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Bat - Mews .
.ISHED -VERY SATURDAY
,l!Air,!,Y BLOCK, V.aSt.
VAILli . . MALI, T. II.
i'TION II ATI-.
1 Nrwn admit ciinininnk'n
'iit todies. Writ it m!y on
1 T. Siyn your untnu w'liU'h
-'Ooiumlifdisii-i.il. . .
MAUI BLUE BOOK
Hou. J. W. Knlun, Circuit Judge, Wullimi
I. N. I. lii'iilii, cli-rli Circuit Court, Wnlltiki
judge W. A. Mi-Kuy Dint. Magistrate. Wulluki
" 1. llllH. I.OPP.
" Kal-iulrlio. " "
' K.tli'iliuu,- " "
E. ROBERTSON, Eu
" riilniinv, "
" Milium " "
" K ,w .ooli ill ;i bul " "
L. M. Baldwin, Shi-rlll,
A. N. Iliiv.-ii-nii-a, Di'i'Ulj- Slier! fl
I'. I!. l.imlsey, " ''
F. WiunuU, " '
if. Triuiiile, 11 ''
V. r. BaiTery, Captuln Police
Win Ki'iinn, " "
l.tndsir, " "
F. J. l' lViiry, " '
W. T. Koiilnson, Tax Assessor.
.1. K. Ki'olii, Deputy Assiw
W. u. Allien,
.l.lilOsS. ' "
Clilckeri Disease In llawoli.
u ro (
!:y is Washington's Birthday. Whenever a grave cvisi
i t .in; al'fti rs of ii nation, n man is generally found well
n i: a ro who takes control of the situation ami moulds tin
I i.- nation for nii-ny generations, leaving Cor himself an
i : t i I 1 memory among the great men of earth. rlli':s was
iy i I'no of Washington, and no less true of Lincoln and
Jul for the revolution. Washington Mould perhaps have
1 (Mod.-an urrirht and resnectccl YiriMtmt jrentleman anc.
.':h' nothing to' recall his namo save itself cai vea in mar
to his resting place. Hut events called h,im to the fori.
. iv neatly ICO.OoO.UHj Americans unite in payinir dt-u-j encc
vorbokl prediction that the -Japanese raej may
'titrol of the politics ami minor business of. tin
era go Japanese is progressive, and lias the nerve
.lost anything, and his economic habits stand him
As artis ins. they aro tilling all lines of trade and
i a as f ist u lliey are able to learn the craft. From or
;h iv-rs thny arc branching out as hackmcn, contractors,
iiinrers. ganleners, mercliants and even as professional
I t wenty-tivo vvoiii-s- from today, when the public schools
j. the T -rrilory-have educated the immense and increasing con
tnug'at of young Japanese, the prevailing race on the Islands will
probably be Japanese.
o z a
The Right llav. Josoph 11. Johnson, D. Dt, Bishop of L:is An-
. ), has been assigned to take charge of the Anglican Church of
vaii. Thj Nsws has no desire to take part in the feuds which
. e arisen, but is moved by the spirit to offer the folbwing slig
ht mmj When the new bishop arrives, lot Mackintosh and
divest themselves entirely of their sacerdotal robes, oftices
iments, and go and stand before the bishop in the integ
heir individual manhood, only asking him to assign
le tields where they can reap the largest harvest for
.1 tind Mioter. People would understand and appreciate
nTct3 of Christianity.
ail has befell standing on one foot long enough, even if that
foot. True, the sugar industry is all important at present,
a future, as well asa larger industrial population at present,
c be provided for. Maui has traditions which do not run back
aid the memory of manj of its present residents, of large and
'Mo shipments of produce to California, and such conditions
r:e dormant here, only instead of wheat and potatoes, it will be
and can nedk semi-tropic fruits, jellies, etc., which wo will
All tha.t. is needed is a little capital and lots of well directed
(.'unions extracts from Bulletion No. 1, "Chickens aud Their
;os," appear in this week's issue, but after all, to those who
nvestigated the subject, thpre is absolutely nothing new in
, rtet in . and it is quite a disappointment. Even some well
. i.n and simple remedies have been omitted. For instance, in
st'ii! head a solution consisting of one tablespoon ful of salt and
nc tablespoonf ul of soda,' dissolved in vinegar to be followed by
t emulsion of lard and coal oil is an almost sure specific, and is
easily obtainable that any on a can use It.
v ' o
istkm of county government is now the paramount
e Islands, and its judicious introduction and manage
tave a very important bearing on the future of the Terri
.iot at all likely that congress will provide us with tl county
.cut, and to no one faction on the Islands should be trist
e construction and launching ot a county government; me is
Jt is an isue in which all shoula unite, without reference to
" racial lines, because ic is a business and not a political
lefecf.ivo sanitary conditions on Maui are a constant
fh.) health of the people, yet. it seems that the Honolnk.
1th has such a sevoro an attack of financial paresis that
"jits to afford us the safeguard of a, sanitary inspector.
f-M r'i should permit this no' longer. We have rights in
hu:ii de-.u uul consideration, au.l the fruit of longer
in itl r will bo bitter.
f;, Ti.e only serious ineii'ace to the sugar industry ou'li.e'Islands
. !e'.i-th of labor. There is not pjrliap-; a sug.ir plauutio-i today
Jiic'ii is runmiig f ull handed, and tnero will certainly be a iwss in
gar dividends tiis year on th;it account. The soliuioa of this
acuity is nut. an easy one, but at the same time, IKX faturo of
i-nh;stry depends artnttst entirely cs n.s successful
! The fallowing pxtraots from Uullc
t;n No. 1,- ifcsupd by Jure 1 G.- Smith,
rt'lntivtf to chicken diseases in Hn-tv-iii
toss0ss much interest fop those
tviio tire raiding lilt-kens on Maui,
ft r pleasure or profit.
T!ie early records phnw that Capl
tin Ceok, on his voynR' of exjiioi-a-i
inn. w as ta:ppli-d -illi eliit-kens at
vYiumcn Iuur.ii. in the early part of
This fact indicates that fowls
.veic on the i-l uids previous - to the
advent of the first whiles and under
some degree of doinestii-mion. Tin
unlive hen." as it is culled.- was
-.mall anil the eg;;s, likewise small,
. ere not of a good thivor. The hens
were at that time reported-to be
;ucid hivefs. good setters, and ex-i-ileiit
mothers. Whether any his-
torieal value canine attracted to this
i.iiive bird as regards the eaily
iCt'-.-ment of 1 he icla nils is u iiiiestion.
.cve!'tl:!-l(--s. if tiie tru.. native chic
ken e.euid be found all this day its iden
tity might b1) deteilniacd and its his
tory traced bac1-, to the country from
which it came.
The native fowl is dcseri.x d as
iiL'ing small m bodv, with short legs,
md generally light in weight, pro
bably re.'K'inbliiig the Leghorns in
mode of life. As f ir bach as 1H IS,
and probably earlier, the foreign set
tlers of tin se islands interested tiieni-
i .i ..i? ii...
selves in rue improvement, im uu-
native slock by crossing them will)
int reduced breeds, and at this tune
records show the following breeds.
or classes of breeds, were represent
ed on the Hawaiian l.-knds: A native
chicken, or that which was found in
existence here at the discovery of
the islands; the Frizzled fowl, sup
posed to have been originally import
ed from Japan; a mixed Malay, of
which the cock is a great figater;
the Cochin China; the Shanghai; and
the bpanisu. uaine lowls were un
ported from Valparaiso, as well as
the Frizzled, although the latter
were supposed to be native of Japan.
Pure breeds of White Leghorns,
White Wyandoltes,. Ulack Spanish,
an occasional Plymouth Rock, Brown
Leghorns, and. Brahmas are some
times semi. It is ouita natural to
suppose that from timp to time
representatives of most of the stand
ard breeds have been im ported, leav
ing their traces in tht mongrel breed
which is generally seen in the yards
a slow sieges of. starvation "follows,,
and a combinationicf diseases attacks
it, colds and roup being iunonjf the
most "Jthppr taints
Preventives ao Rpmevif.n.
ETICINEERS, CONTRACTORS "AND"
n walks (it life, the Darwinian theory of
st, is startlingly .'pparent. The successi'u'
ds of doing business in the Islands is r
by competition, and a "new era is upon us. This
1 as well as mercantile, shipping and ordinary
all lines, and none' but tlje best can survive.
The diseases which are prevalent
on these islands, and when tend to
influence the production of chickens
to a considerable extent, are colds,
catarrh, distemper, roup, sore head
pneumonia, light attacks of diarrhea,
canker in th-; mouth, cho'era, and
those enemies of the chicken yard
which promote diseases lice, worms,
mosquitoes, etc These latter may
render the chicken subject to inocul
ation by breaking the skin, as in the
case of the mosquito and louse, or
they may lower the vitality of the
fowl, as in the ease of the intestinal
worm, which appropriates the food
the chicken eats to satisfy its own
Sore head is essentially a malady
of the hot summer months and at
tacks the chickens at about the age
six weeks. At the t'uae when fhu
disease attacks the cnick it is not as
heavily clothed with feathers as pre
viously or later. Just at this time
the mother hen begins to show her
ciiicks less attention and often fails
to brood them properly. At this
time, too, they are subjected to the
pecks of the older fowls and begin to
quarrel among themselves. All these
conditions render the young bird
subject to diseases which they might
otherwise be proof against. Then,
tiKi, lice ard mosquitoes have full
sway with their victim.
Sore head is due to a parasitic
fungus which attacks the chicken in
the most unprotected parts of the
body, especially around eke head aud
eyes. Ihe first symptoms of the
troi ble are manifested t-y the ap
pearance of a very small pimple or
eruption of the Ft; in about the ear
or eye, or perhaps the bill. This
grows so slowly and inconveniences
tiie chicken so little that the breeder
rarely lakes nule of it. Later, an
other eruptiou makes its appearance,
perhaps adjacent to this or perhaps
an the other side of the head. Meaa
while, the first has developed into a
large, scabby wart, which spreads
day by day, and yet the patient does
not appear to suffer greatly, Tiie
eyeb then become covered with the
scab and decline sets iii. The bird
is not able to find its food or water;
The disease has a. regular pcr.wl
of development. Precautionary mea
sures being taken to curry the pati
ent through this period,. it will pro
bably recover with, but lew ill
effects, except a generally run-down
phmical condition. In this connection
it might de added that if. the warts
can be kept, off the eyes the birds
will be able to eat and keep up
strength enough to carry it through
the course of the disease. .Experi
ments are under way with this object
in view and, if successful, will be a
step in advance.
Solitary measures will apply to
all cases. When a chick isdiseovered
with the characteristic eruptiou,
even though it be very minute, re
move the birds at once to some place
wacre tho t ost of the flock can not
come in contact with its food, water,
or excrement. Tho houses in which
the diseased birds has been roosting,
and even the yards and fences, should
be immediately subjected to a thor
ough disinfection. One of the best
ways of disinfec ting it to- clean the
houses, yards, and fences with scald
ing water, after which a coat of
whitewash should be applied.. Diftin.-
fecumts, such us a dilute solution
(from o to '1 per cent) carbolic acid j
mixed. with whitewash, or with hot
water before whitewash is put on,
will be found effectual. A liberal
spray of Bordeaux mixture (lime, (i
pounds; copper sulphate, 4 pounds;
and water, 24 gallons) will be found
beneficial. The refuse from the
acetylene generator is another clean
sing agent. Turpentine, tar, - or
washes of tar, oheep dip, or a solution
of whale-oil soap may be used.
On the patient, if thoroughly in
fected with the malady, will be found
large scabs covering the side of the
head, or perhaps an eye. Wash the
head in warm water or soapsuds,
thereby loosening the scabs. If these
are not developed enough to loosen,
the water softens them and removes
the pus, which is a source of contag
ion. A carbolated. salve cau then be
applied to heal tho sore. If the bird
has sufficient vitality It will survive
and grow to be a strong fowl. Potas
sium permanganate (1 dram to 5
ounces of water) is sometimes used
with good results, the scabs being
paiuted with remedy after careful
'. washing. A dilute solution of silver
nitrate (8 grains to 1 ounce of water)
can be used in the same manner.
Sulphate of copper (1 dram to one-
half pint of water) has a place here,
and also tincture of iodin. These
latter remedies may prove severe
and must be handled with great care.
Carbolic ointment seems to be in
favor with many breeders. Dippiug
the diseased head in warm salt water
cures more less effectually. Other
poultrymeu have recourse to the
ointments made of the oxids of mer
cury and zinc. Another remedy
which suggests itself is peroxid of
hydrogen (3 per cent solution in
water.) Some poultry raisers have
had good results from the use of
glycerin containing 2 per cent of
carbolic acid. As stated in Salmon's
Diseases of Poulfy, tincture of iodia,
either alone or mixed with 10 per
cent of carbolic acid, is a rather
severe remedy and one to be applied
only after other treatment tomes
and stimulants must be used. The
bird must have food forced down it,
if two weak to eat, or if because of
blindness it can not find the food
placed before it.
Carpenter and Contractor
Plans and Estimates
Furnished on Short Notice
Office and Shop in Giles Building
IIi'Hi St. WAiLtKir.
P. E. LAMAR & CO.
Contractors & Engineers.
We sol'uiit all kinds of construction
work, such as Railroad, Gov't
Roads, Ilcservoirs, Ditches,
Wells, Tunnels, etc., etc.
P. F. LAMAR,
AIem. Tkch Hoc-.Pac. Coast.
j. A. HARRIS
Sign Painting, House Paint
ing, Paper Hanging and
Carriage Painting a Specialty.
Send your carriages and bug
gies to my shop for repainting.
SKATIXO RINK, Wailuku, Maui.
JAMES H, PAINTER
Scientific Horse Shoeing
CARRIAGES, BUGGIES AND
WAGONS BUILT, REPAIRED
SHOP IN OLD J. H. KING
BUILDING, NEAR CORNER
MAIN & MARKET STREETS.
WAILUKU, . MAUI.
Contractor & Builder
(Formerly Head Carpenter at Klhci.)
Has located at Wailuku. Building
Contracts taken in all parts
of the Island. A large force
of skilled assistants always
o,n hand. .
P. O. Box 63 Tel. No. 893
So.me Common Rkmedies.
Simple diarrhea may be checked ir.
severe cases by using 5 to 10 drops of
laudanum in tabldspoonful of water.
In mild cases 1 to-drams of sulphate
of iron (copperas) can be added to
the drinking water.
Alum in the drinking water is by
some considered a specific for chick
en cholera. '
For lice on chickens use pyrethrum
or buhac k powder; or lard and car
bolic acid (10 parts of lard to 1 of
acid); or kerosene 1 part, lard or
sweet, oil 2 parts.
Tor lice on roosts or in hen houses,
use kerosene emulsion, or whale-oil
soap, or a hot lime wash with a little
crude carbolic -acid added.
For internal worms and tape
worms, use an infusion of Kousso;
pumpkin seeds ground into a paste;
or fern root, which should be followed
in six hours with a dose of castor oil.
Read The MAUI NEWS.
Aud Dcalem a
Wilder. S. S. Co.
Terminals at Wailuku,
Paia. . . .
Wm. WHITE, lnor.
Complete sVoc ?
First Class Wines fikiiors
Prlmo, Seattle & Budweiser
ICB COLD I
T. B. LYONS, Prop.
Ice Cold Beer
ALWAYS (IN HAND
First Class Wines & Liquors
Prlmo ntul Seattle Beep
Market St., (Adjoining old Meat
Macfaiianc & Co.
Oitosite Wailvku, DErOT.
Wholesale & Retail Liquor Dealers.
Sohlitz Boor thut madti Milwaukee famous,
Anheuser Huscli Jit John AVtcland New llrew.
O. P. S. Bourbon, Rye & Sour-mush.
Old Gov't, Old Pepper & Cape Horn Whiskey,
DufTT'spiire malt & Tweod'a pure malt Whiskey
Spruanec'Siaule.v'n lamousO.F.C.i Ken. favorite
Celebrated John Devar & D.C.L. Scotch Whiskey
D. O. L.,01d Tom, & London Dry, Honeysuckle
Palm Tree, & Patm Boom Cllu.
HeuuesH.y's Brandy & Australian Boomeran g
Kohler & Van Bergens wlno & tho famous Ingio
noolt wines, a.H.Mummfc Ci). ox-dry Champagne
Wo make a specialty of shipping.
T ATT ATfPAww rirvinT t7rr.-.n
America & Scotch "Vhiscy
Beer, Ale anp Wine
Ice Cold Drinks.
Lahaina, Maui Tf H,
Famous Bartlett Water
The Best Medical and Table
Water in tho World.
Bottled only at the celebrated
Bartlett Springs, Lake Coun
ty, Cal., without exposure ti
Thousands of remarkable cure
have beerl effected by thii
LOVEJOY & CO
Sole Distributors for Ihe Territory of Hawaii
Corner Market and Main St.
& Co. J
Rainier Bottled beer, of Seattle :-
C. Harpy & wo., Uncle Sam Wipe
Cellars and Distillery, Napa, C;
Jesse Moore Whiskev k
Cream Pure Rye Whiskey ?
Long Life Whiskey f
Lexington Club Old Bourbon Whiskt
Walnutlne . q
J F Cutter's Whiskey f
Moet & Chandon White Seal fha:
At G. DICK INS,