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PUELLSIIED EVERY SATURDAY
Ovvicr.. II A I LEY I'.LiOCK, :.us Sr.
JKl, MU'I, T. H.
O.se. .your, (in udvance) 12. ."0
Sir months. " ... 1.50
i .'olitnnm of 'tin Nmws mluiit romnmnk'a-tt-in---.
ou lM'rtliifint toplo. Write onlv on
! slile of )it. Piuu your nnmo tvhiih
M ill In- u:M i" mflilciHiitl If dnainul.
G. B. ROBERTSON, Ed. and Prop,
MRS. G. B, ROBERTSON, Bus. Mgr.
Siiufiiy, DECEMBER 8,
rJ4 Tho peoplo of Hawaii, those who luivo spent tho vhoh? or
larjje part of thoir lives on tho Islands, can form no just concep
tion of what it will mean to be connected with vith the mainland
by cable. The first throb of tho key in Honolulu, responsive to
touch in San Francisco, will sound the signal for a forward mow -runt
on the Islands that will result in developments more wi '.-.
reaching than many dream of. First will come the tourists, tin i
permanent settlers. Improved direct steamer lines will connc '
Honolulu, Wailuku and Hilo each with the mailand in five day trip:
And glorious thought the Inter-Island steamer service wii!
have to improve to keep pace with the times. Thousands of win-;
ler-bound New Englanders and western people will spend the'.
winters with us, new industries will be developed, Honolulu will
reach the 10.),OH mark, Wailukans will bo numbered by thousand...
and HiloittM by tens of thousands, in short, the history of sout!
ru California will be repeated in the Islands.
'flic, ftu-'.stion of a municipal government for Honolulu is one
of absorbing interest to her citizens just now. Months ago, fore
seeing what was coming, the News urged the citizens of Honolulu,
irrespective of party, to call a citizens' meeting and proceed to
prepare a charter for legislath e action. The question of munici
pal county government is one of no less importance, and if coun
ties are to be organized at the present session of tho legislature,
it ij time that the citizens of tho Island should begin to organize'
a united method of procedure to this end, and not wait till the
question comes before tho legislature. It may be too late then to
do what slowld have been done before.
j The oUchef's of Maui have a sacred and imperative duty to
perform, and that is to begin at once to teach their children that
they are young American citizens. Teach them to love and rever
ence the tl;:g and institutions of our country. Teach thorn to be
proud that they are Americans. If the future bears the fruit
which is now ripening for the Islands, by the time the school boy;
of today are old enough to vote, statehood will have come to u.-;.
with other blessings, and some one of them will be needed for oir
f .;. e
HI -There'' Should be a ifcw contract labor system introduced on
the su"gar',plunfations of the Islands. The new system should in
volve the parcelling out! of the cane lands in smaller or larger loti
on the share system. This is a system tried and approved by the
negroes on v.the cotton fields of the south, and if the opportunity
Mere afforded them to obtain advantageous contracts here, the
better class of theui would1 be attracted to our cane fields.
p The Honolulu' Iron' Works has been caught between the up
per and' neither milV st!ohes of prosperity on the mainland. This
company has taken the contract to build the big new null at
Spreckelsville, but neglected to lay in their supplies of iron and
steel. Since McKinley's election, these commodities have take:;
a jump of 3i pexcent, which advance will have to come out of tho
proposed profits to accrue to the company on their contract.
gH The citizens of WaiTufcu should develop the suggestion of onr
of our correspondeitr's' of' lust week and help to organize a string
band orchestra. . For about 100 this could bo accomplished, air
a series dffVee Sunday afternoon concerts initiated. There arc
so few sotrrces of innocent amusement in Wailuku .that a we'!
organized' string-band', fbt- which we have plenty of talent, slioulf
be at once organized1. Lct'us all chip in.'
H The' Advertiser is to'be complimented for tiie neat, motr. -politan
aspr r.t of- its Thanksgiving edition. The outside pages au
blue, t-nd contain very Handsome illustrations, forcibly comparin,
a chilly New England ;thanksgiviug any with tho semi tropic love';'
ness of our Thanksgiving day on tho Islands. The 'Tiser is far L:
the load of the rest of the Honolulu press in mechanical excellence
of typographical effect.
p 'Hon. Robert Wilcox is -. now oiYortd a golden opportunity to
distinguishdrimself. -If he has the foresight to ctit-hfinself loose
from anciefit. traditions, and breadth of mind to grasp the real
future of tho Islands; if he bends his energies to secure needed
appropriations,' to foster' the proposed Pacific cable ah'd help along
the Nicuragua'tandl'as he would' bo able to do,' he will fall little
short of immortalizing himself
P TheraW still many good openings In Wailuku to' establish'
paying entej'in-ises.' 'Two more such opportunities' are now in pro
cess of devyopmenY, 'and will soon bo established: - And the
establishment of these'tw-) will argue more forcibly fhait ever for
tho esLabiishm'ent of others. Tho next two years of Wailuku his
tory will di; .-o.mt tho last two. -
g ' fc'ap.' Francisco will soon' be' forced1: through ires.-j, it admi'.
die existence- of "bubonic plague. And if the plague' lu'o' already
reached son o- of the femiill tov.iis of California, the Sail Francisco
Hoard of Health is to be thanked for that fact.
The Nicaragua canal v ill be commenced within the next to
years, and' finished "within the nextdecade. 'Life will be richly
vorth living-on the Islands when that day comes.
MAUI BLUE BOOK
Hon. .t. W. KiUim. ('limit Jmlir, Wrtll-.i-m
.1. K N. Kmlii. Clerk Itircult Court, WuiMilin
Juil, ii.U KoliortuoiiDiHt. MikKlMtrittn. 'Vulluliu
' lv Moinmluuu, " " Mnknw:i
" Kill'Hlllcl'il. " " (,iili:iiM
" K:s)c';hu, " " Hrmm;r.l:i
" .liist'im, " " Hiiirt
" l'i.r.iuiiii, " " Kl-;iln.;.i
" M.iIi.m-. " " Jluli.l;..!
" Kiiluiliil;ihiiln. " " Lim..i
U. M. Jliilclwln, SliertIT, Wtillulm
A. N. Hnvsuliluu, Deputy Shorlf! Wailuku
K. Kuhmm. " " J!-.,kw:o
('. H. l,iiulMv, " " I-iii'.nlnu
F. Wlutwit, " ' Hnnu
U. Triuil.lu, " ' Mololi-'.'
W. K. R:tlT!ry, Ciiptuln Foltcn, V,'siiii!:u
v Kiilu'im. ' " Mi'l;:nn
M. liiiHl'iiulini, " " l,:i!mimi
M:u!w. " "
i'. .T. FrralT. " " M..Ii l.-ii
v.". T. ltolihwun. T.vx Assessor, li:ti.-u
.1. X. K. '"I:',, U.'iraty Aswwor " ;i,; ''
W. IV Aiiii'H. " " ' :l
O. Himn, " Ia':'- i
Teachers of Maul.
On last Friday, Nov. 30, tho an
nual meeting of the teachers of Maui,
with over 40 teachers present, wag
hold at Maunaolu Seminary. The
convent ion was in every way a suc
cess. A number of carefully pre
pared papers were presented, in all
of which the teachers showed a lively
interest, freely taking pnrt in the
discussion of several.
That many of Maui's touchers are
making strong en oris and are rn
gnjjod in careful study for the im
provement of their work was shown,
and this speaks well for the educa
tional advancement of the Island.
Frequent reference was made to the
irreat purpose in all education. the
development of strong, noble charac
ter in our children; the papers gae
evidence of careful research on the
pai t of the teachers for good reading
material, and of Ihe pains that are
being taken by many to cultivate
interest in real literature; and the
necessity of beautifying the schools
and makiug them homelike was em
phasized. Makawao's school nircnt, Mr. W. O.t
Aiken, set a worthy example by
being present and taking a part
in the proceedings of the day. The
following is a detailed account of the
proceedings of the meeting:
After mi opening song, sweetly
rendered by twelve of the Maunaolu
Seminary girls, with iliss K. Watson
at tho piano, President Crook pro
ceeded to congratulate the teachers
on being privileged to gather in the
beautiful Baldwin Hall, and humor
ously indulged in some rcniiuiscences
of crude school buildings on Maui in
Mr. Dovdlo opened the diseussien
"Are the Ordinary Readers Adapted
to Our Schools?" in the affirmative.
Anticipating the objection that read
ers deal, in part, with things of which
our children know nothing, (as snow
or ice), Mr. Dowdle said that it is
necessary to teach many things that
the children will never see. He
asked, "Shall we teach the geogra
phy of Maui only, because our pupil:
know nothing of other countries?'
It was emphasized that tho readers
are the result of most careful labor
by skillful and experienced educa tors.
They provide a connected series of
lessons which repeat the same words
in several lessons and then increase
the vocabulary; they contain instruc
tive pictures; thoy provide connected
language lessons, material for word
building and the like. Mr. Flemming
took the negative of the question,
and, admitting that good readers,
in the hands of skillful teachers, are
of value, held that the fact that
many teachers are abandoning the
use of readers is full of meaning. He
called attention to the fact that no
reader can furnish material suited
to all countries, aud that our readers
are all foreign books; and he dwelt
on what he feels is the folly of trying
to teach such lessons as "Jack Froat''
and "Robin Redbreast", while there
is here such a wealth of local material
plants, stones, land, water, etc., -to
be worked into stories, Mr. Dow
die explained in self defense, that he
had taken the affirmative of the
question for the sake of argument,
but that in his school he had not
used a text book in reading for the
past two years.
"The Advantages and Disadvan
taes of Abandoning the Readers'
was the subject of a paper prepared
by Mrs. McKay. The prime advan
tage of abandoning the readers for
local material is that individual in
vestigation on the part of the pupils
is thereby p o.-atly stimulated. But
in country schools, without libraries
aud ungraded,-the preparation of
lessons on local material would ro
vjuire more time than any teacher
could find to devote to it, and in such
schools, the reader would seem iudis
pensible. V. Elmo Reavis, of Lahaiiialuna
school, followed with a paper' oil
"Concentration Applied to a Second
Reader Lesson", in which he made
a forcible summary of the vital points
of three topics the condition and
attainments of average second grade,
pupils, the requirements of the course
of study for the second, grade, aud
the commendable features of "the
text books in reading for tho same
year, and in accordance with them,
presented a plan for teaching lesson
15 The Doll's picnic which illus
trated the accepted principles' of
A well prepared and pleasing
paper on -'Literature for Hawailaus"
was presented by Miss Hart: It
contained a sketch of readers ' From
American Colonial days to tho pros'
ent, and referred to a large amount
of material for supplementary read-
which is accessible at a very low
cost. Especial mention was made
of the Hiawatha Reader. Mr. Har
dy in discussing this paper referred
to the great purpose in reading-
tho formation of charactcr,-and 1o
the fact that, according to the
Herbartian school of pedagogy, two
subjects only from which to draw
reading material are proper, nearly
history and natural science. A
general discussion followed.
'The no.t paper, "Nature Study
and the Five Steps,'' was by Mr.
E. S. Cupellas. The "Five Steps"
were expaincd to he a method of
teaching certain subjects, such as
science Mid reading. The live steps
were given :
1. Thought giving and getting.
2. Thought e.vpressmg-drawjng,
3. Oral expression.
4. Selecting and writ ting of sen
tences. f. Copying of same. v
Mr. Capellas gave his personal
experience in teaching the growth
of seeds, the snail, the sun, the man
go and other topic lessons bv the
use of the "Five Steps" method.
School Inspector Ke'.iinoi discussed
the subject, "Stories and the Five
Steps". Ho spoke at some length
on tho good points and on the weak
nesses of the method, and gave
descriptions of lessons he had seen
taught by that method. He held
that there is much of value in the
method. He said, among other
things, "Even if the "Five Steps"
method be not used, thoughtful study
of its details will help teachers to
improve their own methods", after-
wr.rds adding that the true test of
any method is whether it will help
to build character.
At one o'clock the meeting ad
journed to the veranda, where an
informal lunch was served, and all
had an opportunity to chat.
The first paper of tho afternoon
was "How to teach the Geography
of Maul ', bv Mr. D. D. Baldwin. In
this paper, Mr. Baldwin gave an
account of the geological formation
of Maui, called attention to the
marked effects of erosion on West
Maui, and closed with several anec
dotes of mountain climbing on Maui,
especially of tho trips which daring
spirits have made across the moun
lam irom uiowaiu 10 wailuku or
across in the opposite direction. His
own excursions in the mountains of
Maui number over one hundred.
In connection with the subject of
geography, Mr. Reavis called atten
tion to the fact that there is an asso
ciation in America which has for
its purpose the systematic exchange
of specimens and of photographs
between schools indifferent parts of
the country. Its name is the Ameri
can Bureau of Geography. Persons
interested should address enquiries
to the directior,' Edward M. Leh
nerts, State Normal School, Winona,
Mrs. Cox, read a paper on "Games
in the School Yard". She said, in
part, that the necessity of games is
universally recognized. Properly
conducted games train children in
skill, daring, imagination and inven
tion. "How to Make Arithmetic Inter
esting in the 2nd, 3rd and 4th Grades"
was the subject of Mr. Copeland's
paper. He said that the attitude of
the teacher molds to a great extent
tho attitude oF the pupil towards his
studios, and this seemed to be his
clue to interest in arithmetic. Ho
would judge of the merits of a lesson
in arithmetic by whether it was learn
ed or not; would have pupils apply
formal processes to practical work,
aud would give great attention to
The last paper of the day was by
Miss Mosser-"First year of a Kinder
garden Class in a Public School".
Miss Mosscr spoke of drawing, nature
work, games, occupations, stories
.and songs, and concluded by having
several songs sung as an illustration
of the work.
: This concluded the literary part
of the work, and the business nf th
day was taken up'abd soon attended
to, ine louowmg officers for the com
ing year being selected:
W. Elmo Reavis, President; M'sa
Eva Smith, Vice-President; S. It
Don die, Secretary; F. P. Rosecrans.
Miss Hart and Miss Mosser, Excii
A motion was carried that Mr.
D. D. Baldwin's paper be published
in "Hawaii s Young People'.
The teacheas of Maunudlu Seminary
were tendered a vote of thanks- for
the kind reception which they had
extended to the convention.
The program- committee was also
given a vote of thanks for ts work,
Maunaoiu Seminary was selected as
the next meeting, the Friday follow -Thanksgiving,.
1901, was fixed as the
day, and the meeting adjourned.
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