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K, i j
AUGUST .j. tM)
from Finsr paoi.
he took a stand on the side of right
cousnoss, which he never abandoned
The divarded laws were re-established,
and the stniiflde of opposing influent ci
was over. Hxlcrnal order and moral
ity, at least, have been upheld ever
The manliness, dignity, and uiuloni
that characterized the Hawaiian rulers
in all their dealings with the represent
atives of foreign power inthccarlydays,
before recognition, were worthy of the
Romans, While attempting no una
vailing resistance to the war-ships,
which they knew could nnnihilnte
them, they did not for a moincntcower
or fear to speak their convictions ;
they were like the Indians, who have
been conquered but never subdued.
In the year 18,13 he voluntarily sur
rendered his absolute power, and
granted written laws and constitution
al freedom to his people, who had
never dreamed of such thing. What
other races have had to struggle for,
11113 rnonarcu gave ociore 11 was no
manded. I'owcrwasasswccltohimas to
other men, but he had a clear head and
a kind heart. Judges were appointed,
a popular vote was cast, and a legisla
turc was organized; life and propcrt)
were as secure, and justice as sound as
in Massachusetts : and it is only fair
to call this the fruition of the seed sown
by American missionaries. In the
same year France and Kngland recog
nized and mutually (uaranteed the in
dependence of the islands, a pledge
still binding and perhaps worth remem
bering. In the following year the United
States took similar action, and from
that time till now American sentiment
has been expressed in the words of
Daniel Webster to a Hawaiian diplo
mat, "If Kngland takes those islands,
we'll make a fuss about it."
The result of the king's noble action
was, in 18.17, the grand "malifle" or di
vision, which broadly stated was this:
''The king reserved his private lands as
his individual property : one-third of
the remaining lands was set aside as the
property of the I lawaiian Government,
onc-thitd to the chiefs in proportion to
their possessions, to have and to hold
forever ; and the remaining one-third
to the tenants, the actual cultivators
of the soil, to have and to hold forever."
In addition to this Kamchameha, re
alizing how necessary it was that there
should be a public domain, the pro
cecds of which should go to the na
tional treasury, from which his subjects
could purchase the lands they needed
"proceeded to set apart for the use of
government the larger part of his own
royal domain, reserving to himself what
he deemed a reasonable amount 01 land
for his own estate, lly this great act, Ka
mchamcha III. showed his sympathy
with his people, and set an illustrious
example of liberality and public spirit.
The whole transaction was a severe test
of patriotism, reflecting great cre
dit nlso on the Hawaiian aristocracy,
which thus peacefully gave up a por
tion of its hereditary rights and privil
eges for the good of the nation," a di
rect result of Christian teaching.
Desiring additional know lege as to
their 'duties under the new form of
government, the chiefs, in 1835, sent
to the United States for n tencher of
" political economy. Failing in this they
employed the Rev. William Richards,
who gave up his strictly mission
ary work in order to lecture before the
aristocracy on the science of govern
ment and the duties of public officers ;
he also officiated as royal chaplain.
The result of the combined influence
was an excellent constitution and code
of laws. Education in the mechanical
arts and agriculture were encouraged by
special legislation ; but in 1845 a com
bined application of the government
and missionaries to the American Hoard
of Commissioners for Foreign Missions
for a carpenter, mason, tailor, and shoe
maker, was refused as beyond their
means, and not of vital importance.
This action was fatally unwise. A re
verse policy could hardly have averted
their final extinction, but would have,
as I believe, created a needed physical,
and moral strength, together with the
conditions of better living, and none
the less of religious life. From iSzo to
185. there were sent tothe the Hawaiian
field forty clerical missionaries, six liliy
sicians, twenty lay teachers, four of
whom were printers, and eighty-three
women, most of them wives of the
members of the mission. The people
lenneu wunr. mcy were i.iugm, viz.,
Christian doctrine and duty, and inci
dentally, of course, much about
practical life, Hut while in
dustry and thrift generally were en
couraged, the practical object-lessons
which arc as important as preaching
were lurmslieu in a meagre way. What
was done in this direction was chiefly
the work ot the women, who by visit
ing the natives in their thatched huts
and gathering them together in sewing
classes, taught them the use of the
needle and other civilized arts. A re
inforcement of mechanics to train and
harden the soft Hawaiian hand, to
establish industrious habits, and thus
to supply a stamina which the native
character lacked, would have been
wise missionary work even bad it
neccssitcd decreasing the number of
clerical teachers. It was a matter of
critical importance. The redeeming
effort at the Islands was in the manual
labor schools for boys at Lahaina, Wai
mca, and Hilo. The former, howeer,
was partially abandoned on its practical
side when it became a government
school and took up advanced studies,
educating some of the worst and best
men in tlV kingdom. The school at
Lahaina has been a warning against a
too exclusively mental culture of a
soft and pliant race, the one at Hilo an
illustration of an equilibrium of mental,
moral and industrial force.
These schools, over which my father
as minister of education had for fifteen
years a general oversight, suggested the
plan of the Hampton School. The
neprg and the Polynesian have many
striking similiarities. Of both it is
true that not mere ignorance, but defi
ciency of character is the chief diffi
culty, and that to build up character is
the true objective point in education.
It is also true that in all men education
is conditioned not alone on an enlight
ened head and a changed htfart, out
very largely on a routine of industrious
habit, which is to' character what the
foundation is to the pyramid. The
summit should clow with a Divine Haht.
interfusing ami' qualifying the whole
in:m , but ll .liould never be forgoltcn
that tt h onh upon a fomulntion of
regular daily ac tivitics that there can
be any fine and permanent up-building.
Morality and Industry generally go
togcth' r. Especially in the weak trop
ical races, idleness, like ignorance,
breeds vice. The best of sermons and
schools amount to little when hearers
and pupils arc thriftless, live from
hand to mouth, and arc packed at
night either in savage huts or in dirty
tenement houses. Morality, though
founded in spiritual life, depends very
much upon outward and social condi
tions; and, if man is to work out his
own salvation, he must learn how to
work, firanted that character in its
highest sense is the objective point
then mission work evidently
should be organized with reference to
supplying the conditions under which
morality and the creation of cbarac tor
arc feasible. Practical men, if possi
ble, should go with preachers to study,
and in some measure to develop, local
tesourccs of labor, of land, or of pro
duction, thus creating industries, occu
pation, and the conditions of Christian
living. The right men can do much
in this way with little capital other than
their own brains. The man is half the
battle. " Progress through self-help,"
is the motto of our best missionaries
to-day ; but ability to carry out the
prim iple is rare. What is impossible
with one is possible to another. Seldom
will a man of mere theoretical educa
tion appreciate the power of seemingly
destitute savage people to help them
selves. They can do more than he
thinks. The reaction of self-help upon
character is the best result of it. The
Fnglish missionaries in Madagascar
seem to have worked on the right prin
ciple, leading those people primarily in
their industrial life. Labor as a moral
force, is not yet fully recognized in the
Where the work is parental, as
among the childish Polynesians, Afri
cans, and Indians, as distinct from
anlrortrtiul among Mohammedans and
Chinese, the people accept mission
aries as superior beings and become
even more religious than those who
inherit Christian ideas, in so far as reli
gion consists in the outward expression
of rites and ceremonies. Their lan
guage is ricn in words ol reverence
and adoration ; it makes prayer easy ;
and, on the spiritual side, their lives
flower out without effort and with a
grace and beauty wholly their own.
Mentally, too, they arc far from .stag
nant, llut of true morality they have
little or none, because they do not
possess its conditions, which renuuc
self-control rather than pure devotional
ife. In our own highest civilization
morality is common, but spiritually is
llut the Hawaiian missionary was
sent to proclaim the gospel, to convert
the heathen. Conversion is, indeed,
the starting-point of a better life ; it is
to character what the seed is to the
ripe Iruit. 1 he choice ot uod s
service is the initial step : the coal
is the rounded, perfect,' Christian
life. To take the step requires
the decision, possibly, of a moment :
to reach the goal is the struggle of a
lifetime. Viewed thus, one under
stands that it is not the planting of the
seed that costs, but the wise and vigi
lant care of the growing crop. Much
of the missionary work of the world
has been a patient, unselfish sowing of
seed, which, taking root at first, has in
its early frail growth been choked by
the vicious weeds about it.
Ihc Ilawaiians, who stand as a type,
soon learned to read the Ilililc and to
pray to Cod j yet in two entire genera
tions they have not escaped from the
surroundings and the habits that make
virtue impossible. That, in the second
stage of work on the islands, certain
mistakes were made, seems evident.
For example, until the year 1855 the
native girls were comparatively neg
lected. The few boarding-schools es
tablished for them amounted to little.
The sexes were not educated together,
on moral grounds.
On this point the testimony from
Northern teachers of the negro race
has a direct bearing. Contrary to the
strongest convictions in the South,
Northern teachers have been able, in
the leading institutions for those who
lately were slaves (whose weakness is
on the moral side), to bring the sexes
together most successfully during the
past fifteen years. The plan is equally
good with Indians, and I believe for
all people in the early, il not in every
stage, of progress. The way to
strengthen the weak is constantly to
test them under favorable conditions
To change low ideas of their mutual re
lations into higher ones they must be
trained, not in the abstract, but in the
concrete. Separation will not teach
practical wisdom in future intercourse,
any more than by being kept out of the
water can a boy be taught to swim. If
it be granted that the sexes of a race
cannot on moral grounds, with good
management, be educated together,
then that race had better be given up:
it is doomed to immorality. When I
was in the Hawaiian Islands, in 1880. I
found no one who believed in such
co-education, though the other plan was
a failure on the side of mortality. To-
pay there is hardly a ray of hope for
the Hawaiian women. In spite of
African degradation and the loose
morals of slave life, many of the
colored girls of the Southern States,
trained by the side of their black
brothers, have in and after school made
a record of noble steadfastness. Scn.v
rate schooling would I believe have
lelt them far weaker, aim less able to
protect themselves. Stronger teachers
and more expensive buildmcs arc re
quired for mixed schools ; but if a race
is to be saved it is by creating the unit
or Christian civilization, the family,
and that is only possible when equal
chances are given to both sexes, and
they find each other out in the contact
of school life.
Our experience at Hampton forces
us to consider carctuiiy the luture re
lations of the young men and women
whom we are training, and we are
more and more convinced of the power
of virtuous family life. It prornises, in
the future, to be the cornerstoneof our
u-nrlr ttr M Mr, . . V
Since the year 1SJ5 th' Hawaiian
mission has given more attent&p, wfib'
liberal assistance fromuHa'overwoent,'
to female education ;but -almTysrv in
3CIUI.IIC SLIIUUI3, UUU Willi, 1U COi
cou raging results. The mistake, if
retrievable. s '
The acquirement of the Knelkh
language by the negro is a wonderful
help to his elevation, bo the best tia
waitati families are those who lure
dropped the vcin.-Hiilar nnd -.peak I'.iij;
lull, savaur itialei ti tin apart of a low,
sensuous life, that must be forsaken to
gclhcr with iis other bclcnuingi I.ng
I11I1 is ,1 tonic fur Until mind and
I would draw attention to the now
almost universal experien a of the dis
appointing results of attempting the
higher education of uncivilized races as
a part of mission work. The reasons
for this seem evident enough. The
sharp brain of the savage easily outstrips
his sluggish moral nature. With him
mental attainment is merely a matter
of ready memory and of usually con
genial effort. Moral strength is the re
sult of long and patient struggle. The
mental food which is given him creates
a sense of power, ocr which his blunt
sense of obligation has little control.
" Knowledge comes, but wisdom ling
ers," and especially is this true of the
races which lie directly in the path of
progress, and are the prey of the id-vante-guard
of traders and adventurers,
livery power but that of sclf.control is
stimulated. In some quiet eddies of
the great world current, as in Hritish
America and parts of Occ.inica, where
only good influences have entered,
there arc undisturbed fields for simp'c
Christian teaching, where Cod's
word entering the heart works
out into well ordcicd righteous living;
but liquor and licentiousness have
spared a very small part of humanity.
Education of the heathen, and of all
backward races, must bc-of the head, the
hands, and the heart; a judicious propor
tion beingnlwaysmaintaincd. This hour
relation to the negro, though we bid
him God-speed in every endeavor for
the hmhest culture. The majority of
thinking people will admit that we of
me civuueci races uu nui nccu so
much what we are getting as this train
ing of the whole life, for lack of which
our average types of manhood and
womanhood are weakened and point
to no very hopeful future. One can
well believe the truth of what it is said
of some sections of Europe, viz., that
in their thrift and prosperity they still
show the influence of their early mon
astic teachers, who were laborers and
leaders among them in all practical
In making a tesumc of Hawaiian
history, I find that it divides itself into
three periods of thirty years each, as
1. From 1790 to 1820, the genera
tion preceding the mission, a time of
mental activity and material progress,
and the beginning of the nation's phy
sical decay, all due to the presence of
foreign discoverers and traders.
2. From 1820 to 1850, in which the
people embraced the Christian faith,
and civilized institutions were estab
lished through the efforts of American
missionaries, working against tremen
dous obstacles. During this period,
and even before, the harbors of Hawaii
were the annual rendezvous of from
fifty to three hundred and fifty whale
ships, the crews of which, during weeks
of refitting between voyages, were paid
olT, and while indulging themselves
almost without restraint, made the
fortunes of the merchants and ruined
3. From 1850 to the present time.
These years, all of which come within
my own personal knowledge, present a
curious record. The line of ancient
chiefs has become extinct, the people
have become indifferent to religious
duties, bci.ptr anxious to assert their
political power, and the influence of
the missionaries has greatly decreased,
especially since 1875. Great commer
cial prosperity exists, clue to the treaty
with the United States, and to the
increase of the sugar crop from 10,000
to 00,000 tons a year. I he five thou
sand male Chinese adults of 1870 have
increased to twenty thousand in t883,
creating a serious disproportion of
sexes, resulting in polyandry and in
rapid demoralization. Another cle
ment has been added jn the presence
of some thousands of Portuguese and
other Europeans, besides many Malays.
The decrease of morality has kept
pace with the increase of wealth.
Leprosy has made terrible progress,
affecting at least ten per cent, of the
native population, whose death-rate
has gained alarmingly on the birth
rate. A strong race feeling has sprung
up ; and to day the Ilawaiians as a
people arc antt-haolc (opposed to for
eigners) especially to Americans, not
because Americans, but because Amer
icans arc the strongest. There are but
few natives of any strength left. This
last period is pre-eminently one of
decay, offering much food for thought,
especially to those who are interested
in mission work for like races in other
patts of the world.
concluded next week.
Xroreft fiit.l f,o.
0 loved and lost 1 O loved and lot 1
That words were weak 1 never knew
Till, where my path thy foouitp crossed,
I tried to tell my love lo )0J.
O breaking beart I O throbbing brow
llut words are few It may be well.
Tor surely no one knew tl 1 now
A love a lost no one can tell :
A lov which In my bosom burned.
And grateful filled my heart and soul ;
Blindly to thee my being turned,
As turns the needle tothe Ptile.
O good and true, no fault was thine,
1 hat for my love you did not care ;
If blame there be, 'tis only mine
Twas God that made thee g?od and fair.
My love u earnest, true, and deep,
And lasted long before I told ;
And when the secret would not keep,
I whiipered soft the story old.
O happy time, " O golden years,
0 dream iat pain thy wakening cost.
An answer came through blinding tears
1 fvund thai I had loved and lost. "
Cw if Vni.
The people foully wer oppressed
I heard their lamentations long;
I heard their singing clear and strong,
I see thclt: banners la the We,
The caj-uim shout the battle-cry,
The thousands muster la their ndcht I
They turn their faces to the l.iht.
They LA their hands , they prophesy.
We sank beneath the matter's throng,
Our chafing chains were ne'er undone
Now clash )our lances la the sun,
And bless jour banners with a song.
God hides HU purpofi3ne stulficaa
The blessings that the curse conceals.
isti portion to
e bidet HU Urn
imperfect law reveals
i His perfect plan.
!m with patient eyta
it w run
Kile tyrant build upon lb laid.
ipulmhc word, lit warcallU hand.
And fiOA the atauca Ilia tcaiplei r!M.
y Km freedom wave, her Jyoui wing
Ueyood Ike ( jeoacn't abiaUl of gold ;
Much txward linjuif , foe Ubold,
The ti(bt that! rtil wkUt Cod la Un,.
ei, (?. AVe-
I Oil." OTT.
m the old jrr.sNi). number kaa-
PLuMHING IN ALL ITS MtA.NCIinS.
Artesian Well Pipe all tiicu.
H(cTe nml ltntifw.
Uncle Sam, Medallion, Richmond, Tip-top, Pelae.
Flora, May, Conteit, Grand Prize, New RUal
Opera, Deiby, Wren, Dolly, Crpeyi Oueen,
Faniy, Army Rangtt, Magna Charla,
Duck, uptr'r, Magrxt. OkwU, Al
mU, Hcliiu, Chamr Oak.
Nlntlt, lowtnai anj
GALVANIZED IRON and COPPER BOILERS
FOR RANGES. (IRANI FE IRON WARE,
NICKEL TIATED AND PLAIN.
Galvanized iron water Pipe, all sizes, and
I.1I1I on at lowest rates, also cast iron
Lead Soil Pipe.
Homo Fnrnliliini: Goods, all hi nil.
A1I tlreaand jrrtulrs, Ijft and Fore- Pump. CUtcm
Pump. Gilvanlwd Iron, Sheet Copper and
Sheet Lead Lead I'll. Tin Plato
Water C5tt, Marble alata
ajid tuwti, enameled
CHANDELIERS LAMrS AND LANTKR
E W GOODS
MT RECTITED WX
" Martha Davit, " Malligatt ," kai xpetd
' Martpota" and othar vuU
Boston Card Matehei, r
Horw Shoes and Natli
DOWNERS and NOONDAY OD,
LuUJcattnj OUf of all It I ad.
Cut Ni!i, all iiie.
CHach NalU. all tbet.
Cot too Wane In bale,
BUeVtunith't Bello .
Cheap Rim Clockm
Provn Soap, tn ei,
Wirt Hanging BatVeti for Term, &c.
Lanc' Plantation Hoei,
H Inch Cooac neck Soclut Ho,
Ice Ot am Freezers,
Lawn Mowers, best kind,
jp Caftc't Genuine Amotlceag Denlmi,
Caie'. Genuine Amoaltcag Mariner? Stripe,
Bestdtt a thousand articles in the Hardware Utx alwny
Soon expected, not by the "Spartan." a mot com
plcte assortment of
Hall' Htttl Ptotcs and ilrakert
With extra Handles, ncarat and Points.
All theta will b found at the corner brick store of
ifit F. O. HALL & bON. Liraiud.
-pliE GENUINE ARTICLE.
COLUMBIA RIVER SALMON
Salmo BoUlex, 1883 Catch.
Jut leceived from rortlaad, Ore;oa, by
CASTLE 4 COOKE
The. PUb can be rolled upon u FUat-Clata.
-"VFFICB OF J. E. WISEMAN,
nRU-PROOF BRICK BUILDING,
Xt, US Merchant St net. Honolulu, It, I,
The only rtKWKislawil Gtraoral BtuigsMa
Aegatit la tk. Klaajdoaav.
Real Estate Broker, Ufa losarance Agent,
Custom House Broker, Employment Agent,
Money Broker, Fire Insurance Agent,
And General Buslnasa Agent.
Rial F-stati DrTUNT liny and ull Re1
Euate in all parts of lh Kingdom; Value Real Estate
and properly of all kinds; Rent and Lease 1 1 cms-. Cot
lage. Kuoms and Land; Attend to Insurance, laaet.
Krpailin; and CoUectiuic uf KenUli; Draw lgal
lepers of every nature, Search Title Records, etc, etc.
Exriovut-NT DiranTMrNT Find employment la
all tranches of industry connected with the Islands.
GtNaaAL Di-sikus Mattiii Keep IlooVs sad
Accounts; Collect Itdls; lan and Inveu Money; Pen
nuoeliip, Enzrossing and all kinds of Cop) Ing done!
Proem Fire and Life Insurance; Advertisements and
Cwresfondcnce attended to.
ClttOM lloua llon-Attend to all Entiles
through power of atlurpey and otherwise. Mirchaois
will Dad this denanmcat a special benent lo tbeca as I
sitend to the delivery of invoices complete.
SeticiTiNO Aciir fue the Mutual Life Inwaac
Cenuny of New York, the Lugest, grajvira 'and
louadol lnuraoe Cc-mpany In thtt woilX
Toutiasand Travelcxs, and tboee aaeklng perxna
nent hocoes on U,e anus, will nod tt to their advail
tag so consult a.e personally or by leltcj when suitable
accommodations are required, and they wilt nnd tl la
their Interest so call on ma for general lafomutivcl P
taioiae to tha lilanda.
ContipoodaiK-e solicited front abroad ad wdara
acccpteci ana km lor nawaiun (.unoa, reaiea, ieaji.
Shells, Lava bjieeanw. photoa. Views,' etc, ate, irnlt
Uinlcg u the I Jaitda. .- ,-'.'
yijai ot every natare aisasviasiaa, anayiaat ataamiaai
rtua lOasvda. - ,r - S&I .
SirUKT TUOM TVOrtlCKIt,
AMnURG-MAC.imnURO FIRIt IKSUR.
lie Company of llamliura;.
A J4U.I K, Aon ST
lltiildTng, Mfrttwimfiee, Furniture nnd MarMnrry
Ineureil ajalmf Hre on I ! mot fasra!lf lermi. I
pany of He rllrt.
r. A. SCIIAKFHR fr Co., AC.H.VTS.
The ahtee InfirarKtt Cmnrinnr, Irae eftatlilid a
CJeneral Agency here, owl the umlerelfned, General
rz-nia. are amnonreil in take me again tndafliter
Dt the $a al the mmt rraemtaM ratee and on lh
nwnt favorable term.
nrtMHti doahd op uNmmwniTURS,
K A. &VHAKFRR if Cf Aftmt
DrMi1n flour.! nf Undnwtltert,
Vlenn HoMrf of UnWvrrUeri.
Vor itrt lUwuttan UUrhK
GKRMAH LLOYD MARIMtt INfiURANCH
Company of Herlln
r. A. SCHARMK A Ca, ACfiXTS.
ml Agency l.rtsml ih Atovehftnttt, Oner! Agents,
re iM.monftq to lane iik again! in fians'fi&i me
Sou At the nKHt reavHub.ej Jatt, am! on the mou fa
F. A, SatAXFKR & CV.f ACF.tfTS.
Th aljove firm ha. tig been appointed agent r,t iMt
fompany rt trep:uerl to Irwre mfca ajeawt fire on
Stone and JtrUlt building and on Mtrthandi fttored
l herdn, on the mmt (VoraUt lermt.
apply at tn.f nii.ee
TRANS-ATLANTIC FIRR INSURANCE
Company of Hamburg1,
. HACKFRLD d- Ca, Aftnh,
Cat.uJand kevrv. ......... .Retcliimartc 6.oon,an,
" tliair He-Iniurance Com pi men ' tttGy,ari
. . Kttthtniarlc toj,ft$o,orvt
lb Acenllof tbe above Company, for tbe Hawaiian
lilandt, are trriuued to Inture Pulfdin:, riirnliure,
Mercliandhe and Produce, Maihinciy, etc., alio Surar
and Rice Mill,, and vriteli In the Harbor aiainu lot
or damage by fire, Ml tbe mot faVmabt ttrm. I
UTUAL LIPK INSURANCE COMPANY
01 Hew Yotlc.
lULor.n c., AcnxTs,
titryett, AfiC unit nb$l Kronntnlritl TAf
Jnturiitic Contjmnv In lite IForM,
CASH ASSETS OVEH $.?, 000, 000.
For further information concerning the Company,
and for ratri of Inmrance apply to tbe AzfUi, or to
J. E. Wleman, Soliciting Azeni. i
NORTH. OERMAN PIRK INSURANCE
Company of Hamburg;,
. 1IACKFKLD k Co., AGENTS.
Capital and Reeerve... . . ..Rrtcbtmajk 0,8)0,030
" their Rl-tniuranceCompanlei, M j5,rry,coo
The Agent of the above Coirpany, for tt.e llawniian
Itland. are prepared to inture Buildings, I urnlture,
Merchandise and Produce, Machinery, etc., alto Suzar
and Rice Mill, and veo-U in the liarbor, afainit lot
or damage by fue, on the mott favorable term. 1
pOSTON DOARD OP UNDERWRITERS.
C. BREWER b- Co.,
Agent fortlio Hawaiian Ulandi. 1
PHILADELPHIA BOAnD OF UNDER
C. EREU'ER & Co..
Agent fortlio Hawaiian IiUnJs. 1
RITISH FOREIGN MARINE INSUR-
anee Company. (Limited)
TIIEO. If. DAVIES, AC, EST,
Tli atve f-ni hat received Instruction 10 re
duce the rale of Inurance between Honolulu and
Port in tbe Pacific, and I now prepared lo iwue poll
cie at the lowest rates, with a special reduction on
freight per steamers. I
HR LIVERPOOL AND LONDON AND
Globe Insurance Company.
HIS 110 ' Cs Co., AGENTS.
I7iiflmfir( I.UtUtlUu In Slnckhohlrrt.
INCOMIE TOR 1879:
Premium received after deduction of re
insurance.... $ 5.38. 95
I.oM promptly adjusted and paid h-e.
UNION MARINEINSURANCE COMPANY
of San Francisco.
CASTLE V COOKE, AGENTS,
EW ENGLAND MUTUAL, LIFE 1HSUR-
ance Company of Boston.
CAST.E & COOKE, AGENTS.
The oldest Purely Mutual Life Insurance
Company in tne uniiea states.
roltelct limed on the inoaf FarurnUt TtrmM
cxAMri rt of Mov-roaraiTtiRa rLAH :
Insured age 3 1 ears ordinary life plan :
t Annual premium continues Policy a years, 3 days
a Annual premiums continue Policy 4 years, si '
j Annual premiums continue Policy 6 years, aj "
4 Annual premiums continue Policy 8 years. 46 "
5 Annual premiums continue Policy loyean.vS "
Losses paid through Hnoluolu Agency, $40,001
TJ W. SEVERANCE,
vt CALiroiHtA St., Cai., (Roost No. 4-)
IT AIT All AS COX.1VL X COillllSSIOX
i-HARLES DREWER tt Co.
17 Kiluy Staul, OOSTCH,
AOBXXS OF 11 Alt All A .Y PACKETS.
Gtifrat Commission Agtnlt.
Special attcrtion given to the purchasing of goods for
the Hawaiian trade, r'rciahi al lowest rate.
Labor Contract, B.lil of Lading,
Dills of Exchange, Po-vers of Attorney,
Mortgages, Charter Partys,
Ruiklcrs' Contracts, Articles of Agreement,
Deeds, Bottomry Bonds,
Leases, Purchasers and Manufacturers Invoices, Msr.
rUge Cenlncaiet Hawaiian form. Letter
Sheet Maps of the Isltnds, Plana
of llonululu. Charts of
OR ANY BLANKS PRINTED TO ORDER
Al XltOS. 0. TllBVM'S
Mc'CHANT Stt Stoic
ONEY TO LOAN.
INQUIRE OP J. S. GINSBURG,
aoeqr Ccmer of Merchant and Neuana Sdj
S. P. GRAHAM
S. M. CARTER & CO,
TUTAa Of AlKaU
F1BBWOOD, COAL, .asm tltD
HAY amp OATS.
rre Pali eery lo all parte of tie Cry.
-' aUi raleahaaa Ka, ile.
F.Mir.R!, ,Nri.N,itvot" pLNiicunrRS,
l!Ur HiM", CnrV HoWf ,, Inry and Ebony
llnWr (tnlj mounted, lemy and lldna
folder and Paper Culler, FaW'a FaMel
Eraeere, llemeone Velret F.rf,
Cryeral Rubber, RHliberm wl.-
penell ihat thumb lartci,
Pencil IVoterlofi, Robber
UamJt of rnrtoue
the, tic, etc ,
'or 5iie nl Tr. (I, ritltt.'U'.l
MtKHAkT StpT Ann Tout StatirT SroaM
DENS AND PENCILS.
Otl.l.OrrS AND F.ASrKRriROOK IT.NS
frn all ibe detfraUe number.
fjtitll Pern, tyencwlan, ComeMTebd And Cnerom l!oje
Pen. Mable, Icald ft Cfl'e
Rr.LIADI.F. OOI.I) PEWS.
CroV StytngrapMe Per- plain and gold mewiieJ.
Prinre't Fotinnln Pen, Shudlni Pene-ert.
Pig! Cn.'a Automatic !ertcl4 and tedi,
Reef, Illue ami Green PentW,
DIXON, rAilKKandOKOwnKKnr.R KURK
Pencil, No. I lo ,. Artlili' Pencil,, )rafn
Pencil in et, IWel Pencil, Hal
Penell plam tr in wood,
.1 TIIOK. II, 111 HUM'S
iUKkr Sfartr aku Pour Smut SteaiA.
NKS, INKS, INKS.
A R N O LI) ' S WRITING rLUIIlS,
in qt.. pi., i pis. and tones.
CAUTFR'SCOMIllNF.DWRITINO ft COPVINO
i.NK.Irt qi. pit. and 54 pi.
DAVIS' DIAMOND IILAGK INK,
In nts., pt., 54 pt. and (one.
ARNOLD'S COI'VINO INK, Inn."., pis. anJ pit.
DAVIS and IT.KIU.r.SS r.,ne InV In black, blue and
vfottt, and earndneandcrimtofi I luidtfrotn t to 4 or,
ANIOIXJ.'S violet btiek Coptlnt I1.I1, nil and pit.
CAW'S Illack I Ivid Ink, pit.
1ST DAVIS' TREASURY MUCIteAGB, Ta
Its., pit. cones, a mott refractory and re fable article.
Automatic I'rcllOM Mvciutce,
I'nr Rule nl TltOS. (I. TJIltUJI'S
Foat Sratir akd Micmait Stuit Sroan.
Now in stock, with additional Haitern invoicd en
route. A fine variety of tbe
CONNECTICUT VALLEY MILLS,
Cap, Lck-al, Letter, Note and Dill Paper,
Aucrtrd weights. Alio Marcus Ward' Iiiih Linen
Flat I-oho and Note paper, plain, or can be
ruled up to suit any Older.
rVF.DDl.VO NOTE AND ENVELOPES, Si
Mourning Paper, Windsor and Turkey Mills Lioeu
Letter and Not!, French Quadr.ll Letur and
Note paper. Copying pa par,
Tor SnU nl Til OH. O, TllllVM'H
MtrciiANT Staur auo four Stbzit Stouc
LEGAL CAP PERFECTION PADS,
HODDER'S LETTER TAOS,
Leittr, Cap and Note Rlockt ot first quality pir,
Leral Cap, Letter and Note blocks of ruled
Manilla paper, plain Mtmo. and Note
blocks, M. Cl II. form block)
for Dill. Statements,
Or Paper PUT UP In ANY FORM Desired,
Al Tltns, a, TltllUM'S
McitciiAHT SreecT amo Foar Stt Stou.
AND PASS D00K3.
A full Ftock on band at all ti-nes of vnriois
sire and thickness of
Menxnrnndum ltottlt, ftml tltenrtetl Stere
ran Jlon.t, b-alher, press hoard and papercover,
Monthly and Weekly Memo. Tune Books, Milk Bookj,
Uutcheis' nl Grocers' Pass ll.k, Fi-ld (looks.
Scratch Uoki.wopy l'.ool(i,b.aerclse IJookt,
iriri 1 cm. ju,
n s, I'enn s and French (copying
Books, letter, pott and cap
sites, nan anaiimusunu,
rnr Sale THUS. 13. TIIIltTlM
MeaciiANT Stuiet and Fout Stuskt Stom.
BILLS RECEIVABLE akd PAYABLE BOOKS,
'cntt- Joiiei Itecrtpt, Shipping llretipls,
Ontpr Until,, Srhnbl Jteeorde,
Plantation Time Books, Package Receipts, Mdi. Or
der t'lanks. &C, etc., constantly on nana, or
Special Forms Made up to Order on Short Notice
Al Til 01. U. TIlltUU'H
Mixciiakt Sihct akd Fort Strict Stohu.
A line Assortment of
now In stock ccnslsting of
LED(lEl:S,atVItXA hS,lAYHnnil CASH
full bound, in Demy and Medium Sires.
Ledgers, Journals and Records,
Half Bound, in Cap, Demy and Mediam Siiee.
Cap Lnne Day Books and Single Enlry Day Books
hail bound, iwo-tiuru J'ty iiooas, narrow
Order Books. 'I rial Balance Books,
Cash Books, Qlo. Records
FOlt SALE AT
Til 0.1. a. Til HUM'S,
MiacHAHT Steet akd Foht STErrSrois.
"PTC, ETC, ETC
VISITING CARDS, PLAYING CARD3, SLATES
-single and dsuble. Duplex cap and letter clip,
Shiptnan's Letter, Cap and Invoice Files. Rub
ber Copying sheets. Copjlnr Brusbet,
Dampeuiog Bowls, Inkstands. Paper
Weights, Sealing Wax black and
red. l'ancr r asleners. L.e.
gal and Notarial Seals, Moore's Btrttert, Biouloz
" n.j. n -,' t. Lr... ul... n...
Silk Taste, Pink Tape, logelbu with the
THOUSAND AND ONE OTHER ARTICLES
usually found In well appolctcd Stationery Stares,
or Jalertt TJtOS. a. Tit RUM'S
Mexchaxt SrrEtrr and Fot Stuiet SyoiE.
Wa have received a further cooslgnaent of
Jfera. Jj-lrreea.l iraaondf Co.'ajracAlnrv
And bare now on hand, ready f je debvery t
One Trhe-EiTsct, on hasdaona lr lUj'ag, containing
J.'H sqnare feet cf healing luifyv with Pumping
Engine and discharging Monljfl complete.
One DoubtcEcTect, having 1,1 jo sijuate feel of heating
surfac, with Engine and Montjua.
One set of Four Wtitan't Patiat Ceotrifegsls, with
Eogina and Miser,
One set of Two Weston's Palent Centrifugals.
Ilavtn Increased facilities far the rruflsactore a
these machines, (lie Weston Palent, for which, n
Gisat Britain hat aspired), we are thus enabled to o?r
them at maieiUlIy reduced prices.
We have a full auortrntnt of Centrifugal jpar-
lining, brasses, rubber bants and bushes, etc
Two Diagonal Eogincs, each 6 In. by It In.
Clariners, Flat Coolers J by t by and i by ! by 1.7.
On Spare Top Riller for at bye. In. Mill
One Spare Side Roller for do. do.
One Spans lolersttdiate Spur Wbccl for gcuifig of do.
itt if a W, MACrARLAKE s Co.
OOKS PERTAINING TO IIAVVAIL
Jarves' History of the HawailaA tslania
Whurvty't Guide Book.
Mia Bud's Sis Monthe b ire Sandwich Islands
Miss Cordon Cuaasnieg'i Fire Fountain.
Mrs. liidd's 1100010.
Hawaiian Ahauac and Annual.
Together with a large stock of valaaU and entertain'
lag booka, liHofalsictiiaSAiblUhadU tbe supplement
XMOi. . TMMV3FM
& "? '
(nciicntl e?lrjbcrltociiuiito. I
OT. MATTHEWS HALL, SAN j
tjryaled tn the beautiful rfUaee ttki Mal0. on the
neabTiihed In itAf. pM-lrrn Enafrnelori nf rermla.
healed ay Meant, ami are hi e reiy way airanged for the
begin Inly at . .
lot further infermailon ln.1 caulegne, ul out,
TrriLDnn a co,
Importers and dealeit In
Ami UhIMIuk MAtorlal
of B klndi, Jntt received, er lale irrinls, nven
large ana wut seieeie.1 cargoes 01
cctnptlsing all ihe aiual stock llee
In Scantllnjf, Tlmtt,
' Featlng, Pickets,
tlanlcf suid Bo.trd.
ALSO DRY REDWOOD,
Scantling, PiAn-s vitiate and rough Boards r
faced and rough Battens, Picket, Rustic,
Lattice and Clapboard
DOCKS. SASH AHD KUOma,
All sir, of Ea-tern and California make, and tor
sal m q'anutiea to suit, at low pnees.
Alio, ik Stocst,
WHITE 2INC. PAINT OILS,
METALLIC AND OTHER PAINTS,
CLASS AND SALT,
AWD WTfTTEWASH DRtTSTTJTA
A tne ajaortmeet of
ta Intort atyloJ.
AT LOVTEST PKICES.
UNION FEED CO.,
Impencr aad dea.'tr In
Cat. Hay ami Oialn
Goods promptly delivered.
tm 4 (J.U., tla
Telephone No. i;s-
P, O. Boa 117.
ILLINGHAM & CO.
Have Just received aa
Invraloa cNW and DeMlraTbl QoAtU
&cutd 10 the wants of tils aaarkau.
f MechMnW TU,
We would call the special atteuloa
of PUstert to our
ralett Doubt Mould Board rtern,
which hat been pronounced the beet of
tie kind ever used In this coaniry.
We have alts received a
new lot of the
DILLINGHAM BREAKING H-OWS,
to, it, 14 in, which art giving perfect
ealitfactlca wherever they
The eodjest variety of gjdi which
we are now ocnsuat'y ra
cetviag are S.QW being
OPENED FOR INSPECTION AND ZILZ
AT THE L0WE5T PRICE.
F W. IIINOLEY Jk CO.
JfuitVsKurer tlteana Clffesrsv
lUHeTEU AKD tVEUtai
And Smokers AitLdee,
The aoel ooosplstt stock to. the kingdom.
King strt, (near Alakea) Honotale,
A DMIN1STRAT0RS' NOTICE,
The undersigned pertcsM hare been given Inteet ol
admbiuiaiioa Vina tU eaate of Gaoru J. Eaaaaea.
deceased, by the Supreme Court tt this Kiagdotn, nod
barettv eiea ewMiet. ta aQ beruB indebted So usa easata
to tula payment at toe, and all pttaosteliavlettlalst
against tne ctlata wa hereby nousaa to
ied so tweeaat laVaes
sos seuaaBa4 of aiaM forever
,r barred. " '..
AM'L. C. ALLEH.
JOwIPH a CAiTtt.
Geo. . lEtask'Imiaia
i ' -.
j' on inr.i,
Sontbern Pacilir R. R.. t rmle frorn Pan Francum
tion and abtlHy. The bo'lding are esttmive, are
health and eomr'eft af tbe cadei. I'rlntiy Senion
Rav. ALFRED LEE BREWER, M. A.,
RS. THOMAS LACK,
No. 711 Tort Strcat, Ilonolnln,
lnroate akd deau-x ik
BKWXWO MAO It IRES
I'nri, Allathmniti, Oil nntl Aereutrle.
Actsaji roe Tun
White andihe LMitT-Rifllo New Ham MacLtna,
llorard's Machj( Ntedl'a, alt khd.
Cutlteirs SUk, In ill ceHuri and tires I
fkrboH's Linen Tliread,
CUrVi O N. T. Machine Cotton.
Mmt, DtmertiCt A'ttallt Cut 1'aptr talUm
Dealer In Ttirttt,
Obke aid Srotitro Root",
tinno.irxn .irorr.fi. i niieiec.
Sewlng.Machtne, Ixick and Oun-Repamng promptly
attended 10. qr
Importer and Dealer In
KEROSENE FtXTVRnS. ,
(.liandeliers, Lanpt, Pendaf.ii, CrscVt Lanp;
O TuVlUr, Side Tubular, Boiling-hou.
acd Police Lectern; Nurse, Pocket, an.1
Table Lamp ; Globes, Chlmneyt, Reflectoes,
Lamp Holders lit sewing-rnacbu.!.
STOVE! AND RANGES Uncle Sam, Bud.',
rater,!, Richmond, " Ka Mol," Pert, Oseaola,
Hawaii Aloha Almeda Flora.
MISSISSIPPI RANGE Gitr capsciy or too
FRENCH RANGES ror r taurants, be!s, and
prirsle rtsideaccf. wiih cr wliliout hot waur
WESTF-NIIOI.M'S t XL CUTLERY:
A line tenant ot Table, Desert, and Tea
Knives and Forks I Carvers and Sieelt, with
plain and ornamental Ivory bandlea ; ales
Pocket Knives, Ksjjm, Shears. Button bole
aad Ladles' Sc.siors, Bread Knives, genuine
French Cook Knives, Butcher and Kiuhcn
BASKETS! . . .
Ladiia' Wotk-ttand Basket j QZce, Lunch,
Laundry and Markst BaaVera.
DOORMATS Assorted sires atw pattern.
Rogers Brothers' and MerUerl Platme Worka i
Water aod Cream Pitchers j Tabic, Detr,
a.d Tea Knlve Forks and Spoons, Sooon
Holders, Napkin Rings, Children's Mug.
Pickle and Cruet Stand, Butter BowK
Card Recaivtrl, Truit Stands, Preeearvw
AGATE WAR t:
Vl1.1 mvinfMl Tea fef. In DUt f
.....-..- -. -. -- . - . .
vry neat and deoratiie; puu ivxiag
UitaiJs In lari varity.
STAMPED TINVARt: .
.MllE ran, l-uuaing ana plain ua.m, ..ii.
Boir ; Rice, Jelly, nnd Ice-cream Moulds
new pattern in Stew Tanv
SAUCEPANS Enam'I'd and tinned Iron, from j-plnt
JAPANNED WARE: , .
Toilet Set. Toilet Stands, Wattr Coolers
Cake. Cash, and Knife Coxes; Spittoone
Cuspidors, Children's Trays.
Fairbanks' Platform, Counter, and Kitchen
AGRICULTURAL IMPLEMENTS: .
Mclioe Plows, Shovels, Spades, Hoer. Rakea,
Rice and Manure Forks, Oca, Hoe Handles,
Plow Handles and Beams.
ICE CHESTS and REFRIGERATORS.
BALDWIN FODDER CUTTERS-Threej !. K
1, i'A, and inch cut, an A 1 articU.
RUBBER HOSE: ....
Warranted belt grade New otk standard,
and carhollKd, . ',. s, iY,, tX, t iud
Ho, norelcs and spruiklers, &c
PLUMBER AND TINSMITHS' MATERIAL
Sheet Lead, 1 lo w lbs. sonare foot ; Soil Pipe
lead and cast iron; Water Cloeets, Casea
Sheet Tin; Sheet Copper, clean and tinned,
ra to co or. ; How Bibbs, Roia; Sinks,
black and enameled ; ditto Waihstandt ,
Sheet Zinc: Soft Solder, our own maka,
GALVANIZED IRON PIPE-.H to Inch; elbow.
T reducers, plugs, bushin;.
PIPE VICES, take i to ) inch pipe; slocks and dtea,
cuts i to 3 inch pipw.
BIRD CACES Larreit variety b raaiket, painted
bright, anl brass wire.
DABY CARRIAGES, Biys Wh!b.rro- and Go
Hall's Juulyelcbrated Fire and Burglar prceaf
Sfes. vekccpln stock the largest aaacet.
mem of Safes to be firmd wait u California.
Cuts tnailed ujn appiicatluo.
GEIXTTS ICE MACHINES:
Jutt the thine- for use on plantations wheats
team Is available. Small sie makes tt lbs.
Ice In four hours ; second s.'re, Tolbs. In wvaai
hours. Cuts, with full direction for working,
mailed to your addieea on application. Vv
are aulhorlred to deliver these machines
alongside at maker' prices, adding otdy ce
ot packlng.case and freights.
CUSTOM WORK of all Linda In lis, copper, and
thectdron wcrking attended to.
ixintr altetuteu to. Wcaranop
Work executed by cscupeseset
workmen at reasonable pricee.
BEAVER BLOCK, FORT STREET.
'Nimble sixpence Utter than a slow shilling "eassl
OT DONT FORGET IT Jet is it
A1IS Tt CO
at a tAKi rrocx or the
VERY BEST HAY, ORAX., STOU
wUc!) It o(Tere4 IV the
LO?TiST MAJtKCT RATtsT
and delvtewl frwe to anrSrt of sba c'.ty.
Agectt for the
TmtUU Muktal lift InHtrvn Ctv
Agentt for the HOOVER TEt.tPHONtV
Caaralaslcatr of Seedt tot the Stare of CsJi'cnJa,
TELEPHONE NO isMi It
CONTRACTOR and BVILDE.
STEJM PLAK1XO MILLS,
Maniitactiue aS UaJt of
- ad Detw
eVOd ebU ItaBli. trf -Jeti-jrwrk eUeate.
1Tl'"et WwaI auttt wtUtat atta'
ADUodeaf tlaaaafand SawIa.MjrtiUM, aad Teat
OIHU MtOMPTtX ATTMOTP TO