Newspaper Page Text
1 "" J
ADVERTISING RATES IM PRESS
M.aturrd In Inches. Full column of Saturday
Preti tt t-f Inches long-.
One Time, One Month- 4 weMis.
i inch $ i.oi. .t
l M 1,54 3
1 M e.30 S6"
1 " 3-M . .
i " 4w 8.c
5 " 4 9 5o
6 " 5.50 t.w
' column $ Inn, .. .. . ...$ifi,or)
I rolumn 16.00 J 00
foch additions! Inch J cf)H entra.
tKath additional Inch fi.extra.
Second Insertion rate charged for first insertion.
tUth additional month rate charged for first
A lvrrti"mrn! ordered In for 5 or more months will
be tbrgd for monthly at ) the rate for first month.
tT llminrw Card when rtttfj for tttt year, are
allowed a discount of one third from thts rates, wMih
are for trantient advrtiscnicntv
All local advertisements will le collected monthly,
eseept yearly advertisements i'1 in adiante
All furelgn advertisement must be accompanied with
the pay wh-n ordered tn, or no notice will be taVrn ol
th'm. 1 he rates of charees are liven In the above
scale, and remittances for kattern American advertise.
meets, or subscriptions may t made by bank bills,
coin or postal money order.
SATURDAY ... .. APRIL 4. i5
rilctlllmi intra. XII.
During a plenum cill upon Mr. II. H.
Juilah, mscni;'r sgciit uf the Southern
l'acifie lUllrtiail, I wat induced, even though
hut a week terminal to conclude nil business
ami vjcial engagement, to take lime for a
trip to the 1 1 ut U del Monte ami Monterey.
In fact Mr, Jwlaii assured me that it a the
tett yet needed to round out my tour, other
wine I should miss the liesl and most delightful
trip of all. Furthermore, he was so considerate
for my 'comfort and pleasure in the briefest
time possible as tu time my depirture and
lay out a programme for my guidance, an
assistance that proved of much value.
At 10:50 A. M,, the train left the station at
the corner of Fourth and Townscnd streets,
San Francisco. The weather had been threat
ening and ere we passed the Valencia street
station rain began to fall. At times it poured
in torrents as e sped southward, settling it
self gradually but steadily to business, as we
reached the Snd' of our journey at Jijor. M.
The train slowed down at the station on the
hotel grounds to allow passengers (or the Del
Monte to alight, where the "bus" in waiting
conveyed us to the hotel, not far distant, white
the train continued to its terminus at Monterey.
Need I say I was surprised ? I believed 1 had
utterly failed to thoroughly picture to my mind
the narrated and written descriptions of I oth
house and grounds that I had been favored
with j for great though my expectations had
been, and though unauspicious the time of my
arrival, I found pleasant surprises on all sides
without, and unequalled, spacious provision for
.comfort within. One takes in at a glace the
fact that no expense has been spared in estab
lishing and conducting the hotel and laying
out its picturesque grounds. While the rain
interfered with my outdoor plans, through the
courtesy of the efficient clerk in charge, an at
tendant was deputed to conduct ine through
the entire building, so that I can not say that
the balance of my afternoon was unprofitable.
Some I'ress readers may be interested to know
that the Hotel del Monte is a three-storied
modern gothic wooden structure 385 feet in
length and 11$ feet in width, with wings. In
the front centre part of the building is the
lobby, 42 by 4S feet, the right hand side being
devotrd to the office needs, and opposite a
spacious lire place, while directly in front, as
you enter, is the grand staircase. llroad cor
ridors run lengthwise of the building on the
different Doors ; the front rooms on all being
suites ami the rear rooms single. Many of
these suites can be connected to serve a large
family or party, and all of them are elegantly
furnished. On the main tioor, to the right,
arc the suites reserved for the principal railroad
officials' use J while to the left of the lobby is
the reading room 25 by 26 feet, ladies billiard-
room 25 by 62 feet, and a ladies parlor 34 by
42 feet at the end. I'arallcd with this anil
reached by a hallway and covered verandah is
a ball-room 36 by 72 feet which is used weekly
during the season. There is a spacious dining
room 45 by 70 feet, a smaller one for children
and others for private parties. Everything in
and about the hotel is evidently kept in the
very best of order and nothing throughout the
entire building gave any indication of the
length of lime it had been opened (now about
four years) except the effects of heat around
and above the great lire place in the lobby.
Excepting this I saw naught to show but what
the Del Monte had opened to the general pub
lic the week prior to my arrival. A broad
verandah runs the length of the building cm
the front, and considerable length on the ends.
A ta.ty garden plat surrounds the building
and Is probable the best parterre or mosaic
pattern gardening to be seen on the Pacific
Coast, Looking out from the front verandah
of the hotel, beyond spacious and well-kept
sanded drive-ways, arc garden plats of (lower
ing plants and shrub, winding paths between
leading to grasiy lawns beyond, where, amid
majestic OjtVi, and towering pines, tennis
courts, croquet grounds, swings, archery and
other out-door games are provided for, as well
1 sand bins for the Infantile guests of this
uumoioth hotel. Everything that art could
suggest and wealth procure has been made
subservient to the main idea of beautifying a
naturally picturesque spot. To the south
att of the hotel is the billiard hall and bowl
ing alley, and midway between it and the
hotel, east of the garden walks is a bed of
cacti of all sorts, kind and sites, so arranged
that the effect is peculiarly interesting. On the
northeast U the laburynth of growing cypress,
entering which parties often wander for hours
tre they find the exit, I had heard of this
puule plat and visited It the next day, but I
need hardly say that I did not feel like taking
the time (or the experiment. On the north
of ami In plain view of the hotel is a small lake
or pond knowu as Laguha del Key that Is
now being bordered with rocky banks, and In
which (null Wets are being built, so that ere
long this artificial lake, stocked with swans, as
ll contemplated, will add still further all (ac
tions to these spacious grounds. The effect of
this view as seen from the main tower of the
hotel Is easier Imagined than described, and if
I gave an Involuntary cipreasion of satisfied
pleasure at the picturesque panorama as the
Kent lay before me I don t think I differed
much front the 17,00a visitors who urccecded
nut the year before. Some little distance from
the hotel oil the south, and beyond the bowling
alley and billiiid. hall are the stables, acknow
ledged to be Snely appointed thioughout, with
ai-conaodations for over sixty horses. Gas nude
upon the ground is tuinishnl toil! parts of tl.e
hotel and lit adjacent buildings, and pure
waWiT is supplied from a reservoir rive unlet
way, fed by (he Cauncl riser ten or twelve
aule further distant,
Foe want of time the bath house on the
batch but a few minutes walk from the hotel
was not visited. Like everything else in con
nection with this hotel i U a spacious concern,
having ltd dressing rooms. The main building
contains four Urge tanks, each 36 by 50 feet,
lit bottoms of whch Incline and saiy in
depth. Powerful steam pump supply aud
empty these 1 desired j and the water therein
cm be heated by steam coils in a rapid, cten
B lad taUstsctory manner . Thit It an additional
a-arai.-tkin to the open air sea bathing upon Its
Kain continued In earnest all afternoon and
throughout the night, winding up with heavy
thunder towards morning, but by breakfast
time a promising break In the clouds encour
aged me lo order up a team with a good pilot
ax driver lo make the tour of the peninsular.
Thanks to the courteous clerk Mr. K. T. M,
Simmons for his consideralencss in my behalf,
the best team and guide was placed at my dis
posal, with ample coverings and imps in the
event of continued rain. We started at a little
after nine, driving by the bath house, then past
the terminal station of the railroad and into
sleepy Monterey. The entire round of In
principal streets was mule and its old buildings
and historic localities or landmarks were
pointed out. There was much of ancient
aspect thioughout the town, the buildings being
low, and many ol them retaining their old time
tile roofing ; some of them were moss-covered
with age. Monterey boasts of th'c first of many
things in the state at civiliration and progress
claimed California, and these are pointed out
with pride to the enquiring visitor principal
among which is tbe first printing office, the
first brick house, the old soldiers quarters, the
old government building, old Pacific and
Washington Hotels, the site of Fremont's fort
with its adobe ruins and dismantled cannon,
and as we drove out to the rieht of the town
the landirg plate ol the first padre, Junipcro
Serra, w hieh is marked by a cross, with the date,
June 3, 1770. The contrast could not be
greater between ancient and modern architec
ture than is presented here so near together as
at Monterey and Del Monte.
Continuing westward we pass the whaling
station, Chinatown a fishing village and
then enter the Pacific Grove, the great camp
meeting resort, nearly two miles from town.
This is a tract of about a mile in length, densly
wooded with pines, with an occasional clear
ing for lent or hut, there being but few per
manent cottages and buildings. Just lwfore
gelling through this stretch wc took a new
short-cut road into the midst ol the forest,
affording a fine drive over its sanded macada
mised road to ocean beach. The wind was
blowing fresh and helped the cross tides at
Point Joe to be quite commotional, the waves
breaking heavily against the rocky coast at
this point ; abalonc gatherers here bring out
their temptations of choice shells, or sets, for
disposal to visitors. lleyond this and abreast
of the sand hills are the seal rocks, at times
covered with these awkward creatures. Thence
wc drove on to Cypress Point and through
cypress grove where the trees, instead of having
a straight upward growth as does the cultiva
ted cypress of our acquaintance, they branch
generally, bear the foliage out like great sheets
of green moss or velvet and are gnarled in
their trunks. Beyond this is Pebble beach,
Chinese Cove, Pcscadcro and the historic
Carmclo Mision now in ruins. This latter
point of interest I had to omit for want of
time and on account of the rains, so instead
of continuing our road to reach the highest
elevation on the home stretch, we took a
detour through woods of yellow pine and oak,
parts of which were of rank growth, while
places here and there was clearer, with grass
covered ground that looked not unlike heavy
inanicnie at a short distance.
On the way back we took in the water
works, a finely constructed reservoir at an
elevation of 150 feet above the hotel, the
roads and grounds adjacent being as thoroughly
tended and well-kept as though it were part
and parcel of a private park. It really is this
in fact, come to think of it, for the hotel com
pany have secured nearly the whole of this
peninsular, some 7,000 acres, simply as an
adjunct to the hotel attractions, to afford a
romantic drive for the double enjoyment of sea
and forest air within a distance ol sixteen miles.
Wc reached the hotel in good time for lunch
and rest ere taking the train for the city. With
an hour to spare I traversed the grounds and
thoroughly enjoyed the art gardening of the
place, to keep up which a large force of hands
arc constantly employed.
Shortly after one o'clock a party of us bade
farewell to all this evidence of out door beauty
and luxuriant hotel accomodations and took
the train for the city at the Del Monte station ;
and as I sat in my reverie enjoying ngain the
delights of the past twenty-two houis, I fancied
myself one of the most favored of mortals.
Notwithstanding the inclemency of the weather
I had seen the beauties and attractions of this
most famous resort with but a day and a half's
absence from the city, I realized then the
truth of Mr. Judah's remark that it would
prove the zest to my whole California trip, for
it seemed then, and docs now, to have rounded
it out with a completeness otherwise unattain
able. And to my persistant friend referred
to, who would none of my excuses for want of
lime, or anything else, be ever grateful
Thus, dear Press readers, is the way I spent
my fall vacation. It was not altogether as I
planned it when relinquishing duties for
health's sake, but wishing to give others the
benefit of my vacation time as far at posdble
I endeavored "to be observant in my travels
and was perhaps a bore, at times, in my search
after knowledge of places, and people and in
my enquiries relative to their interests. I met
many who expressed their warm aloha for the
islands, and in return for passing courtesies ex.
tended them here, made me feel there was
nothing too good for a wandering represen
tative of Hawaii. For all such I shall ever
feel a grateful rememberancc.
Visits to places ol Interest in the city and
mtlngs of changes going on in various direc
tions, as abo reminiscences learned of, and
people met, might furnish further subjects for
fetters, but lest I tire tbe patience of readers,
it may be deemed wise lo "take a rest."
Honolulu, April 2, 1SS5. T. G. T,
'vrf-Mfrert JCaator Hr Ice
Sunday morning there will be an Easter
PraUc Service, more especially fur the child
ren. Pastor Ctuzan will preach a brief Easter
Sermon, and the music will be appropriate to
the day. The cliurch.ai usual, will he decorated
for the occasion. In the evening there will be
a praise service, with the following programme.
1, Voluntary Organ anil Violin Corallu .Rill"
I. JKolojy ,,, ...Cholc uj Comcrexatlon
4. KtitxHiM (Clioii) Pra:M y th. L01J for 111,
5. Old lealament Leitun.
6. Hymn Choir snd Congrealetion)-.Iark, Ten Thtti
Mod Harps and Veins. , Lo.cllMaMn
7. New Ictautenl l.raon.
8. tvatur Arilhcm (Choir) Chrut our Passover
. Dudley Duck
10. Krpotu (Criou) Te Drum, on It minor
,, - .. .; , Dudley Buck
II. llyotn(ChoiranJconfc;atton Joy to the World,
titanged.,,, ...Loaell Maaon
IJ. Anthem (Choir) -Hreak Korth into Joy.... tlarnby
14. )l)inn(Ctknr aid Conjregatbii) Rim CUurioui
Conlueror ,.UivkeU Maaon
16, Oraa Relational Hallelujah Choral.. ..Handel
" J. W YaC-v, Mutical Dim-tor.
"Judge Iloapili and the constable hit
brother are having a gloriously Indolent lime
at Keauhou Day, Notth Koiu," writes a cor
respondent) who goes on to say that the rci
dents of that locality would be greatly obliged
to those functionaries if they would remove a
lad notoriously leprous who Inhabits the ground
floor of one of the village houres. "A word
to the wise," O Judge H1UII It stmttimu
tufBcient. May it provii so In (hit instance.
t Despite the ravages of volcanic eruptions
and the depredations of cattle, large koa rect
may still be found in the Hawaii forests. A
ko canoe aj feet loug was rccti.tiy built In
the mountains of North Kona and hauled down
one of the rough mountain trails en sleds.
K01t.lt. I i.ivi:,
Thf Milt ttntt VtatttnttnnnTii' tinmen
unit ii lenite -1 ht Inntttnttntt
A I'etr tlrtrrttHeea.
After passing Ilawi Mill and going towards
Niulii one le Iwund " inside." The Kamcha
mcha Statue is central Kohala. From that
point to Niulii it " Inside," from that point to
Hawl and a little lieyond Is "outside." So
prevailing are the two local designations that
a stranger must master their meaning almost
at soon at he cntcrt the district, or he will be
non plusscd. As I went on a " through "
train, from Maliukon.1 to Niulii, I began my
study of plantation life at the extreme " in
side." I cannot claim that my study was at
all thorough. I spent hours where I would
gladly base spent days and "did " in a week
a district that could not be exhaustively
studied save, pcihaps, by a practical planter
and tclcntlfic mill man in lest than a month,
Niulii Is owned and managed by Hon. C.
P. Hart, circuit judge of the districts of Kona
and Kohala. Ills engineer and sugar
boiler is Mr. Kobert Hall. Mr. 11. J. Waite
is Iwok-kccper. To Mr. Waite the Press Is
Indebted for a monthly statement of the rain
fall at that place. Judge Hart docs not phnt
any cane. For many years he has assisted
native planters, carrying them through bad
years, dividing serious losses, for which he
was neither legally nor morally responsible,
and by his patience, tact, justice and gene
rosity winning the confidence and regard of
many dependent natives and the respect of all
who know him. Ilcsides several natives,
cultivating comparatively small fields, two
Chinese planters, Akina nnd Aseu, cultivate
about 200 acres of cane yearly, and Thompson
Ilrot. about too acres yearly, Some 1,200
acres of cultivated cane lands arc now tributary
to Niulii Mill. The Honolulu agents of
Niulii Mill arc T, II. Davies & Co. The
specialty of Niulii Mill is the excellence of its
machinery. And the profitable results of
economical yet progressive management arc
evident to alt careful observers. A double
effect was being put in while I was at Niulii
the only one in the district ; and a diffusion
battery will probably soon be added.
Halawa Mill, about two miles northwest of
Niulii, is leased by the Halawa Sugar Co,
from Doctor Wight, who owns most of the
tributary lands. Thompson Ilios. and K. II.
Atkins plant for the company, which also
plants some of its own cane. About 900 acres
arc tributary to Halawa Mill. The company's
manager is .Mr. U. Ji. Wells. Mr. II. J(
Moller is sugar-boiler ; Mr. C. J. Falk, book
keeper. C. llrewer & Co. are the Honolulu
agents. The Halawa Mill prides itself, with
reason, upon its light colored and clean look
ing No. I sugar, and upon the fine appearance
of its mules. Its recently burned trash houses
have been rebuilt, and arc now protected by
roofing between the buildings, decreasing the
danger from spaiks.
Kohala Plantation and Kohala Mill are
under one management. The property is
owned in part and leased in part by the Kohala
Sugar Co., of which Castle & Cooke arc the
Honolulu agents. Mr. C. A. Chapin is man
ager i Mr. John Hlaisdell, sugar-boiler ; Mr.
II. Kickard, head luna. The Kohala Mill has
some 2,000 acres tributary to it, nearly all of
which tract is cultivated by the management.
Mr. Chapin's skill as a cane cultivator is
attested by the fine appearance of his cane,
and still further attested by the vield of sugar
per acre, for which Sugar-lloiler Hlaisdell fairly
may be considered partly responsible. Kohala
Plantation was employing Hawaiians, Chinese,
Portuguese and Japanese when I visited ; the
Japanese were giving " perfect satisfaction," I
Star Mill" is the property of a corporation, of
whiclt Irwin & Co., are the Honolulu agents.
Mr. G. K. Evvart is manager ; Mr. J. P. J
Sisson, book-keeper ; Ex-Lieutenant Smvthe,
luna. The Star Mill management has about
1,000 acres of cane tributary. It plants in
part and is planted for in part. Considerable
enterprise has been shown by its management
in bringing new land under cultivation and in
building cane flumes.
The Union Mill Co. is a corporation ; T.H.
Davics & Co., being its Honolulu agents.
The mill controls some 1,000 acres ;
and is planted for by the Kynnerslcy
llros., by Chilian & Co., and by the company.
Mr. James Kenton is manager ; Mr. Henry
Kenton, sugar-boiler; and Mr. J. II. Mac
kenzie, book-keeper. The Rentons, father
and three sons, arc all practical sugar men, two
of the sons being mill managers in Hamakua.
Ilawi Mill and much of the tributary land is
owned by Mr. K. K. Hind, who is manager ol
the mill. Mr. W. J. Brodie, the lieecroft
Plantation of which Mr. E. A. Burchardt in
manager, and Mr, Hind himself all plant for
Ilawi Mill, The land tributary is about 1,200
acres, Ilawi Mill has just put up a fine stone
chimney to take the place of an iron one re
cently burned out. Except for the danger from
earthquakes1 the superior durability of stone or
brick chimneys over iron ones it manifest.
Kohala is rich in pleasant homes. The plan
tations have very generally good quarters for
their shipped men and day laborers, and com
fortable dwellings for their principal employees.
There are several handsome even elegant resi
dences i but none of them are pretentious or
extravagant-looking. It cannot truthfully be
said 'that money has been squandered to make
Kohala planters or managers luxurious homes.
Great good taste is evident in the home grounds
of many residences. Much has been done and
more it being laid out. There was some
pleasantly individual feature about each of the
hornet that entertained me during my five
days' stay In Kohala proper. One enthusiast
has a (lower garden in which I noted gloxinias,
crotons, begonias, bignonlas, alamandas, pur
ple and scarlet salvias, a charming variety of
ems and mosses, and a fine collection of
orchids. The same gentleman is attempting
to grow grafted and budded fruit trees from
California. So far his trees hate flourished,
though none have fruited jet ; peaches, apri
cots, prunes, mulberries, crab-applet, quinces,
olives are to be given a fair tiial in the cool
yet warm climate and rich toil of the midland
tlopet of Kohala,
I could go on at length about Kohala'a
hospitality. It wat showered upon me, and
I hope never lo forget how pleasant
it was. I was a malchinl and they
"took me In" in the best sense of that equivo
cal but expressive phrase. But I can not for
get that the Kohalan folks are an almost
morbidly modest people. They are never to
happy as when dispensing their abundant hot
pitalily 1 yet they are never to uncomfortable
at when listening to their own praises.
Therefore, while the temptation It to name
names, and to fill half a column with tincere
personal taffy, ( know that my impersonal
dunkt to the district will be belter appreciated
thanar.y individual mention would be. I make
one exception, however, The Kohala Club, at
Puchuchu, Is maintained by the young men of
the district. Engluhtucn predominate but
many American! belong to snd thoroughly
enjoy it, ll has no public bar 1 the members
who desire so to do keeping their own wines,
liquors, beers and cigars. Caterer Wilson,
who used to woik for the Hawaiian Hotel, is
a good 000k and an attentive, cleanly and
polite manager, Traveller! who come Intro
duced can have a clean bed, good meals and
horse feed at fair prices. I passed an enjoy,
able evening In the club's talking roam, and
met there a number of young fellows whose
physique, address and staple topics of talk
would have lecn creditable to a simitar nsscm
My -anywhere. The officer! of the club are t
Messrs. . II. Mackenzie, president) W.J.
Drodie, secretary and treasurer ) C. U. Kemp
ttcr, librariin j (!, F, Holmes, U. A.
lturchardt and U. S. Kvnnerslcy, managing
committee t John Wilson, steward,
A polo club plays, In good weather, twice
a week. Most of its members belong to the
Kohala club, I saw one ItnffK.mptii match,
in which tix playcrt only engaged. Messrs.
llurchardt, Kennerslcy, Mackenzie, (above
mentioned) and Messrs. Henry Uenton, Hobert
Wallace ond Kev. II, F, E. Whalley were the
players. The game Is a hard one for both
riders and horses. And both man and beast
must be cool, collected, active and untiling to
succeetl In the game. There Is a spice of
danger about it. Horses' legs are often pain
fully and sometimes seriously injured by blows
from the exaggerated hockey ("shinny") slicks
with which the polo man it aimed ; and, some
times, the men are themselves hurt in the fre
quent charges which make the game so cxhil
crating nnd so exciting,
A polo club, with the Maklkl reserve for
r.tcct, would be n new and a notable feature
in Honolulu athletics. Kohala's example is
worth sleeping upon ; and I commend it to
those nil admirar! young gentlemen to whom
boating Is "too heavy," base ball "too light'
and linking "too juvenile."
Kohala has had a plethora of gulches nnd a
church or " meeting" bouse for every gulch
counting the school houses. Kev. Elias Bond
has ministered until recently in the large na
tive church orrthc slope alios c the Kohala
plantation. Iter. S. W, Kekucwa is the
present pastor and hat also under his charge a
congregation at Makapala, near the Niulii end
of the district. At Waiapuka, south of Niulii
and at Halawa, there are Roman Catholic
Churches, Kev. Father Oliver being senior
clergyman in charge, and there is one near
Star Mill for Portuguese only. Within the
boundcrict of Kohala Plantation is the Foreign
Church, a union church of Presbyterians and
Congrcgationalists. It is at present without a
p.-utor, or was while I was there. Hut Kev.
Mr. Jordan of Shelby ville, Illinois, has accep
ted a call to Kohala and will soon arrive. The
parsonage, formerly occupied by Mr. Houston,
was being repainted and put in order for the
new pastor while I was In Kohala. Not far
north is the Chinese Clmrch.built under the dir
ection of Mr. F. W, Damon and the late Kev,
S. C. Damon. It is a neat structure and the
grounds about it are neatly kept. Near it is
the Kaiophi Club House, headquarters of the
Chinese Benevolent Society, I am assurrcd
by those who have every opportunity of know
ing (and whom I have every reason to believe)
that this club house and the society which
supports it are in every sense worthy credit
able to the Chinese race, and an honor to the
The "outside" church of the district I
mean of the cane growing portion is the Pro
testant Episcopalian Church, of which Rev.
II. F. E. Whalley is rector. Mr. Whalley
teaches the only English school for white
children in the district ; and while neglecting
neither pulpit nor desk, finds time to do a
deal of parish visiting, to keep up his know
ledge of English party politics and English
church polity, and to play" an occasional game
The Kohala public school has and deserves
the confidence and friendship of the district.
I do not pretend that one May fairly
judge of a teacher's work by an hour
spent in the class room. But when one
"happens in" there is no time to "spruce
up " or to furbish, either methods or material.
What I saw during an afternoon was routine
class work. Mr. E. N. Dyer is principal and
Miss L, M. Manross and Miss C. L. Turner
leach the primary and the intermediate
grades. The pupils number 120, chiefly
natives and Portuguese, there being only a few
Chinese and half-castes. Cleanliness and
order are sometimes secured at the expense of
interest in lessons. The teachers I have men
tioned seem to have mule their pupils more
than usually careful of peisonat appearance
and yet keenly interested in their studies. I
spent most of my brief stay in Miss Turner's
room. It was one ol my pleasantest school
room experiences. That young lady has
adopted a method of teaching which, while it
doubles her own work, secures results not
otherwise obtainable. She has mastered
Hawaiian and is rapidly mastering Portuguese,
and is therefore able to fix in Ijie minds of her
pupils the English equivalents of the words
familiar to them in their parent tongue. The
method demands hard study, but ought to
repay all those teachers of native, Portuguese,
Chinese or Japanese pupils who have the
talent of acquiring languages, and who teach
(at least in part) for the love of it. In the
yard of the Kohala school, opposite the
northern building, is the original Kamelumeha
Statute, erected in May of 1S83. It is, as
most readers know, the counterpart of the one
In Honolulu save that the gilding of the
cloak and helmet is not, and there is a gen
erally weather beaten look about it.
"They say" that n few nights after it was
erected a Chinese woman passed. She had
not heard about it, and her first look at the
towering, star-lit giant was naturally awe
inspiring; so much so that she fainted and was
found by the toad side, a few feet distant, in
sensible. Fortunately the fright had no
By the way, I think the casting of the right
arm ol the statue is a bit of work for which the
Honolulu Iron Works hat a right to wear
feather in its cap.
There are several schools in the district
where Hawaiian it taught by Hawaiian teachert
to Hawaiian pupils.
The Kohala- boarding tchool for Hawaiian
girlt is now closed, more's the pity, Tl'io
buildings are spacious and comfortable. The
location and ground are naturally pleasant
and might be nude wonderfully attractive.
without lavish expenditure. Miss Lyons, the
hit-f linopal of the school, left greatly dis
couraged, I know how many and how great
the discouragements are. Hut since I was In
Kohala I have been in North Kona and the
evidences of the ucces of Kev. and Mrs. S.
II. Davis' in their Bills boarding school at that
place convinces me that they have found out
the right plan. But only teachers Imbued
with the missionary spirit that prompted and
sustained men like Father Lyman of Hilo, and
many othert ttill living, can make tuccetsful
the Kohala boarding school or any other simi
larly .mated. And seal and self-denial must
be supplemented by social tact and businctt
talent, or failure It a foregone conclusion.
The Roman Catholic Mission, controlled by
Father Oliver, tupportt a parish school, at
tended by aboul 65 pupils, Native and Portu
guese. It It taught by Monsieur I)e llcarne.
At Halawa the Young People's Christian
Association has built a hai: which Is tuilable
for ndnor public entertainments, and furnishes
good reading for that minority of foreign
Kohala that has not good reading at home.
Socially, Kohala Is a dancing community
and yet a community where literary taste and
the cultivation bom of Intelligent leading and,
in many Instances, foreign travel, It unmistak
able. Mortlly, the white population maintains a
high standard. Tbe natives are said to be In
telligent, independent and self respectful In a
higher desjiee (ban In many parts of the
Island. Some of them are making heroic
efforts to keep their people from drinking and
gambling, and to presets eUie chatllty of their
young women and maturing girls.
Hut it is a hard, uplilll fight. They have
jo contend against the gambling habits of the
vicious among the Chinese and their Illicit
liquor selling, and against the unrestrained
passions of Chinese, natives and whites alike.
The sincere among the Christianized Chinese
are said to lie largely In the majority In Ko
hala. Their daily life and good woikt are In
evidence of that sincerity. Unfortunately the
unregenerate greatly out number them. They
aie said to be fairly good workers ) and make
little trouble lo managers, directly. Most of
them, however, gamble more or less. Efforts
have been made to prevent gambling, but have
been unsuccessful. In one plantation I was
told that the Chinese did not gamble during
the week ) but began Saturday night and kept
tt up until bed time Sunday. As a result most of
the Chinese on Kohala plantations save very
little of their wages, which accumulates in the
hands of a few, who are thus enabled to launch
Trade is a Chinaman's avenue to wealth and
consequence. It may be poi manufacture ; it
may be restaurant keeping j it may be vegeta
ble peddling j It may be washing j it may be
shop keeping. Of the latter employment,
Kohala has a superfluity. At least 20 Chinese
shops sell dry goods nominally and liquor
more or less secretly. I take the word of re
putable men of all classes that the Chinese are
selling, with almost complete immunity from
punishment, the vilest of vile liquor to an ex
tent that we in Honolulu f.nd It hard to realize,
For J$2 any native can buy a bottle of red
rootster brindy costing say 50 cents. In one
tense the stuff is cheap, even at $2, for there is
more fire and fight and headache in it than in
five bottles of good liquor. It is evidently
what the natives like. And the native jndi-
ciiry and constabulary are neither rigorous in
punishing or zealous in detecting the fata
I found public opinion dividetl as to the
evil or good which would be likely to result
Irom the recent action of the privy council.
Some said, with a hopelessness I was sorry to
see yet could readily understand, that the
native race seemed determined on self-destruction
; and that it wat a "tost-up" between
the sorts of suicide i-ffcicd. Others thought
that if licenses were given to men who would
sell good liquor, (i. e. liquor that was what it
pretended lo be : whirkey, brandy, rum or
gin), then there would be some hope that the
illicit sellers would be privately detected, pun
ished or starved out of their trade. Others
took the out-and-out prohibition view. It is
my belief that public opinion in Kohala I
mean the public opinion of intelligent Ger
mans, Englishmen and Americans would pre
fer a licensed liquor saloon kept by a man who
would not sell to minors, to women or to habi
tual drunkards than the present system of
illicit selling. Hut I find that no one has any
confidence that the license for Kohala will be
given to the sort of man above indicated. As
the Advertiser correspondent says : They
"don't want the license, anyhow."
Kohala's cardinal political grievance is the
fact that road money levied upon and collected
from the district is not spent in the district.
The roadways are naturally good. They have
been badly laid out in their methods of cross
ing the numerous gulches. Instead of running
up streams, the indues at the gulches run
down stream. Of course either grade or dis
tance is increased. Bridging would be often
a great advantage, winter torrents sometimes
delaying travel. Very little road money has
been spent in the district save to pay the
salaries of the local road supervisor during the
brief time he is allowed to work, During the
past two years Kohala has paitl enough in road
taxes to make the bad places (and there are a
few scry bad ones) in first rate repair ; and to
build two or more needed bridges. I am
speaking now of the roads in the cane growing
portion of the district. The mountain road to
Waimea, where the Kohala folks arc obliged
to go to attend court, is in disgraceful unrepair.
I am told that many years ago breaks could
be driven over it. Now any thing more
wheelish than a barrow would be a break be
fore it had gone one-third the through distance
from either Waimea or Kohala Mill. If these
are good reasons why Kohala's road money has
not been spent in Kohala, the people of that
district would like to know them.
Honolulu, March 28, 18S5. R. S. S.
P. S. Judge Fornander has done me the
honor to explain that the big heiau I accused
the first Kamehameha of building, between
Mahukona and Kohala, was built 800 or 1,000
years before Kamehameha was born. I as
sured my distinguished critic that I was never
so glad to be wrong in my life. But Minister
Daggett, who happened to be present, was un
kind enough to suggest the after thought that
any fellow as ignorant of heiaus as that ought
to go to Nevada and run for congress.
' 1 e
SoetoMM ul the Jletltel.
Last Tuesday evening quite a number ol
young folks and some of the older people
gathered in the vestry of the Bethel Church to
get the receipt for the cure of tramps.
Aunt Pcrpetua, Posie Pink, and the Irish
lace-woman of the ladies, and Uncle Hardee
ker, the artist, the German eyeglass peddler
and Plug Ugly from Baltimore, of the gentle
men, proved satisfactorily to the audience,
that the cure for tramps Is the temperance
pledge, and that to have a pledge In the house
does away with the need of a man or a dog.
A good moral was instilled, that in signing
the pledge cider must be included and that
parents should be willing to deny themselves
for the benefit of their children. All who took
part did splendidly and the audience wat very
Following this a medley song was finely
rendered by Mist Kate Lewit.
The beautiful lunch baskets were all sold
and bought good prices. One basket of ex
quittite llowcrt brought five dollars. The
amount realized was aliout seventy dollars.
Next Tuesday evening, April 7th, there will
be a doughnut sociable at the same place free
to all. The refreshments, to be served free,
will consist of home-made doughnuts and cof
fee. All the ladies, young ladies Included,
are requested td bring nothing but doughnut!
prepared by their own hands. The baskets
mutt be lab:lled. There will be a committee
appointed from among those present to tample
the douvhnuls. The lady who fuml.hcs the
best ones will be rewarded with a badge of
honor. If any prefer not lobe among the
competitors, there should be no immc on the
baskets. The baskets should be brought early
In the evening, Alter all have been served
the remaining doughnut! will he sold. Good
music and literary exerciset will open the even
ing. Young men are especially invited.
For all good judges and lovers of doughnut!
a rich treat it in ttore.
If any had planned to stay at home or to go
to some other place we would say dough it nut.
1 e iii
The American Bible Society has just tttreo
typed and published a new edition of the Ha
waiian Bible at a cost of four thousand dollars.
It is of the tame sited page as the 18 mo. New
Testament. It is neatly bound in black roan,
and it uild for two dollars gilt-edged copies
are twenty-five cents extra, There are two
taapn bound with the Bible, one of Palestine in
the time of Christ and one of tbe jouraeyisage
of the Apostle Paul. Such an edition hat lorag
been desired but a bulky octavo baa been the
only form hitherto sold.
Honolulu, April 4, 1885.
The businctt of the tveek hat been void of
activity, though peihapt not more than usual,
due allowance lic'.ng made for the neceiiary
attentions devoted to quarterly accounts.
The difficulties of the currency are likely to
come home with fresh vigor to the community
In the settlement of their accounts, the bank
demanding gold for exchange and other busi
ness done through them, and others clamoring
for the legal proportion of gold, while the
great majority receive nothing but silver and
have but that to meet Iheir account! with.
And this condition exists from the Inaction of
the government and lack of unanimity among
the principal firms on thit imtioitant question.
The movements of shipping have been light
agiln this week, the Mathilde from Newcastle
with coal and the whaler Cape Horn Pigeon
en route for the Arctic, being the only foreign
The departures'embrace the John Carver on
a whaling cruise, the Klikitat for the Sound in
ballast, and the Alameda, Discovery and Con
suelo with good cargoes lor San Francisco,
amounting together In value to $324,741,14,
of which $308,972.34 was for domestic pro
duce. The mortgage foreclosure of Hilo property,
on Monday last, sold to C. N, Arnold foi
$l,Ouo;nl the sale on Tuesday of the H
Interest of the late James Woods In the Kahua
Ranch and 20 shares of Union Mill stock, the
former was withdrawn and of the latter 6
shares sold at $625 each and the balance at
$600 each, Mr. James Kenton being the pur
chaser : sale subject to approval of the Court.
Urcwer & Co. announce a dividend of $2.00
per share on their stock, the Hawaiian Agri
cultural Co. $2.50 per share, and the Wairna.
nalo Sugar Co. $5.00 per share,
P, C. Jonc, Esq., the president of the Y.
M. C. A at whose invitation Mr. McCoy, the
secretary of the San Francisco Y. M. C. A., is
visiting the islands, gave a public reception at
his house Friday evening of last week. The
spacious parlors were well filled with Y. M. C.
A. members, their wives and sweethearts.
Judge Tudd, Judge McCully, Rev, Messrs,
Oggcl, Mcrritt, Bishop, Hyde, Forbes, Drs.
Kodgcrs and Emerson, Prof, Alexander, Hon.
J. O. Carter, Captain Bray, S, M. Damon, F.
W. Damon, J, II. Athcrton, C. M, Cooke,
Kev. Dr. Happer and Rev, A. II, Smith from
China were among those present. The display
of flowers was very elegant, and the refresh
ments served bore ample testimony to Mrs,
Jones' taste and skill. The occasion was one
of great social enjoyment and gave Mr. and
Mrs. McCoy a very pleasant opportunity to
meet Honolulu people in this friendly way.
Notice U hereby given that at a meeting held in
Honolulu, on the 38th day of February, 1885, of the
iulcnben.tothetocVofthe I'RESS PUBLISHING
CO., (limited) it wn voted to accept the Charter of In
corporation granted to the mand their ucccsvrt, under
the corporate name and ttle of the Vx I'ubltshin?
Co., (limited) on the 31st day of January, 1885, and
that said Corporation, under laid Charter, thereupon
organized itttlf and elected the fotlowing officers :
President and Manager,.,. T. G. Thrum
Treasurer and Secretary. ...., R. S. Smith
Notice is further civrn that pursuant to the terms of
ttaiu Charter, "iNo stockholders shall he in
dividually liable for the debts of the Corporation tte
yond the amount which may be due upon the share or
shares held by him or them."
U. S. SMITH, Secretary.
March as, 1885. ira
(Extract from New Zealand He:ald. March 3rd.)
By Cable. Own Correspondent 1
Sydney, March 2.
A shipment of preserved meats, from the New
Zealand Frozen Meat and Storage Company, Auck
land, has been received per Taraviera. 'the meat has
arri.ed in excellentcondition, and has given satisfac
tion here. This shipment, which was ordered by the
I mpenal authorities, consisted of 85,680 pounds.
H. HACKFF.Ll) & CO.,
Sole Agents for these meats, for the Hawaiian Islands.
GEO. M. RAUPP:,
Fort Street. SOppoetta Sodd's UaUtt,
Beef, Veal, Mutton, Lamb and Pork.
German and Pork Sauaagas,
Flab, Poultry and Vcgetablai
Orders will receive prompt attention. Shipping sup
plied with dispatch.
TBtsritoNtt No. 104.
PEAS EGG PLUMS, GRAPES I
Assorted JelUtt, Etc.
For sale by
H. HACKFELD ft CO,
CORNBR Or HoTBi. AND UNION STBBITt.
BRANCH OP EURBKA MARKET,
The undersigned has recently opened this new
Market and Is prepared to promptly furnish alt order
for the choicest quality of
BEEF, VEAL, MUTTON
LAMB AND PORK
Fresh Pork Savsagh (made dally)
UOUWJNA AND ULOOn AND LlV SAUrUCSS
Respectfully! GKO. U. SCHKAEDEU.
Forest Market, Tvlcphooe No, 363
Eureka Market, TctLhon No. 114 -34
Has just received per Martpoaa,
OUPEE HAMS AND BACON,
Cata Checu, Kits Salmon Belliea. Cam Codftib,
Kegs family ikef, Salaua Pilot ttnad.
Crackers table rUlum, Dried rWhea,
Uricd Apricot, )ruus, Gert&M,
GtllAriatK OoMb Honey,
Table Frulle, Jaws and Jellies, Family Flour,
Wheal, Cora, Potatoes, Onino. Caadit,
OM VtrtjiasUawttt) tustt ItMav Ptokltw,
And many ubei article loo bhbmtoiu to mention,
bkh kill U told u (jicei la Mill I he liases. ttT Salia-
factloa (uamuetd. CHAS. HUSTACE,
TeleoboM na. (im-5) No hi KU( Sums
PLANING MILL. L
C J. llvJie. Caatnai and stwiUw, b Prifriaior.
Meuldinfi sad riuiik alnys m kaai. Tkt attat
-! (m tak tud aad ao stov tnad nit aaal tail
Talllini Ntt'if, tiee,
THE PEOPLE'S WANT!
J. E. WISEMAN,
Oanare.1 Buatna AgAtit.
t Ilrnke, 1 CarrUce.
t line pianos for sale.
t new Katern top btiegy.
1 billiard table tn ffwd order, with bills and cue,
t fine road horse.
COTTACai TO tRNT !
At Punahou large and roomy residence (1 story),
contains 10 rooms, acres of trmind. artesian
well on premises. Will lease or sell 450 mo.
At WaiVikl 1 beautiful cottages, along the sea-shnre
to rent ; fine patturajie, Rood water, telephone.
Rent singly or together each $50 mo.
On Ilerctania streetnear Alapat, a line residence,
contains Brooms In all. Kvery convenience,
deep lot, stables, etc, $40 mo.
On Mhha street, near King stteet, a neat 5 room cot
tage with paddock arbor and jrarden $$ mo.
On King street, above Lihha street, a pleasant 6
room cottage to rent t fine lot, Mabtes, etc
OrT King street, In Kebello Ijine, opposite residence
S. Kaai, deceased a tfory cottage, large lot,
shade trees, etc $15 mo. Adjoining the
above a new cottage built with all modern
improvements, stables, deep lot, wtler, tc,
On Fort street near Chinese church, rntr, t small
cottages to let; rental each $10 and $15 J to
gether $m mo.
On Mont'g. Square at foot of Iteretanla street, near
the St Imis School. I have four small cot
tages to rent From $5 to $1? ma, etch.
ltoute and lot at Falama to Ktl. House neatly new
contains 6 looms, ample water, grape vines,
plants and Rowers. A pleawuit home for (null
Cottage residence on Ilerctania Street, three doors
from Alapat Street. This Is a large rooming
house, made comfortable throughout and deep
lot with ample shade trees. J40 mo.
House on Uhha Street, a story frame, deep lot.
Rental, $o mo.
Oa Atakea street a pteasant 7 room cottage to rent.
$1$ mo. Situate near Hotel street.
On Fort street a beautiful furnished houte with 9
rooms and out houses. Every convenience to
lease I year.
Fine house and lot to sell at Funahou, lot 3001300,
On I'Unalilo street a new cosy cottage to rent $35
mo., just finished with every convenience.
STOKi. and orriCES :
Store to let on King street opposite station house,
and upper portion lor dweiiingnouse.
Store to let on Hotel Street near Fort street.
Office Rooms to let In llrewer Block, Fort street
rooms f 12 and $?o mo., each.
One side of my office to rent with office-furniture
FOR LKASR AND TOR SALE I
The Moanu! Sugar Plantation on Molokat for sale,
it ,000 acre.). 700 acres owned ond 300 acres
eased, all under cultivation. 400 head choice
cattle. Cools and chatties generally. Splen
oma irrigation throughout, Cost 5173,000 ill
sen lor 75,000,
In Nuuanu Valley will lease small cottace and 1
acreof ground for $15 mo. ; this acre U cul
tivated, also 3 more acres auiotiung in cuitiva'
tton, )too year.
1 Sea-Beach lots at Waikikl for Sale, $650 each. 30 x
a lots for sale on Lunalilo street Plains.
At JCahhi, a 3-story house, 9 rooms In all, on acte
01 grouna, seu iur 1,500.
Punut Dairy Ranch Leasehold to sell, situated at
L'.I.UI - !. t.t-.l -a r.... .
(Via 11 11 1, wit (lie i.ijiu u oum. iwu asucs.
t ears to run and privilege of renewal 500
head cattle, 14 head hordes, wagon and impli
ments and a cottages. Kentai at, boo .ear
Sell for $ 17,000.
Beautiful residence to sell at Waikikl along the sea
shore. Choicest summer home on the beach
H'sHfr 1 hate a woman willing to do general house
Applications daily for houses In the city and on the
pteMiia. t ui )uui (Jivj'ctiy 111 my iiauui.
ttaT For further particulars, address or apply to
J. K. WISEMAN,
Real Estate and General Business Agent,
J. T. WATERHOUSE,
Invites inspection of the
Following Goods Just Received
Ex late arrivals :
BLACK FJMNCH MEHINOS,
Ladies' and Gents Umbrellas,
Linen Sheeting, r ine Silks,
ladies' and Gents' Hosier)-.
t Embroidered Cloth Table Coter,
Ladies' and Gont's Underwear,
Woolen and Cotton Shirts,
A Large assortment of
White Linen Shirts and Collars,
LATEST STYLES ,
Wool Dresa Coodi,
Ladies' Ilatl, trimmed and untrimmed,
ISdiclujaVa. nnd Iutort Iohm,
All Until uf
LACES, COLLARS, CUFFS, Etc.,
A 6n lot of
Now DetsUraocl Print,
And a great variety of loth
ENGLISH AND AMERICAN 'GOODS,
Too numerous lo mention.
No. M Kino St., Honoixiv, II. I.
niTKai. mm m w nna,
Copier an. Oust Iron Works
RANGES, TINWARE, Etc.
ttX All otk guaranteed ami all orUns lalMuIl,
atteuled to. Pleats ban orders o th slait
Now Zealand Potatoes.
FOR SALI SY
Henry May ft Go.
NIATUX JO PKWTING
BGULAR CASH SALE.
ON rRIDAY, APRIL 10
Ar to a. m-.at ovr Saimfoom,
ill be sold at auction
try Goods, Clothlrjt,
Crockery and Glasjware,
Sacks Oats and heat,
Sacks aVo. t S
Sett fine HuRjty Harness,
Line of Fresh Groceries,
And Lot of Household Furniture.
r.rox.s ,t u:rt:y,
A SELECT STOCK
THE LATEST YET.
NOTHING LIKE THIS IN THE
Call and Examine for Yourself.
On her last trip, brought to
these Islands the best selected
stock of Ladies', Children's and
Men's Ware in the
Boot and Slios and Slip Line,
Ever brought to the market.
MR. P. McINERNY
Will open the above stock on
Saturday next (21st inst.) in
the Store No. 107 Fort Street,
next to Lycan &Co.
This large stock has been
selected with great care and
And will be sold at living rates.
Everything that belongs to a
first-class boot and shoe store
can be found here.
EF Remember the place,
JSTo. 107 Fort Street,
Next door to Lycan & Co.
Hai retnoyed M Hock from No ;o HOTEL STKEET
No. 103 FORT STREET,
In the Store lormcily occupied by Mrs. V, II. Wilkinson
where can be found a largo and varied assortment of
Ladles, Gentlemen's and Children'
BOOTS Sc SHOES,
Also, all sizes and styles of
Ladles' rino French Kid Uutton lixtt,
Ladies1 Common Sense bllupers,
Gctuletrten's Kmbroldcred Velvet Slirs,
Gentlemen's Dancing rumps.
Lawn Tennis Shoes, etc
At prices which dsty competition.
ST New Importations jutt received (er Alameda
NOTICE TO THE PUBLIC.
THE ELITE ICE CREAM
The celebrated Ice Cram heretofore supplied at the
"i.hta!arlorM will U served at the HAKA10GA,
11 OUSt: on Hotel Street, opposite Dr. J, S. McUrew's
residence, until further notice. J
C7- Opsn Daily until 10 o'clock P.M.
Orders f Svimtu, YYabUlNGS, Ilatl, pAaiiki,
ElC, will iecc.e ptou-pt fcitd careful aueutkrft.
Our cal with Ice Ciuua will nuae Ut usual root
V. W. MtCUKMSMT MOM,
f-ii IUmbv Hair. Manger.
Jin iki1, ytt S. S. AUcuda a an awortBUM c-f
Will .(-., " ,
Of thu I,utt Htylr.,
jrsa ALLKN SOIINSOM,
iVSKA.wj"v Jat-fcA" .4viafii'.