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Ittf tnrfftium Itiyrti Imhittry
I-ast week we gave some mite-. frmi
an nddrevi of Prof H W ile, sugar
ex:rt of the U S hctKuttnent of Ag
nrulttire, with reference to the produr
tion of licet Migu in California We
promised ali to r resent (crtain facU
and opinions, relative to the sorghum
sugar industr), which has been jealously
promoted both by scientific cx(crts,
and by those who have invested money
and time in the various enterprises
which have been undertaken at various
points at the Fast This matter we
now take up from a s:cial report of
the Department of Agriculture on
Northern Sugar, which has just been
published. 'I he factory mentioned is that
at Kin (irandc, New Jersey, which has
t'irned out the largest product of any
establishment of its kind.
I irst, we shall present a summary of
the views of Prof. Wiley on the up
rising and general condition at present
of the sorghum interest. In his address
before the Louisiana Sugar Planters'
AiSfM iatimi last month, he spoke as fol
I'.ver since the introduction of sorg
limn 30 years ago, crystalled sugar has
licci made from its juices. Hut these
generally contain large quantities of
invert or redui mg sugars, and these,
an is well known, grcatlj hinders the
irocss of rrystnlirattun. Until within
a few vears, little but empiruism was
found in the production of sorghum
sugar. 'I hen came three searches of
( oilier, Weber, Scoville, llcnr), Swan
son, Hughes and others, wlucn began
to throw some true scientific light on
the dark problem With this tame the
establishment of the large sorghum
sugar factory at Kio (irandc, N. J.,
which has made large quantities of
sugar for four vc.irs in succession Then
ramc the factory at Champaign, III.,
which has made three campaigns, and
two or three others, which have made
I ivc vears of this practical expericne c
lias shown that the problem of sugar
making is far more clilTii tilt in a practical
wav than it was as an experimental at
tempt. Unfortunately this is oflen the
case, and for this reason sc ience has in
lome epiarters the reputation of being
impracticable It should never be for
gotten that often what succeeds as an
experiment may utterly fail in practice.
I he small pale lies of sorghum, carefully
cultivated, and liberally fertilised, have
proved to be ric herinsugarthan the same
crop grown in large fields, and with such
attention as c rops m Massachusetts usu
ally receive. During the past season
the bureau of chemistry j;rew N'oith
ern sugarcane whose juice contained
iK per i cut of sure rose, but from the
large fields it has not proved to be so
rich, and the disappointed manufai turer
has had to be contented for the past
five cars with juices which probabl)
have not had an average content of 10
percent of crjstallizablc sugar. When,
in addition to this, it is remembered
that the same juices have contained
nearly 3 percent of invert and reducing
sugars, it is not surprising that the yield
of .sugar has been imiformerly light. The
quality of sugar per ton has not aver
aged above 60 pounds, and in many
cases has fallen far below this.
PRODUCT 01 SORGHUVl sl'CMK.
Km (rnmlc, N. J
llept.of Acriciilliiic, Washington, I ('
At present, therefore, the production
of sugar fiom sorghum is not an en
touraging one, and the sorghum men
are no less anxious than jou for the
future. Hut sorghum is also valuable
as a cereal. Its seed may be said to
avaeigc twent) bushel per acre ami its
nutritive value is as great as corn. It
is excellent for poultry,and when boiled,
for hogs and cattle. In New Jerscj
may be found a largo number of swine
whose only food has been boiled sor
ghum seed. These animals are re
markably health) and sleek, and in
nearly five years not one of them has
died of an) of the epedcniic diseases
which are so fatal. While, therefore,
at the present time the amount of sor
ghum sugar made, not moie than a mil
lion pounds per annum, is insignificant
as an economic factor, yet'it must not
be forgotten that as a sirup producer
and as a foi.ige plant, it has claim upon
our attention which it would be very
unwise to neglect.
Sorghum sugar has also, 1 believe, a
future, unless it be that our political
economists and politicans, arc resolved
on economic suicide, by seeming the
destruction of every sugar industr) in
the land. In Kansas, especially, there
seems to bo a soil and climate ccu
harly suited to sugar production. Vears
of trial and intelligent study, will finally
workout the bouudries of the sugar
production from sorghum, and I hope
to see its successful establishment.
llccatisc a few thousand dollars are
lost in attempts at developing an indus
try is no reason why final success may
not bo secured. Such is the history of
every industry Anil oven in the oldest
and most firmly established industries,
failures are often seen, 'thus, while
it is true that those bold and enter
prising men who" have put their money
in sorghum suear factories arc likely to
lose, it is also true, that had the price of
sugar aim svrup been maintained at what
the.) were four )cars ago, fair dividends
might have been found now, where
ghostly assessments stalk in the mid
night ot disaster. So 1 believe there is
still hope for that much wronged cousin
of ours, the patient sorghum, and I
hope to bo able to do something to
help it along.
A MOKE 1101'l.H'L vir.vv.
In contrast with the above we give
below extracts from a private letter writ
ten by Dr. Peter Collier to J. J.
Crossman ICsq , of this city. Doctor Col
lier is mentioned by Prof. Wiley at the
head of recent investigators of the sor
glium problem, and will be remembered
by many of our readers as the govern
ment chemist under Commissioner I.e
Due Since his retirement from the
government service Dr. Collier has
continued his sorghum work and has
lately published tin exhaustive treatise
on the subject. Dr. Collier letter to
Mr. Crossman was not written tor pub
lication, but we fear we shall have to
treat it to the same fate which befalls
most private coirespoiidence when an
editor gets wind of its' existence. Dr.
Collier writes as' follow sj
It is a long time'aTiice 1 have written
or heard from )ou, and 1 now write
simply to, remind ou that if anything
could strengthen my faith in sorghum
as the fjture sour, e of our sugar suppl)
11 would be the recent remarkable
results reportcct irom itaiv where,
they found in the juice of sorg -
hum, cut full) 15 days after the seed
was ripe, an average of 17 60 per cent
of cane sugar and only 1.63 per cent
of glucose And at the Agricultural
Station, at .incline, near Avignon,
France, the) found 1 6j per cent of
cane sugar, and 1 7 of glucose, and the
elirce tor conclude. s in these words, which
I think a suflicient answer to some par
tics who have all along sought to cast
discredit upon rn) results by sa)ing
that "nobody ever got such results a
Dr Collier," the inference being that
nobod) ever would, since the) were
erroneous, although they hardly dared
to sa) this last since the National
Academy o! Scienc cs had unanimousl)
endorsed the methods by which 1 oIk
tamed my results as being "among the
best known to science." Hut to return
to the report of the director at Van-
clue. He concludes as follows "'I he
results above recorded fully agree with
those obtained lv Dr. Peter Collier, at
Washington, in the United States, both
as to the amount of juice in the sorg
hum and in its content of sugar. I
have just sent off to the printer the
manuscript of in) address given before
the Soc let) for the Promotion of Agri-
c ultural Scienc c, at their recent meet
ing at Philadelphia, and I shall send
you an early 1 opy. In it I have, I
think, proved hc)ond all doubt that
sugar may be produced from sorghum
at an expense not exceeding one cent
per pound Now, )ou may think me a
little wild, but as I say above, I feel
confident that I cannot be tripped in
my data or conclusion.
There is certainly some little variance
of views between the two leading sugar
experts whose words we have quoted.
Having no special knowledge of our
own which would aid in affirming
either view, we present them side by
side for the 1 onsidcration of our read
ers A point of interest in the Kio (irandc
f.ic tory is the pig pens. The seed of
sorghum has general!) been neglected,
anil therefore the successful attempt of
the Kio (irandc Compaii) to ulilic it
at home demands most serious atten
tion. I here is no part of this com
jinny's jiossessions which excited in me
more livel) interest than this plan of
utilizing the seed and bagasse and thus
reluming in a great measure to the land
the substances abstracted b) the crop.
I found in the pens in October three
hundred hogs of different ages, some
lull grown and fat for the market, others
These swine had never had an) other
food than the product 01 the cane, and
no other bedding besides the bagasse
Hie) were fat and healthy, and the
swineherd assured me that he had never
lost animals from any of the contagious
diseases so latal to swine.
From the experience alrcad) had
they think that each acre of cane will
furnish enough sccXl to fit one hog for
The bagasse from the mill, which is
brought out by the cars, which would
otherwise return empty is thrown into
the pens. Hy sjiring it is converted
into an excellent manure which will
almost be cnouch for one acre of
ground for each animal.
In order to place sorghum culture
on a truly economic basis every by-pro
duct must be carefully utilized, and
among 'these the seeds is the most
Ilefore the seed is fed it is boiled un
til the starch granules split open and
thus complete digestion is secured It
would be extremely wasteful to feed
the raw seed.
I'liere is reason to doubt that boiled
sorghum seed would prove as palatable
and beneficial to other animals as to
Pacific Rural Press.
Snuthri it .Jure Ctilttnr
I'ho Industrial Kevicw, of Philadel
phia, has this to say on the subject of
jute culture :
" I he united Stales Department of
Agriculture has conducted a number of
cxicrimcnts in several Southern States.
Lands wlui li produce cotton, rice and
sugar cane, iclil large returns in jute.
I ho plant matures as rapidl) as in
India. The stalk sometimes reaches
as high as 15 feet in three months.
And the )ieid in some cases has
reached J, 500 pounds per acre. In
India, the land intended for this croj)
is usuall) broken up in the fall. With
unwearied industry, the natives plow
the land over and over again, in some
instances, as man) as twenty limes,
until the soil has been thoroughly pul
vcrircd, deeply exposed to the sun and
air, and richly manured. The seed is
sown broadcast, from 20 to 30 jiounds
to the acre. Jute factories have been
established in ever) country in Kurope.
In India, Jute is raised almost ex
clusively on the ground that has been
flooded b) the annual overflow of the
rivers, 'lhe alluvial deposit left by
the inundation forms just the soil which
the plant requires. The bottom lands
of the Lower Mississippi closely re
semble the jute fields of India. There
are in the South extensive tracts, not
suited to the cultivation of sugar or
cotton, but well adapted to the growth
of jute II the plant will flourish on
the salt marshes that fringe the Gulf,
the area or land available for this tillage
is almost immeasurable. The capacity
of these lands should be thoroughly
tested. If sui'ed to the production of
jute, tney can jc converted into pro-
lilic sources industry. I ho South
has cheap and docile labor, which can
he easily trained to the requisite de
gree ol skill, intelligent experts, super
intending every operation 01 tnc new
industr)', will apply to the cultivation of
jute tnc best process winch science has
discovered. bxiienencc will deter
mine the exact condition of soil and
moisture best adapted to the growth
of the plant, and a careful selection of
the seed or the finest stalks will soon
improve the fluidity of the fibre. It is
probable that, in course of years, Am
erican ui own jute will attain an excel
Ience as high and distinctive as that of
Sea island cotton. A viligant atten
lion to every means of impiovcment
cannot tail to produce a fibre of super
ior strength, fitness anil beauty. The
yield per acie in the South has often
been larger than that of India. Scien
tific agriculture, enriching the soil with
a generous supply of phut-food and
preventing us rapid exhaustion by a
judicious rotation of crops, tmght as
nuredly to develop a greater fertility
than that produced by a system of ignor
ant and wasteful tillage,"
Under the wtronage of the DejKirt
meut of Agriculture at Washington, a
pamphlet on jute and jute culture has
ixsen prcured lv Prof Uatcrhousc, of
st I.ouis. from which we made the fol-
I he movement in favor of the pro-
Dosed industry is now so earnest and
widespread that it cannot stop until
the question whether jute can be lucra
tively grown in the United States has
been definitely answered. Now, for
the first time, there is a means of test
ing the possibility of profit by business
standards, and probably thousands of
planters will hasten to try the experi
ment. Hut, in order to avoid disappoint
ment, there should be an intelligent
concert of action. 'I he cultivation of
small quantities of jute on farms re
mote from railroads and navigable
streams would hardly prove remunera
tive. Doubtless large estates would
raise enough jute to justify the pur
chase of the mechanical conveniences
which its preparation would require.
The smaller farmers, whose limited
crops would scarcely warrant the in
dividual outlay, could combine and
buy a machine. Seemingly it would be
the best plan to build vats and factor
ies in central and easily accessible
places. If it were necessary for each
planter to possess the costly appliances
requisite for all the operations,1 there
could be no possible jirofit in the busi
ness. Hut, if the great bulk of the
jute were removed by decortication, the
e ompart masses of fibre could easily be
sent to the factory, and there, where all
the apparatus for rotting and manufac
turing existed, the material could be
cheaply handled. Hy sagacious and
economical co operation, the jilantcrs
of the South may derive profitable ie
turns from the culture of the Indian
No vigor of language can too
earnestly exjiress my conviction that a
great industry, prodttctixc of vast opu
lence, now awaits the hand of Southern
enterprise. 'I he lapse of time has only
strengthened my belief that the South
ern Stales can b) organized efforts pro
duce a new vegetable fibre, which,
ranking next to eotton in value, will
not only enrich themselves, but also in
crease the tcxile resources of the world "
Here are three among several
gloomy aragraj)tis from the December
number of the Queensland Planter and
The same sad tale 1 omes from the
extreme south ol Queensland. '1 he
Messrs Philjiott, of Nerang, are alo
"going out of sugar," and are about to
turn their attention to branches of busi
ness that require less labor.
We learn that the labor question is
looked on from a very melancholy point
of view by the owners of Ilingera jilan
tation Indeed, we have reason to be
lieved that had not a large investment
been made before the latest develop
ment of the labor question, the scrub
would still be standing on the land.
Hut the machinery having been or
dered. nothing remained but to go
ahead and hope for the best. There is
now a curious medley of nationalities
on this plantation. English, Irish,
Scotch, Germans, Chinese, Chingalese,
and Kanakas are to be seen busy at
work, and all or nearly all working by
contract. The Chinese are earning as
much as 6s. to 7s. per diem clearing
scrub. Contrary to the usual under
standing, Mr. Gibson informs us that
the Cingalese shape very well: they
are likely to do most of the holing for
Many of our readers will remember
a paragraph we published last year as
to the sugar plantation of Mr. J. Tyson
on the Tully. At that time Mr. Tyson
had a considerable breadth under a
sjilendid croj) of cane, and was on the
eve of ordering a very complete plant
for manufacturing, when the outlook in
the labor market caused him to stay
his hand. We now learn that he has
entirely given up all idea of proceeding
with the sugar business. Instead of
this, the plantation has been stocked
with store cattle for fattening, and is
now in charge of one man, all the army
of workers on the soil having left the
scone of their former industry. There
are now no blacks there to outrage the
feelings of southern residents ; nor are
there any carpenters, masons, plough
men, engineers, overseers, or mana
gers The cattle have fed down the
cane, and a louplc of men on horse
back are equal to all the requirements
of the place in its reformed and im
There is a rcfle in the cloud which
hangs so datk over the sugai industry.
It appears that the prices which have
up lo this time been paid for the beet
roots can no longer bo maintained, and
the consequence is likely to be that
much land will go out of cultivation.
According to'thc Vienna Marktbcricht,
1.) manufacturers of sugar m Bohemia
have addiesscd a circular to those from
whom they obtain beets informing them
that they will not receive any beets un
less with a reduction of 20 kreurers
(5s.) per quintal metrique (100 kilos
2oo lbs.). If their balance-sheet shall
show a jirofit greater thafi 6 per cent,
upon the capital, they will divide the
surplus with the cultivators ; in no tase
paying them more than the original
contract price. A'Sw Orleans 'Ames
Now In uotk with additional KaAtcrn tmolce sen
route. A line variety of the
CONNECTICUT VAL1.EV MILLS,
r im Quality f
Cap, Legal, Letter, Note and BUI Paper,
ottri wcictui ta Aiarcu aril IiPh l.inen
rut t olw and Pott paper, plain, or can I
ruled bp ti fcUat any otdcr.
jrUTDtUNG .SOU; AMI LNVt.LOPhS.'M
Mourmn Paper, Winds and lurVe Mills Mnn
Letter and Ioti, trench JuaIriH letter and
Note pacr. Copying pa pet,
M mount Strkit am Post Stt Storks.
PENHOLDERS, ETC -
Faucis Aimtu piaiuoibias.
FAULK AMI NERVOUS .PENHOLDERS,
Rubber Holder, Coik Holders, Ivory and Ebony
Holderscold awunted. Ivory and Hunt
r uUtert and P-iper Cutters, Faicr's labltt
Eraser, Heniuw's tlft Erasers,
Cryual Rubber, Rubber in tsood
peOAtl hAp. ltuoib lacks,
Pencil pTsHeUufS Rubber
Hands of satwus
Mitt, etc., etc.,
j-ur s.tir at rios. a. Tiintnr
MfcttCHaMTSrakaT aku froar $ TKh.tr Sidht
Well d-am M the Saturday Press Orike
DOSTON BOARD OF UNDERWRITERS.
C ttKFU KK -c,
Agents for the Hawaiian Islands.
HITISH FOREIGN MARINE INSUR.
ance Company, (Limited)
TllhO II l)AHF.f, AGF.XT.
The above agent has received Instructions to re
duce the rates of Insurance lwlw.cn Honolulu and
Ports In the Pacific, ami is now prepared to Issue poli
ries at the lowest rales, with a ip-ciat reduttion on
freight tr steamers l-i6
DRBMHN BOArtD OF UNDERWRITERS.
r A SCItAhfF.fi &Ce A(tnt
AUu arents for the
Dresden Board of Underwriters.
Vienna Board of Underwriter!.
For the Hawaiian Minds, tto-6t
ORTUHA GENERAL INSURANCE COM-
pany of uetltn.
r A :CHFFFK & ft, AGEXTS.
I lie above Insurance Company, has established a
General Agency here, and the undersigned, General
Agents, are authorized to taVe risks against the dangers
of the Sca, at the most reasonable rates and on the
most favorable terms. aio-adf
GERMAN LLOYD MARINE INSURANCE
Company of Merlin
f A SLIIAEMK & Co, AGKXTS.
the aliove Insurance Conpan) hasestsMitliedaGen
eral Agency here, and theabovesigned. General Agents,
are authorized to take Risks against the dangers of the
Seas at lhe most reasonable lates, and on the most fa
vorablc terms. io4f
AMBURG-MAGDEUURG FIRE INSUR.
ance company ol Hamburg:,
A JA1.GUK, AGhXT.
Iliiddt g, Merchandise, Furniture and Machine!)
Insured against rire on the most favorsbte terms,
HAMDURG-BREMEM FtRB INSURANCE
r a scrAcfiift & cfAGc.'rs.
I tie ft I o e firm having ten appointed Bg'tUt i f thit
company are iirrpared a irturw mk agiinM hr on
b (one ami Brick Iniildino and on .Mrrctiamlie Mutnl
1 herein, on the inot favorable term rur Km.rulir
apply at their olT.ce io-afc
ORTH. GERMAN FIRE INSURANCE
Company ol Hamburg:.
HACKfiRU & O , AGhXIS
Capital and Itcttrte Uefchsmark 8,3jo,orw
" their ! Insurance Companies " 3j,om,cw
The Agent of the ab-ne Coti'p.in, fur the Hawaiian
NUiiifi, are prepare., la Inure I lu tiding, I'urniture,
Merchandise ami Produce, Mflthiner). ttc , also Sneir
ami Rice MilM.aruI vceU in the liarUr, agiimt las
or ilimace M nir on the tnot fa roil hie term.
NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL LITE INSUR.
ance Company of Uotoii.
tAsri.h k cook;, achats
The oldest Purely Mutual Life Insurance
Company in the United States.
Vnttctr Inutrtt on tirntott f'titombte In ma
Losses pa Itl through Huoluotu Agency $49,000
(MILADELPHIA BOARD OF UNDER
C liKhH'F.K A Co
Agent for the Hawaiian Islands.
RANS-ATLANTIC FIRE INSURANCE
Company of Hamburg.
If ffACKFt.Lt J- C, Agtntu
Capita, and Reserve Keichsrmrk 6,000,000.
their Ke-lniurance Companies " 101,650,0.0
The Agents of the above Company, fur the I lawniian
Inlands, ate prepared to Insure lluildings, furniture,
Merchandise and Produce, Machiner) , etc, also Sufar
and It ice Mills, and etels in the narlor against loss
or diiniRe b fire, on the most favorable teims.
HE LIVERPOOL AND LONDON AND
Globe Insurance Company,
IUSI10P& Co., AGKiVTS.
irnUmitol Unt.Uit lo StocKtolitrn.
iscomk von 1879
Premiums received after deduction of re
insurance ... $ 5,33a,aa.s
Losses promptly adjusted and paid here. 1
NION MARINE INSURANCE COMPANY
of ban Francisco.
CASTLE V CO0KK AGFXTS.
Incorporated 1875 io-?6a
EW ENGLAND MUTUAL LIFE
I nsurancc Company of Boston, Mass.
Ainrt fmtmtiif Iff,, ISHI, nrnttif St7,-
Polices Issued on lhe most favorabU terms, and
absolutely Non-Forfeitable after Two
JsAtVIPLP )fr NOS-roltFKITUKI PlAN:
Innrrd nt;e 15 jnrv o e?r Knd.iwment Plan fir
Anuunt 1'trmhnn $V .."
Churr. V l'e. IMup In.
M 1 ne enu 01 lite atl rar. i3g Bj 545
3d ' 46a. 70 040
4th " 643 s 1,13a
5th " 831.85 1,415
6th " 1,01900 t.6tfS
7th " 1,135 5 97o
8th 1,450 75 a,35
9 h " 1.676 05 a,5oo
loth ' 1 911 65 .75S
nth ' i57 9a 3.005
nth " f, 4i$-45 3
13th " 1,685 00 3 48c,
14th ' -t.967.70 3.7"
15'h M 3.3oa 3 945
16th " 3 575 35 4.165
17th 3 903 is 4.3&
18th 4.'4S4 4.590
19th 4.6t3 70 4,fto
atoth ' 5 000.00 S.ooo
lhe second and iubseieiii pre mi inns are lilely 10
be reduced by icrittHJr annual iutnbtfot rr
JtiT Api (.cations can be ludof ; and fulllnfurmitirtn
will le giten-y the Agents,
C.US'TLK A COOKL
-MIARLES UREWER & Lo.
1 KlLbV SrKRKT, Ho TON,
.ttlNMS Oi H.tHAUAX iMt'KrVW,
Or Html CummiMuiun .tyu.
Spes-ial attention giveu to tht purcimtng of goudi for
the Hawaiian trade. PreMil at locu ratev "
TT W. SEVERANCE.
116 California Sr , Cau, (Room No 4 )
It.tiVAUAX COXSVL .t CO.UJI.VSO.V
II. I. NOLTE, PROPRIETOR,
Regs to announce to his friends and the public in sen
cral that the abose Saloon provides
From ) a. m., till 10 r m.
COKfTaNTLV ON HAND,
One of IVuiiskI& Ualki'.nlsUaitxl
lscuiiicvt4 stab tl .suUtslimriil, lirs Urra bf
tri mi rAn .iiiiui.
thsr Cut can .MrtlviiMlc
at KariouM Pa,
ft.fishjAcuts wa W LaJ
Is now n slaily, vltfrt Ksfitttuncias wa W LaU
ail 1UUC uu M,Oil HOSKt.
II, J. N0l.ll, hvtltstar.
- BREWER A CO.
Off. r for Sat. tht cargo of lhe bark
"MAltrilA J) A VIS,"
Just arriied, the following tut of Merchandise
lAyfit r.Tprmi II agon,
L'.rfHfrri Top t'ttrrhtffft,
K n tto.s i:xk 01 1, t
Common Wood Chairs "
Pine Parrel Shook.
itr.s 1 .v ,
Ice ClifMt, Nos, , 3, and 3,
Peans, jib rins.
liny Cullers, Nos 1,9 and 5,
fit h hit n Km Sr.rrjf, .. 7, S, 10, It, -V
I father IMtIng,
Centrifugal Linings, 14 inches,
Composition Nails, ij( inrli and t( cb
Manila CokIar", Assorted,
r scelsiur Mattresses,
Cialv, Pence Staples,
, Farmer's Boilers, so and t$ Coils
Sisal Rope, A 1 sorted
Yffoir Jlrtnl Sftrulhlnu,
Annealed fence Wire
Gals. Screws and Wahe
fto., f$c, A.C
The Great California
Flies, Fleas, Cockroaches
Chicken Lice, Etc.
To Human Beings anil Animals.
AN AHSOI.UTK NKCKSSITV
In the Houtr, Garden, Conservatory, nr Ware-
The Buliacli Insufflator,
Tor Dlstributbi th. lluchach.
BENSON, SMITH ft Co.,
It ami us FORT STRL.br, Honolulu. It. I.
-pHH ENTERPRISE PLANING MILL.
Alakka St., nkar Qlixn Sr,
C. J, Itardct, Proptlttor,
CONTRACTOR and BUILDER
Planing, Sniping, Turning;,
Band and Scroll Sawing,
Doors, Sain, Blinds, Door
and Window Frames, ,
Stairs, made to ord
ffunf anil 5nr Trt H'tni i'r Hutr,
MOLDINGS AND FINISH,
Aiwa) 1 on tiataL
AU orders fillssl on short ooticc, and JooUnc proujaljr
attended to. alouldio, nuula to any pattern wiltwu
.stiacbargt fur inlvcs. lo-ir
OOKS PBRTAININO TO HAWAII,
Ituvrt Hitforyvf iht Hiwsulaa liUndt,
Wbancy't Gud liocX.
3d tM Htrd't ISU Msh in th Stndwkk I Uad$
Miu (Jofdoo Cumsula.s'i Klr Fuaiiui.
lit Un , Inietiiatc aUhl .VnniuL
Kor rile at
TltOH, (7, TUHVM'H
qpHE SATURDAY PRESS,
Job Printing Office,
dVMrilCLt.S NI.W IIUII.IIINO
is now riu:r,Ri:i 10 no am. work
Tim If iKlitssit Stylo of Tj-iii;rnililo Art
WT.nW.NO, VISITINfl OR HII-ilNKs"? CVRDS
II M I, CARDS,
I.I.I n:R, NOTI.SIATKMI Nl nr IIII.I.IICADS
cr.Ri 1 1 ICA I Mi Ol SI OCK,
1111 US OF LADING,
Logal and Mercanttlo Blanki,
Ihaabose, In connection vsilh the lone elal,lishcj
Booli-Blndory, Paver-Rullni; unit
Blank Book Mannfauiory,- '
Enables lhe unJersineil to la) claim to comuelenc)
In all ileparlmenls, as each Is under lhe care ol
The Stationery Department
Will carry a full line of upers fur executing 1ILANKS
of all descriptions, or for spcchl sics or class nl
Itlsnlv II m1(S, in luldtlion to the usual
full assortment of
Coinmerchl, Lecal and Office StatioHery.
All orders faiililillly allendeilto ami otir atronage
asiM-ctfully xslicil I 'IIIOS. C. IIIRUM
llouolu 11 II. I l)S.
CONrRACIOR an.1 IIUII.Di.R,
stkam rr.AXixa iru.i.s
Manufacture all kinds of
and all kinds of wood-work finish.
Tssmlns, aorolL, auil band asswlng.
All kinds of Planin; and Saaing, Morli.in, an.1 Ten
ORDERS I'ROMPTLY ATrt.NDF.D 10 NU
Orders fiom tb other Islands soliciteil. io&Kir
OENS AND PENCILS.
G1M-OTT ANI KASII.KUKOOK I'KSS
m U lh UcuraU uumtcrt.
Quill 1'cnt, Si-riucrian, ConnucrcUlaaJ Cut4om Houtt
I'cnt. Al&bi, likURLAt
K i: I, I A II I. K 0 O L IJ I' K N S
Cro St)lc4rAhI: rn -tiUln and gold mouiitcd.
1'iiiu' roantaua I'ciu, ISKadin ltn-i tdti.
ril Lo. AuiunivAiK )'nciu and UU,
Hard, lilu aud lr 0 I'fflKtll,
DIXON, KAUKKand GU0SSHKK1.KK k KUKTZ
I'tnciU, No. i ta 4 Anlui l'i ncU, Drawing
,'iucit In mu, IVxkft 1'fiKUi, .SUU
l'ndl pUin tyr In wood,
At tuo.h. a. 111 it UM' m
MlIfcCHANT SriKKT ANP VoUT StT StOllW,
In Mrxk, n4 oo Its. ac. a full assutmeal U sirs,
anil ililfrr.nl quality of
ENVELOI'rS, t.NVELOPtS. KNVLLOrUs,
sli t No, s. X arul XX la ahil. aonUr aa4 canary
,So. 1, 6 aiul 1 XX tut. Na. Ih', o, 10, 11. 11 anJ
isXXasJ XXX sskil.t XXX liarooUl stbUa aral
Cabuwt. MturmlHU KnrW.i. L14h ka.il tw
vsliijasbils frgra No. rj to 14. all In tba rraular
(.srvsrajnanl sli.es anj shapss, or sswcu slr.s asaJ. up
10 w Jr. al
Til 0. V. T II KVM'JI
TJOLLISTER & CO.,
txriri: Tiir .irn.'.Mio.v nr rut:
rrnr.iv . uu'xritr mi:iiuas r
in parlicular, to their larjre and
varied assortmenl of
. vyimdiurs nuivtrsi nil v.
Just rec.lsed. TM Is acknanlcdged
to I the finest etfume In the
world. All of one quality.
Great variety of odors t)les
and prices, alls
(all shapes andst)1e)
and the largest and most complete stock rf
ever kept in this Kingdom. A
large invoice of
w.titiiKD MKitrrr.niuxr.AX svosor.
direct from Furope, free from
sand or dirt. Agents for
PARKE DAVIS & CO'S
J. C AYER & CO'S
Horsefords Acid Phosphates,
Green's August Flower 8t German Syrup,
Atlcoclc Porous Plaster Co ,
Mnrray & Lanmau's Florida Water
Verba Ouena Bitters.
0LL1STER & CO.,
are alao TroDrietors and Manufac
fact n re r of tin? celetrattd
Hlieumatic I inimcnt
Ajtiit for Wm S. Kim! -all & Co'
J'nifiaut I'nntly J'rtlr,
Tobitcca ttml CttittrMrM
whltU liave no rival, 'lhe
large ituortment of
PLUG TOBACCO AND CIGARS IN
0(7X GINGER A IX 5r S0DAWA1ER
hai aUa leen recoanled ai lite
t t In the market.
OUR UISGhR ALK ASM ACT
tin ma nu foe I uret from our on
(mate formula in
Nw York. '
AKUAIKI) WAIKKS In Cattnt or Cork
Stopjiered Uttlf adeIreil.
WHOLLSALK . KhTAII 39 NUUANIJ SI
RETAIL, Coi. FORT & MF.RCIIANT STaS
This Popular IIiniu'rv, located at
107, Fort Street, will he able In its set
tled quarters toiloevennioresatisfactory
work than that which lias gained it Mich
liberal patronage and such willing ap
preciation from the Honolulu trade.
Ir Anvi:i risi.s No Spi.cui.inis,
but l'i able to do am. sorts, sizes,
and conditions of HooV-bindinj;,
Ruling, Lettering, aud Paper-cutting
as well as in San Francisco, and at
Ar Tins CoMpi.irri: Hindi.kv
nctssjiaper, magazines, pamphlets, aud
sheet music arc neatly and simply or
elegantly and sumptuously IkiuihI, as
taste and pocket may demand. Old
books are carefully and firmly rebound
Am. Di.sckipiio.vs op Ula.ni;
Hooks arc made to order at a low
rates as arc consistent with first-class
work. The Hindcry is now using
Weston's "Record" and " l.cduer "
pacr for all first-class work. A large
invoice of this justly celebrated stock
has just been received fiom New Vork.
Okueks l.ur at iiik MutciiA.vr
Sikti.T Store will iiavk Prompt
I rASTLE COOKE, '
HoNtM-l'tf, H I
Would call Attention to their Larf p am!
varied Stock of
CornUttnp of lhe unrtvAlted Part Steel
The toltn SirH llreakfri, and Fiirronlnt; Plow, Mo
line Stetl P1owm alt & I1anett Jf- CmHI-
vatori. Dirt Scrnr-en,
Jnliu Dooro Qriiiu Plowa,
I'lanlert lfoei of ihtleit makes r
DISSTONS' CEI.F.HIUir.D CNR KNIVF.A
made to order. Amei' Shovel atut Fimden,
Garden I fori. Canal Harrow, On
llowi, Yoke, Chain, rent
Sugar Mill Requirements.
SUGAR BAGS, SUGAR KEGS,
Sperm Oil, Cylinder. I aril
and Kerosene Oil, I'crfect
Lubricators, riiimbaeo, Al
Itany Great?, I)istiin'a and B
!. and J. Mies, all lire t and
kinds. Steam Packing. Hat
and Hound India Rubber,
Asbestos and Soap Stone,
Flat Packing. India Rub
ber Hose, yA to a Inch. Pit.
and Couplings, Nuts and
NWhers, finished. Machine
Holts, alt sires, Cold preat-d
Illaiksmith', Fnglnctr' ami
Carpenter's Hammers. Pipe
Cuttrrs, Winches, B inch lo
4 inch, Anvils, Vices, Tule
Sirapcrit, Grindstones, Uet
American liar Ironand Tool
bteel, Ruilders Hard art,
all kinds and t)lex, Hub
buck's Paints and Oils, raw
and boiled, binall Paints In
Oil, in (are saiiet). ry
Paints, Umber, etietian.
Red, Ochies. Mculhr.ftc,
Whiting, utrnian Window
ass'td sirei, Manila Ropt
No. 1 and a Flour, tto. s and 1 Rice,
Crushed Sugar, Clilnaand Japan Teat,
Oysters, Clams, Salmon. Lobsters,
Finest Table Fruits from tho Factory
Pure English Spiers. Condensed Milk
Cocoa, SPHCIALTIESi-The mi
oee Iwtunrnv Oil, HimIoh'm Ceti
trtfusttt I. infill, M "Ch, Jtubhrr
Sjtrlnft aint Vanrtm Ittnkr just at
hand.Ulake Steam Pump Valves.Pack
ln(f. &c Blake Boiler Heed, Juice or
Molasses, Irrlffitlng & Vacuum Pumps
Weston's Patent Centrifugals Complete.
A (.SO UN rONltCNMRNT
California Hay, Hurley, Potatoes. Harrcls
Salmon,.! lams, Attwtos Mtiture for Boilers
and aSieam Pipes, verj cheap. Fence Wira
ard .Staple, Oahaniied Roofinl
Wilcox and Gibh's Automatic; Smzer Manufacturing
(Company, Assorted, Kensington Lompany, Famil) ;
Wilton Machine, the best assortment to be found.
and at Bottom I "rices.
New Goo by every arrival from Enlaud, New
ork aud San Francisco.
1 Now TittrtlouEnclue,8-liorjowar.
Orders from lite other Islands filled at Best Rates and
UNION I'EED CO.,
Iwportrrs .nil 4vUrs la
fVif. Iltty nml Guttn
1,L .J Ontn StllcUtd.
Q..ts 4 I ...rv M
Isl.pllQIlf No. I).
P. O. Uosis;,
'Hi. umLrUgMj glse rgin(t attention lo al
tV Ht'KUl.t I. UltltKIIH .
ior hooks, music. srrAiio.Nhkv.'pr.Hioii
IC.M.S. KUIIIIKK, IIKASS OK STP.HL
Or any talisr ankles rtauiiog lo tli.
Xetr.f ISuoh, htttttuttrry dittf I'iihtj ffooda
fVAII suk Oril.rt tliouU UrUnr aiul s.lkil lit
amU anort or ilslays.
THOS. Q. THRUM,
Fort St. and a Mcrcluttl SI.
I.UIALCAP Pi:RIKtnON PADS,
liOiUt'K'$ LbriKK PAIA,
Ltllsr, Cap aral Not Uta.La U ursl quality p.4
cai so, ixti.r ana rsss. siaxa.oc raj
alanstla ttr, vliln M.nso. ai4 Not.
Cue HdU, SsaltAstuts.
Or Pipar PUT UP U ANY FORM DtwlraJ.
. Tiro, a. tiimvm'm"'
Mtaciiaxr Stasar axu I'o.t Sisaai Slu.aa.