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PUBLISHED EVERY SATURDAY
MAUI BLUE BOOK
Office, BAILEY BLOCK, Main St.
WAlLl'Kli, MAUI, T. H.
Oue year, (in advance) . . $2.50
Six months, " ... 1.60
The columns of 'he Niws ndmlt rommunlen
tl'inn on pert intuit topiott. Write only on
one side of paper. Sltin your mime which
will be held confidential If desired.
G. B. ROBERTSON, Ed. and Prop.
MRS. G. B. ROBERTSON, Bus. Mgr.
Hon. J. W. Kaltm. Circuit Judire.
J. N. K. Kooln, Clerk Olrcnll I'ourl,
Judge W. A. McKay IHst. MttgiHti ute
" Vhnn. Copp, "
" Kahaulelio. " "
" Kalt'ikau, " "
" l'iinmnu, " "
" Mntaoo " "
" Kuhoohalnhaln, " ,:
L. M. Baldwin, Shoriff,
A. N. Hayselden, Deputy Shrrir
ti Kalnina " "
C. H. Llmlsoy, " ''
V. Wittrock, " '
Q. Trimble. " '
VV. E. Saftory, Captain roller.
H.Oopp, " "
We Kranu, " "
F. J. Freary, "
W. T. Robinson, Tax Assessor,
J. N. K. Keolo, Deputy AssesMj
W. O. Aiken, " "
Q. Dunn, " "
J. Gross, - "
5 There is doubtless a strong1 feeling of opposition in the
United States to the reenaetment of the Gearv Exclusion 13.11, but
it must be remembered that those who oppose it need
labor, while those who favor it need work, and the workingmen
. cast the maioritv of votes. When the fierht is squarely between
capital and labor, as in the late steel strike, capital must nccessar
ily win, but where a line of policy Is to be decided by the vote of
the masses of the people, there can be but one result. If President
Roosevelt recommends the reenaetment of the exclusion bill, the
mass of laboring men will favor the measure, and no one who is
anxious for Dolitical Dreferment will dare to stem the tide. For
that reason it is money to marbles that Chinese labor will bo ex
eluded from the United States, and Hawaii will assuredly meet
the same fate.
The death of Li Hung Chang is practically the signal for th
dismemberment of China. He was the only Chinese statesman
who fully understood and realized the position which the enlight
ened nations of earth had assumed toward his country, and he was
shrewd enough to put off the evil day while he lived. The Empress
Who is now the dominating mind in China, is too narrow
minded to understand the danger Which confronts her country ,and
will absolutely refuse to make concessions, notwithstanding the
bitter lesson which she learned at Peking last year. The conse
quence is that the beginning of the end has come. A few years
more will see a new map of China, and if at that time the Rus
sian bear has not Corea and possibly Japan under his paw.theNEWS
misses its guess.
S . The United States authorities are doing wisely to fortify Ho
nolulu, but their work should not end there. Kahului, which ships
40,000 tons of sugar every year, and receives all the imports need
ed by six sugar plantations and the other industries of central
Maui, is entitled to reasonable protection. A battery of half
dozen high power rifles in fortifications with disappearing carriages
placed on a prominent point between Wailiee andKahakuloa Point
Wpuld keep the most heavily armored war ships out of range
of Ivahuiut, Wailuku and Puunene Mill, and the attention of
Major lieuer and the Board of Fortifications is respectfully invited
to this matter,
fS The arrest and imprisonment of Johann Most, the anarchist
--ia iiubltfto prove a most serious mistake. Heretofore the anar
chists of the United States have had no cause of quarrel against
our rulers, who are selected by the people themselves, and that
fact renders such a horror as the assassination1 of President Mc
Kihley a mere fanatical, senseless and purposeless act. But
crusade againsS the anarchist leaders will fill anarchists with
brutal and devilish joy, because it will give' them at least a shadow
' of cause to retaliate. Silent contempt and swift retribution would
be the wiser course,
SR From the drift of events, it begins to appear as though it may
be the- Panama Canal after all, and not the Nicaragua Canal. Nica
ragiia has begun to throw obstacles in the way, and Panama offers
to sell to the United States outright, The United States has gen:
erally favored the Nicaragua route as the more practicable of the
two, but under Yankee skill and energy, the Panama route is fea
sible. But if the United States is not allowed to build the Nicara
gua Canal, she should see well to it that no other country should
enjoy that privilege and com pete with any route which is completed.
S Next week, Superintendent 6f Public Works' J. Boyd and
- Assistant Marston Campbell will again visit Maui, to look into the
needs of the Island. Does-Wailuku need, anything, and if sj, who
is to plead for ber?" There is plenty of time' between now and the
time of arrival of these gentlemen to call a meeting and organize
ta citizens' committee which can formulate our more pressing
, needs. Then wLen these officials arrive they 6hould be invited to
f , meet with the citizens' committee and1 listen to a digested and' in
telligent statement oi our. wants. Will we do this?
. . .. '
f The Government band will-go 'to Hilo fox the holidays, and
will to.uch at Maui on their return, ' abotrt January 2. No better
-apyoi tunny wiu soon occur lor the band to visit Wailuku, and. at
f practically no more cost thaii a week's board'. The' News herby
gives uoticti that it hast inaugurated a campaign iti favor of their
stopping off at Maul, and all citizens of the Island are respectfully
invited to join in with the News. Let every district call meetings
ana lorwara written petitions,,, aha the, thing- ctta be1 done. ,
iow is the time iky trefein to punt shade trees' alontf the
streets of Wailuku and along tha roads leading in' . all idirections
M'wrll i ',m . .......
irom muiuKu. it wpuia cost but little, and should be done at
once. The Haiku Nursery has a large stock of se'edlings for sale
cheap, and Wray Taylor of Honolulu is anxiou&'tb supplement the
varieties needed'free of charge. 1 .. . M,n,t... ......
"' ' 3 ; "
JB Tbo clay, of democratic president's'for the "United Stae's"is far
off yet, r-nd it is anjusing'to read of the possible ambition' of Edi
lor Watlurson. lie is a bright max,' but hev belongs to the past
and u elected, he would not understand, the people, and they
wcuia not understand mm.
Food of Nestling' Birds
The amount of food consum6cf by
nestlins? birds is not generally ap
preciated. The numbers 6f broods
and of young vary according to the
species and the region under conside
ration, but it is safe to Say that on
the average 2 or 3 broods' of 3 to 5
each uro raised every season. The
young, from the time the eggs are
latched until the last offspring 1ms
left the nest, demand the most con
stant and untiring industry on the
nart of the parents. The labor ot
coding begins before sunrise and
continues with little rest until after
sunset.' Heals are very frequent,
often averaging one every minute.
At first the nestlings consume more
han their own weight of food iu a
day, and make a daily gain iu weight
of 20 to 50 per cent. At this time
they appear to consist of little else
than mouth and stomach, and spend
nearly all their waking moments in
eating. The total of tue material
required to satisfy their voracity is
aftouishingly large. A young robin
kept ia captivity by Professor
Treftdwell required 00 earthworms a
dav. and the younff of a pair of
European jays, observed by Dr
Hrewer, were fed half a million
caterpillars iu a single season. The
character of the food consumed in
such Quantity by different spfecies of
nestlings, apart from its scientific
interest, is of great importance to
the farmer, since many nests are
placed in proximity to growing crops
and the nesting seasOn corresponds
with the period of greatest agri
In the following study of the food of
nestlings of the various kinds of birds
each group is taken up separate
ly. The materialhas been gathered
from detailed field observations by
the writer and'others and examina
tion of the contents of the stomachs
of 700 nestlings.
, The .food Of 6 feathered nestling
bluebirds.- the stomachs of which
,wer9. examined in the laboratory
consisted of beetles, caterpillars
ffrasshonDers. spiders, and a few
snails. Adult birds collected during
the breeding season had eaten about
three times as many beetles and
few ants, while 8 per cent of the food
consisted of black raspberries.
The robin is about as troublesome
to the horticulturist as ai e the cat
birds and cedar waxwing. Prof. F,
E. L. Beal found that young nestlings.
watched for several hours, were fed
from five to siz times an hour. Sub
sequent examination of the stomachs
of 14 of these nestlings and of 8
their parents snowed that rasp
berries, blackberries, blueberries
cherries, and serviceberries formed
only 7 per cent of the food of the
young, while it formed 70 per cent of
that of the old birds, in the case
ot the young, many of the stomachs
contained pellets of grass, oue in each
stomach, ths significance of which is
not yet clear. The insect food of
the young consisted chiefly5 of cater
pillars, locusts, grasshoppers, crick
ets, and beetles. Spiders, snails,
and earthworms were present in
amaller quanties.1 T
. Beown Thrasheb.
The examination of 6 nestling and
7 adults brown thrashers indicates
that the adults during"- the breeding
time eat fruit to extent of one-fourth
of their food, while their young, on
the other hand, are exclusively in
sectivorous, subsisting mainly on
spiders,- grasshoppers, and caterpillars.
The stomachs of 14 young nestlings
of the catbird and 11 adults, mainly
the parents of these young, have
bedu examined in the laboratory. The
oldiivdshad taken 91 tref cent of
f their food 'in fruits buckthorn.
catbriar, caerries, raspberries, aad
blackberries. The nestlings had eaten
fruit to the extent of only 4 per cent
of their food, and' th& remainder of
their diet was principally ants,
beetles, caterpillars, spiders,- and
The food of the adult mockingbird
is about equally divided between
insect and fruit. The late Townend
G lover observed that nestlings, which
he had in captivity were fed by their
mother almost entirely on iuse'ts,
among Which were numbers of the
moth or the cotton-boll worm, so
fisstrubtiva tc tua crept of tha South.
Wahblers. , ...
Warblers are, insectivorous, and
probably rear their young on a pure
ly animal diet. Little definite obser
vation is available, however; the con
clusion is based on 'general grounds.
The stomachs of 3 half-grown nest
lings of the oven bird examined In
the laboratory contained beetles of
the family Lanvpyrida?, and click
beetles, caterpillars, moths, spiders,
and snails; and Mr. Percy Moore re
ports that he nas' observed oven
birds feeding span-worms to their
young. Mrs.- Irving writes that she
found a nestful of rcdstars and as
certained that they were fed on in
sects from 5 to 30 times an hour.
These insects' Were Caught' by the
mother bird on the wing, and often
rotis during the breeding season' and
ear their young on insects. Mr. OtSo
Widmann, who has observed the feed
ing habits of purple martiu9, found
that the parent birds carried to their
nestlings dragon-flies, butterflies and
moths, grasshoppers, beetles and
flies. They made from 100 to 300
visits a day to each nest. Mr. John
L. Russel' slates that a quart of
wing-covers of the' cucumber beetle
have been taken from the nesting
box of a martin.-
Native sparrows are graraivorous
to the ex tent of two-thirds or more of
their diet, but apparently rear their
-young exclusively on insects. The
food of young grasshopper sparrows
has been studied by means of sto
mach examination and some
slight field observation. At Mars
hall Hall, Md., a parent bird
was carefully watched as she-brought
food to her 4 naked young. Three
long-horned grasshopppeps, 2 species
of shorthorned grasshoppers, a chry
salis, and an army worm were iden
tified' in the parent's bill. Another
grasshoppers sparrow iu the same
held, that was carrying food to its
older and feathered young, was shot
In its beak and mouth were 2 bogs
and 2 spiders, and in its stomaeh
of the same species of spidersyabug,
Z leaf-beetles,, a weevil, a cutworm,
the jaws of a cricket, some seeds of
rib grass, and a grain of wheat. In
the stomachs of 10 nestlhrgs atod 14
adults collected in Kansas, half of
tho food of the old birds was found
to be grass seed, while that' of" the
young consisted entirely of insects
caterpillars, grasshoppers and
very few spiders.
, Examination of iu etomachs of 10
nestling red-winged blackbirds, most
of which were less than'a week old
showed that 1 per cent of the food
consisted of weed seeds and S3 per
Cent of insects. Seven ackilt bir-Js
taken at' approximately the same
time had eaten grain tc the extent
of 20 per cent of their diet. The nest
lings, contrary to the habit of most
passerine, or perching, birds, had
eaten as many beetles as the older
birds, and, singularly enough, had
eaten fewer grasshoppers, the favo
rite food of young birds. Both nest
lings and adults had eaten & number
of dragon-flies. v
Woodpeckers live on. insects and
berries. The stomach of 3 nestling
downy woodpeckena and their - 2
parents contained ants, spiders, and
beetles. The young has eaten7 more
spiders and fewer beetles than the
adults, but the principal food in all
the stomachs was ants.
Mr. William Brewster has;dI'scover-
ed that flickers in feeding their nest
lings regurgitate the food; fiom the
gullet after the manner of pigeons.
In describing this process, as per
formed by the male bird, he says:
"Standing on the edge of the hole,
the parent selected one and
drove his bill to its base
into the gaping mouth, which in
stantly closed t!glit' around it, when
the head and bill of the parent work
ed up and down with great rapidity."
Some interesting observations
have been made of the food of nest
ling yellowrbeflied sapsuckrir. Mr.
Brewster noted the old birds flying
to the nest with their bills crammed
full of insects, while Mr. Frank Bolles
has seen them coming to their nest
lings wrth bills glisteriirtg' with sap.
Mr. Poll3 secured 3 young which
were nearly full grown, and kept
them alive for fourteen weeks on a
diet consisting oi irom "JO to UD per
maple syrup, this
ENGINEERS, CONTRACTORS AND
Carpenter and Contractor-
Plans and Estimates
burnished on Short Notice
Office and Shop in Giles Building
High St. Wailuku.
T. B. LYONS, Phop.
Ice Cold Beef
ALWAYS ON HAND
First Class Wines & Liquors
ST., (Adjoining old Moat
P. E. LAMAR & CO.
Contractors & Engineers.
We solicit all kinds of construction
work, such as Railroad1, Gov't
Eoads, Reservoirs, Ditches,
Wells, Tunnels, etc., etc.
P. E LAMAR,
Mem. Tech. So.Pac. Coast.
W. H, KING
Corner Main & Market Streets.
G. MACITARLANE & Co., Ltd.
Pure American and
Beer c& Aines
Ice Cold Drinks
Opp. Wailuku Depot
WAILUKU, - - MAUI.
Carpenter & Builder
Plans and estimates furnished.
WAGON & CARRIAGE REPAIRING
First Class Material, on Hand.
Cabinet Work a Specialty.
W. H. KINC
Contractor & Builder
(Formerly Head Carpenter at Klho.)
Has located at Wailuku. Buildin
Contracts taken in all parts
of the Island. A large force
Of skilled assistants always
P. O. Box 63 Tel. No. 293
Matt. McCann Proprietor
America & Scotch Whiskey
Beer, Ale and Wine--
Ice Cold Drinks.
Lahaina, Maui T. H,
Bottled at Bartlett's Spring,
Lake County, California.
Best known specific for liver
and kidney trouble.
BUY SOME! TRYSOME!
LOTBJOY & CO.
SOLE AGENTS for the Hawaiian Islands
R. R. CO.
And Dealer a
cent of diluted
food Ifcing eited' out
whiclj came into the
mc syrup, iiiey finally, died oZ n
enlargement of ine- liver, which was
tho;'Kkt to be duo to tha pret pro
porucu of suar in'heirdiet. In the
6a?iie locality where. Mr. Bolles made
, (Continued ou fourth' Page.)
Wilder S. S; Co.
terminals at Wailuku,
Paia. . .
, CENTRA OFPICBf
AGENTS FOR ...
Rainier Bottled beer, of Seattle
C. Carpy & Co., Uncle Sam Wine
Cellars and Distillery. Naua. Cal
Jesse MtJOre Whiskey
Cream Pure Rye Whiskey
Long Life. Whiskey
Lexington Club Old Bourbon Whiskey
J F Cutter's Whiskey
Moet & Chandon White Seal Chara
A. G. DICKINS,
WO SANG & CO.
ice Creatfi Parlors.
THREE ELEGANT ROOMS, 25 cents a Dish
ONE ROOM, . , ( 10 cents a Dish.
Fine Stock Canned Goods and
Fruit, Candies and Cigars. Fresh
Goods received every..week. Special
courtesies to ladies and eutleiiien.
MARKET ST. VA1LUK U.
Tel. No. """
t t . Send 75c $1.00 11.25'
or 51.60 for a nice box of Chocolates
and confections; sent?post or freifwt
fee tt) any part of the Islands.
Hart f? Co. litd.
Uoaelu'iii, II. X.