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Q. B. ROBERTSON, Ed. and Prop.
MRS. G. B. ROBERTSON, Bus. Mgr.
Saturday April : : 16
j5 Race feeliug will prove a blessing or a curse to Hawaii, ac
cording to the attitude of the leaders of each dominant race. If the
white men alone attempt to run things ey will fail. If the Haw
aiians attempt to shut out the white men and run everything on the
brown side of the color lins, they too will fail. We are all Amerj
c n citizens, and should abovoall else class ourselves as such The
Hawaiians on Maui a,re in the majority and for that reason they
should come to the front and take the lead in adjusting relations so
that each race should have representation. And the white man or
the Hawaiian who stirs up prejudice against the opposite race
shonkl be regarded as a common enemy by both races, The only
means by which we cau have good government on Maui and on the
Islands is by a combination of the best elements regardless of race;
and the News predicts that the happy era when this will be done
is not far ahead of us.
J5 Last week, the News editorially commented on the casus belli
between Governor Carter and the Board of Health, and uuhesitat'
ingly took Carter's side of the tight, with reservations regarding
hospitals and hospital physicians.lf there is one sacred duty of ttie
people however, it is to care for their poor and sick, and no other
means is so efficacious as that of providing hospitals and physicians
for them. A hospital and a hospital physician is needed at Hilo,
and auother at Wailuku and any readjustment of the affairs of the
Board of Health which should fail to provide for a hospital and a
hospital physician at Hilo and at Wailuku would be a blunder which
would amount to a crime. The Improvement Aossociation of Wai
luku District will doubtless look after Wailuku's interests' in this
ti It is a great big truth that the islands of Hawaii, Maui and
Kauai are each entitled to one delegate to the Chicago Convention,
in case they want one, and a combination of the delegates from
these three islands should be effected to accomplish this purpose,
in case the Oahu delegates attempt to hog all the pie. It. is not be
lieved that Oahu will deny the other islands this unquestionably
right. For delegate from Maui Judge Kalua has disqualified him
self and cannot hope for Maui support. Theieare two names from
Maui, either of which would be quite acceptable to the people
W. T. Robinson of Wailuku and H. A. Baldwin of Haiku. Maui
would be satisfied with either of the two men, or any other good
JS Owing to the claims put forth by some that rubble stone was
too porous for building purposo on Maui, seme uneasiness has been
felt as to the experiment with our school house. Architect New
comb, who was here last week, says that our rubble stone is of the
highest grade, and is very close and tine grained. He says that it
is better stone than was used for the Central Union Church in Hon
olulu, and is quite equal to the stone used in building Kamehameha
Chapel, which is regarded as the best stone building iu Honolulu.
He also added that when our schoolhouse is finished there will
hardly be a better or handsomer school building on the Islands, or
in the States, as for that matter,
Now that the league games of baseball have begun for the sea
son, the News man wishes to give a lictle fatherly advice to all the
players. Boys, you will remember that heretofore there has been
. more or less childish spite and ill feeling between some of the teams.
If you want to be true sports you will put down all such baby do
ings in the future, and cultivate in your hearts a brotherly feeling
for your opponents. Beat them if you can, but do it so kindly that
when the game is ever the defeated team will feel proud of the
biiy who beat them. iThe News is glad to state that this feeling is
ginning to grow and the leading spirits in each team should ea
avor cultivate it.
While some very radict.1 und sweeping reductions have been
.ade iu official salaries on Maui; still the people will generally
agree with the legislature that xetrenchment Is the right policy.
True, Honolulu retains its band, but after all the people of the Isl
ands will administer none but good natured kicksagainst this mild
ana popular extravagance. Where the serious kick will come how--ever
is the failure to properly maintain hospitals and hospital phy
sicians on Hawaii and Maui. This is something which in the name
of humanity simply must be done.
j5 It will be worth the price of the legislature if that body finish
es its work and adjourns this week, so far as a practical demon
stration of the ability of Hawaiians to lay aside party and personal
feeling for the sake of the common good is concerned. If the legis
lature satisfactorily closes its work this week, the people may well
congratulate themselves on the fact that our Hawaiian politicians
have taken a long step on the right direction, and further, we may
now begin to hope for statehood.
While it is not oy any means
out of the republican party on Maui, still the Judge must learn the
lesson that he must fall back Into the ranks and prove himself a
good and faithful soldier before he asks for promotion again. Now
is his golden chance if he chooses to improve it.
The Senatorial investigation in the Sinoot case has developed
a nest of addors in , the new State of Utah, but ii. is dollars to
doughnuts that polygamy will have to go. ' '
MAUI BLUE BOOK
Hon. J. W. Kulun, Circuit lurtgo, WhIIuku
V. J. CVcllio. t 'lrrk Circuit Court, VVniluku
Judge W. A. McKay Dist. MgiHtrnte, Wniluku
" Chus. Coop, ' " MukBWiiO
Kur-aululio " " lHliatno
KunuUuu, M V. Honuaula
" J. K. Hnnuna, " ' Hnna
" rilmanu, " " Klpahuln
" Muboc " " Molokal
" Kahoohalanoln, " 1 Lnnnl
L. M. Dnldwin, Sheriff, Walluku
W. E. SaiTory, Djputy Shcrift Wailuku
EdRar Morton, " " Makawao
0. K. Linnsey, " ' Lahntnn
F. Wittrock, " ' Harm
H. K. Hitchcock " ' Molokal
Levi Joseph " " Kipnhulu
Captain Police. Wttl'uku
H. Iwlona, " " Makawao
Wm. Keanu, " Lalialoa.
H. 55. Kaipo, ' Hana
J. H. Wilmington, " ' Kalupapa,
W. T. Robinson, Tax Assessor, watluku
J. N. K. Kooln, Deputy Assessor Walluku
GeorseCopp, g" " Paia
O, Iunn, ' " Lahnina
M. H. Keuter, " " Hauo
desirable to read Judge, Kalua
Catechism of Fai Erst.
Who are the Russians?
They arc. descendants of theSlaVs,
one of the primitive peoples of
Did they hot migrate to Europe
from Asa about 1,f00 years ago?
No. It was formerly supposed that
Europe was peopled by emigrants
from Central Asia, but that theory
has been abandoned. The best mod1
ern opinion is lhat the Teutons, Celts,
Slavs and other Eurnppiiii peoples
oi initialed in Western Asia.
But are not the Russians radically
different in race from the French and
Not at all. The Slavs are no nearer
kin to the Chinese than are the Eng
lih, Russians, Germans and French,
all sprang from closely allied Aryan
Are there not, however, admittedly
jjrealdifTerenc.es between the Rus
sian and Anglo Saxon character?
Certaiuly. Tlie average Russian is
not nearly so aggressive or so self re
liant as the Englishman. He depends
on the government rathe-v than on
himself Besides, he lias a stronger
vein of the mystical ar.a the idealistic
in his natul-e than has the Englishman.
"Scratch a Ru&ian," says Henry
Norman, 'Ond you find a transcen
dentalist. Converse with one on a
train and in ten minutes you will find
yourself discusssing some abstract
point." Tolsto, says that the dictates
of conscience are so binding in'Russia
that there is no call for lha western
type of law. The religious instinct is
so strong that are several million
nonresistants in the empire.
How did 1 hose peculiai ities of the
Slavic stock arise?
They developed chiefly as the nat
ural result of Russia's position in
Europe, of its isolation from the great
Southern commercial and intellectual
centers, of its exposure t) the bar-
bat ian East, and its severe climate.
The primitive communism of its
village communities once existed
throughout Europe, but now survives
only in Russia. Its outbursts of fanat
icism are to be expected in an ig
norant and superstitious community.
Racial aptitude probably has had less
to do with Russian characteristics
than have the physical causes men
tioned. What sort of people are the Rus
Evidently they have great capabili
ties, for they have produced novelists,
painters, musicians and statesmen of
the first order. "To know the Rus
Man," says Wirt Gerrare, an English
observer, "is to like him. lie is the
last man with whom one would wish
tout war. Iu character he is neither
rapacious or cruel." "Personally,"
s-ays Henry Norman, "the Russian
peasants are attractive. They are
simple, good' natured, kindly, very
ready to be pleased or to laugh. No-
bod v can fail to like them. Their
poverty does rot prevent them being
happy iu their melancholy Slav fash
What is the Russian government?
A curious combination of autocracy
How did the ou!ociicy arise?
Through the militaty necessity of
having a st rong government to keep
out the Tartar invaders.
Sfime &able2f(ciliului Slailfda& Cdmpany
STATIONS -. A. M. p. M. f STATIONS A.M. P.M.
) ; .
Wailuhc Paia Pas Pas. Fbeioht Fbkioht Fmeioiit Pas. Pas. Kahiilui-Puunene F & I F & P
A.M. A.M. A. M. A.M. P.M. P.M. P.M. "' A. M. P. M.
Kahului Leave 7.00 8.42 l 4 2.00 3.43 Kahului Leave G.20 1.20
Wailuku Arrive 7.13 8.54 12.00 2.12 3,57 - Puuuene Arrive 6.35 1.35
Wailuku Leave 7.20 9.05 12.25 2.20 4.03 Puunene Iieave 6.4Q 1.40
Kahului Arrive 7.32 9.17 12.40 2 32 4.13 Kahului Arrive 6.55 1.55
Kahului Leave 7.35 9.40 2.35 Kahului Leave 8.00 3.05
Sp'ville Arrive 7.47 9.55 2.47 Puunene Arrive $,15 3.20
Sp'ville Leave 7.50. 10.10 2.50 Puunene Leave 8.20 3.25
Paia Arrive 8.02 10.23 3.07 Kahului Arrive 8.35 3 40
Paia Leave 8.12 10.55 3.12 ,
Sp'ville Arrive 8.24 11.10 3.24
Sp'ville Leor 8.27 11.20 3.28
Kahului Arrive 8,37 11.35 , 3.38
KLaHului Railroad Company
ALEXAXDER & BALDWIN, Lt.;-ALEXANDER & BALDWIN, Lino of Sailing Vessels Between
San Fraucisco and the Hawaiian Islands; AMERICAN-HAWAIIAN STEAMSHIP CO.;
WILDER'S STEAMSHIP CO.
Importers and Dealers In
NORWEST and REDWOOD LUMBEK iu all sizes rough and surfaced. SASH. DOORS and BLINDS,
iu Cedar aui Redwood. CEDAR MOULDINGS and INSIDE FINISHING LUMBER, also a full line of
CORRUGATED IRON. GALVANIZED IROT 7.WC a ata a vrzirn mnw piptc nnnT. tad
CEilENT, OILS aud PAINTS
How does the government operaii'?
The whole lrgislotive, exeutive and
judicial porer is Vested in the Cjnr,
whose willis law. "If the Cr.ar should
order every locomotive and car Li tke
empire," said an educated Russian to
Henry Nofroao, "to be run acrosss
the Siberian railroad into the China
Sea, it would be done." Russia
must make peace at the Czar's com
mand, and it oun go to war only at
Ts the Czar, ihen, absolute?
Ko. lie is hedged about with tra-.
dition He could not change the, na
tion's religion, for instance) and al
though he would like to reform the
calendar he does not venture to do so.
How does the C?ar govern?
Through ministers and through the
great councils of State. Most of the
responsibility for legislation falls on
ministers who howevert must be'able
to secure the Czar's approval of their
Is there no local solf-goverment?
Yes, iu the commune,, or mir. The
commune is the parish. It controls
uli the lana and allots it to individua'
peasants year by year. Communal
assemblies, made up of all the pea9
ants, meet as the occasion, requires
to settle the business of the village.
An elected elder is th? executive
head. The commune has a large de
gree of control over its members. It
can even banish them.
Are there other self-governing
Yes, the communes are united In
cantons with assembles and cantons
into districts, and these into prov
inces. The authority granted the
assemblies Is meager and nil of them,
from those of the province, are under
constant supervision by the central
How does Russia compare in area
und population .with the United
European Russia is not quite two
thirds as large as the United S'ates.
With its Asiatic possessions Russia
has 81 million square miles to Amer
ica's 3 million. The United States
has obout four-fifths of the population
of Europeau Russia.
How do the two countries compare
in length of railways?
Russia has 28,000 in 1000; the Unit
What is Russia's financial condi
Iu spite of a debt of 3000 million
dollars Russia is regarded as a pros
perous country with a fine industrial
fuj-ure. It is greatly in need of for
eign capital, however, to develop its
- Ballot JStuffers.
It appears that the elect ion frauds
in Colorado, the exposure of which
caused Congressman Shaf roth to give
up lis seat voluntarily, were commit
ted by women. They organized in
bunches und repeated wl'h as much
cheerfulness as if they were voting
at a club election. Some of them
voted as many us six times. Not sat
isfted with repeating so otten and so
gaily, they stuffed the ballot bcx by
way of showing themselves capable
of keeping up their end o( doing prac
ticai pontics. n
This Is rather dasliing to the hopes
of those who expected that women
FENCE WIRE and STAPLES; NAILS, PITCH, OAKUM, Eio. Exo
suffrage would purify politics. So far
from elevating political morals, the
enfranchisement of women has had a
bud effect on the morals of. women.
Tliev Imve resorted to fraud with a
effrontery 'liftt ntounds even the
most hardened of male politicians.
They sta-d In no fear of the law and
regard the violation of a statute
a lurht.lv as if thev were changing a
skirt pattern. Apparently they have
n't the least idea that legal penal
ties will be inflicted on them and
their reasoning In this particular op
pears t ) be perfectly, sound. Oak
The Land of Easy Credit.
To the Dick Swiveliers of this or
any other generation Japan is the
land of the blest. Fcr credit abounds
there, and cash is never demanded.
in shops, hotels, everywhere, there
are provided paper tablets with tear-
off leaves and a pencil. Jnsteadof
paying over money the customer is
asked only for a chit the amount of
his purchase nnd signature. On offer.
ing to, pay a, barber for a snave toe
answer is: "ye can t bother maic-
ing up case now. Give us a chit ana
wait vill the end of the month. 1 or
the same simple chit lodgings, meals,
drinks, clothes, etc.; may be obtain
ed. Only the, railways dqmand cash
and atnontr the Europeans in YOK0-.
hama only tourists carry money.
Every jn,e else makes his way with
chits. Two years are generally al
lowed far the fulfillment of these
promises to pay, and three years are
the limit. But some keep on chitting
for ten years, though the customer is
to nav ud monthly or yearly. De
spite the manifold temptations thus
afforded, the number of chits dis
honored is relatively small.
Use of Both Hands.
There are comparatively few people
who can use both hands indifferently,
yet this is a most sensible accomplish
ment. When one hand grows tired,
the other should be able to take up
the work, for thus more can be accom
plished without undue fatigue. In the
mechanical departments of German
schools the boys are obliged to do
most of the work with their left hands.
They are taught to saw. plane and
hammer equally well with both hands,
and to make large circles on the black
board first with one hand then with
the other, says Home Notes.
Man, said to be the highest of all
animals, ls'the only one which cannot
use all his limbs with equal ease. Man
uses his eyes equally w?ll and his legs,
but how few people can make their
left hands do even half of the things
accomplished by the right. .And this
state of affa'rs i simpiy because the
left hand is not trained. The child is
renerally not allowed to let it do its
share of" the work, but is m,ade to
keep it idle while the right hahdtfoes
the greater part of the work of the
Postmasters Pay Subscriptions,
Some of. the postmaslers of Shasta
county are pow having, trouble, of their
own making. A number of cases hav
ing' recently been reported to the
postolfice department at Washington
of the failure of postmasters to notify
newspaper publishers of the failure of
subscribers to receive their news
papers,: and the non-delivery of the
papers. Under the United States
postal rules and regulations, post
masters, are required to notify pub-
lishers of the" non-acceptance or non
delivery of their papers. '
A recent case is reported from west
ern Shasta, wbert? the Postmaster
General held the postmaster respon
sible for a subscription in the sum of
$2 because of his failure to notify the
publisher cf a newspaper that the'
copV of his paper addressed regularly'
to a patron or the office had not beerl
delivered by reason of the removol of.
the subscriber from that locality.Ao
other postmaster of the county was
compelled to pay a subscription of $5
to an eastern publication because of
his failure to report the refusal of the.
paper by a subscriber, Searhlight.'
Henry Waterliouse Trust Co,
Plantation, Bancb & Real Estate Agents
Stock Bond Brokers
Investment, Insurance &
Qualified to Act as
AND IN ALL FIDUCIARY CAPACITIES
Corner Fort & Merchants Sts.
P. O. Box 346, ' HONOLULU.
Gents' Ready Made Blue Serge Suits
" White Duck Pants
" , White Duck Vests
" Khaki Pants
" Balbriggau Drawers
" ScriveDS Elastic Seam Draw
efs '' White Dress Shirts,
" Colored Negligee Shirts
" Jap. Crepe Shirts
" Working Shirts
" Balbriggan Undershirts
White Liuen Collars, all sizes
' White Celluloid Collars
" Socks, all colors, all sizes
" Driving Gloves '
V Straw Hats
Neckties, Suspenders, Belts,
Leggius, Pajamas, etc. etc.
MAUI DRUG STORE
Y. A, VETLESEN, Proprietor
Kerosene Oil Casoliie
Gold Watches S!Jyer Watches
Groceries DryGocds Clothing
Dry Goods .
In part as follows;
Everett Classico Everett Ginghams'
Mercerised Silk Zephyr
Macrame Lace ,
Embroidered Swiss Dots
, " Methuen Gingham
W. F. Mossman