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. PUdLtsMeb' EVERV SATURbV
timci, BARLEY DLOCK, JCaih St.
T . WjflLTM. aui, t; it;
.700 year, (in advance) 2.66
feix monl im. ,. . 1.60
Fhs eolumim of the Nws admit communica
tion 09 pnrtlDont toploR. Wrlta ouly on
one side or pnppr. Sign yom name which
will be held r-iundentlal If desired.
b. B. ROBERTSON, Ed. and Prop.
MRS. G. B. ROBERTSON, Bus. Mgr.
MAUI BLUE BOOK
Hon. J. W. Kelua, Circuit ludga, WbIIumu
I.. 11. Ornok. Clerk Circuit Oourt.'i Walluku
Judge W. A. MoKay Diet. Mugfatrnte, Walluka
Cbns. Copp, " " MtokBwuo
" Kabnulello " " L.hltiB
" KMeiltau.' " HonuRUt
" J. K. H amine, ' Han
" PliraQU, " ' Klpnhuln
" Mahoe..'ki:.(i " Molokal
" Kenoohalehala'," Lena!
L. M. Baldwin, Sheriff, , ... Welluku
W. B. Soffery, Djputj Snontt Walluku
Edgar Morton, " " Hakawuo
U. K. Llndaey, " 1 Laliitiua
P. Wiltrook, " , Huoa
O. Trimble, " . ' Molokal
. H. Cummlon Caotaln Police. Walluka
H. Iwlflua. " " Mlaknwa
Win. Keunu, " Labalna
E. C, Lcdsey, " " nu;.tiaua
J. K. Waiamau, " .'. Kaluplipa
W. T. Itoblnson, Tax AssessQ,,, iattuku
J. N, K. Keola, Deputy Aueumf. Walluku
W.O.Aiken. " " ,. Pia
Q. Dunn, " Lanulua
M. U. Heuter, " " Haue
, If there was ever a time in the history ot s'u'gar culture on
; the Islands when united and aggressive action' was imperative on
(he part o'f those interested in sugar raising,' that tiinn is the pres
ent and the immediate future. Tne sugar industry hero must ei
ther fight the trust of bdtf its n'eoli to the yoke of perpetual low
prices, and the fight should be begun at once: The first step
should he to erect a sugar refinery at! some central point on the
Islands,' s.iy at Kahului, to which cent'raY pol'n't all the sugar on the
Islands could be cheaply shipped by a line of" steamers owned by
the combined Island planters,' who should operatle the line to the
coast and to eastern ports. With a vast refinery to niiridle all the
filand susrui at the doors of the trust, the planters' would' be in a
position to' make a winning fight. Because as soon as the planters'
begin to cut prices' on the mainland the trust wlil, in' self protec-'
tiou, have to give us" a markfet at fair prices for our output
... a 1
55$ The most interesting" and' complex proposition which t'he
American people have to, handle today und for many days yet' is
that of the proper adjustment of the race question. Greut Britain
finds this easy in her provinces,,' because of the pateriuvl methods
i adopted, but that' the American flag carries suffrage w&h it is what
leads to cdhf usion'. The negro question iirl't'he south' is' yearly be
iomiug more nVonitenfcou'sVaud the ditfer'eni phases of government
adopted in the Hawaiiail'rslands, Porto Rido' aud' Philippines are
thorns in the sWot the Ahi'eric&n goVern merit. We of the Hawai
ilm Islktlds have our work4 to doi'ih the m'atter.'arid'to do it righ,
die whites should unite with tli honest arid intelligent Hawaiians
Siid f6i'm'a'd'epbadtible'nllij6rity of the besVelenieiitsVn the Island".
Tiie' peopKj of the i Ilaiias sliould ubt expect something for
dothing", aud on the other nand they should expect rich compensa.
man fof their investments in' tourist travel. When , even Oregon
paper" write trp Honolulu as th$ leading island of the Philippines,
dnd the editor of a leading Baltimore paper finds it. necessary to
Ask Lawyer Frank Brooks where Honolulu is, anyway, it is time to
Spend money for the eulightmeut of the mainlanders. The Hawaii
Promotion Committee have sent out circulars asking mppthht. cdi)-
tVlbutions for this purpose," and- every recipient should respond''
According to His means.'if wo wish co build up a large and paying
tWsistf tYaVel on the Islands. !
mosquito plague ;exists here in'a'oiiid form only, still
au times when the trade wind abates they, become q'hite a nuisance.
Iter that reason the people of W&ilukU" should1 carefully read .and
then remember' the methods suggested ih'th'e papers for' abating
the mosquito plague..' ' 7 is not ;tlie taro patches and the running
-water in the ditches wbii'breed the mosquitoes but' Hitls pooi
and receptacles of'tair'jaht water which are allowed' to staadin thje
door yVifa'that fbrin'the favorite breeding places of the mosquito.
But using a 'little care, the mosquito can be pfacticully xlerminat
ed.'and it'is quite worth the trouble.' "
JOT Cvclone.recofd unknowb.is Joe VVeeie'rrecofd 2107. No won-'
der that Alexander Young withdrew in 'disgust' from membersbip
in the Honolulu Jockey" Club, 'cnd'tk'o square, decent, sport loving
members of that Club should e'iihe'r follow suit and turn the: whole
affair' over to ringers and'their pals, or disbar ana rule off the track
very mail khown'tb have' aglufiyr knowledge of Cyclone's real
identity. "-Otherwise, racing onVhe Islands will' dU'a 'natural ahd
uhlamented death.' No more jobs, boys.'
jd; It is becoming evicfent thaT the area'of'country in' sou'tLeast-
av. UIA 1U bllO lUbCIVOiB UL 11 U lit Hill lV U1U OAnPTIf'V
Power'will'be compeVled to in'terrere' at an earlY date. Two toW
..J. .. . V . .11: I .1 i
uons wiu, naturally present themselves, one to return. the whole
area to Turkey and the other to offer i'tb Russia, WnttVetween "tho
iwo ivuBBia Biaaa iae oetier cuauce t
BQ ' Although' itf'was known that there was- oplpositfon to ' the Pa
nama yanann tne Colombian congress, still it came to most people
as a genuine surprise to learn ( that the proposition was turned
uown. i ne tnougnts .oi;.the American people will now drift back
Extrnctfd from ,papr by Win,
Kinney, read befort Agricultural
Society of Hilo.J
Thtrt is a sayinif like this: "The
tropical EDIidliman Is yrl to b
born." I will chanja this to, "The
tropical middle clase farmer is yet to
be born." ven when imported in
cnlonies, witb a stream of the same
'sort following to recruit these
cofonies,. the tendency in Florida,
which ie only semi tropical, sets
strongly and steadily, as in truly
tropical countries, toward the pre
normal social fnd industrial con
ditions, with the Big; Proprietor,
tne iNitrtfor ana the everglade mos
quito to the fore.r
The Base of the middle class north
ern farmer's prosperity is his fodder
growths? his hy an groin, his
turnips,' mangolds and potatoes, fed
to stock, furnish him meat and dairy
products for home use and for the
market; it gives him cash to pay his
help and to buv his moderate supply
of luxuries, besides manure to return
to bis fiVlds. The proven fodder piant
is the grand thing that Hawaii lacks,
but in the one nlant manioc, irenerallv
called' tapioca,' I believe we have the
elements of the most of the North
ern fodder products named.
It grows well in ralnj districts as
also where it is moderately dry. In
rich soil the best, but will grow fairly
well in poor,. arid fertilizers will even
up this poor soil with the rich. In
eight months' it is ready for use, but
will keep oo' growing for a year or
eighteen months, and will long after
remain, sound becoming somewhat
tough arid fibrous but still fit for use
Homes, caiuc ana pigs will grow
and fatten upon it and so will sheep,
or goats or poultry.- Not readily at
first but hunger generally brings
them to it and thev come to relish it.
! ... ...
especially catil; and among poul
try, ducks. Somo horses will not
yield till close to the edge of starva
tion, but other animals take to it
more Kindly. Poultry, after a little
use will leave wheat or middlings and
take to the compound of One fourth
of the latter to three of grated
For poultry tho mauioc must be
grated and cooked. , Two men with
to the Nicaragua canal, which hUs always stood first in popular ep
limation. 'and it'would be poetic justice to leave the Colombia!
stranded in their own ditch' while vessels'sails to arid fro" across
the Nicaraguiq canal.'
The attention of nil the readers of the News i invited . to the
sisal letter in this issue. Every new and successful industry, es
tablished on Maui is one more avenue of inccWe, 'and the peorle
iiioum josier an sucn enterprises by all means which lie within
their power. All who have infprmatiod asked for in the' letter'
should at onco writeto the News arie give what ' information tliey'
jOs Oakland aud 'Saii tVancib' basfcUirUens'.are' anxfou to
come to Honolulu for 'winter gatu'erund'tl'io Ma'ui' Atnletio Assoljl'a
tion shpuld"mak a'hote'of this'! lid J Provided' two .'teau'"c9me
uowb, a tournament could bo held ut Wells Park on which . Califor
nia, Honolulu, Iltt wait arid 'Main could be represented hi- a
a rude, home made machine can
grate a half ton a day Growth,, dig
ging und grating costs less than the
same bulk of potatoes prepared for
pig feed, and I venture to say that
the manioc contains twice the nutri
ment of the potato. Then for starch
it Is superior to the potato and takes
the place of other starches, not ouly
for laundry purposes , but also the
place of edible starchee, such as corn
sturch, and is a close rival, of arrow
root for infants and invalids. Finally
i roasted or baked, and then mashed
flattened out into cakes, then dried
by sunshine or artificial heat, it be
comes the tapioca of commerce aud
shows up this very day on thousauds
of table's as tapioca pudding.
Fresh from tho pounding process
we frequently set it before child reu,
and the pudding dish is always well
patronized. To a pound of this pre
pared article put a beaten egg with
a'little milk and sugar to suit the
taste, and it is not only a palatable
but it is also a bigh nutritious dish.
The starch has been manufactured in
a small way in thic country for nearly
or quite fiftj years, and is yet sold in
ome of our groceries, but it seems
never to have been harnessed In ut a
fodder plant as it might have been in
connection with Ktarch manufacture
for stock seem to eat the by-product
with the same relish as if the starch
had not been washed out. Perhaps
one reason for this yi that there is
very little if any such industry as the
stalk feeding of catt'e this side of
Iown unless it might be' in Utah, so
the Idea does not readily occur.
Perhops another reason is that
most animals manifest so much aver
sion to this food when first offered
them that the owner gives it up.
read among agricultural items thut
In Florida the beef question Is being
rapidly solved by th use of tlris
plant,reach locality in tho extreme
south raising its own beef instead of
depending upon the long horned
piney barrens untamed steer; and
the people are supolied with supir
Don t we need some of that sort
here? Don't wet Was ever an ni
stall-Veil in this country for beef?
In the more densely peopled conn
tries of Europe, especially Kngland
thousands of men are employed in tak
ing stock cattle from scant pastures
at home and others from the docks
from abroad, aud housed and cleanrd
as if they were to be show cattle and
fed partly with oil cake and other
imported fodder; and the beef is sold
almost as cheap as we get it (con
sldering quality) who live (but a few
miles from the cattle dotted moun
tains of Hawaii.
! And then we ask ourselves daily is
there.nothing that I can do In th
farming line? Sidelights.
t. . rf
The Great 8Loui Fair.
The country at large has scarcely
realized upon what a grand scale St.
Louis is constructing the exhibition
which she will invito the woildtovis
it next summer. The Louisiana Pur
chase Exposlnion, as it is called, is to
break all records in characteristic
Western fashion. The Centennial at
Philadelphia . covered : two hundred
and thirty-six acres; the Paris fair
of tl ree years ago, three hundred
and thirty six acres; the Chicago
display of .1893, six hundred amd
thirty-three acres. St. Louis, wit,h
nearly twelve hundred acres, will
make all of these look small. '
. Again, the Centennial cost about
eight and a half million of dollars to
construct; the Paris exhibition, nitjc
millions.The total cost of the Chicago
fair was much larger,' amounting,, to
some twenty-seven millionsbut here
again Jst. Louis comes to the front,
for it is estimated that when she
opens the gates of her big'cxposition,
it will represent an investment of no
less than forty millions.;
If tho undertaking is the success
that it promises to be, e happy re
sult will be due to its president more
than to any one ptherman. David
r .l ' a . ' ''
iv. rrancis, woo nas Deen mayor
of tt. Louis, Governor pf Missouri,
and Secretary of the Interior, aud
who is one ot the representative mm
of his city and State, has done re
markably skilful work In promoting
the interests of the exposition. In
his appointed task of cafjlng the at
tention of the world to its ImDortanee
he has shown himself a diplomatist of
no mean order, as .well as a "hustler
ot the true American type. In the
arly spring be made a trip to Europe
to secure attractions of various sorts
and within two weeks he succeeded
in buttonholing three kings nnd
president. The sovereign of Britain
promised to send Queen Victoria's
jubilee presents to St. Louis. The
Aaiser will exhibit some family plate
and other Hohenzollern treasures.
Two or three minor royal ties-among
tbenr the Prince of "Wales and Prince
Henry of Prussia are said to. have
expressed their intention of coming
over in person, and thereby eoulri
buting still more effectively to the
eclat of the exposition. Mr. Francis
also found time to interest hundreds
of ?urnrAfin tnurnalicta ' fitihfin mn
-. :,.,-." ;r. i .,- ." T
and mecchonts((in the great fair. , In
cidentally,, he went through a seriw
of banquets with an impunity that
speaks vorumns for the soundness of
World's Fair1 News-Notes. .
The Liberty Bell will rest in the
center of the rotundii of the Pennsyi
vania building at the Woi'ld's Fair.
The Irish Department of Agricul
ture will nVake' a , pecial exhityt of
irisn industries at the World s Fair.
California Day at tbe.World'g Fair,
St. Louis, wltl be .September 9, the
54th anniversary of the admission of
uaiwornia to the Union.
Kerbs&ie Oil' Gasoliie
Cold Watches Sliver Watches
Gfocertes Dry Coeds Clothing
la pitirf as'follbw's:
Kvorett Classico Everett Ginghams
Mercerised Silk Zephyr -
1 AO HOTEL
MON CHEONG, Prop.
First Class Restaurant
Meals at All Hocus
Fresh Bread,' Pies and Cakes
Cigars, Cigarettes & Tobacco
Canned fruits of all kinds, jellies and
jams for rale
J. F. CUNNINGHAM & CO."
34 4 36 Steiart St. sf. f.',' )
: i f
Dealers in all Kinds of Pro-' k
visions and Fancy Groceries
C. T. GREEN.
THER OTHENBERG CO:
117 Battery St San Fraasisco, X
WHOLESALE DEALERS IN LIQUORS.1
."): J.,"' 'r
Old Jridge Wh'isRey .McBrazer S. M.
Gj T. GREEN,
Your Brand of
Ice Cold Beer
Always On Tap
Choice Wine for Bar and Table Use'
Cold Drinks and All Varieties of
OFFICE in the Hawaiian Islands
Appliances known to Science. .
No cjbarge for examinations. Lady assistant.
"The Expert Dentists";
for HONEST WORK at Low
Pbicb8 when visiting Honolu lu
They have the LARGEST and
MOST COMPLETE DENTAL
Filled throughout with the latest
All Work and Material
215 Hotel Street, Opp. Union in Arlington Block.
, Emoroidered Swis Dots
I ' r'" ''
. i . t . ,
llH f lllllll.'.l!
"'"' Methuen Ginghams
R. R; M
Aod Oaalen a
Sptf-fltjkelsville and '
Aerated and Mineral Waters
' - JTSOPBIETOB
. Maul ,
T. B. LYONS. Prop.
Ice Cold Beer
ALWAYo ON HAND
First Class Winesqtotf
Prlmo and Seattle Beep
$T., (Adjoining old Meat
llacllirlane d Co.-
'' - ';. .... (t.T
Opposite Wailck Depot
Wholesale S Betail' LIqaor Dealers!
... - AGENTaFdW
Eobllts Bo1htid Milwaukee famous
Knheoser Otaaoh John W1Id4 New Brew.
w. r. d. oouroon, Hye Sow-mash, v ,
Old Gov't, OldiPerpKrf 4 Gatw Boro.Whlakay, ,
Duflfy'ipure malt Tfda purwawlt Wm.koy
Celebrated John Deiua ft O.auSootohiWuUke f1
p; C. L. Old Tom, Madonna, Boneyauokle
Palm Tree, Palm Boot eio.i- tli.ui ifc- .-.
Kohler 4 VaaJJorgenawlW the fauioiu Ib.i. .
nook wines, O.H.Mumm Ce, ex dry Champagne
We make a specialty of shipping.
-i A j ...
. Matt: McCakn Proprieto
America Scotch Whiskev
peer AIAM) wihe-