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S I I 'UNA'S I'KKHS
no mmm $ i nun wwi
f. a. (.
l.H SB PRBBt rWlllitSlllNCr COM.
K v suit
. AUfitlWT K iMj
ii ir?r .v nntiK "
sr Dr I.ttjuwi Abbott "llierc
are mil three wtys by wviteh a roan ran
kit anything by proihicirtf; it, by to
. eiting h w a jiVl or by Meaiing it
I here n no strait cut to reikf Hcmy
tit tjt relts 01 that if wc had rommnmt)
in land n thirty wuHI le well, Un
Russia has (pntrtrcalt)) such a com
munism, ami yet ha the oorest peas-
anttv in Europe Another reformer
b'ames the use of machinery. Some
offer jtfotecrton, but Germany has pro
if ion . some free trade, but England
has free trade ; ami the peasantry in
those countries are in misery. We
must find some way by which employ
ment will lie more general and remun
erative, and wc must recognize the prin
ciple that the laborer is worthy fa fair
share of thruspK of the work. As a
j3ii may be asserted that the work-
Tng man has received only a bare means
of living. You cannot have a great
wealthy class without hating a large
poor class. We must learn in some
way to distribute the wealth which they
hae learned only to accumulate and
concentrate. Politically our country
is democratic but industrially it is aris
tocratic. The poor miners in Pennsyl
vania complain that ten men can assem
ble at Iing Uranch oer their wine and
cigars, and decide how much coal shall
be mined and how many men shall
receive an opportunity to earn a liveli
hood. There must be something wrong
in the system when 500,000 men seek
in vain for work."
The argument is beginning to app'y
with fatal force to the Hawaiian King
dom. Note the tmpty houses ; con
sider the falling off of retail trade ;
scrutinize the out-going passenger lists;
and consider, while there is yet time, if
it is not bettttvio forego some of the
profits that some plantation stock
holders are icceiving rather than help
on the fatal drift of events which seems
determined to make of Hawaii a nation
of the rich few and the poverty-stricken
The recent disastrous storm has
taught the folly of planting algcrobas as
shade trees. Henceforth they ought
to be relegated to pasture fields, or
such tuns of the home grounds as arc
not near driveways or walks. .Mr.
Jaeger our best local authority on the
subject considers the atgeroba a
dangerous tree if planted so that it
overhangs either driveways or footways.
But there is a better reason than that
for not planting any more algerobss,
and for displacing many of those
already growing with fruit trees. Ex
perience has demonstrated that the soil
and climate of Honolulu are eiactly
suited to the production of certain tropi
cal fruits. There ought to two thou
sand orange trees in satisfactory bear
ing in Honolulu. There ought to be
as many-profitable avocado trees. The
fruit of the passion vine, chutney man
goes, figs, grapes, lemons, ought to be
sold here at a profit (heap. Only a
favored few can have chutney mangoes;
lemons arc imported from San Fran
cisco, native grapes arc as dear or
dearer than the imported; oranges are
so dear that only the wealthy can afford
to buy them. And a dozen delicious
fruits that might be mentioned are sel
dom seen and never, or almost never,
exposed for sale. If the people of
Honolulu begin to plant fruit trees
now, and will give them the thought,
the care, the attention that fruit growers
elsewhere gjve their trees, within the
next decade (and that's not far ahead)
there will be fruit enough in Honolulu,
at reasonable prices, to make this town
a fat plcasanter living place than it
The country has suffered severely
in the late stormtoo much so for the
present admtnist.uticm to repair dam
ages, according to their admission of
their own trumpet because the naughty
opposition has interfered with the little
plot of placing the loan. Oh,thc naughty,
naughty men, so to act as";o bring
such condign punishment upon them
selves! Hut then they did nt expect
such a storm in midsummer, when the
treasury was eniptv. The "oldest
inhabitant" has failed to recall its like.
Our storms mually come in the fait
when tax-gatherers arc afield and iImx
ing the treasury with the sinew s of war.
In this grave error it is fair to presume
that they cannot be forgiven by an out
raced nation while the coming cam
paign promises to be so hot and lively.
No wwulcr thebontsof Kamebainelu I.
have been dutuibctl by uch conduct.
'Hie wonder is the bones of any of Ma
waifs kin,;s can rest while these naughty
opfXMtionms arc breathing ought but
glory to Kipikona. The evidence is
gaining ground that the old conqueror
it the only king after all that hat any
cetuhkntien for the welfare of the ru
(tea. Au c ka nuke.
Hunt II hi ' I II I I
ht 1 niiiiti'iifi ot thf iurri uatti'
in these Uml in the mterett f
jmhtfc HnH and of pvtbtte motaVs.
The ttMor Of Mi Apt etftekr AdftrttMf
Mutts MN to thbiv o Mr II K
tJHtolani, pvhwmniMe mernhn from
HoMNtta, tmd nc to think 10
Hot the dWmfwMied think en refste
sent twbHr ojrWkm quite as little as a
twee f wlkw compel the presence
ofsmntflcr Dtej itisy be the Attain
Smith of tMrrotk finance ami the
Henry George of opfum morality the
Darwin ami Spenret of an era of
srlentMc debauchery . bat they do twt
represent pttWic opinion on these
islamta. The Advertiser's editor does
not even represent his masters - unless
.Mr. OJilwon and Mr. Spteekcls hnvc
change! their minds since last session.
We IwkI been led to lelleve that there
was a limit beyond which even they
reftiscd to go and that they drew the
line at licensing the opium habit .Mr.
Gibson certainly knows, Mr Spreckcls
probably knows, their editor our )it to
know, that alcohol, opium and the
licentiousness of immoral rn.rt, white,
yellow and aboriginal, a.fc making
steady inroads upon the health, the
moral stamina and ' the reproductive
power of the Hawaiian rare. They all
know, opesghrfo know, that, of all the
three?' the opium habit is the least
easilr shaken off. I hev know, or
ought to know, that prohibition makes
opium more costly and more difficult
to obtain, and the opium habit less
likely to spread They know, or ought
to know, that legal tabu restrains the
native race to a wonderful extent They
know, or ought to know, that license
would make the trade more open,
more tempting, more dangerous. If
it is right to import opium, except
for medicinal purposes, it is right to sell
it to retailers, right for retailers to sell
it to consumers, and right for consumers
to smoke it The same course of rea
soiling applies to the liquor traffic. Hut
public opinion docs not vet sustain the
exclusion of alcoholic drinks, wliile it
does sustain the exclusion of opium.
Wc apeal to public opinion, and ask
that all the memlcrs who shall be
elected to the next legislature be in
structed to vote against the importation
and licensing of opium because it is
dangerous to health and finally fatal to
life; because it is destructive of intel
lect and finally fatal to morality ; and
because it is especially dangerous to
the Hawaiian race. Let us never re
move the safeguard of opium prohibi
tion. Let us remember the noble
sentiment that heads this appeal
" Hoculu Ka I-thui ;" "Increase the
People !" Let us never forget that
licensing the opium habit would make
debauchery legal, and so help to de-
nitr ii nrHKtrM
I hi rmirr inns frv(m .
Mr apmillaf m wtrttwr
Tl TVr mjt Mm tlMM
TO y thiiswwiy'i i
rnr muiHVi 1 " Mr
HMlirllnMlKhl In KnkMllitlf
() iIni tf, lfc J 'X Mtll rflMtm
rem tntml of the nation thMt tm knaw ill
nniMy '' ' n(j r .1 n ujn r i ni i h Hl'y milU t m.i'C I I i-ntf n Knuli im'
i nirir rnginr hn ti )i -f itr t.iilf, ii . nntrnitni e, H imlMni nc(rfcn. t wiih
Inn majr "' mm '"" ,hf null whrn ih i ih mill 41 1 1 ilea, Kan I am iy writ anair
Isiltt h In ntwrsttem Thr rriw l jo liy jo, thai nvalnni, nuimf m ami efltrl ai
The Advertiser of yesterday contains
an editorial, About Small Farm Settle
ments, with portions of which we think
readers generally will agree. It sets
forth clearly and pointedly from the
covernmint's point of view the diffi
culties preventing the immediate opera
tion of the homestead law. The writer
believes, after personal observatson of
Mr. 1. F. Hrown's work, that that
gentleman is performing it faithfully
and intelligently. But we think even
the best friends of Minister Gulick will
admit that the work might le more ex
peditiously carried on if that procrasti
nating official had nothing to do with
it As to the $35,000 thought neces
sary by the Advertiser to make the law
operative, wc think it argues some lack
of forethought on part of the minister
of the interior that no means were fur
nished to carry out the law. He and
his colleagues had a majority behind
them. He of all men ought to have
known what was essential to the opera
tion of such a law. We think tax-payers
would not grudge the payment of $35,
000 to insure the settlement of govern
ment lands by worthy immigrants or
by industrious and progressive Hawaii
ians. Hut wc think it will take more
than the mere assertion of the govern
ment pacr unsupported by a detailed
statement from the land office to r
suade tax-pajers that so large a sum is
nessary to mak; operative a law that
ought to be self suporting. The fling
at the M science" of the survey depart
ment is of a piece with the usual war
fare of lite Advertiser.
UVn the rwR(j ! i!H fwit
ArI IS THa?l ttli ata
on ibf ffeftt,
Awl Mmm fcitW
" The wn Uh (Mt ro u
A pal the totrkwiet wstenc a
Ok K'awt 1
Vfe mM meml the awfal lamtf
If we eiwM olj wtiar,e
With a Ik.
" Tke Oaia lute r " ')
IJeVrt the fit ifflai1 hety
At jm tee 1
They bate leA m here Ml lanthh
In deep eAtetUI 4cWi,
' The 0rWwt aM
(yc atit patty, wethonRht Oeait
That the piemterat a fiaurt.
That the poieinmetri ve lat
Was no go,"
We lino it l tttthiue
Far ui to smile their thV
With our type.
Hat their stealing ami all that
Ami their tcpottoila! prat'
Hot now their credit's "but"
Ami SpreeVels will not trust
Them a eenl s
With election Jiawlng nigh
They'll lay Ihem ilown anil Jie
If Ihey ahouhl prove to be
Hut a blight upon the tree
In the spring,
Have they not always clung
(Like a rogue until he's hung)
To their king ?
Ioma's severest duty recently hs
been dancing attendance on base balls.
So when he handed the above
verses to the political editor, the effort
was read with some surprise. "Oh," he
said, "one picks up a thing or two on the
diamond field. There's no end of
politics talked and acted there." The
political editor smiled and replied : "I
congratulate you for two things, Ionia.
You have written some clever verses
and you have built so effectual a barrier
between yourself and official preference
that you arc likely to leave Hawaii as
honest as when you came." "And as
poor," naid loma, with a grin.
Have you heard of the "Turkey Cabinet," eh?
Tas built in tuth a logical way
Anil ran Hut I mus'nt divulge ihe-day.
Vet 111 tell the tale of its building so
A listening nation may hear and know.
In eighteen hundteil and eighty three.
(David Piimuswas king then,) he
Who ruled In the island kingdom set
His heart on a wonderful cabinet.
So he ent for a New -man come to the beach,
A PauMaho) lawyer of ready speech.
They built its legs of a shepherd's crook.
Its chinks were filled with leaics from the
Of the Mormon Frophets -blessed be their
The inside walls were lined with the same
And the shelves were filled with tomes of
On to which the builders had never caught.
A saver ot opium lurked in its pores
And a flavor of gin in its gimblet bores.
" Hut why was it named ?" "Well, one fine
A Jrkey gobbler chanced to sltay
Into the dred kjag's workshop, where,
With virage smiling and debonnane,
The king from his work bench turaed to see
Whatever his visitor might be.
The turkey.slrutted and swelled with pride.
Gobbled and stretched its neck, then spied
The cabinet's open door. " Walk in,"
Said the courteous king, " have you ever been
In a king-made cabinet before?"
It entered. The drel king closed the door.
The turkey gobbled; but noise was vain.
It lieal il. pinions; result self-pain.
It brooded, it sulked, it wept like rain,
"Thatturkey, ladies and gentlemen,
represents the collective body of Ha
waiian tax payers. Oibson 6: t-o. have
'got 'cm in the door.' So long as they
stay inside and submit to being
plucked, so Ions will it be O. K. But
when the Hawaiian 'lurkey tries to
escae from the cabinet dungeon the
door will close, the gobble ministry
will have their backs against it and the
'dred king' and 'the power behind his
throne will be a looktn on anit a
keepin' 'cm up to their rrork."
kM ui .lfW and rwtlHMlfen .Ml smi TV wiWt al Osli ry frm kA con
nranWattiHr and Ibf , nt pertUfss jo ! ""If )psri itw raftlftisw of nrn and
m,fk ftp a f( WfJK nefl to iwirvlfl ' " Tlie rmsf nl siiMll Unit Iww.
ami r itihWt." 1 newly IW feet abate the mean lM was
Professor Scott wants something inoie defi
nite than the eipreuion, "a ceitain edixallcnt
quackery as of being able to do, what they
cannot do thoroughly." It seems to us definite
enough, and ihe professor, who is one of our
Lett leathers, ought to know that it cannot
apply to him. His keenness as an observer
ought alia to make fc clear to him eiactly
w litre the ''iiuacker)" lies. As ! "syco
phancy" there is no department ruled over by
Ihe president of all Ihe hoards where "syco
phancy" is not inculcated by the pioceas of
getting lid of all those who will not lick the
band that smites, and it is plain thai even in
Ihe department to which the able prcfestot is
attached, Ihe leuon has not (ten taught In
vain. Gjutti,jt in;,
Wc are glad that the absence of
Editor Atkinson removes from his
shoulders the odium of having written
the above sneaking diatribe. Mr.
Scott's record as an educator here
and elsewhere can happily survive
even the discredit of bttn praised by
the Ciazette, His reputation as a gen
tleman and a citien can as readily
survive the cowardly innuendo of the
assailant who riings mud from behind
the curtain of the wsre."
The "Turkey Cabinet is "squealing
because it cari't "rake the wind.'
Cure Elect Imlopewlewt.
Through the extravagant inefficiency
of the Gibson ministry's accession to
power, when a Havselden was playing
at bridge building and a Hush was
made scape goat for the boss manipu
lator's worse than-blunders, the nation
was embarked in the devil-takc-the-hindmost
policy where w-c find her to
day, without money, without legitimate
credit, without the honor to keep faith
with its immigrants, without the confi
dence of its intelligent citirens.
And who is responsible. I'hc ron-
stitution says the ministry are respon
sible. So in the old days of an hered
itary monarchy they would have
been. Now in these days of an
elective monarchy the king is resjwn'
sible. Let no guilty man escape.
Punish ministry and the monopolist
who uses them to serve his ends. Hut
do not forget the nun whose offi
cial signature has made the ministry
The losses" by the jeccht stotm, al
though severe" are not so disastrous as
at first feared. Laupahochoe Planta
tion has lot a large amount of grow,
ing cane. The Ulapulaka forest it
w recked. 'Hie Kauai bridges are gone.
Net Icm than $250,000 will cover the
lotc-s, hen full reports are received,
e shall suimhujUc ihem.
So ffake the wHeat and of memlr!
as ll Ktnait wrfHtled hi " all alan1 !" and
"atlMltwet' one WivHy Twsiy aftertsrxm
1 know It Is treason to cdttmtal IrailRtnns to
arlntlt onel ftHaWttty. The editor who does
not know (that Is, pretend to knw) everything
atow evtiyttrhv);, ftom Jeurnatrmt to Jnilirnn
rleme, from newspapers to gnollcfsrti, ts an
osrthw. ltnt I . had reased lor the nonte to
b an eslltnr. There was a long vaealfdn 1
fsie me 1 no proof In read, no manuscripts to
ilKrpner, no quitters 10 avenge, no injured
mrfteenee in defend, no malevolent Htkal
sptrhs to evoreise. I was a student of Ihe
pterurestue at well as of the piaetteal ami I
crmkl affcrd la aekminlerlge my Ignorance of
Hawaiian totalities, of Kawaihn human na
tote, nf Hawaiian resources.
I remembered something o' this at Kalwila
hllahl beeanse it was the last sttgtr mill that I
vrsllelbecsiuein some of ittfeatures ll was the
mint interesting and because I met there one
of the several men I met on my trip who msde
me reallre how much there Is in the sugar
indiistiyamlhowlittle Ilcamedahoutilaftcr nil.
Some one has told roc that Kainilahllahi
means long bone. Perhaps It does. Hut An
drewsmakes the compound mcsnlng of "Kani"
and "lahllahi" " sipiecred-dty" a most ap
propriate nAne for n sugar mill 1 but, unlnrtu
nately, the word jacks an i. .
When t was there Mr. K. MeKenrlr' was
mill manager, though I did not meet him; and
Mr. Call Arnema,n was the sugar boiler. The
mill was under the general control of Mr.
J, M, I.ydgate, manager of Laupahoehoe Mill.
Messrs. A. Lidgate A Co. had put in 475
acres lor Naii!ahi!ahi. Ihe mill hail been
built for a different location than the one on
which it stood, but a storm dashed the found a
tiuns of the mill away- fortunately before th:
mill was erected and so a position nn the blurt
was chosen, several hundred feet above the one
first intended. The sugar room is 600 feet nbove
the water and near the edge of the bluff. From
a ptatfoim near, the floor of the sugar room a
steel tope descends to a rock in the sea not far
from ihe base of Ihe sheer piecipice alios c
which the platform is built. On this steel rope
sugar cars, ot rather cages, ascend empty and
descend with sugar, the loaded cage as they
go down hauling up ihe empty ones. It is a
diny sight. There is another elevator of less
height for unloading lumber and other freight
from the lighters of v isiting schooners or steam
boats. Waiakea and Kawilahilah! arc the
antipodes of Hawaiian plantation scenery.
Mr, I.ydgate suggested how admirably the
right sort of an artist might illustrate the sugar
plantations ot the Hawaiian Islands, and what
effective letter press might be made to accom
pany his sketches.
I did not visit Laupahoehoe Mill, but I had
luncheon in the Laupahoehoe store. Its
proprietor, Mr. . 1). Kraser, has recently
opened a lodging house a convenience which
late-at-night arrivals by the Kinau will be
likely to appreciate.
Mr. E. W. Harnard was sugar boiler at
Laupahoehoe when I there. Messrs. R.
R. and Thomas Hind, for whom Mr. George
W. Paty was managing, had about 300 acres
in when I was there. A. Lidgatc & Co. and
the Laupahoehoe Mill Co. together had about
700 acres in, to be taken off during trie season,
then well along.
The number of acres taken off by the two
mills this season has been 1,145 acres, aggre
gating 4,5So tons. (
Laupahoehoe gulch is one of the finest of
he Hilo gulches in many of its features,
though it lacks the fine stream that tumbles
down each 'of several others. Laupahochoe
has the only good landing between Pepeekco
and Kohala Point and it is good only by
comparison. The plantation considering all
the land tributary to both mills is notable for
having what I believe to lie the longest system
of flumes existing on the islands over 20
miles in extent. The Laupahochoe Mill has
he largest trash house of which I have heard
460 feet long. The two mill managements
pride themselves upon the economy with which
they do good woik t'.te Kaiwilahilahi Mill
employs only 30 men.
Messrs. T, II. Davi& Co, are the Hono
lulu agents of the two milts above mentioned
and of Hamakua, Paauhau and Kukaiau
Mills, Hamakua. The latter is considered one
of the most complete and most moderns-appointed
Wills on the islands.
The first plantation beyond Lsupahoehoe
gulch ii that of the Messrs. Hind, above
mentioned, H" ond that, Ookala.
On approaching Ookala I saw the finest
field of plant cane to my tyro eyes that I
had seen during my trip. Il was an inlet of
green running back to the edge of theohia and
koa forest that rose like a bluff above it, fairer
counterpart of the restless sea a thousand feet
below us. We coald not see the ground any
where within the field as wc rode past.
It had Wen raining all day and it was dusk
when we approvched Ookala. I knew where
Manager Wright lived by the flag pole that
rose in front el the house. I knew so because
I knew how true an American the manager
was. Hut the hospitable greeting that my
comrade and I and ouf weary horses received
was of no land and no locality; it was what true
hospitality is, everywhere the fine gold of
humanity. Ptrhaps our muddy, wet, tired,
hungry condition made the cheerful wood fire, the
dry clothing.the flagrant tea,thetemptingbrrad
and milk and cold meat and porta sauce perhaps
all that combination of discomfort followed by
comfort made us doubly appreciative. At any
rate we enjoyed that evening to the lull.
Irwin & Co. are the Honolulu agents of
Ookala, and Hackfcld & Co. are agents of the
Soper &. Wright plantation, the cane of which
is ground at Ookala Mill. Mr. John Wright
manages Ookala mill and plantation, assisted
by Mr. Ceorge Theker. Their sugar boiler,
when 1 was there, was Mr. W. E Klstcr and
Mr. J. II. Hopkins, well-known as a former
Honolulu apothecary, was book-keeper. When
I was there Ookala employed, in the mill and
on ihe plantation, 21 whites, 70 Portuguese,
35 Japanese, 79 South Sea lilanJeis, 16 Ger
mans and i Chinese, Soper & Wright's
ptantatation employs 33 meg. The two plaa
lations are divided br Kaula Gulch, which also
divide llllo and Hamakua districts.
This vhysical and political fact works hard
ship In at least one reaped. The Soper &
Wright people are obliged to go to Honokaa,
14 miles away, when arty little legal difficulty
is to be settled. There is a jiutice of the peace,
and no rod of lawyers and cooataUct at Laupa
hucnoc, leas than miles distant. But the
)uiUdiclou ay t tin make it ntceaaary to go
the longer distance which by no rutins
conduce to plantation comfort, o to the culti
vation of decorous language.
The Ookala mill Hands on a bluff, sissilailf
situated to that el Kaiwilahlahi. II alto hu 1
wire cable for Loading sunt tad moving freight,
At Ookala, tramway 00 wbkh cava art rair4
wui lowered by wire cable supplcnwali ihe
wire and craue llcr, which il meets al
4 puiat 90 feel bean lis samn set level. The
otrnehoi off by Ihe wave dnrltic one of Vast
year's terns ami the grata em thf Meffs. I-M
fret aliove the water it often klllevl liy the
davhlng spray, All the tuiniwlioenoe ami
Kaiwiiahilalil eane Is flumetl to mill. Nnne of
the Ookala eane Is llumrtl-nor Is any In Ha
maktta Hhtrfet, save that lent to Paciftc Mill,
Kaknihaele. Ookala hM a eane lallway,
ulrltli has two brandies, tsnnlng ijf miles In
one ilireclioti and 1)5 in another. Cane it
hauled Is the railway In wagons known loenlly
as "Wright's go-tleslla" width are, practb
eally, 4 wheeled trtttks, 16 feet onf, made
light yet strnng.
Mr. J. M. Homer is the pmklmg genius of
hukalau Plantation. He and his neighbor,
Mr. John Wright have Ihe reputation of being
I woof the most practical (anil therefore most
stKcesaful) of island planters, When I Jsy
piactical I do not mean that either is neglect
fulof the theoretical and scientific knowledge
f cane glowing. Hut the long practical
fanning experience of each fitted him especially
to cope with the many difficulties cfiane cul
Kukaiau Mill is managed by Mr (Jeorge
Kenton, the plantation by Mr. J. M. Horner
assisted by his son, Mr. Albert Homer. List
year 50a acres were in cultivation and from
750 to Soo acre additional were avaible. The
first crop was being taken off while I was
there and was estimated at 1,000 tons. The
agents inform me ibnt it reallred 1,10x1 tons,
In the work of the plantation 70 Chinese
and 7 natives were emploved. Mules and
horses are used in plowing and taking orTcrop;
no risen used. Lahalna cane only is grown.
The highest field planted rearhes an ah i I ml i- of
1,500 feet, the lowest field is on the edge of a
bluff about 200 feet alios c the water. The
Kukaiau soil is deeper and richer thun that ol
Ookala. Mr. Horner describes it as disinte
grated lava, combined with vegetable mould,
several feet deep and completely underdrained
byporouslavaiiotyetdivintcgrated. The char
acter of the soil is such that after the eatth is
completely saturated growing cine can stand
two rainless months without deterioration.
The topographyof Kukaiau plantation favors
the transportation of cane by wagons. Much
heavier ones than those used at Ookala ate
employed to an advantage not possible at the
former plantation, whose fields have sleep
slopes and many undulations. It seems to me
that the Kukaiau wagons would answer ad
mirably in plantations where the slopes arc
gradual and undulations few. The .wagons
arc made by a California firm. They have
iron wheels, asles and tongue. The fiont tires
arc four-inches and the rear tires sis-inches
broad. The reach and rack only arc of wood
They are haded so that there shall be no up
hill hauling and carry cane enough 10 average
each a clarifier to the load. It takes seven of
these wagons, inconstant motion during work
ing hours, to keep the mill running up to its 15
ton daily average.
At Ookala the management has made
successful an effort to combine land-clearing and
fertilization in fields cov ered with a rank grow th
ol Hilo grass. Plowing under the grass and let-
tingit rot in the soil has the double advantage of
compacting the light and easily-eroded Ookala
soil and of furnishing a mulch that enriches
the field. At Kukaiau no artificial fertilization
is necessary. Much of the Kukaiau land lias
had to be cleared, guava and sumach bushes
on the lower fields, and ohia trees on the
upper levels. The average com of clearing
forested or bush-covered land at Kukaiau has
been $25 an acre.
The Hamakua rainfall is heavy and distri
buted pretty evenly throuchout the year. The
past year was a wet one. The dry months
in dry years are May and June, and Septem
ber and October.
The cane borer has put in an appearance in
Hamakua. He attacks the red cane success
fully ; but is resisted by the Lahaina to some
There was a water famine in Hamakua
during the months of July, August, September
and November, l8St. Brackish water, brought
from the sea shore, sold at Honokaa, sold as
high as $r a bucket. There was no water in
the upper Waipio streams and very little
in Waimanu; and what water was in Ihe lower
levels of either was so affected by the tides as
to le unfit for use.
Beyond Kukaiau the fields of Hamakua
plantation of Paauhau and of Honokaa planta-
tation slope gently seaward with trend similar
to that of Kukaiau, and with similar soil.
Jamei Kenton Jr. manages Hamakua Mill,
which Is planted for by the Messrs. Chailes
NotleySr. andjr.,andby Mr. T. II. Davics,
for whom Messrs. I-'rederic and A. (. Uur.
chardt ate managers. The cars of a gravity
tramway cotrtey cane to the Bill from the fields
of both plantations.
Mr. August Otto Manages Paauhau Mill.
Hon. Samuel Parker and Hon. Kufus A.
Lyman plant for the mill, the former having
in some 500. the latter about 350 acres, when
I was there. Cane has been planted as high
as 1,900 feet at Paauhau, though last year Ihe
highest field was not above 1,300 feet, A
gravity tramway ts. employed at Paauhau.
Honokaa Village, a mile above the mill, is
the most considerable settlement in Hamakua
District. It has four stores kept by Mr. W.
II. Holmes, Mr, J. R. Mills, a Portuguese,
and two Chines'. Messrs. W. Conradi and
O. Hahlmann hive a blacksmith's and wheel
wiight'a shop. MeMti. J. P. Sanford and J,
L. Kaunamano are practicing lawyers. Hon.
J. ,-, Miau il police judge, and Mr. William
Lumeheihci it deputy sheriff. Hon. It. A.
Lyman it the district school agent and Mr.
Joseph Horner, toad supervisor. There are
twa teachers in Ihe Honokaa government
school, and the school attendance is from 90
to 100 pupils.
Dr. C, D. Greenfield is government physl-
can for the district, and resident at Honokaa,
Iter. Isaac Goodall preaches In l.ngluh to a
conereeation of tlrarujclical Christians at
Honokaa, and Uev. V. M. Kataiwaa preaches
lo native congregations in Kaala, Paauilo, Paa
hau and Hcnnkaa. There arc four Unglith
teaching and three Hawaiian-teaching schools
in Hamakua district, the former class at Paau
llo, Honokaa, Kawela and Kukuihaetei and
the latter class at Kapulena, Waiapo and Wal
monu. The aggregate attendance at all Ihe
government schools is'about 250 pupils.
Honokaa Mill li managed by Mr. W. II.
Klekard. It Is planted for by Mr. W. II,
Rickard, Mr. Jtneph Martden, Mr, R, M.
Overendaml Captaio George W. Willfong.
Some 600 aires are being taken off by the foul
plantations and the will will probably turn
out 2,700 tons.
The last plantalion-in Hamakua District In
at Kutuihaclt near th edge of Waipio Valley,
The Pacific Milt Company owns Ihe mill and
mvich of the tributary land. Mrs. T, 5. Kay
manages ihe mill, planta a small fiatd of cane
and generally supervise Ihe to plantations,
leased to Mr. W, It. Purvis and ir.- WiUUm
Horner. Mr, C. K Mangervoa wat tuapi
boiler, Mr, Sam.rcl Karoa, engineer and Mr.
Henry Cooper, book-keeper at Pacific Mill.
Tax mial U lac uo of lt wort tllmctiv of law
traetlrtni-M are ofton tveurfsi only by nnwaj
timalife rspemei and I know h It dividend
retails and rtnt the ptMwtie of wandering
itrlWitf rt thsi io;tt hoMttt elrielly consider.
PselrV Mill teevntM 10 me 10 Im managed wtlh
(sammy and ontl joilf,niewl, ami it wat ret
talnly attractive. Itt wgar room wat at neat
at any I have seen, and wns operated by lest
men than I saw in ngar looms elsewhere. The
mill, as a whole, It a marvel of compartnest.
ll was constructed, building, furnaces, engine
and sugar machinery, by the Mttelctt, rait &
Watson Co., of (llisgow, Scotland. Itt double
effett, however, put In after the mill was In
operation, was Imllt by the Honolulu Iron
Wotks, The mill's nominal grinding 'capacity
Is n lorn lint it his turned out tfi tuns In one
day of II If hours steady grinding.
Engineer I'aron has ci-nalrweteil an ingenl
ous fevd Indicator to shew whether Ihe proper
amount of eane is put through the rollers,
Tlih indieator It In use in several mills. At
Katwilshllahl, which employs Mr. Pawn's In
strument, Ihe engineer wat at wotk on a clock
work Indicator. At Pacific Mill the supply
flu-ne dumps directly Into the cane catrier. The
chute at Ihe end of Ihe Hume Is movable. If
eane it supplied so rapidly at to overload the
carrier, this chute may awing to left or right
and the cane landed on the ground near the
While t was at the mill I saw a pretty
ooden model of a mud press. Il wat made
by the Porlguete carpenter of the mill and was
to lie sent to the New Otleant Imposition.
The handsome mill, with its cloak of straw
color and its hood of red, was gleaming in the
ileclining sun as 1 turned away from the ofli;
where I had been chatting with Clerk Cooper,
and rode to the residence of Manager Kay,
half hidden In a lovely Kukul grove, fringing
the dry bed of a sometime torrent. Doctor
Trouseati, in his salad days, was a planter;
and here was hit nesting place. Prettier loca
tion, prettier disposition of buildings, prettier
household decoration would be hard to find,
1 watched the evening sun sink behind the
Walpiowall, and early in the morrow I watched
"Ihe first faint sunlight, dimblnf sto1y hiehar
Matte the far nave a lin of lambent tire,"
I had come back from Waipio on the morn
ing of Ihe afternoon I spent at Pacific Mill ;
and Ihe beautiful sunset and dawn half cloud
have sunshine, the dull grey bringing out the
vivid colors of the frescoed sky above the east
and west horizons was an appropriate tribute
to the beauty that was past and the beauty
still in store.
The Mill Company own some 2,000 acres of
cane land, and own or lease 7,000 acres of
wood land. With rare forethought (which I with
every plantation on the islands would pattern)
the management has fenced in this 7,000 acres,
excluding cattle and thereby protecting some
of its sources of water supply. Along us fence
line young trees have been planted opposite
each port, so tint the wires may be stapled to
living posts when the dead ones have decayed.
I saw nothing during my trip that gave inc.
keener pleasure than the attempt at fotcst
preservation undertaken by manager Kay. lie
has in Mr. Purvis a most congenial lieutenant
in this good work. This year the plantation ii
cutting some 550 acres; estimated yield, 2,400,
Same acerage neat year.
The latter gentleman has imported many
valuable foreign plants among them varieties
of cinchona from Ceylon and South America.
I saw a flourishing plantation of them, grow
ing on the edge of the forest, at an altitude of
about 1,700 feet, I think. The grounds sur
rounding Mr. lurvis's residence are, in effect,
a nursery of valuable trees and plants. I be
lieve his experiments will be of practical bene
fit to the country, I but this letter is too
long already. R. S, S.
IjAIjVIQ Ac CJ O.
Ke.3i Port Ot Clock Building,
Uvrtfkrt roiwanintnt of It,. iimm )tftmlefti
ww, Vhtlt Ttm for all Mtl c4 HcV, vt
aoonnn htx&nnn mkau
1tiKtt grftt Mh formtw, MtH, ml tlnttf tth
illlCV in IIMI
Or! Cl -howi ftKsKnl t; fr t nl ft mritltlra
Mfttltf j ihU 1w.1l) 39 wf t.
tw irv. m ni pii i t-tiuni in jw ints, imit, fir
ll 14. of
mm, w ia
Km. if xwlWlt 1.
I UXr.l) ITKIl, 1 frtllMCHif
Who at, Corn, C.e E4if
WMtth ( ofTrrtil t th tt Mawkft IUim, nl
i.tfftxttril fir fo ny frt ol h etiy.
Arn9 trf ihf
Pacific Mutual Life Inmrnncr Co of California
Ajtnufortlw IIOOVKH TKLKI'IIONF
( omm.ioner of tt. for the Stat r( California
Atihator fll If AC Km I) A CO , fnwn &tlrf,
al m (iVltV a i , m
Monday Vr Tncnthiy,
AtHltmr lr r.l htm. ishr,, I will crTrr at Cuhtk
Aim Ion, him a Khrnl , r-Jtr tiv ih trade,
Inalr Uik ami wfl lffd stork of
NEW AND FRESH GOODS,
of r.vrttv oKscmrnoN.
ll l imiwMiM WvitoltlwUtfrtNtif n(.ti!mcnt
la 1W1IU a Knih cf Ihtt f.ntt m t vfUrrti, but
itnongii ilSst-m I M Mi a fw
TKMINIONK NO li
(Whit and drown CettftiH. Prist. Ptt.imi,f.lu
f ntlmia latlisrx flvstlu ffwt.la tlnnatal a, It
rotot SilWiami IHatfntt
CITY SHOEING SHOP,
(Ol'TOSlTI. 1)01)1)3 STAIlt.r.S.)
Horse Shoeing in all its Branches
Done In thf mot w ork man lilt t manner
Racing & Trotting Shoes a specialty,
Our Kfttti v,lbe reasonable
Hatttstil. liatblniT IttMIOlif mil ilia Irttarsaf tit
., -, ........ .... , -..- ...........
Mr. jimu iKxiti in tne adovc mop, aohclu a conlinu
nnr cf th liberal pnlrunage In-Mowed on lre Ul Arm
Mr. ), W. McDonald received thf htcheat
Award and Diploma, for hit Hand-made Snoei
at the Hawaiian Kahibltlon for the year 1M4.
SiT llortet tnVen to tht alion and reiurnrd at short
notice whrn deiired. W .McDONAI.O.
IIm jut recrieil per aNUripoa,
DUPEE HAMS AND BACON,
Cala Cliete, KIt Salmon Iellie, Cae CodhO
Keg Family ltref. baltxin Pilot Hread,
Crc(cr, lable Kaiin, Dr -' rtaebe,
Dried Apricot, I "run , itrna
Oiiltli-iilfi C?omt lIoticv,
Table Fruits, lam and tellies Family Flour,
Wheat, Com, f'utatoet, Onions Candles
Old Virginia Sweot nti.l SonrPlcVJet,
AnJ "ny other urtlclei too numerom to otlon,
which h 111 be Kill at prices 10 lult Ihe time. tS tsatli
faction Ktiarantetd. CHAS. HUSTACK,
'1 elf phone 119. (tj4-3S9) N". in King Street
All kinds, Shim, ..errVln.il S.IV ll.ndlVrthl.fi,
ShatsU, HlanVrlt.QuUlt. r.r(imerv,
l'i-". Jtwilry, (.lulrv Saitdl.t,
GROCERIES, SOAPS, .
Sardine. Hteail, Hour Sufat,
Paints t-l'iuom, llmndies. .
BiT&no, Xexlcu ui AfflirkU'Cijin,
HAHDWAKK, SF.WINfl MACHINES, CKM KNT,
I.tc f Ftc. Ftc
You muv come to the SaU to JnIi moperly of the
atvotiinenr, and ii will pay to do kj, for everything
otTered will be sold, to that there will b a thaace foe
af 1 he 'I cnn of Sale will b very Liberal, rnnntng
8 month, for approved Paper, JMndJnf
ir amount purthatrtl,
-f$S-it K, V. ADAMS, AuHion0r.
No. 86 Kino St., Honolulu, H, 1,
FRATICAL FLUHBER AND DAS FITTER,
Coppor and Shoot Iron Worker
KAKGsCS, TINWAKK, Kic.
tiT All work guaranteed and all orders faihfull)
Attended to. PIeac leair ordem on the slate
VISITING CARDS, BUSINESS CARDS
an be bad to order at the
1'KUSS PUBLISHING COS. OFFICII
T ETTBR HEADS AND BILL HEADS
Printed neatly and nt reasonable rate at the Satur
day Pren Office
MORTG ACHES NOTICE OF INTKN
tlon to forecloinro.
Notice it hereby given I1 t pur t unit to a power of
tale contained in a fern. iortgi, deed, dated the
nth day of Ma ah, itr , uude by LL MUN of
HonQlutu. Inland of Oahu, lu W. A. KINNEY, tt al.,
of taid Honolulu, c-l tecoid In the office of th
KegiMrar of Conre) nucce In liber 06. on page 147 and
148 ; and for a breach tfihe condalont In taid mort
tfaire deed contained ! wit 1 the non oaytnent thereof.
that all the inieiel of uid Lee Mua In the pretriKe
described tn Mid r.iutteage deed, will after the time
limited by law. I old at public auction, on account ot
the breach ef the condition aa hereinbefore mentioned.
'Ihe property in autd mutt gage described being two
leases of land un bmith't Lane in taid Honolulu con
tUlinz of one-third of land detcnWd In Royal Patent
tin 1 C A. 140 to Kawahakul. Ihe fift ! being
dcn.ed In auitjnmcnt from Kckumuto IMunol
recoid in liber 70, on page 111 and expires December
litt, A O. 1 88b, and the i-econd Ulng an aalemion ol
leate fur ten yean from the expiration of the former,
and of recoid in liber 80 on paKet 470 and 471.
KinniTv . rmiiRbON,
In areordanec sstth the tlesir. o( manv toatrons. and
lo met 'he ekifctnc.a of the time the uml.rsign.it will
hereafter rentier and collect at) accounts monthly.
I. il. OAI IK..&CO.,
T. C. THRUM,
west, now CO., ,
s. 1. i.lvi:v ft eo.,
a. 1. &Mirii,
11, i:. MCIN1VRE CO.
lt.uolulu, July , tSSj.
lie Whitnev's Dsnlal Kotims uill closed! front
Tuesday, August 4th unlit September ;th 57-io
. A lerrrrl Trihulr.
The Zealandia on Sunilnv last brought the
fail intellcgencc of the death of Mr. Thomas
McPhail, at Newcastle, N. S, W,, brother of
Mrs. Thomas A. Thrum of this city, anil vtell
known lN:re as a faithful laborer in the cause
of education, of which the present miter bears
testimony and grateful rcmemberancc for
honest ground v ork in his early school life.
The follow ing tribute is from the Newcastle
Despatch (New South Wales) of June 16, 1S851
"It is with regret we have to report the
death of Mr, Thomas McPhail, a very old and
much respected resident of Newcastle. The
deceased was born in Dumfries, Scotland, loth
March, 1S02, was educated at the Kdinburgh
University, and was a fellow scholar to Dr.
Sotnerville. Since his arrival in Sydney in
1S39 he occupied the position of hcad-naaster
at Dr, Kullerton's Presbyterian school for
seven years, also had charge of tke Weslcyan
head school in Voik street for five years. In
851 he came to Newcastle and opened a
private school on the hill, after which he
opened a private school at his residence,
Charlton street, in which he continued to teach
until 1883. Although he had been ailing for
some time, his death was somewhat unex
pected. He retained his faculties tilt the last,
and dietl at his residence, Caarlton-street,
June I2lh, upwards of 83 eat of age. if
quitstat in fare."
1SS III ill k J';
C !1 Ml IK
, a itTi sr v .y v im ux
-JJWlfg W kl
The withdrawal of the Australian
steamers will work as great a propor
tionate injury to this city as to San
Francisco, The United States ought
to pay a larger sum for its proportion
of the mail service lietween San Fran
cisco and the Australian Colonics.
This nation also ought to pay the mail
company p.itt of the sum it docs pay
for the maintenance of that service. It
is a pity that the grasping greed of our
national monopoly makes it impossible
lor this country to do anything to avert
what will probably prove a national
hart,hip, if not a national calamity.
" Upon the question of rlTicl.il etiriuclle
between the member of the diplomatic corps,
so impertinalcly raised by the Advertiser, we do
nut : that either that paper or this, or even
ine i-reu, 11 called upon 10 give an opinion.
No? Hut W4,vserc under the impres
sion that the question first entered Ihe
sunlight of newspaper discussion
through the dense fog enveloping the
columns of our esteemed Wednesday
coiitcmpoary. See Gazette of July arjth.
llridgc-Iiuilder Ha)eldcn dead
liridge-l'rojcctor Hush out of office ;
HriiJgc-Protector Gibson alive and
kicking. But the winds arose, and the
rains fell, and the Hoods came, and beat
upon those bridges. And lo t they
were not I
READERS OF THE "SATURDAY PRESS"
Will find it an advantage to SEND FOR OUR LARGE ILLUSTRATED
CATALOGUE, which, together with Samples, is SENT FREE TO ANY
We are Retail Dealers in WEARING APPAREL of Every Description.
OUR TEN LEADING DEPARTMENTS ARE:
FANCY GOODS, DRF:SS GOODS, ' ...
DOMESTICS, WRAPS, CLOTH IN U,
FURNISHING GOODS, NOTIONS,
HATS, SHOES, MILLINERY.
We do not intend ,that anyone anywhere shall supply wants in theie lines
so well as wc,
We hac the Urgest General Retail Establishment on the Pacific Cot of
America, Residents of the Hawaiian IsWnds can make handsome saving in
prices and get the newes: and best Goods by sending to us.
13- Snull order are filled with as much care and attention as large orn.
The same goods and prices to distant customers as to those who visit us per
WEDflTOGK 4c LUBDf ,
400, 402. 404, 406, 401 K ST., SACMMENTI, CM.
ia. fcv K.
WtNTEH-MuMj, al HusuUto, A.cs
Ktv, Csrc. WaaWs., Mary - u4
WHITK-I. li. rliv, Au,w i.ilH4,wlk.J. U
k. sa. sv B4, a swss.
California Produce and Provision Cb..
IHHOKTKHS AND JOKHKRS OK AIX KINDS Ol"
Groceries. JProvlitlonH ami I'rotlHee.
KlrtSiwAaslllalHisa. Kb. MatiUr V ana NaaM.
fucKUs. aatl busvtids, IWasUsa CoitAsh, Tunal!, Caisul, Casiw CIm,
i, (la k.a), Cihtun-U CU Vmru, (easts ami Vig.J, Piiu AmiIm. hVi, tic.
... . . s i r.t.rn.,ruVMu r,i..iui
W "'.'., !j.lTnZ ItllL,.. Asaurud N ma. Awurusl TaU. xs4 P!. If H.U.. Java ual J..s,
COLUMBIA RIVER SALMON, 1W4 CATCH, (BMs. tsiU httfT SMd.),
CALIVOKNIA KRK.SU KRUIT AND llUTTKR BY CVKKY hTMatM, ' '
Vlilh rWitsl ut Iiwtt Sslarkatt MtttaM far Cswah. ,
sotB AGicM-rH ron
Tif H.tMDk'y HASH UHKNAtHC WiTaV MXTlMtt &
tgr ( illss.il uur rt ti tU sii fr. U Uuaa.
Sta. H HaUl Straw. ....
rotT OVrtCK aW Mo, 41a. )
TSlfcstatl&r Tffi m