Frem 8. F.t
IlonoluJau, Dec. 4.
For S. F.:
Persia, Dec. 3.
Makuraj Dee. 4.
.Mararaa. Dec. 31.
lining Hulletln. KsL 18S2. No. 540S.
Hawaiian Star.-Vol. XX, .No. M4f.
14 PAGES. HONOLULU, TKRKITOKV OK HAWAII, T I ' KS1 A Y. I EC V" H) 1 - 14 PO ES.
PRICE FIVE CETO
- . ,; . . ......... - .
Territory Spending MoreThan
Two Million Dollars Yearly
For "Them . -: ir
SUGAR CHEMIST TALKS'
- ON VITAL SUBJECT
Shows Importance of Knowing
Just What Stuff to Use
On the Fields
' " - c " '. . ,-. . ; 1
That the sugar planters of Hawaii
( Br using between two and three mil
lion dollars' worth of mlted fertilizers
c extremely high grade, each year
sim stated by S. S. Peck, chemlit of
the experiment -station in an address
Itefore ..the Planters Association this
n.crhlng. The fact was cited to show
the 'importance of having a thorough
l'tpderfitandlnx of the subject of fertil-
: frers. . . . - . ,
President J. P. Cooke called on Mr.
Peck Immediately on-the opening of
'the convention shortly after 10 o'clock.
" Mr. Peck spoke extemporarily, an
nouncing his' theme y as "The Oi igln
aud Function of Fertilizers He Uln-
V si rated his remarks, with a series of
' C' lulrts. It was within the memory ot
- most of .them, he said in opening,
when the only fertilizer -used in the
conefields of these islands was bone
meal. Today 50,000 tons of mixed ter
. Hizec were 4ised annually, the money
'.-value 4f which was between 12,000,000
and 13,000.000. . .:V',-
j Fertilizer, may have one of three ac
- itionR-drect., indirect ind catylitic. In
' f there islands the, practice Indoeed dl
rect action; the roll being treated" to
t hUrogen. phosphoric acid and ammo
j; nia' sulphate.'''1' Mfr Peck"; mentioned
L- the eourcet'of the-feftillzlrig element
v..' . '-'in' slaugLterhouKe Vodticts, fl&h. scrap,
y stable - matter, - ete,r , Av&llabTlJty j
! -Vas the mftin. condition affectlmr Up
: i ; vr..ipp!y.of phorphoric acid. 'ea,rly'nll
1 the potasn- cime from Germany, but
; there had recently been discussion o
i . i developing- phosphates 'in the United
.Stater, the kelp on. the Paciflc coast
. T; iKlng mentioned as one great source.
- Kxtractlon? of nitrogen from the air
. had of late years become fact
; v thioueh the cheapness of electric pow
er. The latest Idea was a combina-
- i ' tlon of nitrogen with, hydrogen to
t1 form ammonia sulphate. Possibly with
' ho Phnnst!on' of the nitrate deposits
cf CLIle we may, have to look to these
mehtly discovered sources. Phono
lith was another substance from which
phosphates were derived. This was a
Completing - an eight . month tour,
i. -' . .. -. . '
of the world, persuing a tlgtag course continent stopping at the several
over sea and x land to a distance of large cities and spending some-little
SliCOS -miles, "of which 15,000 miles time at the - large museums to te
; were traversed on land and mostly found there.
ly rail. Director William T. Brlgham. At Boston, Dr. Brigham was joined
curator of Bernlce P. Bishop Museum, by Clarence M. Wilson, who through
terminated bis travels at Honolulu out the remainder of the long voyag
this morning with the arrival of the ing around the globe -served in -the
Canadian-Australian liner Xeatandla.- capacity of private secretary to Dr.
"Prom CO derrees north to, G2 de- Brigham. -
wees south, we have ' come - pretty
near covering the greater portion of
this old globe." was the happy re-
"joinder from, the Bishop Museum cu-
- lator, who, looking hale and hearty,,
- the picture - of health, was soon the
center of an enthusiastic, group i of
f i who boarded , the liner this
inurning to , extend a greeting, to-the
Jong-absent and much-traveled direct
or of Hawaii's famous museum.'
Dr. Brigham w as sent 'on an extend
ed tour of the world for the purpose
of making a careful investigation of
the important museums throughout
t he world. ' While away he paid par
ticular attention to studying the
metliodsx of classification as well as
general manageinen n vogue at the h ap8 ng tne admlnistration at
many national institutions. 'the local institution. I left here pre-
Dr. Brigaam declared this morning pared to receive a wealth of new
that he utilized practically every -ideas..-
known method of conveyance and , -The Far East also proved a valu
lransitortation in his travels. He es . able field of research. We journeyed
payed the awl ft .'gliding snowshoe In at length through the Federated
making his ascent and descent of
Mount Cook. He traveled the Egyp-
tion desert mounted on the hurricane
deck cf the. camel.
.In leaving Honolulu w ith the be
Kinning cf the year. Dr. Brigham
sailed for San FranciscoJ He then
. ' -
DRIVE GATES, LAWN FURNITURE
- ' - T
H. E. HENDRICK, LTD.
w- ..... ;. .
.-.,, I-.'':'.-.-.;- ".-
Entire .reorganization of the: road
department of Honolulu, under trie
plans now discussed by , the newly
elected Democratic board Involves the
substitution (of two road overseers,
one for ? the Fourth and one for the
Fifth districts,1 directly under, the
county engineer, in place of the pres
ent road supervisor, Caldwell, who is
running bis department practically
separate from that of the county en
County Engineer : Lou Wbltehouse
will be retained by the Democratic
board, according to present prospects,
but it Is likely that be will be asked
trt apfiioint-Democrats to the two dis
trict" overseer Jobs. , - '
The Democrats believe greater ef
ficiency as well as economy will be
obtained if the city and county is di
vided into two districts with an over
seer for each, district, both to . report
directly- to - the county engineer and
each' held responsible for results . in
bis district. - ;--.- '' .7 -
As stated yesterday, the supervisors
have not yet come to a final - agree
ment on the sweeping changes is city
and county pff ice, that they will, ef
feet r upon assuming office, but 1 their
plans are' fairly -Well: outlined. v";v. 1
mi. ' . i; -t-mrfM,
volcanic' deposit" "and! It ' ; would' look
like carrying coal tO'NeWcastle. Wlnv
pcrt.lt here.' v -
How It Works V- ' ; v
Comlng to the function f fertilizer,
Mr- Peek said there was a prevalent
impressbn that a fertilizer conveyed
food direct to the plant. This was no
quite correct Investigators had long
noted he capriclousneis of fertlliz
ers, they showing different effects-in
different localities. A fertilizer should
orly be applied iff soils that were poor
or; infertile. The tpeaker quoted Sup-j
ci intendent ' Eckart in . the bulletla.
where he said, thain the mixture of
feitilizers nrtrogen should be the pre
dominating, element. Besides being a
ctlmulant.tb the plant, a tertllizer fur
nished food-for useful bacteria, Whlcl
(Continued on Page 3.)
made; a Ieisurelyxjourney across the
' "Do you know, that during all thisl
journey -ovet the - world, we aever
missed a steamer or a railway train."
declared Dr. Brigham in rapidly
skimming over his extended itinerary,
to a little groupe who had gathered
to ereet him on board the Zealandia
lt was my good fortune to travel
on . man) new steamers. Seemed as
if good luck persued both Mrr-Wil-son
and myself on the trip abroad,
?The trip was not without Its at
tendant hardship. . It was in no wise
a pleasure jaunt I left home on
business bent,", so stated Dr. Brig
ham. "It wa3 my purpose to visit all fa-
Malay States, the Philippines, Java,
Borneo and thence to Thursday Is
land, where we connected with steam
er for Australia. " New Zealand and
lastly Fiji Closed the. trip which has
been productive, of great results.
"In ,Java we traveled a thousand
miles over excellent railway lines."
Dr. Brigham comes back to Hono
lulu and his life work prepared to
J settle down to the task of maintain
; Ing the Bishop Museum - along its
, present high standard of excellence.
T He expressed himself as delighted
to get back to the islands. He re-
ports that his health has greatly Jm-
proved through the extended absence.
WHot nrnAnTrmT iMnririiBiirhTT nr III J IPS 7PI II f ! n
Lava Breath UErrtlVIliiEiMl Wlffliimi-Ur f
Miles of coast line lifted but
of the : water, thousands - of
acres of plantations destroyed,
and a probable loss of life that
has as yet not been ascertain
ed,; are some of the results of
a volcanic explosion on one of
the little : south sea islands
passed by the Un:on Steamship
Company vessels fastmonth.
The news of ; the -disaster, al
though hut few. of the details,
was brought here this morning
by the S.S. Zealandia, en route
from' Australia; toVancouver.
The island is. called Niuatoou,
and is; twelve , miles , Iong by i
eioht miles wide, and is one of
the Fiji group. Irvall five miles
of the coast line is' devastated
by the eruption of lava, and the
south side of, the island, where
the eruotion took nlace, has
been raised more than a foot
I igher out of the. water than
The British steamship Zealandia
sailed from Sydney dn the afternoon
of .November.lSth and called at Auck
land on November 22nd and Suva on
November; 2Cth brought news of the
disaster which for some days threat
ened the lives of the ; remaining na
tives as well as a little handful of
European traders. -. . '. : , r'
-The Island which ; includes a, large
lagoon ; is ; one L of the places where
the UnJorr- Steamship. ; Company, , to
whlchT the 7 Zealandia belongs, drop
mail -overboard In a tin cannister or
a bottle, according tp the quantity and
.whl4iJa4er;-1tfck'ed':;iii by native
swimmers and brought to land. -, -'
One or tnore traders formerly resid
ing ther' have made their way to Fiji
and wero ;' at V Suva at the time thp;
Zealandia called there , for cargo , and
mails destined .for the west coast of
America.-' . , :.;. ;. ' " j-.
From ' the story brought to the Fiji
port, the, spectacle of - the, eruption
was a rare one causing more' than five
milea of 'coast line: to blaze leaving
destruction to plantations in its wake.
It was also stated that the south side
of the island where the eruption took
place has risen over four feet ; .
Fifteen hundred'; native's, many in
the employ of German plantation own
ers reside on tne island. Tne native
towns were not wholly destroyed but
many r of the houses built of flimsy
material furnished food for the flames
that swept the island in a great walL
All coeoanut trees : in the affected
Making their escape to Suva in a
motor launch, a small ; party, brought
first news of the. disaster some, days
prior to the, arrival of the Zealandia.
Following the first report several
coasting steamers plying, from Suva
to Fijian ports Were commissioned to
visit the island and take off all those
who desired to leave. Niuafoou Is said
(Continued on Page 3.)
"That: t a an earthquake for sure,"
was the exclamatibn that ran around
the convocation cf sugar barons.
about 10:30 this morning, as the Judd
Building on . Oe fourth floor of
which the ' association's hall Is
trembled under a mighty jar coming
from the direction of the harbor. And
there were ; n"sh Hilo men there
to contradict . the diagnosis of the
tremor if it waJ not correct
There was n distinct push followed
by a recoil, the time of the quake be
ing about cne and a half seconds.
Inquiry , directly afterward-, of . some
men standing on the sidewalk, failed
to get ' any confirmation of an
earthquake 6hoci they only -laughed
and asked an irrelevant question of
the inquirer. -....
A. Lewis, Jr., manager of the Dank
if Hawaii, when questioned at noon !
said he felt no shook in his office on
the ground floor, adding that with the
constant hammering of . mechanics
working on the bank alterations it
would not be strange if a shock would
puss unnoticed there.
On the suggestion that It might. uave
been a submarine blast in the harbor,
the harbormaster's office was question
ed by phone, and the reply was that
tr-ere had been no blasting this morn
ing, the voice adding, "it must have
been an earthquake."
'QUAKE IS FELT
' '! ' i&i i ' J v. . .t--- " '
. ' t ? 1 'n ';"'i'4' ; t
' i '
fOL. GEORGE 3PGUNXEGLE H,
Wfco heads Department ef lldwairdar.
In'Gen. Kacemb's absence. '
Gen. Macomb" Goes to; Codst
" on Leave and McGunnegle ,
i; The Department of -Hawaii will be
in command of a (colonel of infantry
for the next two months,, for. in .Addi
tion,' to 'his already' arduous - duties as
commander of n 'the' -brigade . post -at"
Schofleld Barracks-and command eT'ot
the First Infantry. Colonel Geors K.
McGunnegle will atsume command of
all the troops and posts on Oahu next
Thursday, when Brigadier General M.
M. .Macomb boards the trniisprrt
Ixgan en route to the Coast General
Macomb Is taking a wfll earned leve
of absence, "during which he will visit
th e nationa 1 capitar, returning lirobab
lr on the February transport s
-The grinding of the department ma
chinery will be somewnat impeded fcy
the fact that the xommattditfg '.-officer
will have his office some 23 miles from
department headquarters, for it. is' im
possible for Colonel McGunnegle to
take up 8tation ip. this city on account
cf his "many duties at Schofleld - Bar
rrcks. ' Probably the telephone w ill be ;
rContinued on - page 3.
Charges of Falsehood, Threats
and Coercion Preferred
Against Normal Head
Direct charges of falsehood on the
part of .Principal Edgar Wood of the
Normal school, of threats, abuse and
coercion of the teachers under him
and of a conspiracy in the department
of public instruction to drive decent
young women out of the department
in disgrace, were made openly ty At
torney Joseph Lightfoct and the
Misses Etta 'Davis and Maud Dawson
ibis morning, at the school commis
sion's hearing of the Davis and Daw
Countering these. Professor Wood
brought serious accusations of insub
ordination and incompetence against
the two young women, the former of
whom is still retained this year as
instructor in the Normal school with
out increase in -salary, and the latter
merely dismissed, "for the good of
the department' being the only ex
planation vouchsafed her.
In the latter case Attorney Light
foot presenting Miss Dawson's argu
."This" method- of dismissal meant
ruination to a young woman. - The
mystery of what might lay behind it
would ruin any young woman, particu
larly one who must make. her living
by teaching in the public schools.
This is far worse to a teacher than
disbarment would be to a lawyer."
An another point, referring to Prof.
Wood's charge that Miss Dawson was
always on the verge of open rebellion,
Lightfoct declared: "It is charged
Mr. Wood has no love for the truth.
His word is not reliable," and he nar
rated an alleged incident that occur
red some time ago wherein, he as
serted, the principal has instructed
the teachers not to permit pfapils to
patronize a certain Chinese store near
the school. When, a few days after
2 GIRL TEm-ERS ; ,
. JUDGE ROBERT W. AIU HHALD
t ot the T. S. Commerce innrV V u.
;:. ::. ; J ; .
Accused Admits Acts'-as Are
V Charged but DecIaresyThat
, He ; Believes Them Ao -Have
Been . Perfectly Proper-Vv ;
' WASHINGTON,' lo. 'C, '- Dec 3.
The Senate today jaegan the hearing
in the V impeachment. proceedings
against Judge . Robert W. -Xrchbald,
of Pennsylvania, accused of; conduct
inconsistent with.; the position he held
upon' the-bench;s:: "'-- ' . y.;-1';;,1''
..Judge Archbald admits acta laid! to
his door but declares that he believed
and stirt believes' them to have bterr
perfectly proper.' - Archbald la a' mem
ber of President -Taft'a United States
Commerce Court - The tral may be
expected to continue off and on for
some weeks or . perhaps- f 0t two of
three ; months - and inasmuch as the
Senate is due to adjourn for good and
all on March 4 next it can g appreeu
ated ' that this impeachment.' case it
practically certain to ' proves thf" big
event of the winter in thef legislative
body, . . .' :',.' "' : r
Aside from its. ; significance this
trial : before a jury of ninety chosen
men representing . ail the ? State! ef
the Union' is sure to arousa great irw
terest on the part of thefpublle bt
cause such ; impeashment trials A art
exceedingly rare. It has b(en seven
years since the last previou event Of
this kind and there . have ; been only
ighf such formalities since the. estab
lishment of the government - -
ward, the merchant noticed the boy
cott of his place, and appealed to tEfe
principal for an " explanation; een
charging him with ordering It, the at
torney -saia .ztiat the principal, jfc the
presence of several persons, declared
he had never given any such order.
Attorney Lightfoot "offered to bring
in his own 'daughter, who was at the
Normal . and was present when .Wood
Is said to have made this; statement
to the Chinaman, to corroborate the
details of the incident,
AH the testimony and argument of
the opposing sides was finished early
(Continued on oaqe XI
Cheap wine4 "dago red" and
attediuitjeyils, together with methods
of checking tfie enonmros sales of the
injurious liquors in Honolulu, wilLbe
discussed at a public meeting called
by the board of liquor license com
missioners for next Friday afternoon
at 4 o'clock In the senate chamber,
executive building. , . .
The Increasing quantitiea of cheap
booze consumed in the city and coun
ty and the stories of appalling crime
following orgies in which "dago red"
figured as the principal stimulant,
constitute a condition that the license
commissioners believe must be dealt
with at once. None but the lowest
(Continued on Pagt 8)
ID CUT SALE
Greece Aroused To Wrath By The Leni-
ehcy Of The Pact Proposed By Bulgnrs
And Wishes To Push The Investment
Of Constantinople, Claiming That Never
Again Will The' Balkan States Have
: As Good An Opportunity To Pull
' iDdvvn; Their -Ancient Foe--Bulariaii3
Plan To Sigh The: Treaty Without
'Waiting For The Agreement Of Athaii3
r T 4 -. SpcU Ptar-BuMt In Cahl
3 8 8 8 8 88 8888 8 8 8 8 8 88 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8
n'-r , : - --''-:':' ---' :;.' - : ' , .; - . .- 8
8 , ; SOFIA, Balgarla, Dee. 3 Bulgaria., has come to a,defiale fan I 11
8 on the peace terms she is prepared te effer Tarter, and the in.'.', t;
8 cations arc that sue will remain firm despite the' furt that she will ::
8 probably hate to split with one at least of her allien, (.'recce. Fari: rr
8 details vf the terms she prepared to effer.were made puM!? to,:.ij. n
8 jq brief they, are, permission for tke Tnrk ta re-probloii lt 'r f jrt.. 8
8 Tesses to -send supplies to detached bodies ei troop, an.l Ila'irLi 8
8 promises to see that, the supply pur ties are given safe.ror.i::ct thron;!r 8
8 the Allied lines. The blockade of the. Aegean and the, AirLiUr se;is is 8
8 to be raised, and the arraiitice nor exNiin will be eontinned until 8
8Mhe final settlement ef peace hetneen IluljarUn and Turk.i ' )8
8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 88 8 8 8 88 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8 8-
ATHENS, Greece, Dec. 3.-A serious split b:tv:::n
Allies now attacking Turkey'js rJendlnq.- ,Th2 ire ' ' ?
arisen over :. the -terms which tho Culnrians havo cll:rl
0ttdman.Vvhif3h ; Greece Cdz 'are 1 entirely joo.l:r,::nt,
will, if observed, destroy, the good ga'nsd by- t;u . .
states in their present struggle
In a ;f ormal protest against
the Turk will have no option
holds that the only Sensible thing for the Allies to clo'ct I,.;:
juncture is to press on to the capture of Constantincp!:, cr ' t
edsHo oush the investment of that citv to such a stnnsiit
' The tremendous losses which have been suffered by thD
victor Bulgars, however, are telling upon them and th? :pr::d
of; cholera in the Balkan states has depicted ths 'finhtir.g
forces to -such an extent that many of the generals of th2
Allies believe a retreat may be necessary if the warv is not
ended soon. ,y v 4 v: ''. ...V' ' - .r' -.;' ':
-' r ! ; MAY IGNORE GREECE ' ' : : -: ; ;
; .- , ' ' : (Associated Press Cahl-J '
't, SOFIA- December 3. Bulgaria is planning te act Independently of
Greece in the conduct of the" negotiations with Turkey.' She it prepared
to 50 ahead and sign a treaty of peace if necessary to stop the awful car
nage and put an end to her own frightfu4 losses from disease , and war.
Steps are already being taken to open the final negotiations with Turkey
in London, where they are to4be held. ' :'.- '. -" ..V ' -" ;; . '
CONSTANTINOPLE, December 3. Another hf:ch has arisen in the
peace negotiations and for some unknown reason the plenipotentiaries to
day failed, to sign the articles of' the? protocol as expected. It it under
stood, however; that the delay is but a temporary, one and that the nego
tiations will be resumed tomorrow, ; :. ; . ; .'
- KAISER' INTERVENES :
V; - . , Associated Prww Cable) S
" BERLIN, Germany December 3 Kronprinz Ferdinand T of Roumania
was closeted with the Kaiser all of the morning. Reports of the nature
cf the conference between-the two monarchs are to the effect that the
Kaiser is bent upon including Roumania in the so-called Triple Alliance,
and the acceptance' of the Kronprinz of the Kaiser's ideas on these lines
TOKIO, Japan, December 3.- The cabinet crista was further compli
cated here today by the sudden resignation of Premier Marquis ; SaiortJI.
The Prime Minister found hTmself unable to find a successor -for Baron
Uychera and was forced out of office. The Japanese and foreign1 press
of the country declare that the crisis is a straight fight between the jnit
itarists and the constitutionalists of the nation. . : r
. . . :y -.-. ... . , ..
To Picture Negro's. Wedding
. : ; ;.- '- - 1 - . - - -.'. . ' -;
' AsitociaU Cable V;-,.,;'; -X ''Vv' ":V;-:.
CHICAGO, .Illinois, December 3 jack Johnson, champion pugilist 'of
tne world, this morning took out a license to marry Lucille Cameron, the
Milwaukee girt, for whose alleged abduction he was Indicted for. violation
cf the Federal white slave law. He says that they wilt be married to
night. The moving picture companies have paid him five thousand doL
ars for the picture rights of the wedding. ceremony. "the . negro taJivma ;
at his mother's home and the ceremony will take place there. ' r .
BIG NEGRO WEDS - ' : -
CHICAGO, Illinois, -December 3. Jack Johnson, the .pugilist, was
married to Lucille Cameron this , eve ning. The policed were -forced to send
patrolmen to preserve the peace.' The Chief here refused to permit the
movfng picture men to operate. The wedding was followed ,by 'a chicken
dinner. -. ---A ,; " --': -.-' .
' TAsaocfatod Prea Cablil , .. - '-' ,; .
WASHINGTON, D. C, December 3. President Taffe format message
to Congress was read in open session. here '-trVs morning." The' President
followed the lines expected.
.with tha Turk. : :; :
the prcpos: j a . C ,
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