and named by Columbus in 1 502,
tlled by Nicuc-a in 1510, made the capital
city, when, by order of Philip II, ihe inhabi
tauts of Xombredc Dios removed thither, un
der Don Inigu de la Mota, in 15S4, it became
of Ihe greatest commercial impotlancc, being
Ihe chief vpit of Tierra rirme, a Darten
was called, I met)' name tmpl)iugihclauty
of its harbor, it was regarded with such favor
by Philip II, that he sent out th celebrated
engineer, Juan lliptista Antoiiclli, under whose
iupetiitcnlencc were built the forts of Santiago
de la Gloria ou the tsxtth, on the north that of
San Kelipc de TlkIo lliciro, and opposite the
Cattle of San Ccionimo, all of nhtdi were
tUaiuanlicti. bs-'Motgast la 1668, and dct luted
when Admiral Vernon look the place In 1742,
but rclu'llt later by Don lgnacin De Sat.i, the
celebrated engineer and f lovetnor of Cartage
no. Of these sinlng def me, the mow-cover-cxi
walls only remain. Prom ruined battlement
and parapet, trcc twenty feet nnd more in
height ate growing, while bastion and moat
are grast-grown. No next! of sentinels now,
for no one comes lo Potto Hello who can avoid
It, to unhealthy it Itt climate nnd rl.-ad itt trade.
Attaining its full growth during the commerce
with the galleons, the reputation of Itt great
wealth rendered it a cyntnurc fur Ihe envious.
eyes of rival nations; the goal ol the lmecan
ccr, and the pre) of the frcelxxiter. Drake,
Morgtn, Vernon, in turn aailed, sacked, and
tletlrnycil it, notwithstanding the lepairsof De
Snlj, itt glory had deparleil forever.
Making Asplmvall our ioint uf departure
wc secure! a email txiat, and skirting a surf
lieaten shore, down to is hose edge the luxuriant
tropical vegetation swept, passed such a suc
cession of changing siewt, that thr landscapc
scemed a beautiful kaleidoscope, endless and
eier at)ing. Dense masse of undergrowth,
In places, linctl the coast, through which lowered
Ihe forest giants, the huge cedro and cspabe,
the calabash coco'a-mit, around whose trunk
parasitic sines clung in great numbeis, weaving
gorgeous duplets, cl, Delilah-like, embracing
lo destroy, lieu- ami there a little bay set into
tltt! land, and in Ihe black and sleepy watert
alligators and turtles found a plcscni retting
place, while monkeys and parrots chattered
unceasingly among the trees. At timet the
twamps disappeared, and a clear ttrctclt of
shore swept down to the water, dottetl with
trees, while sparkling cascades fell from the
rocky sides of the mountain slopes. In the
bickground towered the Cordilleras, while the
blue staves of the Caribbean wash the shore.
Sometime a Chiriiiui hut peeped out from the
embowering foliage, while we passed not a
few natives liongoes with Indians catching fish,
an article which forms one nl the chief staples
in thedomestic tradcof Aspinwall, Thehatbor
of Porto-Hello justifies its name. Threetittartcrs
of a mile in width, deep and icctirc, lined 011
lioth sides by ruined fortifications, its mouth is
so overgrown with vegetation that one would
almost pass it by unobserved. Here and there
through thcfoliagenrcseen immense si retches nf
masonwork, with toners and walls, seemingly
as perfect, with capstone and watch-tower, as
when Morgan and Vernon paid their tlcvasta
ing visits to this unfortunate tonit. Porto
Hello of the present is less than one-tenth as
large as Porto-Hello nf the past. One can
judge of what the place must hate been Irom
the huge stone custom-house, the cathedral and
churches, all built in the sixteenth centtiary.
The town lies on a slope of a mountain sur
rounding the port, and contains to-day little
more than 200 inhabitants, chiefly negroes and
mulattoes, with scarcely any whites. One
long narrow street passes through the place,
at the eastern extremity of which is the paved
mule road which led to Panam. in the olden
time. In some places this road is stilt in an
excellent state of preservation, although in
others all traces of it are swept away. Kot
merly, in the prosperous days of Spanish wealth,
thi- rpiarter was one of the most popular por
tions of the town. Here were manyhandsome
residences, which, when the galleons were in
port, were generally lentcd to their captains
and officers, and to the merchants ol Peru,
Crulcgena,and Panama, who congregated at
Porto-Hello for the periodical fair. One or
two old buildings, or rather their foundations,
remain, on which are reared negro huts, while
on the moist pavements legions of toads make
merry. I say "moist," for deluging rains are
licuen(, after which the streets are Hooded
vulh streams flowing down the mountain-sides,
tn this then fnsltinuable rpiarter, houses rented
during fair-time for $0, coo and $S,ooo, while a
-noderatc-siicd pirlor and bedroom could not
be obtained fur less than $2,000, so vast was
Ihe concourse of people assembled on the nc
casion and great the demand for accommoda
tions. Where now filthy", loin-girded negroes
loll, half-drunken, in wretched thached huts,
then gayly-dressed signoras carried on ilirta'
tions from lloivcr-wrctthed balconies with gal
lant capitanos, or listened wondcringly to their
tales of adventure on the Spanish Main. In
the centre of the town is the ancient custom
house. Turning from the public srpiare, where foi
est trees and rank tegctation hold the place of
booth and merchandise, and where Castilian
captainshave given place to filthy mulattoes and
nude little half-breeds, I glanced down the
street lu its furthest cxt remit)-, where the road
stretches away from the city tow aril the moun
tain. There at its starting point, still stands a
Urge iron cross, mounted on a massive stone
foundation. On every side of the tuason-woik
are little niches, on which travellers on the
verge of starting on their dangerous journey
were accustomed to place votive offerings.
Some few negroes were paying their ttetolions
there as I looked; in some of the niches wete
burning lighted tapers held by sea-shells filled
with cocoa-nut-oil, while tawdry ornaments of
glass beads and tinsel had evidently been offer
ed fit this still sacred shrine. The kneeling
andthetinsclofferingssecmcda pitiful burlesque
of the ancient splendor of those earlier
day-s, with their richly-caparisoned mule trains,
and their gallant riders, who once paused to
lay here their tribute of gold and jewels and ssy
parting orison. Near by this shrine is a mined
cathedral, lie.11 ing still vestiges uf its former
beauty. Alt the gilded decorations have been
destroyed and its shrine rifled of whatever of
salve it contained. Hut some of the antique
carving yet remains Ihe utaible pavements
and the frescoed walls. Two or three bells
still hang in the dilapitaded tower, but the rest
lie half buticd at the base. From these bells
the note of warning rang when Morgan began
that terrific attack that ended in the sack and
luin of the city in 1665. While the cannon
thundered from fort and castle their wild thrill
peal sounded clear high amid the frightful
tumult, summoning for Ihe general defense.
At the other extremity of the street stands
the dismantled foil ofTodn llicrro, half hidden
by the enveloping foliage of (he huge trees that
have taken toot wiihtu its walls, Ueie
Morgan began his attack. He had long had
his eye on this point, the fame nf whose great
wealth attracted, while the strength of its forti
fications seemed to render an assault almost
madness. Under cover of midnight the bul-fl
buccaneers cicjit up In the very walls. H.-fute
the startled sentinel had lime to sound the
warning "alette," he was overpower ed aotM
brought to Morgan, who wrung front mi
valuable information lliat led to the capture
the city. Then the attack began. The ruar of
cannon and crash of fiie-itms awakened the
slumbering town. Krom the beginning the
buccaneers had the adiantagc. Soon ihtf
assault became conquest, and turner) into
slaughter, ,t was pitiless Uitcrwry, No quarter
was givcni Ihe shfitks of women and children
mutilated and tortured by the cruel soldiery
lent the air. The governor's castle held out 10
the list, the governor himself never faltering
for an intnnt. At length ptiests nnd nun
torn frbm their cloiters,'vrre forced to Ihe situ
of the attack, bearing calingtaddits, that .thu;
they might draw the fire of the castle. Urged
onward from the rear, they were mown down
by their own friend, who did tint listen to
their cries for merry. When thegoscrnur
himself fell, covered with wound, a pitnii
seieil hit follower, and Ihe city surrendered
unconditionally, -l-'or etral day riot and de
bauchery reigned among the buccaneers. Tin
foils were dismantled, the cathedral and
churcln.t stripped, the weallh nf Porto Hell.i
plundered. At length, satiated with theli
brutal li.tcclianall.-i, Morgan and hit men set
vvil for Jamaica, liearingwllhthciti theitspoiis,
and leaving .1 heap of ruins where once lndlood
aheuttifutaud prosperous city,
Porto Hello never recovered front lhal tcf
rililc sacking. It revived a little in lime, but
no sooner had the title of prosperity begun tn
ward it than down swooped the ravagers again,
and under Admiral Vernon, in 1739, gave it
the finishing stroke, capturing and dismantling
it. Thus this gem nf the coronet of Spain,
loin front its setting, and trodden underfoot by
the marauders, has, with Ihe decline of power
in the parent country, sunk into utter luin.
Where once stretched an open, fertile country,
with broad fields of vegetables ami grain, with
groves of cocoa-nuts antl pines, where the toil
and activity of man added beauty antl useful
ness to the gifts of nature, now, unpruned anil
tingaruercd, her very l.tvishncss it destruction,
and her fertility, death. Decay anil desolation
arc written everywhere. Against walls and
towers that once stood in stately pride, now
lean the wretched bainlwio huts of the modern
Porlo Hellians, svhile the rich merchants of
Castile and I.con have been superseded by a
mongrel race, composed of the mingled blood
of the negro, the native, and the Spaniard,
who lounge away their lives amid the tilentl
tude of nature't providing, without a thought
of the past or a care for thu future, content to
exist as mere beneficiaries of the land.
Turning agiin to the cathedral, beneath
whose tower I had been standing, I saw, near
by, the ruins of a marble colonnade, some of
its pillars fluted and decorated, still upright,
and almost hidden in the luxuriant vegetation.
Hcyond is the Church of the Monks of San
Juan de Dios, who have the hospital under
their care. Iloth church and hospital
are now almost completely decased. In the
distance tow ereil the cloudy peaks of the far-off
Cordilleras, while lieycnd the castle of Todo
Hierro rose the giant form of Capira, standing
sentinel alios-e the ancient road to Panama,
peculiar from its rugged form and great height,
but also being the barometer of the country.
The top is perpetually shrouded by a very
thick cloud, and the saying here is ; "Calarse
tl gorro Crti'nr;" (Canira has put on his
nightcap) for whin the cloud descends, astorm
is inevitable. Marking out the course of the
ancient streets arc rows of bamlmo huts, gen
erally of one story only, although a few , more
pretentious, Imast of a second floor, ascent to
which is made by a notched pole for stairs
filthy dwellings shared alike by human beings,
animals, and fowls, chief among whom stalked
the tttrkey-hurzard, the only useful creature
there, performing the part of town scavenger.
Of the male inhabitants, half were ill a cotui
tnse condition, the result chiefly of liquor the
climate here Irom its extremely debilitating ef
fi-ct inducing tog free uscof spirituous beverages.
I'lie females appeared better, li it that was not
sa)ing much. Dishevelled in it ess, or, to say
correctly, in a general state of "deshabille,"
mural anil personal, anil bearing all the marks
of profligacy and abandonment, even the gau-
Jy red and yellow- flowers with which they
sought to adorn their jetty locks or fluffy wool
were only additional defects in their repulsive
tout tmtmtlt. Passing back through the regularly-paved
central street, on both sides
of w Inch were the remains of ancient stone and
marble buildings, now nearly covered w ith rank
vegetation, I was nearly stifled by the heat mess
o( the perfumed air. Orange trees and other
tropical flowers, mingling with huge gourds
and palms, the delicate minosa, anil a tangled
network of vines crowded the inclosures where
formerly fountains plated, nnd black-e)ed sig
noras lazily fanned themselves under the awn
ngs'of silk and rich fabrics from thcKast.
Reaching the terminus of the street, I stood
at last within the solid arched entrance of Kort
Todo llicrro, to mconeofthechicf points of
interest, as here the last gallant stand was
made when Morgan sacked the town. On
cither side the entrance rose the massive stone
buttresses, surmounted by circular watch towers,
pierced by narrow embrasures. Moss-coscrcd
now are ihe parapets where once those gallant
defenders held their assailants at bay. The
fortifications, of which Philip II, said, "they
are strong as time, and such the defenses of our
dominions need to be," though rebuilt in 1751
by De Sala, are crumbling and dilapidated.
Hut even )ct the solidity and massiscness
of the mason-work cxcitetl my admiration and
surprise. The walls at their base must have
measured from 10 to 12 feet in thickness, while
their height on the sea side was at least 40 feet.
Inside the fort, the paved floor was in a good
state of preset vation. lleing laid with cement,
it presented the apnearance of an immense solid
stone,, over which nature had woven her car
peting a Jangled mass of interlacing vines.
(Iere and there through their leaves heaps of
rust-covered cannon balls and shells could be
seen scattered about or piled in pyramids.
Passing upa stoncinchncd plane we rcachtdtlie
ramparts, around which, in melancholy state,
a number of old Spanish guns were lying, with
their dcca)cd carriages a heap nf dust beneath
then). Some of these guns were brass pieces,
of great calibre and beautiful workmanship,
The metal of some was as smooth and polished
to-day as if just cast. This was owning to the
laige amount of silver used in their manu
facture. The furt is intersected by a nuinUr
of sulitcitanean tunnels, handsomely arched
and solidly cemented, leading to various
chamliei s, also arched and cemented dungeons,
stoichouses, and powder ntagcwincs, In this
last heap of imw der lay thoroughly decomposed,
and still damp, though over 200 years have
cAs.cd siiuo It had been stored there, Vam
pire ban, liranls, and reptiles uf every descrip
tion stcie now the sentries and guard of ruined
hint Icala llieiro. t, loops ol trees waved
their pennon-like branches from parapet and
watch-tnwer, flaunting their gtcen flags where
once Ihe proud banner of Spain flapped de!Unce
in (he Lrceie, Some t-f these trees displayed
ini the most peculiar freaks of nature, une had
0 taken foot within 11 watch-tower, ami buisting
through the roof, attaining lo Immense sire,
had lowered aloft, inclosing in its gtinl arms
al stone torn from the walls in Its growth.
AfBther lad farced itt way from the interior,
throsujh ihe outer walls, passing through one
of me nai row embrasure, and then spreading
to Immense tire. On cither side of the cm
brisure ihe trunk was nuly u thick, as a
ruin's body, but wheie it had Butd its way tht
diameter was barely eighteen ineltes, tamllng
oil .the rimtwtts' flfotiM ee the quiet harlmi
wiinifth'; native thongis, drawn unnlong ihe
shore. lls'f n mile distant sr.it the tittle rove
where ,a 1 Ifrumalrf tttcam fell in ensendes Into
the-piingknnif as "Columbus' W'ell." Here,
it Ittiid, In'tsoJ. tiiegre.il discotrter Itndctl;
and sin'ik w n'thebeftutty of the place, named
it, buryi igan anchor half Itslerrgthinthe "atw.
to milk the spot. Along the Iy, the ruined
roilificatiuii of La filona and San tictommo
were sisii.lc through their green manllft, while
the distant t onlllleras ttemetl lo look down
in scorn nn this scene of ssenktiets and ruin.
There at my feet U) Porto Hello, unit the
golden k-yof Ssanlsh iosyss)ions in the West,
the great entroit ol i:uriitesit commerce, the
wealthiest mart in the tstirld, ruined hy hit own
greed, mid atratml by the Inertia of Its inhab
itants, limy u wretched mlteclion of cane luile,
whose lUillers .ircd)ingou from the combined
influence nfdiwsipation and mal.itial climate,
itftlt Harriett in " AWwwr of tht Sfiniih
Thr Capital nft.'artn.
Corcn, or, its it is now written, Korea, it
une of th. leatt known of Asiatic countries.
The following account nf a visit to Its capital
is taken ftom a recent number of the Shanghl
Courier i On thcSth Deccniocr, preparations
were made for a journey to Seoul Five
ponies were ordered to be in readiness at the
hotel nst morning at 7 o'clock ; but to their
great die tppointment) when the travellers got
up next moniMig, they. found the ponies were
not forthcoming ; the stables were empty, and
no ponicsto lie had in the place at alt, Another
day was spent walking alioul the miserable
huts ; antl on Ihe following morning, the trat
cllirs turned out at 6 o'clock in anticipation of
finding the ponies at the hotel, but were again
sold. After a good deal of trouble and running
about, thry turvecded In getting a poor lot ef
ponies togethci ; and after spending a couple
of hours in picking baggage, and saddling the
ponies, the arty proceeded on their march lo
Seoul the parly consisting of two foreigners
and a Chinese servant ; three riding iionies, and
two ponies carrying l'aggage, with half a
dozen Koreans leading them : The "po r
brutes Itudgcd along at a very slow pace, and
after a tedious journey Ihe party arrived nt
Mapoo nt 7 p.m. The weather was beautiful,
fine and ttarnt. The road was in very fair
condition, but viry few houses were to be seen
in the course of the journey. We travelled
through several vallejt, with a large extent of
Hat countary, though this part is mountainous
generally throughout the entire district as fai
as the eye could reach. Patches nf Mnill rid
fields wete noticed all along the road-tide and
in the valleys through which wc passed. Thrre
is no cultivation on the slopes of the hills as in
Japan, lh? slopes being covered with a shott
and thick, brushwood, occasionally interspersed
st ith small and slender fir trees, some of these
being in irregular clumps of natural growth,
anil others apparently planted in rows. Some
of the hills were of ratherpecul.tr shape, ond
seemed to l of volcanic origin. All goods
and merchandise arc conveyed to the capita!
by pack hones,, or rather ponies, and heavy
loads by oxen, and these nte everywhere to lie
met with along the road. The oxen are vcr)
fine targe animals, and carry tremendously
heavy loadi. The country vop!e are scry
civil and giod-u.iturcd, antl not at all inclined
to give odencc In Ihe foreigner, but on the con
trary lo assist him in every way they can
The i.ightof the I Ith December was pissed i
.1 Korean house at Mapoo ; a room 12 feet by
C was all tin- accommodation for Ihe travellers
And all tficir luggage ; they had their supper
on the floor, and slept on the floor ; the room
being warmed by flues underneath the tl o ,
blankets were not so much in demand ns at the
Urrja! Hotel at I'hcmulpn. Thedislancc from
Mapoo tn Seoul is about four milci ; aud next
day this distance was covered in two hours,
walking slowly, the road being bad and stony.
The head-quaiters ol the llorcan Customs at
Seoul consists of an extensive yamen, within
which the entire staff reside, In small but com
fortable quarters, the servants being a mixture
of Koreans and Chinese.
Very fine scrcensof native minufacturc, and
beautiful landscapes by Korean out masters
adorn the walls of some of the houses. In the
palace g.irdens (here is a large artificial pond,
and the gardens contain all llicfinest fruits to be
found in Korea, and in summer they were
loaded with fmit, including apples, pears,
etc., as testified by those who have visited it
during the fruit season. The guardians of the
palace grounds (eunuchs) are scry good natur
ed, and appear delighted in examining a for
eigner's dress or an) tiling he may have in his
pockets to show them. They will not, how
ever, ac-vpt nny fees for the trouble the)
take in showing you .round, and this would
prob.iblybcconsidercdaninsu.lt IfolTcrcd, After
rl few minutes' friendly intercourse with Ili9se
people, chiefly by signs and gestures, we look
our leave nf the eunuchs in charge of the
queen 1 pilace, and v.-cnt to view the ruins ol
the king's palace, These ruins extend over
an area ofacouule hundred jards square, and
bear unujistakeablesignsofa once stately man
siou, Seveial massive brick chiinnc) s w ere tube
seen standing among the ruins ; some were
square ami olhirs octagonal, unmounted with
ornamental brick work, antl the Kotea style
in. palace chimneys was much admired,
HclngsHisficdwith what wehaveseen among
the ruins, we visited the northern part of the
palace grounds a p.uk thicklyttudded withlir
trees, and extruding oser the slope of a veiy
h!gh hill, on the lop of which the palace it liv
ing in he distance. This seems to be a most
enjoyable spot, and If in the vicinity uf Shang
liai would be considered a paradise. There is
no game in the park and indeed s ery frw birth,
which seems rather astonishing, considering
dial the ulacc Is seldom frequented except by
visitori ho may ' passing through the
In speaking of chimneys at llie ruint of Ihe
palace, it mutt not beundcrstxd (omtantmliii
aiy house, chimneys, for In Korea there are none
such. They were simply chimr.eys erected
outsjde the palace, and quite dil.lchcd fiomlt,
the object being to convey the smoke clear of
the buildings when the finors are Ucing heated
underneath, as I the case with all the houses
in Korea. Ordinary houses havt tiotliitnncjs,
but merely a hole in the stall through which
the smoke lu.-i. 'I he flucjusbsUtcfitonr,
plastered oter, aiid they istainol he heal, cir
culating it all oser the housi; (he fire U light
ed at he bottom nf the floor on one tide of
the Ujum and thr smoke passe ot the oppo
site, and ijie floors aie sometimes made un
comfortably hot. It duet away with blankcls
or U-ddlng, mm, these aie consequently un
known, lusuiietin Korea. The Kcicain lind
die together over Ihe floor, and get full bent til
to tlie heat. You way almost nuke llie floor
hot enough lo toast herring pit it. In many
plc fa the country, you nuy coene across a
three fJVt ia depth, nnd the lop covered
with .old straw, and in these hole you find
naliret huddled together, smoking nnd chat
ting, ami apparently the happiest creatures In
Ihe universe, llijaijhow-chow of the morer
tlasses it .jomewhil similar to tlint of the
Chinese, Although iTie rice is wtld lo lie of
much Interior quality. There arc lmt few wo
men to he tft-n about the streets of fVoul, ami
none nf grhml lookt or'lramtttmie aprtenrrinee.
Most uf those met on the roads are women,
and Isnth old antl ugly. It It sM thai there
are tnh.e very rminltrime women in Korftt, but
thctc nrr probably pTtwsivesl lit glmtts Cnses, nt
locked up In their lroittes. Women ctry all
lends on their heads, nnd men carry on their
luck; nn Iximlioo cnnylmt KIe ate used.
Nn bamlfoot could be tn anywhere in
II here is something nbnut .1 Korean woman's
hairdrcs which denotes whether the is single
or married, but thit seems difficult tnnscettnin.
except tn those Initiated In the art ofhnlr
drrssitig. Most of the married women, and
not n few of the single ones, go about with
their breasts uncovered, owing tn the pecular
shorl-waisletl jacket which thry wear. They
ate nit very shy, and do not appreciate being
Marcd nt by a foreigner. They are nevertheless
exceedingly curious, nnd make every cffoit to
haven glimpse at n foreigner whenever an
opportunity presents Itself in the way of peeping
through a window or the crack in a door when
they think they ate not noticed, anil 'the old
man himself could not preterit this when they
take It in their heads todo so. They arc very
jealously guarded by their lord Tind masters,
and l.cnce it becomes rather difficult for them
to satisfy their curiosity with rcgitd to 0
stranger. The men arc everywhere civil antl
all teemed good nnltired, lmt appear very indol
ent and indifferent in their habits. The pnotcr
calsscs wear only two garments in the deal! of
winter, a cloak or robe, and .1 pair of scry
btggy trousers, stuffed with cotton, the legs
lied at the ankles, and string tied round the
waist like ihe Chinese. They are taid to never
wash the body, or bathe, for several months
together dt.ring cold weather ; the face nnd
neck get a rub occasionally ; in summer, how
ever, they arc said to take a dip oocasionallv
in a creek or river, but that does not happen
often. The 'single' man is distinguished b)
wearing a tail like n Chinaman, but only of
the natural length of his hair, there being no
plaiting of silk thread to ekeout the tail. Aftci
betrothal the hair is done up in a knot on the
head. The pipe, ns in China, seems to be the
luxury of all classes, both male anil female.
They hate no religion of any kind, it is said -no
josses, and nc temples, and they don't ap
pear to worship an) thing, Money does no;
seem to be of much object with a good maris
of tke l.-uy ones, so long ns they can only man
age to exist.
The city of I Inn-Yang, or Seoul, is situated
about 25 miles from the sea or port of Chcmul
k (otherwise called Jcnchuan). Il Is sur
rounded by a wall, about the same thickness
apparently as the wi all of a Chinese city, al
though pethaps not built quite so substantial!).
The wall runs along over the hill-lops tthicl
form the northern title of the city, and judging
from height ami steepness of these hills it
must have been an exceedingly difficult under
taking to convey s'onesand building materia!,
lo the top. Siime nf these hills, over the sum
mils nf which the wall runs, must be nearly
800 or 1,000 feet high, antl the wall extend
nacrly as far ns thet)e cm reach. The cir
cumference of the wall is about 20 miles 01
perhaps moie ; but as the houses of the city do
not extend within a long range of ihe wall,
the city itself is coniraralivel) small, and per
haps not much larger in arm than the city u
Soochow, or even Shanghi. The houses in the
city arc of poor and humble construction, the
greater part of them having tiled roofs, but a
goodly portion arc mcreiy thatched, and all one
storied ; in fact th.-re does no' appear to be a
single tttu-slnried house in the whole country.
A good many houses In the cit) arc equally
poor in appearance as those of which the little
hamlets near the roadside nnd in the cunnti)
arc composed. There are several broad roads
some having a width of about 40 or 50 feet ;
but with these exceptions nil the thorough
fares are a ditty lot or narrow allc)H running ii
all kintls of irregular directions, mid it is vcr)
diflicult to find your way about unless accompa
nied by some one who is well acquainted with
tlie place. 1 Here Is no ptucncu at keeping
shops such as one may tee in any Chinese city.
nnd n wares are displayed of any kind exeep
the strjb commonest description. A few fund
ure shops, however, may be notictil here nnr
there as you pass along the principal thorough
lares, and perhaps a few others with a small
supply of foreign goods, such as shirtings, etc.,
but these are scry few indeed. A- number ol
dirty straw sheds are erected oil both sides o:
the main roads, and placed no close together as
lo almost hide the houses or shops fiotu view ,
thus denoting complete pov-ity loany ordinary
wbserser pissing olong the mad. Whether
this is done intentiuuly for the purpose uf de
ception could not be ascertained.
The only place of interest al out the city me
the king s palaces. The old palace isoccupictl
by the ru)al family and the new one is partly
In ruins, owing to a lire which occurted.with
in the palacewalls a few years ago, destroying!.
large portion uf it) for some superstitious rea
son, only known to Ihe king himself, It lu
been rebuilt but allowed 10 fall Into a stale o.
decay. The king has only une wife, but is
taid tn have 110 less llian ninety concubines.
The new Korean palace can be seen by any
one who may feel Inclined to visit it, ami
)ou are ceitalnly repaid for ) our Double li)
spending a couple of hours within the walls,
It Is a most magnificent building, and would
probably compile Very fatoiaUy with tome
palaces In I.urue for style of architecture.
It is situated in the northern lurt of the city,
and it enclosed by wall aUiut fifteen leethigh
The main entiancc gateway Is sciy lifge.high,
and massive, the gale being built pf wood and
plaied with Ironj the arch it very thick, and
constructed of fine while granite, with high
massive pillars. The stone is cut veiy smooth,
and the workmanship it certainly of the seiy
I .est description, Hating entered by this gale,
you find youself within the outer mrionof the
palace-) aril, and you pais on through numl-cr
of small buildings, resembling those of n Chi
ntte yamen, but of mufli superior cimslrucllcn,
bulb In regard lu luatciLiI and workmanship, A
number i Inliirale (siswigis Icpl from one
yard to another in all directions, and it te
quires a person tvtll acquainted with the place
to find the way brand out among the dillrrrnl
buildings which you pass through.
Many uf ,thM- buiMiitgf, and the grounds
generally, are in, a state uf disorder and s.Vf,
nothing hatiiu: m-il touched or altcri'M to
since the itc of tlief.tr, Aftrr l1-: ll
paje of tlie Inner palace irwt4t id symUnKs
Ilea similar lo the Giiie, $, m. wall ditktisy
the outer and Inner jiosshJsi, live tKrM saMeh
ttrmatt. tit UHvWH 4 ttw vUitirfsj j thai
aifdlence hall, and it without doubt n most
magnificent building, considering its architect
tire is solely Korean. The hall Is almut eigh
ty feet fion floor to celling, the latter licing
supported by massive wooden pillars aliou(
four feet in diameter t two men cannot enclrl
de one nf these pillars wiihtheir arms. Thetl
arc twelve nf these pillars supporting the roofl
antl they me nicely polished, and apparently
in whole pieces, nt least no splicing or jointingV
rotild lie observed. The celtlng is flit, nrtdi
most iK.iutifiitly paintetl with flowers; lliel
massive crntn-l earns antl nther wnodwork
being painted in most delicate tints in all the
eulors uf the minliow. A gteeti fringe, re
lieved with cursed woik in gill, extends
round Ihe top of the walls. In the center uf
ceiling there i a very large and iiiaguifn ently
curved dragon, plated with pure gold. On ac
enuul of the great height nf the celling you
call only see all tlie fine effects with the aid of
binoculars. The hall seemed to be about loo
feet square. The throne consisted of a plat
form, nnd over the canopy was suspended a
gold dragon nf Ihe same tire as the one in the
centre of the ball, Ijige and faded curtains
were hung round the throne, and .1 small gilt
stool stool in the centre, intended no doubt for
the seat of his majesty. Wc snl on the golden
stool for a little while anil looked quite happy ;
a dog that was with the patty ascended the
throne unawares, anil one nf the eunuch or
chamberlains made a horrible "squarcface"
about it ; but as the dog was instantly sent fly
ing out of the hall, the eunuch seemed to be
much rcleivctl and again looked pleasant,.
muttering something to himself which nobody
There is little of Interest In the city or tht
people which we have not already described.
The I.ondoii Spectator sa)s ; "The Knglish
are beginning in a scry vague way to realise
the magnitude of India, and to comprehend?
that it contains some fifty millions more peo
ple than all Kurope west nl the Vistula. Few,
however, are quite aware of the number of itt
illcs, or believe that it includes sixty-two with
more than 50,000 people, and twcnty-lwo wilh
inure than 1011,000, namely, Ilombay, Cal
cutta, Madras, Hyderabad, I.ucl.notv, Hcnares,
Delhi, P.itn.i.'Agr.i, Hengalorc, Unirilur,
Cawnpore, I.tbore, Allahabid, Jeypote, Run
(imii, Poonti, Ahmidahad, Illicitly, Sural,
llowr.1, anil llaroda. Wc give them in order
if imputation, but, properly speaking, in the
Knglish way of counting, Howr.i, the South
waik of Calcutta, should be included in the
capital, which with It contains above 877,000
souls, and is the greatest, as it is by far tlie
vcalthiest city in the Empire. Hclotv the
limit of 50,000 the lowns become much more
iiimerotis, and there are hundreds with popula
tions above 20,000. The majority of the latter
ire quite unknown to Kuropeans, an active
magistrate or two excepted ; and, so far as we
ire aware, there is no book in linglish which
ives the slightest account of their orginirat ion
r of the life and people In them. Yet many
if them have histories of two thousand years,
md in all lloiiiish families which think them
clvcs noble, and have long pedigrees, and
.lining talcs In narrate. We hear every now
lad then much of Indian princes whoj"'''"t!
tescarcely mentioned, nnd nf '-;ucated na-
Ives, 'a scarcely perceptible sltassc but of the
yue Mlriiirdi India' ns lilt'1 is known at home
as of the eastern provj.-M.e4 of Peru. "
The LondullNcws says that an rxlraordi--jirr.
instance of superstition is repotted from
t ic Swiss' village of St, Kids.11, in the canton
if St, (Sail. The keeper of Ihe cemetery re
linked that one particular tombstone was
t'lrmvn to the ground every night, though he
itil it back in the perpendicular Xisition every
porning. The inhabitants of Ihe village, who
.re very credulous, believed that it must be the
he work nf "spirits," but the solution of the
ityslery tsat, as it may lie Imagined, n natur
al ort. It appears that three men living in
tie village had formed an association for the
iirposeof "raising" money after recipes which
hey hail diicovcied in a work nn sorcery
.y Alberlus Magnus. They believed that by
hroivini; down a tombstone at midnight scv
ral times in succession, dctxvdllng under it
t lirly-two 5-frane pieces, antl reciting certain
incantations, the thirty- two pieces would lie
onverted into 5,000,000 francs. After hiding
he money thry rclirctt to a hut away from the
illage, and remained there for a week without
lothcs, eating nothing but bread and drinking
nh!ng but water. Thit they thought would
propitiate " the spirit of I litis. " Two of the
t iree, men were discoverer '" tlsi hut in a
a state of semi-ttartalion, but the third, lie
ing of. a more practicaljurii, finding that the
m'lacntoiis multiplication was not-offered,
qiieily took up the thirty-two pieces of sllvef.
and disappeared with them,
In the timr of the Romans, Medea was the
California of llie wuzlcl. It was called Arabia
-'cjixj it is was now Arabia Descrta, It then
-nntained 30,000,000 of people; It hat now less
han 2,000,000 Medea contains a mining le
gion jou miles In length and of equal width.
Captain llurton, who recently returned from an
jxplumtiori otitis country, states that the old
iiiiuing works aie most extensive, rivaling in
dine rcsjicctt those of modern timet. Shifts,
.inching fiiruaucrs ami dumps of scoria: nd
m'tiing debut exist on tlie grandest scale.
I'heie- arc caves as cxtenilvc at the catacombs
md fine aqueducts. In the minerals silver wat
visible to the naked eye. Medea wattle
Ibliir of King Solomon, and, under Knglltlt,
cu;rgy and capital, may again become 1 rich
and fruitful land.
The Irish "Coronation Chair" ronslitt of
stone so Inclosed as lo furin a chair. It is a
taUvmiti, and the superstition Is, that wherever
this slone is, royalty will be upheld, and with
lit reinovcl wilt be the fall if the 10) ally In
Out nation. It was on thlt stone that the
kings of Ireland were Inauguialed, on the bil
ufTara. It wat taken from theie lo Scotland,
where il remained for ccntu ties. Edward 1
transferred it lo Westminster. Traditon says
that "wherever this stone is found, there will
reign some of the .Scoirb raiv uf Ungs," and
also that il Is the vefy stone which formed
Artesian utllsaiewi ruinri fiot-t the pro
vinerof AHoii InKrance, anciently calls. I Aite
siuni, Itt which the) hate for, long fluicUci,
!n use, 'IVtf app.ar lulus Ut known (11 lh
ancients, bs-!.sg occasionally s'.lujtd Its try soum
bf their wiatett. The Ch'jHscsUa usd them
at mn eaily (filo-l. The riiltwlutMiy ImUit
stated U lj7 trust In ike ikov1m ( Ou Twit:
Kiao, in n'ftsiatlk-t 111 Itaguta long grid 4
leagtket wli',,1, Ikca-c wells nur U- iaMUitsssI by
tht) "lM.fif lliouarvU,''MuetlesqiMj,tsjs
1 - i
lletipaichus, Itirn 276 H.C. wt live tWsi lo
rise ,eia(Jy to the rank of a wlavstctw. It
MuV,td tssstMslfO dtsSlll, WItw lr4 0(tst(f.
." ft "