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JULY ij. ii
The world move -even in Hawaii.
I'i IflM Mondays Holletin appear two
.nucha: An editorial and a commu
n nation from Mr. Marques car.h to
the point, each in accord with the
position of this journal on tiie topic
discmsed. On February 9th oflast year
the Saturday following the election for
iipmcntaiivcs -thin paper said : 'The
'.irt best thing' i to orgnnizu for the
lroteLtinn of every Hawaiian interest
that is better than sectional or transient;
to organize for the free mid courteous
consideration of all important public
UL-stiims, local, national and interna
tional; to organize for the promotion of
better feeling, n better understanding
and more catholic toleration between
rates, between classes, between man
mid man." From that position we have
not swetved, and we have repeated the
warning sVmany times and with such
clearness that no intelligent reader in
the land ought to be unaware of the
need of organization. Within the past
few months the Itullttin has done good
work in the same direction. Its present
editor has given its editorial opinions
an earnestness, a degree of thought and
a freedom from flippancy and boyish
swagger that it did not possess, and it
well deserves the attention and respect
of its many readers. The cooperation
of Mr. Marciues is timely. He lias
told the community some welcome
truths and the sneers of Hessians in Mr.
.Spreckels' great paper recoil harmless.
to pay for continuing the voyage of
either vessel from Jalitit or Fanning"
to the New Hebrides? Not so; for
the government was willing to Wy
MrneJMitg to lend these men away,
after the 'nn had shown the mean
ness of the art of keeping them here
in its true colors. Hut the government
wanted -in order to get rid of the
odium ol its broken faith to send all
the New Hebrides men to one island
of the group and let them get from
there to their several homes as best
they might. For ,, they were will
ing to pay. As they have not suc
ceeded so far in getting any skipper to
be a party to their pretty little scheme
of piling bad faith upon bad faith, the
government is now standing on its
dignity; Minister Gibson is paying for
his decoration by a party to the
Japanese Commission ; the other min
isters arc drawing their salaries; and
the poor devils of a "cognate race,"
these "simple and ignorant" wards of
Hawaii's gracious king, arc eking out
their miserable existences as best they
may. " Let the carrion rot," saith the
premier, "(there are no noble men but
So far we are all agreed. Hut our
kindly critic and our editorial friend
have been hasty in objecting to our
announcement of last week, that
"several Independents of tried char
acter have consented to run next year."
They have not so consented in answer
to the request of a national convention
or national committee of Independents
-simply because thete is neither
national convention nor rational com
mittee. "Hut there ought to be"?
Yes, there ought to be. You have said
so. Hefore you said so, we said so.
Hefore cither of us said so, some of
the best and shrewdest citirens in the
land said so. Hut thinking so and
wishing so and hoping it might be so
hac not made it so. We seem to be
quite as far away from having it so as
we were a year and three months ago.
Hut, fellow laborers, is not half a loaf
better than no bread? If we cannot
have full reform with organization, is it
not something that we may have partial
reform without it ? If we may not have
a majority of Independents in the next
legislature, is it not something that we
may have a minority There can be
no doubt that the Legislature of 1S8.1
did far less harm, was in many things
conservative, was curbed and held
closer to an acknowledgement of de
cency, than if the Imposition had
"scooped" the Opposition. We be
lieve that organization among honest
men of all races, classes and creeds
could return nn Independent majority
to the next legislature. We hold that,
neglecting to organize, the Independ
ents will deserve defeat. Hut we shall
be hone the less thankful if even a few
Independents sit in the next house.
run 1,. 1 iidii QVKsrwx.
On a certain island of a certain
Polynesian Kingdom there is a certain
sugar plantation. Its management
employs a monthly average of 100 un
skilled laborers at an average monthly
wage of $ 1 S. The unskilled labor of
that plantation cost $1,800 a month or
$21100 a jcar. The machinery of
that plantation was not in existence
when Kamehamcha conquered Oahu.
Hut it seems not unlikely that it was
made soon after. It crushes cane with
about the celerity and something more
than the force of a onc-horsc-powcr
treadmill and obtains sixty per cent. 0
the juice I It ought to obtain seventy
five per rent, of the juice. Its crop
this year was 1,000. tons. Let us say
that it sold for five cents per pound or
$100 a ton. The gross income was
100,000. If the fifteen per cent, of
juice lost m the crushing had been
saved, the gain to the plantation would
have been $15,000. If the 100 un
skilled laborers had been paid each $:o
a month more than was paid, the
yearly increase of wages would have
been only $12,000 or $3,000 less than
the loss by poor crushing.
"That is all very fine," objects a
planter ; but how about the interest on
the cost of your improved machinery ?''
The exception is well taken. Hut one
must not lose sight of the fact that the
improved machinery means an increase
of gross income exceeding the increase
of gross outlay in wages that would fol
low an advance of even one third over
existing rates ; and, if the round num
bers used as the basis of the foregoing
cilculation are so proportionate as not
lo destroy the argument, then the
$3,000 would pay interest and principal
of the debt occasioned by putting in a
lis.ooo-nlant in not longer than five
The gentlemen who have consented
to run as Independent candidates have
done so at the request of local con
stituencies. They have not been nsked
by any national organization, because
none is in existence. They have re
plied to local leaders acting for Inde
pendents, and in so doing have done
as has been clone in times past. The
method is undoubtedly faulty. And
we believe organization would remedy
it. Hut, until we can get national or
ganization, the present system is cer
tainly better than absolute inertia, than
a spiritless lying upon our oars or a
hopeless drifting with the tide.
A combination of misfortunes (or
follies sometimes one, sometimes the
other, sometimes both) has saddled
many plantations with debts too heavy
to be met by ordinary economies.
Those plantations arc an incubus upon
the common prosperity. They are
wasting good money and impoverishing
good land. It would be better for the
nation if every one of them should go
into liquidation to-morrow to begin
again with a foundation of sounder
business management, and with the
common experience of the Hawaiian
sugar industry to guide them. Hut they
still struggle on, throwing good money
after bad, hoping against hope. It is
such plantations that force the wageitif
unskilled labor to a minimum and keep
them there. We know whereof we
speak when we say that there are many
plantation managers nnd plantation
stockholders who would gladly sec the
wages of unskilled labor on their plan
tations advanced ; but who hesitate to
make such advance because they be
lieve it would injure less prosperous
plantations by forcing them to pay
higher wages than they can afford to
labor situation on these islands ?
Capital is swift to realize the truth in
one half the alwvc epitome. Libor is
just as swift to sec the truth of the
other half. Kicli seems wilfully blind
to the whole truth.
"I'crhaps," says Ubor, " but I note
that Capital holds the whip hand !"
" Ala for th rarity of human charity."
Men build asylums for the lame, the
halt and the blind, homes for the in
digent, hospitals for the sick. Men
give to alleviate the distress that ap
peals to them at home, and with scarcely
less liberality to enlighten the heathen.
"If I might chose my century," said the
Reverend Hemphill, " I would be born
in the Nineteenth the century of
foreign missions, of Sunday-School en
deavor, of temperance reform, of
syslcmfocd and world-wide ameliora
tion." Hut we hope the Twentieth
century will learn if the lesson bo yet
unlearned by the Nineteenth that the
most glorious garb of human charity is
the mantle of exact justice betwixt man
It i3 for Capital holding now, as
for so long, the " whip hand" to teach
that truth first to itself, then to tabor.
The world's- most knotted problem will
untied when that lesson is learned.
And now comes the gentleman from
Objection town and sa)s : " Hut where
are you going to begin ? You admit
that laborers in Hawaii are better off
than in most places. You admit that
higher wages would bankrupt someof the
plantations. You admit that the laborer
has too often no higher object in his
wcrk than to try and get the highest
obtainable price for the smallest give-bark-a-blc
amount of it." Yes, we
admit all that. Hut wc are not prepared
to admit that one small swallow makes
a summer, that one feather makes a
bed of down, that one favorable set of
industrial conditions makes labor pros
perous or ought to make it content.
Until the capital of this kingdom shall
be employed so that every industrious,
frugal, honest and reasonably intelli
gent worker in the land has a fair
chance to live decently, to educate his
children and to lay aside something lor
his declining years until then labor
and capital will continue lo be at odds
in Hawaii-lift and permanent prosperity
We have small patience for the wil
fully blinded egotism that can measure
national prosperity by material progress
or by the success of the commercial
class or of any class. Says lilkins in
the speech quoted from above: "To find
some means by which the interests ol
employer and employed can be made
the same, and a fair division be made
of what they jointly produce, would
largely aid the solution."
This docs not mean that the nation
can be prosperous merely because our
out put of sugar is enormous and pro
duced at a cost that pays dividends
which permit our capitalists to invest
in California ranches or foreign securi
ties, or to enjoy unstinted luxury. It
means that the nation can be prosper
ous only when the worthy unskilled
laborer is getting on proportionately as
fast as the manager, or agent, or stock
holder who employs him.
We charge the Hawaiian Govern
ment with bad faith, injustice, cruelty
ami dishonor. If it were legally possi
ble we would put this charge in the
form of an idictment, in which king
and cabinet should divide the infamy
between them, share nnd share alike.
Hut we arc at present unaware of any
means whereby the outrage of which
wc write may be punished- save by the
awakening of the sense of public justice,
now unfoitunatcly asleep. The out
tagc against which wc protest is the
forcible detention of several over 30
New Hebrides laborer, who ought
lo have been sent to their homes at
least a ye-jr ago, according to the terms
of the labor agreement between them
and the government of these islands
which agreement has liecn wantonly
violated by the present cabinet, and by
the reigning king who is responsible
Ibr'Veeping it in ohice.
Last Saturday the schooner Jwnnie
Walker sailed for Fanning' Island.
vS Monday the schooner Ke Au Ilou
allcd for Jaluit, Neither vessel look
The selfishness of corporation stock'
holders has passed into .1 proverb,
Humanity is selfish. Nature is selfish.
Only He on whom all the Christian
world believe is unselfish, II would
be too much to expect of Hawaiian
stockholders to exjiect them to he free
from the most dominant of human
trails. And yet we believe that Ha
waiian sugar planters using the word
to mean actual planters and mill men,
agents and stockholders are among
the least selfish of men. And facts
support the assertion that no where on
the globe has unskilled labor au easier
lime than on these inlands ; and it is
equally true that 110 where else is simi
lar labor better paid.
Stephen It. Llkins deliveted an ad
dress before the alumni of the Mis
souri State University at Columbus on
the 3rd of June. In its course he
used these words ; "There is no natural
antagonism between labor and capital
These two forces nuist act together or
not at all. The antagonism is between
employer and employed, and comes of
error on both sides. The one seeks to
get as much lalwr as he can for the
smallest wages ; the other to do the
smallest amount of work for (he most
We believe that prosperity can be
best obtained by a well considered,
general scheme of co-operation.
Co-operation as a scheme has had its
failures and its successes, it cm suc
ceed here only by a perfect understand
ing between the capitalist class and
the polyglot labor class. If rightly
prosecuted it would do much to do
away with class distinctions. It would
make a majority of the nation capital-i-.ts
and would divide mere wage earners
into two ranks; the shiftless (the vicious
or incompetent) and capitalists in em
bryo (those who save in order to invest)
Glorious and not impossible future !
in which every man and every wo
man in this favored clime who has in
telligence and vim and strength and
the power of self denial may have a
chance to work, to live decently,
to enjoy the beauty of sky and sea and
landscape, to improve his mind and
expand bis nature by reading and by
worthy companionshipand to put by
somtthingfv a winy Jiiy.
You answer that we paint Utopia,
You say that inequality has always ex
isted, ilut vice and crime and poverty
have always been anil must always be.
We admit your reply m part. It is
Utopia that we paint the Utopia of
intelligent unselfishness, the brother
hood of fellow workers, unblinded by
egotism, undeafencd by jealously. Not
a Utopia of equality--it colud never
be a Utopia of intelligence if it were.
Hut it will be a better Utopia than
.Mores, a oeuer rcauu man riaios.
In it there will be neither vice, nor
crime, nor misery. It will be the Millenium.
And it is for you, Messrs. Capitalists
whip handlers, leaders, crs of the
industrial realm, to join hands with
those in whom morality is a habit and
religion a reality, and decide whether
you will have the " Utopia" wc have
painted; or whether you will have an
Hawaii over which you shall weep tears
of unavailing bitterness in Heaven if
you ever get there, gentlemen.
.rtftnr ,tiif foputntlon
fuiton -lAimi'AY Press Vir- I cn
not esprns ssiih any conveniently sitisfying
epithet, with anything lllce rafllclem emphasis,
my heart felt anprotntlon of the note Mms
preed In jwu last twoe, on Litter, and
of the limUble abnegation with which yen
artnowleiJgeJ taring once been in the nrone.
on the subject.
era my that "yon do not lllee" in "cheap
Ubor," that cheap libor Is injiiritui every
where, that the contract system Is wrengt and
that there "never can be a happy, hopeful,
prcgremlre Hawaii" until lalmr tfret attil r,
celve its fair proportion of wealth and prov
t shall go a itfp further, anJ My that, in
my opinion, n peat ileal of the eviU which
have prevented Hawaii from attaining that de
gree of prwperity and tmppintH which wit
promlwil to her and might have now liecn her
lot, are due to the adoption of contract labor
and to the imane harpini; after "cheap labor"
Introduced in the (-Illicit day by planters,
temporary adventurouj Settlers, who only
wanted to make of sugar ft means to a rapid
fortune and early departure, but did not cite
for the future of the country.
Contract lalior Is only ditguUcd slavery,
however kind and humane may he most of
the masters who employ it, and especially ai
I said, in oneol my studies on the t'onulatiun
Question, if contract labor can be acceptable
to degenerate races like the Asiatic, it cannot
and will not be supported by m ,te laborers,
by intelligent men.
Further, cheap labor, however cheap it may
appear to the impatient but thoughtless master
who asks for it, Ins always proven in"J.he l-Mig
run In be Je,ir, dearer than free and apparently
costly lalior would really be. L-t any one
fond of statistical studies find out what has
been paid here in wages for cheap labor, what
has repeatedly been paid out to get that cheap
labor here and In somj Initanccs lo send it
back, what loises that cheap labor has caused
the country in shape of earned savings sent
away and cash withdrawn from our momentary
circulation; and after nil this, let our inathe
matican compute that huge factor of wealth or
ruin, the difference between the money gained
through the free, earnest, willitg laborer, who
heaps up work with the hope o( an appropriate
recompense, and the money lost through the
lary, mechanical, automatic, unwilling .con
tracted laborer. Then we shall see if the appar
cut and much touted "cheap Ubor has not
resulted moredearlyto the emploerthan would
have done the dearest free labor I Now, If to
this, wc add the social difference between, on
the one side, " cheap labor," which does not
sittlc, has no family, brings forth no predeces
sors or consumers to the nation, which hastes
away from the country as soon ss weary of the
contract, anil, on the other side, "free labor"
which generally settles down to rear a family
and keeps its earnings in the country, thus in
creasing the nation and its wealth. I think
lint no one will deny that the cheap-labor
craving has been a curse to there islands.
Also I do believe and agree with you that
" we never can even approach a solution of
iur labor difficulties until we forego immigra
tion for labor only, and abolish the contract
sjstcm." Iiravc and true words, which indeed
require a courageous conviction for you to
utter in your situation, but which I anticipated
when your columns kindly gave hospitality to
my repopulation scheme. When I a-ked for
50,000 families of free immigrants and settlers,
and when I foretold the forthcoming departure
of our cosily l'oituguese thubrsl of our work
ing elementsas soon as their contract ex
pired, if not properly induced .0 remain.
WI1.1l the country wants is .population, from
which will naturally result Jree labor. Hut
when the Hawaiian Goveriilncm amilies for
immigrants, what inducement! do they tfl'cr I
The contract system ; and Sfter that ? again
the contract I A man coming nerc for bettering
his situation has thus only great chances of
remaining a slave all his life. Is that a stale
of things to encourage immigrants and lo in
sure the repopulation of the kingdom ? The
inducements required and which can be
odered if there is a unanimous will for it, are
that every man with a family, who comes here
with good will and strong arms, shall not only
find Ubor with a chance ol reaping its fair pro
portion of the common harvest of wealth," but
will also have a promise, a possibility of
acquiring land and wealth, of becoming his
own master and of being able to rear up fairly
his children. For all this, all that is needed is
land facilities. Well t the government still
owns about 600,000 acres of land, unfortu
nately most of the worst kind, but some por
tion of which may be found available. Let
the Homestead law be applied as soon as pos
sible. Then the crown owns about 900,000
acres of the best lands, many of which ute
leaded at mere nominal figures : let those be
divided up anil I claim being iherst here
to make that suggestion--and leased on in
creasing rates, to bona fide settlers, on long
terms, so as to augment the crown revenues at
the same time as the population would increase,
and I am sure that His Majesty King Kala-
kaua is lo ointclligent and mannaitdmous not
lo favor the idea. Then, again, private indi
viduals, who have grasped a good deal of land,
some in immense tracts now kept useless and
waste, ought to a.sume their share of social
duties by throwing open hundreds of thousands
of good acres, either for easy sales, or under
leases on terms similar to those proposed for
selling the crown lands, and I think, from ex
amples cropping out, that already in thai line
a healthy stir has been produced. Finally, let the
government, through a special loan or a finan.
cial institution, help immigrants and settlers to
the necessary advances, secured by mortgage
on the grants of land ; then, I think the eve
will very soon dawn of solving both our labcir
and are population problems.
Uul, If petty, narrow, egotistical Interest
interfere with sucli a law ami nv;e 11 un, m
all events the Saturday I'ress and all those
who, like myself, agree with your views on the
matter, will have done their duty to their
adopted country, Hawaii. A. Marques.
Honolulu, July 10, 18S5.
lit to. , !., un those (amass uwads and those
roifrt itm Ihr nutria -riantntlani. Uungirei shirts and then climb onto the deck 1
" Hllo means rln," soys Charley Stoddard)
"At this time arriving In Hllo eipvet a
shower", wys Charley NonlhorTt " We might
spare some moisture and be sure it would'nt be
mist," - Charley Kichnnlsnns " tUin I It
is Hqnefietl sunshine!" rejoins Charley Arnohl.
When I larry Uycrnft, on his bluck mare, fol
lowed by Sooner and I, erosl the Walakea
bridge on the evening of Wetlnesslay thet 5th of
April last, the evening sun was gilding the emer
ald fringes of Coeoainit Island and in all the visi
ble sky there wm no cloud. It was the flaw
less ending of a perfect day a day of such
long-drawn swrtnes that Sooner had taken
exactly eleven hours to make the Jt miles
from Captain Kldart's In Puna to Mr. C. N.
Arnold's home-like hostelry in losely Hllo.
I wish that my praise ofllilo's loveliness
mijht lie more speeiftce and less vague. Hut
I stayed there less than two days and only
two tilfthtt, and most of my daytime was ent
Hut I stayed long enough to find out that
Hllo was .beautiful and quite as damp as the
several Ch.irlyes had said It was. Some day I
shall visit llito and enjoy it through the moon
lit evenings and the liquid-sunshine days of
half a month, Until then I shall not risk my
reputation by (lalnting the lily of Its loveliness
or gilding the refined gold ol its social charm.
Nor tin I consider that I did the Hilo plan
tations justice. I almost literally galloped
through them. On my northward way I vilted
only I'epcckco and Uokala mills ; returning,
I'lie San Francisco Argonaut says :
In llie trial of Adolph Spreckels for the
assassination of M. II. de Young, the law has
again liecn violated and justice lias again mis
carried. Public opinion has been debauched
bv iournalistic jealousy, and the right of
assassination has been sold for coin tu the
ciimitul and cowardly. A man of thirlyieait
of age, of sound inlnd, after opportunity for
months of deliberation, walks Into the office of
a newspaper proprietor, calls him by name,
shoots him as he turns, and shoots him again
as lie falls. The assaulted man was unarmed
between the two men there was not even
seaVIng acquaintance. After many dclassa
trial was had J the best couusel were emplojed
on either side. For the dtfense, the plea of
silf-defense was set up. It was a false pies.
Insanity, was also pleaded J it, too, was 1 false
plea, and only made to afford the clefenso an
opportunity lo'rcad from the Chronicle what
had been written against a sugar-manufacturing
enterprise, a colonisation scheme, and a con
nection wiih a foreign government, conducted
by a company of which Mr. C'laus Spreckels
was pictidenl and leading capitalist.
The rest of the article is equally
good reading. It would boreal ciitcrprt
sing of the "great paper" to publish it
orny ivawiianiiain, iiaKaiauanu unomea 1111IU1
although I stayed long enough at Honohino,
llonomu and I'apalkoo lochat witli the mana
gcrs nnd to enjoy several square meals.
Before I left Hllo, howeser, I visited Waia
kea, and saw the now triumphant maceration
process, then In the experimental stage. When
I was at Waiakea, Manager C. C. Kennedy
was not on the premises) but his lieutenants,
Engineer George Deacon and Sugar Boiler A.
U, I.oebenstein answered my numerous ques
tions so fully, so patiently and with such clear
ness thai I left Ihc mill n deal less ignorant of
sugar making than on entiling it. I was for
tunate alio in having as companion In my
visit Mr. W. 11. Olcsen, of the Ililo Hoarding
School lor Hawaiian Hoys, whose questions
brought out many points which more superfi
cial inquiry would have passed by as Irrelevant.
f found myself at Waiakea with a juster sense
of how profoundly uninformed I was about
Waiakea, when I was there, had in, to take
off, 200 acres of plant cane, 200 acres of ratoons,
some Coo acres of fallow land cleared and
about 1,000 acres ot fern and forest land avail
able for clearing and cultivation. All this
land is comparatively level and diders greatly
from the other plantations of Hilo district.
The cane is sent to mill by rail, about five
miles of stationary track being done. Moving
from the fields is done by light mules
carts, from ( to 14 of them being employed,
according to the distance of the various fields
from the railway. Cane matures in iS months
at Waiakea, and I.ahain.1 is the staple variety.
It grows there both erect anil long jointed as
The Waiakea cane is twice ground. The
first rollers, 3 in number, are 13 inches in
diamatcr. The space between the top and the
feed roller is )i of an inchj between the top
and delivery roller, 5-16 of an inch only. The
rollers aie driven by a Putnam engine, so
geared that the engine makes 22 revolutions to
one revolution of the rollers, the surface move
ment of the rollers b.-ing one foot per minute.
Although the usual three-roller grinding is
generally understood, I describe it now in
cder that the maceration process, as I ssw It
at Waiakci, miy be clear to those Press readers
who have neither seen it nor read any descrip
tion of it. The cane passes over the feed
roller anil under Ihe top roller. It is pre
vented from falling between the feed and
delivery rollers by a solid iron plate, called the
"returner bar," which scrapes the surface of
the feed roller. The friction of the top roller
and of the delivery roller upon the bruised
and broken cane carries it between them, so
that it leaves the delivery roller as "trash."
As this trash falls down on the opposite side,
it receives a douche of hot water from a per
forated pipe, set parallel' with the rollers and
just above Ihe line at which the trash escapes,
Immediately upon receiving the hot water
the trash is taken up by an elevator a trifle
wider than the length of the rollers, and worked
on ihe principle of the endless chain. Thii
elevator Is 35$ feet long, is set upon an easy
upward incline and terminates inn chute that
carries the cane to n pair ol rollers of equal
diameter to the main rollers, and set generally
about ) of an inch apatt, a slight variation
being sometimes caused by variation in the
rapidity of the trash supply. The time con
sumed from the lime the trash leaves the main
rollers until it has passed through the second
set is two minutes.
Before maceration was proven In be a dis
tinct advance upon, a clear gain over existing
methods of juice extraction and sugai produc
tion, it was feared by many that the amount of
uncrystalizablc or " invert" sugar produced by
the exposure of the tiash to the action of Ihe
atmosphere, during the passage from Ihe first
to the second set of rollers, would, combined
with the lesser fuel value of trash twice ground,
neutralize the value of the additinal juice ob
liined. lr. GeArRe Martin's analyses "have
proven this view to be erroneous.
When at Hilca and at Waiakea, I was
seized with ambition to write an article on
sugar making tracing Ihc industry from the first
plowing of cleared land to the final refining in
San Francisco. I am not less ambitious now.
But I shall vit Maui, Kaua! and the planta
tions of this island before I consider my notes
sutticicntly full lo make such an article what it
ought to be. Hut before I left the Waiakea
(wiling room I jotted duwn three notes on the
branch of the industry there represented which
ar worth repeating here. Mr,. Locbcnstcin
R.ive them forth in Ihc form of aphorisms, to
hich my paraphrasing docs only partial
justice t "The secrci of high polarization In
sugars is cleanliness and dr)ncss-lc.inliucss
before the juice reaches the vacuum pans, and
dryness after the sugar leaves the centrifugals.'!
"Judgment in limine, 'n cleaning and in boil
ing makes Ihe successful sugar boiler," "Htcr
nal sigilence is the price of good sugaj."
Of Wainaku, now including the old Spencer
Plantation, flattering reports were given me by
residents of Ililo. Ilut I did not linger ex
ccptlogiiea drink lo Sooner, who seemed
uiable to forget his Puna thirttincss. At
raaikou I stayed part of two days and all of
one night, meeting two familiar Iionolulans t
Mr. J. A. Hare now a field overseer there,
and Mr. II. N. Castle with whom I had an
engagement to take two tides one down a
flume on a bunch of ferntand a second, longer
and less cscitir.g, to Waiplo and Waimanu
I need not try to dcsciilx our flume ride la
him who hat Ult-ii ur.r, But jf I may
sufficiently Interest thosci who have net cr taken
one lo make them do so when the lust oppoc
tunity offers I shall have done a bit of mis
sionary work that will be remembered to my
"Go Into that room and peel I" said Mr.
Resloid Hitchcock, heir apparent, head luna,
and cajitlng of the horse nuiincv.
of them thnr mules."
The "mutes" were a bay mare, a roan colt
and a while horse of which I mounted the
latter. Ten smmds later we were galloping
alonfj n muddy cane road, up (in incline that
mde our horses pant. Hack of us the steeply
broken hillside rose from the cllfTs above Ihe
sea lo the 1,000 or more feet of elevation
where we drew rein, a carelessly creased and
folded and disordered mantle of Lincoln green,
dottesl with brown house roofs, striped with
silvery flume lines, figured with reddish black
fallow land. Away to the south-east the long
timbered point beyond Hllo, ran forward until it
pierced Ihe beryl sen, and backward untl'
its ridge form was lost In the mountain mass of
Kilauea. Above us was a fringe of woodland
that seemed the outward wall of a mighty
forest. AIhivc it all, Maun.i Kea, snow
capped, solitary, awesome.
Wc gave our sweating horses lo a native bov
boat-shaied bundles of ferns he had gathered
for us and placed it In the frame. The adroit
and practiced Kcxford was upon his and away
In half the time it takes to write this sentence.
I.es adroitly but safely withal tny comrade
and I followed suit, he last. After you also
have flumc-rlddcn, jou will realize ns no words
may make you realize what a glorious ride it
was. Imagine the roller coaster, its down
grade no whit less rapid, its level passed at a
decorous snail's acc, its "jumping olT places"
doubled in hight nnd prolonged to the verge
of dizziness, Its dilution twice as many
minutes as the coaster trip takes seconds.
Forward and down, under the bending plant
cane, past the tip-starling rattoon fields, past
fallow land, past brushing bushes nnd tickling
weeds, over trestles, down cataract inclines, till
the long level near the Papalkou office Is
reached and a ride that is unlike all other
rides is at an end and already only a memory.
One has only to sit carefully on his fern boat,
kerp cool headed (the water will keep the rest
of one so) and refrain from the constant
temptation to grasp the sides of the flume with
one's hands. So doing there is in Hume tiding
a minimum of danger and n maximum of de
light. Papalkou, now wotkcil by an incorporated
company, Is managed und largely owned by
Mr. li. O. Hitchcock. Mr. Julius Bernhardt,
Jr. was its sugar boiler when I was there. Its
present crop was being taken from 150 acres
of plant cane, and 79 acres of past ratloons.
It was estimated that the crop would be Soo
tons. Next season's crop will be taken from
360 acres of plant cane and 175 acres of rat
loons, and is expected to yield from 1, .)oo to
I, Coo tons. Papalkou has at present 1,050
acres of cleared cane land, Soo acres of un
cleared land that when cleared will grow cane
and 12,000 acies of forest and pasture land.
The highest altitude of the estate is G.Soo feet,
at a distance of 14 miles from the sea ) but
very little cane is grown above 1,000 feet from
Papaikou was emptoiing 150 laborers when
I was there : So Poiluguese, 40 Hawaiians,
15 Japanese and 15 Chinese. All its cane was
llumcd to mills, and the general cultivation
and liauling of the plantation was done by 10
teams ol 5 mules each.
Onomea, Pcpeekeo, Itonomu, Hakalau,
Honohino, Kaiwilahilahi, ,aupahochoe and
Ookala are the other Hilo plantations. I
must keep what 1 have to say ol them lor my
nct letter. H. S. S.
Honolulu, July 20, 1SS5.
IMPORTER AND DEALER IN
BOOTS Sc SHOES,
No 80 Fort Street, Honolulu. It. I.
I'"0 ttT HTl IS I5'r, T5
(OPPOSITE UODIVS STAPLES.)
HT The largest and best assortment f
Ladles, Gentlemen's and Children's
Boots, Shoes, Slippers, Danelnr; Puirps, etc.
To be found on th WUnd.
Prices as lo as elsewhere for similar quality et
goods. Island orders solicited and promi'lly executed.
Horse Shoeing in all its Branches
Done In the must worlcmanlilt m.innr.
Racing & Trotting Shoos a specialty.
Our Kte millte reatonablp.
11ie undefnigned, having boucht out th Interest of
Mr. jAmM iiotM in the above nhnp, nolinu a contimi
ancf of the liberal patronage be&towec) on llie bte firm
Mr. J. W. McDonald received the hhr-hrst
Award and Dtplonn. for lib Han il-ma dp Slioc
At the Hawaiian Exhibition for the year 1P84.
JtS" Horse talen to the hop ntTl returned ai short
notice when riciiretJ . W. MtDOAU.
Saratoga House !
!)!) Hotnl St. lion- t tljrarjr Bnlltlhirr.
I'lKST-CLASS HOARD I1V THE WEEK,
MONTH. OR TRANSIENT.
Special accommodations Tor I-idiesand F.milics.
Reading Pallor wilh l-laily .Papers open for Ihe
guests nflhe House.
'llie Coolest Dinins Rooms In the city, NO PLIES.
345-JSO II BARBER.
ON miDAY, JULY Hist,
at io . ., at OBf Salesrewm, srfll It sold at Snellen,
DRV OOOD5, CLOTHING, OLASSWARK,
CROCKERY A TINWARE,
CAL. POTATOES, MANILLA CIOAUS,
DHLS. SALMON, OROCERIES.
.Si, &t, fie
ONE TWOSEATED CARRIAOE,
ONE TOP P.UG0Y, (Wi In r.eo.1 orstef.)
ONE SINOLE HARNESS,
(ihe property of the Ute JnJff Austin.)
t.roxs .c- t.r.rr.r,
ifi J Mrr7rmes-.
Hv orilofW . A. HmriLrT nuartlv-vt-.
pfrty of Jnweph WeVv a Jinor, acting .ixJi
of Ihe Supreme Court, t will tell at ptiblicayt.tw
our SalnroonMa '
at ta o'clock m., all that
Corfu i u VUie.o of Litiut
Situate in ltaunautcoi, Kapalumn, Honolulu, described
in Koyai r.tttnt 4518 tu Ntuui, ana con
tAtmnjt an urea ol M acre.
The I ,nml U 'ittiate mania ef Kins Street, hack of
the premi lately owned by S. K. Koal, and has
TWO BUILDINGS UPON IT.
It i part Kula and p-rt Talo Land.
.fctf Tith i guaranteed perfect. Tor forther wttl
cuhm inquire ol I A. 'I hurnton, 3d Merchant St reft.
Term. Cadi; IWdiat the jt,ptnse of purchaser.
111 accordance with llie desire of man,- natron, and
toneet the exije-xesuf the times llie unc's-Miancd x ill
Rcicalter render unil u,licct aj accounts nwniniy.
J. M. OAT. IK., ft CO-,
r (S. TIIKU.M,
I.EWlis & CoM
WIAT, HOW & CO.,
S. J. LEVEY CO.,
A. !.. SMI I'll,
II. E. MrlN'lYUE k CO.
Hoaolulu, July 3, 1885. as32Co.
the Japanese Commission
will understand why so few represent
ative citizens attended the reception at
Minister Gibson's. Many strained
their consciences and went, out of com
pliment to Japan. But the absence of
so many of those whose culture and
character make Honolulu what it is
must have told its story too plainly to
be mistaken. Prince Oscar of Sweden
was not slow to take in the situation.
Weare sure the Japanese Commissioner
will not be less ready. The tone of
the community towards the person who
gave the party is one of open deiesta
bion and undisguised disgust.
The fust-page article on The Con
flict of Labor and Capital is rc-printcd
from the Oberlin Review through the
courtesy of Hon. S. N. Castle, It is
a thoughtful article, and deserves Ihe
attention of thoughtful readers. On
this page is an article by Mr. A. Mar
ernes, appreciative of our last week's
article on a bratuih of the same topic.
That is the topic about which the world
is thinking most to-day. Right reasoning
and right-action upon it will make the
world better and 'happier ; wrong rea
soning and wrong action must make the
world worse and more full of misery.
Wc consider the opening argument
of the Conflict of Labor and Capital,
printed on our first page, unsound in as
far as it relates to the French Revolu
tion, for the following reason : The
l'rcnch Revolution is classed as an
extreme movement resulting from
reactions. It is then premised that
"extremes can never solve a problem,"
and the conclusion is drawn that the
French Revolution icsulted "in the
union of individual liberty and social
restraint." Otherwise the argument
appears flawless .
"The Unambitious Cynic" of the
Itullctin, says : "I confess to be with
out brains, ability and tvperjencc,"
Ilut there was no need of the confes
sion, dear citizen ; your letter per sc
is proof absolute, You had belter
leave sarcasm alone and rent a taro
patch." So saith a super-sensitive cor
respondent. Hut we can forgive the
sell-scourging writer of the llullelin for
the grain of wheat among his chaiT.
IIH ail sisiy s
Wc have watched with eager at
tention the by-authority columns of
Mr. Spreckels" great paper, liopintf .feat
the genial, talented and public-spirited
minister ol iinaucc woulu answer our
respectful query about rice. Hut se
are pained to note a grim, an almost
forbodfng silence. As they say in
Sanscrit i "Jst hint rtigg trinth euv
Mr. V. II. Havseldcn, a son-in-law:
act 1..1... 'i- tint.. ...... .:,... tr,...
i.liij. juuii s. u.irsv.1, a ssai.iui, ituii.
lames Keau, a poi merchant; and Mr.
Sam N'owlein, a bar keeper, are re
ported to be the distinguished Quartette
to whom the electors of I lonolulu will
be asked to give their voles next Feb
ruary. I hey will not be so akcu by
A lull cm. uonr Quoou St.
C. ) Ifardie, Contractor and Uu'iIJcr, i Proprietor.
Moulding and Fini&h always on hand. 'Ihe mill
keeps for flle hard and KoftMote woodcut and split
Toloplimte No. 33.- 3300
At the Uetidrnce
if THOMAS O'UUIt.N,
Thui'mlau. July itOth,
At 10 a. m., will he ftoldrne entire houithuld furni
ture consulting of
Ucdroom nnd Dining Room Furniture,
Pallor Set, Clundeliert, WhitnoU,
Cornice and Curtain.
St inj Machine. Mattraue
Mosquito N'ets, (! and Ciockcr)',
Pictures, Kitchen Stuve and Utencil,
Garden TooU, Kic, Etc
uxnss C LV.VVA,
Corner Fort and Hotel Streets.
No. 86 King St.s Honolulu, II. I.
WAL PLUMBER AHD 6AS FITTSR,
Coppor and Shsot Iron Worker
RANGES, TINWARE, Etc.
1ST All worlt guarant-std and all onier f-thfullf
attended to. Pleats.- leas a order on the fcUte
TWTRS. THOPAAS LACK,
.No. 79 Tort Street, Honolulu,
IMfoIkTEa AND DEALER lit
J c ', AttitchmeHtM, OH ami AiesarfcH.
Acsxr row 111K
Wmrsandthe Licut-Uiinninu Ntwlfoua Machine,
Howard' Machine Nc0l, all I'tad
Cortlcell'ii Silk, in 01 colon and lc ;
Cbls'i O, N. T. Machine Cotton.
Mint. Demotes? 1 Kdiablt Cut Jbfer Piiftfrns
Gins aid Skjmtino G.mhb,
Sun, Puwjikr, Caf,
KKttO.HKXiS SrarJCS. In nit vUem.
Se'eineMachiuc. Ltxlt and (lua-Uc putting prompt I j
attffrJed lo. 5305
PaI-AK's AfttOKTt PftNIMLDtKS.
PAl.Kk'a ANTI.iuKRVnUS JT.NHOI.DKKh
Ktbher Holder it Corfc Holders, hory and .Lhu.r
Holders fcil.l mounted. Ivory and lio.ie
Polders and Paper Cullers I arWt Tablet
P , (ienlton't Velvet 1!'awt(
CvyitJ Kuhher,Uubterm wo-!
peiKtl kht pe. Tttun-b Tclvi,
l' pell Prutti twr, Itubler
iUnd f taiitju
fcisti, tc, tc( j
Far Sntc t VitOS, . Tit ttCMW
MlRCHANT ST AHD FOKT STRKKT StCKHI
Uftd postal ktampt of Hawaii,
quantities, by Iheo. Siddsl, Mn 734 1
Ac, touch t In
'Mb., Pa U.S.A.
4cS?iiltSrve3L -- - --1 -
Livery, Bearding, and Salo Stables.
Carnage for hire at all hours of the dajr or night t
alio, conveyances of all Mads for parties going around
Excellent Saddle Horses for Ladies and Gen
tlitaL Guaranteed Gentle.
Large and ma!l omnibus for picnic and eicurshn
partie, carrying from jo to 40 psengcri, can fllwnyn
be s-cured by special arrangement .
The Lon, Branch Bat hi r Douse can always
be netured for picnic or excursion lartiet hy applinn
at the 01 fee.
TkLcrnoNU Nn, 34.
ti-iU JAS. UODD, Proprietor.
YGSGinitG Skating -.in!'
THIS SPLENDID PJNK.
Retentty cnUrr.cd .nil having 1I14 tst tf flour., U
OI'K.V JJI :. AI'l'HItSHUX fun If Jit ITT.
lUUFDAV, nmu ami saivkuav m:.v-
IN), nml WKIl.NKSIlAY AFTr.KOON. Assidu.
out nutrition laid Sc llie coQifMit ami plcitui. ir all
AtiMI&SION is CVk NO 01 UCk CIIAUsSL.
Hli ORNUIIIJI .AHTICLB
C0I.UM11IA RIVl'.K SALMON,
Sitluton Bollle, 1H84 Ctstolt.
Just rFCS4.rU fidni rutttainl. Oi(On, by
CHll.K & COOKK
Tnet. Fish can bo rrliert oa First-Class
California Produce and Provision Cp.,
IMrOKTKKS AND JOIIDDUS OF AU. KINl'S OF
Groceries, Vvovhilons und I'roritwe.
Kits Mulrrtl, KIls Salmon Wm Kilt Smolirit Ilalilxil,
MM I ertcue. ana rtoumls, llunrKss ldrtsli.
Kits llahwi Mnn.rul s.' ,,...
flnato Caunp L'huw f. how
No. 7i llot.l Strut.
TOST OKHCK BOX So. ov
QT. MATTHEW'S HALL, SAM MATEO, CAL.
A school yon uovs, t
Under Military Discipline.
, UKUeaiaih.UaatifUvilUss.jf Sir, sl.uo. on ih &ih.rn I'artiw It. U.,in.i1.sfnai fan Fiaotistsv.
l.tufcli.lMtl in 1I65. Ions,,,, InurwiM, sr.iaii.iLn J aULlr. h. luildw.s art ".'"?. m
iTililJly"?' ' "'T"' v"ni'' ,b Uuh t,ui 'st U ik. "X" TnL7.l,as!i
I" Isuihw infWualiMO. au4 cauloM, lu.1 out, aiUio.
Xtr, ALt KKU LEU DKtWCK, M. A..
rii iirf'Kuc) iiu swujiusta iHinrKn uxinMi. j ivinaiu v 11111111 tliuw v Uaw
Worcester Sauce, (in leg). California Cider Vinegar, (aikaand leg), 1h.i1 ArUcs. Piaches. Kit.
wlltj it aiuiy .ssi. iiKwil'ti .swa, riHWKU . 1 a. resist, jmutt HIMJ JtUssT,
COLUMBIA RIVER SALMON, 1884 CATCH, (13bla. nnd hnU Bbls.)
CALI10UNIA KKIvSU I'UUIT AND IIU'ITIHs 11V I.VUKV STKAMKU,
Vhloli iit'ttuillmicl rst T.owoMt JWni'luit KutOM fop Cuxli.
bOLE AOE.N7S FOU
Snouiul ratlin Co., C. I. IWn'a Sdi, l.sud.4 llufh. Th. I, UJ Cr.s.a t.nw....,,
K. l.r.VV. (Succaswi to Srstoskh, ('ray A Co.
"rni: uAiijiKX iiAXit fijwxAin: run: jxtixoujsuhu."
IV Cwxls d.lmrttl lo any part U lhaclly fir. if shart. IiUndOrd.is tvlkil.it awl salitraclion auar.
HCNKY DAVIS. Mauagtr,
Honolulu, Oahu, II, I,
(l-i) T..I.KI'HQNF. No. .f