Newspaper Page Text
S ATURD AY PRE 18 8,
HONOLULU, HAWAIIAN ISLANDS, JANUARY ,7. 1885.
VOLUMB V, NUMHKK 20.
Whouj NuMiiuii 229
fit Vffttl I'juill lltl-sae, liitlttrln Hfiil .
lHr J far. Hri'l Mean,.!., Vtttl riinl
fraaaitr, I'tthll nntl I'.renni7,
HV HON, R. N. CAS1 I.K,
The fnlloniiif tables coiiiillc(l on
(lie state of w-stRcs In Ktirope, from the
careful inquiries nnd reports of the
( (instils, tntin the United States dov
eminent, give n pretty ilcnr view of
how (hoy rotnjtnfe with whnt In p.iltl In
lite United States for the same services .
' and Oft N tl.l
VValaa ma'vI ran. rttl rat.-
likllr . .
MM1I M ..
Ktoti4' iiniliii i.
I'lAiurit it in..
Ito.lni 1. ...
( af(tnlii .ti
) M il ll 74 in mill at
4 01 t 01 ) IJ II ID jn
. 7 ' 4 l 1 II I" '4 "
1 7 i l I 1 tw in m
7 M I 4 A 4 14 il tf iwi
i 1 I, I 01 I 1 in m I t-l
f n( M s M 14 IM 1 Prt
I H I H 1 li "" l JO
i I i i ll l 6 g tal 10 a
. ) M I H l it I tl .i
Mil t 01 itim ia )
. 7 M 4 11 I an 14 mi 16 yt
1 I M I l H 11 in lira
1 It 4 " $ ll 3 -"" 14 ("I
IllacWmllhl Stllltfta 1 4 i i 94 4 fi 9 m q 5a
lUikbln.l'U I l I Ml 14 In J'
llrltk maVeil.., i. 7 11 J ft j Ji 10 m l 413
llratt rotn.1fi mm .t 7 47 4 jl 0 $4 10 t.i t rw
i.Mntt makers ' 4 ) 0 14 !
Oaei rnakfil. q 1 6 4 '4 II 10 111)
ItOIMTlMIK 1 7 J" J 07 t J
7 1 07
If !! it &i
10 frt If (t
llrjino n.l Itimii'n J J7 1 v
Sinn til cIiIyiii ft no J 41
llri'1 'I I 4
4 47 II
4 I- I n
I S' I) "
ft 10 4 ift
I almrfH, xiiln, Ac
Si.l lit anilhatnckf mrtk
'Ifnimnhi im t.i
1 icil 11
10 a - lo I
4 jl In 00 .,,
j fO J CVl
44 J 70
tl 60 3 15
7 6j 3 11
i 71 If
I.cit ilicie compailtont tliouM be rcinlrd
M unfair litCAiuc llic ivcmge wajci of a coun
liy Are compared wllli die average of a large
city, a table It r;lvcn In which the average
wcelfl)' wgc In London, Antwerp, Ilrcmcn,
Vlenn-i, Amitcnlim, Itourn ami Mirjclllci,
Copenhagi-n, Turin, Kitf!, Chicago and New
Yoik are compared, 1 he condition of labor in
teipect to wage In certain nccupailuna In the
cities of Iximloii, Vicnin, Koucn and Mar
letllci, and Chlcacn and New Vork are here
cttcn from the table inrntloned.
OitnJtlft 1)1 Vnn- Mar, Clil. Ne
011. na ittt. caao. Vuitc.
..Uio Ji 50 jrioi ,14 oj (nui
10 so 11 00
a 4 txj tSoo
10 S laoQ
f 7 ui llfxj
I 00 14 Of?
iC 30 Iff!
10 lo 9 t"
165,1 14 tw
1 1 00 7 o,
I! I J ta
10 5a 9 ou
17 4 j 10 1
16 Sa 8 DQ
150 13 ua
1801 11 lots
11 OO 13 tJO
Milom' tin tcr, ,
11a term' irnJtfi'
Ko fra' tenjer,
ItlacVtmiiht' trikrr. 6
HookU ilrrtit 7 rn
IWUkmiVcit iiimh. 6t
llutchr, .. )3
lltn futtmlers B to
CaLiptl fmVfrt.m.t B 8i
(.1tr m1.cri 6 8o
Coortt ( it
Draymit A Ifumtm 6 s
St reel-car ilrivera.. 5j
lUlleri .. 5 49
Liljorrtt, Krtt, eic 4 87
Vq icrai . 4 30
IMntcrt . ii.iii ;p
Tenclien (women).,.. 7 fV
Sad, A liraetmjl.trt 7 6a
Mevedore,.. ...... 0 co
Tintnutht. 7 00
telegraph vjxratora. 8 ck
0 10 to
11 si ....
II tu tH,n
4 30 7 IS
7 4" S 79
4 la 600
7 50 B tu
In oilier branches of industry the general
average weekly wage Is higher in Massachu
sells than In Great lliilain, as follows :
lilachloea and ma
chlnery' 45 6-10
. . . "i"'''
laalitca ...., 56 3 10
ftltiaia anu m-uillic
fioodi ,,.i6 510
Wuollen kkx1i...,,35 7.10
Wonted KOodt..7i 4 io
Considerable difficulty was found in compar
ing the wages paid in iron works in Europe
and in the United States, owing to the diflcr
ent labor systems and the diffeicnl classifica
lions of labor in the two countries. It was
found, however, that the rollers in the New
Castle forges receive on an average $17.74 a
a week, while in the Chicago rolling mills
they receive $48 a week ; that moulders in the
Chicago rolling mills receive $21 a week,
while moulders in Birmingham receive $11,50,
and In llolthcad $8.47 a week. Laborers In
the New-Castle forges receive $. 32 a week,
In Holyhead $4.97, and in Chicago $7.50.
Engineers In Holyhead receive $8.70 a wet-k,
and in Chicago $16.50. The comparison
made oftthe wages given appear lo show that
iron norkes In Chicago receive from Co to 100
per cent, more than the iron workers in Bir
mingham or New.Castle,
In the United States thete are nearly 2,ooo,.
coo persons cmuloted directly or indirectly by
railway companies. 1'iobably one half of these
may be classified as railway employes of differ
ent grades. A compirison, therefore, of the
wages paid to such employes in Europe and
in the United States will be of great value, af
fecting as it does so large a proportion of the
working population of the country.
a -i . . . -j
a i & & 'A
JllBn $860 6 60 $770 $615 $,,00 $3700
nranrn Sis 4o s 36 .... 600 1300
Cttrki , ,, ... 600 -ao 600 ... 675 iaoo
Swil.hmen 575 430 481 383 673 1100
rnvkman.., 443 J 7S 1 4 J 00 400 870
LatNtaii. 4 41 31" 4 l 3 00 460 900
A comparison of the foregoing figures with
those given in the report for 1878, shows that
there has been a considerab'e decline of the
wages of railway employes In England, In
187S the average wages of inglncers in England
was reported at $9.12 a week 1 of firemen,
$6 1 of switchmen, $5.00 ; and or labor
ers, $4.50 wesk.
In his annual teport, for 1884, submitted on
July 25th, Carroll U. Wright, chief of the Mas
aachuselis Bureau of Labor Statistics, in the
introduction of his elaborate comparative tablet
ot wages In Great Britain and the United
States in iSSj, rcmirki that since the Hatit
tics were collected, wage in many Industries
in Massachusetts have been reduced. An offi.
clal report soon tu be published will shiw that
Ihe same observation is true as to. wages In
Great Britain. Mr. Wiighn does not specify
the I ranches of iudu.tiy in which wages have
been reduced In. Massachusetts within ihe last
In the tables mentioned Mr, Wright gives
the results of hit Investigations concerning
twenty-four Industries, represented by no .
lablishmcnts jn the Uniled States and 1 10 In
Gieal Uritaln. Of thete, thtrty-two American
and 34 British, or inuie than unc-tisih of the
whole number, are grouped, under the head of
Building trades. These hfty-tU establish.
meqti irpojled the wages of more than
2,000 men employed at uiy wages, and Mr,
Wright lound that the general average weekly
wag. la Massachusetts uur oJj vr cihI,
Mijhtr than la Great Britain.
Tbe following tabl. abowi I hit the average
weekly wages of men in scleral of the occuu
ikmt in tb gioup inenu'ontd are lo.er In
Great tulialn now than they were a year ago,
ud, wcr. Ih. data accetailde fur a lull com
ltuituai, ii would doubileM be found that lb.
iwdieiatoa' Ikta) Wo ttjaaial 1
W'a(llnlM Wat'tln llll
I Malta (Waal tlieal W'ail,
ltt..tlUit (Iiiimiii llilialn llilclrt lntl-m
ttilVUti l. i) M 17 M '"
tliliV hel-an 11 01 I M 4 0) V
I La, i.nlere . -. 14 ll 111 1 to ll m
I (la-riitera . 1 1 07 I el j M
riniii. 1 1 i)t t ii it
I riaiifiert.,.. i ti I ) 7 04 "i i
I I'la.lftert h1i'll 11 li in 17 In Jn
I Mmilill. ... 14 si 1 )') 7 14 it t
I ri,iml.. . iIm I ii 7 i
I 1um)ri lilp'n A 71 .... 4 l) . .
I lataairi. ...... 7 yi ) if 4 ;n 7 yt
'I he tt Indicted under the head (if
Watliliiginn were the ralra ptld by a laie
pilule rtnjvlojcr In bulMInf, npcrjllurn liming
the itimmer. The wart fur Oieal llrliain in
K,1( nre the aterace rate for ililren la ri
citlei, Including lmdoii, l.lverpoil, lliiinlni;
liaiiiandManchnter. In inXjlieaciar;i,wreklr
vtaj-et of liUcUnnllli In I to rttalilUlimrnlo In
Oteat I trim In wpc jK.ji i in l8S, In llimln
trcn cftl icfrncd to, the average rale ! $7, J7,
a reduction of imne than li-n per cent, I ,i r
InR the tamp time the wiigek of liakeri have
fallen from f,J' t" 56. 17, and of prlnlrn
(rnnipnahnia) from $851 lo $7, 17 per week.
In tuinmlni; up the resullt of Ills lnveitl;i
llom Mr, V'll;lil ay that wara In Mama
chutella wne 8,j6 per cent higher in l8Hj
than In 18(10 n Aierag. tdvanco of 1. a l per
cnl. for each jcir; In Oreat Ililtaln waj;ei
were 9 it pel cent, hlp.hrr in iKSj tliin In
1871 an avcra;c ol Ky.loo per cent, each
year, and 1)111 the general average weelly
wap.e ol the einployci in the clghty-elida In.
ituilrle comlilcted in Matuehutetti hi more
thin 77 per cent. Metier than the Kencral nver
age weekly wajjc of the 39 Indutlrlei conilel
rred In (ileal Iliiuln. lie alto found lh'1 the
average coit of llln; In Mimncliurclli la
17.J1) per cent, rcatcr than In Ure.il Ililtaln.
Of this 11,49 per cent, ll due lo higher lent.
Hut the Maivichuiells wuikingmanlivci better
than the llrlllih woiklngman, and openda
48.49 per cent, more on the average, or, .11
Mr. Wright obiervei I "The standitd of
living of Maitachutetti woiklngmcn ll lo thai of
the worklngmen of Great llrltain ai l,2 It to
In American shipyinli the wages arc largely
In eiccil of those in I'uropean shipyards. I'or
example, In New Vork, ahtp carpenters get
$11 n week, and In Chicago $15 week,
while In the shipyards on the Tync they re
ccive $8.51, and on the Clide $7.66 In
the lollowlng table are mown the average
weekly wages pild in iron shipbuilding yirds
on the Deliare, the Tyne and the Clyde, and
In Ilrcmcn, Marseilles and Copenhigcn '
United Gre't Cer- D-n-
State. Mm urn, man.f raiue mArk
i i a,
Kmffamit, if P. d -3 2
1 t i IS I
O o D a a O
MuctilnUti. ...tit) 5 $7 41 $7 4 . )
tit ten ...... I4u Hi .... $5 66 Jj at $4 oj
Painter..... t J jo 6 Bo 7 66 3 85 3 flo ....
fislnen.. .... ll ; 80 711 4 as 5 14 4 o
Hl.ckitiiilht... 1350 778 ( 6fc5 4 8 4 oi
Itlktm hs'h'lp'a 90) 5 50 4 6 4 B .... ...
Canntra., .141 8 31 7 66 5 40 5 i 4 xn
Riveter. ..... ttvo 8 01 .... 666 4 6j 401
MoiJer in.... 8 10 631 .... ... .... t...
Iiiiavtr....). 7 1 ; .) 8 191 351 3 C
I'atlern mk'ri 1464 831 .. .... 514 401
Iron fin When., 14 ihj 595 531 401
Consul Locke, of Newcastle, writes as fol.
lows; "With hundreds of vessels lying idle
and upon the docks new contracts could not
be secured and builders discharged their cm
ploycs. .Skilled laborers unexpectedly found
themselves out of work, or at best wurklng ou
short time, and now the shipyards present .1
siry suggestive scene of idlmevs. The work
men now employed in the Tync yards earn
from $6 80 for pilnters lo $8.40 for pattern
makers and carpenters a week.
According to the report, wages paid to eui
plovcs in stores and shops arc relatively .is
much higher in the Unhid Slates than in Great
llrltain as are the wages in other occupations.
Kor example, comparing the weekly wages in
Leeds, Enghnd, with those in Chicago, the
following results are obtained
Dry goodl clrrki(malei)
Call oovi.,.,..... .. .....
Cancntl talc imen (relall)
I eeda. Chicago.
17 o $15 00
. 3 50 lou
. 1 30 7 33
5 SO IS 00
, 7 00 34 00
A comparison of wages paid household ser
vants is equally favorable to the United States.
The following figures of monthly wages are
Servant cull. $6 63
(Jocks (women). 9 00
16 73 J14 00
3 79 30 00
The relative weekly wages paid In printing.
offices in Washington, Chicago and in London
and several other European cities are suffici
ently shown by the following comparative
-"iji Hi 1 j t
o 6 2 2 S o3
Proof readen.jlj 44 Jlloo J97J ... $730 Isoo $890
Compuailora. 1930 1800 950I840 760 300 580
Stereotype .11 11 .... 930 ... 6uo ...
IVeitmcn 1930 3100 834 753 4&1 300 580
Uookbinden., 19M .... 871734 380
Udwgraphert. ... 3100 751579 636
One of the most interesting tables ia the
report Is the one comparing the lates of wages
in this country and in Europe in 1878 with
the wages now paid. From this table are
taken figures showing the comparative weekly
wages in Germany, France and England and
in Chicago, in ten trades and occupations in
1S78 and 1884, as follows :
Get-nan). Franca. Knglatid. Chicago.
IWU)crv..ll4S $4 31 $tooS374SSla$;se.$i8 3oS4oo
Mawtu 400 46; 300 533 a 16 768 IJ50 3400
l!..vlercrt.,.. ill 111 ... 6. 8m vs. ..... .1
'""Vr"', '. - lea, 107a IBS4.I97B. t4.
Slatert ... 390 430 ... 363 700 710 1400 130a
llumkeri.,,,, 300 436 13061077479013003350
Ur-.nc-i.. 41I li 34, 61, iti ,j 973 6?o
(j"'""" 1S 4M ... 607 7S 7 1100 1800
lllMkunUbi, 390 too 543 381 811 737 ,030 1300
Ilooktilndais.. 340 510 ,,3 317 78a 677 1030 1050
tail, tic... 160 3ii ... Jlj sou 470 700 looo
These figures show that, while there has
been a markctl though not rapid advance in
wagea In these occupations In Germany and
trance under a protective tariflTdurini ihe last
six )cars, in England there has been as market),
a decline in eight of the ten occupations'
named. In Chicago theie has been a marked
Increase In every one of the occunatlons
named. The same is true of New Vork.
That the decline in wages in England and
Wales lielween I878 and 18S4 has mainly
taken place during the last twelve months Is
piclly clearly demonstrated by a comparison of
the figures given in the forthcoming report of
tne slate department and those collected for
last year by Carroll D. Wright of the Maa.
chusetts Buieau of Labor Statistics.
The remarks made bv the comoiler
upoo these table: are both interesting
aiiu umiutme, anu would no uouot
prove 8.0 to yottrrcaders,but thev would
occupy too much pace for your col
umn; but cery one must be struck by
the tjreat difference between the wage
recitwng population of Europe and ihe
United States. The more favorable con
dition of the Utter is in marked con
trast with the former, and e,en with
ihetr own former condition prior to
A highly protective tariff was then
adopted, though chiefly as a ww'wcm
urc.nml ilnrc then thciirosiicrity uflhc
1 oiiiitry riiitwiUit.iiHlltiK llic wnr ills.m '
. . .. . 'a.
ter I1.11 been iiiiiurallctl in tin: lil'lory
of llic uorlil,
Sifitestncn of protci ilonlil view look
upon the hiii.li duties which protect
hontc- Industrie, cn.ililing It lo pay larger
wage to the laboicr for liii services, 11s
the chief t. nine of the gre.1t prosperity
I he pritei of tin iicrcivtriei of life
have not ndv.ini cd (it nil, in propottiou
lo the nilvanrc in the price of l.thor
Sotli.tt the high Inriff haibetn.in tliin .iv
nt least, 11 large clement in the pmlei:
Hon of llic laborer, though other elc
iiicnls h.tvc alio entered into the at
The lifo.itl (loin tin of fertile lanils,
the liberal initittitions, rivil, tiolitic.il
and religiom of the 1 otintry, the vail
internal commerce ensuring .1 nale for
Uk piodiidi ami manufai ttirci, com
blind with the protective tariff, have no
doubt nil aided in fititntilating n healthy
emigration and promoting general proi
When it li coinidcrcd ll'.it -for eVCry
$t earned by the European laborer, the
laborer in the United States earns $1.95
nntl that for every 56 parti which the
i''tiropcan laborer receives ai '( own
from his earnings, the American re
ceives $1.10.40 it is not itiprising that
large numbers should emigrate, and of
.1 class fitted to build up the country of
their adoption. Although he can buy
for his 56 tents in CJreat Britain what
would cost the American laborer 60 to
(jri cents in the United States, it still
leaves the income of tlie American la
borer more than tv ice as much as his
Hritish brother receives with shorter
hours of labor us well.
Colonel Grosvenor.fiftcen years since,
the earnest and eloquent advocate of
free-trade, but converted by what he
has seen of the bcncrici.il results of a
protective tariff adopted by the United
States since i860 to the equal eloquent
advocacy of the protective policy for
the United States, says : "The enormous
growth of industries in directions de
termined by the Republican policy has
made it no longer national to urge
theories once held sound," and he pro
cteds to demonstrate from unswcrable
facts, the correctness of his present
views. As was said by the Hon. Ger-
ritt Smith, fifty years ago, and by Presi
dent Garfield, four years aeo: "If
free trade were universal, it might and
probably would be the best policy, but
until then, and in the circumstances of
the United Slates a protective policy
ocems wisest for them." Other causes,
as I have said, have combined with tlm
po'icy, no doubt, to aid in promoting
the great prosperity, but a reference to
the table coinparini; the prices of la
bor in Germany, France, England and
the United States in 1878 and 188.,
shows the result to be the same in
countries entirely dissimilar, though iu
a less marked degree.
Statistics from Germany show an in
crease of wages and profits since the
new tariff, also or iron workers from
153,979 to 206,150. It is a densely
populated country, without the favor
able conditions peculiar to the United
States. Articles of necessity may average
a little cheaper in Europe than in tlie
United States, but the difference bears
no comparison to the difference in
wages in favor of the latter, besides
whilst wants have steadily advanced
since the tariff and homestead bills of
1860-62 prices have declined until they
have reached a lower level prubably
than was ever belore known. In i860,
with a population of 31,500,000, a debt
of less than $65,000,000 and general
prosperity, United States 6 per cent,
bonds were 36 per cent, discount.
To day the same bonds are worth 20
per cent, premium. Then the whole
property of the country, exclusive of
$1,500,000,000 in slaves (since wiped
out by the war), was $14,500,000,000.
The advantage of broad -lands and
liberal institutions was as great then as
since, and as it is now; and though
the war cost 1,000,000 of lives and
$3,000,000,000 of money, yet the debt
is now only $1,900,000,000 with $500,
000,000 on hand, the whole property
$49i77i000ioo and the population
about 57,000,000, an increase in
population and property never before
paralleled in one quarter ot a century.
And to what other specific measures
can this prosperity be credited, if not
to the protective tariff and homestead
acts which have enabled agriculturists
and manufacturers to pay good wages
to employees, and the steadfast deter
mination of the nation to pay all of its
debts. If the prosperity is not due to
this policy, it certainly has followed it
at once, having every appearance of
cause and effect. This has no doubt
led to the conversion of Colonel Uros
venor from being a free trader to a
protectionist as doubtless it has of
many others. I lie worker in the
United states not only earns more than
the European in the same class ollaswelloffasisthat of the United States,
labor, but, according to the Lpndonp (concluded next week.)
Times, the European contributes 23
per cent. 01 ms earnings lor state pur
poses whilat his American brother con
tributes but 5 per cent
Antecedent to 39 years ago the differ
ence between European and American
labor was far less than it is now. Tli
late able Hritish Post Master General
Fnwcett, said that the condition of the
liriiish laborer and workman was no
better now than it was 50 )earsago,and
1 know not how much longer; but this
was twelve jears ,ears before the re
peal of the Hritish corn laws tn 1846,
by the efforts chiefly of Richard Cob
den in the close of Sir Robert Peel's
administration. The wages of a laborer
in the northern United States, 59 years
ago, was about 75 cents a day; of a
good carpenter or other skilled artisan,
from $1 to $1.75; for a master, from
this to $jj for a clerk from $5003 jear
uown iu me wages 01 a mercnant s ap
prentice with a merely nominal comnen-
sation. Now they may be nearly or
quite double these figures, and yet the
larger expense of living at this time and
in these last years is pot because of in-
creasea prices lor the necessaries of life,
which have been shown by ample inves
tigation to be lower now than then, but
by increased luxuries, so that the ex
pense of living seeitH to depend more
upon the income than on the average
a-ira, rtf li.' n-..l.. Will. I-
fa-, "- ,n.n?ai,v-t at nit til-
r rcannl imouic uccnl.iritc llic ilrtle ut
. a I I a (
our (.iiniloits, nnil hiiuo n.irii tunc
ronic we find It tllltii nit lo go back lo
(he necessariefiof life lo which we should
make up our minds when hard times
rail for it, Mr, Wright found tli.it with
the Siimt iciieei iihJ incoiiu only about
one jn ten laid tiji nnvtliing, showing
thr xtMttat disposition to fipend 17 of
our iik ome for present comforts or grnli
fuaiions. This is natural and In n rea
sonahlo extent right. As one' Income
enlarges he wislies to exchange the
bare floor for a carpet, the wood
heat rlnir for Ihe ratio or stuffed heal,
the (oarse texture garment for n finer,
and increase his table Inxiirhs, etc.;
whilst perhaps none of these arc ensen
tl.i I to vigorous health nntl if not kept
in proper bounds are cvenadvesre toil,
An er omiinist has declared that the
American people "cndinorc yearly
in supplying the wants of fifty millions
than is spent by anybody of 100,000,
000 In any other putt of the world, This
is well, so far as it goes to necurc lo the
people better and more wholesome
food, more healthy antl comfortable
dwcllirgs, more education nnil health
ful enjoyment. Hut no ntudent of our
social life ran fall to sec that our people
spend a vast sum in ways that arc not
henlthltil or wholesome. In clothing
alone the U. S, could save $150 mil
lions yearly and yet get really more
useful and attractive garments. The
French economists tell us that we waste
by bad cooking at least $400,000,000
a year. There is an Immense expend
iture every car by people who can ill
afford it, not to secure more solid com
forts, but to ape the ways of those who
have larger means to " keep up appear
ances" and to obey, and at the same
time encourage false fashions and harm
ful social customs.
These are the reasons why expenses
are increased, and increase of wages
and salaries is required to meet them,
and not because the necessity for good
health and solid comfort requires any
increase of cxpensesT Kiglu dollars on
an average will now supply our needs as
fully as ten dollars would have done a
few years since.
Thus as ColonelGrosvcnor says, "The
work'cr is helped at both ends. He gets
more for the labor he has to sell and
pays less for the things he has to buy;"
so that he does not need as much to
live as well now as he did years ago,
and if to live now as he then
did would now vilisfy him he could
lay up the whole of the increase of his
wages in addition to the dillcrencc in
the cost of the same articles between
now and then; for example, if in 1840
his wages were $5.00 per week and they
have been advanced to $7.00 he could
lay up the $2.00 advance and $1.00
from the decline in prices as$4.oo would
buy as much now as the $5.00 would
then. The hundreds of millions of de
posits in the savings banks of the
United States and Europe go to prove
that many of the poor whose con
dition has been improved by the in
crease in wages and fall in prices, have,
to a considerable extent saved the
money instead of using it in increased
expenses, because of the advantage
desirable from the lower prices being
generally available by the community.
All departments of trade whence the
necessaries of life arc obtained should
respond to the decline in prices, which
is not always the case,as for example the
citizens of Chicago, the centre of wheat
production, where it is the cheapest,
complain that the bakers charge much
higher for their bread than do the
bakers of London, which is largely
supplied with wheat and flour by Chic
ago. The same complaint is made by
the Parisians against the bakers of that
city. Whilst the advantages are more
generally participated in by the house
holders, they are not as much so by
the mere boarder, as the hotels and
boarding houses have not et dimin
ished their rates. The free trader urges
that while protection may increase
wages et the laborer gains nothing as
the increase of wages received is whollv
absorbed by the increased prices caused
by the tariff. This has not proved true
in the case of the United States, for
while wages have advanced largely, the
home market and increased production
have diminished prices nearly twenty
per cent, and the value of all property
lias been enhanced 200 per cent from
$14,500,000,000 to $49,770,000,000,
and the internal .commerce, as appears
by Mr. Nimmo's rcportis of vast pro
portions. No system whatever can shield any
country altogether from occasional sea
sons of commercial depression and dis
tress, but the prosperity of the United
States since the imposition of the pro
tective tariff, about 18 60, has no parallel
in the world's history, and, notwithstand
ing an occasional necessity has arisen for
diminishing production, there is no
country whose laboring population is
A person encased in a mechanical occuru
lion in this city recenllv- purchased a parrot
brought from San Francisco, which can speak
Spanish as welt as some words In the English
language. This bird poaesses the rare faculty of
imitating to perfection the crying of its owner's
child an infant abojt 19 months of age.
This gilt of the pirrot is, fre luenlly the occa
sion o. ludncuus mhlakes as it is almost im-
possible to detect Ihe leal from the counterfeit
set it often happens thai the mother, at work
in the rear pan of the room, will rush in great
haste and alarm la Ihe Iront balcony, which
the pairot'aud babyarein the habit of fro-uniting,
on the supposition that hrr child hat
met with some accident, oily to find lint she
hat been hoaxed by this Iniminiiable decltcr.
What makes it still more amusing is that a
trick this bird possesses of rapidly Introducing
an Imitation of scolding or spanking wilhoct
any apparent cessation of hit crying. A few
days ago the owner of this parrot cariie-d it to
the workshop and set the cage down in one
corner of the room unnoticed by his fellow
workman. It so happeucd that the parrot
commenced hi. "lino" with (his baby cry,
The workmen, familiar with the real cry of the
baby who was often carried lolbe shop by hci
fathrr'rushctl to the corner from which the
cry apparently pro-reded, eipeclina! to fail
the baby Injured in tome way among Ihe piles
of tnabcr J biu tu their amusement aad chagrin
discovert. lhy had been btvdly told by lh
CMITII ft TIIURfaTOI',
W (). Amiim,
I. A Intitiii
.Iflnrii.fa ttl Afti-,
No ) MiKiutir rttarxr
1 1- AiTMVatrriN. t
lW. C), Hum, (
fitnth 11,1,1 Hull lUhtlm riroicra,
No, II MfftitAur Srarfr llonntui.u
(EiitltlikiJ Ik lti) )
AtllCar llanlaltofi, Itallroat, TfWe and ndi-r Or
sllxi Sl-.ll, llon.lt aifl similar TfcruiilUl
It-ivuiir ami S01 11 on Gimmii'i-
Monty lna. ol Kto-li Xi.uiilll.
O II. t-OLH,
Cutoff hr l JVin tiHft Unlnr'u mM..
Cobum roar ami
in MraciiAilt ffrJns.I''ot('
V"' CASTLE, .?.
Att'trnitu nt i.tiw utttt Xntmnr Piiltlt
AlUnita all iha Count nf lit Ktntiik,ff()U
.lroriiKi flfitf CoHnaoi- (if xtlr.
t, FnitT SriatT ,
ALnnrtT c. smith,
Aottt la Itthtt Arkttnteltilotnht$ lo
OiPICI With A S tliftell,ovif the Ilank,
T M. WHITNEY, M. D , D, D, S.
Ilmntitf room, on Fori Hlreti,
Ilowcuec. . ,. , , 1,
0f.c In lli-wer"! Dloek, cooif Hole anil fort
Sireell, entrant, on Hctf I Street I
1LL1AM B, McALUSTER,
tU AH tHTLY tOCATlfJ IM HONOLULU
Once, corn-v (A L-,oitnl lloift iuet. ovr 1ttAn'i
Parttrular Mention pId to mlofiuorj golt rilling.
KelttW on rood work at rruonxU clurict In run
.1 -T "... . . . . - -
t 11 Jgl
in cvTiTKioKe 01 m? iui.uc
Attorney nn( CouttifUor at ttr,
Jrt't A pent to tahn AcknotctetSyemefit,
o 14 Kaahumahu STRSttr. t . -Honolulu
(latk or Oakland)
W-tthtrof th Pufioisrlt. AddnM. LVCA.V t CO.
KrjiDthCB No, 10 Kt-kTuna crtrt. i5'iy
Attorney nt Late tt nil Mot Id tor in Chancery,
Prtuticct tn ibeCvurtJ, anj prepwe Ddi, VN1U,
Mongajge, IAvet, Contruts, Aj(remnti, rtc, n
negotiate Mtntytd Learn, rtc
HosOLLLU. ..It. I.
Office Corner Fort -ind Merchant Street.
d If ent to take Aelenowledgmmmt to Con
tract for Labor,
I nt r bio a Orrtf.f Hoholllu
JOHN H. PATY,
Notary Publle and Commission of Deeds,
For the State of California and Mew Yorlu Office
at the IJAnk of Buhop fit Co.
Honoi Ulu, Oahu, H. I 1
OHN T, WATERHOUSE.
Importer and Veatr in General Mer
chandise QvtKH StBKT ...HOKOLL'LU
Dealer In Choicest Beef, real, Mutton, t'.te.
Ko. 6 Quekn Stumt, Fish Maikbt.
Family and Shipping ordan carefully attended to.
Live Stock furnished to VcmcIs at abort notice
Vegetables of all kindt) supplied to order.
TrxKruoNK , No. an,
OLLISTHR ft Co ,
Ifhotesals and J tela U Druggist and To
macevnist. Mo. 59 MtV'UANU StLBKT. HohOLLLV
OPP ft CO.,
74 ti Kino St"t
Upholsterer, Draper and Dealsr tn mtt
kinds of furniture)
Telephone No. i
T W. HINGLBY ft CO.
J Jlanfaeturere of llmranm Cigars,
IHrO-tTIUS AND DC ALUS IN
And SmoktrV Articles
The ftteMt couplet stock, in the kingdom,
KUf rit. (neai AUkea) Hoooluln.
P M. UUUaftW.-y'y
r.tiDt, raciu.a-vua taEjag.tSMlvcrca laapttiii
2Vd lt(it(iltnrrcd loan.
14 ll.ttKXntn,i.l ncttutyr tajemi t
lentioa paid a. aVi'
Telephone to i Kcudc)
I ftUBJtbowl strswt.
OtSce, 16 Km Street
(rOBUEaiv with aoLin ft co.)
Wholesale, and Kef II Qrecer,
t, King Strbst .....Ukobb IUbmohv Halu
Family. PlanUt itn. andSLlo uores saDplted at short
rcc Ncw roodt bv eisty siaamcr, Orden from
lwpnoo rttx no. Tyr
ITuleJkiaui'i.r aiittl -.anl.r,
Wtatoh nrmlrlaz taavita S-.txUlltr.
SU orders from th Mnan UUndt proaaptlf attended to.
No.),, HorteSlaa.T ..ti.aoi.vu1, II. I
PHILLIPS at c
lmy.ri.rt ni Whttlttai, Dai.n fit C(a4aV-
taiir, Hoot., aut-w., n,u, jf.at'. r.r.
MiaAUl U,t, rmn.it O.tttit, JTItv,
o. 11 kUAMeMAni Eratar.. . - .lluaoeeeu
LJERRtNO a HUBASH,
II. M. II
1 lot. Hei
Ut)tMIltttt Jfwlm rmai.rVt
Kakui Javtlr-r, tad Tim DiMMnd Scitiaif a Spclaiy,
Alt Kind. JmwUrw Mad, ( Orti.r and
Watches Carwtijtj Kat-amd tad WanaaataL
rm4mstmmd eTrnmssg -Matowa
N, ! titni; Itbht..,!
a.iiWKSTiiH Asn nim.niui,
ir.'.PI'IIOMK, MO, j-!
II IttilmilU rrfttnl ntt'l Itfpttlrftl,
unit ruKHisiinn nv tiir dky or
III AMY PART 01' Till!
tioiuiiyii vnmivri.v Arri'.xnnit to
Riioii nt ray rotldntiea), Wnllilkl road,
h&. I'M.. ... H....II.
...,-.. a,,.,.... .....
Tot wtlm my
Ufl l .Urff.f
A, V. COOKK,
A W, PUIHCB ft Co.
l(fT'$& UoHOLtvi-V, Hawaiian Iuahei
AftcnMfor Hrtvi(itfitmtii IWntb .mn an4 Vtt
tf iTatU' l'tn KUr
mS t)umm STfT, llottoutiv.
Oftkert V. C fontl. If.. ored-Wit and manatrr!
loMprirj. tatti-r, Irealunr anrl lacrclary, Ulrw4orl
! llont. Oliil'i l(. liittMOtnd II. A. I'. Cut
r YCAN A CO,
Importer and Denier tn att kind vf
Jtutta tlnmt, iranry fnottt
Mm. 105 aud to; Tout St-fiit. .Ifowoutu
Kurniture, Chafri. Sewtnc itchln, Mcrr-trf anJ
Mirror I1tt, I'kture f'runs and Oxolr,t made to
order, i jy yr
A LLBM & ROBINSON.
tttnter In Lumber nnd all kind f Jluttd
Ina Material, B'nint; Oil, Sail, etc,
Honolulu, H. I.,
ACtNTf Ot KHOtiHZ F1
IfilfAkila, Kularaanu, KekauIuoM. Mary BUcn.
UUamt, Pauahl nd Leabl.
At RftWn.on'i WltirC i
KIT W, McCHESNEY U SON,
Leather, Hides, Tallow and (Jotntnlaaton
Agents fur the ItoyalSwapCooipany.
Ma. it QutLZM Stfkkt .. .. . ..Howolvu
Ayent for Jfoannt Huyart Patama Jtlee
And Katlua Kk-n Ilantatiot and Mill.
NtfiMwt Sraecr . ...... Coknkk Mafihk
TILLINGHAM & Co.
Importer atnl Dealers in Itardtearr, Cut
Palms anil Oils. aiiJ CeiwraJ Merchawlitve.
Ko. 17 Post Sthfrt.... . -.Honolulu
OAT, JR..& CO.
Htattoner and ee Inlrrr
fled Itubber fttamp Agency
Gazette Block. ....... So. $ AfeKHAiwT Siiht
toj Honolulu, II. L
Importers and .letters In Hay And Grain and General
Ilor-oLlLV .IC I.
nil., on, AlffH Valntcr,
I'aiek llANcaa. etc,
No. 197 KlMG STaECT.. M . .Hououlc
68 1 im
TUT S. GR1NBAUM c Co.
impart antl fTVioretaf. Dtmttro in 47.it
MAKCE't IltOCK.l QtlEEM StkEET. HotOLLLV
Kr S. GRINBAUM & Co.
Porteardtnff and Comml.tloit MtrthantB,
tit CAurotKiA Sr. San Feakcisco.
SpecUI facUuiet (or tod pankular alteotioct paid to
coiutmineala of ulani croaatlc, a
O J LEVEY ft CO..
Wholesale and Detail Grocers,
Fort Stbkct . . . HofoLiLV
Fresh rroccrtcs and protuiooi of all kinds on haad a&d
rccencd reeularly from Luropc and America which
will be sold at the lowcu market rates.
uoods delivered to an part cf u.e city free of csvarre.
island order solicited and p-romM uteotton will ly
SI Ten to the same. in it
A S. CLBGHORN ft Co.
Importers and Dealers in General Mer
chandise Corner Que-ta and Kaahumana Sue-ats, Honolultt.
Boot and Hhoemaker,
Boots and Shoes made to QrJer.
So. 114 Fokt St., orrmiTE Pamtmbon Stailbs.
Jeweler and Dtammnd Better,
So6o, ...Nuvanu STiutar, HoaoLVLC, H.
(Oppoute HolUucr 4 Co.),
Particalar aitcntloo paid to reaMnc
lmp.rUr O.H.paiJ Jtr.rrAafMltw VtMat
Frattr,, kngtttmi, t3.r-at.ai7 alitd
(A. Unlt.i Slat...
S'o. l QeaaH Srattr lionou'i
nd and til CAiiroaxiA SraaaT Sam rteai-cisco-
tanlculu atteufon paid tn fiUtnt aad shippta-; ls
Und raniwa. 1
- E. WILLIAMS,
Iiarorrta and Oiaiie in
Furniture .( Kfru lt.rlul.n. AI;
VpktfM.M a)ti4 JtfalllMit.fial-.r.
Ftu-ulur. Watrcutu No. ton Fort Str-rl. WtaV.
ikop mi old tUnd 0. He4al SlraWl. AH onjtrt -ntapttr
MI-WWl ,b I
A L. SMITH,
Imy.rt.r and Itm.r In tl'.Mu-air,
Mn-Ui.n MUwai-flalmd mar.,
No. 44 Put Srtw Honourvv
KWi CortWoAikw Spectacles uwt
ListraJ u tra ware. aacv aaaL r
Pktote Fraabtts, fta
. Powder. fctVat aad
tola, WMnholms FoOct Cutkrr.
AiftasaAaruitajo, park's HJ t-WwH M-t-WM OU, l4
KHf-oa ei jbi.jm. anu n -r-ft.sr, iftnmM.n raprr r iwivai.
as m i-m vMttrmuy atutoainif4 Uf,v
C O HALL SON. ..(Uutad'
mroarttt and etuiaaa Im
aTsraisaar. .el S.at.a-atl JfrrrAttfuK..,
Coauaa-or Kim add Post Stihts, Hoaotiu-
.,. . , .PinldaMaad Maatftr
WUiu W. Ha3,
W. r. Alkn.. ..
Puooare Ttuaua M.T X.O. Wkistu
I M. OAT A Ol.
Ailflri'lltar, hit f tttl Ifnrriplinit
lull,. in,7 rcMilr-',',
HffHMVU' . .11,1
li In A 0t-ii. Iw WIWIn, tt-vi at
NtHia-Hi mr-at, tl
P A. I.CII1KPBK Co,
niiorfara mi, fjnmmtitlnn Jtrthnttlif
iffaeiiAHT fifaiaf, llaja-ttMlia.
,tttel Inure r tltft f'nmntllnrt Stttthttttl,
litm Irarrr, llninmui
Ilrttrrttt CommlaaMfi ,1 a-il,
(Ji'HK Si, f.r , ll-woi.trur
r C COLGMAH,
Hltielfmilh, jlnthlnltl, r.ttrrly Wurli
Ho-iaMMi ., , II, I
llanlatini Hl'Mn-ry, etc.
Mt lo Ce-dt ft CvA a.
Bhop m Klag tiH
H rater tn ftrff ffnott, Hret Tea, AUt and
J'anejf liomt, lltt Itnut nmt
tttio, itron, feed nntl i or,
Utynr and tuhneeo
Alw ptwtirt tf VU M &vzt I1Mwn at
KjnOT-( IWjij, Walpir), ,wM4n-i lU.
IHVAnU AMD CUArLAIN SkT. ....... HotoutUi
r YONC A t-EVEY,
Aurtloneer and Commission Jlerehants,
Hcavf tiLocK, Qtrcff Stlkat. IIonoLVUi.
SaJeeof rurnbure. Stock. Heal Hualc and Ctrwral
MerchajviiM promitity attend'd to. SoU axenis tor
American and I'uropean merchandiM. j I, Ciop,
I8-rr C l. J. I kVKY.
-pHEO, DAVIES & Co-
(Latk auwx, Cfiiw A Co)
Importer and Commission Jferrhant l
ac tin n ran
IJoyd's a&d the tAtryo'A UMerwnier.
Hrltiih and Kutetzri I-iiAi ftvauiaoce Cofflpaay, a-vi
Sonhetn Awirsatt Cotaptuy. I
IfutthmnUer, Jertler, I'nffrarer, and
Sa. in ForrSTrr-er Utrtousut
All oruVn faithlcJy etecsled. yt
TTONOLULU IRON VORKS Co,
Steam Knytnes, Itoltrrs, Huynr Mitts,
Coolers, iron, Itrass and ifi t'uttlnys,
Honolulu . .. H. I
Machinery of every Ucriptiofi made to order,
Particular ait'Mion paid to fehlp's Mulunttiuaf
Job w&ek eaecuted on the shortest notice. to
MclHTYRE & BROTHER,
Con. KtNC Ahti Fotrr 5r.
'arffnlcr antl Jltttltltr,
All kinds of tVbtnt: DrotatAlv attended tee
1 eleplion. No. ty. W illunuvn a hapr. OfLc
iito-k An at KJt -iTa
T EMMtiLUTH ft Co.,
Tinsmiths nnd Vtuinbers, Dealer iu
htove, Jtaitytt Tin,
So. i Klcaxu Stbebt .. . .. .HoKOtUru?
T EVERS ft COOKE,
(Slccusou to Lew em &. Di:cm-)
Itnp-orters and Dtter In Lumber and all
hinds of Dulldlng Materials.
Fokt Stu-bt .. .. .Homoutui
Tin, Copper and iiheet Iron Worker,
Stores and Manges.
cf all kinds, IfumLen utxk sita metals, house ftmu-h
ins t-wi, craAzautrrt, lamps, etc
No, S Kaahlmaiku Stbcst .- .Ho our to
:d. hoppschlaeger ft Co.
Imjtorter and Commission Merchants.
Honolulu Oahv. H L.
THE WESTERN AND HAWAIIAN IN
vestment Cotopany (limited.)
Money loaned for locj or short rrwxli oo approved
security. Apply La W. L. GKKLK,
Office Beaver Block, Fort St, laot jer
-pHE GERMANIA MARKET.
HovoLVur, IL I.
Beef, Veal, Mutton, Lamb, Poultry
Coosuatly oa hand, and of chct aaluy Pork
Aauiajcet. Boloizaas. etc. always do ha&d. Ovr nati
are ail cut and put op u Lasicra utl. All
uuhfully attended to. acd delireTd to any part of the
city. Shop on Hotel Street, bet rea Ufut-a a&d rort
Streets. UUa) G. KAUPP, lTopnetv
T W GIRVIN,
CotMm ( Merchant and General Dealer
h in Dry Qoode,
hV'XiLuitu, Maui .. .H.I
Grocvrici, Hardware, Stationery. Pate&t Medacu-et,
rcertimery aoa tjiaiaware.
A W. RICHARDSON & Co
iMfONTECS AMD DeaLB.S IK
ilU, Uli, JtarM(aAjH0 ;a, Uls,
tttft. Trunk., t'alU..,
FerfunMry and Soapt, VV-Jthu. W'attlita,
I'm. Jwwwliy, -m.,
Coasaa Foit awd Mekuamt STasarrs, IlowoesvLv
RS. THOMAS LACK,
Ma. 79 Tort Str-Mt, Ho-aeltUta.
mroa-aa a no cialex in
!-., Jri.riiiN.airi, Oil and Af.ri.
aclt roa ths;
White at-dU-c LicuT.RniMtic Jtcv llaia M ttiia-.
no-wait a aiaehiM neeu-, au tuau
Ci..ir SUk, U Ji colors aj-4ilr.ll
leaiU-tu't Lanan TVoJ.
CUk'i O. N. T. Mackanc Cono.
Mmt. Ptmtmfi KiliiNt Cut rfr Fttrm
asc, re .Ltcaraoait.
Ika!. la Km,
Cm ai d Sao.TtMS Coor-t,
Sat JT, t". Ota, C t rt,
aad alaruxtc Caaraitxs
KKKUiEX MTOrSH, Uatl.Ut.
Sr... alkataa, laxk aad G-ua-Rtt-ureBt -(4lr
LIC.M. CSP PERFECTIO'SPADS,
IIOUPEkS LETTER PADS,
Lcutr, Cap aad Nat. BSucit et" im. aajair p-epu.
Uzal Cap, LaEitr and Na W-xVi 4 ralad "
UaMtU i-aa-af, pU. ViaAO. a4 Neat
tk-eksM tl. knt Uxka
f fttSs, StAL-n-wa-ta,
Waak -tut, esc,.
Or Ptvftar PUT Up'ta ANY FOBM Dir4.
At xmoM. 0. ravat7Jf'a
UtVaUuxT S-tL..iawP-aat Sit-ur ttw-aa.
pISIIOI' H CO,, HlnWn
Mtr-Htuiur, ll.fl l-tavet
(Ira MMi.4 on
run ttAUK or (Mi.irocwiA,
iw rKK, '
Jt.Mft w M, RrrilfailUiKI,
ir-eCOtninnciAi. iiakki.vr co,
or nvntinY, iiNiJON,
litCOMMt'CCIAI. HANKIKO CO.
or avririKV, nYtmr.y,
Tlrf nSMK Of NKW ZRAlAHtls
THE IIA.IIOi OT lier'UII COLUMDIA,
VICTORIA, H C Al l-ORLAKD.OK.
Tranttut a Gutoal Banking ISutlnm.
i.i .m , ill
-ASTLE & COOKE,
fltlptlny nnd Cnmmt.tlnn Mtrrhanlt,
No to KutcSTtftT .,,, .HonourU
iMforrift aho rxauct
The HIi4itJO;k h 0uvftf IlaotaitVM.
K. Halaeayl.r ViiUts fUattvAU
A. II ankb h Compssry, YJAo. rlsjaai,
J. M, Atuftder )ti, Mal
lh Ifajku fota CVara.97
TV Kta-haJa afar Cotnuf,
TLe Vraao t murine L&nfanrtA bsa YiutUvus
i to ri ew eu.'vj MJe lewraoca Kjj&ynytA rMt
U. M. Wntwi'l Palect Cemriai Macbibiet.
It Mew Vwk and Ilooltl Pckft Ltw.
tx fer chant's LXn. Ifixwtitl-i aM SJ FraAeaa'
kr I asoes k .Va't fielcUaied W,j-i ..
Wj&f 4 GPJ&s JSfcjr'jf l nffXuTiac Contpmf,
rttw-twra r uvm ettn isuitv.
L W, HACrABLAWB, K. . U ACfA HLAE.
Q. W. MACPAlfLANE ft CO.
Importers, Comuiicelon Merc has nta
and Sunr Fstctorm.
VutHvA Biuldtejr, ft-m ttseet, Hu&Jvl
AJ5BVT tOK . -
KiUttea St) Co. Kauai,
fhe VVaJkaptj ht&t Ilaaiation, Havl,
ffcc Symvrt hmzr VUsulfM, fUs-j.
Hotlii&x Sofa Co, HawatL
HtteloSiUsar ftekxtvjn. Masl,
tVTedprociiy baft Co., tla-na
Makjiia hiicar ttetUon, Oaiw,
O'jSusia Susar Co-11 tl, Itawajl,
Otavwttla Satar Co. httun,
lwika Sbeep Kaatb Co Hawaii.
J. FoWr it Ci Heaai Ilwavod PortaUc Trajowat
MirrteM, VVaii k Of Sn-tfcr Vlathlm-ry, Claavi
Giaievw and Honojula L cd 1jl.i.
Lierfc4 -and HorAtA U-x U lsniJnx,
"J ttMIBVI MAAiMlt-II -tvC Urt iTJUli
Via iFire lasurance Co. a LoctoVt.
TNO. O. POWLER ft Co.,
Are preyntred to furnish Plans and P.sti
mates for Meet
With or withrmt Cars mad L-Xtttoctjics, 5--to
ADPTED FOR SUGAR PLAMTA1IOKS-
Pcrmaiveot Raolvays, nd lsxxaotirr aad cats, Trac
tson Kjwp aad Road LocxwoctivTS, Stcsat
rJooxhiii and ClUraici Macbicery, Port
able Lepc-rs for ail purpsooes. trnf-j
Lnzmcs or lbdtae.
CaLtlvzutrs with lUmuratkaCi. Modth and Phcc- -,
ETaphe ttrf the above Iluu tuA Machinery taay be sees
at the cfUo(th uaders.xt.ed. W L. GXLEN aad
G. W. MACFARLANK it. CO., Aims for loo. Tow-
HE ENTERPRISE PLAHIKC HILL.
Alakca Sr., Ejea Qeaa. Sr.'
TELEPHONE No. .
C J. Haxde., Proptlator,
CONTRACTOR tusd BD1XDEK
PLacing-, Shaping, Tux-log,
Band and Scroll Sawing,
Door, Sash, Blinds, Door
and Window Frames,
Stair, made to ortt
Hard and . Trt. tTM-al For Sa.'..
MOLDINGS AND FINISH.
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LOWEST MARKET RATES.
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COLUMBIA KIVER SALMON
CASTLE A COOKE
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