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PlTBT.O-IJD EVERY SATURDAY
ii'-rn'f, MAILLV 1!T.(V'K. vAis Sr.
V AiLllil, JlAl'!, l 1.
M", Willi' HON RATF.S
hi year, tin ;1am- ) . :.'..u
S; t:n 'ii'. i s. . .
I":- t'uhiin'.M of h" Nr.v. s, r.lmii c nimii!:i'ii-
li.lls nil V r'i'l' l t l.ipi.v.. Wri'.r imlv nil
'ill'' itl. ,f jmprr. vinir tinni'1 ;e,-.
.'.ill If Li-Id V .V.Ik!."! Lit il . lip.'.).
G. B. ROBERTSON, Ed. and Prop.
MRS. G. B. ROBERTSON, Bus. Mgr.
Saturday, July 23
A wry sons'ibl"1 ami limoly suggestion has boon imulc by Mr.
lli oisv lions, one of tin' TiM'ritorial 'Kopublio.an committeemen 1o
1 lie effect that in tho appointment of our local officers, such as reg
ist ration und election officers, road boards, land commissioners,
superintendent of water works and other puridy local ofHcos. poli
tics be laid entirely to one side, and republicans, democrats inde
pendents and mm i artisans all meet and discuss proposed appoint
ments solely with the view of securing the best men available for
the different offices, without any reference to their political nihlia
tions. I'.mbtless, such action would govern the authorities in
makin tl.oir appointments, and it is to be hoped that .Mr. lions'
suggestion will be carried out.
j? One of the gravest subjects for discussion at the approaching
legislature will be that of the education of the children of the
Islands, and Avhile the genius of the American free school system
is opposed Iq sectarian teaching, yet the condition of the conglom
i' rate races of children now growing up on tlie Islands is such
that it would seem a worthy effort, if possible, to give themnt least
a few hours of Christian teaching and training each day. In
many of their homes their every association tends to degrade them
and for their sakos. Christians of every denomination should en
deavor to lay aside their prejudices, and-join hands in an unself
ish effect to teach the little ones to be good as well as wise.
9 9 9
If, as the Averliser maintains, a municipal government is not
proper for Honolulu, then in the name of all that is American,
what sort of a wayside village is Honolulu to becohie? In evory
county seat in every state and territory 'in the United Stales, a
system of town government of some sort is in vogue, and such
systems are not unduly expensive. The time has passed when
Honolulu will exercise paternal control oVcf other towns on the
Islands, and it is inconsistent With the dignity of other towns to
wish to be swaddled by Honolulu. The legislature 'should di vide
Hie Islands into counties, and each county should take'cluuve of
its own municipal affairs, as in Ihe'States. v
It would be a political blunder amounting to a crime to per
mit the division of China among the powerful nations of the earth.
The time for such a division has not. come, and maj not come for
many years. But tho result of the present trouble will doubtless
be to permit the light of today's best civilization to shine into the
remotest depths of China, and there may yet be seen an enlighten
ed China whoso flaj and gljry will rank among the foreino: '. na
tions of the globe. '
H$ A new industry has been developed on Lanai which is going
to make its promoters' rich Wen, if prosevered in. And it is a lit
tle thing too, simply the raising of vegetables for the Honolulu
market. Honolulu is hot the only marl-rot that such an industry
will eventually reach, and witli the roafjy s'ipbrb quality of vege
tables raised there, anew and permanent" industry has been de
veloped. Success to the enterprise.
Will citrus culture pay on the Islands? Well, rather. There
is at Lahaina, a lime orchard of "r.oj more than four or five acres,
which has for two or three j'ears" past yielded its owners from
1W.00 to 8400.00 per month regularly. And yet limes, lemons
and oranges are shipped here from Ihe Coas.fc.
HD Ai agent has g'o to Louisiana avowedly to bring three thou
sand negroes to the ands. While this may be the solution to the
Lbor problem, stilj we would rather see them tried on some of the
other Islands before bringing any of them to Maui.
gl A foolish canard was circulated to the effect that an attempt
to assassinate President McKhiley had been detected and frustra
ted. We may next' hear that' no" has lost a beautiful necklace of
diamonds, on his way home from t$3 opera.
It is getting to be quite the fad of wealthy llpnoluluites to
build summer residences along the, northern slope, of Haleakala.
Tlie climate of that regip,t is cool and braciug, and the view both
seaward and landward is enchanting.
J There has sprung up on Maui, a luxuriant crop of candidates
for legislative honors. This i an honorable ambition, and the lar
ger the numbqr of candidates, the mpyu freedom there will he in
picking out good legislative timber.
The vast hoards of gold now being unearthed in the icy re
gions of Dawsou and Cape Noma rvc doing more to make 10 to 1
possible that the most eloquent perorations of the bi-metalic s ell
. i) If the original garden of Eden wf,s not located in Iuo Valley, it
was not becaus. fhe climatic conditions V.nd the fertility of the so:l
v, vi I u rr -i of it . . l . ... .
MAUI BLUE BCO
Hon. .1. W. Kitluu. Cir. .lit .lu,U
.1 K. N. K.-iilu. 'lfrk Ttirt-nil ii.r.vl
.iil.lTi'll II. II.lfr1jiil i-t . Al iufKtr.it
K-tliueUH'-ina. ' " '
' Kiilnili-liii. " "
Kul'l'tuu, " "
" ,l.,.-i:l. " "
" i'liliumil. " "
" K;lil(.uluilulKllt. " "
I. . M. llaNHvlu. Slfrlit.
A N. Jliu-vliVn. IViiutv P!io"i(T.
V. H. Kiiur.
c. I. l.lii.Knv.
K. Vitti..ik, " "
II . Trimlilc " "
W. K. RitliT.v, C;n1uin IVIiO',
S Kaliuim. ,
AI. Kul:h;!iirtuu, ' '
!'. .t. V'Wiiry,
VV 4 ItiKn
II.. I'lU'lllV I
A . ::) v:m
! ('. H. KicUi-y. T ix Asvvr,
I W. T Ur.li'lwin. D.-imly Assessor
W. O. AlU, n,
I :. Dunn. ' " "
J. Liross. " "
JAPAN FS-F MP!.VAL
LITER ATI) Mi:.
lYoni t':t? true v.-'.nvi t'.io Emi-km hi
CioliAIco wucd Wiir iiyii'mst tin' Mojo
Hons" in l:V!l. the Empire of .laoan
was for a'lout tliive centuries in a
constant tuinnM of civil war. It w.i.-t
ii poried of (Inrti.cs.-! i:!.d f'ernt,
wliou every peaceful art was crushed
to pieces. No wonder lint literature
wan utterly nee'erled Hud not Hud-
4 priests kept Hie torch Irtir.ilnjf
in their secluded monasteries, litera
ture would have been completely ex
tinguished out of society. Then came
a period of gohleii sunshine, when tlie
greatest of Japanese statesmen,
Tokwawa Ivf.VAsr, succeeded in
uniting the whole country Under one
government. A period of peace and
prosperity followed for nearly two
hundred and fifty years, during which
time literature and every peaceful
.Irt were again highly cultivated, and
made wonderful progress such as
had never before been seen in the
history of Japan.
When IvKVAsr assumed the office
of shogun in lliOIJ, he clearly saw
that before all things the influence "f
literature was most necessary in or
der to keep the country in peace and
prosperity. He therefore wished to
have literature revived, looked for a
man whom he could entrust with this
important task, and found in Fr.n-
w a u a Seiko an able instrument.
Fimiwaha Seiko, a native of Ha
rima, was at first a Buddhist priest.
He studied Chinese literature under
many hardships, and at last became
a very learned man. Under IyEVAsr's
patronage he opened the road of lit
erature, which had long been hidden
amid the thorn and briers of war and
bloodshed. Through him and his suc
cessors the sinking fortune of litera
ture was n gain restored' to' its former
grandeur, and so he justly can claim
the honour of being the founder of
modern literature. He died in. Ki20
at the age of fifty-nine.
Among many eminent pros;c-writ-ers
who flourished in the Tokugawa
period, the names of FMivaia Sei
ko. Hayashi Razav, Ito Jin-sal, his
son Tooai, KumazaWa Ban.ax, A
mamoui Bosiiiu, K a i a .n a Yekkes,
MfRO KlUSO, plilU SoilAI, IADAI
SuuxDAi and Ara'i H akuseki are
. .lis l i
ever conspicuous. These men were
all great Chinese 'scholars, "and the
writing of Japanese was not Uieir
chief excellence, but their rich
thoughts and wide knowledge' found
expression in fine sinieo-Japanese,
and they are considered to have
furnished the standard of modern
siniuo-Japanese. Especially Kaika
iia Ykkkkx and H akuseki as
prose-writers have no equal in mod
The reign of the 8th Shogun Yo
sunirxE was particularly remarka
ble for the appearance of many
scholars, among whom Arai IIaku
seki was destined to shed a brilliant
lustre as the greatest prose-writer
of modern Japan. Arai Hakckkki
was born in Yedo in Ki.'iS. As a boy
he was very intelligent and clever,
fond of reading, Once lie vowed to
himself that he would either become
a feudal lord in life, or the archdevil
of hell after death, and ho diligently
studied literature and history. Ashe
was very poor, he was not able to
buy all the books which he wanted
and he used to borrow from Kawa-
mura Zuikkn, the richest man of the
time. The latter foreseeing the great
ness of Hakuseki pi'oposed to marry
him to his grand-daughter, an offer
which he was independent enough to
decline. Suffering under poverty and
hardships he pursued his studies with
an incredible zeal.
mo sixth shogun ivnNtmn was a
great admirer of literature, ' and
raised If akvskei to be his private
tutor with a salary of five hundred
koku of rice. And now canio the
time when Hakuseki was ablo to dis
play to the full his real political
genius and accomplished many a
sweeping improvement on the politi
cal affairs of the Tokugawa govern
ment. Nominally he was only a pri
vatc tutor of the shogun, but in reali
ty he was the absolute chief of the
government. With the death of Iye
sonr in 1711, he retired from politi
cal life and thenceforth devoted him
self to literature. He died in 172G at
the age of sixty-nine.
. His great work is the Hankanpu,
which extends to thirty, volumes. It
is a collection of the histories of the
houses of all the feudal lords, and is
a most valuable key to historical re
search. Ho began it in July of 17u'2
and completed it in October ofthe.
same year. From this fackyCe can
see now rast he wrote, yet iZ,v well
it is writ t. mi! Not only
once elegant ai..
v 'e r ', . . i
n"d i :
orate sunt o-.Jaiunrso. An invaluahie
Kern tf Japanese litcnuuro, the work
is tlie best cxaniplv of modern sinico-
Japanese. Modern critics have justly
applied to him the name of the Jap
anese Maeaulay. UN other great
works were the Dokushi-Yoroli (in
three volumes). "a collection of'histori
cal essays, and the Oritaknshiba Ho
ld, his'autobiography. i
The revival of pure Japanese liter
ature in this period was mainly due
to the partonago and oriem.tra,yp
ment of ToKt'OA WA MlTSlKUNi;
I'rinee of Mito. Under his patronage,
the Dui-Nippon-shf, the greatest
Japanese history, was compiled and
published in 1(173, and Fusoshinyo-
shu, a collection of pure Japanese
compositions in 10,70. 3Iany other
works relat'ig to pure Japanese
literature wc'iv published at different
Kada Aumama. Oamo Maiivciii
and Motwr.i Noi'unaoa are reputed
the three greatest; sMinla.rc of pure
Japanese literature. ' ' '
Mot, h) nt Norinaoa was perhaps
. the irr'eatcst of the three. A native
of lse, he studied medicine in his ear
ly years. At the age of t wenty- seven
he first began his study of puro Jap-
vnese literature; and became a pupil
of Maiu-ciii. His greatest work was
the Koji-ki-den (in 50 volumes), a
commentary on the Kojiki or Book of
Ancient Japanese History. Ho wrote
many otlier useful worKs on pure
Japanese literature. He too' was a
great writer and a fine poet.
Two great poet's made their ap
pearance in this 'eruxilj'. ' One of them,
Ivaoawa ixo'r.Ki' was on excellent
composer of tJta or poems of thirty
one syllables, while the 'other! Matsuo
Basho, was the master of liaikai or
poems of seventeen syllables. 'Kageki
flourished at the beginning of this
century and Basho in the latter part
of the 17th century. Orient.
Legends About Flowera.
As flowers are Nature's chief beau-
ty, it is always interesting to know a
little alxiut them, such as how their
. i ,
names originated and to which coun
try they belong. Here Ls a pretty
legend about the forget-me-not: One
day two' lovers were walking along
the banks of the Danube. The girl,
spying b, pretty lity,e blue flower on
llie opposite Slue, v us very uu.muus
to gel ijt. Her lover, stundhig, on a
stone, was trying to reach it, when
he fell into the deep, river. Even
then he tried to reach the flovv.cr, but
ilingj he cried, "Forget me not.
Mary,'"' and then sank. The Feverfew:
During the awful icycr. plague in
London,, hi ltlil.v, there happened to
be a very few cases, a certain sub
urb where, thift plant grew. As it is a
strong disinfectant, it is said to have
got ha nanijC frojn this incident. The
Minmlus: Thi,s little flower grew on
Mount Calvary. At tha Crucifixion,
when the, soldiers pierced Our Savi
our's side some drops of H,is blood
fell on the yellow flower. And, that is
the reason why ever' yellow mhnulus
is spotted with red. The, Tree and
Ivy: l,Oh, please, don't grow up me!"
said the tree to, the little sprout of
ivy that was beginning to clamber up
its trunk, "you will make. me ill."
"Oh, no," said the ivy, "for I shall
Keep you, warm when your leaves
have fallen, and make you pretty,
too." So the iyy climbed to. the very
topmost twig and covered the tree
all over. "There," it said triumphant
ly one day "see how beautiful T have
made you!" "Oh, no," sighed the
tree with its last breath, "for people
say how pretty the ivy is and not
how the tree is., and you have twist
ed around mo so' tight I can breathe
no longer. You may have meant kind
ly, but, if so, your kindness has killed
It is very well-known that Mr.
Herbert Spencer's one recreation is
billiards, at which he plays, for an
amateur, a very good game. There
is a story, that he once addressed an
other and younger player who had
beaten him very decisively in the
following term: "Sir, a certain dex
terity in games of ski!', is a proof of
a well-balanced ir4md, but such dex
teruyas you nave shown argues a
mis spent .youth." One cannot help
hoping tV.at the story is true, if only
to shov; that even great philosophers
are Sometimes quite human.
"What is an island?" asked the
teacher, addressing her interrogation
to the class in geography. "An is
land, ma'ma," replied Johnny Broad
head, a studious lad who had Porto
Rico in mind, "is a body of land ea
t'r"l s-i. ri ur U 1 1 " "Xjlilie ;. " -TV V
Oeorge Mannou M3ns!ha
Friends of George Manson, tlie
well known newspaper man, are
eiwidcrably worried about him; n
ht; has not been seen by them since
Friday afternoon. Whether he ' is
111 somewhere, has gone to the other
Islands, or took-the- Alameda for
San. Francisco, no- one seems to
H;&b Sheriff lh-owi believes that
M ft4 Manson actually took the Ala
meda and has gone to the coast. He
says he has -the statements of two
men to the effect that they saw him
on-the Alameda afc'thc time of de
parture and that he said he was go
ing to the mainland. Stav.
Captain Kosehlll returned Satur
day afternoon from Hawaii where he
established the wireless telegraphy
pole at Mahukona. The two experts
have arrived there and are now en
gaged in the work of putting up the
Tlie pole for Mahukona has already
arrived' at its destination. Captain
Rosehilt will next go there to establish
the M,aui connection, A final pole
will bo s,cnt this week to Molokai.
Moving a Mango.
Mrs. E. F, Bishop willattonipt the
novelty of moving it full growri'mtui
go tree from town to Xuuauu valley.
The tree is the big one in the yard of
Hugh Mi'Intyro, Mrs. Bishop's uncle
on King street near Alakea. It is
proposed to dig it up and transplant
it to the Bishop premises far up fhe
valley. Curl "Willing will probably
undertake the difficult job. Star.
Leave for the Const.
John A. Hassingcr and wife, will
shortly leave, for tho Coasi for an n -
definite stay. They go on account
of the health of the latter, which has
note been good ' for some time. The
Hassingcr homo in Makiki will likely
be occupied by Hugh' Jtclntj'rc arid
Coot. Mehptens Dead.
Captain John A. tyehrtpns, at one
time senior captain of the Honolulu
police and'one i'o'f the original promo
tors of the Coyne-Mehr tens Furni
turc Company, died unexpectedly
Saturday of hemorrhage of the lungs
The Frawlqys Coming.
The ney Fawley company, now
playing at the y rand Opera House
in San Fj-ancisco, will probably be
the next attraction at tlie Hawaiian
Opera House. Star.
Tile local Democrats are planning
to give a luau to the Hawaiian dele
gates to the Democratic national
convention at Kansas City on their
return to the city. The luau will be
an invitation affair as the Democrat
ic committee announces that it is
not arranged to "catch votes" but
only to give a, proper reception to
the returned delegates.. They may
arrive on mo iuo uq Janeiro on
Thursday but as that vpssel is re
ported to be crowded to. her capacity
they may have to wait qver for one
C. L. Rhodes has resigned the
office of secretary of th,c, Democratic
central committee and Jqhu AYise has
been elected in his stead.
The -.reparation for the reception
of the returning Republican delegates
to the Philadelphia convention are
moving along satisfactorily. The
entire wharf will be decked in the
national colors while portraits of
McKinlcy will greet tho eye. Col.
J. II. Fisher, us Grand Marshal,
and Col. Curt '.a P. Iaukea, as chief
aid, hr ve been selected by the Repub
lican committee to lead the proces
sion. A d vc r t is e r .
Deatlt in Alcohol.
Louis and Kekumu, two Hawaiians,
formerly employed on the water
'-out, O'l Satvrd- y prDcurjd run?
methylated spirits, thin went to the
home of Louis, bud rendered them
selves unconscious by drinking the
contents of the bottle. Tlie debauch
was kept up nil night. Louis died on
Sunday night and Kekuir.tr dk'd
Monday morning. The postmortem
revealed the fact that oeiilh -resulted
from alcoholism. Republican. '
Roin on Lnnel.
Fred H. Hayseldon, who has ar
ived from Lanai reports there has
been nun on the higher uplands of
inai since January 1st. "There.
have been (. rainy days this year
with a rain fall for the season of over
!',0 inches". " said M r. Hayseldon. ' 'The
rain this year has been better dis
1 1 United thar. usual and tho dry sea
sou has not thus far been seriously
felt on the island."- Republican.
Characteristic of Honolulu.
Nenry tl, 500 has been raised by
friends of Mrs. Emil Uhlbrecht,
whose husband met death in such
tragic fashion last week, and the
sum will be turned over to her. It
is likely that she will bo established
In r. candy business, so that she may
support herself and children. Ad
Kocbele on Kauai.
l'rot. Jtoebele the Government
entomologist leaves for Kauai to
iiiake further study of the cane borer
oil some of the' plantations there.
He intends also to inspect a number
of citrus trees on which there is re
ported blight. Advertiser.
Aole Olelo Kanaka.
Judge Humphreys has laid down
the rule that all papers in the courts
hereafter must be written entirely
in the English language and a notice
to that effect has been posted in the
, , , t . i! i il .1 :
courtroom ai uie juuiciury uuuu.ny,
Polities on Hawaii.
There is little agitation jn political
circles at present, and .hough nov
doubt tho pipes are being laid there
is littje open electioneering. It i
currently Reported that John Brown
will run for the Lower House on the
Independent Democratic ticket, from
Hilo, and there is little doubt that
ho will pull the solid Ha .vaiian vote.
A. B. Loebenstein will probably be
a candidate for the Upper House,
and he has assurances of backing in
influential quarters and is perhaps
the only haole who can depend upon,
Hawaiians quite generally for sup
port. In Kau h'S name also stood at
the head of ; lit of four decided
upon at a niass meeting as the men
who should be chosen for the Senate
from this Island. Tribune.
It has been learned through a
gentleman interested in Olaa real
estate that it is proposed among tho
hind holders of the upper part of the
district to make arrangement with
the Hilo Railroad for transporting
their cane from twenty-three miles
and below down to the Olaa Plan
tation Mill at nine miles, or if satis
factory arrangements cannot be
made with that mill, to Hilo at one.
of the mills here. Tribune.
A New Paper.
C. II. Brown who came up on the
Kinau reports that Mr. Busch who
is arranging to start another news
paper and job printing establishment
in Hilo, has ah-cady secured a large
plant in Honolulu, instead of on the
Coast, and will sond the same down
by a schooner in the near future,
Mr. Busch says ho will issue an eight
page semi-.weckly. Tribune,
To Be Hanged,
The Japanese charged with tlie
murdur of a compatriot at Laupa
hoehoe has been found guilty and
sentenced to be hung. This, not with
standing the fact that the Grind
Jury hardly found evidence enough
ti hold him for trial. The condemned
man will W treated in Uiv
Meyners Gets Five Years.
Arthur Meyners, convicted at tho
Honokua term of mar.shiughtcr in
the second degree, has beeu souteueed
to five years' impriso in tent at hard
1 .boi-. Tribune.