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WAILl'kt. MALI, T. 11.
OnO year, (in advance)
The oulunius of in- NkwK admit conimuuli-a-tlum
ku iwriliiuiil loiilcs. Wrilu only on
onenlflrol pitin-i-. Sin" your imiun which
ill be he:u i--Hillilt:ntial If Uesiieil.
G. B. ROBERTSON, Ed. and Prop.
MRS. C. B. ROBLRTSOti, Bus. Mgr.
fti Thopo i tin rain fur-tor which
tha W?iwniiu.n runt u. timt. nf thfiir
alarming truth that a large percoutago. of our Hawaiian boys and
girls, just enteritis: manhood and womanhood, have not been edu
cated up to a staudard which has
young men and women of alien
shmihl ho annlWvl tn da vplon ft yrnwins- interest in the he.-irtS of
our Hawaiian boys and givls for a thorough and practical education,
and no step should bq left untaken to arouse their ambition t
eleyate themselves and their race.
appreciate this, and consequently
men and women in all walks of life,
mass of Hawaiian boys and girls,
deserve, otherwise the bulk of them
ers of wood aud drawers of water
tost of education alone is to decide whether we are to have a race
of progressive, intelligent Hawaiians or a lot of ignorant, worthless
kanakas. The truest and best stimulus can come only from Haw
aiian parents theraseles, and they are the ones who should stand
most strongly for the thorough and practical education of their
children, and of their children's children. 1
The offer of capital to back the culture of sisal on the Island of
Oahu is one of the best answers, which could be given to those who
have heretofore claimed that sugar is the only reliable industry on
the Islands. While sujrar of course is and probably will continue
to be our leading-industry, still it is now morally certain that other
industries are bound to take high rank. The time is coming when
millions of dollars worth of canned pineapples will be shipped to
the coast annually. Guava jelly will be another important product,
and if an incorporated company were organized today on Maui,
with a practical, clearheaded man as manager, to manufacture and
sliip guava jelly to the coast, within a very few years stock in such
a company would prove a far better and more profitable invest
ment than even sugar stock.
The political status of the Negro in the South has reached an
interesting stage, and future developments will be watched witu
constantly increasing interest. It came home to the negroes of the
south, immediately upon being freed from slavery, that education
would be the lever which would raise them in the social scale,, aud
from the old mammy poring over her well thumbed spelling book in
her cabin, to the splendidly equipped institute of Booker Washing
ton at Tuskeegee, the work has been steadily carried forward with
an almost fanatical zeal. The fruits of this course are now ripening,
and the South must soon come to realize (hat it cannot much long
er domin-.tte a highly enlightened race, no matter what colored
pigment hues its cuticle. '
"?8 The Island press cannot too strongly impress upon the legis
lature the importance of making a creditable display at the St.
Louis exposition. Properly advertised the Islands should become
a veritable Mecca for mainland tourists, because we have rich
treasures of climate and scenery, and the St. Louis Fair affords us
& golden opportunity to display panoramic vtews that will be ever
new and delightful to the dwellers east of the Adlrondacks. Nor
should the utilitarian side be neglected, because there, aio many
, who would come to the Islands to engage in some of our newer
-industries, if they are properly advertised. A generous appro
priation should be made, which if widely used will be of inestimable
value to the Islands. . I
jS The pretty story told in another column, of the demonstratiop
of the success of mandarin orange raising on Maui h!y a ten
year old Wailuku girl, carries a$100,000 moral with it. When the
people of Maui come to realize the vast and varied possibilities of
our Island, and bend their best energies to the development of
those possibilities, the; iresult will be abundant and marketable
quantities of fruits and vegetables, not only for home use but also
as a source of supply to, the markets of Honolulu, Hilo and the
other Island communities. ,
Honolulu and Hilo have not dealt fairly with Maui, nor has
;Maui dealt fairjy with herself, in the matter of attracting tourist
travol, Maui being a half-way house between Honolulu ; and Hilo
sjbtmld entertaiu every tourist who makes the round trjp of Ihjj
Islands, for the reason that tourists invariably express themselves
as aeligl ted with a visit to Maui. And more, it would be to the
financial interests of both Hilo and Honolulu to encourage tourists
to stop off at Maui, while making tho round trip. .
Agricultural Press Bulletin. No. 8, which appears on tho sec
pp4 page of this issue, throws much light on what is being accom
phshed in the line of ridding Maui
and is also opening the door to successful small farming on Maui.
It is going to take a hard fight to rehabilitate Bmall farming in the
Kuia and Makawao districts, but it will eventually be done, and
that region will surely onca inore become a storehouse as of yore,
for the .upply of Jruits, grain and vegetables.
QJ Among the holidays-proposed none would -be of more practical
value to, Maui than an Arbor Diy properly observed. Subsidiary
to this, those most interested in the matter should organize a Maui
Arboreal Society and set to work systematically to --eh courage , the
planting xuitonly of all.tto diffeyeivt varieties of fruit trees, but also
shade and fuel limber trees all over Maui.
MAUI BLUE BOOK
Hon. J. W. Kalua, Clroult ludge, WalUmu
L. R. Crook, Clerk Circuit Court. Wailuku
Judge .. McKay Oist. Mug Intro to. WulluUu
" Chits. Copp, " " Mnkawuo
" Knhnulelto " ' " Lahulna
" Kitloiliau, " Honumim
" J. K. Hanuna, " ' Huna
" Piiuianu. " " Ivlpuhuhi
" Muhoe " ' Molokiii
' Kaboohalahala, " ' L"i.E
L. M.Baldwin, Sheriff, Wailuku
W. E. Suiter, DjputyBheriB Wailuku
Ktlsar Morton. " " . Makawuo
C. K. Utidaoy, " ' Liitmlua
r . Witt rock, " -
Q. TriUjblB. " ' Molokal
it U Cummlnun Cnntain Police. Wiil'uku
H lwlcra " 41 Makawao
Win. Kounu, " " Laliaimi
v. " " liana
J.'K. Walumau, " ' Kalaupara
W. T. Robinson, Tm Assessor, wiwlluku
J. N. K. Keola, Deputy Assessor- Wailuku
VV O A limn " " Pain
O. Putin, " " Lttlinlna
M. H. Keuter. " Hana
will SO dominate the future of
fiduo.ntion. On Maul, it 13 aD
fitted them to compete with the
races. Every possible stimulus
The better class of Hawaiians
stand side by side with our best
lut more must be done for the
to fi; them for. the future they
will degenerate into mere hew
for their educated brothers. The
of its insect and blight i pest;
PRESS BULLETIN No 3
Preliminary Experiments With
The "Quick Blight" Of The Potato
Irish potatoe growing was once an
important agricultural industry in
Hawaii. During one year, 71,000 bar
rels were shipped from the country;
but for various reasons the industry
became of minor importitnco and of
late years the local dt niand has been
largely supplied by importants. The
latest source of riiscourgement to the
grower is a disease which often wipis
ut whole fields of potatoes iu n short
tune. Nearly every island of the
group has its infected districts
Kula, Kohalii, Kona, Wnimra and
sections on Onhu. '
This diseaso of the potato hits been
confounded with tho potato rot,, but
they are entirely different both in the
cause and in their effect upon the
plant. Until a beter name is given
we shall call it The "Quick Blight"
of the potato. While the same dis
ease apparently exists in some ot the
Northen states it has beeu little
studied. Reports ipon the disease
from the division of Pathology, Wash
ington, D. C, - indicate that it i
caused by a Fusarium fungus, the ex
act history ot which is not fully known.
This fungus lives in the soil anil as
soon as the potatoes are planted it
attacks tho roots. These become so
filled with the growiag fungus that
they cannot perform their proper
function, and the plant really dies
from starvation and lack of water.
. The casual observer might not de
tect the disease until long alter the
destruction has begun, as there is lit
tle to indicate is presence. The vines
usually make a good thrifty growth
and seem to be healthy until shortly
after blossoming, when, without
warming, the leaves and stem wither,
turn black and die to the ground as
though bitten by frost.
Since the disease has its seat in the
roots in the early growth of the plant,
eradication becomes most difficult.
Many fungus diseases are located
wholly on the leaves and stems of the
plant, and in such cases, the problem
of control or ei adication is not so
difficult; but with the Quick Blight
the measure must be preventative
rather, than curative.
' In March J)02, experiments were
begun at Kula; Maui, to study the
disease with the hope of finding a
remedy. The land chosen was under
the control of Mrs, Randal Von
Tempsky, and was situated at at ele
vation of between ,3,500 and 4,000
feet. Three plots were luid out for
the experiment. Plot 1 was in a
gulch partly protected from the
wind; the soil was rich and the pre
vious year a crop of beans had been
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All instrunents thofr-pughly sterilized before being used each time.
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AND LIQUOR DEALERS
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planteithere.) Plots 2 and .3 were
on it ridge unprotected from the
wind; t'.,e soil Was of fnir quality and
had been planted to corn and pota
toes for a number of seasons. Plots
2 and 3 were adjacent. In Plots 1
and 3 the soil was dug to the depth
of frorr 5 to 7 inches (the usual depth
for this district); that in Plot 2 was
was dug to the depth of 12 inches
bringing to the surface some of the
The plan of the experiment was' to
test comparatively the resisting pow
er to the disease ot 45 imported vari
eties of potatoes. These were to be
planted under varied conditions on
good soil partly protected from the
wind, on average soil dug to the depth
of 12 inches, and on. average soil dug
to the depth in common practice in
that locality. ' The 45 varieties of po
tatoes used in tho experiment were:
Northern Beauty, Gem of Aroostook,
Early Harvest, Early Northern, New
Queen, The Minister,' Carman No. 1,
Green Mountain, Beauty of Hebron,
Pearl of Savoy, Black,Christy, White
Elephant, "Dakota Red, Earlv Rose,
Early Fortune, Early Six Weeks, I:
X. L., Pride of the South, The June,
Acme, Bavee, Breck's Chance, Bur
pee's Extra Early, Cambridge Rus
set, Early Ohio, Early Michigan,
Fillbusket, Honeoye Rose, Ham
inond'tt Womlerfut Irish' Cobbler,
Long Keeper, Carman No. 3, Mill's
Banner, Mill's Prize, Maul's Thor
oughbred, Manun's Enormous. Nott's
Peach, Prolific Rose, Rural New
Yorker No. 2, Sir Walter Raleigh,
Stephens, Steuben, Twentieth Cen
tury, Uncle Sam, and Wonderful
In Plot 1 the seed was planted id
hills 30 inches apart each way. The
first three hills were planted with
the whole seed; the next four with
the seed cut in two, and the last nine
with seed cut in three pieces. Each
of the 45 varieties was treated in this
way. In Plot 2 the seed was plauted
whole and cut in two. Plot 3 was
planted with seed cut in pieces of
convenient size (the ordinary method
of planting); the hills were four feet
apart each way in order that corn
or others crops might be planted be
tween the rows.
The potatoesapparently grew well
until the early part of June when the
Quick Blight made its appearance in
the leaves and stems. The crop was
harvested June 27.
Results of thb Expikiment.
The varieties that best withstood
the Quick Blight were The June,
Honeoye Rose, Maul's Thoroughbred
and Uncle Sam, and of these The
June remained green after the others
mijaring .riots 6 ana a it was
found that the vines in Plot 2 (dug to
the depth of 12 inches) were much
hardier than those In plot 3, (dug to
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the depth of 5 inches). The reason
for this, it is believed, is that the
fungus is most abundant In the sur
face soil and tht when Plot 2 was
dug to the 'depth of 12 inches the dis
ease germs were turned unuer so that
the fungus was partly killed out of
the soil as it came in contact with
the sub-soil where it found .little nour
ishment. No conclusions could be druwn as
to the vulue of planting seed whole,
cut in two or cut In three pieces.
It is generally admitted that it is
more economical to grow potatoes
from seed cut in pieces just large
enough to furnish nourishment for
the plant until it gets a good hold on
the soil. Season, soil, climate ond
water all have a bearing on this ques
tion. While by continued experiment it
might he possible to find a variety of
potato that would be immune to the
Quick Blight, it would require much
(Continued on Page 4.) ;
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Dealers in all Kinds of Pro
visions and Fancy Groceries
C. T. GREEN,
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WHOLESALE DEALERS IN LIQUORS.
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