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HONOLULU BTAIt-BUIXETIN, SATUKDAT," OCT. 1912.' ?
w . , - - T
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!OUR GENERATIONS OF
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are a number, of high-graide pianos, .somej with old and honored names, all maue of the, best material, and workmanship,
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Hotel Streeti opposite
- v Ne'AV'
. . - " . . . . - . .
treated By Japanese
As week after week ."In the trial xT
Iio . alleged. Korean conspirators goes
bjv International ' Interest! becomes
' From Seou, where the trjah J8 -jn
rrogre68, come the most sensaUonal
reports, widely differing as to the
facts ' ibey present. The New - (York
Herald, . which has been1 lor many
years an authority on Korean af
fairs, is declaring to the world that
Japan la wrong in her claims of a
. conspiracy, and the Herald's reports
tare stirred statesmen all over the
A good statement of the whole af
fair is given by the Herald's corre
rpondent, wbo writes from Seoul as
- Of such world-wide importance are
the issues created by the remarkable
treatment of American citizens and
the wholesale charges of torture In
the course of the trial in Seoul that J
the legal issues presented by this
conspiracy case become of secondary
Interest. And yet for an understand
ing of the relevancy of these several
issues, if for nothing else, a succinct
review of the case as made out by the
police and the public prosecutor and
presented in court is necessary.
Governor 'General Terauchi. took
two trips to the north one in Decem
ber, 1910, the other early in Novem
ber, 1911. In the official summary of
the case given out for publication a
few days before the tcial there seem
ed an inextricable mixing of occur
rences bearing upon ftiese two visits,
but "at the hearing before the court
is developed that the allegations
against the prisoners, with one ex
ception," had to do with jhe Governor
General's 1910 trip.
On his way to inspect a newly open
ed section of railway General Tera-J
uchl stopped at Ping Yang, Syon
Chun and other stations, and, as is
the practise in Japan, the students of
various schools, along with local offi
cials and celebrities, were lined up
along , the station platform to greet
tbe distinguished visitor.
'in .Korea, as in Japan, all railway
stations, even the smallest, are en
closed and closely guarded by the po
lice. - Nobody can obtain admission
rnless he has. a railway ticket or a
platform ticket, the sale of tnese
speed hej departures of friends add
Ing "materially to the railway reve
Nothing of a sensational character,
no untoward happening of any kind,
nothing in the shape even of un
friendliness, occurred at any of the
stations at which the Governor Gen
eral stopped; or anywhere else.
At the stations, he returned the
greetings of officials, walked the
length of the platform, returning the
bows of the greeters, shook hands
with foreigners when any were pres
ent, and usually addressed a few re
marks to the students.
In October of thei next year, ten
months later, about forty of the teach
era and students of Hugh .O'Neill Jr,
Academy, at Syon Chun, were arrest
ed and taken to Seoul. It was stated
by the authorities that . these, men and
boys were being detained merely as
witnesses. A few" weeks later -the
Governor General visited Syon Chun
on his second trip north. This time,
as before, he greeted the students and
took occasion to compliment the prin
cipal of the academy, the Rev. G. S.
McCune, upon the fine showing made
by the students and the excellent work
of the institution.
Basis of the Case.
Those first arrests, it soon devel
oped, were the precursors of a large
number of others. Just how many
men have been in toils is not dear.
A few were released after being ex
amined by the police; nine against
whom there was apparently no testi
mony were banished under a year's
sentence; 123 were finally placed on
1he charge against these men is
that they were involved in a con
spiracy to assassinate the Governor another organ of the party published
General. The case is based upon in Hawaii, while the society has a
their supposed membership in or con- branch at Vladivostok. In Korea the
nection with a society known as the affairs of the society have been man
Sin Min Hoi, or New People's So- aged by Baron Yun. Yang Ki-Tak,
ciety. ( An Ta-Kuk and Kil Chin-Hyong. You
Before annexation, at a time when were the man in charge of the branch
Japan was giving Koreans assurance at Ping Yang. You know all this."
that their country was independent Deny Membership,
and that there was no possible inten-; This witness and many others said
tion to incorporate it in the Empire they had never been members of any
of Japan,, there existed here an or- such society and knew nothing about
ganization known as the Young Men's it.
Friendship Society. Later, also be- Baron Yun testified that lie was
fore annexation, the name was chang-, the founder of the Young . Men's
. The. object , of. the society, as ex
plained by the promoters and as tes
tified in open court, was mutual; help.
The Idea back of Its organization
seems to have been to create an as
sociation along' the. line of ; the J. M.
C A .which .does such excellent w6rk
in Korea, .but whose membership,. Is
confined to Christians. The promot
ers of the New, People's Society .con
templated an association, of somewhat
the. same general character In which
auy; young Korean, Christian or non
Christian, might be a, nfember. . . .
I They also admit that one of the
ams. of the society was to Instil pa
triotism.' in the hearts of the Korean
y du th.. '
At the i time of ; its organization
Prince. Ito was Resident General. It
wag -part of his policy to hold out to
Koreans the prospect of real, Indepen
dence as soon as their country' gov
ernment had ibeen properly reshaped
under the beneficent; .direction of
their "best friend," Japan. The sug
gestion that Japan had any intention
of annexing their1 country :. was de
clared to. be merely the Invention of
the wicked New York Herald.
With these assurances, the promot
ers of the. New People's Society felt
it certainly no crime to incorporate
lore of country among the cardinal
purposes of the society.
So far as known, the society never
amounted to much. Its membership
was never large, nor is there any
proof of its existence after ' annexa
tion. If it had amounted to anything
the fact would have been of common
knowledge; these things ane never
kept secret for long in Oriental countries.
The theory of the prosecution, as
disclosed in the trial, is tat this New
People's Society did continue to exist
and that It was in reality an Assassi
nation League. As Presiding Judge
Tsukuhara put it to a witness, Pyen
In-Syo, who had denied membership
in the society and who said he knew
nothing about its objects:
"Yes you do You know its object
very well. It is to assassinate high
officials. The headquarters of the so
ciety are at San Francisco, where it
publishes two newspapers. There is
to persons going to welcome or to ed to. the New .People's Society. Friendship Society, whose purpose
was to arouse Korean youths to love
their cduntry "and with this purpose
we published a . magazine In which we
put the pictures of famous people and
wrote articles upon education." The
name of the society had subsequently
been changed, but not the purpose.
"Was there not the purpose of re
storing your country?" the Judge
V "At that time the Kingdom of Korea
existed," was the reply, "and ft was
my .duly., to inspire the minds of Ko
rean youth with the idea of loving
their country. In carrying out the
purposes of the society I did only
v. Baron Yun denied that the society
had any such purpose of assassina
tion, or that - he had ever heard as
sassination discussed. . His testimony
shows . that with . the annexation he
accepted the Inevitable and used his
influence to induce all others with
whom he came in contact to do the
"You must have been indignant at
the annexation being carried out," in
terjected the court. . "Did you not
form, .a plan to restore Korean na
VI should never have found myself
in , this court ;had I had ppwer at that
time to : formulate a plan to success
fully, resist the authority assumed by
Japan over .toy. native :country," was
Baron Yun's, prompt reply. "But," he
added, "I, know it was useless."
The establishment of a, military
school , In what Koreans call West
Dan Do, which is across the border
iu China,-forms the other count in
the indictment against the New Peo
Such a plan did exist. The man
who. originated it is now wearing the
garb of a convict for the crime of
having thought of the idea. He is
Yang -Ki-Tak, once editor of the Ko
reans-edition of .the Daily News, which.
during the period of the
torate," was more than once a thorn
in the. flesh to Japanese officialdom.
When questioned by the Court about
this project, Mr. Yang said:
"Why, yes. The establishing of a
military school was a. new plan which
I conceived on the next day after an
nexation. The convict, garb which I
now, wear is in.answer to this."
The case of the prosecution as this
is .made out in $he questions to which
the prisoners gave assent they de-
fund raised, before annexation, by,
popular subscription. They held sev
eral meetings,, always at the Y. 31. C.
A., to determine upon the. final dispo
sition of this fund whose raison d'etre
ceased to exist , with . annexation. -It
was one .of tfcose funds.. raised by
small contributions. Some had been
returned to the subscribers, but. as ;
there was no way of reaching the oth
ers, the trustees proposed to devote
it to some charitable work. . At one
time it was decided to give apportion
to the Y. M. C. A. ; as a permanent
fund, the Interest on wbich .could be
used but with, provision for , return
of such portions of. the principal. as
might be called for by subscribers.
Subsequently the . Japanese took, the
fund for an orphanage a good work.
The Points at Issue.
It is said that, these alleged secret
meetings were held at Im's house in
Seoul, three dates being glven
The record of the . police examina
tion shows that a servant of. Im's
testified that such meetings had been
held and gave as ' the dates Septem
ber 10, November 16 and December 3,
This . witness . was not brought into
the court, though Im requested that
he be brought.. Im said, that this aer-: the so-called testimony this Is the only
, "But was there no day?" asked
Yang. : . ' .. - ;M'-'
"No date'Vwas the Court? reply.
"Since, there was txo such ; meeting
there probably was no date I " replied
Mr.. Yang .with a laugh..
turned H for 2nd adj statesman of . .'
Most of the men-arrested belong to
the north, at Ping Yang, Syon Chun
and near these two places,,.. . v
The theory of the prosecution makes
the six men namea ne ieauer i im
plot It is necessary to fine sorre eon
net'tin link between these men V
Soul and the preachers, teachers, stu
dents and others up north. The prese
cution seeks eo sow that An and- YI
served in this capacity. Not' only is
this, denied by all, the defendants, but
both of these men furnish testimony
that seems .to prove alibis.'
As evidence that there was a plot
against General Terauchi's . life the
prosecution said these conspirators,
numbering In all, including those on
trial and those released And banished,
about one hundred and fifty, were
gatherer at the Syon.Chun, Ping Yang.
Snung Tu, Kwak San and New Wlju
railway, stations, armed -with pistols
Kim, The Insane.
. One witness, named Kim, who has
generally been regarded as insane,
testified that he had bought twenty
live pistols at Mukden and had subse
quently sold them at Antung. In all
vant was an ignorant man, sixty years
old, who could remember nothing so
far.as -two years hack, and that if he
was brought into court he would not
tangible reference to pistols in any
This Kim deserves a letter to him
self. It is sufficient here to state that
permitted to have a gun of a pistol, j
Of such flimsy stuff U this case, as
presented .to the Court, made. "Con
Jeeslon openly'repudlated in couct,
with charges . of birth? under torture
furnish the only plausible explanation
fcr their existence. On no essential
point- is there any effort to present
corroborative evidence. : .r; ;'rr -; '. -
There is no pretence that there was
any attempt upon the life of the Gov
ernor General. There is no claim fuat
there was untoward happening of r.nf
kind. upon his visits at any of uese
places. v ; '-';' .-riV'..,' '' : 'v
A thinner fabric than that' presented
by the , prosecution .could hardly be
imagined.. There Is Crazy Kim, who
repudiates himself at every, turn, save
in so far Is his, testimony Involves him
telL In insane desire to do sometyiti.-?
"lig". and get his : name before, tbo
world as An, the assassin, of Prince
Ito. did. His dream of going to Eu
rope td kill the president of the Hague
tribunal reveals , the: character and
trend of his mind. Out of such a brain
anything might come. . "V
Then there are the "confessions."
I Imagine before the last is heard of
this case the Japanese authorities con
cerned will be as ready to repudiate
tfcbse confessions 'as the men who
made them. - - ' ,
be able to identify one of the men his testimony reads like that of a man
other than himself
The only other, "witness" on this
point before the police 8 Kang. a
man who was In Baron Yun's employ
after the tatter's arrest. Kang has
not been produced in court . All ef
forts to ascertain his whereabouts
have proved futile. All that is known
about Kang is that he went -to the
prison frequently in connection with
having Baron Yun's meals sent to
him. One day the prison doors. open-
protec- or Kang and then closed on him.
ana ne aas noc oeen seeu or uearu
from since. There are rumors that
this man's hip was twisted out of
joint by the gentle questioning of the
police examiners, but in bis absence
there is no possibility of establishing
the truth or the falsity of this rumor.
The police examiner reports to the
court that Kang confirmed the evi
dence of Im's ignorant old servant.
He is not produced in the court by
the prosecution, and the defense could
clare. under torture in the police ex-mot of ceurse, produce him. Baron
animation assumes the leaders of the ! Yun has fully established by docu
"conspiracy" to be Baron Yun, Yang mentary proof that he was in his
Ki-Tak and four others Im, An, Ok j home city, Songdo, on each of the
and Yi. These men are charged with i three dates named.
having held frequent meetings at Im's ! Yang Ki-Tak was asked about one
house in Seoul at which plans for
assassination were made. All the men
concerned deny that there ever were
Baron Yun, Mr. Yang and several
of these presumed meetings, the
month but not the day being given.
He asked what clay it was supposed
to have been.
"In September," responded the
others were trustees of a patriotic ' Court.
suffering from paranoia, who. after the
assassination of Prince Ito, felt it was
up to him to do something big. tie
talked about going to Europe to fciU
the 'president of the Hague tribunal,"
but being without money and not e
lifching a tramp through Siberia and
acioss Europe, he did nothing.
Kim's story was so rambling and as
conflicting that even the Judge up-j
braided him for his manifest im on- J
tistencies. As it stands, it is difficult I
tc see how any court could accept
tMs man's testimony as of any value
There is no testimony to rorrolKr
ctc his statement that he 'bought twenty-five
pistols, at Mukden or that he
ever had twenty-five pistols. The other
Koreans, despite the grave charaxter
cf the charges against them, treated
Kim as a joke. His testimony, in so
far as it involved anybody bHt him
self, was pronounced a lie. Although
hi?, role was that of star performer
fc the prosecution, re repudiated in
court most of the statements he had
made in the police examination and
before the Procurator.
Twenty-five pistols for one hundred
sud fifty merf spells pretty Ions? tnvi j
sion. There is much talk in the po- ;
lice statement of many revolvers be-
ins: handed over to missionarios to i
hidden, but no attempt to tOiow how
other Koreaus had secured pistols or
where. Under the law no Korean Is
1 " i-.'f ' -
M - 1 Vj-JUX
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A. Aycr's Cherry Pectoral.
Q. How long hes it been itscd?
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Q. Do you publ&h the hrv.-il. i
A, Yes. On ccry bottle.
Q. Any alcohol in H?
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Q. Hovmayllcarnmorcofthi ?
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Ayer7s Cfeerr Fefel
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