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In treating uon the subjects re
lating to tlic tlctctopmcnl of various
local imlmtries care painfully aware
of a feeling of indifference thereto by
the majority, iierhain, of islam! readers.
Some from inability to enter into any
of the iirumiting trojert., others from
the fait of their intereM in imports, and
others, again who cout the xmibility of
surccWiil tropii- farminp, or of ilescl
oping iniltntrici under the present state
of the countr) and its lalror market that
can conictc ith prices at which simi
lar imioiletl articles can be laid down
here , all these are inclined to pass them
b) Yet there arc some who do not be
lie e that 'no good thing can come out
of N'atarcth' that it is encouraging to
ice, and our province is to aid such with
all the light nc can throw upon it.
Others again might become interested
did they but know the amount of money
sent abroad ear after year for ccn the
cry ticxessitics of liter , hence these
facts and figures. They are such as to
command many to pause and consider.
Were je to present a table of what we
pay abroad for the privilege of living
at the Hawaiian Islands it would aston
ish some readers when the small num
ber of our population is" considered.
Vet who would think, for a moment,
that we paid to San Francisco $33.J5
last year to butter the bread and cakes
we made from the f 170,230 worth of
(lour and meal imortcd. The islands
have been famed for )cars for its cattle
runs, but dairying has been an almost
neglected business. A few localities on
the islands hae made themselves a
name for the excellence of the butter
sent to market, but they are each too
limited to begin to supply the market,
even at the high rates demanded. We
have no means of knowing the aggre
gate of our home manufacture, but
from the quantity of butter imported it
is evident that it is 120,500 ounds
short of the demand. And we are in
clined to use the word demand in an
emphasized sense from the fact that
island butter, as a rule, is preferred to
the iniKrted article. W'c might take,
into consideration, too, that other pro
duct of the dairy, cheese, for which we
paid abroad last year $13,023.79 at an
exchange rate at times of $yi per cent,
premium for the privilege of paying for
it in U. S. gold coin.
Within the past few )cars much in
terest has been taken in the importa
tion of improved dairy stock and it is
to be hoped that the time is near at
hand when the several dairymen will be
able to shut out the importation of in
ferior material, and supply home con
sumption at favorable figures. 15ul to
do this successfully calls for systematic
care and economy. The heavy out
lay also made for hay and grain each
year (of which much is used for this
imjiortcd stock) must be turned to farm
development. If wheat or oat hay can
not be grown satisfactorily on proper
land, probably alfalfa might be sown
down and when once welt rooted
will give a rotation of crop every six
weeks, than which there is nothing
better for milch cows, and cured, gives
the best of winter feed. Woodlawn
Dairy has an acre field of alfalfa that is
mowed gradually each day as il is re
quired for the stock and saves them,
annually, probably $S,ooo expenditure
for imported feed.
And when imported feed is men
tioned, there are but few who realize
our expenses in feeding our animals.
The liay imports lor tSS4 were 25,167
bales, valued at 140,77a ; oats,
1,925,692 pounds, value $31,955;
barley and barley meal, 5,580,868
pounds, value $78,094 ; bran, 4,079,150
pounds, value $35,87 1 ; wheat, 346,490
pounds, value $6,156, making a total
tax for feed, last year, of $192,846, and
this differs but little from the import
values of i8Sj.
.i 11 Mm
It is pleasing to see the Advertiser
admit, in its FridayV issue, that
"public opinion is very much divided
uon the effect of the unrestricted sale
of liquor to natives." The statistics it
prints show that dining the last twehe
months before licenses were issued,
the number of natives arrested for
drunkenness was 206; while the num
ber arrested during the first twelve
months after licenses were granted
reached 752. This shows an increase
in Honolulu of over three to one cases
of drunkenness under the same license
system the. privy council proposes to
extend throughout the islands. As the
Advertiser remarks, "these figures, if
not very satisfactory, arc, at least, in
structive." 'llicn, why do you bolster
the privy council's action, O court
If Thomas Robert Malthus were
alive and in Honolulu, he "would be
shocked pa.t all expression" at the
attempt which the privy council and
the court journal are making to in
crease our tropulatiqn by giving the
natives free whiskey. ly the way,
Malthus' first essay, which embodied
the principles of his great doctrine, was
written on the I'nnciplcs of imputation,
t it Affects the Future Improvement
rtn: mKK miir ovmrio.v
I he question as to whether it is ad
visable to make Honolulu a free ort
now being under dhclission it teconic.
proper to look at all sides of the pio
penal licforc acting thereon. The first
question which naturally presents itself
to any one who has lived in Honolulu
"A year and a day," when interested par
tics propose a new public scheme or
get others to do it for them, is, what is
there in it and whose olitical or civil
axe is to be ground while the taxpayer
turns the grind stone? While we arc
not of a carping- disjiosition, yet we
have watched the development, and 100
often the consummation, of 50 many
public schemes for private ends in this
kingdom that a seemingly grave sug
gestion coining from a governmental
source is sufficient to give us pause that
nc may see wherein the proposal is for
tht public weal.
It is not sufficient to merely propose
a new departure in our commercial life,
the prospects of which are based almost
entirely upon a speculative future and
cert the people to endorse it until it
is first shown to be feasible. Hut
to be feasible it must be shown
that the change will not materially ef
fect the equilibrium of our revenue;
that it will not work in the favor of cor
porate power to the disadvantage of
private enterprise, that it will not ad
vance transient commercial interests at
the expense ol the country's internal
development; and lastly, it must be
shown that the opening of Honolulu as
a free port will not entail expensive im
provements in harbor accommodations
which may fail to pay not only interest on
the investment but may fail to bring in
sufficient revenue to take any further
burden of taxation off the people which
w ould follow theabrogation of our present
port duties. If we build up commercial
interests which demand these improve
ments it will then be time to consider
them. Idle speculation and dreams of
greatness have been too often drawbacks
to the substantial advancement of the
welfare of Hawaii. If we had even half
the commercial interests of San Fran
cisco to subserve we could easily get
along as that city docs with her present
port duties. It would even be better
for us to allow- a home corporation to
control our pilot system as is done in
San Francisco rather than cafortign
corporation, which is already heavily
subsidized, and which controls the bulk
of our shipping, free entry into port,
thereby saddling the people with an ad
ditional taxation of $35,000 or $40,000
annually, with only a speculative future
contingent to supply the loss of our pres
ent port revenue. Thegovernmentwould
be out the amount of our port duties; the
deficiency would have to be made up
by taxing the merchants and property
holders whom the promotors of the
scheme arc endeavoring to persuade
that the people would advance their
own prosperity and open up commer
cial prospects of the islands by en
dorsing a scheme which would put the
greater part of our present port revenue
into the pocket of a greedy and grasp
ing corporation which is at present
playing "Shylock" to Honolulu's "Mer
chant ol Venice."
Our Marine railway meets all our
present wants. It is futile to attempt
to lure prosperity to our shores by
building expensive dry-docks, which,
capable engineers have before-time told
us are not feasible so near the equator,
owing to tidal disabilities. A system of
dry-docks, to compete with San Fran
cisco and other ports, would cost us
not thousands but millions of dollars.
Now follows the practical question
already passed upon by competent men,
Will our harbor facilities accommodate
such a system of dry-docks as the one
proposed without entailing an enor
mous expense ? The facts aie that the
Matine railway can handle all our nec
essary shipping and could be made
available for larger vessel at a compara
lively moderate outlay. If dry docks
were mint to accomodate tnc larger
vessels, men-of-war, etc., of other
nations it would be worth almost
the price of these islands to build the
docks and prepare the harbor and
reef channel by sub-marine excavations
to receive the vessels.
A government whirh has only about
$12,000 in the treasury with which to
pay its debts should jay no attention to
interested advice unless it sees some
thing in it which will practically benefit
the people unless, indeed, it wishes
to assist a scheme for grinding a
It seems peculiarly opportune that a
sugar planter from Java, who has vi.itcd
world and has had experience with the
marccration process not only in his own
country, but learned of similar results
in other countries, should I visiting
these islands just at a time wllen a
number of mills arc considering the
advisability of change, based uixin the
reported success of the trials at the
Waiakca Mill, Hilo. Mr. Ittman re
ports the marccration process an ex
ploded idea in Java, as in all the coun
tries he has travelled through that have
given it a trial; and for mills to make
changes at the present stage of the
sugar market would be assuming an
expense unwarrantable. In his visits
to plantations on the other islands
doubtless he will explain the reasons of
failure and relate his experience is
satisfactorily as he has done to sugar
men here. Certainly from his experi
ence his views should have weight
Organization and concentration are
necessary to success in any undertaking.
nil or ii.urm i.r.rrr.ni.
As the editor's letters of his tour of
Hawaii to the I'ress from week to week
ap)car, new nnd additional interest
attaches to them ; upon the completion
ol the series their value will be con
sidcrably enhanced, from the fart that
they will lie the first continuous news
paper scries ever published of any tour
through these islands, we believe. Kills'
Four of Hawaii, in 1S23, published in
book form, is the only complete narrative
extant of a tour of I lawaii. The enterprise-
of this journal, therefore, in send
ing its best descriptive writer to nar
rate his observations for its readers, it
is to be hocd, will be duty appreciated.
We are not given to self praise, as a
rule, but we may be pardoned if our
modesty should be overcome to rcK.tt
the expression of oncof San Francisco's
most vigorous writers relative to a
similar scries of letters from Mexico,
by Mr. R. S. Smith, that they gave the
best Insight into the country of any
newspaper series that had so far
apcarcd. Unless anything unforeseen
should occur it is planned also to make
the tour of Maui and Kauai, and prob
ably Oahu later. Subscribers to the
l'rcss will, therefore, have good value
for their money in these series ot letters
alone, and will not need to look to us
for a chroino as a premium.
An objection was promulgated re
cently to the suggestion of developing
new industries that wc had better not
draw away the energies devoted to what
we already have, The objector was
perfectly honest in his word of caution
and brought to mind the fact that there
arc two sides to every question. The
effort to give encouragement to new
enterprises in our midst, or show possi
bilities for new or increased develop
ments, should not be construed into
an effort to divert the capital and
energy put forth in our present leading
industries. The capital at stake should
and does command our hearty support,
but wc should not ignore the fact that
there arc those who could enter upon
new projects that are not able, financi
ally or otherwise, to enter into sugar
growing. The fears of 'having all our
eggs in one basket' has been fed ma
tcrially since the decline in sugar, and
if new enterprises or industries can be
shown to warrant the capital, time and
energies of parties seeking investment,
or profitable employment, it is the duty
of the press of these islands to encour
age and foster every undertaking that
promises for the good of the land and
its people. The Press hopes to be
able to throw encouraging light from
time to time 011 various agricultural and
industrial projects, to which end the
present tour of the editor around the
islands will aid materially in enabling
him to treat intelligently these impor
tant matters. We are far from ac
cepting the theory that all our ener
gies must be centered on sugar and
rice. The islands are capable of more
extended industries and it is no dis
paragement to existing ones to call at
tention to new- possibilities.
TitK SIt.VEK OVTI.OUK.
Now comes Senator Sherman and re
fuses to serve on the Committee of
Finance. It was not expected that the
leader of the greenback movement of
1868 would prove a supporter of the
silver movement of 1885. Fanatics
seldom agree either in politics or re
ligion. Sherman favored the gold men
rather than his fanatical opponents the
silver men. His present action seems
to be the result of personal resentment
because he was not honored with the
Chairmanship of the Committee, where
he could ventilate his insane views on
finance, which he was formally wont to
do while he was Chairman of the Com
mittee before he became Secretary of
the Treasury- under Hayes. The re
fusal of Sherman will not, however,
change the financial complexion of the
committee in which there will be a
majority favoring the suspension of
a compulsory silver coinage. At the
present writing the Committee of Fi
nance is supposed to stand as follows :
Senators Allison, Aldrich, Morrill,
Miller of New York, McIMierson and
Sherman favoring the bill reported at
the last Session of Congress for the
suspension of silver coinage, and Sena
tors Heck, Harris, Jones, Vance and
Voorhees against it.
It is pertinent to the question of
silver coinage to note that public sent:
ment, in those countries composing the
I-itin 'Monetary Union, is advocating
a coinage of silver based upon its real
value in gold. The financial wants of
France, Switzerland and Ilelgium have
lapsed, and these countries have now
stopped free coinage. The States of
Europe have out-grown the Union and
if it expires, as is likely at the end of (he
present year, each country will, in the
future, manage its own monetary affairs.
The inter-circulation of silver between
states will then cease.
The people of Europe, and esjiecially
those interested directly in finance, are
anxiously watching to sec whether the
United States will establish a double
standard and a new ratio based on the
market value of silver and gold. The
question will be settled by the next
congress. It would be well for the fi
nancial seers of the Hawaiian Govern
ment to take notice that the adoption
of a new ratio by the United States
would necessitate the re-coinage of all
the present standard dollars, and would
end in "the wiping out of the imaginary
profit which the Government has made
by the coinage of the cigbty-five-cent
dollar, and the acknowledgtiAnt of the
actual loss incurred in the operation."
Space is given elsewhere in this issue
to the showing of receipts and expendi
lures of the treasury dcMttmcnt for the
first half of the biennial period. Meagre
as it is of any details, it is interesting
to all tax-payers. It is instructive; for
few, cihaps, were aware of an tin-rcvc.-ilcd
loan act of 1874. It is edu
cational, for it shows us the searching
ability of the present administration to
obtain the wlicrcwitfi.il to make ends
meet--on aper. It gives us en
couragement for the "piping times"
ahead, when customs' revenue falls
lchind and mounted police avails arc
run iiAWAltAX KXimttr .1 r .:n
' Text of the Itrpnrt of Ihf .X'rir (Mr-tiri
The close commercial relation cutting
between the United Slates ami Hawaii, in
consequence of the reciprocity treaty by which
iti products iass Tree of duty through the
custom houses of this country, leml jiMillon.il
interest to the geographical iMsltinn, govern
ment, population ami products of these far
The Hawaiian Islands, eight in number, are
a chain of islands in the Pacific Ocean, 2,iro
miles southwest from San Francisco, They
are high, with mountain tops coveted with
clouds, and their coasts fringed with coral
reefs, washed by the surf of the ocean. Each
Island has a central mountain, or a chain of
peaks, which slope boldly up from the sea,
and are arid and bare from an elevation of
some 5,020 feet upwards. A belt of land
along the coast lines forms the arable and
inhabitable portion of the country. Although
of volcanic origin the originating (Ires have
long since been quenched, except in the huge
mountain of Mauna Loa, situated on the
southern coast of the island of Hawaii. In its
craters ma) tie seen solcanic fires in all their
grand activity. The mountain has an altitude
ol nearly 14,000 feet. The islands are separ
ated from each other by ch-innets of the deep
sea, varying, at nearest points, from 7 to 61
The largest of the eight islands is Hawaii.
It contains 4,210 square miles. The smallest
Island is Kahoolawe. It contains 97 square
miles and attains an elevation of Sco lect.
The configuration of the land, as well as the
fact that they are in the trade wind licit, and
have no other islands or continents nearer
than 2,000 miles, gises them a climate which
is claimed lobe unequaled for evenness and
salubrity. The extremes of temperature arc
ei and 90.
Shortly after the discos ery of the islands in
1776, by Captain Cook, Kamehameha, a chief
of Hawaii, conquered all the other islands and
united them under one government. His
descendants reigned successively under tht
official title of Kamehameha II., III., IV.,
and V. until 1S72, when the famil) became
extinct. The high chief Lunaliio succeeded,
but died within two )cars. The Dowager
Queen Kmma is the widow of Kamehameha
IV. She is still lising, and resides in Hono
lulu. The present reigning king is his Majesty
Katakaua, who ascended the throne in 1874.
His consort is Queen Kapiolani, without issue.
The Princess Liliuok.ilani, the elder sister of
the king, is the wife of Hon. John O. Dom
inis. She is the heir apparent, proclaimed as
such in 1877. The Princess Likelike, younger
titter, is the wife of Hon. Archibatd,CIeghorn ;
has issue a daughter the Princess Kaiulani,
born in 1S75.
The present form of government was orgrn-
ized in 1S4G. It is that of a monarchy, limited
by a written constitution. The king governs
through a council of four executive ministers,
who are the heads of the departments. The
Legislature one branch of which is elected by
the people meets every two years in Hono
The population of the islands at the close ol
1SS4 was placed at So,ooo, of which 47,000
were natives, the remainder being immigrants
from various foreign countries, largely, Chi
nese. The city of Honolulu, the scat of govern
ment and the principal pott, located on the
island of Oahu, has a population of 20,000.
It is the commercial and business centre, and
is well and compactly built.
The total foreign trade of the islands for
SSj amounted to $13, 757, 000, consisting
principally of sugar, molasses, rice and wool.
The amount of sugar exported that year was
142,552,000 pounds. The imports were $5.
624,000, consisting of manufactured goods of
all kinds lumber, feed, animals, and various
The cultivation of sugar cane forms oncof
the chief employments of labor and capital.
There are upon the group sixty plantations,
with mills, and twenty-seven planters who
trow cane for sale to the milts, or, as is the
rule, have it made into sugar on shares.
About 55,000 acres are under cultivation,
the capital employed is estimated to be
Rice has become one of the leading agricul
tural products. It can be easily grown and
gives a fair yield per acre from 2,000 to 3,000
The lands arc productive in sweet and Irish
potatoes, in into, the nativ e food "par excel
lence" which is a species of wild turnip, grown
under water, whicli they steam and pound
into a paste of the consistency of mayonnaise,
then called "poi."
The ramie, Jute and other fibrous shrub,
craw of themselves. In the fibre of the hau
and olona, native growths, the islands-have
The cofice produced is of good quality. It
has given way to other cultures, however,
which arc more profitable for exportation.
There is a railroad of twenty miles along
the coast of Hawaii and another of twelve
miles on the coast of Maui.
The Hawaiian exhibit it located inlhe Main
Ouilding, at LI. 10. It it under the charge of
the Hawaiian Commissioners, Ilnn, Samuel
Parker and Hun. J. Molt Smith, and is under
the Immediate attendance of Mr, George
Allen. It is intended merely as illustrative of
the resources and industrial condition of the
group, rather than a full display of all their
natural or commercial products. The eihibit
contains many excellent specimen! of the
handicraft of Hawaiian women, made from
fibres, seeds, shells ami feathers found on the
islands. There are hats made of lwaiwa,
maiden hair fern, pua, sugar cane blossom and
of other fibres. There arc a Urge collection
of leis ami necklace wade of seeds and knells of
A pair of slippers made of halo, sugar cane
leaf, are exhibited, and also fans made of com
blossom, cocoanul palm leaf, and peacock
The Kahili fans, used u an insignia of
rank, are nude of rare and mulj feathers, and
descend at heirlooms In the families of the
chiefs. The Stale Kahilis are very large aod
beautiful, arc mouutcd on elaborate slab, ten
or twelve feet in length. They arc borne aloft
vo state occasions by roeo covered with sbott
capes of woven fcatbm.
R'Ctlptt and Ripenitlturrs of the Hawaiian Treasury, for the PUcal Year rndlnr March ji, 1M5.
1S.4 1M4. 1M4 tils.
April it July
1 re ury tia'ance , April r sS9
I rem firwi, p-ui!ilr i5 ewr..
Kreim Interior llepartmei-r ....
rrtitn Cmtoms rtl4..i
r rem (love rnment rtAlifillet,
Ircm I.nan Fund .....
From Kttrniit Sltmpt.. ,.....
From llrAnds ..... ,.,. ,
F.rTim Intrrtnal Tast.. ......
r rum l'ron Cc-m's Acc'l l.on.. .
From Inlereu Omu'i Acc'l ltan..
From Sfamrn lma.. ,..,....
S ."! J
Oil 1 j.i
J.idicUiy Irp'tmrn! .,
Interior I)fArtmenl. ... .
Allorrtf) (tenerara tlfparlmenl .
Finance llrpanmrnl.... ..
nureail of rilucatlon... ....,.
Iliurau ol Health.,
Ftpentrs LtR-Wtalure, its, ,
Keturn tana.. .., ..
See Prir Council A IiKlilttttals.
Indemnity Inter?! Account .....
IJ,tl7 ah lO.MI
TaaAtuav Orrici, March 31, ill
The Royal or Throne Cloak is woven of the
yellow feathers of the Oo and Manio, native
birds, now very rare. Kach bird furnished but
two feathers under each wing.
Specimens of awa root are shown. The
awa toot has been used fiom earliest times b)
natives for making on inlostcatlng beverage.
It is a narcotic stimulant, and is prepared by
being triturated, mixed with water and fer
mented. It is also a highly useful medicinal
root for diseases of the skin.
Another specimen of workmanship shown is
a guitar made of eight kinds of native woods,
enclosed In a ease of iolished koa.
Among the specimens of printing are some
school books, illustrating the printing and wood
engraving of natives in I S 1 ;.
The exhibit contains portraits of the royal
famil), photographic views of the Islands,
specimens of sugar, salt, taro, floor of native
woods, coins and other articles of interest.
An interesting collection of medicinal plafts
much used in the native materia medica and
which might lie worth the attention of Amer
ican phaimacop.i'lists, arc also exhibited in the
dried state. They are :
Uhaloa (Waltheiia Americana) Hark of the
roots used for canker or sore mouth and throat.
This is also a remedy for bladder complaints,
ramakar.iHibiscus sp.) Thr leaves and
flowers as nn alterative.
Akai Manola (Orcodaphnc sp., sweet vari
ety) A tonic and alterative.
Moa (Lycopodium) A strong purge, ios
scssing also the properties of a tonic.
Kookoolau (Coreopsis sp.) A tonic. It is
Iwileil and strained and used as a drink with
sugar. The juice obtained by pounding it
raw with salt is used as a gargle in cases of
sore throat ; without salt ami diluted with
water, acts promptly to stop bleeding from the
lungs. In connection with the blossoms of
the Ohivha (Lugcnia sp.) ric fruit of the
N'oni (Morinda Citrifolia) and sugar cane or
sugar, is a remedy for bleeding of the lungs,
general emaciation and consumption ; also
excellent for womb complaints.
Ohia-ai (Uugenia Matacccnsis.)
Ohia Lchua (I'ugcnia Sandwiccnsis) The
bark, leaves and blossoms used it: various
combinations for consumption ; also for canker
Awa (Piper Mcthysysticum) Principally
used oj a stimulant and naccotic ; also in skin
Hinahina For dyspepsia. In combination
writh-Hau bark (Hibiscus Tilliaccus), fruit of
the Noni, and sugar cane ; used as'a drink.
Alaalawainui For liver complaint and dys
pepsia. Maunaloa The principal use is for broken
bones, bruises and sores. For bruises, pound
the meat of the seed and rub it over the sore
parts. The pounded meat is thus applied
directly to the surface and tied on. From one
to, four seeds eaten at night will move the
Manewancwa (Vitex Trifolia) Used for
canker and for fever. It is also a specific for
fainting, and in cases of great prostration of
the nervous system.
Kaunoa Vehu Used for asthma and short
ness of breath. It is also used as a tonic for
palpitation of the heart.
TAr April Magaalntti tie.
The Century Magazine has become one of
the wonders of transient literature. Each
succeeding edition, since the beginning of its
Civil War articles, written by distinguished
Americans, has increased until Ihe first edition
of the April number commences with 225,000
copies, and will, most probably, reach 300,000
before the demand ceases. This series of war
papers was suggested by Mr. C. C. Duel, one
of the editorial staff of the Century and a
stockholder in the company, in a letter written
in July, 1883, which is now on file in the
Century office, with the endorsement of the
editor-in-chief thereon. Of the present articles,
the first, New Orleans Before the Capture, by
the noted American novelist, George V,
Cable, is introductory to the main article, The
Opening of the Lower Mississippi, by David
Douglas I'orter. These papers are, in many
respects, the mot interesting of the series
published thus far. The first article it des
criptive of the social state of New Orleans
during the preparations for Ihe coming conflict,
and is written in Mr. Cable's most felicitous
and entertaining style. The main article, on
The Opening okhe Lower Mississippi, des
cribes in a graphic manner, well illustrated,
the beginning and the glorious end of the ex-
pedilion under the command of Admiral
Farragut, fitted out by the United States
liovernmcnt against new urieans, wnicn
succeeded in " brcakinr the backbone " of the
rebellion. Especial interest will alt'ch to the
history and movements of the battle-scarred
flagship Hartford, familiar to the residents of
these islands, and which, by the way, will
arrive in Honolulu about the middle of May,
ptoliably for the lait time liefore she ;oes off
duty. A Florentine Mosaic (second paper),
by W, D. Howcls, it well written and aptly
paragraphed. The paragraphing ot articles is
a fcatuie that magaiine writer! should pay
more attention to if they with to preserve the
intciestl of long articles by nuking them
attractive to the eye at well as to the mind,
Magitlnes still keep up the fashion of publish
ing tome of the worst doggerel poetry found in
the literary world. The Century generally
prints the best original verse, but in this in
stance it has inflicted !u 300,000 readers with
a pitteof "divine bathos," written by Anne
R. Aldrich, which many of the secular papers
will likely publish, simply because their editors
can't tell good verse from poor. Shades of ye
IJtic bards, take nottt I
I wtot lo di a rratt foe Lov,
Dui tau nh a to tuf ami coU,
IVil though I ttroT thf-Mth la Ulltr aifhl,
I owU avt Uuk lh awU.
Aad I uU, "iliut h lit U mj Wum U tula I
Au4 tiar la UU wvtxad 4ac t
it rut I ft hiia with M s4BW Jay,
Wuh lhaV nd cha lukiilwr
Vet, w (ear, Mist ex Mrs. Aldrich, which
ever U be, mutt keep Mm ; but if ulie could
jttl Mnh Jill
J IS,I S l,6oi
l,.6 IS .
14 ran ro.
Of, ill II
"I. Ill II
f ,twa, r
ltV,$ IJ,4 nJS IJ,o.l
it) 4JI i6..
01 JS6,71 .!tll,t7 36 $1,476,011 s
April I, 1H5 ,, II,S7 I $,I7,SV II
MlnUter of Finance,
have seen "that awful change" in the facjs ot
her thousands of readers, suj;i;esllve of a phan
tasmagoria ot disgust, she would relegate her
muse to the garret ami atttnd to household
duties In Ihe future. The poetry of the num
ber Unredeemed, however, by a right dainty
billadeby Iiuise Chandler Moulton, entitled
In Winter, which not only has the true ring of
)e ancient ballade but will carry many hearts
bjckward to the time when vouth and natuic
held high carnival In the romantic realm of
love. Ilcsidcs the continued serial stories the
magaiine contains a readable sketch, entitled
The Meditations of Mr. Archie Kittrcll, oy K.
M, Johnston, and a paper by Kdward Kggle-
stun on The Colonists at Home, which is full
of interest for English as well as American
The frontispiece of Harper's Magaiine for
April is an excellent engraved portrait of
Abraham Lincoln taken from a photograph
belonging to V, 1'. Garrison. A very fair
sonnet by Mr. Garrison accompanies the op
trait and is based ujion n dream related by
the mjrtercil president "at a cabinet meeting
held the morning of the assassination," The
dream was, that he saw a ship sailing very
rapidly. The sonnet makes it iioctically a ship
of 1-ite. Among the illustrated papers of the
number Americans will be most interested in
Along the Rio Grande, by Sylvester Banter
and Some Richmond Portraits, by Kugcne L.
Uidicr ; while European readers will enjoy A
Wild Goose Chase, by V. D. Millet and the
Prince of Wales at Sandringham by W. II.
Russell. The latter article contains good por
traits of the Prince and Princess and some ex
cellent landscape engravings. I'ly-fishing,
illustrated with diagrams, by W. II. Wells, and
one of Wordsworth's Sonnets which was writ
ten upon a blank leaf in his Complete Angler
will please and instruct Ihe enemies of God's
The North American Review generally turns
out the most consoling of all magazines for
persons of a literary turn of mind, and the
April number is especially interesting in dis
cursive thought, general reform movements,
and in Persian Poetry. A study in Prison
Management by Charles Dudley Warner,entert
into the detail of prison life. The question of
"the relations of mental activity and pro
gress to conduct," is explained with a tabu
lated review and analysis of school popu
lation, by grades. The Law's Delay, by
Chief Justice T. K. Harris presents in
a forcible manner one of the paradoxes of civi
luation and raises the question as to whether
the " law's delay begins and ends with the
people" but judicially leaves the question as to
"whether man is capable of governing himself"
for the people themselves to settle. An arti
cle on Krcc Thought in America by Robert
Ituchanan shows somewhat of prejudice and
intolerance yet somew hat of ability and shrewd
ness in discussing a question whicli a major
ity of the American people arc pretty well
agreed on. The paper containing the most liter
ary merit in Ihe Review is one entitled Char
acteristics of Persian Poetry, by Ainsworlh
R. Spoffbrd. To lovers of fine poetry this
paper will prove a rich treat owing lo the fact
that until recently oriental literature has been a
closed book to the general reader of the mod
ern world ; and even at the present time the
number of translated works of oriental poetry
will fall probably below a hundred volumes.
The beauties of oriental poetry and especially
of the Persian are welt known to scholars and
have been duly appreciated for years. It was
thoughtful in the editoi of Ihe North Ameri
can Review to follow the English example and
give the general public a glimpse into the
charmed precincts of the flower realms of the
East. We quote a single extract, translated
by Miss Costello in her work entitled the Rose
Garden of Persia, which will give our readers
an idea of the rich metaphorical language,
the melodious rhythm, and the languid graces
traceable throughout the language of southern
"i.(Mk. forth, companions, cat! afar your c)ct.
Where yonder many-culorrd plain .slenjlt
Ah t In my Lreatt what act sensations rla t
Behold how each auft charm of natur blend.
"llit tender allkrncnut tntlica the Ireail ;
With muiky ujor breathes the fanniug air ;
Pure waters f tide alone Ibeir Derfilmed Led,
At though th. km fav thra her ctteac. rare.
Ilia lily rtatlt Lends with her fragrant fhmar,
The hitter of the rote gtada every Lower.
"Hie btcaaant walks with graceful pace along ;
Soft doves and mournful nightingales arc nigh,
Charming the tilence with a mingled tong,
And murmurs from the cypres, bough, reply.
"llier. It gay group., Lenealh the tree., Ltide
ThoM streams that through ih. vale, la rauuc glide.
Lovely a. fallief, beautiful a. day.
Are maid, who wander ou In sportive play.
"She decks the ptatrt with Leaury a. .he goei,
Before her ihrink,a.hajncd,the javrsinc and Ihe rote I
"And there arc Turklvh maid, that near Ibem ruvc
With form. like c)pr.u bough., that eepher. move,
laKks dark at mutkend ki I each veil diKloMt
Eve. fitted with Ueep and iheeka all full ca rote''
The Agricultural Crisit in England, by Wit
liam E. Hear, discusses the serious condition of
agricultural depression In England and
Scotland, reviews agricultural politics in Eng
land and points out wherein the present critit
in that country may become a warning to the
(eople of Ihe United Slates.
The question of Reform in English Spelling
it ably discussed by Professor T. W. Hunt,
while Mr. T, V, Powetly writes of the Army
of the Discontented in the fields of the world's
Of Ihe remaining American midlines th
Popular Science Monthly and The Overland
are both descrvin. of mention. The Popalar
.Science Monthly, at utu.l, It filled with Inter
citing and in.tructoe; matter. The article on
Liquor Legislation, by Gcrhani D. Williams,
it full of suggestive hints, lo which the Ha
waiian Privy Council rue respectfully referred.
The Press Is indebted to Mr. Jonathan
Austin, Commissioner of Patents for a copy of
his pamphlet on "Patent Uwt of the Hawaiian
ItUndt and Rules of practice in th Patent Office,"
it I Oti it , Jsn. ril
ORTOAORK'S POTICK OP INTHN-
lion 10 torrcinie.
NtMk U hfretjr r.Tt, ifuit In mmUnr wtih
ftfmtrtif Ml romalrwil in rrnaln mottf drn,
Utnhbth tUycf NmemUr. (, ! iy (, k
NAAKAAKAI tf lloiwliitH, UUn.l nf ,, la K
UNIirKMANN or W,tu, Mar.) of KuaI, IU
ftiun lt.Un.lt, jtml tmm.H In lh Mfire U lli k (,.
trartif Contryiintt In I,ilr fftm hm $) m e
ml for lrfiwh in Ihe rnmtliini.4 In wi.l moi-istr
Utl conulrwd lo win the mm natmM.i ihrfrotV all
itrvl ultiRitUr lli prrmUti ri?wr,lif In the tald mmi
Kt s i)fd will ttftrr Ihe time 1 1 mil fit f lw t u.U l
IMliltC euctioti In WaIIuji, .foiruM.
Ilie properly id(r ol.l under Ihe ut' jmht f l
It tttiU.flt Pt WaiiM Not itrsstritw. mi tiAll, All
(hoe iwwmuln tvttttUof Uml (tituate In Md Wtttlti.
ml fully m-i furl), eml drurrll-etl In Kojul ient Na
4,98 to N'jikiiljii, nnd!, all rvf I) two certain
Mtrrrtt of land aiinalnl In Mid Watlua, and fully!
forth and dea.led In Koval Talent Nu. i.li? lo Not.
11 W C fAmc. Attorne).
Utwiolulii, Aprtt 16. 1885. I' fti4t
O. WMT, ft. M, l, , W. MttrAHLANIt.
XITKST, DOW A CO,
tmiorier ntut DfrfiVr In all JUmt o
JtuMlff r,tury ,tmt JfrifirifrKt ft 00,(0,
Furniture of all Vlml. Sewing Marklnee, .Mirror.
PalntlnjiT, Uiromo ami 1oy, Picture Framtt iud
tvrnket Id wJr Moving and repairing rurnluirv
No. 105 Fort SrnM. ,,.,IIoNOtULU
.,'.!'JP.l!?.,"';.",,wnr'rm iMt country A. I. CAKT
VVKItllll, mj, nil) ad forme muter full power of
attorney. (I' .44-941) MKS. T, LACK
OTAMIMNO ft EMBROIDERY ORDERS,
If left at ihe .tote of Mr. I. Ijick, will continue lo
have attention iluting Mi. lack's absent e.
No. (6KiNoSr., HoNoLiit), II I.
milCAL PLUMBER AND SAS FITTER
Copper and Shoot Iron Worker
KANGUK, TINWAKi:, Ktc.
,lr All worV U&ranlcsil an J all onler fa I (.fully
Attended tu. l'leate lea re orders on lli kUtc
IXI . uj tetei tun nanuai.
IN IIILI, IIIZADSANiiSTAIEMhNT IIKADS,
XTnTR lininc f nrroo uninr
printed 10 order by the
I'RKSS rUIII.ISIII.NO COMPANY
E. 0. MALL & SON, (Limited.)
Have just rcccisctl Kx Steam llnikenlinc
HUE O IR, IsT Z 1ST G- S T -A. IR, ,
Boston Card Matches. Downer's Kerosen- Oil, Frazera Axle Create,
Cotton Waste, Ice Cream Freezers, (all sizes),
Eddy s Refrigerators, (alt sizes), Lawn Mowers, Iron Agate Ware.
STOVE8 ANB BANGES,
A NKW LOT OF
PLOWS AND BREAKERS,
OK ALL SlZKS '
JT Owing to the unusual tlcmaml for the abosc our stock on hand was very mach
reduced, and this shipment has arrived iust in time for.thc nrcscnt season. For kinds and sites
sec descriptive catalogues, sent on application.
WK KEEP CONSTANTLY ON HAND
-a. LA.HC3-E stocb: of so.a.:ps,
Colgate's Toilet Soap, Harness Soap, No. I Laundry tsuap (in case),
Sterling Soap (in case), Erasive Soap (in case),
lloiled and Kaw Linseed Oil,
Lird Oil, SUdegate Oil, Peanut Oil, Neats Koot Oil, Castor Oil,
1'ATXTS OF BVJiJlY JJlSCJtirTI02Sr,
And a very Superior Stock of all Kindt of
231 -A. 3E3 ID TK7"' - 13 3B ,
All to he had at the
T.OWEST :M.A.It3E:ET RA.TES.
E. O, HALL & SON,
238-249 Corner Fort and King Streets, Honolulu, II. I.
California Produce and Provision Co.,
IMPOKIERS AND JOUHKKS OFM.l. KINDS OK
Groceries, Provisions anil Produce.
Kill Mackerel, Kitt Salmon Uelllei. Kltt SmoVed Halibut, Klu Halibut Finland Napet,
Kiu'Toitjruet. and bounds llonclets CoUfikh, 'loniato Catnip. Chow Chow
Worcester Sauce, (111 kenjl, Caltfornu Cider Vinegar, (catl ami keu). Dried Apple, ach, Ktc,
California 'table Raittnv Auortcd Nuti, Aborted Table and ! I'lu.ti, JamiswJ Jcllim,
COLUMBIA RIVER SALMON, 1884 CATCH, (Bbls. and half Bbli.)
CALIrOKNIA FRESH FKUIT AND IIUTTEK I1V EVERY STEAMER,
"NVUioh vvi niTorocl nt Xow'KHt Mm'lciit Teuton for Ciwli.
SOLK AOF.NTS FOR
Scaomicl lJacltinc Co., K. J. Ilo.ctt. Seed, L.rulc St llougli, Tl.e II. I.ava! Cream Sciauator,
R. LEW, tuccc.sor la brewvich, Uray V Co.
tW Goods delivered ro any turt of tlic city free of charge. Island Order, tolkired aud talitfat1u.tr guar
anieed. HENRY DAVIS, Mamuw.
No. 73 Hotel Srreet,
rosr OFFICE nox No. 41$.
Pacific Hardware Company
Successors to Dillingham I Co., Ml Samntl Nut
IMPORTERS AND DEALERS IN
Hardware, Agricultural Implement,
Houho Furnlnhlnu Gootln Jt General Merehmndine.
Just rccchcil lMdy't Refrigerators and Ice Chests, new atylei of Chandelier, and Library
I.niniK, StoMt and Ranges, Kerosene Oil Stove.
FAIRBANKS Sc HOWE'S 8CA1JD.1.
All of which arc nTeretl uion favorable term.
PACIFIC HARDWARE COMPANY.
OR. H. JOHNSTONE SPEER
1 Iltgdu Bniutal Apidu ihxnA Wwitf,
W'puUl most rcsjiectfully inform liis jiaticnts and the afflicted generally, that
he still continues to treat chronic and nervous diseases wkh unparalleled iuc
ccss. I-adies and Gentlemen, remember, that procra.tination is the thief of
time, so come and be healed I It matters not what your trouble may be, cone
and let the Doctor examine your case. ' It wilt cost you nothing for comuIuk
tion, so please call and satisfy yourselves whether the Doctor understands your
case. If he can cure you he will tell you so : If not, he will tell you that, for
tic will (,ot undertake a case unless he is confident of effecting a cure.
Dr. H. Johnstone Speer is a Specialist
r ill Um IMft fm WUmt Cun ft Ktf ti fcn &
There are many of the age of thirty to sixty who arc suffering from Iom of
vigor and nervous prostration and a weakening of the system in a ntawnttf toy
cannut aciuuut iui, . in,i . iiiati.
the cauie. in, a, win guarantee a perieci pure m ail sucn cases, um
plete restoration of Ihe phsicat and nervous ixiwers.
OFFICE HOURS o to 12 a. u., 1 to 4 and 6 lo 8 r. u. Sunday,
10 to 11 a. M. only,
ContulUtion Free. Thereut
S3T Call or address
J.19-5' NO. iy B,JiUk
AUCTION SALE DF.
Valuable Lands & Sea FislwriBs.
My 1 Its fwtJet of .h rm o .fit !.un!il.
Kilnle. I will offer" ft . Ui fullawlnc
vatualJ tfoftt9 '
Oa Keaday tht 27ib (Uj of April A. 0. 1885.
At it o'eWlr Noun,
AT At Y HAliKHHOOM,
Queen Si reel, Ifixtvlulu
Iaa A. I fiw. cr U H. I 4ion tri I.o C
9r-toa-te ( ! 1), I n-oo cre( lot K. t ili
rrrtj IaA V 4 v!" re I 1 'J- - -l I
xA II. 4 3-tur Actei' ljn I, ifiarfM,
'HirM nine A from A. to I.( Indutlv, ar oiiuat
on the Uath tvt KAA1.AWAI Uyoml I!rtumd Head
friMtilnnn madfrum Honotutu by war of Kapiolani
I 'ark liciween (hem And hc ea. and ar luiutK fur
Country rsMiiiente iiti ffooJ tea tlti.n( .nthitJUuIr
In iMt from,
Ut J-11 KARMIUI.U SKA NSIII.KY, IinJ
bit K-Thr KAAI.AKA SKA FISHERY, ItW
U( l,-1i,r WAIKI1U SKA HMIKUIKS, WnJ
! Term rat.it Deed al lli criM iA pur
therB A (Jan cf llu I.ou A. to J. tattle teen at (), Auf
WATER NOTICE I
OWINO TO 1I1K SCARCITY OF WATER,
tlie Hour for Ittticatton wilt I limited tu 4 hour r
tUi. from 6 to 8 A m, ami from 4 to 6 t, M. .until
futtlier notice. CHAS. U WILSON.
CHAS. T nULICK,
Minister of Hn.in. )
itit-l. Water Work.
Honolulu, January 30, 188$.
Honolulu, Oahu, H. I.
Ttl.F-I'llONK No. .14.
una uu urc in ttua uimcuiij, qgmitmim st -
Kimlnatiii tf Astvica 9m.
UK. H. JOHNSTONK SPEBR,
1 ' Si
tU -j rV