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Thtmhrr ! l'(i tlmlrra iltrtn
I lilTon SAfimiiAV I'tlRs Sir III the
Nurnnlirr minilifr nf llie Hawaiian Miiiitlilt
I ivliillifil niintnaijr iiflli" rfH "I Dr,
Koliril KikIi on hit liivf tll;alioin of the caiit
of elmler til tf tlio torirlutl'itit lie liail mil
fnl l m llm tulijecl 'I lie iiilillcallnii ultlie
Muntliljr linvlni; lorn illii)ntliiiiel, I wouM
V )nm In llie narnettf tcltrillfie fair play tu
iniMitli the Mlriwlnc cilllcittii til l)i. Kocli '
ifm liy an l!"i;llli wiltrrtvliii I will known
lu Ihe nii-ilkul nnflim ami wlm uliom him
elf l l' msetti nfn I'iImI inlml at well
I In hive Ihc faculty of clear nhil ncrlirslr
C. T. KoiMirm M, I).
I lonolulii, January (,, 1BS5,
lets! year, when the Merman lmwrlil
(inerinnitril aent Dr. Itnlwrl Kittli ami lilt
rnmpinl'mi In India In pmwiilp Ihrlr Inveall
I'.ill'in of Ihc raiitr nl rlnilrn, IIiiIUIi men
nf ar-lrnre fell n rcrlari sent" iif liarne ImI
(iennany slmuM Mtp in, In nnler In carry (Hit
wink which properly Iwlfiiifenl I" l!ni;laiiil.
II sva well liiiown in the inellr-al piofeMlon In
l'.ii;laii'l thai fur many yean nhle ami cautious
lnvell;al(in tuch in Mr, 'llinolhy l,esvl nti-l
Or Vamlylc Ciller had lice?ii, timler the nil
plce nf Ihe Indian (invcrmncnl, ca trying on
rnnlliiiiutitly ihrlr ncarrh fur a reply to lite two
piettinnti (I) It rliolcr.t cau-d !y a Inc.
lerliitn (ImcIIIiis) like ui); inlani ? (a) If to,
vtlnl preclnrly art- the form, habit, and proper
lie uf thai oicanltm? It sva fell thai I lien.'
erccllftit iilitciscr tiilr;lit ery Kssllily have
failed (a they tlirrnsclvit nimrlcntloinly stile
lliat Ihcy have failed) tu nnssscr clllici nf llienc
iptctllnn milltfacloilly fur want nf prison it ex
perlcntc In the most recent ilcvilnpiiicm nf
Ihc ail nf "Incleiluin liiinlliii"n ptacliieil In
lltimpe. On Ihc other hand, It sva known
lhat Dr. Kohcrl KikIi wan one of lite most
tklllul and successful nf liclrrluni-liuriter.
Hell vva mIio, after hiving ndded much to
cUllii(; knuwledc at to lite ludllu of calllc
anthrax, and the liactcila which infect wound
in various niilmilt, hid recently illsrnvcrcil a
Infleriiim -ihc liacteiliini or liarllliis tulicrcii.
Ini--ssliirh there sva (anil it) the stieinccsl
Cmuml fur trranling n Ihc Mine (thai it to
tay, the Immediate cxrillnu rnutc) of the dire
illscntc known at tiihcrculc, plillilsls nr con
vnnptloii, Accoidinuly much wai cupected
of Dr. Knch'a visit In India. Ifany man rmdd
lie expected In discover anil cleaily establish
the existence nf a bacterium m the came ul
cholera, il wit Uobert Koch. '
Allow me here lo Insist furlhcr on Ihe wurdt
"clearly cstalilitli." It it one lhhi; In find a
corktcrcw-iliapcil or arod-nhapcd oracmlclicl
shaped biclllut tnaimlnK in the inlculiic of a
diieated pcrt'in, and another thine to clearly
cMahlith thai Ihc particular bacillut in (picv
Hon It the cautc of Ihe particular dluatc from
whicli the man It sulTi finj;. We are nil nf ui
at all liincmwaimingwilhhactcria, micrococci,
bacilli, vlhriont, and tpiiilla. 'Ihe mouth of
eery man, woman, and child ronlaint thou
tandt uf thctc or;animi of varinm ihapct and
klndi. Il It here lhat ihcy were firtt of all
dltcovcrcd just two limbed yenrt a no, liy Ia-u-wenhoeck,
the Dutc.li mlcrotcoplsl, who dc
teribed them in Ihc I'liiloioplu'c.il Trantacliont
of our Koyal Society. Not only It Ihe moiitli
of man, but every moiit part of the turfacc of
the body, anil almvc all the Inlcsllnc, prccitcly
In those pcrsont who arc perfectly healthy,
twarniini: with ariout klnilt of biclcrii. No
one knew lint belter thin Dr. Koch; no one
knew better than he that in order to clearly
ctlahlith that a particular bacillus produces a
particular ditcaic it it not enough lo show that
Ihe lucillui occurs abundantly in the Intcttlnct
of persons aufTcrini; from that disease. Dr.
Robert Koch gained lilt own great name In
reference In the Incillut uf consumption by
showing far more than this alwut it. He look
Ihe little organism (the bacillus of consump
tion), when he had delected lis existence, from
Ihe lungs of persons dead of consumption, and
grew it In a luhc on pure blood-scrum taken
from a healthy animal and kept at blood-heat.
He propagated it from one tube lo another
until he had a thoroughly "pure culture" of
Ihe bacillus, free from all trace of contamina
tion by particles ilcritcd from the original
diseased lung, which might have clung lo the
bacilli originally introduced into the scrum,
jutt at soil may adhere to seeds picked from
ihe surface of ihc ground. This pure culture
of Ihe bacillus tuberculosis was seen, when
examined by Ihc microscope, lo be precisely
Ihe tame thing at the bacillus (omul In tint
lungs and expectorations of phthisical patients.
Now came the test. The pure culture of
bacillus tuberculosis was injected (In minute
mantity) Into the tissues of rabbits and olher
nnimalt, and the infected animals thereupon
dying of consumption, various parts of their
Indies were found on examination lobe swarm
ing with a fatal growth of bacillus tuberculosis.
The disease was thus reproduced by the
"germ," or "specific organism," after il had
been thoroughly isolated, and after it had b:cn
actually cultivated for some generations apart
from a diseased animal. Thai, at any rate, is
the record of experiments published by Dr.
Robert Koch, and confirmed by other experi
menters. Koch himself, as much as any one, has in
sisted uon "pure cultivation" and "rcpro
duclion" of the disease as the only important
evidence in fact, the only evidence worthy
the attention of serious men In favour of the
connection of a particular micro-organism with
a particular disease as Ihe cause of that disease.
Had he mciely discovered lhat bacilli tubercu
losis exist In tho diseased tissues and sputa of
phthisical subjects, and had he then failed to
produce phthisis in any unimal by introducing
them into Its body, very few, if any, medicat
men at the picseut moment would think it
prutublc thai the bacillus tuberculosis Is tht
cause, or ! cause, of consumption. They
tsould consider it as being probably an instance
nl the multiplication and swarming in un
healthy tissues uf one of the many bacterial
organisms normally haibouicd by the human
body. Happily Ur. Koch did not in this case
fail to satisfy the culture test.
These things being so, when news was re
ceived from India that Dr. Koch had dis
covered a comma-shaped bacillus as the cause
of cholera, a very strong Impression prevailed
(which, I confess, I shared) that Dr. Koch
would not have allowed ruch a statement to lie
sent lo Kuiope unless he had "discovered"
such a cholera bacillus in the true sense
namely, had clearly established the relation of
the bacillus lo the cholera by pure culture and
fc'iocutattou-exiKriincntt. No dircc' statements
were itciiuM from Dr. Koch, whiln every
week mure explicit reports were published by
Ihe newspapers, obtained from correspondents
who were not specially conversant with the
subject, At last weheaidof Dr. Koch's return
to Ikrlin and of honors and money being
given to him by ihe Imperial German Govern
ment. Still, no icport was published, and
IhOM who believed Robert Koch lo lie a skil
ful Investigator and a conscientious reporter
of his observations, as w ell as a sober rcasoner.
wilted patiently for the report, refusing lu
U-licvc Ihe unauthorized gossip as lo what he
had and what he liad not nen and concluded.
At last we have a mwit by Koch In a very
full shape, touctlur. with a picture of the so
called comma bacillus, In the Ueiliner Klinischc
Wochcivscbiift of last month. It it onlv right
tint the .lilic, whom Or K rh hn Ytu
allowed lo Ix mystified by nnp'rlfCt arruiinli
nf hit "minifta bacllhu," should rtnw Ik ilit
llnclly and emphatically iHiirrd on the subject
by Ihe definite statement nf thus who have
studied KikIi'i iewrl, and are rpisllfml tu
judge nf It by luting themselves rniinieil the
Investigation nf Imclerli.
I'm my own tiil, then, I do not h'tllale lo
tay i (I) lhat KikIi'i Comma bacillus i ml
i-uinitm shaped (1) thai It It no it barlllii but
spirillum (J) thai although ft dix-t some
timet (bnl not always) occur abundantly In ihe
Interlines nf thnlera (mtlrntt, there it not a
little nf evidence In thow lint II rautct cholera,
no ciperlmenlal attempt In produce rhnlera
by lit agency having suieeednl. 'Ihete mn
eliitlimt) are derived from Dr. Koch's own
statement. While Dr Knch it, at wat lo be
opretpil, prifrilly randid and convincing in
the nrmutil which he give nf his observations,
Ihr extraordinary fralurr In lilt rrxnl I ihe
dogmatic declaralluii lhat Hilt nrgmhin, which
It nol In any way proved In iet illtwtc
producing pnwcrv, nevertheless tnirtl ami shall
be henceforth regardrd at the cautc nf rhnlera.
We have, moreover, vnpc additional news
at lo Koch's ImcIIIix since the publication jutl
referred In. Dr. 'I Imnlhy Intuit, nf ihe Army
Medical School, who for many long years
studied microscopically the Inletlllic and
evacuations uf rhnlera pallen'i In Calcutta,
ha demonstrated since Ihe publication nf
Knch't revirl lli.it Ihc so called commi-thapr-d
bacillus It Identical in foini with nne occulting
commonly in the moutht nf healthy pertorit,
Thl I mi rath assertion on Dr. I-ewls pan.
He ha n longer and more minute excellence
of Ihe different form nf bacteria, bacilli, vibrio,
and spirillum than ha Dr. Robert Knch.
'I he latter iyt in hit remit thai he ha never
seen a tnicro'nrgariltni which rould be con
founded with hit (Koch's) "enmma baclllii."
Iwit (according In an official memorandum
of Ihe Army Medical Department, August,
88) goes In Marseille, obtain from cholem
subject fresh specimens of Knch' "comma
bacillus," places Ihcm under Ihe microscope
side by side with a common curved spirillum
found In healthy persnnt' mouth, and defie
(nmpelcut olncrvert to distinguish nne from the
oilier. I ho rnmpclcnt nleservcrs, so defied.
confc.t Ihey are umble lo distinguish them.
-V..., -. ..WV'.,
We must accept Knch't statement that he has
never teen on nrgmitm capable nf being con
founded will, hit comma bacillus, and there
fore wr must suppose that he hit not seen all
the for.nt of mlcro-nrganisrns which occur In
healthy human Imdtct, at il would have been
well for him lo do before oliscrvlng and rea
soning about those which occur In dlteatr.
'Ihc final ill grme will have been given lo
Koch's rash assumptions concerning hit comma
Incillut If it should be true, at slated recently,
that pure cultivations of il have been swallowed
by expe.imcnlcra In tndii will. Impunity.
Such being the facts with regard to the
much-vaunted discovery of the cholera germ
by Dr. Robert Koch, we may note one or Iwo
features connected will, the history of this dis
creditable business :
1. The study of the lelal.on of bacteria
(bacilli, clc.) lo disease ought to lie more
generally undertaken by the slate authorities
of civilized counlrics than il is. Il should not
be pottible for Ihc whole of Kuropc lo be stul
tified as it hat beer, during this summer by
Dr. Koch's comma bacillus.
2. We may congratulate ourselves that the
Indian Gin eminent is ,11 this moment employ
ing, at the recommendation nf the executive of
the Royal Society of tandnn, a thoroughly
iinparll.il and competent observer, Dr, Klein,
lo make an investigation at Calcutta into the
relation nf micro-organisms to cholera. We
cannol but regret that, while such an investi
gation naturally recuirci years, Dr, Klein's so
journ in India It limited to a few months.
3. The history of the comma bacillus will,
il it lo be hoped, serve as a warning, not only
to the general public, but especially lo slates
men and government officials, as 10 the folly
of accepting will, open mouth and closed eyes
the sensational results obtained when the
healthy march of science is forced by spasmo
dic pressure and international jealousy.
Dr. Koch was distinctly put forward by the
German Imperial Government at a rival to the
French Investigator Pasteur, The pressure
upon him urging him to announce a definite
result was irresistible. He has formulated
such a result on the most flimsy grounds; his
government hat rewarded him, and for some
time official science in Germany will not dare
to expose the worthlessness of his theory.
Meanwh.le (and this is Ihc most serious and
alarming feature in the whole affair) the Ger
man Imperial Government has not only sent
Koch to Toulon and Marseilles that he may
dogmatize to the benighted frenchmen upon
the treatment and pictcnlion of cholera epi
demics, at though hit comma bacillus were
really proved to be the cause of cholera (while
no one knew belter than he that it was not so
prosed), but actually the Ger.nin Government
is anxious to dictate to Huropc about the
quarantine of Ihe Sues Canal, pretending to
superior knowledge on the subject in conse
quence of being able to claim for its initiative
Ihe discovery of the comma bacillus.
Whatever may be the ultimate conclusion as
lo Koch's comma bacillus it is an outrage on
common sense to advocate measures against
cholera epidemics based on the assumption that
this organism causes them. It is possible lhal
it may tic properly demonstrated before long
that this particular organism of all those ob
served In the human body is Ihe cause of
cholera, but Dr. Koch hat not prosed il to be
so, nor even rendered il highly probable that
it i so.
'Oh Dollar llullnr."
huiTOR SaiukiiaV 1'kess Sir: I lake
pleasure in sending you the accominying arti
cle prepared by the genial and level-headed
Editor Wicksonof Ihe Pacific Rural Press.
Escry word of il Is true; and I hope there may
be a useful hint iu It foi many of your readers:
" We were gratified Ihe olher day at the re
ceipt from Henry Pierce, the well-known Jer
sey ami Guernsey breeder, of a little pat of
Jersey butter brought front Maine, and from
product that sells regularly in the liotton mar
ket at $1 per pound lo the gilt-edged custom
ers bich sonic of the large eastern cities afford.
It wat a beautiful little brick of bright, golden
color, waxy and firm, lie Illy moulded and
stamped upon the top with a double stamp, so
that the bilck, which was about two Inches In
width by four In length, would be cut Into two
parts about two Inches square, and each with
a perfect stamp just right for deposit on Ihc
butler plate. Tills Utile brick was wrapped
In muslin, and then eased with white tissue
paper, and finally enclosed in a bright tin boi
which just contained it. When Ihe covet Is
removed one tikes out first a neatly printed
note, describing the herd from which the
butler is madr Ihen lifts out the brick, re
moves ihe tissue wrapper and then lap back
the muslin cover, and is delighted with Ihe
color disclosed and ihe delicious fragrance
which istJshsled. When we were conuected
with the dairy industiy al ihc east we saw
many nice packages of fancy butter, but nohing
lo escel this sample in style of package and
Heneral good taste displayed in its preparation.
To customers wha can afford lo gratify their
longings for the beautiful and distinctive in
food preparations, it is easy to see that suJi a
style of butter would b acceptable al the fancy
price which it obtained.
' Thtfarm where Urn Iniller U iirmltienl it
situated In Mam', and I owned by OrcMe
I'lereci and, if we are not mistaken, rmr (.all
fornla Henry llercelrat an Interest therein.
llrutMr, I'ierce't breeding Institution bat two
head, one here ami the either In Maine, nnd
slock li continually drawn from the Maine
farm to build up Ihe tte Hence of ihe Callfor
" An Inleresllng epieitlon naturally rites In
thl connection, When will California Justify
the eip'ndiliire nf much capital and style In
furnishing fancy hotter to Ihe mirkrt at the
fancy trade of the leading Atlantic cities now
ctllt lor? Pioliably not Immediately, We
hive (oo few rich men In begin wild, ami Ihen
we Imagine the amount of really fancy butter
-nt In thlt mtrket It greater, In proportion to
the (('gregste, than eastern clllet enjoy, No
doubt there could be a good trade built up for
family supply by a Utile better style than it now
pretenlrii, and a rnrretpoiidlug advance In
pilce could be obtained but wr should detpalr
of gelling anything like the Inligln between
ruling rale and Ihe fancy price here lhat pie
vad In Ihe special eastern trade In which we
allude. People have lint alone to be rich lo
purchase xiicli a food) lliey have lo be educated
in an appreciation nf the beautiful and the
Intleful In tuch miller, and rnlll Ihey can
grasp thl Idea, ten ccnlt a pound ab-ive ruling
miikel rales will tecrn a frightful watte uf
money, 'I hit Idea mutt gmw gradually and
probably in the criming year a judicious ninve
merit Inward rtlhetlc dairying may reward the
Ofcourte I do not mean that the cnegetlc
anil enlerpraltlng dairymen nf Hawaii should
hrrome " rsihetlc" before Ihey have an esthe
tic miikel. Hut my own expe-rlence goes lei
thow lhal "gill-edged" butler can lie sold for
an advanced price In every large illy.
Pr.ruk Max p.,
Honolulu, jar.uaiy 8, iXXt,
ftnr ,Shhlfntt. Hint Mtr'lM
I'.DITOK .SATURIMV PRftt.Vr; Thecon
lit Inn nf Ihe sidewalks, pavement and streets
In our principal tlmrriughfartt it such that
nine active incatuic should be taken lo
remedy this evil, without further delay, 'Ihc
. t f t .If 1 ,
P"c",cn" ''cm "" " new. .one
or cement t bricks sunken and broken by long
wear and neglect I loose dirt, worn In hollows
and decayed Imarrls, many of which are broken
or missing, leaving spice for the paiser-by In
trip and injure himself, render il actually
dangerous lo travel aflcr daik. Then, in many
places, the sidewalk arc sunken several inches
below the grade of the tltcel or cuib, same as
in front nf that portion nf ihc block extending
from the south-east corner uf I'oit street up to
Nu. &H, Hotel street, so lhal, In rainy weather,
pedestrian arr compelled lo wade through a
pond nf water nr tea uf mud accumulated on
Ihete walk. The tame objecllon exists in
wet weather lo the bricks and dirt piverncntt.
The slrcelt, also, arc In many placet danger
out to man and beast, although It would
require but a small outlay lo close up these
In many other cities, not as large nvllnno
lulu, piitlet owning property in Ihc principal
ihoroughfaret arc compelled by law to put
down in front of their property pavement side
walks, of suitable material and of a uniform
grade, either at their own expense or under
such condition as arc regulated by law and
Ihc result is tint, in many Instances, stringers
are so favorably Impressed by the attractive
appearance of tuch citict and evidence of a
well-ordered government, lhat they are thereby
induced tu make a prolonged or permanent
residence therein. In lliit city I believe therr
it no law- regulating audi mailers and it
becomes a nice question to determine where,
if any, responsibility rests for this condition of
affairs, and who would be legally liable for
damages to any one sustaining an injury or
deaih in consequence of these pit-falls and
man-traps being allowed to exist.
Honolulu, Ja iary 10, 1885.
OftnlmtltoHtulentt of D'Htittry.
Editor Saturdw Press Sir: Ifere
with we send an " Announcement of Ihe Den
tal Dipatiment of the University ol Caliiornia'
for the next session, commencing February 1st,
As the faculty is engaged in the promotion
of a worthy object, and without any pecuniary
reward, we most respectfully direct your atten
tion to the curriculum; also courteously solicit
your aid in bringing the department as much
to ihc attention of the public as you may deem
consistent with your tine of duty towards Ihe
people, lo ut and 10 yourselscs.
We think the most casual observer will say,
after a moment's reflection, that the community
is chiefly benefitted by a college of dentistry,
because no one can fail to see that the student
who it oollgeil to spend two years in study in
a dental college before entering practice, will
be much better qualified to practice hit profes
sion than one who enters upon -practice In an
illegitimate manner, without any knowledge of
either theory or practice.
Although nineteen (19) state in the Union
hate passer) protective laws regulating the prac
tice of dentistry, California has not; therefore
any one may, and many do, enter upon the
practice of dentistry with only a few months of
office observation; and some without any.
After slating these fc, out of many facts, we
think1 tve can reasonably expect )ou to gise
your support to an institution within our midst,
founded for the purpose of better qualify the
incoming members of the profession for meet
ing its responsibilities.
The statement made In the announcement
that this wat the second college to adopt a
nine months term, and the third to adopt a
preliminary examination, might lead you to
ask Ihe number of denial colleges in the United
Slates. There are twenty-one.
liy order of the Faculty,
S. W. Dk.nnis, Dean,
Dental Department, University of California,
The I'ulille Library,
Cannot tome action be taken by the trustees
of this institution by which a well arranged
printed catalogue can be furnished to Its sub
scribers from which they can make their selec
tions without incurring the trouble anj loss
ol lime occasioned by the present arrangement
for obtaining their bonks. The library is one
of the most commendable and useful institu
tions in thl city and reflects great credit on its
originators, and the libarian and janitor in
charge arc exceedingly polite and attentive to
its patrons; but they're, themselves, subjected
to much useless trouble and annoyance in en
deavoring to supply the information which a
printed catalogue would to much more co
piously fjmish Such a catal.igae could be
taken home by the subscribers, who would
then have more leisure and be belter able to
select tuch books at Ihey would prefer read
ing, were ihey aware ol their being obtainable!
and but few would object to paying a reason
able turn for this privilege.
Honolulu, January 14, 1SS4.
(The subject Is now being considered by the
Ori'ers stere recently received at the Mare
Island Nay Yard to proceed with work onthe
new Mohican and fit her for sea atdncc. Hope
(that scssct may make her first trip here.
HV RHGLAMO MUTUAL UPC
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rompxny are prrp,irr tu Inure rlifci MZnu firm on
Sion4 RvJ Hrltk ttii) llnt; atvf on MerctunrJivi wxd
tUtrtin, on ib tnmt fxvoral I trmt, Yor partkufart
apply i irwlf off j
TRANS-ATLANTIC I'IKE INSURANCE
Company of Hamburg,
, HACKPKi.O wV C., Attt.
CapftAAnfl HrT . RrUlWrvtrlc ftmwr.
' ihtr IUIntufnc Com punt " ioi,6o,tjQ
'total,... . -t . InthfiMfV io75,fan
The Agenti of trie a W 0mpanyf f'rtlK Ifawiilan
fklan'lt, are pfCDrt'J to Inoro IJuiIJinifi, Furr.iturta
MercharHlite and I'rofltK Matrilnery, etc., alkv Suzar
ari Kice MiIU, aid vtsvU in the riartxx againU lw
or damage hy fitw, on lli mot! favraU ttim. I
-GERMAN FIRE INSURANCE
Company of Hamburg.
. ItACKFKLD t Ct AG1WTS.
Capital and Revrrvc, .... .Krkhtnurk l,lyt,trxt
" their R?In.uranceCompanit, ynrt
T1i AcfnUdf ifi above Cafflrwnv. (or (L Hawatbt
(ftlands. arc prtnrcO to tnUr luildii)t. Furniture,
Mcrcrundite a ltd IVorJuce, .Mahinery. tta, Iw nnzi
and Kice Mill, and veveliiti the harlur, (caint krt
or ilamajct by me. on the modi favorable tcrmi. I
RITISH FOREIGN MARINE 1NSUR
ante Company. (Lira) ted)
TU LO. . DA WAS, AGS.VT,
Tti above agent ha tecrlved fnitfuctiwi to re
due the rale of Inmtirance between Hotvdulu and
Vim In the Pacific, and U now trenared to litue Doll
ck- at the loui ratP( with a ippcUl reduaionon
freight per ateamer.
HE LIVERPOOL AND LONDON AND
Globe Insurance company.
lllSUOPb- Co., AGENTS.
tlnllmllml Liability to Morl.holilur:
Assets , $ji.ri,ico
incohc rox 1879:
Prrmlumi received ater deduction of re-'
Insurance.. ... $ 3,J.W
Iasmi promptly adjusted and paid here.
IiW ENULAND MUTUALLIFEIN3UR-
anco Company or tsoslon.
CASTLE & COOKK, AGESTS,
The oldest Purely Mutual Life Insurance
Company in the United States.
Vollcl? lAiHetl on th mori Fuvorabtm Terrnt
Losses paid through Hnoluola Affencr, $44,000
OSTON BOARD OF UNDERWRITERS.
17. PRKH'ER Ct.,
Attnta for the Hawaiian Islands. i
PHILADELPHIA BOARD OF UNDER
C. KKKH'ER Ct..
Agents for the Hawaiian Islands. i
or Saa fraaclKO.
CASTLE A COOKE, AGENTS.
Incorporated I Bys
TT W. SEVERANCE,
tit CauroBNie, St., Cau, (Room No. 4)
-tHARLBS BREWER Co.
1; Kusv SreciT, Boston,
AOK.STS OF HAWAIIAN rACKKTS.
Otnnml Comtmutlmm Agtml.
SpecUl attention given 10 lb purchasing of gouds for
lh Hawaiusn trad. FrtUrbt al lowest rate.
ENNER & Co.,
IUt rtopead at the old .uod No. ) Fort urctt.
with a new aad carefully ttlccied (tock of
Cold Chains and Guards,
Sleeve Buttons, Studs, &c,
Uu!.f wouU J ell to call and tieUnlxx our ttack of
IliaceUtt. BrotescUes Locked, Famoj, vtc.)
hkh ft eijcUIIy teUttcd to uU Ihe
KUKU1 AND SHELL JEWELRY
Tn rtpurvue; teaasli lA ovr t usincss sr refaed u an
important one, Je4 all Jvlt auusuj la u seiu
to t secured la inanucr'uccrMl t awoev
Of tnrr desalrisLici la order, Ftrtiralii sum
llaa U (evid la or Un and Job sroiV ficra tto
riRRWRft A CO,
Otftr foe fUNHKtuec-rof iUUiV
Ji irl-l, llx f ,ll4ut( IU of MtrutiSo-IlM
hlahl lirprrf Ifeifotu,
, l',rtnlnn Tip t'arrlau,
k nntmnKK int.,
Cnrnmorl Wood Clmlrt
I1n4 tlsrrtl filto-itis.
111: fit ft,
If Crirtti, ftos. f, , and 5.
Lotismi, .lb. 11m,
I'rsM, jib. Tins,
Hay Culler", Hot. I, 'isd ),
rntrhanhi' rUrv.re., ,Yo. 7,, 10,11, 1 1 I'll
C'nliifujsl f.lr.lni, nine 1.x,
Cumpostlpni Mails, rJ4 Inch and i th
MftlnU C"dat, Assorted,
Gslv, fee teaplrs,
Parmer's llouVri, an and is Coils
Sisal Kritf, Assorted
I'elow Mrlal Ulitullilna,
Annealed Fence Wire
Ostv. Screws and Wuht
This Popular Uindery, located at
"107, Fort Street, will be able in'its set
tled quarters todocvcnmorcsatbfactory
work than that which has gained it such
liberal patronage and such willing ap
preciation from the Honolulu trade.
It Advertises No Specialities,
but fc able to do all sorts, sizes,
and conditions of Book-binding,
Ruling, Lettering, and Paper-cutting
as well as in San Francisco, and at
At This Complete Uiniierv
newspapers, magazines, pamphlets, and
sheet music arc neatly and simply or
elegantly and sumptuously bound, as
taste and pocket may demand. Old
books are carefully and firmly rebound.
All Descriptions or Blank
Hooks are made to order at as low
rates as arc consistent with first-class
work. The Bindery U now using
Weston's "Record" and "Ledger"
paper for all first-class work. A large
invoice of this justly celebrated stock
has just been received from New York.
Orders Left at the Merchant
Street Store will have Prompt
II. . NOLTE. PROPRIETOR.
Be Kt to aoaoaaoa u hi tVUnda aaal iM asitllc Lss g sts
tnl lasts tha ttm SeJoaet te-osUea
Froat ) a. St., till (3 r. st,
COMSTANTtV OH HAMO.
One of PemuL.kft BeiWsoaetWiUel
Is cccusected with lh suUlskausvs, sehaf lovtr of
ina ciM caa jarticiSNst.
at KanouM Paaa,
la now opea dally, whert Kclrshasals eaajr to ka4
all liases on short svollC.
II. J, NOLTE. Proprietor,
r.issa's Asaoarso Paansouiaas.
rABER-S ANTI- NERVOUS PENHOLDERS,
- R-btor Hotdtn. Cotk lluidera, Itoew tasj Etoar
isouaers Ksa asiMiauja. irory ajaa isaaa
lolders avid MMlwa. IrorY SH etam
raiders ej4 Paper .Oalters, rake's TaMe
araaar, seawaoas vrvs aeasers,
Crrttal Rabber, Rabtot sa ssood-
pencil slsuia. TissasXsTaci.,
Pencil ftoiacsiin, Rabtor
Rsusd est varivstt
avr JeW tsl rafOM. U. tUMVU't
aUtouat Stuct o I'oit Srsan eVrtwai
lmpoetf an-l llUf lei
Kiv.mr.Ht. rixiilKiA , . .
(.tiaivMleel, f wps, I'm)mi, Prtt'l linps;
O rUUe, Rid 7 altilie. I!'4hn( Nov,
el FnlK Ijeilerntl ttmif, IVM, enl
TUlmMi r)loU,Lr,Ieeioyl, rHfltSol,
jmp flol-leri frf ! ewSlMt
rTtOVr.tJ AMII HAK0K3 UeKl. Ke, IIikV's
l'tnt, Clelin., " Km iA,' I'eel, Ofeola,
llall AW.. Aim..), flres.
MlfniMIM'l RA(!K-0tlrc Mf-edy or -n
eKKNCII KANdf-V-Fe f.siMesfrfs, hutl, ami
pr jesit reitdcneel, (th or leilhoiit WA Uf
WIWTr.WltOf.et'fl I XI. ClTfl.e'.RV:
A firs asvielmenl of TMe, Ivi,mtA fea
Keiarid foes; t.serersarvs ofeeis, wnei
plain and Mnamenul l',ey Mewlles f also
plain an-l ornaeneftltl Ifiey rueewuts 1 also
i'rli Knlrx. Marofi, HK-srs lllln We
ik! Indies 'bestsofs, lleead Knifes, ie.er.ilne
eeeeieh CinV Knirei, llnhr and YMU
'eddies' Woel-tnei-l lleslel 1 Olri!, I-eiorli,
fwldeidrv tod Me. Vt Fitheta.
DOORMATS Assorted aires and patterns.
Roger lliMUti'arvl MlfWen llallnj We1 j
Wlr ami Cream lltthefaj law, IJewee,
PMl'Iaa T.nlvnl F'eV.t and Spoons, Hrern
Holdset, Ilerkin FI111, Cfiil.lren'a Mnrs
IWIe ami Cruet Sianels. Fuller Hols,
Card Feceieiri, Fruit Blends, Friterr
A0A1F. WAHK' . .
rriekle-mouoled Tee Ke.s. 10 bjrt Of tthOMt
eery neat and desliabie ; pleli CresVInc
u.ensita in .are earMTV
Mine Tans, frfMing ervl Plain llasins, lillr
IMleri I Flee. Jelly, aeel lter-ui Moulds
nte psuerns fn tew Pans.
fiAUCF.FAN5F.ne meted and tinned Iron, from jpfni
jrrfief ftett, ioiis Manns, waier shinier
Cake. Cash, ami Knife Foeea; $pifte-ms
Flalform, Courier, and Kilehen
AORICULTOFAL IMI'I.F.Mr.HTSi . . ,
M'.Pne Mows, SfrtT'lt, Slides, Itu'i, Fakes,
Flee and Manure emit, O.X, Hoe Handles,
Wim Handle and Fearers.
ICF. CHESTS and RFFKIOKRATORS.
II.M.IlWIN FODIir.F. CUITF.RS 'll.eee sires, H
1, t)4, nd t Inch eur, an A 1 ankle,
Wrren.ed Mat trades New York, standard.
end carlolned, H, ' 1, i'Ai 'Hi ' Inch
Hose, norles ml sprinklers, Ate,
Pl.UMitP.K AMII TINSMITHS MATERIAL
feheet l-ad, s to is 11s. titjar fceVC ', Soil Pif
lead ami cast iron; Water Closets, Cases
Sheet Tin; Sheet IZt.yr. clen ami tinned
ytO lr, of ; Hose fttb&t, f !sMU I STnl
u.V and enameled: ditto Waihsundt ,
Sheet Zinc ; Soft Soldr, our rra maVe,
GALVANIZED IkON FIFE A 10 inch J elWt
T reducers, ptaSTS, bsisMo.
Fl PE VICES. rake KuimMpei trck ""l '
cuts H to 1 Inch ofoe.
BIRD CAGES Largest rirlely In nurket, painted
litf.t, o 1 brass wire,
IIAIIV CARRIAGES, liort' Wheelhamwi and Go
llirjuuly.UaIffJ Fire and
fufttu He kcD In Utvcr lh Uzi
kp Jo tttxV th. Urt'vt isjvrt-
ment othfr. to tt (unad wea tA CuliofaU.
CU ouJUd upon wIkjiiW
CKiX'rrs ice macik.vk.s:
Just th ihiny f'jr w on f.Ur.UttVe-nt wlvte
HmtnU mrXtULU. Small uze mVrt f i lb.
Ic in (out hojr ; tood iiie, jolb. In ttn
huuri. Cut. with fall AinctvAi (ijf wotMnr,
mailed to yrntr tddttt on ttfyllczttftn, aW
lVetfttJwl-I Ml utasZf.T prtCM, kWaVitaVf Onif CM T
on pacit.oK'CJaM.i juvj ircignu.
CUSTOM WORK of all Itfndt fa tlncrr, M
the-rt-irtvn worltinz atuoded to. Yn-tVhofi
ovtf itorc. Vi'tjrV ciccutM by cofapefrnt
ivrk encn at rcaAooatU prtou.
HEAVER UlaOCK, FORT STREET,
" WtniiU ince tetter ihana tlow ihiUloi" and
SX hOUT FORGET IT jet . njtT
CO.V1KACTOR. aM llUILDEK.
STEAM VLAXrXG MILLS
.MauroJVtare all VukJ. of
ud all kinds of wood-work finish.
TarmtsME croll, and hmmA tAwtac
All lcJod a( PUamf ajvl Sivlcf, Morttui, atTcA
ORDERS PROMITLY ATTENDED TO AND
Order from lk other ItiaMi Wtciiatd. io&qr
Hava Jou icxetsssd aa
la-ttlstst raf K tew avast DattUmUa Oorasta
- , --
SssUed so tb wants of lUi asarkea,
and a ivod Uaa of
W woald cadi tto speclsl aiunlirei
of Plaartrt to ossr
"! AastW. JTattfil Urd now,
which has toa proaouacwd lb best of
lb kind rvea aswd la ibis cosuury.
W have also received a
DILLINGHAM BREAKING PLOWS
so, t, 1 la., wbka ar gltsffa; twrfecs
satitfoflUes wbcrsr UseT
UMMAHD JXCMX 4 al.VU.
The en.llsw varies); of lood wblcb
w a eww coosuatli- r-
caieian an new being
OPENED FOR INSPECTION AND SAL
AT Til r. LOWEST PRICE.
0LLI3TER ft CO,,
itriTK riir Atrr..trittx nr tiik
VVIIUUA VOVHTItr UnilullAHl
In (.erilcsiUr, i ilr large M
varied IsewrrleMnf ol
i, vsimoiiivn rnnvminn r,
Jsl rwelsl, IWi Is acknowt-dged
M b he driest per feme Ol ll
world. Alio rrfnepility,
Oil vaeleit- 'A odors slllee
and rlcee, also
(allsfiats and Met)
ktA the targest sod trvoel t'mpUu seocli lA
e-.se Irept la Ihlt Kingdom, A '
Urn Involc of
WAHIIKU MKIJlTKItltANKAt HfOHIIK
direej feorn Frrrre, (if Uum
utAtji dirt, Agsnt I'M
PARKE DAVIS eft CO'B
J. O- AYXR eft CO'8
Ilorieford't Ac!d Phoiphat,
Grttn'a Aacuit PVrwn & Gtrmaa Syrnp,
ACeoek Porous Plaster Co ,
V-majr A Larsmaa'a Plorlda WaUr
Verba Brjcoa Bitters.
OLLISTER A CO.,
are tin Proprietors and Maosvtac-
factorers of ibe celebras-d
Azenu lor Wav S. Klmtoll Cc Of
I'ratranl Vanity Fair,
Tobacco ami ClaareHrt
wblch ha sva rlralt. The
tartest assortment of
PLUG TOBACCO AND CIGARS IN
OUR GINGER ALE b- SOD A WATER
has a! wars been reoxtniied u ibe
beat la lb ourlec.
OUK ntSGER ALB EXTRACT
belnf maaatsaored froen our own
frinl rororuta us
AERATED WATERS in Paieal or Cwk
Scoppcf e, botifcs at deaireiL
WHOLESALE as RETAIL, NUUANU ST.
RETAIL, Cos. TORT MERCHANT STS
Wt hast receiied a further coRtiaamaal of
Motor. MlrrtA WmUonCo.'tMaMnry
Aad bast sow 00 bond, r.ly for deUrery :
Owa Tripla-Eefact, aakialaiian (raa sugjag. cseauloaag
j,issaaanetearie'kaaisageaetcr srstk Paaiasag
Eagia aad ditclurgsag Maalju, coppleta.
Oa Doabla-EtTect, IvaTtag t.tai iqssan eat of toaiiag
sweiaot, rub Eagiaa and aloatjssa.
One tot of root Weston's Pueat Ceouifastals, trstb
Eagioa aad Miaor.
Oo set of Two Westoa't Paleat Ceatrifgail
HarU iacTeaaed ttciliiiaa for tto ataasstactan ol
ikes trkim. (ito Wettnas Patcat, (or which. B
Creat aVitala has uoerodX ar tbtss enabled la cTe
ttoat ax saasTsaUy radacad swkas.
W ka a fall tatoftasTat af.Ceatrit'atal scares
Eaiags braua. rabtor baa it aad kashas, toe
Two Dsagooal Eagiaet, tack U. br sa to.
Sfsvr Too Rafter sW ti by M U.MaL
0SssSiieRoaeTfo. do. do.
On foast- laaerswllal Saest Wheal far gaariag of da.
s-t a W. MrVCTARLANE Co.
OOKS rUtTaUMINO TO MAWAIL
Matt Cotskss I ttstaaear rat roaosi
Mrs. JasM a Mwakara '
-AETLR A COOKn,
rlA.ilM, If. I.
VenM car) aMMllerri I their l.arj and
vatkaet llexkr t '
Cxexa'at'mt' of Ikt aliftd Parts fScwl
Jlrcnl.-, nfi Plow,
!. MKm jjae rtreateri and Fererowfen fleew,
li'ni Steel IV's-af! tie--l1afier, )t , CoI'M
raters, .nr erprs,
John Dneira'a Oasn Plowa,
Flarrtera' Hoes of rfce ltt make
WMTOMV CEI.F.IIKA-rr.D CAhf.
wade la order. rmrj Sho-relt and Itpe'tM.
(i, tt'n llri. Canal Harrows, Oe
llerw, Vokea, LKains, Ttni
Sa.ar Mill JctquIremenU.
SDOAR.BAGS, SUOAR XXOS,
Soerrn OJ, Cflender. lti
krA Y.W1U1M Oil, Vttftct
LsjLricatoes, Praenbara, AL
tonyOreaee, Leisorrs and
S. and ). Pile, all hie end
kindly ftreara Packinl. Plal
anel KuarA ladu V.M'i,
Aslsloc and frees fieon.
lie I Packinf. India Kak
tor llose.K toilnc(i(Pioe.
ttA LeropliAas, Nttia and
Wediers, ftolsbed, Machina
Iat, all sires, Cotd-preseM
IfWk south' a, fwsairtfee'a MtA
ZryTArf lla.-smers, Pit-e
Carters, Wthcfre, I IncK la
s Inch, Aarvls. Vices, Tana
.Vjapers, CrindKooe-t, Best
Steel, !a,Iders' llardwue,
all kinds and Myttt. tlab
bacVs I'eiars aorJCrvs,rsw
and tled, Seull Paints In
Oil, In lar farletr. Dry
Pafnu, urnbef, VenetMil,
KeL Octjes, Metalfif, he.,
Wbttint, GerraAis Wid.rw
aas'ld ssnrs, ilaniZa Roeei
llo. 1 aad 1 Floor, Ha. 1 aad RIu,
Crushed Snrar, China and J anas Teas,
Oysters, Clams, Saloon, Lobsters,
Piaest Tabbt Fruita from the Factory
Pore EnrlUh SDleers, Conlsd MiLer
Cocoa. SPECIALTIES S-Tb I'nt
arr Krrnr Oil, tlmMnn't Cns
trifugnt lAnlny; 14 Inch, Hmomr
Hprlua nml IMnrao llrakm jou at
bind.BUi Stoam Ponifi VJM,Pach
bir, kc BUko Bsler Pood. J oka or
UoUiKl, IrngatUieT VactsaaB Pomp
Weston' PaUot CectrifogaJa Complete,
AUtO OH COJTSIOKMtMT
CalUoraU Har, BiiJeT, Potatoes, RarrtU
atimoo, name, sioevy muihi kp. mw,'.
and Sseun Pipes, Terr cheap, Peoc Wie
aad Sup!, Calranued Roo&cgT
Wikai and Gilb'a Atrtomarac; Smf er ManofaOssrEaai
Coaieaar. Assorted; Rerninitoa iMaotnf, Paaurr;
WUsan Micbiaea. lie best assoeuaeot to to toeud.
Mod al bottom Prsco.
Nrw Goo tor srsrery arrhrml froea BagsaauL'NtrV
s tark aad Saa Frmaciaca. "w t
1 Haw Trasetlon r.-stissst, tWkwae satytartaTe
Order frasts ebe olfcer IsUn-Ie tSad u Baw Rasas aad
wstit distesrch "
UNION FEED CO,
latfoesata o4 oeolea bs
CoL limy essvat Oralis
fm telitet asa
TsdeiJsao No. 1,5,
P. O. Boa It j.
t FECIAL ORDERS.
Tto oadarslgaed giro Seoeaps lauatices Sa at
k-OR BOOKS. MUSIC, STATIONERY. PERIOD
ICALS. RUBBER, BRASS OR STEEL
Or sj- ottor ankle trtaiaiog sa ska
jTt, atwaai, tntUntry atssat aTeStwst Wntl
TAB aca Orders sfcotsli U clear aad aaaskit la
aevtd erioes or eVsUjt,
F art Si. aastlast I
gMVELOf Its EIRLOIfaW. ,
la steak, ooat oa too srow, M assfoasssssst i tiassi
aaat tajatwa rajah of -ENVELOPES.
rWftVs,.Xai XX i. srtot-. astbar tmimm,.
esa. 4, a aaa a
tstjtsfct-m. oat. tv ttv . M eSSS
al J& glLf''jlL.'iiM M
HaE25aafcft5. 5i- MttB..sta-jb,
sC-jni ''. .'Ji.
a..iqVit , Jo - afr.V