Newspaper Page Text
Volume v, Number 21.
HONOLULU, HAWAIIAN ISLANDS, JANUARY 24, 1885.
WllOLK NtJMMiR 23O.
I . 'M .
I'KOTKIiriri! T.I HI ft',
lie rffrrl ''mil H',ffre, fttittlrlee nttit I'.r
Ijpen; litre and l'.lielieret I'rtnt and
Vrreent, I'utdlr and Wanim.
IIV HON. & N. CAM Ln.
The lion. Joint llriglit tlic co
worker of Kichnril OiUlcn, in.tlic repeal
of the IIrilili Corn Jivni in i8,6My
that since llic mlopthm of free trade,
the 1 rice of food and hours of labor
have diminished, while wages haw
doubled, that nlthough trade in I'.ng
land is momentarily depressed, the dc
prcMion is lar (renter in protection
countries like Russia, France and
America. Lord Dtinrnvcn reilics that
wages have risen more in America than
in England, that American workinginen
arc much better off ami that tens of
thousands of English artisans are thus
Attracted to America, that the trade of
Russia, France nild America in the last
seven years has been rapidly extending
while the trade of England has been
declining. "Within seven miles of I)i'
mingham, the home of Mr. Uright, i.,
000 people are making nails and rivets.
Of these, 16,000 are daughters working
by the sides of mothers, little girls
hammering from half-past seven in the
morning till late at night, and, for what
wages ? One indjstrimis family ol
three earned last ye.ir, $t 18 per week.
Meat is almost unknown to them.
Bread is the sole food of a large pro
portion of them."
Prof. Tymlall'd first professional work
was from 1839 to 1843, as a member
of the ordinance survey, where he
worked hard to become a practical civil
engineer. When he left in 1843, his
salary was not quite twenty shillings,
$5 a week. He says : "I have often
wondered since at the amount of genu
ine happiness which a young fellow ot
regular habitj, not caring for cither pipe
or mug may extract even from pay
The Christian Union of Novdmber
aoth , from which I take the above has
In a few clcirly written descriptive
parajgniphs a recent English writer
draws"!; lifelike and vivid picture of the
monotonous existence of the English
peasant, his never ending nmnd ofd.iily
toil, his social distance from the class
next above him, his humble surround
11134 and meager fire, his wretched
amusements, and Irs sullen and diss.it
isfjed political attitude. There is
nothing in this country in the agricul
tural districts th.it corresponds with the
state of things thus described: "The
social gulf which divides the proud
owner of squire miles of land from the
bluff and hearty tenant farmer is not
wider nor deeper than the chasm which
forms the demarkaiion bcUvcen the
yeoman-holder and his lowly though
indispensable bind. The landlord may
exchange country snort for his gayety
of Lyndon and l'.iris ; the farmer can
don his broadcloth, drive madam to
market, send his sons to the grammar
school and his daughters to the music
master, and entertain his bucolic
friends at a varied and abundagt board ;
but the actual tiller of the soil the
plowman, the carter, the shepherd, the
representative of the order boasted of
by Wellington as furnishing the very
staple of England's military might
lives on from day to day and from year
to year his monotonous round of ill
The indoor life of the cottagers varies
from the comparative comfort of those
who occupy the neat and wholesome
cottage's furnished by such landlords as
Lord Sudeley at $20 to $25 a year,
with all reasonable requisites for health
and clean living, to the wretched squalor
or those who pay less than half that
rent for cottages which " would cause
even a dog to die of discomio't and
hypochondria." Here is a description
of the average "Hodge" not those
worst off: " His wages do not aver ge
more than twelve shillings a week. He
rises before daybreak, breakfasts upon
his cup of tea and piece of bread and
lard, and sallies forth to plow, a crust
and slice of bacon fur outdoor dinner
rolled in his great red handkerchief.
He returns, tired and exhausted, at
dusk, and thds his daily bread is gained
by "a monotony of toil only to be com
pared with lifelong ullinu of a rosary
of millstones. If he faint by the w .y,
or Rtttoward old age, his wages are
often reduced, and in some instances
he must fall back upon the poor rate.
His wife's attention is mainly occupied
by home duties in mending garments,
tending the garden, and preparing
meals. These latter consist of vegt 1 i
bles and bacon, bread, lard, and dices:.
'Mothers with seven or ten children
have told me that they often feel keenly
the need of a variation and improve-
me nt of diet, and thata jxnindofbutcl
cr'smeat for Sundiy' dinuer is looke
UKn as a luxury indeed."
The tabular statement; of wages in
Great Hritain, the continent and the
United States, quoted from the consular
reports and Mr. Wught's and the I.on
don Times, show clearly the advantage
of the American laborer over the Euro
pean and, as I think, the error in Mr.
It will also be observed that, since
the tariff acts of Germany and I'rance,
after 1878, the wages in both countries
increased, though not in so large a ratio
as in the United States, whilst in Eng
land, during the same period, wages
rlt appears also that, in addition to
an increase in the laborer's wages since
the imposition of the German tariff, 102
German companies engaged in the iron
Mid machinery manufacture and using
capital of 367,754,763 marks, upon
vaka Ac at profit wu aly 1.60 pr
cent, finds this profit increase to 6.79 of an arrc each; 131,150 own 508,006
per cent, a n.nn of 5.19 per rent. With acres less tint n Jtmr atrtt cadi ; 76,100
n actual increase in the wealth ol the own less than 50 acres each, averaging
United Statcs,inihe 25 years of the tariffs about i, acres; 27,051 own about (,
cxlstcnce.ofmorc than twice as much as 042 acres each ; 31,484, about 214.12
all of the propirty accumulated during
1(10250 previous years of its colonial
and national liistcry, with the apparent
advantage to I'rance and Germany of
the protective tariff, I should be slow in
advising a change of policy in the
United States though that prosperity
has no doubt been aided by auxiliary
causes. Hut these auxiliary aids have
been in operation through the whole
previous history of the country. One
probable cause of difference in wages,
between Europe and the United States,
in favor of the latter, to wliicll I have
ryit alluded is the different character
ol their institutions. Europe has a
population of classes. What is called
the higher classes arc few in number
and born to the condition and to rule,
whilst the lower or laboring class, far
more numerous, is born to its condition
and to be ruled by the higher chsscs.
The latter arc the enfranchised serfs or
villeins of former times and as a gen
eral thing do not aspire to equality
with the privileged classes. The latter,
as masters, rulers and lords of th. soil,
would be the ones to determine the
wagis of their former retainers and ser
vants, and be likely to fix them at the
lowest limit of the bare necessities of
the laborer, looking upon him as a ser
vant only whose necessities must be
supplied for the interest of his superior;
whilst for their own elms they fix a very
liberal compensation in all vocations
suited to their dignity. On the con
trary, the citizens of the United States
are of one class only, they :ire all equal
in their political and civil rights and
any citizen born in the United States
is eligible for ihe highest office in the
land equally with any other citizen.
Aspirations of the lower classes of
Europeans which would be thought pre
sumptuous, or treasonable, would in
Americans be only the aspirations ol
free and equal American citizens. With
these radical differences between the
institutions of Europe and the United
States it would not be strange if those
who regard their employees as equals,
fixed their compensation higher and of
the rulers lower than where the Euro
pean ideas of society prevailed; and
wages in both states of society would
be subsequently modified by political
and otlur causes. The London Times
states that American labor is more effi
cient than European labor and this is a
good reason for paying more. As a
large percentage of American laborers
arc emigrants from, the British Isles
and Germany, it seems more probable
that the larger results of the laborer in
the American factory, is due rather to
the improved machinery in use than to
an increased efficiency in the laborers,
often consisting of the same persons
transported from the old country to the
new, though perhaps there is also a
gain in the new stimulus added to their
hopes of bettering their circumstances
Under the new conditions of society into
which they have come.
The tables of rates of wages and cost
of the necessaries of life show clearly
the favorable condition ol the American
laborer compared with the European;
and if, as Mr. Bright says, wages hjve
doubled and prices diminished since
the repeal of the corn laws, it is hard to
sec how the laborer could have then
lived, or for an American to compre
hend how he can live now though
prices tn ly be lower and wages double
what they once were; but we can con
jecture that when an educated man,
like Professor Tyndall, receives less
than 20 shillings per week in a position of
trust requiring skill, the mere laborer's
wages would be very small. Mr, Bright'.-,
testimony as to increase of wages and
decrease of prices must be accepted. as
correct, for he was a co-worker with
Richard Cobdcninthe corn law repeal.
In Europe the distinction between the
classes is shapely defined, and it ap
pears in nothing more clearly than in
the matter of compensation for services
in church and state,and also of marriage.
No matter in the latter what personal
ability or worth may be, no approved
union can be formed except in the rank
or class in which one is born. It seems
likely that the differing institutions of
the old and the new world influenced the
matter of compensations in both hemis
pheres, and in all the phases of society;
and the superior cla.s in fixing tie
wages of the inferior, who had been
only their own or their ancestors serfs,
would be more likely to look at their own
pecuniary interests than those of their
free men, to whom they owed only
the debt of a bare subsistence, if any
thing. In the Christian Union of November
27, 1884, I read that there are to-day
7,000,000 heads of families, represent
ing 35,000,000 uut of 46,000,000 of
souls in Germany exempt from direct
taxation because their yearly income h
fas than fjoo. They have a struggle
to live, (ireat Britian has a population
of about 30,000,000 on 83000 square
miles, of which lew than 1, 100,000 are
land-holders; 816,104 0" the own
acres each ; 5,625, about 700 acres
each 1 3,310, about 1,400 acres each;
2,402, about 3,070 acres each; 831,
about 6,872 acres cadi ; 382, about
13 740 acres each; 47, about 68,522
acres each ; nnd 25, about 204,540
The great body of the (icople, in
Germany and Great Britain and in all
European countries where the hercd
itary system of classes has prevailed,
arc still landless, and by th.' testimony
of employer and employed have to
struggle hard for existence. Said a Bel
gian skilled la ixrcr'-n tJlhc forge to a
crrcspondant of theCle:yyl.ind. Leader:
vve uo not, car. as mucn as uiey no in
America. "We never think of li iving
meat oftcner than twice a week, we
live on .soups and vegetables, dry black
bread tastes good to us, our stomachs
are arcuslomed to famine, we wear
cotton clothing etc." 'This 70 cents a
day would not buy so much food in
Belgium as in Cleveland. Says the in
From the workmen I went to the mill
owner. He lived in a nice, house and
kept a carriage. He was a nice Chris
tian man who loved his men He had
been a forge man himself once.
" Why do you not pay your men
higher wages? ' I asked. "Such men
get $2,50 in Cleveland, Ohio.
" I he reason is this, he said.
ship my wagon .springs to America: I
have tn pay $.10 on every $100 worth
of springs sent there. That $40 comes
off my men's wages. If it came off of
me I would be ruined in a day,"
" Hut tney pay $2.50 a day in
America," I suggested.
" Yes, but they are protected there.
I'hc manufacturer gets $40 more for
every $100 worth of his springs than 1
do. That $40 enables him to pay tlioe
high wages. I lis men get every cent
' But suppose they should reduce
the tariff in America," I iiskid.
"..Well, the pnec of wagon springs
would fall 40 per cent. We would
-.hip our springs there if springs were
Higher than in Belgium and fill the
in.irket. You do 11 at toink the Yankees
could piy $2.50 per day for 'labor and
make spnngs as cheaply as we can and
pay men 70 cents, do you ?
" Would a reduction of the tariff in
America break up their iron works?"
" No," said the Belgian. " It wouldn't
break them up, but they would have to
shut down-far n while." ---
"Well, how long?"
"Why, until the American workman
was starved down into working for 70
cents a day. Then they'd start up
again. Then Btlgium and the United
States would be alike. Both would
nave the s.ime priced labor. America
is now the only nation on the globe
that pays $2.50 a day for labor. She
docs it because she has a. tariff."
'Then why don't you go over there
and start a manufactory? I asked.
"Uecause i would be no better olf
than here. My men would get almost
four times as much wages as here ; but
I, as a mill owner, would make no more
money, I make as much moncv here
as I could in America. You see I live
in a nice house. 1 could do no more
in America. It is the lab- ring man in
America that is b-nefitjd by the tariff,
not the mill owner."
Similar was the purport of conversa
tions of different United States consuls
with various employers and employees
in Europe, and the results are stated
in the tables of wages which I have
quoted. For the diligent, no other
country offers the advantages of the
United States. Its liberal institutions
guaranteeing equality and toleration
to all, and its broad and fertile acres
have brought hundreds of thousands to
its shores to participate in its prosperity
ind share its blessings. But no con
dition or circumstances of human life
can at all times insure exemption from
Is incidental evils. Most singular of
all, it seems, that such a season of
wide-spread pecuniary distress pervading
every phase of human activity should
grow out of the unprecedented abund
ance of-production of every thing that
ministers to the wants of life. Most of
these glut the market, and arc held at
prices which do not repay the cost of
production and lower than have ever
before been known in the world's mar
kets. Simultaneously the British papers
say that the carr)ing trade and ship
building arc at a standstill, or dead,
and tens of thousands without empU y-
ment to cam their bread.
The following from English papers
and writers give some idea of the hard
times and distress prevailing and it is
no better on the continent
The New York Sun's London cable
gram of October 18th., says s The ter
rible and universal depression in trade
threatens to drive every other question
into the background. Things have
gone so far that the newspapers now
have sent special correspondents to
the distressed towns in the north of
England and they fiB the journals Mth
talci of dreadful destitution, caused by
the almost complete standstill in the
shipbuilding trade. Other trades of
the country arc making the tame com
plaints. No mine is worked on full
time'; wheat-growers declare that the
crop docs not pay far wages, to say
nothing of the rent ; tea merchants as
sert that each pound sold at wholesale
brings a penny less than is given at the
Chinese pons, and ta on.
Ihe London I'.dl Mall Gi;etle thinks
that the only ehance for the declining
industries of England is Ajiiciicj
adopting Free Tratie.
n English newspaper estimates that
the pauper population of England ex
ceeds by some 1,003,000 the entire
imputation of the great colony of New
In the United Slates the largcmanu
f.icturies arc curtailing or suspending
operations until the heavy stocks art
worked off. I mulit multiply (rota
tions, coming constantly to hand "to
prove the distress that prevails. The1
cause is ovcrtnodi'ction. and consentient
low prices and failure of labor. Yet,
though wages have advanced, prices
have declined and thp expense ofjlivinjt
would be less now than heretofore if w-c
confined ourselves to tHc same articles
nnly vhich we once deemed nccessaiy.
It docs not follow that ur niannct of
living has been prodigal, ,and not fully
justified when wc could afford it, but
when hard times, like the present,
which our prudence could not avert,
come upon us, without our fault, wc
lack both prudence and good judgment
if ac fail in any self-denial required io
bring our expenses within our dimin-isfic-
income. These principles apply
to individuals, to corporation and 'to
Wages and salaries ore very much
higher than they were thirty, fifty and a
hundred years ago, whilst all articles of
necessity food, clothing and building
average lower. It woulel cost the
householder less to live now than then;
if he would live now as he did then,
and he should do this, if the hard times
require it, to keep within the income.
But boarding-houses and hotels, have
advanced their charges, and added to
their luxuries, as salaries Snd wages hav e
gone up. Fifty years ago, plain board
in the interior cities and villages in the
United States, for laborers, clerks, etc.,
was, Irom $1 to $1.50 per week. Hotel
fare, from 75 cts. to $1 and $1,25 per
day, for ordin iry travellers. Wages of
skilled artisans, $ 1 to $1.50 per tl.iy ;
for responsible and skillful over
s:ers, from $1.50 to $2.50, and with
extraordinary responsibilities, $3 per
day. Skillful bookkeepers and sales
men, $500 to $Goo a year ; ordinary
rln,bj f,.im ,?,n ,liin tr ..A,, nrtm,-
t.,t. .., IIUIII .WV UUIMI IIS llllll. 11UIIII-.1
nil wages, according to experienct:
Now the necessaries of life arc lower,
but wages arc increased
ai embers ol
niitfrtmaa tknn rit.TfiA tTU -' n A-it
UtlH-.IJ .ll,ll lk.VlVi .fUfattS U)j
ind mileage fi.r travel. Now they rc
ccivc $5,000 a yctr. All officers of tliej
general and state governments received,
cry tnucli less then than now.
Sixty year ago, Hawaii hardly had
any standard of compensation for sir
vices, or prices lur merch indisc. The
United States whaling fle,ct touched
here ft. r supplies, for which they brought
merchandise in part, charging at a
high rate, but the islands lay out of
the ordinary track of commerce, ex
cept as an annual ship would touch
and dispose of more or less goods on
its way to Kamschatka or Columbia
River, fiom the Hudson Bay Co., or
Horn Boston. The liau-aiians yielded
a ready obedience in labor, the pro
ducts of the earth or whatever they
might have, to their chiefs. The com
mon people were the feudatories of the
chiefs. The missionaries arrived here
in 1820, their supplies being sent here
chiefly by whale ships, but as the whale
fishery increased, the European popu
lation gradually increased, chiefly from
those who lift the whaling service from
time to time, Artisans were scarce and
their wages tt ere generally $3 per day
Clerks, from skilful! accountants down
were few in number, and salaries from
$,ooo a year down. Wages were
about twice as high as in the northern
United States and the necessaries ot
life from abroad were high, flour from
$10 to $15 per bbl; rice from 8 to 12
cents per tb; brov n sugar front 1 cents
to 16 cents; white sugar 20 cents; lour
quarter brown sheeting, 25 cents pci
yard; i, brown shirting, 30 cents; blue
drills, 25 to 33 cents; rough northwest
boards, $45 per 1,000; nails, 15 cents to
20 cents; and other merchandise from
abroad in proportion. Whaler's ex
change was 13 to :o per ccnt,discount.
Kalo, K.i, fish, beef, pork, banatiasand
native products and labor were cheap.
The A. II. C F, M, maintained its own
agency for the supply of the mission
families, it medical and printing de
partments snd buildings, both as a
matter of economy and because there
was no reliable market in the country
where its wants could be supplied.
When the government was firsl or
ganized, salaries were graduated gener
ally on the basis of what was supposed
to be necessary to maintain the living
expenses of the position. The country
and population were small a well as
the revenue. The king's salary was
fixed at $8,000, the ministerial salaries
at $1,500 per annum. Legislators at
$i per day. All these salaries have
been advanced from time to time till
the Ling's has reached $25,000, besides
large grants for the members of his
family. The ministerial ulrit are
now $6,000 and legislators' $500 per
annum, salaries of subordiiU have
been proportionally increased. Ako
(CONCLUDED OH StXONB'mS.)
ALnBRT C, SMITH,
.ff'Mf tn ttlkf ArhHntrlnlntmrnll fft
Omer-Wlth A HirtntT, owiln HinV,
tttlnrnru unit fjntmi'lnr 'it .rtir.
" RO, L. BABCOCK, '
(lA nt IIAKLAMU)
TiKhti of iht Pun ForM. Ad Jim, I.VCA S ft CO.
HmurxrK-.Vo, , l:mra ttrci. ''j-J7
Spcil lltntlo'i itvtn l.i Siu)r(fij In Hono.ufu
and vicinity. Ktciftlt tifcA, iJ pUiH ftjwwuig
flilef CArefiilr rtpareJ.
Omtt Kooh Ho. 5. Opiitln) ,
CAMrnttL't Dux:, Fimr Srairr. ir i!l
T M. WlttTMBV, M. D., D, D. S,
Jtrtilitl Itonm nn I'nrl Mntt,
Honolulu II. I,
e)lAce In llrwtr'l Illocli, tornr Holt and Fort
5irel, ertlranwuii lyll atrct. ti-it
" .Htnrnry nmt Cmint'ttor itt l.nw,
.lii'J ffAi'f in ttiltn ArhHowltttutmtnii,
Ho. 14 Kaaiiomaxi, HTaur Hokolviv
I HO, A, HASSINCER,
.tyent iu Itltttt AchnnirUitimniti to Coif
iMiiaioa Orrici ,Hohm.ulu
JOHN II. PATY,
.iW'irj I'nhlte tttvt Co mm U ton nf teeit,
For theHuteiof California and New YorV, Office
aI the lUnk u( UuhyLi ft Co.
HuHtHVLV, O A Illa M.I, t'0-44
Jttarneff nt t,w awl Xotteltor In Chnnriiry,
Practice In the CVin, and prepare Decdt, Will,
tforfijfcf, leate. Contract. A refine ntt, etc, ajkJ
ttAiM MtxtfJ Leant, etc
IfjMdLtLU If. I.
Office Cvfuer Fort and .Merchant Screen.
C B. DOLE,
(Jonitetor nt Law nml Xntnry J'tibttr,
Cormex Fort ako Mrkchamt Sterti, Honolulu
OMITH & THURSTON. 1 W,
O ( I A. Thumtow
Attorney at ttet
No, 38 Merchant Srnfrr...,. .Honolulu
fir R. CASTLE,
Attorney nt l.nw and Xotary Public,
Attend all the Court of the Kingdom. tio-i6a
I T '
rKaMANKMTLV LACATKO IN HONOLULU.
OiTkc, corner of Fort ami Hotel street, vver Tregloaa'l
Particular attention paid to rettoratlon cold filling.
Kelvin? on irood work at reasonable eharffel to rain
the confidence oT the public 181-73)
O. SMITH ft Co.,
( L. A. Thumtoh, I
tw.O. Smith. f
Stock ami Ural Kntat Itrakrri,
No. 83 MCRCHANT SrtEET HONOLULU
(EllMhkld im tS?o.)
Sugar Plantation, Kailroad, Telephone and other Cor
poration blocks, Itonds and simitar Securities
llouciiT and Sold on Coumisuon.
Money Loaned on Slock Securities.
A S. CLECHORN & Ca.
Iiiijtorters and lifnlrr 111 General J.r
eltanUI&e. Corner Queen and Kaahumanu Streets, Honolulu,
irWriiiin'.-er and Jeweler,
Watoh rapatrlnj marls a Speciality.
VU orlert from the othci ULanls promptly attended to.
No. 5), HoraLbtasar. Honolulu, H.I.
W. PEIRCB k Co.
IIomolulu. Hawaiian Island.
A;cnit for BraaJ't Guos aaJ Bomb Luicct aiwl Per.
ry larU lUifi KUUr, iio-)6j
A LLKN ft ROBINSON,
liwtlerm In tuutbrnnd all kinds of Itttlld
Itttf JUuttrlnU, VntnU, Olt, Malls, etc.,
Hum ou; Ll,, II. ,t
ACKNT9 OP SCIIOOMBR
HaIcaIuU. KnUnajiu, KtkAuluohl, lAvy EUta.
UlUinA, pAUAiil ud LAhU
At Roblruon WhAf. ttoi
A U SMITH,
importer and Dealer It Olaetaret
Me ride eHlvmr Hated ttarr,
No. 44 Foit SfUlT . . .-, . .Homolvlu
Klos't Combaaiioa SpctAclc abJ EycgUuct.
LAitril Vir Wirr. r'ancy SoAp, lictur t'reaMt, Puv
wis Wofticisrwtm'kv I'uckaet Cutlery, IWJtr, bbii and
niDunuLoa, Clri.' hpil CAumt MMJun OJ ill
iml uf MaUum iSri(i, "iXwncuic Pa pf FAthwas.
SM a cot tT ttM umvcrully AckouwIcaJajcsl Llhi
Xunnta iKtrtMttlc 5m tn M vhi
ISIIOP CO., Baok.rs
IIokolulu, Hawaiian Islanm.
Draw Fschapje oa
Tilt: DANK OF CALIFORNIA.
And their agenu la
MeurvN M, KOTIlSCHILDaSONS,
lie COMMERCIAL BANKING CO.,
OF SVDNEV, LONtX)N.
TU COMMERCIAL BANKING CO..
C? SVDNEV, SVDNEV,
nut BANKS OF NEW ZEALAND:
CUE BANKS OF BRIVISH COLUMBIA,
VICfORIA, B-C, AND PORTLAND, OR.
TraMiAit a Cuural Ausii' Biuduu,
CDRBWRR ft COMPANY,
(,1.1ml li J.)
Ilrnerrtt Mrrritni tint ml Vnmmlattnit AQ'nlt
tjvtr.M Smmr, lloxoeitti.
Officer I'. C. lortM. If.. tMM ihA mnf .
IMfih O, Crtt. Ifraiufff tfkl crlfr. thrrtir
lluna. LWUt K. Ilhp nl II. A.
p C. COLBMAM,
Pbnttil'rt Ma'liintrr, fie.
Mil ioCA At Owdi.
Shop on Kin Strxi
- B. WILLIAMS,
Imh)t At DiAiaa IX
I'ttritltiir nf V.tPrtl larr,llort. Al
tfitltotttrrer ititii J7rliiifVf-rnrrr
Fornttiira Wartrown Ko.-lw Fore 5lrl. Work.
Jd al oM tfand on llotrl Street. All ordtrl oramotlr
allrntl'd la- 9-l"i
(rotMMLr WfTH I.OLLM k CO.)
iriofnlff nnd IteirtU (Jrncrt
in, KtrfoSmtRT ...UwutR Haimovy IIlu
Family. PUnuf Ton, and Ship Moret lapptierl t than
notfetr. New gfymU W trtry tteamtr, Ordcri frofn
Itt tMher ItUnd faithfully t.utcJ.
Telephone Uo. 11$. IMn
VAltPRXTEtt A XI IWIIjOEH.
TKLKWIO.SK, SO. tf4.
Wimtmttt errrtrtt tmtt Itrjuitrrtf
MSN PURS I SHED DY THE DAY OR
IM ANY PART OF THE
joititistt vnonvTt.v attksmh to.
Shop at my residence, Walklkl road,
nenr "fianujr South
Town order ttuy be left it the office of
A. F. COOKE,
CASTLE & COOKE,
Jihtpptnff rtii'i Camml$9lon 3fertfiantt
No. So KinoStbprt Honoluli
tUfOITKRS AHU DKAtXM IM
A Kent t for
Hie H!'chcock ft Con,uxnft Hanutioo.
The Alexander & HaMwin Maiutkm,
IC Haluead. or WaUlda I'LwiUtion,
A. II. Smut ft Company, Kola. KaaaJ,
J. M. ,Vexarv.r, Haiku, Maul
The HaiVu Suzar Company.
The KohaU Sujar Company.
It Union Insurance Company of San Franicucn.
rhe New England Life Insurance Company of Iloitou
rhe I State Manufacturing Company of Jloitort
D. M. Weiuon'a Patent Centrifugal Machines.
Die New York and Honolulu IVcket Line.
the Merchant !Jn. Honolulu and Sao.FrancitCo
Dr. Jane it Son' Celebrated Medicine.
Wilcoi t Gibb'a .SiWrr Manufacturim Company,
Wheeler Si WiUm' aewir.f Machine. a 0-36?
pvlLLIHCHAM ft Co.
IwjiorterM ami Itenler In tlardtearc-. Cat'
I'alnu and Oa, and General alcrchaAdiM,
N'o. jr Foar SraaaT Honolulu
P P, ADAMS,
Aaetlnnrer nnd Commlealon Merchant.
QdlKN STflKT, HoNOLULB
pD. HOPPSCHLAECBR ft Co.
Imjwrter and Commttelon Jlereliante.
Honolulu Oahu, II I
pD C. ROWE,
llouee. and Stan Valnier,
raraK Hangkk, etc.
No. 107 King Stiiit Honoluli'
P O. HALL ct SON (Limited)
tMroKTCU AND OKALflRf IN
Hardware and General Merchandise,
CoNtit or King and Foet SteIcts, Honolllu
William W, Hall President and Manager
L. C Abies...... ,.... Secretary and Treasurer
W.Y. Allen. , Auditor
Directors Thomas Mav E. O. whue. Its
A. SCHAEFER at Co.
Importers and Commission Merchant,
MlRCHANT STIKIT, : HONDLl'LU
JSoot a nd Xho maker,
Uoott and Sk made to Order.
No. 114 Fokt St., orrmiT Paxthion Stabiai
P H. OEDING,
Express and Drayman,
Freighta PacLaiet, and lUxgaj detlrercd toaaJ from
all puit nf Honolulu and vKtnujr. Careful at
rltntibn Aid to monax t'uraaure. with
WAGONS EXPRESSLY FOR THE PURPOSED
Telephone M; KeUdeace j5 pQDchfio! urctu
Orfke. to KtnsSlrtef. 5j-
U. W. MVCrAlLANS, H &. MACrAtLANK.
W. MACFARLANE ft CO.
Importer CommUaio MrokaaU
aad Ssav Faotora.
rire-wpof IluIUinj. .. . MQuecn meet, llooolu-'u.
Puuli Sheep Ranch Co. Hawaii,
J, Kowkr CiMAui PLxrAtvi PoruU Tramwat
I.rrUi, Waiwo 4 Cat Sugar alachlncry, GIaaow
taUtfoy and HuooIuUi Lin of Pact tit,
Urrrpool nd HiWKjJu.J IMs of Packet,
London anj Konuldla Lin of tcAmeri.
"ua rtt Office wf Lood-jo. 101-14
IT HACKPGLDft Co
(Jenerat Commission Agents,
QvttH Stikit.. Hoxotttu
TJOLUSTER ft Co.
ir.Waf and UtaU Irj gists and T
N. jj, NuuANtr SrT IIomoulv
Lj OPP ft CO.,
74 " StIT
Upholsterers, Drapers and Derniers in alt
kinds of Parniturs
TtUfshooe Ngw 14).
importer of UeneroJ Merchandise from
Prance, Maataa4f Germamy mud
tks Vailed Mot
No. j8jvji Sriii...r.. ....M-....... Hoxotti
n WkolesaU Grocers,
l4 A 111 Ca110I)(A STSBST....3AII FaAMCltCO,
Nrtlqahf alHotiwo mid to tss sM thJayU l-
JT E. MelMTYRH A BROTHER,
llrorrry nnn tn ninr.
Or. Kiirb Ann Ynnr flra.
OHOLULU IROM WORKS Co..
1rim Ht(jinf Jlnlfrr, tffttr Jtltt,
Vnofrr, trnftf llriinnl Is-wt ffiifii.
HartotVLv ... , If, I
MauhiMty of trjr Atm rrJ Io eftlef
PatrtkbUr Httnthn f4 tn SWp'i iSfjuitmitMfrff
Job work t Mattel oi M thnrtm tvxlV no-,
ERRIKO A 1IUBASH,
(I. l. Hlo, I
Ilex. Huimii. I
Ittttrrttfttn tfrtrrlrff Vttrtnry,
KoVol Jewelry, and Floe Diamond ActtinxafpeeUIty,
AH ICtmti of Jeirefr Mntt In Ontr nml
Watch Carefdlfy'Repaircd arvi Wafranted.
(Jnrtif Knftrnrliitfttnt t'ttnet) itnnnffrntnt
A" --T'rtf. Att ttnnt
nt Jtn'trntttf I'rtff
Nn. to Uoitt Arcr lotiivtv
TOIIM T, WATERHOUOE,
Ympnrir nml ttntr tn ttmtrnt Jtr
T M. OAT, JR., A CO,
flrtl Stiittr ntntnp Atfnry
GAitTTK Clock ... .Uo. i$ Mchamt Stkiki
tt-l$ HlfawiLtf, H. I.
T M, OAT & Co.
Snitmnfyert VUtym nf nil t)crtptton
mmt nntt rrpntrett,
ttOkOLVLV If. I
Loft i A. F. Coote'a new fireproof Lutldini. f(A tt
rtauanu street. iijs7
Tin, Copper nnd Hhttt Irnn trarsrr,
Nlnr nnd tinny:
all kind, PlumVfV ttork ami m'tat, houe fumin
Inj fyxit, chandJer, lamp, etc
So, S Kaahumahu STaaay .....Homolull
EMMHLUTH li Co.,
tlntmlthn and Vlambere, Dealer
titorriif Itanyret Tin,
SO. i KbUANU SrEEITT. HONOLULt
VomtrtMton iter eh tint nnd Oenernl Deatet
In ttry tlnttd,
W'aixuku, Mali II. I
CfocTps, HrdrAie. SutVmtry. Patent IttA'tcin,
Perfumery and (iLiMwarc. lio--t
W. H1NGLBY ft CO.
Manf'tcturrr of ttnrana Cttnr:
tlttOtTKU AND Of ALKHJ
ad SmoW Anklet
The maytt complete MocV la the VInjJortu
Kinf t(rtt, (nA AUVea) Hoocfulu.
TNO. OFOWLER ft Car
Are prepared to furnth Plan and KetU
tnatee for .Iteel
Vrth or without Cati and tacoeriotire, SyecuiL
ADAITED FOR SUGAR PLANTATIONS.
rermAnent Railway, And Lncorruxlvea And CAra, Trac
lion Knjpoei and Road Locomotlres; Steam
Ploohuiy and Cuhivatin; Machinery, Port
able hntnes for all purpote, Wioding
Knzinct or incline.
Catal-Mues with llluttratlont, ModeU and Photo
rapht of the ahorc PLuts am! Machinery nay Lc i
at the office of the underv'coed. Y L. GRtvEN an
tt, W. MACFARLANE it CO., Aot for no. Fow.
I EWERS ft COOKE,
(Si'CCaUftoa to Law Eat ft DiTidotr.)
tmitorters and Healer In Ltunhr and att
kind of Jtutldtny Materials, ,
Forr STrr Hoiiouac
heater tn Dry-Goods, Ittce, Tea, Hllks and
Pa 11 ry HotntM, I tuts. It not n nd
Hhots, limn. Peed nnd flour,
Ctyars and Tohaeeo
Abo procrictcr of Rice aod Saar Plaaiatioaa at
rCaneohe, kovUti, Waipio. Ea, and f leeia.
SUVAHV AMD ClMrLAtlf ST.r ..HOSOLCLD
f YONS ft LEVEY,
Auctioneers and Cmmlston Merchant,
Ilcjiva 1 1 lock, Qvusm SrnKT, Honolcu;.
SIetof Furaitnre. Stork, Real Eauie and General
McrchAndue prrxaptly attended to. Sol amenta U
American and Eurvfcan merchandtte. I J. LiOn.
I80-JJJ Xh, I.KVKT.
T YCAN ft CO.,
MiMjtorters and Dealers tn all kinds of
Music tloatt. Pa ney tlvtnt,
SOU 105 AMD 14 FoT STttT..-......IIOMOtClt
Furoiture. Ctair. Sewuif Macklnes. Mlrrora anJ
Mirror Plate, Pciure Framei aod Cornke made to
JUT PHILLIPS ft Co.
tmtmrtsrs and Tkolesalo Dealers tn Cloth
iny, ttmtts. Shoes, Hats, Men's Par-
Hlktuu itoomtm, Panty tioods, Utr
NO, 11 KAAHVHAMUSrtlCT IIUHOLOLO
JUT W. UcCIIBSNEY ft SON,
Leather, ttldeo, Ta'lmu and t'ommitsslon
Agfoufot; th Ro)aISupCoo.(-Aa)-.
No. it Qt,nK Stat ..M,...,IoMOtvtv
AX ECKAK 1
Watchmaker, JetreUr, Kngraeer,
No. in Foet Sieeet Honolclu
AQ ordcri UUt Jy caecuied.
S. CRINBAUU Co.
Impmrter, ami Wheieeal, Dealer in O.ss-
Uakee's Bloce; .Qirssai Steset, Honolclv
S. CRINBAUM as Co.
Crenirdia, and CmmUtlon Merthanli,
114 California St. San Fusaica
Special faciluica for aa4 sarticular altaaataA peM la
s M vua4 Moduci1, siaaSa
rmi,r and MuUder,
AU suacts cl totAosa; frcMffi uuadl to.
TtaWttta. No. ijs. WSaUuaeco's Eaprma 0ke.
Sas, . It KisMi StEWT ..HvuMMVt
ImfwifM M ffUn In Hijr tnA tirafn rv, Griwril
O I LBVBY & CO.,
MrMit nnrt Itrtftlt ttrntT9
Foitf ftrtffcT HoHMtrLtf
Frrh rrtxrf tA ptirwUfan at fl Vlivf a huvj a-i
riyh'rM rtnUrlf from Kwwp m4 Anrkj which
ttl M toKl nt lh rt marlM tnttt.
OoJ rfftere! linn pti ( ih rity htm of (hire.
tUjvlordM Nntitfttfl rd fffirt MttntiMt will W
Ivm lottrtume, in-iy
WESTERN AND HAwAOaN IN
vetmnt Company (limited.)
Mnrwy loaned tot long or ihatt period im approttH
teurltt-. Apply tv
vr u. UKr.r
Ottc tt4vfr HlotV, Ftfrt U.
T-IIEO, ILDAV1ES A Co.
(Lat IamiOfV, Oat itf h Co.)
Importer nnd Orumeeion Jftrthrtnt,
, AGtftTA roe
l4oyiTi tnA the titrrpnni Underwnirre.
HriiMh and Foretjn ilarin Inttran Coropany and
Northern A nun nee Compart? a o-
tfrtrtr nnd Itinmnnd Jttlert
No 60, .......VvuAwi Sraaar, lloieoLt-to, H
(Oppowta Holliav Co ),
Pankalaratientloa paid to repairing
-pHE GERMANIA MARKET.
Honoluli, H, I.
"' Trxlt Jtnttnn, Istmh, Poultry
Cun(a fitly on hand, an.1 of choke! quality. Pork
iauugee, Ifotofrat, etc, alwayt on haml. ir neat
jre aJi cut and put op in Mil era ttyfe. All cider
ah Mull y attended to, and delirered lb ny part of th
uty, hhop on Hotel Street, between UnKjQand Fort
recta. lCm G. KAUI'f, I'roprv
ONti LBONC ft Co,
Afnt for Jlonnttl Hufjnr, Pnlamd Jttct
An J KaUoj Kice YUntxWm and MtU
VtrvAKu Sneer Conxit .UtiK
Hraler tn Wolrt Stef, rent, Mutton, Ktu
No. 6 QUO STflIRT, fl-IH SfAtlCKT.
TimEly and Shipj ordcri cart fully attended to.
Lire Steele fufrubl la Ve weU at bor notice.
VefetaWe of all kind tappUd to order.
rriarw).. No. m.
jlifRS. THOMAS LACK,
No. 79 Tort Street, HonoltUta,
IMfOrtEH AND DKAUJt IM
t'arp, Attachment, Oil and Aeeerles.
ActMV row TMtf
WHtT Acdth Ucnj-V.f intra NKwlIrwUAciiIa,
(UiriKilVg Silk, 1a -l! colors nA aUea :
llArioar Lrifwn TlUread,
CUrk't O. N. T. StuJ.irrt Cotton.
Aff, Dtmnrtitt A'tliabU Cut raftr PatUrn
Gvm at A Smart hc Cootx,
Sh rtt Powoai, Cam,
and Mitaluc CArrtiocn
KKitOSKXK urOVPM, in all tUem.
Stwint'llMcitia, Lcclc and Gun-RepAuinj promptly
mended to. tir
A 1 H E 4 CO
HATt A LAECE STOCK 0. THE
VERY BEST HAY, GRAIN, ETC
woich if olTtrcd al the
LOWEST MARKET RATES,
and delirered ree to any yn cl the city.
Agents lor t!ic
I'aelflc Mutual Life Jnaurame, C.
Azenta fc the HOOVER TEI.EPIIOXt
Commmloner of Deda (ve the Stat, of Caiiorola.
TELEPIIO.VE NO i,)..4lf.
-yHE GENUINE ARTICLE
COLUMBIA RIVER SALMON
SaUanoa BaUloa, 1884 CaUk.
JdU received froos Poellaad, Orrl W
CASTLE A COOKE
Thh Fish cut b. relied (poet as First. Cans
ENNER A Co.,
Har. nopcoej al the oil sund No. V Fort tueM,
.itii a M v aid carrf.)ly seUctcd ttocli
Cold Chain, aod Guard,
Ladies .caU da .ell to call and .aajala. em 4ocJb id
Biacekm Croockaa, Loclety EarrUlt, ate,
.bksj werv asoeclalry wltcaeel t auil la.
aaarVrt. ' " '
KUKU1 AND SHELL
Mad. l order.
Ttar tpina UancK or txir ljsae4 . n,ssit u aat
hMPurtaAl one, sad ail )frU sajlrualed t. M arsst
a .aecuted is) b&aomi seccaad s. SMEW, f
EHgrat4nm?4- . '
MseeryebacWptM'toM a order, rttiemk-fmm,
Uc Is pail ta orj,iuy,vettiThmiliet
k tikad. nt
8TTIR HEAOS AND BILL HBAM
Frwaad a.tl a&i al -.-.si- &!. as ta. m
I cay Frtu OeVa. a
CO WBDBtN AMD VITIW
T7 tUt Mtw4Bf torn.