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PUBLISHED F.VF.3Y SATURDAY
Oi i-it'K., A1LKY ltLf'K. Main St.
WAILIKI. MAI I, T. II.
nr .yi'ur, (in dv: h"') .
K;n iiuhiIIis. " . . . iYO
Tlic cnluiULS uf hi' Nkw.h Hdiiiif roniiin.u'L'i"
ii ns tin i tni'T't tnpVs. Wrlii: urtiy
v'li-' siil'Mtf mi'f. S iru your ti.m:i whirh
will li ll'M rmllflmt iul il dlsin-U.
G. B. ROBERTSON, Ed. and Frop.
MRS. G. B. ROBERTSON, Bus. Mgr.
?2? Wanted, u lawn tennis club. All work and no play makes
.lack a dull boy. There a number of youngsters, and oldsters too.
tor that matter, who would be glad to join a tennis club, and there
re several delightful sites in Wailuku for tennis courts. It would
not prove an expensive luxury, and if an archery club were, added
to the tennis club, a rare lot of innocent and healthy sport would
Lo afforded to the people of Wailuku. Talk it up.
pV Mr. B. D. Hicks, a banker
our readers may remember as the gentleman who visited Wailuku
ttud spent a week or so ut the Windsor Hotel, about two years
since, has written a letter to the Advertiser, deprecating the im
portation of negro labor to the
will over populate the Islands and relapse into barbarism. But
there is one point which Mr. Hicks overlooks, or does not fully ap
preciate, and that is that the negroes, or any other class of labor
which may como to the Is'unds, willnot be able tobuy lands or make
homes for themselves, exception very limited numbers. The land
worth owning is already owned by private parties, and is not and
will not be for sale, and for that reason no imported labor will be
able to gain a iixed hold in the Islands iu large numbers, but will
simply be hewer.) of wood and drawers of water for the land
r Some wiseacres are predicting that the end of the next four
years will mark the decadence of the sugar industry on the Islands.
While this is not true, still it is not too soon for the sugar men to
quietly initiate experiments i:i the line of developing new agricul
1 ural industries. The United States, through the bureau of fores
try, will gladly co-operate with the people of the Island, and while
it is not advisable to try to supercede the sugar industry at pres
ent, or for some years yet, still a'kuowledge of what might actual
. l.y be done in other lines of profitable production, will be a useful
knowledge; and when there does come a decadence in the sugar
industry, in case it does come, the planters and people of the Isl
ands will not have to wait and experiment about what to raise, as
a money making proposition.
ig Imprimis, the lower house of the legislature made entirely
too much fuss about Secretary Cooper. Instead of introducing a
formal resolution of expulsion. Beckley should simply have asked
the house to instruct the sergeant-at-arms to order the janitor to
sweep Mr. Cooper out and throw him in the waste basket, as
.would have boen done iu an7 legislature in the States. Had it
been necessary for Secretary Cooier to have a seat on the Hoor of
the house in order to get the "proceedings," common courtesy
should have prompted him to ask for the privilege, which would
doubtless have been granted him. But whenever an outsider
claims as a right, the privilege of a seat on the floor of the house,
it at once becomes the duty of the sergeant-at-arms to show him
into the lobbj .
On our third page in an editorialt reproduced from the Ad
vertiser, in which one Rev. Mr. Leftwich.'a colored minister from
A'labamat severely criticises the proposition of bringing white men
from the south us lunas. The News has never, editorially or
oi."herwiso, advocated that idea, but has simply suggested that one
' "white man from the south should bo employed on each plantation
to have general charge of the interests of the negroes, for the rea
son that he'would understand their real needs and interests better
than the managers, who are not acquainted with this class of labor.
Wireless telegraphy, which like other inventions, met with
derision from the public up to the time of its demonstrated suc
cess, is now in active and successful operation between Honolulu
and Maui, and it will be only a short time till Mahukona on Hawaii
.will be included in the circuit. Of course there will be some
hitches at first, but wireless telegraphy can now be allowed a
place among the useful inventions by the side of ordinary telegra
phic and telephonic communication.
The legislature has no more right to take the initiative in the
matter of preparing a charier for Honolulu than they have for pre
paring a charter for San Francisco or New York. If the City of
Honolulu desires a" charter and prepares one, the legislature may
properly approve it'and submit it to a vote of the people of Hono
lulu. The next thing we know, they will bo making a charter for
Wailuku. V ' '
Ji The malihinls should go slow iu the matter of sneering at the
kamaain;,9 and their ways of doing things on the Jslands. When
the history of the Islands is written and read in a far perspective,
it will be discovered that "there were giants in those days,'" uud
and the giants will not appear among the ranks of the malihinis,
Sg The property cf Maui, if fairly and equably' assessed and tax
nd( will run all departments of a county on Maui at a less rate of
taxation than is now levied. This is easily pusceptibb of demon
stration to a mathematical certainty.
' f " i ;:
, ...r .
jjjj The" present ksltfyuro will prove to be a liberal education in
the matte' of self government on the AitVeHcan plan, both to the
Hawaiian avl lo the lr.J
MAUI BLUE BOOK
Hun .1. V. Kulim. I'lrvuit .lultrw,
I. N. K. K-1;1. t'lcrl ''if-uU Court,
.hiilno V. A. Mt'Kuy lit. ?.hinsliu
tv, 111 iiiKu
i 1 tvul' an li'i i. " 1
" Kiilcinuu, " "
I .'ms-:i. " "
lli;n:ml " "
I " ! :t2;ti- " "
" KulKnihi.liihulii. " "
I t. V. Itulilvhi. Sli. 1-ilT.
A. . Huyxvlihu, IVimty Slicri.T
S. W:lttl!!'ll "
r. I? l.iti'lsi v. " "
K. Witlrni'l., " '
U. Trlmlil". "
V. K. S:HVr, Ciit:ila IMltre,
M. k:rth:l;Om:l, " "
l.itnl'ty, " "
h .1. L-'rciiry, " "
V. T. Hnlilusun, Tux Awnr,
J. N. K. Kmi1ii, Dinuty Assessor
V. O. Aikrni, "
O.I'unii, " "
J.Oross, " "
of New York City, whom some of
Islands, lor 1 he reason that they
THE GOVERNOR'S MESSAGE.
The Act of Conyrcss providing n
troviTiiinenl for tho Territory of
Hawaii conipk'te.d the process of
annexation, begun with 14 ; Hawaiian
aeee;it;mee of the joint resolution of
Congress for the union of the Hawa
iian Island willi the United States
The period between such accept
lime, on the 12th day of August,
, and the going into effect of the
Territorial Act on the 14th day of
June, moo, was one of transition
While the Hawaiian Govenment had
come under the jurisdiction of the
Government of the United States,
it fc'.ill continued to administer some
of the prerogatives of an indepen
dent power. It collected duties
iindor its own laws on goods import
ed from other countries and even
those coming from the United States,
It preserved its consular relations
with other countries, including the
united States. It continued its
quarantine regulations against the
re.-! of the world
This quasi independent status gave
rise to many questions difiicult of
solu'ion, and made it necessary in
me puuiie interest to maintain a
representative at Washington.
, T'..e changes made by the Tcrrito
rin! Ac t in the departments of the
Uv..l government caused some difli
culiy iu adjusting the civil service
in t!:e absence of legislative assist
ant v. Department clerks have had
in .-. me eases to follow their duties
into other departments.
The powers and duties of the new
oflue of Superintendent of Fublic
V.c'ks, correspond substantially
wi;:i. those of the Minister of the
In' .ior under the Republic, with
the exception of certain specified
mutters relating to licenses, corpora
tions, partnerships, business enter
prises of married women, and regis
try of conveyances, which were
transferred to the Treasurer; mat
ters relating to nrisons. notaries
and escheat of lands, which were
transferred to the Attorney Geen al,
and those relating to the preserva
tion of laws and proceedings of the
Legislature, and tho duty of pro
mulgating executive proclamations,
which were transferred to the Secre
tary of the Territory.
The duties and authority of the
old Commissioner of Public Lands
and Agent of Public Lands have
been combined in one person, the
Commissioner of Public Lands.
At the present time under the
appropriations made in the Legisla
tive Session of 18!)8, the pay of the
her 's of departments is very uneven.
While the Attorney General, the
Tre; surer and the Superintendent
of Public Works receive each six
thousand dollars a year, the Superin
tendent of Public Instruction re
ceives nothing, the corresponding
position of Minister of Public Instruc
tion having been formerly held ex
odici.) by the Minister of Foreign
Allah's who received his salary as
such Minister. The annual salary
of the Commissioner of Public Lands
is three thousand dollars, that of the
Commissioner of Agriculture and
Forestry is two thousand one hun
dred dollars, that of the Surveyor
is three thousand dollars, while the
Pre. ident of the Board of Health
ree-. Ives nothing.
: As will be seen in the estimates, I
have placed the four leading execu
tive officers in a class by themselves
with an annual salary of four thou
sand five hundred dollars each;
such reduction of pay being con
sonant with tho rates established
for t.ich Territorial officials as are
paid by the Federal Government,
v Tl t Commissioner of Public Lands,
the Commissioner of Agriculture and
Fori :ilry and the President of the
Board of Health are placed in an
othe" class with salaries correspond
ing U that of the Auditor. It is a
question In my mind whether the
Presiknt of the Board of Health
shor.ld not receive four
five hundred dollars.
Iu connection with efforts for the
suppression of the bubonic plague,
which was epidemic in Honolulu dur
ing tl.; wiuter of IfM and 11KM, a
number of buildings and other prop
erty wery destroyed by the Board
of Health, and a larger number of
buildings and a greater amount of
other propurty was destroyed by the
great fire of January !2Gtb, J9()0,
which w?. thy, accidental result
of a fire started, by the j'Ba;Md of
Health's a Kcjisuroqni the sup
pressio; of tha plague. By this
Jisp.st;r a largo number 6? j.eople
were rendered homeless and suff ore fl
serious loss of pl6j;6rty.
In response td a suggestion of the
Executive Council, the following tele
gram was received from the Secre
tary of State: "The President ap
proves thd appointment of the Court
of Claiihs to consider losses caused
by the burning ofCVmatown and to
make awards and judgment on such
losses to bo paid out of appropria
tions made by the Council of State
in conformity with tho Hawaiian
law." Such a court was appointed
onthevsecond day of April, 1900,
anil principles, and rules established
for its government. The court began
operations tit once, but the Council
of State, upon being called together,
refused to appropriate funds for
the expenses of such court on account
of a disagreement of the Council
with the principles and rules for
the government of the court adopted
by the Executivo Council. The court
thereupon ceased operations.
The matter is now referred to the
Legislature of the Territory.
Although, as a rule, sovereign
states are not, and the Republic of
Hawn by its own laws was not
legally oound to recognize in damages
claims arising from such cause, and
there is nothing in the brief message
from the Federal government which
makes it clear that the President
intended to authorize aj departure
from the usual rule and Hawaiian
law, my view of policy in this matter
is as follows: The bubonic plague
with the resulting deaths, the losses
by fire and the damage which for
months menaced the whole island
population, was a national misfor
tune, which should as far as possible
be borne, approximately by the whole
community. Consistently with this
view the tar payers should assume
a reasonable proporation of the lossc?,
of the sufferers in this calamity, but
no logical theory requires them to
assume the whole of such losses, as
the sufferers are equally called upon
to bear their share al-M. What .that
proportion should be is difficult to
say; it can only be decided arbitra
rily. The fact however that many house
holders and proprietors of premises
that became infected, by their own
culpable neglect of cleanliness in
their surroundings not only invited
infection but gave plague germs a
foothold from which it was most
difficult to dislodge them, is a cir
cumstance that should greatly reduce
awards of damages to such persons
if not indeed cause their claims to
be refused altogether.
The matter of awarding damages
is one of su'oh difficulty and delicacy
that provision should be made for
the establishment of a court or com
mission composed of persons of
integrity and conservative judgment
Tor this work.
The project of recogizing these
in damages being one of government
bounty rather than of legal require
ment, the Legislature is not called
upon to impede the progress of the
country in its treatment of the sub
ject, but simply to extend reasonable
and approximate relief to the inno
cent sufferers in this great disaster.
Although the estimates cover an
aggregate amount near to the limit
of prospective revenues, a . large
part of the item for luterest on
government indebtedness will pro
bably not be required, as the Federal
Government may be expected to
carry out provision of the joint resolu
tion of annexatipn assuming the pay
ment of interest on four million dol
lars of the indebtedness of the Re
public of Hawaii. This reduction of
that item will amount to 381,72lJ,!U.
For the same reason the interest
paid by the Territorial government
since the Hth day -of June, 1900, in
this accouut, may be expected to be
refunded by the Federal Government,
This amounts to 10tilOG!t,44. There
rill therefore be a saving in the
ostimaters of $4K7,79li,40, which will
be available toward the settlement
of tiro claims.
I Congress has conferred on the
Legislature authority to create
counties and town and city munici
pulities within tho territory and to
provide for the government thereof.
.This is an enterprise requiring for
its suqoiiss a high degree of patrio
tism and civic intelligence. Careful
study of local conditions anid the
experiences o' other communities
la the cieatkm and administration ol
municipal, corporations are npcet
sary to safeguard the country against
costly mistakes, ' Many problems
will arise in jlie: consideration, of
such legislation that are difficult of
solution, calling for uucere delibera
tion. : ' i
Ceotinuei ou fnrrthpage
W. H. KING
Corner Main & Market Streets,
Plans and estimates furnished.
WAGON & CARRIAGE REPAIRING
First Class Material on Hand.
Cabinet Work a Specialty.
W. H. KING
Contractor & Builder
(Formerly Hund Cnrpyflter at Kilici.)
lias located at Wailuku. Building
Contracts taken in all parts
of the Island. A large force
of skilled assistants always
R. R. CO.
And Dcnliim in
Wilder S. S. Co.
Terminals at "Wailuku,
Paia. . . ,
TELKFHOE No. 1
R. A. WAD3WORTH
Constantly on Hand
, Soda Water
!! Celery & Iron
Deliver Vasr6ri' -will visit
Wailuku Mondays, Wednesdays
and Saturdays; Haiku, Tuesdays
and Fridays;.: KiheCMoridays
and Thursdays; .JKahulu. Mon
days and Saturdays! SpleJlii-
viiiej Wednesdays and ThUrs
'days. y . ,v t .
Post Office i Adr?as::j,
; mritil Soda & Ice Wbi&s
J Kahlilui, Maul, ' it
Sal to M NEWS
The Hawaiian News
Co., L'd, make a spe
cialty of filling or-
dersfor all the
HAWAIIAN NEWS CO.
Address P. O. Uox 684. Honolulu.
G. MACFARLANE & Co. , Ltd.
Pure American and
Beer .- Wines
Ice Cold Drinks
. Opp. Wailuku Depot
WAILUKU, - - MAUI,
M.vTr. McCaxn PiioriuKroii
America & Scotch Whiskey
Beer, Ale Wine
Ice Cold Drinks.
L&haina, Maui T. Hi
ff C Peacock 5 Co'
O. Vu C. Special
padst biers tonic
Freebooter gin "
Marie Flrlzri-cl & Roger
F"i OncH Brandies and
nnd Tfcle ulnes, '
Ail Lending Brands '
PHONE A, HONOLULU
BRIDGE STREET HILO, HAWAI
Rainier Dott "led beer, x)f Seattl
C. Carpy & oa Uncle Sam ins
Cellars end Distillery, Napa, al
Jesse Moors Whiskey
Cream ure Rye Wtiisjcey
Long Life Whiskey ' -Lexington
Club Old ftourfcoh Whisked
J F Cutter's ffhtskeV
Moet 4 Chandon White .Sea Cham