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Voi.UMF. V, N UMBER 39.
HONOLULU, HAWAIIAN ISLANDS, MAY 30, 1885.
WllOI.K NUMMIIR 2t S.
Tin: rM: rtini.t.
rHMitn f IhIM h) AUwiter thr tlrrnt
III. lor. Krptln IHtlfIHkrn ftt-
n.lH. ffHfllfN ,tttrner im
Ctnlml I .In V. other I'eirer
Art. Rltlht tm VminfAntu
Ithy Aenerlmn hum-
Nine J mm ago ! -ras travelling in
I cr tnitu, and one night, as I was
in a railway carriage on my wn) to
I .there, the capital ol the l'unjatib, 1
was awakened at midnight by a lellow
aciigcr, who aid, as we rolled actoss
a bridge that sinttcd a rapid, rushing
mc, "This is the ricr to which Alex
ander the Great came in hU conquest
of India." It was the Sutlcj, one of
the fisc streams which form the Indus
and gite the name of the I'unjaub
(which in l'ctsian is the land of thefic
streams) to that far northwestern pro
vmce of India. On the bank of this
stream stopped the Macedonian con
nucror, not because he was satiated
with victory, but because his soldiers
would go no further. lie commanded,
he threatened, he stormed, but in ,am;
and so he turned hack, sighing that he
had no more worlds to conquer.
1 listoiy repeats itself. To-day the
attention of the world is directed to
another army marching across Asia in
the track of Alexander the Great, to
capture a city which he founded three
hundred and thirty jcars before Christ.
And this is the army of a people that
hardly had a name in history for two
thousand years after Alexander crossed
Not that there hac been no other
invasions of India since the time of
Alexander. India has had many inva
sions, all of which came from the
northwest, some from Afghanistan it
self. The first Mohammedan invaders
of India were Afghans or Pathans.
India was ravaged by Genghis Khan
and Tamerlane. A descendant of
Tamerlane founded the empire of the
Great Moguls, whose palaces and mos
ques and mausoleums are still the won
der of the world. 'I hen came a king
of l'crsia, who took Delhi, and put out
the eyes of the Great Mogul, and car
ried off the famous l'eacock Throne of
Autungicbc. The invasion of India
therefore is not a new-thing in history;
nor is it incredible that Russia should
do what hxs been so often done before.
I!ut the possibility of a thing docs
not lessen the enormity of it. We do
not wish to see related in this age of
the world the conquests and massacres
of Genghis Khan and Tamerlane. A
war between England and Russia would
be a calamity to the human race. The
amount of misery it would cause, the
suffering it would inflict, it is utterly
beyond the power of man to compute.
Hut what can stir up two great
nations to such frenzy and madness?
And how comes this new- danger to
India from the borders of Kurope?
The great migrations of nations hate
been from Asia, not into it. In the
case of a half barbarous people, as the
Russians were in the last century, with
increasing, strength there comes an out
ward pressure. As the tribes" which
once inhabited the forests of Germany
pressed southward, till they asscd the
Alps and overran Italy, the Russians
hae felt an irresistible impulse to ex
pand, esccially since the time of Peter
the Great, by whom they were con
solidated into a nation and infused
with a military spirit. Pressing against
Europe, Russia subdued and annexed
a large part of Poland, but was kept
from advancing farther by the powerful
states of Austria and Germany. Kept
back from Central Kurope, she pushed
southward, determined to carry her
borders to the Mediterranean.
Defeated in this for a time, Russia
deflected her line of advance to the
southeast, For a number of years she
kept up a constant war with the tribes
of the Caucasus, to get the mastery of
that Eastern Switzerland lying between
the Black Sea and the Caspian. The
hardy mountaineers fought desicratcly,
but the advance of Russia was like
that of one of the glaciers of the Alps,
which by its enormous weight and con
stant pressure grinds and crushes what
ever comes in its path. When once
the Caucasus was subdued, and Russia
was firmly established on the Caspian,
the gale was opened into Central Asia.
And why should she not enter it?
What business was that to England?
Had she a "preemption title" to the
whole of Central Asia? Ine move
ment of Russia was one of manifest
destiny. It could not be repressed,
and ought not to be repressed.
As she began to expand eastward
into the vast region known as Turkts
tan, she came in contact with some
ery bad neighbors in the people ol
Khiva and Bokhara, and in the differ
ent tribes of Turcoman, who were all
robbers, attacking every caravan that
attempted to make its way across the
great steppes, and extending their
brigandage even to the Caspian, carry
ing off Russian subjects and making
slaves of them. With such neighbors
it was impossible to live in peace ; and
it was not only the right, but the duty,
of Russia to send an armed force against
ihero. It was no easy matter to reach
them. They were far away in a region
sJiuo.f inaccessible. An expedition
sent against Khiva by Peteihe Great
has been utterly defeated , and another
in 1 839 failed of success. At length in
1 8; j Russia scut out three different
cxcditions The one under General
Kaufmann, the chief in command,
nearly cihlied from thirst in the
desert. It cost many expeditions, with
hard Kittles, to subdue these fierce
warriors of the steppes. Hut they hail
to be subdued if there was to be any
thing like ciiilitntion in Central Asia.
I'p to this H)int I think that Russia
had done nothing o( which any other
(tower had reason to complain, and
least of all England. What right has
she to complain of the movements of
Russia in Turkistan any more than
Russia had to complain of he-r annexa
tions in India ? 'I here never was in
the history of the world an)thing more
nithout reason or justicethan rherffces
sivc English invasions and conquest? in
rlindostan. For more than a century
England has gone on, without offering
any explanation or apology, and without
a single twinge of remorse, seizing pro
vince after province, state after state,
till she had literally "gobbled up" the
whole cninsula from Cape Comorin to
the Himalayas, and is ruler of two hun
dred and fifty millions of people.
However, I did not wish to go into
the question of England's course in
India, but simply to show that ab
stractlythat is, apart from assurances
given by Russia England would have
no right to complain of her advance
in Central Asia.
The only charge that an fairly be
made against Russia is, not that she
has been carrv ing her arms into Central
Asia, but that she has been doing it
under false pretences, and with un
friendly designs. While her expedi
tions were going forward, she declared
positively and reiwatcdly that her only
object was to punish the wild robbers
of the steppes, and that she had no
thought of permanent conquest or
annexation ; but somehow, when the
robbers were subdued, and "had made
their submission," she graciously con
eluded to accept it, and to establish a
government over them.
When Russia first projected her ex
pedition to Khiva, apprehensions were
expressed that it was with a design of
conquest and annexation but Prince
GortchakolT denied positively the cxis
tence of any such intention. The
same assurance was rccatcd by the
Russian Minister in London, who ex
pressed the "surprise" of the Czar at;
the uneasiness which existed fn Eng
land on the subject ; and quieted Lord
Granville by telling him that "he might
give positive assurances to parliament
on this matter." Hut scarce two years
had passed before the Khan of Khiva,
having had some taste of Russian arms,
acknowledged himself "the humble ser
vant of the Emperor of Russia," and
ceded to him the right bank of the
Oxus, leaving to him the "exclusive
control" of loth sides of that great
river of Central Asia.
The same double course was pursued
in regard to Merv. In 1882 Russia
protested vehemently that she had not
the slightest intention of taking it ! In
rSS4 the English Minister at St Peters
burg writes to Lord Granville that "His
Imperial Majesty has determined to
accept the allegiance which the repre
sentatives of the Merv Turkomans had
sworn at Askabad, and to send an
officer to administer the government
of that region 1"
This want of openness and frankness
on the part of Russia, and this disre
gard of positive assurances, has given
to her diplomacy and to her military
movements a character of duplicity.
There seems to be in the Russian
nature a fondness for doing things by
intrigue and double dealing, even when
she might gain the same end if she
wanted to invade Asia, why did she
not say so, or do it without saying?
And if England asked the reason why,
she might have answered that it was
none of England's business ; that the
earth did not belong to England ; but
that Russia had an equal right to go
wherever her victorious arms sh6u!d
lead the way.
It was little less than an insult and a
humiliation to Russia that, at every
step she took in Asia, she must be
"catechized" by England as to what
she was doing. She would have shown
a proper sense of dignity if she had
given a peremptory answer. If at the
very beginning she had taken an atti
tudc of conscious rectitude, and of de
fiance to any power that should dispute
her right, her position would have been
unassailable. "Why," she might have
asked, "has not Russia as good a tight
to seize Khiva and Hokhara as England
had to seize the Kingdom of Oude?
Why hat not Russia as good a right to
seize the oasis of Merv as England had
to seize the I'unjaub, the land of the
five streams?" Hut no; she must
make a mystery of her movements, as
if her object were to deceive her rival,
and by, deceiving gain an advantage
user her. ttius Russia puts herself in
the wrong by a want of moral courage
to tell the truth, and offered an apology
Tor what needed no apology,
wtt) nctompanicd by protestations of
lx-ing undertaken with no thought of
conquest, but always followed by Veep
ing possession of the country that as
subdued - naturally produced a pro
found impression of some design that
wis comealcd, but which would appear
when the time was come. What could
it lc but to come nearer and nearer to
India, into which at last Russia was to
pour an invading army ? If there were
any doubt of the object in view, that
doubt is dispelled by the late rapid ad
vance towards Herat. Even if Russia
were not to be blamed (as I think she
is not) for sending her armies into Cen
tral Asia, and subduing the half-savage
tribes, and even annexing the khanates
of Khiva and Bokhara, and the Oasis
of Merv, jet when she pushes on to
wards Herat, which is in Afghanistan
--a country whose terntorj England
has agreed to protect the question is
changed; and now England has a right
to complain, because Russia approaches
her own lordcrs (Herat is called the
Gate of India), and threatens her em
pire; and the movements of Russia in
this direction clearly indicate such a
design. For half a century she has had
her eye on Herat.
Fifty years ago the Russian Minister
at Teheran stirred up the Shah of Persia
to claim Herat asa part of his kingdom,
and went in person with the army to
besiege it an attempt which was de
feated by the Afghans, organized and
led by a gallant English officer. In
this case, as always, so soon as the at
tempt had failed, the Russian Govern
ment declared that it never recom
mended such an advance, and that its
ministers had acted without instruo
tions 1 One of the most plain-spoken
despatches ever written by Lord Pal-1
merston, was thai in which he protested
with honest English indignation against
Keeping this goal in view for half a
century, and pushing steadily towards
it, Russia seems now ready to lay her
hand upon it Hut in thus invading
Afghanistan, she compels England to
defend it : for to this she is bound by
solemn treaty, and also for her own
protection. In taking this decisive
step, Russia breaks over the line which
England has tried to keep intact, and
forces a conflct which England has tried
to avoid. Long ago it was perceived
that the steady advance of Russia must
bring her to the border of the English
Empire in the East, which might result
in a collision between them, to which
it was mutually agreed that there should
be a neutral zone, which both sides
should respect. It is the failure on
the part of Russia to carry gut this
agreement to " keep her distance ;"
her steady pushing on in suite of
it ; which has brought the two powers
to the verge of war. The question
here is entirely different from that of
abstract right it is a question of con
crete right whether having made an
engagement, she is at liberty to keep it
or not at her own convenience; whether
she has a right to enter territory which
she can only enter as a violator of
treaties, and a disturber of the peace
of two great empires ?
Here again the question comes up,
What does Russia want of India ? One
of her own generals gives the answer,
" Russia TJoes not want India ; she
wants the Uosphorus." Her great ob-
ject for a bundled and fifty years has
been to get possession of Constanti
nople. That is the key to the mighty
arch of the Empire of all the Russias,
without which, great as it is, it is not
complete. ,To be master of Byzantium
was the ambition of Peter the Great.
He died without the sight, but he left
it in his will as a sacred testament to
the rulers and the eople that should
come after him. It is said that Cather
ine II. planted a pillcr on the southern
frontier of her empire, with a hand
pointing south, and inscribed " This is
the road to Constantinople'? To get
possession of that city has been the
tradition of the statesmen and the army
of Russia from the days of Peter the
Great to the present czar. It has been
her secret motive of all her wars, and is
the key to all her policy.
But how is that object to be gained
by a campaign in a distant part of
Asia? Because there only can she
reach England, which has been her
most ivrsUcnt adversary in her efforts
to get Constantinople. How shall that
opposition be beaten down? Russia
cannot reach the island " encompassed
by the inviolate sea." With her army of a
million men, she cannot inarch on I-on-
don. The Channel fleet would sink
the stoutest Armada that could leave
the shores of the Baltic. But away on
the other side of the globe is a part of
the British Empire which Russia can
reach by land. Even Achilles was
vulnerable in the heel. Hence it'is
that the Russian army turns to the East,
and crossing the Black Sea and the
Caspian, and the steppes of Asia, ap
proaches the gates of India. She means
to fight for Constantinople under the
shadows of the Himalayas.
Is it for the interest of universal
humanity of freedom ami of civiliza
pcan Continent, whov vast army is a
tontinu.il menace to the cacc anil
the liberties of Europe, should become
still stronger by getting possession of a
Gibr.iltcr on the south, of a city which
controls the passage between the Black
Sea and the Mediterranean, and holds
the gates of Euroc and Asia ? This
would be a change in the relative
strength of the powers of Europe of
surh serious consequences to universal
liberty as to make any thoughtful man
atisc lefore he vv ishes success to the
invader of the East.
If it were merely a question of sym
pathya sympathy which follows the
remembrance of past kindnesses or past
injuries- I think American sympathy
would be with Russia. She was our
friend when friends were few; when
some who had professed friendship in
the day of our prosperity, turned away
their faces from us, and, like the priest
and the l.evite, passed by on the other
side. But Russia stood by us from lie-ginning-
to end. Many here will re
member how the Russian licet came
into our harbor in 1863, and how the
otlicers were feted in public and wel
comed in our homes Where was Eng
land in those days of darkness ? Cold
and distant, and in many ways hostile.
The Alabama, built in an English ship
yard, and manned by English sailors,
was roaming the reas, destroying
American commerce. And when we
protested, our protests were met with
derision. In the house of commons
a member boasted that he had built the
Alabama, and was ready to repeat the
act, and was answered by cheers 1 That
was an expensive cheer, for no one
thing so stirred npfeclingin Amcrica,and
led us to press the Alabama claims, for
which England had to pay three mil
True, we had friends whom we can
never lorgct. John Bright and those
who stood with him were enough to re
deem half a nation ; but, in spite of all
they could say or do, the general feel
ing, as shown in parliament and in the
press ; on public occasions and in pri
vate meetings ; was so strongly against
us, that America owes little to England
in the way of gratitude.
But in a question of such awful mo
ment as that of peace or war, we must
not let our personal, or even our
national sympathies control our
judgment of what is just and fight. It
is faith between nations that binds the
civilized world together, and any power
which breaks that faith commits a crime
against the whole community of nations.
Thus Russia brings punishment upon
herself. If .England goes to war with
her, it will be because she finds her to
be what Burke said Hydcr Ali found
England to be a hundred years ago
"a nation which no treaty could bind.'
And therefore it is that in this great
conflict my sympathies and my prayers
arc with England. "With all her faults,
I love her still" She has sometimes
treated us shamefully ; but when it is
all in the family, we must forgive and
forget (if we can), even though family
quarrels are apt to be very bitter.
Alter all, we cannot but recognize
the ties of kindred which bind us to
her people. England is the land of our
ry S, RRNHST CHADDOCK
Jl K t S. r.KB., ! II. t I'. ap. R. A. iMiinx
t.al Scholar unit IMf man of
tlrutlHItr ,IM MIUHtllXK,
king. Collz, tjHfcluri.
OrrilB Awn Kmiiipncr No. IJ let tlrrrt, lately
own, Ut Iit !r Carn.nlr,
Orrtm lloukt-91a if oclock t. m
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stltnt nrf riMif Vtiinmrtn
Nrt. ij Kaahumanu Simii . .
flf I Mir,
Jntrhrr of thr Vlttno fnrtr,
AiMmt, fat. Mrmr. Writ, how A. Co ,
Nil 10) r'uar .St., Ilosoi.t
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T M. WII1TNKV, M, 0 D. D. S.
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tUttfKumUht Mttthtnhtt fVi rrl tfr
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I'UiiUiftHt MJilniy, tic
nn to ('ll ft Om1 ,
Shop tm Kl4 Ktrttt
iMrOftTKft ANtl DktALtH IN
furniture tf f'veru frrO" AU
I'lJinlatrrrr ttmtmMt nufitrlurrr.
Fumiltirt Vfi(Mmi No. lit t-'urt Sirrrt Wotk
All outer irrotnptly
fcliop m b!J tnj 011 llottl Strft,
OMN T. WATUMIOUSn,
No. tj-ji CJufciN SmRST ...
I M. OAT, JR., A CO.
Miltlrmrr mul yrirl l'iliVr.
! Huhhrr .Sf.iiMl ,lrMr
OuiMrllioCK ... No. t Mmcimnt Stiikt
HnxoiULV. II. I.
tlitttrnrt ttttn Cttitimrttitr ul f.mrt
Awl Affnt In htttr ArhttntttrrfitrmtHt;
So. t Kaahuminu StKMir . MoNOttttU
A if r hI
In Ittltr AtttHirirrfftmMt to Cm
Irnrtt for Littntr,
Intskion Ofmck Honoiulu
JOHN . PATV,
.fftr I'lthtlfl unit Cnmmltmloit nf lit -,
Forth Stale of Califon.ImitJ New Voil. Offli
at (he IUnk of HiOiop & Co.
HoNotULU.Ot.nu, ILL 1 10-16 1
-ASTLII A CUOKBf
,"iff'ifM( nmf rVmHifiNnftiM .UrrrAttrtf
No. 80 KiniStkkt . . HdNoiuu
IUM)KTR AND DKAlKM IN
Th Hitchcock A Comtrtiiv' llAnution.
Jit AlciinJfr & Ittl.Uin I'Uitatton.
K. ItAKttAiLor WalWun PUnUtlom (
A II. .Smith & Company, KoKm. KaiiiI
J, M, AtAntlrf, llftiku. Maul.
'Ih Haiku SutAr Compitn),
'I he KohaU Sugar Company.
The Union Insurance Company o! San Krafiicvo.
Ili New Lnttland Life Insurance Company of llottot
'I1i IllaVe Manufacturinz Company of llotton
D. M. WrMoii'f J'Attnt Centrifugal Machine.
Ih Ne York and Honolulu lVcWl Lin
'lh Merchant' 1 in. Honolulu anl San (ranclco
r Ja)tte W Celebrated Mrdidnei.
Wilcoi k (ibVft Smsjer Manufacturing Company,
Wtxtler A Wilwn' Sewln Machine. Ho-6t
.ltirrr ntnt ('onniitlH
No, 46 (JUEKN StUtlKT
Tin, tppr nrf fhrl tron lfirfcrr
Mtnrr umt iffiiif.
of all Itlmlf, riitmVrV ttotl and mVuti hou firrnMv
In Kout tliamlelirrt, lamp, etc.
No. 8 Kaahumanu Stunnr Honolulu
T AINB ft Co.
tmportrri and dalr In lUy, drain arni Ontrat
lloimtLi. !' L
r EWEHS ft COOKE, ,
(Sucmvii.io I.hwfmA I)i:,w,)
Itnimrtrm i,mI Unttrrn i.nmbrr ttmt ntl
ktmlM of llullillliff ilnfrrlnlii.
Nn, 5, four SmunT Honolulu
Swiil SWpi Imillj from Uurptl.
fly ' OjhelU" from LUetpout, MrmH fiom j5tn
FrancUoj and other Ut trrfraJJ,
THEO. H. DAVIES & CO.,
Fn (tilth ami American I'rlnt,
W hit Crrftom, Unhlchd CnitMU,
I Inrn Iiilll ami Duck, Crown Con rat,
I tenth Merino of diffrrnl rpialttle,
fJrty, IU11 ami MUrd Hannel,
WairftTeof lda, thru Mat null,
MU, Snllni. Silk HiU.xii,
Velvet, HotW), UndtntotMnc
IN GREAT VARIttTY.
jan, Whit And IMnict! MolrtUii,
1 Inen ami Cotton 1 rUudr, '1 oeU
Handlrichltfi, Mopilto Netilnf,
UtibiKT Clothing, Waterproof MVtllnJ,
Men', Womtn't A CliildrtVa Hoot & Sho4,
(dies and ltM Adapted lo thi mat V ft,)
Hon UUnVrU- lied HUnkfti,
(all ftlret, welftht, quahttee ami cohtt,)
Velvet mul Taiwntrtfp
IttttH mul Malt,
Centre Hit,, Navy and Merchant CinvM Hajt,
Miter Prew 11a,, itf), Sugar Hats
Kite llatfi, Coat Mat, 3 A 5 I Ty Twin,
English, Hawaiian & American Flags
P P. GRAY, M. D.,
ritvsiciAX A.i MVitaaox,
Office, next door to the Honolulu library.
9 to to a. M,
OrriCK Hours. a to 4 r. it.
7 to 8 r. m.
bunda), 9 to 11 A. if.
UESIDEM.IL a. Klnau and IVnucoU St.
O B. DOLE,
CoiM7r ul -iir nmt Solary Vuhttr,
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M!TH & THURSTON, J W. O. Smith,
Attorney hI fMtc,
No. 38 Mfrchant SrtKBr Honolcut
tiHIHtrlrht Hud VfmttitmnPm JUritiitttn.
u, II I
flWTt.. I, iQinu u
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fw jti ) 3.1
ED C. RO.WW0C
I'ArsR Hangrk, etc,
No. 107 rimo Srnt-KT.,,,, ....Honolllu
O HALL A SON
IMI-ORTBRS ANtl PFAtlkl IN
llantuytr ittttt firm-rut Mrrrhututtn,
Corner or Kiid and Fort Strrfti, Honolulu
.,.... . Freident and Manager
Secretary and Treasurer
tlritlrr in rw llnmta, lttrrt Teu, tilth nntt
It'itltrff lltUHt, llnti, lUuilm ilMfl
fthuM, itrniit lrtt unit ftoiir,
VAunr ttmt Tobtirrn
Alw proprietor of Klce aud Sugar Plantation at
Kaneohe, koolau, Walpto, Kwn, and HeeU.
OiR, NUIIANU ANtl CUAt-LAIN ST. IIONOLt LI
T YONS ft LBVRY,
.ttirttonrrm unit lUtmniltttttn ,Wrrrirt,
Corner Font anu Oukkn Stuikt, Honoluiu,
Sale of Furniture, Stock, keal Lalatc and General
Merchandise promptly attended to. Sole agent for
American and Kurupean merchandise, J L Lyons,
aji-iBj juj.l RVRV.
PHILLIPS tt Co,
tmpttrtrrn utut M tioteutt r it Ctnlh
(uUf llrioi, jinn, Hutu, MrnM f'tir-
nlnhttiff tlomtMt fVinrv UomIm, KIc,
No. to Kaahumanu Strrkt .,..... Honolulu
William W. Hall ,
V. F. Allen Auditor
Director Thotnat May E. O. White. M-aj6
TXT R. CASTLE,
Attnrnry ul S.uw itntt Notary Vnbtlr
No. IQ, MftRLHNT STRBBT HONOLULU
Attend all the Count of the Kingdom. 910-361
fathers, to which we are hound by a
ILLIAM O. SMITH & Co,
J I. A. Iiiurvton.I
O. Smith. f
fitnrk unit Itrut Kntttta JlrokfrM,
No. 33 Mekchint SrKKKT ...HONOLUtU
(Est.ilhthiJ i'h S-pp )
Sugar 1'lantation, Railroad, Telephone and other Cor
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" lloLCMT NU SCTLU ON COMMISSION,
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p A. SCHAEFER ot Co.
Importer nntt Cntmttan MerchuntM,
No. o Mkuchant Stuart,... Honolulu
P II. OEDING,
KrprrmB and ItrnymuHt
Office. No. 8t Kin Street.
Residence. No. 47 Pnnchbowl Steret,
Honolulu, Oahu, H. I.
Freight, Packasies, and IlaCCafi delivered 10 and from
all part 0! iloiwiulu ana vicimt). Uareiuiat
tcntion paid to mcvinjt r uitiiiure, with
WAGONS EXPRESSLY FOR THE PURPOSE
OiUce Telephone, No. S5.
Houe Telephone. o. 9 336-287
KK W.,McCHESNEY ft SON,
D R ALU AS tN
Lvnthrr, little, Tntlow and Vommttnn
Agent for the Royal Soap Company.
No. 41 Qurkn Strkkt Honolulu
nyr S. GRINBAUM Co.
Importer and Whoteant Dealer in Oen
Makik's I1uck,......Qurrn Street, Honolulu
1UT S. GRINBAUMt Co.
t'nr Minting awl t'ommttoH Jferririn,
ai4 California St. San Francisco.
Special f icilitiM for and particular attention paid to
conniFfinients of Island t
Jloot awl 'Stwmttkt'r,
Iktots nnd Shoes made to Order
No. 103 Fort Stkkkt , Honolulu
iiitoi-frr mul Driller in Glnittmre,
Jirrmrii niirrr-i iiirni iitirr,
No. B3 Fort STKrET. Honolulu
I.imnu Wire Ware, Fancy boapf. 1'icturc lratnei,
utuiholm'i l'ocket Culler,, 11. I. Chae' Ittaiiti
ileHS, ClatV Spool Cotton, Machine -Oil. all
Llnvli ofAIaclune Needlet, MIomeic'' I'acr Fashion.
bule aent 01 Ine universally acktiOHIeUeu L,lnt'
Running Lloineitlc Sewing Machine.
A S. CLEGHOKN & Co.
Iinportrr nnd Jtenlrrm in iitnrml Mrr
cltaiidUr, Corner Qj-en and Kaaliunianu Street., Honolulu.
thousand tics of race and language and
religion. It is the country of liberty,
while Russia is the country of despo
tism. If we must choose, we would
cast in our lot with free and Christian
and Protestant England, rather than
with a country which sends tens of
thousands of her best and bra, est men
and women, for the crime of thinking a
free thought or speaking a free word,
exiles to Siberia. Above all, Russia is
the aggressor. She has forced the war.
England has tried to avoid it. She has
waited with the utmost patience from
day to day and week to week, for some
explanation of that bloody battle in
which hundreds of Afghans were slaugh
tered on their own soil For the last
month there has not been a moment
when Russia could not have had peace
by a stroke of the pen, or a single word
of the czar. Hut that word never came.
A nation which thus wantonly breaks
the peace of the world, incurs an awful
resonsibility, for which she must be
judged at the bar of nations as at the
tribunal of God. That crime is now
committed by Russia. Whatcscr other
faults may be laid to the door of Eng-1
fauu, in una anw is iiuiuiciiL. I lllirjiyic
Watchmaker and Jeweler,
"Watch repairing mail a m Speoialitj'.
11 orders from the olhei LUnJ promptly attended to.
No. 5j, Hotel Strkkt. ....HoNOt ulu, ILL
W. PEIRCE ft Co.
and Commllon Jr-rhant.
No. isQl'sin St., Honolulu.
Azert for llranl'a Guns and Ilomb Lancet and Per
ry Davit' Pain Killer. 110-361
A LLEN ROBINSON,
Dealer In Lumber a nd all kiwi of Hutld
Ina Material, Valnt, Oil, Xmll, ele.,
No. 44 Qklkn Strkkt ....Honolulu, II. I.
ACKNTS OF tCltOONRR
HaleakaU, KuUmaitu, Kekauluohl, Mary EUn,
UUama, Pauahl and Leaht
At RoUruon'a Wharf. ato-361
Lt. W. MACFARLANR, 1(. R. HAC FAR LANK.
Q W, MACFARLANE St CO.
Importers, Commission Merobants
and Sugar Factors.
lire proof Uu.lditij ..Queen street, Honolulu.
Puutoa Sheep Ranch Co, Hawaii,
rowlcr St Co a Steam Plow and Portable Tramwav
Mirrlcvs, Watson k Co'a Sttar Machinery, Glasgow
OUsfow and Honolulu Line of Packets,
Liverpool and Honolulu Line of Ptckett,
London and Honolulu Line of Steamers,
Suii r ire Office of London. '4 394
General ComtnUiloit Aucnt.
Cok. Kurt ANii Qurrn Strrrtr ...Honolulu
PACIFIC HAROWARB CO.
Importer and Dealer In Itantware, Cm
Paints and Oils, and General Merchandise.
No. 74 a Nil 76, Fort Strrrt Hoxolull
r lone Oil Cloth. (tatefui designs, HSMnted widths)
Men's baddies, Sid Saddles, .Saddlery, ,
Iron Itedtteads, fialvanlird HucVets,
'Hnned Iron Tea Kettle, haute J'atU, Fry Pant,
lliitcher Knives, Knives and Forks,
'I1n Plate, Sheet Uad. (dvanUnl Water Pipe
(tft line lies),
White l.ead, (various qualities),
I Unfed Oil, I urpeiitme,
( aanje. ft, 7f 8 and 9 ft Icnfclhs),
(AHinlred Kfewnaml Wauirsf
Oatvanlied KI'lRlfn:, u
VJtow ShcitthiHff MettthlXtit
AnneaUd Fence Wire, Fence Staples,,
Wire Plant ftitardsAiid Arthes.
Steel KatU, with Fish Hales, Holts AitJ RpiVeL
A LAROF. FRI'All ARSOKIMKNF OF
Crockery ih1 Olauwarr, Os, Pttks, Shove!
Plant&tton ainl Mechanic's 'lU,
Kobey tt (Jo's Portthle I 112 In,
(i H.P aud fill. P)
One Sptendul PIaiio, hy Itrinsmead & Sons,)
Tented Lhfslrt, (jah's Soap,
(f uahlies, In hvs 14 Ami talari),
Pent Welsh Steam Cil, Coke
I- hwrinz Tiles, Klrt Cby,
Portland Cement, (White & Johnson's)
I ire llrliks, holhpiarRiidarch,
Lump Kmk Salt, 1 ithery Salt,
(3 to 19 Inch widths.)
A Large and Fresh Atsortmerd of
CaLifornLan and English Grocorios.
l6-948 , .
M. W. McChesney & Son.
No. 42 Queen Street.
Have now landing
Per Alameda & John S. Spreckoln,
LAKCK $HtrMENTS Of
Consisting In part of
Q J. LEVEY Ac CO.,
Wholetaln and ttetatl Qroeer,
No. 95 Fort Street. , .., ....Honolulu
Fresh groceries and provisions ol all kinds on hand and
received regularly from kurope and America which
will be sold at the loeU market rate.
Goods delivered to anj part cf the city free of charge
I tuna oruers soiiciteu ana iromK attention win u
Riven to the same.
THE WESTERN AND HAWAIIAN IN
vettmeut Company (limited.)
Money loaned for Ions or short periods on approved
security. Apply to W. L. GKKKN,
Office Heaver Itlock, Fort St. Manager
"THBO. H. DAVIES AXo.
(Latk anion, Orkrn & Co )
ItMtmtler and Com ml ton Merchant.
No. 4 Kaaiiumant St. ....Honolilu
Uod's and the IJverjoul Underwriters,
Itriiuh and Foreign Marine Insurance C
Northern Assurance Lotupany.
t Company, and
TTOLLISTBR ft Co.
It hoteaate and Jtetatl Uragylal and To
bacconlmt. No. 3?, Ncuanu St-ekt Honolulu
1hc ktcady adtanccs into Central hlonlhat hc liould wccccd : thai
Ak ffom year to car advance al- the inosi desxtic jower on the Euro-
DISHOP ft CO., Bankers
Honolulu! Hawaiian; Inlands.
Draw Eichange on
THE HANK OF CALIFORNIA,
And their agents In
MessrvN M. ROTHSCHILD 4 SONS,
1.0 N DON,
TVs COMMERCIAL HANKING CO,
V.NV OY SYDNEY, LONDON,
'esWRCIAL HANKING CO.,
A &J CK SYDNEY, SYDNEY
"Krw" 'NEW ZFUNI)t
k AlM.ktlJs.Nl. CKUmiTIItTUril
j tr .w '- " -..,
S 7 ANU WELL'NGTWN
E HAHIsSrOF URIYISII COLUUHIA,
ICrrORIA,ll.C AND PORTUND.OR.
TtamMt a Citural ftaikinr tusinst.
fJOPI ft CO.,
No, 74 .,,,, ,.,,,. King STRrt,T, Honolulu
Vpholtterer, Draper and Dealer In alt
Kind of Furniture
lelcphone No. 143.
Importer of llenernl Merehawtte from
France, Knatawt, Mermany and
the United State,
No. 1 Quern Strut.. . ......i...HoNOLLt
'holeale tl r ore r,
116 anu tiB California Strkkt ...San Franciwo.
PaxtWulir Attctitton paiii to Wling and shipping U-
unu uruers. 1 10-70 1
T E. McINTYRE ft BROTHER,
Oroeery and feed More
Co a. Kino anu Fo rt St ,.,., Honolulu
THOS. G. THRUM,
iMI-ORTINfl ANU M ANUPACTURINt
Stationer, Xcw Agent, I'rtnter, Hook
And puhtUher of the Hawaiian Almanac and Annual,
aierttiant, street iteaicrs in rine stationery, ikwks,
Mutlc, Io) and Frucy Goods, Fort street, neat
Hotel, Honolulu. 141-3(1
Utls. Flour, Golden Gate.
I1M. r lour, Kl Dorado,
Sacks Wheat, Best.
Sacks Hailcy, lleit.
Sacks Coin, Best, Whole,
Sacks Corn, fiet, Cracked,
Sacks Ilran, Coare and Fine,
Sacks Ileans. White,
Sacks Ileans, Red,
Sacks It cans, Haou,
Sack, Ussss, Hi:-, -,
Sacks Ilean, Lima
Sacks Onions. Ilest Silver Skin,
backs Potatoes, Itest tn Gunnies.
Cases hatra Soda Crackers,
Cases Medium I tread,
Cases Cracked Wheat, 10 Ik hags,
Cases Corn M eal, white, 10 IK bags
Cat 0X Meal, iu lb. hags,
Cass Com Staah.
Casks Dupec Hams,
Casks C A A Hams.
Cases IL II. ILtcon.
Cases Faubank's Lard, t lb. twil.
Cases rairbank's Lard, 10 Ik
HUT, It. M. IiOW,
EST, DOW ft CO ,
C. W. MACrARLANK.
Importer and Deatr in att kind of
Mnie, Fancy and Jmnee Uooit,
Furitiluie, tf all kimU. Sewing Machines, Mirrors.
Paintings, Chromos and 1os, Picture Frames and
CortiKcs to order. Mining and tt palling Furniture
No. to) Fori Strkkt. ... . ...,.., Honolulu
mm m ao-Mi
Dealer In Choice! lUef, Veal, UuttCU, Kte,
No. 6 Qurkn Stmrkt, Fish Markkt.
Family and Shipping orders Carefully attended lo.
Use btuck furnUtiMl to YeU at short nuke.
Vegetables of all kinds supplied to order.
TRLKriioNK . . - No. aia,
ONOLULU IRON WORKS Co.,
if the is forced into this war by an -at-,
grcssion wholly unproNoked, slwill
have a right to ask the faXorbJc
judgment of mankind, as she asksfn
blessing of the Almighty on Iter ariv
. f. FMJ, in A'en- York F.ran
Mrs. Helen Jackson ("H. II."), being
detained in Sa.- Irancisco by illness, on
her way from Ijch Angeles )o New Vork,
receied some wild flowers from an un
known friend, and wrote a jioem in
acknowledgment of the coinnlimcnt,
Not knowing jow to reach the. donor,
bhe sent the terse to the Chropiclc,
with a pleasant explanatory note. 'I'h is
and the lines were returned with an
estimate of the cost of imblicatlon so
much on the inside and a much iomcj- LrrtlbiltL
Meiim KHulnr; HuUrr; Huyar Mlllt,
Vuultr; Iron, Uru uhi! l.rut Cu.fluy..
IIOMOIULV , ,H. t
MuMurt ut .my J:ripUi iuJ. lo atia,
I'-mkuUr .luciiua iul 10 Mil,' UUAuuhhinj.
Jl wj.lt caccuttilol UklujrtM iMive. vio-tl
HC. O. FO WLBR Co..
Art (rriMirtxl (a furnlttt I'lam nhiI tcth
flfMl.. fur JMrrl
Wiik or .Utwut Cut .itj txAjmc4iM, F(4(U11
ADAITKU )0K SUOAK l-WNTATIOXS.
C BREWER COMPANY,
Qvim Ri.i.t, HoaoLviv.
f''f. C onn, Jr, vnLlDI knj niutr
""I O. Cinn, lawn uJ Henley, lkiux:
lunfc Cht,tm K. BUIwuJ II. A. V, cirtws W, r.
(.OMU..LY WITH tOLin k (a)
WhMnml aJ UMmU Oner,
lit, KlMiSi.uir.,,., Uu. II.imuxIIaiu
rtruuMM Hul.ari. od liuwautit. J cut. Tr
tlun knU. mni kud UnHliil, Sim
iljuUui( mmI Culluui( Mukkxiy, K.
mv w... (w. .h IWwm, .VIUUU1,
iMtnc. lur imliM.
ih llliulfAllunm. SltkUI. uul PK.
Ih. .Iu Haul, tiki if.Arhlftv a&v 1 tau
UhoollK. Mi.lr(uil. W. UliKLK.S uW
(1. W. HACIAKUNE4CI)., Aa.(U uo. rw
Cmmmiultm Mttrttutrnt mnA Utatrmt Btmttr
Wiivkv. Hum ,..,, ,...
CrutnlM, IUtJ.u,!iMtlMr, futu Ullw,
rMfuwcfv .A4 UUbjvui, lv-i
C. BREWER & CO.,
OflVr for uk llit
t UuV CKVI.OS, fium llon(oo( I
Arm ChAirt, Louoi.t, tli' CK.Ii..
fancy Uiair.. Chin. Subh
Camphor Wood Wardrobe,
Man IiU TuultUu.
Nmi. Stl Lu. C.Wfkliuf Trunk,
N.tt. HUcL t.. CnmKu. hunt..
Whin Urau Cluh,
Jtaln J'wnc. bilk.
VtitHfttor H'ootl 'trUHkn (4 nrl,)
frtJM. ' ll.luno IMnctiu.
bw Nul O.I,
HUT Clru "li.:ln. V. Tf Tm,
I IiU Cknte JIWVi. Uu ll Km T.
Ki41. CoUraci HmW.
SU1U UuuuJ SIiUji,
til. U.HM VuiifiM,
,. Jli fcy MmiIat,
tun Cw Q"oi
IkuM rir Cik.n
COILS MANILA kOVK.
(lAI- , H
Cut) Whitnty't llullrr. Ill lint,
ll.lfr.Ul. llullrr, t'lckle koll.
Or, 1.1,1 1. llullrr, IVlk Ucll,
1 1 Air fukln. IIuiia Oil I'le..
jr. firkin. Waller, Cill EJ.,
C" N'i Chnu. '
lloin anj Ullv Sli CoilfiUi,
libit -IKicMUilunUa Kiv.r Slmk.
Cam Fictli tni,
Llut ij.un.lry Manti,
lloxet llrown Ijiumlry Soap,
- dorcnt llruoint,
t'ure Java Cute, Kolnl and Ground, i tH lias
!w.kt Ortrn Coffrr, fik.
Chetlt Jagun lea, I IU batxrtTtur4
OicUi Japan lea. jiib, I4ptrtv
lloa.t Raltlut, liwlori lycrt.
J. boat. Kauint, Iaxiiuii Lajcrt, ti.
i lioa.t kaUiuv LnniloM liynt,
llox.t Haltint, Sluacal.l.
Uox. t Currant.. , -
Cawt ChocUalc. x
Caut SIU..I I'iilUi,
Cat ;pMH, ..tonl, all tt,rt.
Tail Mum Sl.al, A1hk,
Tint Mine. SI. at, Culling..
Sackt Katr Hrauul
Sack. Enatith Walnuu.
iMt Soft hli.ll Alraon.ll,
&atk. T.aa. rotii., c.lia W.
Cat. California llonvy, i IU. lOit.
C.m. Kin , Motm M Co... (nth CanriKl
Km'., J.llk. ami V..M.UM. 4.
llaW. Wraiacc Tanvr, .alra quaUly.
A lAlfc! AtWITHIKT Or
Heat California Leather.
Sol., Inaol., Ham..., Sklilinf and Untri,
Kr.nch and AnMrlran Calftklas
bUi hlln., Ikal Slii,.,
lla.alUn ia.HI. Tina.
An4 olbar food too auaMiou. lootatlom
TKm good, art frtth, ..r. Uwinc .try ko. arnl
Ull-aJdal . '
LOWHT MUSBXXT RATM. .'
GEO. M. RAUPP,
Vasrt lil-aarl ' aaa-a.1
BmT, VmI, SMiw. Uasb ud fwk.
OwM mA lok S.f ...
riak, fwlirr tavl Vr.UUi
OioVr. dl nun ifiumf aii.wltM. UUflu wo.
Jit4 uk 4u(Mlcl.
Tuamiac No. I...