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vll WHAN I'KlvSS
A NHMpaawr PnMtttltd Wefklr
-1 ffrrRinum Js-oo uta n iDHvt
' f oranrn ,alwrriptioiw
t hi J? a, Koim i itb dwtmation
u.d H fRMS PUBLISHIHO COM.
i s o THICK hat ad Maiunr
-.M1TM faasHiir M TrttHartr
e Hawaiian Gazette and
1 e Hawaiian Gazette and Mr
s ire. keta" Advertiser are engaged in an
.npii'.ijanl squabble over diplomatic
c ,uette, in and out of the foreign of.
1 11 The OMette' ill-timed stupidity
u ,ay "ill timed" liccatisc its apparent
; i plenty seems to prove that stupidity
un, n a rule -has brought down upon
it the abuse of Mr. SpreclccU' paper,
unh essayed to be severe and stic
eeded in being indcrcnt The Ga
e'tt, In an indirect and insinuating
manner, charged the foreign office with
a ii of which it was not guilty ; and
Mil lied charges against ttx-Minister
Uangett and Ex Consul McKinlcy, un
warranted by fact. The organ of the
mori'ipoly and the government replied
in its old lime strain of ribald denun
M.iiion, betra)ing at once the obscene
ai.-l the venomous in its nature. Yet
ilie two combatants each of which
lub earned, in the discussion under
tonsidcration, the community's uti
lised contempt may have dune the
inrumuiiity a real service if their teapot
tornado result in wiling general atten
tion to that pitiable thildV play called
In the present unpleasant breath be
merit United States Minister Merrill
..n the one hand and Commissioners
v odfhouse, Freer and Canavarro on
'lie other, the diplomatic etiquette
ici cntly prevailing has been disregarded
l- the American, Minister -with good
Ka-ini He comes here to fill the
'ugliest diplomatic office accredited to
'ie Hawaiian government. He pre
sn'its his credentials and is received in
I roer form. Then his social duty to
tiplomac) properly rests. His fellow
tlit'lnnuts think differently with per
i 1 1 honesty doubtless, but none the
n . wrongly. Thev think the United
statets Minister Resident ought to call
hrst on them There arc two good
reasons why he should not call first on
his fellow diplomats In the first place,
t crank he occupies is higherthan theirs
-though that fact would not weigh if he
were not a stranger. In the second,
the important place, he is a stranger
and should receive the courtesy paid to
I iopcrly-j.-credited strangers, the civi
hied world over. This may not be the
etiquette of diplomatic circles here.
Hut it ought to be. And the sooner a
reform sets in, in this regard, the better.
. ru iiTti it ritsr
I here u a young Hawaiian working
for a prominent Honolulan dentist
He wotted for the same dentist six
years ago and has been in his employ
most of the time since Up to the
passage of the law crmitting Ha
waiians to drink, the young Hawaiian
in question was a faithful clerk and a
iclf respectful, respected young fellow.
He did not drink, because he knew
drinking was unlawful and believed it
to be wrong. Hut when the license
law was passed he suddenly awoke to
the fact that drinking had been made
as "respectable" for Hawaiian as for
whites. So thinking, the young man
took the first glass and foiled that up
with enough to get drunk. He lost
$75, confessed, persuaded his employer
and himself that he had repented, and
turned over a new leaf. His employer
forgave him, and for awhile he sinned
no more. Anon he married. She was
young, pretty, affectionate, chaste. Her
sex and her race were honored by the life
she led. She loved him and was faith
ful. He loved her, and, until liquor
tempted him, was a good husband.
Hut liquor 'templed and he became
exacting, fault-finding, quarrelsome,
abusive, brutal. She stood his treat'
ment till she could stand it no longer,
and then she applied for a divorce.
In the meanwhile, the young Ha
waiian's conduct had forced his em
ployer to discharge him. That action
and the action of his wife brought him
to his senses. He again turned ever a
a new leaf and thus far has not turned
it back again, He is again at work for
bis employer and if his repentence is
sincere may win back the forfeited re
gard of his wife. The other day he
told in Kaumakapili Church the story
so curtly outlined above ascribing his
fall to licensed strong drink and to no
other cause. That is an isolated in
stance. It may be matched by manv
like instances. We think such instances
go far to confirm the belief that the
Hawaiian race would be better off to
day if it could not lawfully obtain
uoitic .i.; ii. i :.
I he labor question is not to be de
udetl by editors, nor by planters, nor
by the government. It can only be
decided by the cordial co operation of
all who sec beyond their noses. The
"Saturdiy llonulist," Mr. Spreckels'
" Great I'upier" and our evening con
temporary the Bulletin have at least
one belief in common : That belief is
that family labor which means the
labor of men who have families is nec
essary to the future of these islands.
Twenty thousand Chinese males make
one fourth of the population of the
kingdom. So few of these 20,000 are
married, (or, if married, have thvir wives
here) that it will not be misleading to
say that" three quarters of the whole1
C hmesc population of these islands
aic without wives, without homes and
without immediate prospect ofobtaining
them. The most of them are woiking
in cane cultivation, some in rice culli
vaiion, some in legitimate trade ; but far
to many of them arc employed in illegiti
mate trade.in hidden violationoflawaud
more or let open debauchery of the na
tive race, Theyc.dl Mr. Squires a crank,
but he tells some plain and necessary
truths. They call Mr. Marques a vis
ionary ; but there is practical common
sense in his visioning. They call this
apcr a hnmihst; hut if our homilies
were heeded ve would be better off as
a nation in population, in dollers and
cents and in the quality of the govern
ing and the governed.
Vet we do not advocate a return to
the old system. We know it is impossi
ble and we have never believed it would
be just or wise if it were possible.
What is bad for an Hawaiian is bad for
a haolc and no amount of subterfuge
can make it anything else. Nor do we
believe that prohibition for all can be
passed. We believe it would fail if put
to a popular vote; and we believe legis
lative candidates pledgee! to it would be
defeated at the polls. We believe in
total abstinence and we believe it will
one day be the practice of civilized
nations. Hut, until that practice results
from the common agreement of right
thinking men, prohibitive legislation
will be resisted. Hut as the tendency
of legislation and opinion, here and
elsewhere, seems to be in favor of
license, why not make license reach
further? Why not make it operative
all along the line? Why not take up
the plan already advocated in these
Thcie seems to be an important
difference of editorial opinion between
the Satutday I'ress and the Wednesday
Gazette. I'lio former journal congratu
lates the public because the teachers
of the various public schools have been
permitted to carry out their educational
views without improper intcifetencc
from the president of the board of
education. The latter journal sees the
desirously sinister hand of that icrson
in the "small element of humbug" and
"certain educational quackery" ap
(mem in the methods of somcteichcrs
itot named. A more precise explana
tion of wlnt the flaiette writer means
would be a favor.
We outline that plan again: License
wholesale dealers at $500 a year.
License retailers at the same figure.
I'.tss hws providing against adulteration
of liquors. Compel dealers to submit
to competent analysis at any time:
Compel them to know that the liquor
they sell is what it purports to be.
Punish them with fine and imprison
ment and revocation of license for sell
ing adulterated liquors, for selling to
drunken persons or to minors, and for
selling to unlicensed dealers or to un
licensed consumers." License consu
mers those who drink at home and
chose who drink at retail establishments
at $10 a year. Revoke licenses to
drink for any of the following reasons:
lor intoxication or cruelty to ones
family, for purchasing liqt'or from un
licensed dealers, for selling liquor, for
giving liquor to drunkards to minors or
to adults ha vini: no license. Such a
license- system might protect society
The present system does not. There
is no present system by which adulter
ated liquor may be officially detected.
There is small check upon sale to ille
gitimate dealers or by them to irre
sponsible consumers. 'e think the
license system we. have outlined would
be such a check upon the liquor traffic
that less harm would be done by it
than is now dune; while the "liberty of
the individual" would not be disturbed.
Of course we do not pretend to say
that the figures set for licenses are ex
actly the right figures. The projier
amount could be determined by ex
ru tr loxirin u r tin 11
I he late trial f jng lai I'uun
(( hinewr policeman) and h Leu and
1 .11 Pou (common informers) on a
charge of conspiracy and their lonvic
tion by a jury, we deem a matter of
sufficient imjtottancc to merit more
than a passing comment Not so much
that certain Chinese should be found
for their own gain, or from pure malice,
conspiring against certain others of their
own countrymen, but that their supe
riors should have acted as they have
throughout in the affair. Upon the
evidence as given in the police t-outt,
Judge Hickerton expressed in strong
terms his want of any hesitation in
committing the defendants for trial at
the jury term, saying at the same time,
with reference to the officer, Wong Tat
Poon, that he had "committed de
liberate perjury as well j" and particu
larly calling the attention of his " supe
riors" to the fact. After judgment was
given, the marshal immediately in
quired the amount of bail required,
which was fixed by the judge at $500.
for each of the prisoners (so called).
It is a fact that no arrest was ever made
of any of them, they being simply told
to appear on the day set for trial ; that
even after commitment in the police
court, they were allowed to go upon their
own recognizance, and further, that the
two police officers Wong Tai l'oon and
Kauhane were not even suspended from
office, pending their trial before a jury.
At the jury trial, the remarkable fact
was disclosed by the marshal that Wong
Tai l'oon had been appointed at the
request of the king. Further than this,
nothing very remarkable occurred,
unless it be considered so that ten
jurors out of twelve, after about "ten
minutes deliberation, came to the con
clusion that according to the evidence
(which they had a crfect right to in
terpret as thty fltastd) the prisoners
(so called) were guilty of conspiracy in
the second degree with no recom
mendation to mercy. Again, at the re
quest of the marshal, they were allowed
to go upon their own recognizance until
last Wednesday, when they were sen
tenced to pay a fine of $6 each. If the
verdict was contrary to the judge's
charge, as the Hulletin would intimate,
it was not contrary to the evidence;
and if a jury is not to decide upwn the
evidence, we would like to be informed
what their peculiar province is. Hut,
as to the judge's charge, it could not
have been so distinctly favorable to the
defendants as to warrant the accusation
that the jury "must have misunder
stood" it, when they were distinctly told
that they might take the opening part
of the prosecuting counsel's address
as "pan of the instruction of the court."
Counsel must have forgotten himself, if
he turned the prosecution into a defense.
So far as vvc have been able to learn,
it was scarcely more (as Mr. Hartwell
put it) than a question as to whether a
conspiracy had been committed on the
one side, or whether all the witnesses
on the other had committed perjury.
It was scarcely more than a question of
veracity between several Chinese
mostly better class merchants, against
whom the jury knew nothing, and a
police officer in whose favor the deputy
marshal could say nothing good ; a
man who is serving out a term for
house-breaking; and another who might
be serving out one also for perjury,
committed in the Akiona case, had he
not been adv ised to goback and alter his
testimony to save himself. There has
been a great deal of outside talk, of
this case having been part of an organ
ized effort among a large class of crimi
nal Chinese, to prostrate the honest
efforts of the executive in exposing
crime. It has had a certain effect, but
where has been the proof? Had we
any proof that this was the case, none
would be before us in our endeavor to
aid by every possible means in exposing
the same. We court no favor and we
hit no frow n.
Ve"lue learned with pleasure that a
gentleman of proven liberality tu educa
tion ami science has under consideration
a project to give to the public a worthy
museum of Hawaiian antiquities. The
nucktu of ich a museum cv.ist in
thtte or four private collections in thi.
city. It would be disastrous to ay
uieh attempt if the best uf thesecol-
lections were permitted to Icayejh
countiy. It is to be hoped thafnont
of them will be u permitted.
SalUfacluty arranccmtnttliavlnj; Ixcn made
for the continual introduction of I'uttugucte
Immittitit larmiers with their families, hit
roajetly't government hat decided to atsitl the
introduction of a limited number ujr at the
lite of joo to 400 adu'ilt a rear the fust thip.
mcnl of 100 adult male laborers with (hen
ict and children -not mote lhan lam child
ren under 11 yean of ace In each family, In
anive in Marcher April oflSS6. The wagtt
wit) be not more lhan $16 per month and
trim of leitlce three years. The other condi
tions will be the same at In the contract! now
in force'. All parties desirous of scurinc. the
ier Ices of agricultural laborers as above, arc
inutrd to address the burrau of immigration in
witting without delay, staling the number re
iiuircd, anj lite plantation on wnicn lite laoui-
ert will be employed.
lite above appears in the govern.
ment paper, by authority. We hope
tliat before the first installment of these
immigrants arrives that tome plan of
cooperation may be conceited whereby
Portuguese may be induced pcnnantli
to tcmain in the kingdom, m
owners of land sold on favorable terms
or as cultivators on shares of caae or
I other crop.
The edict restricting the incoming of
Chinese to this kingdom was issued by
the government, March 25, 1885. This
edict provided that Chinese who leave
the kingdom, desiring to return, must
take out iermits; and that not moie
than 25 Chinese without permits would
be allowed to land from anyone vessel.
During 1884 the departures of Chinese
amounted to 1,-117: 142 leaving leforc
March 25th, so that those entitled to
return permits in 1884 could not have
been more than 1,275. "ut admitting
that all the Chinese, who left in 1884
took return crinitst 1,417, and that
those who have left during the present
year, up to July 1st, 411 in all, also
took permits, the total is only 1,828,
During 18S4 (after March 25th, date
of exclusion order) 1,116 Chinese
arrived. From January 1st to July 31st,
Uh is year, 2,097 Chinese have arrived,
a total of 3,2 1 j. Granting (for sake of
argument, though we do not believe
the facts will justify the assurance) that
all the departures since March a-,
1884, up to July i, J8S5, amounting
to 1,828, returned on permits, there are
1,385 yet unaccounted for. If these
had come in on vessels, at the
authorized rate to each, 25, the excess
would have required 5b vessels during
the lust 15 months. Something seems
to be rotten in our immigration
Since the beginning of Queen
Victoria' reign, according to the Ha
waiian (Jazctte'3 summary, the Liberal
Tarty, of England, is responsible for
17 wars, the Aden Rebellion, the
Cabul Insurrection and the Indian
Mutiny ; and the Conservative Party is
resjwnsible for 5, wars. This showing
shuuld be sufficient to condemn both
political parties in the eyes ol modern
Wnr IfcAMf lf I1),, ffji I'lnutiltlitnt ttttil
lt 'rtrfl Onttntl Ia Hrtttalaii,
At e chmed the pitturesque Walluku
outwact bound, Sooner arsttlullr remlnitnt
nf Mr Arnold's cats and I quite at appicca
lltely mindful of Mr. Arnold1! coffee and
miffint, we puwd long enough for a long
'10k up to the hoary head of Manna Kea,
another look seaward and a ijuiet inspection of
the long stretch of half placid, half restlti
waler beneath the bridge. To one w hose Iwy
hoojl had been paneil in a region of trout
ttreams the first view of Hawaiian streamt Is
one of keen delight. ISetter brooks for trout
ing tarring the absence of trout were neser
rain furrowed or meadow bordered or grass
fiingrd or forest shaded. The lack of truut
in Hawaiian streams has been primarily per
hapi th- fault of the Hawaiian Undine. Hut
I cannot undentanJ why the absence of truut
hat been so long toleraled by Americans. I
said as much In tome one Ned Macfarlane I
think at we were were riding in Wailuku
Valley on Maul I " The water It too warm,"
he answered, t said at much to another t
"The torrents rise too tuddcnly and are too
swift," hereplicd. I could not make myself agree
wilh either, bo, when I taid at much to .Mr.
Arnold, it wat exceedingly gratifying to hear
him say "It iv'itt too swift for 'em here. There
arc trout in the Wailuku now." It was al
most loo good to believe t but Mr. Arnold's
esplicitriesi left no room for doubl. If hit
experiment prote tuccessfirt the fish are now
about tS monthi old; if I remember rightly
every itream from Waiakea In Hilo 10 the
Halawa In Kohala miy be ttocked with trout,
from the Wailuku, or directly from California, I
need not tell Irout fnhcrmen what that would
mean, 1 fairly tingled as I looked down into
llie stream and withed I might whip it with a
leader of gray hackles.
The Wailuku bridge reminded mc that the
Iwo Hilo bridges I had met thut far were well
built. There have been built in the dlttiict,
tlnce Augutl, 1SS4, 12 bridges under contract
with the Pacific llridgc Company, at an ng
gregite cutl of $15,000. They are built over
the following streams! UaiaU-a, 130 Iccl
span ; AVailuku, 175 fectj I'utieo, 40 feet;
Ilonolii, 155 feet J I'ahoehoe. 85 feett Papal-
kou, 65 feet ; Ilonotnu, no feet; Umauma,
irofeet; Opea, 45 feel; Nunui, 85 feetj Wai
kiiinalu, 65 feels I'ohakupuka, 5, feet, All
or nearly all these bridges arc built according
to the 1 ink Cor rill trust pati-nt nr pltn. So fir
as myobservalion goes they ore all well built,
and at such height above the streams they
span that liny icein perfectly safe. Uoad Super
visor Arnold has been rctponsible for their
location, and his judgement has bten confirmed
by the action of every fieshel since they were1
built- so far as I have learned. Whin I rode
from Hilotu Waipio the approaches to sonic
of ihe above-mentioned bridges had not been
completed, and the residents of the two di
liicts, Ilannl.ua and I lily, were growling no
end about it Mr. Castle arid I echoing their
disgruntlirg. Hut since we crossed them our
precious minister of the interior has gathered
ids wandering wits sufficiently to authoiiie
Ononiea was not my first stuppitig place on
my outward trip, but as it is the next planta
tion beyond 1'apaikou, I shall tell what I know
of it in its order. In some respects it is the
most interesting of the plantations I visited.
Its mill and ceiilrifugiU arc run by waler
power, and steam is used only in boiling.
Onvrnca's reputation for hospitality it like that
of Ulupalakua, Maui, I'or twenty yean it
has been a sugar plantation. liut before
it became that it was a beautiful Infae.
Their name it legion who have tarried under
its reposeful roof. Artistt, poctt, idlers, pric
rlcat men and beautiful women; two rv, 5a
lions ol hosts and two of guests, have llde
the place vocal with delighted gaiety. Jltt
picturesqucnest is scarcely less than its hotpi
tahty. (And when I have said that, I have
unconsciously paid tribute to half a hundred
pots on the island of Hawaii.) Some ol Mr.
Furneaux's happiest painting, some of Mr.
Williams' mo graphic photography, have
len done at Onomea. There are few sjots
better worth remembering in black and white
than the crossing at the Ononiea landing and
Ihe view of and from the old mill. When I
wat there Mr. Herbert C. Austin was mana
ging the plantation, assisted by his brother!
I'rank II, and C. J., Ihe former ill charge of
cultivation and the latter of the tugar boilirg.
Capt. J. L. Robertson was engineer and Mr,
II. II Grant since dead of consumption,
poor icllow was book-keeper. Every one
who has visited the plantation recogaiies at a
glance though no one realizes the fact better
than' the present management that the s-ght
of Onomea was ill chosen. It is 419 I -24th feet
aliove the sea the manager charged me to
be sure and get in the half inch "and it
ought have been built just high enough tube
out of the reach of the waves. The up hill
hauling of cane and Ihe down-grade trantpor
tion of sugar it expensive at the b'est. Hut the
expenslvcness of the first has been lessened by
the ingenuity of Mr. Krank Austin a young
gentleman who unites ihe versatility o( a bom
inventor with the fluency of a born conversa.
lionalisl. Headers of the 1'rcst knowtomething
of his cane culLivator.and will knovituinciliing
of his weed gatherer. His hydraulic railiray
l quite as clever in execution as the tonne r,
and as clever In conception as either. The
pioblem, in brief, was as lollows : There wat
a field of So acres of good cane land whose
upper limit wat touched by the lowest point at
which cane might be flumed to mill. It was
of course possible to convey cane by cant or
wagons to Ihe lluine. Hut it would have been
an 'tpensive and a vexatious task becautt the
" liquified tunshinc ' of Hilo hat tuch a soften,
ing and mellowiuc eflect upon the Hilo cane
fields that waggoning over thetn it ofieu
practically impossible. To put tteani engines
and stationery railway trackt upon the fields
would have been an expense unjuilined by the
out look. Fortunately also, the mill had an
extra overshot wheel. The manager bought
some cable wlie and some portable tramway
aud, by meant of the wheel, run by the water
In a single llume, hauled the cane from all parta
of the field at a coil of $8.50 an acre or $1
I per Ion 01 tugar. Iiauung oy leann woum
have cost $12 a ton, or J$l an acre II the
manager's estimate wav correct. The present
mill hat many disadvantages besides ill oe.
tion. Itt grinding power Is good but its boil,
ing works are old fashioned and inadequate to
the capacity of the plantation. The grinding
capacity of the mill It 9 tont a day. The old
torgum pan it utedy the Onomea mill to do
all Ihe lulling and cleaning until the juice goes
to the vacuum pan.
The plantation hat 2,coo acres cleared nut
2,600 of pasture and woollawq. The last
crop was taken from 230 acres uf plant cane
and loo acres of rattooru, averaging 3 and l-Slh
tons to an acio the plant cane doing, In
places, as well at 4Lt lent to an acre. When
the plant of the management are realised, the
plantation will lake ofuoo acres of plant cane
ami juo Kirs of laltoont each year, X of th
larvd letting every year. The plantation will
be divided into, four sections, which may h
eallcvl fields I, 2, 3 and 4, and will be em
ployed as follows 1
I a 1
Itaitoont. Resting New Plant
The third year at fellows
Resting. New Plant. Mature Plant
The fourth yrar ti follows
I 1 J 4
New Plant .Mature Plant. Kaltoons. Resting
If I do not misrepresent the plan, it it a
good one -at least on per.
The cultivation at Onomet seemed thorough.
The plantation has a daily average of I40 em
ployed. I'rpeekeo it the next plantation beyond
Oromea. Its owner it Mr. C. Afong of thi
city, and Mr. Chun Lung Afong it resident
manager. Mr. Sum Chun it tugar boiler, Mr.
Chartet Ilortman it engineer and Mr. Anthony
Afong it assistant field overseer. When I wa
there the cultivated acerage was t,ioo acres,
Irom 750 acres of which this crop has been
taken. The estate includes the landt of
f'epeekeo, Ivaupakuea, MaVahaniloa and Ku
limaiKvsome 6,coo acret in all, of which fully
one half it good tugir land. The land of thu
plantation it admirably lulled to easy and syt
tematlc cultivation. Itt slope In the tea is
gradual, Itt land is rich. Itt water power it
abundant. Ita virgin loil it ttill in excess of
its worn out soil. Itt mill It modern and will
next year be made even more o. When I
was there it employed 200 Chinese, 50 Ha
waiian! and 50 of other nationalities.
Honomu it a small plantation, owned largely
by C. Hrewer A Co, of this cily and managed
by Mr, William Kinney, whose principal as
tistanti are or were recently t Mr, M M.
Wilson, sugar boiler ; Mr. LUInard Wilchey,
engineer Mr. II. II. Scholuy, book-keeper,
I did not visit Honomu mill, but I had a good
dinner with Manager Kinney and hcaul some
entertaining plantation talk from him,
Honomu, Hilo, and I'ahala, Kau, areat antip
odes in tire and consequences ; and the labor
ideas of their manager! are equally at antif
odei. Manager Foster of I'ahala believes in
Ihe contract system 10 firmly that he will
employ no unskilled lalior except under con-
tract, Manager Kinney is a radical disbe
liever In the contract tyttem. He wants only-
free labor. Hit system, at I understand it, it
to discharge all tuperrluout men in the interval
between the planting and the gilnding teaton,
thereby saving wages for a considerable
period. Of the two systems I think the latter
it the more mischievous to society generally.
Contracts even for one year make men al
th" mercy of unjust employers ; tut for only a
limited period and under legal protection,
Ihe other system it the bett I know of to
create here a tramp class, with the-objectionable
featuret of the tramp chss everywhere, un
steady employment fosters unsteady habit!.
1 lie man who is sure of work for only one
half, two thirds or three-fourths ol the year is
more likely to employ hit idle time unprofita
bly and to spend his earnings foolishly than if
he had steady employment, even at lest wages.
Of all the evils possibly in store for the Ha
waiian Islands, the tramp evil would be among
the most deplorable. I think a system of co-op
eration, whereby both Portuguese and Japanese
or even Chinese labor might be madetocuttivate
all Ihe sugar lands in the- islands, on shares,
would prose a satisfactory solution of the labor
problem. I believe it would do away with the
contract system and prevent the tramp evil,
I believe it could be brought about by unselfish
A little beyond Honomu tlic- world famous
Hilo gulchet take on a deeper, darker, more
desperate character. To enjoy them one
ncedt to go into them gingerly and come out of
them leisurely. Ihey are neither 10 be en
joyed in an hour nor described in a paragraph.
Hakalau mill at least the one that wat be
ing 0rated when I was there it in the " bot
tom of one of thoe incomparable gulches, to
low that the tide wathet its foundation walls,
and the spring frcihett threaten it not at the
tword threatened Damocles, but quite as terri
bly. Few plantations arc blessed precisely at
Hakalau plantation is. It has two managers,
Messrs. Christian Lehmann and II. M, Morri
son. Mr. Heniy Willgeroth wat itt tugar
boiler and Mr. Fremont Perry itt engineer,
when I visited it. Irwin &. Co., ofthitcity
are ill agents, Mr, Spreckelt it itt principal
owner. Its crop this teaton hat been about
lleyond Hakalau the nearett plantation it
Honohino, at present a plantation without
mill, and itt owners were trusting when I wat
there to have its first crop ground by Hakalau
mill. Metsrt. W. V. Horner, Jr., and II
George Horner, tont of Mr. W. V, Horner ol
Lahaina are part owners and manager! of the
plantation. Next year they will probably
erect a mill. They put in last year 550 acres.
Kaiwilahilahi and'Laupahoehoe, managed re
tpectively by Mr. R. McKcnile and Mr. J. M.
Lydgale, mutt be described in another letter.
Ookaia under whose home-like roof, I spent
two ol the pleasantett nightt of my trip must
alto be left unsung for another week. S.
HttUnt lie ,! t,
F II 111--.Mr.
r q r
DAVIS Hf'RIN'f, In thi dty, July t$ih i5, la
th purl nf lh I oMhtp tht Tltthofi of Oil, by
Krr FarilWr Lnenr, IIrnpy Uatm to Ml Nuia
! , Urth of jnoiuln.
nUMMif t.L HbMlfS In lUnolotu, July tyth,
lit at ih rehJnc uf lh bH!'i putentt.. by Ih
He Atnlr MruVirtath, Mr Iohn 1. linn
nttLL, of kefoU, Hstmi, to Mi MATtLtiA, oiH
dautiter of Ihemjis Hughe, Vm ( of thi city.
In Sun Francisco, July 15, Aletarkler M. Rotinon
native of O(fo, N Y aeJ 4a yrar.
MAY -In Honolulu, at the reittlencc of her brother,
July 4th, 1 Ms. K.ATR, fourth daughter of the late
Ihomat May. of Newark -on Irent, TnclaiHl and be
loretl tlter of 1 May, Honolulu, aged j years
FCKHARJTln Honolulu, July 17th. 1885. of fever,
ALMRr rctftlAHDr, aged t yn and to rantht.,
ion to foreclosure.
NvticeU hereby given that tumitnt tax power cf
tale containeil la a certain morttai,e. detd, elated the
liOidaT of Urrli, iHj. made by IrK MUN of
Honolulu. Uland of Oahu, to N. A. KINNhY, et l,
nf said Honolulu, bf record in the ciTice of l!
Registrar of Conveyances in lijr jf on (age 14? and
148; and for a breach of the conditions inlaid niort
fme deed contained to il ! the non pa) ment thereof,
thai all the iutere&t of ak! I ee Munin the premises
described in wtid mortgage deed, will after the time
limited by law. be sold at public auction, on account ot
the breach of the condition as hereinbefore mentioned.
lhetrotny in aid mortgage desctiled being lo
tease of land 011 Smith's Ine In said Honolulu con
si'ting of one third t,f land described In Koyil 1'alent
itai I.. (. A 149 to kawatuLui 'the first leaie being
described In a'Ujjnment from Keltumu to leeMunol
record in liber 70, on page an and eipues December
It t, A. D. tS38, and the second bem an extern on irf
teste for ten years from the eapiistion of the former,
and of record in liber 8j on p.-(,ss 470 and 471
KINNhY A rhli.KSON,
Dr. Wiiitnev's Dental Rooms will be closed from
luesda), August 4th until Septmtr 7th.
JLTEUNER & Co.,
lU,ere-o)N.ned at the old staml No. 92 fort street,
Mith a nevr and crcfully selected stock of
Gold Chains and Guards,
Sleeve Buttons, Studs, &c,
Indies would d. well to rail and examine our stoclc ol
IttaceUts, Ilruocl e l-ockfti, Fairi'if;, etc.,
tiich were especially selected to suit tlie-
KUKUI AND SHELL JEWELRY
Made to Order.
Hie re pairing branch of our bunness we regard as art
important one, and all jott entiuMcd to us w ill
Ik; executed tn a manner vnd to none.
Of every description done to order. Particular attrn
tion U piid to or lent and job Hrk frouthe
JPioneei' fiiic.' Regular Cash Sale
ffirrsl Hipi Uaullj frw Lui-jmaI.
Fly " Orierrte ' rrnm I impnol, Htewwtw Ihim Si
f rancieB and tihn lar aimar,
THEO. H. DAVIES & CO,,
English and American f'riMs.
While Cot torn, UnMewttred (.!,
Unen I mil atwi Ihwk, CremR Car.,
Irene!. Mrrtnoof iKiTeteni tmftRtJenk
Grey, 10staml Mliri fVt,
Watertroof WetiH, Dre Materials,
Milt, Stttm, Sffk kfktMi.
Velvet, lltvsfery, UffdrrtlSthin(,
IN CURAT VARlkTY.
Xjim, While awl Pnmetl MdleatrW,
Linen and Lofton I taodoa, 1 oR
Handkerchief, Miuno Nett w,
PtthtoCfothlnft. Warerpr)' HVwtrnt.
Men's, Women A thi'.ren lkt Shoes,
(.ie and mvIc adapt .Itathff Market,)
Horse llWkflVelt, led Ulan Vet,
(all sites, weight, ijHaKtfet and color,)
Vch'tt tnt TtijH'itrift
Centre Rut, Navy and Merchant Canvas.
Ve flags, (10s V.), auffar IWg,
life IIar, Coal Tis 3 A 5 ly Twine,
English, Hawaiian & American Flags
Moor Oil Cloths, (tasteful designs Assorted width)
Men s Saddles, Side .Saddles, Sutdler) ,
1rvn Itedtteftds, Galvanized thicket,
tinned Iron lea Kettles, Sauce Pans, Fry Pan,
Mute her Knives, Knives and Fork.
Iin Plate, Sheet l.eaL (lahamred Water Pipe?
W hue I ead, (various quititie),
Polled Oil turpentine,
(14 Kaugr, 6, j, 8 ami 9 ft tenet ru).
liflisanucti iciews arm anet
VtUow ShrnfttlHV Mltt ll Xutts
Annealed Pence Wire, I erne Staples
Wir,e Plant Oturd and Arches,
Steel Kail, w,di rWh Plates, Holts and Spike,
A I.AROI: jKtil! ASiOkTMr.NTOP
I'rocltry ml Glar, Ojs, Ptcfcs, 5luml,
1 lantatton and Mechanic's Tool,
Kol Jt Co PortaUo I- nguies,
One Splendid Piano, b Urinsmead A Sons,)
tested Chain, dosage's Soap,
(1 qualities, tn bx 34 and 60 bars),
llest WeUh Steam Coil, Coke,
r loonng I ties, r ire Clay,
Port 1 Ami Cement, (White K Johnson's)
fire Uriels, bolli square And arth,
I ump Nock bait, .
(j lota Inch width,)
A Irjc ami rresh Afstirtmeri nf
Californian and English Groceries.
ON TMUnSttAV, AUOUBT tk,
1 , a m . t am tetraitiAf wUI be wJ it .Mil.
CAt. rOTAIORS, MANILA CIGARS.
OROCtRILS, c, t,
i.o. .c- r.: i:r.
Special Sale of Horses.
We ill sell at our puWHe atttttem mmt on
SATUltlA AlMtiHT I, 1895,
At is o'tloct noon, the fouryesr oM
Si ed by the great nietiioneerf d a by Speeulsllun
( an ttot in Owe mlnutet cr tetter, Wansatcd isuad
kind and sure foal (titer. ,
Alio, a (.tutlenun'l Fin
e iWvinf H;
T 0 15 K y-,
Corner Fort and Hotel Streets.
tt is utelcit to com men t on this her
knows his Mtiahlies,
Also, utie fine, Isri,
Twc-Soatod Family CarrUgi,
In Ootid Order
f.VO.M A LliVKT,
TUHIIOL Ss CO.'H
TIIK UNPrUSlGNED WILL KIXLIYK
MONLY AT 'IIILIR SAYlNCS
II INK UPON Till; rOL-
On sums o) Five Hundred Dollars or under, from
one person, they Mill jia interest at the rite of fnc per
cent. cr annum, from dare of receipt, oif all turns thitt
shall have remained n dejwit three months, orlu,e
been on deiosit three months at the time of niakm; up
the early accounts. No interest wdl he computed on
fractions of dollars or for fractions of a month.
No intercvt will be allowed on money withdrawn
within three months from date of deposit.
Thirty da s notice must be given -t the ltanlc of an
intention to withdnw any money; and the Depositor's
Pass-book mutt be produced at the sam? time.
No money will be jkiiT except Uon the Draft of the
Depositor, accompanied L the proper Pass-book.
On the first day of September vf each ear, lh
accounts will be mvle up, and interest on all sums that
shall have remained o 1 dcpo U three months or more,
and unpaid, will be credited to the depoM.ors, and
from tliat date form pait of the principal.
Sumsofmore than Thrre Hundred Dollars will be
received, subject to special agreement.
The Hank ill be open every day in the week except
f46-28 BISHOP & CO.
Livery, Bearding, and Salo Stables.
(Armcft for lure nt alf hour, of Ihe tl-iy or niijit t
nto, cumrynncet of alt Umli fur twines koiii arouml
Excellent Saddle Horses for Ladies and Gen
tlrr.ien Guaranteed Gentle
Itree and Miiall omnibus for i tctucs and excursion
nartie, canning from lotd 40 asenctrs, canala)s
!tc vcclired tij .ecial Arrangement.
The t.ou Branch Bathing House can always
be hecurrd for pivnic or escurcion J attics t.y a l Ing
al llie ufT.L.
THLrHlOM. No. 34.
241--S4 JAS. DODD, Proprietor.
12 3 4
Miturc riint..Raltooni..Kittirn..N'cw flint
The nut year u folium t
WHIfS OB WltK Mr.ATBKH.
The Philadelphia papers have gone
in fur a revival ol the whipping post.
The Piess has declared unhesitating
in favor of its restoration, saying:
"Flogging unquestionably is growing
in favor again as punishment for the
coarser and more btutal crimes, s;ich at
wife beating and criminal assaults upon
women and little girls. The revolting
character of such offense?, demands an
exceptional and vigorous punishment.
They are committed usually by men for
whom imprisonment has no terrors, and
on whom, therefore, there can be no
real punishment imposed ucju-ss it be a
physical one.1 The Record sayt.;
"There is a- steadily growing opular
demand for the revival of the nhipping
post, as affording better ineana of
punishing unusually brutal crimes in
which women are the victims, than are
provided by law." Says the Star
"These are the sentiments which for
years have been advocated in these
columns, and which we are pleased to
note have beeiVateadily gaining in pub
lic fmor. We havr ever believed the
whipping post a much more effectual
method of punishment for crimes of the
character referred to than imprisonment
and fine. The maudlin argument so
frequently urged against it, that it takes
away a man's self-respect, is at once and
completely met by the simple, undeni
able fact, that a man capable of de
liberately beating or wronging a defense
less woman has no self respect to lose."
One of our local papers is in favor of
whipping desperate criminals, like
Cahtll who assaulted MonsarratL We
do not go so far a that, but we do
think that tht perpetrator of certain
crime against the decency and the
sanctity of home life, noubly Um en
ticement of young Ktrls into dan of
vice aMgkt very properly be tubjtcttd
II. I. NOI.TK. PROPRIETOR.
Iteg4 la a-mounce 10 hit friend and the public in Kn
iral that Ihe above Saloon pruvidet
Kruiu 3 A H , till 10 I-. M
C. J. WALU.K, . . . Proprietor.
Choicest Brfeata from Fluent Hon!.
Families and shipping supplied on short notice and at
Lowest Market Prices.
All meats delivered from this market are thoroticl.K
chilled Inline! lately after Idling by means of a rclf
Coleman Patent Dry Air Kcfngerait Mtat so
trcurd retain all its juicyproptrtie. and is u.uantrcd
to keep longer alter ueiuery man ircsrii) kiueu mcau
The finest .
CllHSTAKTI Y UN HAND
One of iirunsttkk & IUIU'i celebrated
ItconurUed hh the evublidimnif,
the cue can praliuiute.
whrr lovers t
An. rJS.nml .! J-'oHSIrfrt,
(on-uitTK imim's sTABiks.)
W. H. PAGE.
dT Carriages o all deccrl4iout made ro oidtr on
mutt favoraLIc terms.
The cleM attrntln given 19 repairs of all kind,.
All work guaranteed to sire sati.faclhjfi
COLUMIIIA R1VKR SALMON
Ralwoa BalltM, 1HHI Ct
Jutt ter.ired from I'oitUnd, Oregon, by
Tnett FUh can bt relied upoa at Fiitt-CUu
GEO. M. RAUPP,
O10IIMANIA MA.lf.1Cl-7r. v
rort Slmt. OppoatU IKnU'a SUSlwt,
Beef. Veal, Mutton, Lamb and l'ork.
Carman and Folk Sausafet,
FUh, Voultrjr aad Vej.tibU.?
Onkrs dt receive ptMtii ailalUt Sbi(.a( tup.
)JiJ wilh JtVlMtlll.
lkt.arHQi,a N't 104.
99 Motal St. near Library BulldluR.
MRhl-CUAbSIIORti B IIIUWFUK,
hpecial aciuavtMlall". fwr Indies aiw rimliv
r.rljr -ilh )ljrfcritr Ptn t lb.
NOTICE TO THE PUBLIC.
e ItVr i ''a-sitit? nt huh (intln); ha' In a Iditlon la
Olr CONrCvrlONKHt ANI LAkB III fs MRM, U( will
t.'MnbA!UUDA", AI'KII. astt.at
KMUJUKAM PAR LOU
hUh has t-tpn neatt) fitted np tu mret the rcspilrr
mrr.ts ofu i trjdc
Our Ice nram wilt teoid) ofsuprrwr itahty, maJe
of genuine cream from Ihe W'oonuAtth DsiPs with
whom mc h-ve arranged to SU idy us fettulatly
with pure, cream, whlih, hating fmjuenll te 11,
enahlcH is to guarantee a Itrt.t-.bis ainde, of Ice
crran npial tu that made in any of the Urfr elites.
Ihe fJluwni,, vartrties of Rk CsptA-l uml It us uiJI
I furtils'ied at m.r cpemnfi, and mm era! oilier anetieA,
ii unr iraue miu piuny tt
ICK OK HAM.
ANII.I t (.Or! I.I. (ILAfK,
in RAWiiKuuv, imnuappli:
ORANr. AND .STKAWIIKRKV
Parties Miptl.i any day cacept Sunday, lliose
irvttunc Ite Cream for Sunday must leave their orders
on Sstuida) before 9 r. si, which will b delivered
be'bre 10 A. St. Sunda. The trraois will be, packed
so that tltey will keep ciglit hours tn n firt-ttas condi
Hoping to rcceltn A share of pullic iatroni;c-rTr4
line of our business, and thanLIr g them fur their hlral
faors in the pait tie remain, re wet fully,
MELLER. & HALBE,
4j-aQ4 Hint trrrt ntiir .ttuKrti.
Has jut recritxfd cr Mariroca,
DUPEE HAMS AND BACON,
&U Oiree, Kit Salmon Ilcl!i, Cava Codt d
Keg Family Ittef, SalsKtn Pilot tlread,
CracL era, 1 able UaiMtit, Dried I'ealie.,
Dried Apricot, Prune, (Jermea
Otillli'iiiu Comb llouo.v,
'I able fruits, lantt and Jeihes Family flour,
heal, Corta, Potatoeii, Onion, CandUiv
Old Vii-ulula Swvet land Sour PioHre,
And man) other ai tides tCOiiiiiTtout to rtiun,
uhich wilt bekuld at pneesto Huh ttielimea. X4 Sat
faction Kiiaranteed. CI IAS. MUSa'ACr',,
'IVIephone 119. ()t-33Ql o. itt Klnirtree
LADIES HAIR SRE..IE
Switches, Curku, Front Fiocos,
AM warranted Natural 1 1 air.
Ikmhhk lUck IIaik Ntts
Ijid c and Children Hair CutlfiijC and tMiampoo
ing at Hore residence.
Langtry Hatr Cutting a SpecUlty
AH at Su Francisco IH(e
49174 Fort Street OfpoaiU Dodd'i ijtabt
iine Tatljr ,-rth llailjr l'i-tr on ror
of tl IIOUC.
11i Coidnl limn Room in lli. cil), NO 1 I.I l.S.
J-,S; II HARDER.
In accordance wllli ttiJ--.ir. of inanr nalron. and
10 mcrt ttic cklif.nl ct U th. timet lh und.ri2nn v,ill
iicrcaAcr render and C-llrrt all a, count, month! y
M. OAI. JK.,ftCO,
1 C. rilRUM.
LKWIS CO .
U'tvbl. now co,
b. J. I l. h . LO.,
a. i. ituirii,
II. L. alclNrVHK CO.
ItoMvtulu, July 3, itt5. at) ?Cu
Alakcav. ucatr Uuaatt St.
C. J llardiv, (lontnatoi and IIuiU'T, It I'ritlclM
MonllinifS and HnWi !) on han.1. 111. mill
keeps for al Itard and kofl uoyt v.o'rul arl ,)Lt
- Tttophoria Na. ss. v)i-tt)o
LUiALCAP rERr.CTIOS PAHS.
houdkr-s LtrilliK PA1S,
L.U.r, Cau and Nut Bluest of am cjualdy papw.
ircaj Lap, latter ana nor. uaxaa oc rvi.4
Maailla lfrf t4aut Mnka and Not
IU.C, M- t II, lorn lUks
for BiUa, tal.faclUa,
Or PafMC PUT UP la ANY FOKI1 Dalfa4
Al THO. a. TMMVM'M
Maactuar SraaaT on ITaai Sraaar Sisaar
California Produce and Provision Co.,
IMIWttlJItS AND JOI1UKRS OK AI.I. KINDS OK
GroiericH, PiovMohh and l'rothtce.
Kilt Macl.r.l. Kiltr-aWi! 1'iUi.t, Kit. Smoltd HaliUl, Kilt llaliUt tint and Naptl,
Kitt"lonurt anJhouiali, lkm.UuCi.il'.!.. tvmalaCaiHi I luar Lira
Wmrutr Same, u am), CalifxnU Od.r Vuxcar, (ca.l ai.J Up), IhmJ Aj 1 1., I'lacU., It.,
Clifor.m lalJe RaiJn., A-"l"l Nan, Atlrd TaU. and I'm (mil., Jaiutaiu) Jtllwt,
COLUMBIA RIVER SALMON, 1884 CATCH, (Bbls. and half Bbls.)
CAI.II-OUNIA FKESII KKUIT AND IIUTTKK 11V KYKRV STKAMEH.
AVliltili riiti illlnl t Ijiwiwt Murkut KuIom ftii Cttaili.
m fcOLR AOKNTS FOU
bcamm.1 racainf Co.,
lowrn't &.d I.'
MV, laccrn in
siwtt a HoUjib,
I U I), laial Citara fcepaalar,
TIIK IIAUUHS IIASI (lltUSAUK FIUK KXTISUVIHIIKM.'
AT Good. d.In.d to anjr part of IL tu '( U ior(t,
No. n Htl SUwt, - ,
rostoKUCE wx Ku. oj. (ui-ii)
Itlafui Oidrr. toUilMl and aatitfactton fltar
HENKV DAVIS, Maaaitr.
. Houolalu, Oaau. H. 1.
TKLtHIONK No. t,a.
MATTHEWS HALL, SAN MATEO. CAL.
A HVIIOOL rOK HOVH.
Under Military DwcipJiae.
txicaiaj la tht Uauiiful nOafi U Saa Mai.", w Um SwOura PwuW K. K., it aJ fraai aa KiaactH,
tUtaUuJxd at ios lutmn unuwtart of raaatloa and mUUi. 11m UuMuii ai .al.au, fim
rMatadk.yHaaaaaaJarta.txit'oay artaA,adff laa haaUb aa4 ' aloft U Iba udMa, Iflmitf tttmm. L
lot Tunaa laoraMiIoa lai caulafaa, (aat vat, aaara.i
JUr. ALraUCtl LlUt aWWaat, M. A.,
. n i