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ricof the Kev. Dr. S. C Damon.
1 lv pailor of tlie lletlid Church, the
I jther Dtinon" of icinien nil over the
u .tltl. for fort) two years the editor and
I ulihshcr of the I riend, at home and
j'. to ill lietter known and identified
with I Innoluht than any other man I lit
'tMiij; and lcnignant presence has left
- After a short and sudden illness
of three weeks, at the house of his son,
Mr I' C. Damon, he m.c1 away at
(1 u ' '., on Saturday, 1'ehruar)' jth,
s'lll Licking one week of completing his
cu'iitieth car. In another column
will lw found brief tributes to lin earn
it, Inmost, helpful Christian life. In
due tune Mr I. V. I Union may pre
late a memorial volume. It is earnestly
to be hoed that he "ill.
m.i iiiitn.Mi o.v inut n.tvan
In times of commercial and agricul
tural depression sfiih as have befallen
Hawaii, it lehoocs her coplc to con
side gravely the important problem of
what can be done. Already in our
oung history we have passed through
Itjnsition periods that tried the souls of
men that c are proud to look luck to
as examples of energy and foresight
Ijdd, Titcoinb, Metcatf, Dr. Wood and
others that might be named. And to
day, we meet with the same question
that they grappled with in our neglected
industries. It is not a time now to sit
down and bemoan the fact that it is to
our discredit that for vcars past, we
have concentrated all our energies
on sugar and rice, thereby materi
ally narrowing our export list from what
it was ten or twenty )cars ago. Hut
recognizing the fact, it is becoming in
us to consider the feasibility of Mr.
Jaeger's suggestions in the January
Planter's Monthly, and sec what can bo
done in extending our lists of products
and exports, livery Ixxiy knows that
little systematic agricultural effort is
put forth here except in raising sugar,
rke and bananas, and it is only of late
years that the latter has had such con
siderate care. This is one of the best
proofs that by systematic cultivation
more fruit is produced per acre and of
a more uniform and better quality.
I'lm is a natural result as all practical
farmers will readily admit, and yet, vear
after icar, we hear of nothing being
done actually to extend and improve our
production of fruits. California is ex
perimenting with oranges, limes, bana
nas, mangoes, pineapples, and all such
tropical fruits that these islands arc so
peculiarly adapted for both in soil and
climate, and that too with an amount
ol labor that would put us
to the blush, and yet as we can giow
oranges, for instance, that for lus
ciousness throws the Los Angeles and
Central American product far into the
shade, and have an advantage over
Tahiti on account of distance, it would
certainly seem as if we were losing
ground to be satisfied simply with what
our orange trees chose to give us with
out any efTou at cultivating1 the ground,
pruning, or overcoming the blight.
As an illustration of the benefit re
turned for labor bestowed, the writer
1 cat ned recently of an experiment upon
about forty orange trees by Mr, I.ycan
in the Kalilii valley. In 1SS3, when
the owner took charge, he sold 26,000
oranges. I-ast vear, after a course of
pruning back, the sales amounted to
42,000, or Over an average of 1,000
oranges to each tree, and the fruit im
proved, both in sire and quality. A
viit to- the ranch referred to would
give ideas of encouragement to any
agriculturist, as would also a visit to
the nurseries under Mr. Jaeger's charge.
At Kalilii. the writer saw a cocoa tree,
Urt;c and flourishing, from which beans
enough weic obtained last year to dem
onstrate the fact of quality and quan
tity being osMb1c to us. Also a few
cherry tiecs that produced three cros
a car and for the spec of ground
they occupied returned a larger revenue
than bananas, with far less care.
In many things our people may not
be able to produce and compete with
prices abroad, but in a variety of pro
ducts we ought to satUfy a home de
mand and shut out the imports of the
same. Our Kona coffee has unfoitu
iiitely dwindled to almost nothing, last
) cat's eiott being 4,230 ounds, which
in 1S70 was .115,000 jiounds. The
picscnt low price obtainable abroad may
render it unprofitable to cxixjrt, at our
labor figure, but could not something
lc done to save the amount we pay
abroad for an inferior quality of this
same article ? In iSSj our import of
coffee was 80,532 pounds for which we
pid $8,172, besides cipcnscs thereon.
Something similar might be said of a
number of other ankles of everyday
.. -. ri: mninii.i riv
Thr Irrlntl ftjif Ihe Tottt fiitf liintlny
lame llrnrtnl Ob.errrtftnne nrt Ihe
Sulifrrt I M artf About .Fiinim
Httf Hi l'enile.
The inimrtance of Japanese I mini
gr.it inn hat not been underestimated
anil the keenest Interest in it undoubt
edly prevails here not only among plan
tcra, land owners, and emptovers
generally , but among all who think car
ncMiy and practically aixjut tint na
tion' welfare. For that renson we have
given murh of our pare to this never
so timet) topic, and trust that our read
er, will Mticiitly ronsidcr it, not onl)
by rending wlwt we have prepared but
by carrying their inquiries far enough
to enable them, mi far n their opiMirtu
nitie jiermit, to meet hnlf way this new
clement of population anil l.ilxjr, and
o help to make the new immigration
tilt: IIKSI ARRIVAL.
On Sunday morning last the I'. M.
S. S. Co', steamer, The City of Tokio,
arrived off ort, having on lioard 918
immigrants, among whom were if5,
women, 69 bo)s and 48 girls. Mr.
Xakamura Jino, as he is officially
known- Jiro Nakamur.n, ns he signs
himself came with them as resident
JajKincse Consul. He speaks Knglish
well and has had previous consular and
diplomatic experience. A missionary
and a ph)sician, !olh Jajwnese, also nc
The scene at the immigration depot
Tuesday morning was an animated one.
Ncarl) n thousand alien souls were
within the palings strangers in a
strange land. Yet a happier lot of im
migrants never landed on a foreign soil.
The Soo males, though all under
sired, measuring by Saxon standards,
were for the most part well knit, sinewy
and wiry-looking men, to whom manual
labor was evidently familar. The
women had nearly all pleasant faces and
some of them were pretty. Rounded
arms, slender wrists, taper fingers and
pearly teeth (except with those whoc
teeth were coal black) were character
istics of nearly all the girls. The child
ren were bright-looking and already at
home ; only now and again an infantile
voice rising above the incessant hum of
Clerk Atwatcrand Agent Ha)scldcn
sat in the front office, entering by num
ber the names of every immigrant and
witnessing the acknowledging of con
tracts. In a rear room, three Japanese
clerk were busy writing on the English
contract acknowledgments, the names
of 'he different immigrants, who, each
having his own stamp, in turn, took his
contract and a numbered ticket and
passed on into the front room. This
work began at 9 a, m., and, though car
ried on like clock work, consumed
neatly the whole day.
The contract acknowledgments were
for adults only, the number of children
to each head of a family being entered
however. Among the children some
fifty arc able to do work as house ser
vants. The dr.css of the immigrants was for
the most part strictly Japanese though
a few wore European garb, greatly to
the sacrifice of their picturesqueness.
The distinctive Japanese garment
may x.rhaps lest be described as a
loose dressing gown, belted instead of
corded at the waist, with (lowing sleeves
and a rolling collar thrown so far back
as to expose the lower xrtiou of the
throat and the upper portion of the
bosom according to the most ap
proved "full dress" notions. The
women affect a style of coiffure com
promise between the high chignon and
the low waterfall. The men, for the
most part, wore their hair in Cromwel
lian st)lc, many being as "round
headed" as though just escaped from
the shears of a jail warden. Indeed,
the barbers of the various "messes"
were busily at work during the morning.
The shoes, or rather sandals, worn by
most were of three kinds, one made of
rattan matting only, another of mat
ting with wooden soles or wood only,
set on high cross-pieces of wood, that
increased the apparent height of the
wearers from one to three inches, A
third sort was made of rice straw, hand
braided. A few wore Kurotcan shoes.
most of them neatly blackened.
Nearly all had several chests, boxes
or liamboo hampers of personal effects.
Their bedding consisted of quilted cot
ton, though a few had thin woolen or
They cooked their rice, bbek beans
and soup in bronze camp kettles, oblate
spheroids in shape, with wooden covers ;
which were made to fit over holes dug
in the ground ; broad flanges at their
equators keeping them from falling
through the holes. The camp kettles
are very like the "Dutch ovens" so
much in vogue among the western
mining camps, though in lightness of
construction and elegance of design
they are as sucrior to the American
kettle as Japanese utensil generally are
to the similiar utensils of most other
Consul Irwin was at the depot eaily
in the morning and assisted to set the
registration work in motion,
Ministers iiuiuk: ana uibson were
present during the morning. 1'ortu
gueic Commissioner Canavano, Cham'
berlain Judd, Doctor Mcfirew, Mr,
James CainpUll, Mr. I'. V. Damon
and others were also present. The
cleanliness, neatness, good health and
good humor of the immigrants was
marked by all present.
When the Tokio left Nagoura, a jwrt
a short instance below Yokohama a
jittte Japanese loy, apparently only two
icars old, was brought on board by a inn
sionary of that plate, who supposed he
Itctongcd to the ship. He proved to
be unclaimed on board ship, and was
temporarily given to a Japanese couple,
who were guaranteed $5 a month by
Mr. Irwin for the little waifs keep, until
he should be othctwijc cared for. They
named him "Sutango" meaning "lost
sovir. RrarmnJi. aiivick.
We trust the following advice will be
received in a like spirit to that in which
it is offered. It is based Un con
versations with several gentlemen thor
oughly conversant with Jancsc lalxir
in most of its branches, together with
the obtainable reading of works on
Japan and its people.
fttfanest hiberen mutt ht trailed
kindly. Wc do not need to Insist upon
mere justice liefore the law. The rights
of contract laborers arc fully and firmly
maintained by the Hawaiian courts.
Downright ill usage is not a common
reproach to the plantation managers 011
these islands. Ilut the Japanese are
said to need very diffeicnt manage
ment from that required to make Chi
nese labor effective. The Chinese has
to Ik "driven." The Japanese cannot
be driven. "Driving" makes him
cither rebellious or despondent. He
means to work faithfully and he may
safely be allowed to work in his own
way so long as his own methods do
not soconflictwith amanager'sroutincas
to render other labor less productive.
It would be of course impertinent
for a newspaper writer to attempt to
dictate in the details of plantation man
agement; we have no such intention,
but we earnestly desire that plantation
managers shall be impressed with the
imjtortanco of helping by their ability
rightly to initiate this new immigration
movement ; and because plantation
managers must assume whether they
like it or not a major portion of the
rcsmnsibility for making Japanese im
migration to these islands popular. So,
while wc recognize that every mana
ger must decide for himself, according
to his best light, what course he must
pursue, we trust that every manager
will fully realize his responsibility and
inform himself to the fullest extent pos
sible in ever) thing that may make the
best pecuniar)' result to the plantation
synonymous with the greatest comfort
and contentment among Japanese la
borers. JAPANESE IIOUSK SERVANTS.
It is confidently hoped that the arri
val of a number of Japanese house ser
vants of both sexes, some trained and
all readily teachable, will have a whole
some effect upon those Chinese house
servants now at work here. Many
households in town have Chincse"help,"
whose cleanliness, faithfulness and
efficiency arc all that could be desired ;
and, although most of them ask and
receiv e too high wages, there is no com
plaint of these. Hut, in many families
in Honolulu and throughout the islands,
the Chinese domestic is a household
tyrant. He " bosses" the kitchen, is
exacting about his hours, is insolent,
" strikes" frequently, (sometimes with
his fists,) leaves often without warning
and is far too often a pestilent fellow
whose room would be better than his
company if the climate (and the la
bor market) did not make him a
It is true that some of the "Am
ericanized" Japanese servants now in
town arc not all of them satisfactory.
Some arc intemperate, others lazy, and
perhaps a majority of them arc sadly
degenerated from the proverbial effi
ciency of the Japanese house servants
Those who know them in their own
home represent the Japanese servants
as " ideal" Hut it is scarcely to be
expected that they will ever prove so
thoroughly satisfactory here. The Japan
ese servant is nearly always a " special
ist" and a household retinue is often a
small army. Serving is a trade (almost a
profession) with a great many branches.
Cooks, stewards, body servants, house
cleaners, chamber maids, nurse maids,
gardeners, are more distinctly classed
than in Europe even, and far more
distinct in the du&s expected of
each class than are American ser
vants even in the South. And while
Japanese services, is often nearly
perfect and sometimes it is " ideal, "
it is commonly a cumbersome piece of
machinery and quite impossible here.
In the large Japanese cities, servants
arc obtainable for small wages and
board themselves. Their food and
lodgings cost them at home far less
than they could possibly obtain the like
for here ; and so, of course, it is idle to
expect such cheap service here as the
well-known cheapness of Japanese
bor in Japan might lead many to hope
for. It will be nccc&ary also to teach
these new servants to do varied work
and according to American and Euro
ean notions, not modified (as in Japan)
by the life amidst which they have
But, taken all in all, there is good
reason to be hopeful that the Japncse
will bring comparative peace to many
an unhappy home where life has been
rendered far less worth living by the
exactions, the insolence and the unre
liability of Cliinese servants.
THE UOVEK.NMENl's S'MRK.
So far as apjicars on the surface of
events the Japanese immigration is a
handsome feather in the Gibson gov
eminent' official cap. King Kala
kaua, Messrs. laukea and Poor, and
Mr. Gibson in his correspondence,
have evidently nude so favorable an
impression uon the Japanese govern
merit (barked, of course, by Consul
Irwin's undoubted inllucnrc) that
Japan has made terms for our benefit
that it has shown little dis-vosition to
make with other governments. We
hope that the government will receive
the cordial coojicratinu of all its citl
zens in this good wotk not in a spirit
of rallintion of former sins, or of blind
ncss to existing evils, but in that give
the devil his due spirit which accepts
any portion of a half loaf rather than
go without any bread.
SMAI.I. HOLDINGS FOR IMMI0RAN1S.
The heading of this juragraph applies
quite as much to Portuguese or Ger
man immigration ns to Javincse; but
it is timely and pertinent to the general
theme. The future of these islands
seems to us to depend upon some
wisely planned mid wcll-dcv eloped
scheme for settling them with home
loving and industrious people. We
think that the press and citizens gene
rally are agreed upon this subject. The
Planters' Ijibor and Supply Company
- or, at least, many members of that
organization- have expressed them
selves to that effect. Nearly all the
pacri, by correspondence and edito
rial writing, have either committed
themselves to the policy indicated,
or have shown themselves in cordial
sympathy with it. Hut, as yet, no
steps have been taken to put lands
upon the market in such quantities, of
such qualities, and upon such terms
that immigrants might acquire them,
settle down and develop them, and,
while improving their own conditions,
increase the wealth of the nation by
adding to its production and increas
ing its productive population.
There are at present several causes
which would undoubtedly operate
against the success, of the proposed
plan, if it should be undertaken. One
cause is the difficulty legally of dis
posing of crown lands. Another
reason is the poorness and comparative
small extent of government roads in
districts where large holdings might
otherwise be broken up and made easy
of settlement. It has always been a
disputed question whether expensive
public roads ought to precede or fol
low settlement. Hut the experience of
the Pacific Coast, at least, seems to
demonstrate the fact that where immi
gration docs not push itself good roads
are necessary to induce immigrants to
develop fertile sections beyond the
ready reach of markets. This question
of providing Germans, Portuguese,
Japanese or other desirable immigrants
with small holdings on favorable terms
is a question on which planters, capi
talists and the government may profita
bly " come together." The sooner, the
CROPS FOR HOME-CONSUMPllONi
It is axiomatic that the country
which supplies the most of its own
needs is economically the most suc
cessful ; and, other things being equal,
that country ought to develop more
satisfactorily than its less favored neigh
bors. It often happens that countries
produce certain things at such profit
that they can afford to purchase abroad
many articles of necessity or luxury
which they could not produce at home.
So long as sugar was at top prices and
other staples could not be produced at
equal profit on sugar land, Hawaiian
planters were justified (from one point
of view) in planting cane to the exclusion
of crops before profitable. The fatal
weakness of the system has been that
wc have "carried all our eggs in one
basket." Although we could raise
sugar to better advantage than any
other crop, and though capital seemed
more surely invested in developing
sugar lands than in developing other
island lands, yet if wc had now a large
acreage in wheat, oats, potatoes, Indian
corn and such staples as we must now
import at heavy expense from the
Pacific Coast, the depreciation in sugar
values would be far less severely felt,
because, though not getting rich so fast
as before, we would be taming our
own living at least to a far greater
extent than now.
We think that a system of small
holdings, held in fee simple, or on life
leases or long leases, subject to wise
conditions whereby improvement would
be necessary to continued, possession,
would develop the precise sort of pro
duction of staples which wc so much
need. Coffee, choice fruits, hay, oats
and other cereals, potatoes, and an
infinitude of staple and other mcrchan-
able products could be raised on small
farms and in small gardens, to supply
home markets and to supplement our
staple exports sugar and rice.
JAPAN AND ITS PEOPLE.
The following facts about Japan are
the result of several talks with Pro
fessor Scott, with Portuguese Com
missioner Canavarro and with Consul
General Van Iiurcn, each of whom has
spent several years in the Mikado's
Empire ; and of rapid and necessarily
superficial reading of one or two cyclo
pedia articles and of Prof. J, J. Rein's
"Japan" a work published last )ear
and now in the reference department
of the library. No merit beyond clear
ness is claimed for the following el la
fodrida of information which is com
piled sole.y in the interests of the
over-busy "general reader."
Marco Polo brought the first intelli
gence about Ja-an to Europe, some
time in the last quarter of the
Thirteenth Century It was Japan that
Columbus sought when he set sail for
Rein lomprchcnsivcly sa)s ""I he
Empire of Japan, the 'Ninon,' 'Nippon,1
or 'Dal Nip'ton ol its inhabitants is the
most easterly country of Asia. It
stretches from 1 latcrutna, most southerly
of the Kit-kin Group, 24" 4' N. lat. to
Shutmhu, most northerly of the Kuril
Islands, 51 N. lat. Its longitude
ranges over 33', the groups above
named being respectively farthest west
Geographically the empire has been
divided into four groups.
Japan proper consists of the four
principal islands, known in the Atncri
can geographies mentioning them
Iroin south to north as Kiiishiti Shi
kokti, Nippon or Niphon and Yezo ,
Rein calls the large island (Nippon)
Hondo (Hiinshiti or Jicata) meaning
"mainland." The numler of these is
lands bordering these four principal
ones arc considered part of "Japan
The Rittkin or Loochoo Islands arc
south-west, the Kurile Islands north
east and the Honin Islands south
east of Nippon ; and none of
them have much commercial or politi
cal importance Japan proper embrac
ing more than three fourths of the em
pire's area. The Japanese Empire con
tains over 3,000 islands, with an acre
age equal to the British Islands, Hoi
land and Helgiitm united; Nippon (a
word applied by the Japanese to the
whole group and not to the largest is
land, as by Europeans and other for
eigners) is as large as Hungary, Yezo a
trifle larger than Uavaria.
Nippon contains 86,394 square miles,
which is 8 910 per cent, more than half
the area of the empire.
In 1874 the population of Nippon
was 25,478,834 ; of the whole empire,
Its four principal islands give Japan
a long and numerously-indented coast
line. It has few good harbors Naga
saki, Yokohama and Hakodate being
the best but for the most part the
coast is cither low and sandy or high
and rocky ; although there arc said to
be 56 harbors and trading ports.
The tidal range is from 3 to 7 feet
difference between flood and neap.
The Japanese Current, or " Japan
ese Gulf-Stream," called in Japan Kuro.
Shiwo,' washes a portion of both east
and west coast of the main islands dur
ing part of its course, and does much
to modify and improve the Japanese
Although Japan has many rivers,
none arc of great length; the Tonegawa,
a river of Nippon, 170 miles long, being
the largest, widest and best navigable.
Many of the Japanese rivers arc very
swift and floods arc frequent.
Japan has many and remarkably
beautiful lakes, one of them being over
50 miles long and at one place 20 miles
Euji-san commonly known as Fusi-
yama is probably the most beautiful
mountain in the globe. It is 12,365
feet high, is apparently an extinct vol
cano, is shaped like a cone and is snow
capped. It is visible from 13 provinces
of Nippon and for a long distance at sea.
The mineral wealth of Japan is pro
digious. Its gold product was the won
der of the 1 6th and 17th centuries,
during which, it has been estimated,
over $500,000,000 worth of gold was
exported to Europe by the Dutch and
Portuguese. Gold, silver, iron, coper
and lead exist in numerous deposits
although gold mining is by no means
what it once was and there is an
abundance of coal with which to work
the various ores.
l'he Japanese have been called
"The French of the East." It would
be more just to call them " The Amer
icans of the East." The commonly
accepted idea of the .Japanese is that
of a race very like "the Chinese be
longing to the same civilization and
with the same characteristics. Al
though it is true that their letters and
much of their state jolity were bor
rowed from China, their social life and
method of thoughtare as different as
those of the American aborigines and
of the descendants of Europeans who
now occupy the United States.
The chief characteristic of the Jap
anese of high or low degree is his
loyalty and respect to his master or
employer. But this respect Is founded
on self respect, and demands in return
what it gives. The Japanese servant
is respectful not only because he is a
servant but because he receives just,
kind and respectful treatment from
those above him. This is undoubtedly
a result of former feudalism, but the
trait is a race inheritance.
The soil of Japan is generally deep
and rich, and yet, at the same time, it
is naturally cold and sour. There is
absolutely no "farming" in Japan as it is
understood in the United States, and
nothing answering to the plantations of
this country. The farming of Japan is in
reality " gardening," and the holdings,
generally, range from less than an acre
to four or five acres. The sourness of
the soil is overcome by continuous and
laborious fertilization. The land is for
the most part owned by the govern
mentindeed, previous to 1876, Japan
was an out and out Henry George
country, all the taxes being levied upon
nd collected from land. At present
rents arc id according to location
and quality of soil; 1st, 2nd and 3rd
class rice lands, wheat, barley and
millet lands, licing among the kinds
rated Taxation is now levied on
nearly every thing taxable elsewhere.
OENEKAL VAN BUREN'S LECTURE.
We might go on for another column
or two to write about Japan those
things which every one may find out
for himself by a little trouble and
which the bitter informed among our
readers do not need to be told. Hut
wc arc now assured that Consul
General Van lluicn has consented to
lecture on Japan next Monday night at
the hall of the V, M. C. A. The lec
ture will be for the benefit of the Hono
lulu Library Association. 'I hose who
attend wilt do a double good; to the
library, which deserves their support;
and to themselves, in listening to a
gentleman whose reputation for humor
and eloquence is equalled by his repu
tation for varied and valuable informa
tion about the country on whidi he
lectuics -as testified by some of the
ablest blue books ever sent from an
United States consulate to the State
Department at Washington.
.1 Meritf .SrfMr.
I.t Wolneutay afternoon Governor Domini
sent llie lam! to play nt the Immigration
ilepol. Tlie occasion wa one nf general fes
tivity. The king, his chiinbcibln the com
missioner nf Immigration, one of (lie supreme
court justices ami nivny cithens of Ixith sexes
were present. The Immigrants were dresseil
In their usual summer holiday costumes. They
presented a fine appearance. Of the men, It
was remarked liy a gentleman present, one
formerly for many years resident in Japan,
that he had never seen In Japin so fine looking
a tot of ngilculpiral laliorus in nny one lly.
They arc said to lie taller and more rotmst
than the class of rice planters seen near Yoko
The hand hcgm nt almul 3:30. After the
lurid had played one or two tunes, two
Japanese fencers came into the wpiare on the
Kwn side of the oflire. They wore helmets,
consisting of an iron head piece and frontlet (
and fenced with long two-handed kunlioo
swords. Considering they were not "Hamou.
ral," they fenced splendidly.
After the fencing, and a few acrobatic feats,
a series of bouts at wrestling was arranged.
The square space above mentioned was made
into an arena whose sanded earthen lloor,
of sonic wh.it clastic sod, was admirably adapted
to the purposes of the contest. A lion t 40 con
tcstants were chosen, 20 on a side. They
were stripped to their breech clouts anil dis
played some well muscled, some sinewy and
some adipose limbs) and all were evidently
accustomed lo athletic exercise.
An umpire was chosen, his mace nf office
being a fan. At his signal a man from each
side sprang forward and, after brief sparring,
locked arms (rough and tumble holts), swayed,
writhed, strained and fell. The wrestling was
kept up for a long time, Ihcrc being In all over
a hundred falls.
After the wrestling there was a dance of
triumph on part of the victorious side. After
that a Japanese song ami chorus concluded
TUK CIIA3I1IKIVH ni:su.VTiox.
Wc print below the preamble and
resolution unanimously adopted by
the Honolulu Chamber of Commerce
last Wednesday afternoon :
H'hcriai ; This chamber by resolution.
did agree on the 29th dayof N'ovcmlier, last, to
receive the lertihcatcs or Deposit ol tlie Ha
waiian Treasury above ten dollars in value ns
the equivalent of U. S. Gold coin after De
cember 1st, last, and
U'htrtas . This action of the chamber was
taken for the purpose of facilitating
the operation of the currency act passed
by the Legislature ol 1884, and was
based upon a statement of moneys in the Ha
waiian Treasury, known as "special deposits,"
and held for the redemption of ihc said cer
tificates of deposit, the statement being as fol
Ccrnfieitcs in circulation.. .., , ....$919,000
(SoU coin of the United StBtei..$6oo,ouo
Mixed xilvcr coins 349,000
Whtrtas : It now appears that the certifi
cates in circulation equal $584,000, and the
deposits consist of
United Stales fold coins. $ 90,000
Hawaiian silver coins..., 456,000
Uncancelled certificates 38,000
Certificates held as 14 per cent, of
SiSj.oooto nuke it the equiva
lent of (old 39,710
And Whtnas ; His Malcstv's Government
have not taken steps to convert any Hawaiian
silver coins in the treasury into United States
gold coin ; but have used a part of the appro
priation made by the Legislature ol 1SS4 for
I lie purpose of defray ing cost of such conversion,
In a manner not warranted by law, and have
so increased the proportion of silver to gold in
tne special ueiwsits as to make tne redemption
of the certificates in United States Gold coin,
as contemplated by the Currency Act of 1884,
Whtnas ; A committee of this chamber
has been authoritatively informed that certifi
cates of deposit redeemed with United States
coin, amounting to $75,000, have been re-Issued
for silver coins, contrary to the provisions
of the currency act of 1884, and
U'htrtas : The Hawaiian Treasury has
this day refused to redeem the certificates of
deposit with United States Gold coin.
Thtrtfort Be it Ktsttvul: That this chamber
rescind the Resolution of Nov ember 29, 1884.
The currency muddle muddleth some more.
The chamber of commerce has sensibly de
cided not to receive certificates of deposit as
gold any longer, having authoritatively found
out two things, 1st, that the government has
been re-Issuing the cettlficatss it has cashed
In violation of the law which demands that It
shall cancel them. The bank has Informed its
depositors that It wilt receive silver or treasury
certificates on deposit and pay depositors in
kind. Irwin & Co. are selling eichange to
their own clients at least as they did for the
last mall, It It rumored that the government
will no longer take silver at the custom house,
and darkly hinted that they are about to refuse
to take treasury certificates. 'hcn the last
point Is reached, the government will have
repudiated the currency it has already depre
ciated which, perhaps, may lie the last straw
on the tuck of that easy going camel, the pub
lic patience, fiat lux I God knows 'lis dark
We advise all our readers to carefully com
pare the assertions of the foregoing preamble
with the esplicil provisions of the Currency
Law of 1884. We think such cumiurison will
convince them that the government have vio
lated its faith ami broken the law j and are re
sponsible for all the confusion now existing In
Hawaiian currency. They are responsible and
would lie mule answerable if this community
had I he courage of its convictions.
lalkUclly, m Ike t4h., latka Bile of Jolm Jaluuo. a
VONSCHUIDT-I. Sw tiaJKuco. 4 ik. G.al
Howl, Jutliy uarf, ,Ml. Ujwwoauku, (ieorjUa
o kckaudi. s aativf at Hoala' H. I ,
WODUIOUSt-Al Wk Union, Sufbtt. tag.
Uad, Jaouanr luk, iHj, Ike lJ JtMkVtskiM.
DAUON-U Honolulu, Salwdav, rtSruur r. iMs,
R. Saawl C, Uuaoa, tft 6 fun, 11 motuit
Notk I hrrrl'Y tUtn thai t rttiiir tioM tt it.
t(brtif hitllnghftm A Co., Hnftorul.t, fm th fth ty
f Mniiry, iMj.ftftlit MtUttltri fold MmV otitic
A IM( AKlVAKl.UMUmlt1), It m nif.l
toactrpt the Lhttrr of lhtoit,on grunt.1 itttm
jn. 1 Mr itTMm, unlrr tli" totiMitat nm At,i
Mjlfof lit Mrlrte Un!rr to,' (Limit.) on th
IMtiUyof January, 18M. ml tht M cwjuwailcm
tlHrrr.lMI UfgAllWrd 1 1 If Irht tlctl ih Mowing
I'rrtM'ttt An. Managfr n
Irmnifrr ami fmrrtary
., II V TMtiniUm
ii. li iHinrr
IllMCTOM-la. I). Spncr( K I1 A-Um
NmIid ii fntiltfr fWfn that funtunl lo tlS Inminf
14 lit ttiatitr, "noMncVMilrr ftltalt I UM for in
iftuf lit rtqiroratkxi lvotwl ) amount wMh may
t.- .1... ........ !. .1.... ... .f..... l.M I.- lit... .. Ikim "
inj teisv Mll'ri W snair tnr wmi-v mtiii irr ' n 11 '
JAS. II. SI'I.NO.K, .NMirlary
II ll-P.il fi
U. ,). WALI7HR,
rM tlio lVont.
A (JURAT HOON 'tO HONOLULU PUULIC.
llrKf, VIML, MUTION,
I'OKK AND HSU,
Kftt fur four itat afttr Uimr kitlJ. Iv It'll Col.
nun Patent Dty Air HtftlKt-ralor OuaranuM to
lrp longer aftfr iMimy than frcth killed mmti tu
be imti at any u.mk WAM.r.K.f .iiakni i attu
On Kin; Street.
UT MEA1 rOK SALK ALL IAV M
WT 'Itianklfi tht utile for pail favuri, I wdtcil
continuance iff tli tame. 0. J. W'AI.M-.K.
WATER NOTICE I
OWING '10 lilt; SCARCITY OF WATI.K,
tlie Hours fur Irrigation will I limited to 4 hour. fr
Jay. from ( lo ( A, M , anj from 4 to ft r. m , until
further notice. CHAS. II. WlLSON,
Approved Supt Water Woik.
CIIAS.V, OUI.ICK, V
Mlmtterof r uunce. ;
Honolulu. Januaiy 30, 188 J. tji tf
SaM propouU will L leceUetl at the office of the
MtnUter of the luierlor until i o'clock noon on Satur
day, the 981I1 day of February, ifJBj, for the construct
Ion of the wuikt herein named.
Man And ipecinV-aJont may le examinej at the
office of the MtnUter on and afttr the 9O1 dayof ft
ruarj. 1 085.
The worki to La (.onttrucied are
Hrtt- The baiin of the Storage K trier 01 r. 1. r.. re
moving all tree and other vegetable grOAth, and
excatatlng and renuvlnj all earth and rock within the
Second buitdiiij; a dam of firttcla rubble inaionr)
lal I in full bed of hydraulic cement.
Third trying the line of fifteen' and twelve inch
pities and tetting Kate between the iterate reservoir
and that of distribution, and from the latter to the
point of connection with the pipe Mem of the city.
Note 1 hit work may he divided and let Into two or
Fourth Constructing the distributing reservoir con
tilting of an excavation lined with h)draulic cement 1
concrete or brick wvrk laid In full h)draubc cement
beds and joints, the croitwall and bays to be similar!)
constructed and the whole roofed over.
All proposal must be endorsed "Proposal fur
(doing the particular work for which the bid Is mad )
A Iwnd must be executed by the contractor with two
(a) approved sureties conditioned upon the faithful per
formance of the contract.
The minister reserve the rijt;ht to reject the lowest or
Dids may be made for all the above in one contract.
CI I AS. T. GUI.ICK.
Minister of Interior.
Intcrioi Office, Dec 29. 1 934. a7"5
LECTION OF OFFICERS.
At ilw annual meet inn of the HAWAIIAN AfiRI
CULTURAL CO , held January 15th Inst , the follow.
Ing tfentlemrn were elected a ollicers of the company
for the ensuing ear
Hon. Charles R. ltishop President
M r Samuel C Alten . Vice President
Mr. P. C Jones, jr.... f Treasurer
Mr. Jovrpl. O. Carter. Secretary
1111. inuiiiii may... .. .. tjiuunur
Directors Hon. Chas. R. Hihoi. Mr. Sam'l C
Allen, Mr. P. C Jones, jr.
JUStl'Jl U. UK 1 LK,
Honolulu, Jan. 15, 1885. becretar)
GAP ?o ajj
1SJ0T1CE OF ANNUAL MEETING.
An adjourned annual meeting of the Stockholders of
the EAST MAUI SIOCK. CO , will be htld it the
office of C. Brewer Co., on MONDAY. February 0.
IB35, at IO OCKM-K A. M. I'. t. JUi 1.3, JR ,
GskP Sec'y Kit Maul Stock Co.
At the annual mttiSnzorthe KAST MAUI MEN
TATION CO. helj this day, Ilia folloine oirittri r
elected for the ensuing year.
Col. W. F. Allen President and Auditor
J. K. Hoffmann Vice President
KrC. Jones Jr. Secretary and 1 rcasurer
Director Col. W. K. Allen, Hon. C. K. llihouand
I'. C Jones Jr. P. C JON Kb, Jr..
Jtonolulu, January it, less. aectetray.
Notice Is hereby given lhat at a meeting held in
Honolulu, on the and dav of February. lB3. of the
subscriUrfc to the stock ofthe UNION J-hKD COM
PA NY, It was voted to acctpt the Charter of Incorpor.
at ion trrantaJ tu them and their successors, under the
corporate name aud style of the Union Feed Com
pany, on me yn uay 01 January, 1035, ana inai saia
Corporation, under said Charter, thereupon organiied
Itself and elected the following officers ;
President. .11. R. Mactulane.
YH.ePreldent.. ...Itrace Cartnght.
Treasurer .....F. W, MacfarUne.
Auditor . . .Hruce Cartwrighl.
becretary ..Walter S. HanLs.
oi micro i ;
A. J. Cartvtighl, Johu II. Paty, G. W. Madarlaoe
Notice Is further given that pursuant lo the terms of
id Charter. "No stockholders shall be In
dividually liable for the debts of the Corporation be
yond the amount which may be due upon the altar or
skare-t held or owned by himself
ji-3 WAL'IF.RS. HANKS.
A. S. CLEGHORN & CQ.,
Importer, Coiuiululon M.rolutaU and Daaler la
AUKNIS rOK TIIK llhST KONA COUKK.
V ar lit receipt uf Krtth Kuu CuTe direct from rtantallom Ivy every arrival.
I'arilrmlMr Attention litem ! Itluixl Unlrr J
Of every JcKri)4iun and Goods no in maIc iurcha,4 or orjcrfj from aurtu4 lo knit Uivcri
FIKE-l'ROOF STORES, Quenn and Kuhumanu Street,, Honolulu, II. I.
1IUANCI1 STOKES ON HAWAII I
j&.. S- OJ-BO-IIOXBliT 5c CO.,
AuotlMro, IvporUra aad DwtUn la Oaaaral farckiutiUaa,
Al the Old t'urner, Kruul and Walanuenue Smelt, ), II, tlayby, klarur.tr.
IIookina, Hawaii William Mxwell, Mtnaitr
IIonoKaa, llawad,..., .,,,.,....., ,";,' -,"iV"".V".V- t ""'
I'AAUito, Hawaii , J K 'Ws ", Ibua. M. Ilut, Deputy
At all our llruxh Store, will U fjund full lie at l.roielie,, received freb by ev.ry U,wr Dry Rood,,
CUbln. rancy OooJi, NmIuii,, lloul, ad Slioe,, Hardware, troikery ad CUMwue. and all ttood, that ate
lt in well found country Hotel. ')"
The Cornor Harness Store Still to the Front !
Ur(e hvoUlclCod, (of all deKtlption.) naviruj
Un received by ox tney
WILL BB SOLD AT LOWBH PBICBS,
Than lb. unw Quality i Good, ran U ro'ikafJ el.
wbtrelu Honolulu and aatldacllon ,uatwad. ltr,
CunUw, of all lied, of American, tojUJ. and Sydney
SddlM, Belt,, Pouch., L,laf .,
S.ddW Clotlu, School Baft, Etc,
BUa. Sour, and Sib r up,, Ktc.,
la NUhel and Silver Malt,
Tlw RiptatiM if my HOME MOE HARNESS
Fur wpeiMtily of worksunOdp and eaateiial teeaalM uochalleoed durlua- my ala year. reAuSenc. here,
llianafal fo, tbe genareu, patrooag. U I be pau, U, (soiuuianc and IntienM in (be future UtevpfetluDy
tolicbed al lb. old aland.
l'- Qmmm,utrmt mat aUa Sto to, H data, U.M.
llyorJerof llr.NK II MArfArlUNt'., r.SQ , I
III i.(T.r at I'tiUlc Anolofl, tin
SATURDAY, MARCH aStli.
At te o'ebxk man, at my fttWovnie,
Utile jVrtirlotulf DUtoatHi of nt Pri
Tlios Splendid Lotion the Corner of Here tama
and I'iikof Streels.
SuUlitld'd as fallows Into Hnie Iu, and at the fob
lowing Uptl Pikes, fium whlth rie
can be r variation: -
Lot I too fee Vy tv. fol, Rffffiitfo ftret, Bpwt
price 1 1 m.
t.ot iou fret by iso feel, lleretanU Street , upset
in j in feel by tan feef, iMetafiU Street, upset
IrfH 4 twfeet try 15H fert, Klrratl Hi reef J lrp( I rke
l.ot J too feet by tea feet, Keretantt Street upset
I rke $14,
ot 6- tmtfetlby Itofeet, Ktlrttl Street f ut ptk
Ixt 7- 104 feet by yvt feet, with building thereon f
tiiset price $
l.rt lMi feet by I J ft'l, Iterrlanla Street upset
M u too feet by lri feet, Yilng Street ; Upset J the
lot 10 ioxfeel by 1 jw feel, llerrtaftla Siteet ; mimI
I At if lun feel by in feet, YtJiing Street; iietprke
'I healer lot were ,iirchaed by Mr, Mac fit lane
for a rtMneVe, and fur the purpose of hnprusemeril it
has had great care and lultivatiwn, so that at pit sent
it Is Well coseted by a large variety of trees, a wl as
achoUe collection of plants and Mowers all In bloom.
Ameng the fruit and shade trees will be fund the
travelers lief, the Royal Palm, the Wine Palm, ihe
lmon tree, I he tan Palm, ihe Cocoa nut, tht Japan
esr Orange, ihe Pour fan Hegla, the Mandarin (range,
the tig Free, ihe Atligfttor Pear, the Alrferuba and
others. In Hoses and Mower there are a great tail.
ety, which matt be seen to be a predated,
Water p(es are lat I on In earh of I,ots No, t to 7,
inclusive and jo feet of hote will reach any pait of
them I hese Ms are situated Just in the centre of the
Kulaokahua Plains, on Ihi principal street leading
from Honolulu, and are within twenty minntes' walk
front town, as well as being ujhjti the orumliut tmte lo
I shall offer I he in on tery f.wr&M terms fur pur
One-fourth Cash, and Dalance In equal Payments
oft, a, j and 4 year a, with Interest at Seven
Per Cent., secured by Mortgage.
This dMdon of pu)menta, and t w rates of Interest,
allow one fur a comparatively small sum annually paid
for four j ears, to become ihe owner of a twauliful
Parties desiring lots must make early application, as
we shall sell at private sale to those who first apply
Plans of Ihe property can be Ken at my office.
-iT Deeds at purchasers espenje.
.. t .IhJJtH, Aurttenrr,
LANDLORD'S NOTICR OP SALE OP
Goods taken upon a Distress Rent.
Ily direction of JAMFS CAjMPIU'.LL, I am directed
to sell at Public Auction ou
FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 20, 1885.
At 10 o'clock a, si.,
At A V RiciiAUDsoVa Stout,
All the following described Roods, wares and roer
55 bottles Assorted Perfumes,
9 do Cologne, s
Yy dof Smoking Caps,
63 Stlk Scarfs, aottd, $, M
X Silk Hand kerchiefs,
31 Silk Shirts,
33 5-r a do Handkerchief,
191 1 Kid Cloves,
47 llathing Suits, complete,
14 li-ll doi Undershirts,
10 do Indies Hose,
17 Woolen Shirts,
9 doi Shirts, assorted,
13 do Shirts, colored,
3Huk Wool Hals, "
Heiugtlie same divt rained from the premises of A.
W. RICHARDSON & CO, on Wednesday, January
14th, A. I), 1&85 for non pa)tnrnt of rent, by said
Dated Honolulu, Jan. jr, 1885.
A. J. A HAMS,
DENS AND PENCILS.
GILLOrrS AND EASTEKRKOOK PENS
in alt the desirable numbers.
Quill Pens, Spcnccrian, Commercial and Custom House
Pent. Mabte, '1 odd & Co.'
R E L I A H L n COLD PENS
Cross' a Si) loeraphic Pens pLIn and gold mounted.
Prince's Fountain Pens, Shading Pen o Hutu
hagle Co.'s Automatic Pencils am leads,
Red, I Hue and Green Pencils,
DIXON, FAUERand GROSSHEKGF.R it KURTZ
Pencils, No. 1 to 4. Artists Pencils, Drawing
Pencils in sets, Iocket Pencils, Slate
Pencils plain or in wood.
At TlfOS. J 111 HUM'S
MbkCHANF STHKKT AISO F0T SfKVKT S TO Kit.
Now n stock, with additional Eastern Invoice n
route. A fine vancty of the
CONNECTICUT VAbhEV MIL LS.
I- ira Quality
Cap, Legal, Letter, Note and BUI Paper,
Assorted weights, Also Marcus Ward's IilOt Line 11
V Ut toko and Note ppr, plain, or can be
ruled up to suil any older,
AT WEDDING NO(E AND hNYKLOPr.S.I
Mourning Paper, Windsor and iurkey Mills Linen
letter and Note, rrcncli Quadrille Letter and
Not paper. Copying paper,
MKKCilANr STKftKT ANU FCST SlkSKT SrUtft
Well doic at ihe Saturday Press Office.
.i.rtalirr-aa.r In , KW4ijutoAiuadifll
, -srxr n-"'w if 1 iiltfi."..iaAifayii-,fti-1i