Newspaper Page Text
- .v-is-asiw - - -1
mm sc9W!irr;o $5.00 . mi. h tonus.
$S J) lo I; s'. awoMin to tMi dwHBMkm.
Ina!d b; the PRESS PUBLISHING COM.
PANV, (Llmitsd )
TIIS.0 THRUM Prwfckfit arrt MarMftr
K. 8. SM II 11 Bemtarr rt 1 rrMurtr
...MARCH ;, S
fa Saturday rrtss and Mornirg
CuiJi, together with the news, look and
jeh pnntfg ofid from which they issue,
an now the properly of nit orgamteil com
pany. Mr. T. G. Thrum, who has so
lo-g etrried on the husiness, has accepted,
temporality, the position rf manager
The friends of reform and progress
throughout the islands are asked to do alt
(hey an Ij strengthen the influence end
extend the usefulness of the Sj tin day
orn 'Miitriimtv mmuci-.tx.
It is only 363 miles further from
Honolulu to I'ortl.mtl.Orcgon.thnn from
Honolulu to Sin Frnnrisco. Tlic dis
tance from It. re to Victoria, Hritish Co
hm.bto.or to Seattle or Tacoma on I'tigct
Sound, ij hut little greater than from
here to Portland. Yet Honolulu trade
with Victoria, Seattle, Tacomn, l'orl
Tonnscml and Portland is almost en
.tirclv one-sided. We purchase Pugcl
Sound lumber, and sell that region little
or nothing in return. For the j'cat
i88.( wc sent to Victoria. inolae.
valued at $672 j to Portland, $.i,ooc
woit'i of sugir and $91294 worth 01
molasses ; to Port Townsend, $6,095.29
worth of sugar, $283 80 worth ol
rnolassc, $53-75 worth of bananas and
$20 worth of rice a inngniliccntl).
insignificant total of $12,041.78.
There arc undoubtedly reasons uhj
thii sorry showing exists. It bclioom
the intelligence of the country to find
out what those reasons aic and to tr)
and change the conditions tljat product
the unsatisfactory result. The land
owners of the islands arc deeply inter
csted in the extension of our trade
Next to San Francisco our most avail
able market is llriti-.li Columbia and
the Piifct Sound region. It is inevit
able that those regions will shortly be
came heavy purchasers ol tropical and
semi-tropical products. Mexico will
be our chief competitor. If wc hac
direct steam communication with Vic
toria or the sound, as a port in the
track of a steamship line from Victoria
to Melbourne or Sydney, or in the it -direct
track of a line from Victoria or
Seattle to Hongkong, our advantage
over Mexico will be immense.
The islands arc the favored home of
many choice fruits. Many of them
"ship" well, llananas, pine apples,
oranges, linicf, mangoes could be car
ried by steamer to ' Victoria, Seattle,
Tacoma, Port Townscml or Portland
in ten days' easy steaming, arriving
there in prime condition provided
they were will prx'tcd. The prevailing
opinion is that the mango is not a Rood
That opinion is crron-lnow
cous. On his last trip to the coast Mr.
James Campbell carried a box of
mangoes. They were picked before being
quite ripe, were wrapped in paper and
packed canfully. They reached San
Francisco in good condition and some
of them were kept several days after
arrival, Pine apples, properly selected
and packed would keep well for ten
or even tweWJ days. The. other
fruits mentioned above will keep longer
It is true that in many districts trans
portaticn is bad. More and better
lotdf, more and better landings, are
'ncccssaty to the full development of
fruit culture in many of the valleys best
adapted to that great industry. But if
the light impetus is given to the indus
try in the start good roads, fcood land
ings, steam transportation and a fair
riturn for our outley is sure to follow.
And wc think thct the introduction of
our products into Northern markets
will afford just the impetus that is
HI ' Ills"" l "
The cabinet is in a state of do
nothingness in the cunency complica
tions that gives credence to the asser
lion that its members arc at their wits
ends, and now hit, Mieavvbcr-like, wait
ing for something to turn up. The-I
recent "by authority" Aliiolani Hale
"pronunciamciito" has as )ct no signa
ture indicating its authority, nor any
explanation as to why the omission.
At last, however, the chamber of com
merce committee has received an
answer to its recent letter.
W - . . - ,
Much has been said and written
about the causes of our present hard
times. Yet after we have blamed, with
the usual inconsistency of human
nature, the pi ices cf s-Jg-ir, the losses
wc have stutained in its production, and
the complications arising out cf our
currency muddle the true cause of
the scarcity of money, and the de
pression of trade is our lack of govern
mental, corporate, and private economy.
Ralph S. Smith, editor of the Satur
day Pi ess during (he past two ji-ars,
will leave for Hawaii next Tuesday.
He will visit the plantations and ranches
ol that island and gather datarfor several
articles. The management of the Press
Publishing Company vvl.l be grateful
for any and all couttesios extended to
Its editor, who will snare neither time
nor ii to make liis'va'eat'toA jirofit-
We to all concerned. " -
i.M"ti: i. 111 s riti ...
In la4 weeks issue was given our
usual annual trade review for the past
year in which were some scry interest
ing points that will prove profitable su
jeets for consideration, as bearing upon
the possibilities of increased industries
at thew islands. There w;s a strorg
incentive in favor of concentrating ener
gies upon our principal products when
the prices realized rendered them more
prof.table than any other products. Hut
times arc changed and it is not amiss
to consider ana in the capabilities of our
soil and climate, even though it maybe
only fo' a limited list of products to be
raised at a profit for home consumption
only. Many here remember when the
Irish potatoes of Maui supplied the
California market, and the Kawaih.u
potatoes the whaling fleet that used lo
rendezvous twice a year at these is
lands, and their keeping quality wa n
famed as was the excellence ol our
Kona coffee. And while it is true
that California is no longer n markci
fur potatoes if wc had them it is noj
credit to these islands that wc fold our
hands and expect to be fed from
abroad, All that we can grow fur our ow 11
needs is so much (and more) toward
the enrichment of the country, for "a
penny saved is two pence earned."
The value of grain and feed imported
last car was $181,598.53 and of (lour,
$170,280.91. Now because it was
thought unprofitable to grow wheat in
1856-62 fr making into flour for ex
port, 'is that a reason why something
could not be done for a larger local
consumption now ? It is to be hoped
that some light from experienced minds
will be thrown on this subject by public
discussions, or otherwise, that will prove
profitable unto us.
In common with several contempor
izes the Press it indebted to Miss
N'ellie Lincoln Rossitcr for pamphlet!,
md a plea in behalf of silk culture.
This subject has had llu attention of
the press and people of these islands
it intervals, fur years past, but wc know
il no actual effurt in this line, as a busi
ness, excepting that of the late Mr.
I'itcouib on Kauai, early in the fifties
On more than one occasion "the organ'
has assigned the failure to the riid
iund.iy-l.ivv ebservance that forbids the
necessary leaves being gathered on the
Sabbath with whiih to feed the worms.
The writer recal's a conversation on
this very subject with the pioneer him
self, in 1S75, in which he attributed the
failure principally to the difficulty of
habits of the women and children
necessary for its profitable undertaking.
nd any one knowing the improvident
character of the Hawaiians knows what
this means to such an industry. There
is however a new class of women and
children among us, the Portuguese, that
mi,ht be available in certain locations
for a new effort in this direction, as the
mulberry tree grows well in all sheltered
locations throughout the islands, and
wc would be pleased to sec a new trial
During the water famine Honolulu is
threatened with, would it not be a
provident move on the part of the
superintendent of the water works to
restrict the prevailing lavish use
of fresh water by the various vessels
at ourwharcs, as well as the irrigation
of lawn'? It is too bad to begrudge
our "iirc laddies the amount requireo
for their regular monthly drill. Yet an
occasional trial with sea-water from the
harbor would give t'iciii good "suction'
practice while husbanding our limited
fresh water supply. It is harrowing to
the feelings of any well disposed citi
zen to see wlio'csile waste of water
whin "JJy Authority", restriction notices
stare them ih the face.
A former sucstion of ours that
"limit" might bo utilized for paper
stock has recently-been taken up by a
contemporary. Limu is one of a score
of products that ought to be investi
gated. What wc need at once i: the
organization of a compiny vvithcapible
and reputable men at iti head for llie
collection of information, through ob
servation, readin,; and cxp:rim:nt, re
garding "lapcJ ind istriii," "existing
industries," "untried industries," and
"undeveloped products." Such a com
pany, wUcly managed and generously
supported, would be a national boor.
Foolishly managed, 'twould be worse
That worthy mart)r of press com
ment whose wisdom is hid under the
arduous duties of rud supeniso'r of
this city and district says: '-If the
members of the chamber of commerce
were all taken outside the reef ar.d
drowned, and after the newspapers had
announced the fact the editors were all
shot, the country would be tid of iis
troubles and get along all tight." Doubt
less true in the sense that it would be
in a fair way to rush headlong to its
Hon. II. M, Whitney in the Plant
ers' Monthly and Mr. A. Marques in
the l'rcss discuss the new census, ar
livint; at different conclusions. Mr.
Marques has stated clearly, and wc
think logically, some discoutaging facts
about the decadence of the native race.
Wc have written hopufully on that
topic during the past year, and would
be glad to see a more hocfu! show inn
made in these columns by anyone hav
ing facts not yet presented.
Some good reading will be found on
our first and fourth pajjs and in the
mi. ,;n c.sifi
,lMf f'ie Vrotptrl tfiUt l'ojuttillon
Editor Saturday Press Sir: I hire
altt-avs been very foml of studies conncttdl
ulih statistics and I am Mill a cftrrcsponitlng
member of ueul stallttlcal societies in En
ropr ; md lhl much 1 My as an Intrexlncion
lo the present communication, not ihrouc.li any
feeling of self complacency, liut became this Is
my only title or excuse for Imaylng in) self with
the figures of the recent llauaiian Census and
for examining with a crit'eal tic what little
has vet been publMu-d of them. Iiut if the
observations I iti.l prtscnt can lead lo any
"cful discussion, lo any good sucewtions (or
the fu'ute welfare and development of this, my
adopted country. I shall feel justified and will
deem that my hmdling of statistic is no Idle
trd useless pistimc.
A -DISCUSSION" OF CEVsUS.
The firsl question that 'present its:lf on tin
dcitakine the study of the census,! the correct
ness or otherwise of the figures from whieh all
deductions are to bedraun, in other words,
almut the reliability of the official document,
spcciatl) as much lias been said and, I think
often through mere pirtUanship, almut the
census operations having been badly conducted,
md as to Its results bclnu utterly unreliable.
My first care was consequent')1 to nnal)e, or
as is technically Termed to "discuss" its figures,
the more so because t nirst confess lhat the
general outline of the official document rather
disappointed my expectations, my own pri
vate estimates bcirg, in round numbers s
Whul population, nearly 2 o to
Agal.i.1 officially 80,37'
Natives, a lull ever 39,000
Chinamen about iockm
Hut, as I fell confident that the pilnstaking
superintendent of the census had made it a
" point of honor" to get the best possible vsorU
out of the elements which bad b:cn gathirjd
for him, I determined to Ignore my own esti
mates ; moreover I considered lhat, in a countr)
like this, where statistical methods, up to re
cent times, wee still in their infancy, .vhcre
statistical data have been collected so loosely,
and where In spite of the customary courtesy
and kindness of lhcoffici.ils.it is far from easy fur
the public (and perhaps l.,r the government
themselves) to get at what documents are col
lided, in this country, I say, private esti
iintes cannot have the samcdcgrcc of accuracy
as they may obtain in countries where every
branch of statistics has been for )cars con
ducted with scientific precision, according to
the most modem anil exhaustive system, and
where every item is at all times r.-adily accv.
s'lilc to public inspection.
The only fffidal documents by the mens
of which the census operations can be discussed
and subniitlcd to some comparative lest, with
any hopes of Usefulness, in this kingdom, arc
thc"Kcpirls"of the custom house, f, r arrivals
and departures, and of the board of education
fjr the births and deaths. Unfortunately these
last which, by the by, ought to be in the
hands of the board ol health arc not jet full
and complete, owing to ihc defective sjstcm
used for their collection, and further it is only
since the last four years that an attempt Ins
been begun to maku Ihc tables present some
very necessary items of information, which
before 1SS0 wire absolutely missing ; such as
the real numbers, in separate figures, of
Hawaiian and Chinese deaths and births. It
is therefore impossible to get here, as is readily
done in all other civilized countries, ihc exact
amount of native deaths which have occurred
since the last census (1S7S) and this conse
qucntly leaves the door open to much uncer
tainty. However, by workiig what figures
can hi pro:urcd from these twj source with
those of th: last census (these being supposed
to be approximately exact), following are the
At the eni of l3;B the total papulation uas
eive 1 at
alj n tn execs of arrival over drpir,
turts, lUttom h.ue figures f.4-18,-9....
fjr 188 .. .
for 1 33 1 ,.
fr iBSa . .
lor 183 .
for 1 S3..
Celuc hsfr?m thliranl total of. ,. . .
lis 115UICS ui in? ujar 1 ot cuucauon,
giving the amounts of biiths and deaths,
. trotnJanuaryi,i8;9 uptoDece nber3l,
1884. rcspct vely 11,791 anJ 13.94.
(the last quarter of 83 lor M.ljl atuvc
Included) the diirereuca of whic 1 ii. . . 3,151
We havi net 83.17s
'lids represents wnat the utal of llie
population, on the day of the census,
bUM to have been found.ai d comparing
tin with the official Krand total ol re
cent publication &o,373
the difference results In. 2,537
lly, 1 1 l,pe, u tun I r pra:et. tie 1 ont.ien-
tiojiiul-l iru wormy ea ta-o tne lla
uatian Almanac and Annual, ha I esti
tnued the t tat popula ijn 0-1 th lit of
January, 83 to be 30,54, wheh aug
mented by a 807 excoH. ul arrival on ue
pirtute ai.ddminivhcd by 771 txcess
of death on t irths would bring hit e.
t mate vip to December 31, 18840... 33,08s
a-ti hi disuepan.y with the ccns.it to. 2,504
This discovery faitly startled nil, a I Was
prepircd for a diicreptncy of a cjupla of hun
dred, oi'y non-counting of stow-a vays. error
in the record of deaths, blrthi, and unavoid
able omissions in the census operations them
s:lves. liut such an enormous dilT.-rcncc led
in: lo the following dilemma: a either the
former census was greatly ovctestinulcd : i
or the government ubtalns v ery ncorrect records
of births ami deaths and specially of the latter,
in which case It is the tluty of the president of
the board of education to look out ; c or an
immsns: number of p:nplc are quietly depart
ing our shores without ptssportsor knowledge
of the custom officers, fact to b J enquired into
by our gillant collector general s J or the
census of 18S is really very deficient.
This brought me In hold my oh n estimates 1 1
b:lterodor, specially as they pointed out the
emus lo b: Incomplete for Chinese, !' rtu
guese and half-castes anil overestimated for
natives a,ml I went lo work to see rough')- how
and where the dNcrcanc!c could lu traced
luck. Ii.it as my only ejfuhl authority was of
coarse lo refer to the custom house documents.
In their separate Items, these have led me to
llv: fo lowing very unsatisfactory result which
arc, ha:ver, tuSTwienl to show th: Uefi.Icncy
of the census t
The number of Chine accord 'n; to the ccnus of
Ctlisrecoidediaeenut 1878 5,016
t'icsorarrlealfW i8;g 3.471
" 1880 1,111
' U j.,
" " " " lili 6
883 . 3,l7
' " S4 ,
Of course this total ought tuba collected by
llie deaths being deducted arU Ihe births Ivelng
added, for these last must be quite an item, as
so many Chinaintn ore now married, and it Is
to lie regretted that this information cannot tie
obtained fio.n the documents Collected since
1S7S by he board of education ( but from pri
vate Information I have reason to believe thai
the Chinese births have very nearly compen
sated the deaths, so that really alwut 1,030.
Chinese seem 10 hive been tnUscil In the cen
sus, and what Is worse, tt it probable that if
Ihey have managed la escape the census mar
s'ul they limitaily escape th: tls-aivcsvir.con-slituling
consequently a lens of about $5,C03 a
y.-ar to the ircasuiy.
Operating hi a like manner on the Portu
guese I find lhat aralnst 9,377 In the cenvm, a
total of 9,906 I accounted for In the anitals
b) the custom bouse ; but again here, an un
f miunate omission shows how Incomplete Hill
are ihe statistics of cscn this, the best con
cluded department of the state, fur there li
f9 itcwJ kept of tb cioxlkU f rettoguew,
they li-ing then nuntcd amongst "other fir
eigners" thus improperly swelling the apparent
departures of these last. Neither can one pro
cure the separate figures of I'ortuguesj deaths
and births, and ihec Isst. with so many mar
tied couple, and with that race being sttch a
prolific one, must Ik considerable! so that at any
tale there is every reason to suppose, until
proof of llie contrary, that the census has not
reached all the members of this nallonaliiy,and
there is little to be surprised at this, as the
Portuguese nr.- often very Ignorant and the
operation of a census, which Ihey ore unable
10 understand, must carry with itself an im
pression of awe and suspicion, under which so
msny as could, must have shirked from ihe
responsibility of answering the official forms, or
of giving fu.l and accurate reports.
As regards other for.'igntrs, very little light
can lie gnhctcd from Ihe nvailab'c official
document. The custom house reckons since
1878, 3,585 furrigne rs arriietl in excess 1 f the
departures which, as already seen, Include
also the Portuguese t this figure added to the
1,125 counted in l7'1 'ensus, svould give at
least 7.410, whilst Superintendent Clarke on')
finds 6,900. Due credit must, however, he-
given fo him f.,r ihe unknownb'c factors of
deaths anil births, ihoi-gh t personal')- I now,
or have heard of so many " white people" who
have not been returned In the census forms,
lhat wc cannot blame those? critics who
siy that at least 7C0 foreigners have bi-t-n
om!ltitl,nor those who viry plausibly con
sider that since 1S7S, the percentage of married
foreigners having considerably tncrt.asi.tl, it
can be supposed that amongst them births
more than Compensate the deaths.
Half-castes seem also underestimated.
They were the rap.tlly growing and promising
element of the former censuses. Their Increase
from the census of lS66to that t,f 1S72 was
S47, and that from 1872 to 1S7S was 933. A
proportional increase (and there Is no reason
why it slvm'd not have continued, antl even
have been considtrabl) augmented) ought to
have carried the presen' excess to almut 1,100.
while the increase proclaimed ly ihc last
census is only 79S. This shows that prubabt)
many ha f-castc have this time been covin led
as full-natives, thus incorrectly augmenting the
number of thesi- by lull)- three hundred.
This brings me to the last element of thi
review-, the pure Hawaiian, t,r those who
must betounted as such 1 have just stated
how their number lias certainly be.'n overcs'I
maud by mixing half-castes, but this did not
fully explain the difference existing with rn)
own estimate. I was inclined to suppose that
in their lag-rness to procure a good showing to
the native race, the agents of the census had
duplicated many names ; in inttauecsof p.rsons
li ing away from llirir hoases on lli: night ol
the operations, thiy m'ght easily : counted
both at their own residence and in the house
where tin y s'ept. l'.ut if a rumor current in
town is true, it must only be a wonder that the
total is not larger still, a it has been said thai
in certain d.stncts 2 cents had been promi-cd
lo th: sul-ag.-nts for every mine (( was going
lo say for every head) of Kanaka lhat they cou tl
procure and m:y not Ibis "two-centid"
temptation have prosed irrcs'stible lor rum at
least of the sub-agents? I)jt whether this rumer
is correct, I suppose no one will ever know
belter than Ihe egents themselves.
At any rate, and in spite of th; counter
authorities bcirg so rrcrgrc crd inccirp'eli-,
one thing, l suppose can be taken as irrefuta
ble, and that is lhat the last census I a failure
and that its undeniable incorrectness make"
its operations only a basis for ofpioximale
valualio is. My furlh.-r de litclinn will conse
quently have somewhat less weight than mirjhl
have been possible otherwise ; but what cou'd
be expected bitter from the presumption of giv
ing the whole woiUng of sucathfficu'l, minute-
ou". and precise operations (which on fornuroc-
cas'ons were given only to the most reliab'e
fore'gn rcsidtnls) to natives on')-, some ol
whom, even among the agents and certainlj
a good many of the sub-agcnls are known lo
have been absolutely irresponsible, illiterate,
unreliable mm ?
As it it, I consequently put more reliance
on Ihe figures, procured as above from the
custom house antl board of education com
bined and I think that something approaching
to the following corrections must be made to
Ihc official figures lately pub ished, neglecting
11 whote population to be put at
or now licluilnic therortuguajeand Japan
eie lately arrived, ah,,ut64,ooi.
The Lhine-.elnaeascd b).... ,l,coo rg.cor
fhl 1'ortujucte incr asej co. ..900 to,sou
T.is hi f.waaes increased by..... x 4,500
ine oncrioreine incrra:u uy .,oo 7,0m
Leaving the Hawaiian born tore-finer what
thev are. 2,000
Inc Hawaiian uun lilned by SOX. 3?,.ct
I'cihaps Mr. Clarke, with the help of whai
official documents 1 e may procure, will bcab'e
to make those corrcct'ons with moic precision,
a id I sln;:ri'y icgrU t'te arJu at, fdlhful and
valuable work he has thus sp.-nt o.i his
t. ncifiTS cf hie crtftrr.
Taking, however, Ihc official figuns of tin
census for cot reel (with the mental icstriclion
I have just made), I shall now romp-ire the
actual slate of the u'atinn, with that shown
by the precceding censuses, and a table will at
once facilitate my work, after first recalling
that Ihe population estimated ty Gx.W in 177c,
at 403,033, vvai better estimated In 1S23 at
9 r ? ? a: vt 3
Is ojo c s5 , n
' I p Ji i s
? iJ ?
1S31 130,313 I IJMU il.CS
8J'- U'',S7? I I08.SM 7.tl
lSl 73,li ,tlo 9J0 ji,-ia 37,500
1S00 6g,;c 71C1I I 66 )S 4,031
1SC6 tl,0S7 4.IJ4 . t.4 5ilj; 9M
37ll 58.S.7 5.334 84 2487! 41C44J li
l8, SJ.flSj lu J3 J J47 3,40 440IJJ 4,j
ill &oiid4J r-.m 4.1 '8 av.s 1174
From this table we qeoU Out, thanks lu an
tnini'gratlnn of 23,773 forcigneis, and to an In
c ease of 1,093111 the number of foreigners Ha
waiian bitn, an I of 7)3 In t'te half-ci.'.ei, the
total imputation, dopite llie lot in pure na
tives, ha Increased by 22,553 soul.
In respect to the lost in pure natives, tome
cffoils have rt'rcatly been made to olablish a
percentage In the rate of dccreate,but wasavery
harardous attempt, as ria' y by analysing the
apparent de;reas: or I is uf native as il re
sults from the m .'re oJipirisin of the figure
oflS73and the present ont, lli it that a
good deal must be r 1 " between lines," and
llie loss mult be mire thai It ap;.-ar, for this
reason, among others, that former 'y whaling
ships utrd to employ several thousand native
sailors, many of whom 'were still abroad when
the census wa taken in 1S78, aid consequently
tut tount.J In It. Hut sincilh'n, with ll.e
dccrcasn of ihc wlialing business, I am lotd
that these absent tailor are mostly r turned
ami ought 10 be added to the tola! tsf natives.
4 l.oSS found in 187S, and deducted Iroat the
new figure, making the death rates to nioch
more during the last l years. Tigurri on
thi point could, I think, be procured if ntc.
cssai). Furthermore, by adding In ibis cause
uf decrease the cnriections of duplicate names
and of names to becauied ov er lo the number of
ha'fcaslrs, as stated ab3ve.Il will be seen lhat ihe
number of rut ves who have become cttinci
since 1S7S mutt be much nearer 5,oco than
3 376, And 11 faiile attempt liat bttn made to
show lhat things ue hoptla), by Including the
bau-cattci, wbubars- alwaytbtco Increasing,
with Ihc putc natives, who are thus fearfully
decreasing In a much mote rapid ratio than
they did during Ihe two last periods.
This will lie a dreadful blow on those
who were hoping for, rxp cting a turning peint
In the decrease, and il orght to lie an awful
warning 10 Ihe government generallj. It
wi uM lie very Intc restit g lo km w, from
what can be procured thuug'i the luar.l of
education, what have been Ihe rjal amounts of
nsiive dath recorded since iSSo, and whether
b) thi death rate having suddenly Increased
during Ihcsc'last two yjars, any baneful effect
can lie traced back lo llie late liquor legislation.
As II I, the Hawaiian race seims to lie
doomed, and dtomed in an npxilingty short
future, and one cm but feel d smiyed and
overpowered with grief at this unfa'h mabtc
decision of Ihc Almighty Wisdom, lor a better,
kinder, more naturally honest, giod natured
and ctiecrlul population is certain!) not to Ire
fojnd an) where, and Ihc y were worthy, In spite
of all liar sin, (.f n better tlrstii,).
This awful fact, thus suddenly made so
glaring by statistical study, is nut on!)
ad in itself, but it tt'so dcstrn)s all the
pleasure that patriotic; minds might have fell
at llie sight of our otherwise increasing imputa
tion. Ami, moreover, it forces uur attention
lo this facti lhat this Incrcsse is only fitlitioti,
not solid, durable, slabt.', and, consequent!)',
not lo lie tlccnilcit upon a assuring the future
of Ihe country. This is clear. Most 1 f llie
elements constituting the increase aic laborers
Imported on contract for a limited time, and
In Ihc same wav il ma) tic depended lhat
many will gi 1 fT at the end of their cngsgi
mtut, llie more so it might be expected that if
my critical period was lo fall on these Islands,
if wages only had to lis reduced and at the
present rgc of crisis nntl hard limes, the world
all over, there Is no knowing what will happen
there vvojl.l be a gen:ral tx kIus of all these
aborers, so lhat in a few months the lota!
popu'ntion m'ght fall much bc'ow whit It was
at the last census. Alr.-adya good iinny I'ortu.
gucse, Norwegians and others, with fainil.es,
nave gone away because not helped or induced
in s.'ttlu here o 1 their own account ; and now-,
through ihc on')- incipient elT.-cts of ihc pr..
s:nt hard times, quite a departure of China
m:n is announced for ttij next months. And
rtitli a suild-n'y diminished population, how
wou'd the government manage to face the
deficit and the consequences of their love for
Let It thc.i b: well remembered, th- only
.tablc elements in th; population of a kingdom
like. this can ha f.nintl al nc in married nrn,
settled with their families on Ian Is b. longing to
them, ami wiieh they cultivate thenisclvc.
Mir is the class sshose immigration o ight to
lav cbctti and ought to be now promoted above
til nthers.if the government issircirc'ystriviig
it a rcpopulation of the country. I sha'l,
therefore, try hcrctficr to sec what can lie
suggested to stop ihe decrease of the na'ive
race as well a to insare the lability of the
foreign populatia 1.
The only consoling feature ol the census is
the steady and rapid incre-ss of both half-castes
ind foreigners, Hawaiian born. There is a
healthy look about both, and hopes fur the
kingdom if the hctlth of the population is
properly attended lo. On the other hand, il
is to be regretted that the census has not been
made more exhaustive. Census taking in
other countries are made to be much more com.
prehrnsive and to inclu le ihe stati:l.-s of the
ownership of land and other properties, nnd
the enumeration of cattle, cows, horses, mu'es,
dogs, s'le'p, etc. From such details, have
been found the best means of arriving at a
useful, accurate knowledge about ihe division
uf land or the disliibution of property, and at
v true estimate of the real utalth of ihc coun
try; thCKC are, lurlher, the only things witch
can s-rvc as a good basis to a sound antl just
tssessmt-nl of taxation, and to an ab-o'utc
knowledge of what classes of society the
government had better seek Ihc sjpport of, bj
attending to the proper satisfaction of their
wants and vvUhes.
It remains now for me to examine what can
he the future pro-pects of the population, from
which is to be decided whether these islands
arc to constitute a flourishing and well
populated kingdom or repub ic, or whether
they arc to fallow the destinies of a similarly
-ilualed archinclago, that of the ltdrnnes or
Mariannes, whose islands arc nowadays mostly
deserted. A. M.VRQUES,
Honolulu, rcbruary 22, 1SS5.
Dr. J. Mott Smith Writes to the
Planters' Monthly about a new car.c
shredder, the principle of which is ,-to
break up and shred the cane, so as to
give to the mills a pulpy mass in the
most favorable condition for c. ress
ing the juice." Dr. Smith has sent the
llanter' Libor and Supply Co. some
irculars of the new m.-.ehinc, from
vhich sums go J rei ilt; are promised.
The Planter' Month'y has a good
word for the ramie industry, about
which much has been written in these
columns from time to time. Agricul
turists all over the island have- now an
opportunity to do something towards
making a thorough cxpeti ucnt of the
new industry, by cooperating to put
the Ramie Co., on a financial footing
idequatc to the importance of its aimr.
The new slutde t f the Hawaiian ten
cent.'stamp is a pale chorobtf.lhc black
and red colors not givii r perfect satis
faction to all fartics concerned. This
frequency of change and t Mcnsion of
variety of Hawaiian stamps has cillcd
furtli thesrgjestion in an eastern stamp
journal that the next change or innoviv
tibn will be to scent them with differ
Mr. L. S. Thompson of Kohala, has
written to the Planters' Monthly in
answer to Secretary Smith's circular
Ictt'T asking the opinions of planters as
to the practicability of letting Portu
guese have land to cultivate on shares.
Mr. Thompson is in fawr of the phii,
and gives some clear and sensible sug
gestions for making it work smoothly.
If the government has no immedi
ate prospect fur furtlr.-r use of the
narrow-guagc railroad track on Here
tania street, we beg to suggest that it be
removed and stored away till times ini
prove. The wear and tear of exposed
parts and gathering rust on buried por
tions are not calculated to insure its
The maceration process at the Wa.
kca Mill is so far most encouraging.
The manager rcjwrts 18 per cent of
saving from the second mill, 'aIucIi
works cane that has passed through a
powerful three-roller nilL
Ilnr r.f iio,ir f fimrrtt(r. i
tl is said on good atlthoril) that Honolulu
has a greater number of telephones In operation,
per Ihousand inhabitants, than any other city
In ihc wor'dt and while our )stcm may not be
as nearly perfected as ihc s) stems of other cities,
jet il I but truth to say that its practical work
ing will compare favorably with lhat of any
othcr place in H iropc or America. 1 he tele
phone has been judged by mos: psTplt M be a
luxury, outside of the Immediate needs of busi
ness, but in tlonolu'u our topographic situa
tion, our climate, our lack of other facilities
for the speedy transmission 1 f Information, ond
our general social conditions ha -c made tele
phonic communication an absolute necessity.
The telephone Is one t f the recent great Liven
lions which began coming in use In llie ) ear
1S77. Its use has now so Increased lhat In the
United Klalcs alone there arc at re-sent over
300,oco instruments in operation, controlling
over ico.ooo miles f witc. Constant Im
provements In instrument continues to extend
ihc usefulness ol the science of telephony, A
new s)lcni has latel) li en Invented by I'n -
fewor Do'bear, which, liesie'cs luing capable
of Irahsmltllrg ipeech over long line, Is also
free from llie iiiteiferencc of those extraneous
sounds which have so oficn caused laughter or
annirjancc to Ihe gooil people of Honolulu.
Thlt Instrument lias not ns jet come Into
general US', nnd the He 1 telephone, notwith
standing this fault antl oilier evils arising from
Induction, still continues the best Instrument
In general use. It will not be out of placn M
this time, when llie Mutual company Is almut to
open Its lines, to give n short history of the rife
ami progress of our two companies. The Ha
waiian Hell Tc!c hone Ct.mjiauywas Incorpora
ted December 30. l8So.Thccunipan)Coinmci c-d
putting up m'e and running their wire, In the
month of Octobet precceding, und opened llielr
office fur business during llie following month,
November, w ih on'y 13 subscribers, Al lhat
time telephony was somewhat of an experrment
in Honolulu, liut the enterprise of ihc Com
pti.y and the hearty suport of the people made
such a success of it thai the company now ha,
up lo the first day of March, IS85. at leasl 425
iiibsciibcrs on its liooks. Mr. John Cassidy,
the compan)' superintendent, dec'arcs the)
have never m'icited a subscriber of ibis nun
her. The company has at Ihc present lime
alHiul Sae, miles of wire in use. Of this amount
about 700 miles is in uc in llondlu'u. The
remainder is distr Suited in single lines as fol
lows t To Waiiiiana'o, 12 miles j to I'unah u,
26 miles j to IVuloa, 20 miles j loWaiamc
35 ml cs i and to Wila'ui, 2S miles. The gal
t Julie! iron wire wh'ch is now in use wi.l on y
list in this climate about six) cars ; the com
pin) has, therefore, determined to put up in
future an Improved, hard-drawn, copper win.
and has a'ready done so in the new line
lately run lo D'ainond lltad. The telephone
in use is the one known ns ihc American Hell
Telephone Ctmpany's Instrument. Connec
tion between instruments ore made upon the
Law switch lan'c, which is a marvel ol dis
patch and accuracy. The company is at pres
ent engaged in making cxlemive improvements
In the central office. Ammig other things on
Improved Law sjstcm switch table is being put
up and will oc so arrangeu mat 11 cjn uc
operated by one person, or if business demand.
by four persons, each working inelcpenJent cl
the others. This will greatly facilitate millers in
cases of fire or inolhcrimergencicswhcrca "rush
I questions" conies into the office. Superin
tendent Cassidy states thai as soon as ihe new
switch is in place and ihc other improvements
finished, lie will transfer the wires, by means
of some mechanical magic known lo himself,
from the old tables without a stoppage of busi
ness. The average expense per month for
running and keeping up lincs.exclujivcof rents,
silaries, etc., it about $650 ; while the hsttcric
cost $3 per yea', each, having to be renewed
eveiy three nio.iths anil having the principal parts
minted once a year. Taking into c modera
tion thcexpenseattachingto telephone hues our
rJteKnrcmuchlowcrlhanincasicrncilics. In. San
Francisco, for instance, ihea charge you $5 per
month for the use of the instrument antl add a
royalty of live cans p:r m jtsig :.
Among other Improvements the compiny has
has completed a new line to a point known as
Diamond Head Station, which wiltgivethemat
ine rap irter an unab.tr uctcd v iew of the ocean
to II liber's p int nnd up the channel. The
new quitters wcVe occupicJ for the first time
last Wednesday. ,
The superintendent saj-s that some trouble
exists al present in the working of the lines
o.ving loth: fact t'lit the Matual company in
patting up their wires sometimes mikes ground
connections nccidcntly, or causes intcifercnce
by allowing their wires to louch, in crossing,
the present contptny's lines. Thi ainoyance
will cease, hooevar, as soon as the new com
piny gels to work.
The Mutual Hell T.l -phone Company re
ceived its thaitcr Aigust 16, 1E83, anil fur-
ma ly organized un ihc 23rd of the same month.
The directors of the company are, II. A.
Widcmann, II. Watcihousc, A.J. Carlvvright,
V G. Irwin, J. II. l'aty, A. J eger and . A
Hopper. The or'g'nal capital stock of the
company was ptacetl at $30,030, divided into
3,033 shares. For the purposes of buying
I ind, building offices, etc., the capital stock
was increase 1 on April 11, S3, to $53,003
divided into 5,030 shares. Oflh snumber 3,178
have been sol I, leaving 1,822 lo be disposed ol
Jt $10 per share. The c mptny paid $5,000
fir a lot on the oiner of Merchant and A'akea
-trecls upon which it lias erected a line, com
mod ous brick building fur offices, at n cost of
$11,000. The Mutual company commenced
creeling oils and running wins In the month
of Ju'y, 1SS4 and have, up toilw present line,
over 300 miles ol wire on the iolls. When
their line are completed they will be between
sevcirand eight hundred miles in length. The
new compiny will use the Hake transmitter
with the Law, licit receiving telephone, and
a'o the California transmitter with Ihe Crown
hand rec.ivlng tclephme. Four sl)les of
bilterics willbj used, vli title Li Cla idle pile,
tne I'rism, ihe Ljw, and, f.,r office laflk Ihe
Crowfuot gtavily battery. The ce'inpany have
avoided disfiguiii g lie streets near llie central
office witli a net woik of wires, by adopting a
system by which a number of small insulated
wires are carried through a distributing tube lo
dlff.-rerl ails of ihc ciiy. The system adopted
by Ihe .Mutual company is already in success.
ful operation Ii other cities and Ihe company
has two or three telephone in actual use in
iliff.icni places In town which giie entire satis
faction. Wolkmen ate now busily, engaged
putting up telephone in subscribers house
and place of business. The company expects
to Mail up on the 15th of this month with a
limited number of oicralurs, tome of whom
will be ladies. The central office will be irvu.
lar y opened for genera! business on ihe first of
April nest, in pilling up llie letilioues, .Mr,
J, W. Trait, the sup.iMtcuclcnl, ajjt lhat the
o 11 nuiiioe-i win uc Kept as car as pract cable.
The new tunjariy l, open under the most
favorable circumstances 1 and will have a Hit
of over 333 subscriber from among the leading
uusiiit-sj m;u 01 in: cny wun wnicn lu couv
"The pi inters, the acents and mcr
chants of Honolulu, and the bank hav.,
in grjod Liith and to the best of their
nbility, iricd to assist in the inaugura
tion of a nold basis and the enforce
ment of the gold law." So says the
I'lanters' Monthly. So say we. There
have been a few exceptions. Bit the
excepting mer.iy proves tne ruic
Jcttnl Hlpi .iMiallr frim I'ftpooL
1 OplS lit from I.Ufrpool, Steamer from San
trincnco tndoti.tr laic tt i ! ,
DAVIES & CO.,
FnctWS ami AmMican Trioi
White ( ottons Unblfuctmt Cotcnt
Linen Or 1 1 an J IUcV. Crown Ctnras
trench Merino of dllTereni quAiitie.
Cite), I'.lnrarn) Miud Mannel,
Wattritroof lfi!, I re Materiali,
MIK SAtht, Si.lt k.Moii,
Vtlvtt, Hutiir L'nJe rCosUne,
IN GREAT VARIETY.
f awni, White and Printed MoTeMnf
Linen an 1 1 otton 'I ri-U'tov I oeU
lUfidleercriiff, Motqulto Netting.
Kulber C'othl gt Wnterproo; i he-Mine,
Men'. WcmpnV lhiK,rtn'i It ot & Shoe.
(ilr and tttle adapted tMhU rn.tr Vet,)
Mine It Unlet., lied ManVets.
, (4II iie. tin hti, quaint an) color,)
Velvet tnut Titpcfitrif,
Centre Rne. 'ay and Merchant Canra Kafi,
r u.cr lit iiac. iivf, uRr nan,
Klce lgv Coal ftai, 365 11 LMnf.
English, Hawaiian & American Flags
(t. 3 anJ ; :arj.)
Floor 01 Cloths (taMe'iit d.fjns awirted wid.h )
Ui.' a Id e. Side -5 I tie. iadJlery,
Iron It-dsteid. (i.W.vi'ied Hucvets,
'linrcd Iron let Keitie. Sauca I'm., Fry Pan',
1'uteher Knives, Knie .i I Fok,
'Im l'.ftle. Mett I tad Gutvat bed Water Tip
H tot Inch. ).
While I end, OAriCtiaqualiitei),
Corrujaied Kiting, II lied Oil, i'urnent.ne.
(14 R iU (, 6, 7. 8 and 9 ft length),
(alvanljed ae aiid Wailicii,
IVZou' SUnithhta Metal 0 Xait,
Annealed rrree Wire. Fence Flat
Wire Plant Guard and Atchei,
itttl HalU, wth lli I'lite, Hot! I andSpke.
A LARGE FRF.h AS-ORTMCNT OF
CrccVery and GUMae, Ooi, I'icLs, Ehjveli,
1 lantaiion and Mechanli.'a lo I ,
Holey Co' TortAhte l-ni e(
(4 M.Pand6 lll'j
One Splendid Piano, by Pru.jmead & Son,)
'Kited CI alii, Got.ge' rts,a(i,
(j qu.nlitie( In Lxa 94 and 60 ban),
Deit ttelth Stet.m Coal, Loke,
F j iri 1 f We s r iro Cuyt
j oilianu i-f idstiii, ; 1111c juin jii
I .re I titki, bottitquateai darci ,
Lliiop hock irUi, i-Uhtiy tali,
( to 12 Inch width.)
A large and PrtaS Aswrtment of
Califcrnlan and English Gncorlcr,
1-,VI1VIU c OO.
Nc. 34 Fort St., Clock Building,
Have TfCMva 1 aconunm;nt of the mit H 0 on'ci
and ValivUhle Fitd )cr all kindi of ttxk, v.i t
COOKED IsIS&EED MICJt,.
It It the creates Fleth former, Milk and Butter pro
ducer in use.
Oil Cake Meal fho alout j percent of nutntlre
mutr ; thU nearly 39 r cent-
io lbs. of thi iiil It tqul tu 311 Ibi. of oat, or
ul 111 tot eutn. ft tu tot It . of wl at bran
Alo. our Unrivilsfd AllXHU FELL), a well a our
uiual mi ply of the lxstkiodof
Hay. Oatf, Wheat. Corn, Etu, Etc.,
Which It 1 flVred at the Lowest Market Rates, and
dehveted free to any part ot the city.
Agent for the
Pacific Mutual Life Insurance Co. of California.
Acentsfvrthe HOOTER 1 CLEPHONE.
Commiisloner cf Deedi fr ths State of Californ!?.
TF.LP.PllOKn NO. 14;. aiC-a't
ECKART & HUBASH,
Manufacturer and tnpor.e- of
Silver Ware, French Clocks, Etc.
Ns. sj Merchant Street, Honolulu, II. I.
KnltttiTrtrelrjnnttflnn Diamond &rttfnfj
aantriitlty. All hi ml oeirr mudm to
order nU rep( e7
WiteliN cifsf.llj R9piir:d and Wuiuted.
General cngravinx and farcy Morogramj neatly ex
ALL WORK DONS AT M0DR2 T tRICU.
XW Our good mint be esa mined n be app'tclate,
ueing made Ir m the htavct aiid but mauruit m tht,
must wurkmanhke raauuer.
Island CrJers Prompt!? Ez&cutcd.
At llie annual meetlnt: of ihe shareholder of the
INl'r.K.ltLvsD MhAM NAVlliAI'iilis CO.,
held at thttrrflcc emit. K-lsiad , nlh td Inst ,
iht lulttew.na: , ISeers iseie cleetsd or tr,c n.u ng year,
I" K. K. tier rrciidcnl
'. U GJfr) , V c I retiilcn.
J. Lno, Jr ......Secrclar
V. II. A.cLcai ... ..... ... treasure
U. .V Wtlcu Audita.
J. 1-.NA, J, becreiary
llrutu'u, Mirch. J, (13).
p II. 0BD1NC,
Kritrest rlMfl tlmymnn,
Frclslit, Tacliasc, and llagtsz delivered lo and from
all part of llunolulu and viclnily. Lareful a.
lenllon paid lo Dsavinx Kuriulure, with
WAC.ONS EXl'RESSLV FOR TUB I'UKI'OSE.
'I'clcuh me 91 1 KcJnc H I'unchbawl street.
Otfiee, 6 kill! Slit. )(-ll;
Nutlce U hereby ilvcn that at a nuctW held At the
fhcc of UillitighossU tktjai itonl lu, on the 6th da)
uf tfbrujry, iMj, of the ucriLr lu Ih a.ock of h
fACiriO tlAKUWAKK CO. (Liml.e.!), it wa vuttu
la accept the Charter e-f lnwr oratwn c'anted lu ihcm
4ni their succoavrt, under the itaMparale name and
Jyle ot M "I'acinc Hardware Co, (Umited) on the
jikiuayoi jan ary, ioijj, and the mi4 curuortun
thereubwu o.aanuesi it-. is aid circled the tlawuis
rttktdent and Manager ...IL F, Dillinjham
lreaurtr and .Mercury . . -Jai. (L Spent!
Au itoi- ,. , ; W, r. Allen
iikurrak J, U. Succr. K, I. Adaini.
N ilea U further fWtn thai ourtuant to the term of
sultl chamr, Mnotixkholdir hat be luble foe the
deUt wf the corpivf Atiun teyood tl amount wbkh may
be due upon the harc or aharet held by hwt or them.
jft3 ii. arcni-t.it, ceirtiar).
Notice tt hereby r.srsin lkftl t mtutliiB haLl la
llsMolulu, tM the 1 1 ti day of February, illi, of the
vHiotviiUrttsiiht atock of the Piic.iql t'OiiLtfiHINt
L .. (Iimued)it wa.vteJ toaccipt Ihe Charter of lu
cotpgratttyHi irantcd j I'xm and tbi- auccctttor. under
Ihc6ruur.u nitiiii t4)U of tb Pie sVubliihUi
Cu., (liuuted) oa tnt l 44 ay of January, tM(, a td
thai iwU CwTKrfAlUa, unlerwtU Ciartr, iheieuaosou
oTKanuea kkii auta enct4 in loiwwuiaf -nKr
PreaiJeni ani aluucer..A t.T. IL Thru
IrMturer and iH4.rsUy.ati t,!a.bUh
NsjCk la further elveo lhx -uiuiat to the term of
..It .-. V. ..jLi,.J.L.. ak.ll k- 1.. .
MM VWnI iJ sMjysw(vsN.a Uf
divtJuAiiy Utle (ejr thadstUaof lU Curuurait n U-
yoad the aaaount htl auy Im due upoa the khare
K. aw SMITH. Fcttary,
liut iKi J, rr S. S. AUsMia tin tuesnaiiM a
Or the I.-4teat StyUs,
-jl ALLEN tsKOBIKSON.
An vprtjtii fUaa, "II. Be!)' tulur, strand sin d
tMUtoMsssslf siVMCssaa tv
Xi crtltr of It. 1". Gf,AtE, AJmlnSrtrj'of of irt
Ktate nf Mrmnn Schr!, lel,
I arJI Mil M I'ubllc Aucll.n,
On Saturday, Mar. 7th
At o'claeV T M t my Salroon,
THAT CERTAIN VALUABLE
Iiccc of" Ltoicl
In Nuuann Vatlef. with the r.,t.rd.ne.i ond
1 mprTt mtnt iherton,
Oppotiie lo IJueen rmma,a, and ell known ai.lne
Schnettr llit-lead, c mtalnW an area of 4 to too
Acre 1 1 per Ryal Patent ;, Ihe t)leiAM thuaiioii
oflhUprvptny and Ilt healthy locality make it a'u
Mefea reidenc or country home f.r the warm
Valuable Piece of Land
On Kiif Street, ndj.n.ns tht F.th anl formetty
KCupieJ tiyj. Weikt wththe lluiUlflj atid Improve
meittt thereon. conaintn an area of 64 faihun'! and 1
teet m.re or le, per Koal Patent ijH.
Also, th a Leisa of that Cert ill
VIKCB OV KALO LAXJ)
At Kaukahoku. llonolulj. Oahu,
For tSe tern of one yjar with thi puvllee of
ZT Deed at the exf en$e of purcliaier.
Honolulu, February 7th, 188$.
;. I'. .ttt.UtH, Actntr,
Household Furniture !
At the Wetidence of F. D. CARrENTLR,
M. I t No. 193, Nuuinu Avtnue,
On Siittivility, jrat'ch. 7th,
At 10 o'clock a, m., on account of depa ture
wilt be sold, the entire
rilir Table. Hocktr,
Tetc-a.'l tr, Chandrlltr,
" llract-tli, Clialr,
Maltreat, Pil'ows, Mov;uili Ktl.
Hu, Curtain, t.laiiltCts, sstxandah Chair.
Kxteimlon JUiiinu Table,
Writing T)eV, flu lent Lamp, llinlnr cer,
lumblcr.. Lie. I beulr.z Machin , SserJ-otf,
binnle UcdteaJ a UlHcs lies) , I vcrttrfly,
Guitar, Inva.li .hair, Malting:, tsiuve. Lie, ClC.
. A 10,
ONE FITa-ETON AlvD HARKESS,
DouUe llariei. SU Saddle, Hay drier,
V.. V. .111,1 M.I,
Dyorderof I'CNRV R. MACFAULANC, ESQ.. I
witl offer at Publ c Attn on, on
SATURDAY, MARCH a8th,
At ia o'c'ocV noon, at my SVevooirs,
Cnlaua Previotuljr D.'apoacd of at Pri
Those Tp.endli Lots on the Corner of Bert tin. a
and Piikol Streets.
Subdivide I n f dlcwt Into fo"ie iVt. and at the f,l
luvslnir U $ t 1'it.ci, fiom wli ch tlitre-
cau be no v-rutLn !
Let t ioo feet by 150 f.tt, llerttanla Strett; unset
I c S
Lot 3101 feet by 130 feet, Dtretan'a Street; uput
Lo 3-100 fe t by
50 feet, I!eretaLla Street; upset
(rite $f 4x.
L t 4 too feet by 1 jo feet, Kinau Street
Lot 5100 f.et by 150 ftH,tr Ucretan'a Street; upset
.r ce $i3o
Lot 6 ioo fevt by 15a feet, Klnau Sheet; upset price
Lot 7 too feet by 300 feet, with bU1d.ne; thereon ;
upset pr ce 9100.
Lot 8 too Nt by 139 ftet, CcrctanU Street J upset
Lot o 100 feel by 130 feet, Yvua; Street ; upset rice
Lot to im feet by 150 feet, De tetania S reet J uptet
Lot tt too feet bijo feet, Yguns Street; upset price
Tht above tuts were purchased by Mr. MacLrtane
or a rt.i ence. una (uf the pur one of Imfrovtmcnt it
hash d ere ture aid iultiv..,i n, n at kt present
t i we 'l Loverrd ly a lige vatbt) of rces, as well vt
t cho .e cul tct o 1 svl pla..ts aitu fluw rs, ait in bloom.
Am.nz the fruit and h-wle tr.eswll le f.unj tie
IravcUrsTree the Roy4 Ulm, the Wtne Paiiu, the
emon Ine, the Fan lalm, the t-ocoaiui, the Jpai.
-e Oraice.the Poucian Keii, the Mudir nOr nte.
the Kiglr r, the AlItCMtir Per, the AlVero a and
t he 1 . ( In Kusve and rlowcra thcrv a e agrcat vrt
c v, hKh tnuivt be seen l le a trcL4cd.
Water pipes arc laid on In euh of Lots Nov 1 to 7.
Inclimve a nt 50 feet of hoe wilt reach my pa-t ul
htm. Thtse I te arc situated J at In the icmre of the
KuUokohua I'Uint, 011 the principal atrxtt leadiiic
ft m UuiJitlu, tndare within twenty n(uus ttik
rora town, as wc I as being ops.n the bioniLy r-u e to
I shall offer them onvrrv favorable terms fur our
iuters, namely t
One-fourth Cash, and Balance ta equal Paymanta
of 1, a, 2 an 4 4 years, wl h Inter.-st at Ssytn
Per Cent, secured by Mortff.
Hits divUton of pijraenl. and low ratrtoftnt rest.
allow una for a ajii mm 1 ji ni turn aoi'Ually piJ
fjrfeur years, lo Uiwhj tne owHtr t-f a UfcUiUtl
Pa ties deUrinsr lots Vus maVe early application, as
we shall sell at puvati svle ta ihtc who tirU apply.
Plans of the property un be seen at my ofCcr.
UT IJceds at purth urs ex perse. ,
.. i Ati I U.V, Au:Hnrr.
WATER NOTICE I
OWING TO THE SCARCITV.OF WATER,
the Hour for Irriajatjyii wJi te Umitfed to a bui pr
day, from tt lo I a. u., and I tot 4 I ' m., untd
.urtber n-Mlce. CH.V. B, W L ON.
altnisierbf rlnance )
Honolulu, January 30, ill). a)i-lf
CITY SHOEING SHOP,
OtPOiin DODDS SlADLEi.)
DNit la tht most wrkmaa'ie nunaer,
Easing & TrHUag 8h)M a fawlatty.
Our Rait wUt U rtaisoaU.
Tkj u li.r JTrs.), bsuij Uoujlst all iht Iauish "
aw U im l.lxrj paiioaai. Uuos4 go b lal. iim.
r. jMil S'OU. IF s. SST . p, IHKHI ft CMiltOI
w vwwvw vm Ha tm wa
Mr. J. W
1 tt Htstailta HthbM
' llofM ulen 10 ibislwp ul ntviuj at A
loica sssssa t.uJ
I ITTSit HBADM AND BILL HBaM
oTfeiia vSii i" """ '"' " "'"