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JANUARY . ill
Th'trCmMrrntlnn IaimI .ffffHiltty rtmf
The teachers of lUwali nel held their on
nut Convention Tot 18S5, during Monday and
Tuetdsjr ofthli weV, at the Y. M. C. A.
Hall, I'rctlilcnt M. M. Scott called the com
mlttec lonrder at quarter past ten o'clocV
Monday morning. The following members
were present during the convention t .Honolulu
Messrs. M. M. Seott, Ker. Atctander Mack
intosh, Her. C. M. Hyde, Armstrong Smith,
Or, C, T, Kodfjets, Aithur Johnstone. Mittet
M. E. Winter, Jane Tanner, M. A. M. Ilab
cock, W. M. lUl.lwln, M. R. Von Holt, I.uU
L. Moore, Kate Mottrnin, I'. Hhodei, A. N.
Pajrsnn. Mesdamei U, II. C. Wallace, M.
W. Hendry, Atestndcr Macltinlnth, K. II.
Mellaril, S. M. Ncedtuin, A. N. I'rctcut,
Kannle Gmey. Wlo-Mlst M. K. Hilletirand
and Ker. W. It. Olcson. Uhue Miss Mar
GtecneandMr.il. S. Townsend. Mif. E.
litre, Onomea; Mrs. I M. Manrott, Kuhala;
Mis. V. II. Hardy, Koloaj Miss Mattie Need
ham, Paauhau, Hawaii; Mr. John A. Moore,
Walluluj Mr, T. A. Gitton, Waimea; Mr.
K. C. Atwaler, Walinea; Mr. W, C. Crtwlt,
I'alai Mr. G. C. Kenron, Koolou; and Hun.
J. S. WalVer of the Hoard of Education.
The first Important bminni wn the election
of officer! for 1885, which resulted at follow t
II. S. Townwnd, president; Re. V. C. Mer
ritt, vice-president; Mist Lula I.. More (re
Mr. Townsend look the chair and thanked
the convention in a neat speech lor the honor
conferred upon him, after which Rev. C. M.
H)de proceeded to read a letter from M. W
R. Hitchcock, of Lahainaluna, which contained
suggestions for syttematizinK the work of the
association during the coming ear. The presi
dent appointed Mr. Oleson, Miss W. II.
Hardy and Mr. Hyde to pro)iOte resolutions
for discussion upon Mr. Hitchcock's sugges
tions. Mr. John A. Moore, deliseredan instruct
live address upon The Teaching of English to
Hawaiian. The points raised by Mr. Muore
were practically discussed by Messrs. Mackin
tosh, Scott, Oleson and Crook. At twehe
o'clock the convention took a recess. When
the conventioa re comened at 2 1'. si. the
president called for the report of the commit
tee on resolutions. The committee gate a
partial report embracing two resolutions re
garding Mr. Hitchcock's letter. On molioo
the report was bid on the table subject to the
call of the meeting. Mist M. E. Hillebrand
read a paper captaining the theory oftraching
decimals as whole numbers. She claimed that
decimals had been successfully taucht by this
method in Hilo, and Illustrated on the black
board that the explanations of the system were
abort and simple.
Mr. E. D. C. Wallace followed with a care
fully prcparetl paper on Arithmetic showing
that it should be taught as a science and claim'
ing that accuracy in definition was of the great'
est) importance. Mrs. Wallace's essay will
appear in full in neit Saturday's Press as will
also the paper which followed, by Mr. V. II.
Oleson, on Moral Culture in Our Schools. Mr.
Oleson's paper provoked a long discusion which
luted until the noon recess. Dr. Hyde spoke
of the low .moral standard of some of the na
tive teachers. He cited the case of a teacher
sa Maul, who, among immortal actions, had
'been guilty of .adultery, and declared it was
tiro that we demand reform in our school
system. Mr. W C. Crook spoke of the au
thority the teacher should exercise over his
pupils from the time they lease home for school
until they return home in the cveviug. Mr.M.
Scott held that morals should be taught in our
schools is a science; he wished to know if Mr.
Oleson could prepare a practical system to
rtach that end, and said, " 1 know of no ele
mentary book that is worthy of being put into
the "school-room a a tcxt-louk."
yit. Alexander Mackintosh advocated teach
lag morals tn the public schools from the Uibte
jail could see no cause fur keeping it out of
th schools. Mr. Oleson said the New York
authorities have decided to teach morals in a
'lysltsnatic manner in the public schools. Rev.
W. C. Merritt said that he belietcd any thing
tta than the Jiible fur teaching morals would
swaupttficial; that jbc morals of Scotland were
, towered after the Hook of Proverbs at a text
book was stricken out of their country's school
syttesn, that all moral teaching must lie based
upon God's srord; that he was afraid of any
lanital of morals be had ever seen; that morals
snttat be tanght by a moral teacher who was
beyond reproach, and concluded by saying, "if
I'm an old foggy all right I'll stand there 1"
Mrs. C B. Hebbard was of the opinion that
. must be moral ourselves and att a Christ-
. Ian lilt not merely leach il before we can
. ' atk the lUwaiiant 10 practice morality, Mr,
. Oleson emphislrcd the point that we need a
.test-book to git e definitions of moral terms, if
for nothing else.
s , On the second day, the convention met at
J 10 a. M, After the usual preliminaries Dr
a Mywt took the floor and read an essay which
. efalared in unmeasured terms, the school au.
MstorHies of this kingdom. Some Drdrable
Improvement In Our Educational System was
the title of the essay, It had more the char-
.acterof a declaration than that ol a criticism,
, t; rejected not only upon the government but
upon individual! connected with the govern-
tsMnt, and Intimated that our schools were
" bit-bed of Upioty and vice" for which the
people of these islands were responsible. Dr,
'Hyde closed tfilh a set of resolutions which
awe. convention did not endorse and which were
f atroagly opputcd by Mr, (1. V Kenyon, who
asked for the resolutions and took them up
r h for item, 1 le objected that teachers cm-
ployed by the government should present such
w solutions and held that if the people were
latxmrlle for (he condition of affsirs that the
proper source of ledrcst was through the legit
Utsvrti that the convention, ftr it, had no
rstOHtttjbt to dictate in the matter than a clerk
had to ask for hie employer's balance sheet.
He held that our public school system In
fifties! the teaching of moral, up to the point
fM ajyiaiaMiaa and objected to atpersjont
Mag thrown upon the pupils under hit care.
Hw asttttiiltrril the resolutions as undiaaisUd
try to the tttwtktatta who
f'trwcil them, and demanded by what att
thorny the contention dared petition Ihatpenat
ties be laid upon leathers who folluwed the
law and reported to the agent of the dittrlct in
Head of reporting tn the hoard of education as
the resolutions suggested. The eonclutlon to
I drawn from Mr. Kenyon's speech at that
we should follow the law until it it changed
and that the convention had no tight, At an
ndividual, to petition the board of education
to refmrn abutet, if tueh Ihifh lie etitting un
der our school sjttem. l)ot-tnr Hyde briefly
stated that the convention was not originally
rganlied for government teacher!, or made
up entirely1 of them, and therefore had the
right tn oiler suggettiont to the board of educa
tion or the government If it taw fit. Mr. Ken
yon held that it was an attumptton to hold
that the independent memleit of the conven
lion were In favor of tueh resolutions
The following resolutions include all that
were patted i
KtiflrtJ, That arrangements be made, for
the publication of occasional pipers on the
theory ami practice of leaching; provided
that these papers can be published without ex
pense to the teachers' attncialion.
H'htnat, this Institution belicvet that great
educational benefit it derived from the glitter
ing of teacher! In conference, therefore lie it
A'tietvtJ, That we rcuett the brnrd of cdii
cation tn draft an adequate taw to present to
the nctt leclttature, pintidlng fur the holding
. I...U..J t...lt...a. n tt. .......I I.I....1.
ofteachen institute on the several Islands,
thete inttitutes In be to planned at to reach all
KuthtJ, That this institute appoint a com
mittee to prepare or compile, at thev mar
deem bett, a primer on moralt for use In our
icnooit, tne tame to tie reportetl at the nest
KtteliU, That we cordially approve of the
action of the board of education in securing the
preparation of an l.nglish-llawaiia n Dictionary,
ami rcspeclully recommend that it lie put to
frest at tpcrdlly as possible, preferably in San
rancitco where there are facilities for tucb
work not to be found in Honolulu.
KeielnJ, That In order to give the needed
batis of authorllatite facts for public informa
tion and for progressive works the board of
education tie requested to pubiisn luuer tta
tistical statements, civinc ace and health ttatls
tics of the pupils, at erage daily attendance, the
number of dati given by teachers to the work
of the school and cost ftr tafit In both the
Englishand Hawaiian schools.
AYwrcr, mat tnis association nesiret to
put upon record its high appreciation of the
munificent bequest of the late Mrs. C. R. His
hop for the education of both boys and girls in
thit island, and the earnest wish of this associa
tion that the trustees to be appointed shall to
draft these Kamchamcha Schools on the pres
ent public school system, that (hey shall be a
privilege not a charity; the pupils In these
schools to be selected from the most promising
in the other schools of the kingdom.
A paper on the preparation of the primer
wat read hj the president whobelieted in teach
ing children by object lessons as they are first
taught by the mother. On motion the yearly
fee of one dollar received from each member
of the association wat set aside to purchase
educational books for the use of Hawaiian
teachers. On motion Messrs. Mackintosh,
Oleson and I orbes were appointed as a com
mittee to draft a " Moral Primer" to be pres
ented before the association. The contention
then adjourned, after a vote of thanks to the
Vra ito VtihUeo,
We call attention to our adtcrtisement of a
cane terliluer which has been Tor some time
running in the Press. This chemical prepara
tion has the endorsement of higUauthority and
those who hate cane to plant, or planted cane
that needs to be manured, will do well to call
on Messrs. T. II. Davies & Co. for full partic
Messrs Castle & Cooke call the attention of
those who are seeking life insurance to the
valuable non-forfcitablc policy of the New
England Mutual Life Insurance Cn. of Iloston,
whose agents for tlicfe islands they are.
A new- time table for the steamers of the
Inter Island Steam Navigation Co. (Limited)
may be found under bead of New Ads. on our
second page. Hereafter, it will be found
regularly under the usual Shipping head in the
.The Harden Hand Grenade, which wat suc
cessfully exhibited this neck, advertises in this
issue a testimonial from a leading San Tran
cisca mercantile firm.
Under the head of Ily Authority, in this
issue, is an important advertisement from the
minister of the Interior for tenders to construct
the new water works.
As mat be seen, by gtancing at our new
advertisements, on the second page, Mr. II.
Lose ami Mr. E. Muller are authorized to sign
the firm name for Messrs. H. Hack field &. Co.
Mr John Russell of the Fashion shoe store,
San Francisco, calls the attention of old and
and new Honolulan pations to the excellent
goods he otTers, and refers among others, to
Doctor McAllister V M. R. Hollister, Mr.
E. R. Hendry, of ,m tr,, Mr. George King
ol Maui and the edits . of this paper.
TkeXar falSrr Lyman.
The pastingyears are fast lessening the num.
ber of pioneer missionaries to the Hawaiian
Islands. Only two years ago, Titus Coan, the
famous missionary evangelist, closed his eyes in
death in his beloved Hilo, the scene of his Pen
tecostal labors. Now we have to chronicle the
death of a man who, peculiarly endowed for
hit difficult task, wrought no less successfully
in the moral and intellectual training of Ha
waiian youth in the missionary boarding-school
at Hilo, To those who are conversant with
Ihe records of missionary effort among Hawai
ian!, the influence of this school at an evan
gelical center, and as a nursery of Christian
belief and character, is recognitor! as having
been deeper and more far-reaching than that of
almost any other missionary force employed.
For forty-five years, David lielden Lyman,
as principal of that missionary institution, left
the impress of his own high character on the
minds aud hearts of nearly a thousand choice
Hawaiian youth, many of whom aie to-day
pastors in the churches, missionaries among the
MicronctUnsand Marquesans, leading lawyers,
planters, and men of affairs.while in every little
community a the Urge Island of Hawaii, the
men who stand for righteousness and are the
life of the native churches in Ihe present criti
cal period, are those who received their train
ing at Hilo. It Is only an Instance of hit pene
trating foresight and rare good judgemeu,!, that
when Ihe school was established in lSj6, and
the first students came naked, with all their
acatcn habits clinging to them, he stood almost
alone in the sanguine belief that it would prove
a permanent factor in the religious hittury and
life of the native race. Well had It been fur
the present and coming generation of llawal.
lint if others had caught hit sanguine spirit
and more such schools had been cstabliihed.
In striking ways, this remarkable man's car
eer was that of tbe typical missionary, A
classmate of Professor Psak la Andover, and
a graduate of Williams, of no mean rank, he
deemed it no watte of capital, acquired by
years of scholarly pursuit, lo( consecrate hit life
to the work of evangelising a grossly heathen
people. Such consecration signified no lack
of loyalty to cullrge and seminary training; for,
aftrr reaching hit threescore years and ten, it
wat not an uncommon thing for Intimate friends
lo find him renting his Hebrew Bible In hl
private devotional hours. It was character
istic for him to be thus quietly leading the
higher intellectual and spiritual life, while hit
days were crowded with little menial offices,
such as few college graduates could adapt them
selves to without seriously discounting their tn "
lelWctual and spiritual growth.
When strangers In hn later years ipole to
him of tut life work, he would plat fully say
Oh ' I'm nothing but a ptofestor of laro
culture !" It svat in taro fields, smong scant
ily clad youth, that he taught the nobility of
labor, and he virtue of thoioughnett. Not a
few nlm, from college platforms, have above
everjtlilng elte to develop manly character
and sterling rectitude, may well hate studied
the success of thit man, stho Inspires! hit pu-
pils,tn tpile of heathen habitiand upeniiilont,
to a noble OitlstUti purpote In life, and such
a patient continuance in well-stotni; as tn call
forth, at least in one Instance, almost world-
ide admiration ami the well-nierlletl com
mendation of Abraham Lincoln.
He knew from bitter experience what wi(t?
the discouraging side of missionary effort
among an eiceptionally sensual people, and he
pruvesl his faith in the Gospel's mission and
power by nearly half a century of persistent
falthfutnest in the one svoik and place to
hlch Providence hid nttlgnesl him. Tne
restlessness of modern workers In the home
land It rebuked by the patience ami humble
consecration ol this missionary In the mid-Pacific.
When he stepped ashore at Hilo in
tSji, it wat lo ttay until hit work wat done
and he svat called away. The ruth of the cen
tury, with its steamboats and railroads and
leugrapht and prodigious material advance
ment, touched him not. He si at at vvotk with
unseen forces, putting a permanent wedge be
tween the old hrathenitm and the new Christ
Unobtrusive and modest almost to a fault,
he cited nothing fur human praise, and valued
notoriety at a thing of small account. I le w at
content to do right and to serve hit Master,
caring only for the Master's approval. He
wat abundant In his labors, and they hate not
been in vain in the Lord. It was n touching
sight, to see tall, strung men, svho twenty
years be "ore had been hit pupilt, stand about
hit open grave, and, with eyes suffused with
tears, cast In their last tribute of flowers.
Physically not at all a strong man, he yet
wrought a work that any strong man might
have felt a pardonable pride in. He sought
not honor, but all men honored him as a good
man. He could hardly hate chosen for him
self a wider sphere of Influence, or a more per
manent result of his labors than that which
God led him ,to and kept him patiently in.
Nou. Kekela, one ofMr. L) man's pupilt,
now a mitsionaty at the Marquesas Islands,
rescued a cast-away sailor there from a dread
ful fate, ransoming his own life, and, on being
rewarded by President Lincoln, wrote in ack
nowledgment as follows t "The seed of this
friendly deed of mine svas brought from tour
great land. It was planted in Hawaii, and I
brought it here that thete dark regions might
receive the root of all that it good and true.
May the love of the Lord Jesus Chrjist abound
toward you till the end of this terrible war
In your land." AVf. If. II. Olaom, in AVtf
I'rem tht Shipping JflMl'j Xott Hook.
I find the following "true yarn" in a re
cent number of the Nautical Gazette :
The records of thipsvreckt present few more
thrilling incidents than the one reported in con
nection with the capsizing of the Dutch lugger
Maartje. This unlucky vessel was overtaken
In a tremendous gale when some hundred
miles from Spurn Head in Yorkshire. A sea
struck her and turned her right over, imprison
ing eleven men in the cabin, where seven of
them were soon drowned. The vessel partly
righting herself, the other four were able to
scramble out, and they all clung to the stem
head, the only part of the lugger whiclv kept
above water. One of them was washed away
next morning, but the remaining three held on
throughout the day eagerly looking out for
rescue. A terrible situation was this, but un
fortunately not altogether uncommon in the
history of such disasters at sea. Towards
evening, however, one of the three poor 'fel
lows broke into wild delirium, and when-at
length, after another fearful night of peril and
cxposure.the Grimsby smack General Wolscley
bore down upon them and endeavored to res
cue them, he refused to be taken from the
wreck. I ie had spent the night in wild laughter
and delirous songs and now clung with a man!
ac's freqzy to the hull of the vessel. The crew
of the Grimsby smack seem to bate behaved
with great gallantry in their efforts to sate the
men, and the mate, at the imminent peril of
his own life, went on the wreck and tied a
rope round the poor fellow's waist, and an at
tempt was made to drag him into the boat.
With the tenacious clutch of a madman, how
ever, he held on, determined, as he said, to
go and tell his mates down below that help
had come. The rope was at length let go in
order that other means might be tried, and
then, true to his purpose of going down to his
shipmates, he broke into a frantic laugh and
sank. Fiction has rarely conceived an) thing
moregrlm and ghastly ini It humor than the in
cident of this poor Dutchman beaten about in
a wild sea on that stemhead for two days and
two nights, and then with wild laughter plung
ing down to tell his drowned comrades that
rescue had come.
Mr: Hamjuon'i Mttltngi.
Tills long -expected series began last night
with a meeting especially forChrlstians, in the
Y. M. C. A. Hall, which was largely attended.
Mrs. Hamon's address was earnest, eloquent
and scriptural and took hold of all hearts. At
the close, after a few moments spent in silent
prater, Mrs. Hampton gave directions tn re
gard to their work next week ,10 inquiry-room
workers, ushers, singers and other helpers.
To-night, at 7130, In the Y. M. C. A. Hall,
there will be a meeting of singers for organlta
To-morrow, Sunday, January 4th, the eval
gelistic services proper will begin at II A. u.,
in Kawaiahao Church. This large and excel
lently arranged audience room has been thor
otghly renovated, repainted and fitted up for
these services. A large corps of ushers will
be In attendance. Services will also be held
in Kawaiahao Church Sunday evening at 7130
o'clock, and every evening next week.
Mid-day meetings will be held every day next
week, beginning with Monday at 1 3 130 o'clock,
in the Y. M. C. A. Hall.
"Gospel Hymns Combined" will be used in
alt these services. Those who have copies are
rcqucitesl to bring them.
The lkthct Union and Fort-Street Churches
will be closed tlh morning and evening, ex,
cept for the Sunday School sessions at 945
s 1 1
Mtss Lilian C. Ualdwin was married to Mr,
Frank E." At water on New Year's evening.
The ceremony was performed by Re. J, A.
Cruran at the residence of tbe bride a father,
Misses May and Winnie Ualdwin were brides
maids and Mr. Aithur Alexander ami Mr.
Willuu llaldwm were groomsmen. Otcr jco
persons were present including about 35 ret
talivet ami connections, of the happy pair,
The occasion was a joyous one. Mlsa Carrie
Castle played Mendelssohn's WtAsJing March
iniplringly. An arrangement for piano,
viola and flute was played with taste and feel
Ing by Miss Magvie Hopper, Mr. Marques
and Mr. Morse. Kefreahaentt were served
during the cvaning. Many beautiful wedding
gifts were displayed. The young couple have
the felicitations of the Press,
11 1 m 11
The Hate Kiaau arrtvew lnMaaUea Day 31
minutes ahead of the stmt W. C, Hall.
rirr) i.Y.virlr. rr7ii.c.iriv
T7ie f In ii 1'it .I'm.imtr tn tnnunl fif
Itv.T.rtiicll'ir llntrnllitH tlnlitr Itoit.
Modesty forbids, at imr handf praic of the
standard publication first alms crianml. It 11.1
rcciignlresl part of every lminest office nf con
sequencv on tbe Islands; end It part of the
household reference library In mt of our It
land homes. II the present number fills In
minor particulars, It it liecaute the retlsing
scrutiny of the compiler, Mr. T. O. Thiuir-,has
h ecu for the most part lackine. The editor
of this Journal, on whom the work of csliting
has fallen, It mntclo-it of many Imperfections
for which hit partial as qualntaiH-e willi the Ha
waiian language, localities and hislury It re
jjionjlblc. It hat licen gotten out, also, tinder
stress of other duties that Interfered sadly with
that scrupulous attention it would hate re
ceived under more fatnralilc circumstances. Of
Us principal articles, the editor hat n right to
speak with some pride. Or. N II. Emerson
and Hon. A. Pomander arc writers of ability ,
and have chosen subjects lli.it every Hawaiian,
of whatever parentage, ought to lie Interestes!
In. The retrotpect of the tear jutt patted Is
so far at the compiler it responsible -a trust
worthy and valuable paper.
The portions Intrusted to the present writer
hate been prepares! too hastily to have either
Intcretl or value. We trust to the reader's in
telligence to tepiratc the good from the worth
lets. The minor articles apeak for them
selves. Dr. C, T. Rtxlgers kfndly furnithed
llie sketch of the new library building. It Is
hoped that foreign readers will find the short
article concerning a trip to these islands of
practical use. The selections from custom
tables, the Appropriation Hill and the Calendar
and Directory are as usual of undoubted re
ference value. The work it nosv for ntc at
Thrum's and at Oat's.
Messrs. Guillcne and Wiseman hate com
piled and published an island guide book
which will soon appear. It wilt have about
40 page! of reading matter and as many of
advertisements, alternating pages of reading
and adt. It will hate something to say of all
the prominent places on all Ihe Islands; and
will be particularly full concerning Oahu and
Honolulu and its vicinity.
We svelcome to the ranks of Honolulu
journalism the old
Friend in it; new dress.
We welcome it because we think from the
nature of the changed conditions of our island
life that the nesv Friend will occupy a wider
field. We may mist the cherry optimism which
made (and maket still) the outgoing edi
tor's influence unique amon Hawaiian
indit dualities; but tve shall find compeni
sation in tne aggressive enort 01 nvn men not
more sincere, vet certianty more combative.
We print below extracts from valedictory and
Dr. Damon says:
Fort) -years ago, the iSth of this month, was
issued Volume I, No. I, of The Friend.
During all these subsequent years, the sub
scriber hat been both publisher and editor.
It is a period embracing the best part of a half
ccnlury, and covering the reigns of thrcekings,
and parts of two others. Vast have been the
changes in this "Island world of the Pacific"
during this period; and if the reader peruse the
more than 4,000 pages of this monthly, he
may gether no unreliable and untrustworthy
history ol the past hair century. I here is no
such complete record, in the government arch
ites or church records, of deaths and marriages
among foreigners, or of the arrival and dc
parture of ships, and passengers, besides a vast
amount of useful historical memoranda. A
historian might confine his research to the more
than forty volumes of this paper, and write a
history of Pol) ncsia, including its commerce,
and the progress of missions. So valuablcjias
the Friend become in a historical point of views
that years ago a request came from the British
Museum for a complete file, and even now Mr.
Bancroft, the historian of the Pacific coast, is
employing one of his secretariee in carefully
gleaning data from its pages. Here are found
the full reports of the whaling fleet, the early
accounts of the gold discovery in California
and Australia, and also a full and complete
history of missions in the Hawaiian Islands,
Micronesia and other groups. Special attention
has been alwap given to the last mentioned
topic, for a true history of missions in its va
rious branches, may be regarded as but an ap
pendix to the "Acts of the Apostles."
In concluding this brief valedictory, I can
not refrain from acknowledging the kind Pro
vidence, under whose sustaining care and
guidence, more than a half million copies of
this paper have been scatterd broad-cast among
landsmen and seamen. It affords satisfaction
that thit little sheet has cheered the cabins and
forecastles of thousands of vessels as they hat e
cruised in these Pacific waters and the Artie
seas. With the kindest wishes to my succes
sors and the reading public.
The new editors say;
The parting words of Dr. Damon tell of a
continuous existence through forty-two years of
this monthly publication, whose further man
agement has been entrusted to our care. In
these parting words Dr. Damon sets forth
clearly and comprehensively the history of The
Friend and the wide Influence which it has
exerted during these many )ears.
It will be the endeavor of the present editors
to make The Friend an interesting and useful
paper for old and young 1 and to aid alt whom
it may reach, on land and sea, in leading such
lives as God in his word commends. We ask
of our readers encouragement and support,
that we may the more efficiently subserve the
the interests of all. We assure Dr. Damon of
our appreciation for introducing us to favorably
to the public and for his expressed interest in
our behalf a ml t the increasing usefulness of
The Friend. To the daily and weekly pub
lications of this city we convey our thanks for
kind expressions and wishes. With these
words of greeting we assume Ihe management
of The Friend, looking tn this new channel ol
effort for Divine direction and approval.
rOts CaanA Mtmorlut,
Mrs. Lydta Itingham Coan, widow of the
late Key. Titus Coan, hat pfepared a memorial
f her distinguished husband, to which an in
troduction has been written by Rev. S. J
Humphrey, District Secretary of the American
Board in Control of Foreign Missions. The
work is a well-piloted and neatly bound vol
une of 248 pages, published by Fleming II.
The work gives many details not only of
Father Coan's life on Hawaii but ul his life
before he arrived here. It shows that the
true missionary spirit characterizes! him at a
young man and that if circumstances had not
made It possible for him to come here he
would assuredly have gone to some other mis
The work will be of tnlerett to all whose
memories carry them back to the early U)t of
the mission. The reminiscent letters of many
persons appear tn the last chapter, In which U
printed a gracious metrical tribute from in
esteemed contributor of ihe Press Mrs. M,
9 1 1
The band will play as follows this r. M.
March- Happy New.Year".
Overture1 Queen U Spades.
flavour "Impenal, . .,.
IUU-r."tkM 'rWie '....,
JltKflhiMrntti rrthfrritfirtrfir; .Vofrt.
I'lic ilicovcry of two very ancient
cities liAt recently reworded Oriental
arclixologisK One is ncnrSAmatkniult
antl is thought to date hack to the ,
time of Moscr at least, lite other i
called Arhsy and stantU on the right
bank ol Iiit-Aintt Darya, in Itirkestrtn.
It j reortcd that fifty jean ago a
Rtmian general deposited 50,000
rouble? In the Imperial Hank of Rtisiia.
which was to accumulate till 1925, ami
then to lie handed otcr to the author
of the hest liiocraphy of Czar Alex
ander I. Thf sunt will reach at that
time a lump of something like $1,500
000. It would he curious to know
how many biographies will be prcscn-
LSI IUI IUII1CUIU)I1
An expedition of zoologists and geo
graphers has been organized under Mr.
II. O. Forbes, well known as an Asiatic
explorer, for the study of Mount Owen
Stanley Ranee, the great central mount
ain chain of the eastern peninsula of
Mew ouinca. As there is great danger
connected with this ntrip, its progress
will be watched with much interest;
but the results, if happily secured, will
probably be of unusual novelty and
One hears so little of the Argentine
Republic and Buenos Ayrcs that the
information in recent correspondence
that the steamboats on the La Plata
are "magnificent and fitted up in the
most luxurious way will be general
news. 'i he gentlemen s "smoking
room" on the steamer in which the wri
ter hap'pened to travel from Campana
to Kosario, was cooled by a fountain
playing in its center, and the dining
room was lighted by electricity.
The French Government is about to
experiment upon transplanting sponges
from the coast of byrta and the Grecian
Archipelago to the shores of Algeria
and I'rancc. The best will be selected
by the divers, who will bring them up
rooted to detached pieces of rock.
The fragments will then be put into
pcVoratcd boxes and to the new
ground. It is expected that by the
third year a crop will be ready to
gather, if success attends the experi
ment. The reputed site of the Garden of
Luen, at the junction of the I tgns and
the Euphrates (which united become
the Chat El Arab;, is now occupied by
a sterile tract, where the only life con
sists of a clump of date trees near a
very small and tltrty village, called
Gurna, at which the Turks maintain a
small garrison and a telegraph office.
The inhabitants point out to strangers
the ,rl rec of Knowledge a most at
tenuated specimen, bearing "a small
green berry, which would certainly
cause a well-fed goat to turn away in
Coated or furred tongues have been
found by the microscope to contain
upon their surfaces the following sub
stances : Fibres of wood, linen and
cotton ; fibres of spiral vessels ; por
tions of potato skins, scales, moths ;
hairs from the legs of bees and spiders ;
pollen of various flowers ; mosquito
Wings and hairs from cats and mice ;
hairs from various leaves ; fragments of
the leaves of tobacco and chamomile ;
starch grains, cheese mould and fibres
or muscles. Hence, tt is evident that
the mouth should be shut in breathing,
and not be made a trap for all the
loose microscopic rubbish which goes
flying through space.
A freshly imported elephant escaped
recently in London on its way from
Paddington to the Zoological Gajdens.
He ran down the Edgcware Root, and
finally rushed into a passage where he
had not room to turn. His attempts
to free himself threatened to " bring
the house down" in a non-theatrical and
literal sensj. Tne neighbors might as
well have been in an actual earthquake,
except for the impossibility of applying
buni, biscuits, and other sedatives to
that terrible scouragc of nature. By
aid of delicacies the elephant was kept
tranquil till he had been gradually
backed into the street, where he was
induced by similar arguments to move
on to the Zoological Gardens without
"A party of scientific explorers that
should make a journey from the Isth
mus of Panama to the shores of Ma
gellan Straits, keeping east of the
Andes, on the table lands, would do a
good thing for geographers and the
world at large. The possibilities of
that inland region must be great, and
the river expeditions count for little in
determining the actual resources of so
great a territory. Before the close of
another century North Americans will
be colonizing the best parts of South
America, and, whatever England and
the other great powers choose to do
with Africa, the part of the world of
most importance to this republic is the
rest of this hemisphere," says " An
American " in the New York Times.
The French war cruiser D'Estrdes,
which left New Caledonia for Cher
bourg, last October is to do some sur
vey and exploring work on its voyage
home, which will last ten months.
Soundings will be made at Por Ken
nedy in Thursday Island, and the exact
position of several banks in the. Coral
rCr.. 4.rt,..Arr t!.! u..-a a!..x..Aa.a
UI.W ia.n.vitit.u, nilis.ll 1ICIC S4IM.UVCICU
by Cook, but are only vaguely deter
mined up to the present At Company
Island, in the Timor Archioelago, care
ful hydrographic observations will be
made in order to verify the existence.
which is seriously doubted, of a number
of islands found in Dutch charts. After
touching at Batavu the vessel wilt pro
ceed to ascertain the modifications
raadt: upon the coast by the Krakatoa
It seems that.of late years the num
ber 01 uerman tramps has been steadily
increasing until jt has reached a figure
which is inconveniently high. In some
districts from ten to fifteen of these
wanderers will dally implore alms at a
wayside cottage or in a lonely village,
while the men are busy in the fields.
and as their wives and daughters, partly
iroin goou nature ana partly irom rear,
haraiy line to refuse a crust, no tncon-
uderame tax is levied on the honmt
and the industrious. According to one
msitHtic, sue n u m us; r 01 tramps in uer
Buny last year amounted to aoo.ooo.
and the expense they caused the com-
numiy 10 73,000,000 marks, or about
$18,000,000; and though, ffomHM
difficulty of obtaining accurate iwfofwa
tiea, It It mtxwuble to rolv oh tuch a
calculation, tstoat of tho wbohave
m ipic matter a wsjoci or Muay
t (0 Utittk h fairly correct.
Till Groat California
Flies, Fleas, Cockroaches
Chicken Lice, Etc.
To Human Beings and Animal.
AN ABSOLUTE NECESSITY
In tht Honit, Oardsn, Conisnratorr, or Wart-
The Buhach Insufflator,
Por Distrlbntlnt tht Buchach.
BENSON, SMITH & Co.,
II) ami lis FORT STREET, Honolulu. II.
HALL & SON,
Have j.iit received by the
'MARTHA DA VIS,"
Norway Iron assort e J Iies,
Downer's Kerosene Oil the bt.
Lard, C)lindcr -black and other,
Lubricating Oils for steamboat and plants
Keg Kails, Horse Shoes and Nails,
Cook Stoes, Fanners Boilers,
Axes and Hatchets all sixes,
Eddy' Refrieerators asst'd sties,
Bolted Canal Harrows,
Garden Wheel Barrows,
Ice Cream Free.ers, Rattan Yard Brooms,
Coffee Mills, Clothes Wringers, Rat Traps,
BOSTON CARD MATCHES,
.Boat Nails al. sires,
Cotton Waste In bates.
Wool Cards two sties
Steam Hose K "d i inch,
Garden Hote all sites,
Zinc Wash Boards,
Philadelphia and Peno. Lawn Mowers,
Brown's French Dressing, '
Whitman's Dressing Blacking.
More goods to arrive by the
U AHA," FROM NEW YORK,
On hand a very full stock of goods suitable for
plantation use, ,
We would call th attention of Engineers on planta
tions and steamboats to the fact that wt are agents
here for the
DOWNIE EUCALYPTUS BOILER
Which I the only thing ever discovered that will suc
cessfully rcmo e the ttali from steam boilers, prevent
Its formation, and at the same time preserve the Iron
entirely from rmt. Send for circulars.
All the above mentioned goods will be sold at lowatt
market prices. E. O. HALL ft SON,
P. iio-iDi Comer King k Ton Sta., Honolulu.
EW ENGLAND-MUTUAL LIPE
inauranc Company of Boston, Mas.
.-fur fa jHHHarw 1I., ll$4, astarly 17,
000,000. Pallets Usutd on tht most (avorabla Unas, aa4
absoluuly Noo-Pocftltabtt aftsr Ttra
KXAMua or NON-roartiTviis n-am :
lnsurad a(. JJ yan to itears Eodowaunt Plan for
Anntuti frtmium 4A.t).
At iht and of lha td Vtw.
Tht stcon-J aeil auUtq.nt pramluma tit bkal-f to
bt rasluc.il by Imcnaiimg annual dulrHmtitmt tf jar
ttV Applitatioo can bt ha-Jof; and full InrVastllon
win p. (ivn D-f snt Aganis,
CJSTIS d- COOKS.
FtTKSl Salt k Son (llomar Pojk SamI Itm.I.m
ami Irouofurt of rwrj- utrittr V THoaovcHtato da
man le llvt nock. Wt hint madt ltda out hU bualmw
for Iht past 14-f.ani haia Inputtd tit car iMda frets
ibt ta-u.m and Middlt fetam to California, (lioaat
ornct. Litis Houtt, S. V.) Wt vt aU daakrs U
CtACK AKIMAU, n-OKUll-rtHatr. A HO SlllCM COwfc
W ala)t tail al srtry rttaoritblt print tad on coo.
-humus liruu, kaHKI la rtctrn am kretat "Ctatu
cr-mltl" stltMla A MatK-o batd of ' Holuain,"
"short Horn,- "Inttf- and "A)mWrt brttdu(
carilt. tod UMit Am twrja trrtrtl craatt tf brtadus
tiKww. sm ana wnaji. wt .aa.it tt rttitlt ttn
two or ihraa aaantha or i-ama fur tailla a4 -"--'
la tht rata ni last trial i-tcaJt-t ordtrt for tajr hrad
,-Mvu-r -. -) s.w-v wmmmfim uuaiaaiir.- tMaaaja.
hAiiaf Acisua CuAAMtatt. Owk. lia . w,
-"--a, --i , .--. j. r w-- -p,rM, nwww.
FETKH HAXK Au HOMKR POLK SAXK.
An upriaht pUno'M. Botrd'aitktT. aacaa-i kanal
Ul Infoodcrdaraod tntclau ituta. latjalrt tt thk
A tm atti lasporHd uttaton.
(itlKAT Stl.VEK OIFT SAUK,
SATURDAY, NOV. agth
Chai. J, Fishers.
$lf,ffop worth of Silver l'rencnt
Will U given away ilurlnglihlt tstt 1
Caattra, &c, Ac,
To c-Yiry cttslomf r purchasing to Ihfl amount of 99.60
worth of gooJt.
$2,500 worth of Toys
and Christmas Presents will be given away during this
sale to every customer buing 01 worth
DON'T BUV TOYS FOR CHRIST
MAS, BUT CALL AT ONCE
Chas. J. Pishel's,
Carntr Fori and Ualtl Hit.
THE HAWAIIAN AL
A HAJTD-BOOK Or IMIOIUCA
TO THK HAWAIIAN ItUJUfD
VALUE TO astXKCHAMTB,
Pric ftr tath numbtr 50 its., or 60
Persons desiring reits mailed abroad
tintitn at soon as issutd.
OSEPH E. WISEMAN,
OHa fas OMBybalVa TUtm attslM
r. tt Jta Mil
,-Bart tad tails Ktal
Hotsatt, Cttltftt ft stooaaa,
tptlt it att for Tlcatia) and Inform.
allaMlw Aaant aW MtUttal Life
Lantat, Onndtat and Sottndtat loulliukm of lit
all othtr rotitts gota( Kttr, tht actuary btiog tht
Dialaf Cart Iht lun-tinanw tad saott cetuorublt.
, finds KvDlofBtttvt for
a-VaHa. AatttU tar tta City aT Lata
companr us tat islands.
. Enltrt Goods tl Cut
Bills undar Powtr of Auototy.
,Loana Monty at all siesta on
aTtaataaaa Aajtstat.- Uf al ptptrt of
Booht and Accouait has and adjsmtd.
wranct ou frtptrsy look.4 aftar, Cc-p-vtaf and
Corrttaoodtact tad Coaaaaarcit! Butiaastof attry
.W tsttt, Mow MmU HtUl at Ha
far Strata, ate Ordtrt for Itttad Saalli. Curio.,
Mad and lomrtttd l all pant of tht World.
mW lafornsaUeo tppartalainf 14 Iht ItUnda lirtn and
P. til tf
LaVMLCAP PMKCTrON PADi.
NOODCRf UTTBI fAI,
settlor, ui tut Molt aatttat tf arts tusaatf aaatr.
m ma 0. rmrnvtra
Mtiih ttaaatr aaa hat Iraaor aVtaaaa.
Ltti cat. 1 ant, tata atatt aattat tt
iClTaT Tm. . uEX.
raotf sHlT Ut la ANV PMM Mtta,
I m Instnistfrt o u it ruMIe Autttai, on
oniltT. Jsaaarr ISth,
Aitri o'tl-xV noon, at mi- SilMrmmt,
Tht Following; Lands
ttflonflng tit tht F.stitt of Hit tart Rojil llljhwis
Tht Ahnruii of MOKANO In North Kona, Hawaii,
, Kutrina No. 9o;i.
Tht Ahupuu of linNOKAHAU IKI in Noith Kona,
Ifswuil, ifotcrrt. Roysl I'llrnl U,s
Tht Ahuiiui. of HOOKF..VA in.1 lUHUI.U In
Noith Kona, Hawaii, Kuleana Uo. 0970.
ThtAhnpsaaef KKAMA In North Keaa, Hawaii,
Kultana No, 7710.
Ilit Kulrana of KHOI'lf ami In North Kona, Hawaii,
)t ).oarti 1 Kosai raitnl ji.
Tht Kottanaofl-ANIHAUIKI In North Kona, III-
tin, 1 s-ioacrtti isoyai raicnt smb.
Tht Kul.anaof 1-ANIItAUIKI In North Kona, Ha.
wail, 17 acrtl j Koyal ralfnl tits.
Tht KultanaofllONUAUI.AInNorth Kono.llawait,
34-looarrtl Koval ralrnl 3111.
Tht Kultana of HONUAULA, North Kona, Hawaii,
0 14-100 acrti - Koyal I'atrnl jut.
Tht Ahupuaa of I'UNA In Tuna, Hawaii, Kottana
Tht Ahupuaa of KAAI.A In HamaVuaKHawall. jtl
acrti 1 Kultana No. 9071. ;
Tht 111 alna of I'AU in iht AhupuiaVf P0I0I4,- Kohata,
A'Housa Un MAKAHONU Kallua. Hawaii.
A lloust Ixji PATAU LA In Kallua, Oahu.
Tht Ahupuaa of PAT-OIII, Lahalna, Maul I 4 apanat )
Kual I'atrat IjM.
Apana 1, 90-too
Apana t, 7 ji.iooacrta
tpana ), r-ioo antt t
Apana 4, l6)i rods.
" For furthtr panlculari apply to' A. J, CART.
WKIOIIT, ESQ , or
I'. At) AMU,
Hotjplutu, Dtctmbtr S, 1884.
BNNER ft Co..
Have re -opened at the old stand No. 9s Fort street,
with a new and carefully selected stock of
Fine Jewelry f
Gold Chains and Guards,
Sleeve Buttons, Studs, ftc,
Ladies would do well to call and examine our stock of
Bt act lets, Brooches, Lockets, Earrings, etc,
which were especially selected to suit the
KUKUI AND SHELL JEWELRY
Made to Order.
The repairing branch of our business we regard as an
Important one, and all Jobs entrusted to us will
be executed In a manner second to none.
Of every description done to order. Particular atlen
tlon Is paid to or !ers and job work from the
r MPORTANT TO PLANTERS
VASK fP. UTILIZER.
Th-eo, H. Da-rut a; Co. hava Just received two qublj.
liet oft chemical fertiliser specially prepared for appli
cation lo cane fields by the celebrated "Cawet Chain
tea Manure to." The qualities are of greater tod lest
solubility, and thus adapted respectively to dry and
tret districts. P. k G. 117-tf.
MANAC AND ANNUAL
TION ON atATTEHS RELATING
ORIGINAL AND SELECTED, Of
PLANTER, TOURHT AND
Tit A It OF IMH UK,
(Is. by fortign mail, including postage,
villi pltast forward instructions, for at-
THOH. a. THMCM,
attaa Agtsat a tht) HawrtstUa lalaatla-
la Vt Martskaat Itu, Waaatlaln, H. I.
Estate In til parts of list Kingdom. Ranis C-ttkta,
, TotirUit tad tht Travtting
lion to tht Volcano.
of Maw Ttrk.-THt
kind in Iht World.
way aattato la Aastartaa.-This Rotttt ttctlt
grandest, the meals lha choicest and tht PaWct aa4
til tMatng wort lo iht various Utnthtt of Industry oa
Ami lira lasamraaM Oa.-Tfce Utt anna
lorn House, pays and dischtrgta I'rtight tad Poly
every dttcrlpilon -iatsrrt.
Records Starched. Rantt Celltclad. Ttttt and If
stngro-Hlog dona. Advtrtlteatante, Ntwspaptr Artkltt,
naitrt promplly and accwtiely attended to.
aalala Compttiet tUrotd till corrtapood wUb att
Lava Sptclment, Native Vltt tnd Pltotot 1
til corrmoondenct faithfully AASsvtrad.
JOMKM MU W1MKMAK,
Otsaatat Batiatat Aaat, Httvtialsi, M. .
OOKS PBRTAININS TO HAWAII.
la lha -CannS-rlrtt lllanda.
't tlrl t tttnttatt
Par sal. aA
itrvtt IHttory of tht
lAItt aaVaTaaat Mtaaha
asra, Juaat a ttooorort.
Htantatt Alastaat tad Aaaaal.