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HONOLULU STAB-BULLETIN, THURSDAY' AUG. 29, 1912
TJ . iW
Inlaid Jl les
Of Uqusual Beauty
These ties have just been received
and are examples of the latest ideas
in shapes and patterns. They re
present the best in the tie-makers'
art. You will like them.
50c, 75c, $1.00
Revenue Cutter Chases Liner Outside of Three-Mile Limit,
and Four Women Are Forced to Leave Vessel and Return
to San Francisco; Arrival of Mysterious Woman Re
cently Is To Be Investigated
"The Store for Good Clothes
ORDERED TO PAVE OR LOSE CHARTER
TRANSIT CO, IS TO CONTEST !W COURT
Attorney General Quotes Law Declaring Corporation Has Not
"Leg to Stand On"; Ballentyne Comes Back with Anoth
er Extract from Statute and Promises Litigation
With Attorney General Alex. LInd
say declaring that, the Rapid Transit
"nas not a leg to stand upon" in the
paving. controversy; and Superintend
Xmt Ballentyne of the company assert
ing that the supervisors and 'the gov
- jernment dfflciais are not acting in the
best Interests of the Territory and Ho
nolulu, and with the service on Super
intendent Ballentyne today of a for
mal notice ordering the Rapid Transit
to proceed within ten days to pave be
Hween Its tracks with .bitulithic, the
'whole affair now promises to go be
fore the Supreme Court of the United
States." : ' ?"., '
; This means that the question will
not be definitely decided, for many
months, or possibly for years. ' .
; "The ' notice to be " served on the
Rapid Transit today is not a manda
mus proceeding," said , the Attorney
! ; General this morning.; lt is a warn-
,1n .of a; proceeding for 'forfeiture otJ
:.' A. the company's franchise , unless the
; f conditions outlined by the : Territory
-; ' ;"re ; compiled' with. ;, The! statute Is
V Quite'plain on, that point, and the com-
pany'has not a leg td stand; uponl The
' V : bupreme Court of) the Territory Tir-
;f tdally decided that much in ita recent
. -; ' decisloli on a fiubmissibn of agreed
, ' tacts.-.-,-v-:.. .' .
; ; Superintendent Ballentyne, on ' the
- : -. other. hand, charges that the Territory
is talcing v the. longest road around to
'attain a certain definite end rfamely,
the Installation of a satisfactory pave
, xnenC He quotes a clause of the c6m
pany'a ' charter to prove it, showing
that when the company falls to do
such . paving the government may lay
it and assess the expense against the
Notice to, Company.
The; notice . formally drawn by the
. Attorney General and sent to the com
' pany under the signature of - Marston
v" Campbell, v superintendent of ) : public
works, is as follows: : '-; ' "'
Gentlemen; 7-7 The portion -, of
.r.Klng street between the sidewalks
and one foot outside of the outer
vralls . of , your tracks in the City
and County of Honolulu, extend-
ing from Nuuanu street to the
bridge over Nuuanu stream, , hav
' ing been ! paved, with bitulithic
pavement of two inches in. depth
over a concrete .foundation, notice
Is hereby, given you, in accordance '
wLth -the law applicable thereto
shall pave or macadamize the entire
space between their tracks, or between
the outside rails of the double tracks,
if more than one track be laid, and
for one foot outside the outer rails,
and such paving or macadamizing
shall be flush with the streets and
correspond with the paving or macad
amizing of the remaining portion of
said street; and shall be so laid that
the rails shall be flush with the
streets. And the said association and
others shall keep their tracks and
their portion of all, the streets In good
repair, such repair when made to be
approved by the Superintendent of
Public Works. Repairs, when order
ed by said Superintendent .of Public
Works, In writing, shall be made by
safd association and others within ten
days of . the date of said .order."
. The ' order mentioned - above is the
order that was berved on the comnanv
bv th suDeririteRdent rf public rkfuUjMatothe admtages,-commercial
today, and the action for forfeiture j nd otherwise, that, would come to
will be started after ten davs have the entire Pacific x Coast with' the
(Continued from Page 1)
against foreign vessels, the Secretary
distributed one of his mose engaging
smiles, and. waved he question away.
"It is not the policy of the State
Department to discuss questions of
this kind, or for individuals to ex
press opinions," said he. "In this .pe
cif ic case, the legislation you speak
of has been passed since I left Wash
ington, and I am - not familiar with
all its present angles. I really
couldn't be expected to say anything
at all on this subject."
Neither would the . Secretary say
whether ihe claim of Great Britain
was an arbitrable matter, or whether
the discrimination in favor of Ameri
can ships could be construed as vio
lating any of the terms o"f the Hay
Pauncefote treaty. All questions of
canal politics he waved aside, and
pleasantly but firmly changed the
subject to less delicate matters.
Hawaii and the Canal.
Over the commercial advantages of
the canal to Honolulu he waxed en
"On my return from my South
America! trip last ' March, I gave a
talk in San Francisco on this sub
ject," said the ' Secretary. "I went
What Is declared this morning to
have been the most gigantic and elab
orate attempt upon the part of Cqast
parties to ship white slaves into the
Territory of Hawaii, was nipped in the
bud by the arrest of a richly-gowned
woman, together with three 4 female
companions, who had taken passage
in the Pacific Mail liner Manchuria,
at San Francisco, according to the
story brought by officers of that ves
sel on arrival at Honolulu this morn
ing. The big steamship had cleared the
Golden Gate, and was well outside the
three-mile limit of the port, when a
United States revenue cutter steamed
out in the trail of the liner and, fol
lowing an interchange of signals by
means of flags, the Manchuria was
overhauled, a squad of officers board
ed the vessel and, after a few prelim
inaries, In which Capt, "Dan" Friele
and his officers participated, the Fed
eral authorities were permitted to re
move the four young women passen
gers, amid the intense excitement of
two hundred or more fellow passen
gers. What is claimed a most flagrant
violation of the white slave act led to
tlje arrest and return of the women,
who, according to Manchuria officers,
were expected to leave the vessel at
Were Fashionably Attired.
Booked as the. Misses Heath, Kelly
and Ward, under the chaperonage of
a "Mrs. Hamilton," the party of fashionably-attired
women occasioned a
off, the little Federal tug sounded a
warning toot and, following close in
the wake of the big transpacific liner,
a quartet of Uncle Sam's officers were
soon scrambling up the Jacob's ladder
lowered for their' special benefit.
The arrest of the women was made
without a display of resistance upon
the part of the accused white slav
ers. One problem which confronted
the officials, both governmental and
steamship, was the removal of the fair
passengers from shipboard in the open
sea. After some discussion the wo
men were persuaded to descend to the
awaiting launch by means of the lad
Bound for Honolulu.
From what could be gained on board
the liner this morning, it was the in-
: tention of the party to leave the Man
churia at Honolulu, as inquiries had
been made concerning a trip to the
volcano. The arrest of the quartet
upon a charge of being implicated In
"white slavery" proved a genuine sur
prise to those who witnessed the ar
rest and removal of the prisoners
' An Investigation by officers; in the
vessel developed the fact that some
of the baggage and personal effects of
the quartet of women were marked
for Yokohama, while other belongings
were labeled for removal at Honolulu.
Local officers have bestirred them
selves in the matter to an extent that
they have decided to make Inquiry
into the arrival of a rather mysterious
woman passenger at Honolulu by a re
cent liner, whose line of occupation,
trifle more than passing interest it is declared, might, not bear close
among the crowd of passengers and investigation. The charge has been
visitors who thronged the decks of made that there is a more or less reg
the Manchuria before the sailing hour, ular influex of questionable characters
With the departure of the liner from passing through the port on. transpa
the San Francisco wharf, the party of cfic liners, and in a number of In
women disappeared from view, pre-, stances these parties have decided to
sumably taking to their cabins. ' remain over to better enjoy the de-
Within a few hours after casting lights of the Paradise of the Pacific.
1 1 1 - ' ' ii
liant scene that reminded some of the here'last in 1902, and in the ten years
old x timers of the days of the Ha
waiian monarchy. Governor Frear
was attended by his staff, in white
dress uniform, Admiral Reynolds al
so in white, gave the navy represen
tation, the Japanese, Spanish, British,
Portuguese and Mexican consuls were
that have passed I see many more
changes and improvements, although
it seems a pity in a way that so much
of the individuality of the Islands has
been lost. When I was here before
we used to anchor and tie the Bhip's
stern to the reef. It seemed off to
and ? particularly? the law as set
,; lorth in Chapter 6 of the 5 Re-
; vised Laws of Hawaii, to pave
A -with similar material and In sim-
Jlar -manner the' portion of said
street occupied by your tracks and
' one toot outside of the outer rails
: thereof, said paving to be flush
: ? with said street and to correspond
..with the paving of said remaining
portion of said street
You are further notified that in
case of your failure to comply
with this notice within ten days '
' from 'date, or to give, within said
ten days, satisfactory assurances
that you will comply with this
notice within a reasonable time,
proceedings will be instituted be
fore the proper tribunal to have
the franchise now held by you
and all rights and privileges
granted , thereunder forfeited and
declared null and void.
High Court to Decide.
Superintendent Ballentyne declares
the case will be carried up to the
highest tribunal, and that the com
pany wili make no move to do. the
paving between Its tracks until the de
cision of tne united btates supreme
elapsed if the company has made no
move to obey the order.
Law Covering Action. ; , -
Section 870 contains the provision
regarding the forfeiture of the fran
chise, and; reads as follows:
"Whenever said Association re
fuses to do or fails to do or perform
or carry, out or comply with any act
-required to be done under the pro
visions of this chapter and shall con
tinue so to refuse- after due notice
by the superintendent of public works
to comply therewith, xhe superintend-,
ent of public works shall,' with the
consent of the Governor cause pro
ceedings to be Instituted before the
nroner tribunal to have the franchise
granted by this chapter and all rights
xrA THviinrp trante'd hereunder, for-1
uu 1 - '
felted and declared null and void.
Up till ten thirty this morning Man
ager C. G. Ballentyne. of the Rapid
Transit Company, had not received
the reported notice from the Territo
rial Government, . commanding the
company forthwith to pave King
street with bitulithic where the coun
ty Md laid that kind of pavement, un
der penalty of having proceedings
hrought against it for the forfeiture
cf its franchise.
In the view of the law taken by the
manager, the government has a much
simpler remedy under the law than
the radical process of charter smash
lngnamely, to do the paving itself
and present its bill.
Mr. Ballentyne called attention to
paragraph 9 of section 838 "Method
of Construction" which, after direct
ing that the company's part of the
Davine "shall be flush with the streets
and correspond wiui luc.b
macadamizing of the remaining por
tion of said street," etc. says: Re
pairs, when, ordered by said superin
tendent of public works, in writing,
shall be made by the said association
and others within ten days of the
date of said order."
A subsequent section. 864, however,
Mr. Ballentyne pointed out, command
ed the Territory of Hawaii to do the
work in the case of neglect by the
company to do it. This section says:
"And in all cases of street improve
ments by the Territory" now mean
ing the municipality "then said as
sociation and others shall conform to
-ii ...v imnrnvpmPTHS. in tut iviuu
opening of the Panama Canal, and
what applies, to the West coast ap
plies In an even greater degree to
the Hawaiian Islands. You will be
on a direct route between Europe and
the Far East, and it is easy to figure
the advantages of such a condition.
Canal Open Nejct July.
"The canal is sure to be opened
ahead of time. When I was in the
Canal Zone last winter-Colonel Si
bert; who had charge of . the Gatun
dam, told me that . while the ditch
would not be formally opened, ships
would be passing through from ocean
to ocean by July 1913."
v Asked what observations he had
made during his South American trip
regarding gradual absorption of the
coastwise steamship lines by British
companies, looking toward the great
Increase of' trade that will come with
the opening of the- canal, Secretary
Knox said that for a good while Eng
land had been more active than
America in matters of the merchant
marine. Further than this he would
While Knox, the watchdog of. the
State Department, is naturally cau
tious and reserved, Knox the man,
a courteous ana genuu gentleman,
with a keenly developed sense of
humor, and a wide understanding of
men and events. He impresses one
as thoroughly enjoying the moment,
and storing away all passing infor
mation for future reference.
Mr. and Mrs. Knox at Moana.
The Secretary landed in a light
business suit and Panama hat, and
did not don the regalia of officialdom
until later in the day. He and Mrs.
Knox took a stroll along the beach,
and out on the Moana pier, as soon as
l hey arrived at the hotel, and ex
pressed themselves as delighted with
Waikiki. and what they had already
seen of Honolulu. When he returned
to the hotel veranda, Secretary Knox
received several . callers, General M.
M. Macomb, accompanied by his aide
Lieutenant -Andrews, being one of the
first to arrive.
Admiral Cowles, accompanied by
Lieutenant Stevens, captain of the
yard, called on the Secretary soon aft
er General Macomb. Later in the
morning Admiral Reynolds and Mr.
Miller, accompanied by Colonel Jones
w t.u.ut?w myAiva n wvuowao v -
"resplendent in -brilliant uniforms, gold come right up to the dock this morn
lace, and swords, and the remaining
t:u - .
ement and manner of laying tne adjutant general of the National
pame as directed by the superintend
ent Of public works.
"In case of neglect by the said as
sociation and others to make such re-
nairs. changes or improeiueutB iy-
Court is given. At the same time he j 0f it by this section, they shall
be made by tne oracers, serm.
employees of the Territory of Hawaii,
and the cost of such repairs, changes
or improvement may be recovered
by the said Territory from the said
association and others."
gays that an order has been placed
with the Hawaiian Development Com
pany for ohia blocks for King street,
and that these will be ready for use
as soon as the suit is settled. The
ohia blocks are the material that the
company has been wanting to use. but
which the city and county supervisors
nave objected to.
The Attorney General will base his
cie nf the case on Sections Nos. 838
John Marcallino acting as master on
the seventeenth annual account of the
trustees of the C. R. Bishop Trust,
f.ed his report in circuit court thi3
and 870 of the Revised Statutes of the ; morning recommending the account be
Territory. Section No. K3S, paragraph j aI proVed. The accounts show receipts
9, reads in part as follows: j for the past year df $107,039.07. ani
"Said association, whenever the dlFbursements amounting to $94.91 $.
streets are paved or macadamized, 75)
Guard of Hawaii, returned the calls
on both Admiral Cowles and General
By 9:45 the Secretary, together
with Admiral Reynolds and Mr. Mill
er, was whirled away in another
motor car to the palace, where the
foreign diplomatic and consular re
presentatives met at 10 o'clock to
pay their respects to the head of the
State Department. The party wa3
escorted from the hotel to the execu-
representatives of foreign govern
ments, lent a touch of added dignity
in regulation afternoon attire.
Secretary and Governor.
Secretary Knox took up his posi
tion with- Governor Frear, at; one. end
01 me iong . room, wniie tne , aipio
matic representatives lined up against
the opposite wall, and, one by one,
were led across the floor "by Secre
tary Mott-Smlth, and Introduced to
Secretary Knox. The ceremony did
not occupy more than 10 minutes,
after which the Secretary went with
Governor Frear to the latter's office,
and enjoyed a chat and a quiet smoke
for twenty minutes or so.
Secretary Knox and the- members
of his party then good-naturedly.
posed for their pictures on the palace
steps, and -by the time the trial by
camera was over, the ladies of the
party arrived, and the official duties
of the morning came to a close.
Consular corps at reception.
The members of .the diplomatic and
consular corps who paid their re
spects to Secretary Knox were as
-Acting Consul Y. Mori, Japan, who.
was given precedence over the others
owing to the nature of Secretary
Knox mission to that country; Vice
Consul R. F. Lange, Belgium; Dr.
Marques, consul Panama, Vice-Consul
Russia, Consular representative
France; Consul General A. de Souza
Canavarro, Portugal: Consul Harrin
ton, Great Britain; Consul General I
de Arana, Spain ; Consul F. A
Schaefer. Italy. Acting Consul Aus
tro-Hungary; Consul Wm. Lanz, Mex
ico, Acting Consul Chili; Consu
Chen Ching Ho, China; Actjng Con
sul E. KlemD. Denmark: Consul H
Hackfeld, Germany, Norway; Consu
H. M. Von Holt, Netherlands; Consu
George Rodiek, Sweden.
Takes Sprin Around City.
After the consular reception, and be
fore the reception which is to be giv
en- by Governor Frear at his home
this afternoon. Secretary Knox had a
reathing spell during which he was
taken for a short spin about the city
and immediate vicinity. Secretary and
Mrs. Knox. Gov. and Mrs. Frear, Sec
retary and Mrs. Mott-Smith and Mrs
B. F. Dillingham went motoring up
Nuuanu and towards Moanalua. re
turning to the Moana in time tor an
informal lunch with the Governor as
Owing to the fact that the Mary
r land is scheduled to leave at 1 o'clock
tomorrow afternoon, and that Secre
tary Knox thinks it unwise to delay
departure, the trip round the island,
which was originally on the program,
has been abandoned. A motor trip to
the Pali and other points of interest
adjacent to the city has been substi
tuted, and it is possible that a snort
visit will be made to one of the plan
Secretary Knox, however, is very
anxious to see Oahu, and it was only
with the understanding that the trip
is to be taken on his return visit, that
he consented to give it up.
Admiral Reynolds Here Before.
Rear Admiral Reynolds, who is the
naval renresentative of the bnitea
live grounds by Secretary Mott-Smith.; gtates tQ tne ate Mikado's funeral,
Glitter of Gold Lace at Function
It is seldom that Honolulu sees the
glitter of gold lace and the sparkle of
orders that go with diplomatic uni
forms, and the consuls who appeared
in uniform were in striking contrast
to those trho wore the conventional
frock coat and silk hat.
sees Hciolulu for the first time in ten
years, and notes many changes and
"I came here first 33 years ago,"
said the admiral this morning.
"Things were very different then, ar
you can well imagine. Everybody rodr
horseback. a"nd there were few car
The throne room presented a brii- riages, and of course no autos. I was
Mr. Ransford Miller is a. State De
partment .official with a. long record
for efficiency behind htm. He is chief
of the Division of Far Eastern Affairs
and has been, to Honolulu a number of
times. Mr, MJUer speaks " Japanese
fluently and knows the 'country well
and In this he will be a very.caluable
man, on the present trip.
Trip Was Uneventful. r , .
The trip from Seattle of the cruiser
Maryland was uneventful, a smooth
sea and fair weather accompanying
the Knox party all the. way across, v
It was not until the ship had clear
ed from Seattle that it was definitely
decided that the voyage would be
made via Honolulu. The choice of
the two routes was put up to Secre
tary Knox, who, upon inquiry, found
that ther? was little difference in time
and that better weather was apt to be
met with on the southern route, and
chose it accordingly. ' - "V"
"Captain Ellicott .didn't tell me that
he had two daughters in Honolulu
until after I had decided to come
here, said the Secretary, "When I
found that out I was doubly glad that
we were coming this way." -
The Maryland is today taking on
1200 tons of coal and expects to have
full bunkers by evening. Everything
will be shipshape for the reception of
the Knox party tomorrow noon, and at
1 o'clock the cruiser will cast off and
point her nose for Yokohama. ; ..;
Secretary Knox is still uncertain as
to the exact program after reaching
Japan. He has cabled for informa
tion, but has notj, et been advised.
For the Funeral Ceremony.
As a fleral tribute from America,
Secretary Knox has aboard the Mary
land a wreath from feet in diameter,
made of magnolia andcycas leaves.
The wreath was made by a Seattle
florist on telegraphic orders . from
RULES ADOPTED FOR
The sulphur conflagration at Ala
kea wharf Tuesday brought to the at
tention of the harbor commission the
fact that imported cargoes of this
chemical are not packed or handled
with sufficient care, and at its meet
ing yesterday the commission author
ized the formulation of a regulation
that will be similar to the rule af
fecting nitrates and other highly in
At present sulphur is carried in
Japanese wicker bags that permit
leakage. Hereafter it must be deliv
ered from .e ships in receptacls
that will prvent any possible expos
ure to fire.
A Clothing Line
The " BENJAMIN "
Suit is a suit without
ah uncertainty. You
know that when vou
purchase ; ; a - DEN
JAMIN' you have a
suit that will always
xjv cjrrri'r : Qk good, hold it;
':r 'mr ;M - WANTED. S: :," V; V ..' ; , , ... ,. . . , '
We've got 'em. Not the D. T.'s. but
the soda water drinkers we were af
1 ter. We've had to put in another bot
tling : table. Say, our Lemon Root
Beer and Orange are fine. Honolulu
Soda Water Co:; 34 A N. Beretania.
- ' i -v 4941-tf r '
Cottage, mod ernheart, of city: Vnlon
, SL'; Inquire J. Carlo; Fort SL
. . , - - k-5327-tf -
: ; -
1 ty t:
726 S. Beretania. Walking - distance
to center of city. Phone. t
Tanabe, 1307 Lillha. cor. KukuL TeL
2167 Cleaning, dyeing and stamp
ing. We send for and deliver. ,
1-: i.- ,k-5327-6m
Fong Inn Co., 1152 Nuuanu; TeL 3038.
Koa furniture to order. Fun line of
Chinese ebony, embroidery & curios.
t ' k-5327-6m -. z'-K
1250 Fort Shirts, pajamas, kimonos.
. k-5327-6m ..
Petit and grand Jurors for the
October term of federal , court, will be
drawm at 10 o'clock tomorrow morn
ing. The Jurors will be called October
14. The case of Hof schlaeger & Co.,
against the German bark Paul Isen-
terg was called for hearing this morn
ing, but by agreement of attorney was
continued to September 5. '
To save the Mahukona: wharf from
entire disintegration from the bach
wash of the waves the board of harbor
commissioners yesterday decided to
have a four-Inch slag of properly re- i
enforced concrete laid on the floor.ri
Under and by vim
Writ of Execution l:r.
orable a Ilookano. IV.:
of Ewa, City ad Cc .
Territory of Hawaii, 1 .. t
of August, 1912, In tts :
Hackfeld & Co., Ltd., i :
Nishioka, Defendant, fr
Three Hundred Nineteen : '
( 1319.00). .Dollars, I c::.!, c t
day of August, -A..' D.M.i;, :'
and shall offer and ex;x: .
and sell at public auctlca ti 1
est bidder, so much cf t-3
hereinafter referred to a3 tr. 7 I
essary to satisfy ti? V.'r.t
ecutlon on the pren:!3c.i cf I.
oka's Ice Works, at Alea, L . ..
Ewa, City and County c! V.:
territory of Hawaii, at 12 oV.;:
of Tuesday, the 1st dry cf C;t
D. 1912, al! of the right. t!t!i
terest of , the said L .Vlshlc ;
to the following personal j::;
the defendant unless th3 z::.:'
der the Writ of Execution, t.
with interest, costs an 1 my f
expenses, are previously izl I.
; PROPERTY TO LZ COLD.
One ice plant, ccnslstln z i I
chlnery, tools and ether lir.;!;:
connected with said Ice p.'ant.
. Terms: Cash In United States
coin.- - - . ,
Dated, Honolulu, City ani Cc :
Honolulu, Territory of Havai!, :
29th day, of August, A. D. 1012.
: ' . -,. wm. nn:;?kv,
"High Sheriff, Territory cf Har.a:!.
5327 Aug 22; Sept 15, CD
High Sheriff and Warden V.'.::
Henry , was ordered by; Circuit J "
Whitney this morning to d!::'. -
Akahoshl Ataro, who was release
der the poor convict statue. Ataro
sentenced to five years Imnrlscnr..
and fined $300 on a charge of a: :
and battery. He served the 'requl r
term under the sentence and addltl:
al time In lieu of payment of the fin:
m. . x. 1 . t i .
can be secured from the Star.::.;:
Pheto-Emrravln? Plant. ,
WASHIXfiTON. D. C AUK. 19.
About a week ago Surgeon uenerai
Rupert Blue of the public health serv-,
ice casually told a newspaperman ne
was looking for a guaranteed rat-trap
which would catch plague-suspected
rodents and intimated that the manu
facturer of such a device would get a
fat contract. Today Blue's office re
sembled a hardware store. From all
over the country geniuses deluged him
with sample traps, blue prints, draw
ings and models of rodent catchers
and suggestions. One inventor sub
mitted plans for a trap which would
first imprison the rat and then dash
iim fifteen feet against the wall with
fatal result3. Poisoning, drowning
md electrocution were included in the
thousands of suggestions received.
CUSTOMS OFFICERS TAKE SMUGGLERS AND
GENERAL HARTWELL SERIOUSLY ILL,
MUST GET U. S. PERMISSION TO BUILD
FLOATING DOCK, , ;-,:;-..;";.
HAWAII INSURRECTION CLAIMS TO HAGUE,
DR. MARLATT SAYS "NO FRUIT QUARANTINE
YET", V" "::v.tV.
KNOX'S NAME INVOLVED IN CAMPAIGN FUND
Are titles of news items that appeared
in this paper YESTERDAY twenty
four hours agoand ivere given to' the
public while they were news.