Newspaper Page Text
A Newspaper Pnblisrit'd Weekly.
iMtMtMmtw$soovUiiu uHur .
$6 s lo $7.s, flrcnrmnic 10 their declination
tiii: siyio.v.i n ohk.
After a prolonged session of tour
months, the legislature of 1884 is nt
last to be prorogued. The question
naturally arises What benefit lias the
nation derived from these immensely
protracted deliberations ? Regarded
in the light of possibilities, little indeed
has been ntromplislied which tends to
the immediate welfare of the nation ;
but, regarded in the light of existing
circumstances, most inportant results
hae actually been accomplished, while
the foundation lias been laid for much
hope of future reform The fruit of
newspaper agitation in reference to the
misdoings of government, which was
constantly kept up for months prior to
the day of election, might hac been
seen in the cry general election of
men who asked the suffrages of the
people as oponents of the administra
tion, and the comparatively small num
ber who were able to gain seats as pro
administration men. Eighteen out of
the twent) -seven representatives were
elected as opposition candidates, but
that four of these liave been foresworn,
and hav c since their election shown their
perfidy to their constituents, -docs not
alter the fa t th it on last election day
the majority of voters were with the Op
position part). And there is every
reason to believe that throughout the
islands, the doings of this legislature in
exposing abuses and curruption have
been instrumental in fostering that
sentiment, in a manner, and to n de
gree, that in no other way rould have
been more effectively accomplished.
The records of the session about to
be prorogued will be the most effective
campaign document that can be used
at the ncU polling time ; and if dis
cretely handled, will send a majority to
the next legislature that neither free
feeding and the bribery of office, nor
official bulldozing, will be able to sway.
After election, it was noticed with a feel
ing of pleasure, mingled with a certain
degree of surprise, however, that the
last ellort or i.mson to create an an
tagonism between Hawaiians and white
men had most singularly failed, as evi
denced by the fact of the large propor
tionatc number of foreigners returned,
and the fact in particular, that wit of
eight such candidates seven got scats.
That the now expiring session of the
legislature has not been productive of
all the good that might have been
wished ; and that in the main, the Op
position party should have been out
voted is in no way discouraging, when
we compare the results which have
been obtained, with those of the session
of 18S2, where only foir of the whole
number made themselves conspicuous
bv their independence. With such a
legislature as that of 1882, packed with
shameless sycophants and toadies, it
would have been impossible to foretell
the results, had the plans of the ad
ministration, to bring confusion and
ruin upon the country, been as delibera
tely concerted as during the present
session. With a body of men uch.as
those elected to the last legislature,
the administration could have done en
tirely as it pleased, and neither investi
gation nor exposure would have been
effected in any case. In such a case,
no finance committee's report, such as
was at this session brought forward,
would ever have seen the light ; the
bank charter would have passed, and
the country have been Hooded with
paper money, and such things as loan
bills, indemnities, foreign embassies,
army and navj bills, permanent settle
ments for a numerous posse of newly
created princes and princesses, and all
sorts of criminal extravagances, would
have been piled upon the legislative
record ; while lottery schemes, opium
licenses and sundry other demoralizing
measures would have passed without
If the Opposition lias been unable to
effect any great reforms, it has at least
been able to negative such measures
as these, against the backing of the en
tire cabinet, and their large hireling
support among the nobles and repre
sentatives. Not least, it has been able
to show in their true light the charac
ters of certain men in the assembly,
who, with less strength in the opposi
tion, might have been able to longer
maintain their guise of gentility and
respectability. In short, it has been
able, if not to bring the thiel, in every
instance, to justice, at least to expose
his infamy in many instances, to the
eve of the community, it mis suown
the electors what men have lougnt on
principle for uood government: and
who on the other hand have been will
ing to support allt kinds of iniquities
for personal considerations of a pecu
niary nature and that white men can
as safely be trusted to represent them
as those of the native race.
A few; extracts from Maine's letter ac
cepting the presidential nomination
are given in this week's. New York Cios
sip. We have lacked space to print
the letter as a whole; and most of our
reader, have doubtless already read it.
If there be a Haw a fatal Haw in this
most stateinanlike of kindred docu
ments, it is in Mr. Ulainc'k reckless al
ienation of the Mot mon vote. For
one may scarcely doubt that that end
ncnt Califorulan, .Mr. Sam ltranuau,
and that equally eminent Hawaiian,
Mr, V, MurrayGibson.will now cast their
influence for Cleveland.
In another column, Knickerbocker
calls attention to the wonderful skill as
a financier of merry Mr. Ward of the
famous New York firm of Grant&WauL
The finances of this country have been
placed in so highly satisfactory a con
dition by the economics of Gibson cV
Co. tht little is left to wish for. Al
though perhaps, as Mr. Frederic Ward
is not at present in active employment,
It might be well to invite mm here
to put the linishing touches on our na.
In the world's history, fiaud and
force have made many inferior men
kings. Fraud and force have for a
long time kept them, in power. Hut
eternal justice has always triumphed
or else the nations which have suffered
from kingship made by fraud and force
have tottered odeccv. It U the priv
ilege of each one of our rwdcr to
aiue his own application.
Tin: .v:n i.inn.titr
The opening of the new building of
the Honolulu s Library and Reading
Room Association is an occasion for
civic -nay, lor national congratulation.
lint a fine building is not in itself
enough. The essential of its success
must be well selected book. In the
course of his remarks last Monday
night President Dole said that he had
no doubt there were several thousand
volumes which might be spared from
the private libraries of the town, and giv
en toswcll the number ahead) owned
by the association. w do not doubt the
assertion. Hut we trust that both do
nors and the authorities of the library
will remember that "There be books
and books." To fill half the shclvcs-of
the new building with ill-sclcrtcd fic
tion, for instance, would be to hamper
its usefulness. Miscellaneous popular
science, poor history, cheap essays and
the like are qmteas profitless. It will
require judgment on the part of donors
and tact on the part of the library
management, on the one hand to select
only books worth giving, on the other,
to delicately show why the gifts would
bcof no use. We think the fiction depart
ment of the librar) ought not to be
large. Man) of the standard English
novels, and a few of the best translations
will alwavs be called for. Recent fic
tion can be so rheapl) purchased in the
various pamphlet editions that it does
not lcgiiimatelv come within the pro
v nice of a high 1 lass library to supply
this matter, Iwt what modcrit thought
is thinking in, speculative and applied
science, in history, in political economy,
in finance, in the problems of politics
ought to be keptupwith by a careful se
lection from the countless number ofnew
books that claim the readers attention
in all languages. Of courc only a
small selection can he made, by pur
chase, but the intelligent book bii)crs
of thecotintry can make their ow n reading
more valuable by placing occasionally a
good volume at the disposal of the library
management. Mr. A. I. Cartvv right
has already announced his intention of
donating a large collection of works on
Hawaiian history, travel, folk love, etc.
Much may be done to supplement the
Cartwright collection when in place.
It would be a graceful act on part of
the government to turn over to the cus
tody of the library association all the
books of travel and general literature
now in the government library unless
it is seen fit to go further and donate
the whole lot.
The misappropriation bill passed its
final reading last 1 uesday. As tabu
lated, the totals are as follows
Civil List . .$ 127,931 1,6
Gotcrnmcnl Settlement 22,150 00
L.ccislature ana rrisy council
. V ...
What the honorable dishonorables
who burlesque civilization as the
Hawaiian Cabinet asked for was as
Civil List . ....
Government Settlement. .
Lcgislatit e and Privy Council
20, 800 00
Education . 5.
Health . .
When the session opened, intheiresti-
mated income (more than will probably
be forthcoming) the ministers estimated
$2,3if),87o..i2. 1 lie deficit will be,
then, $i,e,in,8Se,.ii. The passage of
the indemnity bill for the misappro
priations of the past period, without
proper examinutioi was the last big in
famy of the honorable dishonorables
who fatheied it. J'an is not yet.
The country is indebted to Mr. S. M.
Damon and to the editor of the Bul
letin for "a very clear and very full ex
pression of opposite opinion upon the
question,"Shall the king be discussed."
One need question neither Mr. Damon's
patriotism nor his honesty in declaring
that he has made out a poor case for
his side. The llulletin editorial in
reply is calm, temperate and logical
We think it is unaswerable. Macauley
could scarcely have put it more forci
bly : "It has happened ere ibis, that
tojally to the king bus meant disloyalty
to the country ; and disloyalty to the
king has meant loyalty to the country ;
and be it loyalty or be it disloyalty we
maintain and shall ever maintain that
our loyalty is due first to the country,
and second to the country's chief rep
resentative." mo r.titrv i'..i ryoiuin.
luvrioKM ok rut. ofrosmoM
PuttWe lieliete in constitutional cotem
mint so lone as the constitution expresses
the will of the people.
S'(iimJ- Wc believe in changing the con
stitutionin order to make, it express the will
of the people.
7('n'-s-ll) "the will of the people" we
mean popular expression of the honest intelli
gence of the people which alwajs follows
certain broad lines of human rights, those
rights being based un he reciprocal duties
of those who govern and those who are
got er tied.
fou'tA-" Life, liberty and the putsuit of
lnppiness " are universally acknowledged
human rights. The ruler and his immediate
csccutites, if they fall to go) mi according to
the wiities of (he people, who alone can gitc
them the right to govern, aid and abet alike a
spirit of misrule and of ret oil, which threaten
life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness and
the human lutciests dependent on them.
y,jth W'c ihfnk those cititens and thoac
uatioiu who fail to recognise the signs of
death, tyranny and misery tn the hfinuuift
of dishonest or foolish government are cither
criminally careless or hopelessly blind,
coo save liuektyI
l-LATTORM OK THE IMfOSITION I
FirttW'e belies c tl constitutional gov
cmnicn, so long as we aie permitted to in
terpret us constitutionality, without the ofti
ciuus interference of the supreme court or other
obstinately unpurctnUble officers.
5t(ttiJ-'e believe in whanging the con
stitutiott whenever It shall be found to ex
press the will of the psople, to ojr disadvant
age. TkirJ lly the will of the people Is meant
lnips.rtincnt ascription of power which
really belongs mil) to kings, successful
place hunters, adtentuiers, parasites and ren
egades. fourth -W'c hold that all the bosh that
ever was written about human lights would
not weigh in the scale against a single pam
phlet in defense of the divine right ofklugs.
'tftkiituWy, we are for our noble selves,
fust, last and a!wa).
COD SA.VK Tilt KlttC i
int.tir.it 1.1 r mi iti trim 1.
The able bodied and (lis able minded
editor of the court journal recentl) gave
some valuable gratuitous advice con
cerning the reception tendered the In
dependent members of the legislative
assenibl) last Saturda) night. Unfor-I
tUnatc!) the advii e came too late to be
acted iipon b) the otnuiittec having
the affair in charge, but the kindness
deserves recognition and counter kind-1
ness. 1 he lollowing suggestions tor a
farewell entertainment to be tendered
the cabinet and others of his majesty's
royal Imposition ere their departure for
their several homes including the
peaceful vales and sunn) slopes of
Lanai arc offered in the same gener
ous spirit, "without money and without
THR ORbER Or rauCESSIOS-
Squad of ten men from the ex mounted police force
Lieuteruint hmjthe In cmnmanj
Itie Kings Own, in fatigue uniform the House
hold Cluards. 1 ht balanc of the arm) ,
also in fatigue uniform
I ssentv policemen Their ears stulTeil with cotton,
let the familiar " Haul tn distutb the per
fect th)tlm of their marching time.
V. hearse drawn by Isselre hordes, in it a large eoflin,
containing the king's speech on opening uirliament,
the roval messsge recuinuMnding retrenchment,
,! BAUb.uiii- il lnbtdM ttf tim hinnl.r .if
fin-torr. and llie van.iut tillla fur nation f
al Improvement Introduced by te
Opuosition and Idled by tli't
4. smaller hearse, drann by two hones, and con
utmng the two bantc-chaiter lulls, the king's
private expenses bill, the lottery scheme,
the eight million loan bill, the arm
and naev bill, etc., etc
The lmiOMtijn meinbeii of the legislature In carriages;
after the ministers, Governor Domii.is and
Colonel Macfarlane, Ignoblcs Kaa,
and Walker, etc., etc
dray conveying a stuffed club
Martha) Parle and Captain A. Hum!! Ilavlc), late
tlth Prince Albert Hussars, in a carriage.
Office holders, whose salaries have been raised,
TMK ROYAL HAWAIIAN Mir
Mr. Gibson's personal friends in Mr. Dodd's smallest
bus a!! wrapped in cotton batting.
to prevent rattling
MIS MAJI-STV'S LSKRIACK.
. dray load of Kalakaua Dollars, representing
the Power Ilehind the Ilirone
A furniture wagon, drawn by six horses, contain
tug coronation accounts still unp-ud, and lolani
Palace bills not yet audited
The ex editor of the Hawaiian chanting Aletut ii IrV,
accompanied b) Mr Mlchlets on the cornet
Four dray loads of preparej whitewash.
banner one side the legend, ' 17J mutt AV Ei a u
At 1 1 Ai r.s"; on the other hand next Nov.
ember's financial statement, showing
the registrar's bslanie sheet.
Till' HsWAIIAN l.SNl.V ASIJ FOUR HCLS UAsICRKS
Mr Spon 1) Sheckels, orator of the day,
in a barouche.
Mr. O Connell Daniels, poet of the day,
in a dog cart.
Messrs, C C. Ktarquc and Way S Jebti, incense
burners, in band carts.
An honest man, in irons.
Todies, sycophints, apologists, time servers, tools,
panderer, corruptionisls, of
TIIK LINK OP MSKCII I
Iron. Alliolanl Hale along King to Maunilcea, to the
Fish Market, to Nuuanu, to King, to Musical Hall.
ligh Priest of Mclchiscdec
..l.x-editor of Hawaiian
Chant "Aloha ka Moi".,
nr.i;.. "n.- WftiL.run
Oration "TheWower of Pelth "..Mr Spon D. Shekels
Poem" Thf Mullets ICesengeJor, tne Seven uucLctt
of tiore"; an epic of Hawaii (Poi) net . .
.Mr. O Connell Daniels
Incense burning; .. ., Mesrs C. C Klanjue
and W'aj S. Jebb
General Luau, General Giu and General Hula, all
of the regular army, will then take charge, us.
slsted by General Orgie. Dancing and so
forth will hold the furt until a late and
The (IthiuH Jliirrh
lune Marching TMith Gttrrt
llring the good old "organ, boys, we'll hate
Grind it with a spirit that shall reach the sun
Grind it as wc used to grind it when tve stole
As wc were marching with Gibson.
" Hurrah, Hurrah I we'll sing the jubilee :
Hurrah. Hurrah I for Gibson's lob ber-ree."
So tve sani; the thorus, from the hash house lo
As we were marching with Gibson.
How the fat boy shouted when he heard the
jot fit! sound I
How trie turkeys gobbled which thoc finance
tcllows loutul I
How those bustles bustled .is they fell upon
the ground !
As wc were marching with Gibson.
And there was Major Charlie, his last name
'gins with G.
And there was Gcnctal Totney, a freebooter
And there was Cap. Kaiena, our lommissar),
wc were marching with Gibson.
Judge Advocate Aholo and Adjutant Kcau i
Stout Chaplain General llaker and Sergeant
And Corporal Xalalela with his mighty
breadth of brow
All went a-mirching with Gibson,
And Sutler-General Tarlane, t.e called him
handsome Mac ;
And General Worsethanuseless, all tattoed on
Ids back ;
And Private Turncoat Gardner for short we
called him Jack.
All wtnt a-matching with Gibson.
And many gallant fellows I haven't lime lo
Though in the book. Cf plunder they are handed
down to fame;
Tor thedettl has the key and he's sitting on
All went a-marchitig tith Gibson,
We plundered and we blundered, but we did
the former most i
",lMa Ha rnsil" was our leader's proudest
And the battle flag of royal loot was heading
all tin host
At wc went inarching with Gibson.
And now the fight is user, and wc sit within
To count the silver .shekels that have brought
our souls' content.
Hut what the Mo.cs we shall do when all of
it U spent
't w fiat we've got to learn from Gibson.
"Hurrah, hurrah I we'll sing the jubilee,
Hurrah, hunah 1 lor Gibson's job-bcr-rce.'
lijl when ihe plunder's pau, sir, we'll sing
And go no more marching with Gibson.
Mr. KaidouUu deserves a stanta all to him
self, for his soldierly beating, hit mowess In
battle, his good looks, Ids lungs and his earnest,
actite and perfectly frank haolc hating. It is
hoped thai this note twill be atuplyiapolosjeiic.
I.. I II. I
llnnoliilti't Tntlinonlill la Thr llnnnrnblr I
mnnrif lit .V trfrmrrf ltrlrwtf
'"" Satunla) night the Independents of
Honolulu gathered in force at the Lyceum nn
Nituanu street lo receive those members of the
Part) of decency and honesty who had had
the courage to vote for the resolution of want
of confidence In the present tninistr). Those
tntited were : Prom the nobles Hon, God
frey Rhodes, Charles K. Ilishnp, Hermann A.
Widetntnn, James 1. Dow sell, Charles 11,
Judd, Paul Iscnberr;, J. Motl Smith, Sim'l G.
Wilder, J. II, S. Martin i from the represen
tatives lions. Oat id II. Hitchcock. Joseph
Nawthi, J. M. Kamvila, J. Kaultane, G. W.
Pilipo, Godfrey Hrovtn, JohnW Kalua, Wil
liam Owen Smith, I.. W. P. Kaneahl, John
Richardson, Frank llrown, Cecil Drown, San
ford II. Oolc, W'lllian i:. Howell.
Mr. llishop, Mr. Wilder, Mr, Judd and Mr.
Dowsctt of the nobles were unatoidably
absent ; and Messrs. Nawahi, Cecil and
l'rank Brown of the representatives.
Admittance to the reception was by rard
and numbered the following, besides many
who had cither left their cards at home, or
whose cards were not taken t
C. W. Ashford, W. Chas. Acid, J. Anahu,
Alexander, A. T. Atkinson, Wm. Allen, J.
Ahpai, S. Anaptt, I.. C Abies, Avert, Col.
Jona Austin, J II. Atheitott.
llhnclu.'Til, O. Hunch, S. U. llishop, N. I
Iturgess, (Major J M. I lemon, J. I.. Pusher,
J. II. llidns, C. A. llrown.
W. K. tattle, J. G. Cletior, Thot. Christ
Icy, A. I". Cooke, A. J. Cattwrlght, Jr., J. II.
Castle, G. P. Castle, Itruce Cattwrlght,
Charles Clark, II. Craft, A.J. Cartwright,
W. Clarke, C. W. Cooke, J. O. Carter.
Chas. Dcbbc, l'rank Oarling, E. C. Damon,
S. M. Damon, T. II. Davies. II. 1 Dilling
A. G. Hill's, G. Ungclhardt, N. II. L'mer
son, J. S. Umcrson.
T. W. ricming, Abr I'ornander, A. O.
Torbes, W. U. Foster.
Louis Grieve, M. Green, Robert Grieve.
Chas. Hustacc, Jr., A. S. Hartwcll, Chas.
Hall, G. K. Howe, J. Holing, Hcdcmann,
W. W. Hall, W. I.. Holokahiki, M. Hman,
Albert Ja-gcr, P. C. Jones, Jr., W. Jarn.lt,
i:. W. Jnrd-tn.
Koihau, Kauka, J. Kanui, W. A. Kinney,
Geo Koch, U. Kistlcr, A. P. Kalaukoa, W.
II. Kahumoku, J. Keliaa, Kcliinohopono, S.
Kaaikaula, J. W. Kavvainui, A. Kraft, II.
Kaaua, S. Kaulco, H Kraft.
Win Ixivc, Danl Lyons, G. C. Lees, I.ogtn,
I'm II. Lovvrey, W. I.inz, Geo Lucas, Thos
Lucas, M. Lnuisson, II. Lose, James Lycett,
T. '. Lansing, J. Luck stone, Lindsay, Lecker.
Robert Moore, Dr. Martin, Henry May,
Maiuac, II. Mosrmsn, I'd Mclncrtt), Albert
McGurn, Wm McGurn, Or J. S. McGrcvv,
Capt II. Mist, W. C. Mcrritt, The Ma), G.
McLean, S. Mahclona, S. Macauley, D.
Manuia, J. Mahiti, Jas McLane, I'. Muller,
Geo Xorton, John Nott, J. Nalua, Ja Nott
Jr, Jas Nott Sr, S. Nott.
Ii. Ordcnstcin, K. 1). Oat, J. M. On, J. M.
Oatjr, S. II. Oni.
J. C. Pfluger, Pipikanc, W H, Purvis,
Wtn Phillips. J. H. Paty.
W. Roe, A. II. Uascmantt, II. Kiemen-
Schneider, G. II. Robertson, Dr Rodgers, G.
J. Ross, M. Rose, Dr Kiclly.
W. Smith, J. II. Simeona, F. M. Swanry,
II. S. Swinton, J. M. Stlnson, K. A. Smith,
K. M. Starkey, Albert Smith, II. W. Schmidt,
Stillman, J. Shaw, G. W. Smith, J. K.
Spaulding, R. S. Smith, F. A. Schaefer, J.
I. Q. Tewktbury, Dr Tucker, Wray Taylor,
J. D. Tucker, M. Thompson, E. D. Tenne),
L. A. Thurston, J. Sorbert.
E. Van Doom.
Waipuilani, J. Waivtaiole, S. Waivvaiole,
W. Wagner, E. O. White, T. E. Wall, W. C.
Wilder, J. II. Wodchouse Jr, T. R. Walker,
J. Webster, W. S. W'cb,tcr, J. T. White,
John Woods, C. II. Wilson. W. L. Wilcox.
The preparations lor the reception were
made in excellent tate. Colored lanterns
hung along the front of the L)ceum building,
on each side of the entrance walk and from
various points within the building. The inte
rior of the building was most elaborately dec
orated with maile ami flowers, masses of the
latter resting in various embrasures and on the
reading desk; and festoons of the national
greenery encircling the pillars, lhck of the
ro.trtim the flags of the three treaty nations
were combined with the national colors in
union at once artistic and symbolic. A scroll
bearing the national motto was above the Hags,
the national coat of arms below them, and
pictures of the king and queen to the left and
right. A supper room had been formed by
tinting the lot makai the building, while in
the lot of Robert More was placed a tent for
Mr. P. C. Jones Jr, presided and Rev A.
O. Forbes acted as interpreter of the speeches.
The supper was a good one and the only draw
back to its cnjo)incnt was the rain which came
through the canvas of the flat-roofed tent,
where it was served.
The proceedings were opened by Mr. P. C.
Jones, Jr., chairman of the meeting, who
stated the object of the meiting.'rcading letters
of regret from Hon. Joseph Nawahi, Hon. C.
K. llishop and Mr. W. I.. Green. Mr.
Green's letter was as follows t
sir. (.ii.KN's Ltrrrr.R.
I regret that a slight Indisposition prevents
me from being present at the testimonial re
ception lo-night of the independent members
ol the legislative assembly. I hate not usually
attended political meeting!, but Ihe circum
stances pinnectcd with the late session of the
legislature arc of such, a nature, as to render
a united expression of public opinion on the
political situation at its close of mote than
Honest diflcrcnce of opinion as lo Ihe
proper measures to t passed, and of ihe ap
propriations of money lo be made by the legis
lative Ijody, are to be extected In all coun
tries, and It is for the minority to accept the
laws which the majority decide upon I but In
reviewing some of the acts recently intro
duced, anl the appropriation of money
granted, It requires the utmost stretch ofcharita
ble construction to conclude lhal lhc who
introduced and toted for them, believe them lo
be for the benefit of the country, Indeed, I
am sure that I only echo th; general sentiment,
on recalling Ihe course of the goternment of
this country for the last two )cars, when I say
that our political sjsteni, as It has lately been
wciktd, threatens to be a failure, and that
whether we term it a const it utlonaf irtonarchj
or gitc it any other name, it olds fair to de
generate into a system of spoliation, pare and
simple, in which the tax-payers will be called
on to support n extravagance, idlers and In
Apparently in reply to Ihe general dissatis
faction which the flagrant course of the mat
appropriation of the public moneys has neces
sarily tended to product, unpreccdcnledly
large sums have been voted, ostensibly for the
maintenance of "order," and for which1 ex
traordinary and useless expenditure Ihe saaissi
taxpayers are caucu upon to provide mt
la the ciduvsvry course of events may I
'. ... 1- .c ;.l 1. -t ..-lt.i..l .. -- I
nui say 111 111c rajJiu uiarcil 01 11u11u1.11 evems
in the present day such
a sxstein ran only,
emlure for a scry
short period. All honoi
then to those who hate pursued the true
method of retaining for us our king and our
constitution, and hare desired tn assure the
permanence of Iwth, by endeavoring to pre
serte for them the respect and affection of the
The following addresses, teplies and resotu
lions were made In their order and were re
ceived with close attention and applause.
MR. VVALKFR's ADDRESS.
In asking )ou to accept this address, we are
desirous of expressing, in the strongest manner
(Kissibte, our high appreciation of the course
which sou have seen fit to follow during ihe
legislative session of 1SS4 1 and whilst so doing
we arc sure that wc represent not onl) our own
earnest convictions but the decided opinion of
a large part of the whole nation.
Never has any Hawaiian legislature been
called to deal with more serious tptestlons than
some of those which have come before )oit
and never hvvc stronger efforts been made on
bclnlf of any proposals than those nndc In
support of some of the measures which )oti,
gentlemen, have considered it )our duty to
Whilst the majority of vour number, and
frcucntl) )our unanimous vote, has thus been
constant In opposition to undesirable legisla
tion, )our sovereign, )our constituents and the
world have scut )ou steadily ranged on the
side of liberality in dealing with measures for
the public benefit, watchful care acainst extra
tagtnee, the avoidance of national debt, the
reform of abuse, and the ln)al maintenance of
pure constitutional government
That the independent members have been a
minority In the legislative assembly is a fact
which only heightens ) our ilaun upon our es
teem, as it hts undoubtedly nude nccisssr)
more constant attention .and more vigilant
activity on )our part, whilst nevertheless )oti
hate been depritcd in many Instances of the
deserved satisfaction of seeing )our efforts
crowned with success.
We hate with indignation heard it said, and
hate seen il stated in a public paper, that the
independent parly consists of disappointed
office-seekers. Gentlemen of the- house of
representatives, jou go back to )our constitu
encies with a prouder record than if )ou had
been selected for the highest office. 1 he coun
try knows that, disdaining to accept official
position at the expense of principle, scorning
to suliordinatc' your conscience to any ambition
for distinction or desire for personal gain, )ou
hate-stritcn to do )our duty to the state and
to your constituents.
What is this duty ? What is the house of
nobles supposed to be appointed for by thepeo
ple? Are- they sent to Aliiolani Hale to act as
pieces of clockwork, and to rise and say "Aye"
at the bidding of .anyone and in fator of any
proposition which may hate money or influ
ence to support ,il?Is it for this purpose that
wc sec nobles who hate been advisers to Ka
mehameha HI, of Kamehamcha IV, of Ka
inehamcha V, of I.unahlo, and ol Kalakaua,
noliles, two of whom hate been for so many
years alternately chosen by the legislature to
the most distinguished and responsible office of
its presidency, and represcnttiaves who hate
been returnid again and again, for many years
past, from such important districts as Ililo,
North Kona and Kau?
OrUit your dignified duty andyourgrate re
sponsibility to use for the benefit of this king
dom the experience, the judgment, the con
science and the-patriotic mind which have com
mended )ou respectively to your sovereign and
to vour constituents? The latter is the course
which you hate pursued, the course which wc
desire unhesitatingly, emphatically and unan
mously to support ; and tve belictc that wc
express to you, to your honored president,
whose rulings throughout the session desert e
the respect of the whole kingdom for their ju
dicious and impartial character, and to each of
you, nobles and representatitcs, the grateful ap
preciation not only of Honolulu but of the na
tion. There may be attempts made to lessen the
imortance of this testimonial meeting in your
eyes by the cry being raised of "foreigner
against native," and by Ihe assertion that,
being composed to so considerable an extent of
foreign extraction, this is a demonstation
in the interests of foreigners. Such a
charge against us is not true, and will be the
resource only of weak-minded or else abso
lutely unprincipled men. On the contrary,
the one ground upon which w c arc agreed is
a sincere desire for the nilan of Hawaii ncl,
inJtftihleid ami froipertut. Many of us w ere
born here and educated here, and most of us
hate the whole of our worldly interests ex
istent in this country and dependent upnu its
institutions; institutions which, by the law of
the land, tire 10 extend their benefit to all,
irrespective of race. Jmt as the
supreme court of this kingdom already en
joys the respect and regard of other legal bodies
for lis disintereslcd and intelligent judg
ments, so may the independent .maintaincri
of constitutional government here claim the
s) nipathy and admiration of Its supporters alt
over the world.
, Hut many of you, gentlemen,- will go back
lo constituencies where most of the electors
are- of native race; and we feel sure thai your
districts will believe, as we do, that you as
their representatives hate not worked and
voted in the Legislature of 18S4 in pursuit of
office or aggrandisement of any kind; but as
trustees for the king and the people, of the
public welfare, as careful guardians of the
public purse, and as vigorous optmucnls of
a policy which would threaten Ihe country
with foreign debt and Involve il in serious
Va luau ia Ea a ta Ainu i la rno. Tins
is Ihe motto which Kamehamcha III choose
for this country. We saw, and his successors
have seen, that national honor and upright
ness are Ihe foundations of national welfare;
and these are the principles which we believe
that you have lalwrcd to maintain, as the sin
cerely patriotic servants of your king and hts
people, of Hawaii and Hawaiian independent-
SIR. KllOnU' RKl'LV.
I find myself in rather a novel position to
night, but I will say a very pleasant one. It
is the first time In rather a long life that I
have ever Wen placed In such a potion as I
am this evening Uiat is, lo reply to Ihe elo
quent address amlkind expressions to myself
and colleagues. We feel very much Indebted for
these Und expressions which we have just
heard, and in replying lo them you will pardon
any shortcoming of mine and lake II in kind
ness and indulgence. We have bten placed in
rather an anomalous position I will speak for
myself- hu the president of the assembly
Should In ttssf minority of ihe house. I
have been In thai position before In fact, Il
t)as been Ihe normal position of my life.
There are so many ceotUmcn so much moie
liable and so much more competent to reply to
tuch an address, as to make me feel the honor
kit the greatest. We see there the Hawaiian
kiotto, which was proposed by King Ktmeha-
I niha III., who reigned when I first came to
I thCSe UUIUllsfCd HUH 4SU a lli I
j&fni" That U true, and we have seen
s.Au. f. h. mrtim it tw(ui iti.rvartrsl from in
he last two )ar.
Wcjbavt endeavored so lai as we posurjty
Id to wiinnatul Vs hat wc coiuucrtvi rjtva
We have withstood il to the tit
most. We hate clone our best to stem the
torrent. Unfortunately e hate not been
able to overcome Ihe odds that hate been
against us, except In a' limited number df In
stances. In my public life en there Islands I
hate alwa)s been in the minority, but il
hts'ulvvays seemed that In the end the cause I ad
vocated has been triumphant. I hate stood be
fore to-day for the Independence of the coun
try, which we hope to see established by Ihe
cflorts ol these gentlemen surrounding me who
have hitherto stood up In sain. The nation
must be constantly on the lookout and doing
battle for its life. I should be sorry lo cast
Imputations on anybody, especially thrjse in
the v in In directing the destinies of these Is
lands, but it is Incumbent upon me In speak
out It is not politics we arc fighting, bit I
tcrily bcliete it IsKm and terrultttn. And
these, gentlemen, we will stand up 10 combit
as long as we have life left in us.
We all of us owe loyalty to Ihe sovereign,
and you all occupy the same position al our
back, for we see before- us the portraits of the
king and queen, showing that you are as loyal
as any of the representatitcs of ihe country.
Vet wc consider it a lamentable thing that the
sovereign of these Islands should not have the
best of men In the people by which he Is sur
rounded that he Is led away by evil counsels,
that he has been led away. I speak It kindly,
and I say il most reluctantly, that it
appears by the counsels he follows that
ht- has the gratification of his own desires at
heart. I say this, sir, not nut of any unkind
ness of feeling for him, but In sorrow that he
should be led away by men who have sttrh .a
lust for place and power that the) will sacri
fice every principle of truth and justice to hold
Let its look away from these things a little
and let me draw )our attention to the gentle
men by whom I hate been surrounded in the
legislature. It is not I who hate done any
thing, but il is my friends here, nobles and
representatitcs, who hate done all that could
be done to support the independence of Ihe
country and lo uphold the sovereignty of the
king, which some of his adviser! seem to be
undermining to the best of their power. All
honor to these men is due. The) have ap
pointed me as leader, but they have fought Ihe
battles. They hate done their best for the
gooM of the community and for the good of
every gentleman I sec here to-night. When I
see this motto, 1 think as the gentleman who
wrote the address said " It will only be a short
time that evil wilt triumph, and right shall pre
vail, and you and all shall feel the benefit of il
and honor the men who have been the means
of accomplishing it."
MR. KAUIIANF.'S RH'LY.
At the unanimons request of my fellow
members, I have the honor to address you tn
their behalf, aud express our appreciation of
yonr cflorts in thus publicly endorsing our
course in the legislature. Wc are soldiers
from the battle field, where we have been
doing battle for the rights of the people
and the welfare of our beloved country. Tor
four tnotths we hate been engaged in this
battle, with the incidents and the rcsultsof which
you arc all familiar. I cm truthfully say
that wchave worked not for our own ad
vadtagc, but for the rights and the independ
ence of our native land. I feel that the action
which you hate taken in this matter will be
productive of good. It is not only an honor
conferred upon us, but it will shows the na
tion that our conscientious endeavors to do
our duty are appreciated by the best citizens
of this place, and it will act as a stimulus in
the future "CAimiult Eo ka Ainaiia
I'mio" is whit we must take for a guiding star,
andifwc faithfully and eirnestly continue
our present work, wc will certainly triumph
In the end. '
Mr. Joseph O. Carter speaking on
behalf of the committee, read the following
resolutions, signed by A, S. Hartwell, F.
A. Schaefer, J. 0. Carter, Alexander Young,
Henry May, II. W, Schmidt, Edward Preston,
M. Loulsson, W. C. Wilder, A. J. Cart
wright, George Lucas, W. R. Castle, J T.
Watcrhousc, Jr., C. M. Cooke, John Nott,
A. F. Cooke, J. II. Alherlon, W. W. Hall,
P. C. Jones, Jr., J. H. Paty, 11. F. Dtlling
ham, T. R. Walker, and II. Ricmenschnctder.
That a grateful community tender Its thanks
to those independent members of the legis
lative assembly who have voted and spoken
at the present session on the side of constitu
tional reform, of pure government and ol a
wise economy in the appropriation of public
That this country is not unmindful of the
great personal inconvenience as well as ex.
pense with which such members of the assem
bly, and especially the independent represent
atives; have by their patriotic efforts demon
strated that the cause of good government in
Hawaii is safe in the hands of the great ma
jority of the Intelligent and unbiased voters of
That a worthy example for future legis
lators has thus been placed before the
That the best wishes of all who have at
heart the welfare of this kingdom will always
attend these gentlemen for their good light for
the cause of political legislative reform.
MR. dock's SI'KrXII.
It is very pleasant, on an occasion like this,
to rise and feel that I am not 011 the other
side. I rise to thank you for this expression of
your regard rather than lo talk politics. On
behalf of myself and colleagues I thank )ou for
this magnificent reception. Any person not a
member of the legislature does not know what
we owe to the strnng'backing ol public fcelirg
from the beginning to the end of the session.
I am so used to getting up to fight my political
opponents, I hope you will excuse me It I do
ntit feel like pitching Into ihcm when they are
not here. So far, it looks as if w e are going
back, but there are some defeats belter than
victories. In five years we will be. belter able
lo weigh and test the results of ihe present
session's work. One victory I wish to boast
of, whicn was achieved at the very outset.
On the first day of the session, although we
knew we were a minority, we elected the Hon.
Godfrey Khod as president. That was the
success our opponents fell most keenly. It
has been a conttnnous catastrophe for them
from beginning to end. If it had not been for
that victory the session would not hate been
half so satisfactory,
Iconic of the best things accomplished have
been brought about more by )ou than by us.
Public opinion made the government banking
act so easily killed lhal there was no fun in it.
This assistance we counted on and felt, the
great object of Ihe opposition has been good
government. So far as Immediate results are
concerned'we cannot show )ou a great deal
in that we hate failed, Uut our labors have
not, for all that, been in tain, In the South
cm Slates, when the coons are caught up a
lice by the hunter they feci that It It about up
with them. We may say respecting the mem
bers of this government that we have treed
them there they are. We have made such
clear exposures of their misdeeds as they can
never gel over. I have great confidence In
Ibe power of truth. 1 believe there is no
(leg, no conioinailon, that can long withstand
ibe power of truth. If we hate not secured
the oveilhrow of mis-government, we have
dona a great deal (u th good of iheae it-
I'.sposurcs hate hern made that were tried
lo lie prevented- things came to light In spite
of the'govcrnnient. Dark transactions were
coming to the surface right up to the last We
hate Iwcnme accustomed to meanness, anil wc
may hate sometimes expressed ourscltcs In a
manner that crhap you could not support.
Hut wc have been severely tried and 1 lwlieve
)ou will overlook any hastiness of expression
that we may have len chargeable with. A
gentleman who visited the legislature the other
day said lie couldrrtl stay there -Il made him
sick. Allhomshwe have not gained all we
would like, yet we go back lo our constituents,
feeling that wc have done our best for their
and the countr)' good. Again I thank )0U
for this beautiful and sumptuous entertain
Mr. kalua's stepxii,
The compliment of this reception as paid to
me and my lellotv members as representatives
of the right and of thfwishes of the people In
Ihe legislature. For tn)self and my compan
Ions, 1 thank you, and through ) ou, the citizens of
Honolulu, for the honor done us. lly the cor
dial recognition which )oti hate this night
gitenof our cfiorlt, we shall be strengthened
to continue the struggle In behalf of the wel
fare of our common country, of its Indepen
dence and Its progress.
Four months wc have patiently and unre
mittingly done our best In behalf of the people
Wc have been called enemies of the govern
ment; rebels, and would be subicrtcrs of the
government. V ct wc hate not watered, but
have conscientiously endcatored, day after
day, lo resist bad legislation and extravagance.
At one of the recent evening sessions gia
reigned otcr n number of the members to such
an extent that the) dtd not knew what Ihcy
were doing and voted on our side. Thus docs
the bribing dinner table re act upon Itself in
Its endcators to rob the people of their rights.
As Mr. Dole has said, it is you who kilted Ihe
bank bill, we only buried It. It was the same
w illi the lottery bill. 1 am proud !osay,gentlcrncn,
that I and my comrades leave this legislature
with clear consciences and clean hands, free
from bribes. I have been taunted with having
no independence; with being a mere satellite
of Mr. Jones, of Mr. Castle, of Mr. Hartwcll
and of being the tail of the missionaries. Hut
I can truthfully say that while believing In the
integrity of those gentlemen, I hate toted at
all times for what I myself thought was the
A few days after the opening of the leglsla
lure, I was urged by one of the cabinet minis
ter's to dine at his table. Hut I refused, and
I am proud to say I netcr sat at his table.
That minister told me that if there was any
thing which I wanted, to make it know to him
and it should be granted. He did this knowing
that I was pledged to oppose htm ; knowing
that I had publicly stated that his ways were
evil and that he was leading us down to the
end. He did it thinking that he could stop
my mouth with his bread and buy tny vote
with his whiskey. I am not the only one who
has been thus approached. Others of us hate
been promised whatsoever was In the power of
the government to bestow; but I am proud to
say, that as to the members present here to
night, such attempts have been in vain.
We are going back to our several districts
with a clean record, knowing thai our consti
tuents will welcome us, and approve of our
course as you hate done, Uamau ke Ea a
ka Aina i ka Potto" is our motto, and we shall
hopefully continue to do combat for that motto
until tictory crowns our efforts, for a good
name is rather to be chosen than great riches.
May Almighty God care for Hawaii ncl.
SIR. GODFREY BROWN S REMARKS.
As my friends have told you, wc have had
up-hill work to do. Wc may not have done
much, but we have prevented much, I must
say that wehatchadralbcrup hillwork, and thai
if wc had been supported by some gentlemen
whocall themselves Independent we could have
stopped many things that have become law.
One of the most iniquitous of these schemes
was the further relief of the board of genealogy,
and it only carried by two or three votes. On
different occasions, if we had only the support
of one or two we could lute prevented the worst
schemes. I suppose you have all heard of the
report of Ihe finance committee. That would
show the country what this government is do
ing. If nothing more wc have exhibited this
ministry steeped in inlamy up to ihctr very
lips. I cannot understand what are the feel
ings of those gentlemen, when a tote of want of
confidence in them only escaped passage by
their own votes, and then a tote of censure
was passed upon them; or how they keep
their scats. Those scats they have not yet
lost; though they have lost their honor if they
ever had any to lose.
MR. I'lLiro'S REMARKS.
I thank you for having selected roc as one
w ho was worthy of being asked to this "reception.
I feel tint the honor you are doing me Is equal
ly an honor to the people of North Kona, for
I am but carrying out their wishes. I am but
the representative of of that district, aud I shall
report to my district this kindly feeling of ex
pression of feeling and endorsement of its views.
We hate have no reason tq feel discouraged.
If we had but two more representatives and
two more nobles we, should have been In the
majority this session, and the side- of the
people- and of right would have triumphed.
You know gentlemen, what difficulties we hate
labored against t how we were tn the minority
and powerless to stop the extravagance which
was forced upon the country. What we mutt
look forward tn Is the lime when we can count
28 patriotic representatives; men who love
their country and cannot be bought; men who
wilt guard the treasury and the Interests of the
people as a sacred trust. Then, I say, Hawaii
will be safe. Prior lo ihe last election the fa
met! millionaire King of Kainaomao(SpreckcIs)
said to me t "1'ilipo, youaic like a ciai who
is swimming against the tide, and you are trav
the tide will turn and run with you, and then
you will go forward." Gentlemen we have
been swimming against the tide, but 1 urge lite
people never to git e up because it is hard work.
Let there tie no faltering and 110 rest.
The Imnosition nassed the ministerial
indemnification bill last Thursday un
der peculiar circumstances. It had
been agreed in caucus mat tnc inuc
pendent members should absent them
selves from the house in order to pre
vent the passage of the bill. Nobles
llishop and J. Mott Smith afterwards
decided to attend. Their so doing
gave the house its quorum, and the bill
was put tnrougn, alter passing a prone
less amendment proposed by Mr.
Smith. In absenting themselves, the
Independents merely exercised the right
to act in an extreme case in the only de
fensive manner possible. The failure
of Nobles Bishop and Smith lo comply
with the wishes of the Independent
caucus was, on Mr. Bishop's part, a
serious error ol judgment. It may
have been the same on Mr. Smiths
part It is, however, pretty well under
stood that Mr. Smith, like Barkis, is
"willin" to go again to Washington.
It is in the power of Mr. Gibson and
the king to send him there. In the
present condition of political morality
on these islands, it U jrhap too much
to expect that Mr. Smith would injure
hit chances for a rurn
.Vrir I'nrk rtij
New Vork has had several pronounced sen
sallons latel). The humiliating iwukwatdness
of New York merchants In "coming forward" in
support of the transportation fund of ihe
I l.i it hold I statue committee Is not the least of
these sensations ; though the recent stock col
lapses, including the Grant .- Waul failure and
the opening of the presidential campaign, have
each In Its turn Aroused public curiosity and
(Hipular excitement almost to lever heat.
The Grant & Ward failure Is certainly one
of Ihe most remarkable on record. When It
failed the film had nominal assets of $17, 139,
00S.56. Its liabilities were $16,791,647.72.
From that comfortable showing the firm ought
to have made a nice little clean-up of some ten
millions after liberally feeing receivers and
bankruptcy commissioners. Hut lo, and be
hold ' when Mr, Receiver Daties foenssrd his
expert binocular upon ihe accounts of this
phenomenal Arm he found Ihe rottenest little
financial Denmark that it had ever been his
privilege to explore. Instead of the nominal
assets of otcr twenty-seven millions he found
actual assets of jusl $67,174.30. Ah I what a
shrinkage was there, my coiinlr)incii I
The various political pots arc boiling merrily
in every city of this broad land, and the
biggest pot of alt is lioiling Ir New Vork.
Maine, Cleveland, Duller, St. John Repub
lican, Democrat, 1-abor Reformer, Prohlbl
tlonlst. livery vote for llutlcr Is a tote from
Cleveland 1 every tolc for M, John is a vote
that ought to belong to Maine. And both the
wall-eyed turn-coat from Massachusetts and
the situ ere but Impracticable abstainer from
Kansas claim to be able to poll enough votes
to prevent n plurality for either thy Republican
or Democratic candidate, and thus throw the
election Into the house of representatives. Of
course that would mean the election of Cleve
land. Maine's letter of acceptance has won
golden opinions. It is the tetter of a matt who
knows whereof he writes ; of a icscrvcd yet
candid, careful yet determined man ; of a
thoroughly practical man of affairs tn brief,
of n statesman in its broad sense. Of course
the ultra Free Traders don't like Maine's pro
tection ; and some of his critics sneer at what
they term the lameness of hts attitude towards
foreign powers. And yet I should like to
know how any thing could be more admirable
than this 1
"Our foreign relations fator our domestic
dctelopment. We ate at peace with the
world at peace upon a sound basis with no
unsettled questions of sufficient magnitude to
embarrass or distract us. Happily removed
by our geographical position from participation
or Interest in those questions of dynasty or
boundary which so frequently disturb the
peace of Kurope, we are left to cultivate
friendly relations with all, and arc free from
possible entanglements in the quarrels of any. ,
1 he Untied States has no cause and no desire
to engage In conflict with any power on earth,
and tve may rest in assured confidence that no
power desires to attack the United Slates."
Personally I like the letter in detail and tn
totn. In regard to the important topic ol
tenute in the citil sertice, it is as clear as a
bell anil as sound as a nut. The concluding
paragraph of this topic is as follows :
" My observation In the department of state
confirmed the conclusions of my Icgislatitc ex.
pcrience, and impressed me with the convic
tion that the rule of Impartial appointment
might with advantage be carried beyond any
existing provision of the citil-service law. It
should be applied to appointments in the con
sular service. Consuls should be commercial
sentinels encircling ihe globe with watchful
ness for their country's interests. Their In
telligence and competency become, therefore,
matters of great public concern. No man
should be appointed to an American consutate-
who is not well Instructed in the history and
resources of his own country, and in the re
quirements and language of commerce In the
country to which he is sent. The same rule
should be applied even more rigidly to secre
taries of legation in our diplomatic service.
The people hate Ihe right to the most efficient
agent in the discharge of public business, and
the appointing power should regard this as the
prior and ulterior consideration."
One might Indeed wish that the ne-xt Presi
dent of the United States had more fully
elaborated his ideas upon American currency j
but I think no far-seeing man can fait to recog
niic the justness of the little he does say :
"The people of the United Slates, though
often urged and tempted, hate ncter seriously
contemplated the recognition of any oiher
money than gold and sitter and currency
directly conterllble into, them. They have
not done so, they will not do so, under any
necessity less pressing than thai of desperate
war. The one special requisite for the com
pletion of our monetary system is the fixing of
the relative values of silver and gold. The
large use of silver as the money of account
among Asiatic nations, taken In connection
with the Increasing commerce of the world,
gives ihe weightiest reasons for an International
agreement In the premises. Our government
should not cct.se to urge this measure until a
common standard of Value shall be reached and
established a standard that shall enable Ihe
United Stales to use the silver from its mines
as an auxiliary to gold in settling the halances
of commercial exchange."
At this writing, Governor Grnvcr Cleveland
is chewing the end of sweet and bitter fancies
in his bachelor quarters nt Albany
'- Wishing that women had colder Ucn,
And sighing that men had hearts of clay."
for the stns of the private citizen have been visited
upon the official candidate. So far, the story
is practically unanswered ; and, nasty John
Kelly says, "is unanswerable;" which Is the
best thing in Cleveland's favor as the roan at
whom Host Kelly thiows mud Is apt to b
sufficiently cleanly to justify attack from that
Il Is, of course, "merry war" among ihe
newspapers. 1 he gallant old Tribune is fight,
ing for Maine almost single handed the little
Influential Commercial Advertiser being Its
principal all). Ilrsklcs all the regular Demo
cratlc dallies, the 1'osi and Ihe Times have
nailed the lUg of Cleveland to their traitorous
sanctums and me pitching into Blaine just as
vindictively as the Tribune went for GiSr.t In
187a Harper's Weekly Is bitterly and molt
Inconsistently anll-Malne 1 and that yellow hor
net of the cartoonists, Puck, stabs weekly with
ihe Impotent venom of the gad lly, Aud still,
like the soul of " Osawaiondc llrown," Ik
" Maine booip "
'! matbina cms."
Which reminds me that I, too, have bieri
"marching 00." Forgive me I have barn
Interested In my subject. More (1 mean Uss)
The position of Special Hawaiian
Envoy (or Commissioner) to Washing
ton is one of questionable usefulMtsv
Hawaiian interests are better protected
without itso far as our informatios
goes. The position is one trust U
subordinate to and yet independent
of that of the Hawaiian Minister Res
ident. " Subordinate indepcivdewce
means clashing." We think the letter
office under its present tried mwI
trusted incumbency k equal to tee
full reimireroMits of the steiMtiea, ' tutti
to any emergency likely fotw 19,
VwrrsmMl vm nftumi f