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HONOLULU, HAWAIIAN ISLANDS, AUGUST 8, 1885.
Whole Numher 258.
Volume v, Number 49.
lie Tep,ffmpy-emrth4nit about Ue
rr.Ais TA rW ImIIm
The excursion party to Xihoa or
Bird Island, was Mr. Jaeger's plan,
with a botanical object It was finally
carried fnto effect by the personal co
operation of H. R. H. I.iliitoValanu
Besides the attendants of the Prince,
was a large cominy of her pergonal
friendv Mr. S. 11 Dole went as or
nithologist Mr. James Williams as
photographer. Rev S. U. Iiihop was
empIo)ed by Suneyor-Genetal Alex
ander to make such topographical sur
vey of Nihoa as might be practicable,
and to observe its geological fonnation.
Dr. James Martin of Sptctkelsvillc,
also joined the party, &nd Mr. V. V.
Halt came .ii friend and encoutager of
Minister Kapcna and his family
were also of the explorers, and at Kauai
Oov, IMul Kanoa and a large company
of natives joined the expedition. The
after deck and even the hurricane
deck were covered with a promiscu
ously disposed crond of jolly Hawaiian
tourists, for whom the fat things of
hospitable Kauai made continual feast
ing. A company of ladies in pretty
grayish blue holokus were especially
noticeable. Mrs. K. M. lleckley of the
Hawaiian Government Museum, was
with us. At Waimca c were ioincd.
among others, by Miss Field of New
York City, who proved a brave and
cheerful tourist, and by Mr. V. C.
Ron ell, who lent his efficient aid to the
We baoles who had cabin tickets
found the Iwalani's cabin generally
well supplied with air from the venti
lators. The berths, like most of those
in our steamer cabins, were untenant
able from closeness and heat. Why
will not some enterprising owner, like
Mr. Wilder or Mr. Foster, pend two or
three hundred dollars r. running a
line of half inch pipes to each berth,
and driving a current of fiesh air
through them by a good forge fan ? As
it is, the berths on boats like the Iwa
lani or Likelike are a delusion and a
snare. Most of us, however, got lots
of good sleep on the transoms. The
table was a good one, and most of us
did justice thereto. The writer especi
ally remembers a capital chowder, and
how the big ulua which furnished it
came floundering over the ?ern. with
forty frantic natives hauling him in.
The long trolling Jines gave the people
no end of sport, and pot a few fish of
Our best place for enjoyable obser
vation was on the hurricane deck near
the pilot-house, if we could only find
a road thither over the inextricable
ta.ogle of our fellow-voyagers' limbs and
lodie. Here the Princess from her
neighboring state-room often joined us
as we watched strange sights, and was
a gracious, helpful and cheering pres
ence among us. '
Sailed from Waimca, Wednesday,
July nd, at 3:30 p. m. At 5 o'clock
wc left behind the " barking sands" of
Mana with their dreary pathless palis
beyond, and stretched away W. N. W.,
half weat for a night's rui for Ha
waii's Ultima Thuli.
Slowed up at 3 a. m. but at 4:30
pushed on, all eyes alert in the dim
dawn. What is that dark little sot
off the port bow? Ah, the mates
are pointing to it, be.lne one is sure
enough to call out. It is Nihoa iS
or 20 miles away, " Starboard wheel,"
nd drive for her. Eager sketchers be
gin before the shape can fairly be made
The strange gray rock grows clearer
b and rises higher we rush on. The
photographer jjets his instrument in
position. Mr. Deverell, of Lihue, too,
brings out a fine camera and noiks it.
Soon the birds begin to sweep around
and over us. As the sun appears, the
Royal Standard dies to the main, and
the gulls wheel aid dart at the flutter
ing color.'rhs little rock-H,Snt slowly
pows to a mighty walL The birds
increase to thousands, to mj-riads. By
wiven wc are close under the majestic
heights. It is a vast ws, white with
guano, absolutely crpcndicular, except
where overhanging nuke great blackin-
tervals in the white surface. Two mighty
summits, nine hundred feet high, guard
the north cast and north west angles
From eithr of these pinnacles a stone
can be dropped nearly plumb into the
waves, Between these is a low depres
ion in the ptecipicc, where the island
is narrowest A headland descends to
the south cast under which is a cave,
500 feet long, through which boats can
pull Wc saw directly through this
cave ftom each side as wc ased.
There is little surf along the cliff. The
sea is not rough, and only here and
there a little foam whitens up against
But the birds ! See thoac innumer
able pearly docs studding in lines the
vast gray mantle. Those are the gicit
white downy young sitting in their nests
on the ledges of the Lava. Imagine the
huge north east wall to the left of Nu
uanu pali, roughly whitewashed, and
with a big white goose sitting in every
ciann) of its face. The parent birds
mm in tat air and fax to mm, pltiag
for fish for the hungTy maws ashore, or
interviewing the strange invader with
this ominous bkick rloml streaming
from the funnel
Our careful sketches are over. We
hurriedly jot hasty outlines of the
strange cliffs as they swing by in our
rapid motion. Suddenly we r&tch the
sharp north west angle, and open the
great western wall.
This begins at full height, and curves
round for half a mile, declining to a
low headland. Its long summit ridge
is broken and j.igired as the " ragged
edge of remorse."
. These cliffs are darker and show
fewer birds than the northern Is the
heat of the afternoon sun ton severe
for the young birds ?
A word here as to the structure of
the island as seen on its outer sides It
b .wholly composed of scoriaceous,
non-basaltic lava, such as forms the
cnxi milk oi the central and interior. J
portion of each Urge volcanic islana.T
his quite unlike the heavy, broken
layers of our common lower basaltic
formations as seen along the sides of
our lower valleys. This light but coin
(act rock favors the extreme perpendi
cularity of its precipices, hich is impossi
ble with broken basaltic layers. There is
of course a stratification, but the lajcrs
are close and the ledges and crevices
small. I now have to mention one
notable and very significant feature.
These precipices and the entire island
are traversed and pervaded by a great
number of thin vertical basaltic dykes.
They cut clean through its mass at
short intervals ftom summit to He.
These dykes arc substantially parallel
to each other.
I regard the presence of these dykes
as the one most important geological
peculiarity which I observed upon Ni
hoa. To tnv thought thev. seem to
completely identify thcsc,peaks-o-.Ni-
hoa asuniform irfVharacter aiul historvl
with the great peaki.o(Oahu aheb.Maui,
probably also of Kauai, Theseeoks
arc what remain of original mountain
domes after protracted atmospheric;
erosion. Tliis erosion has cut away
the whole sutface, and eaten deep into
their heart, laying bare thos vast thin
interiff tissues packed with solid basalt,
which arc called dykes, and which
seem to mark a protracted volcanic
activity. In Nihoa as in Oahu and
Maui these hard d)kes erect their sharp
crests and thin straight ridges above
the general surface of soft scoria, which
the ages have eaten away.
I believe that this scoriaceous forma
tion pervaded by basaltic dykes is an
irrefragable proof that Nihoa is only
!at unknown ages of erosion and sub
sidence have left of a once large and
active volcano. Perhaps it was once
as broad and as high as Mauna l.oa.
It is substantially equidistant vvrth the
centres of Kauai, Oahu and Haleakala,
lying in line
No outlying rocks were observed
along any part ofthe shores. Running
down the western precipice, we swiftly
opened the southern bay and anchored.
An amphitcafre of steep hills lay before
us, with coves at their bases, which
were lined with low cliffs. A !eiutiful
sand beach, 300 or 400 feet Jong, lay
deep in the western-most cove. On
this a heavy turf was rolling in. Our
landing must be on some of those
narrow ledges under the little cliffs.
Five or six steep rounded ridges, cov
ered with gTass, descend from as many
points on the outer precipices, towards
a general centre, producing "as they
reach the sea, three little rocky coves.
The ridges stc perhaps as steep as the
average ridges on the south side of
Punchbowl. The great north-west
ridge is crossed midway down by
several large dykes in such a way as to
make several high steps of io to 40
feet on its slope.
The central valley heads in the lowest
part of the north precipice and ends in
the largest cove, dividing the) bland into
two chief bulks, over which the two
great summits respectively preside. In
the Urger eastern valley, half way up,
stood a small grove of little hutu palms,
and in a western valley a few more.
These were the only trees. But every
where were those pearly white dots,
studding all the slopes.
A boat is down at once. The sur
veyors, photographers, Messrs. Hall
Iole and others, go with the captain
and arc speedily at the rocks. Soon
selecting a point, the sea bcirg com
paratively ..ill, wc sprang ashore one
by one, as the boat darted up and re
treated, Never mind a surge over
jour kneei? only you find a footing.
All the instruments arc safely landed,
and the boat pulls back, while we pro
ceed to rlitnb a sort of awkward stone
Udder in the cliff, the only practicable
s pot thereabouts. There is jut a narrow
ledge of naked rock continuous around
the coves. This is completely swept
uy waves in rieavy wcatner. t saw no
place where a boat could be disposed
of during a gale, but there may be such.
A fairly good rock Uniling was found,
but too late to be used by our ship's
Got soon up the 40 feet of cliff on to
the weep slope and the tunch grass.
Hut, Oh, the birds I Thebiki Sur-
prised, they rise in a whirling hum
cane around us. About 30 nests to the
square rod under the grass in little
caves on the liarc rocks in every
nest a young one and a single egg.
Big birds, srsall birds black birds and
big white birds. Red bills, speckled
backs clashing mandibles squawks
and scuttling "Don't step on the
nests if you can help'" "I.ook out
that big sharp beak don't nip your
ankles'" "How that big white fellow
sits on end with his gtcat breast of
down." He is one of those seed pearls
we saw. His nest is on a bunch of
bushes flattened down. How he
squawks and clashes his bill, and awk
wardly shakes his immense helpless
pinions. "Put your iolc under and
tip him over " He lies on his side and
cannot right himself. Well, the next
boat-load of natives will finish him
Hall and Dole arc filling their boxes
with cpgs.' The surveyors quickly
select and "set up" on a station.
Row ell starts for all sorts of peaks with
men and flags. Williams groups some
people and birds close to the tripod
and gets a good picture. You will
find it at his gallery. Dcvcrill is soon
seen on a distant point well chosen,
taking all sorts of shots at the country.
This surveyor got so busy taking
angles and sketching, that he saw little
of what was going on. Was conscious
of swarms of people climbing up the
slopes. Heard shooting going on.
Looked down once and saw a boat
floating helpless full of water, oars
scattered soon towed off and set afloat
again. Saw this repeated two or three
hours after, and began to think if those
choice transits would get off safe.
Kikw all the natives could swim.
Feared the ship would cut the time
short, as the sea was rising. Hurried
up those angles, and started, instru
ment in nana tor the other enu ot a
1,200-foot base, measured by telemeter,
"JVhat a scramble that was over loose
stones, pitfall nests, matted bushe
and terrified birds. Got in some fine
intersections and altitudes, and started
back. Kowell and a native were put
ting flags on the north-west peaks, and
taking heights with his aneroid. One
man had come to my aid, and the re
turn was easier. He had filled my
empty canteen from a watcr-dnp above
the vhore. What a villanous decoction
too much guano about There was
a good spring found above the west
end of the sand beach.
Meantime the Princess and her train
had landed and visited the palms, and
were returning to the slipre. The
island had been ransacked for birds,
skins, eggs, feathers. Over two hun
dred people had landed and worked
their sweet wilL They were now be.
ginning to go aboard, it being past noon.
Doubtless there had been lunching and
a good time. The photographers had
been half drowned and lost most of
their instruments and plates. Set up
again on the first station to observe on
last flags, and for a new base to the
west Rowell, just down from his ter
rible scrambles, without breakfast and
fainting with thirst, cannot execute
further orders without food and water,
He goes down to the rocks, where he
finds pot and water, and starts off for
the east ridge with the telemeter.
But a little while before he comes up,
a quick burst of smoke rises on the
ridgt, some 300 feet above me in the
deep dry grass, where streams of people
have been passing down, all now gone
down but myself and two natives.
These talk of going up to put it out I
am myself clean beat out But the
flame rises and spreads instantly and
hopclesslv Before a man could have
run to it, it had covered a great sniface,
the flames towering, and vast volumes
of smoke rolling heavily up. Each tuft
of bunch grass had under it the dry,
tough fibrous accumulations of many
years. Under this the smaller birds
nested. It was like tinder, and in im
mense quantity, and the lire fairly
rioted in plenty, tor twenty minutes
I labored in vain to get a single angle
on any of the heights, as the whole
upland was obscured completely. Our
work was evidently over, though un
umsneu ; 1 reluctantly recalled my
friend, and we packed up and de
scended to the shore.
An excellent map of the inner bays
and of the west side is secured. The
precise position and height of the two
summits are defined, and, with the aid
of many sketches, an excellent map of
the whole tsbnd is satisfactorily ob
tained. Two hours more work would
have much chborated it. We are very
thankful to have got so much.
The princess stood on the rocks where
we had landed. This point had become
impracticable with the rising sea, and
the people, still 100 or so, were passing
around the cove to vhc further side,
where they were entering the boats with
much difficulty. The princess, however,
was not minded for that scramble. She
ordered her boat to where we stood. At
a favorable moment the boat darted up,
and with a strong man on each side, she
rushed through the surge and sprang in,
and was far off before I realiied that
all was right She had made all prep
aration 1 for a plunge land twin off,
had the boat swamped on the rock
The agile neatness of the movement
was a marvel
Tciling around the jaged rocks with
my pet transit, I saWsoftic .ofnaUvcj
embark before I couldgct aturji SmVie
sprang nimbly on thctlxjw. snSc jum
bled in head over hecWmc did pot
tumble in at all, but felnatJhc iter.
Saw one poor girl fail inhcT'iring
barely get her amis over the gunwale,
and hang fainting, so that it was some'
minutes before she could be lifted in,
as the boat surged back. Finally by
getting middle deep in the surge, got
my jump, and the transit safe.
In an hour or so after this, all were
aboard. By marvels of activity and
skill, and through divine mercy, be
tween joo and 300 people had landed
and embarked, and not a single serious
injury received, so far as I heard.
F.spcclal care was taken with the white,
who were unaccustomed to tbc hazar
dous work. Hawaiians arc thoroughly
practiced in such things.
There arc perhaps 200 acres of slopes
occupied by birds, and probably 1,500
uests in an acre, making 500,000 young
and as many old birds, or one mil
lion. Besides these arc the swarms
inhabiting the precipices. As we left,
I estimated the surface already burned
over at not less than 20 acres, and 50,
000 young must have perished on their
nests. The flames rolled on and the
billows of smoke rose to Heaven, like a
Gomorrah, as we steamed away. Where
would their destructive spread be
stayed? Poor island! wretched birds I
What an invasion of the feathery priva
cies! What a flaming curse we left
upon their home '
no one icnows now tne lire was
kindled. No one was within 100 yards
of it when it was first noticed. Numbers
of people had passed the vicinity within
half an hour. No one of us had the
forethought to suggest the prohibition
of smoking above the shore. Indeed
no one, before landing, could have sus
pected the extreme combustibility of
The soil is thin and ashy in color
and lightness. Since leaving the island,
I am disposed to believe that it must
have a considerable commercial value
as a fertilizer. The vegetation seems
to suffer from its extreme richness.
Much of the soft surface rock iseems
absolutely saturated with guano. I
could hardly find an uncontaminated
specimen to bring away. I 'inspect
that sojnebojy here will ere long make
some money from Nihoa. But I never
saw a guano deposit before, and
thought nothing of it while ashore.
We made Kaula at an early hour on
Friday, steamed round it and landed a
party on the ledge under the Western
precipice. These scrambled and swam
to the north-east end and mounted the
upland, when the birds suddenly arose
like a vast thick swarm of gnats. They
shortly returned with bags of birds, and
leaping into the sea at the north end,
swam to the boats. This island forms
a very perfect Low of about 130 of a
circle opening to the East- It is per
haps 2,000 feet long and 400 feet wide
at its thickest part in the center, and
perhaps 300 feet high, with inaccessi
ble precipice in most of its circuit
caused by marine eiosion. It is 3 true
" cinder-cone," and its eroded faces dis
play beautiful forms of lamination or
"onion-skin" strata, such as are con
spicuous on the sea face of the souther
true Koko Head. This formation has
few craanies for birds, which appear to
be confined to the top.
On the outer north-west face is a
large"cave, into which the Princess was
rowed about aoo feet Its entcsoce is
a Gothic arch 30 feet high. To the
southward of this, an angle of the preci
pice exhibits a marked human profile,
with a large white rock for an eye, in
Touching a few hours at Niihau,
where all acre hospitably entertained,
(I noted the glorious sweet rotatoe3)
we ran straight at Lehua. The Princess
ordered to sail around the outer side,
which suddenly opened a wonderfnl
bay to windward, enclosed by two long
thin precipitous arms of yellow Umi
nated cinder. As On Kaula, the heaw
side of the crater is to the leeward.
The uniformity of this Uw is beautiful.
The prevailing trades press to leeward
the bulk of the higher ejecta of the
brief tixplosion whiai builds the cone
and we see the peculiar westerly lean
as in Punchbowl, Diamond Head,
Koko Head &&, &c. Lehua and
KauU are beautiful samples of the
transient volcanic form of the cinder
cone as contrasted with the hoary pin
nacles of Nihoa, the kcleton of an old
and grand volcanc now wasted and
submerged. Sink Oahu a, 100 feet,
and 900 feet of Konahuanui would
project, almost the twin brother of
iuoa in snapc, position and Structure.
I find Nihoa in extreme length about
5,200 feet, averaging 1,500 feet wide
Its north-west pimaile is 903 feet high,
its north-east one 870 feet I uw no
coral or calcareous subvtance except
the sand beach at a distance. I nb.
served no distinct tokens either of sub
sidence or of sny recent elevation such
as the Kauai or Niihau lowlands apptar
to indicate. Any considerable close
and continued observation may hare
after develop much that is important
concerning the past of Nihoa.
S. E. RiiHor.
Honolulu, July 30, 1885,
A t. THURSTON,
(SucreMor lo tuiTH A Tiicmroi)
Attorney ot .,
Na. s MitcHAvr Sunt Monoitnu
'.IIVs. ERNEST CRADDOCK
fh n e. t . it i n ..t (sat ..l
pt I At SchoUr ml Fnrtr.an of
srttar.ttv jyn .vkiomk,
Kin College, txuvlon.
OrrtrKAir kKstntstK No. ij Fort me!, Utely
oceuptev! by nr ihrpmier
9 (Otf OCiOct. A, M.
1 to 5 thl 1 to 8 f. m
tlttarntjt uriif CiiiH$elnr nt hip.
Natj Kaahumanu Si-brut
r-Bo t. UADCOCK,
Jeiteher of the llano fort,
Addrr, care Messrs. West, Ilow 4 Co.,
N'o'f-j Fort Sr Honolulu
,rtijcr--NiCF.riiin;t street. )-flS8
iiMS-tV VwJ1 ,
rr--;r- ,wwvts.. .nuvnL ... a . .
T M. WHITNEY, M. D., D, D. S.
Dental lloom, fl Fnrl Street,
HoNotcu! II. I.
Olnce In Hrewer'a Idoik, earner Hotel inj Fori
Street, entrance on Hotel Street. uo-?At
Atlamry awl Cnttnarttor at Jftr,
,lnf Jfettt to take .IcAiioirCfrtempiifA,
No. 14 KaAMUMANV hTXKHT HONOLULU
TNO. A. HASS1NGBR,
Agrut lo take Acknotcttttyments to Con'
Irrtff for IiftVor,
NrtKion OrriCK HofOLVLU
TOHN H. PATY,
Notary I'ttbttc ami Coinmtaaion i)ertt$,
For the State cf California and New York. Office
at the lUnV of ttlthup &. Co.
HoNoilUf, Qamr, ILL to-i6r
P P. CRAY, M. D
MtYSlCIAS ASI SUltaKOXt
Office, next door to the Honolulu Library
9 to IO A. M.
Offici Hour to i r. m.
7 to Sr m,
Suml), 9 to tt a. m.
RF.SIDENCE,cor. Kinau and Peimcal Stt.
VJ CASTLB,Vyj. r&
. r -
Attorney at faiw and Xvt
Attends all the Court of the Km2domJ,-Sio-$i
Jmpotter and Dealer in Glassware,
Met Idea Silver-Vtated Ware,
No. 6 j Fort Strkbiv, .,.,... . ...Honolulu
Kimr Cjmbiaation Soectacles
L.usirai ire i are,
.. ... ... .. .
Fancy Soara. Picture traxne.
Woftteaholma rocket Lutlery, II. I. Chase
view. Clark, a bpool Cottuu, Machine 'Oil, all
kind of Machine Needle, "Domemc Paper Fashion.
oie agent 01 tne aruveuuy acknowieugea L,int.
Running Domeitic Seviog Machine.
A S. CLEGHORN ft Co.
importers atd Dealers m General Mer
chandise, Corner Queen aid Kaahumanu Street, Honolulu,
Watchmaker and Jeweler,
Watch rpalrins mad r Spooialltj,
AU prders from the othet iUands promptly attended to.
No 55, llOTKLbTRKKT ,. ....HONOLULU, 1L1
A W. PEIRCE ft Co.
No. m Qvmws St.,, Honolulu.
Aeent for Brand Guns and Bomb lancet and Per
ry liaui Pain Killer (10-261
A LLBN ft ROBINSON,
Dealers in Lumber and all kind of Build
ing Material, Valuta, Oils, Xuils, etc,
No. 44 Qxees Strkrt. Honolulu. H. L
AUK NT Or CHOONKRS
HaleakaU. KuUmanu, KtkauJaohl, Mary Ellen,
Uilama, PaoaM and Leabl.
At kulinxn Wliaf, tio-irji
OISIIOP A CO., Bankers
Honul-ULV, Hawaiian Islands.
Draw Eachanae on
THE BANK OF CALIIORNIA,
Aod their agents In
Messrs. N M, KOrilSCHILDA SONS,
The COMMERCIAL BANKING CO,
OF SV'DNEV, LONDON,
TheCOUMKKCIAL HANKINO Ca.
OF SYDNEY, SYDNtY
The BVNKS OF NEW ZF.ALANDI
Tilt: nvNKS of uKinsii columuia.
VICTORIA, V,Cy AKD PORTLAND, OR,
TriUUJit a Ctmral tjiitinr Buiixtll.
CBMBWER ft COMPANY,
Qrsjrjf SreRir, IIomolilu.
OttVerv !, C Jon.., r.B s.d.nt and manager:
JOMfO u. l-anrr, ueavstusr ana s.rs4vy. DrsSde.;
now. stuss ss, tuwwpaul IS. A. f. Varti
rtsr; w. r
(roaxsair with aoixa A cu.1
triimtemmle mnd MemU Uretttyr,
ill, Koui Srsaarr ........ Unnaa lla.uox llatu
I'aosUr, PUntslma, autaun sUtet sapylwd al sh..t
sxak.. hew cvuda bv rj iimmi, Orders finj
Ih. sab. lajsJlMUsluHy
r C COLBMAN,
Jata.Aaa.Wt, JTA(M, Cetrrlmg,
sataiUa Mumr, etc Skoai ws Kb Sum
WLaasla CswU'a .aw
s B-D0LE-,' w
Counaetur at Jrat,awli1tttafM&Hbltc,
p R, WILLIAMS.
tMrOHTB ANIJ DAt IN
FtimUttr nf Krtry lrrl)tlnnt Atn
tfththtrr mid MiHtftirturtr.
Kiintiturt Vrrttn No, in Fort iitrttt. VotW
thoj al oM itAiHl on Hotel Stmt AU order protrtptlr
aiiMfclctt to U-J3
ASTLR A COOKE,
Jlhtpitttttr rirnl (Vitimlt(ftrl tfrrA(f Hi,
No. 80 KiNaSTumr . .. Honolvu
tMttXlTIM AMD pRAlltRt IN
The Hitchcock A Company' PUnUtton.
Th Al under A lUliIwin PUntAtion.
K. HaUtead, or WaUIua rUntatiun.
X H Smith A CompAny, Kola. Kami,
J M AIeAnder, llnVu, Maul.
The HitVu Sugar Company.
lite Kohila Sugar Compinr.
The Union Insurance i ompAny of San PranictftH
The New V ngUml Life Insurance Company of IMtnrt
flie lllaVe MamtfAclurina CompAny of llmton
D. t Wrttoti'. 1'atriit Centrifugal Machine.
The New York ami Honolulu Pvcktt Line.
'the Merchant' Lint. Honolulu and San FrancU,
Wilca tllbV Singer Mvmfarturing Company,
Wheeler.fi Wilson' bewlnr Machine. Jio-ttJi
TJ Pt ADAMS,
Attctloitert ami Corttmtton Merchant,
No, 46QCBCN SiRtitr, Honolulu
CO, HOFFSCHLAEGBR A Co.
Importer a tut Cotnmlton Merchant,
No. 4 Que- Strret.,., Honolulu Oahu. 1 1 1
pD C. ROWE,
House and Sign Painter,
Parsa Hanchr, etc.,
No. 107 King Strrrt.
P O HALL A SON (Limited)
importers and d&alers in
Ilanl tea re and General Merchandise,
CORHRR Or KtNC AND FoRT STRUTS, HONOLULU
William W, Hall , lVetident and Manager
L. C Abies ... . Secretary and Treasurer
W.K.Allen. . . .Auditor
Director Ttiomas May, K. O. White -256307
P A. SCHAEFBK A Lo.
Importers and Commission Merchants,
No ioMkkchant Strrrt,. . . .Honolulu
P H. OBDING.
Kxpre and Drayman,
Office. No. 81 Klne Street.
Residence. No. 47 Pnnchbowl Steret.
Honolulu, Oahu, H. 1.
Freight, Packages, and ltaggage dehireJ to and from
oiijurtaot Honolulu ami 1c1n1ty, caret m at
tention paid to mownz Furniture, with
WAGONS EXPRhSSLY FOR THE PURPOSE,
OfTice Telephone. No 86.
House 1 clcphone. No 00. ajo-aoo
Hoot and Shoemaker
Boots and Shoes made to Order.
No. 103 Fort Strut. Honolulu
U W, HACRARLANE, II. R. MACVVKLANB.
Q W. MACFARLANE ft CO.
Importers, Commllon Marokaata
and Sosmr Factors.
Fire proof Building Queen atrect, Honolulu.
Puuloa Sheep Ranch Co. Hawaii.
J, Fouler & Co'aSieam Plow anct Portable Tram a
Mialess, Watson A, Co' Sujar Machinery, GlatKOw
(jUscow and Honolulu Line of Packets,
Liverpool and Honolulu Line of Packets,
London and Honolulu Line of Steamer,
Sua Fir OfEcc of London. , 243-294
IT HACKPELDft Co.
General Commission Agents,
Co. Fort and Qukrn Strkrts...
TTOLLISTER ft Co.
Wholesale and Rttall Druggist and Tt
No. jg, Nuuanu bti-RRT...... ,, Honolulu
TJOPP ft CO.,
Nu 74 King Street,... ., Honolulu
Upholsterers, Draper and Dealers In all
Kinds of Furniture
letephone No. 143
Importer, of Ueneral MereMandlee from
rrunee, liHulahd, fl.riMMy iincI
the United Atatte.
No. sIQirrnStssit ... Honoluiu
No to6 FhQNT SraiKT,.
IT B. McINTYRB ft BROTHER,
Grocery and ? Store,
Cor, King akd Kot bn... ,..... ....IIomolCV
ONOLULU IRON WORKS Co.,
Hiram Knulnei, nettere, Huyar Mill,,
Cooler,, Iron, JUoaa a led Lend Vuetlnge.
Hokulvu; ... , ..11, 1
lachcry of every description made i?s order
Particular att.miuai pak to Ship's Ulacksmilhing
Jfrb work .accuted on the shortest butic. 9ioti
TNO. O. FOWLER ft Co.,
Are in-eture,! I, fmrntml, fl,ne and Ke4l
mate, for Sleet
VVu or wlthosa Cars and Locuaotises Specialty
ADAITKO JOR SUGAR PLArslAllONS.
I ersteiia Kad.ays. and tjouinuties aod cars 1 rac
tson InglD. and Hoad LocuiaMSlvs, ftlurn
FkAialuiijr and Culllvallng MachuMry, I'ors
au. lutlAes Sur all purpura, Wiodsag
CiiiUiiis wish lllassralloas, Mudall and II1U0.
grapba of the aljuv. Plaids and hlachnMry asay t. aat
allheUacHof the undersmnat. W. U OKLfcN and
II.W. UACKAKL.VNKACC).,ArMsfoe iu Fow.
ler k O m-.t.
j w. oinviN,
'uiI.h Merekanl am Oenerai neater
U Or UameU,
W.iuu, Maui II.
Cigirtut, Hardware, Stsltunary. Fal.X MadatWa,
riniswf aasi sMaaswar.
JOHN T. WATBBMOU8B.
Healer ias Ueaeroi Jsffs-
No. r-J Ovua 5taur.
T M, OAT, JR., A CO.
Xtitttnner ami w Heater
Itett llnbber 5Mrnj Agney
OUIITK IlLOCK NO, M MtRCMATT TRRRT
Jl-jofl Honolulu, If. t
Ttnt tapper mint Sheet Irtn Worker,
Stnren ami itanaet.
of tl limit, Plumbrr' stock and metal, houc furmh
In KoosU, chamleticrt, lamp, etc,
No, 9 Kaahumano Sttraf , Honolulu
T AINR A Co,
Importer ami dealer in Hay, Oraln and General
HONOIL'LU, .. ittin. 1,
T BW3RS A COOKB,
(St ;ror to Lkwrr A Dickvjn.)
Importer .mi7 Healer In Lumber ami alt
Jclntl of JtuittUaa Material
No. it Fort Sfrrrt . .. . ..Honoliui
T AHLO. w
Iteater In r; tlooit, Hire, Teat JiA-frtinf
ll'auet? tloml, llata, Hoot rfrJf
Hhnem, llran, feed ami flour.
Cigar and Tobaeeo
Alo proprietor of Rice and Siwar Plantation at
Kancohe, koolau, Waipio, Lwa, and HeeU.
Co a. NtltlANU AND ClMFLAlrf ST., IIONOLLLl'
Auctioneers and Commission Merchants,
Corner Fort and Qurbn Stuits, Honolllv.
Sale of Furniture, Stock, Heal Estate and General
Merchandise promptly attended to. Sole aeent for
American and l.uropean merchandise,
J J. &
1UT PHILLIPS ft Co.
Importer mf ITholesate Dealers In CtatJi-
ing Hoot, Shoest Mats, Men Fur
nlshlng Goods, fancy Goods, Kte,
No, 10 Kaahumanu Strrkt
it 0-36 1
TWT W. McCIIBSNEY ft SON,
leather, It Ides, Tallotr and Commission
A gent 1 for the Roal Soap Company.
4a Qubhn Strkrt . .
S. GRIN5AUM ft Co.
1m potters attd WhotessJe Denier In Gen
Makkk's Uixkk .... .Quirn Strrrt, Honolulu
S. GRINBAUM A Co.
Forwarding and Commission Merchants,
No. ai4 California St. San Francisco.
Special facilitie for and particular attention paid to
coiisirnmeiit of hland t:
pACIFIC HARDWARE CO.
Importers and Dealers in Hardware, Cat
tery, -M DO(t
Paints and OiN, and General Merchandise.
N0.74ANU , Fori Strrkt. Honolulu
C J- LEVEY & CO..
1holenme una Itetall Oroeera,
No. Q3 Kokt Strekt ... . tlloNouav
Frevh jrocr!es and provUion of all bind on h.l And
received regularly from Kurope and America mch
will br sold at the lowou market rates.
Goods dehveted to an part cf the city free of charge.
Island orders solicited and prompt attention will be
civen to the same. 316-267
THE WESTERN AND HAWAIIAN IN
vestment Company (Umlt.d.)
Money loaned for long or short periods on appro
securil). Apply to
W. ! UKl.l-.Pi,
Office Heaver lllock, Fort St
"pHEO. H. DAVIBS A Co.
(Lati Ianiok, Gkskn &. Ca)
Importtrm riMtl ConiHif.afon MerehnntB.
No. 4 Kaahumakt St ...HoKOLtiLp
Llovd' And the Liverpool Underwriters,
Drttlsh and t oreign hlarine Insurance Company, and
Northern Assurance Crvnpany. aio-a6t
'T'liOS. O. THRUM,
lMIMRTISd AKS MANerACTVRINO
Stationer, Hook teller, Printer, Hook'
And publisher of the Hawaiian Almanac and Aimual
Dealer in ! me stationery. Hooks, Music, 1o)l and
Kokt Strkrt. Near IIotru ... . Uonoiclu
C, WSJIT, H, M. IKiW, C W MACPARLANR.
11TEST, DOW ft CO ,
Itrjoorier, and Dealer, In all kind, of
Mnele, f'unry anil slutHinea. Good,,
Furniture of all kinds. Sewing Machines, Mirrors,
l'ainlings, Chromo aud loys, lcture Frameil fsnu
Cornices to order. Moving and repairing Furniture
No. 105 roKT StaasT.. ..IIONOLl'Lt'
Dealer In Cnoltett Herf, real. Mutton, Ute,
No. 6 Qurrh .Strict, run Market.
Family and Shipping orders carefully attended la
Live Stock furnished to Ycasels at short notice.
Yrgcubles of all kinds supplied to order.
TatarHONR, , . ... , No. 11s.
OOSTON BOARD OF UNDERWRITERS.
C. BSEH'EE & Ce.,
Agmts (or Ih Hawaiian laasuids.
R1TISH FOREIGN MARINB tNSUR
IK CouipAii-. (United)
Tit 80. It, SAWRS, AC8XT,
The aW-r agent ht received luatructioa la re
duce toe rat pi ib.uuu: tMtween iiotutiiusi ang
I'ort la the Hacitc, aJ U noiv prepared to luua tmll
cm at lh loetii rale, will. i(Ui rcducilon on
iieigm jt Haamert. aio-aoi
QRBMBN BOARD OF UNDBkWRITBKS,
F.A SCfARFMRfrC Aftt
Alo a vent for the
Drw4a Bfurd of Uautt rwritar P
Vlwauu BoaTd of Uftderwritera,
Fur tit HawaMan lUatui. iu-t,w
FORTUNA 0BN6RAL 1NSUCANCB COM'
paay of Bwlus.
f. A SCIIAKrXR C. AGENTS,
The abov. lasuraAC. Comuany, has etsatlislssd a
Geuffra! AgsJKY hersv and th. .ulcrsigned. General
Aleuts, ar. autliurustd to lak. risks agalna Ih. dangers
M 111. teem, al th. most reajMinaU. rate and oai th.
raoa favoratl. lerma. sio-a,l
GERMAN LLOVD MARIN INSURANCE
Coat. of BsvitiB,
r. A, SCItABtKK o- C, AGENTS.
tie atwva InsuraM. Corai'gjpr Ku eealf rfhsJ a Gen.
eral stcy hare and the aWTf MgosJ.lWneral Agents,
are auilM.iml S. tea. Kssks ascaixM th. dangers U Ih.
aaaaa.tWssHa4reaMinaU.iatw. anal en th. anusl fa
vurahl. tersna sius4i
TJAMBUROMAtWSSUaU. PIR INCUR.
A A l.tsttttajr M
B.ildi4t, ( Mertlssadise, Knrsulai. aad Machlaary
Inwred sgeiail Fir. eat . swM favavahla lersaa,
U AMarURO-MBMEN flRK IIMrURAMCg
A A sassjaaasf , ci ,
?, A. SCHAEfM Or Ce., AGENTS,
The aWe. sVnst Latiaa Us, asawant.,! aaaala Jt tku
yassiiy sii ai4 1. saastM tUe, spia. oa
fshnw aad Km. h.laTa.1 aa4 aw MwitaiiiTa. sfsaeei
laeena, tm taw a. SavwiaH. I ansa. Urn taaiiniilaii
ttdf uiAsdLv tto-mi.
NORTH GERMAN PIRB INSURANCE
Com pant of llambiirr,
H HACKFRtD sV C, AORSTS
Capital ami Krv Relchimaik Mjo.no
thif Rt ImmratK Companies, 35,noa
rh Agent if the a!-of Company, foe ire Hawaiian
Ulimlt, art prepum! to innre HniMing. Fnmiture,
Merthamlie u Produce, Machinery. He, alw butar
and Rice MtlU Rml ! In the hart, asVntt
or damage by me, on the mmt fa tor a We term.
NrtW ENGLAND MUTUALLIPB 1NSUR
anct Company of Uotton.
CASTLE A COOKF. ACRXTS
INCOai-ORATRO tljj. ft
The oldest Purely Mutual Ljfo Iriturance
Company in the United SUtet.
Vollele tMHued oh th taoil Favorable Trm
Lossm paid thiough Honolulu Agency, $40,e
HILADBLPIItA BOARD OP UNDER
C. BJtRH'AR A C.
Agents for the Hawaiian I stand.
TRANSATLANTIC PIRB INSURANCE
Company of Hamburg,
A 1 1 AC K rK I D A Ce , Agimtt,
Capital and Rratrve. . ....Retchsnurk &
lhlr Re Intur.nce Compintc, '
TcxaI , 1 vuiPeiclnniMli
11. Agent of.the above Company, J?i'5i
Ittands Rre prepared to Inture lluilding, rV-
t.rKfnit ii.l lWlid Lf.rtilii.nf , . a1a. i
nnil Kic Mittf, and vctwl In iht h.tb3r ag.lntt fat.
or lUnuge bjr (tt, on the most f.vur.btt ttim.
TUB LIVERPOOL AND LONDON AND
Glob. Insuranc. Comp.nr(
HIS110P&' Co., AttStfrS.
lMllinllrrf Liability to KtoekHoldm.
Anili, ,, , ..,.Si,,iw
rt ,.. . ,T1e
INCOHR rOR 18791
Premium, received fl.r deduction of r
LoMe, promptly adjuftted and paid here.
of San Franclaco.
CASTLK A COOKE, AGS.VrS.
lncorKrated l8;s ,it,6l
NEW ENGLAND MUTUAL LIFE
Insurance Company of Boston,MtH.
Auetm .illlimrv let,, IHH4, li.O''y $17,
000,000. Polices lisued on the moat favorable tfme, tad
.bsolutely Non-Forfeltabl. after Two
bxamplk op NoM-Fu.rk'iruaa: plan s
lniured aa 35 year so yten Endowment 1'lan for
.In iun Premium $,4,an
Csb Surr. V'l'e, Pd-up ln,
At the .nd of the ad War. $ acta.,, S MS
?. ." tf,7
4th ' &4J.J !,!
5th " ,JI.H l,ai,
6th " s,,.. SiM
I'h " ,SJ5 l, !.
,.h . ".$ .!,
f)lh ' l.(V7.o s,so
loth " s.,11 65 a,ff,
nth " '.157 f J.s
lath " MiMI fc
ijth a,4j. .fli
4th .967.7o i.T
' ' ."J f J.MI
th J$75 J5 a,li,
'2't I Hl-5 .
l.th ' .6ij.7 ..b.
oth ' ,,aoao. t.a
The second and subseq.nt premiums are likely I.
be reduced by itKrentlmf annual Jittributiens tf s.r
i&" Applications can b had of and full information
will I given by the Agents,
CHARLES BRBWBR Jk Co.
i Kiliv Stiit, Hoitok,
AGENTS OF HA VTA HAS FACKKTM,
General Commission Agent
biiecial attention given to the urchaiing of good fur
the Hawaiian tnde. Freitrht at lowett rates
TJ W. SEVBRANCB,
w6 CALiroKNU Sr,, Cal.,(Room No. )
HAWAilAX CONSUL COMMISSION
84 Post Bt. & F.
Send for Ctraalar,
'Il.e Fpu. Di'sikkss Col sir Includes Single and
Double Entry Hook-keep insr, as applied 10 all dnart
ments of lysines: Commercial Arithmetlcl Ewslnsts.
Inniaruvlil; Mercantile Law) UuilneM Cirreti
in: Mercantile Lawl uuslnes. Crresoaeul.
ence: lectures on Law: Business Forms, and Ih.
Science of Acivuhtt. Actual Hutlne Practice In
Wholetal ami Heuil MerchandUing, Commlioa,
Jobbing, Importing, Rllrodm, Eaprtw Bauatat,
IlroUrage, and Banking; Knlih Ilrancht, IncludiM
KtaUlng, Spelling, Gramaur, eicj Drawlag; aa4
Modem Language, coolting of practical Intirvctioa
in French, Geipian, and bpaaUh.
SraciAL Uhanchks attf Omftmcnta) Penmanitilpa
Higher Mathtiaallc., Purvey uig.NaTigetlon, Civil ta
ginecring, Anaaying. Short llaml, Ty-WrUlng, Tele
! full (nfuriuatten addreu,
y-ttt San Fakcik,Cau
1 Mil 18-WBBB
N. F. BURGESS,
VAHVKXTKK AND UVMLDKM,
Rcviifaltr anrwuitce to the public that
he au purchaied the
itunae ia.tril)r suWocJeai by Mi. 0. M. tesXs, al
No. 8 KUng ttrMt. which will b tutder th rainagt
met of hi. a, B. F. BUBOBBS.
Hi Kaprete will ait!! th arrival ot every teaaer
aod pronipur deliM
KKEIUHT, I'ACKAOES & IIACOACK,
In llottoitdu and vkinily.
Movsvd with sar
IIF, ALSO, HAS I'UHCHASei) THE
Tobacco, Cifar and Ss)4a WaMr,
IIuuuh buMosor. k.sahr Mr. J.W, Hinsjasy,
No.aj a jna,.kU, will W uala.ia7Hr his
Uw baa uuaJM.
I T-4-.liua iImj rnUtc tW paal favw ai
to Vaomutiy taecuu M vols la eillkar
ft, al tweSMmtsM twitgi wwW r(
wwswe- -m tnint, asaHVvarassta p.
Jtw faeVatrM av asMb
a.aaWiM r.laA,sn Km. M0.
.Va, H4 lUmm
N UmSlk A,JitmtmS9hnMti
aewtaw I. nrdar hy sit
MtaW lUtHIHI CQIM'AMr.
i ,. n