Newspaper Page Text
AlONOLULU, HAWAIIAN ISLANDS, August 23, 1884.
Wmolb Numjhjr 208.
Vo.AJ.MH IV, NUMHF.U 52.
i rin: 11 1 11 .ur i.v in flftitliiii onlrr. for every tnnn wii a
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iaa .imirnHl .. e'Ari.if.ni rvrMM. of nil kliuU rti'rc uell trented.
-in nhoil. nothing cjcnpol llio eye ol
riir lioii ftiiiinriM nurr-o on tic lie men iliiei. 1.IK8 tnc Mieiiive 01
1 . . ., . l. ,,..! - 1..... ...... -
rir)lAlilill) mat inc roiyiiciKin nir
i'Aliiuni'Alfhl'i'iiiiintri, I 111,
hunch of tlio Aty.m rncc, wliirli in it
( .',. f il.iys, rrninil Indi.i, triuK ilic
A d.itic AnrrhincLigii, nntl failing to "l
i ,i , f.K)tinn among the r.iu.in,
whiiin they cniounteretl flint nmo li.it
nmi01al vsilhi rontinucil their migr.1
ti ,n tn tlic Kutcrn I'ncifn- NlnuiN,
which doing tlicnjirotwlily iiiilnlmhitetl,
atTnruYil lUctu A jicrmnnent reMiiiR
il.ice To tl.iy wo cm tr.ico among the
ll.iw.ilitn.inil other Ul.nnilcM Ohmc inln
(led l'ohnciinn mid Papuan type.
lluic is evidence llmt niwiher r.iec
du.owrcd the llnwaiiim IMamNn ecu
t.my ,md n half before (lie lingliih,
ii, the Sptnltli explorer from the
.ut of South America ; who must
have futniihed the model for the Ro
mancbqtie helmet nntl norgcous war
cloaks of the chief, which cloftly te
seniblc ihoir worn by the Inca of the
Southern IlcmUnhcre. Hut Captain
Cook w.11 practically the discoverer of
the Hawaiian urotiii ; and 1778, the
date of h'11 arrival, was its point of depar
ture fiom Isolation and Latitat ism. No
greater opportunity than this w.t cer
offered to a civilized man. to impress
better ideas upon a savage people. I Ic
was welcomed n no other navigator
ever was : he was treated as a god, as
lit; long lookcd-for Lono, who had dc
parted generations before and was
waited for with a sort of Messianic in
stinct While the natives, true to their
Spartan training, stole whatever they
could lay their hand on, they withheld
nothing from him, for his ships were load
ed with gifts. They turned on him only
when he stole their chief: they killed
hlm,becauscwlicn thcystnick him with a
stone, he gave a cry of pain, "Gods do
not cry," they said, and stabbed him in
the back. His visit was the seed-time
of the fatal disease that has diminished
the population, from his estimate of
400,000 (probably far too larcc) to
about .tt.ooa in iSS.i.
For ten years after his death, the is
lands wercavoided by ships, whose crews
feared the natives ; but trading vessels
gradually ventured there, exchanging
iron and trinkets for hogs and fruit.
Fire-arms and fire-water were soon in
demand, the former making the fre
quent wat more bloody, but also more
decisive. An increasing desire for for
eign articles led the natives to treat vis
itors kindly, but created temptations
too strong sometimes for their savage
natures, and induced deeds of baseness
and cruelty on the part of the whites.
But in the long run, trade was a peace
maker : it ended the fiRht among rival
dans, which had been always at war,
and, in less than thirty years, it produ
ced national unity in Hawaii.
Cook reports meeting a powerful
young chief of frightful aspect, Kame
- -hamcha, who had defeated cv.-ry rival
on his own island, Hawaii (the largest
of the group, and 4000 square miles in
extent), which had never before been
under one kins. This youthful warrior,
Kamchamcha I. (the solitary or peer
less), fitly called the Napoleon of the
Pacific, pushed his conquest from is
land to island, overwhelming his foes
by sea and by land, on one occasion
choking with the bodies of the slain,
the channel of the river Wailuku (liter
ary the "choked waters''), and on an
other driving them to a precipice fiom
the summit of which they leaped, rath
er than be captured ; till, at last, the
six inhabited islands surrendered, and
the heathen dynasty of the Kamchame
has was established, the only one in the
history of the world which has survived
me transition irom uaroansm 10 vnnsi
innity. The record of Captain Vancouver,
one of Cook's lieutenants, who visited
these islands in 1793, is a contrast to
that of his commander. He refused to
sell liquor or fire-arms, landed the first
cattle, sheep and poultry, gave useful
seeds to the people, controlled his men,
settled quarrels between the natives and
foreigners, punisnea trie guuty. nc
told the king and chiefs of the true God,
pointed out the follies of heathenism,
and offered to send them missionaries
from England. To Captain Cook Ka-
mehameha was a brutal savage ; to
Vancouver he was an enligtcned sover
eign. The visit of the former was a
disgrace to civilization, that of the lat
ter was one the most beneficial of its
kind, undoing as far as possible
the evil which had preceded it.
Vancouver used his intimacy with the
native conqueror to establish order and
justice, and his good work still bears
fruit. It nearly resulted in establish
ing British control, for had he not died,
JSngljsh missionaries would have occu
pied these islands twenty years before
those from America landed there, and
the key to the great tranquil sea would
to-day have been in the hands of Great
Uy this time trade had greatly In
creased ; the 'desire for the useful had
somewhat supplanted that for the orna
mental : woolen clothes, printed cot
tons, linen, hardware and staples gen
erally were in demand. The wits of
the natives were quickened, they be
came as shrewd at a bargain as the
traden.aud equallvadcptintheartof de
ception. Contact with foreigners was init
self a rude education in values, in indi
vidual rights,in fair dealing, and in those
. usages of civilization which the Anglo
Saxon curies everywhere. Idolatry
was unbroken t but from the talk and
conduct of foreigners, an idea of its
weakness had taken root, and led later
to ths most marvellous revolution of its
kind in all history.
The golden age of Polynesian barbar
ismwasundoubtedly from ihis.date 1800,
till the death, in 18:0, of Kamehame
ha I, whose equal as warrior or ruler
has never appeared in the annals of
Occanicx He apportioned the con
quered Islands among his favorite chiefs,
and arranged the traditionary law as
clearly as n written code. Huge fish
ponds were walled in from the sea,
roads were constructed, water rights es
tablished, lands were cultivated, forts
were built, a fleet of twenty-one well
tory shhtiiif'brighily m thosl1 of the
noble wonTrv WtVtfl ;nf fotnjth nucha
Kgypt he owned evers thing and ninaweil
vast wealth, especially by the trade in
sumhi wood, whlili in one year amoun
ted to four hundred thutiinml dollars.
His far 'ikihtetlrica is shown ly the
fact, that while this nrcrioili wood wis
attracting the argosies of every nation
he never permitted n yotini tree 10
be cut down,- -that was left for his
succcmor. 1 1 is word was new broken,
and never doubted, he conciliated his
enemies and Inspired his followers
with awe and loyalty. The greatest
crime was to he nbovc him, I lis
people, though held as serfs, subject to
caprice and rmrlty, still prospered and
improved under his reign'. He denied
them the use of wine, and while making
the carousals of his favorites mid wtyes
one of Ins amusemento, Imlulacd oat
pmodtrately himself. He wtfe a shrifwd
Judge of men, quicKiy octcci.ng yiq
power of the whites and the differeitcc
between the Rood and bad among
them, nnnointlmi as his personal coun
sellors two foreigners whose lives he
had saved, John Young and George
Davis who were of ureal assistance to
him, and who won his last great battle,
at Niiimnu Valley, agalnt heavy odds,
chiefly by a piece of ailillcry which
thev unci procured.
To a religious man he said, "You
say. God will save Christians from all
harm. If that is true, cast youiself from
that precipice, and if you are not Hurt
I will believe in your God." Later on,
however, ho learned of the great
changes made by Christianity in the
Society Islands and desired much to
know of the Supreme Being worshiped
by foreigners ; but there was no one to
tell him, and Jie died in the heathen
faith. His successor was his son, I.iho
liho, a talented, yet pltint youth, ad
dicted to liquor, but restrained from
excess by his father during his lifetime.
The genius of wamoliameha was
fatal to the idolatrous system of which
he was the staunchest supporter, for
with a dark heart he had a clear head
By fostering trade he drew a small
community of foreign residents into his
kincdom. besides many others who
visited his ports. These despised the
cods, desecrated the temples, violated
the tabus, especially when in liquor,
and did not fulfil by instant death the
expectations Sf the terrified natives.
Even intoxicated Hawaiian helped to
break the spell ; for, after crossing as
they did the " dead line " of the tabu
with impunity, they naturally Degan to
suspect that the priests were liars and
the tabu contemptible. Trade made
business general, and, directing the
minds of the people from their all-absorbing
idolatry, gave them freedom and
strength to think.
A few while men like Young and
Davis spoke of God and goodness, but
in the main those with whom the na
tives came in contact were utterly
reckless. Yet in obedience to a law-
working beyond their ken, these men
scattered ideas in spite of themselves,
and quickened the mental life of the
Hawaiians, while they sowed the seeds
ot both physical and spiritual death.
This double influence, helpful and
harmful, runs through all die commer
cial intercourse of the Pacific Islanders.
Those who destroyed idolatry have
beeh equally destructive of the Christ
ian work of later years. Heathen are
far more amenable to the teachings of
Christ than are the outcasts or adven
turers from civilization, who arc the
worst foes of missions everywhere. It
is curious to notice, that while idolatry
and the tyranny of the most complex
and exacting tabu system ever known
were apparently unbroken, yet in the
latter part of Kamehameha's reign
they were in reality tottering to their
fall, undermined by the action of the
superior mental vigor of the whites,
upon the soft and pliant but quick
witted native mind.
The new kinK", influenced by the
dowager queen Kaahumanu, the favor
ite wife of his father, and an extraor
dinary woman, made a royal feast, at
which, in the presence 01 ine icauing
chiefs and foreigners, he deliberately
rose, went and sat down at the table of
the women, violating the traditions of
centuries, and striking down by a
single act as powerful a religious system
as paganism has produced. "The
tabu is broken " was cried out all over
the land : feasts were everywhere
spread for men and women together,
the temples were destroyed, and the
Jrtnls hurned. The old hich-priest
Hewa-Hewa was the first to apply tne
torch, and consume tne seared relics ,of
ages, and his example was generally fol
lowed. Idolatry was abolished by a
Droclamation, and there was a wide
spread lubilee. As was natural, a re
action came, affording an opportunity
for rival ciucis. me late 01 moiairy
was staked on a pitched battle, in
which the royal party, aided by supe
rior weapons and by white men, de
stroyed the enemy, though the latter
foucit with rare courage, even tne
women carrying water, weapons, nnd the
There ts little to admire in the aver-
age heathen, not much perhaps in the
average prouuci 01 civilization; uui 1
believe in noDie savages, as illustrated
by the finer types, among whom we
find splendid largeness and symmetry
and force. They have a conviction,
from the course of history and the ex
ncrience of their own lives, of a God
innate in all things. I hey see mm In
nature, in a thousand ways, and so
they worship Him in a thousand images
and objects; images because of his
personality, natural objects because
they are from Him and He is in them,
They bclieic in a present, not a lar-off,
Deity i and it is natural that they
should Kie most of their time to
One sees all this in our Indian dele
gations from the West, who have none
of our conventional knowledge, but
who seldom cet the worst of an aniu
ment, and are often morally above the
statesmen whom they meet. " ihey
.... ..-- .--, ,
wmed schooners was created, every 1 learn to he at Washington.
Hibict was obtigstd to keep his weapons 1 But do characters in Hawaiian bit
and his thlcfs, fimsciful, arbitrary, nnd
itcnhi.il, saturated with the savagery of
their past, who finally embraced the
Christian faith, tieiame softened, gentle
and good, though none the lets
queenly, nnd who gave the Bible to
their people ns the law of the laud.
When they died there were none to fill
their place, for the ennditinus which
created them no longer existed. Their
children were petted nntl spoiled, and
as a rule fell vi tints to their own Ikuc
passions. The iron hand of Kamch.t-
meha was better for their weak natures
thnn any persuasion.
In tracing the development of Chris
ti.mil In these Islands, we speedily
discover that the comnicrciil Instiurt
of New Kugland was far stronger than
Its religious enterprise. During the
thirty year before any mission work
was begun, foreigners were known to
Hawaiian! ns "Boston men," who,
nionj; with turn, powder, nnd disease,
introduced many of the staples or lile,
some civilized ideas, and in a few cases
excellent counsels. Ity their indirect
influence idolatory had been suddenly
destroyed ; commerce, in their persons,
had exerted the power Inherent in it in
all ages ; their merchant ships had done
for Polynesia what caravans have done
for Asia Minor and Northern Africa,
factories lor the Gold Coast, and Hast
India Companies for Southern Asia.
That is, they had prepared ths way for
the coming of Christianity and a better
civilization, so that when, in 1820, the
bnjz Ihaddeus dropped anchor nt
Kailua, the live mission families whom
she brought, who had left Boston six
months before, expecting to find a
nation given up to pagan rites and
worshiping at bloody altars, learned in
stead with gratitude and joy, that the
priesthood was abolished, and idols
and altars destroyed. This mission
was the outgrowth of some ten years'
suggest'ue circumstances, chief of
which was the presence of several
Hawaiian youth in New England,
where an effort had been made to meet
their demand for education by estab
lishing a school in Cornwall, Connecti
cut, attended not by Hawaiians only,
but by Indians and Asiatics. Three
of the first mentioned nationality
(Hawaiians) accompanied the pioneer
missionaries to their former home.
The little mission party left at Kailua
was obliged to await the decision of
the weak, but well disposed youni'
king, Liholiho (for by law no foreigner
could land without permission;, who
yielded easily to the persuasions of the
grand old dowager Kaahumanu and of
his own equally noble wife, and so
without opposition these first Christian
teachers raised their standard upon the
shore of Hawaii. Hcwahcwa, the high
priest of the old faith, and very near
the throne, had long seen the folly of
idolatory, and said, "There is but one
great God dwelling in the heavens."
He had favored the burning of the
wooden gods and temples, and when
his "brother priests," as he called
them, arrived, he gave them a fraternal
welcome, and in a few months em
braced the Christian faith.
To counteract these influences the
vicious whites in the train of the king
suggested that he might have to give
up some of his wives and other indul
gences, and advised him, but without
effect, to expel all Americans from
his kingdom. Here began the bitter
and never-ending attack upon mission
aries by foreigners whose lusts rather
than profits would be checked by mis
sionary influence. Blind to the fact
that Christianity would be the best pos
sible conservator of their fortunes, they,
not without honorable exceptions, Hung
their hatred and jeers at the men whom
the savages welcomed to their shores as
the bearers of the gospel of life and
immortality. The record stands as
evidence to the fact that those whose
lives have been spent in darkness re
spond to the light far more readily than
those who have rejected it The hard
est mission work is at our own doors,
hard because it often lacks the cheer
and enthusiasm found in foreign mis
sion fields, where frequently life, in
spite of its terrible strain, is full of in
The chiefs at first claimed a monop
oly of education, and the Hawaiian
court became a primary school 01 intant
giants. Churches sprang up at the
bidding of the rulers, and were filled
with listeners. The first pupil to pass
the first public examination was Queen
Kaahumanu, who stood up majestically
and spelled from her primer. Then
Kalanimoku, Kapiolani, and other no
bles ioincd the Christian church.
Conversion worked wonders in their
lives, changing haultur and pride into
kindness and humility, and their faces
fairly shone with the new light.
Within two years two thousand people
had learned to read, and fifty were fit
ted to give primary lessons, for the
missionaries' first work was to create a
written language. The Sabbath was
generally respected, vice was restrained
and a healthy moral influence brought
to confront the wide spread corruption.
The young king was in school during
part of every day, but much of his
time was spent with dissolute whites
along with his chiefs, who, having
been successful in the sandalwood and
other trade, had plenty of money, But,
as the cutting down of the young trees
brought these men near the end ol
their resources, they became reckless,
drank deeply, spent their money wildly,
were thoroughly demoralized, and with
their king at length forsook the Christ
ian teachers. The people had from all
time followed their rulers, in war, in
peace, in righteousness, or in dissipa
tion; and now a double example was be
fore them. Foreigners denounced
the influence of missionaries, and
sought to establish their own power by
playing upon the lowest passions of the
natives ; and Christianity diminished as
rapidly as it had spread among these
lust at this time Kamehameha II.
(Liholiho) decided to visit Enghnd
with a small suite, party for national
purposes. He left Kaahumanu dowa
ser as resent and never returned.
Enulish hospitality proved too much
for him, and he, with others of his
suite, died in a foreign land.
The queen regent continued to rule
during the minority of Kamchamcha
III, A youth named Katilkuonli, sup
poited by other chiefs, led the people
Inrk from the license nnd misrule, of
vhii lithey ilii-uiscKcs were weary, to
the unfer guidance of the missionaries.
The descent was led by rulers corrup
ted by men from Christian countries t
the nsccnt wan, under missionary influ
ence, led by chiefs tike Kalanimoku and
women like Kaahumanu, Knpiolnni
nnd others, equal in nobility to the
women of any age. I know nothing
liner of its kind than the story of Ka-
plolani's grand defiance of the goddess
Pele, the terrible ruler of the volcano
Kllauea, whose native worshipers hnd
never dared to turn away from her.
The brave queen declared her inten
tion of descending alone into the cra
ter, in order to prove to her people the
folly of their faith ; nnd, in spite of
twir persuasions and threats 01 ven
geance awaiting her, she accomplished
her purpose, singing, as she went to
f ice the wrnth of the goddess, a Christ
ian soti2, and returned unharmed a
living witness against the false Rods,
from whose suny she had licrscu so
roreign opposition to missionary
work culminated in the demand ol
Lieutenant rcrcival, U. b. N com
manding the Dolphin, tint the
native women whom the chiefs had
forbidden to go on board foreign ves
sels, should have the freedom of the
ships in port. Aided by his guns and
his marines he had a brief snecess ; but
Commodore Jones, arriving in the war
sloop Peacock, investigated the
case and reproved his subordinate, who
was afterward court-martialed for his
conduct. Commodore Jones, sailing
from island to Island, did much for
Christ's kingdom and for humanity,
and happily the same can be said of
morethanonc U.b.navaiolhccr. captain
Finch, Commodores Shubrick, Stock
ton, Dupont and others, joined cord
ially with the missionaries, even preach
ing in their pulpits; and their names
remain to-day as houschould words in
all the old mission families.
Among English naval officers
the name of Lord Byron (a cousin of
the poet), who commanded the snip
in which I.iho-liho's remains were
brought back from England, is held in
affectionattc remembrance for his good
influence and wise counsels. Most
deeply embalmed, however, in the
hearts of Hawaiians is the name of
Rear-Admiral George Thomas, who,
when his subordinate Lord George
Paulctin 1842 hoistedon the moslabsurd
pretences the English flag over the
islands in the name of King George,
sailed to the spot, examined and re
scinded the act, and compelled Lord
George to restore the flag of the nation
he had dishonored, and salute it with
his own guns ; all of which was duly
approved by the British Government.
The story of this interesting bit of un
written history as told by one of its
heroes, General Marshall, my associate
in the Hampton School, appeared in
last September's number of Harper's
Magazine. So serious an experience
was it for the Hawaiian Government
that July 31st, the day of restoration,
was made a national holiday, and Ad
miral Thomas, whose cool head and
sense of honor prevented a most un-
fortuuite complication, is forever held
in grateful remembrance.
The French nation had always had
an eye on this important group, and
in 1837 the first Roman Catholic priests,
encouraged , by the anti-missionary
party, appeared in Honolulu. Backed
by the French navy, they had already
forced themselves on the Society and
Marquesas Islands, but the Hawaiian
authorities objected to them as hostile
and exciting influences, and, though
their worship was at first permitted,
it seemed to the people to be the
counterpart of the idolatry which they
had just cast away. After a time the
priests were excluded from the king
dom by law, and their followers were
persecuted with intemperate zeal a
course which, though not unprovoked,
was an inexcusable blunder, a stain on
the nation, resulting, finally, in the en
forced landing and re-establishment of
the priests, under the guns of a French
corvette. French rum was also intro
duced under the same auspices, ac
companied by various outrageous de
mands on the part of the French com
mander, Captain La Place.
In ten years from the beginning of
the mission there were two hundred
Protestant schools, and an attendance of
ten thousand children, under teachers
Only a little above their own level :
all firing in the right direction, but
still far from acknowledging in their
daily lives anything like a fixed stand
ard cf morality, such acknowledgement,
indeed, being made almost impossible
bv the surrouding conditions.
The young King Kamchamcha III.
was, meanwliile, the point about which
raged perpetual battles for ascendency
betwen sycophants and Puritan teach
ers. The regent Kaahumanu and
other chiefs had established the Bible
as the basis of law, and, so far as law
and example could do it, the vices of
the people were held in check. But a
bandofforcigners, ledby thcEnglishcon-
sul, finally obtained complete control of
the king, who, steeped in every form of
self-indulgence, had, in 1034, pro
claimed himself autocrat, nnd assum
ing fill powers, set aside the laws of
the land, bath by personal example
and lormal action. A moral revolution
were abandoned; the wildest orgies inau
guatedi right-mindedchiefs hardly dared
show themsetves.and the missionaries
were threatened with expulsion.
At this crisis the whole face of affairs
was changsd by one of the dramatic
revulsions common in Hawaiian his
tory. In the presence of a vast con
course called together to witness King
Kauikeouli renounce the good Kaaha-
manu as premier ofthckingdom.andsub-
stitute for her a more pliant queen, thus
ensuring a reign or license, the dissipa
ted monarch electrified the assembly
by turning to the premier and confirm
ing her in office. From that moment
continued ok rouATU yacc
MITII A TIIUUSTOt,
IW. O. Huiih,
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A gout to tuft Ac!tlinl?lflmimt4 to
OrriCR- Wlih Smith A Tliumon, Attorney fttLa
Ho. JS. MmCHAHTSTHMT.
PIII'.L.II'O ft Co.
iiiiorltr nnii iriioirmi iiiinr ir ijinui
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Ttrt, Cppr ' Hh9i ri tl'ttrhr,
Wnrci nti'l Huhoh
v M VUJ, rimUm id-ib 'i ni.U, hunt. foMt.
Inz t'r, ihii'UKtri, Unit, fc
Ma I Kaawvuani; Str .Iftwturttf
QJ J. MiVHY U CO.,
II AfJiWir tttrl llcttttt Urnert
J'tmr firnKr ... IIakdluiu
fr1i f rurtrU n rotlon ol !l fclndi mi hnI iM
fyd rKu1r1y Uoxn l.uroi imi AmttU wltkh
will tn kW t in Iwm miuktt Mtrf
OooJ (itlivrtd (j an) pm r.t th city fit tt cWc
JtUnJ txdrt u.!iciii ttul jitomf't Mtfiifton will t
KlMn totM umt, lli.tr
LtlONO At CO.,
NS. CUMMINCS $i MARTIN
flurtfroni ttnd Jfomtrpnthto itfil'int.
OrriCB com Kort and Ur.MfArtfA Sti.
Oni Hour Until 9 a. M.,an.lforoi-jnK:j-t r.t.
0, HMENSOH, M, D,
Phvitclatt nmt Xurg&on.
Honolulu ......II. I
Tm.flnio NuMUft 149
Offict hour fiom V.i to 10K ft. m.J tA to iM p. m.
Office and Ktsidtnct, Mo. i Kukul mt, corrw Tort
for Jonnut Huynrt Pntimt Httc
And KaIIu Klc l'UmilOTi an-I Milt.
Ml'lMNU SnKT.MM..i, CoftHER MAfNR
npnno. 11, DAVins a Co.,
(Latk fANiotf, Cmiw ft Co )
Impnttert and CommUtton Mtrctmnt.
lAnyd't in J tht LUtrpool Uo'lerwrtttrf,
ttrlnih ftnd Koftijn Mirin Jmuranct Lomftny, nJ
Northern Atiurn; Cotapan)', I
ISIIOP & CO., II.oWm
llnoHcitf, IIaaiiaj Iiia.i.
T M, OAT b Co.
nnltm ilitr, ling f "" Ilfrlptlont
imt'U nml rrpnlritU
llAftoLl'ltf " .....II. I
Mi In A. r.cVAt'i w rp- WAlJnf, h-A A
tlniMni Rlittl. 'I
T FIMMULUTII A Co.,
rtntmtllit nml I'lnmlirri, llmlm In
Mom, Hitnn-t, ftnt
No. jNtuAu Sr.itr ttommx
T W GtRVIH,
Uommlflun Jterrhnnt ntut flrmrnl Itrnltr
in Dry lutnlp
Waiivki. Maui It. I
Cfocnl. H.r'Jwir. Sutlofitrjr.
Ptrfumtfjr and GI.m.'.
W, IUCUArtDSOU U Co
IftmflTIM ahij Dkalim IM
tloott, tthn, VumUUiny tlnnilt tlat$,
f'npt, Trttnki, IWfi'i,
Perfumery ari'l Soaps, WtJtham Watchfi,
Kw Jtw!rj. etc,
Ojfnbr Fort awd Mkrckamt HjnttJt, Uohqlvlv
WHITNEY, M. D., D. D. S.
Denial llooinn sri Fort Nlrett,
Honolulu H. 1.
Oftie. In llrewer't Hloctc. com?r Hole and Fcrfl
Strttu, entntic on Hotel Strtet.
illiam n. McAllister,
MtftMAfcFNTLY LOCATCD IN MOrfOLVLV,
023 c. cjmtt U Tort and Hotel tut, over Tretoan't
Particular attention naM to restoration cold AUInzi.
Kelyinz on gooi work t reatonabU charges to gain
inc connjencc 01 m purine is nn
rno. L. BABCOCK,
(LATH OP flAKLArtrj)
Teacher of tlte Piano-Forte. Addreu, LYCAN' & CO.
lUsiDK.fCE No. 10 Ltmna street. 185'tv
r E. WILLIAMS,
IMFQRTII AND DkALKF 1
furniture of Krtry Description, Ato
UpJntterer tind JI tt nu fart are r.
Furniture Warerooms No. 109 Fott Strert, Work
shop at old UnJ on Hotel Street. Ail or tiers prompt!
attended to. ij
OIIN T. WATERIIOUSB,
Dealer In Genoral Iter
Qucti S racer Hokolvlu
TT0M0LULU moil WOKKS Co.,
Af.'tm Knalnet, Hulleri, Kugnr Jllllt,
CooUrlf Iron, llrme nml lAml Catting:
llOKOI.ULU , H.I
Machinery of every detcrfr.'lotf mad. to order.
Particular attention (aid 10 Ehlp'a Ulitlfuiuhloi
Job work eaecuted on the thorteu notice, 19
Draw r.rtWui s
Tltr. I1AKR OF CALirORMM,
ll.wi. ; 11. P.OTHJCItlt.niSON,
TtxCOUllRCCIAL PAKKtNO CO,
OF IVDKEY, LOWDOM.
The COMMERCIAL (UXKIKO CO..
TU DANK Or ytVH ZCALANbl
THC DANIUl Of IHtr-lllf UJMMUIA,
V1CI0KIA, II.C AND I0R1UXD, OR.
Tranmtl a Gtntral flanitn; fluifntii.
-pH03. G. THRUM,
lurorrixo and MAVurACTuamo
.Stationer, .S'ric Agtnt, Printer, ttoah
And guLHlW o( die Satuidav P.ttf.aad .
an Almeiae ami Annual. Merchant street. Deal.
er In FI11 Stationery, DVi, Munc, Toyi and raacy
Coodi, Kurt itrrt, rar Hotel. Honolulo.
HACKPELD U Co.
fJenernt ConimUilon Agent,
Quarx Stkikt , Iiunqlvlv
pD. HOFPSCHLAECER A Co.
Importer ami Coinmtatton Slnrehant.
Honolulu Oahu. H. I.,
N0. 7- QUEKV STUCK! IIOMOLl-LL'
MemLer ofthe Honolulu Stock and Boivl Exchante.
Is prepared to buy and sell Stocks and Uondi In the
op-n maiLet, at the usual rate of commission.
Has mony to loan on Stocks. Small mar j trie re
quired on 1 ime Contracts.
Will advU as to Investments when requested.
0. HALL & SON.
IMrOXTEU AND DEALPR1 IH
Ifftrdteare anil General JferehntutUe,
Coxiia or King and Fort Strums,. Honolulu
. President and Mansjer
. Secretary and 1 reasurer
George E. Hove
directors 11. .'lay, L.,
T-XILL1NGHAM & Co.
IiHjtortare and Dtalera in Uardtrare, Cut'
Paints and Oils, and General Merchandise.
NO. 37 ForTSTREXT. j. HOJOLL'LU
A W. PEIRCE a Lo.
S. CLEGHOEH U Cj.
Importer nnd U'nter in General Jr-
Comer Q-ien aod Kaahutnanu Streett, Honolulu.
pASTLE Si COOKE,
Hhipplny nnd Cnm.ntttten Merchant,
Uo,to Kixg STtxrr ...........HoxoLCLr
iurof?rri 4ro dvalxm tw
The Hiftr-cvV h fVuoy'i PUntanrt
lh AViatvitr A UtMwin HarstiT,
K. H!tM4, w WaJalai Wtmaikrti,
A. II. Kmtth tc Corrpair. VJto. KjjuL
J, M. AIadr, HaT-i, MVL
It; HaiVtj Suttt Comyiny.
Tt lZoiaa Mfar Corr.'rifrjr,
T).-j Urloi ?nsirnr Owspan tA St Frs&Io-s.
Th New EofUnd IA( Insdfarxe Ompaiy of Ui9
fh flUVe Man jfksrturist OrEpanr of Jitvn,
D. M. Wtuotft Vuna Ctmr,fufil Mv.Wmi.
The New Votk ar4 Honotulj Ptfaet ti
'lh Mershaftt Ur, ffonohJu tni S3 ?rin','iy
Dr. farnitk &' '-elebfaJei Medctas.
Wrfcot 4 GtMfs 5tbT 1A amtftzttrinf Comptaf,
Wkffkr&WUivfi'aMwi 5 UacfcLY. i;j.i
Carpenter nnd Jluttdr,
All kinds of lobbiar nron-jdv attended to.
. . . .. " .... . a-MT--
leicpnone rta tjo, wuitamsons express u'lice.
Snor, No. & King Strcxt.i
T AINE U Lo.
CoiHnt'(on Merchant t
Importers and dealers (a INy, Crun xnd General
HOKOLVLU II. I
TT E. McINTYRE & BROTHER,
flreery and reed Store,
Cox. Kikg akd FoxtSts HniOLCLU
TNO. 0. POVLER & Co.,
Are prepared to furnUU Plane and ZeiU
matte fur HUtl
Wlih or vtthottt Cars and Locotnrtivea $?xbkEt
ADAPTED FOR SUGAR PLANTATIONS.
rermavTit Railwayf , M Loco--Im ni cart, Trf
tion Eniots ark) Koa4 IocofrvUives, Steam
Iluushu; arvi CuUivatlflf biKbiyf Pert
able La fines tar all purples, Wlod'i&t
Enzlnra or locliVi.
CataloruM with lllmiratWo. Mc-dIi ao4 Pbo-o-
trapris vttht lor llwus anJ Maxhloerr irjiy be n
atih;oiie-S6fth gndersirned. W. L. GREEN and
G. W. MACFARLANE&CO.,AceUf Jiva. Fw-
ter & Co.
and Commleelon .1fr-ehaute.
HosoLVLVt Hawaiian It lauds.
Agents for Urand's Guns and Eoab Lances and Vtt'
ry Davis' Pain Killer.
P P. ADAMS.
Auctioneer anil Commleelon Merchant,
Qieci Strxbt Hokolllu
O M. CARTER,
Auent to tahe Acknowledgments to Con
trade to Labor.
Honolulu, Hawaiian Island 1$
Commte$loHor of Deeds
For the State of California, for t. Hawaiian Iilands,
and General A rent for the Pacific Mutual Lift In'
sur.ii.ee Company of California. 14?
TNO. A. HASSINGER,
Agent to take Acknowledgments to Con
tracts for Labor,
Interior Orrici ..Honolulu
JOHN H. PATY,
Xotary J'ubtte and Commission of Deeds,
Tor the States of California ani Naw York. OScc
at the Bank of Bishop Zz Co.
Honoiclv, Oahi, ILL I
P A. SCHAEFER at Lo.
Itnportere and Cotnmtselon iteroJtante,
Merchant Strxet....... Honolulu
ILDER & Co.
Lumber, Paints, Oils, Satle, and Dutldtng
Materials of every kind.
Cox. Fort and Qusky Sts Honolulu
IM AND 104 FottT StXEXT ..... HONOLULU
Pictures of alt sires and kinds rude to order, and
frames of all descriptions constantly on hand. Also
CoralvShells and Curiosities of the Panne.
A LLEN A ROBINSON,
Dealers in Lumber and alt kinds of ItttUd
H'J Materials, Paints, Oils, Xalls, etc,
Honolulu, It. I.,
AGENTS OF SCHOONERS
HaJaakaU, KoUmaoa, KekaulaohU Mary Ellen,
U llama, Pauahl sjxd LeahL
At Robloion't Wharf. I
yilB GERMANIA MARKET.
Honolllc, H. L
Jleef, Vent, Mutton, Lamb, Poultry
Constantly on hand, and of choict quality. Pork
Saasarei, lltAozta, etc, always on hand. Our neati
are all cut and put up in Eastern Kyle. All orders
faithfully attended to. and delivered in any part of the
city, Shop on Hotel Street, between Union and Fort
Sirteti. n-ta G. KAUPP, Proimetor.
Watchmaker and Jeteeler,
Watch ropn.IrIa2mdo ft Speciality,
AH orders fro-n the othei Islands proraptly attended to.
No, 55 Ho7d.STirr. Hokolllu, 11.1.
Jeweler and Diamond Setter,
No 60, Nuuanu Strevt, Honolulu, H I.
(Opposite HoCistet A Co ),
Particular attenuoa paid to rtaainojrr
OPP & CO.,
T. LENEHAN ft Co.
Importer nnd Commleelon Jf.rrAtuit.
KUUANU SrT, IIONOLVIU.
T YCAN & CO.,
importer and Dealer In all kind of
2iulo Good, Fancy Good,,
Not. 10 aid to; Fort Stiut. Honolulu
Furmtnre. Ckilrt. Sevan. Machine!. Minora anj
Mirror PUtet, Ptctur. Frunei ad Coralccl nuije to
C BREWER ft COMPANY,
General Mercantile mid Completion Agent
Quiet SlJILT, HeXOLULU.
Offieera P. C. Jonet, jr., prealilenl and nunajer!
Joseph O. Carter, ireaium n& aecretary. Directori t
Moot Charlel R. Dlahop adJ II. A. I', Carter! liraty
May, auvlILor. m
Importer of General ilerchandln from
France, England, Germany and
the Untied Mate;
No. s' jvii-i Stust ....- IIokolul
ai and nt CAuromiA SraaaT.. ..Sam Fxahciko.
Particular mttention raU to tilling and aUpautf la-
Btui and Sign Painter,
Pa.h llAxaia, etc,
No. 107 ICixs SmiT HoxoLi-iu
C, ST.ACrAXLA, IL . MACAtLANX.
Q W, MACFARLANE & CO.
Impcrrtors, Commlulon Merchawla
nnd Sngar Faclcm,
Flrx-proof Uuildln; .Queen street, Uoos!Jjj
fCilasea Su;ar Co, Kauai,
He Valkacu Surar PLtatton. Mini.
The Spncrr Sujar PUnfaiion Ha watt
Mooomna durar uo, iiawaa.
HueloSocar Flactatloa, MxH, s
Reciprocity Sujar Ca, Han.
Makaha Sugar Kantaiisn, Oahu,
Gxkala Sajar Co- Htlo, hawaj,
Olowala Sjar Co. Maul,
ruoioa aneep Kaacn ,o, uawaji.
J. Fowler it Co'a Steaat PJsw and
Mirrleii. Watson k Go's Surar Machlr.err. Cluov.
Glaow and HtvaoltJu Vj of PacVtte,
Uvetfool nd Hcnctulu Hat tf Packets,
London and Honvlalu Line of S'eaicsrs
Sua Fire losuraaca Co. U Lowlac
BREVER ft CO.
. 'I n .
Upholaterer, Draper and Xeeaer In atf
kind of fiirntturo up
Telephone No. uj- v
Offer for tU lU ettfo ca CU Wk
' "HJMTJIA DAVIS,"
(roawtaiy kith iollk & Co.)
lFkoteeale, and Detail Grocer,
tn, I.i!iaSTur Uxdi lUauoxr IIau.
Family, Pluutlon, and Ship atom aspp'ted at aKcet
notice. Kew eolf bv .eery ateatacr. OrJcia from
the otlier ItlandfaUbfiiltycAecutcd.
Telephone No. 113. 173-tTT
Denier In CAole.it Beef, Yenl, Mutton, Ktc.
No. 6 Qi'ti.t Sthit. Fiim Maikct.
Family and SKIppinj order, carefully aitcnd.J to.
Uve Stock (urnticii ta Vcuela at ahort notices
Vegetables ot all ainda aupplKU to order.
TKiiritoxc , No. ait.
S. GIUNBAUM ft Co.
T YONS & LBVBY,
.auctioneer, and C.mmlMl.it ilercAantt,
Dlavia Block, QvtiH Stct, IIovolvlv.
Saleiof Furniture, Slock, Real Ealal. and Ceoeral
Merchandise promptly altende4 to. Sole aeenta for
1 1. UTona,
U J. I.Iiy.
American and EuropeM merchondiM.
AJRS. A. M. MBLLIS.
FaeMonaote Drete anal CT.afc Jftker,
No. 104 Fnar Srr Hoxoivl
Importer and rTholeeal Dialer In Gen
Makii's Block.... ...Qunei Snaar, ItoxoicLV
rr S. GRINBAUM ft Co.
ori.titilrtjt antt CammlJtf.ia Merchant,
it CAiirotoiA Sr.. .San F.amchco.
Sneclal fACiltilee for ani rxanlcular attention raid lo
cuoAtriimcnta of Island produce. 1
JsJT W, UcCHESNBY ft SOU,
Lo-alXtr, Bidet, Xn'toxc and CtenenUtUn
Aceota for lb. Royal Saap Cooipaoy.
No. 41 Quean StxiT..... ...Hoxoiuio
TJirOLFB ft EDWARDS,
Grocerte; Frottetono and reed.
Co.. KlXS AKD NUVAXU STf. Hokolclc
Flesh Goods by every steamer.
P. O. Bo ijo.
THE WESTERN AND HAWAIIAN IN
vestment Company (UmltL)
Money UaneJ foe Iwr or ahxt periods on af prored
security. Apply to W, L. GREEN,
"Dice Beater Blocb, Tort St. Masaicr.
Attorney at Lair ani Solicitor tn Chmntory,
Practlcel lo the Cxir.a, and fn pares DeedK Wills.
Mortaces, Leases. Ccotiacts,
neKOllates MrmejeJ Leant, etc.
lUsuLVlv IL 1.
Orriu CottT Jort tad Merchant Streets,
aa aimed, tU Uowia; tu oCVuiitmXm :
I.lgUl Cxproen TTngema,
ExUntlon lop Carriage,
BNSON, SMITH, ft CO.,
I'toneer Steam Vtmto Manufactory and
IIOtOLVLV ..II. I.
Practical Confectl acer. Pastry Cool, and OaVer.
Number 11 Hotel nml. tet.rea Fott anJ Nuuaaa
TTOLLISTBR ft Co.,
rThotetalt and Kelall DruatlloU and To-onrconltt.
No. ;,, Nuuako SrtllT..
B,xl and tmeemokoos
Bmi M ShM osade 10 Ordm ,
No. sm roaw If, omout rfMlssosai ItH.
d4 K110 Sthit ,, , Hokoiiiu
Inserter f AmetlOJI Jtvelry of .yerr d.ecttp-
itvi. (Fommly ct Sa. riancisco, Califorala.) y
A U SMITH,
Importer and Dealer In Gtateieare,
Merlden utleer-i-laled Ware,
No. 4, Toat Staaar... Iloaoivio
toll, W'oumlwlm's Pecbet Cutlery,
Lsssiral Win War.. Fancy
s, Pictuia rraeaea. Pts
rrv. P.der. Sh-x aaU
Alanuiwloa, CVark'e Spool Cnuo, Masiua. Od. U
UikIs of Machiis. SnAUt,"DMntuc paper F.sluaaa,
out. aent ol toe uurersouy acanowledjejo. Ujlsl
Runnio iVsnttseS..!. Harbiw.
ijj ad 111, FORT STREET,
aoauciK k tcucx' cixntATta ossooatx
THE COMMON StUIE NURSINO BOTTtfl
J M. OAT, JR., ft CO,
aW.II.rHf n,n .V.sm Dealer,.
Met eMr S4 Imp Age new
GAUTTSkOCir.,, ....... NO. ItUiaCMA.T SlUT
II Haee)e.LV, IL L
AtlbeuMial fMeilnftih. SieibJiers of E. O.
Hall k Sao (UositeJV held u lUa oOc Inly 1), 1M4.
lb. Uljbt VHoaa were eleurl for lb. eetui yeu
W, W. HaU;... Pi.sUeiu ni MuafW
lC. AUe... S.ury ni Trtawref
rn E. IUm. .Aifcto
lkorr May and E. O. Wbke.....,.l)ieae
m U C ASUB, Htratwi-.
Cetaac Wood Cjaj.
Ic Cboau, Not. t, i. 04 u
lit. Hiai.se, '
Lobetert, t-2i. TEs.
ILuae, . Tiaa,
Hay Cuius. Noe. 1, uaat J.
AxUCieaM, . ,
r.tr.sl Stale,, .Vo. 7. . 10, U, lit,.
Cectnfiiie) Unlara, 14 laxlsw,
CeapoalLioaaSattJtlscitaad iVtaab, t
to! ttotatiar, .
eteeJU Cu4t. Anmtoi.
KamLmgc MattreAVAta. "
Cal. Faort Ssapla,
ranter a BoSa,n,M4., Catak Vv,
Slaal Rrte. Aasomd
Duasp IWrra. '
XeXUw Mttml SXomlX lit,
AaasaUJ Team Krt -
Gelt. c aatd WtaVj
renittl.1 ATfTVP ti ..'..L a ix mon.- ateeat
1 , tiTHOa.U.fUlVM'V lk,
if" "" '