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PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY
hVicF, BA1LJVV BLOCK. Main St.
ItVlLlkl, nun. K. I.
su p.sc n ii'Tiox n a t ks w.
no .year, (in advance) .... . ,!.r,0
-iy months. ' . 1.5(1
I '.w lolumiw nt thr-XKW mini It rmiunmiU'ii
ll itis cm iii'TtiunK I nili's. wplit! on y on
our side or puiHT. Sin" y sir lmniu vliioli
will lie In-Ill I'ontiili'iiiiul if il sii cd.
j. B. ROBERTSON. Ed. and Frop.
.?RS. G. B. ROBERTSON, Bus. Mgr.
Saturday, May 26
'Wanted. a public park. Wailuku should have at leas one
pot which could bo utilized us u public park. The government
.ow owns an ideal pla.-e und it should be the duty of the citizens
f Wailuku to see that it is devoted to that purpose. The proposed
te is the land pun based .from the Wailuku Plantation lor a
eservoir site. Alter the. reservoir .incompleted, there, will be
nough ground k it to lay out a very nice little park. A proposition
.as been made that the goverment sell this surplus land to private
.vners, but it would be much better to comert it into a lace of
creation. Then plant it out to grass and set out a number of
iiadc trees, vith rustic seats. The view from, the site is one grand
anorama. with Iao Valley for a background, and a vast expanse
1 the ocean. Mount Haleakala and Kahului Bay with its shipping
r the foreground. Let us have a park.
jj It is true that the Board of Health deserve credit for the
masterly manner in which they met, fought and conquered the
plague in Kahului. But, the victory won, they should not go to
sleep on their laurels. Kemember, gentlemen, that Kahului is a
sea port, and one through which an enormous import and export
t rade is daily flowing. There is no apparent excuse for the long
delay; which has occurred in the
Kahului which iv?y be used, from .tha. absolutely dangerous part
of the district. No. longer delay should be permitted, in the matter
of opening up all the portions of
open to public trade and travel. In this connection, the News
makes a personal appeal to Dr. Garvin, who thoroughly under
stands the situation, to use his influence to have Kahului properly
rehabilitated at once.
H Do the Inter Island navigation companies really know that
the United States Government has declared Kahului a port
of entry? ''f ahaina. Maalaea, and Makena -have regular steamer
service, but Kahului and that portion ofMaui dependent on the
port of Kahului have to depend on the leisurely movements of the
Claudine, which is supposed to be due at Kahului on Wednesday
morning, but winch really drifts into ' Kahi'hii whenever the
exigencies of sl.ip towing permit. To ask the passengers who are
ii.t present obliged to avail themselves of the Claudine to spend
two whole days between Honolulu and Kahului,--in order that a
collier may be towed over, is an outrage on the- public which will
right itself to the detriment of the inter island companies, if a
better service is not given us.
ID The world "do move", and the mile stones which mark its
progress are not so car ven with groat deeds as with the minor
innals of every day life. vAmong the latter, "Equine Dentistry"
is coming into prominence. This at first naturally provokes a
smile among laymen, but careful investigation has demonstrated
ihat horses suffer quite as much as human t cings from faulty teeth,
;md all the more pitiful, because they can rot tell us of their suf
i erings. This would prove a fruitful them for the "Humane
Educator" to exploit.
0 0 0
H Thd Ho.nOLCLU -Republican, a daily morning paper is to be
Parted at Honolulu hl'out the lifteeiilh of June, with George Man
;on as business mana;fM" and Mr. Edwis S. Gill as editoi Mr.
.'lanson is well known, unfavorably to the business men of Honolul u
Ml'. Gill also, according 4o his.- statements in the Bulletin of May
1, is well qualified to conduct the editorial department of the
aper. May the enterprise prove a success.
j The Hilo papers, as well as these of Honolulu, are striving for
eadership, and to date, the Herald seems to have the inning, not
hrough and by virtue of merit so much as through and by
" irtue of McStocker. Both, however are newsy, readable papers,
- nd it is to be hoped that they "will not emulate the Kilkenny
jats. but rather that they will each thrive and fatten on competi
'ion. 0 0 0
H H6nolulu is already top heavy with stanch Republican
papers, and now there is to be another Richard in the held. In
the struggle for leadership among Ihem, which in the natural
course of things is inevitable, there will be a tierce and brilliant
rivalry which will develop some high class newpaper work and
wit that will be worth reading-.
0 0 0 -
Wailuku should takj a lesson from Honolulu and Hilo in the
matter of holiday" sports. Nothing marks the progressive spir
it of a town's!) much a readiness to take hold of und promote public
gatherings for ruces, fairs and other similar entertainments.
0 0 0
Hjj Mr. Marshall has received six months on the reel'. The heart
of the News overflowed with sympathy for Mr. Marshall until we
chanced to pick up und read the article on which the action was
based. And then .
H A note of ik w buildings, koing up in Wailuku will iy .umd in
the local column this week. Wailuku is not booming, but it is
growing, 'and will ontinue to do so for a longtime.
" " 0 0 0
H V'tUlulru should lay aside politics and .rumors of politics for a
.vhijejljid begin to get reay.vfor a. fourth of iJy'101!11!""
MAUI BLUE BOOK
Hon. .1. . Knlr.it. Circuit .litilci". Wnlltmu
.1. K. N. K.'olu. Clerk Hiri liit Court. WhIIhIui
.Inil(jtM.U.Rol). rtwiiLll. MiibIsuuIu. Wiilltiku
Kiiliiipiinhuiii, " " Miikutviio
" Kulmulelio, " " I.iilmimi
' Knletkiiu, " " llommulit
" .liix-pu. " " llnmi
" I'lttuujiu. . " " KlimlHilu
" MhIm'x. " " Moloknl
" Kaliooliuliilmln. " . " ,' 1-mml
L. M. Iluldwhi. Rlinvirf. ? ' Wulluku
A. N. fliiv'selileii, tvprty flinilt V.iiilukH
W. IT. Ki.iff. " " Mukii vim
f. H. LiuoSiijf, " L.iilmiiin
K. Wlf-tim-li " . " Hinm
C. Trimble, . ' " " Moloknl
(lv (looiliiess. Ciilituin Poller-, Wntluku
S. Kiihunii. Alnkiivviiu
M. Kinil:iiulma, " ' Lnlnilim
UimIki-v. " " Hi
F. J. Frenry, " " Moloknl
(.'. II. Ulekey. Tux Assessor. Hnlku
W. T. Robinson. Deputy Assessor, Wnllnku
W. O. Aikeu, " " 1'itlii
(1. Ininu, " " Lnlmiun
J. liin.su, " " Hiinn
matter of, seggreating that part of
towns which may be safely thrown
LEARNING OF THE ANCIENT
The following article is Introduce
tory to tde report ot H. F
Townhentl, Inspector General of
Scliools, to E. A. Mott-Smith,
Minister of .Ptillicnn Ingtuctlon,
' . - ' -; '
, It. lias bcon (uite coniiiionly as
su'iiod.. that before the Hawaiians
had books they could have had no
such thing as idveation. Yet such,
an assumption is by no moans justi
fied by the facts.
Their knowledge of nature about
them was remarkably intimate and
discriminating. They had names for
all the different plants of the Ha
waiian flora; and although their
schemes of clussilieation were frag-
iinentary, crude and faulty, their
knowledge of the characteristics
and habits of the different plants
about them would put to shame
man' a school girl uble to chase
flowers down with a key and call
them hard names consisting of two
Latin or Latinized words each. The
art of healing had made considerable
progress among them, though it
was based upon empiricism rather
than upon scientific knowledge.
Many of these vegetable remedies
are. highly esteemed by those who
know of them at present, and that
without regard to race. And in
other way they made use of their
knowledge of the properties of
plants. And the knowledge which
the ancient Hawaiians possessed of
the fishes of tho At-tt'W&s sufficient to
place them fuy:(ili;fti, i&i-with the
scientific men of their day, as far as
their, limited field of observation was
Lconcerned. They knew -lHtf-'moun
tains,' the low-lands, and -!thi? 'SC-a,
including those vmaratory birds
Which 'visited theirt anuuailV'o.frotn
the coasts of North America; aud
they could tell the characteristic
habits ff each kind. They knew no
more of what we now call geology
than did their European contempora
ries, vet they had names for many
diliereut rocks and formations and
gave accounts of their "origin satis
factory to their minds and about as
nearly true as the theories of .their
neighbors in Christendom of a centu
ry or two ago.
They had a practical knowledge
of astronomy worthy of more than
passing mention. They' kuew the
visible planets and the principal
constellations. They knew the trop
ics and the equator; and they deter
mined latitude by means of the cir
cumpolar constellations, both north
ern and southern, probably by their
dipping upon the horizon. A faint
and confused echo, as it were, of the
learning of the old Hawaiian teach
ers has been preserved to us in an
outline oi ancient astronomy or
navigation written by the well
known Hawaiian scholar, S. M.
Kamakau, and published in the
"Kuokoa" for August 5, 1SU5.
Tins article m full is here given as
translated by Prof. W. D. Alexan
der, and published in Thrum's Annu
al for 1801, under the title,
'Instruction in Ancient Hawaiian
Astronomy as Taught by Kaneaka
hoowaha, oue of tho Counsellors of
"Take the lower part of a gourd
or hula drum (hokeo), rounded as a
wheel, on which several lines are -to
bo marked (burned in), as described
hereafter. These lines ai'e called,
'Na alanui o na hoku hookele' (the
highways of tho Navigation stars)
which stars are also called 'Na hoku
ai aina' (the stars 'which rule the
land). Stars lvinsr outside of these
three lines are called 'Na hoku a ka
lewa,' i. e., foreign, strango, or out
"The first lino is dravn from 'Ho
ku naa' (North Star) to the most
southerly of 'Nxtve' (Southern Cross'?).
The portion to the riyht or east of
this line is called 'Ko alaula a Kane'
(tho dawning, or the bright road of
Kane); and that to the left or west
is called 'Ke alnui maaweula a Ka
ualoa (tho much travelled highway
"Thca three lines are drawn east
and went (latituuinally), one across
the northern section indicates tho
northern limit of the sun, about the
15th and 10th days of the month Ka
ulua, an l is called 'Ke alanui polohi
wa a Kane' (the black shinin'' road
of Kane)- The line ' across the
southern section indicates the south
ern limit of the sun, about the 12th
and 1 tt 1 1 days of the month ililinama
and u culled 'Ko alauui a Kaueloa'
(the black shbmi road of Kanaloa)
The line exactly in the miadlci of the
spher e (tho drum, the Lilo), is
colled 'Ka alanui a ko Kuukiu' (tho
road .o' the U eider), and aWa Kb
alanui i ka Piko o Waked' (the road
the navel of Wakea).
"Between these lines arc tho fixed
ars, . 'Na hoku pa a o ka Atari.
the side's are the stars by which
navigates. .The , teacher wil
the position of all these stars
on the irdurd. Thus, he will point
out to his scholars the situation of
ITuinu (Altair), Keoc (Vega?), Nuu.
anil, Ivaoea. Ivonoil.i. Piieit.i.- Na
kao (dion), Na Lalani o Piliula
Manunalo, 'Poloahilani. Huihui (the
Pleiades), Makalii (the Twins). Ka
Iloku Hookelewaa (Sirius). Na ITiku
(the Dipper), und the planets', 'hoku
le', Kaawela (Jupiter), Hokuloa
(Venus), Hokuula (Mar.-f). Holoholo
pinaau (Saturu), Ukali (Mercury),
'During the nights Kaloa to Mau-
li (the dark ni-hts of the nioonV. are
n - 1 - -
the best times for observation.
Spread out a mat, lie down with your
laee, upward, and contemn ate the
k bright sections of Kane and
Kanaloa, and the navuratincr stars
ontained within them.
"If j'ou sail for the Kahiki groups,
you will discover new constellations
and strange stars over the deep
ean. 'hoku i ka lewa a me ka lepo.
"When you arrive at the 'Piko o
Wakea' (Equ:;tor), you will lose
sight of the 'Hoku-paa' (North Star);
and then 'Newe' will be the southern
guiding star, and the constellation
Humu will stand as a guide above
3'ou, Koa alakai inaluina.'
You will also study the regula
tions of the ocean, the movements
of the tides, floods, ebbs and eddies.
the art of riirhtimr unset canoes.
'ke kamaihulinu,' and learn to swim
from one island to another. All
this knowledge contemplate fre
quently, and remember it by heart,
so that it may be useful to you on
thorough, the dark and unfriendly
6cean." - . .
'But this knowledge of navigation
ha3 podsed away from the Ha-
whiiiwifjj (J,y such fragments' as the
aboye.;rmiiiliig. And although
such voyages had long been ' discon
tinued when the white man first
made the accaimanc'e.of the Islands,
evidences are aBunflt'nt that in form
er centuries tlns!'i'yslett'tof naviga-
.. . . X.T.4.. .. .
Won served to guide 'thywynesians
in voyages back and ftirtUtfo'iji here
to lalati, amoa, Tongo anc othar
islands of the gouth Seas. mT
Hawaiian literature, like that of
the early G reeks
. -i' 1 iTy.TOwi1"' OI 1,10 Territory. The
aid letters, "and farr , i
Z u?M 1 , Tl'C Apoipjuckersort.'tndlheupshot
3ns,sted of historical le- AMtW was ,! GiU iost his
alone. It con;
yoiicis utiu poeuis,- as ion" as oooks
A 1 . . . i .
of Hon-.ci', by means of which the.
knowledge of their nast; was pre
served to the people," and a great
mass of prophesies, prayers, creation
myths, religious poems, hulas, etc.
My learned predecessor,, .Hon; A.
Fornande.r, did the world a great
service in rescuing front oblivion
and sifting this mass of historical
literature, but the great mass of
general Hawaiian literature remains
yet to be so rescued and preserved
tor the learned world. Of course
this literature was known to the
many only by ihe hearing of the ear.
But the learned class held vast
stores of it iu their memories.
Every chief worthy of consideration
was assumed to be uble to chant
his .'-own genealogy through inanv
generations and the heroic deeds of
his illustrious ancestors. And ,even
the common people were made
measurably familiar with the niaiii
outlines of their country's history. .'
The intellectual capacity of the
people i roughly measured by the
fact that their language contained
more, than twenty thousand words.
let it had no written form, and the
people knew no alphabet.
The Judiciary Cominitte of the
House hus formulated two measures
to renedy the evils of tho great com
mercial organizations known as
trusts. They are: a constitutional
ainendnet giving Congress full power
to deal with trusts, and a new- law
designed to extend the Sherman anti
trust act. The extentions to this
law proposed are as follows; !
i irst Koquiring tho branding or
marking trust-made goj ds.
Second Prohibiting the interstate
iramc oi irusi-niacie good uot so
Third Requiring corporation
hoving a capital over ? 1,0110,000 to
file a report of their affairs with tho
Secretary of State.
Fourth Providing tho process of
injunction against combinations.
Fifth Prohibiting he use ot ttlie"
mails to concerns and their official
Ui'oveu la be tri.U W.hftsUJr. .
Albert P. Judd, Chief Justice of
Hawaii, died, last evening at7:'10
lio'clock, at his residence on Nuuanu
street after an illness lasting many
months. His death was '.hourly ex
pected during the day, and Dr. Woml,
the attending physician, did not be
lieve he would tide over the afternoon.
He sank into unconciousness then,
and when darkness came he passed
peacefully to the other world. The
immediate family and relatives, to
gether with a few intimate friends
of the late Chief Justice, were pre
sent at his bedside during the last
inonicnts. Dr. Wood who had been
with the dying jurist almost con
stantly up to a late hour in the
afternoon, was absent when the end
came. A d vertiser.
Seven precincts in the Fourth dis
trict and ten in the Fifth district of
Oahu held elections Saturday for
delegates to the district convention
of Republicans which meets on May
30 in Honolulu, to elect two delegates
to the National Republican conven
tion at Philadelphia, on Juno 19.
Each precinct was empowered to
elect one delegate, except ihe
Second precinct of the Fourth dis
trict, which was to elect two dele
gates. Returns from all the pre
cincts could not be obtained yesterday.
In one or two cases it is understood
that there was no election held. In
the Seventh precinct of the Fifth dia'
trict the election was voided by
fraud. In all the precincts many
natives, in proportion to the native
population and the excepted vote,
cast their ballots, showing an active
interest in Republican politics (fti the
parts of the Hawaiian. Advertiser.
E. S. Gill, formerly of the San
Diego Bee, Arizona Republican, San
Francisco Chronicle and Examiner.
iCincinnati Commercial-Tribune, Bos-'
ton Traveller, various New York
and Philadelphia' journals and a long
list of other papers, has been en
gaged to edit the Honolulu Repu
blican. Several years ago Gill was Adju
tant General of Arizona and in that
military capacity "made a raid 'on
Ly-t. '"ui-pny, secretary and since
ipaulets andUwl from the Arizona
tos. He has since figured
fcfos J'S""dist all over thd
(Mi-xcCpr in Arizona.
The'Republican, which will be out
before Wgf-r -will be an eight-page
city elfij Jhe start and there
may be several at present unat
tached ldcallijbA'spapcr men on, the
Dr. John S vJcGj-pw, chairman of
ithe " Democratic mass meeting
held last AVednesdav evenim' at
Hall. Tibi I air, Dointed the
cominruU JitcJ prcparo J
a plan of
tion and prepare an addresd to the
people of lh3 Territory of Hawaii? in
accordance ''with the ro-ioiution
adopted at that meeting'!'''
Dr. Join. A lTcH l'rtw Pis M1! , a .li3
. .-. v v j u rwMU I k a
J. McCarthy, John Wise. Chlrles L.--
unocies, r ranK Urown, WUlianj H.i
""".,u!, iit;yiuiiaiuii, jQnn
D. Holt. James 'Quinri,'' Jomt j; - gah,
John E. Bush. JosepFS:
K. Vildor, John Effingpr
M.. Camara, Edmund HfHa
mer H. Johnson, W. S.lYjtlitrs and
J. L. Coke and
Maui; Captain C
The "first view'.'-of the "
Art League was given last
Jilglit ' to
iriencis and invited guests!
artists, ihe exliibitiou i
. . . ! 1 i. . . ' . VJ
able one and some think
yet attained by the Leaglio. The
well known work of D. Howard
Hitchcock is one of the chief factors
of success as in the past. Hii work
is suggestive, clever and s"8"J?3fl?nr
There are two Volcano nktures
vo cimn nii-toi'flK
which are extremely well dm&xlMni,VH'u11 uf,a of lsIiilld
his other Hawaiian scenes are pleas-
nig and full of merit. -
Among tho numercrs oxhibitorgiiU
following are worthy special men
tion. II. Kellcy; , Lau BlukiHg
Harold Mott-Sinith. Mrs. lfred-lVil.
lis, A. H. Parke, A. T. White, A,
R. Curry, Mrs. Campbell, Mary T.
Menton, A. B. Tucker! Mrs. Kiuney,
W. E. l'iiikliam: Yion
i'J pictures. -TTuT'
S. Roth well "d P; t
exhibit conjpriscs 10'J
It has been reported in the .news,,
papers and on the street that" .ihe.
McBryde Planatation Co's boncRUo,
the amount of :;$7")0,000, have.' been'
floated in Sari', Francisco by Col. Geo.
tW. Macfarlauo. The statement, it.
seems, is Roinewhut premature, us'.
no actual arrangements have been."
effected; but it is a fact nevertheless ',
that Mr. Macfarlane has agreed to
take the bonds to the amount ' of
$7"0.000 upon terms which have not
been accepted as yet as far as known
The statement that Mr. Macfarlane ;
went to New York' to place the
bonds is uii error; his business in
that city being on other niarters.
George Robert Ewart, Kilauea,
Kauai, Hawaiian Islands, graduated
m Civil Engineering with the degree
B. Sc. at the convocation of Mcf-:'
University, Montreal, on April HO.
At the sumo convocation A. T,.
Mahan, TJ. S. N., received the honi
rary degree of L. L. D., and i
cable message was received fron
Lord Strathcona: "Exceedingly
regret inability to be with friends of
McGill today, to ' assist in doing '
honor to Captain Mahan, whom weV
are proud to honor as one of our -
alumni. " The young man who has
won the degree of Bachelor of
Science, as' above mentioned, is the
son of George R. Ewart, manager
of Kilauea plantation. Bulletin.
Sam Purker expected to leave for
Hawaii on the Kinau but he has
changed his mind und will go to Hilo
next week. On his last trip to
Hawaii Col. Parker found 40,i'(l-.
sheep and a large number of 'cattle
at Hvnnuuli. He states that ho will,
look'into -politics when he reaches
Deputy Sheriff Overend arrived in"
Hllo'-by-the Kinau, looking for some
witnesses in 'the Kona riot ' cases. :
Mr. Overend says that the condition
of affairs ill Kona is anything but j
satisfactory. The Japs are evi
dently out with chips oii theiit
shoulders and looking for as- much "
trouble as . can . be conveniently -
3ecured, meanwhi'e breathinu threat
ening and slaughter against any wf
their fellow countrymen who do not
come into line and "vote the slate, "sn-
to speak. One of their follow country
men has already, felt the Weight fcf
their dih.lcasu' e, and new with most!
liis bones in a fractured condition
keeping the authories euessinor
whether ho is going to live or die.
As has been explained before, thn
trouble arofe through the failure of'
Japanese lessees of sugar lands be?'
longing to the plantation to keep"
the crops in a suitable condition '
and free of weeds. In consco'ue.nVa
of wmoh tho Pinters entered on the
I""" UliV IUI 111 Illl'U IU t'UIT.1 VJlTf
the land for them. These men were
driven away by the lessees, who
laim exclusive right to the land
during the period of lease, whether
they cultivate their crops or let .
them go. Herald.
The lie fi" Received by the las t
Xlnau, ' announcing the appointment.'
by President Dole of Carl S. Smith
to the Judgeship of, the Third and
Fourth Districts, vice G. K. Wilder;-
f:iior hv tlift innilln nf l-Til.-. ' ' ' 4
iiijdge Smith is a lawyer of"very:
high natural ability and thorough-
legal. training, and during' his ! resi.-'
deuce here has held a position' 'at the
ba'i Whicli justifies his appointment.
j, The Olaa alid Puna . f ugar cotn-'
panics have' made contracts with tho
HiloR. R. Co., to handle' all frciirht-
and sugar crops between the Atlahi
tic Keaooard. points on the Pacific
Coast and the inilLs in Puna and Olaa.
Herald.' i ' i ' . . . ,
Presideiii Gehr, of the Ililo-Kohala
Railway Co; feels confident that , the'
survey ' of "the first section of his.
road Will'be promptly accepted by
the 'goSci-nment, in which case
gradin"v. ill begin within sixty days. -
A Notice appears elsewhere in this
issue, calling for a meethur of tho
i ' " -
w consult With reference to the iu.
portation of labci tie 'rom Porto
Rico. A.rccjvcst to this effect 'has
been sent up from ( Hoi'iclulu. It is
stated that there is a large ' amount
of labor available upon that island,
and it is proposed lb tako advan-"
tage of it. Tribune.
(Your business in,; the