Newspaper Page Text
r JLit. '
HONOLULU, HAWAIIAN ISLAJNDfwCEMI3ER 20, 1884.
Volume v, Number i6.
Whole Number 225.
CJ A rr.TTT 4 TX
L. r H H T 1 L m m. & A fm
I m r i w m m m
A Voucttc Statement of the Doctrine.
Dy the popular mind, nnd by those
who have ghen little attention to the
subject, the doctrine of evolution is
variously regarded. Mention the theory
wherever one may, to the uninstructed
and to the instructed alike, andlt is
sure to create more or less levity and
amusement. Sdmc immediately con
nect it with Darwinhni, or origin of
species; others, the more ignorant
with the belief that man, somehow or
other, by some unknown process, has
descended from the monkey. Again,
by many very intelligent people it is
thought to apply to the development of
organic life only, ll will be the object
of this very superficial and necessarily
brief outline of the theory to attempt to
show that tl(:sc several notions are
none true, and that what Is true is only
What is popularly known as "Dar
winism," never attempted to deal with
cwihition any further than the explana
tion of the origin of species, until after
it had been fully outlined by other and
more comprehensive hands. Evolution,
as defined by its originators, means a
change from undifferentiated homo
geneity to a differentiated heterogeneity;
in other words from a mass, all of a
very like kind, with little or no difference
in its parts, to a mass of at) unlike kind,
different, jet perfect in all its parts.
This theory, therefore, is not dependent
for its truth upon an explanation of any
one department of nature it is not
a one-sided theory but attempts to
deal with phenomena as a whole.
Thus it will be seen that Darwin worked
only upon one line of the theory. That
especially in which he earned his great
est fame was trganic evolution. The
theory, expounded by the modern
school, includes not only organic, but
inorganic and supcrorganic evolution.
It begins with the proposition that con
sciousness recognizes certain forces in
nature, call them what we may, and
that these forces when traced to their
ultimate analyses arc inscrutable.
In other words, treat the subject as
best we can, turn it oer with the finest
instruments of science, contemplate it
with the eye of the most acute mind,
and the atom of the chemist is abso
lutely incomprehensible; yet wc cannot
rid ourselves of the idea that matter
exists. Then the idea that matter ex.
ists is one of the ultimate data of con
sciousness. We are as justly warranted.
therefore, in assuming that matter ex
ists, as in starting from the idea that we
exist. So with force or encriiy. We
know that it exists, yet what it is ws
cannot know. The persistence of
force, or "Conservation of Energy," as
the physicists call it, is a new discovery,
and a very important one; so in addi
tion to the formula that matter cannot
be destroyed, the equally important fact
r is acknowledged that force is persistent.
And here let me say in brief that evolu
tion or growth of structure, is nothing
more than a dissipation of energy and
an integration of matter, and death an
integration of force and dissipation of
matter. The existence of these two
agents in one form or another is denied
by no one at the present time. Now,
these facts being granted, it is the pro
vince of evolution to take them up and
to show in what way, by inherent
propel ties in themselves, things have
some to be as they are. It is a mag
n'ficcnt scheme No wonder it dazzles
the imagination! It is safe to say that
no conception of man since the world
Iwgan, can compare with it in grandeur,
Instead of an endless round-a-bout of
words dnd dialectic, as practiced by the
ancient Greeks, the votaries of evolu
tion present an array of facts and solid
arguments, connected together with
such significance, that no one can see
and not believe. The first man or
woman of intelligence is yet to le found
who, after even partial. investigation,
does not accept, at least qualified
In regard to organic evolution, Wolff
and Von Ilaer, showed that the changes
which individual organisms undergo in
their development, is from homogeneity
to heterogeneityfrom the simple to
the complex. The germ of every plant
or animal is "Uniform throughout, both
in texture and chemical comtiosition."
As some one has said: "Nature
teaches this great law in the life of an
egg which completes its history a
mass of organizable matter which has
escaped being turned into an omelet ;
a spot; aline; a groove; a group of
walled cells with their soft contents; self
distribution into regions; self-differentiation
into tissues and organs; self
movement as a whole; self-conscious-
new as an 'individual; emergence at
length from the imiolate secresy of the
divine studio, where it has been shaped,
a creature of God, fuU-armed to tight
for life against the elements."
Now, it is the province of evolution
to show that what is true of the develop
ment of the germ of the egg into the
chick, of the seed into the tree, of
organic evolution is true of all evolu
tion, 1. t, that it proceeds from the
ttaple to the complex.
In the year 1857, two years before
the publication of the Origin of Sptcies,
Mr. HsrWrt Spencer outlined the com
plete theory of evolution in the follow
ing language : "Wc propose, in the first
place, to show that this law of organic
progress is the law of all progress.
Whether it be in the. development of
the earth, in the development of life
upon its surface, in the development of
society, of government, ofmanufacturcs,
of commerce, of language, literature,
science, art, this same evolution of the
simple into the complex, through suc
cessive differentiations, holds through
out. From the earliest trareablc cos-
mical changes, down to the latest results
of civilization, e- shall find that the
transformation of the homogeneous into
the heterogeneous, is that in which
progress essentially consists."
Touching for a moment upon the
nebular hypothesis, wc shall sec what
sanction it gives to our theory if It be
true. Space is not sufficient to give
the facts and arguments of science
which make the nebular theory most
probable. It is sufficient to say that
the present solar system is believed by
those most competent to give an opinion
upon the subject, to be the result of
the gradual cooling down of an indefi
nitely extended, homogeneous, highly
attenuated gas. Now, in the state of
intense heat, to which this homogeneous
gas was subject, what would occur, if
the hypothesis of evolution be true ?
Subject any nearly homogeneous mass
to intense heat, or to violent motion,
and so long as the agency is kept con
stant, the mass will remain the same, or
nearly the same. Let the mass be
gradually cooled, and the heavier parts
will be separated from the lighter,
differentiations begin, different parts
assume different aspects, and finally the
mass presents that difference of or
gan!7.ition found in the most complex,
inorganic structure. Thus in the cool
ing down of the homogeneous nebulous
gas, out of which the hypothesis as
sumes the solar system to have been
formed, we should construct, a prion',
just such a system as we find, in ac
cordance with the well knovn laws of
matter and force. First, an indefinitely
extended, nearly homogeneous gas,
gradually cooling down, with motions
gradually more complex, the mass throw
ing off rings and parts of itself, would
result in the highly heterogeneous s)s
tcm of central sun, revolving planets,
with their satellites as found in our
Leaving this hypothesis for what it is
worth, let us come to the earth itself.
Here, we leave the region of speculation,
and come into the sphere of positive
knowledge. From all appearances, the
geologist has arrived at the conclusion
that the earth was, at one period of its
history, in a state of intense heat.
Leaving theory out of the question, and
dealing with "geological time" only,
we know that the crust of the earth is
far more complex the nearer the surface.
Strata of different degrees of thickness,
and of complex chemical texture are
presented to us every few feet. So it
will probably continue to be for all time.
To return to the subject of organic
development: Prior to the first quarter
of the present century, it was the al
most universal belief among biologists
that the germ. of every organism was a
minute reproduction of the fully de
veloped parent The investigations of
Wolff, of Von Ilaer, and of scores of
embryologists since their time, have
proved the falsity of these assumptions.
No biologist of any repute pretends to
maintain such an opinion at the present
day. The germinal vesicle of the chick,
or any other organism, so far as the
microscope can show us, contains no
indication whatever of structural differ
ence. A mere speck, consisting of two
or three chemical elements, it has no
seeming relationship to the developed
organism. 1 ne germ ot a nighty or
ganized animal may be described almost
in a word, while it might take a highly
learned disquisition ot a volume or
more to explain the heterogeneous
structure of the organism itself.
Note, now, the course of develop,
ment from the germ to the organism.
Take, for instance, the germ within the
hen's egg. We have th authority of
Wolff, Von Uacr, Haeckel and Agassiz,
and of all others who have made in
vestigation in embryology, for saying
that at certain stages oi progress in de
velopment, one animal cannot be deter
mined from another. As all know, the
first step in organic evolution is by fis
sion, or self-division of the germ or
speck into two, then into four, eight
and so on, until a line is formed, then
a groove; a group of valled cells, tissues
and organs. Now, in all this, nothing
like an unfolding of a minute organism
is seen. A tiny foot does not piotrude
itself in one place, a wing in another
and a beak in another. Instead of an
unfolding heterogeneous organism,' is
noted without exception, the evolution
of a homogeneous mass into a hetero
geneous individual. One further aspect
of embryological development: The
first differentiation or step In the devel
opment of the embryo is not sufficiently
marked to show the investigator what
kind of animal it is to be. It shows
only whether it will be a plant, or an
animal The second step determine
whether, if an animal, it will belong to
the vertebrates or invertebrates; the
third, fourth, eta, to what order, family,! tions, different from another, with the
genus and species. Agassi, although a
believer in qualified evolution only,
said that not until a comparatively late
stage of embryological development
could he determine the difference be
tween the pig, dog and cat. Has all
this bearing on our hypothesis? We
think when taken together with the
support which palacontotogy gives, it
has a decided bearing.
It is well known to everyone of any
intelligence in geology, that, for ages
past there have been found imbedded
in the earth the petrified remains of an
almost infinite number of animals and
plants that have existed on the earth
in past " geological times." It is further
well known that, as a rule, the older the
strata in which the remains arc found,
the lower the "organism. It is not
claimed that this is true in every' in
stance, but in nearly every one. Space
forbids going into the subject of palae
ontology in detail, but it is pertinent to
say that all geologists recognize a pro
gressive development of organisms, from
the lowest to the highest, since the
beginning of life upon the earth. In
th; oldest strata wc find the remains of
the organisms to be few, and of a very
simple kind, gradually increasing in
number and in heterogeneity of struct
ure, with more or less sudden transi
tions, until the present time. And let
it be remarked here, that these sudden
breaks in the chain do not, in the least,
negative the hypothesis of evolution.
For a long period of time, even until
very recently, two schools of geologists
carried on a fierce controversy about
" Catastrophies " and "Uniformity."
The "Catastropists," noting the differ
ence in the geological ages, believed
they were so clearly marked that noth
ing less than a Convulsion or catastrophe
in nature could have ended one and be
gun thcother. More careful knowledge in
geology, consequent On a better under
standing of strata led many to believe
that, after all, no decided difference
was discernablc between the ending of
one series and the beginning of the
next one; until at the present time, all
geologists agree in "uniformitarianism"
that the changes that have occurred
in the crust of the earth, since the be
ginning of "geological times," have
been produced by nearly constant and
uniform agencies, like those now in
operation. Jiut, even alter the uni-
formitarianists in geology had won the
fight, there were cataStrophists in
biology. Viewing the distribution of
the animal world in lime, and noting
also, as they had.to do, a seeming jump
from one series of strata to another,
they maintained that a sudden catas
trophe only could have produced such
a sudden ending of one kind of animals,
and the beginning of another. In short,
that a violent convulsion of nature
must have put an end to all existing
organic forms, and that a new creation
had filled their places with a somewhat
allied, but different fauna and flora.
It is needless to say that, on further in
vestigation, this illogical position went
the way of its geological predecessor,
and now, all biologists of note agree
upon the hypothesis that the present
race of animals and plants have come
down in one unbroken series, by de-.
velopment, from the few simple kinds,
found in the earliest geological ages.
How well, then, the evolution hypothesis
is supported both by embryology and
palaeontology. Wc notice throughout
geological ages constantly varying forms,
differences being greater the greater
the lime intervening. So in embry"
oiogy ; the uiiierenccs in appearance
of the embryo of varying organisms
being greater, the nearer the time
of complete development. And if
there lc somewhat sudden breaks in
the chain, in time, is it to be wondered
at, when we take into consideration the
small area of the earth as anything like
completely explored, and the further
fact, how unlikely is it that more than a
mere stray form of any extinct species
has been preserved? Want of space, in
a single article compels the leaving out
the further support which both Mor
phology and Distribution of Organic
Forms in Space give to the evolution
hyjKHhesis; and now we shall proceed
to that which can be more plainly seen
Fortunately the evidences are here so
plain and easily to be seen that little
need be said upon the subject. Tribes
of men yet exist in various parts of the
world, among whom a very rudimen
tary condition of society is to be found.
Among the Damaras, the aboriginal
tribes of Australia and the Ainos of
Yesso, there exist but weak tribal aflin
itics. Here, although no one would
pretend to say that some pi ogress has
not been nude, yet it is of a very sim
ple kind. Each man acts, to a great
extent, as a whole community of highly
civilized people act, in that he does
ever) thing for himself which certain
others of the civilized community do
for one another. Every man is hii own
instrument maker; he hunts his own
food, and prepares it when he catches
it; he makes such clothes as he wears,
builds hi house and is his own doctor.
Now contrast this homogeneous mass
of people, each in no perceptible
degree, in lib social or industrial rela-
highly complex relations of highly civil
ircd England. Here we find some
agriculturalists, some manufacturers,
others lawyers, doctors, clergymen, teach
ers and so on to almost infinity; and
not onlv do we find till, but in everv
industrial class named, there arise from J
the simple class, differentiations again
to almost the same extent. Take for
instance manufacturers. Who without
a technical knowledge of the subject
could mention the various occupations
and kinds of texture in even one branch
of manufacture. Look at iron workers.
Do all engaged in the occupation do
the same kind of wotk? Turners,
moulders, blacksmiths, lathe-tenders,
etc., arc engaged in a special depart-mcnt;-nnd
these several kinds of workers
go on and differentiate, until wc find,
even in Adam Smith's time, fifteen
specialists at work on the common brass
pin. Note, then, what goes on from
the simple social relations of the North
American and the aboriginal Australian
through all the varying, intermediate
conditions, to the civilized Englishman,
Here we have an ample illustration of
social progress. From the simple or
the homogeneous to the complexor
heterogeneous is the universal law.
In government it is the same from
the simple o the complex. In all TV
un, iii vuriy stages ui government,
laws are few and of a-vcry simple kind,
What is law in one part of the domain
is law in any other part. In advancing
civilization, laws are general, specific
and complex. National authority,
state, county and municipal, all have
their binding force; and the different
departments require specialists for their
Passing from the evolution of the
social organism to language, the same
hvv holds good. The lowest form of
language is the exclamation, by which
vague and indefinite ideas arc expressed.
We have no means of knowing to what
extent this law holds in regard to abso
lutely primitive language, from the sim
ple fact that in most of the languages
of even the lowest tribes, very great
progress must have been already made,
we do Know however that there are
extant languages that have differentiated
no farther than the noun and the verb.
These differentiations once begun,
continue through the various parts of
speech found jn the highly developed lan
guages. At the same time differences in
mode, voice, tense and grammatical
structure continue. As it is irrspoken
language, so it is in written. There is
little doubt that written language, paint
ing and sculpture have a unity of origin.
The ancient Egyptians and Babylon
ians in the earliest times used a kind of
picture-waiting, as did the more recent
Mexicans; and by gradual changes, it
was turned into ideographic writing.
Sculpture was developed in the same
way, most likely from the pictures in
bas-reliefs at first, as also found in
the nuns of Assynar In like manner
into whatever department of human
endeavor wc go, the law of develop
ment from the simple to the complex
forces itself into prominence..
We now come to that point In evolu
tion where many cry halt! The doc
trine so far, though it has been inade
quately put, is comparatively easy of
comprehension, strengthened as it is by
what is constantly going on around us.
It is possible, they will say, to accept
the theory of development so far, but
that the grand mind and the noble
morals of the most highly civilized type
of man in the nineteenth century has
been developed from cosmic dust, seems
preposterous. No one can recognize
the inherent difficulties of the accept
ance of this theory more than the
evolutionists; yet it is evident that it
must stand or fall as a whole. No
rational believer in any part, can after
careful investigation, it seems to me,
stop at any half-way station. If species
arc mutable, genera must be the same,
and so through from the earliest simple,
physical life on the globe to the latest
development man included. And
if this be accepted, then the other
must follow as a corollary. It may
have many limitations as at present ex
pounded; but it seems, in the main,
that the one part must follow the other.
St. George Mivart declares that while
agreeing with Mr. Darwin as to man's'.
zoological position, ne ncvcrinciess
regards the difference between ape and.
mushroom as less important than the dif
ference between ape and man, so soon
as we take into account "the totality of
man's being." In this emphatic state
ment, there is, in a limited sense, a cer
tain amount ot truth. 11 we compare
the psychical operations of the ape
with the few most intellectual speci
mens of the most advanced thinkers,
the position may be unassailable. Be
tween the mind operations of Gladstone
and his anthropoid relatives, there is
most certainly a wide difference. Rut
is the comparison a legitimate one?
Ought it not to be between the lowest
Australian type of man and the ape?
Huxley says the difference between the
highest ape and the lowest man is
greater than between the lowest and
highest man. In the adjustment of
inner to outer relations, and whatever
(CONTINUED ON rOL'KTH' paIj.
'MITH ft THURSTON, I W. O. Smith,
) 1 1. A. Thurston
Attorney at Laic,
No. 3 Mmchant Sfpmtr ,
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Upltotsterer and Manufacturer.
Furniture Wareroom No, too Fort Street. Work
shop at old stand on Hotel Street. All orders promptly
attended to. 13
Oealer in Dry-Good liter, Tea, Silk and
Fancy Good, Hat, Hoot and
Shoe, Hran, Feed and Ftour,
Cigar and Tobacco.
Also proprietor of Rice and Sugar Plantation at
Kaneohe, koolau, Waipio, Kwa, and HeeU.
NUL'ANU AND CuAfLAlH SrT. .HONOLULU
A LLEN ft R0BINS9N,
Dealer in Lumber and all kind of Build'
iny Materials, Paint, Oil, Nail, etc.,
Honolulu, H. I.,
AGENTS Or SCHOONERS
Hileakala, Kulamanu, Kekauluohl, Miry BUto,
UUain, Pauahl mud LuhL
At Robinson's Wharf. 1
T BMMBLUTH ft Co.,
Tinsmiths and Plumbers Dealer in
Store, Range, Tin,
No. s Kluanu Street. Honolulu
o. it Kaahumanu Street, , ...Honolulu
P P, ADAMS,
Auctioneer and Commission Merchant,
Qleen Street, Honolulu
Htackemtth, Machinist, Carriage. Work
Honolulu,.,,. .,..,... ,,...H. I
Plantation Machinery, etc.
iwat'to Castle & Cooke's.
Shop on King Street
ONG LB0NG ft Co,
Agent, for Moannl Sugar, Palmmm Mire
And Kailua Rlc. Plantation and Mill.
S't'UANu Strut....,..., , .CoNa Marinr.
f OHN T. WATERHOUSB,
Importer 'and Dealer 4
1, -fn. cAaHrfsW.
n UytSnlmmn7uflo Vci
eat, Mutton, Kte.
carefully attended to.
Vessels aL short notice.
vegetable, of all kinds supplied to order.
r.lirilona. ,,,,,. ,,.,.,, , .... .No. an.
(formerly with ROLL.S ft CO.)
N'a.(.Ml and M'taU Oroeer,
in, Kimj Strut Unuim IUruoxv Hall.
Family, flirtation, and Milp atom SLpplicd at short
wxiw. Ntw foods by every atumer. Orders from
the other Island tailhfully executed.
Telephon. No, 119. lrs-lr'
UOLLISTBR ft Co.,
No. jg, Nvvanv Stl.rt.,
rkieMl and MetaU DrngmUm, and Tsv.
uopp a co..
74 .,,.4,.,, ,.,,., ...,.,,, Kiuti St.ht
Pfktt,r,r; DraMtr, mad t,lr, in all
a.Mst a rurnttmr.
Tttsyaont No. 1.1,
TTONOLULU IRON WORKS Co.,
Means Kngtne, Bolter, Bngar Mill,
Cooler; Iron, Bra, and Iad Catting.
Honolulu , ,. ....tH. 1
Machinery of every ( description made to order.
Particular attention naid to Shln'a BLacksmlthins'.
Job work executed on th. shortest notice, 19
Jeweler and -Dsaan.nd Metier,
No 60,..., Niri'ANir Strut, Honolulu, II.
(Opposite tlollister a Co.),
Particular attention paid to repairing
TTERRING ft HUBASH,
I I. M. Herrinc, 1
(JOS, HUBASH. f
TTfliCfff'frin Jcwelri Factory,
tCukul Jewelry, and Fine Diamond Setting a Specialty,
All Kind of Jeteelry Made to Order niirl
Watches Carefully Repaired and Warranted.
llrneral Knurarlnff,antl Fancy Monogram
srnrff r.jrecuiea. Jtll MMone
at Moderate Vrtree.
No. Bo Hotel Strret '.. .'Honolulu
Honolulu, Hawaiian Islands.
Draw Exchange on
THE DANK OF CALIFORNIA,
And their agents In
NEW YORK, ,
IIONO KONO. -
Messrs. N M. ROTHSCHILD SONS,
Th COMMERCIAL TANKING CO.,
OF SYDNEY, LONDON.
The COMMERCIAL HANKING CO..
C? SYDNEY, SYDNEY.
fn,. TIANKS OK NF-V ZEALAND!
TilE BANKS OF IlKr. ISH COLUMUIA,
VICTORIA, n.C AND rORILAND.OR.
Thtntatt a Genera! Ijit&ine Butlneii.
-ASTLE ft COOKE,
Shtpptny ami Coniiiifa.foii Merchant,
No. 80 KinoStkrt IIonoluu
IMTORTRRS AHU URALEM tM
The Hitchcock & Company's Plantauon.
The Alexander A iUhlvviri I'lanUlion.
R. Hatttrad, or Waiatua I'Uiitatton.
A. II. Smith & Company, kolua. Kauai.
J. M. Alexander, llalku, .Maul
The Haiku iiujar tympany.
Ihe Kohalj iugar tympany.
'Die Union Insurance Company ol han Frantcsco.
'I he New Cnland Life Insurance Company of Hotm.
I he Mtake .Manufacturim! Company ot It.r't'.ii
D. M WeMon's IVtent Centrifugal .Machines.
The New York and Honolulu I'rcket Line,
'the .Merchant's Line, Honolulu and ban Francisco;
Dr. Jaynes A Son's Celebrated Medicines.
Wilcos at Cibb s buipr Manufacturing Company.
Wheeler A Wilson's aewLa Machines. i-j-ir
U. W. MICTAItLANK, H R. MALFAKLANK.
Q W, MACFARLANE & CO.
Importers, Commliilon Merchants
and Sugar Factors
Fireproof Building. ...... ..Queen itrect, Ilorvilu'u.
Kilauei Sugar Co, Kauai,
The Waikapu Sugar Plantation, Maul,
The Spencer bugar Planiatiuti, Hawaii;
Honohina bugar Co, Hawaii,
Huelo Sugar Mill, Maui,
Huelo Sugar Plantation, Maul,
Reciprocity Sugar Co., liana,
Makaha Sugar Plantation, Oahu,
Ookala Sugar Co-lido, Hawaii, .
Olowalu Sugar Co. Maui,
Puutoa Sheep Ranch Co, Hawaii,
J. Fowler & Co's Steam Plow and PortabU Tramwiy
Mirrless, Watson k Co's Sugar Machinery, Glasgow
Glasgow and Honolulu Cine uf Packets,
Liverpool nd Honolulu Cine uf .ackrtv
London and Honolulu Cine of bteannrs.
Sun Fire Insurance Co. of Loudon.
TJ HACKFELD& Co.
General Commission Agent,
Quebn Street,,,. ,,.,.,. ..Honolulu
11. I. NOLTE. PROPRIETOR,
Ucgs to announce ta his friends and the public In gen.
eral that the abov. Saloon provides
From 3 A. h., till ic r. M.
O J- LBVBY ft CO.,
rraafaf andKelall Oroeer;
Fort Strut, ...... ,,..". Honolulu
Fresh groceries and provisions of all Vinds on hand and
received regularly from Europe and America which
will b. sold at Ih. lowest market rates.
Goods delivered to an pari cf th. city f,e. of charge
Island ordars solicited and prompt mention will be
given loth. same. II..IY
A S. CLRGHORN ft Co.
Importer mod .Dealer, in General JT.s-
Corner Queen and Kaahumauu Streets, Honolulu.
Wool and Shoemaker,
Lljuts and Shoes made to Order,
No. 114 Fort St., orrosii. Pantiiion Sta.lks.
TJ B. MclNTVRB ft BROTHBR,
Grocery and Feed Store,
Cur. King and FubtSt. ,,,..,.. Honolulu
JUJ W. McCIIBSNBY ft SON,
Leather, UUe,, Tatloie and CowsnsImIois
Agents for th. Ro)al Soap Company.
No. 41 Qvrin St8T., Honolulu
Watchmaker, Jeieeltr, Kngraeer, and
No. in FortStsSrt ,,,,.. Honolulu
All orders bunf uUy .aecuted. )i
LBWBRS ft COOKS,
(SuccRitdasTO Lawiat t Di:kson,)
Importer, and Bonier, in ts.su. rr aa4 M
alaaa a Building MafrUU,
Fort Strrt. ,,..,,,..,, ..,,,,, ....Honolulu
pHSO. M. DAVIBS a C
(Lati f anion, Orhn ft Co.)
Wimanaantar'taaatA " tCMaVaaaaXavalalAfta MmmmWmMM aTaVataSV
,w"'" WwgJaW araeR,sj.aj?aRgssjjgj marWwWmBawaBm
Lloyd', cad ik. Llvssmeal UtNatrwrsters,
sMili mod tamtn aw Iwiaao Coaapejy, and
f vWaatii lwiirRan.ro.iaa.,. t
CONSTANTLY ON HAND.
On. of Rrunsvick& Bailee's celebrated
Is connected with th. establishment, where lovers cf
the cue can participate.
at Katiolani Park,
is now open dally, where Refreshments may be had
all times on short notice.
It. J. NOLTE, Proprietor.
Fabir's Assorted Prnholdkrs.
FAIIEK'S ANTI. NERVOUS PENHOLDERS,
Rubber Holders, Cork Holders, Ivory and Ebony
Holders gold mounted. Ivory and Bone
Folders and Paper Cutters, FaMr'a Tablet
Erasers, Uenison'a Velvet Erasers,
Crystal Rubber, Rubber in wood
pencil shape, 'rhumb Tacks,
Pencil Protectors, Rubber
Bands of various
sires, etc., etc.,
Jar Sale at THUS. a. TH HUM'S
Mrrchant Strut and Fort Stirrt Storm
AND PASS BOOKS.
A full Stock un hand at all timet of various
slies and thickness of
Memorandum Hook, and assorted She
Pas Hook, leather, press board ami papcrcovcr.
Monthly and Weekly .Memo. Tims looks. Milk. Books,
uuicncit ftikiurocer rjisiMotts, riia uookl,
Saaich.ook,,Coi,y Uooks,Kirci .tools,
Mann's. Pcnn and French Copying
Hooks, letter, poa and cap
kites, half and full hound,
for Sal mt THUS, U, THMVM'M
Mkrchant SrssiT aku I'okt Stkhkt Sroas
TNO. O. FOWLER & Co.,
Are prepared to furnish Plan and Esti
mate or Stetl
With or without Cars and Locomotives, Special!
ADAPTED VQR SUGAR PLANTATIONS.
Permanent Railways, and Locomotives and cars, Trie
tlon Engines and Road Locomuttvcs, bteani
Ploughing and Cultivating Machinery, Port
able fc.ng.ines for all iurtuct. Hiding
Catalogues with Illustrations, Models and Photo
Itraphs otitic above Plants and Machinery may be seen
u the offices of the undersigned. W. L.UKLEN and
O. W. MACFAKLAM:& CU., Amslor na Fow.
er & Co
A 1 N E & CO
HAVE A LARCR STOCK or Till
VERY BEST HAY, GRAIN, ETC.
which is offered at the,;
LOWEST MARKET RATES.
and delivered free to any part
; .. "
s J N3 '4.
iff -YJ J
oftheWrt ,2 At "
V& ' 'A- s
Agents for the
I'aetfie Mutual Life luiurance Co. '
Agents for th. HOOVER Tl'.l.l PHONE.
Commissioner of Deeds for the btal. of California.
TELEPHONE NO io.ivtf.
'HE GENUINE ARTICLE.
COLUMBIA RIVER SALMON
Just received from Portland, Oiegon, by
BUTTERICK'S CUT PAPER
A new supply of latest U) Us just received -lo be r
pleauhed each swcih- and for sal. at thU- marked
price at TI10S. C. THRUM'S
OOCS PBRTAININO TO HAWAII.
J aires' lliuorr of th Hawaiian Islands,
Whknn'a Cuid. Hook.
Mia. aid's SU Month, in she bndfltA Islands.
Miss Oordoa CuaniLng. tlr. FounuiaAa,
Mrs. Jsvldla Honolulu;
Ha.aliu AJsaauac and Annul.
For sale at
rue, a. thmvm'm
CASTLE COOKE ,s
Toes. Fish cm b. relied upon FUst-Clat. n
y HE ENTERPRISE PL'ANINO MILL. f
Alak(a St., man Qisin St. .;'
TELEPHONE No. .
C J. Hard.., Proprietor. , k
COMTRAOTOR bm4 BUIXABR
Planing-, SJsaplng-, Turning-,
9 Band and Scroll Sawing-,
Door, Sash, Blind, Door
and Window Frames,
Stairs, mats to ords
Hard stiul . Tn rTood For Male,
MOLDINGS ANP VINISH,
Always An hand.
All orders tiled ui iIkiti a ilics, and olUaf proapll,
uteudtd 10. lluuldiag auJe u aay cmuw vstaM
eaua thug, ta knlvw. atsy
'. . ....... - n