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iritltt I.TI HK.
Illrrcllon. I loir lo Ornir Ihe Mulberry Tree
for MM Vo..
First of all the soil should be toler
ably rich or made ,o by the application
of manure, dig out holes 18 inches
deep, 6 or S feet ajiait in the row allow
ing 10 feet between the rows. Set in
the tree roots straight down filling up
with rich earth, tread firm, cut off the
top, if the tree is small, to 3 or 5 buds,
if large shorten inside branches .iIkjiU
half, to cause a stronc vigorous growth
and so establish the young tree the first"
season ami irom which wim juuicious
selection, considerable foliage for use
may be collected the first summer.
Following spring early shorten back ,'j
the preious season's growth to induce
the production of side shoots Imparting
the apearancc of a large bush with
greatly increased citncity for leaf bear
Rig ind this ox.T.ittm combined with
liberal cultivation, so as to ccp ilown
weeds, may at intcnaU with great bene
fit to the plantation, Ik: repeated, for
any scry severe disleafing of a large
tree has .1 tendency after rcetition a
few times to weaken its constitution and
shorten existence, while on the other
hand by diminishing the wood as is
done by the best Kurojican culturists
the life of the tree is prolonged indefi
nitely. To propagate from cuttings select
some shady spot such as the north side
of a building or fence free from drip.
Make the soil fine by careful working,
dig out a shallow trench, lay in the cut
tings slanting six inches apart allowing
the upper bud only to remain isible,
water occasionally when dry. Keep
free from weeds by hoeing and in the
following spring plant them out ierma
ncntly as directed for Trees.
vir.1.11 rr.K ckk, sa 200 rutins to
An acre planted in mulberry trees,
when four ears old, should produce
5,000 Munds of leaves to the acre;
that is, "5,000 pounds suitable for feed
ing," and, during feeding time, without
injury to the tree. Those leases should
feed at least i.o,ooo worms. AVc hac
followed the best authorities in stating,
that 5,000 pounds of leaves will feed
140,000 worms, but some writers say
5,000 jxjunds to 70,000 worms ; and
their statement must not be left out of
1 UK SII.K WORM.
The Silk Worm (Hornby Mori,
originally a native of China, which in
this country supplies silk ordinarily used
in commerce, and often called the
Mulberry Silk Worm, is produced by a
cream colored Moth, with brownish
markings more or less distinct across
its wings. This moth is called scientifi
cally, Stricaria Mori The worm gives
one and two crops of silk each season,
and by following the directions given in
this work, with strict attention to de
tails, success will follow.
The great secret of success in raising
silk is, first : have plenty of food for
jour worms, for if not well fed they
will not thrive, nor give silk in large
quantities or of good quality ; and sec
ond, even with plenty of food at com
mand, if the worms are not properly
attended to, fed as often as they require
to be, and strict attention id to
cleanliness, your time and labor will be
thrown away. These points will be
well to remember.
GENERAL MANAGEMENT OF A COCOON
KKV. It is necessary in all well managed
cocooneries to have thermometers, and
observe and record the temperature
each day. I would caution any one
against the teachings of some treatises
on silk culture in which it is claimed
"that silk worms can be raised in most
any sheltered place." It may happen
that some unusually fine spell of
weather may enable one to raise a crop
in this manner ; but in variable
climates one cannot rely ujxin it. A
uniform temperature is very important
if one wishes to do the business well.
The temperature should never be
allowed to fall below- 65. and at that
temperature it should remain but as
short a time as possible. If at any
time during the raising of the worms
the cocoonery should be overtaken by
hot days, make every effort to keep the
mercury from going above So. To
prevent this, the Moor must be sprinkled
with cold water. This may prevent the
"jaundice" or "grasscrie," a prevalent
uisease among siik worms m mis coun
It is a good plan to accelerate the
growth of a crop of silk worms by all
proper means. With the thermometer
kept at 75 or So a crop should be
completed from hatching to spinning in
24 or 25 davs. Of course, eood food,
fresh and plentiful, should Ik on hand
and freely given. A vigorous ventilation
should lc in every cocoonery ; still
there should never be a draft upon the
worms. It is a eood sign of success
when all the worms on the tray arc of
111c same sue. 1 u accompiisn inn,
they must be made to molt and awaken
as nearly as possible at the same time.
The clearing of the litter every two
uays uurmg the first and second aces,
and ever' day the fourth and fifth age,
cannot be too much insisted upon. Ilv
all means, keep the worms from getting
too much crowded. Keep them apart.
Do not let them pile u. Attend to
this at whatever cost of time or labor.
1 HE ice.
The rggs of the ninth, called by
raisers the 'Seed," ate nearly round and
very small in sire. When first laid they
arc vellow, and if they retain this color
they are worthless. If, however, in 12
or 15 day they change to a darker
color (gray or slate), it shows they are
impregnated and arc good for seed
They also become slmhtly indented
end are fastened to the card on which
they rc bid by a natural gum produced
by the motlu As the hatching time
approaches, the egg becomes lighter in
color, its fluid contents becoming con
centrated in the centre, where the
worm U Conning, leaving the space be
tween it and the shell transparent.
Just before hatching the worm becomes
active.sometimes producing a faint click
ing sound. After it has latched, the shell
becomes quite white.
The color of the newly hatched
worm is black or dark gray, and it gets
gradually lighter till the last age, when
it is of a cream-white color. The worm
passe throuch our "molts" or sick
nctsc. The, periods between these
mom arc called "ages," there being five
of these ages including the first, from
the hatching, and the last, from the
fourth molt to the spinning iicriod.
The time between these molts is usu
ally divided as follows, the first
period, from five to sit days) the sec
ond, from four to five days ; the third,
about five days , the fourth, from five
to six days , and the fifth, from eight
to ten days. These periods are not
exact, but proortionatc.
The time from the hatching to the
spinning of the cocoons will vary from
thiity to forty days, depending on the
rare of the worms, quality of food,
mode of feeding, temperature, etc. j
but the same projiortion of time ik
tween the molts is generally found to
be the same. When molting is about
to take place the worm ceases eating
at which time it firmly fastens itself by
iw hinder legs, raises the fore part of
its tody, and remains motionless for
aloiit twelve hours when it casts its
skin. During this time it must not be
When ready to molt, the worm be
comes of a dirty yellow color, and care
must be taken not to mistake them for
the sick worm, which it somewhat re
sembles, and which will be described
hereafter. In front of the first joint a
dark spot is to be noticed at this time,
showing the growth of the new head.
When the sickness or molt is over, and
the worm casts off its old skin, it rests
for a short time to recover its strength
and then commences eating voraci
ously, as if to make up for lost time.
In molting, the new head is first freed
from the old skin, which is then gradu
ally worked back until it is entirely cast
ofT. This process is repeated until the
fourth molt, after which, in the course
of eight to ten days' feeding, it will be
ready to spin.
All worms hatched on the first two
days should be kept together and
called the 1st hatch those of the third
day, tjic 2d hatch and all the re
mainder the 3d hatch. This is to have
your worms grow up together of an
average size, so as to molt at one time,
and not to have the larger ones crowd
ing the smaller from their food. It is
also advisable to separate the larger
worms from the others as they out-grow
FLEMING VNO RAISING.
As soon as the leaves begin to open,
spread the eggs on clean white paper.
One oz. (loose) will require a square
foot of surface. The temperature should
be about 70', and may be gradually in
creased 1 or 2 a day, to 75 or 80.
I hey will usually hatch m 5 days,
sometimes not for two weeks; but the
higher the temperature, the sooner the
For young worms, gather only the
small leaves, after the second age, small
twigs or branches cut with the leaves,
will be found an improvement on the
leaves alone. For changing the worms
daily using the twigs with -fresh leave1:
on, will be found the quickest and best,
removing each twig to a clean tray as
fast as the leaves become filled with
The room in which the worms arc to
be raised must be arranged so as to
allow it to be thoroughly and easily
ventilated, and warmed if necessary
one facing the northeast is best It
should be well lighted. If buildings
are erected expressly for the purpose,
they must combine all these. If only a
small number of worms arc to be raised,
a few iravs placed on tables will be all
that will be required. If, however,
large numbers are reared, frames or
racks and traps must be provided, the
wood, in all cases, to be well seasoned.
Make upright frames around the room,
to hold the number of trays to be used
to accomodate the worms raised. The
worms must not be huddled too closely
together, as they need plenty of room
for feeding and ventilation. If too
many are kept together in the trays,
they cannot feed properly it is more
difficult to change them and it also
tends to create disease among them.
The trays are formed of thin frames like
laths, set edgeways say 16 inches by
24 inches. (This will be a good size
for handling easy). Drive tacks half
way in, on the under side of the frames,
all around, about half an inch apart.
Then take good strong twine, not .too
thick, run it from tack to tack length
ways of the frame, stretching it tightly
then crossways, intcrlapping it so as
to make a firm support for the mosquito
netting, leaves and worms. After
stretching the twine on the frame, drive
the tacks in to the heads, and the tray
is complete. A tray of this size will
hold and feed 1,000 worms at first and
second age, after which time they
must be separated as they grow larger,
placing them on other trays. Have
mosquito netting (white) cut so as to
fit the trajs providing enough to have
cjiangcs every day, which must be at
tended to, .is cleanliness is actually'
necessary for the health of the worms.
Change them early in the morning, and
hang the nettings used overnight, up
to air. When the worm is first hatched,
tarletan is used in place of netting
(the mesher- of which are too large).
On this oprinklc some fresh, tender
leaves. The little worms will leave
the eggs and immediately commence
eating, and from this time constant at
tention must be paid to renewing the
leaves as oltcn as may be required ; and
as the worms cat fast, and the leaves
tlry rapidly, they need replenishing
often. A large quantity of food given
at a time is not beneficial, but is a
waste. Give the worms what they re
quire for the time, and renew as often
as they need it.
1 here have been rules laid down for
feeding at ccrtaini hours through the
day, but these arc not to be depended
on. The raiser can see when fresh
lood is needed, and the worms will
soon leave the food they do not like.
This is why so much attention is re
quired j not that they must be con
stantly watched, for unless a vsry large
number is biing raised, the attendants
can provided they ate not away too
long at a time, attend to other duties.
During the last fevc days before spinning
(5th age), more constant attention is
required, as the worms eat enormously.
All litter and excrement must be often
removed, and the attendant must be on
the watch for sick and diseased worms,
which must be immediately removed.
and food must be on hand in Urge
quantities. (To I continued). "Sii
una int &i norm; Py c. . Aouitr,
Neighbors arc very considerate in
Norway. When a baby is bom. a
placard is nailed up on the door, in
forming the community of the fact
Those who wish to move out of the
vicinity are thus enabled to do, to in
good iciion.-fiurimgtv Frt Frtsu
pOSTON BOARD OP UNDERWRITERS.
C BRRWhK & O..
Agents for the Hawaiian Islands,
BRITISH FOREIGN MARINE INSUR.
Ance Company. (Limited)
TIIKO. It DAI'IES, AfiE.VT.
"Ihe abo.e agent tut trceivrd instructions to re
duce the late of Insurance between Honolulu and
I'orli In the l'aetftc and it now nrrtiarrd to Issue foil
cw at the lowest rati, with a special reduction on
irrigni per steamers, ito-tor
RBMBN BOARD OF UNDERWRITERS.
AI3 arentft (or the
Dresden Board of Underwriter.
Vienna Board of Underwriters.
For ihe H..ilui UUmlt. s 10-71
70RTUNA GENERAL INSURANCE COM
. pany of Berlin,
F. A SCLEFEF, &- O, AGEXTS.
The above I murine Comranv. has eitatdithed a
General Agency here, and the undersigned, General
irer.itrfc autnomea 10 lake mk.acainit me danger
M the Vit At the. nuMl rcuotuhla rti ami ui ihe
most favorable term. t ,-.t5t
- ERMAN LLOYD MARINE INSURANCE
J Company of Berlin
F A. SCAEFEE V C. AGEXTS.
The above Innirance Comranr HateMabtiihed a Gen
eral Agency here, and the above hfened. General Anenti.
are auihorited to lake RlV agalmt ihe d-ineri of the
.seat at the most reasonable iate4, and on the ntott u
voratle term. lio-6i
HAMBURG-BREMEN FIRE INSURANCE
F. A. SatAEFFK A Ca t AGENTS.
The above firm turins been appointed aaenta of thla
company are prepared to Irsur rUV ai.atnt fire on
Stone and Uriel. butMintft and on Merthandiie scored
therein, on the r.iot favorable terms. For particular
apply at their ofT.cc. Jto-ioi
NORTH -GERMAN FIRE INSURANCE
Company of Hamburg'.
A MACK ELD & Ct t AGEXTS
Capital and Keterve Kr.ciitmark S.Sjo.ohj
their Ke insurance impante, " 35.ooo.01w
The Agents of the above Company, for lie Hawaiian
Mand. are prepared to Insure HuiMingt, 1-urnilure.
triliMIiui: auu t iuuulc, iiijviiiiki j. vile, am wumi
and Kkc Mill, and veU tn Ihe hartor, again! low
Uamace by hie, on the mot favorable terms.
HAMBURG-MAGDEBURG FIRE INSUR
ance Company of Hamburg.
Building, Merchandise, Furniture and Machinery
Injured against Fire on the most favorable terms,
NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL LIFE INSUR.
ance Company of Boston.
CASTLE Pc COOKE, AGEXTS,
The oldest Purely Mutual Life Insurance
company in tne umtea state.
PoHetr iir. oh the mott h'ttrontble Terms
Losses paid through Honolulu Agency. $44,000
PHILADELPHIA BOARD OF UNDER
C. EEEH'ER & V..
Agenti for the Hawaiian Islands,
at 0-36 1
TRANSATLANTIC FIRE INSURANCE
Company of Hamburg.
. UACKhELD & Co., Agents.
Capita! and Keerve Reichsmark 6,000,000,
men ieinsurance companies " 101,050000
. Kcichsmark 107,630,000
The Agents of the above Company, for the Hawaiian
Islands are prepared to insureUuildings Furniture,
Merchandise and 1 'reduce. Machinery, etc.. also Sugar
and Kice Mills, and vevsels in the harbor against loss
or damage b) ftrev on the most favorable tetms
a to-jo 1
THE LIVERPOOL AND LONDON AND
Globe Insurance Company.
BISHOP & Co., AGENTS.
KSTADISHBI 1 836.
UttHmttrit Liability to Stoekh4l,lrM.
Assets .',..... ........,.. .$31,136,100
e serve., 0,750,000
tNCDMK TOR it 19'
Premiums received after deduction of re
Insurance..... ....$ 5.3s,95
!otci promptly adjusted and paid here.
of San Francisco.
CASTLE - COOKE, AGEXTS.
Incorporated 1875. a 10-361
NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL LIFE
Insurance Company of Boston, Mass.
Aturta January tut., iHS4, nearly 917,-
Polices Issued oa the most favorable terms, and
absolutely Noo-Porfeltable after Two
EXAUrLE Or NOS-FOarilTURK rLAN :
Inured age 33 )ear 90 -ear Endowment Plan Tor
Annual I'rrmium $V4V.SO.
Cili-SarT. VTe. IM-ud liw.
At Ihe end of the ad Vcar. $ ai.ls $ MS
3d ' 468.70 I40
4th " fcj..s l.ljo
Sth " tjt.ts 1,41s
6tn " 1,0.0.00 1,693
7th " i,ajs.iS s.070
Ith " L4SO-7J a,ajj
fth " 1.076.03 a,$oo
loth ' 1,911 6s J.7SS
nth M S.IS700 3,00s
lib " .4S-4! J.Jo
Ijth ..taj.00 ,,44
4U1 " 8,967.70 j,jao
'rS . 3.00J-00 j,4S
7th !! J.J-"S 4.10
Uth. " . 4.M S 4.SOO
The second and tuWqcitt premiums are likely to
be reduced by iiurumr annual dtttnbuttoiu ef mr
tiT Applications can be had of ; aaal full Information
ill be given by Ihe Agcnu,
CASTLR ty COQKR.
fHARLBS BREWER at to,
7 Kuav Stiiit, Uostox,
AOKXTS Of 1I.UTA1IA.V fACKKTS,
General CotHmsaalois Agent.
Special attention given to tb purchasing of goods fur
the Hawaiian trade. I rclyhi at lowest rates.
M W. SEVERANCE.
116 CauroaNtA Sr., Cau, (Room No. 4.)
UAWA11AN CONSUL COMMIHIlOlf
Wells, Fargo & Co's
MERCIIANDISK, PACKAGES, PARCELS,
GOLD MLVKK, DANK NOIES,
ETC. ETC, ETC
r'oiwardJ by Raptl Conveyance to all parts of the
World and Promptly Dvlileied.
FAVORABLE RATES ON FREIGHT
tW Proe.pt aitenlioa give to CoUectiom and
ComraitUuns of evtty deacri4v
O. W. MACPaVRLANI CO.,
l)lso itjealsfot HawalUai lalaaals.
OLLISTER & CO.,
ixrin: rur attkntius jtr tuk
t'Viii.tc tovyrnr mkhhat.i
In particular, to their Urge ami
varied assortment of
Just received. This acVnoled(eu
to te the finest iTume In the
world. All of one quality.
Great variety of odors silc
and prices, also
(allthxpei and t)le)
and the largest and moM complete stock t
eterVept In this Kingdom. A
large Invoice of
H'A.SHKI MKDITKHUAXKAX syoXGR
direct from Euroje, free from
sand or lirt. Agents for
PARKE DAVIS ft GO'S
J. C AYER 8c CO'S
Horseford's Add Phosphates,
Green's August Flower ot German Syrup,
Allcock Porous Plaster Co ,
Murray 8l Lanman's Florida Water
Yerba Buena Bitters.
are also Proprietors and Manufac
facturers of the celebrated
E U C A L O F O R M.r
Agents for Win. S. Kimball & Co's,
Fritfritnt Vanity Fair,
Tobacco ami Claarcttr
which have no rivals. The
largest assortment of
PLUG TOBACCO 'AND CIGARS IN
Ot7tf GINGER ALE & SODA WATER
has alwavs been recogmxed as the
best tn the market.
OUK al.T,KK ALE' EXTRACT
being manufactured from our own
private formula in
AERATED WATERS in Patent or Cwk
Stoppered bottles as desired.
WHOLESALE R RETAIL, 59 NUUANU ST.
RETAIL, Co. FORT MERCHANT STS
Crystal Soda Works!
Our Good art acknowledged the Best I
WE USE PATENT STOPPERS!
In all our Bottles. Families um no othei
GINGER ALE BUT OURS.
CHILDREN CRY FOR OUR
" SODAWATER ln
We Invite particular attention to our Patent Fitter,
recently Introduced, by which all water used tn our
manufactures U absolutely freed (ran all laspuntws.
IT Wa deliver our Goods Free of Charge to all
parts of the city
Caivfjl attention paid to Island Orders: Address
"THE CRYSTAL SODA WORKS,"
P. O. UOX H7 ' HONOLULU, II. I,
W OUR TELEPHONE IS NO. -M
UT Orders left with Benson, Smith Co., No. II,
I'on Street, will receite pioeapt attention. aia5)
Km. i natal Uf W MtntU
(OrMMIT POOO'l STtSUU.)
4W Carriages 0 all ileecriptioM eud. to order oa
ease sorahl terms.
TV dfeeal aateosion gina 10 repairs cf ail kieala.
AH vsrk luaraaleej to fire aulas, nlim
"ASTLB A COOKE,
HoNOLi'Lir, H. I.
Would call attention to their Larie and
varied Stock of
Conmtinc of Ihe unrivalled Paris Strel
Tlte Moline Slwt Itrealceri, and Furrowing Plow, Mo
line Steel Plows ll sues I'Unet, Jr., Culil
sators. Dirt Scraers,
John Drt)a Gang Plows,
Planters Ifoes of the test mates
DISSTONS CKI.KIIRA1F.I) CANE KNIVKS
made to order. Am' Shovels a it J Slides,
Garden Hues, Canal ( Harrows, 0
Hows, Yoke, Chains, l-enie
Sugar MUI Requirement!.
SUGAR BAGS, SUGAR KEGS,
Sperm Oil, Cylinder, Lam
and Kerosene Oil, Perfect
Lubricators, I'lumhapo, Al
bany Urease, Disston's and
S and J. riles, all slies and
kinds, Steam pAclxintf, Hat
and Kound India Kubtxr,
Asbestos and Soap Stone,
I; lax PacHnji, India Rub
ber Hose,f4 to a inch, I'ipe.
and Couplings, Nuts and
Washers, finuhed, Machine
Dolts, all sues. Cold pressed
Itlacksmith's, Engineer's and
Carpenter's Hammers, Pipe
Cutters, Winches, 8 Inch to
94 inch. Anvils, Vices, lube
Scrapers, Grindstones, Best
bteel, Huilf rs Hardware,
all kinds d stles. Hub
buck's Paints and Oils, raw(
and boiled. Small Paints in
Od, in large variety. Dry
Paints, Umber. Venetian,
Ked, Ochres Metallic, ftc.
Whiting, German Window
ass'td sues, Manila Hope
No. 1 and a Flour, No. 1 and a Rice,
Crushed Suear, China andjapan Teas,
Oysters,. CLams. Salmon, Lobsters,
Finest Table Fruits from the Factor
Pure English Spices, Condensed Milk
Cocoa, SPECIALTIES: The J'rtf
rtfit Kerosene Off, Weston's Cm
trifnual Linings, 14 Inch, Hubber
Spring ttnl Vanras llrake just at
hand, Blake Steam Pump Valves, Pack
Ing.&c, Blake Boiler Feed, Juice or
Molasses. Irrigating ft Vacuum Pumps
Wetton'i Patent Centrifugals Complete,
ALSO OK CONSIGNMENT
California Hay, IUrlcj, Potatoes, Harrels
Salmon, I lams. Asbestos Muture for Belle rs
arid Steam Pipes, very cheap. Fence Wire
and Staples, Galvar.ued Koofing
Wilcox and Gibb's Automatic; Singer Manufacturing
Company, Assorted: Keimngton Company, tamily;
Wilson Machines, the best assottinent to be found,
and at Bottom Prices.
New Goo by every arrival from England, New
1 ork and San Francisco.
1 Haw Traction Eacina, 8-korta powar.
Orders from the other Islands filled at Best Rates and
with dispatch 240-353
CONTRACTOR and BUILDER,
STKAM PLANING MILLS
Manufacture all kinds of
and all kind of wood-work finish.
TVwalag, imtu, ssjU stml Msjrlas.
AU Undt of Planing and Sawinf, Mortisin(, and Ten
ORDERS PROUPTLV ATTENDED TO AND
Orders fnA the uhcr Islands solicited. so-st,s
II. I NOLTE, PR0PR1E10R,
Ues to announce to his friends and th pullic ia cn
eral that the sbure Salooa prorUel
fiom j a. at., till to r, u.
Oh of rsnsankk k ReJae's ceUUated
U creiaerte.1 wish the stiHishaiat. .here Wvsn of
J we at, aajmamu,
THICMINO. " '
T KanoLam Paaa,
iaOTea dally, sisWf Rsna.hssstl sue U !
m akian) Mtsc.
M. h NOLTE, rrourissWf.
ktn Shlpt .Until; from Lhtrpwl.
lljr M OpnIia,, from Mvcrpiiol, Steamers from San
rancl.oo and other late arrivals,
THEO. H. DAVIES & CO.,
Fngtish and American l'rints,
White Cottons, Unbleachetl Cottons,
I lnn Drill and IhieW, Crown Canvas,
trench Merino of diflrrent inialmes,
Orey, IllueanJ .Mlxetl t-Unnel,
atertroof I weeds, Ire taierlals,
SilVs, Katms. .Silk Ribbons,
VtUet, Hosiery, Undertlothlne,
IN GREAT VARIETY,
Ijittns, Vh!te and Printed MoteMn,
IJnen and Cotton Trlaados, rowels,
llandkerthiefs, Mojyito Netting,
Rubber Clothinff, Waiernroof heelts,
Men's, Women's ft Children's ltouts k Shoes,
(Ues and shies adipted to this market.)
Hone IttanVets, lied ItlanVets,
(all sites, neurits, qualities and colors,)
Velvet tuut Tapentrif,
Ittiff ami Matt,
Centre Rues, Navy and Merchant Canvas Hags,
filter I'rrss Hags, (ixi6), Sugar Hags,
Klce Il.iK., Coal flags, 3 A 5 I'Ty Twine,
English. Hawaiian & Amorican Flago
0. 3 nd 7 )ards()
Hoot Oil Cloths, (tasteful .slgns, assorted wMiht)
.Men's Saddles, bide Sidlc, Saildlery, ,
Iron Hetlsteads, (lalvanized lluckrt.
Tinned Iron Tea Kettles, Sauce Tans, Fry 1'ans,
llutcher Knives, KnttesanI Forks.
Iln Plate, hhm Ixad, Oahanired Water Pipe
(K tot Inches),
White Iad, (various qualities),
Polled Oil, Turfentine,
(14 Kauge, 6, r, 8 and g ft, lengths),
(talvanifed Screws and Uashers,
Yellow Shcatlihif, Metal .V Xnll
Annraled Fence Wire, Fence Staples,
ire I'lant (jtianls and Arclies,
.Steel Kails, xith I ih I'lates, Holts and Spikes,
A I.AUOE KKr.SJI ASSORT.MI.NI' OF
Crockery and Glassware, Oos, Picks, 5hoels,
Plantation and Mechanic's Tool,
Robey & Co'ii Portable Fnzlnes,
One Splenilnl Piano, by Ilnnsmead St Sons,)
Tested Chain, (.osage's Soap,
( qualities, In bus 94 nnd 60 tars),
Itest UfUh Sleain Cmt, Coke,
t loonng- lltes, t ire Clay,
Porllind Cement, (White & Johnson's)
tire Pricks, both square and arch,
I.umu Rock Salt, Fishery Salt,
(3 to 13 Inch widths )
A Large and Fresli Assortment of
Californian and English Qrocorios,
M. W. McChesney & Son.
No. 42 Queen Slreet.
Hate now landing
Per Alameda & John D. Spreckels,
LARGE SIIITMENTS OF
Consisting in juri of
libit. Flour, Golden Gate
I.bls. r lour, El Dorado.
Sacks Wheat, Rest,
Sacks Barley, Uet,
Sacks Corn, Ilest, Wliole,
Sacks Com, Ilest, Cracked,
. Sacks Pran, Coarse and Fine.
Sacks Ileans. White,
Sacks Ueans, Red,
Sacks Heat, Uayou,
Sacks Ileans, Horse,
Sacks Ueans, Lima
Satkk Onions, Rest Silver Skin,
Sacks Potatoes, Rest in Gunnies.
Cases l.xtra Soda Crackers,
Cases Medium Hrcad,
Cases Cracked Wheat, 10 lb. bags.
Cases Com Meal, white, 10 lb bags.
Cases Oat Meal, 10 lb. lags,
Cases Corn Starch.
Casks Dupee Hams,
Caks C it A Hams.
Cases R. U. IUcoii.
Cases Fairbank's Lard, 1 lb. ail,
Cases Fairbanks tard, 5 lb. pail.
Cases Fairbank's Lard, 10 lb. pail.
Cases Whitney's Putter, In tins.
Half bbls. Rutter, Pickle Roll,
Qr. bbls. Putter, Picklt Roll.
Half firkin Putter, Gilt ndge.
Qr. firkins Putter, Gilt Kdge,
CaMis New Cheese.
Poxes and bdls. Salt Codfish, v
llblsllerces Columbia RlterStuon
Cases Fresh Eggs,
Cases Laundry Staixh,
Poxes Prown Lsvundry Soap,
Pure Java Coffee, Roasted and Ground, 1 lb, tins,
r Sacks Green ColTee,
CliCattl Japan 'lea, 1 lb, papers,
Chekti Jajun Tea, Ik pars1
Poxes Raisins, London Layers.
boxes Raisins, London La)ers.
)J boxes Raulnk, London Lai ere.
Hove kaiUinf MuHalel.
, Ca.ses Mixed Pickles,
CaVei SpsLesi, kstvortcd, all sls,
Paris .Minrc Meat, At mores,
Tins Mince Meat, Cuttings.
Sacks Raw Peanuts,
Sacks English Walnuts,
Sacks Soft Shell Almonds,
Sacks Icxas Pecans, extra Urge.
Cases California Honey, 1 lb. tins
Cases King, Morse It CVs,, fresh canned
Fruits, Jellies and Vegetable.
Pales Wrauptng Paper, extra quality.
A LAKGK ASSOKTMKNT Of
Jlettt California Leather.
Sole, Insole, Harness. Skirting and Uppers
trench and American Calfskins,
Sheep Skins, Goat Skins.
Hawaiian .Saddle Trees.
And other goods too numerous to mention.
These goods are fresh, were bought my low, and
will be sold at
LOWBfT SfAXST RATaSS.
i w, Mam 1 m
ns-rio Ko. 48 Qsessm tStosM.
G. J. WALLER,
53 BUTCHER &
To the lTVoiit.
AOREATBOON 10 HONOLULU PUBLIC.
'"'llEEF, VKAL, MUTTON,
LANK, PORK AND flSH,
K.f4 fee four days afltr Uin VUled, ly lleU-Cble.
sua. Fateiu Dry Air ReirigeraUjr. Coaraniced so
keep longer afar delivery than fresh ailll sneats. To
U tad at any uMR. WALLER'S llAKKU and
Oa Klsvf Strat.
mr meat iok sale all da v. -
M ThaakU( Ike (Uic for past (aeus, I s4ktt
couiauaac. 4 lb. sarae. U. J. WALLER.
f ITTBarSMABs, eMS) BILL MaUIMI
FrsnisJ Maily and at risapeU. rata at IU Eaw
That by the "Steamer Alameda," due on Monday next (ijrd Inst., I will
receive my usual supply or
Gent's Fine Furnishing Goods.
It is needless to ctuiincnuc the fine variety of goods which
are always kept on hand in this old establishment : here always
will be found everything necessary to complete a Guntlcman's
Outfit. I have everything usually kept m stock in the best
appointed Cent's Furnishing Store. I have, also, this day
received by the
Steam Barkentine "MORNING STAR" From Boston,
The finest and handsomest line of
TRUNKS AND BAG WARE,
liver displayed in any one show-room.
It will afford me pleasure to show these nice goods to my
Patrons and Friends. Anyone contemplating traveling oughl
to call and examine these fine goods. Prices very low as usual.
Comer of Fort and Merchant Street.
Honolulu, March 21st, iSS. 238-249
PRESS PUBLISHING COMFAXT?,
NEWS, BOOK and JOB PRINTING OFFICE
Vuwjibcll'H Xew Jtuthllny, Merchant Street.
Wedding-, Visiting or Business Cards,
Invitations, Menu Cards,
Ball Programmes, Letter,
Note, Statement or Bill Heads,
Shipping Receipts, Money Receipts,
Certificates of Stock, Contracts,
Bills of Lading, Checks,
Drafts, Orders, Notes,
Tickets, Legal and Mercantile Blanks,
Labels, Books, Pamphlets, etc,
NEATLY, ELEGANTLY, PROMPTLY, SURELY and REASONABLY DONE.
TIIOS. G. Til HUM, Manager,
The Corner Harness Store Still to the Front !
Large invoices of Goods (of all description) Kming
len received by me they
WILL BE SOLD AT LOWER PRICES,
'than the same quality of Goods can be imrthascd else
where 111 Honolulu and katUfaction guaranteed. Mv Hock
consist t of nil kind of American, hngtUli nnd hydney
Saddles, Belts, Pouches, Leggings,
Saddle Cloths, School Bags, Etc.
Bits, Spurs and Stirrups, Etc.,
Ia Nickel and Stiver Plate,
The Reputation of my HOME MADE HARNESS
For rup;rtority of workmanship and material remains unchallenged during my U cars residence htr.
Thankful fur the gentrum. patronage of the post, its continuance and Increase In the future It respectfully
solicited at the old tUnd.
3J-Js Corner or Fort svnd Kins; Btr tat, HomolsUm. H.X
PT. MATTHEWS HALL, SAN MATEO, CAL.
a scuooT roit hoys.
Under Military Discipline. '
Located in lli. Uautilul vilUg. of San Mateo, on tlio Southern Pacific R. R., l miles from. San Francisco.
Estath.ttetl in 186s. fourteen instructors of retutallm and ability. The buildtmcs ar. caUnsiv., ar.
heated ly steam and are in everyway arranged for the health and comfort of the cadets. TrinltySession
becitis July S4 . 'u
ror further infurinallon and catalogue, lust out, address
Kkv. ALFRED LEE I1REWER, M. A.,
" He paweth in the valley, andrejoiceth in his strength
he goeth on to meet armed men; he mccketh'.at
fear, and is not affrighted, neither turneth he hack
from the sword." Holy Writ.
HOW TO aMEAK A COLT.
.'youaslc a man engaged in th. buwness the altovc question, and h. answers you truthfully, thsaostlos
ten will tell )ou, when you commence on h colt, that yha very fust thing you must imprest spon his aaind la Ikas
you arc his master ; that it is business to submit to your will i that you must break up all his uubbonuxs rif kt
away on the start, arid also uiaVe Um afraid of you, so that he would not dare to do anytklatf b. taav ikilk jroa
do not want l.'uu la do, even if you have to be sever, with him al(St. Now, while 1 an aoT(oflf so easy llaat
this Is not tb. best Jat of eduusttn( a oun hots. I ill sa that It Is not the plan that I hav. always ptao
ticed; and furthermore, I still say to anyone, either irufesslonal or non.profcsslonal, that In handling your coll,
if you will us. persuasion Instead ofcoerilun, and try and Duk. his first lessons a plcasur. t. ItlaaJnalsMlA of
compellinf him to submit to your wishes, d st I will stak. ray tslstenc. that you will soon tod your colt stusly
lag the same practlc. as jourself of trying to pleas. ou, anil (fiak. your work as much .ps.aaur.IMlt Upoaal
ble for him to do. '
Duiini the last few sears then has been great advancement pud. In hon.-braaUa, aa tnM u In .swry.
thinz sIm. Not. th. old plan of school teaching half a century ago as compared I U itm Mao ofua, prsatsat
day. I well renember hearing my father tell of th. way, when he went to school, thai Ik. Iisskir Mllg ht
concction. II. had lone birch whips brought la by the armful, and thrurf ibe ft Into lb. tn aud istnsasV nanW
them to mak. Ihem tuujli a common birch whip without being laugherwd In th. .bosw Maarw twlrr-cosstsssmd
by no means effective enough for consctingth. ordinary rvyslerlng schoolboy. Now, w onlylkiak of Ik. akoe.
iJ.i, of education at th. preseul time lo sn-il. at, menWrui UarMd thai nilWer mul an :aton sMacestw ssw r
astmr. '111. same measur. of advancement liaa Un mad. in the handling of Colts. 1 h. oM Mtkaaf of krMk.
Ing a cull meant a season's hard work at the plow, and othtr modes of heavy pullina; In Ik M4 kefor. k. coukt
be truued lo assirf In latin, the family lo church on Ninday. Nowadays, wMk Ik. advaacswsessl tfcsw ka. kww
made it, th. methods of handling, w. ar. able to teach a coll mora lu the way be should go In a few snwka tkaa
h. could acnuir. in Um old way in as maey months.
Horn, years since th. Rev. VYra. II. II, Murray,
cr.tule-1 " Ik. Ierf.il llors.." in which k devoted a
above mentioned subject. " now 10 jraln a vou. in. wore inrouanuui ww .a..i.sji
.t .L.l.lnn 1. rn .J!.. 1, Fma n tn rA. 11 .B..Nd milHedll IWUO .SI. bV tk. W1
our Chief luslic SI Vide CoUege) seems lo understand ih.
m.rl mii Mvn.h ,.ii a ecj, ilut baa 1mm. ttfiHisbi no In a
out of ihe way w lien ke comes akig. D.vtn then. I think
wall ail the dioerenl modes iruu n recommenus. uus
I would probably have abuul Iwenly wild colls Uvkaa
that h. wouu liav. given nts cons atavi
ul two leasuns,
11 i l.li.ilnl fn.l.N sdnrril In htvr
times as heavy and strong as ar. used tor broken norses,
rear and plunge, ano inrow imbui w . -
nzhling ll out with Ihera fur a few days, or weeks, perhaps,
lion, become accustomed Is In. us. ol Ik. Mrnesa. and
broken. Now, this plan seeaas In sn. vary rauca in. same
wtthoui allowing Idas to have any weapons lo capture bun
wrenglh and awkwardness.
Mrtdanbrmerl.klicbaciik.puniaiVseabanrjulefblaa, after whkklaVsd aa ordinary Pass)
banana uuit suaVcienti aad aa la kick streps, I never us.
am had a cc-k kick la aartsn. yes
that age tbey very readthr tabawi
tsavvtU- td hM-kkiaii afiaats l swaU aadd.iLw Wimm ham Usm m la vmm aM (pw laa. Itagkttta. saisl
remits tat ban w i ! inry ikatal prfMrM, ,a aUoU UfamMM4u eatilAihasaaii, MM wsjmttssM
ar. swiag i.,ww'i - --t i - .i,,.-i ., .
I bate nrw oa hand tl my rVeaikiurttra, coroer of Quaao aad Punchbowl tlratli, lw.lv. ksid r'a
yeaMbngaso inaiunaga,, aon.ee? ibeat I kavw only had twowaeka, audi was'sWea mfjttmm
doubkt to a top tasgiiy auaout huumi aad i wus aaw ride My f tawes wtwaw iiiau, anaa, a
stimg even, and tarry a large carriage iiailwella owe, laeru at Ike taax sitae. Aat I m m m
any bars, that any on. may Mtng at, w w. saas. lias., or ess. bus tvasat a c
lake ad ckaarta of Uilura, Of court., 1 oWa-at coaelder Ibtat keabaa ai.akts
eauioamb'et imm la prrstsi I bens ka la. wasJeShylaa a Ms. nad. m s fft
atawl I bu. at tk sa. lias. I tkick that kt ie.cawvsag tkan alaaf Mats; au
. . .1 c 1- . Lmufi, sale, eensla aad ulwdieea laasawr aoeaaa. I
-.i.i.. ., ..j.. , t.. I abotkiak that soasa
ihal have Ueuworteda year or tnora ia ur etrastt, I
kaaeykaded drays, etc, Inao raaay bursas tkat look at
ka lbs carriages.
HoogluKaJlarch ll, Iks,. (s-sl)
BY C. B. MILES.
an eminent dlvln. ol Boston. wrotaveryU
very king chapter, cove ling about aeveBly4 J
subject very wall, and I think tkat kia Dlu sweasQ
une - of th. lamdv sort of a way. ae oaa ikai ewe. seat
if you do nut want your tows trod upon you asuat fM
it .would Uk about a year so knak Ml cull kyfajaf
ru. is sou snot roe me ia prMim any tsjen ftjraleaB, aw
and turned over lo their rupacllva owsxr, by sees ti
aul yst I would be Just at UM wbk rain, at ks) I
Ihtir VThl'lts and hern.nr. eeaa due Is.
so. tost alter being uUcaM tip tssssr
rmm.wv..vvlr".' ''ee y
they anally, if they ar. aot of I
alter a lew aaoatka of sarvepa.
as u woum be lo Mag a
with, uUuuj him tkat k. esg
them uakst it Is oa aa iavautasa Hilar, a I
.can, can aasfe rsjjk,'
w sw'avawaBBwajBjas. i
yt thai 1 va Uvkin. Yi .!-. can U bran wub uiti isMv, mj
tt to tlat KUidiBC Motats. and in asVaa aiurwartte tsm mad stwsmss. II
all aVBVtafaaTl gsawtl eaaaaaaaaaWa aaaw a sssaW
iabsaiar. hatsaw kaabai
nsieke. tan. Aat.asy auk
IMsiawtwaif aM M
i am wmm wmmm