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HONOLULU STAR-BULLETIN, SATURDAY, OCT. . 5, 101S.
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O J RenungtoaJpem Hawaii
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"Twa Cronies Sleepin' Thegither"
Jnlm Walker, lately -back frae
Aberdeen wP his insides gey mend it
L.r Hraw Scottish surgeons and hiB
ponth filled wP heather lor his fel
low exile, brought the matter up at
the Scottish Thistle Club, and Mais
ter Hlggins, a mon o unco skill and
leeterairy research, volunteered to be
thi "Old Mortality" to Investigate the
ieiort. It was about the neglecled
staves of two Scottish worthies in
Nuuanua cemetery, the long silent oc
cupants having a tombstone In com
mon. Intercepted by "The Onlooker"
before he . had time to prepare bit
report, Mr.'HIggins related the follow
ing interesting, facts:
"The tombstone is considerably
shifted out oflta original position and
!eeds attention. It shows that Alex
ander Adams 'yas born in Arbroath
in 1780, and Andrew Auld In Linltth
row in 1799. Upon the stone is
graved this legend:" " .
Twa cronies frae the land o'
- heather - . -
1f51eepln'here n death thegither.
yoUlrrg wtiraair carne along water
ing graves, wjio, Jn anxwer to ques.
t ions, said jshe illdf'not know very
much about "the history of Adams anu'
Auld. Still she told me soni'etliliv;.'
'Hie late William Auld, once superiii
iendent of the Insane Asylum and a
tilgh Mason, as well as prominent In
: A friend of mice., now in a wbJie
hkuded profession, but who was once
and- again a, horny-handed son" of toil
lo skilled lines, , has been, giving me
his 'views oir the utject:of -"bridges.
Kverybody who know, anything about I
It, will agree with his opinion that, the
'building of-wooden bridges on'mgh-
ways at this date -is foJLlyrThls' Is aa
a;e of gteel and concrete, and It U
waste' of money to put - perishable
wood into bridges and culverts, y
to prevent Ihe. superyfsors said my
- fileod, "from making.-that bridge oyer
; Nouanu " stream, at- ttie Junction ' -of
f -Qujeen and Kins trels. oT, wooden'
, planks and upon' wooden piles: ' It is
.XldjculouSito. lay, WtoJithic paveaienl
onop of such . a ' temporary . structure1.
5 Unless the lumber ta 'especially well
seasoned, ike life of th' aubstruct)ire
of Jthe bridge ;wfll "be iiot- more- than
TTTTT. , i , - -T--r. t. ..' ...ii, ''). 4 1 "":-z rr -. s , .-. i . . - .
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Cannot be made without great heat.
at tpo.low:: ilemperatur, Janlla -little
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the new vegetable oil cooking coipoimd, will not
smoke at 455 F:f Crisco gets son hoflhat itcooks the
outside of the food at once, and the grease cannot soak
' ii -Thi& is the secret of the deliciously crisp food it
Your Grocer Sells Crisco
King Kalakaua's palace mjstica. was
a son of this Auld. His wife was a
daughter of Adams. Another son wa
James A. Auld. one of the best prim
ers of his time here. Mrs. Charles
Lucas is a granddaughter-of Adams.
"Adams was not his real name. It
vras Fife. He belonged to the British
navy and fought in some of Nelson's
tattles, but he deserted and took his
mother's name. He owned a small
trading schooner, in which he en
gaged in the sandalwood ; trade to
China. . The Ring was very good to
hiin and "gave him the greater part
of Kalihl Vailey. also the land of Niu.
Auld was a ship carpenter.' He did
the finishing work on the mausoleum.
Also he made the coffins for the royal
dead. Auld was offered land by the
king which he would not accept. All
he wanted, as he said," was mone
wherewith to take him.-, home to his
mother, ' hut 'Ijannie Scotland or
mother was never , to see him a?ain.
He might hate Jtd all kinds of land
here, yet everything ended in the wee
bit of ground yhere he sleeps with
his -crony-ras S.ic-venson saidMn pre
monition of his own sepuiture in t he
beautiful' island of th.i Pacific far
frcin his -forfeited grave" amang hon
eRt 'Scots' "sods, .'C where aboot the
tombs of the martyrs the whaups are
crying," this heart remembers how."
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four- or .five years. Ily-and.by the
wood will rot and break down. .Then
how is the caving-in. of the pavement
to be repaired? ; Bltulithic cannot be
laid over a hole.
J"ll Is ; a great "mistake to make
bridges ' l'6t anything ' biii . concrete
that material;; and, een fat the case
of wide -.spaces to be grossed it would
pay in the long rua1 to ' botid bridges
of a series of concrete arches, with
piers between Ihem of the samejoia
terial if stone blocks , are nojf - conve
nient, instead of iron or steel .DridgM.j
in tne aesxructive seacoasx air oi xnes
tarts. . . . . . f ' ..
nis OTings. np me xaaixer oi' icei
care ot our iron orioles. i-aieiy i
nad; Occasion to-crpss, the BeretanU
street" bridge,; when i noticed that i
had become badly oorrdded. ' Some of
r . . . ...
What' a crlmlaa! waste of
projeity is this, all for lack of
pre-entire application of a
pounds of paint. There are
bridge3 in the same case no doubt, as J
well as other structures owned by thej
puuuc lur insuince, ine cayuoi
grounds fencecr-wjjeje the climare nss
been pernitted to work irreparable
"In this connection, the Iiarbor -
Action has been taken by the San
Francisco board of education to end
an abuse in that city which was for
merly rife in the schools of Hono
lulu. That is, the exaction of contri.
butions of money from the pupils for
fads and folderols which might take
the fancy of the teachers. In some
cases e object for which the dime or
nickel was levied never materialized,
but there was no refunding of the
money, . wherever it went. Perhaps
the practice is -still in vogue to some
extent here, and if so the educational i
department should squelch it. It" Is!
not otily. annoying but illegal, if - it
Prizes to the Value of $20,000
Stir YOUnaSterS Of Otate TO.
Take -Greater Interest In Arj-i
:?i'tt.- ' . ' ' t
PORTXAND, Ore., Sent. 20. Bare-,
ijr . aiA iuuiti.ua agu, w Luiuiiuuee ui
members of the Oregon Stale Bank
ers Association met: in- Portland to"
discuss, plana for Creating greater 11 n-
n..h-'Tw-',A , ,t,,a
i ouajr, prizes 10 ine- viuub
of 120.000 have been: promised, :aM
ready' there are approximately. 75,0o0
School .. children wto'wiU have . a-J
oiDiis, or mree-i.iii.ns oi au tne cmia
ren' in Oregon,! and S8 f children's fairs
have' been .reported.'," ' -'7' ! ' ':r
Iln addition, Prof. C. H." Lane, as
sistant in agricultural , education at
Washington, f D Ct whose visit to
Oregon last May -was a mark' of re
cognition t-pfJernovement . by the
rational government, . awarded r, this
State a meed'of praise beyond'
others.,"., -', . . ' -"--'l i V -.
'Oregorf, he said',.Mhas sfarted this
commission has shown lack of fore-f
thought ih-iavintr its oil -nine line
i - -
(Without a protective covering. One
I ;., , .. u. .u..
j ru iu i;ac inuugui i'je tuuuiissiou-
if they had observing eves.
should have noticed what the gas
company was doing with its pipes, or
the rapid transit company with its
rails. In all probability that expen
sive pipe line will, inside of four
years, be as full of ltaks as the roun-
of School Children
still exists anywhere in our schools,
in would be well to put in force a
regulation like that which has been
adopted by the San Francisco board,
which reads as follows:
Teachers are prohibited, from
collecting or soliciting any con
tributions of any sort from pupils
for any purpose whatever, and it
shall be the duty of the board per
efpttf ilf to deny any ; and all re
tfues&'iwhichf 'directly or indi
rectly have lot their object the
coilection of funds or the adver
tising of anything whatsoever of
on a brooded scale than any
state in which bankers, breeders and
business men have given industrial
education such liberal support at the
outfet. The next step -should be to
jmake this work an integral part of
the public school system
The committee at the outset adopt
ed what has come to be known as the
Yamhill county plan.. This met With
the State, and
to and to make useful articles, by
, a i ti
. dl ! T!
ity ' and ' S,tate competitions ; for
As a' start, the Bankers Association
placed at the '.'disposal of the State Su
perintendent of Public InstructlQn,Al
dejmzan $800, foir the salary and ex
pense of a field manager and forth
salary' Jot ' a stenographer until the
close of the State fair, which is to be
Mr. Alderman appoiated C. C.
XixonJason field manager. Mr. Thom
ason, visited all the countries in or
der, Jto enlist felocal . aid,,, and coopera
tipnl- to direct the organization of con
tests and to assist in arranging local
prize lists. N. C. Maris was appoint;
ed by the Union stock yards to work
in conneciton; with Superintendent Al
derman. These two men already
have visited 30 countries since field
work startedr February 1.
, Every assistance was given by the
Oregon Agricultural College, which
placed the field organizers on Its ex
tension staff. With the first of the
year a start was made of compiling
Jthe premium list for the state fair.
The response by tanners ana men in
terested In the produce of the soU
especially, but also by business men
in general, was generous. Animals
and commodities for children's prizes
already have been donated to the
value of $2500, while the State Fair
board supplemented this amount by a
donation of $1000 cash.
All the first prizes and some of the
second prizes have been specially do
noted, among them being prize Shet-
iland ponies, -dogs, calves, sheep, piss
and chickens. Furniture and sllver-
tware are among tne otner special
prizes donated. The second, third,
fourth and fifth prizes, except where
otherwise specified, are of the value
of $8, $5. $4 and $3 respectively.
in the agricultural section prizes
are given for chickens, ducks, pigs,
icorn, melons, pumpkins,, potatoes, cab-
Jbages, onions, celery, grain, bread,,
canned fruit and vegetables, jelly,
eu'or.t no a a nnrl nstfrs In the indllS-.
trial division awards are given for a!
bird house, a piece of furniture, a!
i labor-Paving device, hand and ma
j chine-made aprons, and darning. j
JAPANESE LINES VIA PANAMA
Concerning the inauguration or
otherwise of an AHantic service from
Japan after the completion of the
' Panama Canal, nothing has yet been
j decided by the Government. Leading
members of the Nippon Yusen Kaisha
desire the inauguration of such a ser
I vice, and advocate the carrying out
.of the" necessary investigations, while
! those of the Tovo Kisen Kaisha con-
jectnre such a service to be unnenss-
t sary, and are of the opinion that if
cargo is transhipped at San Francisco
jto American coasting vessels shippers
using their vessels will be exempted
from the burden of paying ('anal
"How do you pronounce 'butter
ine?" asked the grocer's new clerk.
"The last syllable is always silent,"
replied the grocer. St. Pall Pioneer
10 SITES 50L
m m mm 'n -n -ri w
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It hag. been shown by geologists that
at various times during the mqre an
cient eras pi the earth's history great
seas, diverse in size and form. -existed
in regions now lying in the interior of
the continent of North Amerjca. Ttiese
great! seas, "somerdf wnich had outfets
to the ocean or the. Arctic-and oteri
were, connected ,by straUUh the At
lantic, or possitly: opened gut intd a
great gulf ,to'Ui soutn were conatahi
1 changingSr ircordanjce with, the
deeprseated k ear' . jnovenients, .pi ie.
continent. Complicated ;.and : always
vt-.ried - wafping. of the earth's crusty
combined with downward pr upward
thrusts of. the land masses, accomp
lished, sleeping changes . in the geo
graphy sometimes burying; lirge. re-'
gions below aea level and leaving only
remaants keletonsof the, land, as It
werrrt'gPortions.Qf the old con-,
tinent. surrounding . interior.' seas. b A:
othertimesv (inland rose, more warPr
lng took, place,, the seas, were Jtanisbj;
ed f rpjn :j(ne ln.terior:: regipns, and the
continent ' stood . larger' anoV higher
even, .a'n'(ioes''now.'.i JCven ot. the:
present moment, large stretches of our
eoasUare.susidJng.beiow teji leveL
The history of this earth movejrnent
and the conditions surrounding the
different invasions of the sea Into the
continent are revealed by the study of
the rock strata and their fossils. As.
tha animal and plant life has changed
from period to period, differing m
each of the inland seas, It is 'particu
larly; to she study of these fossils tnat
geologists owe their knowledge of the
time relations of each period in geolo
gic chronology. . The fossils show tie
climaticl conditions, the nature of tte
shores; and the depth to. the ocoauAc;
connections, . k
: An important addition to our knowjf
etige of one of , the very ancient seas
the Onondaga has been made by B.
M. Kindle, in a paper just' published
oy ,the-Uhited-Statea Geological Su
vfcy as Bulletin 508. ,: This-sea whicn
is very far from neing one of the most
arcient of the Paleozoic,' though, 4t
d.'-tes back probably, more 'than a uhn
Jred times as far as the great Ice Age,
is. known as .the Onondaga, because
the criteria revealing and:characteriz
iiig: 'it were first brought to light In
Onondaga County, in northern New,
York. Mr. Kindle shows that the pecu
liar forms" inhabiting the Onondaga
tea extended through Pennsylvania,
Maryland ,and Virginia for hundreds
ot miles in the waters of a sea whose
eastern shore line was not far west
of the site where jthe Blue Ridge now
stands. From southwestern Virginia
this shore line appears to have trend
ed westward not far from the Ken
tv eky-Tenneseee line as far as. the
present valley of Tennessee River and
at some point was connected with the
great inland sea covering the present
Mississippi' 'Valley. The Onondaga
waters were, warm, as is shown by the
presence of corals and other tropical
or subtropical types of sea life. The
technical descriptions of these fossils
compose, the main part of the bulletin,
which is of interest especially to those
concerned with the study of the ex
tinct molluscan faunas.
The: great basin occupied by ?he
Onondaga sea was later warped and
greatly changed and its easter-i por
tions were filled to a thickness of r,000
tc 10,000 feet by sediment, mostly 'Jo-
rived from the elevated but com para-j
tively narrow remnants of the conti
nent, lying -act of the present P.lue'
Ridge,. If these sediments were piled
upon a level plain they woulo form
a mountain range equaling In height
and extent the Sierra Nevada of Cali
fornia. Bulletin 508, which js technical m
nature, may be had free on application
to the Director of the U. S. Geological
Survey, Washington, D. C.
WOMEN OUTLIVE MEN
The greater longevity of women
than of men is shown by recent
French insurance statistics, the ad
vantage on the feminine siJ being
almost one third.
Thus the average age at death of
femnine annuitantson one company's
books is 70, while for m?a it is i -ir-ly
50. Another company 1ms several
centenarians, all women, or. 'rs loks.
These annuitants have already receiv
ed their money back five or six
times over. The company is thinking
of revising its tariff, making the scale
for women much higher.
A distinguished doctor, when asked
to account for women's longer lives,
"Men live much harder and -'iioke
and drink too much, even though fbev
rarely work too much. Women are
wiser and think of the future, nr'v
smoke and drink one-tenth as .TMh,
while their preoccupations and r.oral
sufferings are much less intense
"At 40 a woman is in the plentitude
of her physical powers, while a man
at the same age has probably con
tracted organic weaknesses which will
shorten life." New York Times. J
Let Us Do Your
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