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title: 'Saturday press. (Honolulu, H.I.) 1880-1885, November 22, 1884, Image 2',
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a Nepaper Published Weekly
UUD ICWTtlPTIflH $5.00 Hit H 1.WCE
$4 5 to $7 J. ai-rosaine: to their destination.
NOVEMBER i, iM
Mr J. E. Wiseman is the only ft no n
not regularly connected with the Satur
day 'rets office who is authorised to re
ceive or solicit advettisements for the
Hawaiian Annual Jor SSj
The gentlemen who put aside their
private business and gave their time and
ability in the effort to correct grave
public disorders, to maintan the integ
rity of the government, to secure econ
omy of administration and to create such
a healthful public sentiment is might
reasonably be expected to influence the
unworthy and incompetent officials,
failed to accomplish their object. Their
efforts doubtless had a moral result,
but not the result the country required
in legislative enactments. When the
votes were counted, the Independents
were beaten ; when the parliamentry
skirmishes were fought, they were out
gcnerallcd, when they reckoned up the
results of their onslaught on the forts
of their opponents, they found they had
conspicuously failed It might be true,
as they felt,that there were thousands
in Israel who bad not bowed the knee
to Baal; but they did not appear in the
presence of the persuasive and alluring
grandeur about the throne of royalty,
while the prophets and servants of the
prevailing powers were disciplined and
instructed men and fed at sagacity's
table. The Independents failed because
I they were not organized. Their general
policy was to fight the measures and
schemes of the existing government,
but no clearly-defined plans were
made and no specific objects agreed
upon as forming a basis for united ac
tion There were on their side legal
and business talent and intelligent com
prehension of the country's resources
nnd needs, the best methods of finance,
public-improvcmcnts, immigration, the
protection of public health, the treat
ment of leprosy and other topics which
demand for their consideration the best
thought of the citizens of Hawaii ; but
the organisation came too late Or
ganized workers should have been busy
for months previous to the election.
Political wisdom should have sent her
aids to cry "agitate I agitate!! agitate I IF'
in every district from Niihau to the ex
tremity of Hawaii Hut political wis
dom did not act, and the Independ
ents found the people unprepared to
appreciate cither the spirit or the power
of the reform movement.
There will be quite as much need of
a vigorous opposition at the next ses
sion of the legislature. But, to be ef
fective, the opposition must be not only
"vigorous," but united. It is none too
easy for the property owners, planters,
merchants, and citizens generally, both
foreign and native born, to organize
for nu aggressive reformation of preset)
abuses, and for determined resistance of
whatever perils to good government
may appear on the political horizon.
To this end, it is time that the people
should know what constitutes "loyalty"
m the Hawaiian Kingdom, and who
are its loyal subjects. The party in
power has bad much to say of its loyalty
to the king, nnd the opposition has
been decried as though its efforts were
for the overthrow of the Hawaiian kings,
and the removal of all visible and tang
ible things which are thq emblems of
the monarchy a charge that is al
toccther unjust. Now what are we to
understand by the term loyalty; certainly
fidelity to the powers that be, a dutiful
icgard to their authority and a strict and
steadfast obedience to their decrees,
It has been said " man was made to be
governed" a proposition that is not
musical to democratic ears, and very
susceptible of being misunderstood. It is
not surprising that it should be deemed
melodious as it appears to many minds.
Yet before it is condemned It may prop
erly plead for a interpretation. If it
means that the many are born to serve
the pleasure of the few, to swell the
pomp of personal grandeur, to make
food foi one man's pride, or power, or
lust, then the proposition is base and
execrable. But we hold that it admits
of another interpretation. It means
that men by virtue of their position as
living creatures arc subordinate to a
power higher than themselves, that they
are placed under a system of law; that
m the most minute phenomena and
forms of life are the subjects of some
kind of rule, so man is not exempt
from the twrvading condition of the uni
verse) but that he too, by obedience to
his teason, must fulfil the purposes of
his creation by a filial obedience to the
earthly rule as a delegated rule from a
higher power. In this sense, then, we
bald the proposition to express noble
truth "man was made to be governed;"
and the proper understanding of that
fact contains in it the secret of real and
We need a party to impress upon
the dwellers in this land just views of
government and polity, to aiake loyal
citizens and teach them what they are
to be loyal to, uud that their liberty is
under the law- faithfully interpreted and
administered We may ask "Docs the
structure of our iwlitiwl system supply
at) object of loyalty?" . In a word,
where is the government? We des'uein
answering the questions to avoid ab-
strac (tuns, and reply that the object cf
loyalty s the constitution as giving ut-
terance to the voice of the nation. It is
the nation's voice that the people are
to hear ; it is the nation's voice that
the party who will do good to the coun
try wust make audible in its utterance
of the dictates of truth and reason. We
arc ready for the retort, that if this be
true the mere will of the people is the su
preme not by any means. The
deliberation, reason and collective wis
dom of the people formed what wc call
the Hawaiian government. The mere
will of the people is not the rightful
authority. The expression of the
strongest will, or of the largest number
does not constitute the government.
The government is in the power behind
the constitutional, fundamental and
guiding law, securing equal rights
to all, quelling the factions and pro
tecting the lesser patty against the
mad majority. We are to listen to it,
reverence it and obey it. Let the na
tion lose sight of this fact and perpetu
ity, honor, obligation and credit are
lost to the state ; he rule of the
strongest becomes the law, the mincr-
ity have no security, the individual has
no rights, and anarchy must come
sooner or later.
Not that we wish to be understood
as believing the existing constitution of
this kingdom to be a perfect one, or
even a reasonably good one, in its let
ter. But that constitution was ac
cepted by the deliberate judgment of
the best intelligence of the nation, and
has been so accepted since as a safe
fundamental law, whose spirit guaran
teed reasonably good government.
We hold that this nation has no right
to seek to subvert the constitution or to
change its provisions except by strictly
constitutional methods so long as the
existing government is bearable.
vv rule, on the other hand, it owes to
its own integrity such active exercise
of the law of self protection as shall
make it impossible for bad government
to continue, except on sufferance. And
such "self protection" may be exercised
only by organization.
sniKKT tiiki: rniM.ui.a.
It is one of the anomalies of Hono
lulu experience that a city with so
many trees can boast of so few well
shaded streets That strange mania
for cutting, hacking and mutilating
trees, or, in polite language, for " tree
trimming" has not yet received a scien
tific name. It deserves one quite as
much as kleptomania, which one is apt
to think, after trudging the streets on a
hot day, a much more innocent form
of insanity than the other. To the
everlasting woe of the public, the ob
ject of the tree mutilating mania seems
to be exclusively those trees which
overhang the street, and are so grateful
to the weary traveller by their cool
masses of shade. The writer has seen
an entire row of trees bordering the
street, stripped of every branch which
shaded it, with no motive apparently,
except the gratification of u
fiendish malevolence: The two tele
phone companies are the most promi
nent sinners in this particular. The
old company is responsible for most of
the transgression.we may suppose simply
because it has lived longer. One had
hoped better things of the Mutual Tele
phone Co., especially as it has assumed
the role of a public benefactor a
sott of incorporated " Moses of this
people." But this fond hope has proved
but a pleasing dream. On Alapai
street, between the poles of the new
company, a whole line of trees has been
mutilated in a manner frightful to con
template. In fact the whole side of
the tree towards the street has been re
moved, with the artistic design no
doubt, of making the avenue look like
the gardens of Versailles. The pedes
trian cannot observe a spectacle like
this without deriving a pleasing satis
faction from the reflection that if cor
porations have uo souls, their compon
ents parts have, and that consequently,
however directors and stock-holders and
managers may fail to meet their descits
here, they are none the less all account
able to a higher power.
It is, wc think, a mistake to suppose
that thickly shaded streets arc likely to
be muddier than others. On the con
trary the trees operate as a protection
to the toads, and it is no uncommon
thing after a brisk shower to find the
ground under a thick leaved monkey
pod tree, almost perfectly dry. Our
trees, the s)inaiy especially, grow so
rapidly under these favoring skies, that
a few years might make our streets
like the "echoing walks" of a park than
the thoroughfares of a city. We wish
the telephone folks " whom wc do
protest we love" would hurry up and
solve the problem of putting wires
Seriously however, the unshaded
condition of Honolulu streets is an im
portant drawback front the beauty as
well as the comfort of the city. It may
be urged that wc have too much shade
here aheady. Perhaps so, but not in
the streets. By a perversity which de
fies all explanation, and obeys no law,
wc cut down our trees near the street,
where they are favorable to health, and
leave them to grow unimpeded around
our houses, where they arc detrimental
to it. It is conceded that the trees sha
ding the public highways should be
propeily triinmed,as a matter of course,
The needs and comfort of the passerby
should give the law In this matter. But it
is disgraceful that this forest city
should be abh to boast of but one ade
quately shaded avenue (Emma Street)
when the beauty, variety and profusion
of its tropic vegetation, should make its
avenues second in magnificence to
none. We have every natural advan
tage: a situation which in point of beau
ty few cities tan hope to rival, All
that is necessary is a little energy and
common sense, to work wonders. This
matter is only a fresh illustration of the
inconvenience of being without a muni
cipal government, which would cherish
the Interests of the city in particulars
for which the general government man
ifests little concern.
"Mill. I. IIAHVISOUSMY IIAVmlTIUl"
It seems impossible for the present
editor of the Court Journal whose
pen is generally "inspired" though al
ways in the unexalted sense to con
tinue for any length of time without
some would-be sharp fling at the for
eign residents of this kingdom. In a
recent editorial it says " it is a
duty, and at the same time a privilege
to the alien resident to acknowledge
by accustomed ceremonies the majesty
of the people among whom he is per
mitted to reside, as represented by
their acknowledged head." "Alien,"
"permitted to reside!" Those are the
words of two men whoought to be among
the last on these islands to use them in
anysuch connection. The rencgadewho
has become a citicn, the fugitive who
has been tnadeadenizenarcglib enough
in their denunciation of the "aliens"
their neighbors. But let us examine
the justice of the sweeping term in
the slurring sense employed by the
writer quoted. This kingdom, by
treaties, has guaranteed to American
and English citizens many rights and
privileges. Wc mention these two
classes because they form a ma
jority of the commercial, the planting
and the educating classes. Now
it is misleading to speak of these
people as "aliens" in the sense of
people who' arc merely tolerated here
they are invited.
We fully acknowledge the abstract
moral right of every nation to choose
its immigrants Any nation may make
that abstract moral right a concrete
political right if it be strong enough, or
have the support of nations that are
strong enough The United States,
some of the Australian colonics, this
kingdom, have passed laws or. issued
diplomatic orders, excluding or limiting
the immigration of Chinese. No one
has convincingly disputed the moral
right of each country so to exclude or
limit. But this kingdom has not yet
passed laws to exclude or limit the
immigration of ijeoplc from countries
other than China. In the name of
common sense then, why harp con
tinuously upon the dismal string of
"alien" conduct in a country which
"permits" the immigration it tacitly
invites? Docs the Court Journal really
wish to foment a war of races ? If not,
what does it wish to create an absolut
ism whose grand vizer shall be the
Court Journal's editor's master ?
We earnestly hope that the matter
suggested in last weeks Press with re
gard to the lighting and ventilation of
cells in the new city hall will not be
passed. The matter is one which cer
tainly demands urgent attention, and
should receive it before it is too late.
We believe that the subjcct'should be
investigated at once by a committee of
humane and competent men, who
understand at once the sanitary needs
of public buildings and appreciate the
duty which the state owes to persons
in confinement, and which humanity
demands should be discharged. To an
outside- observer not specially acquain
ted with the ordinary sanitary agencies
made use of in Wildings like this, the
present arrangements, in regard to
light, temperature and ventilation, seem
most wretchedly inadequate, not to
say barbarous. It looks very much as
though another Howard were needed to
prevent Hawaii from taking a large
step backward in the matter of prison
We call the attention of our readers
to the '"Historic Document" which ap
pears on the first and fourth pages of
this paper. It is, we presume, well
known that the British flag waved over
these islands from 35th of February
1843 until the 31st of July of the same
year, when the Hawaiian flag was res
tored by Admiral Thomas. Jarves'
History, chapter xit, gives a full ac
count of the transactions by Lord
George l'aulet and of the "Provisional
Cession"of the islands, drawing largely
from the journal of Doctor J udd. We be
lieve however, that the report made by
Doctor Juddto commissioners Haalilio
and Richards is now published for the
first time. It is inaccurate to say as
appears in the text that the encloses
in the report referred to are "lost;"they
arc at present inaccessible.
It is street talk that the gentle shep
herd has come to the rescue of
the gobble government by taking
$40,000 worth of bonds. This if
true certainly shows Mr, Gibson's
confidence in the administration. But
if true how comes it he is so re
markably flush ? The "street talk"
may be only talk. But if it be true the
fact ought to be known so as to bolster
the turkey cabinet's credit We there
fore give the story for what it is worth.
We trust that the gold in exchange
for silver will arrive by the Alameda,
due to-day. It ought have been here
by the Mariposa.
11111: A.n oriiv.rwisK.
It has pleased the editor of the Court
Journal - otherwise known as the Pa
cific Commercial Advertiser to open
the question of twpular duty in things
social. The king of this kingdom held
a birthday reception last Monday night-
It was announced in the "by authority"
column of the Court Journal that the
general public would be made welcome
at the palace between the hours of 8:30
and to, p. m. The public did not
avail itself of the invitation very gener
ally. On Wednesday morning the
Court Journal employed all the feeble
vigor at its command in scolding the
public for its absence. Its zeal even
went to the length of advising the king
to exclude the public the offending
major portion of the public froin-ifu-
ture receptions or 'festivities at thcipal-
Now one may fairly suppose that the
Court Journal has ready access to the
royal car. So it may chance that the
king may be tempted to forgive the
impertinence and adept the advice
Wc trust, however, that better counsel
may prevail; and that before the king
goes to the length his ill-advisers would
have him go, he will calmly review the
situation and try and arrive at a satis
factory answer to the question 1 'Why
was the reception so ill-attended ?''
The Daily Hawaiian assumes to an
swer the question in part b) saying that
the people stayed away because they
were "tired." The answer is no answer
at all. There was no reason why the
reception should not have been well
attended by the general public, the
public had been in harmony -with the
palace policy. The public is not in har
mony with that policy. The public is
not a hypocrite; and so does not rare
to put itself in an equivocal position.
" But " says some one, " how is it
that the public is perfectly willing to
attend receptions to foreign officers,
and state balls or dinners when they
have the chance ? " Because in so do
ing they compliment the guests of the
occasion, or the nations they represent.
The Court Journal says : " It ought
to be a strict point of court ettquttte
that whoever neglects to pay his loyal
respects to the sovereign of the country
when a birthday reception is civen,
should be excluded from all entertain
ments at the palace, and from any in
vitation to important public cere
monials." One may be tempted to
wonder what country is responsible for
the production of the editorial writer
quoted. One ought to be pardoned for
thinkingmc must havo been born on the
high seas-so swelling his belief. A little
republican elbowing would do our fine
gentleman good though, perhaps, the
Russian knout would be more offectivc.
Why should the elective monarch of
this kindomctte be advised to ape " the
etiquette of absolute empires?
"It is just about time that in this
country a firm foot should be put down
in regard to the respect due to the
kingly office," says the official journal
ist Is it not about time that the
"kingly office" should begin to respect
Is the kingly ofhee in Hawaii self
respectful ? We submit the question
to the careful consideration of the king
The kingly office is a great trust. If
possible.an elective trust is greater than
an hereditary one. The voice of the
Hawaiian people, speaking through its
legislature,callcd David Kalakaua to the
throne of the Ramchamehas. His
power was limited by a constitution
whose provisions were ample to insure
the royal dignity and protect popular
rights. The spirit of that constitution
was (and is) good and only good. Its
letter is defective in some respe'ets and
intolerant in others. It was the king's
sworn di'ty to uphold that constitution.
Has he done so to the satisfaction cf
his conscience ? If yes, then his con
science is at counter purpose with the
wishes, and with tht best judgment, of
the foreign residents here.
Now King Kalakaua ought not to
persuade himself, or try to persuade the
nation, that he can fall back upon the
clause of the constitution which asserts
that the king's ministers are alone re
sponsible for the conduct of gqvern-
ntent. If the king's ministers violate
the constitution, and the king contin
ues them in office, then the king assumes
the responsibility, makes it his own,
and consents to govern unconstitution
ally. Can anything be plainer than
that ? And if the general policy of
the government is opposed to the best
interests of the nation, does not the
ruler who keeps in power the men
legally responsible for that government
assume its responsibility ?
And does not King Kalakaua as
sume such a responsibility in keeping
the present ministry in power ?
" It is not the individual only, it is
the nation itself that is represented by
the official embodimnt of executive
power, and be it a constitutional mon
arch or a constitutional president, good
manners demand that cither should be
treated with exalted respect" Very
true. But if the acts of "the official
embodiment of executive owcr" are
such that citizens continually deplore
those acts, how can a self-respectful
public put its sense of injury in its
pocket, or lock it away in a trunk, and
go to make itself ridiculous by wishing
long life to a rulelt fears and divrusts
That is the plain I'.ngl.sh of it the
truth of it. Those who tell the king
these plain truths are his true friends.
Those who seek to hide them from
him are his enemies.
. Sir Moses Montcfiore's memory, not
withstanding his hundred vears, is
wonderfully good. A short time since
he reminded his private secretary that
the agreement between them for a three
years' engagement was on the point of
expiration. " We will renew it for
another three jears, if you please," said
George Peck, proprietor of Peck's
Sun, was once a reporter in New York,
"several hundred dollars poorer than
when he was simply dead broke," and
lie left thai city determined never to
return until he had amassed a fortune
of at least thirteen dollars. Hi Sun is
said to yield him an income of twenty-
live thousand dollars a year.
Algernon Charles Swinburne, the
poet, detests tobacco. One day, at the
Arts Club, after going from room to
room in the vain hope of finding a clear
atmosphere to write in, he exclaimed,
impatiently: "James the rirst was a
knave, a tyrant, a fool, a liar, a coward.
But I love himv I worship him, because
he slit the throat of that blackguard Ra
leigh, who invented this filthy smoking."
The St. James Gazette wittily says ,
"Ireland is indeed going to the dogs.
The Limerick county magistrates have
refused to permit the erection of tents
for the sale of alcoholic liquors at Lim
erick races. Mr. Bryon O'Donnel, sec
retary of the race committee, announ
ces that under the circumstances the
races will not be held, as without the
tents the fixtures would be a financial
" The cereal crops throughout the
United States have been unusually
large and the quality above the stand
ard. This pains the stock brokers, but
it ought to be cheering news to the poor
who arc dependent in a great measure
on breadstuffs, the price of meat being
too high to allow its general use. Past
experience, however, shows that, owing
to the octopus-like system of the mill
ing interests, no matter how large the
grain yield is, its manipulation is con
trolled so as to keep up the price of
flour. The cotton crop is said to be
somewhat behind the average, but it
is sufficiently large to leave a good sur
plus after supplying the home market.
With cheap food and rent for artisans,
this country ought to be able to com
pete with the world in manufactured
goods, and if necessary live on its own
resources like a hibernating bear.
" The outcry against large landed es
tates in Great Britain docs not appear
justifiable in all its details, when one
reads that during the last three years
Lord Dalhousie has planted over 1,300.
000 trees on the extensive moorlands
on his Forfarshire estates, principally
on the Panmurc property near Carnous
tie, and several new avenues have been
planted on the grounds of Panmure
House, where there is one of the finest
gardens in Scotland. There arc nine
immense houses for fruit and flowers,
whi9h are connected by a corridor
about 300 feet long, on which, among
other interesting plants, is a camellia
nearly a hundred years old and a
fuchsia forty years old.' Small owners
could not do that, the country would
be that much loser and the mass of
women who worked for Lord Dalhousie
would not have earned their wages,"
says John Swinton who is a commu
Charles Reade, the novelist, who died
last April, did not leave a very large
fortune. It does not amount to more
than $100,000, and it goes to his
brother, his nephews and his nieces.
He is said to have lost much money
in his theatrical speculations. He used
invariably to go to the rehearsals of his
plays, and was always the first, Mr.
Labouchere says, to recognize humble
met it. On one occasion the girl play
ing a small servant's part had to be on
the stage, while another was fondling
a doll which represented her offspring.
Charles Reade was narrowly watching
the bye-play, and the next day the
girl received a little bracelet from him,
accompanied by a note congratulating
her upon the affectionate manner in
which she had glanced at the doll, and
telling her that if she only persevered in
playing the smallest parts with feeling
she would live to be a great actress.
The cholera trial through which
Italy is passing, has proved that the
Italians possess many admirable quali
ties in which some of their warmest for
eign friends have hitherto fancied they'
might be wanting. It has shown, too,
that a sense of brotherhood between
men of all classes and parties exists,
which in the hour of danger is strong
enough to overcome their jealousies
and their differences of opinion, and to
induce them to stand shoulder to
shoulder in the common cause. It
may be that the momentary harmony
will pass away with the sad occasion
that 'called it forth ; but the memory,
at least, will still remain. The lazzaroni
of Naples will never forget that the
king came to them in the hour of their
need, nor will the middle class fail to
remember how the priests were ready
even in the midst ot the panic to calm
their fear, and to do their utmost to
supply their wants.
The New York Times says : "The
reported engagement of the president
to Miss Tilhe Frelinghuysen, the oldest
daughter of the secretary of state is the
occasion ol much comment. I lie lady
is described as a tall, slender blonde,
and while extremely youthful in ap
pearance, is verging toward middle life,
icing in the neighborhood of forty years
of age. While not what is strictly termed
a handsome woman, she is ot a stately,
commanding presence, of polished man
ners, exceedingly vivacious in conver
sation, and has rendered herself very
popular in all circles at Wellington,
especially among the members and at
taches of the foreign legations, having
among her other gilts an excellent
knowledge of most of the modern lan
guages. She has great tact, and her
tavoirfaire will be felt at the entertain
ments at the White House during the
period of her reign there. She is also
noted for her charities, both at Wash
ington and Newark, and no one in
either city is more blessed by the poor
mn nr.vx. nt.ir 1 v 1 r:n.,
By the time the paper for which this is
prepared is issued perhaps before
Honolulu will know who is to be the
next President of the United States.
There are those among us who believe
so fixedly in the Republican party that
they cannot bear to think of its defeat
without a pang. They are not mere
selfish time servers, who follow the
party tor spoils. I hey know as tens of
thousands who think as they do in the
United States also know that the
"spoils" arc not for them. That if the
Republican party were less than a hun
dredth part as lame there' would not bcof-
ficcscnoughtogoaroundeven then. One
of those life-long Republicans asks the
Tress to republish the following extract
from a speech delivered by Garfield be
fore the' election in 1879 !
Now, fellow citijens, a word before I leave
you, ot) the very eve ol the holy day of God
.1 fit moment to consecrate ourselves finally
to the great work of next Tuesday morning.
1 sec in this audience to-mglit a grrat many
young men young men who arc about to cast
their first votes. I wanl to give you a word of
suggestion and advice. I heard n very bill
llant thing said by a lioy the other day, up in
one of our nor lli-ncstcm counties. lie said
tome i "General, I have a great mind to
vote the Democratic ticket." That was not
the brilliant thing. I said to him 1 ''Why ?
" Why," said he, "my father is a Republican,
and my brothers are Republicans, and I am n
a Republican all over but I want to be an
Independent man, and I don't want an) body
to say, 'That fellow votes the Republican
ticket just because his dad docs, and I limr.n
mind to vote the Democratic ticket just to
prove my Independence." 1 do not like the
thing the boy suggested, but I did admire the
spirit of the boy that wanted to have some
independence of his own.
Now, I tell you, young man, don't rote thr
Republican ticket just because your father
votes It. Don't vote the Democratic ticket,
even II he docs vote it. Hut let me give jou
this one word of advice as vou arc about to
pilch your lent in one of the great political
camps. Your life Is full and buoyant with
hope now, and I beg you, when you pitch
)our tent, pilch it among the living and not
among the dead. If you arc at all inclined to
pitch It among the Democratic people and with
that party, let me go with you for a moment
while we survey the ground where I hope vou
will.not shortly lie. It is a sad place, young
man, for )ou to put your voung life Into. It is
to tnc far more like a graveyard than like a
camp for the living. Look at It ! It is bil
lowed all over with the graves of dead issues,
of buried opinions, of exploded theories of de
graded doctrines. You can not live in com
fort in such a place. Why, look here I Here
is a little dirty mound. I look down on it and
read, "Sacred to the Memory of Squatter
Sovereignity and the Dred Scott Dccfslon."
A million and a half Democrats voted for
that, but it has been dead fifteen vears died
by the hand of Abraham Lincoln, and here
It lies. Young man, that Is not the place for
Hut look a litttc further. Here is another
monument, a black tomb, and beside it, as our
distinguished friend said, there lowers to the
sky a monument of four million pairs of human
fetters taken from the arms of slaves, and I
read on its little headstone this : " Sacred to
the Memory cf Human Slavery." For forty
years of its infamous life the Democratic jary
taught that it was divine God's institution.
They defended It, they stood round it, they
followed it to its grave as a mourner. But here
it lies, dead by the hand of Abraham Lincoln ;
dead by the power of the Republican party;
deid by the justice of Almighty God. Don t
camp there, joung man.
But here is another a little brimstone tomb
and I read across its yellow face, in lurid
bloody lilies, these words : "Sacred to the
Memory of State Sovereignty and Secession.'
Twelve million of Democrats mustered around
it in arms to keep it alive ; but here it lies
shot to death by the million guns of the Re
public. Here it lies, its shrine burned to ashes
under the blazing rafters of the burning Con
federacy. It is dead I I would not have )Ou
stay in there a minute, even in this balmy night
air, to look at such a place.
Hut just before I leave I discover a new-
made grave, a little mound short. . The grass
has hardly sprouted over it, and all around I
see torn pieces of paper with the word " fiat"
on them, and I look down in curosity wonder
ing what the little grave is, and I read on It :
"Sacred tolho Memory of the Rag Baby."
Nursed in the brain of the fanaticism of the
world; rocked by Thomas Ewing, George II.
I'endleton, Samuel Carey and a few others
throughout the land. But it died on the first
of January, 1S79, and $140,000,000 of gold
that God made, and not fiat power, lie upon
Its little carcass to keep it down forever.
Oh, young man; come out of that 1 That is
no place in which to put your young life. Come
out and come over into this camp of liberty, of
order, of law, of freedom, ofjustice, of all that
is glorious under tnese night stars.
Is there any death in our camp? Yes t Yes I
Three hundred and fifty thousand soldiers, the
noblest band that ever trod the earth, died to
make this camp a camp of glory and of liberty
forev'er. But there are no dead issues here.
There are no dead ideas here. Hang out
your banner from under the blue sky this night
unfit it shvll sweep the green turf under your
feet. It hangs over our camp. Read away up
under the stars the inscription we have written
upon it, to I these twenty-five years.
Twenty-five years ago the Republican parly
was married to liberty, and this Is our silver
wedding, fellow-citizens. A worthily uunicd
couple love each other better on the day of
their silver wedding than on the day of their
first espousal; and we are truer to liberty to-day
and dearer to God than we were when we first
spoke our first word of liberty. Read away up
under the sky across our starry banner that
first word we uttered twenty-five )car ago t
What was It? "Slavery shall never stand
over another foot of the territory of the great
west." Is that dead ot alive ? Alive, thank
God, for evermore I And truer to-night than
it was the hour it was written. Then It was a
hope, a promise, a purpose, To-night it is
equal with the stars immortal history and im
Come down the steps of our glorious history.
livery great record we have made wc have-
vlndicatcd wilh our blood and with our truth.
It aweeps the ground and It touches the start.
Come here, vojng man, and put In vour )oung
life whrieall Is living, and where nothing Is
dead but the heroes that defended it.
Another good Republican requests
us to print the following suggestive par
agraphs from the Commercial Telegram
of Toledo, Ohio, General Comly's pa
per. If the Alameda shall come in the
morning with the Republican colots
folded out of sight, and the Democra
tic flag flaunting tantalizingly, we who
played at votingfor the Republican can-didatebecausewefeart-dtosee
Party" in power will be "pretty consid
erahy sorry" as Artemus Ward used
The Democratic party for the last quarter of
a century and more bat been the ZW parly.
Don't say that slavery is not a divine Invtitu
Don t disturb slavery
Don't Insist upon free territories.
Don't Irritate the Southern brelhein,
Don't reluse to be theft slave hounds.
Don't refuse to catch their runaway "nicgers"
and send them back without trial in a Northern
Don't refuse to have the sovereignty of the
free states trampled upon and Insulted, heir
courts and executive defied, their people turned
Into detectives and baiblTi,
Don't elect n president who has not the p
provalof the South.
Don't oppose secession.
Don't attempt to coerce the South.
Don't call out any troops.
Don't vote any supplies to the 'army and
Don't anthorlze the issue of greenbacks, or
the selling of bonds timing the war.
Don't exempt the national debt from taxa
tion. Don't prosecute the war with vigor.
Don't say that It Is not a failure.
Don't disfranchise rebels caught in arms
agiinst the government.
won t enirancnisc niggers loutui in arms
fighting for the government.
Don't interfere with the right to use the
pursuaslvc shot-gun at the polls, and preserve
the purity of the ballot-box by murdering all
ridiculous persons, white or black, who Insist
urwn voting against the small but select
minority of Southern gentlemen.
Don't deny the sacred right of Southern
gentlemen to flog, terrorize, bull-doze, or mur
der, all "n(ggcrs"and "carpet-baggers," all
persons, white or black, who dare have minds
of their own, adverse to the claims of the
sacred Southern gentleman.
Don t restrict the issue of greenbacks In
time of peace.
Don't keep faith with the national banks.
Don't pay the national debt.
Don't pay the national debt In gold coin, or
In any money of par value.
Don't pledge the honor of the govemmmt
to the payment of the national debt.
Don't try to resume specie payments.
Don't attempt to substitute bonds of a lower
rate of Interest than any other government has
been required to pay, for bonds of tie highest
per cent., made necessary by the lack of confi
dence created by the " Dm't" party In con
Don't attempt to protect American tabor.
Don't agitate the tariff question.
Don't say anything about hard money or soft
Don't endorse civil service reform
Don't oppose'clvil service reform.
Don't do anvthing positive; don't nominate
any man for president who can't be run either
end first on the tariff or any other question;
don't antagonize beer j don't affront the prohi
bitionists ; and finally, brethren, let us all with
one accord bend all our energies to one
supreme and mighty cflbrt to capture those
Not many months aco Queen Marc-
uerita of Italy asked a little girl to knit
her a pair ol silk stockings as a birth
day gift, and gave her twelve lire to
buy the material. The queen forgot
the circumstance until her birthd.ty
came, when she was reminded of it by the
arrival of a pair of well-knit silk stock
ings and the maker's best wishes. Not
to be outdone, Queen Margucrita sent
a, pair to her young friend as a re
turn gift, one stocking being full of lirc-
picces and the other of bon-bons. They
were accompanied by a little note
" Tell me, my dear, which you liked
best ?" A reply reached the place the
next day : " Dearest Queen : Both the
stockings have made me shed many bit
ter tears. Papa took the one with the
money, and my brother the other.
There is a promise of a full house to
greet Mrs. Leavilt, the eloquent tem
perance speaker, who begins a series of
public meetings in the Y. M. C. A.
Hall this evening. Every one interested
in the campaign against this growing
evil of intemperance should be present
to-night. A special invitation is ex
tended to those who want to give up
drinking, and to those who will drink
whatever other people may think or say.
The Vicar of Walznll, England, the
Rev. R. Hodgson, M. A., after pro
found researc'-rs, has reconciled science
and religion by the remarkable discov
ery, which lie recently announced in a
public lecture, that prc-Adainite ie
mains arc nothing more nor less than
At an Ajournad Meeting of th Stockholders cf
WlLDF.iVs STEAMSHIP COMPANV Limited),
held at their Office in the City of Honolulu, Thursday,
November so, 1884. the following Oncers were
rs-slected to servo during the ensuing )ear t
Samuel G. Wilder
Willun O. Irwin
Samuel 11. Ross . .
William C Wilder
John II. Taty ...
Honolulu, November zo, 18)4.
P art 11
, . Treasurer
. 0. ROSE,
JOSEPH E. WISEMAN.
Tha-Onlj- RatoognUad Cemttrtil Boat
OaSoa In OaatpsMtU'a 11 res-proof Bu!14
J'. O IIom HIS
RsmI Eatatn Aaonts Uuvs and sails Real
Housss, Cutsisi and Rooms. -
BoMoUUb Asj.nt for WUdsr's later.
Public will apply to me for Tickets and Informs
Bollcittutc Airemt fur tls. Mutual Life
Urgetl, bratklesl and Soundssl Inu.lutlon ol Us
AkfS nt for taset Orsvot Burlington Rail
all other routes going East, the scsnsry being the
Dining Cars lh handsomest and roost comfortable.
Einployniant Agent. HJs Einpkomsni for
Soliciting Agent for the Olty of Lou
Company ia iha Islands.
Onatout HouM BrokariErncrsCoods at Cus
lidls under I'owvr oT Attorney.
Moutry Brokstr, t-cana Moosy at all times on
Qoaoral sutuoM Agent.- - Tapers of
lectcd. liooas and Accvuott kept and adjustsd.
surancc 00 Tropsrly looked aiter. Copying and
CorrcepoodM and Cosoucrcul Business of evsry
Agent for tae New Mulo Hall at Mo
for lcr.l, lie. Ordeil fot Island sbsllt, Curbs,
UUd and forwarded lo all pens of its World.
" lofoicutiuo appuialaiog to tha Islands given and
FOR SAN FRANCISCO.
v, niir.it r.it .t co.ii'.t.vr, Agmi.
Merthantlise revetted Stnrase Free, and liberal rtJi
advances msde on shipments by iMs line.
PACIFIC NAVIGATION CO.
evmsfrrir nml Cniithifsslnn ,1 !"(.
Ctntr QUSS.V A .VVUAS'U Strtetl, lit!!"
Regular vessels foe the pens of
Maltkoand Hsiu on Maul.
LatipahoeW, Ilonomu, Psukaa and flitooit
Koloa, lUnsptf and VVslms on KauaI, anil
VValalua on Oatin,
And anyolhsr pftra when Inuueemtnti offer,
rtnenhasina-Ireland for any part of th ManJl t
be forwarded from ban franclsco by way of Honolulu,
or direst shipment! from Honolulu will do welt 10 en
qtiire first of the Pacific Navigation Co., Ufnee nutln4
Goods Intended for shipment by any of our vtKstt
received and noted free cf charge Is out (ire-proof
building at anv time Apply to th captains on board,
or to A. V. COOKE,
Mtf Manager raclfie Natbtatlon Co.
IMli TABLE OP STEAMERS
IMTKR-ISLAND STEAM NAVIGA
HaTRS . Conim.snda
Leaves Honolulu for Maalaea, Kona and Kau on
Wednesday, October find it s r:n
Monday, November vrd
Arriving-at Honolulu on
Wednesday, October aoth
Sunday, November oth.
.at 5 .H
.at s r.M
Cameron, comnundi r. leaves Honolulu avervTuea
dayatsp.ni. for Nawiliwili, Kotwa, niele, and VV'ar-
Saturday evening, arriving oaclc every bunday moraine;
fletnrnini. leaves Nawihwtll ever
Stemiifir ,fuiuct STakco,
Freemsn. commander, leaves Honolulu every Fri
days, at 9 a.m. fgr Waianae, Waialua, Kapaa and
Kllauea. Returning leaves Kapaa every tTusxlaysai
4 P.M., and touching at Waialua and Waiaoas arriv
ing bacW every Wednesday aftsrnovn.
Steamer O. 11. JHhIioji,
Davis, commander, lesves Honolulu every Tuesday
at is H. for Hamoa, Kukuihaele. llonokaa and I'aau
hau. Returning s ill stop at Ilamoa, arriving back
every Sunday morning.
gar OFFICE of the Company, foot of KUauao
Street, near the ! M. S. S. Whaif. ti6-
lLDER'S STEAMSHIP CO'S
ROUTE AND TIMtt TABLE
JCltO.. , COMHANDI
leaves every Tuesday at 4 r. St., fur Lahaina, Mu
laea, Malcena, Mabukona. Kawaihae, 'Laupahoshoe
and Hib Leaves liilo Thursdays, loucbing at tha
same ports on return, arriving back Saturdays at t r.M.
Leaves Mondays at 4 r. t. for 'Kaanakakat, Kahu
lui, Keanae, Huelo, liana, Klpajiulu and Nuu. Its
turning will stop at the above ports arriving back Satar
'For malls and passengers only.
Leavea Mondays at 5 r. l. for I'aauhau, Kohalalela
Ookala, Kukalau, Honohina, LAupahoehoe, Hakalatt
and Onomea. Returning will arrive back each Satur
nu; Kir. a oka nuu.
Will taaya each Wednesday for same ports at tbs Lebua.
Leaves each Wednesday for Kaunakakal, Kamaloo
1'ukoo, Moanul, HaUua. VVallau, Fciekunu aud K
laupapa, returning each Monday evening.
PACIFIC MAIL STEAMSHIP COMPANV.
FOR SAN FRANCISCO
Tht Splendid Steamship
WEQIIER . . Commands.
wili leave Honolulu for San Francisco
On or about November 83
;0R SYDNEY Via AUCKLAND.
Th Spttndld Steamship.
C1IKST . .Cotrunaader
On or about. . -November SO
its II. HACKFELD & Co., Aku
neea Agent on the HawmllaailalauaaU-
UK. U7 Uaw.ls.sut KMoBolsUu, H. t.
Euata la all parts of Its Kingdom. Rants CMBoae,
Island Bteamen. TourlMs and Iha Traveling
lion to lbs Volcano, t
kind In lbs World.
of New York.
way Route in Anerioa-IUsRoutaaacals
giaudsst, the meats lU ska'csst and las Palaca and
all seeking wwk la ll.s variouk Uam.hu of Industry 00
Jon rire luaurance Co.-The Usi known
lorn House, pays and discharges rrvlfkl aad Duly
svsry description dream, bitls distrlbuisd (aod Cel
Kccords Searched. Rents CoHscud. Tases and e
Fjigrosslngdoae. Adscnlssaieas,is'fspapsr Articles,
nature promptly and accurately attended so.
aelala -Comrum.s abroad will correspond villi ase
Lava Spsclmeas, Native Views, and Prtotos caissuljy'
all twreipuidiuce faithfully answersd.
JOHKfU K. WiKM4H,
Geoaral Buelaesa Agsnt, Keevalala, M. I.
i ujfaMaVjs. 1 riTasfs.