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WA1LLKI. MALI, T. H.
. SUMSCKII'TION UATKS
O.io yc.i:-, C" advanc") . f2.50
Six itioul Iim. ' ... 1.50
Tho columns of 'lid Nkws admit rninuiunlrm-
ti mi iv.riineut topic. Write only on
one Riiln nt prtpi'r. Siarn vour tiuuie whleb
will bo hulU r luiWentlnl if desired.
G. B. RQ3ERTS0N, Ed. and Prop
"MRS. G. B. ROBERTSON, Bus. Mgr.
MAUI BLUE BOOK
Hon. J. W. Kuluo, Circuit Judge, WhIIuku
W. J. Coc'lho. f,'l-rk Circuit Court. Wntluku
Judge W. A. MoICny Dint. Magistrate, Wulluku
" Clrns. Oonp, " " M Mm who
" Knbulnllo " "" I.Rhnlim
" Kiinultau, " ' Honuoula
" J. K. Hnnuna, " ' , Hitns
" I'limunu, " " Klpaliuln
" M.ihoe " " MoloUnl
" Kahoohalanala, " banal
L. M. Baldwin, Sheriff, Wailuku
W. E. RalTcry, Ujputy ShcriB Wailuku
KdKar Morton, " " Makawao
C. K. Ltndsej, " Lnhaina
F. Wlttrook, " ' Hana
H. K. HtU-hcoc.k " ' Molokal
Levi Joseph " " Kipahulu
Cantaln Police. Wai'uku
H. Iwiena, " " Makawao
V. Keunu, " Luliaina
II. A. Kalpo, " " Mara
J. H. Wilmington, " Kaiiupapa
W. T. Itohinnon, Tox Assessor, wailuku
.T TJ K" K.mln llnnntT Aupwuir WallukU
Oeorire Com). S" " .
G. Dunn, " " Lohalna
M. H. Reuter. " ' " Hana
2 The'time is. now at hand whea delinquent tax notices are
being published. Too. list for O.ilui is being published in Honolulu,
the list' for Hawaii in a Hilo piper and the list for Kauai in the
"Garden. Island,." One would naturally suppose that the Maui list
would have been'.publLshcd in a Maui paper but. as a master of fact
the Maui paper was not even asked to bid on the proposition, and
the publication of the Maui delinquent list was sent to the weekly
edition ct one of tlie Honolulu daily p ipers, where it may bo seen
by thoss who cliuico to get the p iper. The index of prosperity of
" any community may easily be found in the papers published in its
' midst, and tlie fac. that tho delinquent tax list of Maui was . not
'published in the Maui News where it could have been generally
seen and read ov the Maui Dublic is a fact full of significance. No
'community which refuses a boost its own naner cm hope to-be
classed among, live aud wide awakd people.
jfjjj County government o-i the Hawaiian Islands under present
Conditions is sure to prove a costly and dangerous experiment, the
Bulletin to the contrary. Amaric m institutions in tha states are
all right, but hero the ideal government for tho present would be
(i sioglo county of all the Islands, the governor to bo appointed by
the President, and the board of supervisors appointed by the gov
ernor, one supervisor to be appointed from each of the leading five
islands. Subordinate officers for each island should be elected,
'including members of the legislature, By this means the found
ations for future county government could be laid, and built on in
,be future, as the time becomes ripe. A county government as
above suggested would prve the the simplest and most economical
form of government we could have, and would in time become so
popular that none save office seekers would care to see it changed.
jSi Of course the continued storms oi the past month incline to
' dampen, the ardor of tourists, but bright days are coming, and with
t them tourists are also coming. The work of the Hawaiian Pro
motion Company is beginning to tell.and lis results will be realized
this summer. But when tho tourists reach Honolulu, they should
be encouraged to visit Hawaii, Maui and Kauai. True, the Hono-
.lulu hotels might at first suffer by losing these people for a short
time, but they would be the gainers in tho end, for visitors to the
other Islands would carry back glowing reports which would large
ly increase travel from the mainland to the Islands, and thus more
than reward the Honolulu hotel people for their longsightedness in
inducing tourists to visit all the islands.
i. . -
fg The Jbar Eastern situation on land is assuming an intense
phase. , The matter of Japanese success depends on rapidity of
action, and for that reason it was believed that a decisive land battle
.would have taken place before now. However, intensely cold and
stormy weather and long distances have hampered the Japanese.
tt the actual conflict is'delayed till midsummer, Ilussia will doubt
,Jess exhaust e very means to place an immense army in Manchuria.
,At present, tho tactics of Japanese leave much guessing as to
where they propose to strike. As it stands, it seems to be a race
against time and seasons as to which nation will prevail.
jg There is no doubt but that the use of dynamite fired from tor
, pedo boats has practically changed the entire science of naval struct
ures, and an important lesson is to be learned of the value of these
.diminutive boatsduring the present war between Russia and Japan.
.The typical fleet of the f uture vill doubtless be a few heavily armed
battleships and cruisers, surrounded by a shoal of diminutive craft
-armed with torpedo tubes, and the initial struggle will be between
j these tiny outposts. .It is -a safe guess that after the Russian . ex
perience at Port Arthur, no fleet will ever consider itself safe with-
- i out a videtto post of torpedo boats.
. , .; ; .
Vhile. it is true that the Hawaiian bar and our Supreme Court
..should set and maintain a high standard of conduct for all licensed
. attorneys, yet the. time has now come to take ;the muzzles off of
Judge Humphrey. and Lawyer Da vis, and alio w them to resume the
. practice of law. Had others, equally guilty perhaps, suffered the
..same penalty , ihey did.it migh well to let the matter , stand.
Since however, flesh has been made.of some and fish of others, the
. News, voiciug a general and growing sentiment, idemands that
, Judge Humphrey and George Davis be restored to their right to
! o o
- JO? The sugar market seems to be righting itself and during the
' ..sugar season, at that. The present advance in the price of sugar
, is a natural reaction following the depression caused by the Cuban
reciprocity. treaty and there now seems.to be some reasons for be.
Ueving that sugar will hold at a better price for some time.
jQ It is getting, to bs too common a charge that grand juries "do
politics," because generally a. careful study of the reports of these
ame grand juries will show that they only statefacts, and some
times not all the facts. J.t is only fair to be fair even to a nosing
" . grand jury.
J55 Jared Smith advocates cotton rasing on the Islands. A cotton
tree grew for several years past in the door yard of the News
man, and whjle the lint was high grade, still the tree bore but little
oUohUill lertuizfug might improve its fecundity.
The following sketch was pre
pared, not for adult rraders, but 'n
very simple form to suit the compre
hension of fifth and sixth grade read
ers in our schools of mixed nationali
ties. A fuller article, well illustrated,
from W. T. Brigham's pen land cam
era may bo found in Thrum's Annual
In giving this paper at the Union
School, the writer '..as had the pleas
ure of using implements and speci
mens owned by Dr. Wetmore.
The ancient people of Hawaii al
ways knew how to mal;e kapa. The
first of them who came from afar to
live here li.l tlie wurlt as tncy ' ad
done it elsewhere in their former
island homes, Samoa perhaps, or Ka
hiki. But they improved in the many
hundreds of years that passed; and
up lo the time when they began to i se
'haole" cloth, they were known as
the most skil'ful kapa" makers among
the Pacific islands.
If in the beginning they did not find
here the plants that giVc the best
b.irk for kapa, they sent back for
them to tho southern island by some
of those wonderful canoe voyagers"
we have read about.
The wauke and mamake are the
two plants best for kapa, and I have
ead that ihe wauke was brought
here by the ancients from their olu
southern homes. ?
The mamake is a bush,: or shrub,
that grows anywhere in the ravines
and along the sides of wild l oads, us
n the woods. It has prellv pink
veins in its lender young leaves. The
berries grow thick on the,, small
branches, and look like mulberries,
onlv thev are white. They are not
poisonous, but haven t much lus'.e.
Waoke grows in very tall shoots,
twelve or fifteen foet high, or even
higher. Tho young loaves have dark
red veins. The leaves are much
larger, thicker and rougher than ma
maki. The plant is more common in
Kona thau on this side of the island.
It is better for kapa, because ' ho taU
stems without hardly any branches
given a long liber easy to strip off.
The natives used to cultivate it as
ca ref ull v as they did taro. They saved
the roots to nlaut again. The strong
roots or small shoots, run uudec
ground and grow up into new plauts
as pikaki roots do.
Kapa can be made from other barks
too. The Samoaus make much kapa
from breadfruit bark. It is not as
fine as tho Hawaiian bark of mamaki
The work of the men was to cut the
fresh young shoots, strip off the bark
and scrape away the colored outer
part, as women scrape the green par
oft the bamboo for straw. They did
this on a long narrow smooth board
with scrapers made of bapbpo or
shell. Some of these tools are to be
.seen in Bishop's museum. Then they
carefully tied the long strips of th
white cleaned bark in bunches, and
the women put h to soak for several
days, perhaps a week or more.
Then the women made ready to
pound the softeued bark. Ia ancient
times each well-to do family had sev"
eral separate houses on the premises
One special house was for kapa mak
ing; in later times they more often
made it out of doors. Tiiey always
hnd ti dry it out of doors; that wa
why Hiiia wanted longer days, you
know, and sent Maui to catch the sun
on llalenkala and cut off his best legs,
so he could not trnvel away so fast
very night. It was just maukahere,
t the Natural Bridge in the Vvui-
n, that flina and her women made
Some kapas they stained all one
color, as brown, yel'ow or red, and
some they stamped in colored pat
terns. We can surely say that the
Hawailans knew how to print before
they ever heard of the famous inven-
To All Whom It May Coecekn.
their kapa. You can see the place
now where tney dried it on the rocks
of the open river bed above tho falls.
Verv 'good kapa was made in Olaa
The kapa workers sat down on the
round befor theirkupa board. That
was from four lo six feet long, but only
bout foui i nehes wide nard, rounded
t the top, hollowed a little under
eal h and set up a bit from the ground
on stones. vvneii tne women otai
on ityoucouid hear a ringing tup,
ip, tap. Another woman, or young
girl, perhaps sat with the worker to
land her fresh strips of bark, wet the
npa pounders from the water cala
bash, clean out the grooves in the
ame, and help join the bands uf cloth
uid then lay it out to dry.
The woman with the kapa pounder
eat the wet, slickly bark into a pulp
wuh a neavy, round, siinpiy-nneu
beater made of kauila wood. When
t was well pounded she beat it out
into a Ion" strip, using ulso othei
pounders with squares or other pat
eras cut into their sides. When the
trip was thin and di'licate sh
struck it all over, bit by bit, with
these patterned beaters, not fo
color, but for stamp. Hold kapa up
to the light and you see . these pat
terns beate.i into the material, as you
can sometimes see figures or words in
piece of writing papers. The
Hawaiiars have names for all these
patterns. The diamond-shaped stamp
ooks like the meshes of fish nets, and
that is just what they call it-"upena,"
They could not make a large, wide
kapa all at once; they made the cloth
in strips, and beat the edges together
so carefully that no one can see the
It took at least four days to make
an ordinary sheet of good kapa
sheets 'is large as a' common bed
sheet. For chiefs' beds and clothing
they made the pieces much larger.
But this was not coloring. The
original kapa was pale brown or dull
white. The Hawalians used dyes
from the fruit, bark or roots of a
number of plants; some names are
familiar .even now. The roots of olona,
a plant.of the woods, make yeliow;
banana stains, brown; red is made
from the root of the nonl, which is a
broad-leaved, wayside shrub bearing
an odd-shaped pale yellow fruit. To
make gray they u?ed fine powdered
charcoaldust. ormuddy water. They
also knew oil paints. One thinks of
their red paints in going by earth
banks streaked with red soil or in
looking down into Onomea gulch at
the bright little island sitting therein
tue edge of the water. The, people
ground this red soil fine in stone dishes
dud mixed it with oil from the cocoa
nut or kukui. Sometimes they covered
the whole ck'th with paint ond made
it waterproof. And they used the
paint on other things besides kapa,
Notice is hereby given that a peti
tion in Germany. They carved their J ,ion ms been filed by tho Territory
stamps (iike type) at one end of a 0 Hawaii for adjudication of water
narrow bamboo slick about a foot I ri;lils of the Valley of Kanaha, in
long. The carving itself was only I which a controversy has arisen be-
three or four inches long. This end lwecn the said Territory and the
they dipped in the dye, then patiently pioneer Mill Company, Limited:
and carefully pai.ited the color on to Therefore the hearing of said case is
the cloth, inch by inch, matching the set fol. the 4th day of March, 1904,at
joinings good color that does not 2 o'clock P. M., and all parties inter.
fade. Or sometimes they ruled very e8teti -m thc water rights of said Val-
straight, even lines across the kapa iey 0 Kanaha, are ordered to appear
before me at the premises of the La-
with slender wooden points a little
like forks. The kauwila wood used
for (he kapa pounders and other im
plemenls is black and very hard.
Sled runners", spears ard war clus
were made of it.
The Flawubans are fond of per
fumes and sweet smeliing plants.
They scented kapa with ginger, inaile
sandal wood and other plant perfumes
It was common to make five thick
kapus about as long us bed sheets,
and sew them together at one end
Their needles nnd thread were made
from plaui's, too
hainaluna Seminary, Lahaina, Maui,
ut the aforesaid time, failing which
the case will.be adjucatcd exparte by
(Signed) LYLE A. DICKEY.
Commis:?ioner of Private Ways an3
Water Rights for the Island of Maui.
Heariug in the above mentioned
malter.by consent of parties, and or-
Four of the kapas der 0 fcommissioner Pro Temhas beeu
usually wore white; tho fifth fme, postponed until Wednesday, March
used at 'he top, was printed with 00 imi t.o:rf..wu f .;.1 .
wore used for bed eov- . . . ,' ,
which day and hour all parties iute-
nrimrs its n.-f ilso kIicoI.s anil blankets.
..... . I . . .1 : ..!.! . . 1 1 t
The most bountiful kapa was made ra 111 "inner are nereoy ai-
for the "aliis." The white lace kapa reeled to appear before me, John
wus used only for baby blankets in Lota Kaulukou, Commissioner Pro'
IX lls :i Z Tem.in the Courtroom.Lahaina Court
used in the family of Kamehameha bouse, Lahaina, Maui. (Theplaceot
III, ' the good Kumoliiiiiieha." The meeting have thus been changed by
llnest reel kapa was lor tiie cniets rue.)
too, and for the gods, livery new
year in November the new god was
dressed up in fresh red kapa. The
other gods had new clothes too.
The clothes? Well, a man wore a
narrow cloth called a inalo, the wo
men wore a broad one wrapped
many times around her waist und
called a pau that means a skirt
Man or woman stmetimes wore a
kihei that means a blanketor shawl.
It was only a large bquare piece of
pretty kapa thrown over Uie back
and shoulders and tied at t wo corners
over 0110 shoulder to keep it in place
They did not need much clothing;
thev wear, more now because they
imitate foreign fashions.
Another use of kapa was to roll it
Into small wicks, Which they used in
a float in a stone lamp Jilled' with
cocoanut oil, or lighted to keep 0
carry a slow hre, like a boy s sliok 01
punk. Wnitn kapa was a sign or ta
boo. The ancient "kapu poles" at
thc entrances of chiefs' dwellings
were crowned by a ball of white kapa.
One thing we must notice, not only
the skill of the kapa maker, but the
skill of those who shaped and carved
in delicate patterns the beaters and
other tools made of hard kauila wood
Their only cutting tool were sharp
stones, shells and bamboo.
JOHN L. KAULUKOU,
Commissioner Pro Tem of Private
Ways and Water Rights for the Isl-
nad of Maui, H. T.
March 10tb, 1904.
' The Sun Quong Hing Dry Goods aud
Grocery Store business together with
the buildings and lease on the prem
ses, at Kahului, Maui, T. H., was
on the 2nd clay of January, 1904, sold
and transferred to the Sun Kwong
On Co. All bills payable to or owing'
hy said Sun Quong Hlng on eaid Jan
uary 2, 1904, are to besettled by said
Sun Quong Hing. The Sun Kwong
On Co. will make full payment of the
purchase price' to Sun Quong Hing
On March 20, 1904.
'.-' . ' SUN KWONG ON CO.,
By Tang You, Manager
MAUI DRUG STORE
V. 4, VETLESEN, Proprietor
KJime iJable"3(aliului Slailroad Company
STATIONS A. M. P. M. . STATIONS ' A. M P.M.
Wailuicc Paia Pas. Pas. Feeio'ht Fbeioht Freight Pas. Pas. Kahulci -Puunene F & P F & p
A. M. A. M. A. M. A. M. V. M. f. M. P. M.' A. M. P. II.
Kahului Leave 7.00 '8.42 . ; 1 45 2.00 3.45 Kahului Leave 6.20 1.20
Avail uku Arrive 7.12 8.54 13.00 2.12 3.57 Puuueue Arrive 6.35 135
Wailuku Leave 7.20 9.05 12.25 2.20 4.03 Puunene Leave 6.40 1.40
Kahului Arrive 7.32 9..17 12.40 2 32 4.15 Kahului Arrive 6.55 1.55
. Kahului Leave 7.35 , 9.40 2.35 Kahului Leave 8.00 3.05
' Sp'ville Arrive ' 7.47 0.55 .2.47 Puunene Arrive 8.15 3.20
Sp'ville Leave 7.50 10.10 ' 2.50 Puunene Leave 8.20 3.25
Paia Arrive 8.02 10.25 3.07 Kahului Arrive 8.35 3.40
Paia. Leave' 8.12 10.55 3.12
Sp'ville . Arrive 8.24 11.10 - 3.24
Sp'ville " Le ow 8.27 11.20 3.28
Kahului Arrive 8.37 11.35 3.38 .
Groceries Dry Coeds
Ih part as follows:
Everett Classico Everett Ginghams
Mercerised Silk Zephyr
KLeihului Rallroac Cdrhpariy
- AGENTS FOR
ALEXANDER & BALDWIN, Ltd. ; ALEXANDER & BALDWIN, Lina of . Sailing Vessels JJetween
San Francisco and the Hawaiian Islands; AMERICAN-HAWAIIAN STEAMSHIP CO.;
WILDER'S STEAMSHIP CO.
i ... i Importers and Dealers Ih ........
NORWEST fend REDWOOD DUMBER in all sizes-trough and surfaced. SASH. DOORS- and BLINDS,-,
iu Cedar and Redwcod. CEDAR MOULDINGS and INSIDE FINISHING LUMBER, also a full line of
- ' Building material : ....
; CORRUGATED IRON-, GALVANIZED IRON, ZINC, GAL V ANIZ ED 'IRON PIPE, COAL TA-R,
CEMENT, OILS and JOINTS FENCE WIRE and STAPLER: NAILS, PITCH, OAKUM, Etc. Etc
Stella Batiste .
m ... ........ ... w