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SATURDAY, .AUOUST .j. ,.,
FHOM Hint I'ACH
ho took n ntntul on the ile of rijiiit
eousncn, which lie never nlMiitloticcl
The dic arilctl tnwi were re cMftblUhed,
and the simple of opKMing influencei
wa over. I'Atcrnal order nnd moral
ity, nt lentt, have been upheld cer
The in.inlincw, dignity, nnd uiclutn
th.it cluractericil the I luwnii.m rulers
in nil their dealing with the represent
ative? of foreign power inthcaulydnyi,
before recognition, were worthy of (lie
Kuinntiv. While attempting no una
vailing remtaner to the war shiw,
which they knew could nnnihilnte
them, they did not for a moment cower
or fear to speak their conviction ,
they were like the Indian, who have
been conquered but never subdued.
In the year 18,13 he voluntarily sur
rendered ln nlnolutc power, and
granted written law and constitution
al freedom to hi people, who had
never dreamed of such thing. What
other race have had to struggle lor,
this monarch gave before it v,a de
manded. 1'owerwas as sweet to him as to
other men, but he had a clear head and
a kind heart. Judge were appointed,
a popular vote was mst, and a legisla
turc wa organised; life and propertv
were as secure, nnd Justice ns sound n
in Massachusetts ; and It is only fair
to call this the fruition of Hie seed sown
by American missionaries, In the
same year France and Fnglnnd recog
nized nnd mutually euarnnlced the in
dependence of the islands, ,1 pledge
still liindmg and perhaps worth remem
bering. In the following jcar the United
States took similar nc lion, nnd from
that time till now American sentiment
lias been expressed in the words of
Daniel Webster to a Hawaiian diplo
mat, "If England takes those islands,
we'll make a fuss about it."
The result of the king's noble action
was, in 18.17, the grand "nwhele" or di
vision, which broadly stated was this:
'The king reserved his private lands as
bis individual property ; one-third of
the remaining lands was set aside as the
property of the Hawaiian Government,
one-third to the chiefs in proportion to
their possessions, to have and to hold
forever ; and the remaining one-third
to the tenants, the actual cultivators
of the soil, to have and to hold forever."
In addition to this Kamchameha, re
alizing how necessary it was that there
should be a public domain, the pro
cceds of which should go to the na
tional treasury, from which his subjects
could purchase the hnds they needed
"proceeded to set apart for the use of
government the larger part of his own
royal domain, rescuing to himself what
he deemed a reasonable amount ol land
for his own estate. Hy this great act, Ka
mehamcha III. showed his sympathy
with his people, nnd set an illustrious
example of liberality and public spirit.
The whole transaction was a severe test
of patriotism, reflecting great cre
dit also on the Hawaiian aristocracy,
which thus peacefully gave up a por
tion of its hereditary rights and privil
eges for the good of the nation," a di
rect result of Christian teaching.
Dcsirine; additional knowleec as to
their 'duties under the new form of
government, the chiefs, in 1835, sent
to the United States for a teacher of
political economy. Failing in this they
employed the Rev. William Richards,
who gave tip his strictly mission
ary work in order to lecture before the
aristocracy on the science of govern
ment and the duties of public officers ;
he also officiated as royal chaplain.
The result of the combined influence
was an excellent constitution and code
of laws. Education in the mechanical
arts and agriculture were encouraged by
special legislation ; but in 1845 a com
bined application of the government
and missionaries to the American Hoard
of Commissioners for Foreign Missions
for a carpenter, mason, tailor, and shoe
maker, wa refused as beyond their
means, and not of vital importance.
This action was fatally unwise. A re
verse policy could hardly have averted
their final extinction, but would have,
as I believe, created a needed physical,
and moral strength, together with the
conditions of better living, and none
the less of religious life. From 1820 to
1854 therewerc sent tothcthc Hawaiian
field forty clerical missionaries, six phy
sicians, twenty lay teachers, four of
whom were printers, and eighty-three
women, most of them wives of the
members of the mission. The people
leaned what they were taught, viz.,
Christian doctrine and duty, and inci
dentally, of course, much about
practical life, But while in
dustry and thrift generally were en
couraged, the practical object-lessons
which arc as important as preaching
were furnished in a meagre way. What
was done in this direction was chiefly
the work of the women, who by visit
ing the natives in their thatched huts
and gathering them together in sewing
classes, taught iliein the use of the
needle and other civilized arts. A re
inforcement of mechanics to train and
harden the soft Hawaiian hand, to
establish industrious habits, and thus
to supply a btamlna which the native
character lacked, would have been
wise missionary work even had it
neccssitcd decreasing the numiicr of
clerical teachers. It was a matter of
critical importance. The redeeming
effort at the Islands was in the manual
labor schools for boys at 1-nhaina, Wai
mca, and Hilo. The former, however,
was partially abandoned on its practical
side when it became a government
school and took up advanced studies,
educating some of the worst and best
men in tlj! kingdom. The school at
Lahaina has been a warning pgainst a
too exclusively mental cul'.urc of a
soft and pliant race, the one at Hilo an
illustration of an equilibrium of mental,
moral and industrial force.
These schools, over which my father
as minister of education had for fifteen
years a general oversight, suggested the
plan of the Hampton School. The
negrg and the Polynesian have many
striking similiarities. Of both it is
true that not mere ignorance, but defi
ciency of character is the chief diffi
culty, and that to build up character is
the true objective point m education.
It is also true that in all men education
is conditioned not alone on an enlight
ened head and a changed heart, but
very largely on a routine of industrious
habit, which is to character what the
foundation is to the pyramid. The
summit should glow with a Divine light,
interfusing and qualifying the whole
tn.v . but it 'luulti never be forgotten
that it h only upon a foundation of
tegular daily anvitics that there tan
lie any fine and ieriimncnt lip-wiildmg
Morality and Industry generally go
topelh" r .specialty in the weak trop
11 al rare, idleness, like ignorance,
tircril vice. The best of sermons ami
school amount to little when hearers
and pupil are thriftiest, live from
hand to mouth, and nrc packed at
night cither in savage hut or in dirty
tenement house. Morality, though
founded in spiritual life, depends very
much upon outward and social condi
tions; anil, if man is to work out his
own salvation, he must learn how to
work. (Iranlcd that character in its
highest sense is the objective point
then mission work evidently
should be organized with reference to
supplying the conditions under which
morality and the creation of character
arc feasible. Practical men, if possi
ble, should go with preacher to study,
and In sonic measure to develop, local
resource of labor, of land, or of pro
ductiori, thus creating industries, occu
pation, and the renditions of Christian
living. The right men inn do ninth
in this way with little capital other than
their own brains The man is half the
battle. " I'rogres through self-help,"
is the motto of our best missionaries
to-day; but ability to carry out the
principle is rare. What is impossible
with one is possible to another. Seldom
will a man of mere theoretical educa
tion appreciate the power of seemingly
destitute savage people to help them
selves. They can do more than he
thinks. The reaction of self-help upon
character is the best result of it The
Knglish missionaries in Madagascar
seem to have worked on the right prin
ciple, lending those people primarily in
their industrial life. Labor as a moral
force, is not yet fully recognized in the
Where the work is parental, as
among the childish Polynesians, Afri
cans, and Indians, as distinct from
ceiitnvtrsinl among Mohammedans and
Chinese, the people accept mission
aries as superior beings and become
even more religious than those who
inherit Christian ideas, in so far as reli
gion consists in the outward expression
of rites and ceremonies. Their lan
guage is rich in words of reverence
and adoration ; it makes prayer easy ;
and, on the .spiritual side, their lives
Mower out without effort and with a
grace and beauty wholly their own.
Mentally, too, they arc far from stag
nant, lint of true morality they have
little or none, because they do not
possess its conditions, which require
self-control rather .han pure devotional
life. In our own highest civilization
morality is common, but spiritually is
Hut the Hawaiian missionary was
sent to proclaim the gospel, to convert
the heathen. Conversion is, indeed,
the starting-point of a better life ; it is
to character what the seed is to the
ripe fruit. The choice of God's
service is the initial step : the goal
is the rounded, perfect,' Christian
life. To take the step requires
the decision, possibly, of a moment :
to reach the goal is the struggle of a
lifetime. Viewed thus, one under
stands that it is not the planting of the
seed that costs, but the wise and vigi
lant care of the growing crop. Much
of the missionary work of the world
has been a patient, unselfish sowing of
seed, which, taking root at first, has in
its early frail growth been choked by
the vicious weeds about it.
The I Iawaiians, who stand as a type,
soon learned to read the Bible and to
pray to God ; yet in two entire genera
tions they have not escaped from the
surroundings and the habits that make
virtue impossible. That, in the second
stage of work on the islands, certain
mistakes were made, seems evident.
For example, until the vcar 1855 the
native girls were comparatively neg
lected. The few boarding-schools es
tablished for them amounted to little.
The sexes were not educated together,
on moral grounds.
On this point the testimony from
Northern teachers of the negro race
has a direct bearing. Contrary to the
strongest convictions in the South,
Northern teachers have been able, in
the leading institutions for those who
lately were slaves (whose weakness is
on the moral side), to bring the sexes
together most successfully during the
past fifteen years. The plan is equally
good with Indians, and I believe for
all people in the early, it not in every
stage, of progress. The way to
strengthen the weak is constantly to
test them under favorable conditions
To change low ideas of their mutual re
lations into higher ones they must be
trained, not in the abstract, but in the
concrete. Separation will not teach
practical wisdom in future intercourse,
any more than by being kept out of the
water can a boy be taught to swim. If
it be granted that the sexes of a race
cannot on moral grounds, with good
management, be educated together,
then that race had better be given up:
it is doomed to immorality. When I
was in the Hawaiian Islands, in 1880, I
found no one who believed in such
co-education, though the other plan was
a failure on the side of mortality. To
pay there is hardly a ray of hope lor
the Hawaiian women. In spite of
African degradation and the loose
morals of slave life, many of the
colored girls of the Southern States,
trained by the side of their black
brothers, have in and after school made
a record of noble steadfastness. Sepa
rate schooling would I believe have
lelt them far weaker, and less able to
protect themselves. Stronger teachers
and more expensive buildings are re
quired for mixed schools ; but if a race
is to be saved it is by creating the unit
of Christian civilization, the family,
and that is only possible when equal
cnancesarc given to both sexes, and
they find each other out in the contact
of school life.
Our c.xjwrience at Hampton forces
us to consider carefully the future re
lations of the young men and women
whom we are training, and we are
more and more convinced of the power
of virtuous family life. It prarnisrs, in
the future, to be the cornerstone of our
work for both races. ' .
Since the year 1SJ5 trje' JIawaijan
mission lus given more Jttenfen, wfiK
liberal assistance iromuhc ovcrwucnt.'l
10 icmaic cuucanon ; oui ;aiways)? 10
senarate schools, and ' witti.no" en
couraging results. The mistake, ifv
The acquirement of the English
language by the negro is a wonderful
help to his elevation. So the best Ha
waiian families are those who lure
droppid t'ie vtrnai ul. r jml .K:,lk I tin
hsh. lavage-dialer is an a part of a low,
sensuous life, that irt'ivt lc rorsniten to
gclhcr with h oihcr l-l' iKing I nij
lull is a tunic for both tnind Jnil
I would draw attention to the now
almost universnl epcn,n e of the dis
appointing result of attempting the
higher education ol uncivilized race as
a part of minion work. The renons
for this seem evident enough. The
sharp brain of thenvagceasilvouwtri
hi sluggish moral nature. With him
mental attainment is merely a matter
of ready memory and of usually con
genial effort. Moral strength is the re
sult of long and patient struggle. The
mental food which is given him creates
a ncnse of iKiwcr, over which hi blunt
sense of obligation ha little control.
KnowlcdkiC' comes, hut wisdom ling
crs." and especially is this true of the
races which lie directly in the jxith of
progress, and arc the prey of the id-
vame-guard of trader and adventurers,
livery power but th.it of self,tontrol is
stimulated. In some quiet eddies of
the great world current, as in British
America and parts of Occanica, where
only good influence have entered,
there are undistuibcd fields lor simp e
Christian teaching, where God's
word entering the heart works
out into well-ordered rigjilcous living;
oui liquor ami licentiousness nave
spared a very small part of humanity.
Education of the heathen, and of all
backward races, must bc-of the head, the
hands, and the heart; a judicious propor
tion bcingalwaysmaintaincd. This isour
relation to the negro, though we bid
him God-speed in every endeavor for
the hiuhest culture. The majority of
thinking people will admit that we of
me civiuzeu races uu not nceu so
much what we are getting as this train
ing of the whole life, for lack of which
our average types of manhood and
womanhood are weakened and point
to no very hopeful future. One can
well believe the truth of what it is said
of some sections of Europe, viz,, that
in their thrift and prosperity they still
show the influence of their early mon
astic teachers, who were laborers and
leaders among them in all practical
In making a itsume of Hawaiian
history, I find that it divides itself into
three periods of thirty years each, as
1. From 1700 to 1830, the genera
tion preceding the mission, a time of
mental activity and material progress,
and the bcKinnine of the nation's phy
sical decay, all due to the presence of
foreign discoverers and traders.
2. From 1820 to 1850, in which the
people embraced the Christian faith,
and civilized institutions were estab
lished through the efforts of American
missionaries, working against tremen
dous obstacles. During this period,
and even before, the harbors of 1 Iawaii
were the annual rendezvous of from
fifty to three hundred and fifty whale-
ships, the crews of which, during weeks
of refittuiK between voyages, were paid
off, and while indulging themselves
almost without restraint, made the
fortunes of the merchants and ruined
3. From i8c:o to the present time.
These years, all of which come within
my own personal knowledge, present a
curious record. The line of ancient
chiefs has become extinct, the people
have become indifferent to religious
duties, being anxious to assert their
political power, and the influence of
the missionaries has greatly decreased,
especially since 1875. Great commer
cial prosperity exists, due to the treaty
with the United States, and to the
increase of the sugar crop from 10,000
to 60,000 tons a year. The five thou
sand male Chinese adults of 1870 have
increased to twenty thousand in 1883,
creating a serious disproportion of
sexes, resulting in polyandry and in
rapid demoralization. Another cle
ment has been added in the presence
of some thousands of Portuguese and
other Europeans, besides many Malays.
The decrease of morality has kept
pace with the increase of wealth.
Leprosy has made terrible progress,
affecting at least ten per cent, of the
native population, whose death-rate
has gained alarmingly on the birth
rate. A strong race feeling has sprung
up ; and to day the Hawaiians as a
people are antt-kaoU (opposed to for
eigners) especially to Americans, not
because Americans, but because Amer
icans arc the strongest. There are but
few natives of any strength left. This
last period is pre-eminently one of
decay, ottering much food for thought,
especially to those who arc interested
in mission work for like races in other
parts of the world.
CONCLUDED NEXT WEEK.
Larctl (triif 1mI,
0 Iotc1 and u, loved and kt I
That word vA 1 never kutw
Till, wbtrt my p n h) oottu?t croadf
I Incd to ttll my tov to )0J.
O WraUjaf heart I O throbbing brw
Ifut wordt arc few h may Lt well.
For lurtly do one knew ttl now
A lot a low no one can tell :
A U$ which tn my bo&oui burned
And grateful filled my heart and uul ;
Mindly to thee my belnj turned,
A turn the ntedl to lh Fote,
O cood and true, no fault was thine,
1 lut for my lot you did not cut ;
If LUmc there be, ti only mine
Twjt God that cviJ thee ?od and fair.
My lotc waa earnest, true, and deep,
And Uutd lofltt before I (old J
And when the secrvt wouU not keep,
1 whispered bofi the Mory td.
0 happy lime, "O golden years,4
0 dream what pain thy wakealn; con.
An answer came through blinding ttari
1 found that I had loved and lou. "
The people foully were oppressed
I heard their laratatationi long;
I heard their Caging clear a a J strong,
I Me their lanaen la the West.
The captains shout the baule-try,
The thousand muster In their might ;
They turn their facet 10 the li;ht,
They ld their hwist they prcphrty,
We laol beneath the master! throng.
Our chafing chain were ne'er undone;
Now cLasls )our lancet la the sua.
And bU4 jour banner wub a tvng.
God hides Hit purpose none shall teas.
The blesaiajt thai the cujm coastals,
Tdl Hit impci fed Uw reveals
.Soaie portion to His perfect plan.
H bidet Hit time with patttot eyet
jV While tyrant b3d upon lh land.
I lit speaVt th word, He waves It is hxaj.
Ad fro a the stooet Hit templet ttte.
I j Now freedom waves her Joyous wing
Mirth forward tinging, for UboU,
The tibt thn r-!e while God U king.
A1 Till". OLtJ fTA.m NUMBER KAA
HIIKET IUOW wOftKEIt,
PLUMUINti IN ALL ITS UKANCMKS.
ArUtlnn Vtn Hipc-all tbiM.
Hlorp nnd Hiiukcn,
Uncle Sim, MWalHon, PlthmonJ, Tip-kip, TaliM.
Florl, Mi;, Coalwt, Cr.J Iiuf, Ntw Rlral
Optra, Drby, Wfn, Dolly, GnT, Qutn,
J'mty, A1017 RangM, MlgtiA ChirU,
DucV, ButV, MazrMt. Ottob, Ak-
utl, Ecli4, Chantr Oil,
Xlfltlf, lnwo,! ani
GALVANIZED 1P0M ajid COrTER BOILERS
FOR RANGES, GRANITE IRON WARE,
NICKEL PLATED AND PLAIN.
Galvanized iron water Pipe, all sizes, and
laid on at lowest rates, also cast Iron
Lad Soil Pipe.
Homo Furnlihlnf; Ooods, nil hind.
All lii and pdf J, Lift and Fore- Pump. Clstcm
Pnmp", GMrnld Iron, Shl Coppr and
Shtrl Ltad Uad I'll. Tin Piatt
Water CltaeM, Marble ilaU
and rMiwIt, enamelad
CHANDELIERS LAMPS AND LANTER
E W GOODS
ri'tT KECRtTEO trx
" Martha Davis, ' Matlsgate, ad expected ex
' Maripota" and other vestal
Boston Caid Matches, v
Horse Shoes and Naflt
DOWNERS and NOONDAY 03,
Lubricating Oils of all kinds.
Cut Nails, all sties.
Clinch Natls. all suet,
Ccttoo Waste tn bales,
Cheap Rim Clock a.
Brown Soap, in cases.
Wire Hanging Baskets for Terns, &c.
Lane' Plantation Hoes,
M inch Goose-neck Sotlut Hoe,
Ice Cream Freexcrs,
Lawn Mowers, bea kind,
Case's Genuine Amotkcag Denims,
Cast's Genuine Amotkcag Mariners Strife,
Beiidct a thousand articles in the Hardware Uirc alwny
Soon expected, not by the "Spartan," a mot com
plete assortment of
JTaWt Sttrl Ptoic and JJreakws,
With extra Handles, Beams and Points.
All these wilt be found at the corner brick store of
it) K O. HALL & SON. Umitid.
npHE GENUINE ARTICLE.
COLUMBIA RIVER SALMON
StUxaoa BtilliM, 1883 Catch.
Just received from Portland, Oregon, by
CASTLE Jt COOKE
TTmm Fish can bs relied upon su Fir tt -data,
FFICE OF J. E. WISEMAN,
riRE-PROOF DRICK BUILDING,
.Vo. SS Merchant Ulrtet. Honolulu, U. I.
Tho only roooftalMtl Ganaz-al Bmitmooo
Agaut ia th Kiagdom.
Real Eitatt Becker, LIT. Ioaura.nct Acnt,
Custom Home Droker, Employment Agent,
Mosey Broker, Pit Iniuraoce Agent,
And General Biulness Agent
Rial. EtTATt DATUXT Uoy aad tall Rail
Emu In all partf of lh Kiofdom; alue Real Kuala
and properly of all Lioda; KentasJ Leate llous. Cot
tagct, Kgoait and Laad; Attend to Insurance, T&act,
Rcpaiitnz aod Collecting ol Rentals; Draw !.ec;a!
Papers of every nature, Starch Title Records, etc, etc.
Eruvut"T DarAttTurNT t'nd enplomcu ia
alt VnMH.hes of Industry connected with the UlaAds.
Ccniiul Di-sinisi MvrritJ Keep RmVs and
Accounts! Collect HdU; lian and Invest Money: Pea
nuoshtp. Enirottinf and all Vlnds of Copying donet
Procuic tVc and Lite Insurance; Advertlieaieats aivd
CorrctfondtiHe attended to.
Ciitou llovs liaOKia-Atccnd u all Entrtts
through por of attorney and otherwise. Merchants
wilt nod tats department a specsat benefit to then aa I
attend to the delivery of invoices complete.
Soiicitix: Agixt for the Mutual Life Insurance!
Contany of New Vork, the largest, graadtu -ud
soundest Inturaste Company In tho wwLL
Tourists aat Travelers, and those seealog Derma
mm hooves oa the ands. will nod it lo their advsj
Uge to consult a.e personally or by letter when susuUt
acCTHnmodaitaia are required, and llsev will tat at lo
their interest to call on sua for general iaforosajva pee
(tilling t the Islands.
CorrcspMdinc solicited from abroad ui orders,
accepted and tiled for llaoaiiaa Curws Tenia, CoraJ.
Sheila, Lava SMcitMas. Photos, Views, etc, etc, ;sMf
taming u the Islands. .""'
Orders of ercry muiw aitaoieJ u, tWoj P we
oroue Islands. Sit.'-
HAMDURO MAGUnnUKG PIRP. IN.ItJR.
aco Company or IUmlmf(.
.t JAFi.l K, A(,!.T
nIIJBt. Mrrkandl. rnrmlewt nnd Mn'nlnt-rjr
llMfrMljalffal rtfOBtr, mrl fa9rM term. I
pan of llnlln.
r. A SCHAKPHR 6 to, AGKNTS
Ttial alWktk ( f HI 1 1 Mil ! aMfaJ1allual at
0l Asy IWe, atwi tlW wttntcniL (Jnrl
.!!, rt aHtlwjmed intake mVtjNHt thrMffri
of the at the nvxi retjwaM rate M on iln
imt fjrM tf m.
RKMBH DOARD OP UIIDHRVRITERS.
F.A SCIlAlFF.Rb-Lt Atn
Atioar'Mt fw lli
Drraritn loan! nf Undrwrttr-ra.
Vienna Hoard of Und'rwtlttri.
rYrthft Ifawaikm Itland.
GERMAN LLOYD MARINE irfilURAIICR
Company of Uarlln
r. a. saiAnrtR c., ac.fxts,
11i a!nv Inanranre CVmtranf Ul auMWiJ a Grn
rral Afncr hrr-,aml lK abote alfnM, f Jtfwral Af,
arc am horuwl lo taka KMct again! Ih dngrl of It
5aa at th nvrtt rrawmablf latca, and on the mote (i
HAMilUKO.nRRMUH FIRE INSURANCE
F. A. SCIAF.FF.R (V, ACF.NTS.
Th aWe firm hating lert aopoinled agent r.f Irdt
ottnpanjr are i eoared to Irfure iWVt agalntl fire on
won an'l isrKi lAiii'iinct ami on Aiertftao-rrte Moreq
therein, on the mmt favorable term.
afplyat tnir olT-ce
TRAMS-ATLANTIC PI HE IHSUKAHCE
Company of lUmbarff.
If. IIACKFELO C., Afttitt.
Cplia!ind Htvr, ..... Reielttnurk Cm&n.
" thai Keefnturance Companies " lot, Cjo.o'i
Th Ag'ntt of the arve Company, forth Hawaiian
Island!, ale piepaied to insure Hmfdings, Ptlrrriturr,
Mcrchao'llte end Produfe, .Machinery, etc, alto Sugar
and Rice Mill,, and tritrlt In the harbor aalmt lost
or damage by fire, no the most favuable terms, 1
UTUAL L1PB INSURANCE COMPANY
of How York.
UlLDF.Il & C:, ACr.S'TS,
Lnryctt, ArrVal nnil nioel l'tonomlmt TAf
nauriiiice Company fit the H'orfcf,
CASH ASSETS 0VEI1 $.7,000,000.
Tor further information concerning the Company,
and for rates of Insurance apply to the Agents, or to
J. E. Witeman, Soliciting Agent. 1
NORTH. GERMAN PIRE INSURANCE
Company of Hamburg.
. 1IACKFFLD &- Ct, AGENTS.
Capital and Rsrve . ..Rrtdismark l.lysm
" their Reinsurance Companies, " 35,rr,ov3
Tlie Agents of the above Company, for the Hawaiian
Islands, are prepared to inture Uutldingl, I uroltute,
.Merchandit anJ Prodoce, .Machinrry, etc., also Sugar
and Klce Mills, and veifls in the harbor, agalatt lots
or damage by file, on th most favorable terms. 1
pOSTON BOARD OP UNDERWRITERS,
C. BRCWCR CV Ct.,
Agents for the Hawaiian Islands. 1
PHILADELPHIA BOARD OP UNDER
C. BRr.WER b Ct..
Agents for the Hawaiian Islands. 1
BRITISH FOREIGN MARINE INSUR
ance Company. (Limited)
TllEO. II. DA VICS, AGE.Vr.
TV above ac-nt has received instructions 10 re.
duce the rates of Insurance between Honolulu and
Ports in the Pacific, and is now prepared to issue poll
cies at the lowest rates, with a special redaction 00
freight per steamers
"HE LIVERPOOL AND LONDON AND
Globe Insurance Company.
BISHOP & Co., AGENTS.
rnfliiiKeif r.lnhlUli In SloclJinUtm.
INCOME rOR 1679:
Premiums received after deduction of re
insurance J 5,!,i
ljosf s promptly adjnsted and paid here.
U ct an rrancisco.
CASTLF. cV COOKE, AGENTS.
NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL LIFE INSUR
ance Company of Boston.
CASTLE & COOKE, AGENTS.
The oldest Purely Mutual Life Insurance
Company In tne united states.
Pol fefra Jtiuetl on the moat Favorable Term
cxamn it or Nos--rortiif m-ah :
Insured age it J ears ordinary Isf pln :
1 Annual premium continues Policy a years, 3 days
a 1....I nramt.tn, mnlt. PftHW A N 1, '
1 Annual premiums continue Policy 6 years, ? "
4 Annual premiums concinne r-oucy o years. 40 -
Annual premiums continue Policy ioyevs, "
Losses Dild through Hnoluolu Agency, $40,000
TT W. SEVERANCE,
i CAiiroRMA St., Cau, (Room Vo. 4-)
HAWAIIAN CONSUL COMMISSION
CHARLES BREWER S Lo.
t? Kiwy Stit, Bostoh.
AGENTS OF HAWAIIAN PACKETS.
General Coinmtaaloii Agent.
Special atlcrtion given 10 the purchasing of goods for
tne Hawaiian trace, rreirnt at lowest rait.
Labor Contract, CiUt of Ladirtf ,
Bills of loxchanse, Ps'trs of Atiorncy,
Mortsajcs, Charter Part),
DuiMcrt' Contracts, Articles cf AjTffemem,
Deads Bottomry ffoads,
Leawt, ParcbarandMantiiactufeis Invoices, Mtr
rlast Crt.fkates Hawaiian form. Laiur
Sheet Maps of the Itlsodt, Plana
f llonuluhi. Charts of
OR AITlf BLANKS PRINTUD TO ORDI.R
At TIXOS. a. TJt HUM'S
Merchant Stmit Stoic
ONEY TO LOAN.
INQUIRE OP J. S. G1NSBURG.
sosqr CcenerofMtrchaatani Nuuana 9wsV
S. M. CARTER & CO',
riREtrOOD, COAL,'aho rCXJX
HAY and OATS.
V , '
frw DtEwtry to aJt pills f lb Cry.
a), -y-- ..
s aUi TeltAaa. If a. ilf
f,M-e- ,tf,iri, Prniioot
rWIF.R'S AMI. NtksOI-s r'ENIIOLIir.RS,
liolifcer HoM-vt, r orV HoMtei, Ivory and Ebony
lnWrt foM meant! Ivors- affct llone
I oMart and f'ofer i oirr, r'olwit's lahitt
Erasers, lelrtrwtt Vefvtt Erasers,
( jystal Rohvarf. ftwMttrtn vwriV
eKllshaWM. 'thttmu Isvlrt,
Pencil Protertors, Hot, her
lltnTae nf vart-Mt
Sue, Me, ma ,
ror inU in runt. u. riitti'W
JIiwcrtAir rVrT ami rirT Btrt Htm
DEHS AND PENCILS.
Oli.LOrrS AMD EASTERnROOK IT..V9
1 n live oVsfraMe mimkeft.
Oirlfl Pern, rViywIan, CnsmnlaJtu-l Cwttsm Itnse
dm. HaMr, In) A Co"
R r. L I A I) I. E 0OI.ll I'KHa.
Crows' fttlraptoMe Peers-- ftM and golrl mejiMteA.
Prrnee t rosnrutn I'ena, WsMtnc PelH6 stre.
Tjimi Co.'e AulotnaiK Penctla and leada,
RA Mt and Ortwn I'Mttflt,
UIXON, r.ni.t(aMORf)SHr.HOr.R KURW
i'tltciH, Ifo. I to t. Artiati IwntaH, IWawsag
Pencils bt tote, Pordet t'enslt, Male
f TetCfe faVtfl sW Hi WettSesv f
Al TIIO.1. II. IIIIIVWX
,"triMt ftrnrtr in PofT Siatrt RrartA.
TKKS, INKS, INKS.
A R N 0 I.n S WRITING r L V I II S ,
In at,, cat., H pft. Aflat owes.
CARTrR'SCOMIHNI.!) WRITING k COPYING
i.NK, In fyis.pts.tndH ptt.
PAVIn' DIAMOND I1LACK IXK,
In ntt., pta., fi pts, and ronet.
ARNOLD'S CUPYINO INK, tnits , res. anl H pts.
DAVIB tntt PEERLEJR Inks In kiack, bhe and
rwMl, anit carmuseano crirtson t loHlsirora l lo 4 or,
ANTOIXI.'S violtt Wad Copying Ink, ols. and pti.
CAW'S HUck I
r ioiu ir
UT DAVIS' TREAQURY MUCII.AGtT, ta
rjtt., pts,.eonef, a most tefiactsry ami re fable article.
Automatic aku 1'isreciiox Mucilacc,
For Sate nt THUS. (I. TIllWM'S
Tort Sretir At Miscmaxt Stixrr Srotn.
Now la ttoclt, with additional Eattern Invoices en
route, a line variety 01 toe
CONNECTICUT VALLEY WILLS,
Cap, Legal, Letter, Ifcte and Dill Paper,
Assorted wtlghti. Also Marcus Ward's Irish Linen
Plat f olio a)d Note paper, plain, or can b
ruled op to suit any otder.
1ST WEDDING NOTE AND ENVELOPES, TX
Mourning Paper, Windsor and Turkey Mills Ll&ea
L4tiirand .sott, trtncntjuairUM Mtitr ana
Note peper. Copying vlr,
ror Sale at TtlOS. O. TJIJIVM'S
Micchaht SraitT ad Tort Stbht Stohs.
LEGAL CAP PERrECTION PADS,
JIUUUE.I11S L.t.1 ILA fU3,
Letter. Cap and Note PlocVs cf first quality paer,
Lerel up, Letltr tno note lilocu ct ruisa
Manilla paper, olaln Mtmo. and Net
blocks, M. U II. form Uotlts
for Bills, Statements,
Or Piper PUT UP tn ANY FORM Desired,
-II Titos, a. TItJIVJI'S
MtictCAKT StaatT axd Port &ikt Storis.
AND PASS BOOKS,
A fc" ?toc. on hand at all iLt:m tf virivit
ilrt and thickness of
Jfirmorntnlum Itoohn, and n$nrtd t1ltr
i'fxst JJoof.tt tcAthtr, preu hoard aod ruper cover.
Monthly and Wefcly Men a. Tim? BocVs, MCTc D90u,
uutci-tts anj orxrs ias oir.es, ri-n usoaU,
Scratch UwlcsCopy IJooVs.Eaerctw ISmVi,
Mann'a, Penn s and French Copyioj
Hooks, teller, pot am) cap
tires, half and fall bomJ,
rtirfiale til THUS. O. TUSlCiX'H
MUCHANT STRrCT AMD FOKT STUCT STSB.
BILLS RECEIVABLE ahd PAYABLE BOOKS,
Rent t- Joci Itet'tpt, Shipping Itctptir
Order Jlook, School llecorda,
Plantation Tim-Hook j, Pacla?e Kcceipti, Mds. Or
der Blinks, tcf c., coruumly on hand, or
Special Forms Made up to Order on Short Notice
At TJtOX. U, TitllVWH
MCFCHAKT STJaBtT AKD FOKT STBXST StOIXS.
A fine Assortment of
II LANK KOOr'Ji,
now n stock consisting of
LEDOnnS.JOUItNALS, DAYS and CASH
full bound, la Demy and Medium Sites.
Ledgers, Journals and Records,
Half Pound, in Cap, Demy and Medians Strew.
Cap Loog Day Books and Single Entry Day Books'
half bound. Two-third Day Hooks, Narrow
Order Dooks, 'I rial Balance boolu,
Cash books, Qto. Records
tJ SALI AT
TIIOS. 0. Til HUM'S,
Mucmait Stukt axd FoiiT Stairr SroKs.
TTC., ETC, ETC
VISITING CARDS, PLAYING CARDS, SLATT.S
single and double. Ujplex cap and letter clips,
Shiproan's Letter, Cap and Invous Files, RuU
her Copying Iheets, Copjing Erushts,
Dampcnuig Bowts, Inkstands, Paps
Weights, Sealing Wax Ultfcaad
red. Paper Fasteners, Le.
gal and Notarial Seals, Moore's B!rtters, Tllxttog
Pais, Programme latsels. Key Rings, Ptas,
Silk Taste, Pink Tape, together with the
THOUSAND AHD ONE OTHER ARTICLES
usually found In well appointed Stationery Stsret,
For SaUat TUOS. a. THRUM'S
Mischakt Srarsrr aid Post Stixxt bTairs.
PER " AtALLSGJTE.-
We have icccirti a funher rooslgnsu&t of
Meetre. Mlrreel.l Walton Co.'e Machinery
And have now on hand, ready f jc dtlivwy t
One Trlptt-Enact, oahaaitoote in itaJJ, containing
J.Oa VVisre ftet cf Lcating ssrfarv with Pumping
Engine and dischargitg Montl'w csmpltta.
Oo DooUe-Effect, haviiig s.o sqore ' of hwating
surface, with KajUn -d Monljas.
Oaa set of Tout Wium's rattnt Canulfogtls, with
Cogioa and Mn.
One set of Tn Westoo's Pstent Ceetilfjla.
Uavia secreavd facHatea tar the coaaufacturt of
these machines, fthe Weuoa Patent, far which, n
ftal Britain has eapirtdX we art thus eoalltd to offer
them at materially rsJ Jted priest.
We have a full aaionmnt of Centrifugal rpvws
linings, brasses, rubber ban Is and bushes, etc
Two Diagonal Engines, each 6 In. by I la.
Clailners, Flat Coolers, by Jbyj and ( by ly 1.7.
One Spare Top Roller fU lily jt la. M&L
Ono Spare ide Roller for do. do.
One Stan lucnaedlate Spar Wheel toe gearing tf da.
ttHf a W. MACrARLANE c
OOKS PERTAINING TO HAWAII,
Jams' History cf the Hawaiian Islands.
Whitney'i Galdt Book.
Mist lijjs Sis Moaiht la V Sandwich liTanda.
litt Gordq Oisaauag's Fire Fouotsiaa.
llawaton Alsnmsc and Annua t.
Together with a Urge nock of vaJwaUe and e-itertab-lag
oowks, hit ot which Is publishaj ia tie saplaasant
For sale at
XMOM. fl. TMKCM
. rrt ft. Hsyrav
T. MATTIJUV'S HALL, SAH i
tf atej lei the UnrUwl HHao ef fVtw Matett, nn ihe
lletaMMletl Its tta. raw.ew hwiatsars rd ,eema
li(d W ttewns, sad are as every wsy atraogid fce the
Part jasy ft.
ar fwrrtWr Ufsmaliwa srsl estawaga. fast owt,
Iintrters sn4 dtslerl In
Anil liathMnss Mnlwlal
of 3 tthAi, ! rI(L n Uft trinity i-vrtn
Ujt lad tftil ttlttried caifves tf
rrrprlsln; t3 tK isuaj stoclf slfa
la Scantllnff. TinlW,
r Feaclnrfi Plclccta,
tlanVf tvnet Doiit.
ALSO DRY REDWOOD.
ScaotTing, r-me t-irface and rvigh Isoardt snr
faced and rourh Batlent, Pickets Hawse,
Lattice end ClapUcla -
XHJOTtS, SASH AHD BUJfDB,
AH sires, ef Ewaern and CaJ'jraii rrtV, aod Lt
sala la qa-xutses to SJUt, at low prxes.
At, I STOO,
WHITE ZINC PAINT OILS,
METALLIC AND OTHER PAINTS,
CLASS ANT3 SALT,
AKD 'WHITEWASII BRUSHES.
A fjse ajaensent ef
La latajst atylos.
AT HOTTEST PRICES.
UNION FEED CO-
Itancre sal e!an la
Cat, Hay and Gialn
itUnd Ordtri StlmUJ.
fj. i f.s..,S (la
Telephone No. 17s.
P.O. Bu ley.
ILL1NGHAK & CO.
Hv Jail icceired aa
bsvoic .fKav tsnd Sesssltsa OctstU
Saittd to the wasu of tilt euckat,
and a god line cl
AOaUcnLTiTRAX. iscpiEiaT ztm
We erould call the sptcial atteallofi
of Planters to our
Pm'ient Double Mould Heard Plow,
which has Veen prgnooaced the beat off
the kind ever used Ia IhU count ry.
Wa have also received a
tew Ut of tit
DILLINGHAM BREAKING PLOWS.
to, is, 14 In., which, art glbg serfaa
ceaiafacttsa wherever shay
' Tbt endUti nriety cf gds sshkh
we are now rxeotantly tw
cslviag are ajw being
OPENED FOR INSPECTION AND SALE
AT THE LOWEST PRICE.
r W. HINGLEY Jt CO.
Maufaeturtrt f Itaeanm Clffrt.
tvMercu, axd Li.aiu ia
And Gasoken' Artkiea;
The asost cotaIctl ttocV la. the klagdoav
King street, (bear Atakea) llooolala.
A DMINtSTRATORS' NOTICB.
The wadarslgeed pevsoers tare been g,lrert letters of
adaalatttrartoa Bpoa she estate of Gaorae J. Catases,
deceased, by lha bpeetM Court tf this KlaaVseea, and
hereby gse ayke to as pcrsoas iadeUed to the aatata
to s&aVc stayastAt at tsacw, and alt r"rvvtMhavUf cleisM
agalsssi the ettatt are beiewy aotiaad to pestaas laaea
sat seitascoeai 01 staaa ttrevtr aanwa.
SAUL C ALLEM,
JOSEPH a 211-...
v on no vs.
iwirim Pirifcc PU R., l nBes frees Sen Ff trseiem.
ts-m awl sWoy. Trie bwtMta tie (it.f.ilve, are
(vesta, tad oatwVrt ef the cadett, fr!ry tVetUon
a4rlre.t , . . .fc ..
Ka ALrP.r.II I.EK IIKf.n'l.K, lUA., ,
RS. THOIrlAS LACK,
Ko. 70 Tort StrrvoL, Hortolnln.
iitroateit AB dealt I"
t'nr'.t, Attachment!, Oil nnd Atr'eeort'm.
Aorjii iih Ju
Wrtrt end the LsHT.Rjiw tfirw Iow slteXUe,
Horsed". MneMttt Ntttflt, a Mads
SierTtMrk, 6 . aJwJ.st -krcf.M-cwH.
Mmt, Dimenifi KlHaltt Cut f'afir ratltrn
Dealer la Ilirtrl,
Onset at d Sr?nt5 Gor",
and Mkaluc CAitMpnaa
ltntionr.Nr. stovk.h, in ait fa.
ewhg-Mse)M, Vr sl (nus-Repsmsg protoptly
QAMBIl tt OTT.
Inporlvr snd Dealer H
ChaDdetrs, Lanpt, Pnnts, Erics tt Lmtr pe
O Tabular, Srie Talwlar, Uoilaig-hote,
Acd PolK' Latterns; Nur, Pact's, ail
Table Lamps ; Gbtel.Cr.unlevl, Pefl.ua,..
Lamp llotoerf for uwkginac&lbts.
STOVE? AND RANGES UrIe San", Bxi't
ratert, Rkhovend, " Ka Mt4," Pert, OscoU.
Hawaii Aloha .Ulneia Flora.
MISSISSIPPI RANGC-CvJi!r upt- or sea
FRENCH RANCES-Fcr .eacrtrvi. sct'!s. aisd
private rsilieacei.withorwittoat tu water
WESTENIIOLifS tXL CVTLERY.
A fire ssr.tE-tet cf Table, Desert, and Tee
Knives and Forks ; Carvers and Steels, with
plain and crssavental ivory handles ; ale,
Pocket Knives, Rlrsrt, Shears, BjmWi
and Lad'es- Ectiuvs, Bread Knives, irrnine
rnncn Cook Keivts, llcocter and Kischea
Lades' V.oiV-stand Baiiet ; OZn, Loach,
Laundrr ad llarkat Buktra.
DOORMATS Assmed sum an panercs.
SILV2R.PLATXD WARL: ji
Regr Brothers' a-1 f erW-'sl Platbg Weak t
Water aod Creaci Fitcieri : TMt, Deav,
a-.d Tea Knlvet I Forks and SfWM., Spoon
Holdtrs, Napkin PJngt, Chlldrta't Megs,
Pickle and Cruet S-.avIs, Butler Cowls,
Card Receivers, Fruit huadt, Prweavre
AGATE WAR fc:
Nickle oocnted Tel Sets, la psrt or who'e,
vsry r.et and etiist,e: poia CooktAg
Utensis In larce variety.
STAiirED TINWARt: .
Milk Pans, Puddj-g asd plain Eattfte, JOTt
BoHert; Rice, Jelly, and Icereas Moulds
new patterns in Slew Pacv
SAUCEPANS Enanel-d tM tinned Iron, frees j-pUa
JAPANNED WARE - .
Toilet Sets, ToUet Stands. Wster OMlere
Cake, Cash, and Knife Boxes; Sptttocot
Cnioidots, ChJdren's Trays.
Fairbanks' Platform, Counter, mi Kitchen
Msltac Flows, Shovels, Spades, Ho-e, Pea,
Kice and Usmi Foeks. Oos, Hoe llaaiUi,
Pw Handles and Rrins
ICE CHESTS and REFP.IGERATORS.
BALDWIN FODDER CUTTERS Three sUet,
l, sH and a inch cat, an A 1 arsicl.
! RUBBER HOSE: . .
Warranted berr grades Lew Yoik sunitrd.
and carbellral, f. K 'Ki K stk
Hosa, norsles and sprinklers, kc.
PLUMBER AND TINSMITHS' MATERIAL
iheet Lead, s la it lbs. uoarc root ; Soil Pipe
lead and cast rron; water Clc4ti, Casea
Sheet Tin ; Sheet Cepjcr, clean and tinaeJ,
11 to 00 ox, ; Uovt Bltbs, Rov'n; Stnt,
black aid esaireled; ditto Wash-lands.
.Sh-tt Zincs Soft Solder, oj own naka,
CALVANIZED IRON PIPE to t Inch ; elbows,
T reducers, ptags, boshing.
PIPE VICES, take H to j inch pioe; stocks and ta,
cuts i to j inch pip.
BIRD CAGES Largest variety la market, tainted
bright, and trasswtre.
BABY CARRIAGES. Bays' Wb.w'Wron and G
Hall's Justly-celebrated Fire and Barglar proof
sfes. We keep in stock the largest aaaors
taentcfSa'estobelbTi-sdwsst oT CeuXarnl.
l.ts ctwiled s.pces applicaiiwo.
GELETTS ICE MACHINES:
Jau the thior tor use on plantations wtieaa
.tract ia available. Sm.sU sue cuhes 1 j lVa.
Ice In faux hours; second sire, 70 Iba. ia seraa
hours. Cuts, with fall dlitcsicn fee working.
Bailed to your ddresa 04 application. We
ate aihotlwj to deliver these ossrplnaa
alocgslde at cialers prices, aids ccJy caw
at pchln-caiet and trcfghtl.
CUSTOM WORK cf a3 kinds a lis, eeppwr, aid
sheet-iron wcrcinr aueoded to. U oeit-tbiic;
ever store. Worx esecntcd by cotspeaesa
workmea at rcasocable (rxea.
trAVER BLOCK. rORT STREET.
"Nablt sUpance beuer thin a slow sUlinf as4
T DOHT FORGET IT ,
AlIS at CO
ar a uiaca tTtscst cr yxs
XatT BltT HAT, OUACf, aCTCU
vLatrhc5tri a.LVa .
lo7.t:st marxct rats.
aavd dtSverwd beat to anytpart of she cy.
Agtcu far the
rtwlTto Jftsatsavl ria Inturaetew Oa.
Agent for the HOOVER TEI.tPHOJsTE.
Ctojajatcoer of Deedl for the State of fVI'rrtiU
TELEPHONE NO l.Mtt tt .
CONTRACTOR and BUtLOU.
STEAM PLAK1XO MILLS,
UacarWtare aO kiUs af
BHaiie. KltM ,
asQA. aa twiavci. of wots. work Init-a.
, friilisn, eserttU, autti Istvavt
ASUodaaf PtanCaaaad Sawtoar. M JlUUg, aa4 Toy.
m J it
0MRS ntOMPTLT ATTENDCp TO K H
WORK OUAaUXTIaVB ' ' ' ,