Newspaper Page Text
Volume v, Number 2.
HONOLULU, HAWAIIAN -ISLANDS, SEPTEMBER 13, 188.
Whole Number 211.
great deal might be said an the
subject of manuscripts. From the care
fully illuminated specimens of old pre
served in our public museums down to
the hastily scribbled printer's "copy"
of to-day, each bears a history, and
could contribute to unfold some por
tion of the life of the author whose
hand had wrought it Indeed, were it
possible for each written sheet to tell
its own story we here refer to manu
script of more modem date what a
picture of intellectual endurance, dis
appointments poverty, and oftentimes
despair, would be brought to light; what
talcs of huntings amongst publishers,
rebuffs encountered, hardships under
gone, would be added to literary
Mr. Thackeray has hinuclf told us
how his "Vanity Fair" was hawked
about from publisher to publisher, and
its failure everywhere predicted. For a
long period Charlotte llrontc's "Pro
fessor" shared the same f.ite vgain,
Mr. Kinghlce's carefully composed
" Eotlien." the labor of several vears,
was destined to go the weary round of
publishers m vain, and it was only
when its author induced one of that
cautious fraternity to accept the classic
little work as a present, Inat he enjoyed
the gratification of seeing it in print.
The first chapter of " Hie Diary of
3 Lite Physician" was offered suc
cessively to the conductors ol the three
leading London magazines, and re
jected as "unsuitable to their pages,"
and " not likely to interest the public,"
until Mr. Warren, then a young man ot
threc-and-twenty, and a law student, be
thought himself of Illackwood. " I re
member taking my packet," he says,
"to Mr. Cadell's in the Strand, with a
suspicion that I should never see or
hear anything more of it; but shortly
after I received a letter from Mr. Illack
wood, informing me that he had inser
ted the chapter, and begging me to
make arrangements for immediately
proceeding regularly with the scries.
lie expressed his cordial approval ot
that portion, and predicted that I was
likely to produce a series of papers
well suited to his magazine, 'and cal
culated to interest the public."
Turning now for a moment to the
disciples of dramatic authorship, we
discover that their experience is similar
to that of many authors. Poor Tom
Robertson that indefatigable actor and
dramatistsank into his grave almost
before he saw the dawn of his fame ;
and John Baldwin Iluckstone, during
his struggling career, was in the habit
of pawning his manuscripts with Mr.
Lacy, the theatrical publisher, in order
to procure bread, upon one occasion,
when met by a sympathizing actor in
the street, he apiwared with scarcely a
shoe to his feet, and almost broken
hearted, declaring that all his earthly
anticipations were centered upon the
acceptance of a comedy, the rejection
of which would certainly prove fatal to
his existence. In the end, happily for
him, the comedy was accepted.
The following anecdote is connected
with the history of the Odeon, one of
the lirst theaters in Pans. One day a
young author c&mc to ascertain the fate
of his piece, which, by the way, had
appeared such a formidable package,
upon its receipt, that the secretary was
not posscsseu ol sufficient moral cour
ing, and to whom the great Newton. that wrote them, were thrown into his
had remarked, among other com pi i- tomb. What a funeral was that at
ments "You are worthy to distinguish which Beaumont, Fletcher, Johnson,
between Leibnitz and me." It happened and, in all probability, Shakespeare at-
on one occasion that he had engaged tended' what a grave in which the pen
a fresh female servant, rustic, simple of Shakespeare may be mouldering
and thoughtless, and being left atone in away"' Certainly, if but one line of
his study for awhile, she declared to that " mournful elegy " written by the
herself that she would "set his mines Immortal Hard could be recovered and
age to untie the tape that bound it.
"It is not written in the style to suit the
theater," he replied, handing back the i not generally known that Swift's "'
manuscript. "It is not bad, but it is! 0f a Tub" was introduced to the w
f - tt ..,? . I ..
deficient irrintercst." At this juncture,
the younfj man smiled, md untying the
"roll, he displayed some quires of blank
paper. Thus convicted, the secretary
shook hands with the aspirant, invited
him to dinner, and shortly afterward
assisted him to a successful debut at the
Odeon. Another author once waited
upon the (wpular manager of a London
theater, inquiring the result of the per
usal of his manuscript; whereupon the
other, having forgotten all about it,
carefully opened a large drawer, exhi
biting a heterogeneous mass of docu
ments, and exclaimed; "There! help
yourself. I don't know exactly which is
yours, but you may take any one of
them you like."
Indeed, volumes might be written
upon the difficulties sometimes encoun
tered in climbing the literary ladder,
and whilst the more persevering have
ultimately achieved the goal of their
ambition, others have been fated to see
their writings consumed to oblivion.
and have themselves perhaps sunk into
an early grave, consequent upon the
disappointments and privations en
dured. When the poet Chatterton was
found Iving dead in his garret in Hook
street his manuscripts had been strewn
upon the floor, torn into a thousand
nieces. Thus much good literature
has often been lost to posterity. A
number of instances, too. might be cited
wherein persons have risen from their
deathbeds to destroy their manuscripts,
anil which task has either proved so
distrevsing to their sensibilities or fatigu
ing iu ineir pnysicai powers mat tney
immediately afterward expired. It is
placed upon record how Colardeau.
that elegant versifier of "Pope's Epistfe
of Rloisa to Abelard," recollected at the
approach of his death that he had not
destroyed what was written of a trans
lation of Tasso, and unwilling to intrust
,1111 uviivaic untie in ma tricnus, lie
raised himself from hi? bed, and drag
ging his ferble frame to the place where
the manuscript was deposited, with a last
effort he consumed it In, the flames. In
another example, an author of celebrity
directed his papers to be brought to his
bed, and there, the attendant holding a
light, he burned them, smiling as the
greedy flames devoured what had been
lus.vvork for ) cars.
Few authors willingly destroy any
manuscript that has cost them a long
period of toiland research, though history
recprds.nurncrous example where the
"VTrtatn manuscripts has almost
irremediable misfortune to
sc story of Mr. Carlylc
f the first volume
' his friend
to rights," with which words she de
liberately cleared the table, and swept
the who'c of his paers into the fire,
thus destroying calculations which had
rxn the work of upw?rd of forty years.
Without one word, however, the phi
losopher calmly recommenced his task,
with more pain than can readily be
imagined. Most readers also will re
mcmlcr the similar misadventure which
occurred to Sir Isaac Newton.
Of manuscripts which have perished
through the ignorance or malignity of
the illiterate, there arc numerous in
stances. The original " Magna Charta,"
when all Us appendages of scats and
signatures, was one day discovered by
Sir Robert Cotton in the hands of his
tailor, who with shears was already in
the act of cutting up into measures that
priceless document, which liatj been so
long given up as lost. He bought the
curiosity for a trifle, and caused it to be
preserved, where it is still to be seen,
in theCottonian Library, with the marks
of dilapidation plainly apparent, l lie
immortal works of Acobart were found
by Papirius Masson in the hands ofa
bookbinder at Lyons, the mechanic
having long been in the habit of using
the manuscript sheets for the purpose
of lining the covers of his books. Simi
larly, a stray page of the second decade
of Livy was found by a man of letters
concealed under the parchment of his
battledore, as he was amusing himself
at that pastime in the country. He at
once hastened to the maker of the battle
dore, but alas1 it was too late the man
had used the very last sheet ol the
manuscript of Livy about a week be
fore. Fire and shipwreck have at various
periods caused considerable havoc
among manuscripts. Many of our oldest
Anglo-Saxon manuscripts were con
sumed some years ago by a fire in the
Cottonian Library; and those vhich re
main present a baked and shriveled
appearance, rendering them almost un
recognizable. Hen Johnson on one oc
casion sustained the loss of the labors
of twenty-one years, within one short
hour, by lire , and Meninsky's famous
Persian Dictionary met with a like fate
from the effects of a bomb falling upon
the roof of his house during the siege
of Vienna by the Turks.
National libraries have occasionally
been lost at sea. In the beginning of
the last century a wealthy burgomaster
of Mtddleburg, in the Netherlands,
named I ludde, actuated solely by liter
ary curiosity, made a journey to China :
and after traveling through the whole of
the provinces, he set sail for hurope,
laden with a manuscript collection of
his observations, the labor of thirty years,
the whole of which was sunk in the
ocean. Again, Cluarino Vcrenese, one
of those learned Italians who volun
teered to travel through Greece for the
recovery of ancient manuscripts, had his
perseverance repaid by the acquisition
of many priceless treasures, Returning
to Italy, however, he was shipwrecked;
and such wa his grief at the loss of this
collection that his hair became suddenly
Returning to literature, it is perhaps
offered for sale, we should then have a
pleasing and memorable opportunity of
marking the estimation in which the
poet is held by mankind. Chamheri
srAiUKvrr.it i. imtrmr.s
with such cunning secrecy that the
manuscript was actually thrown from
a passing coach into the door-way of the
bookseller who afterward published it.
"Gulliver's Travels" was given to the
public in the same mysterious manner.
Of Defoe's world-famous " Robinson
Crusoe," published in 17 19, we are told
that it was only taken up by Taylor
who purchased the manuscript, and
netted one thousand pounds by the
publication aftcrevcry other bookseller
in town had refused it. In a similar
manner, one bookseller refused to give
twenty-five pounds for the manuscript
of 1-ieldings " lorn Jones; -while an
other bought it and cleared not less
than eighteen thousand pounds by the
venture during his lifetime.
With a few particulars touching upon
the value of manuscripts which have at
various periods been put up for public
sale after the death of their authors, we
will bring our paper to a conclusion.
When, some years ago, the manu
script of Scott's "Guy Mannering"came
into the market, the United States gladly
secured the precious treasure at a cost
of three hundred and eighty guineas;
and in 1867, at a sale of the manuscripts
which had belonged to Mr. Cadell, the
well-known publisher, the " Lady of the
Ijlce" was sold for two hundred and
seventy-seven guineas, and ''Rokeby"
realized one hundred and thirty-six
guineas, both becoming the property of
Mr. Hope-Scott. At the same sale Sir
William Fraser paidtvvohundred guineas
for the manuscript of " Marmion j"
whilst the same appreciative collector
ot literary antiquities paid, in 1875, so
high a price as two hundred and fifty
guineas for Gray's "Elegv in a Country
Churchyard," a composition occupying
no more than four quarto sheets of
Of Charles Dickens's manuscripts,
"The Christmas Carol" was purchased
by Mr. Harvey of St. James street for
the sunt of one hundred and fifty pounds,
anil resold by him for two hundred and
fifty pounds j "The Hattle of Life" is still
held on sale by that gentleman; and
"Our Mutual Friend" was purchased,
on behalf of Mr. George Washington
Childs of Philadelphia, by Mr. Ilotten,
tor two hundred pounds.
Not very long ago, the manuscript of
a shott poem by Hums brougnt seventy
guineas, yet this sum must be regarded
as but a small proportion of that value
which might be realized for only one
line not to sneak of one play written
by Shakeseare's own hand. In his
"Memorials of Westminster Abbey"
the late Dean Stanley has told us how
I Siiense'r. the poet, died in King street,
.'VWminster.'and was solemnly interred
fcT-ndedby poets; and
. hrt; with the pens
llenrlntril I'rmn thr Planter'' Monthly for
" It is rjoth ttie duly and Interest of efry oner and
cultivate ot the soil to study the best meant of render
inn lhat Mil subservient to hit own and the general
wants of the community, and he Mho Introduces hene.
ftciatly a new and useful seed, plant or shrub, into his
district, is a blessing and an honor lo his country
Si J Sikilaii
The very life of this island population, as
well as the sustentallon of (he Line ami all
that constitute government, U directly depen
dent on the !and snd the success of those who
devote their energies, skill and capital to the
cultivation of Ihe soil.
The very existence of this country depends
on the land and its products I we hare no
mining nor manufacturing districts whatsoever,
excepting those of the latter, which arc directly
dependent upon agriculture, namely, the
making of sugar and the cleaning of rice.
Hint out those two enterprises referred to, and
the Hawaiian Islands still sink back Into a
mere historical name, a country interesting for
having been known for a century, and which,
among the nations of the earth, failed in the
struggle for existence.
Many will remember the rU)s when litis
community almost entirely depended upon the
successes of the whaling fleet for its subsist
ence, and remember the time when the cul
ture of cane was generally looked upon to be
carries! on by the daft only, and the raising of
rice crops for export was laughed at. We all
Vnow that after the decline of the whaling
fleet Ihe people turned their attention to the
raising of sugar and rice, and since the rati
fication of the Reciprocity Treaty with
America both sugar and rice have been our
staple articles of export, in fact, almost the
These two products, no doubt, have added
much to the wealth and prosperity of these
islands, but I doubt whether to the extent
which many have believed and are labeling
in. With small chance of improvement the
sugar culture here is now suffering the extreme
of depression from causes beyond human con
trol, and the prices obtained for rice have
frequently been below the actual cost of pro
duction, although this cttturc is carried on by
a people known for its industrial habits and
Considering the amount of capital invested
and the benefit this country had for some ears
from the reciprocit) treaty, the future prospects
of the industries alios e referred to are by no
The promoters of these enterprises, as far as
the cash advances are concerned, have been
mainly the. agents in Honolulj. Working
with capital partly foreign, partly gained here
commercially, and in latter ears partly by
profits on agricultural products of this country.
What proportion of the country's present
wealth should be accredited to agriculture
would be impossible to tell, but we know that,
th all the advantages we have had, agents
look to-day upon the presented drafts from
sugar and rice plantations with the same
dread as they did eight )ears ago.
This may be attributed to many causes,
some be)ond our control, but with sugar plan
tations in particular, I believe lhat the high
cost of labor, in many cases poor labor at that,
has brought about the present state of affairs.
The public purse has contributed immense
sums towards obtaining foreign labor, in 1876
$5,000, in 1S7S, $50,000, in 1SS0, $100,000.
in 1SS2, $500,000. Planters directly and in
directly also bear a large portion ol the burden;
they paid $209, 2S6 direct towards this purpose
during the last biennial penod alone.
At such cost men arc brought here in order
to keep the various plantations running ; they
serve out their contracts and then take to other
occupations or leave the country. Whether
for their own interest plantation owners have
done and a(e doing their duty by those people
whom chance and contract placed for a term
under their control, and whether they ever
tries! to make them contented in order to in
duce them to remain after the expiration of the
contract, I question very much.
Their pay, rations, houses and lands, these
laborers, no- doubt, received as per contract,
but were they ever assisted, and "being
strangers,"' instructed to make use of that land
for their own benefit ?
In my opinion, one of our greatest diffi
culties lies In the "barrenness of the lands
surrounding the laborer's cottages." Tell
these people what plants It would be to their
advantage to grow ; show thtm the way to
small industries, some of which the women
and children can assist In ; supply them
with the needed seeds and plants, and ou
will find that the majority of your laborers will
look upon the premises they have cultivated
as their home, they will with their growing up
children remain on the place and supply the
plantations with Ihe neetled labor for the fu.
To carry out this plan would not be diffi
cult. I do not believe in burdening the mana
ger with any more duties; we all know that he
has enough of them, but by employing a pro
fessional gardener on every plantation.instrucr-
ed to teach the laborers and gn e them ever)- reas
onable assistance, would bring more benefit to
us than many cargoes of emigrants.
I do not mean to say that no other qualities
are required but being a gartlnci by ptofesslon,
nor do I say that no other man could accom
plish this ob ect
All I wish lo urge upon plantation owners
U to employ a suitable person to attend to the
proper cultivation of numerous plants, the pro-
ductsofwhtchare of commercial value and which
can be grown In this country.
It Is surprising what an immense number of
plants a single person can raise In a year, and if
this plan was adopted by plantation owners
and other owners of extensive lands, they
would soon notice the enhanced value of their
Our plantation laborers hail from many dif
ferent countries, their former occupations have
been various, and there It no douU lhat many
of them possess a knowledge of assisting new
agricultural and other enterprises In this coun
try. As a rule, these people take more Inter
est In such experiments than is generally accredit
ed to them, and If they acre only sure of a wi.
If, as succested, the plantations added ar
other cmplojee to the many they already hive,
there w ould be plenty of work for him as I willtry
to show by enumerating some of the plants
which can lie grown here. The value of the
products of nearly all of them may be found in
the price quotations of all the important insr
kets in the world, and if for the time be
ing we could only produco sufficient fir homecoi
sumption, there would be that much gain to the
country t India rubber, camphor, cinnamon,
ehineona, wattle, cork oak, Queensland not,
I'ara or llraiil nut, nutmeg, clove, cacao, Lib;,
rian coffee, pepper, almond, coca or kola nut,
croton oil Iree, divi dlvi, castor, oil, tamarind,
vanilla, annisced, lea, myrrh, damar, Jgo,
bamboo.areca, cairota, Palmyra and other
palms, tobacco, ramie, jute, aloe, Manila plan
lain, agave, pineapples, New Zealand flax tt
lato, airow root, ginger, licorice, indigo, olives
figs, oranges, lemons, limes, citrons, guav-as
dates, papaias, nu vomica, and other medical
plants. The mulbem tree is very easily ujlt
tivated and ought to lie planted near labor us!
cottages on the road sides, etc., with thr -s
of future sericulture in this country.
Fodder grasses and plants sjiiable for our
climate should be tiled in different localities.
Ilee culture ought to be attended to and
there is no reason why ostrich farming should
not tic made a success here, but to try thet.vtltr
experiment would be more Ihe province of I
person possessed of the wealth, suitable lands
and energy, like Mr. James Campbell for
To utilize the molasses on our plantation1
hat been a great question, ever since suga
manufacturing was begun on these islands,
The British Trade Journal of March I, 1884,
brings an article about a new- mode of making;
vinegar an inexpensive apparatus, and it
hoped that some trials will be made.
That a few of the cultures above referred to
has e already been tried in this country and
with no success, I consider no criterion at all
Tobacco was extensively cultivated on Kauai
by Archer and Gntben, 30 years ago. As they
did not know how- to cure the article fit for
market the enterprise failed and has never
since been taken up by anybody.
Mr. Titcomb, the pioneer of silk culture on
these islands, claimed that his filiate was due
to certain prejudices existing when began,
about 45 years ago, which prevented the sup.
plying of the necessary food to the worms on a
Sunday. Although the life of the worm is on.
ly of about four necks duration, they are ra
venous eaters during that time, and require
food on the Sabbath as well as on any other
The ancients said svith truth: "The countries
where the grape vine and the palm tree grow
in company are the most blessed on the face
of the earth." Such a country is the one we live
in; now let us do what is in our power to
develop its resources.
Our needs of agriculture do not lie solely in
the acquisition of cheap servile laborers, but
rather in raising their standard of intelligence,
in the acquisition of higher grades ofagricultur
ists, and of better methods of cultivation. In
order to a make beginning towards this end I
have urged the employment of professional
I further urge'the (and and plantation own'
efs to form a society for the mutual information
and help. If, for instance, every agriculturist
on these islands would give his experience, ob
servation and opinion on agricultural and in
dustrial milters, particularly pertainine to this
country, in writing, much valuable information
could in a short time be gathered. Even
clippings from newspapers may often be of
value; all this could be sent to a committee.
and if found to be ol sufficient interest, could
be published. Much more might be said about
mutual assistance. I have no doubts of the be
neficial results to be derived therefrom, but
joint action of those particularly-interested is ab
solutely necessary in order to secure success.
Honolulu, August 26, 1884,
MITH ft THURSTON,
Vo. tt MKUcMsitr Sratav
I. A. Till USTOM
tttarney at Lair,
.. lloolt L
XTILLIAM O. SMITH Co,
1 1-A. Tnumro. I
tvv.O. Smith. f
.tloek and Ileal I'.'lalr llrnkrr,
No 8 MaacMANT Starrr ..IIomoluiu
KiUWAiJ I iSTI )
Sugar Plantation, Railroad, 1 elcphone ani other Cor
tioration Stock, Bonds and similar Securities
PoecHr Aisn Soto on Commission
Money t.o-utett on Slock Securities
C B. DOLE,
T'oHiMeor ill l.mr unit .Votary Vithllr,
CoartFIS t'flT AND MRrtltANT Strtfts, IIonhu-lv
Altornry it' f.ntr ttttil Salary I'uhilr.
Attenth all ih Court! of the Klngtlom. I
.tttorttrft tttft Cnmihr ot f.ntt;
.p R. WILLIAMS.
hiroRTtR and Dkaibk I
f'urnffiirp of Krcrw Drtrrtptttnn
t'tfioltertr and .1iiiiiifhir',
Furniture Warerooim No 100 Fort Street Work
hop at old Miihl on Hotel Street .Ml orrtera pmmfly
at t emir J to, ij
r C. COLEMAN
Plantation Machinery, etc.
nest to Cattle & Cooke'
Shop fm Kin Street
t'otttttitnhut Jtrrrttiint ttmi ftrnrnt Drntnr
Iu Ilrtt Itnmti,
Wjs.tt.UKi, Mii . II I
Orotene, Hardware, Stationery Patent Medicines
Perfumery and f la-iTvare t
All kind of fnbUnc brornptlv atttnded to
Telephone No. 130, lllUmm'i lixpre Office.
Shop, Na 4 Kino Srwrnr .Ilnvonti'
M Four SrjtrEr
ALDERT C. SMITH,
Agent to tiikr JekunwieitfrtHrttt to
Or no, With A. S
Hattwell, over the Hank
pvRS. CUMM1NGS A MARTIN
.Hitrffran itntl liotntrpnthtr VijaiWrtM.
OrriCE cornrk Fort and nRRRTANM Sts
Office Itourv-Untili) a. M.f and from t-j and 6:30-8 p.m.
B. EMERSON, M. D.
Vhitttctau tinil Stiryront
IRLENIONK Nl'MItRR tj3
Office hour from RJ to ,oti a. m ; ijf to 3 p m.
Office and Residence, No. a Kukui utrect, corner Fort
itre-t. ? !
t$titrtiiintl,rr ttwt tritftrt't
Wntoh repairing made a Speciality
H orderi from the other Mund promptly attended to
No. S3, HoTrLSmfFr..
. .Honoiau, II. I
T M. OAT A Co.
.Hnlhnnk'i; I Injn of all fpr;"rt"
irirtrrV nmt rrMilr.rf.
Hoxouau H I
t.oft In A F CooVe't new fireproof ImiMing, font ul
ONOLULU IRON WORKS Cnvt
Mrirfi Etitihirn, Ituttrm, Stiff nr Mill,
Cnatern, ion, JlrrMt rnnf Itntt Out In ft.
Ilotot t M .HI
Machinery of eatery description made In order.
Particular attention paid to Ship HiAckftniithlng,
Job work e ecu ted on the hortel notice t&
fOLLISTHR A Co.,
iriotrtote ttwt Itstiilt r(iiM nntt To
ho rro nt ft
No 59, Nil ANU SrUPRT . UllNOU'lU
-rHOS. G. THRUM,
hirorriNt. ano Mam f acti'Rino
stntlanrt't .SftvM Atffntt I'rhttrr, Itnnk
And puMitlierof theSATiRnAV pRRM.and 'rvisi
ttH Almttttu ami stH.i7, Merclunt Mreet. Deal,
er in Km Sutlfinery, Hook, .Mimic, Tojs and I ancy
Goods Fort Mreet, near Hotel, Honolulu.
A S. CLBGIIORN A Co,
Itnmrtrt 4 nmt
Corner Queen nml Kaahumanti Streets Honolulu
T AINE & Lo.
Importer and dealer in Ha), Grain and General
HONOLCLL .11. I
(SHOP A CO., Banker!
tfrttrtrr mat nmmontl ,Spfrr
No 60 ..Nuimnu STRPFT, IIONOU'll.
(Opposite HollUte. k Co ),
Particular attention paid to repairing
TJOPP A CO.,
Vpholnterrr, 7rirr miff lieatm in tttt
hi tutu of Fnmltnrr
M. D D. D. S.
n J'ott Strtrl,
Honolulu .. II. I.
Office in Brewer' Work, corner Hole and Fort
Streets, entrance on Hotel Street 1
1I7-ILLIAM B. MCALLISTER,
rFRMANFNTLY t-OCATKD IN HCPSOLlLL'.
Office, comer of Fort and Hotel street, oer TreRloan
Particular attention mid to restoration zold nlltnc
Keljinz on Roodwork at re-wonable charges to gain
me commence ii tne ptit..c ijson
pEO. L. BABCOCK,
(LATF OP OAKLAND)
Tearherof the Piano-Forte. Address LYCAN A. CO
Kc.moe.sck No. 10 Kronu itreet. tSjiv
Telephone No 14.
MCE WESTERN AND HAWAIIAN
vestment Company (limited.)
Mone lowd for lonac or short period on approed
security. Apply to W ! GREEN,
Oflire Reaver Klock, Fort St Manager.
-pl!E GRRMANIA MARKET,
HOVOLLH', H I.
-, t'rnt, .ytuttnnt Istml; 1'oulhf
Constantly on hand, and of chokeM quaht) Pork
Sausages Holoenas, etc., aUat on hand. Our meats
are nil cul ana put up In hastrrn Mste. AH orders
bit lilum attended to, and delnered In any part of the
city. Shop on Hotel Street, brtween Union and Fort
CTii LTiistrn wiiiuii ami i m
0. RAVI1!'. Proprietor.
(PORMFRLV SMTII ftOLLES. & CO.)
IP7if.r5t? run llflnll Grorrr,
Kimi SrftREr Unikr Harmons Hal-..
1'amily, t'Ltntatlon, and Ship stores supplied at short
notice New -roods bs- esery steamer. Order from
the other l-!andraithfullyeke-.-iit--d.
telephone No. tig. I7S-IJT
HoSTOtULl', ltswSIIA-4 IsLANr-a
lrar n-rthan( on
THE rtANK OK CALIFORNIA,
And their aitnlst-l
Mes-sn. N M ROTHSCHILD A SONS,
rheCOMMI'.RLIAI ItANKINtt CO ,
or sviiNr.ifi ondon.
1VC0MMFRCIAL IIANKlNO CO..
CK SVDNKV, SV11NF.V
The HANKS OK Nr.W rnALANU:
AND . WELLINGTON.
Tiir. hanks or imivisn coi.umiiia,
VICTORIA, II. C AND I'OUI LAND, OR
Transatl n Coitml Jl.tnh'iiff Ihninris,
PHILLIPS A Co.
Attorney at Law ntut Solicitor In Chancery,
Practices In the Courts, and prepares Deeds Wills
MforigaRes leases. Contracts, Agreements, etc., and
neRothtes Atwtytd Loans, etc
I ostium' H I.
Opficf Corner Fort and Merchant St rem.
J0USUICB5 (Hit ft) D.
O M. CARTER,
Aantt to take Aeknutctrtitftnnts to Con
tractu to Labor,
Honolllu, Hawaiias Mlands t$
For the State of California, for tr.- Hawaiian Ulands,
and General Agent for the Pacific Mutual Life In
surance Com pan of California. 147
NO. A. HASS1NGBR,
to take Acknoivtetliftttrnt to Con
tract jor Lahor,
Interior OrFtct. . . ..Honou-li'
T YONS A LEVEY,
Auctioneer atnl Cotntnlnilnn Merchant,
Hfa FR III OCK, QUFRV Stfcf ET, HONOI ft t.
Sales of rurniture. Stock, Real Hstaie and General
Merchandise prompt!) attended to. Solr agenti for
American and Kuropran merchandise J J Lyons,
taS-w t U J. I.FVKW
Intnortrr nntt II hotrttalc Healer In Cloth
tnyf Hoot, Shoe, llati, Men -
iilhlti(f fVrtmM, fancy Onuit, lite.
No. tt Kaaiumanu Strrft IIonoli iv
O J. LEVEY A CO.,
tl holrmit anil Itctall Urorer,
.Fort Streft Ho'vioi i'lu
W. McCHESNEY A SON,
fafher, little, t allow and Commllon
Agents for the RojalSoap Company
No. 2 QL'ITN STRfrET .Hosolllu
M. OAT, JR., & CO.
JOHN H. PATY,
Aofrti-j Puhllr ntut Cimtmlitlun uf limit,
fat the Sutea of California and New Vork. Office
at the llanli of Hishop &. Co.
HosotvLV, Oaiiv, ILL i
.Stnllnnrm tint! Xein Drnlrr
llrA Htilther .NrdfMi Aurtiry
GsjETTe Bukk .. . No. 25 Merchant Strkit
203 HnsOLLlA', II I.
O HALL ft SON
T. LENEHAN & Co.
77i Groirlh of Vatrnt KlgliU.
In 184S, when the grsde of examiner wai
established, the total number of American pa
tents was not over 6ooo,and of English patcnti
only about 12,000.
At the prevent day the number of American
is nearly 300,1x10, and that of the English pa
tents over 140,000.
As late as 1879 the number of English patents
was only about 1 10,000.
The number of French patents published
was only about 100,000. .
The number of German patents was only
The number of Belgian patents was about
Now let this be compared with the present
As already said, the number of American pa
tents alone is now nearly 300,000, and increase
pet year is at the rate of about 21,000.
The number of English patents at the end of
18S3 was 140,047, and the increase is about
6000 a ear.
The number of French patents published up
to December 31, 1883, was about 172,000.
The Increase is about 6000 a year.
The number of German patents at the end
of 1883 was 26,084. The increase is about
5000 a j ear.
The number of Belgian patents up to the end
of 1883 was 60,043. The increase is about 3,-
500 a ) ear.
The number of Italian patents up to
April 30, 1882 was about 13,50a The increase
Is about 1250 a year.
ITi addition there are thousands of Canadian,
Austrian, New Zealand, Norwegian and Span
ish patents, together' with patents of some
iHijtorlrrt awl Cotmnimittan Mrrchaiit.
NlIUAMU STRBKT, HONQLl-LU.
Hoot miff Shormaktv.
Boots and Shoes made to Order.
KortT St.. orrosiTK Panthkon Staiilm.
l King Strfkt
IMfOllTKK AND DIALER IN
Hardware and General Mctchnndlc,
CORNKR OF KlVr. AND ToRT STREETS, HONOLULU
Frenh roceriea And provisions of all kinds on hand and
receded rrcuarly from 1-urope and America which
is til he sold at the lowest market rates.
Ioo1s delnered to an) part cf the city free or cnarse.
I land orders sc'icited and prompt attention will n
given to the name, II3.IV
THEO. !!, DAVIES A Co.,
(Latf Janion, Grhrn A Co.)
impotter and Commllon Merchant.
I.lod'sanil the Liverpool Underwriters,
llrlushand Koretun Marine Insurance Lomoanv. and
Northern Assurance Company i
ft. U, MACFARIANF, It. R. MACFARLANR.
(J W. MACFARLANB A CO.
Importer, CommUaton Marohaata
unci Sugar Factor.
Fire proof 1 In! Mind Queen street, Honolulu
Kilanca Sugar Co, Kauai,
Ihe Wa'ilcapu Sugar Plantation, Maul.
The Spencer Sujtir Habitation, Hawaii
Honoluna Sugar Co, Hawaii.
Ilitelo Sugar Milt, Maul,
Hurto Sugar Plantation, Maul,
Reciprocity Sugar Co., liana,
aMakaha Sugar Plantation, Oahu, ,
Ookala Sugar Co II Ho, Hawaii,
(Mom nut hit gar K.O. Maui,
Puuloa Sheep Ranch Co, Hawaii,
J, Fowler Jt Co'a Steam Plow and Portable Tram w a
orKs, i eeu.
MirtleM, Watson k Co's Sugar (ichin-ry, Glasgow
OIagow and Honolulu IJne of Pallets,
Liverpool and Honolulu Lin of Packets,
laondon and Honolulu Line of Steamers,
Sun Fire Insurance Co. of tandon.
OOKS PERTAINING TO HAWAII.
OHN T. WATERHOUSE.
Jarves HuMory of the Hawaiian Island.
Whlttiea Guide lluok.
Miss Itird's Six Mom lis in the Sandwich htamls.
Miss Gordon Cu mining's Fire Fountain. t
Mrs. Itidd's Honolulu,
Hawaiian Almanac and Annual
Together with a lare stock of valuable and entertain
Ing books, hit of which is published In the supplement
of this paper.
For sate at
Fott St. Store,
TT HACKFELDA Co.
llenerat Contmtmnlan Ayt nt.
Queen Stkrbt . .Honolulu
pD. HOFFSCHLAEGER A Co.
Iiiipottei and Coinnttilnn Merehant
Honolulu Oahu, H I ,
pvILLINGHAM A Co.
tntimiter and Healer In llatdnaie, Cat
Paints and Oils, and General Merchanulte.
No. 37 Fort Strfft Honoiulu
William W. Hall .
U C Ahles
George E, Howe.
Directors IL May, K,
. . . Pre Jent and Manager
. Secretary and 1 reasurer
T YCAN A CO,
importer and Healer in all kind of
Mnlc flood, fancy flood,
No- 105 and 107 Fort Strrtt . Honoiulu
Furniture, Chair, Sewing Machines, Mirrors anJ
Mirror Plates, Picture tramc and Cornices made to
order. ' ' 137 )r
A W. PEIRCE A Lo.
Shi i Chandler and Votnmtlon Mer
Honolulu, Hawaiian Island.
Agents for Unnd'j. Gunt and Homb Lancet and Per
ry Davis Pain Killer.
E W GOODS
ju.r RrcEivFn pv
A lirtloiirrr anil CoinmlnloH Mrrrhaui,
Qorius Sthprt Honolulu
C A. SCHAEFER at to.
Impoitrvn anil t'n'tim jxfnii .IfrrriflMf.,
Mkkciiant Stbkbt. . Honolulu
Importer of American Jewelry of esery descrip
tion. (Formerly ol San Kiancisco, California.) 50
A L. SMITH,
iiiimrOr fin, I hrnlrr tn Mlntticnrr,
Jlrrlil'n HUrtr-rinlnl Warr,
No. 44 Kokt Stkt Honolulu
lcl.11'. rninKiiulion Soectacle. and Kseelasses.
Lustra! Wire Ware, Fancy Soaps, Hrture Frames, I'la
tols, W'estenholm's Poclet Cutlery, I'owder, Shot nj
Ammunition, Ctarlc"a Spool Cotton, Machine Od, all
kinds of Machine Needles, "Domestic" Paper Fashions.
Sole affent or the universally acknoMieofeu i.ig;ni
Kunnin Domestic Sculn Machine
Watchmaker. Jrwrltr. Kiiurilf.r, aiifl
No. Ill FOTSrT IIONOLBIV
AH orders fatlhtu'dy .seemed.
C BREWER & COMPANY,
(Irtteral Mercantile and CatnmtM.loii AiiriiU
Qun SiKirr, Honolulu.
Officers P. C. Jones, Jr., president and manager;
ioseph O. Carter, treasurer and secretary. Directors :
Ions. Charle. R. lllshop and II A P Carter) Henry
May, auditor. I
Itralrr In Cliolce.l Href, Veal, .Million, f.te.
No. 6 Qutn Stufht, Fhh Mkit.
Family and Shipping orders carefully attended to.
Live Slock furnished to Vessels at ahorl notice.
Vegetables of all kinds supplied to order.
TucriiuKE No. ata.
P H. OEDINO,
Kjrpre: and Irrayman.
Freight, Packages, and Baggag. delivered 10 and front
all parts of Honolulu and vicinity. Careful at
tention paid to moving Furniture, with
VVAOONS LXPRESSLV FOR HIE PURTOSE.
Telephone S6; Residence PunchVowl street,
Ornc. to King Street. "''
In the "Sourcnlr tie Cotnpeicne" published
in 1'arit, by Sylrinccte, one of the Lcgillmiil
neighbors of fsapoleon Ul, at Compcigne, ap
pears the following as a factt Napoleon's fas
cination for the Mademoiselle de Monlijo, who
afterward became the Empress Eugenie, dated
Horn ine lime wnen thai sprightly beauty gave
him a sharp horse-whipping. The emperor
had inviicU Mademoiselle de Monlijo and her
mother tnCompiegne, and shots ed ihern much
attention at hunting parties. One evening when
the. hunt came home tale rsatsnleon anDeared In
Mademoiselle de Montlio's chamber, and this
so enraged the beauty Inat she caught up her
riding vthip and thrashes! hip soundly over
bis head and cars. This vxin brought about
an eiplanation, and in course ol tunc came the
famous letter in vthich Narulcon eapressed
his desire lo hare Mademoiselle Eugenie la
ife a letter which the mother lost no time
in making public, and which is now religiously
preserved in the archives of the family at Mad
rid. According to Sylvanccte the future
empress was much persecuted by Napoleon be
fore he made her his proposal of matriage, am
it is related that on one occasion he was so
much enraged at some act which he considered
prudery lhat he put spurs to hit horse and
gallopea away, leaving her to find her way
home throueh the forest at best she coulJ. The
pool girl lost her way home, and did nut reach
ONC LEONG CO.,
Monnui Suaar, Vmlama Klc
And Kallua Ktct Plantation and Mill..
.VuuamU Stmt Cdrnir Maiini
fancy loH II, Jil nml
.stAor, ArwMi feed and flour,
Cignrt. and Tobacco.
AIo proprietor of Mk and Sucar Plantation at
KMuh. KooUu, Waipb. Kwa, and HceU.
KlM AHV AND CH4M.AIM ST.- HoiOUIs-W
-K S. CRINBAUM A Lo.
Importer and Wlalenl Dealer In flen-
Makkh's Block . Opkm Stukt, Honoli-iu
JJt S, GRINBAUM A Co.
Forwarding and Coinutllon Merchant,
314 CALironhiA Sr.. San Francisco,
Special facilities for and particular attention .ald to
conl,nuncQU of Uland txoduc
10a ad I04 Fort Strrrt Honolulu
Pictures of all sues and kinds made to order, and
frames of all descriptions constantly on hand Alto
Coratk, Shells and Curiosities of ih Pacific.
"Martlia Davif,,M Itallsatf,M tnd expected ex
" Mariposa" and other esls
Itaston Card Matches,
Horse Shoes and Nails
DOWNF.RS and NOONDAY Od,
LuWicating Oils of all kinds.
Cut Nails, all st;e,
Clinch Nails, all sires,
Cotton Waste In hales,
Cheap Rim Clock,
Ilrown Soap, tn easel,
Wire Hanginf; Haslet for Ferns, Ice.
Lane' Plantation Hoe,
ii inch Goose-neck Socket Hoe,
Ice Cream Freer en,
t-awn Mowers lt kind,
Case's Genuine Amcnleatf Denirni,
Cas' Genuine: Amosleag Mariners Stripe, J
besides a thousand articles in the Hardware line alway
Soon expected, not by the "Spartan," a mot com
ptettt assortment of
Hall' Steel flow and tlreaker.
With extra Handles, Beams and Points
All these will l found at the comer brick store of
Ci Y. O. HALL & SON, Unuud,
A LLEN & ROBINSON,
Itealct in Lumber and all kind of Ituild-
tny Material, fatnt, tm, jsatt, etc,
Honolclu. H L,
AOBNTt Or HCHOONKR4
HaleaWaia, KuUmanu, Kekauluohi. Mary Ellen,
U llama, Pauahl and Leaht.
At Kobmton'a Uliarf, I
Importer of llfneral Merrhandlie from
rranre, England, Oermantnnd
the Untied State.
No. jtQirrN SrasiT ... HokolI'L
Practical Confectioner, Pastry Cuoli anJ llaler.
Number ;l Hotel meet, Uween f'oitand Suiianu
Caiifl Manafaelory Mini
B. MclNTYRE ft BROTHER,
Co. Kino and Fcrt Sts.
116-AN.niBCAUronsiA Strrkt. San Frakciko.
ParilruUr attention raid to fillin and fthti pins Is
iK rvalue nnlll o itVlvlc In lh fVinna. iKn
ting ear they would communicate their know- ,11 , gu, lnQ lne joroettics were thorough
ledge and experience for the benefit of all. I ly alaitned for her safely.
A W. RICHARDSON Co
lHrOT(MANn IUallv 11
Hl: , rrfaH Hood; Halt,
Cap, Trunk; ValUr;
reifurury anJ Soaps WUlkaro Watches,
Tim Jeelr)f, esc,
CraM roet AMD Mi.cmtimt Status, IIonolilb
lltate and Sign falnl.r,
Psraa IUmgii. etc.,
No, 101 Kino Staaar Ilniowm
T W. HINOLBV & CO.
Manfacturer of llarann Vltiar.
turorttas ar nmt us it,
and SnsfAera' AttKles
n, most complete slock in tl Vlndoai.
Kin? street, (near AUVca) llwioluU
-SASTLE tt COOKB,
Shlpnlna and t'onnnllan Merchant,
No. Si KinoSthht . .Hukolblu
IMrosuras aaii tiKAiKM in
Th. Hitchcock & Coniruny'a PUnlamxi
I1. Al.sanJer A llaMata PU'UalKxv.
K llaluead.or VValalua riantalloii.
A II. Smith &Uwpan), kolM, Kanal.
J M, Alcianier, llailu, Maul
lh Haiku buKar Coratny
lit. Kohali suar Cosufi)
Tlic Vtunn Insuraisce Cosnpaoy c4 San Irantcsco.
'I1 New hncLand 1.1. Iruurance, Company of llosloii
Th. HI. 1. Manufactuiiiic Cosnpaiiy ol Uouon.
D. M. VV'estun't I'alent tnlnfuil .Via Junes.
lbe New Voik anJ llouolulu I'rcset um.
lb. Merchant's line, Hcwkilil and Ksn t'ranclsca
lr. Jajne. k Son'a ltl.Uut4 Medxlne..
VVilcoa a Oibb'. bu.ir Maiiufartunnje Compan
Wlmler A Wilson's scseiaf Maclunev I'yift
EMMELUTH & CO.
No, SNuuanu svnd 4 Mtro'aant trU
Have on liand full line of the
III AMOS It MOCK
MIUI A irK.
T. EWERS & COOKB,
(St'Ccassoas TO Lawtas & I)i:kso.)
Imimrler, and liealtr. In Lumorrnnd all
kind of Hittdlna Material.
-ot SrT . .lloneutv
.Sf.H V AH AIIOH
AM) SIMHI.K HTOVKH, v
AMU OTIIHH MA MO Kit.
Aaem. for Th. " MONTAGUE" and "SUPER-
IOH- karijss for s.lllnj tn Ukt. LuUnales pvr- .1
chased for tnillin, op In. satnn lJi or without hoi 1
water connections. ""
T'tsrnoHi No. ttt
J. EMMELUTH CO, s,
, Nlcakv ano Miicmamt Sri,
k7. Auj. 16. .y
Tin, l'iir and Sheet Iron Marker,
Slot and Hauae.
ol all kinds, llumbrrs nock and weuls, haut furius)..
ti ds, chandelsers, Umps, etc
No. I Kaahwmamw SrT .IIokouii
RS. A. M. MBIXIS.
VhImU and CimIi M,kr.
No.ia FmrSraaiT IIosioiii.
T BMMBLUTH It Co.,
TlntMlth and Vlanlter'. I'ealert In
Ulocri, Hanae, Tim,
No. j.s"nKi Srasat IfoNomi
TNO.O. FOWLER Co.,
Ire lreitred lo furnlh M'lan and F.ll
mate for Hteel
VV1h or wukont C'' and lyicorautiKS, hpHtsti
ADVI'IKl) fOK SUOAR MENTATIONS.
Permanent Kail.ays. and iComollS(l and Cars, IVac
tlun Engine, and Koa.d Locrnofles, Mean
WMtMot and CuJliralln MmIiImit, fort.
htM Cosines tu all purpfM. w Indus,
tW Lh.ln. foe bujsn...
.Cataloauea wuh I Quarallous, sirxleU an4 Itwvto
graphs clh aUnn FUnts ar4 Slul.lnwy uy U seen
MtUbflcelortlur unj.islf nesL W. U fc Kb K.N and
O. W. llACIAKMNi: Ata, Awif. v) law.
L. hue Contracts, ll.lls of Llm J,
llilksif Lschangt, Fowris taf Aldtie),
Murta,k s.nartr rariyt.
Artsci. of Anenuint,
I eases, Furtkascrs' and Manuiactuisce Invoices, la
riae Certina,iesHaanAq furns, letter
$trfel Map. iA Ihe Islsnda, Flans
sf llorsuJttltf. Charts of
OR ANY BLANKS PRINTED TO ORDKR
.11 TllOt. II. TUMVM'M
tlsiiHAkiT Srinr Srtas
I TAHKK'S AR10TVFIS, tual, a Us. aasorinseM
1 at I HUB. I