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.APRIL 11. 1 MS
k on. it. A n tarn tor. ,
Topography Climate Sail, Itittnfult fl-ifl
1 IfM prr AcroTraneportatlon nf
Vane n-irf of Sugar Itceouree
From the mountain slope alote Malawi
and fiom the warehoute at Kohala Point are
obtained two comprchenalve ami yet tlittinclly
oppoille vicwi of Kohata proper. From the
foimtrr outlcok one ilandi on the verge of the
ohia, boa ami nimaih noods that clothe the
Kohala range. At one's feet the hllli descend
abruptly to what leemi an almost level plain,
apparently hating an average width of three
miles These, abrupt hills were formetly
densely thlcleled with sumach, fern r.nj
guav. The pilches which furrow the moun
tain tide from one end of the Kohala "pocket"
to tlie other are stitl filled with trees, bushes
and Icrns; but on the cleared slopes cane
fields and pasture lands occupy the entire
From the point one sees, at from the moun
tain, the entire "pocket" from Hani on the
northwest to Niulii on the southeast; but the
picture is rery different, though all but the
Immediate details are identical. The effect is
of a gently rising inclined plain, slightly un
dulating between the apparently Innumerable
gulches. Away to the south-vest one sees
plainly ihe face of the bluffi that form a scries
of unbridged and practically Impassable
chasms, while still beyond is the liamakua
coast with the mill smoke plainly sisible in
clear weather. Maui is in plain slew a little
west of north. The low hills that run down
almost to the tea cut off from siew the Mahu--ona
countiy, and the high mountains to the
west and southwest shut off liom slew the
Waitnea plains and the rocky region running
There are six mills In plain view from either
of the outlooks above described, in order from
northwest to southeast they are Hawi, Union
Mill. Star Mill, Kohala, Halawa and Niulii.
Around most of the mill sites are trees planted
In regular wind-breaks or in coppices or
groves. Pleasant-looking residences even
more pleasant-looking cloie at hanil show at
irregular Intervals. Almost due west of
Kohala Point (apparently) is the large native
church of Iole, to long and so faithfully
mliitlered by Rev. Elias Uond. It is the
most conspicuous human landmark in the
The coast line is much more irregular in
detail than Is shown by the map, though the
vatlous Indentations are all small. The bight
on the lee of Kohala Point it the largest along
the 12 miles of coast forming the northeast
side of the Kohala headland, Itself the north
roost section of Hawaii. Hut there are
Innumerable miniature bays of wildly pictures,
que beauty, few of them, however, having
sandy beaches, and most of them running
Into the precipitous cliffs. It Is a wildly
tempestuous coast at times, a strangely
romantic one at others. Natural bridges and
fantastic islets abound. Long caves run under
the bluffs at places. Tradition tells of one at
Niulii that runs back from the sea for more
than a quarter of a mite, that has a never.
failing spring ol fresh water and that sheltered
Kohala warriors in the feudal war times. Its
Inland entrance has been lost for years, and in
and out of its cliff side-door an angry sea con
tinuously runs. On the upland edge of a
bluff below Halawa Is a locally famous natural
curiosity. '"The hole," "the devil's caldron,"
and one or two more graphic than elegant
native names are used to designate it. It is a
circular, bowl-shaped eacavation about too
fett In diameter, and apparently quite as deep.
Its sides are comparatively smooth and Its
shape very nearly perfect. It is evidently of
volcanic or earthquake origin. If the devil
ever used it for his baleful brewing he can use
it no longer. Two -holes have been worn in
hi bottom by fire or water or earthquake fury,
and now old Neptune use il as a spouting
horn; In wild weather the waves run inland
with tremendous force, a long and narrowing
cave lead 10 'the bottom of the caldron, and
through the holes the water Is forced in white
spray, and with a report like near thunder
"they tay") I missed seeing It.
The general elevation of the coast line along
the distance specified above is from 40 to 130
feet. The cane lauds run back into the hills
to an extreme altitude of about 1,700 feet and
an eatreme distance from the sea of about 5
Mr. K. II. Atkins, planting for Halawa
alill, ba the highest cane held in the district
and for several of the mills cane rusk been
planted within few feet of the blurft.
The Honolulan who comet for the first time
lo Kohala fecit that he hat )aged several
degrees towards Ihe north pole. The second
week ol March was one of southerly weather,
without Bitch rain, and with what your true
Koatalan coosldm "uncomfortable closeness,
not lo say confounded hoi nets." But to the
taeUotiolttan it b the Ideal climate, "warm
cooloesa," "bracing bahuioeta " are terms
that Bayard Taylor used tu describing the
climate of tome ol the Colorado mountain
canyon. No words can better dccilbe Ihe
cUsMte of Kohala at what its inhabitants call
Its wont, 'Small wonder that no balfhcalthy
aad naaosvably prosperous mi-lent of the dis
trict thinks half so well cf any other place,
MiUt( The writer hopes to have much to
tay la pttab-i of the Hawaiian climate- of other
iltWilcte. This is a first caperlence, and per
hap mote Caronble than a second might be.
But the above Is a serious and sincere tribute
la the writer' keen enjoyment of a climate
that could scarcely be Uttered.
It MO, KAINMU. AND ijlHl) rtk AC,
What chemical asalytlt 'may hare to say
about the KaWa toll we shall know when
k tri.alitk ptofcttor of Oahu College shall
avaajyit e theea, That they are good cant toils
ha been prove. So far they have been pretty
rlnealy cropped in wacv portion of the dit
'Meat lor ratore lie twenty year. Much til
ia aoll ka hawrt Uouttht too cultivation from
'jm to year ti-vct IW. ) aad the average yield
cf ytottMferd.pbagood. Data It
.Ml tfailMMi 10 uVermiae the avetarje yieU
m:ffm. OraMwhaJUUofcotine keatUr
high tands ion the tidges than on the their
slopes. The average t,ield per acre on Ihe
Kohala plantation Ihe past thtee years thows
J.Sj tont per acre lor plant and rattoon cane,
and presumably would pot differ materially
from Ihe commencement. 1 he ate now taking
off their tweniy-fint crop. There It no
cane Irrigated in Kohala. "Dry seasons"
come to Kohala at well as to all other sections
of the island j but, generally, the rainfall Is
sufficient to Insure average crops.
ITU CANE A-D JUOAR THA.NSrORTATION.
Three of the Kohala mills have most of
their cane brought to the grinding rolls in
flumes, supplied with water by the various
gulches. Hunting is Ihe best and most inex
pentlve method of cane transportation, not
withstanding the heavy expense of flume build
ing. It is an open question whether the thiee
mills whose cane It all carted to the rotifers
would be justified In bringing water from so
great a distance as would be required, and over
to broken n country at must be followed, In
order to flume all their upland cane. Hut
while opinion! differ at to the practicability of
tuch action, all with whom I converted agreed
at to the ailv.1nt.1gcj of fluming at a system.
On the Kohala plantation whit are called
"(ration." or "traction" engine! are used.
They are, In effect, locomotive wagons run
ning well on smooth roads, and fairly well on
dry .and comparatively level, roads) but of
little use on broken ground, sleep grades or
wet toil. Mule and bullock wagont carry
most of the cane not flumed.
The Kohala Hallway and the tteamer Klnau
carry most of the Kohala sugar 10 Honolulu.
One plantation sends its sugar to Honolulu
from ltt landing by schooner.
Although sugar is the great Kohala staple,
and though it seems so to be almott to the ex
clusion of other industries, the resources of the
community are extensive and varied. Pololu
valley produces rice and tato, Irrigated taro is
grown In many of the gulches and In a few
favored upland spots, and dry or upland taro
is grown in many places. The community
rides on horseback almost to a man exclusive
of the poorest among Ihe laliorers. Both
European and native women ride in visiting,
shopping and church going. As a result the
Kohala saddle horses, though small, if judged
by American or English standards, are good
looking, wiry, sprightly and well btoken
animals. The Kohala Chinese ride li.iWtually.
On one occasion I met a cavalcade numbering
fully twenty, riding like American school boys
homeward bound with just about as much
jollity and just about as much sense.
The plantation animals, numbering some
hundreds of mulct and of joke olen, look well
lited and well cared for. Compared with
animalt of like employment in Mexico the
Kohala stock it in alt respects superior; and
would compare not unfavorably with like tl5ck
in California. Some attention hat been paid
by Kohalans of late years to stock breeding,
including milch cows for private darying, and
twine and poultry. There it of course much
room for improvement; but the beginning is
Fruit culture Is in its infancy. It it quite
idle for a brief observer to speculate upon the
possibilities of the region in that line, because
what has so far been done is so contradictory.
Most of the best land has so far been too valu
able for cane to admit of fruit culture experi
ments, and most of the best land also is too
continuously windswept to make the experi
ment practicable, except at some expense and
time in planting trees as wind breaks. In one
or two situations orange trees no planted and
sheltered have yielded large quantities of good
fruit. In other situations similarly situated
orange trees have failed. Gulch planting has
yielded good fruit in oranges, mangoes, aligalor
pears, and other fruits, but has been unpro
fitable because, of the cost of picking and the
danger of that almost ever) where endemic
moral disease, fruit stealing.
The natural resources of the district (includ
ing imported plants now growing wild) are
many 1 Guaras, breadfruit, coffee, pine apples,
bananas, mangoes, papias, sumach (neneleau),
ti, awa, noni, pandanus, mamaki, pulu ferns,
pili grass and (though rare) olona.
Neneleau is so like the American sumach as
to be easily mistaken for it. Chemical tests
have shown that its leaves are rich in tannin.
Many American boys will remember ihe
sumach picking of their bo) hoods. The leaves
were picked with short tems just as the tree
came to flower. The leaves weredried, "cured,"
as hay is cured. Afterwards it was ground
and was then ready for use. It made good
leather, though not so good as the Sicily sum
ach which was worth in Uoston, ground,
from $50 to $60 per ton. Even granting that
the sumach of the Kohala hills (and it grows
in places all around the island) is as valuable
as the Mediteiranean variety, there would
have to be cheaper labor children's labor at
hand to make gathering it for export possible.
Uut if experiment shall prove that it makes
superior leather there is no reason (except
lack of cheap labor) why these Islands cannot
tan many of the hides they now export, and
at a profit.
Pandanus (puhala) used to be the native's
most valuable tree. The trunks uprights for
houses) the branches were used for rafters)
the twigs bound the frame work together ) the
leaves made matt and siding and thatch when
pili grass was not obtainable ; the ripening
fruit made orange colored lcis 1 and the ripened
nuts were eaten. Now the pandanus is neg
lected, and is an oddily picturesque but scarcely
beautiful feature of the KohIa landscape, in
gulches and along some parts of the bluffs,
particularity to near Niulii.
The ti plant (lai) is useful if not ornamental.
It is as every island reader know Ihe true
Hawaiian basket ; fruit, fish, pot and meat
being alike carried in (t every day of the year.
The root contains mucTt sugar, in a syrup
lornu Whether tf syrup could be granulated
has never been determined. Whether the
plant could be cultivated and the root made
to produce sugar in paving quantities, it worth
more than a pasting thought. It grow at
present on the rocky sides of gulches, for the
most part at least in Kohala. Of course the
labor of 'digging the roots would prevent profit
able sugar production from it, no matter how
rich in sugar. If the plant could be cultivated
in the deep rich soil of a lowland field, aston
ishing results mifkt be reached. At any rate
an experiment would not be cottly and some
of the money appropriated for the encourage
meat of agriculture "appropriately" might be
applied to the cultivation of a ti field dining
the three, four or live years necessary to bring
the roots totBcrfcciIoru
Olona It a shrub with spreading lunches',
large enough lo be called (in this land of com
paratively dwarf aboreal growth) a small tree.
From it t bark is drawn a strong fibie, from
which ihe nets and fish lines of former da)t
were made. I have a sample twenty five
years old, given me by Key, Elias Bond, It
it stilt very strong. Olona would make good
rope, and could lie cleaned by the Coleman
ramie machine I think. Mamaki it a sort of
mulberry. From its bark the finest Upas of
old timet were made. The Noni It one pI Ihe
old-time dye-woods. The fee looks like one
of the Xsyican large-leaved oak. It grows
to be a good tired tire, aud bean a fruit that
look tomcthlntT" like that oftKe cherimoycr
tree a fruit of very ilUagreeablc fetor yet
ftuioet, both tweet and liith, grow
iaUly well la KottaU j though the true ruu-
phy need ihe upland climale and protection
from the wind. So lar at I can ascertain Ihe
potato exhautls the toil rapidly and does not
promise to lecome a continuously profitable
Oats and most grains of temperate climes
are failures In Kohala. The uplands would be
mote suitable than the lowlands, some Kohal-
ans think. Alfalfa has not been tried. There
are few native grasses of value, except pall.
Themanlania grows well but Is being crowded
out of many (astute by Hllo grass. The
maniania which growt to far inland at lobe
out of teach of the salt lea breeret lackt the
nutritive propensities it hatwhen grown nearer
the sea (so I am told.)
ltesldes the fruit trees mentioned above others
of various kinds are bring set out. Small fruits
are being tries!. Strawberries at least are a suc
cess In Kohala. Mr. Chapin, of Kohala Plan
tation, has finer strawberries growing in hit
grounds, and in profusion, than I have tatted
In Honolulu far finer. There it a hint In
this for our Chinese cnllivators. Why?
Of course I do not pretend to have exhausted
the resource! of the Kohala region, I have
indicated a few of them only, llut the practl
cal people of the place are doing a god deal
of thinking that may have practical and pro
fitable rnultt In the near future.
I came near forgetting to note that two at
lean among Kohala's many wide awake and
progtessive women have undettaken kitchen
gardening and hope (though their husbands
are asset sceptical) to produce better veget
ables and in greater variety than do Ihe Chinese
market gardeners j and at no greater expense.
And I must not forget to credit the district
with a laudable exhibition of public spirit in
tree planting, and in forest conservation
although much more ojght to be done in both
directions. Of the trees planted for wind
breaks, Ihe iron wood, the eucalyptus (globu
tut chiefly) and variout Australian wattles are
the favorites. The Iron wood stands the wind
better than any of the others a fine exhibition
of their streniy1-being shown along that por
tion of the gov eminent road that passes through
the Kohala Plantation.
K. S. S.
Halawa, March 16, iSSs.
Tht Jtatrallnn Kjrilbll nf .Veto OrleantA
Through the kindness of some unknown
friend the Press is enabled to give its readers the
following account ol our exhibit in the World's
Exposition which was printed in the New
Orleans Times-Democrat of the 21st ultimo:
The Hawaiian Islands, eight in number, are
a chain of islands in the Pacific Ocean, 2,100
miles south-west of San Francisco. The largest
island, Hawaii, is 4,210 square miles in area,
and the smallest, N'iihau, is 63 square miles in
area, the area of all the islands is 6,740 square
miles. The configuration of the land, as well
as the fact that they are In the trade-wind belt,
and have no other islands or continents nearer
than 200 miles, gives these islands a climate
unequaled for evenness and salubrity, and the
extremes of temperature are 54 dcg. and 90
deg., though these extremes are rarely reached.
In 1S7S the total population of the group was
57,oS5, and at the end of 1SS4 it was estimated
at So, 344, consisting of 49.039 natives, 17.
6S1 Chinese, 8,19s Portuguese and 7,603 other
foreigners. The city of 1 Ionolulu has 20,000
people. It is located on the Island of Oahu,
is the seat of government and the principal
port of the group. It is the commercial and
business centre, and is well and compactly
built, with several fine buildings. The princi
pal exports of the Hawaiian Islands, altogether
agricultural, for the year ending December 31,
18S4, were :
Sugar, 142,654,923 pounds ; molasses, 110,
530 gallons ; rice, 9, $39,224 pounds ; cpffee,
4,231 pourxlt ; bananas, 58,040 bunches ; goat
skins, 20,125, sheep skins, 8,030; hides, 21,.
006 ; tallow, 2,864 pounds ; wool, 407,623
pounds, etc. Total value of exports, $7,977,
90S. The imports consist of machinery, d(y
goods, groceries, hardware and manufactured
goods of all sorts ; lumber, feed, animals, etc.,
and valued In 1SS3 at $5,624,240.
The arrivals of merchant ships from foreign
potts and departures last year were 267, with a
tonnage of 185,316, and the arrival and de
parture of passengers was 14,522. The culli
vation of the sugar cane forms one of the chief
industries, and about 55,000 acres are planted
tlictc. Klce growing, cattle raising and fruit
growing are also prominent industries, and the
ramie, jute and other fibrous shrubs grow of
themselves on the islands.
The present reigning king is his Majesty,
Kalaukaua, who ascended the throne in 1S74,
and whose consort is Queen Kapiotani. Inter-
island communication is carried on by a fleet
of thirteen steamers and thirty-five schooners
and sloops. There is a railroad of twenty miles
along the north coast Of Hawaii, and another
on the south coast of Maui.
The Hawaiian exhibit is located in the Main
Building, at LL 10. It is under the charge of
the Hawaiian commissioner-, Hon. Samuel
Patkcr, now in Washington, D. C, preparatory
to returning home, and Hon. J. Molt Smith,
and it is under the immediate attendance of
Mr. George Allen. It is intended merely as
illustrative of the resources and Industrial con
dition ol the group rather lhan as a full display
of all their natural of commercial products.
There arc shown many specimens of the
handiwotk of Hawaiian women, mostly article
of fancy work, made from fibres and seeds,
shells and feathers, found on the Island, and
are specimens of feminine taste and In do
mestic wear, rather than articles of domestic
value. There are exhibited hats braided of the
fibres of palms, ferns, sugar-cane leaves, sugar
cane blossoms, maiden-hair ferns, etc.; neck
laces made of the seeds of various trees ) wall
ornaments, charms, slippers, fans, etc., all from
native wood and plants.
A small "Kahili" of peacock feather it
worthy cf attention, The kahili it used at an
insignia of rank and it made of rare and cottly
feathers, and descend as heir-loom in the
families of the chief. The Hate Kahilis are
very large and beautiful, and are mounted on
elaborate staffs ten or twelve lect In length.
They are borne aloft on state occasions by men
coveted with short cap of woven feathers.
Se7rl varieties of fibre, Including wauke
hau, olona, ramie, etc., all of which grow
luxuriously without cultivation, are exhibited.
Specimen! of Hawaiian woods, school books,
newtpapers, salts, lugar-canct, tilver coins,
necklaces, melodies, tongt, etc, are all shown.
Mr. C. C. Coleman, of Honolulu, shows a
sugar-cane planting machine mode), lately in
vented and constructed by himself. It it made
to furrow, drop Ihe teed and cover it in one
operation. The cane it cut Into lengths of
about six Inches and placed in the hopper,
whence it falls mo the furrow as tin machine
moves along. Il is drawn over the field by
two pairs of hnites, and require two men. a
driver and a feeder. Il will plant six or more
acres per day. The cost of forty-five acres
planted with the machine wa $2.50 per acre.
There are thown a Urge pumbcr of photo
graphs of the royal family and connection, and
of tiewt of the island scenery.
Altogether the exhibit it one of uncommon
Interest, and calculated to attract more than a
casual atliaction to the Sandwich Islet.
A meeting of the Hawaiian Jockey Club wa
held last Saturday evening at which a com
mittee was appointed (o arrange a fjogramrae
for the Kiroahitnthi Day ncea and tctvua an
early rapart of ike aaa-tc.
Another Knmnatna fone,
The Iwatani brought the tad Intelligence on
Thursday last, of the sudden death of Mr.
Augutt Unnaof liana, Maul, on the night of
April 6th. The news cannot be said to have
been unexpected to many In the community,
yet It was a severe blow to a large circle of
friends and acquaintances, whose sympathies
are extended to the suddenly bereaved widow
Mr. August Unna was well known through
out these Islands, having rttlded here since
1852, first being engaged as salesman with
Louis Anlhon in the building on Merchant
street lately remoett to make place for the
new Police Station. On the retirement of Mr.
Anlhon from business Mr. Unna moved to
Lahalna, and was for a time engaged with Mr.
Iloffmeyer, and the late 11. K, Holies, subse
quently entering into business for himself.
From Lahaina he moved to liana, hating
bought the liana Plantation, to the faithful
management of which he devoted his untiring
energies and brought it out of a struggling
concern to a fine pajing estate.
For nearly eight) can past Mr. Unna has
been the Danish Consul for these Islands. He
visited his native land a few years after his
appointment, and brought back with him a
bride, since which time liana has been their
home In the fullest sense ol the term. To
gether they made It a charming spot for their
own comfort and the pleasure of entertaining
others. The natives of the district will miss
him for he alwavs took a kindly interest in
uovcrnment anu consular nags we:: "yi.ig
at half-mast Thursday and yesterday in respect
to his me-noiy.
Bethel Social Oatheriitg,
An Innovation was Introduced at the last
social gathering of the Bethel folks last Tues
day evening, that proved an acceptable feature
and helped to impart a spirit of freedom and
sociability that was enjoyed not only by mem
ber but a number of friends who participated.
The ladies had early been requested to prepare
and bring in a basket of doughnuts. These
were to be samplt d by a committee, and the
lady making Ihe best was to receive a badge of
honor. Messrs. Captain Ilray, Kev.S. E. Dishop
and J. M. Oat, Jr., were considered the best
anti-dyspeptics and were selected as judges.
They stood the ordeal manfully, finally award
ing the token of championship to Mrs. Jay
Reading and music precccdcd the arduous
duty of the committee, after which refreshments
were distributed and a general good time in
Social gatherings and parlies havebeen, com
parativcty speaking, the order of the day this
week. On .Monday the King entertained a
party at breaLfast, on Tuesday evening a picas
ant party gathered at the residence of Col. C. II,
Judd, Wednesday evening the band was de
puted to serenade Mr. and Mrs. J. H. Jewclt
at the Hawaiian Hotel, aftet which they enter
tained a select supper parly. On Thursday
evening Mr. Spreckcls entertained a large party
at dinner at his residence, which was important
for the presence of royal, ministerial and dis
tinguished guests ; and upon the same evening
a dinner party was given-to a few friends by
Captain Hay ley.
The manuscript of Judge Fornander's third
and concluding volume of his works on the
Hawaiian Islands and people, entitled The
Polynesian Race, went forward to his pub
lishers, Messrs. Trubner & Co., London, by
the last out-going steamct. If the Press is cor
rectly informed this volume will bring Ihe his
tory ol the islands down to the battle of the
Pali and the recognition of Kamehameha I as
conqueror. This will furnish the reading
world with the only complete account of the
ancient history of Hawaii and Hawaiian! up to
the dawn of their oivilitation.
In the Pacific for March II, Rev. C. B.
Hager, of Hongkong, gives a painfully interest
ing account of the death of the wife of Ng.
Fuk. Many Honolulu people will remember
this Englishwoman, who married this China
man in Australia, when she was 18 years' old.
Of more than ordinarily fine personal appear
ence, she has shared the varying fortune of
her Chinese husband tilt death seems to have
brought to her a happy release from what all
who knew her could not but regard a an ill
The Chinese in this city for years past have
been desirous of possessing a club house and at
last have concluded to build one to suit their
needs. The site selected is directly opposite
the station hou.e, on King street and the house
will be of two stories and built of brick. Much
of the material is now occupying the street. Ex
cavations for the cellar have already reached
blasting operations. Mr. E. D. Thoma- is the
At the regular monthly meeting of the Hono
lulu Rifles held at the Armory last Tuesday
evening it was decided to give a dress parade
at Music Hall, if possible, on the night nf the
24th instant. The company has also placed
itself upon the record by voting unanimously
that no liquors should be used by members on
the occasion. The parade will be held before
the king and in the presence of Invited guests.
Many friends and lovers of music hope to
welcome back the Hawaiian Nightingale,
Annis Montague, and Mr. Charles Turner, by
the Australia, to-morrow, for a short stay en
route tu fill engagement! in Ihe State. From
Honolulu's knowledge of them and their tuc
ccssful Australian record a rare treat 1 in
Ex-Senator Booth of California arrived by
the Mariposa (or a visit over tTicJtlands. Mr.
Booth is a polished gentleman and one of the
coterie of brilliant orators of the Pacific Stale.
It is hojH.il that those who generally control
the matter will secure Mr, Booth for one lecture
at least during his ttay with us.
The Postmaster General hat recently opened
two new money order offices one at Walalua
on this island, and the other at Halawa,
Kohala, Hawaii. Thit Utter make Ihe
second money order office in Kohala, the
other being at the Puehuehu office, four or five
miles from Halawa.
The many fricuds of Mr. T, H. Davie are
pleased to learn of her continued Improvement,
and trust lo lcatn of her complete restoration
to health. In the anxious month and week
that have passed Mr, Davie and family held
the t) rupaihict of the entire community.
The new building, of two stories, for the
Advcrtiier office now in course of erection,
just beyond Judge Biikciton't office, promise
to br light and commodious, but like all other
in it immediate neighborhood it it of wood.
It has a corrugated roof, however.
The April leim of the Supreme Court opened
on the 6th instant, with a Urge caUndar. The
Hawaiian ur wit first called. The foreign
jury have been doing their countiy valiant ser
vice during ihe remainder of the week.
Jfuaaer Guard of the Maripota putt the
Pre under renewed obUgatioo for muiteeie
Joy it -aid to letfo r-uptttste la the tJetstUl
Or.CkuleaA. FtrMniM, at Koolaa. Itlaab-jf,
Honolulu, April 11, 1SS5.
The quarter opent up quietly I the slownett
In quarterly settlements indicate In a tncature
the tightness of the money market. Some
activity In building mallei it noticabte, but
does uot promise to occupy the contractor!
lone, mott of the building! being tllght w ooden
Auction butlnett hat evinced no special
features this week, though to-day Messtt.
Lvont & Levey will hold a credit tale of
cement, bar steel, furniture, etc., and Mr. E.
P. Adamt will hold an Atsignees sale, and
alto a furniture tale. These public entertain
ments will take place at the rooms of the re
spective knights of the hammer.
The movemenlt of shipping ttnee last Issue
have vied wilh the preceding week for dull
ness, the arrivals being but the steam whaler
Alliance, bark Caibarien and steamer Mariposa
from San Francisco ; the two latter with the
usual ajaerted cargoes, and the tern Eva with
lumber from Humboldt. The departures for
the same period have been Ihe bark Lady
Lampson for San Francisco with a cargo of
island produce valued at $67,304.50, and the
whaler Cape Horn Pigeon for the Arctic.
Advices per Mariposa to April 1st report a
decline in sugar) the Manila basis, (which
governs our sales) being quoted at 4,99 The
Commercial HefJdand Market Kcv lew sajs
" prices here are now relatively lower than
those in New" York." Rice Is also reported
to hare weakened, sales for but Immediate
need being effected at 41 cents cash, or Ati
at sixty days. All lines of trade Is reported
dull and point to a continuance for some time
The collector-general of customs has Issued
the first quarterly table of domestic expnrrs for
1885 with the customary comparative showing
of the same period of last year. It shows, so
far, a gain over the first quarter cf 1SS4 of
$230,654, in a total value list of $2,639,473,
but it is a matter of much regret to find that
of the narrowing list of articles exported, only
sugar, woo), sheep skins, bananas, green and
dried, show an increase. All Ihe others show
a decline. It is to be hoped that this will not
continue long, but that new energies enlisted
in behalf of agricultural dcvclopcmcnt will
soon tell upon our export lists. We refer our
readers to the following tabic for the interest
I O V fBt 4'
i - llllflj;
1 1 pi i
1 rf fftf !
I 1 v L,
Dried Da nana &- ; to : "
UI I ?l . g(
ShpSVin jt! . 5 "'
Pet. , - j
litfrl Lmvm 1' . TJslJ
Uxs. - -J
Lot. W00L - . ?5 3 :
Calf Slin. Tct. .':'. : j
HUesFcs, ;?" j ;-
GoatSilntTct V : j -J, 5 j ;
Bcha Uttianas. - ' ' 9 !
Lbs. Ccflee. J ! I i TI
Lbs. Rice. j j j & j J
Lbs r-Jjy. : :-o
yji S3 "'iE
cn Moia-iet 3 : : !; :j?
J is 5 - "
Lbs. Sugar. JvRW zB$ I
JJ ' j J I
Sep -a-S t
5 a '33;:
fat tt 33
SS 55 hO
3 3 3a sx
The Australia will be be due to-morrow
from the Colonies, en route to San Francisco
and will be followed by the Mariposa from
this port on Wednesday next, the 15th instant.
Messrs. Castle & Cooke announce that a
vessel in Crossman & Bros. line of packets
will be laid on at New York for this port, to
leave about the first of June.
She wa! an Albany lady who informed a
visitor who came to see her new house that
she was having " nicks made In the walls In
which to place statues, and in one of them a
buist of her husband."
The Central Park Skating Rink and Roller
Coaster, corner Beretania and Punchbowl
streets, Is now so well otahlishcd In the good
will of the people, as to need no special refer
ence, except to such fact a can be obtained by
reference to their new advertisement which
will be (ound elsewhere in our columns.
To avoid such a crtastrophe go to Mr. L. B.
Keer, merchant laylorat No. 27 Merchant
ttreet, and have your clothing made to order.
Mr. Kerr always has In stock a large assort
ment of desirable goods purchased ditcct from
trie manufacturers for cash, which he offer to
make up at twenty-five per cent, less than any
other huute in town.
Attention Is called to the new advertisement
of Mr. James Dodd, proprietor ol Dodd't
Stables and line of Omnibuses to Punahou,
Wrdkilt; ralama, etc., which are to great a
convenience lo the public. Mr, Dodd is pre'
pared, at all times, to furnish any style of
"carriage outfit' desired, with careful driver,
and his 'harget will be found itasonablc.
Attention it called to the new Business Caid
of Messrs. West, Dow & Co., who have suc
ceeded the firm of Messrs. Lycanck Co., at
No. 105 Fort street, and will continue to deal
in pianos and organ and, alto, keep a large
Hock of all kinds ol musical instrument! and
tupplic, fancy goods, paintings, chromos, en
gravings, furniture, tewing machines, etc, and
alto make pictuic frames and cornices to order,
at vtrjr tew rates.
The CalifornU Produce and Provision Co.,
No. 7) Hotel street, received by steamer
"Maripota," a Urge supply ol very fine applet
and Humboldt ted potatoes -i-alto California
butter of superior quality, which ha given
great satisfaction to purchaser. Thit film it
rapidly Increasing their already Urge business,
under the able iiiiurtH ment of Mr. Henty
Davit, who aims to keep strides in hit line, of
fresh quality, only, and tell at lowctt market
If theie i one thing more than another that
will take the itifsctt tuod-up collar, cause the
face tu burn and attune a color rivaling in
brilliancy that of the head ol proud turkey.
gobbler, create a weaknet of the knee-joint,
and a desire that the pavement truy open and
M allow Urn up, it Uwhen a young fellow who
it iff catling nl-tuclf 00 tke tunny tide of a
itahioaaUe thoroughfare, lUtcovert that the
pc 'of hit icady-made coat U Mil! rati to the
collar. Than toTrim life kat Joel iw chart,
test fatttte W hit cihltnft tiaka iaio IntJrjnltl-
We have just been thinking how language
came into this world. It was during Adam
and Kvc's first quarrel, when one word biought
on another. It, however, seem! incomprehen-
ilblc how the words "Stalagmite" and
"Stalactites" originated yet we know they arc
used to designate peculiar specimens of
minerals kept for tale by Mr, A. I Smith,
No. S3 Fori tlreet, where, also, can be found
a very fine collection of photographic views of
various objects of inlcrett in these Itlandi,
which it will repay any visitor lo inspect.
It It evident that thli lady did not patronlle
the art store of Messrs. King Bros., nt No.
Ill King tlrcel, which will well repay
any visitor to enter and inipecl their elegant
line of pictutrs, chtomos, engravings, photo
graphs, etc. This firm make a specialty
of making to order at short notice, picturcframes
ingreat variety of slylcs,andallttytet of cornices!
having i fine assortment of mouldings always
in stock and giving their personal attention to
making them in an artistic manner. Pole cor
nices In ebony and polished black walnut with
fixture! all complete also patent curtain
fasteners, wall pockets, paper and letter racks,
hat and clothes racks, picture cord, gold and
silver wire, picture knobs, hooks, etc.) etc
Also a large variety of cabinet celebrities,
stereoscopic views, stereoscopes, graphoscopes,
Grocer, who has lately joined the militia,
practicing in his ihopl "Right, left, right,
left. Tour paces to the rear march I" falls
down trap-door Into the cellar. Grocer's wife,
anxiously 1 "Oh, Jim, are vou hurt?" Grocer,
savagely, but with dignity 1 "Go away,
wonnn 1 what do you know about war?" Thli
grocer was net one of the firm of H. E. Mc
Intire & Dro., corner Fort and King street!,
as they have their time fully occupied in attend
ing to their legitimate business without
engaging in military operation-. If you are
keeping house it will pay you to purchase a
supply of their fine groceries and provisions
especially one of those Westphalia hams im
ported direct from Germany by steamer and
rail, not forgetting an assortment of their fresh
canned goods and fresh roasted and ground
coffees, as well as teas and the thousand and
one other articles In their tine.
The mayor of 3 village refuses his authorira
tion to an itinerant quack who wishes to sell
his wonderful elixir of life, warranted to cure
corns, toothache, consumption, liver complaint
rheumatism, and boils, and equally available
as a cement for broken crockery, an insect ex
Icrminstcr, and a leather preservative. His
worship is afraid that the vaunted panacea may
contain noxious drugs. "Oh, thete is no danger
of that, your 'excellency," says the quack, as
suringly ; "nothing In it but cold water." "I
beg your pardon, then," says the mayor, sing
ing the authorisation j "I was afraid there was
some fraud about it, you know one thing is
certain, there Is no fraud in dealing with the
Union Feed Co., corner Qiteen ami Edinburgh
streets, as their stock of hay, grain and feed
of all kinds, is of the best quality and sold at
fawttt market rates. They .also are now im
porting alfalfa hay which meets wilh such favor
in the stales.
A. SELECT STOCK
THE LATEST YET.
NOTHING LIKE THIS IN THE
Call and Examine for Yourself.
The Steamer .
On her last trip, brought, to
these Islands the best selected
stock of Ladies', Children's and
Men's Ware in the
H an. ..os and sr Li.!,
Ever brought to the market.
MR. P. McINERNY
Will open the above stock on
Saturday next (21st inst.) in
the Store No. 107 Fort Street,
next to Lycan & Co.
This large stock has been
selected with great care and
And will be sold at living-rates.
Everything that belongfs to a
first-class boot and shoe store
can be found here.
1" Remember the place,
Xo. 107 Fort Street,
Next door to Lycan & Co.
KmIl. k rr jio laal at a -qmiioc bU to
llgtmlula, c-a It rhk ttty cf rtbriurr, itts, ol tU
tuWnt-tn to it uock of ike PltfcSS fUBt-ISHIKO
CO.. tliaau-aj) U wai voted to ftcca nt ika Ckajla trf lew
corpMaiton ;raottt! u ihe r-uae imIt sticcaaort, o4tr
Hwcerf-orau'tcz'jajkl Mjrl. ol IM fiata uUuln-w
kA.VU-autai -a IM -.ittoay M jwiufs, lets. M
IM1 said Cupocalua. u4r taid Cbvwr, -jM-tHt-M
erg sauoJ yacu a-4 tbcttd im fefi-wi-Mt. ttarert 1
P(aadol and alua-.. .... ...
.,..T. G. Taraat
t rwtw M-a M.iwy,. ,,
Mtfica La --- -avail Ami .-" La la l..ii cA
tatd Uurtar, "! kxUU- thai! U la
aVvti-LtlHr LuMa far IM UUt U im Ua-i-afatiua tt
t wtatvvi bm tat -nae tut tea) taw tar
at. a, ktilTH,
mrOHTEK AND DEALER IN
BOOTS cSe SHOES,
No 80 Fort Street, Honolnln, II. I.
if The largest Andtxit attortment of
LadleV, Gnllmn's and ChUJr-n'i
Doott, Shoes, Sllppert, Dancing Pumps, etc.
To be fcund on the liUnJt.
Prices at tow at eliewhtre for -Imtlar quality of
goodi. l.land orilert solicited and prompll eieculcd.
PEAS EGG PLUMS, GRAPES I
IU2 ACII35S, DLACJCBEItTtiaES
Assorted Jellies, Etc.
For tale by
H. HACKFELD & CO,'
C. BREWER & GO.
Offer for tale the
Kx turk CEYLON, from Hongkong i .
Arni Chair. Louivei, Ladies1 Chairs. j
Kane Chalrk. China Sofai,
Camptor Wood Wardrobes,
Ebony Marb Top fable.
lSeirf Red Lea Campt.or Trunki.
Nt-fi HUck Lea. Camphor Trunk,
v nue urati u.oin,
rt&ln Pongee Silk,
Camphor Wood TrunUs (4 nett,)
Prime Htba.no lrineeja,"
Ci Nut Oil,
I !alX Chen "Ponchone Yet TaIM Tea,
Half Chevj, "Pon$chon.; Leu Htn Ke"Tta,
Boxtm "XfoncChonff June "Ten,
Rolls Contract Matting.
Rolls Imperial Matting.
Rolls Lintan Matting,
Rolls Fancy Matttnj?,
Boxes Chow Chow,
uoxes lum guots,
Boxes Fire Crackers
COILS .MANILA ROPE.
.84 Post St. S. F.
Send for Qi'CuUr-
Th Full Buinm CotRSK Includes Single and
Double Entry Book-keep in, as applied to all depart
ments of busineu; Commercial Arithmetic; Uusines
Penman ihip; Mercantile Law; Business Correspond,
ence; Lectures on Law; Business Forms, and the
Science of Accounts; Actual Business Practice in
Wholesale and Retail Merchandising. Commission,
iobbing. Importing. Railroading, Express Business,
IrDkerage, and Hacking; Enslish Branches, include
Reading, Spelling. Grammar, etc; Drawing; and
Modern Languages, consisting of practical Instruction
in French, Geiraan, and Spanish.
Spkcial Branches arc Ornamental Penmanship,
Higher Mathematics, Surveying. Navigition, Cinl hn
gineering, Atsa)ing, Short-Hand. T)pe-Vriting, Tele
For full Information address,
Jff. I UF.AIAsl CO.
San Fr Ac i sco, Cau .
Hat removed hit ikhIi from No 70 HOTEL STREET
No. 1 03 FORT STREET.
In the Store fortneily cccvp!edbyMrs. W.H.WUkinscn
where can be found & Urge and varied asaortmnf ti
Ladiu'i Gentlemen's and Children's
BOOTS 5c SHOES,
AISO, all Sliit eVaad sl -,!-, fyf
Ladles Fin French Kid ButtonBvott,
Ladies Common Sense blippert,
Gentlemen's Eubrolde d Velvet Slippers,
Gentlemen's Dancing Pumps,
Lan Tenon Slwns, etc.
At prices which defy competition.
idT rew iinpotutiorfCJuil received per AUineda
NOTICE TO THE PUBLIC.
THE ELITE ICE CREAM
.The c tie Waled Ice Cream bf tttofort supplied at the
Elite Parlors- w.U U turved at the SARATOGA,
HOUSE on Ilottl Street, wcl Dr. J S. MtCrtVi
residence, until further notice.
ST Opm Dally until 10 o'clock P.M.
Ordsia for SirraRi. Wit.DtN'.i, Bails, Partus,
ETC, win receive prompt aod CeVtui atteotiuo,
Oar call with Ice Cre-v will make (u usual tout
M. W. MtCMKMXKr t o.v.
t9-4 Hi Mir UafT, 'eiiAf,
PEANING MILL. L
C J, Mwialtv CMtnosr tod KaUcr, it Prut-tutor
MwiMfctfjt a4 IWafc tla.n tat aud. The anil
attt-t fa tai aar-ltta aovtuov. t-wdc-ai and tt-a
Weileeaaat laaOtV-t eltaa tW NihitaaCa.
EOULAR CASH SALE.
ON THURSDAY, APRIL 10th,
At 10 A U. AT et S-t-tlSOOM,
will be told at ftuilioft
Pty GooJv, Clothing, y
Crockery and CtiifVar,
SatVl No. I and t Su-ir,
5eti Utiggy Harnett,
Dili. Salmon, Tic, Kic
Lrtiss .i i.v.rr.r.
V. art iruinitt-d by Me tin, O. W. MACFAR.
LANU k LO., to xll br auttUn at out talei-
At tl A. U. td close .ponsfgn meats i
500 ban ell Portland Cement,
An iavoiceof line Havana Ggirs,
icascs Vienna Bent od Furniture.
to casts bchwmWi I ngfUh Sod Water,
4bndlet or Steel for Shoeinir purposes,
sues: iH HHt And square,
Over $190, 60 days over $500, 99 days , on approv
Ll'OSS .t 2.RVRY,
Furniture at Auction,
On Tuesday, April 28th,
At 10 o'clocl: a m.,
At the residence ef CAPT. MACDOXALP. No. $
Wellington Place, SiocI street, on account of drpar
lure, the entire household furrilure ccsiitLng or
Bediteads, Bureaus, Bedding, Mosquito Nets,
DINING ROOM FURNITURE,
T.vU., Oiir, Limps.
Crixlv-vv nd Glassware, Mattinf,
Carpets, Lvi.rgcw Etc, Etc. De,
KITCHEN STOVE AND UTENSILS.
TWTORTGAGEE'S NOTICE OF SALE,
By direction of S. M. DAMON the mortgagee
named in a certain morteaje rua'e 'ay MObT-4 KU
MALAE, of Kaneohe, KoaUupMko, Itda-ad crOahu,
to said S. M. P-amon, cf Honolulu, d-ied May sp,
i&Ea, record td in the oftceof the Kegtsrr uf Con
e jonces In Book 76, penes 71 and 73, are Instructed
to sell M public auction cu SA1UUDAY. MAY oth,
4883, at our stlcsrootn, at it o'clock noon, the pruierty
specified in tald mortage as follows
Situated in Pau, Knneohe, a'orcsaJd. And being
apana x deucrbed In H. P I a-) L C. A. 3m, granted
to James Manor), CMtlaintog 10 7-10 acres, right of
tenants ling rcs-Mscd.
Par further nartkuUrs inquire of
K. W. AUSTIN,
Or to Attorney forMottgsgec.
LYONS & LEVEY, Auctioneers.
Tiyf ORTGAGEE'S NOTICE OF SALE.
nyd.rectlrti. of GEORGE TRIMBLE the mort.
gagee named in a certain mortgage made by J K
KAUNAMANO to said George lrimble dated the
8ihda ol October, i63j, recorded In Liber 85, partes
it, ti and ti tn the offi.e of th,Kegitrar of Convey
anccs. Honolulu, we are instructed to sell at public
auctbn on SATUUDW, MAY oth, 1885, at our
salesroom, at ia o'clock, noon, the pruptity dckcntcJ in
said nuutguge ns fuilow
fcuuateJ at Witlpio. lUmakua, Utand of Hawaii, II,
I., being the same described in Royl Patent JJ,S to
Naua,lc), containing 4 acres.
I or further pArtiCuUra enquire of
KICHAUI F. niCKERrOI.
Or to " Attorney for Mortgagee.
LYONS & LEVEY, Auctioneer.
J. T. AYATE11H0USE,
Invites Inspecttfn of the
Following Goods Just Received
Ea lata arrival! '.
BLACK JFJtEXCtt ME1USOS,
Ladies and Gents UmUell-is,
Linen SheeiiW. rina Silks.
La J its' and Grata. Hosier;
Lmbrotdertd ClbthTablr Covers,
Ladies' and Qont's Underwear,
Wcolon and Cotton SUrU,
A large as-qrtmtn' of
White Linen Shirts and Collara,
Wool Dim Coo-It,
Ladies' Han, trimmed and u-mlrrmcd,
ISltlll--M lllltl InNOI'tiOUK,
Atl kinds Of
LACES, COLLARS, CUFFS, Etc.,
A in lt of
Now XuMl(-uttl T'rlutat,
' Ami a rrtat vamiy t U-h
ENGLISH AND AMERICAN 'GOODS,
Tl-3 M.ti.e9l lo ftnlton.
Coanttor llotiL -tarn UhiiiN Stuiii.
BRANCH 0? EURRKA MAHKBT,
Tn UtiJrtJnaBe-r tvatt
iscerv-ljr ouned (hit ciw J f"Tl V
IoiIh1 IimdkJ, all ,. ip '
Market and U prepared to
id urn UMWix ajuauiiy tu
hT.tr, VEAL, MVTTOrl
LAMO AND CORK
FlflH PoK Saiugh (u4a -lailr)
Bologna akp Vicob ao Ltvt SJACiAbii
(a tf-KLli'v.) .
,Kt)xttfolly, 0i:0. I), SCHKAEDIK
r4 M Mal, T'kl'tx. Ko. Jtij.
Eia U Mwkt,Ttleuaai4 No. 114.
V. L. U.Lu f.l-.A...-. K? -J.
m - -t-Ho-a,, , a-t.auj-H-s- J "
New ZeataRd Mr
roa SALS IV
Htnry May 4 Go.
! l! J
f9 ear4 Vi - 1
b' C C35J
at "" - .M .-. Mi
?. a. c:.
ra u.' !"'
a "If . T
;, , "rrr
, - .If, fs