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SATURUA V 1 H-ilJSIs
A MnrijMpff PoblUhed Wkly
ItlM KBWBIWU $5.00 I Hit l .MUtt
M JA to $1 . aexOHimtT 10 their dttirtiw
Inoed by lh PRHSS PUBLISHING COM
PANY, (Lhrrltnl )
TllOS.fi Til (It M Prwldetri d ffr
R. 9- SM It M cmry wd Trttr
. MARCH M, iMj
77 Ullurday Press and Morning
Cluidt, tdgtlhti With Ihe nrn's, Ivol mid
jab printing offltt flvm ti'hieh thty issue,
are mm' Iht property of an eirgaimtd com
ftiny. Mr T G Thrum, who has so
l&ng tnrritd ott the httiness, kits accepted,
ItnipQraittf, Iht fosilion of manager
Tht fiitmls of reform and progress
thrmghout the islands are asked lo do till
thty ft ft lo slrtnglhtn Iht injlutnee and
txlitid tht usefulness of the Xilitrdai
'1'Iie aclioti taken by the I'm-) Coun
cil on lt Tuwdny, in regard lo tlic
granting of retail liquor Uremcs on the
oilier Wands n at be.t Questionable
We bate no right to tunumc th.it the
l'rivy Council bus nrtcd wiscl) in the
matter because people in the cit of
IlonoluliinrcnIloucdtodrinUas much as
they plcme. Enlightened ptililic opinion,
guided by the pradiral cxjiericnie
of the pnsl.nnd b) the ingcl) tittcranrcs
of the economists of all countries, de
nics the right of the abuse of personal
and ph)siral bbert). Our moral and
social conditions, and the question of
domestic economy, will all be affected
for good or cil by the late action of the
There should be no question raised
as to grantinu licenses to responsible
pirties only, for the cry co
gent reason that liquor sellers are not
and never will le "responsible persons"
to entrust with cither public or private
There is lack of strength in the argu
ment that the granting of these licenses
will cause a decrease in the illicit liquor
traffic, because : A traffic which is
limited .by license privilege to one
dealer in a place or at most two
will exclude many who arc now making
their living b illicit selling, and who
will coiiinuc io violate the law , the
licensed dealer will hardly be any more
successful than the officers have been,
m suppressing illicit trade , the granting
of licenses will make convictions for
illicit selling less certain, inasmuch as
the privilege of buving legal!) does
away with the fact that possession of
liquor is prim 1 f.nte proof of a violation
of law. To assume that drunkenness
Ml not be increased b) licensing indul
gence is about as logical as it would be
to assume that crime ts not restrained
under proper ' legal administrations ,
jet such assumption has been made by
promoters of the present license
It has been stated that the object of
granting licenses was to increase the
revenue; but no matter what mi) be
the present gain of the government it
is a mistaken policy to institute
measures, which, experience with the
Hawaiian character has already taught
us, will ultimately call for legislative re
'1 he planters of the other islands will
be directly affected by the working of
this license s)stcm ; and their only re
lief would seem to be for, them to buy
up the licenses and, by holding them
prevent the building up of a traffic that
will disturb the quiet of the neighbor
hood and the punctuality of laborers.
It is rumored that one planter, though
a supporter of the Government theo
retically, has practically and with Lusi-ness-likc
foresight proceeded to buy the
licenses which would effect his district.
The native element is rapidly decreasing
as each succeeding census shows, and
it is n purblind and impolitic adminis
tration that thus hurries a doomed
nation to its death II it is true that
the government has been actuated in
this matter by a desire to increase the
revenue at the expense of national sta
bility and longcv ity, then indeed has it
added cupidity to criminality.
It was hoped before we went to
press that news would be received as
to the personnel of President Cleve
land's cabinet ; but as the City of To
kio, which arrived here at 5 r. M. es
tcrday, left San Francisco at 3 v. m.
on the 5th inst before news of the
selections had been received there, we
are doomed to nurse our curiosit) until
the arrival of the mail steamer. The
few iapcrs brought, however, give glow
inn accounts of the inaugural cere
monies, which are stated to be the
grandest America ever witnessed.
Fraternal good feeling irrespective of
party prevailed , and President Cleve
land's inaugural address was pro
nounced by all to be of the highest
merit and to exhibit the soundest
1 I...M HI
'Hie new bank, contemplated for
some timepast, has taken definite shape,
as wc learn that its counters, furniture,
etc. are shortly expected, so Out it will
be read) to open for business in the
course of a month's time. The full
detail of its plan of working is not yet
definitely settled upon, but will be de
cided very soon.
The carefully prewired papers of Mr.
Marques on the late census of the is
lands in this and the last issue of the
I'rcss should claim the attention of all
vc f i ro. aai .nrnoii.
1 lu ignorance vvhich prevails among
the masses in reference to the nature
of lejtrosy was never better illustrated
than in the remarks often heard upon
the inocuUtion experiments which have
been going on within the prison walls.
We refer to the caeof Kcnnu.the mur
derer, whose entcncc was commuted
UK)n condition that he subject himself
to experimentation by l)r Arning
It is known that within a few
months wst this man has been the sub
ject of several scientifically conducted
inoculations with the virus of leprosy,
and it is also known that so far as de
veloped contamination is concerned,
there has been as )et, no apparent re
sult. Prom this knowledge, there arc
many who would immediately base an
argument against the (nonliability of
lepros), as if these were all the factors
lo be considered in determining such a
question , whereas it would not be
more absurd to see small-pox or measles
developed in a person in twentj-four
hours after contact with a patient suf
fcring from cither of these diseases
Experience tells us that such an cv
pertation would be absurd, and that in
the case of measles, about twelve, and
in the case of small pox, from fourteen
lo sixteen da)s from the date of contact,
would have to elapse before the effects
of contamination would appear. This
period of incubation, as it is called, ml -les
according to the disease, but is as
constant in nearly all acute specific dis
eases as the property common to plants
to germinate in a certain time from
the planting of the seed, which time
ma) be closely determined b) the na
ture of the plant being longer or
shorter accordingly. 'I here are good
reasons for believing that the period of
incubation in leprosy" is one immensely
protracted in comparison with that of
most other diseases of germ origin, al
though its exact criod has not )ct
Different authors estimate the period
of incubation in leprosy at between two
and five or seven years, with the pre
ponderance of authority in favor of the
longer period Then, how absurd to ex
pect results from the inoculation of
Keanu who has only been the subject of
experiment for a very few months past.
Had he already developed leprosy, no
ph)sician who knows an) thing of the
disease, would believe that it was the
result of the inoculations so lately prac
ticed upon him, but would prefer the
theory tint be bad had the disease
latent in his system long before he en
tered those prison walls
So far as establishing the moculabil
ity of leprosy, or otherwise, the results
in any case, will be nugatory. Having
been born and bred in a country where
the percentage of lepers is so very
hrge as on these islands, if he develop
the disease at any period within five or
six years,, there cin be no reasonable
certainty but that he received the con
tagion before his incarceration ; if after
that space of time the probability that
the disease has been acquired as the
prcsull of inoculation, will become
greater. 'I hen again, if he docs not
take the disease at all, the fact of non-
moculability will not thereby be es
tablished Many people seem to
possess the constitutional power of re
sisting certain other contagious and in
fectious diseases through a whole life,
even tboimh through successive and
protracted periods, brought into con
tact with them ; and why is it not pos
sible that like exceptions should apply
in the case of leprous contagion as
Thisisnot a question to be decided off
hand or in a given period of time, nor
)et by a single experiment; and the
people would do well to reserve their
opinions upon a subject upon which
the best dermatologists arc by no means
The laxity observed by the
Hoard of Health, in its dealings
with the unfortunates who by
law come under their surveilance and
restrictions, is a matter of serious mo
ment to this country. The revelations
made by the Gazette of this week, un
fortunately, are nothing new, for it is
the same condition and interference
that this paper commented upon in no
mild terms over two )ears ago. Wc
can readily understand the sympathies
that are called forth in dealing with -the
unfortunates themselves; but to release
them and allow them liberty to roam at
will is not only mistaken kindness, but
it is criminal in the highest degree. It
is willfully increasing the risk to inno
cent parties. And what can be said in
favor of the reported appointment of
the medical inspector of schools after
considering his other regular duties ?
It is not projxjsed to here enter into
discussion of the question of conveying
contagion ; but where is the parent
that can feel indifferent to the proluble
risk to their children in this new ap
)ointmcnt ? Are there no rights for the
people at the bands of the Board of
Health ? Arc there no queMions ol
public opinion which they arc bound 'to
Some tune since a Chinaman was
shot at Koolau on this island by
another Chinaman and badly woun-
ucu. v-ninaman jva 1 alter having
leen laid up in ..the hospital for
about two months with his wounds,
was tried for chicken stealing and on
the evidence of Chinaman No. 7 above
was convicted in the police court and
sentenced to six months hard labor.
To prosecute No.' 1 for attempt at
homicide does, not seem to have en
I ie,ed the minds of the executive.
cf rhi.au connrrosirci:
c publish herewith the correspond
ence between the committee ol the
Chamber of Commerce and the gov
ernment upon the currency difficulties.
It speaks for itself and needs no com
ment at our hands
To His KxcrLLrscv John M. KArtSA,
lit attiman Majeity's Minister cf '1
Sir At your Kxeellency'n request we have
the honor to state the term of the propol
we placed verbilily foefoie yoyr I!cetlency
this morning for the facilitation of the main
tenance of financial equilibrium In the Cur
tency ol the Kingdom
We umlervlanil lhat the members of the
Chamber of Commerce arc prepared lo under
take to accept ami circulate stiver certificate,
above Ten Dollars denomination as equivalent
to gold, if the Government will ortdertake to
deposit a margin of siitcen per cent, on all
silver coins held against said Certificates -
Provided hoftiver that the Treasury will
make due provision for the redemption of the
Certificates in Gold on some definite and
tl appears to us to be at the verv foundation
of any system, that the holder of a Certificate
should have absolute confidence in his ability
to get (lold in nn emergency for his Paper.
We therefore surest IhM the government
undertakes that in event of the Gold in the
Treasury lielng ohatisted, the) will pay within
a definite lime from presentation (a sufficient
to enable the (iovcrnment to procure the Gold)
all Certificates in Gold.
As a check upon indiscriminate withdraw at ol
Gold, wc would propose that all applications for
redemption of Certificates in Gold be made so
far as practicable through one or two houses
say llishop & Co. and W G. Irwin & Co
It is further understood that the Government
will consent to the appointment by the Cham
her of Commerce of a Committee as Auditors
of the accounts known in the Treasury Ilooks
as "Certificates ol Deposits" and "Special De
posits" and that this Committee shitl have
access at all times to these accounts and the
Coins represented b) them.
It is further agreed that any violation of the
spirit of this sgrccment shall free all parlies
concerned from its provisions
We have the honor lo remain our Kxcel
lcnc)'s most obedient servants :
r . . t
iuiiiiiiiuic ui 1 T CI
her of Commerce. I
Honolulu, February 2t, 1885.
DPI-ARTMENT OF PI.SANCP,
Honolulu, 26th February, 1885.
Mfjssrs J. 0. Cartfr, J IIvman and
Tiieo. II. Davif.s.
Gentlemen 1 have the honor to acknowl
edge the receipt of your letter of )esterdaj's
dale in which jou submit to me a proposal, on
behalf of the Chamber of Commerce, having
in view- the maintenance of financial cqtiili
bnum in the Currenc) of the kingdom.
In replj I have the honor to inform jouthat
I have laid jour proposition before mj col
leagues, and that the government will immedi
ately give authoritative statement of its views
and purpose, in regard to the subject which
our letter ditcusscs.
I have the honor to be gentlemen,
Your most obedient servant,
Jno. M. Kaiena,
Minister of Tinance.
Hosoiulu, II. I.
March 3rd 1S85.
His Ex-cfluscv John M. Kapfna,
His H. M. Minister cf Finance, &. &".?;
Sir On the 25th February a committee oT
Ijie Chamber of Commerce of this city ad
dressed you in reference to a proposition for
ihe maintenance of financial equilibrium in the
currenc) ofthc kingdom and up to this tune the
committee has awaited a reply to the propo
sal made to Your Kxccllncj.
Hespectlull) asking )our reply in order that
the committee may be enabled to report to the
Chamber, I have the honor to remain,
Your obedient servant,
J. O. Carter.
Chairman of Com. Chamber of Commerce.
DEl'ARTMFNT OF riNAN.CE,
Honolulu, March 4th, 1SS5.
J, 0. CARTER, Esq , Chairman Committee cf
Honolulu Chamber of Commerce.
Sir: In reply to your communication of
yesterday's date, addressed to the Minister of
Finance, in the absence of His Excellency,
being well assured of his views which are in
conformity w ith those of his colleagues, I hav e
the honor to state that considering the com
munication ol the Chamber of Commerce and
other public statements, His Majest)'s Gov
ernment has made and published a declaration
see "A Declaration " dated " Aliiolani Hale,
February 26, 1885," published in the daily
papers. Ln. 1'RESS.J or its policy relative to
the Currency, a copy of which I enclose to
you. This will serve as an answer to the
main and most important measure proposed by
vour committee, the securing ofthc payment
in gold of the silver certificates of deposit
which are redeemable in gold. At the same
time I beg to call juur attention to the fact
that the government had already began to
carry outuhat measure before the recommenda
tion of it by the cham!cr had been resolv ed
upon by that body and communicated to this
department. In the communication of your
committee it Is proposed that the application
for the certificates jn gold be made through
certain houses only, the only practicable way
in which that can be accomplished Is by con
sent and airingement of the public The
government will not consent to the appoint.
mcnl of an auditing committee by any private
erson, association or curiioralion, nor is uich
a step nccccssaiy In view of the fact, that any
reputable tax pi) cr of the kingdom is granted
the right, when it does not interfere with the
business of the Treasury Department, at any
lime to verify by inflection the state of the
special deposits and accounts. Lastly the
communication contains a proviso that the
ticasiuy will makedue provision for the cedem p.
lion of the certificates in gold on some definite
and reasonable tcims. Ttmstepthegovernmcnt
has initiated, and it appeals to meet the views of
thebuuneu community. The government is
now endeavoring lo elfect Ihe redemption of
its certificates as speedily and as economical!)
as trie means ami methods within its reach will
allow it to do. ,
I have the honor to itmain,
Your obedient servant,
K. S. Pratt,
Registrar Public Accojnts.
HONOLULU, March nth, 1S&5.
Hos. Cm ariis R. l!lnor, President Hono
lulu Chjmitr of CommtKi.
Sir. Your committee appoiutrd to present
a proposition 10 facilitate the maiutcuancc oi
fuuncul equilibrium in Ihe currency of tht
kingdom to Hit Hawaiian Mijcsly's Minister
nuke the following irpoct 1
nur c.n. mulct me lbs l tcclkni.)- the
Minister of linince and after a contersitton
were requested to present the proration in
w riling, a copy of which is herewith presented
(marked A.) A reply was at once received
ami Is presented with this report (marked II )
This reply not lielng comfdered by )our com
mittee a sufficient one another letter was
addressed lo His ntccllcite) the Minister of
Hnance, under date of Match 3d, 1SS5, here
wilhcop) (maiked C), and a reply received
the following day and herewith presented
(marked D )
Your committee do not feel that the object
for which they were appointed has been In the
slightest degree advanced.
We remain sir,
Vonr obedient servants, .
J. 0. Cartfp,
'I he practical working of our cur
rency system is forcibly brought home
to us when its defects arc pointed out
b) foreign merchants with whom we
deal The following extract is from a
letter written by a San I'rancisco firm
to a prominent Honolulu merchant
"'Ihe currency in your courjtry is in
deed a muddle Hawaiian silver coins
arc worth here very little more than
their bullion value, say from 80 to 822
cents, so that there is no relief in sending
over silver. Any American silver that
)ou could send we will credit at pir. '
It is needless to say that the aboic
was written nidi no other interest than
to facilitate the transaction of private
M11M "Itnlttlna" n'l II rnni).
Wc have seen a great deal of late
in the papers of raids upon opium dens
and gamblers and captures effected by
Marshal Sopcr, who has on account of
his success been high!) lauded. For
discreet efforts in upholding the majesty
of the law, every officer is worthy of
praise, even though he may get well
paid for his work in coin as well. Hut,
while wc would give such all praise
for the success the) have attained in
the vigorous suppression of any kind of
prime, the putjiic.ptess has a right
and it is its duty to hound out and ex
pose abuses of official power as well,
and when knowledge of misdoing or
non doing of things as necessary to be
done as those for which praise is so
lavishly meted out, it- :s equally the
duty of the public press to unearth them.
When this is done the official that catts
for fait ptaisc, may become more dis
creet and equal in his dealings with all
classes of the people.
We arc sorry to chronicle the fact that
discrimination against the Chinese por
tion of our population appears to be
the distinguishing trait exhibited so-far
by our police ; that in many instances
unnecessarily rough handling has been
the share of poor John Chinaman,
while others of a very bad class appear
to have been, almost, if not quite, for
Several instances have come from
reliable sources to our knowlcdge,where
the dwellings of Chinese have been
entered and searched by the police,
without warrant ol law, and where no
thing of a contraband nature has been
found. Also do wc know- of one search
recently made of a Chinese store and
warehouse on Maunakea street which
though legal, so far as being possessed of
a warrant was concerned, was utterly
illegjl so far as the extent to which it
was carried was concerned where
almost fifty whole packages in a house
was broken open and their contents
turned over in confusion and then left
without any attempt being made to
properly replace their contents or to
cover or to mend the breaches made.
No opium (the article searched for)
was found ; but the poor Chinamen arc
expected to smite at this intrusion and
indignity committed at the dead of
night, and to pay for the expense and
trouble of re packing some packages
We believe in stopping the opium
traffic ; but wc believe also that there
are just as effective and more lawful
vva)s of going to work to do it,
Morever, we believe that there arc
other curses to the peace and well-
being of society, practiced by others as
well as Chinese, vvhich it would be
hoove the police not to exclude from
investigation for opium ajone ; and
that the profits of opium seizures should
not altogether blind our officers to their
duties in other directions as well.
That Marshal Soper means well and
acts with energy, we do not doubt, but
.wc believe that his brief experience in
office has made him the dupe of men
w ho are playing the role of experts in
detective work men who are looking
out for their own gain, and figuring on
the easiest way to live; but who have
about as much ability to form or carry
out a well laid plot for detection as an
o)stcr has to learn bucltd.
JJfirrfnitmiffoit Againat Chtnone.
Since the marshal has allowed the
bulletin to take up the cudgel for him ;
and since that wonderfully erudite and
discriminating journal would attempt to
fasten upon us the charge of falsifying:
in the matter, we feel railed, jipou to
............ .. c... ,. .t. --.... .. U?-t
JilCaCIll U ICWT Ul 111C I4VU UIJUU WIUCJ!
we based our article or the 5th instant.
Our friendly feeling for the marshal
and our belief in the uprightness of his
intentions make such a source only
more inksomc, necessary though it be.
In our article of last week we said,
as quoted by the Bulletin that, "Several
instances have come from reliable
sources to our knowledge, where dwell
ings of Chinese have been entered and
searched by the police, without war
rant of law, and where nothing of a
contraband nature has been found."
To this the Ilulletiu answers : "The
marshal can only call to mind one in
stance, and that was in the country."
The premises of Yim Chin Kee, on
King street, bc)ond Maunakea, on or
about January 1st., was searched by the
marshal without his having shown any
search warrant. Somewhere in the
early part ofTebruary (we have not ihe
exact date but can obtain it if neces
sary) the premises of Sum Choi on
King street near Captain Luce's resi
dence was searched in like manner. In
neither of these cases was an) thing
"contraband" discovered, or if so, no
jirosecution resulted. February 19th.,
the premises of Sin Mow Lung on
Maunakea street was searched without
any warrant having been read or shown ;
also the room of Yung Ping above the
same store nothirlg was found in
either place, or, if so, no prosecution
resulted The same day three or four
rooms of the wash house were searched
in like manner and with the same re
sult 'I he informer on this occasion
(Sec -1 ong; is now himself in jail
About the middle of I cbruary, the
premises of Chttn Sir Kee, corner Hotel
and Smith streets, were searched, and
not very delicately cither (if the man s
story is to be believed), in the same
manner and with the same result, so
far as any "find" was concerned.
On the night of the search on the
premises of the Quong On Kee Com-
piny, several rooms entirely uncon
nected with that firm were entered al
though the warrant was to search their
premises only. The above, vyc have
every reason to believe a correct state
ment. It is true, it is mostly based on
Chinese testimony , but if Chinese tes
timony is sufficfent on which to issue
search warrants, surely it should not be
objected to here.
Again the Bulletin states that,
"the man whose premises these
goods were on is notorious to the police
as an opium dealer, and probably opium
could be found on bis premises to da) "
1 his "man," is the Quong On Kee
Company, comprised of three partners ;
and what evidence is there upon which
to make so serious a charge against one
of the largest and mo it respectable
Chinese firms in this town ?
The Iltdletin further sa)s "What
other curses there arc to the peace and
well being of society, referred to by the
uuiac, vvc arc unaDic to say. it is
not to be expected that it should be
"able to say ," s vvc will elucidate.
There is the liquor law vvhich has
been allowed to became next to a dead
letter That law prov ides that anysaloon
keepers who furnish inebriates with
drink arc liable to a penalty. How
manv have paid a penalty? and vet
we know- that inebriates arc supplied
every day. Kvcn the marshal's per
sonal intervention has been unable to
prevent its violation by a known party.
There arc many other provisions of
that law, vvhich if carried into effect
would be productive of muth,good.
There is hoodlumism altogether of
too frequent occurrence on our streets
which affects society badly, that might
receive more attention at the hands of
the police. And there is illicit liquor
selling, quite common here.
vvc might )ct add much; nut wc
think wc arc already justified in the
eyes of Masoning beings in saying what
we have, viz: lhat there is discrimi
nation against the Chinese.
Wc propose neither to turn informer
or policeman ; but do expect, that what
is generally known to the community
should be known to the police also.
we have a right to presume it is.
The Chinese Question is most per
plexing to both the United States and
Hawaii. I he anti-Chinese position,
maintained in many parts of the United
States, seems absurd and childish to
the people of other sections of the great
republic ; they considcrd such a posi
tion opposed to the most cherished
principles of the early American patriots.
Hut the more the Chinese come into
competition with the whites the more
clearly arc the cv lis of such competi
tion apparent. Fair minded Caucas
ians acknowledge any commendable
national trait vvhich the Chinese possess.
There is no one who does not admire
their industry and frugality. It is only
when these traits are analyzed that
their danger becomes apparent An in
dustry that is willing to toil beyond the
working hours of white men, means one
that hasno time for national enjoy
ment or mental improvement;.! frugality
that is content with a diet of rice and
with quarters so close that hygienic laws
are necessary to give occupants breath
ing space, means an existence with
which the family life ol even the hum
blest American laborer cannot com
pete and retain health and decency.
Tho snnio rnnHlhnne nKt-,in l.frWI,,rt
labor, even I'ortngucsc skilled and un
skilled labor, cannot compete with the
Chinese when the latter people are
compelled by circumstances to work for
Sugar cane growing cannot be car
ried on successfully without cheap la
bor ; but labor is not cheap unless efli
cient, and, though cheap and efficient,
it rmy still be bad for the country. If
it is bad tor the country, it must nec
essarily be bad in the end for the plan
tations. Of course, if the agents,
owners and managers of our great sugar
estates cared only for immediate returns,
the cheapest efficient labor, in their
case, would be the best. But these
agents, owners, and managers are most
of them Hawaiians by long residence ;
their homes, their friends, 'their futures
arc here. Any thing that injures their
possessions, their homes or their friends
injures themselves. The recent experi
ence ofthc world has proven that Chi
nese labor coming in competition with
white labor, effects, among other evil
results, the two following: Women and
children are debarred from useful cm
plo)tnents which they have followed
and still might follow- with advantage;
and men arc forced to work for wages
too low- to support their families com
fortably, lloth evils arc great ; yet, at
first sight, neither seems to follow the
labor of Chinese on plantations. But
cither evil may follow and the second
docs already follow. The children of
whites, including Portuguese children,
and of Hawaiians, are too few to be ex
cluded from employment by Chinese ;
or rather, there are not quite enough
Chinese now on these islands to ex
clude children of other nationalities
from light work. The same is true of
Chinese competition with the women
of the nation. Already the Chinese
mechanic formerly a contract laborer
is usurping the 'piaffe once occupied
by the white or native mechanic The
result is that if a Chincscmcchanicworks
for $1.50 a day, his white competitor,
with the same or more ability, must
work for the same amount, or go un
emplo)eci If he works at the same
rate he is forced into debt to support
himself and family. As a rule he prefers
to leave the country. The many phases
of the question demand that the facts
be given and the truth be told.
Here we wish to add one word. None
of the long series of counts that may be
brought against Chinese labor ; nothing
of the exhaustive arguinent in favor of
excluding Chinese, ought to excuse any
nation from dealing even-bonded jus
tice to those Chinese w!io have come
under sanction of law. Rights acquired
under the law of a country cannot be
Tht t Ira it Itotr
u nnlJ otu. -Aiitiin hrt hiir
V cnt rrwl humj- rirahil Iwt 1 1
Ami from hrt dwjV wMIt fadttii ltir
V o ca)vt kniuty tew emttrt.
Her tfetay Ulcers plated yu in
My Kami to wittier and to ill
I lV yw as tha' jsssi had tea
A Mossbiu fsfleft frra th iky
! me j-eu r lyrnt! n,
Ti tmfclcm of a happy hur i
I flae rw on my uy brtw
To bloom agatn in mem!- tower.
Honolulu, MartS ro. tlSj. Autiibk Johnston.
Tio "llBltrr Conntrr."
The roller coistcr was patented in Philadel
phia, January, 1SS4. Since then fully a
dozen have been put up in the United States,
including one neat Oolden Cjvtc Park, San
One has just leen put up in this cit) and is
already appvrcnjl) fixed in popular favor.
Mr. I), II. Smith, a new comer, has leased
from Headmaster Hart the lot on the south
east corner of Punchbowl nnd Ilcretania streets;
the lease being for five years. The lot Is irregu
lar in shape, about 200 by 3C0 feet In Sire.
The coaster has been erected In this lot b)
Mr. Smith who is sole proprietor. It Is a
circular railway track elevated so as to form a
descending and an ascending Incline plane.
The track platform is about 900 feet long
and five feet wide ; the track, of steel rails,
il( Inches b) l ( inehcs.ll 14 inch gauge. The
trackway Is supported by 4 b) 6 inch uprights,
braced by 2 by 4 inch scantlings. It Is further
braced by northwest planking riot for nec
essary solidity, but to prevent jarring.
Inside the circle a flight of steps, some
20 feet wide, with two landings, leads to the
summit of the track Seats arc provided on
the landings. The cars, three in number, are
tl feet long, each will hold 8 or 9 persons ac
cording to sine of passengers. Iv'o cars will
be in motion at once. Mr. Smith savs that
the structure Is as stable as any he has seen in
the United States. He intends to put up a
large skating rink inside the area of the
coaster. It will be 75 x 150 feel in surface,
will be roofed and have latticed sides to insure
During the late spell of warm weather the
town seemed to be alive with bumble-bees j
this is an evidence of the fact that they arc in
creasing here rapidly It Is much to be regret
ted, as they are doing great damage to fences
and buildings, or wherever, they can have an
opportuaity to indulge in their boring propen
sities. It is incumbent on residents, therefore,
to wage war against them at any and all times.
The appearance of Herctania Street at, and
just bc)ond, the corner of Punuchbowl Street,
has undergone a material change during the
past few weeks. The roller-coaster, with skat
ing rink in the centre, almost complete!) fills the
corner lot adjoining the Missionary Institute
premises ; and the tall inga trees that lined
the road on the lot occupied by Mi. M. M.
Scott have succumbed to the woodman's ac.
Some anxiety is being felt at the non arrival
of the new missionary steam-packet, Morning
Star, now about ijod.ijs out from lloston. It
is to be hoped that her excellent sea going and
sailing qualities will bring her to port shortl),
even though some mishap may have befallen
Several Ships Annually from livtrpool.
Ily ' Ophelia ' from Lberpool, Meamers from San
1 rancisco and other late amvatt,
THEO. H. DAVIES & CO.,
KnjrjUsh ant American rrinn.
White Cot torn. Unbleached Cot torn,
Lintn Prill and Duck, Crown Canvas,
I rench Merino of different qualities,
Gry, Illue and Mixed rUnnel,
Waterproof 1 weeds, Dress Material i,
.Silks, Sal inn, Silk Ktbbons
Velvet, Hosiery, Underclothing,
IN GREAT VARIETY.
Lawns, White and Printed Moleskin,
Linen and Cotton lmUdos,1oeX
Handkerchief, Mosquito Netting,
Rubber Clothing, Waterproof Sheeting,
Men's, omen' (t Lint Jren's I)ooti L Shoes,
(tles and stle adapted to this market,)
Hone Hlankets, tied HlanVets,
(all ls, weights, qualities and colors,)
Velvet and Tapestry,
JtuffH and Matt,
Centre Hags, Navy and Merchant Canvas Ttag
Filter Pre Hag, (i6). Sugar Hajc,
Rice nagi. Coal lJajs, 35 I'ly Twine,
English, Hawaiian & American Flagc
(l, 5 and 7 jards.)
Floor Oil Cloths, (tasteful designs, assorted widths)
Men's baddies, bide Sajdles, b-uMlery,
Iron Uedstcadt, Galvanued Duckets,
Tinned Iron lea Kettles, Sauce l'ant, Fry Tans,
r (assorted aires),
Ilutchcr Kmvcs, knives and Forks.
Tin IMate, Micet I -tad, Gahanued Water Tipe
(Jf 10 a inches),
White Lead, (various qualities),
IUtled Oil, 1 urpetitine,
Corrugate 1 Itvofiuj,
(14 Kauge, 6, 7 8 and 9 ft lengths),
(fatvanlred bcrews and Washers
Ycltow Sheathtna Metal .0 Xailtt
Annealed Fence Wire, (ence Sialics,
Wire liant Guards and Arches,
btcel Katli, with rish I'UUi, Bolts and Spikes,
A LARGE FREbU ASSORTMENT OF
Crockery and Glassware, Oos, Picks, Shovels,
llantation and Mechanic's loots
Kobe 4 Co' Portable l-nzines,
-One Splendid Piano, by Pnnsmead Be Sons,)
lesled Chain. Gouge's Soap,
() quaUtiet.fn baa 14 and 60 ban).
Beit WcUh Stem Coal, Coke, ,
Flooring File. 1-irt Clav.
i'oitland Cement, (White A Johnson's)
I tie Lacks, both square and arch,
Lump Kocit bait, tUhery fralt.
J) to 11 Inch widths.)
A Large and Fresh .Assortment of
Califbrni&n and English Groceries,
24 Post St. S. F,
Send for Circular.
The Full Duiimm Covmk includes Single and
DvuUe Entry !tok keeping as applied to all depart
menu tA Uiuocm, (jcwamercul Am timet k; Ilutines
rennufunip, Mercantile mw, tiusinesa irOrreipoM.
m., iv.iurcs un mi iiitwin rutin, ui inv
bcicoc of Account i, Actual limine n Practice lo
Uhokak and 5ietan Merchandising, Comraiuioo,
lebUfU. Impcjrtltig. Katlroduu, Lspresa ItuUness,
brokerage, hu UanUng, Lnbh branches. Including
Ktading, bpelling. Or amour, etc. Drawing, and
Modem Languages, confuting U practical tnuructfa
SrsxiAL llKAMLMU ui Ornamental InminiMii-
ligbr MaiUauuttc, Surveying. Kavlgatlon, Civil r ft
Kwyvt in, iMyiaf , amnt iiumi, ijy nruing, (Cl
V or (VU laormVion address,
K. 4 If K.I .! CO.
P II. 0BD1NG,
y.Jttr9 MMti mpmaw.
Office. No. Ii Kins; Strut,
Residence. No. 47 Paatbbuwl Steret.
Honolulu, Oahu, H. .
FreigU, ftuLaget, and Uigag delivered ni tn
u pans iM nwMiUti aij vtciouy iueiiuai
leatioa pU lo snovto i ututu, with
WAGONS EXPRESSLY FOR THE PURPOSE
Oftt Telephone, No. B6,
ltJUM TcJephoa. fcJ- 9 &-l;
M. W. McChesney & Son.
No. 42 Queen Street.
Hare now landing
Por Alameda & John D. Sprcckols,
LARCK SlltrMENT. OF
Assort art Mct'cli n n disc
Consisting In part of
IrbK Flour, Golden Gate
l'.tl-k Hour, rittorado.
Sacks Wheat, Rest.
back Harley, f!et,
HuU Corn, HtM, tie,
Sacks Cbm, nt, Cracked,
Sacks Hran, Cbare and Fine.
Saeks Denrrt. White,
J-flcks IlcarH, Red,
Sack I Jeans, Dayou,
Sacks Iteans, Horse,
Sacks IteAtte, Lima,
acVs Onions, llet Silver Skin,
backs I Via toes, 11m In Gunnies,
Cases htra Sods Crackers,
Cases Medium Ilrend,
Capes Cracked W heal, to IK bags.
La es Corn Meal, white. 10 lb bags
Cates Oit Meal, 10 lb. bags,
Cases Corn Starch
Casks Dup?e Ham,
uasks U A llams,
lines R. II Raeon.
i.inks Lard, t Ih. pail,
1 Fair bank t Lard, lb, pa ',
Cases falrbank'e Lard, lot
Cas hiiney's flutter. In tin.
Halfbbls Uutter, Pickle Roll,
yr l.hlv Mutter, Pickle Roll.
Half firkins Mutter, Gilt Irc,
Qr. fiiklns Putter, Out hdge,
Lates New Chee
Doses and bdls. Salt Codfish,
Ilbts Ilertes ColumbU River Salmon
Cases Fresh Fgg,
lates iaunur) aiarttti
Hoses llrown laundry Soap,
dorens Urooint, ,
Pure Java Coffee, Roasted and Ground, 1 lb lm
backs Green Coffee,
Chests Japan 1 ea, t lb. papers.
Chests Japan lea, i lb. paper
Boxes Raisins, London tajer.
botes Raisins, l,ondon tajeri,
f botes KaWins, lxndnn Layers,
Doses Raisins, Muscatel
Cases Mlsed Pickles,
Caes bpices, assorted, alt sires,
Pails Mince Meat, At more,
Tins Mince Meat, Cuttings
Sacks Raw Peanuts,
backs Fnctish Walnuts,
barks Soft Shell Almonds,
backs 'texa Pecans, extra large.
Cases California Hone), 1 lb tins,
Cases Mn, More t Co's., fresh canned
t-ruits, Jellies and Vegetables.
Halts Wrapping Pper, extra quality
A tARGft ASSORTMENT OP
Best California Lvathcv.
Sole, Insole, Harness, Skirting and Uppers
1 rencn ana American Laiiikini,
Sheep bkins, Goat -kint,
Hawaiian Saddle Trees.
And other goods too numerous to mention.
Thee goods ore fredi, were bought sery low, and
will be sold at
LOWEST MARKET RATES.
1 W, KcCHESNE? SON,
No. 42 Qneen Street
ARC THE IinST.
And all thu Standard Odors.
A new invoice just received
pilBUUATISM, RHEUMATIC I-A1NS.
Ncur.liU. wul fcpuul .ai Nmou ConpUlAti cum!
W MALVANI&M " NekUirii.iJ,wxhuj
Lul . uU.uot uoUutg HUMIM.
Jl AUli. Unl, I!cla H4l .ltd Kla iu
lleutfulu, II11U1 10, Hi Oil1
Ai iht annual toevsing " the slurs holders U the
INPKK 1M.AND aU.AU NAVICAUON CO,
held at I heir oftce en the It.itUr.A4e. tn Iba vl but
the U4Uiti( Ubcais wcia eUtted fur the enuring years
T. K. Fetter ...MMr-"M'PruJot
W U, UoOflty fMMtMMMMMIfU PfSl40
J. Loa, If .........WrffAr
w , lIcLuit.t. ,,,... .'Iritrr
U. N, UJcc.................MAu4ior
J. KNA, J. SecrKAy
HoowUU, Matb $, ill. j6j)9
Ufortlfref 111 NRl R M UTARI-ANF, I SQ , I
will offer t rubltc Awtfon, en
SATURDAY, MARCH a8th,
At n o clock now, at mjf Salesrooms,
Unlosc Previously Dlnpoactl ornt Prl
Those Splendid Lots on the Comer of Ueretania
and Plikel Streets
-iWlvfcM M foHwi fato Htn lytt. and at the (J
lrrn Uprt liks Horn nrfrtlt theie
nn be tSA vftffetton
Lot 1 too fttllsy ijo fcet, IVrttarrU Street upset
Lot tn fee bj t$o tWf, Dertan4a Street t upt
jot 3 ma fee try isjo feet, Detttatifa Street tipset
lt 4 hw feet by tje $mt klnatt reel upiet put
iet $ im fees by ib fleet, nemftnla Street tipet
Lt 6 ior(Wtb) it&ieei, K.ttM Street; upset price
Let j to feel by jm fret( with UslhHnss thereout
ufnet prfe $aa.
Let I ti feet by 150 feet, IWtetahh Street i upt
Lot oioefeet by tj&feet, Young Street t tipset ptke
Lot to-tifet by tjo feel tleretanla Street, npet
price) it 30,
!.ot 11 too feel b Ijo feet, Vuunj Street ( upetprk
Tr above lots were purehaed by Mr Macfarlane
fuf a residence, and for the putpoe of Improvement It
hi had ureal rare ami eultivatl it, snthat at present
it is well comrd l a larjre vanetj of trees, as well as
a (hotte to Teuton iTplvits and flowers, all In bloom.
Among the fruit and shade trees will I-e found the
travelers lire, the Ho)a) Palm, the Wine Palm, the
lemon tree, the 1 an Palm, the Cocvanui the Japan
ete Orange, the Ponciana Regis, the Mandarin Grange,
thefig'lrre, the AlHjjatrr Pear, the Alnerol and
others In Kmen nnd T lowers there are A ureal varl
ety, which mint be seen to I ajrrettrtteU.
Water pipes are laid on In each of t.ots No. 1 to 7.
inclusive and 50 feet of hoe will reach any part ut
them Iliese Mi are swuated Ju in the centre of the
Ktilaokahua Plains, on the principal street leading
from Honolulu, and are within twenty tributes walk
from lowfii, as well as be ins upon ihe omnibus route to
I shall oiTer them on very favorable terms Cpr pur
chaser, namely t
One-fourth Cash, nnd Balance In equal Payments
oft, a, 3 and 4 year a, with Interest at Seven
Per Cent, secured by Mortgage.
Tins divUion of pa)ments, and low rates of Inttrest,
allow ontfora comparatiscU small sum annually paid
for four ears, to become the owner of a beautiful
Parties deirinff lots must make early application, as
we shall tell at private aale lo those who first apply
Plans of the property can be seen at m) office.
&" Deeds at purchasers expense.
:. J1. A M If V, Aiicttrnrcr,
WATER NOTICE I
OWING 'IO TIIH SCARCI1V OP WATrR,
the Hours for Irrigation will be limited to 4 hours per
day, from fi to 8 a m , and from 4 to 6 r m , until
further notice. CHAS. II WILSON.
Approved ) bupt. Water Worts.
CHAS. T. T.ULICK,
M inister of r inance )
Honolulu, January 30, 1883. ajt tf
ECKART & HUBASH,
Manufacturer and Importer of
Silver Ware, French Clocks, Etc.
No. 99 Merchant Street, Honolulu, II L
Kuhiit fru rlruitnd ilttn Ifmiinmf Hftthtf
a siHThittif, All HutlH vftleu ilry tnudti lit
ardt r mt rrjmtrrd.
Watches carefully Eopairsd and Watrinlei.
General engraving and fancy Monograms neatly ea
AIL WORK DQNJS AT MOPERATR I KICKS.
2ST Our good mint be examined to be appreciated,
be.ng made from the heaviest and beu material In the
most workmanlike minner
Island Orders Promptly Executed.
3 4J ,
CITY SHOEING SHOP,
coprosiTn dodus stabi.es.)
Horse Shoeing in all its Branches
Done in the mot Horkmanhke manner
Racing & Trotting Shoes a epocialty, j
Our Hates will be reasoaable.
'Hie undenigned, having bought out the Interest of
Mr. James Oodd in th alovo shop, aoliciis a conilnu
anc of l he liberal patronage bestowed on the late firm
Mr. J W McDonald received the highest
Award and'Dfploma, for his Hand-made bnoei.
at the Hawaiian Exhibition for tha year 1M4.
2T Horses taken to the shop an,l returned at short
nwice when desired J W. WcUOjNALU.
No. 31 Fs St., Clock Building.'
I lav rvrtlvtc .Foniijintn.nl dflh. rao.t Kcoooutlc.l
nd VuluaU. I c.d for ftll jMridt of tM.k, tt I
coouvj) f,rxsi:uo mk.il.
It li tlic ftt&ieu F1th former, Mill; anj llutttr pro
duccr In um.
O.l C.V. M.oJ thow. .Lout ; r cnt of nmrUiv.
nuittr ; tliU nearly 0 ,.r Mitt.
100IU. of thu lut t equal li y4 lt.1. of MM, 0
til lira, of corn, or to 767 It, of wfwai liran.
Alo, our UnnvaUd MIXKIJ HiKO, a. w.Uuour
utual aupply of in. tut kbtdt of
liar, Oat., Wheat, Cora, Eta, Etc
Hhkhlt offrred at lh. Uwu Mail.l Katit, and
d!lcrtJ frt. to any H of lli. city.
Agintl fwr Ih.
Pacific Mutual Ltf. Iniurtnc. Co. of California.
A.nU for It. HOOVER TKLlil'llO.NK.
CommUhtoncr of I)td for tt. Slatt of CattforrtU.
IKI.l.rilONl- HO i4i. .jt-.Ji
NoiUt li tiucoy liven thai at a meeting held In
Honolulu, uollu l day of tbrury, 1H1. of the
tubtcTiWrt lu Ih. uotkU ih. HU.S I'Ulll.lill INtl
LU , (limned) It w wild la ac u tU Clatter of In
wrpof.tion granted Ivtliew aud Ih.lf utctiMor. ir.dr
Ibt (arpvral uu and I)U of In. I'r luLliihii
Ul,(uiui)) on W 3 1 m day of JaiMury, 1M5, ud
lhat J Corporal.., voder aall Cii.ttr, i&rwuoi
M(ai,ud llwlf and elrvud ! following ollcet I
I'reuler.niid Manager ......T O. 'I Worn
irvaaurcr .uTruty ,U, b. baulk.
KotK. I, fu.tber titnll.at pvnuant 10 lb. term of
aul Charter, "(ft el.ilhj.t4t. hall U Lit
dlndoAlly lieu! fur lb dU of lb. CvrpoetUi b
)udth. amount bkb may t.du no, h frbar. or
abaft held by buaoe lb..' ,
K. a. fell 11 II, fltfUT.
PLANING MILL, L
autton. attr QkMeMt Ui. "
C lludi. CueMractor aad UuuVkr! n Proprletar,
looldui;t ad IrniJ. alirayi 00 LitVJ,, lb. mU
Uttt for .e!e Lud tod tJ Movt wowJcirf ud M.
TtJoBbOM Nt. 14. V H-t
.. amkJ t kai-."-.v 1 rl 3 (' -C tbJU
u .tok if -y .sjaiffiv ,,....,- i.
, m&k. ... ,iaJm!isia&tkJlamtm$lii&d